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Power Transmission and Distribution

The new IEC 62271


Sales Meeting October 19 - 29, 2003

Dipl. Ing. Ansgar Mller


PTD M TIG
ansgar.mueller@siemens.com
s
s

1) New numbering for HV switchgear standards

2) Part 100 Circuit-breakers (summary)

3) Part 200 Metal-enclosed Switchgear and controlgear


- Market required a revision
- Classifications
- Internal arc protection
- Inconsistencies

4) Conclusion and outlook

PTD M TIG
5240.48/M

The new IEC 62271 2003-10-16

Slide 2
s

1) New numbering for HV switchgear standards

2) Part 100 Circuit-breakers (summary)

3) Part 200 Metal-enclosed Switchgear and controlgear


- Market required a revision
- Classifications
- Internal arc protection
- Inconsistencies

4) Conclusion and outlook

PTD M TIG
5240.48/M

IEC 62271 2003-10-16

Slide 3
s

Generic IEC 60694 Common clauses

Switching IEC 60056 Circuit-breakers (old)


Devices IEC 60129 Disconnectors and earthing switches (old)
IEC 60265-1 Switches
IEC 60470 Contactors

Switchgear IEC 60298 Metal-enclosed switchgear


IEC 60466 Insulation-enclosed switchgear
IEC 61330 Prefabricated substations

No interrelated numbering

PTD M TIG
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Products standards MV today (selection) 2003-10-16

Slide 4
s

IEC 62271 HV Switchgear and controlgear


responsible
IEC committee

Parts 1 99 Generic standards SC 17A / 17C

Parts 100 199 Switching devices SC 17A

Parts 200 299 Switchgear SC 17C

Parts 300 399 Guidelines etc. SC 17A / 17C

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Structure of the new group IEC 62271 2003-10-16

Slide 5
s

IEC 62271 HV Switchgear and controlgear

IEC 60694 2006


Part 1 Common clauses

IEC 60056 Part 100 Circuit-breakers


IEC 60129
?
102 Disconnectors / earthing switches
IEC 60265-1 103 Switches
IEC 60470 ?
106 Contactors

IEC 60298 2003 Part 200 Metal-enclosed switchgear


IEC 60466 2007 201 Insulation-enclosed switchgear
IEC 61330 2004
202 HV/LV prefabricated substations

PTD M TIG
5240.48/M

Transition to the new numbers (selection) 2003-10-16

Slide 6
s

1) New numbering for HV switchgear standards

2) Part 100 Circuit-breakers (summary)

3) Part 200 Metal-enclosed Switchgear and controlgear


- Market required a revision
- Classifications
- Internal arc protection
- Inconsistencies

4) Conclusion and outlook

PTD M TIG
5240.48/M

IEC 62271-100 2003-10-16

Slide 7
s

IEC 62271-100: Edition 2001-05

Introduction of classes
E = electrical endurance
M = mechanical endurance
C = performance on capacitive switching

Test procedures: Amendment 2 work in process


( serious debate and dispute within the committee )

Remark: standard is partly HV oriented

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Changes in part 100 Circuit-breakers 2003-10-16

Slide 8
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Characteristic Class Definition

M1 normal, 2.000 operations


Mechanical endurance
extended, 10.000 operations
M2
at minimal maintenance
E1 circuit-breaker class E2
Electrical endurance
extended,
E2
no maintenance of interrupting parts
Probability of restrike C1 low
during capacitive current
breaking C2 very low

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Circuit-breaker classes 2003-10-16

Slide 9
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Standard circuit-breakers

Classes: M2
E2 selected interrupters
C2 () is aimed for

Supporting documentation available midyear 2004

Circuit-breaker modules for GIS

Tests only within complete functional units


( see part 200 )

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Implementation in products part 100 2003-10-16

Slide 10
s

1) New numbering for HV switchgear standards

2) Part 100 Circuit-breakers (summary)

3) Part 200 Metal-enclosed Switchgear and controlgear


- Market required a revision
- Classifications
- Internal arc protection
- Inconsistencies

4) Conclusion and outlook

PTD M TIG
5240.48/M

IEC 62271-200 2003-10-16

Slide 11
s

Adaption regarding
fixed and withdrawable switchgear
gas-insulated switchgear

Insulation media: Gas Fluid

Purpose based classifications regarding


Safety
Service continuity
Maintainability

Upgrade of the internal arc fault test

Formal reasons (e.g. IEC 60694)


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Market required a revision of IEC 60298 2003-10-16

Slide 12
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Metal enclosure Dielectric


discontinuity !

Metal-clad
Partitions of metal
Shutters of metal or insulating material
Compartments for BB, main switching device, cable

Combined switches?
Compartmented
similar to metal-clad, but
partitions of insulating material
Compartmentalization:
ranking?
Cubicle
all other designs effect on service?

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IEC 60298 design classification 2003-10-16

Slide 13
s

Metal enclosure
Protection against
external influences, Safety
contact and shock
option
internal faults
Service
Metal-clad
continuity
Safe access to
compartments
Compartmented
while adjacent
compartments Maintain-
remain live ability
Cubicle

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The way to a purpose-based classification 2003-10-16

Slide 14
s

Pattern
Fixed or withdrawable switchgear?
Switching frequency, service and ambient conditions

Maintainability, service continuity and accessibility


Need compartments be opened, which ones?
Access controlled by interlocks, tools or procedures?
Which compartments may be switched off for work?
Need the place of work be free from electric fields?

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Concept for purpose-based classifications 2003-10-16

Slide 15
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Metal-enclosed switchgear Internal arc


classification

Compartments
Partition
classes
non-accessible accessible

Loss of service continuity


categories LSC

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5240.48/M

New purposed-based classifications 2003-10-16

Slide 16
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Compartment Characteristic of access

Interlock-controlled Access for normal operation and maintenance


accessible Access enabled if HV parts are dead and earthed

Procedure-based Access for normal operation and maintenance


accessible Access controlled by locking and work instructions

Tool-based Not to be opened for normal operation / maintenance


accessible Tools for opening, specific procedure for access
Not possible / not intended for user to open;
Non-accessible opening may destroy compartment
Accessibilty not relevant ( indication to the user )

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Types of compartments and accessibility 2003-10-16

Slide 17
s

Categories of If one accessible compartment in a


Loss of Service Continuity functional unit is opened

l adjacent functional units must be


LSC 1
switched off, at least another one

l all other functional units remain


LSC 2A
in service (energized)

LSC 2 l all other functional units remain


in service (energized) and the
LSC 2B
cable compartment of the opened
functional unit

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5240.48/M

Loss of service continuity category 2003-10-16

Slide 18
s

Partition classes Characteristics

Class PM Metallic partitions and shutters between opened


( Partitions metallic ) compartment and live parts
Dielectric conditions correspond to
metal enclosure

Class PI Non-metallic partitions and shutters between


( Partitions non-metallic; opened compartment and live parts
i = insulating material )

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5240.48/M

Dielectrical classification of partitions 2003-10-16

Slide 19
s

Accessibility of compartments
BB: tool-based
CB: interlock-controlled
or procedure-based
Cable: tool-based

Loss of service continuity


Category LSC 2B

Partitions and shutters


Class PM (metallic)

Internal fault protection


Classification IAC

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Example 1 AIS metal-clad 2003-10-16

Slide 20
s

Accessibility of compartments
BB: tool-/procedure-based
CB: interlock-controlled
Cable: interlock-controlled

Loss of service continuity


Category LSC 2A

Partitions and shutters


Class PI (insulating material)

Internal fault protection


Classification IAC

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5240.48/M

Example 2 AIS cubicle 2003-10-16

Slide 21
s

Accessibility of compartments
BB: tool-based
CB: non-accessible
Cable: tool-based

Loss of service continuity


no loss

Partitions and shutters


Class PM (metallic)

Internal fault protection


Classification IAC

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5240.48/M

Example 3 GIS metal-clad 2003-10-16

Slide 22
s

Accessibility of compartments
BB: tool-based
DC, ES: non-accessible
CB: interlock-controlled
Cable: interlock-controlled

Loss of service continuity


Category LSC 2A

Partitions and shutters


Class PM (metallic)

Internal fault protection


Classification IAC

PTD M TIG
5240.48/M

Example 4 AIS cubicle 2003-10-16

Slide 23
s

The classification IAC applies to switchgear which meets


prescribed criteria for protection of persons in the event of
internal arc as demonstrated by the appropriate tests.

Optional classification

Today: test conditions are subject to agreement


New: defined test procedure
L
Today: only assessment of the effects 1,0s

New: Test = passed / failed J


1,0s

J
0,1s

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5240.48/M

IAC classification 2003-10-16

Slide 24
s

Specimen fully equipped


(mock-ups permitted)

Two functional units

Test in each compartment,


in the end of the switchgear

Accessibility A, B or C

Duration 1 / 0,5 / 0,1 s

SF6 may be replaced by air

Arc initiation and direction of power flow

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Prescribed test conditions 2003-10-16

Slide 25
s

Ceiling
60 cm Height 2 m
if test specimen less
than 1,5 m high

Non accessible
rear side
distance 10 cm or
10 cm distance < deformation
80 cm
or
10 cm Indicators:
checkerboard pattern
covering 40 50 %
of the area
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5240.48/M

Test arrangement (principle) 2003-10-16

Slide 26
s

Installations mounted closer


to the wall than tested (10 cm)
require:
the permanent deformation
must be less than the
distance to the wall
exhausting gases are not
directed to the wall

PTD M TIG
5240.48/M

Non-accessible rear side 2003-10-16

Slide 27
s

1. Covers and doors do not open,


new limited deformations are accepted
+ If switchgear mounted closer to the wall than tested:
new permanent deformations < distance to the wall
new hot gases are not direkted to the wall

2. No fragmentation of the enclosre,


new projection of small parts < 60 g accepted

3. No holes in the accessible sides up to a height of 2 m


new

4. Indicators do not ignite due to hot gases

5. Connection of the enclosure to earth remains effective


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5240.48/M

Acceptance criteria 2003-10-16

Slide 28
s

Classification: IAC ( Internal Arc Classified )

Type of accessibility: A (F, L, R)*


B (F, L, R)*
C

Test values: current [ kA ] and duration [ s ]

Example 1: IAC A FLR 25 kA 1 s * F = Front


L = Lateral
Example 2: IAC BF-AR 16 kA 1 s R = Rear

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IAC designation on the nameplate 2003-10-16

Slide 29
s

No LSC category for gas-insulated switchgear?


No, not relevant.
But, the reasons are not mentioned in the standard.

Possible cause: debate about quality / ranking of GIS


in tenders and offers

Measures by product marketing

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5240.48/M

Inconsistencies 2003-10-16

Slide 30
s

Reliability & Maintainability Service continuity

Availability of HV part AIS GIS


Need of maintenance yes

Extent of maintenance medium Accessibility not


relevant, since
Maintainability maintenance
determined by
Components to be repaired the features of not required
accessible easily the compartments
LSC 1 / 2A / 2B
Probability of failures very low

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5240.48/M

LSC categories aim at AIS 2003-10-16

Slide 31
s

GIS do not need accessible compartments, but on the contrary

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8DC switchgear being flooded 2003-10-16

Slide 32
s

1) New numbering for HV switchgear standards

2) Part 100 Circuit-breakers (summary)

3) Part 200 Metal-enclosed Switchgear and controlgear


- Market required a revision
- Classifications
- Internal arc protection IAC
- Inconsistencies

4) Conclusion and outlook

PTD M TIG
5240.48/M

IEC 62271 2003-10-16

Slide 33
s

Adaption to modern switchgear technology


GIS / FIS considered

Purposed-based classifications introduced


chances for new designs?

Internal arc fault test upgraded


test results are easier to compare

Market barrier for oil-insulated switchgear

Tests according to IEC 60298 remain valid


possibly supplementary tests to verify new requirements

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5240.48/M

Conclusion part 200 2003-10-16

Slide 34
s

Air and gas-insulated switchgear

IEC standard end of 2003 (beg. 2004) no transition period

in 2004 european standard EN 62271-200


in Germany VDE 0671-200
Transition period 3 years ( CENELEC )

Assessment of measures for implementation in progress


high expenditure

Switchgear in 2004 still according to IEC 60298

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Implementation in products part 200 2003-10-16

Slide 35
s

Standard is an international compromise

Part 100 circuit-breaker: not yet stable


2 amendments + 2 corrigenda

Part 200 switchgear: Maintenance Cycle Time 5 years


next revision scheduled for 2007
new technologies (?)
IAC classes for inner arc fault strength
Aspects of environmental compatibility
EMF - elektromagnetic fields

PTD M TIG
5240.48/M

Outlook 2003-10-16

Slide 36