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Welcome! / ¡Bienvenido!

In this first learning activity you will learn about useful language related to
greetings, the alphabet, nationalities, verb be, school supplies, numbers and
there is / there are. / En esta primera actividad de aprendizaje usted aprenderá
sobre temas importantes tales como: saludos, el alfabeto, nacionalidades, verbo
ser-estar, útiles escolares y el verbo haber.

Introductory material / Material introductorio

Dear learner, / Estimado aprendiz:

This material will help you study the topics related to learning activity 1. / Este
material le permitirá estudiar los temas relacionados con la actividad de
aprendizaje 1.
You will learn about: / Los temas a tratar son:

1. Greetings. / Saludos.
2. The alphabet. / El alfabeto.
3. Nationalities. / Nacionalidades.
4. Verb be / Verbo ser - estar.
5. School supplies. / Útiles escolares.
6. Numbers. / Los números.
7. There is, there are. / Haber.

Let’s begin! / ¡Empecemos!

1. Greetings / Saludos

Fuente: SENA

In English, you can say hello and goodbye in different ways depending on the
time of the day and the context. Here, you will learn about the most common
ways to say hello and goodbye and how to respond. / En inglés se puede
saludar y despedirse de diferentes maneras, según la hora del día y el contexto.
A continuación se presentan los saludos más comunes y cómo responder a los
mismos.

Fuente: SENA

Greetings in Meaning in Use / Uso Response in
English / Spanish / English /
Saludos en Significado en Respuesta en
inglés español inglés
Before 12:00 p.m. / Good morning.
Good morning. Buenos días. Antes de las 12:00 How are you?
p. m. Hello!
After 12:00 p. m. /
Good afternoon.
Después de las
Good afternoon. Buenas tardes. 12:00 p. m. How are you?
Hello!
From 6:00 p. m. / Good evening.
Desde las 6:00 p. How are you?
Good evening. Buenas noches. m. Hello!

At any time during
day or night. / En Hi!
Hi! Hola. cualquier momento How are you?
Hello!
del día o la noche.
At any time during
day or night. / En Hi!
Hello! Hola. cualquier momento How are you?
Hello!
del día o la noche.
I’ m fine. Thank
At any time during you.
day or night. / En I’ m fine and
How are you? ¿Cómo estás? cualquier momento you?
del día o la noche. Very well, thank
you.
Fine.
At any time during
Everything is
How is it going? day or night. / En
¿Cómo va todo? fine.
cualquier momento
Everything is
del día o la noche.
alright.
Everything is
At any time during
How are you ¿Cómo vas? fine.
day or night. / En
doing? ¿Cómo estás? Everything is
cualquier momento
alright.
del día o la noche. I am doing fine,
thanks.

Goodbye in Meaning in Use / Uso Response in
English / Spanish / English /
Despedida en Significado en Respuesta en
inglés español inglés
At any time during Bye!
day or night. / En Good bye!
Bye! ¡Adiós! Take care See
cualquier momento
you!
del día o la noche. See you around!
At any time during Bye!
day or night. / En Good bye!
Good bye! ¡Adiós! Take care See
cualquier momento
you!
del día o la noche. See you around!
¡Tenga un buen
Have a nice day!
día!
At any time during
Have a nice
¡Tenga una day or night. / En
afternoon! You too!
buena tarde! cualquier momento
Have a nice del día o la noche.
¡Tenga una
night!
buena noche!
At any time during
day or night. / En Bye!
See you! ¡Nos vemos! cualquier momento
del día o la noche.
At any time during
day, if the speakers
are going to see
¡Nos vemos más each other again. / Bye!
See you later! En cualquier Take care!
tarde!
momento del día si
se planea verse
más tarde.
At any time during
day or night. / En You too!
Take care! ¡Cuídate! cualquier momento I will!
del día o la noche.

2. The alphabet / El alfabeto

Fuente de imágenes: SENA . familiarize yourself with the alphabet and its pronunciation.Now. / A continuación conozca el alfabeto y su pronunciación.

Nationalities / Nacionalidades A. The following questions are used to ask information about where a person is from. Fuente de imágenes: SENA 3. Read also the responses to the questions. Lea también las respuestas a esas preguntas. / Las siguientes preguntas son utilizadas para preguntar sobre la procedencia de alguien. .

Fuente de imágenes: SENA B. / My nacionalidad es Colombiana. Fuente: SENA Where are you from? / ¿De dónde eres? What is your nationality? / ¿ Cúal es tu nacionalidad? I am from Colombia. / I am Colombian. My nationality is Colombian. . Country / País Nationality / Nacionalidad Argentina Argentinian Australia Australian Bolivia Bolivian Brazil Brazilian Canada Canadian . / Soy colombiana (o). / La lista de algunos países y nacionalidades se muestra a continuación. / Soy de Colombia. A list of some countries and nationalities is shown below.

estar A. Verb be / Verbo ser . This verb means ser or estar. . / Este verbo significa ser o estar. Chile Chilean China Chinese Colombia Colombian Costa Rica Costa Rican Cuba Cuban Ecuador Ecuadorean England English Finland Finnish France French Germany German Guatemala Guatemalan Haiti Haitian Italy Italian Japan Japanese Mexico Mexican Nicaragua Nicaraguan Nigeria Nigerian Panama Panamanian Paraguay Paraguayan Peru Peruvian Portugal Portuguese Russia Russian Spain Spanish United Kingdom (UK) British United States of America (USA) American Uruguay Uruguayan Venezuela Venezuelan 4.

Now you will learn how to create affirmative. . you is both singular and plural / En inglés. / A continuación se presenta la estructura para oraciones afirmativas. / Soy un I am in my apartment. I am a student.usted) y plural (ustedes) He is Él es / Él está She is Ella es / Ella está It is Eso es / Eso está (se utiliza para cosas en singular) We are Nosotros somos / Nosotros estamos They are Ellos son / Ellos están C. en mi apartamento. a. Affirmative form / Forma afirmativa I am at the shopping mall. Fuente de i mágenes: SENA B. / Estoy estudiante. negativas e interrogativas. negative and interrogative sentences. La conjugación del verbo be es la siguiente: I am Yo soy / Yo estoy Tú eres / Tú estás / Ustedes son / Ustedes están You are In English. In English. The conjugation of the verb to be is the following: / En inglés se utiliza el mismo verbo para expresar quién se es y el lugar en donde se encuentra. you se usa para singular (tú . the verb to be is used to express who one is and where one is.

He is an engineer. Negative form / Forma negativa Examples / Ejemplos: Subject (Pronoun) Verb Complement I am not at the shopping mall. You are not at the school. c. It is a big computer. She is an English teacher. We are at the bank now. We are not at the bank now. You are not students. Subject Verb Complement Examples / Ejemplos: Subject (Pronoun) Verb Complement I am at home. They are excellent musicians. Interrogative form / Forma interrogativa Examples / Ejemplos: Verb Subject Complement Am I at the shopping mall ? Are you at the school ? Is he an engineer ? . You are students. They are not excellent musicians. b. It is not a big computer. He is not an engineer. She is not an English teacher. You are at school.

músicos. Fuente: SENA They are at the Ellos están en el concert. concierto. Is she an English teacher? Is it a big computer? Are we at the bank now ? Are you students? Are they excellent musicians? More examples: / Otros ejemplos: Nosotros somos We are musicians. Fuente: SENA She is not a Ella no es modelo. model. Fuente: SENA .

He is not an Él no es ingeniero. Fuente: SENA Are you an artist? ¿Eres artista? Fuente: SENA Are we in Bogotá? ¿Estamos en Bogotá? Fuente: Fotolia (s. School supplies / Útiles escolares .) 5. engineer.f.

Fuente: SENA Back pack Board Book . / Familiarícese con los siguientes elementos comúnmente encontrados en un salón de clase.Get familiar with the following items commonly found in a classroom.

Chair Colored pencils Computer White out .

Desk Eraser Folder Glue stick Highlighter .

Marker Notebook Notepad Paper clips .

Pen Pencil Pencil case Pushpins Ruler .

Scissors Sharpener Staple remover Stapler .

Staples Hole puncher Shelf Fuente de imágenes: SENA 6. Fuente: SENA Cardinal numbers Ordinal numbers 0 Zero --- . / Mire la siguiente lista de números cardinales y ordinales. Numbers / Los números Take a look at the following list of ordinal and cardinal numbers.

fourth 25 Twenty .nine 29th Twenty .four 24th Twenty . 1 One 1st First 2 Two 2nd Second 3 Three 3rd Third 4 Four 4th Fourth 5 Five 5th Fifth 6 Six 6th Sixth 7 Seven 7th Seventh 8 Eight 8th Eighth 9 Nine 9th Ninth 10 Ten 10th Tenth 11 Eleven 11th Eleventh 12 Twelve 12th Twelfth 13 Thirteen 13th Thirteenth 14 Fourteen 14th Fourteenth 15 Fifteen 15th Fifteenth 16 Sixteen 16th Sixteenth 17 Seventeen 17th Seventeenth 18 Eighteen 18th Eighteenth 19 Nineteen 19th Nineteenth 20 Twenty 20th Twentieth 21 Twenty-one 21st Twenty-first 22 Twenty .three 24 Twenty .seventh seven 28 Twenty .eighth 29 Twenty .five 25th Twenty .fifth 26 Twenty .three 23rd Twenty .ninth 30 Thirty 30th Thirtieth 40 Forty 50 Fifty 60 Sixty 70 Seventy 80 Eighty 90 Ninety 100 A/one hundred .six 26th Twenty – six Twenty - 27 27th Twenty .second 23 Twenty .eight 28th Twenty .two 22nd Twenty .

there are is a grammatical structure used to express that someone or something exists. es decir de un solo objeto o persona.000 A/one billion 7. B. It is beautiful! / Hay una rosa sobre la mesa ¡Es hermosa! C. There is indicates the existence of someone or something in singular form. . There is. It refers to two or more people or objects.000. There is. it refers to only one person or object. 1.000. there are / Haber A. / There are indica la existencia de alguien o algo en plural. There are indicates the existence of someone or something in plural form.000 hundred thousand 1.000. / There is indica la existencia de algo o alguien en singular.000 Ten thousand A/one 100. es decir dos o más objetos o personas. / Esta estructura se utiliza para expresar la existencia de alguien o de algo. Example / Ejemplo: Fuente: SENA There is a rose on the table.000 A/one million 1.000 A/one thousand 10.

. Negative form / Forma negativa Example / Ejemplo: There is not a pencil in the bag. They are beautiful! / Hay cuatro rosas sobre la mesa ¡Son hermosas! D. there is a pen. Example / Ejemplo: Fuente: SENA There are four roses on the table. / También se pueden expresar oraciones negativas e interrogativas usando There is / There are. a. Negative and interrogative sentences can also be used with this structure. hay un esfero. / No hay un lápiz en la maleta.

/ No hay sillas en la oficina. Interrogative form / Forma interrogativa Example / Ejemplo: Is there a cat on the roof? / ¿Hay un gato en el techo? Are there five birds on the tree? / ¿Hay cinco pájaros en el árbol? Fuente de imágenes: SENA Contextualization / Co ntextualización . Fuente de imágenes: SENA b.There are not any chairs in the office.

some Nicole. / Escu che la siguiente conversación. is name Look. Read while you listen. Hello! . I am My 19. people Where areare youcoming from to class. I am John. and you? Listen to the following conversation . Hello boys! Johana? How is it going? Everything is fine. yourColombia I think names? is a beautiful country. Lea mientras escucha. Yes it is! How old are you Nicole? Hello everyone! How are you doing? I am 23 years old. and you? What are I am American. and this is Richard. I am Colombian.

We are doingWhat fine. Fuente de imágenes: SENA Comprehension / Comprensión . You should put them in the lost objects office. Let´s go inside. Oh. it is time for class. There are also three colored pencils and there is a calculator. Somebody has left them outside. yes! It is your lucky day. Nice to meet you girls! Look! It seems that today is my lucky day. There is a notebook on the floor and there is a pencil casetoo. Hi! How are you? I am fine thanks! My name is Johana.isWhere are your you guys name? from? I am from Australia and Richard is Canadian.

Based on the context. 5. There are some school supplies on the floor. d. At a shopping mall. Colombia. c. where are the characters? a. a. America. b. Johana is from: a. Australia. Then. At a restaurant. They say good bye to each other. c. There is food on the floor. d. d. choose the option that best completes the statement or answers the question. 4. c. c. / Basado en la contextualización anterior. b. Practice 1 / Práctica 1 A. d. elija la opción que mejor complete el enunciado o responda la pregunta. At a hospital. Classes are about to start. Why does Richard think today is his lucky day? a. Interesting.Based on the previous contextualization. There is money on the floor. Beautiful. Canada. What does it happen at the end of the conversation? a. Nicole thinks Colombia is a beautiful country. b. b. At a school. b. c. 1. Read the following texts. There are some books on the floor. answer the questions at the end of the . d. Wonderful. They read a book. Nicole and Johana greet somebody else. 2. Small. 3.

I am Colombian.Después. I am 19 years old./ Lea los siguientes textos. Hello! I am Johana.activity. Hello! I am Richard. I am 22 years old. . responda las preguntas al final de la actividad.

Australian. I am What about American. Hi.He is John. He is 18 I am Australian. you? . nice to He is meet you.

You are an student. / Escriba sus respuestas. I am Johanna. / Escriba la palabra corespondiente para completar las oraciones. 4. He is from Australia. Write the corresponding word to complete the sentences. What is your name? 2. I am 30 years old. answer the following questions. Write your answers. C. 1. 1. 3. John is Australian. 2. 1. Now. 2. I am from colombia 3. In the bag… . My name is andres abadia. She is Nicole. Where are you from? Fuente de imágenes : SENA B.

2. she is not. Fuente: SENA 1. She is Brazilian. There ______ one notebook. There _____________ two brushes. No. How are you? ___ you. choose the best answer. What is your name? ___ b. a. B. / Organice las palabras para formar oraciones correctas. 1. 4. There ______ three colored pencils. . 3. escoja la respuesta apropiada. 6. There _____________ one computer. / De acuerdo a la pregunta. There ______ one ruler. Fine. 3. Organize the words to make correct sentences. My name is Lin. There ______ two sharpeners. 4. 5. Yes. Is she Mexican? ____ d. thank you. According to the question. Nice to meet 2. I am. Practice 2 / Práctica 2 A. Are you American? ____ c.

old is she how? 3. / Escriba la palabra correcta para completar el texto. 4. 1. / Complete las oraciones con la palabra correcta. In my bag… Fuente: SENA 1. an there on apple is the table. 5. There ____ four notepads. There ____ four colored pencils. Write the corresponding word to complete the text. are horses not in stable There fifteen the. 2. 3. are from you where? 2. 4. D. . There ____ a stapler. C. There ____ two books. There ____ a pencil sharpener. 5. name my Carolina is. Complete the sentences with the corresponding word.

Lorenzo is from Rome and Gonzalo is from Argentina. and it. E. Fuente: SENA Hello. you. Complete with: / Complete con: I. i am a doctor. he. it help sick people. my name is Sara. I am 23 years old. there a long river called “the Congo” and there many exotic animals. It is a beautiful place. We are tourists here! Bye. Fuente: SENA . They are my friends. Lorenzo and Gonzalo. she. We are in Africa now. I am from Spain. Hello. Paul.

Fuente: SENA She is my English teacher. she is from England. Fuente: SENA .Where is from? We is very tall.

) he are an excellent writer. / Escriba la nacionalidad correspondiente de cada país. Write the nationality of each country. Example / Ejemplo: .f. he is powerful and big! Fuente: Fotolia (s.The ocean is beautiful. I love your books! Fuente: SENA F.

Argentina Argentinian Peru Peruvian Bolivia Bolivian Venezuela Venezuelan Brazil Brazilian .

Panama Panamanian Ecuador Ecuadorean Chile Chilean United States of America American France French .

Italy Italian Germany German Mexico Mexican Cuba cuban Canada canadian .

Fuente de imágenes: SENA G. Example / Ejemplo: 1. Match the word to the corresponding image . / Relacione la palabra que corresponde a cada imagen. Back pack 1 .

Sharpener 5 folder . Scissors 8. Scissors Book Folder . 62. Highlighter 3.. Chair book . Computer 4 . Hole punch sharpener . Eraser eraser chair 9. Highlighter Folder 7.

9 Nine 11 Eleven 35 Thirty-five 22 Twenty Two 80 Eighty 18 Eighteen 1 one 5 five 48 Forty eight 73 Seventy-three . Write the numbers as words. Glue stick Fuente de imágenes: SENA H. / Escriba los números en letras. Hole punch . 10 Glue stick computer 11 .

/ Escuche las siguientes palabras. Luego. Preste atención a la vocal de cada palabra. There you will find the corresponding sound files. Then. Pay attention to the pronunciation of the vowel in each word. say them aloud. pay attention to the one in the underlined syllable. Allí encontrará los archivos de audio correspondientes. æ ɑ ɑr ɔ ɔr Japan Japanes e Panama Marker Ecuadorian Portugal Spanish Classroom Sharpener Australia Four Panama France Board Canada . / Nota: si hay más de dos vocales en una palabra. Note: if there are more than two vowels in a word. dígalas en voz alta tratando de imitar los sonidos vocálicos escuchados. Try to imitate the vowel sounds you hear. Pronunciation practice / Práctica de pronunciación Note: This practice must be completed using the multimedia version of the study material. preste atención únicamente a la vocal en la sílaba subrayada. A. / Nota: esta práctica debe ser completada usando la versión multimedia del material de estudio. Listen to the following words.

• Italy. Fifty Fifteen Peruvian Japanese Now classify the words on the list according to their stress pattern. • Computer. • Forty. • Eighty. • Finland. • Nineteen. Ahora clasifique las palabras en la lista de acuerdo con su patrón acentual. Listen to the following words.B. • Pencil. • Fourteen. • Notebook. • Italian. • Portuguese. • Philippines. • Eighteen. • Ninety. . • Forty. • Sixty. Preste atención a la ubicación de la sílaba acentuada. • Sixteen. Pay attention to the stressed syllable. • Colombian. / Escuche las siguientes palabras.

• Pencil. n. • Italy. Hello! What is your name? My name is Caroline. Philippines C. Are you French? Are you Colombian? Is he Italian? . say them out loud. • Eighty. Try to imitate the intonation pattern used. Luego. You are Colombian. • Finland. He is Italian. Listen to the pronunciation of the following sentences. dígalas en voz alta tratando de imitar el patrón de entonación usado. thank you. Then. She is American. Notebook. Ninetee • Forty. How are you? Fine. I am Mexican. • Sixty. / Escuche la pronunciación de las siguientes oraciones. Italian n Portugues Ninety Eightee e n Compute Colombia Fourtee r n. • Sixteen. • Forty.

). Consultado el 12 de agosto de 2014. en http://co.com/id/54317519 • Fotolia. en http://co. La Santamaria. Consultado el 12 de agosto de 2014. 2014 de bilingüismo Dirección General . (s. Sunset at sea with multiple color prizm.fotolia.f.Programa profesional.f.com/id/64235488 Document control / Control del documento Name Position Dependence Date Theme expert Dirección de Ricardo Aristizábal Asesor English Dot formación July Author Salinas Works . Bye! References / Referencias • Fotolia.).fotolia. (s.

Centro .

– Línea Adaptation Rachman Copy editor Agroindustrial. August Bustillo Martínez de producción Regional Quindío 2014 .