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Y

ISBN7-100-02138-3

1997-04

1-198
32
13.00

O112
54


()

110

1991
58

10

314

90%

(127200)(
(1)

()
(263)
400
(429500) geng ( )
()
(544610)
(65

10

11()
(10311095)
12()
112712341279

124718()1202
()

(1299)(1303)
()

(1403

16
(16331721)
53
1723
1773(17241777)
18(16681720)
1840

004005006

()



()

[4]([4])016017[14](1

77025
()
027
15
()

=
(rule ofthree)
A
037038

()1

19

48895385


a1b1a2b2

073

085
1
086a1a2h
2
1314
088

4089
093cv
094L1L2d
()096

V=abh
3
a
4
5
(4)099
6
(7)abh(8)
7
8
9
10
11
110

12



[baodao]

13

13


121
14

1
15 16
19891

681a
b+a127
17
42
18

138
a=(a+b-c)+(c-b)
b=(a+b-c)+(c-a)
c=(a+b-c)+(c-b)+(c-a)

abcca

512
19
20

21
BC1JIBCGFBC1A1FFA1JIC1CGA1
22
23

16324
24
(1536)
25
36
166
26
46
()

6x+9y+3z=102(4)
(1)(4)
5y+z=24(5)
(1)x3(3)
3x+6y+9z=78(6)
(1)(6)
4y+8z=39(7)
(b)(5)y5(7)20y+40z=195(5)36z=999
(c)4y=174x=37(d)
7

179
4
181
11
183

()
52185
21y=20y=20/21
700
186
4y=12y=3x=8

x525525x555525105105
x5y3
zyxu

191

xy=43
x(y)192


193194(n=234)

199(4)
27
()214

()

28
()

23029
29

1 1+5=6
1 1+4=5 5+10=15
1 1+3=4 4+6=10 10+10=20
1 1+2=3 3+3=6 6+4=10 10+5=15
1 1+1=2 2+1=3 3+1=4 4+1=5 5+1=6
30
151617

30
(1)


(1)(2)(3)

12

31

(1)242
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)246
(6)247
(7)248
(8)

13
576357625761
256y=384257258


86460
261x1

267

32EAkFBl270
32

271272
xOCx+kOAx+lOBABOC=OAOB

33

(a+b+c)

22

34
n/6(a2-a1)

()294
( )295
a1=b1=1a2=b2=n
2

()297
()298
()299
()300
301

p=12345
(12311316)(12351281)
=272[]=373[]=244[4]=6n(n-1)
(JGregory)(1670)
15


309(abc)

319
pq320

x=265y=191z=148u=129=76w=721


(41878)(81181)(12484)
1315

N=270+321+215-2105=23
70=2571(mod 3)21=371(mod 5)15=351(mod 7)
Ai(i=12)Ri<AiRi(i=12)N
NRi(modAi) i=12ki324
(17071783)(17361813)

kiAi326327
rn=1k

N1 (mod 19)14(mod 17)1 (mod 12)


191712191712=38761712=2041912=228
k2332
k3333
N115204+145228+111323(mod3876)22573(mod3876)=3193.
3193319231799563

325


3346
35
nS-Sn()
nrn0339

11.2344314=101/2L345
=157/50=3927/1250
83.1415926<<3.1415927

()
36

dcv
37

352 353a=b=h

354

38



200
39

40
367
372
373
y1y2y3L(y1)L(y2)L(y3)L(y)
n375376

()

()

()
()
()

()
()

1.
2.
3.24
4.
5.