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ENGLISH-SPANISH

ESPAOL-INGLS
Esta obra ha sido realizada bajo la iniciativa
y coordinacin general del Editor.

Dire ccin editorial: Jordi Indurin Pons


Coordinacin editorial: M Jos Simn Aragn, Jordi Teb Soriano
Asesora pedaggica: Llus Figueras Havidich, M Rosa Ramntol Estela
Realizacin: dos ms dos edicions, s. l.
Ilustraciones: Juanjo Barco (Alins ilustracin), Estudi Farrs
Cartografa: Santi Maicas
Diseo de cubierta: Juan Manuel Neira

Reservados todos los derechos. El contenido de esta obra est protegido


por la Ley, que establece penas de prisin y/o multas, adems de las
correspondientes indemnizaciones por daos y perjuicios, para quienes
plagiaren, reprodujeren, distribuyeren o comunicaren pblicamente, en
todo o en parte y en cualquier tipo de soporte o a travs de cualquier medio,

Larousse Editorial, S.L.


Mallorca 45
08029 Barcelona
www.larousse.es
larousse@larousse.es

Primera edicin: 2007


Tercera reimpresin: septiembre 2013

ISBN: 978-84-7153-268-8
Depsito legal: TO-0002-2009

Imprime:
Quad/Graphics Chile S.A.
Avenida Gladys Marin 6920,
Estacin Central,Santiago, Chile.
Presentacin

Q
uiz ya tengas la costumbre de consultar el diccionario o
puede que esta sea la primera vez que ojeas uno. En cual-
quier caso, te ser til leer estas pginas para descubrir to-
das las cosas que puedes aprender con este libro. En primer lugar,
hablemos de nmeros. Vas a encontrar 30.000 palabras o entradas
(17.000 de ellas en lengua inglesa) y 70.000 traducciones. Hay diccio-
narios que tienen muchsimas ms, pero no estn adaptados al curso
que t realizas o a la etapa educativa en la que te encuentras. Tiempo
al tiempo: ya los descubrirs. Ahora te interesa tener una seleccin
de vocabulario que nuestros expertos editores y un grupo de profe-
sores han seleccionado para ti, para que da a da y ao tras ao vayas
ampliando tus conocimientos de ingls de forma gradual.
Casi sin darte cuenta, vas aprendiendo vocabulario nuevo cada da
ya sea en clase, al ver una pelcula, al escuchar una cancin o al visitar
una pgina web. A veces puedes deducir el significado de una palabra
desconocida porque pertenece a la misma familia que otra que s has
estudiado, pero hay ocasiones en que no es fcil. Entonces, recurre a tu
diccionario: aprenders el significado de esa palabra nueva, encontrars
ejemplos que te ensearn cmo se usa y otras informaciones que, con
ayuda de tu profesor, te permitirn mejorar tu ingls.
Has empezado a ojear el diccionario por las pginas centrales?
Te han gustado las lminas? Hemos seleccionado algunos temas
interesantes para que aprendas palabras nuevas y recuerdes el
significado de las que ya conoces. Vers que muchos dibujos te
recuerdan lo que has estudiado en clase.
Puede que alguna vez hayas pensado cmo sera hablar
nicamente ingls con los compaeros y profesores. En las pginas
azules encontrars diversas frases ordenadas por asignaturas para
que puedas ir practicando. Seguro que disfrutas aprendiendo
expresiones que te gustara decir en ingls pero que no encuentras
en los libros! Tus profesores te orientarn para sacarles el mejor
partido tanto al vocabulario como a las frases.
Y ahora que conoces mejor el diccionario que tienes en las manos
scale el mximo provecho. Are you ready?
ndice

P Cmo usar este diccionario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VII-X

P Abreviaturas usadas en este diccionario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . XI-XII

P English-Spanish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-440

P Aprender en ingls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-XXVI

P Lminas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-XXXII

P Espaol-Ingls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-382
VII

Cmo usar
este diccionario

Quizs pienses que un diccionario slo te ensea la traduccin


de una palabra. Vamos a explicarte todas las cosas que puedes
hacer con l, porque seguro que alguna de ellas te resultar nueva:

Has descubierto que una palabra se escriba de manera distinta


P 

a la que creas? Cada da utilizamos ms palabras en ingls pero


a veces no sabemos cmo se escriben o nos da pereza buscarlas
en el diccionario. Acurdate bien de cada palabra que busques
y as consolidars tu vocabulario.

appearance [pIrns] n 1 (becoming aparcamiento nm 1 (accin) parking. 2


visible) aparicin f. 2 (before a court, etc) (en la calle) place to park, parking
comparecencia. 3 (look) apariencia. place

arithmetic [(n) rITmtIk; (adj) QrIT aproximacin nf 1 (gen) approxi-


metIk] n aritmtica. mation. 2 (acercamiento) bringing to-
P adj aritmtico,a. gether; (de pases) rapprochement.

Ves los corchetes [ ] que hay inmediatamente despus de la palabra


P 

en ingls? Si lees lo que pone, la sabrs pronunciar, porque


en ingls muchas palabras se pronuncian de forma distinta a como se
escriben. Tal vez hay signos que no entiendes, pero en otro apartado
hablaremos de ellos y te ensearemos qu significa cada uno.
achievement [tSivmnt] n 1 (com-
pletion) realizacin f. 2 (attainment)
logro. 3 (feat) hazaa, proeza.
Cmo usar este diccionario VIII

Has visto unas abreviaturas despus de cmo se pronuncia una


P 

palabra? Estas letras te indican si la palabra es un verbo transitivo,


un nombre, un adjetivo, un adverbio, etc. Seguro que tus profesores
de lengua te han explicado el significado de estas palabras. Aqu
puedes poner en prctica todo lo que te explican: a veces una misma
palabra inglesa puede ser un nombre o un adjetivo y tener dos
significados diferentes. Hay que prestar atencin a las diferentes
funciones de las palabras para no confundirse al traducir.

behind [bIhaInd] prep detrs de.


P adv 1 detrs, atrs. 2 (late) atrasa
alemn,ana adj German.
P nm & nf (persona) German.
do,a.
P nm alemn (idioma) German.
P n fam (buttocks) trasero.

Ves que en algunas palabras aparecen unos nmeros en color azul?


P 

Estos te indican los diferentes significados de una palabra.


El nmero 1 sera el significado ms corriente, pero los otros tambin
son interesantes y te pueden ayudar a encontrar la traduccin
que buscas.

capital [kQpItl] n 1 (of country, etc) ca- ampliar vt 1 to enlarge, extend. 2


pital f. 2 fin capital m: starting capital arquit to build an extension onto.
capital inicial. 3 (letter) mayscula: 3 (fotografa) to enlarge. 4 (capital) to
write it in capitals escrbelo con mays- increase. 5 (estudios) to further. 6
culas. (tema, idea) to develop, expand on.

Hay palabras que slo se emplean en una expresin


P 

concreta o que slo se usan con una preposicin. Otras tienen


peculiaridades, como un plural irregular. Por eso debes
asegurarte de leer todo lo que se dice de esa palabra.
Seguro que descubrirs cosas nuevas que te ayudarn a comprender
mejor su significado y su uso.

capability [keIpbIlItI] n capacidad absorto,a adj 1 (pasmado) amazed,


f (to, para/de). bewildered. 2 (ensimismado) ab
pl capabilities. sorbed (en, in).

Has visto un recuadro azul con las letras c o m p ? Quiere decir que
P 

la palabra que has buscado acostumbra a aparecer junto a otra y la


suma de las dos tiene un significado distinto. Has visto tambin
IX Cmo usar este diccionario
las letras l o c ? Ahora puedes aprender frases o expresiones donde
aparece esa palabra y ver de qu verbos va acompaada normalmente.

elementary [elImentrI] adj 1 (basic) accidente nm 1 accident: sufrir un acci-


elemental, bsico,a. 2 (easy) fcil, dente to have an accident. 2 (terreno)
sencillo,a. c o m p elementary educa unevenness. l o c por accidente by
tion enseanza primaria. chance. c o m p accidente de trabajo in-
faithfully [feITfUlI] adv fielmente. dustrial accident. y accidente de trfi
l o c yours faithfully (in letter) atenta- co road accident. y accidentes geo
mente. grficos geographical features.

P  Has visto unas letras (por ejemplo GB) despus de uno de los nmeros
que indican los diferentes significados? O despus de una entrada y
antes de una flecha? Este diccionario te explica las palabras segn se
utilizan en Gran Bretaa. Algunas cosas tienen nombres distintos en
Estados Unidos, en Canad o en Australia, y el diccionario te explica si
la palabra que buscas se emplea nicamente en uno de esos pases.
Si aparecen otras letras, cada una de ellas se refiere a la especialidad en
la que se utiliza esa palabra: por ejemplo, un significado de cocina,
militar, etc.

dresser [dresr] n 1 gb (in kitchen) apara- ADN abrev med (cido desoxirribonu-
dor m. 2 us (chest of drawers) tocador m. cleico) desoxyribonucleic acid;
fail [feIl] n educ suspenso. (abreviatura) DNA.
P vt 1 (let down) fallar, decepcionar; adobar vt 1 culin to marinate, ma-
(desert) fallar, faltar. 2 educ suspender. rinade. 2 (pieles) to tan.

P  Si ves un cuadro azul con una ,, lelo con atencin Esa informacin
es muy interesante. En ingls hay palabras que a veces se parecen al
castellano, pero no quieren decir lo mismo y puedes equivocarte.

fabric [fQbrIk] n 1 (material) tela, teji-


do. 2 (structure) fbrica, estructura.
, Fabric no significa 'fbrica', que se
traduce por factory.

Un diccionario a veces se parece a una minienciclopedia.


P 

Si ves un texto con el fondo azul y una bola del mundo, all
encontrars explicaciones sobre las costumbres de los pases
Cmo usar este diccionario X

donde se habla ingls. Seguro que en el colegio tambin te las


explicarn y el diccionario te ayudar a recordarlas.

GCSE [dZisiesi] abbr gb (General Certifi-


cate of Secondary Education) Ensean-
za Secundaria Obligatoria; (abbreviation)
ESO f.
" GSCE es el examen que se hace en
Gran Bretaa al final de la enseanza se-
cundaria, a los 16 aos aproximadamente.

Has buscado una palabra que queras saber y te has encontrado una
P 

flecha y otra palabra que desconoces? Entonces ests de suerte, vas


a aprender al menos dos palabras. Eso quiere decir que para conocer
esa palabra has de ir a otra ms importante o de la cual viene o con
la que tiene relacin. Entonces podrs conocer su significado.

got [gt] pt & pp get. adecuado,a pp adecuar.


gray [greI] adj us grey. P adj adequate, suitable.

Adems, tambin encontrars mucha informacin referida a las


P 

palabras, como su plural, su pasado o su participio, si son irregulares,


o explicaciones sobre su utilizacin. Para que localices rpido estas
explicaciones, van precedidas de una o un ..

berry [berI] n baya.


pl berries.
. Hay muchas frutas cuyo nombre se
forma con berry, ya que se trata de bayas.
Por ejemplo: blackberry (mora), goose-
berry (grosella espinosa), raspberry
(frambuesa) o strawberry (fresn).

Esperamos que todas estas explicaciones te sean de ayuda y las utilices.


Ahora puedes empezar a utilizar tu diccionario porque ya ests
preparado para saber cmo usarlo.
XI

Abreviaturas usadas
en este diccionario

abr abreviatura, abbreviation fam familiar use, uso familiar


adj adjective, adjetivo fig figurative use,
abbr abbreviation, abreviatura uso figurado
adv adverb, adverbio fin finance, finanzas
aer aeronautics, aeronutica fs fsica, physics
agr agriculture, agricultura fml formal use, uso formal
am American Spanish, fut future, futuro
espaol americano gb British English,
anat anatomy, anatoma ingls britnico
arch architecture, arquitectura gen in general, en general
arg argot, slang geog geography, geografa
arq arquitectura, architecture geol geology, geologa
art art, arte ger gerund, gerundio
art article, artculo gram grammar, gramtica
art def artculo definido, hist history, historia
definite article imperat imperative, imperativo
art indef artculo indefinido, imperf imperfect, imperfecto
indefinite article indef art indefinite article,
auto automobiles, automvil artculo indefinido
av aviation, aviacin indic indicative, indicativo
biol biology, biologa inf infinitive, infinitivo
bot botany, botnica inform informtica, computing
chem chemistry, qumica interj interjection, interjeccin
cinem cinema, cinematografa iron ironic, irnico
com comercio, commerce irn irnico, ironic
comm commerce, comercio jur law, derecho
comp comparative, comparativo ling linguistics, lingstica
comput computing, informtica lit literature, literatura
conj conjunction, conjuncin loc locucin, phrase
contr contraction, contraccin mar maritime, martimo
cost costura, sewing mat matemticas, mathematics
culin cookery, cocina math mathematics, matemticas
def art definite article, med medicine, medicina
artculo definido meteor meteorology,
dep deporte, sport meteorologa
educ education, educacin mil military, militar
elec electricity, electricidad mus music, msica
etc etcetera, etctera ms msica, music
euf uso eufemstico, n noun, nombre
euphemistic use neut neuter, neutro
euph euphemistic use, nf feminine noun,
uso eufemstico nombre femenino
Abreviaturas usadas en este diccionario XII

nf pl plural feminine noun, v aux auxiliary verb,


nombre femenino plural verbo auxiliar
nm masculine noun, vi intransitive verb,
nombre masculino verbo intransitivo
nm o nf m
 asculine or feminine noun, vpr pronominal verb,
nombre de gnero ambiguo verbo pronominal
nm & nf masculine and feminine vt transitive verb,
noun, nombre de gnero verbo transitivo
comn vt insep inseparable transitive
nm pl masculine plural noun, p
 hrasal verb, verbo
nombre masculino plural preposicional transitivo
npl plural noun, nombre plural inseparable
os oneself vt sep separable transitive
pej pejorative, peyorativo p
 hrasal verb, verbo
pers person, persona preposicional transitivo
pey peyorativo, pejorative separable
phr phrase, locucin zool zoology, zoologa
phys physics, fsica approximately equivalent
pol politics, poltica t o, aproximadamente
pp past participle, equivalente a
participio pasado see, vase
pref prefix, prefijo P indica cambio de categora
prep preposition, preposicin gramatical
pres present, presente a indica que se trata
pron pronoun, pronombre de un phrasal verb
pt past, pasado l o c  indica que se inicia
qum qumica, chemistry e l bloque de frases
rad radio y locuciones
rel religion, religin c o m p indica que se inicia

sew sewing, costura el bloque de


sm smbolo, symbol compuestos
sing singular indica que se inicia una
sl slang, argot n
 ota sobre algn tipo
sp sport, deporte de irregularidad morfolgica
subj subjunctive, subjuntivo . indica que se inicia una
superl superlative, superlativo n
 ota sobre alguna
symb symbol, smbolo particularidad de
teat teatro, theatre la palabra
tc tcnica, technical , indica que se inicia una
tech technical, tcnica n
 ota sobre un falso
theat theatre, teatro amigo
tv television, televisin " indica que se inicia una
us American English, nota de tipo cultural
ingls norteamericano
English
Spanish
A
1

A, a [eI] n 1 (the letter) A, a. 2 mus la. a to abide by vt insep (promise) cumplir


a [eI, unstressed ] indef art 1 un, una: a con; (rules, decision) acatar.
man and a woman un hombre y una mu ability [bIlItI] n 1 (capability) capaci
jer. 2 (not translated): Im a history teacher dad f, aptitud f. 2 (talent) talento.
soy profesor de historia; two and a half pl abilities.
litres dos litros y medio. 3 (per) por: ablation [bleISn] n ablacin f.
three times a week tres veces por semana; ablaze [bleIz] adj ardiendo, en llamas.
3 a kilo tres libras el kilo. 4 (a certain) un able [eIbl] adj 1 que puede: those able
tal, una tal: a Mr Fletcher would like to see to escape did so aqullos que podan se
you un tal Sr. Fletcher quiere verle.
escaparon. 2 (capable) hbil, capaz,
. Se usa delante de las palabras que em competente: hes a very able administra-
piezan con sonido no voclico. Consulta tor es un gestor muy competente. l o c
tambin an. to be able to poder.

aback [bQk] adv hacia atrs. loc to . En pasado, to be able to se emplea en


be taken aback asombrarse. vez de could para expresar una capacidad
relacionada con un acontecimiento con
abacus [Qbks] n baco.
creto: we weren't able to go no pudimos ir.
abandon [bQndn] vt abandonar.
abate [beIt] vi (gen) reducirse; (storm, abnormal [Qbnml] adj 1 (not normal)
anger) amainar; (wind) cesar. anormal. 2 (unusual) inusual.
P vt (reduce) reducir; (stop) acabar con.
aboard [bd] adv (ship, plane) a bordo;
abattoir [QbtwAr] n matadero. (train) en el tren; (bus) en el autobs.
abbey [QbI] n abada. P prep (ship, plane) a bordo de; (train, bus)
abbot [Qbt] n abad m. en. l o c to go aboard 1 (ship, plane) em
abbreviate [brivIeIt] vt abreviar. barcar, subir a bordo. 2 (train, bus) su
abbreviation [brivIeISn] n 1 (short- bir.
ening) abreviacin f. 2 (shortened form) abode [bUd] n loc of no fixed abode
abreviatura. sin domicilio fijo.
abdicate [QbdIkeIt] vi abdicar. abolish [blIS] vt 1 abolir, suprimir.
abdomen [Qbdmn] n abdomen m. 2 jur derogar.
abdominal [QbdmInl] adj abdomi abominable [bmInbl] adj abomi
nal. c o m p abdominal muscles mscu nable; (terrible) terrible, horrible. c o m p
los abdominales. the Abominable Snowman el Yeti.
abduct [Qbdkt] vt raptar, secuestrar. aborigine [QbrIdZInI] n aborigen mf.
abhor [bhr] vt aborrecer, detestar. abort [bt] vi abortar.
pt & pp abhorred, ger abhorring. P vt 1 (foetus) abortar. 2 (mission, pro-

abide [baId] vt (bear, stand) soportar, gram, etc) abortar.


aguantar: I cant abide that woman no abortion [bSn] n 1 (of foetus) aborto.
aguanto a esa mujer. 2 (of mission, etc) interrupcin f.
abound 2

abound [baUnd] vi abundar. absent [(adj) Qbsnt; (vb) Qbsent] adj 1


about [baUt] prep 1 (concerning) sobre, ausente. 2 (expression) distrado,a.
acerca de: to speak about hablar de; absentee [Qbsnti] n ausente mf.
what is the book about? de qu trata el li absenteeism [QbsntiIzm] n absen
bro? 2 (showing where) por, en; (around) tismo.
alrededor de: hes somewhere about the absent-minded [QbsntmaIndId] adj
house est por algn rincn de la casa. distrado,a, despistado,a.
P adv 1 (approximately) alrededor de: at
absolute [Q bs lUt ] adj 1 (gen)
about three oclock a eso de las tres; it cost absoluto,a. 2 (total) total: there was ab-
about 500 cost unas quinientas libras. solute silence hubo silencio total. c o m p
2 fam (almost) casi: shes about finished absolute zero cero absoluto.
est a punto de acabar. 3 (near) por absolutely [QbslUtlI] adv completa
aqu, por ah: there was nobody about no mente, totalmente.
haba nadie. l o c to be about to estar P interj (agreement) por supuesto!,
a punto de y how/what about + desde luego!: I think we should sell.
noun qu te parece + sustantivo?: how What about you John? Oh, absolutely!
about a pizza? qu te parece si tomamos creo que deberamos vender. Y t
una pizza? y how/what about + -ing y John? Oh, por supuesto!
si + subj?: how about going to Paris y si
absolution [QbslUSn] n absolucin f.
furamos a Pars?
absolutism [QbslUtIzm] n absolu
above [bv] prep 1 (higher than) por tismo.
encima de: above our heads por encima
de nuestras cabezas. 2 (more than) ms absolve [bzlv] vt absolver (of/from,
de, ms que: above 5,000 people ms de de).
5.000 personas. absorb [bzb] vt 1 (liquids, etc) absor
P adv 1 arriba, en lo alto: the palace,
ber; (shock) amortiguar. 2 (time) ocupar.
seen from above el palacio, visto desde absorption [bzpSn] n absorcin f.
arriba. 2 (in writing) arriba: see above va abstain [bsteIn] vi abstenerse (from,
se arriba. l o c above all sobre todo. de).
above-board [bvbd] adj leg abstemious [QbstimIs] adj abste
timo,a, legal. mio,a, sobrio,a.
abreast [brest] adv l o c to walk abstention [QbstenSn] n abstencin f.
abreast caminar uno al lado de otro; abstinence [QbstInns] n abstinencia.
to keep abreast of things estar al tan abstract [ (adj-n) QbstrQkt ; (vb) Qb
to de las cosas. strQkt] adj (not concrete) abstracto,a.
abridge [brIdZ] vt resumir, abreviar. P n (summary) resumen m.

abroad [brd] adv (position) en el ex absurd [bsd] adj absurdo,a.


tranjero; (movement) al extranjero. abundance [bndns] n abundancia.
abrupt [brpt] adj 1 (sudden) repen abundant [bndnt] adj abundante.
tino,a. 2 (rude) brusco,a, arisco,a. 3 abuse [(n) bjUs; (vb) bjUz] n 1 (verbal)
(slope) empinado,a. insultos mpl; (physical) malos tratos
ABS [eIbies] abbr (anti-lock braking sys- mpl. 2 (misuse) abuso.
tem) sistema m de antibloqueo; (ab- P vt 1 (verbally) insultar; (physically)
breviation) ABS. maltratar. 2 (misuse) abusar de.
abscess [Qbses] n (gen) absceso; (on abyss [bIs] n abismo.
gum) flemn m. abysmal [bIsml] adj psimo,-a.
abscond [bsknd] vi fugarse. AC [eIsi] abbr elec (alternating current)
abseil [QbseIl] vi hacer rappel. corriente f alterna; (abbreviation) CA f.
absence [Qbsns] n 1 (of person) ausen academic [QkdemIk] adj 1 (gen) aca
cia. 2 (of thing) falta, carencia. dmico,a. 2 (theoretical) terico: its a
3 accuracy
accommodation
A
purely academic question es una cuestin [kmdeIS n] n
puramente terica. alojamiento.
P n (scholar) acadmico,a; (lecturer) accomplice [kmplIs] n cmplice mf.
profesor,ra universitario,a. c o m p accomplish [kmplIS] vt lograr.
academic year ao acadmico. accomplishment [kmplISmnt] n 1
academy [kQdmI] n 1 academia. 2 (act of achieving) realizacin f. 2 (achieve-
(in Scotland) instituto de enseanza ment) logro.
media. P n pl accomplishments (skills) aptitu
pl academies. des fpl, dotes fpl, habilidades fpl.
accelerate [QkselreIt] vt acelerar. accord [kd] n (agreement) acuerdo:
P vi acelerarse. the Oslo accords los acuerdos de Oslo. l o c
acceleration [QkselreISn] n acelera of ones own accord espontneamen
cin f. te, por propia voluntad.
accelerator [kselreItr] n acelera P vt (award) conceder, otorgar.
dor m. , To accord no significa acordar, que
accent [(n) Qksnt; (vb) Qksent] n acento. se traduce por to agree.
P vt acentuar.
accentuate [QksentSUeIt] vt acentuar. accordance [kdns] l o c in accord

ance with de acuerdo con.


accentuation [QksentSUeISn] n acen
tuacin f. according [kdIN] prep according to
1 segn: according to Philip/the paper/my
accept [ksept] vt aceptar, admitir. watch segn Philip/el peridico/mi reloj.
acceptable [kseptbl] adj acepta 2 (consistent with) de acuerdo con: it
ble, admisible. went according to plan sali tal como se
acceptance [kseptns] n 1 (act of accept- haba previsto.
ing) aceptacin f. 2 (approval) acogida. accordion [kdIn] n acorden m.
access [Qkses] n acceso. account [kaUnt] n 1 (in bank) cuenta. 2
P vt comput acceder a, entrar en. c o m p
(report) relacin f, relato, informe m: he
access code cdigo de acceso. y access gave us an account of his experiences nos
road carretera de acceso. cont sus experiencias. l o c on account of
accessibility [QksesIbIlItI] n accesi por, a causa de: dont leave on my account
bilidad f. no te vayas por m. y on no account bajo
accessible [QksesIbl] adj 1 accesible. ningn concepto. y to keep the ac
2 (person) asequible, tratable. counts llevar las cuentas. y to take into
accessory [QksesrI] n 1 (gadget) acce account tener en cuenta. c o m p accounts
sorio. 2 jur (accomplice) cmplice mf. department seccin f de contabilidad.
P n pl accessories (bag, gloves, etc) com a to account for vi explicar.
plementos mpl. accountable [kaUntbl] adj l o c to be

pl accessories. accountable to sb for sth ser responsa


accident [QksIdnt] n accidente m. ble ante algn de algo.
by accident por casualidad.
loc accountant [kaUntnt] n contable mf.
accidental [QksIdent l] adj fort ui accumulate [kjUmjUleIt] vt acumular.
to,a. P vi acumularse.
acclaim [kleIm] n 1 (welcome) aclama accumulation [kjUmjUleISn] n acu
cin f. 2 (praise) elogios mpl, alabanza. mulacin f.
P vt 1 (welcome) aclamar. 2 (praise) elo accumulator [kjUmjUleIt r] n acu
giar, alabar. mulador m.
acclimatize [klaImtaIz] vt aclimatar. accuracy [QkjUrsI] n 1 (of numbers, in-
P vi aclimatarse. strument, information) exactitud f, preci
accommodate [kmdeIt] vt alojar. sin f. 2 (of shot) certeza.
accurate 4

accurate [QkjUrt] adj 1 (numbers, etc) acne [QknI] n acn f.


exacto,a, preciso,a. 2 (instrument) de acorn [eIkn] n bellota.
precisin. 3 (shot) certero,a. acoustic [kUstIk] adj acstico,a.
accusation [QkjUzeISn] n acusacin f. acoustics [kUstIks] n (science) acstica.
accuse [kjUz] vt acusar (of, de). Pn pl (sound conditions) acstica f sing.
accused [kjUzd] n the accused (man) acquaint [kweInt] vt informar (with,
el acusado; (woman) la acusada. de). l o c to acquaint os with sth fami
accustom [kstm] vt acostumbrar liarizarse con algo. y to be acquaint
(to, a). ed with sb conocer a algn, tener trato
accustomed [kstmd] adj l o c to be con algn.
accustomed to esar acostumbrado a. acquaintance [kweIntns] n (person)
ace [eIs] n 1 (gen) as m. 2 (tennis) ace m. conocido,a: an acquaintance of mine un
acetic [sitIk] adj actico,a. c o m p ace conocido mo. l o c to make sbs acquaint
tic acid cido actico. ance conocer a algn.
acetone [QsItUn] n acetona. acquiesce [QkwIes] vi consentir (in,
acetylene [setIlin] n acetileno. en), conformarse (in, con).
ache [eIk] n dolor m. acquire [kwaIr] vt adquirir.
P vi doler: my head aches me duele la ca acquisition [QkwIzISn] n adquisicin f.
beza, tengo dolor de cabeza. acquit [kwIt] vt absolver, declarar
inocente.
. Ache se usa para formar palabras pt & pp acquitted, ger acquitting.
compuestas como headache (dolor de ca-
beza), toothache (dolor de muelas), ear-
acquittal [kwItl] n absolucin f.
ache (dolor de odos) o stomach-ache acre [eIkr] n acre m.
(dolor de estmago). . Un acre equivale a 40,47 hectreas.

achieve [tSiv] vt 1 (finish) realizar, lle acrobat [QkrbQt] n acrbata mf.


var a cabo. 2 (attain) lograr, conseguir. acrobatic [QkrbQtIk] adj acrobti
achievement [tSivmnt] n 1 (comple- co,a.
tion) realizacin f. 2 (attainment) logro. acronym [QkrnIm] n sigla.
3 (feat) hazaa, proeza. acropolis [krplIs] n acrpolis f.
Achilles [kIliz] n Aquiles. c o m p Achilles across [krs] prep 1 (movement) a tra
heel fig taln m de Aquiles. y Achil vs de, de un lado a otro de: to swim
les tendon anat tendn m de Aquiles. across a river cruzar un ro nadando/a na
acid [QsId] adj 1 chem cido,a. 2 do. 2 (position) al otro lado de: they live
(taste) agrio,a. c o m p acid rain lluvia across the road viven enfrente.
cida. P adv de un lado a otro: its 4 metres

P n chem cido,a. across mide 4 metros de lado a lado.


acknowledge [knlIdZ] vt 1 (admit) . Con verbos como walk, run, swim, etc,
admitir, reconocer. 2 (be thankful) se suele traducir por cruzar o atravesar.
agradecer, expresar agradecimiento
por. l o c to acknowledge receipt of acrylic [krIlIk] adj acrlico,a.
acusar recibo de. act [Qkt] n 1 acto, accin f. 2 theat ac
acknowledgement [knlIdZmnt] n to. 3 (of parliament) ley f. c o m p act of
1 (recognition) reconocimiento. 2 God fuerza mayor.
(thanks) muestra de agradecimiento. P vi 1 (do something) actuar. 2 (behave)
c o m p acknowledgement of receipt acu portarse, comportarse: she acts like a
se m de recibo. little girl se comporta como una nia. 3
acknowledgment [QknlIdZmnt] n (in theatre) actuar, hacer teatro; (in cin-
acknowledgement. ema) actuar, hacer cine.
5 address

A
P vt hacer el papel de: shes acting (the fino,a, muy desarrollado,a. comp

part of) Portia ella hace el papel de Por acute accent acento agudo. y acute tri
tia. angle tringulo acutngulo.
a to act as vt insep hacer de: I had to act as AD [eIdi] abbr (Anno Domini) despus
interpreter tuve que hacer de intrprete. de Cristo; (abbreviation) d.J.C.
acting [QktIN] adj en funciones. ad [Qd] n fam anuncio.
P n 1 theat (profession) teatro. 2 (perfor- Adam [Qdm] n Adn m. c o m p Adams
mance) interpretacin f, actuacin f. apple nuez f (de la garganta).
actinium [QktInIm] n actinio. adamant [Qdmnt] adj firme, in
action [QkSn] n 1 (gen) accin f. 2 jur flexible. l o c to be adamant about sth
demanda. c o m p action replay repeti mantenerse firme en algo.
cin f de la jugada. y action stations adapt [dQpt] vt adaptar.
zafarrancho de combate. P vi adaptarse.
, Action no significa accin (de una adaptable [dQptbl] adj (person) ca
empresa), que se traduce por share. paz de adaptarse.
adaptation [QdpteIS n] n adapta
activate [QktIveIt] vt (mechanism, bomb) cin f.
activar.
adapter [dQptr] n elec adaptor.
activation [QktIveISn] n (of mechanism,
bomb) activacin f. adaptor [dQptr] n elec ladrn m.
active [QktIv] adj activo,a. c o m p the
add [Qd] vt 1 (gen) aadir, agregar. 2
active voice la voz activa.
(numbers) sumar.
a to add to vt insep aumentar.
activism [QktIvIzm] n activismo. a to add up vt sep (numbers) sumar.
activist [QktIvIst] n activista mf. P vifig cuadrar: theres something funny
activity [QktIvItI] n actividad f. going on; it doesnt add up pasa algo raro;
pl activities. es que no cuadra.
actor [Qktr] n actor m. addend [Qdnd] n mat sumando.
actress [Qktrs] n actriz f. adder [Qdr] n zool vbora.
actual [QktSUl] adj real, verd ad e addict [QdIkt] n 1 adicto,a. 2 fam (fa-
ro,a. natic) fantico,a.
, Actual no significa actual, que se addicted [dIktId] adj adicto,a.
traduce por present, current o up-to- addiction [dIkSn] n adiccin f.
date. addictive [dIktIv] adj que crea adic
actually [QktjUlI] adv 1 en realidad, cin: nicotine is addictive la nicotina crea
realmente, de hecho: I havent actually adiccin.
decided what to do yet en realidad, toda addition [dISn] n 1 adicin f, aadi
va no he decidido qu hacer. 2 (indicat- dura. 2 math adicin f, suma. l o c in
ing surprise) incluso, hasta: she actually addition to adems de.
accused me of stealing her bag hasta me additional [dISnl] adj adicional.
acus de robarle el bolso. additive [QdItIv] n aditivo.
, Actually no significa actualmente, additive-free [QdItIvfri] adj sin adi
que se traduce por nowadays, at present. tivos.
address [dres] n 1 (on letter) direccin
acupuncture [QkjUpnktS] n f, seas fpl. 2 (speech) discurso, alocu
acupuntura. cin f.
acupuncturist [QkjUpnktSrIst] n P vt 1 (problem) abordar. 2 (person) diri
acupunturista mf. girse a. c o m p address book libro de
acute [kjUt] adj 1 (gen) agudo,a. 2 (an- direcciones. y form of address trata
gle) agudo,a. 3 (hearing, etc) muy miento.
adductor 6

adductor [dkt ] n anat aductor,ra.


r
admirer [ d m a I r r] n ( g e n )
adenoids [QdnIdz] n pl adenoides admirador,ra; (suitor) pretendiente mf.
mpl, vegetaciones fpl. admissible [dmIsIbl] adj admisible.
adept [dept] adj experto,a, dies admission [dmISn] n 1 (gen) admisin
tro,a. f; (to hospital) ingreso. 2 (price) entrada. 3
(acknowledgement) reconocimiento.
, Adept no significa adepto, seguidor,
admit [dmIt] vt 1 (allow in) admitir; (to
que se traducen por follower, supporter.
hospital) ingresar. 2 (acknowledge) reco
adequate [QdIkwt] adj 1 (enough) su nocer.
ficiente. 2 (satisfactory) satisf act o pt & pp admitted, ger admitting.
rio,a. admittance [dmIt ns] n entrada.
adhere [dhIr] vi (stick) adherirse, pe l o c No admittance Prohibida la

garse. entrada.
adherent [dhIrnt] adj adherente. admittedly [dmItIdlI] adv es verdad
adhesive [dhisIv] adj adhesivo,a. que, lo cierto es que.
P n adhesivo. admonish [dmnIS] vt amonestar.
adipose [QdIpUz] adj adiposo,a. ado [dU] n l o c without further ado
adjacent [dZeIsnt] adj adyacente. sin ms prembulos.
c o m p adjacent angles ngulos adya adobe [dUbI] n adobe m.
centes. adolescence [Qdlesns] n adoles
adjective [QdZIktIv] n adjetivo. cencia.
adjoin [dZIn] vt lindar con. adolescent [Qdles nt] adj adoles
P vi colindar.
cente.
P n adolescente mf.
adjoining [dZInIN] adj 1 (building)
contiguo,a. 2 (land) colindante. adopt [dpt] vt adoptar.
adjourn [dZn] vt aplazar, suspender. adoption [dpSn] n adopcin f.
P vi suspenderse.
adoptive [dptIv] adj adoptivo,a.
adjournment [dZnmnt] n aplaza adore [dr] vt adorar.
miento, suspensin f. adorn [dn] vt adornar.
adjust [dZst] vt ajustar, arreglar. adrenalin [drenlIn] n adrenalina.
P vi (person) adaptarse.
Adriatic [eIdrIQtIk] adj adritico,a.
c o m p the Adriatic (Sea) el (mar) Adri
adjustable [dZstbl] adj regulable.
c o m p adjustable spanner llave f inglesa.
tico.
adrift [drIft] adj a la deriva.
adjustment [dZstmnt] n 1 ajuste
m, arreglo. 2 (person) adaptacin f.
adulate [QdjUleIt] vt adular.
3 (change) cambio. adult [Qdlt] adj 1 (gen) adulto,a. 2
(film, etc) para adultos.
administer [dmInIstr] vt 1 (control) P n adulto,a.
administrar. 2 (give) administrar, dar;
(laws, punishment) aplicar.
adulterate [dltreIt] vt adulterar.
adultery [dltrI] n adulterio.
administration [dmInIstreISn] n 1 ad
ministracin f. 2 (of law, etc) aplicacin f. advance [dvAns] n 1 (gen) avance m.
2 (payment) anticipo. l o c in advance 1
administrator [dmInIstreIt r ] n
(gen) antes. 2 (rent, etc) por adelantado.
administrador,ra. P vt 1 (gen) avanzar. 2 (money, date)
admirable [QdmIrbl] adj admirable. adelantar.
admiral [Qdmrl] n almirante m. advantage [dvAntIdZ] n 1 ventaja.
admiration [QdmIreISn] n admira 2 (benefit) provecho. l o c to take ad
cin f. vantage of 1 (thing) aprovechar. 2 (per-
admire [dmaIr] vt admirar. son) aprovecharse de.
7 afield
advantageous aerodynamics
A
[QdvnteIdZs] adj [erUdaInQmIks] n
ventajoso,a, provechoso,a. aerodinmica.
adventure [dventS r] n aventura. aeronautics [erntIks] n aeronu
c o m p adventure playground parque m tica.
infantil. aeroplane [erpleIn] n aeroplano,
adverb [Qdvb] n adverbio. avin m.
adversary [QdvsrI] n adversa aerosol [ersl] n aerosol m.
rio,a. aerostatic [erstQtIk] adj aer os
pl adversaries. ttico,a.
adversative [QdvstIv] adj adver aesthetic [isTetIk] adj esttico,a.
sativo,a. aesthetics [isTetIks] n esttica.
adverse [Qdvs] adj desfavorable. affair [fer] n 1 (matter) asunto: thats
adversity [dvsItI] n adversidad f. your affair eso es asunto tuyo. 2 (case) ca
pl adversities.
so: the Watergate affair el caso Waterga
te. c o m p current affairs actualidad f sing.
advert [Qdvt] n fam anuncio.
affect [fekt] vt 1 (gen) afectar. 2 (feign)
advertise [QdvtaIz] vt anunciar. fingir, afectar: he affected indifference
P vi hacer publicidad.
fingi indiferencia.
advertisement [dvtIsmnt] n affection [fekSn] n afecto, cario.
anuncio. affectionate [fekSnt] adj afectuo
Pn pl advertisements (on television) pu so,a, carioso,a.
blicidad f, anuncios mpl. affiliate [fIlIt] n afiliado,a.
, Advertisement no significa adverten P vt afiliar.
cia, que se traduce por warning. P vi afiliar.
affinity [fInItI] n afinidad f.
advertiser [QdvtaIzr] n anunciante mf. pl affinities.
advertising [QdvtaIzIN] n publici affirm [fm] vt afirmar, asegurar.
dad f. c o m p advertising agency agen affirmation [QfmeISn] n afirmacin f.
cia de publicidad. y advertising cam
affirmative [fmtIv] adj afirma
paign campaa publicitaria.
tivo,a.
advice [dvaIs] n consejos mpl. c o m p a affix [fIks] vt (stamp) poner; (poster) fijar.
piece of advice un consejo.
afflict [flIkt] vt afligir.
advise [dvaIz] vt aconsejar. affluence [QflUns] n riqueza, pros
, To advise no significa avisar, que se peridad f.
traduce por to warn. affluent [QflUnt] adj rico,a.
adviser [dvaIzr] n consejero,a. afford [fd] vt permitirse, costear: I
cant afford to pay 750 for a coat no puedo
advocate [(n) Qdvkt; (vb) QdvkeIt] (permitirme) pagar 750 libras por un abrigo.
n 1 (supporter) partidario,a. 2 (lawyer)
afforestation [frIsteISn] n repo
abogado,a defensor,ra.
blacin f forestal.
P vt abogar por, propugnar.
affricate [QfrIkt] n africada.
Aegean [IdZin] adj egeo,a. c o m p the Afghan [QfgQn] adj afgano,a.
Aegean (Sea) el (mar) Egeo.
P n 1 (person) afgano,a. 2 (language) af
aerial [erIl] adj areo,a. gano.
P n antena.
Afghanistan [QfgQnIstQn] n
aerobe [erUb] n aerobio. Afganistn m.
aerobics [erUbIks] n aerobic m, ae afield [fild] adv l o c far afield lejos:
rbic m. they went as far afield as Canada llegaron
aerodrome [erdrUm] n aerdromo. hasta Canad.
afloat 8

afloat [flUt] adj a flote. again [gen, geIn] adv 1 (once more)
afoot [fUt] adv en marcha, en proceso. otra vez, de nuevo: play me that song
afraid [freId] adj temeroso,a. l o c to again tcame esa cancin otra vez. 2 (in
be afraid 1 (frightened) tener miedo. 2 questions): where do you live again? dnde
(sorry) temer, sentir, lamentar: Im has dicho que vives? l o c again and
afraid so/not me temo que s/no. y to be again repetidamente. y now and again
afraid of sth/sb tener miedo de algo/ de vez en cuando.
algn. against [genst, geInst] prep 1 (gen)
afresh [freS] adv de nuevo: he had to contra: against the wall contra la pared;
start afresh tuvo que volver a empezar. Leeds played against Liverpool Leeds jug
frica [QfrIk] n frica. c o m p South contra Liverpool. 2 (opposed to) en con
Africa Sudfrica. tra de: I voted against the proposal vot
African [QfrIkn] adj africano,a. en contra de la propuesta.
P n africano,a. c o m p South African su age [eIdZ] n edad f. l o c of age mayor
dafricano,a. de edad. y under age menor de edad.
P vt & vi envejecer.
Afro [QfrU] adj & n (hairstyle) afro.
Afro-American [QfrUmerIkn] adj aged [eIdZd] adj de (tantos aos de)
afroamericano,a. edad: a boy aged ten un muchacho de diez
P n afroamericano,a.
aos. c o m p the aged los ancianos mpl.
agency [eIdZnsI] n 1 (commercial) agen
" Afro-American es el trmino ms cia: a travel/advertising/employment agen-
adecuado para referirse a los estadouni cy una agencia de viajes/publicidad/em
denses cuyos antepasados eran origina pleo. 2 (governmental, etc) organismo.
rios del frica subsahariana y que, en su pl agencies.
mayora, fueron llevados como esclavos a agenda [dZend] n orden m del da.
Amrica entre los siglos XVI y XIX.
, Agenda no significa agenda, que se
after [Aftr] prep 1 (time) despus de: traduce por diary.
after class despus de la clase. 2 (following) agent [eIdZnt] n agente mf.
detrs de: the police are after us la polica aggravate [QgrveIt] vt 1 (make worse)
nos est persiguiendo. 3 us (past) y: its a agravar. 2 fam (annoy) irritar, molestar.
quarter after four son las cuatro y cuarto.
P adv despus: the day after el da despus.
aggression [greSn] n 1 (act) agresin
f. 2 (feeling) agresividad f.
P conj despus que, despus de que:
after he left, I went to bed despus de que aggressive [gresIv] adj 1 (gen) agre
se marchara, me acost. sivo,a. 2 (dynamic) emprendedor,ra.
P n pl afters gb fam postre m. aggressor [gresr] n agresor,ra.
afterbirth [AftbT] n placenta. aghast [gAst] adj horrorizado,a.
after-effect [AftrIfekt] n efecto se agile [QdZaIl] adj gil.
cundario, secuela. agility [dZIlItI] n agilidad f.
afterlife [AftlaIf] n ms all m. agitate [QdZIteIt] vt agitar.
afternoon [AftnUn] n tarde f: in the agnostic [QgnstIk] adj agnstico,a.
afternoon por la tarde. Pn agnstico,a.
after-sales service [AftseIlzsvIs] ago [gU] adv hace: ten days ago hace
n servicio posventa. diez das; it happened a long time ago ocu
aftershave [AftSeIv] n locin f para rri hace mucho tiempo.
despus del afeitado. . Ago se usa siempre con el verbo en pa
aftertaste [AftteIst] n regusto. sado. Consulta tambin for, since.
afterwards [Aftwdz] adv despus,
luego. agonise [QgnaIz] vi agonize.
9 aitch
agonize [QgnaIz] vi agonizar. P vt 1 (gun) apuntar ( at, a). 2 (attack)
agony [QgnI] n 1 (pain) dolor m muy dirigir (at, a). A
agudo. 2 (anguish) angustia. aint [eInt] contr fam am not, is not,
pl agonies. are not, has not, have not.
, Agony no significa agona (antes de air [er] n aire m. l o c by air 1 (send letter)

morir), que se traduce por dying breath. por avin. 2 (travel) en avin. c o m p air
hostess azafata. y air lane ruta area. y
agora [Qgr] n gora. air pressure presin f atmosfrica. y air
pl agoras o agorae [QgraI, Qgri]. rifle escopeta de aire comprimido. y
agree [gri] vi 1 (be in agreement) estar air terminal terminal f area. y air traffic
de acuerdo (with, con): do you agree controller controlador,ra areo,a.
with me? ests de acuerdo conmigo? 2 P vt 1 (gen) airear. 2 (room) ventilar.
(reach an agreement) ponerse de acuer airbag [ebQg] n airbag m.
do (on, en): they cant agree on a name airbase [ebeIs] n base f area.
for the baby no se ponen de acuerdo en el air-bed [ebed] n gb colchn m de aire.
nombre del beb. 4 (food, climate, etc)
air-conditioned [ekndIS nd] adj
sentar bien (with, -): the prawns didnt
con aire acondicionado, refrigera
agree with me las gambas no me senta
do,a.
ron bien.
P vt (grammatically) concordar (with, con).
air-conditioning [ekndISnIN] n ai
re m acondicionado.
agreeable [gribl] adj 1 (pleasant)
agradable. 2 (in agreement) conforme. aircraft [ekrAft] n (gen) aeronave f;
(plane) avin m.
agreement [grimnt] n 1 acuerdo: pl aircraft.
the two men reached an agreement los dos
hombres llegaron a un acuerdo. 2 (gram- aircraft-carrier [ekrAftkQrIr] n por
matical) concordancia. taaviones m inv.
agricultural [QgrIkltSrl] adj agrcola. airfield [efild] n campo de aviacin.
agriculture [QgrIkltSr] n agricultura. airforce [efs] n fuerza area, fuer
zas fpl areas.
agronomy [grnmI] n agronoma.
airline [elaIn] n lnea area.
aground [graUnd] adj encallado,a.
l o c to run aground encallar.
airliner [elaInr] n avin m de pa
sajeros (grande).
ahead [hed] adv (in front) delante:
theres a police checkpoint ahead hay un
airmail [emeIl] n correo areo.
control de polica aqu delante; we fin- airplane [epleIn] n us aeroplano,
ished ahead of schedule acabamos antes de avin m.
lo previsto. l o c go ahead! adelante! airport [ept] n aeropuerto.
aid [eId] n (help) ayuda; (rescue) auxilio. airship [eSIp] n dirigible m.
c o m p humanitarian aid ayuda huma airsick [esIk] adj mareado,a. l o c to

nitaria. be airsick marearse.


P vt ayudar, auxiliar. airspace [espeIs] n espacio areo.
AIDS [eIdz] n (Acquired Immune Defi- airstrip [estrIp] n pista de aterrizaje.
ciency Syndrome) sida m. airtight [etaIt] adj hermtico,a.
aileron [eIlrn] n alern m. airway [eweI] n 1 (route) ruta area,
ailing [eIlIN] adj enfermo,a. va area. 2 (airline) lnea area.
ailment [eIlmnt] n dolencia, acha airy [erI] adj 1 (ventilated) bien venti
que m. lado,a. 2 (light) ligero,a.
aim [eIm] n 1 (marksmanship) puntera: comp airier, superl airiest.
his aim is good tiene buena puntera. 2 (ob- aisle [aIl] n 1 (between seats, shelves, etc) pa
jective) meta, objetivo: whats your aim in sillo. 2 (section of church) nave f lateral.
life? qu objetivo tienes en la vida? aitch [eItS] n hache f.
ajar 10

ajar [dZA ] adj entreabierto,a.


r
(strange) extrao,a, ajeno,a: his ideas
akimbo [kImbU] adv en jarras. are alien to me sus ideas me son ajenas.
akin [kIn] adj parecido,a (to, a). P n 1 (foreigner) extranjero,a. 2 (extra-

alabaster [QlbAstr] n alabastro. terrestrial) extraterrestre mf.


alarm [lAm] n 1 (device) alarma. 2 alight [laIt] adj encendido,a, ar
(fear) temor m, alarma. c o m p alarm diendo.
clock despertador m. align [laIn] vt alinear (with, con).
P vt alarmar, asustar. alike [laIk] adj (the same) iguales; (simi-
alarmism [lAmIzm] n alarmismo. lar) parecidos,as: they are alike in all re-
Albanian [QlbeInIn] adj albans,esa. spects son iguales en todo.
P adv igual: they dress alike visten igual.
P n 1 (person) albans,esa. 2 (language)
albans m. alimentary [QlImentrI] adj alimen
albatross [Qlbtrs] n albatros m. ticio,a. c o m p alimentary canal tubo
digestivo.
albino [QlbinU] adj albino,a.
P n albino,a.
alimony [QlImnI] n pensin f
pl albinos. alimenticia.
album [Qlbm] n lbum m. alive [laIv] adj vivo,a.
albumen [QlbjUmIn, us QlbjUmn] n alkaline [QlklaIn] adj alcalino,a.
1 (white of egg) clara de huevo. 2 (in all [l] adj (singular) todo,a; (plural)
plants) albumen m. todos,as: all the chairs todas las sillas;
all day/month/year todo el da/mes/ao.
albumin [QlbjUmIn, us QlbjUmn] n
P pron 1 (everything) todo, la totalidad
albmina.
f: all was lost in the fire se perdi todo en
alcohol [Qlkhl] n alcohol m. el incendio. 2 (everybody) todos mpl, to
alcohol-free [Qlkhlfri] adj sin alcohol. do el mundo: all of them helped/they all
alcoholism [QlkhlIzm] n alcoholismo. helped ayudaron todos.
aldehyde [QldIhaId] n aldehdo. P adv completamente, totalmente:
ale [eIl] n cerveza. she was dressed all in leather iba vestida to
alert [lt] adj 1 (quick to act) alerta, vi da de cuero. l o c after all 1 (despite every-
gilante. 2 (lively) vivo,a. thing) despus de todo. 2 (it must be re-
P n alarma. membered) no hay que olvidarlo. y all
P vt alertar, avisar. over en todas partes. y to be all over
A-level [eIlevl] abbr gb (Advanced lev- acabar: in ten minutes it was all over en
el) segundo curso de bachillerato. diez minutos todo haba acabado. y all
alfalfa [QlfQlf] n alfalfa. right 1 (acceptable) bien, bueno,a: the
films all right, but Ive seen better ones la pe
algae [QldZi] n pl algas fpl.
sing alga [Qlg].
lcula no est mal, pero las he visto mejo
res. 2 (well, safe) bien: are you all right?
algebra [QldZIbr] n lgebra. ests bien? 3 (accepting suggestion) vale,
algebraic [QldZIbreIIk] adj alge bueno: are you coming? all right te vie
braico,a. nes? vale. y all that tan: hes not all that
Algeria [QldZIrI] n Argelia. fast no es tan rpido. y all the + comp
Algerian [QldZIrIn] adj argelino,a. tanto + adj/adv, an + adj/adv: all the bet-
Pn argelino,a. ter tanto mejor. y all the time todo el ra
algorithm [QlgrIDm] n algoritmo. to, siempre. y at all en absoluto. y in all
alias [eIlIs] adv alias. en total. y not at all no hay de qu.
Pn alias m. Allah [Ql] n Al m.
alibi [QlIbaI] n coartada. alleged [ledZd] adj presunto,a.
alien [eIlIn] adj 1 (foreign) extranjero,a. allegory [QlIgrI] n alegora.
2 (extraterrestrial) extraterrestre. 3 pl allegories.
11 alternate
allergic [ldZIk] adj alrgico,a (to, a). almond
A
[Amnd] n almendra. c o m p
allergy [QldZI] n alergia. almond tree almendro.
pl allergies. almost [lmUst] adv casi.
alleviate [livIeIt] vt aliviar, mitigar. alone [lUn] adj (unaccompanied) so
alley [QlI] n callejuela, callejn m. lo,a.
alliance [laIns] n alianza. P adv (only) solo, solamente. l o c to
allied [QlaId] adj 1 pol aliado,a. 2 (re- leave sth alone no tocar algo. y to leave
sb alone dejar a algn en paz.
lated) relacionado,a, afn.
alligator [QlIgeItr] n caimn m. along [lN] prep 1 por, a lo largo de:
we walked along the riverbank caminamos
alliteration [lItreISn] n aliteracin f.
por la orilla del ro. 2 (in) en: his office is
allocate [QlkeIt] vt (money) destinar; along this corridor su despacho est en este
(time, space, job, etc) asignar. pasillo.
allocation [QlkeISn] n 1 (distribution) P adv adelante, hacia adelante: move
asignacin f; (of money) distribucin f. along, please circulen, por favor. l o c
2 (money given) cuota. along with junto con. y come along 1
allot [lt] vt asignar. (sing) ven. 2 (plural) venid.
pt & pp allotted, ger allotting. alongside [lNsaId] prep al lado de.
all-out [laUt] adj total. P adv al costado, al lado.
allow [laU] vt 1 (permit) permitir, de aloof [lUf] adj distante.
jar. 2 (set aside) conceder, dar, dejar. 3 P adv a distancia.
(admit) admitir, reconocer. alopecia [QlpiS] n alopecia.
a to allow for vt insep tener en cuenta. aloud [laUd] adv en voz alta.
allowance [laUns] n 1 (from govern- alpha [Qlf] n alfa. c o m p alpha ray rayo
ment) subsidio, prestacin f. 2 (from alfa.
employer) dietas fpl, asignacin f. 3 us alphabet [Qlfbet] n alfabeto, abece
(pocket money) paga semanal. l o c to dario.
make allowances for 1 (take into account) alphabetical [QlfbetIk l] adj alfa
tener en cuenta. 2 (be permissive) tener btico,a. l o c in alphabetical order
paciencia con. por orden alfabtico.
alloy [QlI] n aleacin f. alphanumeric [QlfnjUmerIk] adj alfa
all-purpose [lpps] adj multiuso. numrico,a.
all-star [lstAr] adj estelar: an all-star alpine [QlpaIn] adj alpino,a.
cast un reparto estelar. Alps [Qlps] n pl the Alps los Alpes mpl.
all-terrain [ltreIn] adj todo terreno. already [lredI] adv ya: theyve already
allude [lUd] vi aludir (to, a). left ya se han ido.
allure [ljUr] n atractivo, encanto. also [lsU] adv tambin.
P vt atraer, seducir. altar [ltr] n altar m.
alluring [ljUrIN] adj seductor,ra. altarpiece [ltpis] n retablo.
allusion [lUZn] n alusin f. alter [ltr] vt (gen) cambiar; (clothes)
alluvial [lUvIl] adj aluvial. arreglar.
ally [QlaI] n aliado,a. P vi cambiar, cambiarse.
pl allies. alteration [ltreISn] n modifica
P vt aliar (with, con). cin f.
P vi aliarse (with, con). P n pl alterations reformas fpl.
pt & pp allied, ger allying. alternate [(adj) ltnt; (vb) ltneIt]
almighty [lmaItI] adj todopodero adj alterno,a.
so,a. P vt alternar.
Pn the Almighty el Todopoderoso. P vi alternarse.
alternating 12

alternating [ltneItIN] c o m p alter ambitious [QmbISs] adj amb icio


nating current corriente f alterna. so,a.
alternative [ltntIv] adj alterna ambulance [QmbjUlns] n ambulancia.
tivo,a. ambush [QmbUS] n emboscada.
P n (option) opcin f, alternativa. P vt poner una emboscada a.
alternator [ltneItr] n alternador m. ameba [mib] n us amoeba.
although [lDU] conj aunque. ameliorate [milIreIt] vt mejorarse.
altimeter [QltImitr] n altmetro. P vi mejorar.
altitude [QltItjUd] n altitud f, altura. amelioration [milIreISn] n mejora.
altogether [ltgeDr] adv 1 (complete- amen [Amen] interj amn.
ly) del todo. 2 (on the whole) en conjun amenable [minb l] adj tratable,
to. 3 (in total) en total. bien dispuesto,a.
altruism [QltrUIzm] n altruismo. amend [mend] vt (law) enmendar; (er-
aluminium [QljUmInIm] n aluminio. ror) corregir.
c o m p aluminium foil papel m de alu
amendment [mendmnt] n enmienda.
minio, papel m de plata.
aluminum [lUmInm] n us aluminio. amenities [minItIz] n pl servicios
mpl, prestaciones fpl.
alveolar [QlvIUlr] adj alveolar. c o m p
alveolar sacs anat sacos alveolares. America [merIk] n Amrica. c o m p
Central America Amrica Central,
alveolus [QlvIls] n alveolo, alvolo.
pl alveoli [QlvIlaI].
Centroamrica. y Latin America
Amrica Latina, Latinoamrica. y
always [lweIz] adv siempre.
North America Amrica del Norte,
am [Qm] pres be. Norteamrica. y South America Am
a.m. [eIem] abbr (ante meridiem) de la rica del Sur, Sudamrica.
maana.
amass [mQs] vt acumular. . Los estadounidenses suelen referirse a
amateur [Qmtr] adj aficionado,a. su propio pas (Estados Unidos), como
Pn aficionado,a. America y a ellos, como Americans.
amateurism [ Q m t S r I z m ] n
amateurismo. American [merIkn] adj 1 (gen)
americano,a. 2 (from USA) esta
amaze [meIz] vt asombrar, pasmar.
dounidense. c o m p American football
amazement [meIzmnt] n asom
ftbol m americano.
bro, pasmo.
P n 1 (gen) americano,a. 2 (from USA)
amazing [meIzIN] adj asombroso,a,
estadounidense mf.
pasmoso,a.
Amazon [Qmzn] n the Amazon 1 (river) " En Estados Unidos, llaman football al
el Amazonas m. 2 (basin) Amazonia. ftbol americano (ms parecido al rugby
ambassador [QmbQsdr] n embaja que al ftbol europeo) y denominan soccer
dor,ra. a lo que nosotros llamamos ftbol.
amber [Qmbr] n mbar m.
P adj mbar.
americium [QmrIsIm] n americio.
ambience [QmbIns] n ambiente m. amethyst [QmTIst] n amatista.
ambiguity [QmbIgjUItI] n ambige amiable [eImIbl] adj afable, amable.
dad f. amicable [QmIkbl] adj amistoso,a,
pl ambiguities. amigable.
ambiguous [QmbIgjUs] adj amb i amid [mId] prep en medio de, entre.
guo,a. amidst [mIdst] prep amid.
ambition [QmbISn] n ambicin f. amine [min] n amina.
13 anarchy
amino acid amuck [mk] adv amok.
A
[QminUQsId] n ami
nocido. amulet [QmjUlt] n amuleto.
amiss [mIs] adv mal. loc to take amiss amuse [mjUz] vt entretener, divertir.
tomar a mal. amusement [mjUzmnt] n 1 (enjoy-
ammonia [mUnI] n amonaco. ment) diversin f, entretenimiento. 2
ammunition [QmjUnISn] n municio (pastime) pasatiempo. c o m p amusement
nes fpl. arcade saln m de juegos. y amuse
amnesia [mnizI] n amnesia. ment park parque m de atracciones.
amnesty [QmnstI] n amnista. amusing [mjUzIN] adj entretenido,a,
pl amnesties. divertido,a.
amniotic [QmnItIk] adj amnitico,a. an [n, Qn] indef art 1 un, una. 2 (per) por.
amoeba [Qmib] n ameba. . Se usa delante de las palabras que empie
pl amoebae [mibi]. zan con sonido voclico. Consulta tambin a.
amok [mk] l o c to run amok volver

se loco,a y causar destrozos. anabolism [nQblIzm] n anabolismo.


among [mN] prep entre (tres o ms). anachronistic [QnkrnIk] adj ana
amongst [mNst] prep among. crnico,a.
amorphous [mfs] adj amorfo,a. anaconda [Qnknd] n anaconda.
amount [maUnt] n cantidad f. anaemia [nimI] n anemia.
a to amount to vt insep 1 ascender a. anaemic [nimIk] adj anmico,a.
2 fig equivaler a. anaerobic [QnerUbIk] adj anaero
amp [Qmp] n (abbr of ampere) ampe bio,a.
rio, ampere m. anaesthesia [QnsTizI] n anestesia.
ampere [Qmper] n amperio. anaesthetic [QnsTetIk] adj anest
amphetamine [Qmfetmin] n anfe sico,a.
tamina. Pn anestsico.
amphibian [QmfIbIn] n anfibio. anaesthetise [nisTtaIz] vt anaes
amphibious [QmfIbIs] adj anf i thetize.
bio,a. anaesthetize [nisTtaIz] vt anestesiar.
amphitheater [QmfITItr] n us anfi anagram [QngrQm] n anagrama m.
teatro. anal [eInl] adj anal.
amphitheatre [QmfITItr] n anfitea analgesic [QnldZizIk] adj analgsi
tro. co,a.
amphora [Qmfr] n nfora. P n analgsico.
pl amphoras o amphorae [Qmfri]. analog [Qnlg] adj-n us analogue.
ample [Qmpl] adj 1 (enough) bastante. analogue [Qnlg] adj analgico,a.
2 (plenty) ms que suficiente. 3 (large, Pn anlogo.
generous) amplio,a. analogy [nQldZI] n analoga, se
amplification [QmplIfIkeISn] n am mejanza.
plificacin f. pl analogies.
amplifier [QmplIfaIr] n amplificador m. analyse [QnlaIz] vt analizar.
amplify [QmplIfaI] vt 1 (sound) ampli analysis [nQlIsIs] n anlisis m.
ficar. 2 (statement) ampliar. pl analyses [nQlIsiz].
pt & pp amplified, ger amplifying. analyst [QnlIst] n analista mf.
amplitude [QmplItjUd] n amplitud f. anarchism [QnkIzm] n anarquismo.
amputate [QmpjUteIt] vt amputar. anarchist [QnkIst] n anarquista mf.
amputation [QmpjUteISn] n ampu anarchy [QnkI] n anarqua.
tacin f. pl anarchies.
anatomy 14

anatomy [nQtmI] n anatoma. anger [QNgr] n clera, ira, furia.


pl anatomies. P vt encolerizar, enojar, enfurecer.
ancestor [Qnsstr] n antepasado. angina [QndZaIn] [also angina pec-
anchor [QNkr] n ancla. toris ] n angina de pecho.
P vt 1 (ship) anclar. 2 (make secure) sujetar. , Angina no significa anginas, que se
anchovy [QntSvI] n (salted) anchoa; traduce por sore throat.
(fresh) boquern m.
pl anchovies. angiosperm [QndZIspm] n angios
ancient [eInS nt] adj 1 antiguo,a; perma.
(monument) histrico,a. 2 fam angle1 [QNgl] n ngulo.
viejsimo,a. c o m p ancient history his angle2 [QNgl] vi pescar con caa.
toria antigua. anglepoise lamp [QNglpIzlQmp] n
flexo.
. Ancient no se emplea en el sentido de
'anterior' con el que a menudo se usa an
angler [Qndlr] n pescador,-a.
tiguo en espaol (mi antiguo jefe). La pa Anglican [QNglIkn] adj anglicano,a.
labra inglesa para este sentido de anti Pn anglicano,a.
guo es former (my former boss). angling [QNglIN] n pesca con caa.
Anglo-Saxon [QNglUsQks n] adj
and [Qnd, unstressed nd] conj 1 y; (before i- anglosajn,ona.
and hi-) e: black and white blanco y negro; P n 1 (person) anglosajn,ona. 2 (lan-
opinions and ideas opiniones e ideas. 2 (with guage) anglosajn m.
infinitives): go and look for it ve a buscarlo; Angola [QNgUl] n Angola.
wait and see what happens espera a ver lo Angolan [QNgUln] adj angoleo,a.
que pasa. 3 (expressing repetition, increase): it P n angoleo,a.
rained and rained no par de llover. 4 (with angry [QNgrI] adj enojado,a, enfa
numbers): a hundred and twenty ciento vein dado,a.
te; two thousand and eighty four dos mil comp angrier, superl angriest.
ochenta y cuatro. 5 (in sums) ms: four and
six are ten cuatro ms seis son diez.
angstrom [QNgstrm] n ngstrom m.
Andes [Qndiz] n pl the Andes los An anguish [QNgwIS] n angustia.
des mpl. angular [QNgjUlr] adj angular.
Andorra [Qndr] n Andorra. anhydride [QnhaIdraId] n anhdrido.
Andorran [Qndrn] adj andor ra animal [QnIml] adj animal.
no,a. Pn animal m.
P n andorrano,a. animate [(adj) QnImt; (vb) QnImeIt]]
android [QndrId] n androide m. adj animado,a, vivo,a.
P vt 1 animar. 2 fig estimular.
anecdote [QnIkdUt] n ancdota.
anemia [nimI] n us anaemia. animation [QnImeISn] n 1 anima
anemic [nimIk] adj us anaemic. cin f. 2 (life) vida, marcha.
anemometer [QnImmItr] n ane animator [QnImeItr] n animador,ra.
mmetro. animism [QnImIzm] n animismo.
anemone [nemnI] n bot anmona. anion [QnaIn] n anin m.
anesthesia [QnsTizI] n anaesthe anise [QnIs] n (plant) ans m.
sia. ankle [QNkl] n tobillo.
anesthetic [QnsTetIk] adj-n anaes annelid [QnlId] n anlido.
thetic. annexe [Qnks] n anexo, anejo.
anesthetize [nisTtaIz] vt anaes annihilate [naIleIt] vt aniquilar.
thetize. anniversary [QnIvsrI] n aniversario.
angel [eIndZl] n ngel m. pl anniversaries.
15 anxiety
announce [naUns] vt anunciar. anther [QnT ] n antera.
A
r

announcement [naUnsmnt] n anun anthology [QnTldZI] n antologa.


cio. pl anthologies.
announcer [naUnsr] n (on TV, radio) anthracite [QnTrsaIt] n antracita.
presentador,ra, locutor,ra. anthropology [QnTrpldZI] n
annoy [nI] vt molestar, fastidiar. antropologa.
annoying [nIIN] adj molesto,a. antibiotic [QntIbaItIk] adj antibi
annual [QnjUl] adj anual. tico,a.
annul [nl] vt anular. P n antibitico.

pt & pp annulled, ger annulling. antibody [QntIbdI] n anticuerpo.


annular [QnjUlr] adj anular. pl antibodies.
anode [QnUd] n nodo. anticipate [QntIsIpeIt] vt 1 (expect) es
anomaly [nmlI] n anomala. perar. 2 (get ahead of) adelantarse a. 3
pl anomalies. (foresee) anticiparse a, prever.
anonymous [nnIms] adj annimo,a. anticipation [QntIsIpeISn] n 1 (expecta-
anopheles [nfliz] n anofeles m. tion) expectacin f. 2 (foresight) previsin f.
anorak [QnrQk] n anorak m. anticline [QntIklaIn] n anticlinal m.
anorexia [QnreksI] n anorexia. anticlockwise [QntIklkwaIz] adj en
el sentido contrario a las agujas del
another [nDr] adj otro,a.
reloj.
P pron otro,a.
anticyclone [QntIsaIklUn] n antici
answer [Ansr] n respuesta, contes
cln m.
tacin f.
P vt & vi responder, contestar.
antidote [QntIdUt] n antdoto.
a to answer back vt sep & vi replicar. antifreeze [QntIfriz] n anticongelan
a to answer for vt insep 1 (guarantee) te m.
responder por, garantizar. 2 (accept antigen [QntIdZen] n antgeno.
responsibility) responder de. Antilles [QntIliz] n pl Antillas fpl.
answering machine [AnsrINmSin] n antimony [QntImnI] n antimonio.
contestador m automtico. antipodes [QntIpdiz] n pl antpodas fpl.
answerphone [AnsfUn] n contes antipyretic [QntIpaIretIk] n antipir
tador m automtico. tico.
ant [Qnt] n hormiga. comp ant hill hor antique [Qntik] adj antiguo,a. c o m p
miguero. antique shop tienda de antigedades.
Antarctic [QntAktIk] adj antrtico,a. P n antigedad f.
P n the Antarctic la Antrtida. c o m p Ant antiquity [QntIkwItI] n antigedad f.
arctic Circle Crculo polar antrtico. pl antiquities.
Antarctica [QntAktIk] n Antrtida. antiseptic [QntIseptIk] adj antispti
anteater [Qntitr] n oso hormiguero. co,a.
antecedent [QntIsidnt] n antece Pn antisptico.
dente m. antiviral [QntIvaIrl] adj med antivirus.
antediluvian [QntIdIlUvIn] adj antivirus [QntIvaIrs] adj inform anti
antediluviano,a. virus.
antenatal [QntIneItl] adj prenatal. antlers [Qntlr] n pl cornamenta f sing.
antenna [Qnten] n 1 [ pl antennae antonym [QntnIm] n antnimo.
[Qnteni]] (of insect) antena. 2 [ pl an- anus [eIns] n ano.
tennas] (aerial) antena. anvil [QnvIl] n yunque m.
anterior [QntIrIr] adj anterior. anxiety [QNzaItI] n ansiedad f.
anthem [QnTm] n motete m. pl anxieties.
anxious 16

anxious [QNkSs] adj 1 (worried) preo tal, en cualquier caso: anyway, as I was
cupado,a ( about, por). 2 (desirous) saying, bueno pues, como te deca,
ansioso,a. anywhere [enIwer] adv 1 (in questions -
any [enI] adj 1 (in questions) algn,una: situation) en algn sitio, en alguna
are there any biscuits left? queda alguna parte; (- direction) a algn sitio, a algu
galleta? 2 (negative) ningn,una: he na parte: have you seen my keys anywhere?
hasnt bought any milk/biscuits no ha has visto mis llaves en alguna parte?;
comprado leche/galletas; without any dif- are you going anywhere this weekend? vas
ficulty sin ninguna dificultad. 3 (no matter a algn sitio el fin de semana? 2 (negative
which) cualquier,ra: any old rag will do - situation) en ningn sitio, en ninguna
cualquier trapo sirve. parte; (- direction) a ningn sitio, a nin
P pron 1 (in questions) alguno,a: there are
guna parte: I cant find him anywhere no
foxes round here, have you seen any? hay lo encuentro en ninguna parte; were not
zorros por aqu, has visto alguno? 2 going anywhere no vamos a ningn sitio.
3 (no matter where - situation) donde sea,
(negative) ninguno,a: theyre very cheap,
but I havent sold any son muy baratos,
en cualquier sitio; (- direction) a donde
sea, a cualquier sitio: Id live anywhere
pero no he vendido ninguno. 3 (no mat-
as long as its with you vivira en cualquier
ter which) cualquiera: any of these books
sitio mientras sea contigo; shed travel an-
will do cualquiera de estos libros sirve.
ywhere to see Bruce viajara a cualquier si
P adv no suele traducirse: I dont work there
tio para ver a Bruce.
any more ya no trabajo all; do you want
aorta [eIt] n aorta.
any more? quieres ms?.
apart [pAt] adv 1 (not together)
. En preguntas y frases negativas, con los separado,a; (distant) alejado,a. 2 (in
sustantivos contables en singular no se pieces) en piezas. l o c apart from apar
usa any sino a o an. te de. y to fall apart deshacerse. y to
tell apart distinguir.
anybody [enIbdI] pron 1 (in questions) apartheid [pAthaIt] n apartheid m.
alguien: has anybody seen my car? ha apartment [pAtmnt] n departamen
visto alguien mi auto? 2 (negative) na to. c o m p apartment block / apartment
die: there isnt anybody in the room no hay building edicficio m de departamentos.
nadie en la sala. 3 (no matter who) cual apathetic [QpTetIk] adj aptico,a.
quiera: anybody would tell you the same apathy [QpTI] n apata.
cualquiera te dira lo mismo. ape [eIp] n simio.
anyhow [enIhaU] adv 1 anyway. 2 P vt imitar.
(carelessly) de cualquier forma, de Apennines [QpnaInz] n the Apen
cualquier manera. nines los (montes) Apeninos mpl.
anyone [enIwn] pron anybody. aperitif [perItif] n aperitivo.
anyplace [enIpleIs] adv us anywhere. aperture [Qptjr] n abertura.
anything [enITIN] pron 1 (in questions) , Aperture no significa apertura (de
algo, alguna cosa: is there anything left? una tienda), que se traduce por opening.
queda algo? 2 (negative) nada: there
isnt anything left no queda nada. 3 (no apex [eIpeks] n pice m; (of triangle) vr
matter what) cualquier cosa: anything tice m.
will do cualquier cosa sirve; they can cost pl apexes o apices.
anything from 5 to 5,000 el precio va apiculture [eIpIkltSr] n apicultura.
desde cinco libras a cinco mil. apiece [pis] adv cada uno,a: she gave
anyway [enIweI] adv 1 (in any case) de us three apiece nos dio tres a cada uno.
todas formas, de todos modos. 2 (in apocalypse [pklIps] n apocalipsis m.
conversation) bueno, bueno pues, to apogee [QpdZi] n apogeo.
17 apprehensive
apologise [pldZaIz] vi apologize. appetizer [QpItaIz ] n aperitivo.
A
r

apologize [pldZaIz] vi disculparse, appetizing [QpItaIzIN] adj apetito


pedir perdn. so,a.
apology [pldZI] n 1 (for mistake) dis applaud [pld] vi (clap) aplaudir.
culpa. 2 fml (of beliefs) apologa. P vt 1 (clap) aplaudir. 2 (praise) alabar.
pl apologies. applause [plz] n aplauso.
apoplexy [QppleksI] n apopleja. apple [Qpl] n manzana. c o m p apple pie
pl apoplexies. tarta de manzana. y apple tree manza
apophthegm [QpTem] n apotema. no. y the Big Apple Nueva York.
apostle [psl] n apstol m. applet [Qplt] n comput applet m.
apostrophe [pstrfI] n apstrofo. appliance [plaIns] n 1 (device) apara
apothegm [QpTem] vt apophthegm. to. 2 (fire engine) coche m de bomberos.
appal [pl] vt horrorizar. applicable [QplIkbl] adj aplicable.
pt & pp appalled, ger appalling. applicant [QplIknt] n (for job) candi
Appalachians [QpleISns] n the Appa dato,a, solicitante mf.
lachians los (montes) Apalaches mpl. application [QplIkeISn] n 1 (for job)
appall [pl] vt us appal. solicitud f . 2 (of ointment, theory, etc)
appalling [plIN] adj 1 (horrific) aplicacin f. 3 (effort) diligencia.
horroroso,a. 2 (bad) malsimo,a. apply [plaI] vt aplicar.
apparatus [QpreIts] n 1 (equipment) P vi 1 (be true) aplicarse, ser aplicable.

aparatos mpl; (piece of equipment) apara 2 (for job) solicitar.


to. 2 (structure) aparato. pt & pp applied, ger applying.
apparent [pQrnt] adj 1 (obvious) evi appoint [pInt] vt 1 (person for job)
dente. 2 (seeming) aparente. nombrar. 2 (day, date, etc) fijar, sealar.
apparently [pQrntlI] adv 1 (obviously) appointment [pIntmnt] n 1 (meet-
evidentemente. 2 (seemingly) aparen ing - with lawyer, etc) cita; (- with hairdress-
temente. er, dentist, doctor) hora. 2 (person for job)
appeal [pil] n 1 (request) ruego, llama nombramiento.
miento; (plea) splica. 2 (attraction) apposition [QpzISn] n aposicin f.
atractivo. 3 jur apelacin f. appraisal [preIz l] n valoracin f,
P vi 1 (request) pedir, solicitar; (plead) evaluacin f.
suplicar. 2 (attract) atraer: it doesnt ap- appraise [preIz] vt valorar, evaluar.
peal to me no me atrae. 3 jur apelar appreciate [priSIeIt] vt 1 (be thankful for)
(against, -), recurrir (against, -). agradecer. 2 (understand) entender,
appealing [pilIN] adj 1 (moving) supli comprender. 3 (value) valorar, apreciar.
cante. 2 (attractive) atractivo,a. P vi revalorizarse, valorizarse.
appear [pIr] vi 1 (become visible) apa appreciation [priSIeISn] n 1 (thanks)
recer. 2 (before a court, etc) comparecer agradecimiento, gratitud f. 2 (under-
(before, ante). 3 (seem) parecer. standing) comprensin f. 3 (appraisal)
appearance [pIrns] n 1 (becoming evaluacin f. 4 (increase in value) apre
visible) aparicin f. 2 (before a court, etc) ciacin f, aumento en valor.
comparecencia. 3 (look) apariencia. apprehend [QprIhend] vt 1 (arrest) de
appendices [pendIsiz] n pl appendix. tener, capturar. 2 (understand) com
appendicitis [pendIsaItIs] n apendi prender.
citis f. apprehension [QprIhenSn] n 1 (arrest)
appendix [pendIks] n 1 [ pl appendi- detencin f, captura. 2 (fear) apren
ces] (in book) apndice m. 2 [ pl appen- sin f, temor m, recelo.
dixes] med apndice m. apprehensive [QprIhensIv] adj (fear-
appetite [QpItaIt] n apetito. ful) aprensivo,a.
apprentice 18

apprentice [prentIs] n aprendiz,za. P n rabe mf. c o m p Arabian Peninsula


approach [prUtS] n 1 (coming near) Pennsula Arbiga. y Arabian Sea Mar
aproximacin f, acercamiento; (ar- m Arbigo.
rival) llegada. 2 (way in) acceso, entra Arabic [QrbIk] adj rabe.
da. 3 (to problem) enfoque m. P n (language) rabe m. c o m p arabic nu
P vi (come near) acercarse, aproximarse. merals nmeros mpl arbigos.
P vt 1 (come near) acercarse a, aproxi arachnid [rQknId] n arcnido.
marse a. 2 (tackle - problem) enfocar, aragonite [rQgnaIt] n aragonito.
abordar; (- person) dirigirse a. c o m p ap arbitrary [AbItrrI] adj arbitrario,a.
proach road va de acceso.
arbitrate [AbItreIt] vt & vi arbitrar.
appropriate [ prUprIt] adj apropia arc [Ak] n arco.
do,a, adecuado,a, indicado,a.
arcade [AkeId] n pasaje m. c o m p shop
approval [prUvl] n aprobacin f.
ping arcade galeras fpl comerciales.
l o c on approval a prueba.
arch [AtS] n 1 (gen) arco; (vault) bve
approve [prUv] vt aprobar.
da. 2 (of foot) empeine m.
, To approve no significa aprobar (un P vt 1 (back, eyebrows) arquear, enarcar.
examen), que se traduce por to pass. 2 (vault) abovedar.
approximate [(adj) prksImt ; (vb) archaeological [AkIldZIk l] adj
prksImeIt] adj aproximado,a. arqueolgico,a.
P vi aproximarse (to, a). archaeologist [AkIldZIst] n ar
apricot [eIprIkt] n (fruit) albaricoque quelogo,a.
m. comp apricot tree albaricoquero. archaeology [AkIldZI] n arqueologa.
April [eIprIl] n abril m. c o m p April Fools archaic [AkeIIk] adj arcaico,a.
Day el da 1 de abril ( da de los Santos Inocentes). archaism [AkeIIzm] n arcasmo.
archangel [AkenIdZl] n arcngel m.
. Para ejemplos de uso, consulta May.
archbishop [AtSbISp] n arzobispo.
apron [eIprn] n 1 (garment - domestic) archeological [AkIldZIkl] adj us
delantal m; (- workmans) mandil m. 2 archaeological.
(at airport) pista de estacionamiento. archeologist [AkIldZIst] n us ar
apse [Qps] n bside m. chaeologist.
apt [Qpt] adj 1 (suitable) apropiado,a; archeology [AkIldZI] n us ar
(remark) acertado,a. 2 (liable to) pro chaeology.
penso,a. archer [AtSr] n arquero.
APT (Advanced Pas-
[eIpiti] abbr gb archery [AtSrI] n tiro con arco.
senger Train) AVE m (Alta Velocidad archipelago [AkIpelIgU] n archipi
Espaola). lago.
aptitude [QptItjUd] n aptitud f. pl archipelagos o archipelagoes.
aquarium [kwerIm] n acuario. architect [AkItekt] n arquitecto,a.
pl aquaria o aquariums. architecture [AkItektSr] n arquitec
Aquarius [kwerIs] n Acuario. tura.
aquatic [kwQtIk] adj acutico,a. archives [AkaIvz] n pl archivo m sing.
aqueduct [QkwIdkt] n acueducto. archivist [AkaIvIst] n archivero,a.
aquifer [QkwIfr] n acufero. Arctic [AktIk] adj rtico,a.
Arab [Qrb] adj rabe. Pn the Arctic el rtico. c o m p the Arctic
P n (person) rabe mf. Circle el Crculo Polar rtico. y the
Arabia [reIbI] n Arabia. Arctic Ocean el ocano rtico.
Arabian [reIbIn] adj rabe, arbi ardor [Adr] n us ardour.
go,a. ardour [Adr] n ardor m.
19 arsenal
arduous [AdjUs] adj arduo,a. armchair [AmtSe ] n silln m.
A
r

are [Ar, r] pres be. Armenia [AminI] n Armenia.


area [erI] n 1 (extent) rea, superficie f. Armenian [AminIn] adj armenio,a.
2 (region) regin f; (of town) zona. 3 (field) P n 1 (person) armenio,a. 2 (language)
campo. armenio.
arena [rin] n 1 (stadium) estadio. 2 armistice [AmIstIs] n armisticio.
(in amphitheatre) arena. 3 fig mbito. armor [Amr] n us armour.
, Arena no significa arena, que se tra armour [Amr] n 1 armadura. 2 (on
duce por sand. vehicle) blindaje m.
armpit [AmpIt] n sobaco, axila.
arent [Ant] contr are not. armrest [Amrest] n brazo.
Argentina [AdZntin] n Argentina. army [AmI] n ejrcito.
Argentine [AdZntaIn] adj argenti pl armies.
no,a. aroma [rUm] n aroma m.
Pn the Argentine Argentina.
aromatic [QrmQtIk] adj aromtico,a.
Argentinian [AdZntInIn] adj argen arose [rUz] pt arise.
tino,a.
P n argentino,a.
around [raUnd] adv 1 (near, in the area)
alrededor: is there anybody around? hay
argon [Agn] n argn m. alguien cerca? 2 (from place to place): they
argot [AgU] n jerga. cycle around together van juntos en bicicle
argue [AgjU] vi 1 (quarrel) discutir ta. 3 (approximately) alrededor de: it costs
(with, con). 2 (reason) argir, argu around 5,000 cuesta unas cinco mil libras.
mentar, sostener. P prep 1 (near): there arent many shops
argument [AgjUmnt] n 1 (quarrel) around here hay pocas tiendas por aqu.
discusin f, disputa. 2 (reasoning) ar 2 (all over): there were clothes around the
gumento. l o c to have an argument room haba ropa por toda la habitacin.
with sb discutir con algn. 3 (in a circle or curve) alrededor de: he put
arid [QrId] adj rido,a. his arms around her la rode con los bra
aridity [rIdItI] n aridez f. zos. 4 (at) sobre, cerca de: they came
Aries [eriz] n Aries. around seven vinieron sobre las siete.
arise [raIz] vi surgir (from, de). arouse [raUz] vt 1 (awake) despertar.
pt arose [rUz], pp arisen [rIzn]. 2 (sexually) excitar.
aristocracy [QrIstkrsI] n aristocracia. arrange [reIndZ] vt 1 (gen) arreglar; (fur-
pl aristocracies. niture, etc) colocar, ordenar. 2 (plan) pla
aristocrat [QrIstkrQt, us rIstkrQt] near, organizar. 3 (marriage) concertar.
n aristcrata mf. arrangement [reIndZmnt] n 1 (agree-
arithmetic [(n) rITmtIk; (adj) QrITme ment) acuerdo, arreglo. 2 mus arreglo.
P n pl arrangements (plans) planes mpl;
tIk] n aritmtica.
P adj aritmtico,a. (preparations) preparativos mpl.
arithmetical [QrITmetIk l] adj arit
array [ereI] n 1 (selection) surtido. 2 (se-
mtico,a. c o m p arithmetical progres ries) serie f. 3 comput matriz f.
sion progresin f aritmtica. arrears [rIz] n pl atrasos mpl.
ark [Ak] n arca. arrest [rest] n arresto, detencin f.
arm [Am] n 1 anat brazo. 2 (of coat, etc) arrival [raIvl] n llegada.
manga. 3 (of chair) brazo. arrive [raIv] vi llegar.
P vt armar. arrogant [Qrgnt] adj arrogante.
P n pl arms (weapons) armas fpl. arrow [QrU] n flecha.
armadillo [AmdIlU] n armadillo. arse [As] n taboo (part of body) culo.
pl armadillos. arsenal [Asnl] n arsenal m.
arsenic 20

arsenic [As nIk] n arsnico.



volva ms tolerante. 2 (because) ya que,
arson [Asn] n incendio provocado. como: as there were no seats we had to
arsonist [AsnIst] n pirmano,a. stand como no haba asientos tuvimos
art [At] n (painting, etc) arte m. que estar de pie. 3 (although) aunque: tall
Pn pl arts (branch of knowledge) letras fpl. as he was, he still couldnt reach the shelf aun
comp art deco art deco m. y art gallery que era alto no poda alcanzar el estante.
l o c as far as hasta. y as far as I know que
1 (museum) pinacoteca. 2 (commercial) ga
lera de arte. y art nouveau art nou yo sepa. y as for en cuanto a. y as if co
veau m, modernismo. mo si. y as long as mientras. y as of des
artefact [AtIfQkt] n artefacto. de. y as soon as tan pronto como. y as
arterial [AtIrIl] adj 1 anat arterial. though como si. y as well as adems
2 (road) principal, importante. de. y as yet hasta ahora, de momento.
artery [AterI] n anat arteria. asbestos [Qsbests] n amianto.
pl arteries. ascend [send] vt ascender, subir a.
P vi ascender, subir.
artesian well [AtizInwel] n pozo
artesiano. ascendancy [sendnsI] n predomi
arthritis [ATraIts] n artritis f. nio, supremaca.
pl ascendancies.
arthropod [ATrpd] n artrpodo.
artichoke [AtItSUk] n alcachofa. ascension [senSn] n ascensin f.
article [AtIkl] n artculo. c o m p article ascent [sent] n 1 (slope) subida. 2 (climb)
of clothing prenda de vestir. y definite
ascensin f.
article artculo determinado. y indefi ascribe [skraIb] vt atribuir (to, a).
nite article artculo indeterminado. y aseptic [septIk] adj asptico,a.
leading article editorial m. asexual [eIsekSUl] adj asexual.
articulate [(adj) AtIkjUlt; (vb) AtIkjUleIt] ash1 [QS] n ceniza. c o m p Ash Wednes
adj (person) que se expresa con facili day mircoles m de ceniza.
dad; (speech) claro,a. pl ashes.
P vt 1 articular. 2 (pronounce) pronunciar. ash2 [QS] n (tree) fresno.
articulated [AtIkjUleItId] adj articu pl ashes.
lado,a. c o m p articulated lorry camin ashamed [SeImd] adj averg onz a
m articulado. do,a.
articulation [AtIkjUleISn] n articula ashbin [QSbIn] n us cubo de la basura.
cin f. ashtray [QStreI] n cenicero.
artifact [AtIfQkt] n us artefact. Asia [eIS, eIZ] n Asia.
artificial [AtIfISl] adj artificial. Asian [eISn, eIZn] adj asitico,a.
artillery [AtIlrI] n artillera. Pn asitico,a.
artisan [AtIzQn] n artesano,a. Asiatic [eISIQtIk, eIZIQtIk] adj asiti
artist [AtIst] n 1 artista mf. 2 (painter) co,a.
pintor,ra. aside [saId] adv al lado, a un lado.
artistic [AtIstIk] adj artstico,a. loc aside from aparte de.
artwork [Atwk] n ilustraciones fpl. ask [Ask] vt 1 (inquire) preguntar. 2 (re-
as [Qz, unstressed z] prep como: he works quest) pedir: we have to ask permission
as a clerk trabaja de oficinista. debemos pedir permiso. 3 (invite) invi
P adv (in comparatives): eat as much as you tar, convidar: he asked her to go out with
like come tanto como quieras. him la invit a salir con l.
P conj 1 (while) mientras; (when) cuando: a to ask after vt insep preguntar por.
as he painted, he whistled mientras pintaba, a to ask for vt insep (thing) pedir; (person)
silbaba; as he grew older he became more tol- preguntar por.
erant a medida que iba envejeciendo se a to ask out vt sep invitar a salir.
21 astonish
asleep [slip] adj (person) dormido,a. assessment [sesmnt] n 1 (valuation)
loc to fall asleep dormirse. tasacin f, valoracin f. 2 (calculation) A
asparagus [QspQrgs] n (plant) esp clculo. 3 fig evaluacin f.
rrago; (shoots) esprragos mpl. c o m p an asset [Qset] n calidad f positiva, ven
asparagus tip una punta de esprrago. taja.
aspect [Qspekt] n 1 (gen) aspecto. 2 (of P n pl assets comm activo m sing.
building) orientacin f. assign [saIn] vt asignar, atribuir.
asphalt [QsfQlt] n asfalto. assignment [saInmnt] n 1 (mission)
asphyxia [sfIksI] n asfixia. misin f. 2 (task) tarea.
asphyxiate [sfIksIeIt] vt asfixiar. assimilate [sImIleIt] vt asimilar.
aspic [QspIk] n culin gelatina. P vi asimilarse.

aspire [spaIr] vi aspirar (to, a). assist [sIst] vt & vi ayudar.


aspirin [QspIrIn] n aspirina. , To assist no significa asistir, ir, que
ass1 [Qs] n (animal) burro,a, asno,a; se traducen por to attend, to go.
(person) burro,a, imbcil mf.
ass2 [Qs] n us taboo culo. assistance [sIstns] n ayuda.
assail [seIl] vt 1 (physically) atacar. 2 assistant [sIstnt] n 1 (helper) ayu
(doubts, problems, etc) asaltar. dante mf. 2 (in shop) dependiente mf.
assailant [seIlnt] n atacante mf. associate [(adj-n) sUSIt; (vb) sUSIeIt]
adj 1 (company) asociado,a. 2 (member)
assassin [sQsIn] n asesino,a.
correspondiente.
assassinate [sQsIneIt] vt asesinar. P n (partner) socio,a.
assassination [sQsIneISn] n asesinato. P vt asociar.

. Assassin, assassinate y assassina- P vi relacionarse (with, con).

tion slo se emplean cuando se trata del association [sUsIeIS n] n asocia


asesinato de un personaje importante. En cin f.
los dems casos, se usan las palabras associative [sUSItIv] adj asociati
murderer, murder. vo,-a.
associativity [sUSItIvItI] n propie
assault [slt] n 1 mil asalto, ataque dad f asociativa.
m. 2 jur agresin f.
assonance [Qsnns] n asonancia.
P vt jur (gen) agredir; (sexually) abusar de.
assorted [stId] adj surtido,a, va
assemble [sembl] vt 1 (bring together)
riado,a.
reunir. 2 (put together) montar. 3 com-
put ensamblar. assortment [stmnt] n surtido,
P vi reunirse. variedad f.
assembly [semblI] n 1 (meeting) reu assume [sjUm] vt 1 (suppose) supo
nin f. 2 (group, body) asamblea. 3 tech ner. 2 (power, responsibility) tomar, asu
(putting together) montaje m; (unit) uni mir. 3 (attitude, expression) adoptar.
dad f. c o m p assembly hall sala de ac assurance [SUrns] n 1 (guarantee)
tos. y assembly line cadena de mon garanta. 2 (confidence) seguridad f,
taje. confianza. 3 (insurance) seguro. c o m p
pl assemblies. life assurance seguro de vida.
assent [sent] n asentimiento. assure [SUr] vt asegurar.
P vi asentir (to, a). asterisk [QstrIsk] n asterisco.
assert [st] vt aseverar, afirmar. asteroid [QstrId] n asteroide m.
assertion [sSn] n afirmacin f. asthma [Qsm] n asma.
assess [ses] vt 1 (value) tasar, valorar. astonish [stnIS] vt asombrar, sor
2 (calculate) calcular. 3 fig evaluar. prender.
astonishing 22

astonishing [stnISIN] adj asom athletics [QTletIks] n atletismo.


broso,a, sorprendente. Atlantic [tlQntIk] adj atlntico,a.
astonishment [stnISmnt] n asom comp the Atlantic (Ocean) el (ocano)
bro. Atlntico.
astound [staUnd] vt asombrar. atlas [Qtls] n atlas m inv.
astral [Qstrl] adj astral. atmosphere [QtmsfIr] n 1 atmsfera.
astray [streI] adv extraviado,a. loc 2 (ambience) ambiente m, atmsfera.
to go astray 1 (err) descarriarse. 2 (be atmospheric [QtmsferIk] adj atmos
lost) extraviarse. frico,a. c o m p atmospheric pressure
astrologer [strldZ r] n astrl o presin f atmosfrica.
go,a. atom [Qtm] n tomo. c o m p atom
astrology [strldZI] n astrologa. bomb bomba atmica.
astronaut [Qstrnt] n astronauta mf. atomic [tmIk] adj atmico,a.
astronomer [strnmr] n astrno atrium [eItrim] n atrio.
mo,a. pl atriums o atria [eItrI].
astronomical [QstrnmIkl] n astro atrocity [trsItI] n atrocidad f.
nmico,a. pl atrocities.
astronomy [strnmI] n astrono attach [tQtS] vt 1 (fasten) sujetar. 2 (tie)
ma. atar. 3 (stick) pegar. 4 (document) adjun
astute [stjUt] adj astuto,a, sagaz. tar.
asylum [saIlm] n 1 (political) asilo, attachment [tQtSmnt] n 1 tech ac
refugio. 2 (for mentally ill) manicomio. cesorio. 2 (to an e-mail) anexo. 3 (fond-
asymmetric [QsImetrIk] adj asim ness) cario, apego.
trico,a. c o m p asymmetric bars barras attack [tQk] n (gen) ataque m; (terrorist)
fpl asimtricas. atentado.
at1 [Qt, unstressed t] prep 1 (position) en, P vt 1 atacar.

a: at home/school/work/church en casa/el attain [teIn] vt 1 (goal) lograr. 2 (rank,


colegio/el trabajo/la iglesia; shes at the age) llegar a.
dentists fue al dentista. 2 (time) a: at two attempt [tempt] n (try) intento, ten
oclock a las dos; at night por la noche. 3 tativa.
(direction, violence) a, contra: shes always P vt intentar.
shouting at them no para de gritarles. 4 attend [tend] vt 1 (be present at) asistir
(with numbers) a: at 50 miles an hour a 50 a: all her friends attended the funeral todos
millas la hora,. 5 (state): hes at breakfast/ sus amigos asistieron al funeral. 2 (care
lunch/dinner est desayunando/comien for) atender, cuidar.
do/cenando; men at work hombres tra P vi asistir.
bajando. 6 (ability): hes good at French va a to attend to vt insep 1 ocuparse de. 2
bien en francs. l o c at first al princi (in shop) despachar.
pio. y at last! por fin! y at least por lo attendance [tendns] n 1 (being pre-
menos. y at most como mximo. sent) asistencia. 2 (people present) asis
y at the moment ahora. tentes mpl.
at2 [Qt] n (Internet) arroba [@]. attendant [tendnt] n (in car park, muse-
ate [et, eIt] pt eat. um) vigilante mf; (in cinema) acomoda
atheism [eITIIzm] n atesmo. dor,ra.
atheist [eITIIst] n ateo,a. attention [tenSn] n atencin f.
Athens [QTnz] n Atenas. P interj attention! mil firmes! l o c to
athlete [QTlit] n atleta mf. pay attention prestar atencin.
athletic [QTletIk] adj 1 atltico,a. 2 attentive [tentIv] adj 1 (paying atten-
(sporty) deportista. tion) atento,a. 2 (helpful) solcito,a.
23 automation
attic [QtIk] n desvn m. aura [r] n aura.
attire [taIr] n atuendo, atavo. auricle [rIkl] n 1 (of heart) aurcula. 2 (of A
attitude [QtItjUd] n 1 (way of thinking) ear) aurcula, pabelln m de la oreja.
actitud f. 2 (pose) postura, pose f. aurora [rr] n aurora. c o m p aurora
attorney [tnI] n us abogado,a. australis aurora austral. y aurora bore
c o m p Attorney General gb Minis alis aurora boreal.
tro,a de Justicia. auscultate [sklteIt] vt auscultar.
attract [trQkt] vt atraer. auscultation [sklteISn] n auscul
attraction [trQkSn] n atraccin f. tacin f.
attractive [trQktIv] adj 1 (person) austere [stIr] adj austero,a.
atractivo,a. 2 (offer) interesante, austerity [sterItI] n austeridad f.
tentador,ra. Australia [streIlI] n Australia.
attribute [(n) QtrIbjUt; (vb) trIbjUt] n Australian [streIlIn] adj austra
atributo. liano,a.
P vt atribuir. P n australiano,a.
attribution [QtrIbjUSn] n atribucin f. Austria [strI] n Austria.
attributive [trIbjUtIv] adj atributi Austrian [strIn] adj austraco,a,
vo,a. austriaco,a.
atypical [eItIpIkl] adj atpico,a. P n austraco,a, austriaco,a.
aubergine [UbZin] n berenjena. authentic [TentIk] adj autntico,a.
auction [kSn] n subasta. author [T r ] n autor,ra, escri
P vt subastar. tor,ra.
audacious [deISs] adj 1 (daring) au authoritarian [TrIterIn] adj
daz, intrpido,a. 2 (rude) desc ar autoritario,a.
ado,a, osado,a. authority [TrItI] n 1 (gen) autori
audible [dIbl] adj audible. dad f. 2 (permission) autorizacin f,
audience [dIns] n (spectators) pbli permiso.
co; (radio) audiencia; (television) tele pl authorities.
spectadores mpl. authorisation [TraIzeISn] n au
audio-visual [dIUvIzjUl] adj au thorization.
diovisual. authorise [TraIz] vt authorize.
audit [dIt] n auditora. authorization [TraIzeISn] n auto
P vt auditar.
rizacin f.
audition [dISn] n prueba. authorize [TraIz] vt autorizar.
auditor [dItr] n auditor,ra. autism [tIzm] n autismo.
auditorium [dItrIm] n auditorio. autistic [tIstIk] adj autista.
pl auditoriums o auditoria [dItrI].
auto [tU] n us fam coche m.
augment [gment] vt fml aumentar. pl autos.
P vi fml aumentarse.
autobiography [tbaIgrfI] n au
augmentative [gmenttIv] adj au tobiografa.
mentativo,a. pl autobiographies.
August [gst] n agosto. autograph [tgrAf] n autgrafo.
. Para ejemplos de uso, consulta May. P vt autografiar.
automatic [tmQtIk] adj autom
aunt [Ant] n ta. tico,a. c o m p automatic pilot piloto
auntie [AntI] n fam ta, tita. automtico.
au pair [Uper] n au pair f. c o m p au pair automation [tmeISn] n automati
girl au pair f. zacin f.
automobile 24

automobile [tmbil] n automvil m, feo. 2 (grant) beca. 3 (damages) indem


coche m. nizacin f.
autonomous [tnms] adj aut P vt 1 (prize, grant) otorgar, conceder. 2
nomo,a. (damages) adjudicar.
autonomy [tnmI] n autonoma. aware [wer] adj 1 consciente. 2 (in-
pl autonomies. formed) informado,a, enterado,a.
autopsy [tpsI] n autopsia. l o c to be aware of ser consciente

pl autopsies. de. y to become aware of darse cuen


autumn [tm] n otoo. ta de.
auxiliary [gzIljrI] adj auxiliar. comp away [weI] adv 1 lejos, fuera, alejn
auxiliary verb verbo auxiliar. dose: he lives 4 km away vive a 4 km (de
available [veIlbl] adj disponible. aqu); the wedding is 6 weeks away faltan
avalanche [QvlAnS] n 1 alud m. 2 fig 6 semanas para la boda. 2 (indicating con-
avalancha. tinuity): they worked away all day trabaja
ron todo el da. l o c to go away irse,
avarice [QvrIs] n avaricia. marcharse. y to put away guardar. y to
avenge [vendZ] vt vengar. run away irse corriendo.
avenue [QvnjU] n 1 (street) avenida. awe [] n sobrecogimiento.
2 (means) va.
awful [fUl] adj 1 (shocking) atroz, ho
average [QvrIdZ] n promedio, me rrible. 2 fam (very bad) fatal, horrible,
dia. l o c above average por encima espantoso,a.
de la media. y below average por de
awfully [fUlI] adv fam terriblemente.
bajo de la media. y on average por
trmino medio. awhile [waIl] adv un rato.
P adj 1 medio,a. 2 (not special) corrien awkward [kwd] adj 1 (clumsy - per-
te, regular. son) torpe; (- expression) poco elegan
P vt hacer un promedio de: I average te. 2 (difficult) difcil; (uncooperative) po
10 kilometres an hour hago un promedio co cooperativo,a: its an awkward place
de 10 kilmetros por hora. to get to es difcil llegar hasta all. 3 (em-
aversion [vZn] n aversin f. barrassing) embarazoso,a, delicado,a.
5 (uncomfortable) incmodo,a.
avert [vt] vt (avoid) evitar. l o c to
avert ones eyes apartar la vista. awning [nIN] n toldo.
aviary [eIvjrI] n pajarera. awoke [wUk] pt awake.
pl aviaries. awoken [wUkn] pp awake.
aviation [eIvIeISn] n aviacin f. ax [Qks] n us axe.
aviator [eIvIeItr] n aviador,ra. axe [Qks] n hacha.
avid [QvId] adj vido,a. axiom [QksIm] n axioma m.
avocado [QvkAdU] [also avocado axis [QksIs] n eje m.
pear] n aguacate m. axle [Qksl] n eje m.
pl avocados. axon [Qksm] n axn m.
avoid [vId] vt 1 evitar. 2 (question) Azerbaijan [QzbaIdZAn] n Azerbai
eludir. 3 (person) esquivar. yn m.
awake [weIk] adj despierto,a. Azerbaijani [QzbaIdZAnI] adj azer
P vi 1 despertar. 2 despertarse. baiyano,a, azer.
pt awoke [wUk], pp awoken [wU- P n 1 (person) azerbaiyano,a, azer

k n]. mf. 2 (language) azer m, azerbaiyano.
awaken [weIkn] vt-vi awake. azimuth [QzImT] n acimut m.
pt & pp awakened. Aztec [Qztek] adj azteca.
award [wd] n 1 (prize) premio; P n 1 (person) azteca mf. 2 (language) az
(medal) condecoracin f; (trophy) tro teca m.
B
25

B, b [bi] n 1 (the letter) B, b f. 2 (musical a to back up vt sep (support) apoyar; (ve-


note) si m. comp B road carretera se hicle) dar marcha atrs a.
cundaria. . Cuando se combina con un verbo, la
babble [bQbl] vi balbucear. partcula back da el sentido de contrapar
Pvt farfullar. tida a la accin normal del verbo. As, to
Pn murmullo, rumor m. answer back, to be back, to come back,
baboon [bbUn] n mandril m, babui to give back, to phone back significan
no. contestar, estar de vuelta, volver, de
baby [beIbI] n 1 beb m. 2 (of animal) volver, volver a llamar
cra. l o c to have a baby dar a luz, te
ner un nio. c o m p baby carriage us backache [bQkeIk] n dolor m de espalda.
cochecito de nio. y baby tooth dien backbone [bQkbUn] n columna ver
te m de leche. tebral.
pl babies. backbreaking [bQkbreIkIN] adj (work)
baby-sit [beIbIsIt] vi hacer de cangu agotador,ra.
ro, cuidar nios. backcloth [bQkklT] n teln m de fondo.
pt & pp baby-sat [beIbIsIt], ger baby-
backdated [bQkdeItId] adj con efecto
sitting.
retroactivo.
baby-sitter [beIbIsItr] n canguro mf.
backer [bQkr] n 1 fin promotor,ra. 2
baby-walker [beIbIwkr] n andador (guarantor) fiador,ra. 3 (supporter)
m, tacataca m, tacat m.
partidario,a.
bachelor [bQtSl r] n soltero. c o m p backfire [bQkfaIr] vi fallar: our plan
bachelors degree ttulo de bachiller
backfired nos sali el tiro por la culata.
(pre-grado universitario) y bachelor
flat departamento de soltero.
background [bQkgraUnd] n 1 fondo.
2 fig (origins) orgenes mpl, anteceden
bacillus [bsIls] n bacilo.
tes mpl. c o m p background knowledge
pl bacilli [bsIlaI].
conocimientos mpl previos. y back
back [bQk] n 1 (of person) espalda. 2 (of ground music msica de fondo.
animal, book) lomo. 3 (of chair) respaldo.
4 (of hand) dorso. 5 (sport - player) de
backhand [bQkhQnd] n revs m. c o m p
backhand shot revs m.
fensa mf; (- position) defensa.
P adj trasero,a, de atrs.
backhanded [bQkhQndId] adj (compli-
P adv (at the rear) atrs; (towards the rear)
ment) equvoco,a.
hacia atrs. l o c back to front al re backhander [bQkhQndr] n fam so
vs. borno.
P vt 1 (support) apoyar, respaldar. 2 (fi- backing [bQkIN] n 1 (support) apoyo,
nance) financiar. respaldo. 2 mus acompaamiento.
a to back away vi retirarse. backlash [bQklQS] n reaccin f vio
a to back off vi apartarse. lenta y repentina.
a to back out vi volverse atrs. pl backlashes.
backlog 26

backlog [bQklg] n acumulacin f de P adv mal. l o c to feel bad encontrarse


trabajo, trabajos mpl pendientes. mal. y to look bad 1 (person) tener ma
backpack [bQkpQk] n us mochila. la cara. 2 (situation) pintar mal.
P vi viajar por un pas o continente: P n lo malo. l o c too bad! mala pata!,
my sisters backpacking around Europe mi qu lstima!
hermana est de viaje por Europa. baddy [bQdI] n fam malo,a de la pel
back-seat [bQksit] n asiento trasero. cula.
backside [bQksaId] n fam trasero. pl baddies.
backslash [bQkslQS] n barra inversa. bade [beId] pt bid.
backslide [bQkslaId] vi reincidir. badge [bQdZ] n 1 insignia, distintivo. 2
pt & pp backslid [bQkslId]. (metallic) chapa. c o m p lapel badge pin m.
backstage [bQksteIdZ] n 1 (area) bas badger [bQdZr] n tejn m.
tidores mpl. 2 (dressing-rooms) cameri badly [bQdlI] adv 1 mal: he behaved badly
nos mpl. at the party se port mal en la fiesta. 2 (se-
backstroke [bQkstrUk] n (swimming) riously) gravemente: he was badly hurt in
espalda. the bombing fue gravemente herido en el
backtrack [bQktrQk] vi 1 (retrace ones atentado. 3 (very much) mucho,a: he
steps) desandar lo andado, volverse badly needs your help tiene mucha necesi
atrs. 2 (reverse opinion) desdecirse. dad de tu ayuda.
backup [bQkp] n 1 (moral support) apo bad-mannered [bQdmQnd] adj
yo. 2 comput copia de seguridad. c o m p maleducado,a.
backup file archivo de seguridad. bad-tempered [bQdtempd] adj (per-
backward [bQkwd] adj 1 hacia atrs. manently) de mal genio; (temporarily)
2 (child) atrasado,a. 3 (shy) tmido,a. malhumorado,a, de mal humor.
P adv backwards. baffle [bQfl] vt 1 (perplex) dejar per
backwards [bQkwdz] adv 1 hacia plejo,a, desconcertar. 2 (frustrate) frus
atrs. 2 (the wrong way) al revs: he al- trar.
ways does things backwards siempre hace bag [bQg] n 1 (paper, plastic) bolsa; (large)
las cosas al revs. saco. 2 (handbag) bolso. 3 (for school)
backyard [bQkjAd] n patio de atrs. cartera.
bacon [beIkn] n tocino, bacn m. P n pl bags (under eyes) ojeras fpl. l o c
bacteria [bQktIrI] n pl bacterias fpl. bags of montones de.
sing bacterium. baggage [bQgIdZ] n equipaje m.
bacterium [bQktIrIm] n bacteria. baggy [bQgI] adj holgado,a, an
pl bacteria. cho,a.
bad [bQd] adj 1 malo,a; (before masc comp baggier, superl baggiest.
noun) mal: he made a bad decision tom bagpipes [bQgpaIps] n pl gaita f sing.
una mala decisin. 2 (rotten) podrido,a. bail1 [beIl] n fianza. l o c to be on bail
3 (serious) grave: they had a bad accident
estar en libertad bajo fianza.
tuvieron un accidente grave. 4 (naughty)
a to bail out vt sep 1 pagar la fianza a.
malo,a, travieso,a. 5 (aches, illnesses)
2 fig sacar de un apuro.
fuerte, intenso,a: hes got a bad head-
ache tiene un fuerte dolor de cabeza. l o c bail2 [beIl] vt (water) achicar.
to be bad at (skill, subject) ser malo,a en: bailiff [beIlIf] n (court officer) alguacil m.
hes bad at English es malo en ingls. y to bait [beIt] n cebo.
come to a bad end acabar mal. y to have P vt 1 cebar. 2 (torment) atosigar. l o c to

a bad leg tener la pierna lisiada. c o m p take the bait picar.


bad cheque cheque m sin fondos. bake [beIk] vt cocer (en el horno).
comp worse, superl worst. P vi cocerse.
27 bandit
baked [beIkt] adj cocido al horno. comp ballot [bQlt] n 1 (vote) votacin f. 2
baked apple manzana al horno. y baked (votes recorded) nmero de votos escru
beans alubias fpl guisadas en salsa de tados. l o c to take a ballot on sth so
tomate. y baked potato patata asada. meter algo a votacin. c o m p ballot B
baker [beIkr] n (of bread) panadero,a; box urna. y ballot paper papeleta.
(of cakes) pastelero,a. ballpoint [blpInt] [tambin ballpoint
bakery [beIkrI] n (for bread) panade pen] n bolgrafo.
ra; (for cakes) pastelera. ballroom [blrUm] n sala de baile.
pl bakeries. compballroom dancing baile m de saln.
baking [beIkIN] n coccin f. c o m p baking balm [bAm] n blsamo.
powder levadura en polvo. y baking balmy [bAmI] adj 1 (weather) suave. 2
soda bicarbonato sdico. (soothing) balsmico,a.
balaclava [bQlklAv] n pasamonta comp balmier, superl balmiest.
as m. balsam [blsm] n balm.
balance [bQlns] n 1 equilibrio. 2 balsamic [blsQmIk] adj balsmico,a.
(scales) balanza. 3 (of account, etc) saldo. 4 Baltic [bltIk] adj bltico,a. c o m p the
(remainder) resto. Baltic (Sea) el (mar) Bltico.
P vi 1 mantenerse en equilibrio. 2 fin
bamboo [bQmbU] n bamb m.
cuadrar. ban [bQn] n prohibicin f.
balanced [bQlnst] adj equilib ra P vt prohibir.
do,a. pt & pp banned, ger banning.
balcony [bQlknI] n 1 balcn m. 2 (in banal [bnAl] adj banal, trivial.
theatre) anfiteatro; (gallery) gallinero. banality [bnQlItI] n banalidad f.
pl balconies. pl banalities.
bald [bld] adj 1 calvo,a. 2 (tyre) banana [bnAn] n 1 (fruit) pltano,
desgastado,a. 3 (style) escueto,a. 4 banana. 2 (tree) bananero, am banano.
(statement) directo,a, franco,a.
band [bQnd] n 1 (gen) banda; (pop)
Balearic [bQlIQrIk] adj balear, bale conjunto; (jazz) orquesta. 2 (strip) tira.
rico,a. c o m p the Balearic Islands las 3 (around arm) brazalete m. 4 (wrapper)
(islas) Baleares. faja. 5 phys banda, frecuencia. 7 tech
ball [bl] n 1 (gen) pelota; (football, etc) correa.
baln m; (golf, billiards) bola. 2 (of paper) bandage [bQndIdZ] n venda, vendaje m.
bola; (of wool) ovillo. 3 (of eye) globo P vt vendar.
ocular. 4 (dance) baile m, fiesta. l o c to a to bandage up vt sep vendar.
play ball 1 us (sport) jugar a la pelota.
Band-Aid [bQndeId] n tirita, par
2 (cooperate) cooperar, colaborar. c o m p
che curita.
gala ball baile m de etiqueta.
B and B [binbi] abbr (bed and break-
ballad [bQld] n balada. fast) casa de huspedes que ofrece habitacin
ball-and-socket [blnskIt] comp
con desayuno incluido.
ball-and-socket joint articulacin f de
rtula. " Los B and B son una alternativa por lo
ballast [bQlst] n (boat, balloon) lastre m. general ms asequible a los hoteles. Tradi
ballerina [bQlrin] n bailarina. cionalmente, estos establecimientos so
ballet [bQleI] n ballet m. lan estar situados en casas grandes cuyos
ballistics [blIstIks] n balstica. dueos obtenan as una fuente adicional
balloon [blUn] n 1 globo. 2 (in cartoon) de ingresos. Hoy en da, el concepto se ha
bocadillo. 3 (glass) copa grande. ampliado y hay B and B para todos los
gustos y bolsillos.
, Balloon no significa baln, que se
traduce por ball. bandit [bQndIt] n bandido,a.
bandstand 28

bandstand [bQndstQnd] n quiosco de banns [bQnz] n pl amonestaciones fpl.


msica. banquet [bQNkwIt] n banquete m.
bandwidth [bQndwIdT] n ancho de banter [bQntr] n bromas fpl, guasa.
banda. P vi bromear, estar de guasa.
bandy [bQndI] vt sp (ball) pasarse. loc baptise [bQptaIz] vt baptize.
to bandy sb s name about difamar baptism [bQptIzm] n bautismo.
algn, hablar mal de algn. baptize [bQptaIz] vt bautizar.
pt & pp bandied, ger bandying. bar [bAr] n 1 (iron, gold) barra. 2 (in prison)
bandy-legged [bQndlg d] adj pa barrote m. 3 (soap) pastilla. 4 (obstacle)
tizambo,-a. obstculo. 5 (counter) barra, mostrador
bang [bQN] n 1 (blow) golpe m. 2 (noise) m. 6 (room) bar m. 7 (in court) tribunal m:
ruido; (of gun) estampido; (explosion) es the prisoner at the bar el acusado, la acusa
tallido; (of door) portazo. da. c o m p bar chart grfica de barras.
P vt golpear, dar golpes en. P vt 1 (door) atrancar; (road, access) cortar.
P adv fam justo: bang in the middle justo 2 (ban) prohibir, vedar; (from a place) pro
en medio. l o c to bang the door dar un hibir la entrada. 3 (prevent) impedir.
portazo. pt & pp barred, ger barring.
P n pl bangs us flequillo. P prep excepto, salvo: they all came, bar
banger [bQNr] n 1 (firework) petardo. his parents acudieron todos, excepto sus
2 gb fam (sausage) salchicha. 3 fam (car) padres.
cacharro, trasto. P n the Bar jur el colegio de abogados.
bangle [bQNgl] n brazalete m. barbarian [bAberIn] adj brba
banish [bQnIS] vt (expel) desterrar. ro,a.
banishment [bQnISmnt] n destierro, P n brbaro,a.
exilio. barbecue [bAbkjU] n barbacoa,
banister [bQnIstr] n barandilla. asado.
bank1 [bQNk] n banco. c o m p bank holi P vt asar a la parrilla.

day gb festivo, da festivo. ger barbecuing.


P vt (deposit money) ingresar, depositar. barbed [bAbd] adj 1 con pas, pun
bank2 [bQNk] n 1 (of river) ribera; (edge) zante. 2 fig mordaz, incisivo,a.
orilla: on the banks of the Manzanares a barber [bAbr] n barbero. comp bar
orillas del Manzanares. 2 (mound) loma; bers shop barbera.
(embankment) terrapln m. barbiturate [bAbItSrt] n barbitrico.
P vt 1 (soil, earth) amontonar. 2 (river) bare [ber] adj 1 (naked) desnudo,a;
encauzar. (head) descubierto,a. 2 (land) raso,a;
bankbook [bQNkbUk] n libreta de (tree, plant) sin hojas. 3 (empty) vaco,a;
ahorro, cartilla de ahorro. (unfurnished) sin muebles. 4 (scant)
banker [bQNkr] n banquero,a. escaso,a. 5 (worn) gastado,a, rado,a.
banking [bQNkIN] n banca. P vt desnudar; (uncover) descubrir.

banknote [bQNknUt] n billete m de barefaced [befeIst] adj descarado,a.


banco. barefoot [befUt] adj descalzo,a.
bankruptcy [bQNkrptsI] n quiebra, P adv descalzo,a.

bancarrota. barely [belI] adv apenas.


pl bankruptcies. bargain [bAgn] n 1 (agreement) trato,
banner [bQnr] n 1 (flag) bandera. 2 acuerdo. 2 (good buy) ganga.
(placard) pancarta. 3 (on web page) ban P vi 1 (negotiate) negociar. 2 (haggle) re
ner m, anuncio. gatear. c o m p bargain offer oferta es
P adj us excelente, de primera. c o m p pecial. y bargain price precio de ofer
banner headlines grandes titulares mpl. ta, precio de saldo.
29 bat
barge [bAdZ] n gabarra, barcaza. base 2
[beIs] adj 1 bajo,a, vil. 2 (metal)
baritone [bQrItUn] n bartono. comn, de baja ley.
barium [berIm] n bario. baseball [beIsbl] n bisbol m.
bark1 [bAk] n 1 (of dog) ladrido. 2 (cough) baseline [beIslaIn] n 1 sp (tennis) lnea B
tos f fuerte. de saque. 2 (diagram) lnea cero. 3 art
P vi ladrar. punto de fuga.
bark2 [bAk] n (of tree) corteza. basement [beIsmnt] n stano.
barley [bAlI] n cebada. bash [bQS] vt fam golpear, aporrear.
barmaid [bAmeId] n camarera. P n 1 fam (blow) golpe m. 2 fam (try) in

barman [bAmn] n camarero, bar tento.


man m. bashful [bQSfUl] adj vergonzoso,a,
pl barmen [bAmen]. tmido,a, modesto,a.
barn [bAn] n (for grain) granero. basic [beIsIk] adj 1 bsico,a. 2 (elemen-
barnacle [bAnkl] n percebe m. tary) elemental, para principiantes.
barnyard [bAnjAd] n corral m. basil [bQzl] n bot albahaca.
barometer [brmItr] n barmetro. basilica [bzIlIk] n baslica.
baron [bQrn] n barn m. basin [beIsn] n 1 (bowl) cuenco; (wash-
baroness [bQrns] n baronesa. bowl) palangana. 2 (washbasin) lavabo.
baroque [brk] adj barroco,a. 3 geog cuenca.
P n barroco. basis [beIsIs] n base f, fundamento.
l o c on the basis of 1 (according to) se
barrack [bQrk] vt (jeer) abuchear.
barracks [bQrks] n pl cuartel m. gn. 2 (in accordance with) de acuerdo
con. 3 (starting from) a partir de. 2 (be-
. Puede considerarse singular o plural: cause of) por, a causa de.
where is/are the barracks dnde est el pl bases [beIsiz].
cuartel.
. En ocasiones, basis puede traducirse
barrage [bQrAZ] n presa, embalse m. al espaol mediante un adverbio: on a
barrel [bQrl] n 1 (of beer) barril m; (of temporary/regular/weekly basis temporal
wine) tonel m, cuba. 2 (of gun) can m. mente/regularmente/semanalmente.
3 (of pen) depsito. 4 tech tambor m.
barren [bQrn] adj 1 (land, woman) est bask [bAsk] vi tumbarse al sol.
ril. 2 (meagre) escaso,a. basket [bAskIt] n 1 cesta, cesto. 2
barricade [bQrIkeId] n barricada. (basketball) canasta, cesta. 3 (of balloon)
P vt poner barricadas en.
barquilla.
barrier [bQrIr] n barrera. c o m p barrier basketball [bAskItbl] n baloncesto.
reef banco de coral, arrecife m. Basque [bAsk] adj vasco,a.
P n 1 (person) vasco,a. 2 (language) vas
barrister [bQrIst r] n abogado,a
(capacitado,a para actuar en tribunales superiores). co, euskera m.
barrow [bQrU] n (wheelbarrow) carreti bas-relief [bQsrIlif] n bajorrelieve m.
lla; (for carrying goods) carro. bass1 [beIs] n 1 mus (singer) bajo. 2 mus
barstool [bAstUl] n taburete m de bar. (notes) graves mpl. 3 mus (guitar) bajo.
P adj mus bajo,a.
bartender [bAtendr] n us camarero,
barman m. bass2 [bQs] n (fish) rbalo, lubina; (fresh-
barter [bAtr] n trueque m. water) perca.
P vt trocar. bassoon [bsUn] n fagot m.
basalt [bQslt] n basalto. bastard [bAstd] adj & n bastardo,a.
base1 [beIs] n 1 (gen) base f. 2 arch (of baste [beIst] vt culin rociar, baar.
column) basa, base f. 3 (of word) raz f. bastion [bQstIn] n baluarte m.
P vt basar. bat1 [bQt] n zool murcilago.
bat 30

bat 2
[bQt] n sp bate m; (table tennis) pala. bawl [bl] vi chillar, gritar.
P vi batear. bay1 [beI] n geog baha; (large) golfo.
pt & pp batted, ger batting. comp Bay of Biscay golfo de Vizcaya.
batch [bQtS] n (gen) lote m, remesa; (of bay2 [beI] n (tree) laurel m.
bread, etc) hornada. bay3 [beI] vi (howl) aullar.
bath [bAT] n 1 bao. 2 (tub) baera. bay4 [beI] n 1 arch (recess) hueco, ni
P vi baarse. cho. 2 (in factory) nave f.
P n pl baths piscina f sing municipal. bayonet [beInt] n mil bayoneta.
l o c to have a bath / take a bath baar
bazaar [bzAr] n bazar m.
se. y to run a bath preparar un bao.
BBC [bibisi] abbr (British Broadcast-
bathe [beID] vt 1 med (cut, wound) lavar. ing Corporation) compaa britnica
2 (eyes) baarse. 3 fig (with light) baar.
de radiodifusin; (abbreviation) BBC f.
P vi (in sea) baarse.
BC [bisi] abbr (before Christ) antes de
" La diferencia entre los verbos bath y Cristo.
bathe es que este ltimo se emplea para be [bi] vi 1 (permanent or essential charac-
referirse a un bao en el mar, un ro o un teristic) ser: shes clever es inteligente. 2
lago, es decir, sin un objetivo higinico. (nationality, origin) ser: Johns English John
es ingls. 3 (occupation) ser: we are both
bather [beIDr] n baista mf. teachers los dos somos profesores. 4
bathing [beIDIN] n bao. l o c No bath (ownership, authorship) ser: its my pencil es
ing Prohibido baarse. c o m p bath mi lpiz. 5 (composition) ser: this cupboard
ing costume traje m de bao. y bathing is oak este armario es de roble. 6 (use)
suit traje m de bao. ser: this product is for tiles este producto
bathrobe [bATrUb] n albornoz m. es para baldosas. 7 (location) estar: Whit-
bathroom [bATrUm] n cuarto de bao. by is on the coast Whitby est en la costa.
bathtub [bATtb] n us baera. 8 (temporary state) estar: your suppers cold
bathyscaph [bQTIskQf] n batiscafo. tu cena est fra; how are you? cmo es
baton [bQtn, bQtn] n 1 (truncheon) ts? 9 (age) tener: Philip is 22 Philip tiene
porra. 2 mus batuta. 3 sp testigo. 22 aos. 10 (price) costar, valer: a single
batrachian [btreIkjn] adj batracio,a. ticket is 9.50 un billete de ida cuesta 9,50
P n batracio. libras. 11 tener: hes hot/cold tiene calor/
battalion [btQljn] n batalln m. fro; hes right tiene razn. l o c to be
about to + inf estar para + inf, estar a
batter1 [bQtr] n culin rebozado.
punto de + inf: the train is about to arrive
batter2 [bQtr] vt (person) golpear, apa el tren est a punto de llegar.
lear; (bruise) magullar; (object) maltra P aux 1 be + pres part (action in progress or
tar, estropear.
near future) estar: it is raining est llovien
batter 3 [bQt r] n sp (baseball, cricket) do; the train is coming viene el tren; I am
bateador,ra. going on Thursday ir el jueves. 2 to be +
battery [bQtrI] n 1 elec (wet) batera; pp (passive) ser: she was arrested at the bor-
(dry) pila. 2 mil (of artillery) batera. 3 der fue detenida en la frontera, la detu
(series) batera. vieron en la frontera. 3 be + to + inf (fu-
pl batteries. ture): the King is to visit Egypt el Rey visitar
battle [bQtl] n batalla. Egipto. l o c there is / there are hay.
P vi pelearse, batirse. a to be after vi querer, estar buscando:
battlefield [bQtlfild] n campo de what are you after? que ests buscando?
batalla. a to be off vi (leave) salir, marcharse;
battleship [bQtlSIp] n acorazado. (be stale, bad) estar pasado,a.
bauble [bbl] n 1 (trinket) baratija. 2 a to be in vi 1 (at home) estar en casa. 2
(Christmas decoration) bola de Navidad. (in fashion) estar de moda.
31 become
a to be out vi (away) no estar, estar beast [bist] n bestia, animal m.
fuera: Johns out at the moment John no beastly [bistlI] adj 1 bestial. 2 (unpleas-
est en estos momentos. ant) antiptico,a. 3 sl (damn) dicho
a to be away vi estar fuera. so,a, maldito,a. B
a to be back vi estar de vuelta, haber comp beastlier, superl beastliest.
vuelto. beat [bit] n 1 (of heart) latido. 2 (noise)
a to be over vi haber acabado. golpe m, ruido; (of rain) tamborileo;
pres 1 pers am, 2 pers sing y todas las del (of wings) aleteo. 3 mus ritmo. 4 (of po-
pl are, 3 pers sing is; pt 1 y 3 pers sing was, liceman) ronda.
2 pers sing y todas del pl were; pp been. P adj fam agotado,a, rendido,a.
beach [bitS] n playa. P vt 1 (hit) golpear; (metals) martillear;
pl beaches. (person) azotar; (drum) tocar. 2 culin
beacon [bikn] n 1 (fire) almenara. 2 batir. 3 (defeat) vencer, derrotar; (in
(light) baliza. 3 (lighthouse) faro. competition) ganar.
bead [bid] n 1 (on rosary, necklace) cuen P vi 1 (heart) latir. 2 (wings) batir.
ta; (glass) abalorio. 2 (of liquid) gota. a to beat down vt sep 1 (door) derribar,
beak [bik] n pico. echar abajo. 2 (price) conseguir un
beaker [bik r] n 1 taza alta. 2 (for precio ms bajo.
measuring, playing dice) cubilete m. 3 a to beat up vt sep dar una paliza a.
chem vaso de precipitacin. pt beat, pp beaten [bitn].
beam [bim] n 1 (wooden) viga. 2 (of light) beater [bitr] n 1 culin batidora. 2 (in
rayo. 3 (width of ship) manga. 4 (smile) hunting) ojeador,ra.
sonrisa radiante. 5 phys haz m. beating [bitIN] n 1 (thrashing) paliza. 2
P vi 1 (shine) brillar. 2 (smile) sonrer. (defeat) derrota. 3 (of heart) latidos mpl.
P vt irradiar, emitir. c o m p electron beautician [bjUtISn] n esteticista mf.
beam haz m de electrones. beautiful [bjUtIfUl] adj 1 (person, object,
bean [bin] n 1 (vegetable) alubia, juda, place) hermoso,a, bonito,a, precio
haba. 2 (of coffee) grano. so,a; (person) guapo,a. 2 (wonderful)
beansprout [binspraUt] n brote m de maravilloso,a, magnfico,a. 3 (deli-
soja. cious) delicioso,a.
bear1 [ber] n zool oso. c o m p bear cub beauty [bjUtI] n belleza. c o m p beauty
zool osezno. y grizzly bear oso par spot 1 (on face) lunar m. 2 (place) lugar
do. y the Great Bear la Osa Mayor. y m pintoresco.
the Little Bear la Osa Menor. pl beauties.
bear2 [ber] vt 1 (gen) llevar. 2 (show signs beaver [bivr] n castor m.
of) mostrar, revelar. 3 (weight) soportar, became [bIkeIm] pt become.
aguantar; (responsibility, cost) asumir. 4 because [bIkz] conj porque.
(fruit) producir. 5 fin (interest) devengar. P prep because of a causa de: they were
pt bore [br], pp borne [bn]. late because of the snow llegaron tarde a
bearable [berbl] adj soportable, causa de la nieve.
llevadero,a. become [bIkm] vi 1 (with noun) con
beard [bId] n 1 (on face) barba. 2 (of vertirse en, hacerse, llegar a ser: to
corn) arista, raspa. become a doctor/teacher h a c e r s e
bearded [bIdId] adj barbudo,a. mdico,a/maestro,a; to become friends
bearing [berIN] n 1 (posture) porte m. 2 hacerse amigos. 2 (change into) conver
(relevance) relacin f. 3 (importance) tras tirse en, transformarse en: chrysalises
cendencia. 4 tech cojinete m. 5 arch become butterflies las crislidas se trans
soporte m, columna. 6 mar rumbo, forman en mariposas. 3 (irrevocable state)
orientacin f. volverse; (temporary state) ponerse; (in-
bearskin [beskIn] n (hat) birretina. voluntary state) quedarse: to become mad
becoming 32

volverse loco,a, to become fat engordar; beef [bif] n 1 (meat) carne f de buey,
to become sad ponerse triste. carne f de vaca. 2 (animal) buey m, va
pt became [bIkeIm], pp become. ca; (cattle) ganado vacuno. c o m p corned
becoming [bIkmIN] adj 1 (dress, etc) beef carne f de vaca en conserva.
que sienta bien, favorecedor,ra. 2 beefburger [bifbg r] n hambur
(behaviour, language) apropiado,a. guesa.
bed [bed] n 1 cama. 2 (for animals) lecho. beefeater [bifitr] n alabardero de
3 (of flowers) arriate m, macizo. 4 (of river) la Torre de Londres.
lecho, cauce m; (of sea) fondo. 5 geol beefsteak [bifsteIk] n bistec m.
capa, yacimiento. l o c to go to bed beehive [bihaIv] n colmena.
acostarse. y to put sb to bed acostar a beekeeper [bikipr] n apicultor,ra.
algn. y to make the bed hacer la cama.
beekeeping [bikipIN] n apicultura.
c o m p bunk bed litera. y double bed ca
beeline [bilaIn] n lnea recta. l o c to
ma de matrimonio. y single bed cama
make a beeline for irse directamen
individual. y twin beds camas fpl sepa
te a
radas. y bed and board pensin f com
pleta. y bed and breakfast alojamiento been [bin, bIn] pp be.
con desayuno incluido. beep [bip] n pitido.
P vi pitar, tocar el pito. l o c to beep
. Consulta B and B. the horn tocar el claxon.
bedbug [bedbg] n chinche f. beer [bIr] n cerveza.
bedclothes [bedklUDz] n pl ropa de ca beeswax [bizwQks] n cera de abejas.
ma. beet [bit] n remolacha.
bedding [bedIN] n 1 ropa de cama. 2 beetle [bitl] n escarabajo.
(for animals) lecho. beetroot [bitrUt] n 1 [pl beet] remola
bedpan [bedpQn] n cua, orinal m de cha azucarera. 2 us [pl beets] remo
cama. lacha.
bedridden [bedrIdn] adj postrado,a before [bIfr] prep 1 (earlier) antes de. 2
en cama. (in front of) delante de; (in the presence of)
bedroom [bedrUm] n dormitorio, ante; (for the attention of) ante: hes before
habitacin f. me in the queue va delante de mi en la cola;
bedside [bedsaId] n cabecera. he appeared before the judge compareci
bedsit [bedsIt] n estudio. ante el juez. 3 (rather than) antes que. 4
(ahead) por delante. 5 (first) primero: la-
" El bedsit es un tipo de alojamiento de dies before gentlemen las seoras primero.
alquiler asequible tpico del Reino Unido. P conj 1 (earlier than) antes de + inf, an
Consiste en una sola habitacin que hace tes de que + subj : dont forget to say
de dormitorio, sala de estar y comedor. Se goodbye before you go no te olvides de
suele compartir el bao con otras perso despedirte antes de irte. 2 (rather than)
nas y a veces se tiene derecho a cocina. antes de + inf: he would starve before he
asked them for money preferira morir de
bedsore [beds] n med llaga, lcera. hambre antes de pedirles dinero.
bedspread [bedspred] n cubrecama. P adv 1 (earlier) antes. 2 (previous) ante
bedtime [bedtaIm] n la hora de acos rior. 3 (already) ya: weve seen it before ya
tarse. lo hemos visto.
bee [bi] n abeja. beforehand [bIfhQnd] adv 1 (earlier)
beech [bitS] n (wood) haya.
c o m p beech antes. 2 (in advance) de antemano, con
grove hayal m, hayedo. y beech tree antelacin: payment must be made a
haya. month beforehand los pagos deben efec
bee-eater [biitr] n abejaruco. tuarse con un mes de antelacin. 3 (be-
33 bell-bottoms
fore) antes: they arrived two hours before- being [biIN] n 1 (living thing) ser m. 2 (ex-
hand llegaron dos horas antes. istence) existencia. l o c being as ya que,
befriend [bIfrend] vt ofrecer su amis puesto que: being as they arrived late
tad a. puesto que llegaron tarde y for the B
beg [beg] vt 1 mendigar. 2 (ask for) pe time being por ahora, de momento.
dir. 3 lit (beseech) suplicar, rogar. l o c c o m p human being ser m humano.

I beg your pardon cmo ha dicho? Belarus [belrs] n Bielorrusia.


P vi 1 mendigar. 2 (dog) sentarse (con belated [bIleItId] adj fam tardo,a.
las patas delanteras levantadas). belay [bIleI] vt (boat) amarrar; (rope in
pt & pp begged, ger begging. mountaineering) asegurar, fijar.
began [bIgQn] pt begin. belch [beltS] n eructo.
beggar [begr] n 1 mendigo,a, por P vi eructar. l o c to belch (out) vomi
diosero,a. 2 fam tipo, individuo,a: tar, arrojar: the burning building belched
hes a funny beggar es un tipo raro. out smoke el edificio en llamas arrojaba
begin [bIgIn] vt empezar, comenzar. humo.
pt began [ b I g Q n ] , pp begun beleaguer [bIligr] vt 1 (beseige) sitiar,
[bIgn], ger beginning. cercar. 2 (harass) perseguir, hostigar.
beginner [bIgInr] n principiante mf. belfry [belfrI] n campanario.
beginning [bIgInIN] n 1 principio, co pl belfries.
mienzo. 2 (cause) origen m, causa.
Belgian [beldZn] adj belga.
begrudge [bIgrdZ] vt 1 (envy) envi P n belga mf.
diar. 2 (disapprove) desaprobar.
Belgium [beldZm] n Blgica.
beguile [bIgaIl] vt 1 (seduce) seducir,
atraer; (bewitch) embrujar. 2 (cheat) en belie [bIlaI] vt 1 (contradict) mostrar co
gaar. mo falso. 2 (misrepresent) no reflejar,
ocultar. 3 (fail to justify) defraudar.
begun [bIgn] pp begin.
behalf [bIhAf] phr on behalf of (acting belief [bIlif] n 1 (gen) creencia. 2 (opin-
for) en nombre de, de parte de; (in fa- ion) opinin f. 3 (confidence) confianza:
he has no belief in the legal system no tiene
vour of) por, en favor de; (for the benefit
of) para, en beneficio de. confianza en el sistema jurdico. l o c to
the best of my belief que yo sepa. y it
behave [bIheIv] vi 1 (people) compor
is beyond belief parece mentira.
tarse, portarse. 2 (equipment, machinery)
funcionar bien: this computer wont be- believable [bIlivbl] adj creble, ve
have este ordenador no funciona bien. rosmil.
behavior [bIheIvjr] n us behaviour. believe [bIliv] vt 1 (accept as true, think)
behaviour [bIheIvj r] n 1 (of person) creer. 2 (suppose) suponer.
P vi 1 creer ( in, en). 2 (trust) confiar
conducta, comportamiento. 2 (of
equipment, machine) funcionamiento. 3 (in, en). 3 (support, be in favour of) ser
(treatment) trato. partidario,a (in, de). 4 rel tener fe.
l o c it is believed that se cree que.
behead [bIhed] vt decapitar.
behind [bIhaInd] prep detrs de. believer [bIlivr] n 1 creyente mf. 2
P adv 1 detrs, atrs. 2 (late) atras a (supporter) partidario,a.
do,a. 3 (with payment) retrasado,a: belittle [bIlItl] vt menospreciar.
hes behind with the payments est retrasa bell [bel] n 1 (church, etc) campana. 2
do en los pagos. (handbell) campanilla. 3 (on bicycle, door,
P n fam (buttocks) trasero. etc) timbre m. 4 (on toy, hat) cascabel m. 5
behindhand [bIhaIndhQnd] adv en re (cowbell) cencerro. 6 (flower) campani
traso, retrasado,a. lla. l o c to ring the bell tocar el timbre.
beige [beIZ] n beige m. bell-bottoms [belbtmz] n pl panta
P adj (de color) beige. lones mpl acampanados.
bellboy 34

bellboy [belbI] n botones m. 2 (head) inclinarse; (back) encorvarse.


bellhop [belhp] n us botones m. 3 (road) torcer.
belligerent [bIlIdZrnt] adj belige a to bend down vi agacharse.
rante. a to bend over vi inclinarse.
bellow [belU] n bramido. pt & pp bent [bent].
P vi bramar. beneath [bIniT] prep 1 bajo, debajo
P n pl bellows fuelle m sing. de. 2 por debajo de: the underground
belly [belI] n 1 (person) vientre m, barri line runs beneath our house la lnea de me
ga. 2 (animal) panza. c o m p belly button tro va por debajo de nuestra casa. 3 fig
ombligo. y belly laugh carcajada. indigno,a de, no digno,a de: its be-
pl bellies. neath you to behave like this es indigno de
bellyache [belIeIk] n fam dolor m de ti comportarte de esta manera.
barriga. P adv de abajo: she lives in the flat be-
P vi fam quejarse.
neath vive en el piso de abajo.
bellybutton [belIbtn] n fam ombligo. benefactor [benIfQktr] n benefactor m.
belong [bIlN] vi 1 pertenecer (to, a), beneficial [benIfISl] adj beneficio
ser (to, de). 2 (be a member of a club) ser so,a, provechoso,a.
socio,a (to, de); (be a member of a politi- beneficiary [benIfISrI] n beneficia
cal party) ser miembro (to, de). 3 (have rio,a.
suitable qualities) ser apto,a (in, para). pl beneficiaries.
belongings [bIlNINz] n pl pertenen benefit [benIfIt] n 1 (advantage) benefi
cias fpl, brtulos mpl. cio, provecho. 2 (good) bien m. 3 (al-
beloved [(adj) bIlvd; (n) bIlvId] adj lowance) subsidio. 4 (charity performance)
querido,a, amado,a. funcin f benfica; (charity game) par
P n amado,a.
tido benfico.
P vt beneficiar.
below [bIlU] prep 1 debajo de, bajo. 2
P vi beneficiarse (from, de).
por debajo (de). 3 (lower than) ba
pt & pp benefited (us benefitted), ger
jo. l o c below sea level por debajo del
benefiting (us benefitting).
nivel del mar.
P adv 1 abajo. 2 de abajo. l o c see be
benevolence [bInevlns] n benevo
low vase abajo. lencia.
belt [belt] n 1 cinturn m. 2 tech co benevolent [bInevlnt] adj ben
rrea. 3 (area) zona. volo,a. c o m p benevolent society so
P vt fam (hit) arrear un tortazo.
ciedad f benfica.
a to belt along vi fam ir a todo gas. beneficence [bInefIsns] n benefi
a to belt up vi fam cerrar el pico. cencia.
bemused [bImjUzd] adj perplejo,a. benign [bInaIn] adj benigno,a.
bench [bentS] n 1 banco. 2 jur tribunal bent [bent] pt & pp bend.
m . 3 sp banquillo. l o c to be on the P adj 1 torcido,a, doblado,a. 2 sl
bench ser juez,za. (corrupt) corrupto,a.
P n (innate ability) facilidad f , don m :
pl benches.
bend [bend] n 1 (in road, etc) curva. 2 (in shes got a bent for maths tiene facilidad
pipe) ngulo. para las matemticas.
P vt 1 doblar, curvar. 2 (head) inclinar; benzene [benzin] n chem benceno.
(back) doblar, encorvar; (knee) doblar, benzine [benzin] n chem bencina.
flexionar. bequest [bIkwest] n legado.
P vi 1 doblarse, combarse: the legs of bereaved [bIrivd] adj descons ol a
the chair bent when he sat down las patas do,a, afligido,a: his bereaved wife su
de la silla se combaron cuando se sent. desconsolada esposa.
35 between
bereavement [bIrivmnt] n 1 (loss) 3 (in sport) plusmarca. l o c all the best! 1
prdida. 2 (mourning) duelo. que te vaya bien! 2 (in letter) un saludo.
beret [bereI] n boina. y its for the best ms vale que sea as.
berry [berI] n baya. bestial [bestIl] adj bestial, brutal. B
pl berries. bestow [bIstU] vt (honour, award) otor
gar (on, a); (favour) hacer (on, a); (title)
. Hay muchas frutas cuyo nombre se conferir (on, a).
forma con berry, ya que se trata de bayas. best-seller [bestselr] n best seller m,
Por ejemplo: blackberry (mora), goose- superventas m.
berry (grosella espinosa), raspberry
bet [bet] n apuesta. l o c to make a bet
(frambuesa) o strawberry (fresn).
hacer una apuesta.
berserk [bzk] adj enloquecido,a. P vt & vi apostar

berth [bT] n 1 (in harbour) amarrade pt & pp bet o betted, ger betting.
ro. 2 (on ship) camarote m, litera. beta [bit] n beta. c o m p beta rays ra

P vi atracar. yos mpl beta.


beryl [berl] n geol berilo. betray [bItreI] vt 1 traicionar. 2 (secret)
beryllium [brIlIm] n chem berilio. revelar. 3 (show signs of) dejar ver, acu
sar. 4 (deceive) engaar.
beseech [bIsitS] vt lit implorar, suplicar.
pt & pp besought [bIst] o be- betrayal [bItreIl] n 1 traicin f. 2 (de-
seeched. ceit) engao.
beset [bIset] vt 1 (attack, harass) acosar, better1 [betr] adj 1 (comp of good) me
asaltar. 2 (hem in, surround) acorralar, jor: his new novel is better than his last one
cercar. su ltima novela es mejor que la ante
pt & pp beset, ger besetting.
rior. 2 (more healthy) mejor: hes feeling
better today hoy se encuentra mejor. l o c
beside [bIsaId] prep 1 al lado de. 2
to get better recuperarse, mejorarse.
(compared to) frente a, comparado,a y better and better cada vez mejor.
con. l o c to be beside os estar fuera P adv 1 (comp of well) mejor. 2 (to a greater
de s. y thats beside the point esto no extent) ms: I like this one better me gusta
viene al caso. ms ste. l o c had better + inf ms vale
besides [bIsaIdz] prep (as well as) ade que + subj: wed better be going ms vale
ms de, aparte de. que nos vayamos. y to like sth/sb better
P adv adems.
preferir algo/a algn.
besiege [bIsidZ] vt 1 mil sitiar. 2 fig P vt 1 (improve) mejorar: he has bettered
asediar, inundar. their working conditions ha mejorado sus
besought [bIst] pt & pp beseech. condiciones de trabajo. 2 (surpass) supe
best [best] adj (superl of good) mejor. rar: he bettered his own record super su
l o c the best part of casi: it cost me the propio rcord.
best part of 5,000 me cost casi 5.000 li P n pl betters superiores mpl: you must
bras. c o m p best man padrino de boda. listen to your betters debes escuchar a tus
the best one el mejor, la mejor. superiores.
P adv 1 (superl of well) mejor. 2 (to a great- betting [betIN] n apuestas fpl. l o c
er extent) ms: of all the girls she is the one whats the betting that he (she, it,
he likes best de todas las chicas ella es la etc)? qu apuestas a que ?: whats
que le gusta ms. l o c best before con the betting that he arrives late? qu apuestas
sumir preferentemente antes de a que llega tarde? c o m p betting shop gb
P n 1 lo mejor: the best is yet to come lo administracin f de apuestas hpicas.
mejor an est por venir. 2 (person) el me between [bItwin] prep entre: choose a
jor, la mejor: shes the best in the class at number between one and ten escoge un
history es la mejor de la clase en historia. nmero entre uno y diez.
bevel 36

P adv [tambin in between] de en me bidder [bId r ] n postor,ra, puja


dio: we could see the sea if it wasnt for the dor,ra, licitador,ra.
houses (in) between podramos ver el mar bidding [bIdIN] n 1 (at auction) puja,
si no fuera por las casas de en medio. oferta. 2 (order) orden f.
bevel [bevl] n bisel. bide [baId] vt to bide ones time espe
beverage [bevrIdZ] n bebida. rar el momento oportuno.
bevy [bevI] n (of birds) bandada. pt bided o bode [bUd], pp bided, ger
pl bevies. biding.
beware [bIwer] vi tener cuidado (of, bidet [bideI] n bid m.
con): beware of the dog! cuidado con el pe bifocal [baIfUkl] adj bifocal.
rro! P n pl bifocals lentes fpl bifocales.

bewilder [bIwIldr] vt desconcertar, bifurcate [baIfkeIt] vi bifurcarse.


dejar perplejo,a. big [bIg] adj 1 (size, importance) grande;
bewitch [bIwItS] vt 1 hechizar, em (before sing noun) gran. 2 (older) mayor.
brujar. 2 fig hechizar, fascinar. comp bigger, superl biggest.
beyond [bIjnd] prep 1 ms all de: bigamy [bIgmI] n bigamia.
they live beyond the mountains viven ms big-head [bIghed] n sabihondo,a,
all de las montaas. 2 (outside) fuera credo,a.
de: its beyond my jurisdiction est fuera big-hearted [bIghAtId] adj de buen
de mi jurisdiccin. l o c its beyond doubt corazn, generoso,a.
es indudable, es seguro, no cabe bigmouth [bIgmaUT] n fanfarrn,
duda. -ona, bocn, -ona.
P adv ms all, ms lejos. bigot [bIgt] n fantico,a.
P n the beyond el ms all.

bias [baIs] n 1 (prejudice) parcialidad f,


, Bigot no significa bigote, que se tra
duce por moustache.
prejuicio. 2 (inclination) tendencia,
predisposicin f. 3 (in statistics) mar bigotry [bIgtrI] n fanatismo.
gen f de error. bigwig [bIgwIg] n fam pez m gordo.
P vt predisponer, influenciar. bike [baIk] n 1 fam (bicycle) bici f. 2 (mo-
pt & pp biased o biassed, ger biasing torcycle) moto f.
o biassing. bikeway [baIkweI] n carril-bici m.
biased [baIst] adj parcial. bikini [bIkinI] n biquini m, bikini m.
bib [bIb] n 1 (for baby) babero. 2 (top of bilateral [baIlQtrl] adj bilateral.
apron, overall) peto. bile [baIl] n bilis f, hiel f. c o m p bile duct
Bible [baIbl] n Biblia. conducto biliar.
bibliography [bIblIgrfI] n bibliogra biliary [bIlIrI] adj biliar.
fa. bilingual [baIlINgwl] adj bilinge.
pl bibliographies. bilirubin [bIlIrUbIn] n bilirrubina.
bicarbonate [baIkAbnt] n chem bi bill1 [bIl] n 1 factura; (in restaurant) cuen
carbonato. ta. 2 (law) proyecto de ley. 3 us (bank
biceps [baIsps] n bceps m. note) billete m. 4 (poster) cartel m. c o m p
bicker [bIkr] vi discutir, porfiar. bill of exchange letra de cambio. y Bill
bicycle [baIsIkl] n bicicleta. l o c to ride of Rights declaracin f de derechos.
a bicycle montar en bicicleta. c o m p bi P vt 1 facturar, pasar la factura. 2 theat
cycle pump bomba de bicicleta. programar.
bid [bId] n 1 (at auction) puja. 2 (attempt) bill2 [bIl] n 1 (of bird) pico. 2 (headland)
intento. 3 (offer) oferta. cabo, promontorio.
P vi (at auction) pujar (for, por). billboard [bIlbd] n us valla publici
pt & pp bid, ger bidding. taria.
37 bisection
billfold [bIlfUld] n us billetero, cartera. biological [baIldZIkl] adj biol
billing [bIlIN] n 1 (invoicing) facturacin gico,a.
f. 2 theat orden de aparicin en cartel. biologist [baIldZIst] n bilogo,a.
billion [bIlIn] n 1 mil millones mpl. 2 biology [baIldZI] n biologa. B
gb (formerly) billn m. biomass [baIUmQs] n biomasa.
biomechanics [baIUmIkQnIks] n
. En el uso actual, tanto en EEUU como biomecnica.
en Gran Bretaa, un billion equivale a mil biometry [baImtrI] n biometra.
millones. Antiguamente, el billion brit
bionic [baInIk] adj binico,a.
nico tena el mismo significado que en es
biophysics [baIUfIzIks] n biofsica.
paol, es decir, un milln de millones
biopsy [baIpsI] n biopsia.
billionaire [bIlIner] n multimillo pl biopsies.
nario,a. biorhythm [baIrIDm] n biorritmo.
billow [bIlU] n 1 (of water) ola. 2 (of biosphere [baIsfIr] n biosfera.
smoke) nube f. biotope [baItp] n biotopo.
P vt 1 (sea) ondear. 2 (sail) hincharse. biped [baIped] adj bpedo,a.
billy goat [bIlIgUt] n macho cabro. P n bpedo.
bin [bIn] n 1 (for rubbish) cubo de la ba biplane [baIpleIn] n biplano.
sura; (for paper) papelera. 2 (large con- bipolar [baIpUlr] adj bipolar.
tainer) recipiente m. birch [btS] n 1 (tree) abedul m. 2 (rod)
binary [baInrI] adj binario,a. c o m p bina vara de abedul.
P vt azotar.
ry fission biparticin f, fisin f binaria.
bind [baInd] n fam fastidio, molestia. bird [bd] n 1 (large) ave f; (small) pjaro. 2
gb sl (girl) chica. 3 sl (person) tipo. c o m p bird
P vt 1 (tie up) atar; (cereals, corn) agavi
llar. 2 culin (sauce) ligar. 3 (book, etc) of prey ave f de rapia, ave f de presa.
encuadernar. 4 (bandage) vendar. 5 birdcage [bdkeIdZ] n jaula de pjaro.
(require) obligar. birdie [bdI] n 1 (little bird) pajarito. 2
pt & pp bound [baUnd]. (in golf) birdie m.
binder [baIndr] n 1 (file) carpeta. 2 (of birdseed [bdsid] n bot alpiste m.
books) encuadernador,ra. birds-eye view [bdzaIvjU] n vista
binding [baIndIN] n 1 (of book) encua panormica.
dernacin f. 2 sew ribete m. 3 (of skis) bird-watcher [bdwtS r] n orni
fijacin f. tlogo,a (cuya aficin es observar las aves).
P adj obligatorio,a (on, para).
Biro [baIrU] [also written biro] n fam
boli m.
binge [bIndZ] n (drinking) borrachera;
pl Biros.
(eating) atracn m.
P vi atiborrarse, hartarse de comida.
birth [bT] n 1 nacimiento. 2 med parto.
3 (descent) linaje m. l o c to give birth to 1
bingo [bINgU] n bingo. (child) dar a luz a. 2 fig dar lugar a. c o m p
pl bingos. birth certificate partida de nacimiento.
binnacle [bInkl] n bitcora. y birth control control m de la natalidad.
binoculars [bInkjUlz] n pl prismti y birth rate tasa de natalidad.
cos mpl, gemelos mpl. birthday [bTdeI] n cumpleaos m.
biochemistry [baIUkemIstrI] n bio birthmark [bTmAk] n mancha de
qumica. nacimiento, antojo.
biodegradable [baIUdIgreIdbl] adj birthplace [bTpleIs] n lugar m de
biodegradable. nacimiento.
biography [baIgrfI] n biografa. biscuit [bIskIt] n galleta.
pl biographies. bisection [baIsekSn] n biseccin f.
bisectrix 38

bisectrix [baIsektrIks] n bisectriz f. bizarre [bIzA r] adj 1 raro,a, extra


pl bisectrices [baIsektrIsiz]. o,a.
bisexual [baIseksjUl] adj bisexual. blab [blQb] vi 1 fam (gossip) cotillear,
P n bisexual mf. chismear. 2 fam (talk constantly) rajar,
bishop [bISp] n 1 obispo. 2 (chess) alfil m. parlotear.
bison [baIsn] n bisonte m. pt & pp blabbed, ger blabbing.
bissextile [baIsekstaIl] adj bisiesto,a. black [blQk] adj 1 negro,a. 2 (dirty)
bit1 [bIt] n 1 (small piece) trozo, pedacito. sucio,a. 3 (threatening) amenaza
2 (small amount) poco. 3 fam (time) un po dor,ra. l o c black and white blanco y
co, un ratito. l o c a bit fam (rather) algo, negro. c o m p black economy econo
un poco. y a bit of algo de. y quite a bit / ma sumergida.
P n 1 (colour) negro. 2 (person) negro,a.
a good bit fam bastante. to come to bits
P vt 1 (make black) ennegrecer. 2 (boy-
hacerse pedazos, romperse.
bit2 [bIt] n 1 (of bridle) bocado. 2 (of drill) cott) boicotear.
broca. a to black out vt sep 1 (windows of house)
bit3 [bIt] n comput bit m. tapar; (electrical supply) apagar el alum
brado. 2 (cause power cut) dejar sin luz,
bit4 [bIt] pt bite. causar un apagn.
bitch [bItS] n 1 (gen) hembra; (of dog) P vi (faint) desmayarse.
perra. 2 pej (woman) bruja, lagarta.
blackberry [blQkbrI] n zarzamora,
P vi fam quejarse. c o m p son of a bitch
mora. c o m p blackberry bush zarza.
taboo hijo de perra, hijo de puta.
pl blackberries.
bite [baIt] n 1 (act) mordisco. 2 (of insect) blackbird [blQkbd] n mirlo.
picadura. 3 (of dog, etc) mordedura. 4
(of food) bocado. blackboard [blQkbd] n pizarra.
P vt 1 morder. 2 (insect, snake) picar.
blackcurrant [blQkkrnt] n grosella
3 (grip) agarrar. negra.
P vi 1 morder. 2 (insect, snake) picar. 3 blacken [blQkn] vt 1 ennegrecer. 2
(fish) picar. fig (defame) manchar.
pt bit, pp bitten [bItn]. blackhead [blQkhed] n espinilla.
biting [baItIN] adj 1 (wind) cortante, blackjack [blQkdZQk] n (card game)
penetrante. 2 (comment) mordaz. veintiuna.
bitten [bItn] pp bite. blackleg [blQkleg] n esquirol m.
bitter [bIt r] adj 1 (gen) amargo,a; blacklist [blQklIst] n lista negra.
(fruit) cido,a, agrio,a. 2 (weather) blackmail [blQkmeIl] n chantaje m.
glacial. 3 (person) amargado,a. 4 P vt hacer chantaje a, chantajear.
(fight) enconado,a. blackmailer [blQkmeIlr] n chantajis
P n cerveza amarga. ta mf.
bitterly [bItlI] adv 1 con amargura, blackout [blQkaUt] n 1 (through electrical
amargamente: she complained bitterly fault) apagn m; (in wartime) oscurecimiento
se quej amargamente. 2 (very) muy: its general de una ciudad. 2 (fainting) prdida
bitterly cold hace un fro glacial. de conocimiento, desmayo.
bitterness [bItns] n 1 (gen) amargura; blacksmith [blQksmIT] n herrero.
(of fruit) acidez f. 2 (of weather) crudeza. 3 c o m p blacksmiths forge herrera.

(resentment) rencor m, resentimiento. blackthorn [blQkTn] n bot endrino.


bittersweet [bItswit] adj agridulce. bladder [blQdr] n 1 vejiga. 2 (in tyre,
bitumen [bItjUmIn] n betn m. football) cmara de aire.
bivalent [baIveIlnt] adj bivalente. blade [bleId] n 1 (of sword, knife, etc) ho
bivalve [baIvQlv] adj bivalvo,a. ja. 2 (of ice skate) cuchilla. 3 (of propeller,
P n bivalvo. fan, oar, hoe) pala. 4 (of grass) brizna.
39 blinkers
blame [bleIm] n culpa. bleak [blik] adj 1 (countryside) deso
P vt culpar, echar la culpa a. lado,a. 2 (weather) desapacible. 3 (fu-
blanch [blAntS] vt culin escaldar. ture) poco prometedor,ra. 4 (welcome,
P vi palidecer. reception) fro,a. B
bland [blQnd] adj soso,a. bleary [blIrI] adj 1 (from tears) nublo
, Bland no significa blando, que se so,a. 2 (from tiredness) legaoso,a.
traduce por soft. comp blearier, superl bleariest.
bleat [blit] n balido.
blank [blQNk] adj 1 (page, etc) en blan P vi balar.
co. 2 (look, etc) vaco,a. 3 (cassette, tape) bled [bled] pt & pp bleed.
virgen. c o m p blank cheque cheque m bleed [blid] vi med sangrar.
en blanco. pt & pp bled [bled].
P n 1 (on paper) espacio en blanco. 2
bleep [blip] n pitido.
(bullet) bala de fogueo.
vi pitar.
blanket [blQNkIt] n 1 manta, am fra
P
P vt localizar con un busca.
zada. 2 (layer) capa, manto: a blanket
of snow una capa de nieve.
bleeper [blipr] n busca m, buscaper
sonas m.
blare [bler] n 1 (loud noise) estruendo,
fragor m. 2 (of trumpet) trompetazo.
blemish [blemIS] n 1 desperfecto, im
P vi resonar, sonar.
perfeccin f.
P vt 1 (spoil) estropear, desmejorar. 2
a to blare out vi sonar muy fuerte.
fig (reputation) manchar, tiznar. l o c
blaspheme [blQsfim] vi blasfemar without a blemish fig intachable.
(against, contra).
blench [blenS] vi 1 (recoil) retroceder. 2
blasphemy [blQsfmI] n blasfemia.
(flinch) pestaear, inmutarse.
pl blasphemies.
blend [blend] n mezcla, combinacin f.
blast [blAst] n 1 (of wind) rfaga. 2 (of P vt 1 (mix) mezclar, combinar. 2
water, air, etc) chorro. 3 (of horn) toque m.
(match) matizar, armonizar.
4 (of trumpet) trompetazo. 5 (explosion)
explosin f, voladura. 6 (shock wave) blender [blend r] n culin batidora,
onda expansiva. 7 (reprimand) bronca. minipmer m.
P vt 1 (explode) volar, hacer volar. 2 bless [bles] vt bendecir. l o c bless you!
(criticize) criticar. 3 (reprimand) echar (on sneezing) Jess!
una bronca. 4 (ruin, spoil) echar a per blessed [blesId] adj 1 (holy) bendito,a,
der, dar al traste con. 5 (shoot) pegar santo,a. 2 (content, happy) bienaven
un tiro a. 6 (shrivel, wither) marchitar. turado,a.
blasted [blAstId] adj maldito,a, di blessing [blesIN] n bendicin f.
choso,a. blew [blU] pt blow.
blast-off [blAstf] n (of rocket, missile) blight [blaIt] n 1 (mildew) tizn m. 2 (ca-
despegue m. lamity) plaga.
blatant [bleItnt] adj descarado,a. blind [blaInd] adj ciego,a.
blaze [bleIz] n 1 (fire) incendio. 2 (flame) P n (on window) persiana.
llamarada. 3 (of light) resplandor m. 4 P vt 1 cegar, dejar ciego,a. 2 (dazzle)
(outburst) arranque m, acceso. deslumbrar.
P vi 1 (fire) arder. 2 (sun) brillar con blindfold [blaIndfUld] n venda.
fuerza. 3 (light) resplandecer. P vt vendar los ojos a.
blazer [bleIzr] n americana de sport, P adv con los ojos vendados.
blazer m. blink [blINk] n 1 parpadeo. 2 (gleam,
bleach [blitS] n leja. glimmer) destello. l o c on the blink fam
P vt blanquear. averiado,a.
bleachers [blitSz] n pl us gradas fpl. blinkers [blINkz] n pl anteojeras fpl.
bliss 40

bliss [blIs] n felicidad f, dicha. bloom [blUm] n 1 (flower) flor f. 2 (on


blister [blIstr] n 1 (on skin) ampolla. 2 fruit) pelusa.
(on paint, surface) burbuja. P vi florecer.
blizzard [blIzd] n tempestad f de nie bloomer [blUmr] n gb fam metedura
ve, ventisca. de pata, pifia.
bloated [blUtId] adj hinchado,a. blossom [blsm] n flor f.
blob [blb] n 1 (drop) gota. 2 (smudge) P vi florecer.
borrn m. 3 (of colour) mancha. a to blossom out vi alcanzar su ple
bloc [blk] n pol bloque m. nitud.
block [blk] n 1 bloque m. 2 (of wood, . Blossom se refiere a las flores de los
stone) taco. 3 (group of buildings) manza rboles; para el resto de flores, se emplea
na. 6 (obstruction) obstruccin f. c o m p la palabra flower.
block letters maysculas fpl. y block of
flats bloque m de departamentos. y blot [blt] n (of ink) borrn m; (on reputa-
note block taco, bloc m de notas. tion) mancha.
P vt 1 (pipe, etc) obstruir, atascar. 2 P vt 1 (stain) manchar. 2 (dry) secar.
(streets, etc) bloquear. a to blot out vt sep 1 (hide) ocultar. 2
blockade [blkeId] n mil bloqueo. (memory) borrar.
P vt bloquear. pt & pp blotted, ger blotting.
blockage [blkIdZ] n obstruccin f, blotch [bltS] n mancha.
atasco. P vi 1 (become stained) mancharse. 2
blockbuster [blkbstr] n 1 fig (novel) (skin) salir manchas.
best seller m, xito de ventas. 2 fig blotting-paper [bltINpeIpr] n papel
(film) pelcula de accin. m secante.
bloke [blUk] n gb fam tipo, to. blouse [blaUz] n blusa.
blond [blnd] [suele escribirse blonde cu- blow1 [blU] n golpe m.
ando se refiere a una mujer] adj rubio,a. blow2 [blU] vi 1 (wind) soplar. 2 (instru-
P n rubio,a. ment) tocar, sonar; (whistle) pitar. 3
blonde [blnd] adj-n blond. (fuse) fundirse. 4 (tyre) reventarse.
blood [bld] n sangre f. 2 (ancestry) pa P vt fam (money) despilfarrar, malgastar.
rentesco, alcurnia. c o m p blood pres a to blow away vt sep 1 arrastrar. 2
sure tensin f arterial. y blood vessel fam fig mandar al otro barrio.
vaso sanguneo. a to blow in vt sep derribar.
bloodhound [bldhaUnd] n sabueso. a to blow off vi (lid, hat) salir volando.
bloodshed [bldSed] n derramamien a to blow out vt sep 1 (flame) apagar;
to de sangre. (candle) soplar. 2 (cheeks) hinchar.
bloodstream [bldstrim] n corriente a to blow over vt sep derribar.
f sangunea. P vi 1 derrumbarse. 2 (storm) amainar.

bloodthirsty [bldTstI] adj sangui a to blow up vt sep 1 (explode) (hacer)


nario,a, vido,a de sangre. volar: they blew up the building hicieron
comp bloodthirstier , superl blood- volar el edificio. 2 (inflate) hinchar. 3
thirstiest. (photograph) ampliar.
P vi 1 (explode) explotar. 2 (lose ones tem-
bloody [bldI] adj 1 (battle) sangrien
to,a. 2 sl (damned) puetero,a, mier per) salirse de sus casillas.
da de. pt blew [blU], pp blown [blUn].
comp bloodier, superl bloodiest. blowhole [blUhUl] n 1 (of whale) orifi
bloody-minded [bldImaIndId] adj 1 cio nasal. 2 (hole, air vent) respiradero.
(stubborn) tozudo,a, terco,a. 2 (bad- blowlamp [blUlQmp] n soplete m.
tempered) de malas pulgas. blown [blUn] pp blow.
41 body-blow
blowout [blUaUt] n 1 auto reventn m, P vt (ship, etc) subirse a, embarcar en.
pinchazo. 2 sl comilona, atracn m. P vi (lodge) alojarse; (at school) ser inter
blowtorch [blUttS] n soplete m. no,a.
blow-up [blUp] n (photograph) amplia boarder [bdr] n 1 (gen) husped mf. B
cin f. 2 (at school) interno,a.
blue [blU] adj 1 azul. 2 (sad) triste. 3 boarding [bdIN] n 1 (ship, plane, etc)
(depressed) deprimido,a. 4 (obscene) embarque m. 2 (lodging) pensin f, alo
verde: a blue joke un chiste verde. jamiento. c o m p boarding card tarjeta
P n azul m. de embarque. y boarding house casa
P n pl blues mus blues m. de huspedes. y boarding school inter
P n pl the blues la depresin f. nado.
bluebell [blUbel] n bot campanilla. boast [bUst] n jactancia.
blueberry [blUbrI] n bot arndano. P vi jactarse ( about , de), presumir

pl blueberries. (about, de).


blue-collar [blUklr] adj obrero,a. P vt fig presumir de.

blueprint [blUprInt] n fig anteproyecto. boat [bUt] n barco, nave f; (small) bote
blues [blUz] n pl blue. m , barca; (large) buque m , navo;
blunder [blndr] n metedura de pata. (launch) lancha.
P vi meter la pata. boatswain [bUsn] n contramaestre m.
blunt [blnt] adj 1 (knife) desafilado,a; boatyard [bUtjAd] n astillero.
(pencil) despuntado,a. 2 fig (person) bob1 [bb] n 1 (jerking movement) sacudi
que no tiene pelos en la lengua. da; (bouncing movement) rebote m . 2
P vt desafilar, embotar; (pencil) des (curtsy) reverencia.
puntar. c o m p blunt angle math ngulo P vi 1 (jerk) moverse a sacudidas;

obtuso. (bounce) rebotar. 2 (curtsy) hacer una re


blur [blr] n borrn m, mancha. verencia.
blurb [blb] n fam pej informacin f bobbin [bbIn] n (for textiles, wire, etc) ca
publicitaria. rrete m, bobina; (for lace) bolillo, palillo.
blurred [bld] adj 1 borroso,a. 2 fig bobby [bbI] n gb fam poli m.
(memories) vago,a, confuso,a. pl bobbies.
blurt [blt] l o c to blurt sth out soltar " Este trmino, aunque hoy poco utiliza
algo bruscamente, espetar algo.
do, se usa para referirse a los agentes de
blush [blS] n rubor m, sonrojo. polica del Reino Unido. El nombre provie
P vi ruborizarse, sonrojarse.
ne del fundador del cuerpo, sir Robert Peel,
blusher [blSr] n colorete m. ya que Bobby es el diminutivo de Robert.
blustery [blstrI] adj (windy) vento
so,a. bobsleigh [bbsleI] n bobsleigh m.
boa [bU] n zool boa. bode [bUd] pt bide.
P vt (foretell) presagiar, augurar. l o c to
boar [br] n zool verraco.
board [bd] n 1 (piece of wood) tabla, table bode ill/well ser de buen/mal agero.
ro. 2 (food) comida, pensin f. 3 (commit- bodice [bdIs] n corpio.
tee) junta, consejo. 4 (company) compa body [bdI] n 1 cuerpo. 2 (corpse) cad
a: the gas board la compaa del gas. l o c ver m. 3 (organization) organismo, enti
on board mar a bordo. y to take on dad f, ente m; (association) agrupacin f.
board 1 (responsibility) asumir. 2 (concept, 4 (of wine) cuerpo. 5 (of people) grupo,
idea) abarcar. c o m p board and lodging conjunto. 6 auto (of car) carrocera. 7
pensin completa. y board of directors av fuselaje m.
junta directiva. y board of trade us c pl bodies.
mara de comercio. body-blow [bdIblU] n revs m.
body-building 42

body-building [bdIbIldIN] n sp cultu P vt mil bombardear; (terrorist) colocar


rismo. una bomba en.
bodyguard [bdIgAd] n guardaes P vi us fam (fail) fracasar.

paldas m. bombard [bmbAd] vt bombardear.


bodywork [bdIwk] n carrocera. bombardment [bmbAdmnt] n
bog [bg] n 1 pantano, cenagal m. 2 sl bombardeo.
(toilet) medromo. bombastic [bmbQstIk] adj rimbom
a to bog down vt sep atascar. bante, ampuloso,a.
bogey [bUgI] n (golf) bogey m. bomber [bmr] n 1 mil bombardero.
bogus [bUgs] adj 1 (fake) falso,a, 2 (terrorist) terrorista mf que coloca
apcrifo,a. 2 (fictitious) ficticio,a. 3 bombas.
(sham) simulado,a, fingido,a. , Bomber no significa bombero, que
boil1 [bIl] n med furnculo, fornculo. se traduce por fireman.
boil2 [bIl] vt (liquid) hervir; (food) hervir, bombing [bmIN] n 1 mil bombardeo.
cocer; (egg) pasar por agua, cocer. 2 (terrorist act) atentado con bomba.
P vi 1 (liquid) hervir; (food) hervir, co
bombshell [bmSel] n 1 fig bomba. 2
cerse. 2 fig (undulate, seethe) bullir.
mil (artillery bomb) obs m. 3 fam (attrac-
a to boil down to vt insep fig reducirse a.
tive woman) mujer f explosiva.
boiler [bIlr] n 1 caldera. 2 (fowl) galli bona fide [bUnfaIdI] adj genuino,a,
na (que solo sirve para el caldo). autntico,a.
boiling [bIlIn] adj hirviendo, hir bond [bnd] n 1 (link) lazo, vnculo:
viente. c o m p boiling point punto de bonds of friendship vnculos de amistad. 2
ebullicin. fin bono, obligacin f. 3 jur fianza. 4
boisterous [bIstrs] adj 1 (noisy, row- (agreement) pacto, compromiso.
dy) bullicioso,a, alborotador,ra. 2 P vt 1 (stick, join) pegar, unir. 2 (deposit in
(weather) borrascoso,a; (sea) agita customs) depositar.
do,a. P vi (stick, join) pegarse, unirse.
bold [bUld] adj 1 (brave) valiente. 2 bondage [bndIdZ] n esclavitud f,
(daring) audaz, atrevido,a. 3 (cheeky) servidumbre f.
descarado,a, fresco,a. 4 (vivid) bone [bUn] n 1 hueso. 2 (of fish) espi
vivo,a. 5 (print) en negrita. na, raspa; (of whale) barba. 3 (of corset)
Bolivia [blIvI] n Bolivia. ballena.
Bolivian [blIvIn] adj boliviano,a. P vt (meat) deshuesar; (fish) quitar la
P n boliviano,a. espina.
bolster [bUlstr] n 1 (pillow) cabezal P n pl bones (remains) huesos mpl, res

m, travesao. 2 tech soporte m. tos mpl mortales. c o m p bone marrow


P vt reforzar. mdula sea.
bolt [bUlt] n 1 (on door, etc) cerrojo; a to bone up on vt insep empollar.
(small) pestillo. 2 (screw) perno, torni bonfire [bnfaIr] n hoguera. c o m p Bon
llo. 3 (lightning) rayo. fire night gb la noche del cinco de noviembre; se
P vt 1 (lock) cerrar con cerrojo, cerrar celebra con hogueras y fuegos artificiales.
con pestillo. 2 (screw) sujetar con per
nos, sujetar con tornillos. 3 fam (food) " Es la noche del 5 de noviembre que se
celebra en Inglaterra con hogueras y fuegos
engullir.
artificiales. Conmemora el intento fallido
P vi (person) escaparse; (horse) desbo
en el ao 1605, de Guy Fawkes y otros cons
carse.
piradores, de volar el edificio del parlamen
bolus [bUls] n bolo alimenticio. to. Tambin se llama Guy Fawkes Night.
bomb [bm] n 1 bomba. 2 us (failure)
fracaso. bonkers [bNkz] adj gb sl chalado,a.
43 bop
bonnet [bnIt] n 1 (childs, womans) go bookshop [bUkSp] n librera.
rro, gorra. 2 (maids) cofia. 3 auto cap m. bookstand [bUkstQnd] n 1 (stall) quios
bonus [bUns] n 1 (gratuity) plus m, so co de peridicos. 2 (bookrest) atril m.
bresueldo, prima. 2 (benefit) beneficio. bookstore [bUkstr] n us librera. B
pl bonuses. bookworm [bUkwm] n fig ratn m
bony [bUnI] adj 1 (thin) esqueltico,a. de biblioteca.
2 (with a lot of bone) huesudo,a. 3 (like boom1 [bUm] n (noise) estampido.
bone) seo,a. 4 (meat) lleno,a de hue P vi tronar, retumbar.
sos; (fish) lleno,a de espinas. P interj bum!
comp bonier, superl boniest. boom2 [bUm] n 1 mar botaln m. 2 (of
bonze [bnz] n bonzo. microphone) jirafa. 3 (of crane) brazo. 4
boo [bU] n abucheo. (barrier) barrera.
Pvi abuchear. boom3 [bUm] n fig (prosperity, increase)
boob1 [bUb] n (mistake) metedura de boom m, auge m.
pata. boomerang [bUmrQN] n 1 bumern
P vi meter la pata. m. 2 fig resultado contraproducente.
boob2 [bUb] n fam (breast) teta. boost [bUst] n 1 (incentive) incentivo,
booby [bUbI] n alcatraz m. estmulo. 2 (promotion) promocin f,
pl boobies. fomento. 3 (increase) aumento.
booby-trap [bUbItrQp] n trampa ex P vt 1 (create an incentive) incentivar, es
plosiva. timular. 2 (promote) promocionar, fo
book [bUk] n 1 libro. 2 (of tickets) taco; mentar. 3 (increase) aumentar.
(of matches) cajetilla. booster [bUstr] n 1 elec elevador m
P vt 1 (table, room, holiday) reservar; (en- de voltaje. 2 rad repetidor m. 3 tech
tertainer, speaker) contratar. 2 (police) motor m auxiliar de propulsin. c o m p
multar; (football) advertir, amonestar. booster injection med revacunacin f.
P n pl books comm libros mpl, cuentas boot [bUt] n 1 (footwear) bota. 2 gb (of
fpl. l o c to be booked up 1 (hotel, restau- car) maletero, portaequipajes m. 3
rant) estar completo. c o m p savings book (kick) patada.
libreta de ahorro. P vt 1 (kick) dar una patada a. 2 comput
a to book in vt sep (in hotel) hacer la re cargar el sistema operativo.
serva. a to boot out vt sep echar, echar a pa
P vi registrarse. tadas.
bookcase [bUkkeIs] n librera, estan bootblack [bUtblQk] n us limpiabo
tera. tas m, am lustrabotas m.
booking [bUkIN] n (table, room, holiday) booth [bUD] n 1 cabina. 2 (at fair) pues
reserva; (entertainer, speaker) contrata to. c o m p telephone booth locutorio.
cin f. c o m p booking office taquilla. bootleg [bUtleg] n (illegal recording) gra
bookkeeping [bUkkipIN] n contabili bacin f pirata.
dad f, tenedura de libros. bootlegger [bUtlegr] n contraban
bookmaker [bUkmeIkr] n gb corre dista mf de licores.
dor,ra de apuestas. booty [bUtI] n botn m.
bookmark [bUkmAk] n (for book) pun pl booties.
to de libro; (electronic) marcador. booze [bUz] n fam trinque m, alcohol m.
P vt (electronically) agregar un marcador. P vi fam mamar.
bookseller [bUkselr] n librero,a. bop [bp] n 1 fam (dance) baile m. 2 fam
bookshelf [bUkSelf] n estante m. (thump) cachete m.
P n pl bookshelves estantera. P vi fam (dance) bailar.
pl bookshelves. pt & pp bopped, ger bopping.
border 44

border [bd ] n 1 (of country) frontera.


r P pron ambos,as, los dos, las dos:
2 (edge) borde m. 3 (in sewing) ribete m, both of us nosotros,as dos; both of you
orla. 4 (of flowers, plants) arriate m. vosotros,as dos; both of them los dos,
a to border on vt insep 1 lindar con. 2 las dos, ambos,as. l o c both and tan
fig rayar en. to como: both she and her sister are
bore1 [br] pt bear. teachers tanto ella como su hermana son
bore2 [br] n 1 (of gun) nima, alma; profesoras.
(calibre) calibre m. 2 (hole) taladro. P adv a la vez: its both cheap and good es
P vt & vi perforar, taladrar. bueno y barato a la vez.
bore 3 [b r ] n (person) pelmazo,a, bother [bDr] n 1 (nuisance) molestia,
pesado,a; (thing) lata, rollo, tostn m. fastidio. 2 (problems) problemas mpl.
P vt aburrir, fastidiar. P vt 1 (be a nuisance) molestar, fasti

bored [bd] adj aburrido,a. l o c to diar. 2 (worry) preocupar.


get bored aburrirse. P vi 1 (take trouble) molestarse, tomar

boredom [bdm] n aburrimiento. la molestia. 2 (worry) preocuparse.


borer [brr] n 1 (tool) taladro, barre Botswana [btswAn] n Botsuana.
na. 2 (machine) taladradora. Botswanan [btswAnn] adj botsua
boric [brIk] adj chem brico,a. c o m p ns,esa, botsuano,a.
boric acid cido brico. P n botsuans,esa, bostuano,a.

boring [brIN] adj aburrido,a. bottle [btl] n 1 botella; (small) fras


born [bn] adj nato,a: shes a born leader co; (for baby) bibern m; (for gas) bom
es una lder nata. l o c to be born nacer. bona. 2 sl (nerve) agallas fpl.
P vt (wine, etc) embotellar; (fruit) envasar.
borne [bn] pp bear2.
borough [br] n 1 (district) barrio, dis bottle-bank [btlbQnk] n contene
trito. 2 (town, city) ciudad f. dor m de vidrio.
borrow [brU] vt pedir prestado,a, bottled [ b t l d ] adj (wine, etc)
tomar prestado,a: can I borrow your embotellado,a; (fruit) envasado,a.
c o m p bottled gas gas m butano.
pen? me dejas tu boli?; you can borrow it
if you like te lo presto si quieres. bottom [btm] n 1 (gen) fondo; (of bot-
Bosnia [bznI] n Bosnia. tle) culo; (of hill, steps, page) pie m; (of
Bosnian [bznIn] adj bosnio,a. ship) quilla. 2 (of dress) bajo; (of trousers)
P n bosnio,a. bajos mpl. 3 (buttocks) trasero, culo. 4
bosom [bUzm] n 1 pecho. 2 (centre) se (last) ltimo,a. 5 (underneath) parte f
no: in the bosom of the family en el seno de inferior, parte f de abajo.
P adj 1 (position) de abajo. 2 (number, re-
la familia. c o m p bosom friend amigo,a
del alma. sult) ms bajo,a.
boss [bs] n jefe,a. bottomless [btmls] adj sin fondo,
a to boss around vt sep mangonear. insondable.
bosun [bUsn] n mar contramaestre m. boudoir [bUdwAr] n tocador m.
botanic [btQnIk] adj botnico,a. bough [baU] n rama.
botanical [btQnIkl] adj botnico,a. bought [bt] pt & pp buy.
c o m p botanical gardens jardn m bot bouillon [bUjn] n culin caldo.
nico. boulder [bUldr] n canto rodado.
botany [btnI] n botnica. boulevard [bUlvAd] n bulevar m.
botch [btS] n chapuza. bounce [baUns] n bote m.
P vt [also to botch up.] (bungle) pifiarla, P vi (ball) rebotar, botar.
fastidiarla. P vt 1 (cheque) ser rechazado por el
both [bUT] adj ambos,as, los dos, banco. 2 (ball) hacer botar.
las dos. bouncer [baUnsr] n sl gorila m.
45 brain
bound 1
[baUnd] pt & pp bind. bow-tie [bUtaI] n pajarita.
P adj 1 (tied) atado,a. 2 (forced) box1 [bks] n 1 caja; (large) cajn m. 2 (of
obligado,a. 3 (book) encuadernado,a. matches) cajetilla. 3 theat palco. 4 (for
l o c to be bound to ser seguro que. sentry) garita. 5 (of coach) pescante m. 6 B
bound2 [baUnd] adj (destined) destina gb fam (telly) tele f. c o m p box number n
do,a: he knew he was bound to succeed sa mero de apartado de correos. y box
ba que estaba destinado a tener xito. office taquilla. y post-office box aparta
l o c to be bound for ir con destino, na do de correos.
vegar con rumbo a. y -bound con box2 [bks] vi boxear.
rumbo a: Paris-bound con rumbo a Pars. boxcar [bkskAr] n us furgn m.
bound3 [baUnd] n (jump) salto, brinco. boxer [bks r] n 1 boxeador,ra. 2
P vi saltar. (dog) bxer m.
boundary [baUndrI] n lmite m, fronte boxing [bksIN] n boxeo. c o m p Boxing
ra. c o m p boundary stone hito, mojn m. Day gb el da 26 de diciembre.
pl boundaries.
boundless [baUndls] adj sin lmites. " El 26 de diciembre es festivo en Gran
bounds [baUndz] n pl (border) frontera; Bretaa. Las tiendas inician las rebajas, se
(boundary) lmites mpl. disputan partidos de ftbol y se celebran
carreras de caballos.
bouquet [bUkeI] n 1 (flowers) ramo. 2
(wine) aroma m, buqu m. boy [bI] n (baby) nio; (child) chico,
bourgeois [ b U Z w A r ] adj bur muchacho; (youth) joven m.
gus,esa. boycott [bIkt] n boicoteo, boicot m.
P n burgus,esa. P vt boicotear.
bourgeoisie [bUZwAzi] n burguesa. boyfriend [bIfrend] n 1 (fianc) novio.
bout [baUt] n 1 (period) rato. 2 med (of 2 (male friend) amigo.
flu, measles, etc) ataque m . 3 (boxing) boyhood [bIhUd] n infancia, niez f.
combate. P adj de la infancia.
boutique [bUtik] n boutique f, tienda. bra [brA] n sostn m, sujetador m.
bovine [bUvaIn] adj bovino,a. brace [breIs] n 1 (clamp) abrazadera. 2
P n bovino. arch (support) riostra. 3 (drill) berbiqu
bow1 [bU] n 1 (for arrows) arco. 2 (of vio- m. 4 (on teeth) aparato.
lin) arco. 3 (knot) lazo. c o m p bow saw P n pl braces tirantes mpl.
sierra de arco. bracelet [breIslt] n pulsera, brazale
bow2 [baU] n mar proa. te m.
bow3 [baU] n (with body) reverencia. bracken [brQkn] n bot helechos mpl.
P vt inclinar: he bowed his head inclin la bracket [brQkIt] n 1 (round) parntesis
cabeza. m. 2 (for shelf) escuadra, soporte m. 3
bowel [baUl] n intestino. (group, category) grupo, categora m.
P n pl bowels (entrails) entraas fpl. c o m p square bracket corchete m.

bowl [bUl] n 1 (for food, etc) cuenco, brag [brQg] n jactancia, fanfarria.
fuente f, bol m; (large drinking bowl) ta P vi jactarse (about, de).
zn m. 2 (for washing) palangana, ba pt & pp bragged, ger bragging.
rreo. 3 (of toilet) taza. braggart [brQgt] n fanfarrn,ona.
bow-legged [bUlegd, bUlegId] adj braid [breId] n 1 (on clothing) galn m. 2
patizambo,a. (plait) trenza.
bowler [bUlr] n (hat) bombn m.
1
Braille [breIl] n braille m.
bowler2 [bUlr] n (cricket) lanzador,ra. brain [breIn] n (organ) cerebro, seso.
bowling [bUlIN] n bolos mpl. c o m p P n pl brains 1 (intellect) cerebro, seso,
bowling alley bolera. inteligencia. 2 (as food) sesos mpl. l o c to
brain-dead 46

have brains ser un cerebro, ser inteli Brazilian [brzIlIn] adj brasileo,a.
gente. l o c brain death muerte f cere P n brasileo,a.
bral. y brain drain fuga de cerebros. y breach [britS] n 1 (opening) brecha,
brain scan electroencefalograma m. abertura. 2 (in promise, undertaking) in
brain-dead [breInded] adj clnica cumplimiento; (in law) violacin f,
mente muerto,a. infraccin f. 3 (in relationship) ruptura.
brainstorming [breInstmIN] n reu bread [bred] n pan m. c o m p wholemeal
nin f creativa, lluvia de ideas. bread pan m integral.
brainy [breInI] adj fam inteligente, bread-and-butter [brednbtr] adj
sesudo,a. (commonplace) rutinario,a, corriente y
comp brainier, superl brainiest. moliente.
braise [breIz] vt culin frer y luego co breadth [bredT] n 1 (broadness) ancho, an
cer a fuego lento. chura. 2 (space) extensin f, amplitud f.
brake [breIk] n freno. comp brake arm break [breIk] n 1 (in leg, etc) rotura. 2 (in
palanca del freno. y brake block pas relationship) ruptura. 3 (in meeting) des
tilla de freno. y brake fluid lquido de canso, pausa; (at school) recreo. l o c to
freno. take a break tomarse un descanso. y
P vt frenar, hacer frenar.
without a break sin descansar, sin
bramble [brQmbl] n bot zarzamora, parar. y at break of day al amanecer.
mora. c o m p bramble bush zarza. P vt 1 romper. 2 (record) batir.
bran [brQn] n salvado. P vi 1 romperse. 2 (storm) estallar.
branch [brAntS] n 1 (tree) rama. 2 (of a to break away vi (escape) escaparse,
family) ramo. 3 (road, railway) ramal m; darse a la fuga; (leave family, job) irse.
(stream, river) brazo. 4 (of shop) sucursal a to break down vt sep 1 (door) derribar,
f; (of bank) oficina, sucursal f. 5 (field of echar abajo. 2 (resistance) vencer.
science, etc) ramo. 6 (of candelabra) brazo. P vi 1 (car) averiarse; (driver) tener una
P vi (road) bifurcarse. avera. 2 (burst into tears) romper a llo
brand [brQnd] n 1 marca. 2 (type) clase f, rar. 3 (talks, negotiations) fracasar.
tipo. a to break in vi (force entry) entrar por
brand-new [brQnnjU] adj flamante, la fuerza.
de estreno. a to break off vt sep 1 (relationship) romper.
brandy [brQndI] n brandy m. 2 (discussions, negotiations) interrumpir.
pl brandies. a to break out vi 1 (prisoners) escapar
brass [brAs] n 1 latn m. 2 sl (money) se. 2 (war, fire, etc) estallar.
pasta. 3 mus metales mpl. a to break up vt sep (chair, table, etc) rom
P adj de cobre. per; (ship, boat) desguazar.
brassiere [brQzI r] n sujetador m , P vi 1 (couple) separarse. 2 (gathering,
sostn m. meeting) disolverse. 3 (school) empezar
brat [brQt] n fam pej mocoso,a. las vacaciones.
brave [breIv] adj valiente. pt broke [brUk], pp broken [brUkn].
P n guerrero indio. breakable [breIkbl] adj frgil, rom
P vt 1 (defy) desafiar. 2 (confront) afron pible.
tar, hacer frente a. breakage [breIkIdZ] n rotura.
bravo [brAvU] interj bravo! breakdown [breIkdaUn] n 1 (of car, ma-
brawl [brl] n reyerta, pelea. chine) avera. 2 med crisis f nerviosa. 3
P vi pelearse. (in negotiations) ruptura. 4 (chemical analysis)
bray [breI] vi 1 (donkey, ass) rebuznar. 2 anlisis m. c o m p breakdown service (ser
(laugh) carcajearse. vicio de) asistencia en carretera. y
Brazil [brzIl] n Brasil. breakdown van / breakdown truck gra.
47 bright
breakfast [brekfst] n desayuno. loc P vt 1 (beer) elaborar. 2 (tea, etc) preparar.
to have breakfast desayunar. P vi 1 (tea, etc) reposar. 2 (storm) prepa
P vi desayunar. rarse, acercarse.
break-in [breIkIn] n entrada forzada. brewer [brUr] n fabricante mf de cer B
breaking [breIkIN] n 1 (of leg, object) ro veza, cervecero,a. c o m p brewers
tura. 2 (of relationship) ruptura. yeast levadura de cerveza.
break-out [breIkaUt] n (from prison) fuga. brewery [brUrI] n fbrica de cerve
breakthrough [breIkTrU] n avance m za, cervecera.
importante. pl breweries.
break-up [breIkp] n (of relationship, nego- briar [braIr] n bot (heather) brezo.
tiations) ruptura; (of couple) separacin f. bribe [braIb] n soborno.
breakwater [breIkwtr] n rompeo P vt sobornar.
las m. bribery [braIbrI] n soborno.
bream [brim] n (river fish) brema. comp bric-a-brac [brIkbrQk] n baratijas fpl.
gilt-head bream dorada. y red bream brick [brIk] n 1 ladrillo. 2 (toy) cubo (de
besugo. madera).
breast [brest] n 1 (chest) pecho; (of woman) bricklayer [brIkleIr] n albail m.
pecho, seno. 2 (of chicken, etc) pechuga. bridal [braIdl] adj nupcial. c o m p bridal
breastbone [brestbUn] n anat ester gown vestido de novia.
nn m. bride [braId] n novia, desposada.
breast-feed [brestfid] vt amamantar, c o m p the bride and groom los novios.

dar el pecho a. bridegroom [braIdgrUm] n novio.


pt & pp breast-fed [brestfed].
breaststroke [breststrUk] n (swim- . Bridegroom o groom slo se em
ming) braza. plean para referirse al novio durante el da
de la boda.
breath [breT] n 1 (of person) aliento. 2 (of
air) soplo. 3 (breathing) resuello, respira bridesmaid [braIdzmeId] n dama de
cin f. l o c out of breath sin aliento. honor.
c o m p breath test gb prueba del alcohol.
bridge [brIdZ] n 1 puente m. 2 (of nose)
Breathalyser [breTlaIzr] n alcoho caballete m.
lmetro. bridle [braIdl] n brida.
breathe [briD] vt (air, etc) respirar. P vt (horse) embridar.
P vi 1 (air, etc) respirar. 2 (be alive) respi P vi mostrar desagrado (at, por).
rar, vivir: is he still breathing? respira brief [brif] adj (short) breve; (concise)
an? l o c to breathe in aspirar. y to conciso,a; (scanty) diminuto,a.
breathe out espirar. P n 1 (report) informe m . 2 jur expe
breathing [briDIN] n respiracin f. diente m. 3 mil instrucciones fpl.
bred [bred] pt & pp breed. P vt 1 (inform) informar (about, sobre).
breeches [brItSIz] n pl 1 (knee-length trou- 2 (instruct) dar instrucciones a.
sers) calzones mpl. 2 fam (trousers) pan briefcase [brifkeIs] n maletn m, car
talones mpl. tera.
breed [brid] n (of animal) raza; (of plant) briefing [brifIN] n reunin f informa
variedad f. tiva, briefing m.
P vt (animals) criar. brigade [brIgeId] n mil brigada.
P vi (animals) reproducirse. P vt mil formar una brigada con.
pt & pp bred [bred]. bright [braIt] adj 1 (gen) brillante. 2
breeze [briz] n meteor brisa. meteor (sky, day) claro,a, despejado,a;
brew [brU] n 1 (tea, etc) infusin f. 2 (sunny) soleado,a, de sol. 3 (colour)
(potion) brebaje m. vivo,a. 4 (cheerful) alegre, animado,a.
brightness 48

a to brighten up vt sep 1 meteor despe Briton [brItn] n britnico,a.


jar. 2 (room, house) dar un aspecto ms brittle [brItl] adj quebradizo,a, frgil.
alegre a. 3 (enliven) alegrar, animar. broach [brUtS] n 1 (drill bit) broca. 2
brightness [braItns] n 1 (light) lumi (roasting-spit) espetn m.
nosidad f. 2 (of sun) resplandor m. 3 (of broad [brd] adj 1 (street, avenue) an
day) claridad f. 4 (of colour) viveza. 5 cho,a; (surface, water, plateau) exten
(cleverness) inteligencia. so,a. 2 fig (field of study, debate) am
brilliant [brIljnt] adj 1 (gen) brillante. plio,a. 3 (measurement) de ancho. 4
2 (colour) vivo,a. 3 fam estupendo,a, (general) general. 5 (main) principal. 6 (ac-
fantstico,a. cent) marcado,a, cerrado,a. 7 (vowel)
brim [brIm] n 1 (of cup, glass, etc) borde abierto,a.
m. 2 (of hat) ala. broadcast [brdkAst] n (by TV, radio)
P vi rebosar ( with , de): he was brim- emisin f.
ming with pride rebosaba de orgullo. P vt 1 (by TV, radio) emitir, transmitir.
brine [braIn] n salmuera. 2 (make known) difundir.
bring [brIN] vt 1 traer. 2 (lead) llevar, pt & pp broadcast.
conducir. broadcasting [brdkAstIN] n 1 rad
a to bring about vt sep (accident, change, radiodifusin f. 2 tv transmisin f.
etc) provocar, causar. broaden [brdn] vt ensanchar.
a to bring back vt sep 1 (book, record, etc) broadly [brdlI] adv en trminos ge
devolver. 2 (past experience, childhood, nerales.
etc) recordar, hacer recordar. broad-minded [brdmaIndId] adj li
a to bring down vt sep 1 (chair, book, etc) beral, tolerante.
bajar. 2 (door, house, government) derri broccoli [brklI] n brcol m, brcoli m.
bar. 3 (prices, temperature) hacer bajar. brochette [brSet] n brocheta.
a to bring forward vt sep 1 (meeting, ap-
pointment) adelantar. 2 (theme, question)
brochure [brUSr] n folleto.
presentar, plantear. broil [brIl] vt us asar a la parrilla.
a to bring in vt sep 1 (person) hacer pa broiler [brIlr] n 1 culin pollo. 2 (gridi-
sar. 2 (coal, food, etc into house) traer. 3 jur ron) parrilla.
(verdict) emitir, pronunciar. broke [brUk] pt break.
a to bring off vt sep (victory, result) conse P adj fam sin un duro, sin blanca.
guir, lograr. broken [brUkn] pp break.
a to bring on vt sep (illness) provocar. P adj 1 (plate, window, etc) roto,a. 2 (ma-
a to bring out vt sep (record) sacar al chine) estropeado,a. 3 (bone) frac
mercado, sacar; (book) publicar. turado,a. 4 (person) destrozado,a. 6
a to bring to vt sep hacer volver en s. (language) chapurreado,a: he speaks
a to bring up vt sep 1 (chair, book, etc) su broken Spanish chapurrea el espaol.
bir. 2 (child) criar, educar. 3 (subject, broker [brUkr] n comm corredor,ra,
topic) plantear. 4 (vomit) devolver. agente mf de Bolsa.
pt & pp brought [brt]. brolly [brlI] n gb fam paraguas m.
brink [brINk] n borde m. pl brollies.
brisk [brIsk] adj enrgico,a. bromine [brUmaIn] n chem bromo.
bristle [brIsl] n cerda. bronchial [brNkIl] adj anat bron
P vi 1 (hair) erizarse, ponerse de pun quial. c o m p bronchial tubes anat bron
ta. 2 (show annoyance) mosquearse. quios mpl.
Britain [brItn] n Gran Bretaa. c o m p bronchitis [brNkaIts] n med bron
Great Britain Gran Bretaa. quitis f.
British [brItIS] adj britnico,a. bronchus [brNks] n bronquio.
P n pl the British los britnicos mpl. pl bronchi [broNkaI].
49 Buddhism
brontosaurus [brntsrs] n bronto brunch [brnS] n brunch m.
saurio.
bronze [brnz] n bronce m. c o m p the
. El brunch es una especie de copioso de
Bronze Age hist la Edad del Bronce. sayuno que se toma a ltima hora de la ma B
P vi (get a suntan) broncearse.
ana y hace asimismo las veces de almuerzo.
brooch [brUtS] n broche m. brunette [brUnet] n morena.
brood [brUd] n 1 (birds) nidada. 2 fam P adj moreno,a.
fig (children) prole f. brush [brS] n 1 (for teeth, clothes, etc) ce
P vi 1 (hen) empollar. 2 fig (worry) apu
pillo. 2 (artists) pincel m; (house painters)
rarse, preocuparse. brocha. 3 (unpleasant encounter) roce m:
brook [brUk] n arroyo, riachuelo. he had a brush with the police tuvo un roce
broom [brUm] n 1 (for sweeping) esco con la polica.
ba. 2 bot hiniesta. P vt 1 (gen) cepillar. 2 (touch lightly) rozar.
broomstick [brUmstIk] n 1 (handle) a to brush away vt sep (dirt, dust) quitar,
palo de escoba. 2 (of witch) escoba. limpiar.
Bros [brs] abbr (Brothers) Hermanos mpl; a to brush up vt sep (knowledge) refres
(abbreviation) Hnos: Jones Bros Hnos Jones. car, repasar.
broth [brT] n culin caldo. brush-off [brSf] n (rebuff, snub) desai
brothel [brTl] n burdel m. re m.
brother [brDr] n 1 (gen) hermano. 2 brushwood [brSwUd] n 1 (twigs) bro
us fam (friend) colega m, to: whats hap- za. 2 (undergrowth) maleza.
pening brother? qu pasa to? brusque [brsk] adj brusco,a.
brotherhood [brDhUd] n herman Brussels [brslz] n Bruselas. c o m p
dad f, cofrada. Brussels sprouts coles fpl de Bruselas.
brother-in-law [brDrInl] n cuado. brutal [brUtl] adj brutal, cruel.
pl brothers-in-law [brDrInl]. brute [brUt] n bruto,a, bestia mf.
brought [brt] pt & pp bring. P adj brutal, bruto,a.

brow [braU] n 1 (eyebrow) ceja. 2 (fore- , Brute no se utiliza en el sentido de


head) frente f. 3 (of hill) cresta. (importe) bruto, que se traduce por gross.
browbeat [braUbit] vt intimidar.
pt browbeat , pp browbeaten bubble [bbl] n (in liquid) burbuja; (of
[braUbitn]. soap) pompa.
brown [braUn] adj 1 marrn. 2 (hair, etc) bubonic [bjUbnIk] adj med bub
castao,a. 3 (skin) moreno,a. nico,a. c o m p bubonic plague peste f
P vi culin dorarse.
bubnica.
brownie [braUnI] n us pastelito de chocolate buck1 [bk] n (rabbit, hare) macho; (deer)
y nueces. ciervo; (goat) macho cabro.
P adj (animal) macho.
browse [braUz] vi 1 (grass) pacer. 2 (per-
son in shop) mirar. buck2 [bk] n us fam dlar m.
a to browse through vt insep (book, mag- bucket [bkIt] n cubo.
azine) hojear. buckle [bkl] n (on shoe, belt) hebilla.
browser [braUzr] n (Internet) navega P vt (belt) abrochar.

dor m, explorador m. P vi 1 (metal, object) torcerse, combar

bruise [brUz] n morado, magulladu se. 2 (knees) doblarse.


ra, contusin f. bucolic [bjUklIk] adj buclico,a.
P vt magullar, contusionar. bud1 [bd] n (on tree, plant) brote m, ye
P vi magullarse. ma; (of flower) botn m, capullo.
bruiser [brUzr] n fam gorila m, ma bud2 [bd] n us fam colega mf.
tn m. Buddhism [bUdIzm] n rel budismo.
budding 50

budding [bdIN] adj en ciernes. built-in [bIltIn] adj 1 (as component)


buddy [bdI] n us fam amigote m, co incorporado,a. 2 (recessed) empo
lega mf. trado,a.
pl buddies. built-up [bIltp] adj urbanizado,a.
budge [bdZ] vt 1 (move) mover. 2 (make bulb [blb] n 1 bot bulbo. 2 elec bom
change opinion) hacer cambiar de opinin. billa.
budgerigar [bdZrIgAr] n zool peri Bulgaria [blgerI] n Bulgaria.
quito. Bulgarian [blgerIn] adj blgaro,-a.
budget [bdZIt] n presupuesto. P n blgaro.

P adj (good-value) bien de precio. bulge [bldZ] n bulto.


P vt to budget for presupuestar. bulimia [bjUlimI] n bulimia.
budgie [bdZI] n zool fam periquito. bulk [blk] n 1 (mass) masa, bulto;
buff [bf] n 1 (leather) piel f de ante. 2 (amount, quantity) volumen m, cantidad
(colour) color m de ante. 3 (enthusiast) f. 2 (greater part) mayor parte f.
aficionado,a. bulk-buying [blkbaIIN] n compra en
buffalo [bflU] n zool bfalo. grandes cantidades.
pl buffalo o buffaloes. bull1 [bUl] n 1 toro. 2 (elephant, whale, etc)
buffer [bfr] n 1 (for train) tope m. 2 macho. 3 fin alcista mf.
P adj 1 (elephant, whale, etc) macho. 2 fin
comput memoria intermedia. 3 chem
regulador m. alcista, en alza.
buffet [bfeI] n 1 (bar) bar m; (at station) bull2 [bUl] n rel (papal) bula.
bar m, cantina. 2 (meal) buf m libre, bulldog [bUldg] n bulldog m.
buf m. 3 (sideboard) aparador m. bulldozer [bUldUzr] n bulldozer m.
bug [bg] n 1 (insect) bicho. 2 fam (mi- bullet [bUlIt] n bala.
crobe) microbio. 3 (microphone) micr bulletin [bUlItIn] n 1 (publication) bole
fono oculto. 4 fam (interest) aficin f. 5 tn m. 2 (medical, etc) parte m.
(in computer program) error m. bulletproof [bUlItprUf] adj antibalas.
P vt 1 fam ocultar micrfonos en. 2 c o m p bulletproof vest chaleco antibalas.

us (annoy) molestar, fastidiar: whats bullfight [bUlfaIt] n corrida de toros.


bugging her? qu mosca le ha picado? bullfighter [bUlfaItr] n torero,a.
pt & pp bugged, ger bugging. bullfighting [bUlfaItIN] n los toros mpl;
bugle [bjUgl] n mus corneta. (art) tauromaquia.
build [bIld] n (physique) constitucin f, bullion [bUljn] n (gold) oro en lingo
complexin f: a strong build una com tes; (silver) plata en lingotes.
plexin fuerte. bullock [bUlk] n buey m.
P vt construir. bullring [bUlrIN] n plaza de toros.
pt & pp built [bilt]. bulls-eye [bUlzaI] n 1 (target) diana. 2 (score)
builder [bIldr] n 1 (owner of company) acierto. 3 mar (porthole) portilla. l o c to
constructor,ra. 2 (bricklayer) albail m. score a bulls-eye dar en el blanco.
building [bIldIN] n 1 edificio. 2 (action) bullshit [bUlSIt] n taboo (nonsense) cho
construccin f, edificacin f. c o m p rradas fpl.
building society sociedad f hipoteca bully [bUlI] n matn,ona.
ria. y the building industry / the build pl bullies.
ing trade la construccin. bum1 [bm] n gb fam (bottom) culo.
build-up [bIldp] n 1 (increase) aumento: bum2 [bm] n 1 us fam (tramp) vagabun
a build-up in pollution un aumento de la do,a. 2 us fam (idler) vago,a, holga
contaminacin. 2 (of gas) acumulacin f. zn,ana.
built [bIlt] pt & pp build. P vt fam (scrounge) gorrear, sablear.
51 bus
bumblebee [bmblbi] n zool abejorro. cia. 4 us (chest of drawers) cmoda. 5 us
bummer [bmr] n fam lata, latazo. departamento del estado.
bump [bmp] n 1 (blow) golpe m, bata pl bureaus o bureaux [bjUrU].
cazo. 2 (on head) chichn m; (swelling) bureaucracy [bjUrkrsI] n burocracia. B
hinchazn m; (lump) bulto. 4 (dent) pl bureaucracies.
abolladura. 5 (on road) bache m. burger [bgr] n hamburguesa.
P vt 1 darse un golpe en: he bumped his burglar [bglr] n ladrn,ona.
head se dio un golpe en la cabeza. 2 dar burglary [bglrI] n (gen) robo.
un golpe a. pl burglaries.
P vi 1 chocar (into, con), topar (into, burgle [bgl] vt robar.
contra). 2 (collide) chocar, colisionar. burial [berIl] n entierro. c o m p burial
a to bump into vt insep fam encontrar ground cementerio.
por casualidad, tropezar con. burn1 [bn] n quemadura.
a to bump off vt sep sl liquidar. P vt quemar.
bumper [bmpr] n parachoques m. P vi 1 arder.
P adj abundante. a to burn down vt sep incendiar.
bumpy [bmpI] adj 1 (surface) desigual, a to burn out vi 1 (fire) extinguirse. 2
accidentado,a. 2 (road) lleno,a de (fuse, bulb) fundirse.
baches. pt & pp burnt [bnt] o burned.
comp bumpier, superl bumpiest. burn2 [bn] n (stream) arroyo.
bun [bn] n 1 (bread) panecillo; (sweet) bo burner [bnr] n quemador m.
llo. 2 (cake) ma(g)dalena. 3 (hair) moo. burning [bnIN] adj 1 (on fire) en llamas,
bunch [bntS] n 1 manojo. 2 (flowers) ardiendo. 2 (sun) abrasador,ra, de
ramo. 3 (fruit) racimo. 4 fam (group of justicia; (heat) achicharrante. 3 (desire,
people) grupo; (gang) pandilla. need) ardiente. c o m p burning issue /
bundle [bndl] n 1 (clothes) fardo, bul burning question cuestin f candente.
to. 2 (wood) haz m. 3 (papers, banknotes) burnt [bnt] pt & pp burn.
fajo. 4 (keys) manojo. burnt-out [bntaUt] adj 1 (building, car)
bung [bN] n (stopper) tapn m. carb onizado,a. 2 fig (person) que
bungalow [bNglU] n bungalow m. mado,a, caduco,a.
bungle [bngl] vt chapucear. burp [bp] n fam eructo.
P vi fam eructar.
bungler [bNglr] n chapucero,a.
bunion [bnjn] n med juanete m. burrow [brU] n madriguera.
bunk [bNk] n (bed) litera. bursary [bsrI] n (scholarship) beca.
pl bursaries.
bunk-bed [bNkbed] n litera.
pl bunk-beds. burst [bst] n 1 (of balloon, pipe) reven
tn m; (of tyre) pinchazo, reventn m.
bunker [bNkr] n 1 mil bnker m. 2 2 (explosion) estallido, explosin f. 3
(golf) bnker m.
(of applause) salva. 4 (of gunfire) rfaga.
bunny [bnI] n fam conejito. P vi (balloon, pipe) reventarse; (tyre) pin
pl bunnies. charse, reventarse.
buoy [bI] n boya, baliza. pt & pp burst.
buoyant [bInt] adj 1 flotante. 2 bury [berI] vt enterrar.
(cheerful) animado,a. 3 (optimistic) opti pt & pp buried, ger burying.
mista. bus [bs] n 1 autobs m , bus m . 2
burden [bdn] n carga. comput bus m. c o m p bus conductor co
P vt cargar. brador. y bus conductress cobradora. y
bureau [bjUrU] n 1 (desk) escritorio. bus lane carril m de autobuses. y bus
2 us (office) oficina. 3 us (agency) agen route lnea de autobs. y bus shelter
bush 52

parada de autobs cubierta. y bus sta estaba comunicando. l o c to get busy 1


tion estacin f de autobuses. y bus fam (work) ponerse a trabajar. 2 (hurry)
stop parada de autobs. darse prisa.
pl buses (us busses). comp busier, superl busiest.
bush [bUS] n 1 (plant) arbusto. 2 (land) busybody [bIzIbdI] n entremet i
brea. do,a, fisgn,ona.
Pn pl bushes matorral m, maleza. pl busybodies.
Bushman [bUSmn] n & adj bosquima but [bt] conj 1 pero: its cold, but dry hace
no,a. fro, pero no llueve; Id like to, but I cant me
pl Bushmen [bUSmen]. gustara, pero no puedo. 2 (after negative)
bushy [bUSI] adj espeso,a, tupido,a. sino: not two, but three no dos, sino tres. 3
comp bushier, superl bushiest. (after negative with verb) sino que: she told
business [bIzns] n 1 (commerce) nego him not to wait, but to go home le dijo que no
cios mpl: the business world el mundo de se esperara, sino que se fuera para casa.
los negocios. 2 (firm) negocio, empresa: l o c but for de no ser por, si no fuera

hes got a small business on the coast tiene un por: but for him, we would have failed de
pequeo negocio en la costa. 3 (affair) no ser por l, habramos fracasado.
asunto, tema m: Ive got business to discuss P adv (nada) ms que, no sino, so
with the manager tengo asuntos que tratar lamente, solo,: he spoke nothing but the
con el director. l o c its my (your, etc) truth no dijo nada ms que la verdad.
business to me (te, etc) incumbe . y P prep excepto, salvo, menos: every-
to go out of business quebrar. y to run a one but me todos menos yo; I can meet
business llevar un negocio. y to set up a you any day but Friday te puedo ver cual
business montar un negocio. y mind quier da excepto el viernes.
your own business! no te metas donde P n pero: there are no buts about it no hay
no te llaman! y l o c business card tarje pero que valga.
ta de presentacin, tarjeta comercial. butane [bjUteIn] n chem butano. c o m p
y business trip viaje m de negocios. butane bottle bombona (de butano).
businesslike [bIznslaIk] adj formal, y butane gas gas m butano.
serio,a. butcher [bUtSr] n carnicero,a.
businessman [bIznsmn] n hombre butchers [bUtSz] n carnicera.
m de negocios, empresario.
pl businessmen [bIznsmen].
butchery [bUtSrI] n carnicera.
businesswoman [bIznswUmn] n
butt1 [bt] n (with head) cabezazo.
mujer m de negocios, empresaria. butt2 [bt] n 1 (of rifle) culata. 2 (of ciga-
pl businesswomen [bIznswImIn]. rette) colilla. 3 us fam (bottom) culo.
busker [bskr] n gb msico calleje butt3 [bt] n (target) blanco.
ro,a. butt4 [bt] n 1 (barrel) tonel m. 2 (for wa-
bust1 [bst] n busto. ter) aljibe m.
bust2 [bst] adj fam roto,a. l o c to go butter [btr] n mantequilla.
bust fam quebrar. P vt untar con mantequilla. c o m p but

P vt fam romper. ter dish mantequera. y


P vi romperse. a to butter up vt sep fam dar coba a.
pt & pp bust [bst] o busted. buttercup [btkp] n bot botn m de
bustard [bstd] n avutarda. oro, rannculo.
bustle [bsl] n bullicio, ajetreo. butterfingers [btfINgz] n mana
busy [bIzI] adj 1 (person) ocupado,a, zas mf, torpe mf.
atareado,a. 2 (street, place) concu butterfly [btflaI] n 1 mariposa. 2 sp
rrido,a. 3 (day) ajetreado,a. 4 us (tel- (swimming) mariposa.
ephone) comunicando: the line was busy pl butterflies.
53 Byzantium
buttock [btk] n 1 (of person) nalga. 2 metros por 4. 9 (rate) por: paid by the
(of animal) anca. hour pagado por horas. 10 math por: 12
P n pl buttocks (bottom) trasero, nalgas fpl. divided by 3 12 dividido por 3. 11 (progres-
button [btn] n 1 (on clothing, machine) sion) a: day by day da a da; little by little B
botn m; (on doorbell) pulsador m, bo poco a poco. 12 (in sets) en: two by two
tn m: press the button pulse el botn. 2 de dos en dos. 13 (introducing gerund) :
bot (bud) botn m, yema. you can find out by reading the papers te
P vi abrocharse. enterars leyendo los peridicos. l o c to
P vt to button (up) abrochar, abro go by pasar delante. y by os solo,a.
charse: button (up) your coat abrchate el P adv al lado, delante. l o c to go by

abrigo. pasar delante.


buttonhole [btnhUl] n ojal m. bye [baI] interj fam adis!, hasta lue
buttress [btrs] n arch contrafuerte m. go!, chao!
butty [btI] n fam bocadillo m, snd bye-bye [baIbaI] interj fam adis!,
wich m. hasta luego!, chao! l o c to say bye-
pl butties. bye fam decir adis. y to go to bye-
buy [baI] n compra. byes ir a dormir, ir a la cama.
P vt 1 comprar: theyve just bought a new Byelorussia [bjelUrS] n Belarus.
car acaban de comprar un auto nuevo. 2 bygone [baIgn] adj pasado,a: a by-
(bribe) sobornar. 3 fam (accept, believe) gone age tiempos pasados.
tragrselo: hes so gullible he bought it es P n (object) antigualla. l o c in bygone
tan ingenuo que se lo trag. times antiguamente. y let bygones be
pt & pp bought [bt]. bygones lo pasado, pasado est.
buyer [baIr] n comprador,ra. bylaw [baIl] n ley f municipal.
buying power [baIINpaUr] n poder m bypass [baIpAs] n 1 auto variante f. 2
adquisitivo. tech tubo de desviacin. 3 med by-

buzz [bz] n 1 zumbido. 2 (of voices) pass m.


murmullo. 3 fam telefonazo, pincha P vt 1 (traffic, road) desviar. 2 (avoid) es

zo m: give me a buzz dame un pinchazo. quivar, evitar.


P vi zumbar. by-product [baIprdkt] n 1 subpro
buzzard [bzd] n guila f ratonera, ducto, derivado. 2 fig consecuencia.
buitre m. byre [baIr] n establo.
buzzer [bzr] n timbre m. by-road [baIrUd] n carretera secun
buzzing [bzIN] n zumbido. daria.
buzz-saw [bzs] n sierra circular. bystander [baIstQnd r] n espect a
buzz-word [bzwd] n palabra pega dor,ra, curioso,a.
diza, palabra que est de moda. byte [baIt] n comput byte m.
by [baI] prep 1 (agent) por: painted by Con- by-way [baIweI] n 1 (road) carretera
stable pintado por Constable. 2 (means) secundaria. 2 (remote path) camino
por: by air/sea por avin/mar; by car/ poco frecuentado.
train en coche/tren; by hand a mano; by byword [baIwd] n 1 arquetipo, ma
heart de memoria. 3 (showing difference) yor mf exponente. 2 (proverb) refrn m,
por: I won by 3 points gan por tres pun proverbio. l o c to be a byword in ser
tos; better by far muchsimo mejor. 4 (not sinnimo de: their products are a byword
later than) para: I need it by ten lo necesito in luxury sus productos son sinnimo de
para las diez. 5 (during) de: by day/night lujo.
de da/noche. 6 (near) junto a, al lado Byzantine [bIzQntaIn] n bizanti
de: sit by me sintate a mi lado. 7 (accord- no,a.
ing to) segn: by the rules segn las re P adj bizantino,a.
glas. 8 (measurements) por: 6 metres by 4 6 Byzantium [bIzQntIm] n Bizancio.
C
54

C, c [si] n 1 (the letter) C, c f. 2 mus do. cadet [kdet] n cadete m.


c. [sentSrI] abbr (circa) hacia; (abbreviation) cadge [kQdZ] vt fam gorronear.
h.: Ramses III c. (800 BC) Ramss III (h. 800 P vi fam gorronear (from/off, a).
a. d. C.). cadger [kQdZr] n fam gorrn,-ona.
cab [kQb] n 1 (taxi) taxi m. 2 (in vehicle) cadmium [kQdmIm] n cadmio.
cabina. c o m p cab driver taxista mf. y caecum [sikm] n anat intestino ciego.
cab rank parada de taxis. pl caeca [sik].
cabaret [kQbreI] n cabaret m. Caesarean [sIzerIn] [also Caesarean
cabbage [kQbIdZ] n col f, repollo, section] n cesrea.
berza. caesium [sizIm] n cesio.
cabin [kQbIn] n 1 (wooden house) caba caf [kQfeI] n cafetera, caf m.
a. 2 (on ship) camarote m. 3 (on plane) cafeteria [kQftIrI] n (in factory, col-
cabina. c o m p cabin crew personal m lege, etc) cafetera, cantina; (restaurant)
de cabina. autoservicio, self-service m.
, Cabin no significa cabina (telefni caffeine [kQfin] n cafena.
ca), que se traduce por phone box. cage [keIdZ] n (gen) jaula.
P vt enjaular.
cabinet [kQbInt] n 1 (furniture - gen) cagey [keIdZI] adj fam reservado,-a,
armario; (glass fronted) vitrina. 2 pol cauteloso,-a, precavido,-a.
gabinete m (ministerial), consejo de comp cagier, superl cagiest.
ministros. c o m p cabinet meeting con cagoule [kgUl] n chubasquero.
sejo de ministros. cajole [kdZUl] vt engatusar.
cable [keIbl] n 1 (rope, wire) cable m. 2 cake [keIk] n 1 culin pastel m, tarta,
(telegram) cable m, telegrama m. c o m p torta. 2 (of soap) pastilla.
cable television televisin por cable. calamity [klQmItI] n calamidad f.
cacao [kkAU] n bot cacao. pl calamities.
cache [kQS] n 1 (store) alijo. 2 (computer calcite [kQlsaIt] n calcita.
memory) cach m. c o m p cache memory calcium [kQlsIm] n calcio.
memoria cach. calculate [kQlkjleIt] vt & vi calcular.
cackle [kQkl] n 1 (of hen) cacareo. 2 (of calculation [kQlkjleISn] n clculo.
person) risotada, carcajada. calculator [kQlkjleItr] n calculadora.
P vi 1 (of hen) cacarear. 2 (of person) rer
calculus [kQlkjls] n 1 math clculo
se a carcajadas. matemtico. 2 [pl calculi [kQlkjlaI]]
cacophony [kkfnI] n cacofona. med clculo.
cactus [kQkts] n cactus m. calendar [kQlIndr] n calendario.
pl cacti [kQktaI] o cactuses. calf1 [kAf] n zool (of cattle) ternero,-a,
caddie [kQdI] n (in golf) cadi m. c o m p becerro,-a; (of whale) ballenato; (of oth-
caddie car / caddie cart carrito de golf. er animals) cra.
cadence [keIdns] n cadencia. pl calves.
55 can
calf 2
[kAf] n anat pantorrilla. calves [kAvz] npl calf.
pl calves. calyx [keIlIks, kQlIks] n cliz m.
caliber [kQlIbr] n us come. pl calices o calixes.
calibre [kQlIbr] n calibre m. Cambodia [kQmbUdI] n Camboya.
caliph [keIlIf, kQlIf] n califa f. Cambodian [ k Q m b U d I n ] adj
call [kl] n 1 (shout, cry) grito, llamada. camboyano,-a. C
2 (by telephone) llamada (telefnica). 4 P n 1 (person) camboyano,-a. 2 (lan-

(demand) demanda; (need) motivo. l o c guage) camboyano.


to be on call estar de guardia. y to give camcorder [kQmkdr] n videoc
sb a call llamar a algn. c o m p call box gb mara.
cabina telefnica. came [keIm] pt come.
P vt 1 (shout) llamar. 2 (by telephone) lla camel [kQml] n zool camello,-a.
mar. 3 (summon - meeting, strike, election) camellia [kmilI] n bot camelia.
convocar; (announce - flight) anunciar. camera [kQmr] n cmara.
P vi 1 (shout) llamar. 2 (by phone) lla
cameraman [kQmrmn] n cmara mf.
mar. 3 (visit) pasar, hacer una visita: I Cameroon [kQmrUn] n Camern m.
called round at Martins this afternoon he
Cameroonian [kQmrUnIn] adj & n
pasado por casa de Martin esta tarde. 4 cameruns,-esa.
(train) parar (at, en). l o c to call for sth/
camomile [kQmmaIl] n bot manza
sb pasar a recoger algo/a algn.
nilla, camomila.
a to call back vi (by phone) volver a lla
mar; (visit) volver a pasar.
camouflage [kQmflAZ] n camuflaje m.
a to call on vt insep visitar, ir a ver a.
camp [kQmp] n 1 (gen) campamento.
2 (group, faction) bando.
a to call out vt sep (summon - fire brigade)
P vi acampar.
llamar; (doctor) hacer venir; (workers)
llamar a la huelga. campaign [kQmpeIn] n campaa.
P vi hacer una campaa (for, en fa
caller [klr] n 1 (visitor) visita, visitante
vor de).
mf. 2 (by telephone) persona que llama.
camper [kQmpr] n 1 (person) campis
calligraphy [klIgrfI] n caligrafa. ta mf. 2 (vehicle) caravana.
calling [klIN] n (vocation) vocacin f, campfire [kQmpfaIr] n fogata, ho
llamada; (profession) profesin f. c o m p guera.
calling card us tarjeta de visita.
camping [kQmpIN] n camping m. loc
callous [kQls] adj duro,-a, insensible. No camping Prohibido acampar. y
, Callous no significa callos, que se to go camping ir de camping. c o m p
traduce por tripe. camping site camping m, campamento.
campus [kQmps] n campus m.
callus [kQls] n callo. pl campuses.
pl calluses.
can1 [kQn] n 1 (tin - for food, drinks) lata, bo
calm [kAm] adj 1 (sea, weather) en cal te m. 2 (container - for oil, petrol, etc) bidn m.
ma, tranquilo,-a. 2 (person) tranquilo,
can2 [kQn] aux 1 (gen) poder: can you
-a, calmado,a: keep calm! tranquilo!
come tomorrow? puedes venir maana?. 2
P n 1 (of sea, weather) calma. 2 (peace
(know how to) saber: he can speak Chinese
and quiet) tranquilidad f. sabe hablar chino; can you swim? sabes
P vt calmar, tranquilizar, sosegar.
nadar?. 3 (be allowed to) poder, estar
a to calm down vt tranquilizar, calmar.
permitido,-a: you cant smoke here no se
P vi tranquilizarse, calmarse.
puede fumar aqu; you can go now ya te
Calor Gas [kQlgQs] n (gas m) butano. puedes ir. 4 (with verbs of perception or mental
caloric [klrIk] adj calrico,-a. activity): she couldnt see anything no vea
calorie [kQlrI] n calora. nada; I can smell burning huele a quemado.
calvary [kQlvrI] n calvario. pt & cond could [kUd].
Canada 56

Canada [kQnd] n Canad. canning [kQnIN] n enlatado. c o m p can

Canadian [kQndIn] adj canadiense. ning factory fbrica de conservas. y


P n (person) canadiense mf. canning industry industria conservera.
canal [knQl] n canal m. cannon [kQnn] n 1 mil can m. 2 (in
canap [kQnpeI] n canap m. billiards) carambola.
canary [knerI] n canario. pl cannon o cannons.
pl canaries. cannonball [kQnnbl] n bala de ca
cancel [kQnsl] vt 1 (gen) cancelar. 2 n.
(stamp) matasellar. 3 (delete) tachar. cannot [kQnt] aux = can not.
6 math eliminar. canoe [knU] n canoa, piragua.
pt & pp cancelled (us canceled), ger canonization [kQnnaIzeISn] n cano
cancelling (us canceling). nizacin.
cancellation [kQnsleISn] n 1 (gen) can can-opener [kQnUpnr] n abrelatas m.
celacin f. 2 (of stamp) matasellos m. cant [kAnt] aux = can not.
cancer [kQnsr] n med cncer m. canteen [kQntin] n 1 (restaurant) canti
P n Cancer (constellation, sign) Cncer m. na, comedor m. 2 (set of cutlery) juego
cancerous [kQnsrs] adj canceroso,-a. de cubiertos. 3 (flask) cantimplora.
candid [ k Q n d I d ] adj franco,-a, cantilever [kQntIlivr] n arch voladi
sincero,-a. c o m p candid camera cma zo. c o m p cantilever bridge puente m
ra indiscreta. voladizo.
, Candid no significa cndido, que se canton [kQntn] n cantn m.
traduce por ingenuous. canvas [kQnvs] n 1 (cloth) lona. 2 art
lienzo.
candidacy [kQndIdsI] n candidatura. canvass [kQnvs] vi pol hacer propa
pl candidacies. ganda electoral (for, a favor de), ha
candidate [kQndIdt] n candidato,-a. cer campaa (for, a favor de).
candidature [kQndIdtSr] n candi canyon [kQnjn] n geog can m.
datura. canyoning [kQnjnIN] n barranquismo.
candle [kQndl] n (gen) vela; (in church) cap [kQp] n 1 (type of hat) gorra. 2 (cover
cirio. - of pen) capuchn m; (- of bottle) tapn
candlestick [kQndlstIk] n (gen) can m, chapa. 3 geog casquete m.
delero, palmatoria. capability [keIpbIlItI] n capacidad f
candy [kQndI] n us (sweets) caramelos (to, para/de).
mpl, golosinas fpl; (a sweet) caramelo. pl capabilities.
pl candies. capable [keIpbl] adj 1 (able) capaz (of,
candyfloss [kQndIfls] n gb algodn de): hes capable of breaking the world record
m de azcar. es capaz de batir el rcord mundial. 2 (com-
cane [keIn] n 1 bot caa. 2 (stick) bas petent) competente, capaz: a very capable
tn m. 3 (furniture) mimbre m. person una persona muy competente.
canine [keInaIn] adj zool canino,-a. capacity [kpQsItI] n capacidad f.
c o m p canine tooth (diente m) canino, pl capacities.
colmillo. cape1 [keIp] n (garment) capa.
canister [kQnIstr] n (for tea, coffee, etc) cape2 [keIp] n cabo. c o m p Cape Verde
bote m, lata. Cabo Verde.
canned [kQnd] adj enlatado,-a. comp caper1 [keIpr] n alcaparra.
canned food conservas fpl. caper2 [keIpr] n 1 (jump) brinco. 2 fam
cannelloni [kQnlUnI] n pl canelones (prank) travesura, broma.
mpl, canalones mpl. capillary [kpIlrI] n capilar m.
cannibal [kQnIbl] n canbal mf. pl capillaries.
57 carefree
capital [kQpIt l] n 1 (of country, etc) capi

carbonated [kAb neItId] adj (fizzy)

tal f. 2 fin capital m: starting capital ca gaseoso,-a, con gas.


pital inicial. 3 (letter) mayscula: write it Carboniferous [kAbnIfrs] adj geol
in capitals escrbelo con maysculas. carbonfero,-a. c o m p the Carbonifer
P adj 1 (gen) capital. 2 (letter) mayscu ous period el carbonfero.
la: capital A A mayscula. c o m p capital
goods bienes mpl de equipo.
carburettor [kAbretr] n carburador m. C
carcass [kAks] n res f muerta.
capitalism [kQpItlIzm] n capitalismo. carcinogenic [kAsIndZenIk] adj med
capitol [kQpItl] n capitolio. cancergeno,-a, carcingeno,-a.
capitulation [kpItjleISn] n capitu card [kAd] n 1 (gen) tarjeta. 2 (greetings
lacin f. card) tarjeta de felicitacin, felicita
Capricorn [kQprIkn] n (constellation, cin f. 3 (of membership, identity) carnet
sign) Capricornio. m, carn m. 4 (stiff paper) cartulina. 5
capsicum [kQpsIkm] n pimiento. carta, naipe m.
capsize [kQpsaIz] vi zozobrar. cardboard [kAdbd] n cartn m.
P vt hacer zozobrar.
cardiac [kAdIQk] adj cardaco,-a.
capsule [kQpsjUl] n cpsula. c o m p cardiac arrest paro cardaco. y
captain [kQptIn] n capitn,-ana. cardiac sphincter cardias.
caption [kQpSn] n 1 (under picture) leyen cardigan [kAdIgn] n rebeca.
da, pie m de foto. 2 cinem subttulo. cardinal [kAdInl] adj (most important)
captivate [kQptIveIt] vt cautivar, fas capital, fundamental, principal.
cinar. P n rel cardenal m. c o m p cardinal num
captivating [ k Q p t I v e I t I N ] adj ber nmero cardinal. y cardinal point
encantador,-ra, cautivador,-ra. punto cardinal. y cardinal sin pecado
captive [kQptIv] adj & n cautivo,-a. capital.
captivity [kQptIvItI] n cautiverio, cardiologist [kAdIldZIst] n
cautividad f. cardilogo,-a.
capture [kQptSr] n (seizure - of person) cardiology [kAdIldZI] n cardiologa.
captura, apresamiento; (of town) to care [ker] n 1 (gen) cuidado: take care
ma, conquista.
when driving at night (ten) cuidado al con
P vt 1 (seize - person) capturar, apresar;
ducir de noche; I left the baby in the care of
(- town) tomar. 2 fig (attract) captar.
my mother dej al beb al cuidado de mi
car [kAr] n 1 auto automvil m, auto madre. 2 (worry, grief) preocupacin f.
m. 2 us (railway carriage) vagn m, co
P vi (be worried, be concerned) preocupar
che m. l o c to go by car ir en auto.
se (about, por), importar: I dont care
caramel [kQrmel] n 1 culin (burnt sugar) no me importa, me da igual.
azcar m quemado. 2 (toffee) caramelo. P vt (feel concern, mind) importar: no-one
carapace [kQrpeIs] n caparazn m. cares if youre late a nadie le importa si lle
carat [kQrt] n quilate m. gas tarde. l o c Handle with care
caravan [kQrvQn] n caravana. Frgil. y take care! 1 (be careful) ten
caravel [kQrvel] n carabela. cuidado! 2 (look after yourself) cudate!
carbohydrate [kAbUhaIdreIt] n hi c o m p medical care asistencia mdica.

drato de carbono, carbohidrato. a to care for vt insep 1 (look after) cuidar,


carbon [kAbn] n chem carbono. c o m p atender. 2 (like) gustar; (feel affection for)
carbon dioxide dixido de carbono. y querer, sentir cario por.
carbon monoxide monxido de car career [krIr] n 1 (profession) carrera. 2
bono. y carbon paper papel m carbn. (working life) vida profesional.
, Carbon no significa carbn, que se carefree [kefri] adj despreocupa
traduce por coal. do,a, libre de preocupaciones.
careful 58

careful [kefUl] adj 1 (cautious) prudente, carriage [kQrIdZ] n 1 hist (horse-drawn)


cuidadoso,-a: a careful driver un conduc carruaje m. 2 gb (railway vehicle) vagn
tor prudente. 2 (painstaking) cuidado m, coche m. 3 (of typewriter) carro. 4
so,a. l o c to be careful tener cuidado. (cost of transport) porte m, transporte m.
carefully [kefUlI] adv 1 (cautiously) con carriageway [kQrIdZweI] n gb calzada.
cuidado, con precaucin: drive care- carrier [kQrIr] n 1 (company, person)
fully conduce con cuidado. 2 (with great transportista mf. 2 av compaa area,
attention) cuidadosamente. lnea area. 3 med (of disease) portador,-
careless [kels] adj (inattentive, thought- ra. c o m p aircraft carrier mar portaavio
less - person) descuidado; (driving) ne nes m. y carrier pigeon paloma mensa
gligente. jera.
caress [kres] n caricia. carrion [kQrIn] n carroa.
P vt acariciar.
carrot [kQrt] n zanahoria.
caretaker [keteIkr] n conserje m, carrousel [kQrsel] n 1 (roundabout) tiovi
portero,-a. vo, carrusel. 2 (for baggage reclaim) cinta.
cargo [kAgU] n (goods) carga; (load) carry [kQrI] vt 1 (gen) llevar. 2 (goods,
cargamento. load, passengers) transportar. 3 (disease)
pl cargoes o cargos.
ser portador,-ra de. 4 (blame, responsi-
, Cargo no significa cargo (empleo), bility) cargar con. 5 (entail, involve) con
que se traduce por position. llevar 8 math llevar(se).
a to carry forward / carry over vt sep
Caribbean [kQrIbIn, us krIbIn] adj
caribeo,-a. c o m p the Caribbean (Sea) llevar a la columna siguiente, llevar
el (mar) Caribe. a la pgina siguiente: carry this figure
forward to the next page lleva esta cifra a
caribou [kQrIbU] n carib m.
la pgina siguiente.
caricature [kQrIktjUr] n caricatura.
a to carry off vt sep 1 (part, action, duty)
caries [kerIz] n caries f. realizar con xito, salir airoso,-a de:
carnage [kAnIdZ] n carnicera. she carried the speech off well sali airosa del
carnal [kAnl] adj carnal. discurso. 2 (prize) llevarse, hacerse con.
carnation [kAneISn] n clavel m. a to carry on vt insep continuar con, se
carnival [kAnIvl] n carnaval m. guir con.
carnivore [kAnIvr] n carnvoro,-a. a to carry through vt sep (plan, etc) lle
carnivorous [kAnIvrs] adj carn var a cabo.
voro,-a. pt & pp carried, ger carrying.
carol [kQrl] n villancico. carry-out [kQrIaUt] n 1 us (food) comida
carotene [kQrtin] n caroteno. para llevar. 2 (drink) bebida para llevar.
carousel [kQrsel] n 1 us (roundabout) carsick [kAsIk] adj mareado,-a (al ir en
tiovivo, caballitos mpl, carrusel m. 2 coche). l o c to get carsick marearse
(for baggage) cinta transportadora. 3 (for en coche.
slides) carrete m de diapositivas. cart [kAt] n 1 (horse-drawn) carro, ca
carp1 [kAp] n (fish) carpa. rreta; (handcart) carretilla. 2 us (for
carp 2 [kAp] vi (complain) quejarse shopping) carrito, carro.
(about/at, de). cartel [kAtel] n crtel m.
carpenter [kApIntr] n carpintero,-a. Cartesian [kAtiZn] adj cartesiano,-a.
carpentry [kApIntrI] n carpintera. Carthaginian [kATdZInIn] adj car
carpet [kApIt] n 1 (gen) alfombra; (fit- taginense.
ted) moqueta. 2 fig alfombra. P n cartaginense mf.

, Carpet no significa carpeta, que se cartilage [kAtIlIdZ] n cartlago.


traduce por folder. cartography [kAtgrfI] n cartografa.
59 catch
carton [kAt n] n (of cream, yoghurt) bote

caste [kAst] n casta.
m; (of milk, juice, cigarettes) cartn m; (of caster [kAstr] n (wheel) ruedecilla.
cereals, etc) caja. Castilian [kQstIlIn] adj castellano,-a.
, Carton no significa cartn, que se P n 1 (person) castellano,-a. 2 (language)
traduce por cardboard. castellano.
cartoon [kAtUn] n 1 (drawing) vieta,
casting [kAstIN] n 1 tech (process) fun C
dicin f ; (object) pieza fundida. 2
chiste m; (strip) tira cmica, historie
theat (selection) seleccin f, casting m.
ta. 2 (animated) dibujos mpl animados.
cast-iron [kAstaIn] adj de hierro
cartridge [kAtrIdZ] n 1 mil cartucho.
fundido, de hierro colado.
2 (for pen) recambio.
carve [kAv] vt 1 (wood, stone) tallar; castle [kAsl] n 1 (gen) castillo. 2 (chess)
(statue, etc) esculpir; (initials) grabar. 2 torre f.
P vi (chess) enrocar.
(meat) cortar, trinchar.
cascade [kQskeId] n cascada. castor1 [kAstr] n caster.
case1 [keIs] n 1 (gen) caso. 2 jur (lawsuit) castor2 [kAstr] n c o m p castor oil acei
causa, litigio, pleito. l o c in case te m de ricino.
por si, en caso de que y in no castrate [kQstreIt] vt castrar, capar.
case bajo ninguna circunstancia. casual [kQZjUl] adj 1 (chance - visit, visitor)
case2 [keIs] n 1 (suitcase) maleta. 2 (box) ocasional; (- meeting) fortuito,-a, ca
caja, cajn m; (small, hard container) es sual. 2 (superficial) superficial; (reader)
tuche m; (soft container) funda. ocasional. 3 (informal) informal.
cash [kQS] n dinero (en) efectivo, me casually [kQZjUlI] adv 1 (dress) de ma
tlico. nera informal. 2 (unconcernedly) des
P vt (cheque) cobrar, hacer efectivo. preocupadamente.
cashier [kQSIr] n cajero,-a. , Casually no significa casualmente,
cashmere [kQSmIr] n cachemira. que se traduce por by chance.
casino [ksinU] n casino.
casualty [kQZjUltI] n (of accident)
pl casinos.
herido,-a; mil baja
cask [kAsk] n tonel m, barril m. pl casualties.
, Cask no significa casco (para la cabe
, Casualty no significa casualidad,
za), que se traduce por helmet.
que se traduce por chance.
casket [kAskIt] n 1 (box) cofre m. 2 (cof- cat [kQt] n (domestic) gato,-a; (lion, tiger)
fin) atad m.
felino,-a
casserole [kQsrUl] n 1 (dish) cazue
Catalan [kQtlQn] adj cataln,-ana.
la. 2 (food) guiso, guisado.
P n 1 (person) cataln,-ana. 2 (language)
cassette [kset] n casete f. cataln m.
cast [kAst] n 1 theat reparto. 2 tech catalogue [kQtlg] n catlogo.
(mould) molde m; (product) pieza. P vt catalogar.
P vt 1 (gen) lanzar. 2 (shadow, light) pro
yectar. 3 (vote) emitir. 4 theat (part, catalyst [kQtlIst] n catalizador m.
role) asignar el papel a. l o c to be cast catapult [kQtplt] n 1 (gen) catapul
away naufragar. y to cast a spell on ta. 2 (toy) tirachinas m.
sth/sb hechizar algo/a algn. cataract [kQtrQkt] n 1 (waterfall) ca
a to cast about for / cast around for vt tarata. 2 med catarata.
insep buscar, andar buscando. catarrh [ktAr] n catarro.
a to cast out vt sep fml expulsar. catastrophe [ktQstrfI] n catstrofe f.
pt & pp cast. catch [kQtS] n 1 (of ball) parada. 2 (of
castaway [kAstweI] n nufrago,-a. fish) presa. 4 (fastener on door) pestillo.
catching 60

P vt 1 (gen) coger, agarrar; (fish) pescar. cautious [kSs] adj cauteloso,-a,


2 (train, plane - take) tomar: I just caught prudente, cauto,-a.
the last train tom el ltimo tren con el cavalry [kQvlrI] n caballera.
tiempo justo. l o c to catch a cold res pl cavalries.
friarse, pescar un resfriado. cave [keIv] n cueva. comp cave painting
a to catch on vi 1 (understand) entender, pintura rupestre.
darse cuenta (to, de). 2 (become popular) a to cave in vi (roof, etc) hundirse, de
ponerse de moda, imponerse. rrumbarse; (opposition, etc) ceder.
a to catch out vt sep (doing something
caveman [keIvmQn] n caverncola m,
wrong) pillar, sorprender; (trick) hacer hombre m de las cavernas.
que uno caiga.
a to catch up vt sep (person) alcanzar.
cavern [kQvn] n caverna.
pt & pp caught [kt]. caviar [kQvIAr] n caviar m.
catching [kQtSIN] adj contagioso,-a. caving [keIvIN] n espeleologa.
catchword [kQtSwd] n eslogan m. cavity [kQvItI] n 1 (hole) cavidad f. 2 (in
catechism [kQtkIzm] n catecismo. tooth) carie f.
pl cavities.
categoric [kQtgrIk] adj categrico,-a.
category [kQtgrI] n categora. caw [k] n graznido.
pl categories.
P vi graznar.
cater [kItr] vi (food) proveer comida cayman [keImn] n caimn m.
(for, para). CD [sidi] abbr (compact disc) disco
a to cater for vt insep (needs, interests, compacto; (abbreviation) CD m.
tastes) atender a, satisfacer. CD-ROM [sidirm] abbr (compact
caterer [keItrr] n proveedor,-ra. disc read-only memory) CD-ROM m.
catering [keItrIN] n (business, course) cease [sis] vt suspender. l o c to cease
hostelera; (service) catering m. fire mil cesar el fuego.
caterpillar [kQtpIlr] n oruga. P vi cesar.

cathedral [kTidrl] n catedral f. cease-fire [sisfaIr] n alto el fuego.


catheter [kQTtr] n catter m. ceaseless [sisls] adj incesante.
cathode [kQTUd] n ctodo. c o m p cecum [sikm] n us caecum.
cathode ray rayo catdico. cedar [sidr] n bot cedro.
Catholic [kQTlIk] adj & n rel catlico,-a. ceiling [silIN] n 1 (of room) techo. 2 (up-
Catholicism [kTlIsIzm] n rel catoli per limit) tope m, lmite m.
cismo. celebrate [selIbreIt] vt & vi celebrar.
cattle [kQtl] n pl ganado (vacuno). celebrated [selIbreItId] adj clebre,
caught [kt] pt & pp catch. famoso,-a.
cauldron [kldrn] n caldero. celebration [selIbreISn] n (event) fies
cauliflower [klIflaUr] n coliflor f. ta, festejo; (activity) celebracin f.
P n pl celebrations festividades fpl ,
cause [kz] n 1 (gen) causa 2 (reason,
grounds) razn f, motivo. festejos mpl.
P vt causar. celebrity [slebrItI] n celebridad f,
caustic [kstIk] adj custico,-a. c o m p personaje m famoso.
caustic soda sosa custica. pl celebrities.
cauterize [ktraIz] vt cauterizar. celery [selrI] n apio.
caution [kSn] n 1 (care, prudence) cau celestial [sIlestIl] adj 1 (heavenly) ce
tela, precaucin f , prudencia. 2 lestial. 2 (of the skies) celeste.
(warning) aviso, advertencia. cell [sel] n 1 (in prison, monastery) celda. 2
P vt 1 (warn) advertir. 2 gb (judge, etc) (of honeycomb) celdilla. 3 (of organism)
amonestar. clula. 4 elec (in battery) pila.
61 chain
cellar [sel ] n 1 (basement) stano. 2
r
century [sentSrI] n siglo: the twentieth
(for wine) bodega. century el siglo veinte.
cellist [tSelIst] n violoncelista mf. pl centuries.
cello [tSelU] n violoncelo. ceramic [srQmIk] adj de cermica.
pl cellos. P n cermica.

Cellophane [selfeIn] n celofn m. ceramics [srQmIks] n (art) cermica; C


cellphone [selfUn] n us telfono mvil. (objects) objetos mpl de cermica.
cellular [seljlr] adj celular. c o m p cel cereal [sIrIl] n (plant, grain) cereal m;
lular telephone telfono mvil. (breakfast food) cereales mpl.
cellulite [seljUlaIt] n (fat) celulitis f. cerebellum [serIbelm] n cerebelo.
celluloid [seljlId] n celuloide m. cerebral [serIbrl] adj cerebral. c o m p
cellulose [seljlUs] n celulosa. cerebral palsy parlisis f cerebral.
Celsius [selsIs] adj Celsius: 30 degrees cerebrum [serbrm] n cerebro.
Celsius 30 grados Celsius. ceremony [serImnI] n ceremonia.
Celt [kelt] n celta mf. pl ceremonies.
cement [sIment] n 1 (in building) cemento. certain [stn] adj 1 (gen) seguro,-a:
2 (glue) adhesivo; (for filling teeth) empaste shes certain to pass seguro que aprobar.
m. c o m p cement mixer hormigonera. 2 (specific, particular) cierto,-a. 4 (named)
cemetery [semtrI] n cementerio. tal: a certain Pedro Daz un tal Pedro Daz.
pl cemeteries. certainly [stnlI] adv 1 (definitely, sure-
censor [sensr] n censor,-ra. ly) seguro. 2 (when answering questions)
P vt censurar.
desde luego, por supuesto.
censorship [sensSIp] n censura. certainty [stntI] n certeza, seguri
dad f.
censure [senSr] n fml censura.
pl certainties.
P vt fml censurar.
certificate [stIfIkt] n (gen) certifica
census [senss] n censo, padrn m.
do: birth certificate partida de nacimiento.
cent [sent] n centavo, cntimo.
certify [stIfaI] vt certificar.
centenary [sentinrI] n centenario. pt & pp certified, ger certifying.
pl centenaries.
cervical [svIkl] adj 1 (of neck) cervical.
centennial [sentenIl] n us centenario. 2 (of uterus) del (cuello del) tero. c o m p
center [sentr] n & vb us centre. cervical cancer cncer m de tero. y cer
centigrade [sentIgreId] adj centgra vical vertebrae vrtebras cervicales.
do,-a. cervix [svIks] n 1 fml (neck) cerviz f,
centigram [sentIgrQm] n centigramo. cuello. 2 (uterus) cuello del tero.
centilitre [sentIlitr] n centilitro. pl cervixes o cervices.
centimetre [sentImitr] n centmetro. cesium [sizIm] n us caesium.
centipede [sentIpid] n ciempis m. cesspit [sespIt] n pozo negro.
central [sentrl] adj 1 (government, bank, cetacean [sIteISn] adj cetceo,-a.
committee) central. 2 (of, at or near centre) P n cetceo.
cntrico,-a. c o m p central nervous sys chafe [tSeIf] vt 1 (make sore) rozar, exco
tem sistema m nervioso central. riar. 2 (make warm) frotar, friccionar.
centre [sentr] n centro. P vi irritarse.
P vt (put in centre) centrar. chain [tSeIn] n 1 (metal rings) cadena. 2
P vi (focus on) centrarse (on/upon, en). (of shops, hotels, etc) cadena; (of events)
centrifugal [sentrIfjUgl] adj cent cadena, serie f. c o m p chain reaction
rfugo,-a. reaccin en cadena. y mountain chain
centripetal [sentrIpIt l] adj cent r cordillera, cadena montaosa.
peto,-a. P vt encadenar, atar.
chair 62

chair [tSe ] n (gen) silla; (with arms) silln


r
likelihood) posibilidad f. l o c by chance
m, butaca. loc to address the chair di por casualidad.
rigirse al presidente, dirigirse a la P adj (meeting, discovery, occurrence)
presidencia. c o m p chair lift telesilla. fortuito,-a, casual.
P vt (meeting) presidir. P vt (risk) arriesgar.

chairman [tSemn] n presidente m. chancellor [tSAnslr] n 1 pol canciller m.


pl chairmen [tSemen]. 2 gb (of university) rector,-ra. c o m p Chancel
chairmanship [tSemnSIp] n presi lor of the Exchequer gb ministro,-a de
dencia. Hacienda.
chairperson [tSeps n] n pres i chancy [tsAnsI] adj fam arriesgado,-a.
dente,-a. comp chancier, superl chanciest.
chairwoman [tSewUmn] n pre chandelier [SQndlIr] n araa.
sidenta. change [tSeIndZ] n 1 (gen) cambio. 2 (of
pl chairwomen [tSewImIn]. clothes) muda. 3 (coins) cambio, mone
chaise longue [SeIzlN] n divn m. das fpl; (money returned) cambio, vuelta.
chalet [SQleI] n chalet m, chal m. P vi cambiar, cambiarse.

chalice [tSQlIs] n cliz m. changeable [tSeIndZbl] adj variable.


chalk [tSk] n 1 (mineral) creta, roca changeless [tSeIndZls] adj inmutable.
caliza. 2 (for writing) tiza. changing [tSeIndZIN] adj cambiante.
c o m p changing room vestuario.
a to chalk up vt insep fam (victory, success)
apuntarse. P n mil cambio, relevo.

challenge [tSQlIndZ] n reto, desafo. channel [tSQnl] n 1 (gen) canal m. 2 (on


P vt 1 (invite to compete) retar, desafiar. 2 television) canal m, cadena.
(statement) poner en duda, cuestionar. chant [tSAnt] n 1 rel canto litrgico, cn
challenger [tSQlIndZr] n (for title, lead- tico. 2 (of crowd) eslogan m, consigna.
ership) aspirante mf ; (opponent, rival) chaos [keIs] n caos m.
contrincante mf, rival mf. chaotic [keItIk] adj catico,-a.
challenging [tSQlIndZIN] adj (task, job, chap [tSQp] n fam to, tipo.
problem) que supone un reto; (idea) es chapel [tSQpl] n capilla.
timulante; (look, tone) desafiante. chaplain [tSQplIn] n capelln m.
chamber [tSeImbr] n 1 (gen) cmara. chapter [tSQptr] n captulo.
2 (of gun) recmara. char [tSAr] vt chamuscar, carbonizar.
chambermaid [tSeImbmeId] n ca pt & pp charred, ger charring.
marera (de hotel). character [kQrktr] n 1 (gen) carcter
chameleon [kmilIn] n camalen m. m. 2 (in film, book, play) personaje m.
champagne [SQmpeIn] n (French) cham characteristic [kQrktrIstIk] adj ca
pn m, champaa; (Catalan) cava m. racterstico,-a.
champion [tSQmpIn] n 1 campen, P n caracterstica.
-ona. 2 fig (defender) defensor,-ra, characterize [kQrktraIz] vt (gen) ca
paladn,-ina. racterizar; (describe character of) califi
P adj premiado,-a. car (as, de).
P vt fig defender, abogar por. chard [tSAd] n acelgas fpl.
championship [tSQmpInSIp] n sp charge [tSAdZ] n 1 (price) precio; (fee(s))
campeonato. honorarios mpl. 2 (responsibility) cargo.
chance [tSAns] n 1 (fate, fortune) azar m, 3 jur cargo, acusacin f. 4 mil (attack)
casualidad f. 2 (opportunity) oportuni carga. 5 (explosive) carga explosiva. 6
dad f, ocasin f: you wont get another elec carga.
chance like this no se te presentar otra P vt 1 (ask as a price - customer, amount)
oportunidad como sta. 3 (possibility, cobrar; (record as debit) cargar. 2 jur
63 checkpoint
acusar (with, de). 3 elec cargar. 4 mil chastity [tSQstItI] n castidad f.
cargar contra, atacar. chat [tSQt] n 1 (in general) charla. 2 (on
charger [tSAdZr] n 1 elec cargador m. Internet) charla, chat m.
2 (horse) corcel m. chatter [tSQtr] n 1 (rapid talk) chcha
chariot [tSQrIt] n cuadriga, carro. ra, parloteo. 2 (of teeth) castaeteo.
charisma [krIzm] n carisma m. P vi 1 (talk rapidly) chacharear, parlo C
charitable [tSQrItbl] adj 1 (person) tear, cotorrear. 2 (teeth) castaetear.
caritativo,-a. 2 (organization) benfico,-a. chatterbox [ t S Q t b k s ] n fam
charity [tSQrItI] n 1 (gen) caridad f. 2 parlanchn,-ina, charlatn,-ana.
(organization) institucin f benfica. chatty [tSQtI] adj (person) hablador,-ra,
pl charities. parlanchn,-ina.
charlatan [SAltn] n embaucador,-a. comp chattier, superl chattiest.
, Charlatan no significa charlatn (que
chauffeur [SUfr] n chfer mf, chofer mf.
habla mucho), que se traduce por chatter- chauvinism [SUvInIzm] n chovinismo.
box. cheap [tSip] adj 1 (gen) barato,-a. 2 (of
poor quality, shoddy) ordinario,-a. 3 (con-
charm [tSAm] n 1 (quality) encanto. 2 temptible - trick, gibe, crook) vil, bajo,-a;
(object) amuleto. 3 (spell) hechizo. (vulgar - joke, remark) de mal gusto.
P vt encantar. P adv barato.
charmer [tSAmr] n 1 (charming person) cheapen [tSipn] vt 1 (in price) abara
persona encantadora. 2 (of snakes) tar. 2 (degrade) degradar, rebajar.
encantador,-ra. cheat [tSit] n 1 (gen) tramposo,-a;
charming [tSAmIN] adj (delightful) en (swindler) estafador,-ra. 2 (trick) tram
cantador,-ra. pa; (swindle) estafa, timo.
chart [tSAt] n 1 (table) tabla; (graph) P vt (trick, deceive) engaar; (swindle) es
grfico; (map) carta, mapa m. 2 (navi- tafar, timar.
gational) carta de navegacin. P vi (gen) hacer trampa(s); (in exam)
P vt (make a map of) trazar un mapa de; copiar.
(plan, plot on map) trazar. check [tSek] n 1 (gen) revisin f, control
P n pl the charts mus la lista de xitos, m; (of machine) verificacin f, inspec
el hit parade m. cin f; (of results, facts, information) com
charter [tSAtr] n 1 (gen) estatutos mpl; probacin f, verificacin f. 2 (stop, re-
(of town) fuero. 2 (constitution) carta. 3 straint) control m, freno. 3 us cheque.
(hiring of plane, etc) fletamiento. 4 us (bill) cuenta, nota. 5 (chess) jaque m.
P vt 1 (grant rights, privileges to) aprobar P vi (make sure) comprobar, verificar.
los estatutos de. 2 (hire plane, boat, etc) a to check in vi (at airport) facturar el
fletar, alquilar. equipaje; (at hotel) registrarse.
chartered [tSAtd] adj (qualified) P vt sep facturar.
colegiado,-a. c o m p chartered account a to check out vi pagar la cuenta e ir
ant contable mf diplomado,-a. se, dejar el hotel.
chase [tSeIs] n (gen) persecucin f; (hunt) P vt sep (facts, information) verificar, com
caza. probar; (place) ir a ver; (person) hacer
P vt (gen) perseguir; (hunt) cazar. averiguaciones sobre.
chasm [kQzm] n 1 geog sima. 2 fig checked [tSekt] adj a cuadros.
abismo. checkers [tSekz] n pl us damas fpl.
chassis [SQsI] n chasis m. checkmate [tSekmeIt] n (jaque m) ma
pl chassis. te m.
chaste [tSeIst] adj 1 (pure) casto,-a, puro, P vt dar (jaque) mate a.
-a. 2 (not ornate) sobrio,-a, sencillo,-a. checkout [tSekaUt] n (in supermarket) caja.
chastise [tSQstaIz] vt fml castigar. checkpoint [tSekpInt] n control m.
checkroom 64

checkroom [tSekrUm] n us guarda chess [tSes] n ajedrez m: a game of chess


rropa. una partida de ajedrez.
check-up [tSekp] n (by doctor) che chessboard [tSesbd] n tablero de
queo, reconocimiento mdico. ajedrez.
cheek [tSik] n 1 anat mejilla. 2 fam chessmen [tSesmn] n pl piezas fpl de
(nerve, impudence) descaro, cara. ajedrez.
cheekbone [tSikbUn] n pmulo. chest [tSest] n 1 (large) arca, arcn m;
cheeky [tSikI] adj (person) descarado, (small) cofre m. 2 anat pecho.
-a, fresco,-a; (remark) impertinente. chestnut [tSesnt] n 1 bot (tree, wood)
comp cheekier, superl cheekiest. castao; (nut) castaa. 2 (colour) casta
cheer [tSIr] n 1 (shout of joy) viva m, v o. 3 (horse) alazn,-ana.
tor m, hurra m. 2 (happiness) alegra. P adj (colour) castao,-a; (horse) ala

P vt 1 (applaud with shouts) vitorear, zn,-ana.


aclamar. 2 (gladden) animar, alegrar. chew [tSU] vt (food) mascar, masticar;
a to cheer up vt sep animar, alegrar. (nails, pencil) morder.
P vi animarse, alegrarse: cheer up! ni chewing gum [tSUINgm] n chicle m.
mo! chic [Sik] adj chic, elegante.
cheerful [tSIfUl] adj alegre. P n elegancia.

cheerio [tSIrIU] interj gb fam adis!, chick [tSIk] n polluelo.


hasta luego! chicken [tSIkIn] n 1 (hen) gallina; (food)
cheerleader [tSIlidr] n animador, pollo. 2 fam (coward) gallina mf.
-ra (de un equipo deportivo). P adj fam gallina.

cheers [tSIz] interj 1 fam (as toast) sa chickenpox [tSIkInpks] n varicela.


lud! 2 fam (thanks) gracias! 3 fam chickpea [tSIkpi] n garbanzo.
(goodbye) adis!, hasta luego! chicory [tSIkrI] n achicoria, chicoria.
cheese [tSiz] n queso. chief [tSif] n (gen) jefe,-a; (of party) lder
cheetah [tSit] n guepardo. mf; (of tribe) cacique m.
chef [Sef] n chef m, jefe,-a de cocina. P adj principal.

chemical [kemIkl] adj qumico,-a. chiefly [tSiflI] adv (mainly) principal


P n sustancia qumica. mente; (especially) sobre todo.
chemist [kemIst] n 1 chem qumico, chieftain [tSiftn] n cacique m, jefe,-a.
-a. 2 gb (pharmacist) farmacutico,-a. chiffon [SIfn] n gasa.
c o m p chemists (shop) gb farmacia. chilblain [tSIlbleIn] n saban m.
chemistry [kemIstrI] n qumica. child [tSaIld] n 1 (boy) nio; (girl) nia. 2
chemotherapy [kimUTerpI] n qui (son) hijo; (daughter) hija.
mioterapia. pl children.
cheque [tSek] n cheque m, taln m. childbirth [tSaIldbT] n parto.
chequebook [tSekbUk] n talonario de childhood [tSaIldhUd] n infancia.
cheques. childish [tSaIldIS] adj (of a child) infantil;
chequered [tSekd] adj 1 (cloth, pattern) (immature) pueril, infantil.
a cuadros. 2 fig (past, history, career) con childlike [tSaIldlaIk] adj infantil.
altibajos, accidentado,-a. children [tSIldrn] n pl child.
chequers [tSekz] n pl damas fpl. chili [tSIlI] n us chilli.
cherish [tSerIS] vt 1 (person) apreciar, chill [tSIl] n med (cold) resfriado; (shiver)
querer. 2 (hope, memory, illusion) abrigar. escalofro.
cherry [tSerI] n (fruit) cereza, guinda; P adj (wind, etc) fro,-a.
(wood) cerezo. c o m p cherry tree cerezo. P vt enfriar.

pl cherries. chilli [tSIlI] n chile m.


65 chorale
chilling [tSIlIN] adj 1 glacial. 2 fig espe chives [tSaIvz] n pl bot cebollino, ce
luznante, escalofriante. bolleta.
chilly [tSIlI] adj (gen) fro,-a. chloride [klraId] n cloruro.
comp chillier, superl chilliest. chlorine [klrin] n cloro.
chime [tSaIm] n (bells) carilln m; (sound chloroform [klrfm] n cloroformo.
of bells) repique m; (of clock) campana chlorophyll [klrfIl] n clorofila. C
da; (of doorbell) campanilla. chock [tSk] n calzo, cua.
P vi (bells) sonar, repicar; (clock) dar la
chock-a-block [tSkblk] adj fam
hora, sonar. hasta los topes, de bote en bote.
chimney [tSImnI] n chimenea. chock-full [tSkfUl] adj fam hasta los
. Chimney slo se refiere al conducto topes.
por donde sale el humo. El hogar se tradu chocolate [tSklt] n 1 (substance) cho
ce por fireplace. colate m: a bar of chocolate una chocola
tina, una tableta de chocolate. 2 (individ-
chimpanzee [tSImpQnzi] n chim ual sweet) bombn m.
panc m. choice [tSIs] n 1 (act) eleccin f, op
chin [tSIn] n barbilla, mentn m. cin f. 2 (person, thing chosen) eleccin f.
china [tSaIn] n 1 (white clay) loza; (fine) 3 (variety, range) surtido, seleccin f.
P adj 1 (top quality) selecto,-a, de pri
porcelana. 2 (crockery) vajilla, objetos
mpl de porcelana, loza. mera calidad.
China [tSaIn] n China. choir [kwaIr] n coro.
Chinese [tSaIniz] adj chino,-a. choke [tSUk] vt 1 (person) ahogar, as
P n 1 (person) chino,-a. 2 (language) chino.
fixiar, estrangular. 2 (block - pipe, drain,
etc) atascar, obstruir.
chink1 [tSINk] n grieta, abertura. P n estrter m.
chink2 [tSINk] n (noise) tintineo.
P vt hacer tintinear, hacer sonar. , Choke no significa choque, que se
traduce por collision.
chip [tSIp] n 1 gb (fried potato) patata fri
ta. 2 us patata frita (de bolsa). 3 com- cholera [klr] n clera m.
put chip m. 4 (of wood) astilla; (of stone) cholesterol [klestrl] n colesterol m.
lasca. 5 (flaw - in plate, glass) desporti choose [tSUz] vt 1 (select) escoger, ele
lladura. 6 (in gambling) ficha. gir; (elect) elegir. 2 (decide) decidir, op
P vt 1 gb (potatoes) cortar. 2 (china, glass)
tar por.
desportillar; (paint) desconchar. pt chose [ t S U z ] , pp chosen
pt & pp chipped, ger chipping. [tSUzn], ger choosing.
chipboard [tSIpbd] n aglomerado, choosy [tSUzI] adj fam exigente.
madera aglomerada. comp choosier, superl choosiest.
chiropodist [kIrpdIst] n podlogo, chop [tSp] n 1 (blow) tajo, golpe m;
-a, pedicuro,-a, callista mf. (with axe) hachazo. 2 culin chuleta.
chirp [tSp] vi (insect) chirriar; (bird) P vt cortar (up, -).
gorjear. a to chop down vt sep (tree, etc) talar.
chisel [tSIzl] n (for stone) cincel m. a to chop off vt sep cortar.
P vt (stone) cincelar; (wood, metal) labrar, pt & pp chopped, ger chopping.
tallar. choppy [tSpI] adj (sea) picado,-a.
pt & pp chiselled (us chiseled), ger comp choppier, superl choppiest.
chiselling (us chiseling). chopsticks [tSpstIks] n pl palillos mpl.
chit [tSIt] n fam (note) nota. choral [krl] adj coral. c o m p choral so
chitchat [tSIttSQt] n fam palique m, ciety coral f, orfen m.
chchara. chorale [krAl] n coral f.
chord 66

chord 1
[kd] n 1 math cuerda. 2 anat churchyard [tStSjAd] n cementerio,
cord. camposanto.
chord2 [kd] n mus acorde m. churn [tSn] n 1 gb (for milk) lechera. 2
chore [tSr] n (job) quehacer m, tarea; (for butter) mantequera.
(boring job) lata. P vt 1 (butter) hacer; (milk, cream) batir. 2

choreography [krIgrfI] n coreo (water, earth) agitar (up, -), revolver (up, -).
grafa. a to churn out vt sep producir en se
chorister [krIstr] n corista mf. rie, hacer como churros.
chorus [krs] n 1 (choir) coro. 2 (of song) chute [SUt] n (slide) tobogn m.
estribillo. cicada [sIkAd] n cigarra.
chose [tSUz] pt choose. cider [saIdr] n sidra.
chosen [tSUzn] pp choose. cigar [sIgAr] n puro, cigarro.
P adj elegido,-a, escogido,-a. cigarette [sIgret] n cigarrillo.
Christ [kraIst] n Cristo, Jesucristo. cinder [sIndr] n ceniza, pavesa.
christening [krIsnIN] n (ritual) bautis Cinderella [sIndrel] n (la) Cenicienta.
mo; (celebration) bautizo. cinema [sInm] n cine m.
Christian [krIstIn] adj & n cristiano,-a. cinnamon [sInmn] n canela.
Christmas [krIsms] n Navidad f, Na cipher [saIfr] n 1 (code) cdigo, clave f.
vidades fpl. c o m p Christmas Eve No 2 (zero) cero; (numeral) cifra.
chebuena. y Christmas Day da m de circle [skl] n crculo.
Navidad. P vt (encircle) rodear, cercar; (move in a
chrome [krUm] n cromo. circle) dar vueltas alrededor de.
chromosome [krUmsUm] n cromo circuit [skIt] n 1 (route, journey round) reco
soma m. rrido; (of running track) vuelta. 2 elec cir
chronic [krnIk] adj 1 (disease, person, cuito. 3 sp (series of tournaments) circuito.
problem) crnico,-a. 2 gb fam (terrible) circular [skjlr] adj circular.
malsimo,-a, terrible.
circulate [skjleIt] vi circular.
chronicle [krnIkl] n crnica. P vt hacer circular.
chronological [krnldZIk l] adj
circulation [skjleISn] n 1 (gen) circu
cronolgico,-a.
lacin f. 2 (of newspaper, magazine) tirada.
chronology [krnldZI] n cronologa.
circulatory [skjleItrI] adj circu
chronometer [krnmItr] n cron latorio,-a.
metro.
circumcision [skmsIZn] n circun
chrysalis [krIslIs] n crislida. cisin f.
pl chrysalises.
circumference [skmfrns] n cir
chrysanthemum [krIsQnTmm] n cri
cunferencia.
santemo.
chubby [tSbI] adj (person) regordete,-a, circumflex [skmfleks] n circunflejo.
gordinfln,-ona. circumstance [skmstns] n (condi-
comp chubbier, superl chubbiest. tion, fact) circunstancia.
P n pl circumstances (financial position)
chuck [tSk] vt 1 fam (throw) tirar. 2 fam
(give up) dejar, plantar. situacin f econmica.
a to chuck away vt sep (rubbish) tirar; circus [sks] n 1 (entertainment) circo.
(money) derrochar. 2 gb (in town) glorieta, plaza redonda.
chuckle [tSkl] vi rerse (entre dientes). cistern [sIstn] n cisterna.
P n risita. cite [saIt] vt citar.
chum [tSm] n fam compinche mf. citizen [sItIzn] n ciudadano,-a.
church [tStS] n iglesia. c o m p Church of citizenship [sItIznSIp] n ciudadana.
England Iglesia Anglicana. citric [sItrIk] adj ctrico,-a.
67 classroom
city [sItI] n ciudad f. comp city council gb a to clamp down on vt insep poner freno
ayuntamiento, municipio. y the City a, tomar medidas drsticas contra.
gb el centro financiero de Londres. clan [klQn] n clan m.
pl cities. clandestine [klQndestIn] adj clan
destino,-a.
" La City de Londres es el barrio original
a partir del cual creci la actual metrpoli. clang [klQN] n sonido metlico (fuerte). C
P vi sonar.
Hoy en da, concentra las sedes de las
grandes empresas y es unos de los centros clap [klQp] n 1 (noise) ruido seco. 2 (ap-
econmicos ms importantes del mundo. plause) aplauso. 3 (slap) palmada.
P vt 1 (applaud) aplaudir. 2 (slap) dar
civic [sIvIk] adj (duty, pride) cvico,-a; una palmada a.
(leader, event) municipal. a to clap on vt sep (add) agregar.
civics [sIvIks] n educacin f cvica. clapperboard [klQpbd] n claqueta.
civil [sIvl] adj 1 (of citizens) civil. 2 (po- clapping [klQpIN] n aplausos mpl.
lite) corts,-esa, educado,-a. c o m p civil claret [klQrt] n (wine) clarete m.
servant funcionario,-a. y the Civil Ser clarify [klQrIfaI] vt aclarar.
vice la administracin pblica. pt & pp clarified, ger clarifying.
civilian [sIvIljn] adj civil. l o c in civil clarinet [klQrInet] n clarinete m.
ian dress de paisano. clarity [klQrItI] n claridad f.
P n civil mf.
clash [klQS] n 1 (fight) enfrentamiento,
P n pl civilians poblacin f sing civil.
choque m; (disagreement, argument) des
civility [sIvIlItI] n cortesa. acuerdo. 2 (conflict - of interests) conflic
civilization [sIvIlaIzeISn] n civiliza to; (- of personalities, cultures, opinions)
cin f. choque m. 3 (loud noise) sonido.
civilize [sIvIlaIz] vt civilizar. P vi 1 (opposing forces - fight) chocar;
clad [klQd] pt & pp clothe. (- disagree) discutir, enfrentarse (with, a).
P adj vestido,-a. 2 (interests) estar en conflicto. 3 (dates,
claim [kleIm] n 1 (demand - for insurance) events) coincidir. 4 (colours) desentonar
reclamacin f; (for benefit, allowance) so (with, con). 5 (cymbals) sonar.
licitud f. 2 (assertion) afirmacin f. clasp [klAsp] n (on necklace) broche m;
P vt 1 (gen) reclamar. 2 (apply for) soli (on belt) cierre m, hebilla.
citar. 3 (of disaster, accident, etc) cobrar. 4 P vt agarrar, sujetar.
(assert) afirmar, sostener, decir. class [klAs] n clase f.
P vi presentar un reclamacin. P vt clasificar, catalogar.
claimant [kleImnt] n 1 (of benefit, allow- classic [klQsIk] adj clsico,-a.
ance) solicitante mf; (of insurance) recla P n (novel, film, play) clsico.
mante mf. 2 (to throne) pretendiente mf. P n pl classics (literature) clsicos mpl;
3 jur demandante mf. (languages) clsicas fpl.
clam [klQm] n almeja. classical [klQsIkl] adj (gen) clsico,-a.
clamber [klQmbr] vi trepar gateando classification [klQsIfIkeISn] n clasifi
(over, a). cacin f.
clammy [klQmI] adj (weather) bochor classified [klQsIfaId] adj 1 (categorized)
noso,-a; (hands) pegajoso,-a. clasificado,-a. 2 (secret) secreto,-a,
comp clammier, superl clammiest. confidencial.
clamor [klQmr] n us clothe. classify [klQsIfaI] vt clasificar.
clamour [klQmr] n clamor m. pt & pp classified, ger classifying.
P vi clamar. classmate [klAsmeIt] n compaero,-a
clamp [klQmp] n abrazadera. de clase.
P vt sujetar con abrazaderas. classroom [klAsrUm] n aula, clase f.
classy 68

classy [klAsI] adj sl con clase. (house, room - of furniture) vaciar. 2 (ac-
comp classier, superl classiest. cused person) absolver, exculpar; (ones
clatter [klQtr] n ruido. name) limpiar. 3 (debt) liquidar, saldar.
P vi hacer ruido. 4 (obstacle) salvar. 5 sp (ball) despejar.
clause [klz] n 1 (in document) clusula. a to clear away vt sep (dishes, etc) reco
2 ling oracin f. ger, quitar.1
claustrophobia [klstrfUbI] n a to clear off vi fam largarse.
claustrofobia. P vt sep (debt) liquidar.
claustrophobic [klstrfUbIk] adj a to clear out vi fam largarse.
claustrofbico,-a. P vt sep (cupboard, drawers, room) vaciar;

clavichord [klQvIkd] n clavicordio. (old things) tirar.


clavicle [klQvIkl] n clavcula. a to clear up vt sep 1 (mystery, crime) resol
claw [kl] n 1 (of lion, tiger, etc) garra, ver, esclarecer; (issue, misunderstanding)
zarpa; (of cat) ua; (of bird) garra; (of cr- aclarar; (loose ends) atar. 2 (tidy) recoger.
ab, lobster) pinza. P vi 1 (tidy) ordenar. 2 (weather) despe
P vi (scratch) araar (at, -). jar, mejorar.
clay [kleI] n arcilla. clearance [klIrns] n 1 sp despeje m.
clean [klin] adj limpio,-a. 2 (permission) autorizacin f . c o m p
P vt (gen) limpiar. clearance sale liquidacin f.
P vi limpiarse. clear-cut [klIkt] adj claro,-a, bien
a to clean out vt sep 1 (room, etc) limpiar definido,-a.
a fondo. 2 fam (take all money) dejar clear-headed [klIhedId] adj lcido,-a,
limpio,-a, dejar sin blanca. despejado,-a.
a to clean up vt sep 1 (room, mess, etc)
clearing [klIrIN] n (in wood) claro.
limpiar. 2 fam (money, fortune) hacer,
sacar. clearness [klIns] n claridad f.
P vi 1 (room, etc) limpiar. 2 fam (make clear-sighted [klIsaItId] adj perspi
money) forrarse, barrer con todo. caz, lcido,-a.
clean-cut [klinkt] adj (outline, feature) clef [klef] n mus clave f: bass/treble clef
bien definido,-a, ntido,-a; (person, ap- clave de fa/de sol.
pearance) limpio,-a, muy cuidado,-a. cleft [kleft] adj (chin, lip) partido,-a.
cleaner [klinr] n 1 (person) encargado, P n hendidura, grieta.
-a de la limpieza. 2 (product) limpia clementine [klemntaIn] n clementina.
dor m. clench [klentS] vt 1 (teeth, fist) apretar. 2
P n cleaners (place, shop) tintorera. (grip) apretar, agarrar.
cleanse [klenz] vt limpiar (of, de). clergy [kldZI] n clero.
cleanser [klenzr] n (detergent) produc clergyman [kldZImn] n clrigo.
to de limpieza; (lotion for skin) leche f pl clergymen [kldZImn].
limpiadora, crema limpiadora.
clerical [klerIk l] adj 1 rel clerical,
cleansing [klenzIN] n limpieza. eclesistico,-a. 2 (of a clerk) de ofici
clear [klIr] adj 1 (glass, plastic, liquid) trans na, administrativo,-a.
parente; (sky, day, etc) despejado,-a. 2
(not blocked - road, desk) despejado,-a; (free
clerk [klAk, us klrk] n 1 (office worker)
- time) libre. 3 (picture, outline) ntido, oficinista mf, administrativo,-a. 2 us
-a. 4 (voice, sound, explanation) claro,-a. (in a shop) dependiente,-a mf.
P adv 1 (clearly - speak) claramente; clever [klevr] adj 1 (person - intelligent)
(hear) bien. 2 (not touching) a distancia. listo,-a, inteligente; (skilful) hbil. 2
P vt 1 (table) quitar; (floor, road) despe (idea, plan, gadget) ingenioso,-a; (move)
jar; (pipe, drain) desatascar; (building, hbil.
room - of people) desalojar, desocupar; clich [kliSeI] n clich m, tpico.
69 closed
click [klIk] n (sound - gen) clic m ; (of P vt 1 (cut - gen) cortar; (ticket) picar;
tongue, fingers) chasquido. (animals) esquilar. 2 (cut out) recortar. 3
P vt (tongue, fingers) chasquear. fam (hit) dar un cachete a.
P vi 1 (make noise) hacer clic. 2 (under- pt & pp clipped, ger clipping.
stand, realize) caer en la cuenta, darse clip2 [klIp] n 1 (for papers, etc) clip m; (for
cuenta de. hair) pasador m, clip m. 2 (brooch) bro C
client [klaInt] n cliente,-a. che m, alfiler m de pecho.
cliff [klIf] n acantilado, precipicio. clipboard [klIpbd] n inform porta
cliffhanger [klIfhQNr] n situacin f papeles m.
de suspense. clippers [klIpz] n pl (for nails) cortaas
climate [klaImt] n 1 geog clima m. 2 m sing; (for hair) maquinilla f sing.
fig clima m, situacin f. clipping [klIpIN] n (cutting) recorte m de
climatic [klaImQtIk] adj climtico,-a. peridico, recorte m de prensa.
climatological [klaImtldZIkl] adj clique [klik] n pej camarilla.
climatolgico,-a. clitoris [klItrIs] n cltoris m.
climatology [klaImtldZI] n clima cloak [klUk] n 1 (garment) capa. 2 fig
tologa. (cover) capa, manto.
climax [klaImQks] n clmax m. cloakroom [klUkrUm] n 1 (gen) guar
climb [klaIm] n 1 (gen) subida. 2 sp es darropa. 2 gb euph (toilet) lavabo, ser
calada. vicios mpl.
P vt subir (a). clock [klk] n reloj m (de pared).
P vi trepar. P vt 1 (time - athlete, race) cronometrar.
a to climb down vi 1 (descend) bajar. 2 2 (register - speed, time) registrar, hacer.
fig (admit mistake, withdraw) ceder, vol a to clock in/on vi fichar (al llegar al
verse atrs. trabajo).
climber [klaImr] n 1 sp alpinista mf, a to clock out/off vi fichar (al salir
escalador,-ra. 2 bot enredadera. del trabajo).
climbing [klaImIN] n sp alpinismo, a to clock up vt insep (miles, hours) hacer.
montaismo. clockwise [klkwaIz] adv en el senti
clinch [klIntS] n 1 fam (embrace) abrazo do de las agujas del reloj.
apasionado. 2 sp (in boxing) cuerpo a clog [klg] n (shoe) zueco.
cuerpo. P vt [also clog up] obstruir, atascar.
P vt fam (deal) cerrar; (argument) resol P vi [also clog up] obstruirse, atascarse.
ver; (title) hacerse con. pt & pp clogged, ger clogging.
P vi sp (in boxing) abrazarse. cloister [klIstr] n claustro.
cling [klIN] vi 1 (hold tightly) agarrarse clone [klUn] n clon m.
(to, a). 2 (stick - clothes) pegarse, ceir P vt clonar.
se; (- smell) pegarse. close1 [klUz] n 1 (end) fin m, final m. 2
pt & pp clung [klN]. (precincts) recinto.
clingfilm [klINfIlm] n film m transpa P vt cerrar.
rente. P vi 1 (gen) cerrar, cerrarse. 2 (end) con
clinic [klInIk] n 1 (private, specialized) cl cluir, terminar.
nica. 2 (in state hospital) ambulatorio, a to close up vi 1 (of wound) cicatrizar,
dispensario. cerrarse. 2 (shop, etc) cerrar.
clink [klINk] n (noise) tintineo. close2 [klUs] adj 1 (near) cercano,-a
P vt hacer tintinear. (to, a), prximo,-a ( to, a). 2 (friend)
P vi tintinear. ntimo,-a; (relation, family) cercano,-a.
clip1 [klIp] n 1 (with scissors) tijeretada. 2 (of P adv 1 (in position) cerca. 2 (in time) cerca.

film) fragmento. 3 fam (blow) cachete m. closed [klUzd] adj cerrado,-a.


close-knit 70

close-knit [klUsnIt] adj unido,-a. clumsy [klmzI] adj 1 (gen) torpe. 2


closely [klUslI] adv 1 (connect) estre (tool, shape) pesado,-a y difcil de ma
chamente, muy. 2 (resemble) mucho. nejar; (furniture) mal diseado,-a.
3 (carefully - watch, listen) atentamente; comp clumsier, superl clumsiest.
(follow) de cerca; (question) a fondo. clung [klN] pt & pp cling.
closet [klzIt] n us armario. cluster [klstr] n (of trees, stars, buildings,
close-up [klUsp] n primer plano. people) grupo; (of berries, grapes) raci
closing [klUzIN] n cierre m. mo; (of plants) macizo.
closure [klUZr] n (gen) cierre m; (de- P vi agruparse, apiarse (round, alre

bate) clausura. dedor de/en torno a).


clot [klt] n 1 (of blood) cogulo. 2 gb clutch [kltS] n 1 auto embrague m. 2
fam tonto,-a, bobo,-a. (grasp, grip) agarrn m.
P vt coagular. P vt (seize) agarrar; (hold tightly) estre

P vi (blood) coagularse; (cream) cuajar. char, apretar.


pt & pp clotted, ger clotting. clutter [kltr] n (things) cosas fpl, tras
cloth [klT] n 1 (fabric) tela; (thick) pao. tos mpl; (untidy state) desorden m.
2 (rag) trapo. P vt [also to clutter up] llenar, atestar,
abarrotar.
. Consulta tambin clothes.
cm [siem] symb (centimetre) centme
clothe [klUD] vt 1 (dress, provide clothes tro; (symbol) cm.
for) vestir (in/with, de). 2 (cover) reves coach [kUtS] n 1 gb (bus) autocar m. 2
tir (in, de), cubrir (in, de). (carriage) carruaje m, coche m de caba
pt & pp clothed o clad [klQd], ger llos. 3 (on train) coche m, vagn m. 4
clothing. educ (tutor) profesor,-ra particular. 5
clothes [klUDz] n pl ropa f sing. sp (trainer) entrenador,-ra.
clothing [klUDIN] n ropa. P vt 1 educ dar clases particulares a,
cloud [klaUd] n nube f. preparar. 2 sp entrenar.
a to cloud over vi (sky) nublarse; (face, coagulate [kUQgjleIt] vt coagular.
eyes) empaarse. P vi coagularse.
cloudy [klaUdI] adj 1 (sky, weather, day) coagulation [kUQgjleISn] n coagu
nublado,-a. 2 (liquid) turbio,-a. lacin f.
comp cloudier, superl cloudiest. coal [kUl] n carbn m, hulla.
clout [klaUt] n 1 fam tortazo. 2 fam (in- coalition [kUlISn] n coalicin f.
fluence) influencia, peso. coarse [ks] adj 1 (fabric) basto,-a; (skin)
clove1 [klUv] n (spice) clavo. spero,-a; (sand, salt) grueso,-a. 2 (lan-
clove2 [klUv] n (of garlic) diente f. guage, joke) grosero,-a, vulgar.
clover [klUvr] n trbol m. coast [kUst] n costa, litoral m.
cloverleaf [klUvlif] n bot hoja de P vi (in car) ir en punto muerto; (on bi-
trbol. cycle) ir sin pedalear.
clown [klaUn] n payaso, clown m. coastal [kUstl] adj costero,-a.
club [klb] n 1 (gen) club m. 2 (stick) po coastguard [kUstgAd] n guardacos
rra. 3 sp (in golf) palo. 5 (in cards - English tas mf.
pack) trbol m; (- Spanish pack) basto. coat [kUt] n 1 (overcoat) abrigo; (short)
cluck [klk] n cloqueo. chaquetn m. 2 (of paint) capa, mano f;
P vi cloquear. (of dust) capa. 3 (of animal) pelo, pelaje m.
clue [klU] n pista. P vt 1 cubrir (in/with, de).

clump [klmp] n 1 (of trees) grupo; (of coating [kUtIN] n 1 culin capa, bao.
plants) mata, macizo. 2 (of earth) te 2 (of paint, dust, wax) capa; (of metal) re
rrn m. vestimiento.
71 collapsible
coax [kUks] vt (person) engatusar. cog [kg] n 1 (on wheel) diente m. 2 fig
coaxial [kUQkSl] adj coaxial. pieza.
cob [kb] n (of corn) mazorca (de cogent [kUdZnt] adj convincente,
maz). contundente.
cobble [kbl] n adoqun m. cognac [knjQk] n coac m.
P vt (street) adoquinar. cognitive [kgnItIv] adj cognitivo,-a. C
cobblestone [kblstUn] n adoqun m. coherent [kUhIrnt] adj coherente.
cobweb [kbweb] n telaraa. coil [kIl] n 1 (of rope, wire) rollo; (of cable)
cocaine [kkeIn] n cocana. carrete m ; (of hair) rizo, moo; (of
coccyx [kksIks] n coxis m, cccix m. smoke) espiral m, voluta. 2 (single loop)
pl coccyxes o coccyges. vuelta, lazada. 3 tech bobina.
P vt [also to coil up] enrollar.
cochineal [ktSInil] n cochinilla.
cochlea [kklI] n caracol m del odo. coin [kIn] n moneda.
P vt acuar.
cock [kk] n 1 (rooster) gallo; (any male
bird) macho. 2 (on firearm) percutor m. coincide [kUInsaId] vi coincidir
(with, con).
cockle [kkl] n berberecho.
Cockney [kknI] adj del barrio obrero del es- coincidence [kUInsIdns] n coinci
dencia, casualidad f.
te de Londres.
P n 1 (person) persona del barrio obrero del este
Coke [kUk] n Coca Cola.
de Londres. 2 (dialect) dialecto que se habla en coke [kUk] n (coal) coque m.
el barrio obrero del este de Londres. colander [klndr] n colador m.
cockpit [kkpIt] n (in plane) cabina del cold [kUld] adj fro,-a.
piloto, carlinga; (in racing car) cabina. P n 1 (weather) fro. 2 med resfriado,

cockroach [kkrUtS] n cucaracha. catarro, constipado. c o m p cold cuts us


cocktail [kkteIl] n cctel m. embutidos mpl, fiambres mpl.
cocoa [kUkU] n (powder) cacao; (drink) cold-blooded [kUldbldId] adj 1 zool
chocolate m. de sangre fra. 2 fig (person) fro,-a,
insensible; (crime) a sangre fra.
coconut [kUknt] n coco.
coleslaw [kUlsl] n ensaladilla de
cocoon [kkUn] n capullo.
col y zanahoria.
vt fig envolver, arropar.
colic [klIk] n clico.
P

cod [kd] n bacalao.


pl cod.
coliseum [klIsim] n coliseo.
code [kUd] n 1 (gen) cdigo. 2 (tele-
collaborate [klQbreIt] vi colaborar
(with, con).
phone) prefijo; (postal) cdigo (postal).
P vt poner en clave, cifrar.
collaborator [klQbreIt r ] n 1
colaborador,-ra. 2 (with enemy) cola
codification [kUdIfIkeISn] n codifi
boracionista mf.
cacin f.
collage [klAdZ] n art collage m.
codify [kUdIfaI] vt codificar.
pt & pp codified, ger codifying. collapse [klQps] n 1 (falling down) de
rrumbamiento; (falling in) hundimien
coeducation [kUedjkeISn] n ense
to. 2 (failure, breakdown) fracaso. 3 (pric-
anza mixta.
es, currency) cada en picado; (business,
coefficient [kUIfISnt] n coeficiente m. company) quiebra. 4 med colapso.
coexist [kUIgzIst] vi coexistir. P vi 1 (building, bridge, etc) derrumbarse,
coffee [kfI] n caf m. desplomarse; (roof) hundirse, venirse
coffeepot [kfIpt] n cafetera. abajo. 2 med (person) sufrir un colapso.
coffer [kfr] n arca, cofre m. P vt (table) plegar.

coffin [kfIn] n atad m, fretro. collapsible [klQpsbl] adj plegable.


collar 72

collar [kl ] n 1 (of shirt, etc) cuello. 2


r
colon1 [kUln] n anat colon m.
(for dog) collar m. 3 tech collar m, abra colon2 [kUln] n ling dos puntos mpl.
zadera. colonel [knl] n coronel m.
P vt fam pescar, pillar.
colonial [klUnIl] adj colonial.
, Collar no significa collar (de perso P n colono,-a.
na), que se traduce por necklace. colonialism [klUnIlIz m] n colo
collarbone [klbUn] n clavcula. nialismo.
collateral [klQtrl] adj colateral. l o c colonist [klnIst] n (inhabitant) colono;
collateral damage daos mpl colatera (colonizer) colono,-a, colonizador,-ra.
les. colonize [klnaIz] vt colonizar.
colleague [klig] n colega mf , colony [klnI] n (gen) colonia.
compaero,-a. pl colonies.
collect [klekt] vt 1 (glasses, plates, belong- color [klr] n us colour.
ings, etc) recoger; (information, data) reunir, colossal [klsl] adj colosal.
recopilar. 2 (stamps, records, etc) coleccio colossus [klss] n coloso.
nar. 3 (taxes) recaudar; (rent) cobrar. 4 colour [klr] n color m.
(pick up, fetch) ir a buscar, recoger. P adj (television, film, etc) en color.
P vi 1 (dust, water) acumularse; (people) P vt 1 (with pen, paint, crayon) pintar, co
reunirse, congregarse. 2 (for charity) lorear; (dye) teir. 2 fig (affect negatively,
recaudar dinero, hacer una colecta. influence) influir en.
collection [klekSn] n 1 (of stamps, paint- P vi 1 (blush) ruborizarse, sonrojarse,
ings, etc) coleccin f; (of poems, short stories) ponerse rojo,-a. 2 (of leaves) ponerse
recopilacin f; (of people) grupo. 2 (range amarillo,-a; (fruit) coger color.
of new clothes) coleccin f. 3 (for charity) co P n pl colours gb (worn by team, school) co
lecta. 4 (of mail, of refuse) recogida. 5 (of lores mpl; mil (flag) bandera, ensea.
taxes) recaudacin f; (of rent) cobro. a to colour in vt sep pintar, colorear.
collective [klektIv] adj colectivo,-a. colour-blind [klblaInd] adj dal
P n (enterprise) cooperativa.
tnico,-a.
collector [klektr] n 1 (of stamps, etc) coloured [kld] adj de color, de colo
coleccionista mf. 2 (of rent, debts, tickets) res.
cobrador,-ra.
colourful [klfUl] adj 1 (full of colour,
college [klIdZ] n 1 (for higher education)
bright) lleno,-a de color, vistoso,-a;
escuela, instituto mf. 2 us (university)
(brightly coloured) de colores vivos. 2
universidad f, facultad f. 3 gb (within
university) colegio universitario. (person) pintoresco,-a.
colouring [klrIN] n 1 (substance, dye)
, College no significa colegio (de ni colorante m. 2 (persons skin, hair and eye
os), que se traduce por school. colour) color m. 3 (of animals skin, fur, plum-
collide [klaId] vi chocar. age) color m.
colliery [kljrI] n mina de carbn. colourless [klls] adj 1 (without colour)
pl collieries. incoloro,-a, sin color; (pale) plido,-a.
collision [klIZn] n (between cars, trains, 2 fig (dull, uninteresting) soso,-a, ano
etc) colisin f, choque m; (between ships) dino,-a, gris.
abordaje m. colt [kUlt] n potro.
colloquial [klUkwIl] adj coloquial. column [klm] n (gen) columna.
cologne [klUn] n colonia. columnist [klmnIst] n columnista mf.
Colombia [klmbI] n Colombia. coma [kUm] n med coma m. l o c to
Colombian [klmbIn] adj & n co go into a coma caer en coma, entrar
lombiano,-a. en coma.
73 coming
comb [kUm] n 1 (for hair) peine m. 2 (for a to come in vi (enter) entrar.
wool, cotton) carda. 3 (of bird) cresta. 4 (of a to come on vi 1 (make progress) avan
honeycomb) panal m. zar. 2 (hurry up) darse prisa.
P vt 1 (hair) peinar. 2 (wool, cotton) cardar, a to come out vi 1 (leave) salir (of, de);
peinar. 3 (search - area) rastrear, peinar. (tooth, hair) caerse; (stain) salir, quitarse;
combat [kmbQt] n combate m. (colour, dye) desteirse. 2 (sun, moon, stars) C
P vt combatir, luchar contra. salir. 3 (new book, record, magazine, figures)
combination [kmbIneISn] n combi salir, publicarse; (film) estrenarse.
nacin f. a to come through vt insep (operation, ac-
combine [(vb) kmbaIn; (n) kmbaIn] vt cident) sobrevivir, salir con vida de;
combinar. (illness) recuperarse de; (difficult period)
P vi (gen) combinarse; (teams, forces)
pasar por, atravesar.
unirse; (companies) fusionarse. a to come up to vt insep 1 (equal) alcan
P n comm grupo industrial, asocia
zar, llegar a, estar a la altura de. 2 (ap-
cin f. proach - in space) acercarse a; (- in time)
ser casi.
combined [kmbaInd] adj comb i
a to come up with vt insep (idea) tener,
nado,-a, conjunto,-a.
ocurrirse; (solution) encontrar; (plan)
combustible [kmbstIbl] adj com idear; (proposal) presentar, plantear.
bustible, inflamable. a to come upon vt insep encontrarse
combustion [kmbstSn] n combus con, encontrar.
tin f. pt came [keIm], pp come[km], ger
come [km] vi 1 (gen) venir. 2 (arrive, coming.
reach) llegar. 3 (happen) suceder. comeback [kmbQk] n 1 fam (of person)
P vt (behave, play the part) hacerse: dont
reaparicin f, vuelta, retorno. 2 (way
come the innocent with me no te hagas el of obtaining compensation) reclamacin f.
inocente conmigo. 3 (reply) rplica, respuesta.
a to come about vi (happen) ocurrir, comedian [kmidIn] n cmico, hu
suceder. morista m.
a to come across vt insep (thing) encon
comedienne [kmidIen] n cmica,
trar, tropezar con. humorista.
P vi 1 (be understood) ser comprendido,
-a. 2 (make an impression) causar una
comedy [kmdI] n comedia.
pl comedies.
impresin.
a to come after vt insep seguir.
comet [kmIt] n cometa m.
a to come along vi 1 (progress) ir, mar comfort [kmft] n 1 (well-being) co
char. 2 (hurry up) darse prisa. 3 (arrive) modidad f, confort m, bienestar m. 2
venir, llegar; (appear) aparecer. (thing, luxury) comodidad f. 3 (consola-
a to come back vi 1 (return) volver (from, tion) consuelo.
P vt consolar.
de). 2 (remember) volver a la memoria. 3
(return to topic, question, idea) volver (to, a); comfortable [kmftbl] adj 1 (furni-
(reply, retort) replicar, contestar. ture, clothes, etc) cmodo,-a. 2 (life)
a to come before vt insep 1 jur compa desahogado,-a, acomodado,-a.
recer ante. 2 (be more important than) ser comforting [kmftIN] adj reconfor
ms importante que. tante.
a to come down vi 1 (gen) bajar; (col- comic [kmIk] adj cmico,-a.
lapse) caerse, hundirse, venirse aba P n 1 (comedian) cmico,-a, humorista
jo; (fall - rain, snow) caer. 2 (plane - land) mf. 2 (magazine) historieta, cmic m.
aterrizar; (- fall) caer. coming [kmIN] adj (gen) prximo,-a;
a to come down with vt insep (illness) (generation) venidero,-a, futuro,-a.
caer enfermo,-a de, contraer, pescar. P n llegada.
comma 74

comma [km] n coma. loc inverted commit [kmIt] vt 1 (crime, error, sin) co
comma comilla. meter. 2 (send to prison, etc) internar. 3
command [kmAnd] n 1 (order) orden f. (bind) comprometer, obligar; (pledge)
2 (control, authority) mando. 3 (knowledge, asignar, consignar, destinar.
mastery) dominio. 4 inform comando, pt & pp committed, ger committing.
instruccin f. commitment [kmItmnt] n 1 (under-
P vt 1 (order) mandar, ordenar. 2 mil taking, obligation) compromiso, obliga
(have authority over) estar al mando de, cin f; (responsibility) responsabilidad f.
comandar. 2 (dedication) dedicacin f, entrega.
commander [kmAndr] n 1 mil co committed [kmItId] adj (to a cause)
mandante m. 2 mar capitn m de fra comprometido,-a; (dedicated) dedi
gata. cado,-a, entregado,-a.
commanding [kmAndIN] adj 1 (voice, committee [kmItI] n comit m
manner, appearance) autoritario,-a. 2 (po- commode [kmUd] n cmoda.
sition) dominante, de superioridad. commodity [kmdItI] n 1 comm pro
commandment [kmAndmnt] n rel ducto, artculo, mercanca. 2 fin ma
mandamiento. teria prima.
commando [kmAndU] n comando. pl commodities.
pl commandos o commandoes. , Commodity no significa comodi
commemorate [kmemreIt] vt con dad, que se traduce por comfort.
memorar.
commend [kmend] vt (praise) alabar common [kmn] adj 1 (ordinary, aver-
(for, por), elogiar (for, por); (recom- age) corriente. 2 (usual, not scarce) co
mend) recomendar. mn, corriente. 3 (shared, joint) co
comment [kment] n comentario, mn. 4 pej (vulgar) ordinario,-a.
P n (land) tierras fpl comunales.
observacin f. l o c no comment sin
comentarios. commoner [kmnr] n plebeyo,-a.
P vt comentar, observar. commonplace [kmnpleIs] adj co
commentary [kmntrI] n 1 (spoken mn, corriente.
P n (platitude) lugar m comn, tpico.
description) comentario, comentarios
mpl. 2 (set of written remarks) comentario, Commons [kmnz] n pl the Commons
crtica. gb los Comunes. c o m p the House of

pl commentaries. Commons la Cmara de los Comunes.


commentator [kmnteIt r ] n co
" La Cmara de los Comunes britnica
mentarista mf. es el equivalente al Congreso espaol y es
commerce [kms] n comercio. el rgano legislativo ms importante del
commercial [kmSl] adj comercial. Reino Unido.
P n (advertisement) anuncio, spot m pu
blicitario. Commonwealth [kmnwelT] n gb
commercialization [kmSlaIzeISn] Commonwealth f.
n comercializacin f.
" La Commonwealth es una organiza
commercialize [kmS laIz] vt co
cin compuesta por 53 naciones con fuer
mercializar. tes vnculos con el Reino Unido por haber
commission [kmIS
n] n 1 comm co pertenecido en algn momento de su his
misin f. 2 (piece of work) encargo. toria al Imperio britnico.
P vt (order) encargar.

commissioner [kmISnr] n 1 (public commotion [kmUSn] n (scandal) es


official) comisario. 2 (member of a com- cndalo; (noise, excitement) alboroto,
mission) comisionado,-a. jaleo; (confusion) confusin f.
75 competence
communal [kmjn l] adj (shared) comu

comparable [kmp rbl] adj compa

nal; (of a community) comunitario,-a. rable (to, a) (with, con).


commune [kmjUn] n comuna. comparative [kmpQrtIv] adj 1 (rela-
communicate [kmjUnIkeIt] vt 1 tive) relativo,-a. 2 (making a comparison)
(make known, convey) comunicar. 2 med comparado,-a. 3 ling comparativo,-a.
transmitir, contagiar. P n ling comparativo. C
P vi comunicarse (with, con). compare [kmper] vt comparar (to/
communication [kmjUnIkeISn] n 1 with, con).
(gen) comunicacin f. 2 (message) co comparison [kmpQrIsn] n compa
municado. racin f.
P n pl communications comunicacio
compartment [kmpAtmnt] n (in
nes fpl. wallet, fridge, desk) compartimento; (in
communicative [kmjUnIktIv] adj train) departamento, compartimento.
comunicativo,-a. compass [kmps] n 1 (magnetic) brju
communion [kmjUnjn] n fml co la, comps m: the points of the compass
munin f. los puntos cardinales. 2 [se usa como sing
P n Communion rel Comunin f. or pl] (for drawing) comps m: a pair of
communiqu [kmjUnIkeI] n comu compasses, a compass un comps. c o m p
nicado. compass rose rosa de los vientos.
communism [kmjnIzm] n comu compassion [kmpQS n] n compa
nismo. sin f.
communist [kmjnIst] adj comunista. compassionate [kmpQS nt] adj
P n comunista mf. compasivo,-a.
community [kmjUnItI] n comuni compatibility [kmpQtbIlItI] n
dad f. compatibilidad f.
pl communities.
compatible [kmpQtIbl] adj compa
commute [kmjUt] vi desplazarse
tible (with, con).
diariamente al lugar de trabajo.
compatriot [kmpQtrIt] n compa
P vt conmutar.
triota mf.
commuter [kmjUtr] n persona que
se desplaza diariamente a su lugar compel [kmpel] vt 1 (force) obligar. 2
de trabajo. c o m p the commuter belt fig (inspire) infundir, inspirar.
los barrios mpl perifricos. pt & pp compelled, ger compelling.
compact [(adj-vb) kmpQkt; (n) km- compensate [kmpnseIt] vt 1 (recom-
pQkt] adj (gen) compacto,-a; (style) pense, indemnify) indemnizar (for, por),
conciso,-a. compensar ( for, por). 2 (counterbal-
P n 1 (for powder) polvera de bolsillo.
ance) compensar.
P vi compensar (for, -).
2 us coche m utilitario.
P vt compactar, comprimir. compensation [kmpnseIS n] n 1
companion [kmpQnjn] n 1 (partner, (money, damages) indemnizacin f (for,
friend) compaero,-a. 2 (person em- por). 2 (way of compensating) compen
ployed) persona de compaa. 3 (either sacin f (for, por).
of pair or set) compaero,-a, pareja. compere [kmper] n gb presentador,
companionship [kmpQnjnSIp] n -ra.
compaerismo, camaradera. P vt gb presentar.

company [kmpnI] n 1 (companionship) compete [kmpit] vi (try to win) dispu


compaa. 2 (visitors) visita. 3 (business) tarse; (take part in) competir, participar.
empresa, compaa, sociedad f. 4 competence [kmpItns] n 1 (ability)
theat compaa. 5 mil compaa. competencia, capacidad f, aptitud f:
pl companies. a fair level of competence in German un
competent 76

buen nivel de alemn. 2 jur (legal author- complexity [kmpleksItI] n compleji


ity) competencia. dad f.
, Competence no significa compe pl complexities.
tencia (en el mercado), que se traduce por complicate [kmplIkeIt] vt complicar.
competition. complicated [ k m p l I k e I t I d ] adj
complicado,-a.
competent [kmpItnt] adj 1 (person) complication [kmplIkeISn] n com
competente; (work, novel, etc) acepta plicacin f.
ble, bastante bien. 2 jur competente. P n pl complications med complicacio
competition [kmptIS n] n 1 (gen) nes fpl.
concurso; (race, sporting event) compe complicity [kmplIsItI] n complici
ticin f. 2 (rivalry) competencia. dad f (in, en).
competitive [kmpetItIv] adj compe compliment [kmplImnt] vt felicitar
titivo,-a. (on, por).
competitor [kmpetItr] n 1 comm (ri- P n (praise) cumplido, halago.
val) competidor,-ra, rival mf. 2 sp (in P n pl compliments saludos mpl, felici
race, etc) participante mf ; (opponent) taciones fpl.
contrincante mf. 3 (in quiz, etc) concur comply [kmplaI] vi (order) obedecer
sante mf, participante mf; (in competitive (with, -), cumplir (with, con); (request)
examination) opositor,-ra. acceder (with, a); (law) acatar (with, -);
compilation [kmpIleISn] n 1 (gen) (standards) cumplir (with, con).
compilacin f. 2 (record, etc) recopila pt & pp complied, ger complying.
cin f. component [kmpUnnt] adj com
compile [kmpaIl] vt 1 (produce book, list, ponente.
etc) compilar; (collect information) reco P n 1 (gen) componente m. 2 auto pie

pilar. 2 comput compilar. za.


complain [kmpleIn] vi quejarse compose [kmpUz] vt 1 (music, poem)
(about/of, de). componer; (letter) redactar. 2 (consti-
complaint [kmpleInt] n 1 (gen) queja tute) componer. 3 (ones thoughts) poner
(about, de); (formal) reclamacin f. 2 en orden.
P vi mus componer.
med enfermedad f (leve), achaque m.
complement [kmplImnt] n (gen) composed [kmpUzd] adj (calm)
complemento (to, de). sereno,-a, sosegado,-a, tranqui
P vt complementar.
lo,-a.
composer [kmpUz r] n composi
complementary [kmplImentrI] adj
tor,-ra.
(gen) complementario,-a.
composite [kmpzIt] adj compues
complete [kmplit] adj 1 (entire)
to,-a.
completo,-a. 2 (finished) acabado,-a, P n combinacin f, conjunto.
terminado,-a.
P vt 1 (make whole) completar. 2 (finish)
composition [kmpzISn] n 1 (gen)
composicin f. 2 (essay) redaccin f.
acabar, terminar. 3 (fill in - form) rellenar.
3 (substance) mezcla.
completion [kmpliSn] n (act, state) fi compost [kmpst] n abono orgni
nalizacin f, terminacin f. co, abono vegetal, compost m.
complex [kmpleks] adj complejo,-a. composure [kmpUZr] n calma, se
P n complejo.
renidad f, compostura.
complexion [kmplekSn] n (quality of compound 1 [ (adj-n) kmpaUnd ; (vb)
skin) cutis m; (colour or tone of skin) tez f. kmpaUnd] adj compuesto,-a.
, Complexion no significa complexin P n 1 chem compuesto. 2 (substance)
(fsica), que se traduce por constitution. mezcla. 3 ling palabra compuesta.
77 concern
P vt 1 (mix) componer, combinar, computation [kmpjUteIS n] n clcu

mezclar. 2 (worsen, exacerbate - problem) lo, cmputo.


agravar; (- difficulty) aumentar. compute [kmpjUt] vt computar, cal
compound2 [kmpaUnd] n (enclosed ar- cular.
ea) recinto. computer [kmpjUtr] n ordenador m,
comprehend [kmprIhend] vt 1 (under- computadora. C
stand) comprender. 2 fml (include) computerization [kmpjUtraIzeISn]
comprender, abarcar. n (of data) computerizacin f; (of system,
comprehensible [kmprIhensbl] adj business) informatizacin f.
comprensible. computerize [kmpjUtraIz] vt (data)
comprehension [kmprIhenS n] n computarizar, computerizar; (sys-
comprensin f. tem, business) informatizar.
comprehensive [kmprIhensIv] adj computing [kmpjUtIN] n informtica.
(thorough) detallado,-a, global, com comrade [kmreId] n pol camarada mf,
pleto,-a; (broad) amplio,-a, extenso,-a. compaero,-a.
, Comprehensive no significa com con1 [kn] n fam estafa, timo.
prensivo (tolerante), que se traduce por P vt fam (money) estafar, timar; (person)
understanding. embaucar, engaar.
pt & pp conned, ger conning.
compress [(n) kmpres; (vb) kmpres] n con2 [kn] n (disadvantage) contra m.
compresa.
P vt 1 (air, straw) comprimir. 2 (text, ar- . Consulta tambin pro.
gument, speech) condensar. concave [knkeIv] adj cncavo,-a.
compressibility [kmprsIbIlItI] n concavity [knkQvItI] n concavidad f.
compresibilidad f. conceal [knsil] vt (gen) ocultar; (facts)
compression [kmpreSn] n compre encubrir; (feelings) disimular.
sin f. concede [knsid] vt 1 (admit) reconocer,
compressor [kmpres ] n compresor m.
r
admitir. 2 (allow, give away) conceder.
comprise [kmpraIz] vt (consist of, be P vi ceder, rendirse.
made up of) comprender, constar de; conceit [knsit] n (pride) vanidad f.
(constitute, form) componer, constituir. conceivable [knsivbl] adj concebi
compromise [kmprmaIz] n acuerdo ble, imaginable.
mutuo, solucin f de compromiso. conceive [knsiv] vt 1 (gen) concebir.
P vi llegar a un acuerdo, transigir.
2 (understand) entender.
P vt (endanger, weaken) comprometer.
concentrate [knsntreIt]
, Compromise no significa com P vt (gen) concentrar (on, en).
promiso (obligacin o promesa de matri P vi 1 (person) concentrarse (on, en).
monio), que se traducen por commit- concentration [knsntreISn] n con
ment y engagement. centracin f (on, en).
compulsion [kmplS n] n 1 (force) concentric [knsentrIk] adj concn
obligacin f, coaccin f. 2 (urge) com trico,-a.
pulsin f. concept [knsept] n concepto.
compulsive [kmplsIv] adj 1 (compel- conception [knsepSn] n 1 (of child,
ling, fascinating) fascinante, irresisti idea, plan) concepcin f. 2 (idea) con
ble, absorbente. 2 (obsessive) obsesi cepto, idea, nocin f.
vo,-a. concern [knsn] n 1 (worry) preocu
compulsory [kmplsrI] adj (subject, pacin f, inquietud f. 2 (interest) inte
military service) obligatorio,-a; (retirement, rs m; (affair) asunto. 3 comm (company,
redundancy) forzoso,-a. business) negocio.
concerned 78

P vt 1 (affect, involve) afectar, concernir. concurrence [knkrns] n acuerdo,


(interest) interesar. 2 (worry) preocupar. coincidencia.
3 (book, film, article, etc) tratar de. concussion [knkSn] n med conmo
concerned [knsnd] adj (worried) cin f cerebral.
preocupado,-a (about/for, por). condemn [kndem] vt condenar.
concerning [knsnIN] prep referente condemnation [kndemneIS n] n
a, con respecto a, en cuanto a. condena.
concert [knst] n concierto. condensation [kndenseISn] n chem
concerted [knstId] adj concerta (process) condensacin f; (on glass) vaho.
do,-a, coordinado,-a. condense [kndens] vt condensar.
concerto [kntSetU] n concierto. condenser [kndensr] n condensa
pl concertos o concerti [kntSetI]. dor m.
. Concerto se refiere especficamente a
condescend [kndIsend] vi 1 (deign)
conciertos de msica clsica para uno o va
condescender, dignarse. 2 (patronize)
rios instrumentos solistas y una orquesta. tratar con condescendencia.
condescending [kndIsendIN] adj (at-
concession [knseSn] n concesin f titude, answer) condescendiente.
(to, a). condiment [kndImnt] n condimento.
concessionaire [knseSne r ] n condition [kndISn] n 1 (state) condi
concesionario,-a. cin f, estado. 2 (requirement, provision)
conciliate [knsIlIeIt] vt & vi conciliar. condicin f. 3 med afeccin f, enfer
concise [knsaIs] adj conciso,-a. medad f.
P vt 1 (determine, accustom) condicionar.
concision [knsIZn] n concisin f.
conclude [knklUd] vt 1 (end) concluir, 2 (treat - hair) acondicionar, suavizar.
finalizar. 2 (settle - deal) cerrar; (- agree- conditional [kndISnl] adj condicio
ment) llegar a; (- treaty) firmar. 3 (deduce) nal.
P n the conditional ling el condicio
concluir, llegar a la conclusin de.
P vi concluir, terminar. nal m.
conclusion [knklUZn] n conclusin f. conditioner [kndIS n r] n (for hair)
conclusive [knklUsIv] adj conclu acondicionador m, suavizante m.
yente. condolences [kndUlnsIs] n pl psa
concoct [knkkt] vt 1 (dish, sauce, drink) me m sing.
confeccionar, preparar. 2 (story, ex- condom [kndm] n condn m, pre
cuse, explanation) inventar, inventarse. servativo.
concord [kNkd] n 1 fml (harmony) condominium [kndmInIm] n 1 pol
concordia. 2 ling concordancia. condominio. 2 us (apartment block)
concourse [kNks] n (hall) vestbulo; bloque m de departamentos; (apart-
(in station) explanada. ment) apartamento.
condone [kndUn] vt (person) aprobar,
, Concourse no significa concurso consentir.
(competicin), que se traduce por com-
condor [kndr] n cndor m.
petition.
conducive [kndjUsIv] adj propicio,-a
concrete [kNkrit] adj 1 (definite, not ab- (to, para).
stract) concreto,-a. 2 (made of concrete) conduct [(n) kndkt; (vb) kndkt] n 1
de hormign. (behaviour) conducta, comportamien
P n hormign m. to. 2 (management) direccin f, gestin
concur [knk r] vi (agree) estar de f, administracin f.
acuerdo, coincidir. P vt 1 (direct - survey, campaign) llevar a
pt & pp concurred, ger concurring. cabo, realizar; (- business) administrar.
79 confuse
2 (lead, guide) conducir, guiar. 3 (trans- confidant [knfIdQnt] n confidente m.
mit - heat, etc) conducir. 4 mus dirigir. confidante [knfIdQnt] n confidenta.
P vi mus dirigir. confide [knfaId] vt confiar.
conduction [kndkSn] n phys con a to confide in vi confiar en.
duccin f. confidence [knfIdns] n 1 (trust, faith)
, Conduction no significa conduccin confianza (in, en), fe f (in, en). 2 (self- C
(de un vehculo), que se traduce por driving. confidence) confianza, seguridad f. 3 (se-
crecy) confianza. 4 (secret) confidencia.
conductivity [kndktIvitI] n conduc confident [knfIdnt] adj 1 (certain) se
tividad f. guro,-a. 2 (self-confident) seguro,-a de
conductor [kndktr] n 1 (of heat, electric- s mismo,-a.
ity) conductor m. 2 (of orchestra) direc confidential [knfIdenSl] adj confi
tor,-ra de orquesta. 3 (on bus) cobra dencial.
dor,-ra. 4 us (on train) jefe,-a de tren.
confine [knfaIn] vt 1 (person) confinar,
, Conductor no significa conductor (de recluir; (animal) encerrar. 2 (limit, re-
un vehculo), que se traduce por driver. strict) limitar.
conductress [kndktrs] n (on bus) co confinement [knfaInmnt] n 1 (im-
bradora. prisonment) reclusin f. 2 med (in child-
conduit [kndjUIt] n conducto. birth) parto.
cone [kUn] n 1 (shape, for traffic) cono. 2 confines [knfaInz] n pl lmites mpl,
(for ice cream) cucurucho. 3 bot (fruit of confines mpl.
pine tree) pia. confirm [knfm] vt confirmar.
confectioner [knfekSnr] n confite confirmation [knfmeISn] n confir
ro,-a, pastelero,-a. macin f.
confectionery [knfekSnrI] n dulces confirmed [knfmd] adj (inveterate)
mpl. empedernido,-a.
confederacy [knfedrsI] n confede confiscate [knfIskeIt] vt confiscar.
racin f. conflict [ (n) knflIkt ; (vb) knflIkt] n
pl confederacies. conflicto.
confederation [knfedreISn] n con P vi chocar (with, con), estar en con

federacin f. flicto (with, con).


confer [knfr] vt (award, grant, bestow) conflicting [knflIktIN] adj (evidence, ac-
conferir, conceder. counts) contradictorio,-a; (opinions, in-
P vi (consult, discuss) consultar ( with , terests) contrario,-a, opuesto,-a.
con) (about/on, sobre). confluence [knflUns] n confluencia.
pt & pp conferred, ger conferring. conform [knfm] vi 1 (comply with rules,
conference [knfrns] n 1 (large event, standards, regulations) ajustarse (to/with,
convention) congreso. 2 (meeting) reu a), cumplir (to/with, con). 2 (agree, be
nin f, junta. consistent with) conformarse (to/with,
, Conference no significa conferencia con), concordar (with, con). 3 (fit in,
(discurso), que se traduce por lecture. behave like other people) ser conformista.
conformist [knfmIst] adj confor
confess [knfes] vt & vi confesar. mista.
confessed [knfest] adj declarado,-a. P n conformista mf.
confession [knfeSn] n confesin f. conformity [knfmItI] n conformi
confessional [knfeSnl] n confesio dad f.
nario. confront [knfrnt] vt hacer frente a,
confessor [knfesr] n rel confesor m. enfrentarse a.
confetti [knfetI] n confeti m. confuse [knfjUz] vt confundir.
confused 80

confused [knfjUzd] adj 1 (person) a to conjure up vt sep (evoke - memories)


confundido,-a. 2 (mind, ideas, account) evocar, traer a la memoria; (summon
confuso,-a. - spirits) invocar.
confusing [knfjUzIN] adj confuso,-a. , Conjure no significa conjura (conspi
confusion [knfjUZn] n confusin f. racin), que se traduce por plot.
congeal [kndZil] vi (blood) coagular
conjurer [kndZrr] n mago,-a, pres
se; (fat) solidificarse.
tidigitador,-ra.
congenial [kndZinIl] adj agradable.
connect [knekt] vt 1 (gen) conectar. 2
congenital [kndZenItl] adj med con (associate) relacionar, asociar. 3 (on tel-
gnito,-a. ephone) poner (with, con).
congested [kndZestId] adj conges connection [knekSn] n 1 (gen) co
tionado,-a. nexin f. 2 (train, plane) conexin f,
congestion [kndZestSn] n conges enlace m.
tin f. P n pl connections (professional) contac
conglomerate [(n) knglmrt; (vb) tos mpl; (relatives) familia, parientes mpl.
knglmreIt] n 1 comm conglomerado connector [knektr] n conector m.
(de empresas). 2 geol conglomerado. connoisseur [knsr] n entendido,-a,
congratulate [kngrQtjleIt] vt felici conocedor,-ra.
tar (on, por). connotation [knteISn] n connota
congratulation [kngrQtjleISnz] n cin f.
felicitacin f. conquer [kNkr] vt (country, mountain,
P interj congratulations! felicidades! heart) conquistar; (enemy, fear) vencer.
fpl, enhorabuena! conqueror [kNkr r] n conquista
congregate [kNgrIgeIt] vi congre dor,-ra, vencedor,-ra.
garse. conquest [kNkwest] n conquista.
congregation [kNgrIgeIS n] n rel consanguinity [knsQNgwInItI] n
(people gathered) fieles mpl; (parishioners) consanguinidad f.
feligreses mpl. conscience [knSns] n conciencia.
congress [kNgres] n congreso. conscientious [knSIenSs] adj (work)
P n Congress us el Congreso.
concienzudo,-a; (person) aplicado,-a,
congruent [kNgrUnt] adj math con serio,-a.
gruente. conscientiousness [knSIenSsns] n
conic [knIk] adj cnico,-a. escrupulosidad f.
conifer [knIfr] n confera. conscious [knSs] adj 1 med cons
conjecture [kndZektSr] n conjetura, ciente. 2 (aware) consciente. 3 (inten-
suposicin f. tional, deliberate) deliberado,-a.
P vi hacer conjeturas. conscript [(n) knskrIpt; (vb) knskrIpt]
conjugal [kndZgl] adj conyugal. n recluta.
conjugate [kndZgeIt] vt conjugar. P vt reclutar.
P vi conjugarse. conscription [knskrIpSn] n servicio
conjugation [kndZgeISn] n conju militar obligatorio.
gacin f. consecrate [knsIkreIt] vt consagrar.
conjunction [kndZNkSn] n conjun consecutive [knsekjtIv] adj con
cin f. l o c in conjunction with con secutivo,-a.
juntamente con. consensus [knsenss] n consenso.
conjure [kndZr] vi hacer magia, ha consent [knsent] n consentimiento.
cer juegos de manos. P vi consentir (to, en), acceder (to, en).
81 constituency
consequence [knsIkwns] n 1 (result) consistent [knsIstnt] adj (of person,
consecuencia. 2 (importance) impor behaviour, beliefs) coherente (with, con),
tancia, trascendencia. consecuente (with, con); (denial, im-
consequent [knsIkwnt] adj consi provement) constante.
guiente. consolation [knsleISn] n consuelo.
conservation [knsveISn] n conser console1 [knsUl] n (electrical) consola; C
vacin f. (video games) consola.
conservationist [knsveIS nIst] n console2 [knsUl] vt consolar.
ecologista mf. consolidate [knslIdeIt] vt 1 (gen)
conservatism [knsvtIzm] n pol consolidar. 2 comm (merge) fusionar.
conservadurismo. consolidation [knslIdeISn] n 1 (gen)
conservative [knsvtIv] adj 1 (tradi- consolidacin f. 2 comm fusin f.
tional) conservador,-ra. 2 (cautious) consomm [knsmeI] n consom m.
cauteloso,-a, prudente. consonant [knsnnt] n consonante f.
P n (traditionalist) conservador,-ra. conspicuous [knspIkjUs] adj (clothes)
P adj Conservative pol conservador,-ra. llamativo,-a; (mistake, difference, lack)
P n Conservative pol conservador,-ra. evidente, obvio,-a.
conservatoire [knsvtwAr] n con conspiracy [knspIrsI] n conspira
servatorio. cin f: a conspiracy to murder una conspi
conservatory [knsvtrI] n 1 mus con racin de asesinato.
servatorio. 2 (greenhouse) invernadero. pl conspiracies.
pl conservatories. conspirator [knspIrt r ] n cons
conserve [knsv] vt (nature, wildlife, pirador,-ra.
etc) conservar, proteger; (save) con conspire [knspaIr] vi conspirar.
servar, ahorrar. constable [knstb l] n polica mf,
P n culin (jam) confitura. guardia mf, agente mf (de polica).
consider [knsIdr] vt considerar. constabulary [knstQbjlrI] n gb po
considerable [knsIdrbl] adj consi lica.
derable. pl constabularies.
considerate [knsId rt] adj con constant [knstnt] adj 1 (gen) cons
siderado,-a, atento,-a. tante. 2 (unchanging) constante.
consideration [knsIdreISn] n 1 (gen) P n constante f.
consideracin f. 2 (factor to consider) constellation [knstleISn] n conste
factor m a tener en cuenta. lacin f.
considering [knsIdrIN] prep tenien consternation [knstneISn] n cons
do en cuenta. ternacin f.
P conj teniendo en cuenta que. constipated [knstIpeItId] adj estre
P adv despus de todo. ido,-a.
consign [knsaIn] vt 1 comm (send - , To be constipated no significa estar
goods) consignar. 2 fml (entrust) confiar. constipado (acattarrado), que se traduce
consignment [knsaInmnt] n comm por to have a cold.
remesa, envo. constipation [knstIpeISn] n estrei
consist [knsIst] vi 1 fml (have as chief miento.
element) consistir (in, en). 2 (comprise, be
composed of) constar ( of , de), estar , Constipation no significa constipa
do (catarro), que se traduce por cold.
compuesto,-a (of, de).
consistency [knsIstnsI] n (of actions, constituency [knstItjUnsI] n cir
behaviour, policy) coherencia, lgica. 2 cunscripcin f, distrito electoral.
(of mixture) consistencia. pl constituencies.
constituent 82

constituent [knstItjUnt] adj consti contagion [knteIdZn] n contagio.


tuyente. contagious [knteIdZs] adj conta
P n (component) componente m. gioso,-a.
constitute [knstItjUt] vt constituir. contain [knteIn] vt contener.
constitution [knstItjUSn] n 1 (gen) container [knteInr] n 1 (receptacle) re
constitucin f. 2 (of person) constitu cipiente m; (packaging) envase m. 2 (for
cin f, complexin f. transporting goods) contenedor m, con
constitutional
[knstItjUSn l] adj tiner m.
constitucional. containment [knteInmnt] n con
constrain [knstreIn] vt 1 (oblige, force) tencin f.
constreir, obligar, forzar. 2 (restrict, contaminate [kntQmIneIt] vt conta
hold back) contener. minar.
constraint [knstreInt] n 1 (compulsion, contamination [kntQmIneIS n] n
coercion) coaccin f, obligacin f. 2 (re- contaminacin f.
striction) restriccin f, limitacin f. contemplate [kntempleIt] vt con
constrict [knstrIkt] vt 1 (blood vessels) templar.
estrangular; (breathing, movement) difi contemporaneous [kntempreI -
cultar; (neck) apretar, oprimir. 2 fig nIs] adj fml contemporneo,-a.
(action, behaviour) limitar, coartar. contemporary [kntemp rrI] adj
construct [knstrkt] vt construir. contemporneo,-a.
construction [knstrkSn] n 1 (gen) P n contemporneo,-a.
construccin f. 2 fig (meaning) inter pl contemporaries.
pretacin f. contempt [kntempt] n desprecio,
constructive [knstrktIv] adj cons desdn m, menosprecio.
tructivo,-a. contemptible [kntemptbl] adj des
constructor [knstrktr] n construc preciable.
tor,-ra. contend [kntend] vi 1 (compete) con
construe [knstrU] vt interpretar. tender, competir. 2 (deal with, struggle
consul [knsl] n cnsul mf. against) enfrentarse a, lidiar con.
consulate [knsjlt] n consulado. P vt (claim, state) sostener, afirmar.
consult [knslt] vt consultar. contender [kntendr] n contendien
P vi consultar. te mf (for, por).
consultant [knsltnt] n 1 (expert, ad- content1 [kntent] n contenido.
visor) asesor,-ra, consultor,-ra. 2 gb P n pl contents contenido m sing.
(doctor) especialista mf. content2 [kntent] adj contento,-a,
consultation [knslteISn] n consulta. satisfecho,-a: hes content to watch the
consulting [knsltIN] adj (architect, en- match at home se conforma con ver el par
gineer) asesor,-ra, consultor,-ra. c o m p tido en casa.
consulting room med consulta. P n contento.
consume [knsjUm] vt consumir. P vt contentar, satisfacer.

consumer [knsjUm r ] n consu contented [kntentId] adj contento,-a,


midor,-ra. satisfecho,-a.
consummate [ (adj) knsmt ; (vb) contention [kntenSn] n 1 (opinion, as-
knsmeIt] adj fml consumado,-a. sertion) opinin f. 2 (dispute, disagree-
P vt fml consumar. ment) discusin f, controversia.
consumption [knsmpSn] n consumo. contentious [kntenSs] adj pol
contact [kntQkt] n contacto. c o m p mico,-a.
contact lenses lentes fpl de contacto. contest [(n) kntest; (vb) kntest] n 1
P vt ponerse en contacto con. (competition - gen) concurso; (- sports)
83 controversy
competicin f; (- boxing) combate m. 2 P vt 1 (place under contract) contratar. 2
(struggle, attempt) contienda, lucha. (make smaller) contraer. 3 fml (debt, hab-
P vt 1 (championship, seat) competir por, it, illness) contraer.
luchar por, disputarse; (election) pre contraction [kntrQkSn] n contrac
sentarse como candidato,-a a. 2 (dis- cin f.
pute) refutar, rebatir. 3 jur (appeal contractor [kntrQktr] n contratista mf. C
against) impugnar. contradict [kntrdIkt] vt & vi contra
, To contest no significa contestar, decir.
que se traduce por to answer. contradiction [kntrdIkSn] n con
tradiccin f.
contestant [kntestnt] n (in competition, contradictory [kntrdIktrI] adj con
quiz, game) concursante mf; (for post, posi- tradictorio,-a.
tion) candidato,-a, aspirante mf. contraption [kntrQpSn] n fam ca
context [kntekst] n contexto. charro, artefacto, artilugio.
contiguous [kntIgjUs] adj conti contrary [(adj) kntrrI; (n) kntrerI]
guo,-a. adj 1 (opposite) contrario,-a. 2 (stubborn)
continent [kntInnt] n continente m. terco,-a, obstinado,-a, tozudo,-a.
P n the contrary lo contrario.
continental [kntInentl] adj conti
nental. contrast [(n) kntrAst; (vb) kntrAst] n
P adj Continental gb europeo,-a. contraste m.
P vt & vi contrastar.
contingency [kntIndZnsI] n contin
gencia. c o m p contingency plan plan m contribute [kntrIbjUt] vt 1 (money)
de emergencia. contribuir (to, a; towards, para); (ide-
as, information) aportar. 2 (article, poem,
contingent [kntIndZnt] adj contin etc) escribir.
gente. P vi 1 (gen) contribuir (to, a; towards,
P n contingente m.
para); (in discussion) participar (to, en).
continual [kntInjUl] adj continuo,-a, 2 (to newspaper, magazine, etc) colaborar
constante. (to, en), escribir (to, para).
continuation [kntInjUeISn] n conti contributor [kntrIbjtr] n 1 (to charity,
nuacin f. appeal, etc) donante mf. 2 (to newspaper,
continue [kntInjU] vt & vi continuar, magazine, etc) colaborador,-ra.
seguir. contrive [kntraIv] vt 1 (way, device) idear,
continuous [kntInjUs] adj con inventar; (meeting) arreglar; (meal, dress,
tinuo,-a. etc) improvisar. 2 (manage) conseguir.
contort [kntt] vt (face) contraer. contrived [kntraIvd] adj artificial.
P vi contraerse. control [kntrUl] vt controlar.
contortion [kntSn] n contorsin f. P n 1 (power, command) poder m, domi

contour [kntUr] n contorno. nio, mando; (authority) autoridad f. 2


(restriction, means of regulating) control m.
contraband [kntrbQnd] n contra 3 (place, people in control) control m. 4
bando. (switch, button) botn m, mando. c o m p
contraception [kntrsepSn] n anti control tower torre f de emergencia.
concepcin f. P n pl controls (of vehicle) mandos mpl.
contraceptive [kntrseptIv] adj an controller [kntrUl r] n 1 (financial)
ticonceptivo,-a. interventor,-ra. 2 (in broadcasting)
P n anticonceptivo. director,-ra de programacin.
contract [(n) kntrQkt; (vb) kntrQkt] n controversy [kntrvsI] n contro
(gen) contrato; (for public work, services) versia, polmica.
contrata. pl controversies.
contusion 84

contusion [kntjUZ n] n contusin f.



convincing [knvInsIN] adj convin
convalesce [knvles] vi convalecer. cente.
convalescence [knvlesns] n con convoy [knvI] n convoy m.
valecencia. cook [kUk] n cocinero,-a.
convalescent [knvlesnt] adj con P vt (food) guisar, cocinar; (meals) pre
valeciente. parar, hacer.
convenience [knvinIns] n conve cooker [kUkr] n (stove) cocina.
niencia, comodidad f. c o m p conveni cookery [kUkrI] n cocina: Spanish
ence food plato precocinado. cookery cocina espaola. c o m p cookery
convenient [knvinInt] adj (time, ar- book libro de cocina.
rangement) conveniente, oportuno,-a; cookie [kUkI] n 1 us (biscuit) galleta. 2
(thing) prctico,-a, cmodo,-a. (in computing) cookie m & f, galleta.
convent [knvnt] n convento. cooking [kUkIN] n cocina: home cooking
convention [knvenS n] n conven cocina casera.
cin f, congreso.
cool [kUl] adj 1 (gen) fresco,-a. 2 (unfriend-
converge [knvdZ] vi (lines, roads) ly, reserved) fro,-a. 3 (calm) tranquilo,-a,
convergir (on, en), converger (on,
sereno,-a. 4 fam (great) guay.
en); (people) reunirse.
conversant [knvs nt] adj fami coop [kUp] n gallinero.
liarizado,-a (with, con), versado,-a cooperate [kUpreIt] [also written
(with, en). co-operate] vi cooperar, colaborar.
conversation [knvseISn] n conver coordinate [ (vb) kUdIneIt ; (n)
sacin f. kUdInt] [also written co-ordi-
converse [knvs] adj opuesto,-a, nate] vt coordinar.
contrario,-a. P n math coordenada.

conversion [knvSn] n conversin f coordination [kUdIneISn] [also writ


(to, a; into, en). ten co-ordination] n coordinacin f.
convert [(vb) knvt; (n) knvt] vt cop [kp] n sl (policeman) poli mf.
(gen) convertir (into, en; to, a). cope [kUp] vi arreglrselas, poder.
P n rel converso,-a. copious [kUpIs] adj copioso,-a,
convertible [knvtb l] adj (gen) abundante.
convertible; (car) descapotable. copper [kpr] n 1 (metal) cobre m. 2 gb
P n auto descapotable m. fam (coin) penique m, pela, perra. 3 sl
convex [knveks] adj convexo,-a. (policeman) poli mf.
convey [knveI] vt 1 (goods, people, elec- copse [kps] n arboleda, bosquecillo.
tricity) transportar, conducir; (sound) copulate [kpjleIt] vi copular.
transmitir, llevar. 2 (opinion, feeling, copy [kpI] n 1 (reproduction) copia. 2 (of
idea) comunicar, transmitir.
book, magazine, etc) ejemplar m.
conveyance [knveIns] n 1 (transport) pl copies.
transporte m. 2 fml (vehicle) vehculo. P vi copiar.
3 jur traspaso, transferencia.
conveyor belt [knveIrbelt] n cinta copycat [kpIkQt] n fam copin,-ona.
P adj (crime) inspirado,-a en otro.
transportadora.
convict [ (n) knvIkt ; (vb) knvIkt] n copyright [kpIraIt] n copyright m,
presidiario,-a, recluso,-a. derechos mpl de autor.
P vt jur declarar culpable, condenar. coral [krl] n coral m.
conviction [knvIkSn] n 1 (belief) con cord [kd] n 1 (string, rope) cuerda. 2
viccin f, creencia. 2 jur condena (for, elec cable m. 3 (corduroy) pana.
por). cordon [kdn] n cordn m.
convince [knvIns] vt convencer. corduroy [kdrI] n pana.
85 cosy
core [k ] n 1 (gen) ncleo. 2 (of apple,
r
correspond [krIspnd] vi 1 (gen) co
pear, etc) corazn m. rresponderse (with, con). 2 (write) es
P adj central, principal, medular. cribirse (with, con).
coriander [krIQndr] n cilantro. correspondence [krIspndns] n co
cork [kk] n (material) corcho. rrespondencia.
corkscrew [kkskrU] n sacacorchos m. correspondent [krIspndnt] n co C
corm [km] n bulbo. rresponsal mf.
corn1 [kn] n (gen) cereales mpl; (wheat) corridor [krIdr] n pasillo.
trigo; (oats) avena; (maize) maz m. corrode [krUd] vt corroer.
P vi corroerse.
corn2 [kn] n med callo.
corncob [knkb] n mazorca de maz. corrosion [krUZn] n 1 (process) corro
sin f. 2 (substance) herrumbre f, orn m.
cornea [knI] n crnea.
corrupt [krpt] adj corrompido,-a,
corned beef [kndbif] n carne f en corrupto,-a.
conserva. P vt corromper; (bribe) sobornar.
corner [knr] n 1 (of street) esquina; corruption [krpSn] n corrupcin f.
(bend in road) curva; (of table, etc) esquina,
corset [ksIt] n cors m.
punta. 2 (of room, cupboard, etc) rincn m;
cortex [kteks] n corteza.
(of mouth) comisura; (of eye) rabillo; (of
page, envelope) ngulo. 3 sp (kick - in foot- cos [kUsaIn] abbr (cosine) coseno; (ab-
breviation) cos.
ball) crner m, saque m de esquina.
P vt arrinconar, acorralar; (person)
cosine [kUsaIn] n math coseno.
arrinconar. cosmetic [kzmetIk] adj cosmtico,-a.
c o m p cosmetic surgery ciruga esttica.
cornet [knIt] n 1 mus corneta. 2 gb
(for ice-cream) cucurucho. cosmic [kzmIk] adj csmico,-a.
cornflakes [knfleIks] npl copos de cosmonaut [kzmnt] n cosmonau
maz. ta mf.
cornice [knIs] n cornisa. cosmopolitan [kzmplItn] adj cos
mopolita.
corolla [krl] n corola.
cosmos [kzms] n cosmos m.
coronation [krneISn] n coronacin f.
cost [kst] vt costar, valer.
coroner [krnr] n juez mf de instruc pt & pp cost [kst].
cin. P n (price) coste m, precio. c o m p cost of
corporal [kprl] n mil cabo. living coste de la vida.
corporate [kp rt] adj 1 (collective) costal [kztl] adj costal.
colectivo,-a. 2 (of a corporation) de la co-star [kUstAr] n coprotagonista mf.
empresa, de la compaa. Costa Rica [kztrik] n Costa Rica.
corporation [kpreISn] n corpora Costa Rican [kztrikn] adj costarri
cin f. cense.
corps [kr] n cuerpo. P n (person) costarricense mf.
pl corps [kz]. cost-effective [kstIfektIv] adj rentable.
corpse [kps] n cadver m. costly [kstlI] adj costoso,-a.
corpus [kps] adj 1 (of texts) corpus m. comp costlier, superl costliest.
2 anat cuerpo. c o m p anat corpus callo costume [kstjUm] n traje m.
sum cuerpo calloso. P n pl costumes theat vestuario.
corpuscle [kps l] n corpsculo, cosy [kUzI] adj 1 (room, house, atmos-
glbulo. phere) acogedor,-ra. 2 (chat) ntimo,-a
correct [krekt] adj correcto,-a. y agradable.
P vt corregir. comp cosier, superl cosiest.
cot 86

cot [kt] n 1 (for baby) cuna. 2 us (camp counterfoil [kaUntfIl] n matriz f.


bed) cama de campaa. counterpart [kaUntpAt] n homlogo,-a.
cotton [ktn] n 1 (cloth, plant) algodn counterproductive [kaUntprdktIv]
m. 2 (thread) hilo (de coser). adj contraproducente.
P adj (shirt, etc) de algodn. c o m p cotton
countess [kaUnts] n condesa.
bud bastoncillo de algodn. y cotton
countless [kaUntls] adj incontable,
wool algodn m hidrfilo.
innumerable.
couch [kaUtS] n (sofa) canap m, sof m.
country [kntrI] n 1 (state, nation) pas
couchette [kUSet] n litera. m; (people) pueblo. 2 [no se usa en pl]
. Couchette se refiere especficamente a (rural area) campo. 3 [no se usa en pl] (re-
las literas de los trenes. Las literas que puede gion, area of land) regin f, zona, terri
haber en una casa se llaman bunk beds. torio. 1 [tambin country music] mus
msica country, country m.
cougar [kUgr] n puma m. pl countries.
cough [kf] n tos f. P adj (rural - life, lane) rural; (- house) de
P vi toser. campo.
could [kUd] pt can. countryman [kntrImn] n 1 (man from
council [kaUnsl] n 1 (elected group) con country) campesino. 2 (compatriot) com
sejo. 2 gb (of town, city) ayuntamiento. patriota m.
3 rel concilio. pl countrymen [kntrImn].
councillor [kaUnslr] n concejal,-la. countryside [kntrIsaId] n (area) cam
counsel [kaUnsl] n 1 (advice) consejo. po, campia; (scenery) paisaje m.
2 jur abogado,-a. countrywoman [kntrIwUmn] n 1
counsellor [kaUns l r] n 1 (adviser) (woman from the country) campesina. 2
consejero,-a, asesor,-ra. 2 us (lawyer) (compatriot) compatriota.
abogado,-a. pl countrywomen [kntrIwImIn].
count1 [kaUnt] n (act of counting) recuento; county [kaUntI] n condado.
(of votes) escrutinio; (total) total m, suma. pl counties.
P vt 1 (gen) contar. 2 (consider) considerar.
coup [kU] n golpe m. comp coup dtat
, To count no significa contar (rela golpe m de estado.
tar), que se traduce por to tell. couple [kpl] n 1 (two things) par m; (a
count2 [kaUnt] n (nobleman) conde m. few) unos,-as. 2 (two people) pareja.
P vt conectar, acoplar.
countable [kaUntbl] adj contable.
countdown [kaUntdaUn] n cuenta atrs. coupon [kUpn] n 1 comm (for discount,
free gift, etc) cupn m, vale m. 2 gb (for
counter [kaUntr] n 1 (in shop) mostra
competition, football pools) boleto.
dor m; (individual) ventanilla. 2 (in board
games) ficha. courage [krIdZ] n coraje m, valor m,
counteract [kaUntrQkt] vt contra valenta.
rrestar. courageous [kreIdZs] adj valiente.
counterattack [kaUntrtQk] n con courgette [kUZet] n calabacn m.
traataque m. courier [kUrIr] n 1 (messenger) mensa
P vt contraatacar. jero,-a. 2 (guide) gua mf turstico,-a.
counterclockwise [kaUntklkwaIz] course [ks] n 1 (gen) curso; (of ship)
adj us en sentido contrario a las agu rumbo. 2 educ (year - long) curso;
jas del reloj. (- short) cursillo; (at university) carrera; (in-
counterfeit [kaUntfIt] adj falso,-a, dividual subject) asignatura. 3 (of meal)
falsificado,-a. plato. 4 sp (for golf) campo. l o c of course
P n falsificacin f. desde luego, por supuesto. c o m p main
P vt falsificar. course segundo plato.
87 cranium
court [kt] n 1 jur (place, people) tribunal bottle) abrir, descorchar. 3 (hit) pegar,
m; (building) juzgado. 2 (royal) corte f. 3 golpear.
sp (tennis, squash, etc) pista, cancha. 4 P vi 1 (break - cup, glass) rajarse, resque
(courtyard) patio. brarse; (- rock, plaster, paint, skin) agrie
courteous [ktIs] adj corts. tarse. 2 (relationship, system) venirse aba
courtesy [ktsI] n 1 (good manners) jo; (person) sufrir una crisis nerviosa. C
cortesa, educacin f. 2 (polite act or re- P n 1 (in cup, glass) raja; (in ice, wall,
mark) favor m, atencin f. ground, pavement, etc) grieta. 2 (slit, nar-
pl courtesies. row opening) rendija. 3 (of whip) restalli
courthouse [kthaUs] n juzgado. do, chasquido.
courtroom [ktrUm] n sala de justi P adj (troops, regiment, shot) de primera.
cia, tribunal m. cracked [krQkt] adj fam (mad, crazy)
courtyard [ktjAd] n patio. chiflado,-a, chalado,-a.
cousin [kzn] n primo,-a. cracker [krQkr] n 1 (biscuit) galleta se
cove [kUv] n cala, ensenada. ca. 2 (firework) petardo m.
covenant [kvnnt] n jur (formal agree- cracking [krQkIN] adj fam (shot, goal) de
ment) convenio, pacto; (clause) clusu primera; (pace) muy rpido,-a.
la, provisin f. crackle [krQkl] n (of twigs, etc) crujido,
cover [kvr] n 1 (lid) tapa, cubierta. 2 chasquido.
(thing that covers - gen) funda. 3 (outside P vi (twigs, etc) chasquear; (fire) chispo
pages - of book) cubierta, tapa; (- of maga- rrotear, crepitar; (radio, telephone) ha
zine) portada. 4 (insurance) cobertura. 5 cer ruido.
(shelter, protection) abrigo, proteccin f. cradle [kreIdl] n cuna f.
P vt 1 (place over - gen) cubrir (with, de);
P vt (baby) acunar (en los brazos), mecer.
(- floor, wall) revestir (with, de); (- sofa)
tapizar; (- book) forrar. 2 (with lid, craft [krAft] n 1 (occupation) oficio. 2
hands) tapar. 3 (hide) tapar. (art) arte m; (skill) habilidad f, destre
coverage [kvrIdZ] n cobertura. za. 3 (boat) embarcacin f.
P vt trabajar.
coveralls [kvrlz] n pl us overalls.
covering [kvrIN] n (protective) cubier craftsman [krAftsmn] n artesano.
ta, envoltura; (layer) capa. pl craftsmen [krAftsmn].
covert [kvt] adj secreto,-a. craftswoman [krAftswUmn] n artesana.
cover-up [kvrp] n encubrimiento. pl craftswomen [krAftswImIn].
covet [kvt] vt codiciar. crafty [krAftI] adj (person) astuto,-a;
cow [kaU] n vaca. (child) pillo,-a; (method, idea, etc) hbil.
comp craftier, superl craftiest.
coward [kaUd] n cobarde mf: hes a
coward es un cobarde. crag [krQg] n pea, risco, peasco.
cowardly [kaUdlI] adj cobarde: that is cram [krQm] vt (stuff, fill) atestar (with,
a cowardly attitude esa es una actitud co de), atiborrar (with, de).
barde. P vi fam (learn for exam) empollar.

cowboy [kaUbI] n vaquero. pt & pp crammed, ger cramming.


cox [kks] n timonel mf. cramp1 [krQmp] n med calambre m.
coy [kI] adj tmido,-a, recatado,-a. P n pl cramps (gen) retortijones mpl
coyote [kaIUtI] n coyote m. cramp2 [krQmp] vt obstaculizar.
cozy [kUzI] adj us cosy. cranberry [krQnbrI] n arndano.
comp cozier, superl coziest. pl cranberries.
crab [krQb] n (shellfish) cangrejo. crane [kreIn] n 1 zool grulla comn. 2
crack [krQk] vt 1 (break - cup, glass, etc) ra (machine) gra.
jar; (- bone) fracturar, romper. 2 (break cranium [kreInIm] n crneo.
open - safe) forzar; (- egg, nut) cascar; (- pl craniums o crania [kreInI].
crank 88

crank [krQNk] n 1 (crankshaft) cigeal P n pl credits (of film, programme) ficha


m. 2 (starting handle) manivela. tcnica.
cranky [krQNkI] adj fam excntrico, creditor [kredItr] n acreedor,-ra.
-ca, chiflado, -da. creed [krid] n credo.
comp crankier, superl crankiest. creek [krik] n 1 gb cala. 2 us riachue
crash [krQS] n 1 (noise) estrpito; (of lo, arroyo.
thunder) trueno, estallido. 2 (collision) creep [krip] vi 1 (move quietly) moverse si
choque m, accidente m. 3 comm (col- gilosamente, deslizarse. 2 (move with the
lapse) quiebra. body close to the ground) arrastrarse, reptar.
crate [kreIt] n caja, cajn m. pt & pp crept [krept].
P vt embalar.
creeper [kripr] n (planta) trepadora.
crater [kreItr] n crter m. cremate [krImeIt] vt incinerar.
crave [kreIv] vt ansiar, tener ansias de. crematorium [kremtrIm] n (hor
craving [kreIvIN] n (gen) ansia (for, de), no) crematorio.
ansias fpl (for, de); (in pregnancy) anto pl crematoriums o crematoria [kre-
jo (for, de). mtrI].
crawfish [krfIS] n crayfish. crepe [kreIp] n crepe m.
crawl [krl] vi 1 (move slowly - person, crept [krept] pt & pp creep.
snake) arrastrarse; (- baby) gatear. 2 crescent [kresnt] n (shape) medialuna.
(car, traffic) ir a paso de tortuga. P adj creciente. c o m p crescent moon
P n sp (in swimming) crol m.
luna creciente.
crayfish [kreIfIS] n cangrejo de ro. cress [kres] n berro.
pl crayfish.
crest [krest] n 1 (of cock) cresta. 2 (of hill)
crayon [kreIn] n lpiz m de cera. cima, cumbre f; (of wave) cresta.
craze [kreIz] n (fashion) moda; (game, crestfallen [krestfln] adj abatido,-a.
sport, hobby, etc) mana.
crevice [krevIs] n grieta, raja.
crazy [kreIzI] adj fam loco,-a.
comp crazier, superl craziest.
crew1 [krU] n 1 (of ship, etc) tripulacin f.
2 (working team) equipo.
creak [krik] vi (floorboard, stairs, joints) crujir,
hacer un crujido; (door, hinge) chirriar. crew2 [krU] pt crow.
cream [krim] n 1 (of milk) nata, crema crib [krIb] n 1 (manger) pesebre m; (Nativ-
(de leche). 2 (cosmetic) crema; (medical) ity scene) beln m, pesebre m. 2 (for baby)
pomada, crema. cuna. 3 (for cheating) chuleta.
P vt plagiar, copiar.
crease [kris] n 1 (wrinkle) arruga; (fold)
pt & pp cribbed, ger cribbing.
pliegue m; (ironed) raya. 2 sp (in cricket)
lnea. crick [krIk] n (in neck) tortcolis f.
create [krieIt] vt 1 (gen) crear. 2 (cause) cricket1 [krIkIt] n (insect) grillo.
producir, causar. cricket2 [krIkIt] n sp cricket m.
creation [krieISn] n creacin f. cried [kraId] pp cry.
creature [kritSr] n 1 (animal) criatura. crime [kraIm] n crimen m.
2 (human being) ser m. criminal [krImInl] adj criminal.
credentials [krIdenSlz] n pl 1 (qualifica- P n delincuente mf, criminal mf.
tions) credenciales fpl. 2 (documents) cringe [krIndZ] vi encogerse, agacharse.
cartas fpl credenciales. crinkle [krINkl] n arruga.
credible [kredIbl] adj creble. P vt arrugar.
credit [kredIt] n 1 (praise, approval) m cripple [krIpl] n lisiado,-a, tullido,-a.
rito, reconocimiento. 2 (belief, trust, P vt 1 (person) dejar cojo,-a, lisiar. 2 fig
confidence) crdito. 3 fin (gen) crdito; (industry, country) paralizar.
(in accountancy) haber m; (on statement) crisis [kraIsIs] n crisis f.
saldo acreedor. 5 educ crdito. pl crises [kraIsis].
89 crush
crisp [krIsp] adj 1 (pastry, biscuits, etc) cru crossword [krswd] [tambin
jiente; (lettuce) fresco,-a. 2 (weather, air) crossword puzzle] n crucigrama m.
fro,-a y seco,-a. crotch [krtS] n entrepierna.
P n gb patata frita (de bolsa o churrera). crotchet [krtSIt] n mus negra.
crouch [kraUtS] [tambin crouch down]
. Son las patatas de bolsa o de churrera
que se comen fras, pues las que se comen vi (person) agacharse, ponerse en cu C
calientes se llaman chips en ingls brit clillas; (cat) agazaparse.
nico y french fries en ingls americano. crow1 [krU] n (bird) cuervo.
crow2 [krU] vi (cock) cantar, cacarear.
crisscross [krIskrs] vt entrecruzar. pt crowed o crew [kru], pp crowed.
critic [krItIk] n (reviewer) crtico,-a. crowbar [krUbAr] n palanca.
critical [krItIkl] adj crtico,-a. crowd [kraUd] n 1 (large number of people)
criticism [krItIsIzm] n crtica. multitud f, muchedumbre f, gento;
criticize [krItIsaIz] vt criticar. (at match, concert, etc) pblico. 2 (particu-
croak [krUk] n 1 (of raven) graznido; (of lar group) gente f; (clique) pandilla.
frog) canto. 2 (of person) voz f ronca. crowded [kraUdId] adj abarrotado,-a
Croatia [krUeIS] n Croacia. de gente, concurrido,-a.
Croatian [krUeISn] adj croata. crown [kraUn] n 1 (of king, queen) coro
P adj (person) croata mf; (language) croa na. 2 anat (of head) coronilla; (of tooth)
ta m. corona. 3 (top - of hat, tree) copa.
crochet [krUSeI] n ganchillo. crucial [krUSl] adj crucial.
crockery [krkrI] n loza, vajilla. crucifix [krUsIfIks] n crucifijo.
crocodile [krkdaIl] n cocodrilo. crucify [krUsIfaI] vt crucificar.
crocus [krUks] n azafrn m. pt & pp crucified, ger crucifying.
crony [krUnI] n fam compinche mf. crude [krUd] n 1 (manners, style) tosco,-a,
pl cronies. g r os e r o , - a ; (joke) g r o s e r o , - a ,
crook [krUk] n 1 cayado, gancho. 2 ordinario,-a. 2 (oil) crudo,-a.
fam (criminal) sinvergenza mf, delin , Crude no significa crudo (sin hacer),
cuente mf. que se traduce por raw.
P vt (finger, arm) doblar.
crop [krp] n 1 (plant) cultivo; (harvest) cruel [krUl] adj cruel.
comp crueller, superl cruellest.
cosecha. 2 (group, batch) tanda. 3 (hair-
style) corte m al rape. cruelty [krUltI] n crueldad f (to, hacia).
pl cruelties.
cross [krs] n 1 (gen) cruz f. 2 biol (hy-
brid) cruce m. cruise [krUz] vi mar hacer un crucero.
P vt (street, river, bridge,) cruzar, atrave
P n crucero.
sar; (arms, legs) cruzar. cruiser [krUzr] n 1 (warship) crucero.
P vi (walk across) cruzar (over, -); (inter- 2 (pleasure boat) yate m.
sect, pass each another) cruzarse. crumb [krm] n miga, migaja.
crossbar [krsbAr] n (of goal) travesa crumble [krmbl] vt (gen) desmenu
o, larguero; (of bicycle) barra. zar, deshacer; (bread) desmigajar.
crossing [krsIN] n 1 mar travesa. 2 crumple [krmpl] vt (clothes) arrugar;
(intersection, crossroads) cruce m . c o m p (paper) estrujar.
border crossing paso fronterizo. crunch [krntS] vt 1 (food) mascar. 2
cross-reference [krsrefrns] n re (with feet, tyres) hacer crujir.
misin f. crusade [krUseId] n cruzada.
P vt remitir. crush [krS] vt 1 (squash - gen) aplastar;
crossroads [krsrUdz] n encrucijada, (squeeze) estrujar;. 2 (smash, pound - gen)
cruce m. triturar; (- ice) picar.
crust 90

P n 1 (of people) aglomeracin f. 2 gb cumbersome [kmbsm] adj 1 (thing)


(soft drink) refresco. incmodo,-a, voluminoso,-a, pesa
crust [krst] n corteza. do,-a. 2 (procedure) torpe, engorroso,-a.
crustacean [krsteISn] n crustceo. cumin [kmIn] n comino.
crutch [krtS] n 1 (for walking) muleta. cunning [knIN] adj astuto,-a
P n astucia.
crux [krks] n quid m, meollo.
cry [kraI] vt 1 (shout, call) gritar. 2 (weep) cup [kp] n 1 (for drinking) taza. 2 sp (tro-
llorar. phy) copa.
pt & pp cried, ger crying. cupboard [kbd] n armario.
crying [kraIIN] n (weeping) llanto. curator [kjUreItr] n (of museum) conser
crypt [krIpt] n cripta. vador,-ra.
crystal [krIstl] n cristal m. curb [kb] n 1 (for horse) barbada. 2
(control) freno. 3 us bordillo.
crystallize [krIstlaIz] vt cristalizar.
curd [kd] n (from milk) cuajada. c o m p
cub [kb] n zool cachorro,-a curd cheese requesn m.
cube [kjUb] n 1 (shape) cubo; (of sugar) curdle [kdl] vi (form curds) cuajarse;
terrn m; (of ice) cubito; (of cheese, meat, (go bad) cortarse.
etc) dado. 2 math cubo. c o m p cube root cure [kjUr] vt curar.
raz f cbica. P n cura.
P vt math elevar al cubo.
cure-all [kjUrAl] n panacea.
cubic [kjUbIk] adj cbico,-a. curfew [kfjU] n toque m de queda.
cubism [kjUbIzm] n cubismo. curiosity [kjUrIstI] n curiosidad f.
cuckoo [kUkU] n cuco. pl curiosities.
pl cuckoos. curious [kjUrIs] adj 1 (inquisitive)
cucumber [kjUkmbr] n pepino. curioso,-a. 2 (strange, odd) curioso,-a,
cuddle [kdl] vt abrazar, acariciar. extrao,-a; (interesting) interesante.
cue1 [kjU] n 1 (for actor) pie m; (for musi- curl [kl] vt rizar.
cian) entrada. 2 (signal) seal f. 3 (exam- P vi rizarse.
ple) ejemplo. P n (of hair) rizo; (ringlet) bucle m, tira
cue2 [kjU] n (in billiards, etc) taco. c o m p buzn m; (of smoke) espiral f, voluta.
cue ball bola blanca. curly [klI] adj rizado,-a.
cuff1 [kf] n 1 (of sleeve) puo. 2 us (of comp curlier, superl curliest.
trousers) dobladillo. currant [krnt] n 1 (dried grape) pasa
P n pl cuffs sl esposas fpl. (de Corinto). 2 (fruit) grosella.
cuff2 [kf] vt dar un bofetada a. currency [krnsI] n fin moneda. comp

P n bofetada, cachete m, bofetn m. foreign currency divisa.


cufflinks [kflINks] n pl gemelos mpl. pl currencies.
cuisine [kwIzin] n cocina. current [krnt] adj 1 (present, existing - gen)
cul-de-sac [kldsQk] n calle f sin salida. actual; (- month, year) en curso; (most recent
- issue) ltimo,-a. 2 (generally accepted) co
culminate [klmIneIt] vi culminar.
rriente, comn, habitual, general.
culottes [kjUlts] n pl falda pantaln c o m p current account cuenta corriente.
f sing. P n (gen) corriente f.
culprit [klprIt] n culpable mf. currently [krntlI] adv 1 (at present) ac
cult [klt] n (gen) culto; (sect) secta. tualmente, en la actualidad. 2 (com-
cultivate [kltIveIt] vt cultivar. monly) comnmente.
pt & pp cupped, ger cupping. curriculum [krIkjlm] n educ plan m
culture [kltS r] n 1 (gen) cultura. 2 de estudios. c o m p curriculum vitae
(growth) cultivo. currculum m, historial m.
91 Czechia
curry [krI] n culin curry m. cutaneous [kjUteInIs] adj cutneo,-a.
pl curries. cute [kjUt] adj 1 (sweet) mono,-a, rico,
curse [ks] n 1 (evil spell) maldicin f. 2 -a; (good-looking) guapo,-a, lindo,-a. 2
(oath) palabrota. us (clever) listo,-a.
cursor [ksr] n cursor m. cutlery [ktlrI] n cubiertos mpl, cu
curt [kt] adj seco,-a, brusco,-a. bertera. C
curtain [kt n] n 1 (gen) cortina. 2 cutlet [ktlt] n culin chuleta.
theat teln m. cutout [ktaUt] n 1 (shape) recortable
curvature [kvtS r] n 1 (of surface) m. 2 (device, switch) cortacircuitos m.
curvatura. 2 med encorvamiento. cutter [ktr] n (tool) cter m.
curve [kv] n (gen) curva. cutting [ktIN] n 1 (from newspaper) re
P vi (of road, river, ball) describir una corte m. 2 bot esqueje m.
curva, torcer. cuttlefish [ktlfIS] n jibia, sepia.
cushion [kUSn] n (gen) cojn m; (large) cyanide [saInaId] n cianuro.
almohadn m. cybernetics [saIbnetIks] n ciberntica.
P vt fig suavizar, amortiguar.
cycle [saIkl] n 1 (series of events, of songs,
custard [kstd] n (cold, set) natillas fpl; etc) ciclo; (of washing machine) progra
(hot, liquid) crema. c o m p custard apple ma m. 2 (bicycle) bicicleta; (motorcycle)
chirimoya. moto f. c o m p cycle lane/path/way ca
custom [kstm] n costumbre f: its a rril m bici. y cycle track veldromo.
typical Spanish custum es una tpica cos P vi ir en bicicleta.
tumbre espaola. cyclic [sIklIk, saIklIk] adj cclico,-a.
customary [kstmrI] adj (habitual) cyclical [sIklIk l, saIklIk l] adj ccli
acostumbrado,-a, habitual. co,-a.
customer [kstmr] n cliente mf. cycling [saIklIN] n ciclismo.
customize [kstmaIz] vt hacer por cyclist [saIklIst] n ciclista mf.
encargo, hacer a la medida. cyclone [saIklUn] n cicln m.
custom-made [kstmmeId] adj
cygnet [sIgnt] n pollo de cisne.
(clothes, etc) hecho,-a a medida.
cylinder [sIlIndr] n 1 (gen) cilindro. 2
customs [kstmz] n aduana. (for gas) bombona.
. Puede ser tanto singular como plural. cylindrical [sIlIndrIkl] adj cilndrico,-a.
cut [kt] n 1 (ge) corte m; (knife wound) cu cymbal [sImbl] n cmbalo, platillo.
chillada. 3 (share) parte f, tajada. 4 (re- cynic [sInIk] n cnico,-a.
duction - in budget, services, wages) recorte cynical [sInIkl] adj cnico,-a.
m; (- in level, number, price) reduccin f. 6 cynicism [sInIsIzm] n cinismo.
elec corte m, apagn m. cypress [saIprs] n ciprs m.
P vt 1 (gen) cortar 2 (reduce - level, num-
Cypriot [sIprIt] adj chipriota,-a.
ber) reducir; (- budget, spending) recor P n 1 (person) chipriota mf. 2 (language)
tar; (- price) rebajar, reducir. chipriota m.
a to cut down vt sep (tree) talar, cortar;
Cyprus [saIprs] n Chipre m.
(kill) matar.
a to cut off vt sep 2 (disconnect, discontinue)
cyst [sIst] n quiste m.
cortar: our phones been cut off nos han cystitis [sIstaItIs] n cistitis f.
cortado el telfono. 3 (isolate, separate) czar [zAr] n zar m.
aislar: she felt cut off se senta aislada. Czech [tSek] adj checo,-a.
a to cut out vt sep 1 (from newspaper) re P n 1 (person) checo,-a. 2 (language)

cortar; (in sewing) cortar. 2 (exclude) su checo. c o m p Czech Republic Repbli


primir, eliminar. ca Checa.
pt & pp cut, ger cutting. Czechia [tSekI] n Chequia.
D
92

D, d [di] n 1 (the letter) D, d f. 2 mus re m. dairymaid [derImeId] n lechera.


d [d] aux 1 would. Id go ira. 2 dairyman [derImn] n lechero.
had: hed seen haba visto. 3 fam did. pl dairymen[derImn].
whatd you do? qu hiciste? dais [deIz] n tarima.
dab [dQb] n (of paint) toque m; (of per- pl daises.
fume) gota; (of butter) poquito. daisy [deIzI] n margarita.
P vi dar ligeros toques (at, en). pl daisies.
P n pl dabs gb sl huellas fpl dactilares. daltonism [dltnIzm] n daltonismo.
dabble [dQbl] vi (in activity) aficionar dam1 [dQm] n 1 (barrier) dique m. 2 (res-
se (in, a), tener escarceos (in, con). ervoir) embalse m, presa.
P vt (in water) chapotear. a to dam up vt sep 1 (river) represar,
dad [dQd] n fam pap m. embalsar. 2 (emotions) reprimir, con
daddy [dQdI] n fam pap m, papi m. tener.
pl daddies. pt & pp dammed, ger damming.
daffodil [dQfdIl] n narciso. dam2 [dQm] n zool madre f.
dagger [dQgr] n 1 (weapon) daga, pu damage [dQmIdZ] n (gen) dao; (to
al m. 2 (obelisk) cruz f. reputation, cause, health) perjuicio, da
daguerreotype [dgerUtaIp] n da
os mpl; (destruction) destrozos mpl, da
guerrotipo. os mpl.
dahlia [deIlj] n dalia. dame [deIm] n 1 us fam mujer f, ta. 2 (in
pantomime) vieja (representada por un hombre).
daily [deIlI] adj (newspaper, prayers) dia P n Dame gb (title) ttulo honorfico concedido
rio,a; (routine) diario,a, cotidiano,a. a una mujer.
P adv diariamente, a diario.
damn [dQm] interj fam mecachis!, ca
P n (newspaper) diario.
ray!
pl dailies. P adj fam maldito,a, condenado,a.
dainty [deIntI] adj 1 (delicate - thing) deli P adv fam muy, sumamente: you were
cado,a, fino,a; (- person) precioso,a, damn lucky tuviste mucha suerte.
delicado,a, refinado,a. P vt 1 rel condenar. 2 (curse) maldecir:
comp daintier, superl daintiest. damn it! maldita sea!
P n pl dainties (small cakes) pastelitos
damned [dQmd] adj 1 fam maldito,a,
mpl. condenado,a. 2 rel condenado,a.
dairy [derI] n 1 (on farm) vaquera. 2 damp [dQmp] adj (gen) hmedo,a;
(shop) lechera; (company) central f leche (wet) mojado,a. c o m p damp course
ra. c o m p dairy products productos lc aislante m hidrfugo.
teos. y dairy products productos lcteos. P n humedad f.
pl dairies. dampen [dQmpn] vt 1 (make damp) hu
. No hay que confundir las palabras dairy medecer. 2 fig (enthusiasm, ardour, etc)
con diary, que significa 'diario, agenda'. hacer perder, apagar, enfriar; (persons
spirits) desanimar.
93 daughter-in-law
damsel [dQmzl] n doncella. darn [dAn] n zurcido.
dance [dAns] n (gen) baile m; (classical, P vt (sock, etc) zurcir.
tribal) danza. darnel [dAnl] n cizaa.
P vi bailar. dart [dAt] n 1 (object) dardo, flechilla.
dancer [dAnsr] n bailarn,ina; (fla- 2 (rush) movimiento rpido. 3 sew (fold)
menco) bailaor,ra. pinza.
dandelion [dQndIlaIn] n diente m de P vt (look, glance) lanzar; (tongue) disparar.

len. P vi (move quickly - person) lanzarse, pre


cipitarse; (- butterfly, etc) revolotear.
D
dandruff [dQndrf] n caspa.
dandy [dQndI] n dandy m, petimetre m. dartboard [dAtbd] n diana, blanco
pl dandies. de tiro.
P adj us fam estupendo,a. dash [dQS] n 1 (sudden run) carrera. 2
danger [deIndZr] n (peril, hazard) peli (small amount) poco; (of salt, spice) pizca;
gro; (risk) riesgo. (of liquid) chorrito, gota. 3 (horizontal
mark) raya; (hyphen) guion m; (in Morse
dangerous [deIndZrs] adj (gen)
code) raya. 4 (style, panache) elegancia;
peligroso,a; (risky) arriesgado,a; (ill-
(energy, vitality) bro, dinamismo. 5 us
ness) grave.
(dashboard) salpicadero.
dangle [dQNg l] vt (hang) colgar; P vt 1 (hit) lanzar, arrojar; (smash)
(swing) balancear. romper, estrellar. 2 (hopes) truncar.
P vi colgar, pender.
dashboard [dQSbd] n salpicadero.
Danish [deInIS] adj dans,esa. data [deIt] n pl datos mpl, informa
P n (language) dans m.
cin f.
P n pl the Danish los daneses mpl.
sing datum.
dank [dQNk] adj hmedo,a y fro,a. database [deItbeIs] n comput base f
dare [der] vi atreverse (to, a), osar (to, -). de datos.
P vt (challenge) desafiar.
date1 [deIt] n 1 (in time) fecha. 2 (ap-
P n desafo, reto.
pointment) cita, compromiso: Ive got a
daredevil [dedevl] n atrevido,a, date with David tonight tengo una cita
temerario,a. con David esta noche. 3 us (person) li
daring [derIN] adj (bold, brave) audaz, gue m , amigo,a, pareja. 4 (perfor-
osado,a, atrevido,a. mance, booking) actuacin f.
P n osada, atrevimiento, audacia. P vt 1 (write a date on) fechar. 2 (determine
dark [dAk] adj 1 (without light) oscuro,a. 2 the date of) datar. 3 (show the age of) de
(hair, skin) moreno,a; (eyes) negro,a. mostrar la edad de. 4 us fam (go out
3 (gloomy) triste, sombro,a. 4 (sinister) with) salir con.
siniestro,a, tenebroso,a. 5 (secret) P vi 1 (have existed since) datar (from, de),

misterioso,a. remontarse (back to, a). 2 (go out of fash-


P n 1 (darkness) oscuridad f. 2 (nightfall) ion) pasar de moda. 3 us (go out together)
anochecer m. salir juntos, ser novios.
darken [dAkn] vt 1 oscurecer, hacer date2 [deIt] n (fruit) dtil m.
ms oscuro,a. 2 fig entristecer, en dated [deItId] adj anticuado,a.
sombrecer. dative [deItIv] n ling dativo.
darkness [dAkns] n oscuridad f. datum [deItm] n dato.
darling [dAlIN] n (lover) querido,a, pl data.
amor m , cario; (popular person) daub [db] n 1 (small bit, smear) man
nio,a mimado,a. cha. 2 (bad painting) pintarrajo.
P adj 1 (loved) querido,a. 2 fam (charm- P vt embadurnar.
ing) precioso,a, encantador,ra, mo daughter [dtr] n hija.
no,a. daughter-in-law [dtrInl] n nuera.
daunt 94

daunt [dnt] vt (frighten) intimidar; deadlock [dedlk] n punto muerto,


(dishearten) desanimar, desalentar. impasse m.
dauphin [dfIn] n delfn m. deaf [def] adj sordo,a.
dawn [dn] n alba, aurora, amanecer m. P n the deaf los sordos mpl.
P vi amanecer, alborear, clarear. deaf-aid [defeId] n audfono.
day [deI] n da m. l o c the day after to deafen [defn] vt ensordecer.
morrow pasado maana. y the day deaf-mute [defmjUt] n sordom u
before tomorrow anteayer. c o m p day off do,a.
da libre. deafness [defns] n sordera.
P n pl days (period) poca, tiempos mpl. deal [dil] n 1 (agreement) trato, acuer
daybreak [deIbreIk] n amanecer m, do, pacto; (financial) acuerdo. 2 (treat-
alba. ment) trato. 3 (amount) cantidad f. 4 (in
daydream [deIdrim] n ensueo, en card games) reparto.
soacin f. P vt 1 (cards) repartir, dar. 2 (drugs) tra
P vi soar despierto,a, fantasear. ficar.
daytime [deItaIm] n da m. a to deal with vt insep 1 comm (trade with)
P adj (flight) diurno,a. tratar con, tener relaciones comer
daze [deIz] n aturdimiento. ciales con. 2 (tackle - problem, etc) abor
P vt aturdir. dar, ocuparse de; (- task) encargarse
D-day [dideI] n 1 (in war) da m D. 2 de; (- person) tratar (con), lidiar con.
(important date) el da m sealado. pt & pp dealt [delt].
deacon [dikn] n dicono. dealer [dilr] n 1 comm comerciante
deactivate [diQktIveIt] vt desactivar. mf, negociante mf. 2 (illegal - in drugs) tra
ficante mf; (- in stolen goods) perista mf. 3
dead [ded] adj 1 (not alive) muerto,a. 2
fin corredor,ra de bolsa, corredor,ra
(obsolete - language) muerto,a; (- custom)
de valores.
desusado,a, en desuso; (finished with -
topic, issue, debate) agotado,a, pasa dealt [delt] pt & pp deal.
do,a; (- glass, bottle) terminado,a, aca dean [din] n 1 rel den m . 2 educ

bad o,a. 3 (numb) entumecido,a, decano,a.


dormido,a. 4 (not functioning - telephone) deanery [dinrI] n decanato.
desconectado,a, cortado,a; (- ma- dear [dI r ] adj 1 (loved - person)
chine) averiado,a; (- battery) des querido,a; (- thing) preciado,a. 2 (as
cargado,a, gastado,a; (- match) gas form of address) querido,a. 3 fam (in letter)
tado,a. 5 fam (very tired) muerto,a. 6 querido,a; (more formally) apreciado,a,
(dull, quiet, not busy) muerto,a. 7 (sounds) estimado,a. 4 (expensive) caro,a.
sordo,a; (colours) apagado,a. 8 sp (ball) P interj Dios mo!

muerto,a. 9 (total) total, completo,a, P adv caro.

absoluto,a. dearly [dIlI] adv 1 (very much) mucho.


P adv 1 (completely, absolutely) completa 2 (at a cost) caro.
mente, sumamente; (as intensifier) death [deT] n 1 (gen) muerte f; (decease,
muy: Im dead sure estoy segursimo. 2 demise) fallecimiento, defuncin f. 2
(exactly) justo: we arrived dead on time lle (end - of custom, institution) fin m. c o m p
gamos puntualsimos. death penalty pena de muerte.
P n the dead los,las muertos,as. deathtrap [deTtrQp] n fam lugar peli
deaden [dedn] vt (pain) calmar, ali groso.
viar; (noise, blow) amortiguar. debacle [deIbAkl] n debacle m.
deadline [dedlaIn] n (date) fecha lmi debate [dIbeIt] n debate m.
te, fecha tope, plazo de entrega; P vt 1 (discuss) debatir, discutir. 2 (consid-
(time) hora lmite, hora tope. er, think over) considerar, dar vueltas a.
95 declassify
debit [debIt] n fin dbito. decennial [dIsenIl] n decenal.
P vt cargar en cuenta. decent [disnt] adj decente.
debrief [dibrif] vt interrogar. decentralize [disentrlaIz] vt descen
debris [deIbri] n (ruins) escombros mpl; tralizar.
(wreckage) restos mpl. deception [dIsepSn] n (trick) engao;
debt [det] n (something owed) deuda; (in- (deceiving) falsedad f.
debtedness) endeudamiento. , Deception no significa decepcin,
debtor [detr] n deudor,ra. que se traduce por disappointment. D
debug [dibg] vt 1 (computer programme,
system) depurar. 2 (room, building, etc) deceptive [dIseptIv] adj engaoso,a:
quitar los micrfonos ocultos de. appearances can be deceptive las aparien
pt & pp debugged, ger debugging. cias engaan.
debunk [dibNk] vt fam (person) des decibel [desIbel] n decibelio.
mitificar, desenmascarar; (idea, belief) decide [dIsaId] vt decidir.
desacreditar, desprestigiar. deciduous [dIsIdjUs] adj de hoja ca
debut [deIbjU] n debut m. duca.
decade [dekeId] n dcada, decenio. decigram [desIgrQm] n decigramo.
decadence [dekdns] n decadencia. decilitre [desIlitr] n decilitro.
decaffeinated [dikQfIneItId] adj decimal [desIml] n decimal m. c o m p
descafeinado,-a. decimal point coma decimal.
decagon [dekgn] n decgono. decimate [desImeIt] vt diezmar.
decagonal [dIkQgnl] adj decagonal. decimation [desImeISn] n reduccin
decahedron [dekhidrn] n decaedro. f catastrfica, accin de diezmar.
decalitre [deklitr] n decalitro. decimetre [desImitr] n decmetro.
decanter [dIkQntr] n decantador m. decipher [dIsaIfr] vt descifrar.
decapitation [dIkQpIteISn] n deca decision [dIsIZn] n 1 (choice, verdict) de
pitacin f. cisin f. 2 (resolution) resolucin f, de
decapod [dekpd] n decpodo. cisin f, determinacin f.
decasyllable [deksIlbl] n decaslabo. decisive [dIsaIsIv] adj 1 (conclusive - gen)
decathlete [dIkQTlit] n decatleta m. decisivo,a; (- victory) contundente. 2
decathlon [dIkQTln] n decatln m. (firm, resolute - person) decidido,a, re
suelto,a; (- reply, action) firme.
decay [dIkeI] n 1 (of organic matter) des
composicin f; (of teeth) caries f. 2 (of deck [dek] n 1 (of ship) cubierta. 2 (of
building) deterioro, desmoronamien bus, coach) piso. 3 us (of cards) baraja. 4
to. 3 fig (of culture, values) decadencia. (of record player) plato. 5 us (raised roofless
area) terraza.
decease [dIsis] n fallecimiento, de
funcin f. deckchair [dektSer] n tumbona.
deceit [dIsit] n (trick) engao; (deceiv- declaim [dIkleIm] vt declamar.
P vi declamar.
ing) falsedad f.
deceive [dIsiv] vt engaar. declamation [deklmeISn] n decla
macin f.
decelerate [diselreIt] vi reducir la
velocidad, desacelerar. declarant [dIklernt] n declarante mf.
December [dIsembr] n diciembre m. declaration [deklreISn] n declara
cin f.
. Para ejemplos de uso, consulta May. declare [dIkler] vt 1 (gen) declarar;
decency [disnsI] n 1 (seemliness) decen (opinion) manifestar. 2 (at customs) decla
cia, decoro. 2 (politeness) buena educa rar.
cin f, cortesa, consideracin f. declassify [dIklQsIfaI] vt desclasificar.
pl decencies. pt & pp declassified, ger declassifying.
declination 96

declination [deklIneIS n] n declina



dedicatory [dedIktrI] adj dedicato
cin f, variacin f. c o m p magnetic dec rio,a.
lination variacin f magntica. deduce [dIdjUs] vt deducir (from, de).
decline [dIklaIn] n 1 (decrease) disminu deduct [dIdkt] vt (gen) descontar, de
cin f, descenso. 2 (deterioration - gen) ducir; (from taxes) desgravar.
deterioro, declive m, decadencia; (in deduction [dIdkSn] n 1 (subtraction) de
health) deterioro, empeoramiento. duccin f, descuento; (from taxes) des
decode [dikUd] vt decodificar, des gravacin f. 2 (reasoning) deduccin f.
codificar. deed [did] n 1 lit (act) acto, accin f,
decompose [dikmpUz] vt descom obra; (feat) hazaa, proeza. 2 jur escri
poner. tura.
P vi 1 descomponerse, pudrirse. 2 deejay [didZeI] n pinchadiscos mf,
chem descomponerse. discjockey mf.
decomposer [dikmpUz r] n sa deep [dip] adj 1 (river, hole, well, etc)
prtrofo. hondo,a, profundo,a. 2 (shelf, ward-
decompress [dIkmpres] vt someter robe) de fondo; (hem, border) ancho,a. 3
a descompresin. (sound, voice) grave, bajo,a; (note) grave;
(breath) hondo,a.
decompression [dIkmpreSn] n des P adv 1 (to a great depth) profundamente.
compresin f. 2 (far from the outside) lejos. 3 (far in time,
decongestion [dikndZetSn] n des late) tarde.
congestin f. deepen [dipn] vt 1 (well, channel, river)
decontaminate [dikntQmIneIt] vt profundizar, hacer ms profundo,a. 2
descontaminar. (knowledge) profundizar, ahondar; (sym-
decor [deIkr] n 1 (furnishings) decora pathy) aumentar; (colour, emotion) intensifi
cin f. 2 theat decorado. car; (sound, voice) hacer ms grave.
decorate [dekreIt] vt 1 (adorn, make beau- deep-freeze [dipfriz] n congelador m.
tiful) decorar (with, con), adornar (with, P vt (at home) congelar; (commercially)
con). 2 (paint) pintar; (wallpaper) empa ultracongelar.
pelar. 3 (honour) condecorar (for, por). pt deep-froze [dipfrUz], pp deep-
decoration [dekreISn] n 1 (act, art) frozen [dipfrUzn].
decoracin f. 2 (ornament) adorno. 3 deep-sea [dipsi] n (fishing, diving) de
(medal) condecoracin f. altura.
decorator [dekreIt r ] n (designer) deer [dIr] n ciervo, venado.
decorador,ra, interiorista mf; (painter) pl deer.
pintor,ra; (wallpaperer) empapelador,ra. default [dIflt] n 1 (failure to act) omisin
decoy [dikI] n 1 (bird) cimbel m; (in f, negligencia. 2 (failure to pay) incumpli
hunting) seuelo, reclamo. 2 fig (lure) miento de pago, mora, demora. loc

seuelo, carnada, gancho. by default comput por defecto (insta-


lacin o configuracin de un programa).
decrease [dIkris] n disminucin f, P vi 1 (fail to act) faltar a sus compromi
descenso.
sos, incumplir un acuerdo. 2 (fail to pay)
P vt disminuir, reducir.
no pagar (on, -), demorarse (on, en).
decreasing [dIkrisIN] adj decreciente. defeat [dIfit] n 1 (of army, team) derro
decree [dIkri] n 1 (command) decreto. 2 ta; (of motion, bill) rechazo. 2 fig (of hopes,
us (judgement) sentencia. plans) fracaso.
P vt decretar. P vt 1 (gen) derrotar, vencer. 2 fig (hopes,
decriminalize [dikrImInlaIz] vt des plans) frustrar.
penalizar. defect [(n) difekt; (vb) dIfekt] n (gen)
dedicate [dedIkeIt] vt dedicar. defecto; (flaw) desperfecto, tara.
97 delegation
P vi (party, team) desertar, pasarse al deform [dIfm] vt deformar.
bando contrario; (country) huir. deformation [difmeISn] n defor
defective [dIfektIv] adj 1 (faulty) macin f.
defectuoso,a; (flawed) con desperfec deformed [dIfmd] adj deforme.
tos; (incomplete, lacking) deficiente. 2 ling defraud [dIfrd] vt estafar.
defectivo,a.
defence [dIfens] n defensa. , To defraud no significa defraudar (de
defend [dIfend] vt defender.
cepcionar, que se traduce por to disappoint.
D
P vi sp jugar de defensa. defrost [difrst] vt 1 (freezer, food) des
defendant [dIfendnt] n jur (in civil case) congelar. 2 us (windscreen) desempaar.
demandado,a; (in criminal case) deft [deft] adj diestro,a, hbil.
acusado,a. defunct [dIfNkt] adj difunto,-a.
defender [dIfendr] n 1 (gen) defen defy [dIfaI] vt 1 (gen) desafiar; (disobey -
sor,ra. 2 sp defensa mf. law, order, authority) desobedecer, des
defense [dIfens] n us defence. acatar. 2 (make impossible) ser imposible.
defensive [dIfensIv] adj defensivo,a. pt & pp defied, ger defying.
defer 1 [dIf r] vt (postpone) aplazar, degenerate [ (adj-n) dIdZenrt ; (vb)
posponer, retrasar. dIdZenreIt] adj degenerado,a.
pt & pp deferred, ger deferring. P n degenerado,a.
defer2 [dIfr] vi (submit to) deferir (to, a). P vi degenerar (into, en).
pt & pp deferred, ger deferring. degenerative [dIdZenrtIv] adj de
defiance [dIfaIns] n desafo. generativo,a.
defiant [dIfaInt] adj desafiante. degradation [degrdeISn] n degra
deficiency [dIfISnsI] n 1 (lack) defi dacin f.
ciencia; (shortage) escasez f, falta, d degrade [dIgreId] vt degradar.
ficit m. 2 (fault, shortcoming) defecto, degree [dIgri] n 1 (unit of measurement)
deficiencia. grado. 2 (extent, level, point) nivel m,
pl deficiencies.
punto; (amount) algo. 3 educ ttulo.
deficient [dIfISnt] adj deficiente. dehumanize [dihjUmnaIz] vt des
deficit [defIsIt] n dficit m. humanizar.
define [dIfaIn] vt definir. dehydrate [dihaIdreIt] vt deshidratar.
definite [defInt] adj 1 (final, fixed - gen) P vi deshidratarse.
definitivo,a; (- opinions) fijo,a. 2 de-icing [diaIsIN] n deshielo.
(clear, distinct) claro,a.
deification [diIfIkeISn] n deificacin f.
definitely [defIntlI] adv 1 (without doubt)
sin duda, seguramente. 2 (definitively) deign [deIn] vi dignarse (to, a).
definitivamente. deity [deIItI] n deidad f.
P interj desde luego!, claro que s! pl deities.
definition [defInISn] n definicin f. dejection [dIdZekSn] n abatimiento,
definitive [dIfInItIv] adj 1 (final, conclu- desaliento, desnimo.
sive) definitivo,a. 2 (ultimate - study, etc) delay [dIleI] n retraso.
de mayor autoridad. P vt 1 (gen) aplazar, retrasar. 2 (make late
deflate [dIfleIt] vt (balloon, tyre) desin - flight, train) retrasar, demorar; (person)
flar, deshinchar. entretener.
deflation [dIfleISn] n 1 (of balloon, tyre) delayed [dIleId] adj con retraso.
desinflamiento. 2 (economic) deflacin f. delegate [(adj-n) delIgt; (vb) delIgeIt]
deflect [dIflekt] vt desviar. n delegado,a.
P vi desviarse. P vt (duties, responsibility, etc) delegar (to, en).

deforest [difrIst] vt deforestar. delegation [delIgeISn] n delegacin f.


delete 98

delete [dIlit] vt (remove) eliminar, su delta [delt] n 1 geog delta m. 2 (Greek


primir; (cross out) tachar. letter) delta.
deliberate [(adj) dIlIbrt; (vb) dIlIbreIt] deltoid [deltId] adj deltoides.
adj 1 (intentional) deliberado,a, intencio P n deltoides m.
nado,a; (studied) premeditado,a. 2 delude [dIlUd] vt engaar.
(slow, unhurried) pausado,a, lento,a; deluge [deljUdZ] n 1 (rain) diluvio;
(careful) reflexivo,a. (flood) inundacin f. 2 fig avalancha,
P vi deliberar (on, sobre).
alud m.
delicacy [delIksI] n 1 (softness, tender- delusion [dIlUZn] n 1 (false belief) falsa
ness) delicadeza. 2 (fragility) fragilidad ilusin f; (mistaken idea) error m. 2 (act,
f. 3 (food) exquisitez f.
state) engao.
pl delicacies.
de luxe [dlks] adj de lujo.
delicate [delIkt] adj 1 (fine - gen)
delicado,a; (- embroidery, handiwork) demagogue [demgg] n demago
fino,a, esmerado,a. 2 (easily damaged) go,a.
frgil. 3 (sensitive - instrument) sensible; demagogy [demggI] n demagogia.
(- sense of smell, taste) fino,a. demand [dImAnd] n 1 (request) solici
delicatessen [delIktesn] n charcu tud f, peticin f; (claim) exigencia; (for
tera. pay rise, rights, etc) reclamacin f. 2
delicious [dIlISs] adj delicioso,a. comm demanda. 3 (note, warning) aviso.
P vt (call for, insist on) exigir; (rights, condi-
delight [dIlaIt] n 1 (great pleasure, joy)
placer m, gusto, alegra, deleite m. 2 tions, etc) reclamar.
(source of pleasure) encanto, delicia, demanding [dImAndIN] adj 1 (person -
placer m. gen) exigente; (awkward) difcil. 2 (tir-
P vi deleitarse (in, en/con). ing - job, etc) agotador,ra.
delighted [dIlaItId] adj (person) encan dementia [dImenSI] n demencia.
tado,a, contentsimo,a; (smile, shout, demise [dImaIz] n 1 (death) falleci
look) de alegra. miento, defuncin f. 2 fig (end) desa
delinquency [dIlINkwnsI] n 1 (behav- paricin f; (failure) fracaso.
iour) delincuencia. 2 (act) delito. demist [dimIst] vt desempaar.
delinquent [dIlINkwnt] adj 1 (youth) demo [demU] n 1 (recording, tape) ma
delincuente; (activity) delictivo,a. 2 queta. 2 fam (demonstration) manifa f,
fin (person) moroso,a. manifestacin f. 3 inform demo.
P n delincuente mf. pl demos.
delirious [dIlIrIs] adj 1 med delirante. demobilize [dimUbIlaIz] vt desmo
2 fig (happy) loco,a de alegra. vilizar.
deliver [dIlIvr] vt 1 (gen) entregar; (dis- democracy [dImkrsI] n democracia.
tribute) repartir (a domicilio). 2 (hit, pl democracies.
kick, push) dar; (shot, fast ball) lanzar. 3 democrat [demkrQt] n demcrata mf.
(say) pronunciar. 4 (produce, provide, ful-
demography [dImgrfI] n demogra
fil) cumplir. 5 med (baby) asistir en el
fa.
parto de, atender en el parto de.
delivery [dIlIvrI] n 1 (act - gen) entre demolish [dImlIS] vt derribar, demo
ga, reparto; (- of mail) reparto. 2 (con- ler, echar abajo.
signment) partida, remesa. 3 (manner of demolition [demlISn] n demolicin f,
speaking) modo de hablar. 4 (of baby) derribo.
parto. 5 (throwing, launching - of ball, mis- demon [dimn] n demonio, diablo.
sile) lanzamiento. c o m p delivery note demonstrate [demnstreIt] vt de
albarn de entrega. mostrar.
pl deliveries. Pvi (protest) manifestarse.
99 depth
demonstration [demnstreIS n] n 1

deodorant [diUdrnt] n desodo
(act of showing) demostracin f, mues rante m.
tra. 3 (march) manifestacin f. deoxyribonucleic [diksIraIbUnjU-
demonstrative [dImnstrtIv] adj 1 kleIIk] n desoxirribonucleico,a.
(person - showing feelings) abierto,a, depart [dIpAt] vi fml partir, salir.
expresivo,a. 3 ling demostrati department [dIpAtmnt] n 1 (in shop)
vo,a. seccin f; (in company, organization) de
demonstrator
manifestante mf.
[demnstreItr] n pol
partamento, seccin f; (in government) D
ministerio. 2 fam (responsibility) cam
demoralize [dImrlaIz] vt desmorali po, esfera, terreno.
zar. departure [dIpAtS r] n 1 (of person)
den [den] n 1 (of animals) guarida. 2 (se- partida, marcha; (of plane, train, etc) sa
cret meeting-place) antro. 3 fam (room) lida. 2 fig (divergence) desviacin f;
cuarto; (for study) estudio. (venture, type of activity) innovacin f.
denarius [dInerIs] n denario. depend [dIpend] vi depender.
pl denarii [dInerII].
a to depend on vt confiar en.
denaturize [dineItSraIz] vt desnatu
depict [dIpIkt] vt 1 (portray visually, in
ralizar.
music) pintar, representar, retratar. 2
dendrite [dendraIt] n dendrita. (describe in writing) describir, retratar.
denial [dInaIl] n 1 (of accusation) men deplore [dIplr] vt deplorar.
ts m, desmentido 2 (of principle) nega
cin f. 3 (of rights, justice) denegacin f. deploy [dIplI] vt 1 mil desplegar. 2
4 (of request) negativa, rechazo. (use effectively) utilizar, hacer uso de.
denim [denIm] n tela vaquera. deport [dIpt] vt deportar.
P n pl denims vaqueros mpl, tejanos mpl. deportee [dipti] n deportado,a.
Denmark [denmAk] n Dinamarca. depose [dIpUz] vt 1 (remove from power -
denominate [dInmIneIt] vt denominar. leader, president) deponer, destituir; (-
denomination [dInmIneISn] n 1 rel king) destronar. 2 jur declarar, deponer.
confesin f. 2 (standard of value) valor deposit [dIpzIt] n 1 (sediment) sedi
m. 3 (classification) denominacin f. mento, depsito; (layer) capa. 2 (min-
denominator [dInmIneItr] n math ing - of gold,etc) yacimiento. 3 fin (pay-
denominador m. ment into account) depsito, ingreso.
denounce [dInaUns] vt denunciar. , Deposit no significa depsito (reci
dense [dens] adj denso,a. piente), que se traduce por tank.
density [densItI] n (gen) densidad f.
depot [depU] n (storehouse) almacn m.
pl densities.
dent [dent] n (in car, metal) abolladura. depreciate [dIpriSIeIt] vi fin depre
P vt (car, metal) abollar.
ciarse.
vt fin depreciar, amortizar.
dentist [dentIst] n dentista mf.
P

dentistry [dentIstrI] n odontologa. depress [dIpres] vt 1 (make sad) depri


mir. 2 (reduce - prices, sales, wages) redu
denture [dentSr] n (plate) prtesis f
cir, disminuir. 3 fml (press down) pul
dental.
sar, apretar.
P n pl dentures dentadura f sing postiza.
deny [dInaI] vt 1 (repudiate - accusation, depression [dIpreSn] n depresin f.
fact) negar; (rumour, report) desmentir; depressive [dIpresIv] adj depresivo,a.
(charge) rechazar. 2 (refuse - request) de deprive [dIpraIv] vt privar (of, de).
negar; (- rights, equality) privar de; (- ac- depth [depT] n (of hole, swimming pool,
cess) negar. mine, etc) profundidad f; (of cupboard,
pt & pp denied, ger denying. shelf) fondo; (of hem, border) ancho.
deputation 100

deputation [depjUteIS n] n delega



P vt 1 (gen) disear, proyectar; (fash-
cin f. ion, set, product) disear; (course, pro-
deputy [depjtI] n 1 (substitute) sus gramme) planear, estructurar. 2 (devel-
tituto,a, suplente mf. 2 pol dipu op for a purpose) concebir, idear; (intend,
tado,a. 3 us ayudante mf del shrif. mean) pensar, destinar.
c o m p deputy head educ subdirector,ra. designate [(vb) dezIgneIt; (adj) dezIgnt]
pl deputies. vt 1 fml (indicate, mark, show) indicar, se
derby [dAbI] n 1 sp (between two local alar. 2 (appoint) designar, nombrar.
teams) derby m. 2 us (horse race) carrera desire [dIzaIr] n deseo.
(de caballos). 3 us (bowler hat) bombn P vt fml desear.

m, sombrero (de) hongo. desist [dIzIst] vi fml desistir (from, de).


pl derbies. desk [desk] n 1 (in school) pupitre m; (in
derelict [derIlIkt] adj (building) aban office) escritorio. 2 (service area) mos
donado,a, en ruinas. trador m. 3 (newspaper office) seccin f.
deride [dIraId] vt burlarse de, ridicu desktop [desktp] n escritorio. c o m p
lizar, rerse de. desktop computer ordenador de so
derive [dIraIv] vt (get, obtain) sacar, re bremesa. y desktop publishing au
cibir. toedicin.
P vi 1 ling (word) derivar, derivarse
desolate [deslt] adj 1 (place) deshabi
(from, de). 2 (stem from - problem, attitude) tado,a, desierto,a. 2 (person - sad) tris
provenir (from, de). te, desconsolado,a; (lonely) solita
rio,a.
dermatitis [dmtaItIs] n dermatitis f.
P vt desolar.
dermis [dmIs] n dermis f.
despair [dIsper] n desesperacin f.
derogatory [dIrgtrI] adj (remark, at- P vi desesperar (of, de), desesperarse
titude, article) despectivo,a; (meaning, (of, por).
sense) peyorativo,a. desperado [desprAdU] n foraji
derrick [derIk] n 1 (crane) gra. 2 (tower do,a.
over oil well) torre f de perforacin. desperate [desprt] adj (reckless, risky)
descend [dIsend] vt descender, bajar. desesperado,a.
descent [dIsent] n (by plane, climbers, etc) despicable [dIspIkbl] adj (person, act)
descenso, bajada; (slope) pendiente f, despreciable, vil; (behaviour) indigno,a.
declive m. despise [dIspaIz] vt despreciar, me
describe [dIskraIb] vt 1 (depict in words) nospreciar.
describir. 2 (call, characterize) calificar, despite [dIspaIt] prep a pesar de: she
definir. 3 (move in shape) describir; went to work despite having a bad cold se
(draw) trazar. fue a trabajar a pesar de estar muy res
desert1 [dezt] n desierto. friada.
desert2 [dIzt] vt (family, person, place) despondent [dIspndnt] adj desalen
abandonar; (political party, idea) deser tado,a, desanimado,a, abatido,a.
tar (from, de). despot [despt] n dspota mf.
deserve [dIzv] vt merecer, merecerse. dessert [dIzt] n postre m.
desiccation [desIkeISn] n desecacin f. destabilize [disteIblaIz] vt desesta
design [dIzaIn] n 1 art (gen) diseo, bilizar.
dibujo. 2 (plan, drawing) plano, pro destination [destIneISn] n destino.
yecto; (sketch) boceto; (of dress) patrn destined [destInd] adj 1 (intended, meant)
m; (of product, model) modelo. 3 fig (pur- destinado,a. 2 (fated) condenado,a,
pose, intention) plan m, intencin, pro destinado,a. 3 (bound) con destino
yecto. (for, a).
101 develop
destiny [destInI] n destino, sino. determination [dItmIneISn] n de
pl destinies. terminacin f.
, Destiny no significa destino (punto de determine [dItmIn] vt determinar.
llegada), que se traduce por destination. determined [dItmInd] adj (person)
decidido,a, resuelto,a; (attempt, ef-
destitute [destItjUt] adj indigente, fort) enrgico,a, persistente.
msero,a.
, Determined no significa determina
, To destitute no significa destituir, do (cierto), que se traduce por particular. D
que se traduce por to dismiss.
determiner [dItmIn ] n ling deter
r

destroy [dIstrI] vt destruir. minante m.


destruction [dIstrkS n] n destruc deterrent [dIternt] adj disuasivo,a,
cin f. disuasorio,a.
detach [dItQtS] vt 1 (separate, remove) P n fuerza disuasoria, fuerza disua

separar, quitar; (unstick) despegar: you siva.


can detach the collar from the coat se pue detest [dItest] vt detestar, odiar, abo
de quitar el cuello del abrigo. 2 mil des rrecer: I detest cooking odio cocinar.
tacar. detonate [detneIt] vi estallar, deto
detached [dItQtSt] adj 1 (separated - gen) nar, explotar.
separado,a, suelto,a. 2 (person, manner P vt hacer estallar, hacer explotar.

- impartial) objetivo,a, imparcial; detonation [detneIS n] n detona


(- aloof) distante, indiferente. c o m p de cin f.
tached house vivienda unifamiliar. detour [ditUr] n (in traffic) desvo.
detail [diteIl] n detalle m, pormenor m. detract [dItrQkt] vt to detract from
P vt 1 (describe) detallar. 2 mil destacar. (achievement) quitar mrito(s) a, restar
P n pl details (information) informacin f; valor a; (beauty) deslucir.
(particulars) datos mpl. detractor [dItrQktr] n detractor,ra.
detain [dIteIn] vt 1 (hold - in custody) de detritus [dItraIts] n 1 geol detrito,
tener. 2 (delay) entretener, demorar. detritus m. 2 (debris) deshechos mpl.
detainee [diteIni] n detenido,a. deuce [djUs] n (in tennis) cuarenta mpl
detect [dItekt] vt 1 (gen) detectar. 2 (dis- iguales.
cover - crime, criminal, fraud) descubrir. devaluation [divQljUeISn] n fin de
detective [dItektIv] n (private) detective valuacin f, desvaloracin f.
mf; (in police force) agente mf, oficial mf. devalue [divQljU] vt 1 fin (currency)
detector [dItektr] n detector m. devaluar, desvalorizar. 2 (person,
achievement) subvalorar.
detente [deItnt] n distensin f.
devastate [devsteIt] vt 1 (city, area,
detention [dItenSn] n 1 jur (of suspect)
country) devastar. 2 fam fig (person)
detencin f, arresto. 2 educ (of pupil)
anonadar, apabullar.
castigo.
devastation [devsteISn] n devasta
deter [dItr] vt 1 (person - dissuade) di cin f
suadir (from, de). 2 (prevent, stop) im
develop [dIvelp] vt 1 (gen) desarro
pedir.
llar; (foster - trade, arts) fomentar, pro
pt & pp deterred, ger deterring.
mover. 2 (acquire - habit, quality, feature)
detergent [dItdZnt] n detergente m. contraer, adquirir; (- talent, interest)
deteriorate [dItIrIreIt] vi (economy, mostrar; (get - illness, disease) contraer.
health, situation, relations, material) dete 3 (exploit - resources) explotar; (- site, land)
riorarse; (weather, work) empeorar. urbanizar. 4 (film, photograph) revelar.
deterioration [dItIrIreISn] n (gen) P vi 1 (gen) desarrollarse; (- system) per
empeoramiento; (of material) deterioro. feccionarse. 2 (evolve - emotion) conver
developer 102

tirse (into, en), transformarse (into, dexterity [deksterItI] n (manual) des


en); (plot, novel) desarrollarse. 3 (appear treza, maa; (intellectual) habilidad f.
- problem, complication, symptom) aparecer, diabetes [daIbitiz] n diabetes f.
surgir; (situation, crisis) producirse. 4 (of pl diabetes.
film, photograph) salir. diabolical [daIblIkl] adj 1 (evil) dia
developer [dIvelpr] n 1 (of land, prop- blico,a. 2 gb fam (extremely bad) es
erty - company) promotora inmobilia pantoso,a, atroz.
ria, empresa constructora; (- person) diabolo [dIQblU] n dibolo.
constructor,ra. 2 (for photographs) re diacritic [daIkrItIk] adj diacrtico,a.
velador m. P n signo diacrtico.
developing [dIvelpIN] adj (country) en diadem [daIdem] n diadema.
vas de desarrollo. diaeresis [daIersIs] n diresis fpl.
development [dIvelpmnt] n 1 (gen) pl diaereses [daIersiz].
desarrollo; (- of skill, system) perfeccin diagnose [daIgnUz] vt med diagnos
f; (fostering) fomento, promocin f; (evo- ticar.
lution) evolucin f. 2 (invention - of product) diagnosis [daIgnUsIs] n med diag
creacin f. 4 (event, incident) aconteci nstico.
miento, suceso; (advance) avance m, pl diagnoses [daIgnUsis].
conquista. 5 (of resources) explotacin f; diagonal [daIQgnl] adj (line) diago
(of site, land, etc) urbanizacin f. nal; (path) en diagonal.
deviance [divIns] n desviacin f. P n diagonal f.
deviant [divInt] adj anormal. diagram [daIgrQm] n (gen) diagrama
P n pervertido,a.
m; (graph) grfico, grfica; (of process,
deviate [divIeIt] vi desviarse (from, de). system) esquema m.
device [dIvaIs] n 1 (object, equipment) dialect [daIlekt] n dialecto.
aparato, artefacto; (mechanism) meca dial [daIl] n 1 (of clock) esfera. 2 (of ra-
nismo, dispositivo. 2 (scheme, trick) ar dio) dial m.
did m, estratagema. P vt marcar. c o m p dialling code prefijo
devil [devl] n diablo, demonio. (telefnico). y dialling tone seal f de
devious [divIs] adj tortuoso,a, si llamada.
nuoso,a. dialogue [daIlg] n dilogo.
devise [dIvaIz] vt (plan, scheme) idear, diameter [daIQmItr] n dimetro.
concebir, crear; (object, tool) inventar. diamond [daImnd] n 1 (stone) dia
devoid [dIvId] adj carente (of, de), mante m, brillante m. 2 (shape) rom
desprovisto,a (of, de). bo. 3 (in cards) diamante m.
devote [dIvUt] vt (time, effort) dedicar, diaper [daIpr] n us paal m.
consagrar. diaphragm [daIfrQm] n diafragma m.
devoted [dIvUtId] adj (loyal - friend) fiel diarrhoea [daIrI] n diarrea.
(to, a), leal (to, a); (- couple) unido,a; diary [daIrI] n 1 (of thoughts, events, etc)
(- follower, supporter) ferviente; (selfless) diario. 2 (for appointments) agenda.
abnegado,a: your devoted daughter tu pl diaries.
hija que te quiere.
devotion [dIvUSn] n 1 (loyalty) lealtad
, Diary no significa diario (peridico),
que se traduce por newspaper.
f, fidelidad f; (love) cario, afecto,
amor m. 2 (to work, research, cause) dedi diastole [daIstlI] n distole f.
cacin f, entrega. 3 rel (devoutness) de dice [daIs] n dado.
vocin f. pl dice.
devour [dIvaUr] vt devorar. dichotomy [daIktmI] n dicotoma.
dew [djU] n roco. pl dichotomies.
103 dim
dictate [(vb) dIkteIt; (n) dIkteIt] vt 1 (let- diffusion [dIfjUZ n] n difusin f.

ter, etc) dictar. 2 (state, lay down - law, de- dig [dIg] n 1 (poke, prod) codazo. 2 fam
mands, trends) ordenar; (terms, conditions) (gibe) pulla; (hint) indirecta. 3 (by ar-
imponer. chaeologists) excavacin f.
P vi (read out) dictar. P vt (ground, garden) cavar (en); (by ma-
P n mandato. chine - tunnel, trench) excavar; (by hand -
dictation [dIkteISn] n dictado. hole) hacer, cavar; (site) excavar.
dictator [dIkteItr] n dictador,ra. a to dig into vt insep 1 (investigate, exam- D
dictatorship [dIkteItSIp] n dictadura. ine) investigar. 2 (resources, savings, re-
dictionary [dIkSnrI] n diccionario. serves) echar mano de.
pl dictionaries. a to dig out vt sep (trapped person, car)
did [dId] pt do. sacar, desenterrar.
didnt [dIdnt] pt do. pt & pp dug, ger digging.
didactic [dIdQktIk] adj didctico,a. digest [ (n) daIdZest ; (vb) dIdZest] n
(summary) resumen m, compendio.
die [daI] vi morir, morirse.
P vt digerir.
a to die away vi (noise) desvanecerse,
irse apagando; (breeze) amainar. digestion [dIdZestSn] n digestin f.
die-hard [daIhAd] n intransigente mf. digestive [daIdZestIv] adj digestivo,a.
dieresis [daIersIs] n us diaeresis. digger [dIgr] n excavadora.
diesel [dizl] n 1 (fuel) gasleo, gasoil m. digit [dIdZIt] n 1 math dgito. 2 anat
2 (car) coche m diesel. (finger) dedo; (thumb) pulgar m.
diet [daIt] n (food) dieta (alimenticia), digital [dIdZItl] adj 1 (watch, display, re-
alimentacin f. 2 (restricted food) rgi cording) digital. 2 anat dactilar, digital.
men m, dieta. l o c to be on a diet estar dignify [dIgnIfaI] vt dignificar.
a rgimen. y to go on a diet ponerse a pt & pp dignified, ger dignifying.
rgimen. dignitary [dIgnItrI] n dignatario,a.
P adj (food) de rgimen, bajo,a en ca pl dignitaries.
loras. dignity [dIgnItI] n dignidad f.
P vi estar a rgimen, estar a dieta, dilapidated [dIlQpIdeItId] adj (furni-
hacer rgimen, hacer dieta. ture) desvencijado,a, en mal estado;
differ [dIfr] vi 1 (be unlike) ser distinto,a (building) ruinoso,a; (car) desvenci
(from, de), ser diferente (from, de), di jado,a, destartalado,a.
ferir (from, de). 2 (disagree) discrepar , Dilapidated no significa dilapidado
(about/on, en). (malgastado), que se traduce por wasted.
difference [dIfrns] n diferencia.
different [dIfrnt] adj diferente (from, dilate [daIleIt] vt dilatar.
de), distinto,a (from, de). dilation [daIleISn] n dilatacin f.
differential [dIfrenSl] adj diferencial. dilemma [dIlem] n dilema m.
P n 1 fin diferencial m . 2 [tambin diligence [dIlIdZns] n diligencia.
differential gear] auto diferencial m. dill [dIl] n eneldo.
differentiate [dIfrenSIeIt] vt diferen dilute [daIlUt] vt 1 (liquid, concentrate)
ciar (from, de), distinguir (from, de). diluir. 2 fig (criticism, effect, influence) ate
P vi distinguir (between, entre). nuar, suavizar.
difficult [dIfIklt] adj difcil. P adj diluido,a.

difficulty [dIfIkltI] n dificultad f. dilution [daIlUSn] n dilucin f.


pl difficulties. dim [dIm] adj 1 (light) dbil, tenue; (room,
diffuse [(adj) dIfjUs ; (vb) dIfjUz] adj corridor, corner) oscuro,a. 2 fam (person)
(light, gas) difuso,a. tonto,a, corto,a (de luces).
P vt (light, heat, news) difundir. comp dimmer, superl dimmest.
dime 104

P vt (light) atenuar, bajar; (eyes) nublar, so. 2 fam (quick swim) chapuzn m. 3
empaar; (memory) borrar, difuminar. culin (sauce) salsa.
pt & pp dimmed, ger dimming. P vt 1 (put into liquid - pen, brush, bread)
dime [daIm] n us moneda de diez mojar; (- hand, spoon) meter. 2 (lower -
centavos. head) agachar, bajar.
dimension [dImenSn] n dimensin f. P vi bajar.

P n pl dimensions dimensiones fpl. pt & pp dipped, ger dipping.


diminish [dImInIS] vt disminuir, reducir. diphthong [dIfTN] n ling diptongo.
diminution [dImInjUSn] n disminu diploma [dIplUm] n diploma m.
cin f, reduccin f. diplomacy [dIplUmsI] n diplomacia.
diminutive [dImInjtIv] adj 1 dimi diplomat [dIplmQt] n 1 (ambassador,
nuto,a. 2 ling diminutivo,a. etc) diplomtico,a. 2 (tactful person)
P n ling diminutivo. persona diplomtica.
dimmer [dIm r] [tambin dimmer diplomatic [dIplmQtIk] adj diplom
switch] n regulador m de intensidad tico,a.
(de la luz). dire [daI r] adj 1 (desperate, extreme)
dimple [dImpl] n hoyuelo. extremo,a, urgente. 2 (serious, omi-
din [dIn] n (of voices) barullo, alboroto; nous) serio,a, grave. 3 (terrible, dreadful)
(of traffic) estruendo, ruido. terrible, atroz.
dine [daIn] vi fml (gen) comer (on, -); (in direct [dIrekt, daIrekt] adj 1 (gen) direc
evening) cenar (on, -). to,a. 2 (exact, complete) exacto,a. 3 (straight
a to dine out vi cenar fuera. forward - person) franco,a, sincero,a;
diner [daInr] n 1 (person) comensal mf. (- question) directo,a; (- answer) claro,a.
P adv (go, write, phone) directamente;
2 us restaurante m barato.
dinghy [dINgI] n bote m. (broadcast) en directo.
P vt 1 (gen) dirigir. 2 (show the way) in
pl dinghies.
dicar el camino a.
dingy [dIndZI] adj (dark, depressing - room,
house, street) lgubre, deprimente, direction [dIrekSn, daIrekSn] n direc
srdido,a; (drab - colour, wall, curtains) cin f.
P n pl directions instrucciones f pl de
deslucido,a; (dirty) sucio,a.
comp dingier, superl dingiest. uso. l o c to ask for directions pregun
tar cmo se va.
dining car [daInINkAr] n vagn m res
taurante. directive [dIrektIv] n directiva, direc
triz f.
dining room [daInINrUm] n comedor m.
director [dIrektr, daIrektr] n direc
dinner [dInr] n (at midday) comida; (in
l o c to have dinner cenar.
tor,ra.
evening) cena.
comp dinner jacket esmoquin m, smo directory [dIrektrI, daIrektrI] n 1 (tel-
king m. ephone) gua telefnica, listn m (de
telfonos); (book, lost, index) directo
" En los pases anglosajones la cena se rio, gua. 2 [tambin street directory]
sirve mucho ms temprano que en Espa callejero.
a (entre las 17 h 30 y las 19 h) y es la comi pl directories.
da ms importante del da. dirt [dt] n 1 (dirtiness) suciedad f. 2
(earth) tierra. 3 fam (scandal, gossip)
dinosaur [daInsr] n dinosaurio. chismes mpl, trapos mpl sucios.
diocese [daIsIs] n dicesis f. dirty [dtI] adj 1 (gen) sucio,a; (stained)
dioxide [daIksaId] n dixido. manchado,a. c o m p dirty word pala
dip [dIp] n 1 (downward slope) declive m, brota.
pendiente f; (drop - in prices, temperature, comp dirtier, superl dirtiest.
sales, production, profits) cada, descen P vt ensuciar.
105 discovery
disability [dIsbIlItI] n (state) invali discernment [dIsnmnt] n (buen)
dez f, discapacidad f, minusvala; criterio, discernimiento.
(handicap) desventaja, handicap m. discharge [(n) dIstSAdZ; (vb) dIstSAdZ]
pl disabilities. n 1 descarga. 2 (of prisoner) liberacin
disabled [dIseIb ld] adj minusv f, puesta en libertad; (of patient) alta. 3
lido,a. c o m p disabled access acceso (of worker) despido.
para minusvlidos. P vt 1 (give, send out - sewage, waste, oil)

P n pl the disabled los minusvlidos. verter; (smoke, fumes) despedir; (- elec-


tric current) descargar. 2 (prisoner) libe
D
disadvantage [dIsdvAntIdZ] n
(drawback) desventaja; (obstacle) incon rar, poner en libertad; (patient) dar de
veniente m. alta. 3 (dismiss) despedir.
disadvantaged [dIsdvAntIdZd] adj disciple [dIsaIpl] n discpulo,a.
desfavorecido,a. disciplinary [dIsIplInrI] adj discipli
P n pl the disadvantaged los desfavo nario,a.
recidos mpl. discipline [dIsIplIn] n 1 (behaviour) dis
disagree [dIsgri] vi 1 (not agree) no es ciplina. 2 (punishment) castigo.
tar de acuerdo (on, en), (with, con), disclose [dIsklUz] vt 1 (make known) re
disentir (with, de), discrepar (with, velar, dar a conocer. 2 (show) mos
de), (on, en). 3 (food) sentar mal (with, trar, dejar ver.
a); (weather) no convenir (with, a). disco [dIskU] n fam disco f, discoteca.
disagreeable [dIsgrIbl] adj desa pl discos.
gradable. discomfort [dIskmft] n 1 incomo
disagreement [dIsgrimnt] n 1 (dif- didad f. 2 inquietud f, desasosiego.
ference of opinion) desacuerdo; (argument) disconnect [dIsknekt] vt (from mains)
discusin f, ria, altercado. 2 (lack of desconectar; (gas, electricity, etc) cortar.
similarity) discrepancia. disconsolate [dIsknslt] adj des
disappear [dIspIr] vi desaparecer. consolado,a.
disappearance [dIspIrns] n desa discontent [dIskntent] n descontento.
paricin f. discontinue [dIskntInjU] vt (service)
disappoint [dIspInt] vt decepcio suspender, interrumpir; (model) dejar
nar, defraudar, desilusionar. de fabricar.
disappointed [dIspIntId] adj de discotheque [dIsktek] n fml discoteca.
cepcionado,-a. discount [(n) dIskaUnt; (vb) dIskaUnt] n
disappointment [dIspIntmnt] n
descuento.
P vt (goods) rebajar; (price) reducir;
desilusin f, decepcin f.
(amount, bill of exchange) descontar.
disapprove [dIsprUv] vt desaprobar
discourage [dIskrIdZ] vt 1 (dishearten)
(of, -).
desanimar, desalentar. 2 (dissuade)
disarm [dIsAm] vt 1 (gen) desarmar; disuadir (from, de).
(bomb) desactivar.
discouragement [dIskrIdZmnt] n
disarmament [dI sA m m nt ] n desaliento, desnimo.
desarme m. discover [dIskvr] vt (find - gen) descu
disaster [dIzAstr] n desastre m. brir; (mistake, loss, fact) descubrir, dar
disbelief [dIsbIlif] n incredulidad f. se cuenta de.
disc [dIsk] n disco. c o m p disc jockey discoverer [dIskvrr] n descubri
pinchadiscos m sing. dor,ra.
discard [dIskAd] vt desechar, desha discovery [dIskvrI] n descubri
cerse de. miento.
discern [dIsn] vt percibir, distinguir. pl discoveries.
discredit 106

discredit [dIskredIt] n (dishonour, dis- disenchantment [dIsIntSAntmnt] n


grace) descrdito. desencanto, desilusin f.
discreet [dIskrit] adj (gen) discreto,a; disengage [dIsIngeIdZ] vt 1 (free - gen)
(distance) prudencial. soltar ( from, de); (gears, mechanism)
discrepancy [dIskrepnsI] n discre desconectar. 2 mil (troops) retirar
pancia. (from, de).
pl discrepancies. disentangle [dIsIntQNgl] vt (unravel)
discrete [dIskrit] adj diferenciado,a, desenredar, desenmaraar.
distinto,a. disfavour [dIsfeIvr] n desaprobacin f.
disfigure [dIsfIgr] vt (face, person) des
, Discrete no significa discreto, que
figurar; (building, town, landscape) afear,
se traduce por discreet.
estropear.
discretion [dIskreSn] n 1 (quality of be- disgrace [dIsgreIs] n 1 (loss of favour)
ing discreet) discrecin f; (prudence) pru desgracia; (loss of honour) deshonra,
dencia. 2 (judgement) criterio, juicio. deshonor m . 2 (shame) escndalo,
discriminate [dIskrImIneIt] vi (treat dif- vergenza.
P vt 1 (bring shame on) deshonrar. 2 (dis-
ferently) discriminar (against, a; be-
tween, entre). credit) desacreditar.
P vt (see a difference) distinguir ( from, d i s g ra c e f u l [dIsgreIsfUl] adj
de), discriminar. vergonzoso,a: its disgraceful es vergon
discrimination [dIskrImIneISn] n 1
zoso, es una vergenza.
(bias) discriminacin f. 2 (distinction) di disguise [dIsgaIz] n disfraz m. l o c in
ferenciacin f, distincin f. 3 (judge- disguise disfrazado,-a.
P vt (person) disfrazar (as, de); (voice,
ment) discernimiento, criterio.
handwriting) disimular.
discus [dIsks] n (object) disco.
P n the discus (event, sport) el lanza
disgust [dIsgst] n (revulsion) asco, re
pugnancia; (strong disapproval) indig
miento de disco.
nacin f.
pl discuses o disci [diskaI].
P vt (revolt) repugnar, dar asco a; (dis-
discuss [dIsks] vt (talk about - person) approve) indignar.
hablar de; (- subject, topic) hablar de,
tratar; (- plan, problem) discutir. , To disgust no significa disgusto, que
se traduce por displeasure o sorrow.
, To discuss no significa discutir (pe
learse), que se traduce por to argue. disgusting [dIsgstIN] adj asquero
so,a, repugnante.
discussion [dIskS n] n discusin f,

dish [dIS] n 1 (plate) plato; (for serving)
debate m. fuente f. 2 culin (food) plato. 3 tv an
, Discussion no significa discusin tena parablica.
(pelea), que se traduce por argument. P n pl dishes (crockery) platos mpl, vaji
lla f sing. l o c to do the dishes lavar los
disdain [dIsdeIn] n desdn m, desprecio. platos.
P vt desdear, despreciar. dishcloth [dISklT] n trapo, bayeta.
disease [dIziz] n enfermedad f. dishearten [dIshAtn] vt descorazo
disembark [dIsImbAk] vt desembar nar, desanimar, desalentar.
car. dishevel [dISevl] vt despeinar.
disembarkation [dIsImbAkeIS n] n pt & pp dishevelled (us disheveled),
(of people) desembarco; (of goods) de ger dishevelling (us disheveling).
sembarque m. dishonest [dIsnIst] adj (person, answer)
disenchanted [dIsIntSAntId] adj deshonesto,a, poco honrado,a;
desencantado,a, desilusionado,a. (means, etc) fraudulento,a.
107 displace
dishonour [dIsn ] n deshonra, des
r
disobedient [dIsbidInt] adj de
honor m. sobediente.
P vt deshonrar. disobey [dIsbeI] vt desobedecer.
dishonourable [dIsnrb l] adj disorder [dIsdr] n desorden m.
deshonroso,a. disordered [dIsdd] adj des or
dishwasher [dISwSr] n (machine) la denado,a.
vaplatos m, lavavajillas m; (person) disorganisation [dIsgnaIzeISn] n
lavaplatos mf. disorganization. D
disillusion [dIsIlUZn] vt desilusionar. disorganization [dIsgnaIzeISn] n
disinfect [dIsInfekt] vt desinfectar. desorganizacin f.
disinfection [dIsInfekSn] n desinfec disorganize [dIsgnaIz] vt desorga
cin f. nizar.
disinherit [dIsInherIt] vt desheredar. disorganized [dIsgnaIzd] adj
disintegration [dIsIntIgreISn] n des desorganizado,a.
integracin f. disorientate [dIsrInteIt] vt deso
disinter [dIsIntr] vt fml desenterrar. rientar.
pt & pp disinterred, ger disinterring. disorientation [dIsrInteIS n] n
disk [dIsk] n (gen) disco.c o m p disk drive desorientacin f.
comput disquetera. disown [dIsUn] vt renegar de, repu
diskette [dIsket] n comput disquete m. diar.
dislike [dIslaIk] n aversin f, antipa disparity [dIspQrItI] n fml (inequality)
ta. disparidad f; (difference) discrepancia.
dislocation [dIslkeISn] n med dislo pl disparities.
cacin f. dispatch [dIspQtS] n 1 mensaje, des
dislodge [dIsldZ] vt 1 (object) sacar. 2 pacho. 2 (journalists report) noticia, re
(person) desalojar (from , de). portaje m.
disloyal [dIslIl] adj desleal (to, a/ P vt 1 (send) enviar, expedir. 2 (finish
con). quickly) despachar.
dismal [dIzml] adj sombro,a, depri , To dispatch no significa despachar
mente, lgubre. (despedir), que se traduce por to dismiss.
dismantle [dIsmQntl] vt (take apart -
machinery) desmontar; (- furniture) dispel [dIspel] vt disipar.
desarmar. pt & pp dispelled, ger dispelling.
dismay [dIsmeI] n consternacin f. dispensary [dIspensrI] n (in hospital)
P vt consternar. dispensario; (in school) enfermera.
pl dispensaries.
, To dismay no significa desmayo,
dispense [dIspens] vt 1 (distribute) dis
que se traduce por faint.
tribuir, repartir. 2 jur (justice) admi
dismiss [dIsmIs] vt 1 descartar, de nistrar. 3 fml (public service) suminis
sechar. 2 (sack) despedir. trar, administrar.
dismissal [dIsmIsl] n 1 descarte m, a to dispense with vt insep prescindir
abandono. 2 (sacking - of employee) des de, pasar sin.
pido; (- of official, minister) destitucin f. dispenser [dIspensr] n mquina ex
dismissive [dIsmIsIv] adj desde pendedora.
oso,a. disperse [dIsps] vt dispersar.
dismount [dIsmaUnt] vi desmontarse dispersed [dIspst] adj disperso,a.
(from, de), apearse (from, de). displace [dIspleIs] vt 1 (gen) desplazar;
disobedience [dIsbidIns] n de (bone) dislocar. 2 (replace) sustituir, reem
sobediencia. plazar.
display 108

display [dIspleI] n 1 exposicin f , dissatisfaction [dIssQtIsfQkSn] n in


muestra. 2 comput visualizacin f. satisfaccin f, descontento.
P vt 1 exhibir, exponer. 5 comput vi dissatisfied [dIssQtIsfaId] adj insa
sualizar. tisfecho,a, descontento,a.
displease [dIspliz] vt fml disgustar. dissect [dIsekt, daIsekt] vt diseccionar.
displeasure [dIspleZr] n disgusto. disseminate [dIsemIneIt] vt fml di
disposable [dIspUzbl] adj desecha vulgar, difundir, diseminar.
ble, de usar y tirar. dissemination [dIsemIneISn] n fml
disposal [dIspUzl] n 1 eliminacin f. diseminacin f, difusin f.
2 disponibilidad f. dissent [dIsent] n desacuerdo, dis
dispose [dIspUz] vt 1 disponer, colo conformidad f.
car. 2 fml predisponer (to/towards, P vi disentir, discrepar.
hacia).
dissenting [dIsentIN] adj discrepante.
a to dispose of vt insep 1tirar, desha
cerse de. dissertation [dIsteISn] n 1 (formal dis-
course) disertacin f. 2 educ (for lower
, To dispose no significa disponer de degree, masters) tesina; (for PhD) tesis f
(tener), que se traduce por to have. (doctoral).
disposition [dIspzISn] n 1 fml carc dissidence [dIsIdns] n disidencia.
ter m. 2 disposicin f. dissident [dIsIdnt] adj disidente.
dispossess [dIspzes] vt desposeer, P n disidente mf.
despojar. dissimilar [dIsImIlr] adj diferente (to,
disproportionate [dIsprpSnt] adj de), distinto,a (to, de/a).
desproporcionado,a (to, a). dissimilarity [dIsImIlQrItI] n diferen
disprove [dIsprUv] vt (theory) refutar, cia.
rebatir. dissimulate [dIsImjleIt] vt fml disi
disputable [dIspjUtbl] adj discuti mular; ocultar, encubrir.
ble. P vi fml disimular.
dispute [(n) dIspjUt; (vb) dIspjUt] n dissipate [dIsIpeIt] vt dispersar; di
discusin f. fundir.
P vi discutir.
P vi disiparse, desvanecerse.
disqualification [dIskwlIfIkeISn] n dissipated [dIsIpeItId] adj disoluto,a,
descalificacin f. disipado,a.
disqualify [dIskwlIfaI] vt descalificar. dissociate [dIsUSIeIt] vt (separate) di
pt & pp disqualified, ger disqualify-
sociar (from, de), separar (from, de).
ing.
dissolve [dIzlv] vt disolver.
disregard [dIsrIgAd] n indiferencia
(for, hacia); despreocupacin f. dissuade [dIsweId] vt disuadir (from,
P vt (danger, difficulty) ignorar, despre
de).
ciar. dissuasion [dIsweIZn] n disuasin f.
disrespect [dIsrIspekt] n falta de res dissuasive [dIsweIsIv] adj disuaso
peto. rio,a.
disrespectful [dIsrIspektfUl] adj distance [dIstns] n (gen) distan
irrespetuoso,a; irreverente. cia. l o c from a distance desde lejos. y
disrupt [dIsrpt] vt interrumpir. in the distance a lo lejos.
disruption [dIsrpSn] n (of meeting) in P vt distanciar.

terrupcin f; (of traffic) problemas mpl. distant [dIstnt] adj lejano,a, distante.
disruptive [dIsrptIv] adj perjudicial, distaste [dIsteIst] n aversin f, desa
nocivo,a; perturbador,ra. grado.
109 diversion
distasteful [dIsteIstfUl] adj (idea, task) distributor [dIstrIbjt ] n distribui
r

desagradable; (joke, remark) de mal dor,ra.


gusto. district [dIstrIkt] n (of town, city) distri
distend [dIstend] vt dilatar, hinchar. to, barrio; (of country) regin f, zona.
P vi dilatarse, hincharse. distrust [dIstrst] n desconfianza, re
distil [dIstIl] vt destilar. celo.
pt & pp distilled, ger distilling. vt desconfiar de, no fiarse de.
D
P

distill [dIstIl] vt us distil. disturb [dIstb] vt molestar.


distillation [dIstIleISn] n destilacin f. disturbed [dIstbd] adj pertur
distiller [dIstIlr] n destilador,ra. bado,a.
distillery [dIstIlrI] n destilera. disturbing [dIstbIN] adj inquietante.
pl distilleries. disuse [dIsjUs] n desuso.
distinct [dIstINkt] adj distinto,a ditch [dItS] n (gen) zanja; (at roadside)
(from, a), diferente (from, de). cuneta; (for irrigation) acequia.
P vt fam deshacerse de.
distinction [dIstINkSn] n 1 diferen
P vi av hacer un aterrizaje forzoso.
cia, distincin f. 3 gb matrcula de
honor. dither [dIDr] vi vacilar, titubear.
distinctive [dIstINktIv] adj distin
ditto [dItU] n (in list) dem m.
tivo,a, caracterstico,a; personal, diuretic [daIjretIk] adj diurtico,a.
inconfundible. diurnal [daInl] adj diurno,a.
distinctly [dIstINktlI] adv con clari divan [dIvQn] n (couch) divn m, cana
dad. p m.
dive [daIv] n 1 (into water) zambullida;
, Distinctly no significa de forma dis
(in competition) salto (de trampoln); (un-
tinta, que se traduce por differently.
derwater) buceo; (whale) inmersin f. 2
distinguish [dIstINgwIS] vt distinguir. (of plane, bird) picado.
P vi distinguir (between, entre). P vi [ us pt dove [dUv] ] 1 (into water)

distinguished [dIstINgwISt] adj dis zambullirse, tirarse (de cabeza); (in


tinguido,a. competition) saltar; (underwater) bucear;
(whale) sumergirse. 2 (birds, planes) ba
distort [dIstt] vt deformar.
jar en picado. 3 (move suddenly) preci
distortion [dIstSn] n deformacin f. pitarse hacia.
distract [dIstrQkt] vt distraer (from, a to dive in vi zambullirse, tirarse de
de). cabeza.
distracting [dIstrQktIN] adj (noise) diver [daIvr] n buzo, submarinista mf.
molesto,a; (presence) que distrae. diverge [daIvdZ] vi (gen) divergir;
distraction [dIstrQkSn] n distraccin (roads) bifurcarse.
f. 2 desconsuelo, afliccin f. divergence [daIvdZns] n divergen
distraught [dIstrt] adj afligido,a. cia.
distress [dIstres] n (mental) afliccin f, divergent [daIvdZnt] adj divergente.
angustia; (physical) dolor m; (exhaustion) diverse [daIvs] adj diverso,a, va
agotamiento. c o m p distress call seal riado,a.
de socorro. diversification [daIvsIfIkeISn] n 1
P vt (upset) afligir; (grieve) consternar. (variety) variedad f. 2 comm diversifi
distressing [dIstresIN] adj penoso,a, cacin f.
angustioso,a. diversify [daIvsIfaI] vt diversificar.
distribute [dIstrIbjUt] vt distribuir. pt & pp diversified, ger diversifying.
distribution [dIstrIbjUSn] n distribu diversion [daIvSn] n desvo, desvia
cin f. cin f.
diversity 110

diversity [daIvsItI] n diversidad f. fam (cheat, swindle) estafar, timar. l o c


divert [daIvt] vt 1 desviar. 2 divertir. how do you do? (greeting) buenos das,
divest [daIvest] vt despojar, privar buenas tardes; (answer) mucho gusto.
(of, de).
. Do es el verbo auxiliar que se emplea
divide [dIvaId] vt dividir, separar. en ingls con la mayora de los verbos pa
P vi dividirse, bifurcarse. ra formar las preguntas (do you like
P n fml divisin f, diferencia.
dancing? te gusta bailar?; does she live
divided [dIvaIdId] adj (opinion) dividi in Spain? vive en Espaa?) y formar las
do,a. frases negativas (I dont want to go no
dividend [dIvIdend] n dividendo. quiero ir; he doesnt play tennis no jue
divider [dIvaIdr] n (in file) separador ga a tenis). Tambin sirve para sustituir al
m; (in room) mampara. verbo principal en las respuestas (did you
dividers [dIvaIdz] n pl comps m de see the film? no I didnt viste la pel
punta (fija). cula no, no la vi) y para otros usos, como
divine [dIvaIn] adj divino,a. en las question tags o como manera de
diviner [dIvaInr] n zahor m. enfatizar una afirmacin.
diving [daIvIN] n 1 buceo, submari
a to do away with vt insep abolir, su
nismo. 2 (in competition) saltos mpl (de
primir.
trampoln). c o m p diving board tram
a to do for vt insep (manage) arreglrse
poln m. y diving mask gafas f pl de
bucear. las para conseguir.
a to do in vt sep fam matar, agotar.
divinity [dIvInItI] n 1 (quality, state) di
a to do up vt sep 1 fam (fasten, belt)
vinidad f. 2 (subject) teologa.
pl divinities.
abrochar(se). 2 (wrap) envolver. 3
(dress up) arreglar.
divisible [dIvIzbl] adj divisible.
a to do with vt insep (need) venir bien a.
division [dIvIZn] n divisin f, reparto. a to do without vi arreglrselas sin.
divisor [dIvaIzr] n divisor m. pt did [dId], pp done [dn], ger doing.
divorce [dIvs] n divorcio. doc [dk] n fam doctor,ra.
vi divorciarse.
docile [dUsaIl] adj dcil.
P
divorced [dIvst] adj divorciado,a.
dock1 [dk] n 1 mar (gen) muelle m; (for
divulge [daIvldZ] vt divulgar, reve cargo) drsena. 2 jur banquillo (de los
lar.
acusados).
DIY [diaIwaI] abbr gb (do-it-yourself) P vt (ship) atracar ( at , a); (spaceship)
bricolaje m. acoplar.
dizziness [dIzIns] n mareo, vrtigo. P n pl docks puerto.
dizzy [dIzI] adj 1 (person) mareado,a. 2 dock2 [dk] vt 1 (animals tail) cortar. 2
(speed, pace) vertiginoso,a; (height) de (wages) descontar dinero de.
vrtigo.
comp dizzier, superl dizziest.
docker [dkr] n estibador,ra, carga
dor,ra.
DJ1 [didZeI] abbr gb fam (dinner jacket)
esmoquin m, smoking m. dockland [dklQnd] n zona del puer
to, zona portuaria.
DJ2 [didZeI] abbr (disc jockey) pincha
discos m, disc-jockey m. " En Londres Docklands es la antigua zo
DNA [dieneI] abbr (deoxyribonucleic na portuaria cerca del ro Tmesis donde
acid) cido desoxirribonucleico; (ab- se han establecido muchas grandes em
breviation) ADN m. presas, sobre todo del sector financiero.
do [dU] vt 1 (gen) hacer. 2 (as job) dedi
carse. 3 (be sufficient for) ser suficiente; dockside [dksaId] n drsena.
(be satisfactory for, acceptable to) ir bien a. 4 dockyard [dkjAd] n astillero.
111 dominion
doctor [dkt ] n mdico,a, doctor,
r
dogmatic [dgmQtIk] adj dogm
ra. tico,a.
P vt pej falsificar, amaar. dogmatism [dgmtIzm] n dogma
doctorate [dktrt] n doctorado. tismo.
doctrine [dktrIn] n doctrina. dog-tired [dgtaId] adj rendido,a,
document [dkjmnt] n documento. hecho,a polvo.
doh [dU] n mus do.
D
P vt documentar.
documentary [dkjmentrI] adj do do-it-yourself [dUItjself] n bricola
cumental. je m.
P n documental m.
dole [dUl] n the dole gb fam el subsi
pl documentaries. dio de desempleo, el paro.
a to dole out vt sep repartir, dar.
documentation [dkjmnteIS n] n
doll [dl] n mueca.
documentacin f.
a to doll up vt sep fam poner gua
dodder [ddr] vi fam andar tamba po,a.
lendose. dollar [dlr] n dlar m.
doddery [ddrI] adj fam chocho,a. dolly [dlI] n (doll) mueca.
doddle [ddl] c o m p its a doddle fam pl dollies.
es pan comido, est chupado. dolmen [dlmn] n dolmen m.
dodecagon [dUdekgn] n dodec dolphin [dlfIn] n delfn m.
gono. domain [dmeIn] n 1 (lands) dominios
dodecahedron [dUdekhidrn] n mpl. 2 (in computing) dominio. 3 (sphere
dodecaedro. of knowledge) campo, esfera; (area of ac-
dodecasyllable [dUdeksIlb l] n tivity) mbito.
dodecaslabo. dome [dUm] n arch (roof) cpula; (ceil-
dodge [ddZ] n 1 (quick movement) regate ing) bveda.
m. 2 fam (trick) truco, treta, artimaa. domestic [dmestIk] adj 1 dom s
P vt esquivar. tico,a: domestic animal animal domsti
dodgems [ddZmz] n pl coches mpl co. 2 hogareo,a, casero,a. 3 (news,
de choque, autos mpl de choque. flight) nacional; (trade, policy) interior;
dodgy [ddZI] adj 1 fam (risky) arriesga (affairs, policy, market) interno,a.
do,a. 2 fam (person) que no es de fiar. domesticate [dmestIkeIt] vt domes
ticar.
comp dodgier, superl dodgiest.
domicile [dmIsaIl] n jur domicilio.
doe [dU] n (of deer) gama; (of rabbit) co
neja.
dominance [dmInns] n dominio.
dominant [dmInnt] adj dominante.
does [dz] pres do.
dominate [dmIneIt] vt dominar.
doesnt [dznt] contr (does + not) do. P vi (predominate) predominar.
dog [dg] n perro,a. domination [dmIneISn] n domina
Pvt (pursue) perseguir. cin f.
pt & pp dogged, ger dogging.
domineer [dmInIr] vi avasallar.
dogged [dgId] adj terco,a, obstina domineering [dmInIrIN] adj domi
do,a. nante.
doggie [dgI] n doggy. Dominica [dmInik] n Dominica.
doggy [dgI] n perrito,a. Dominican [dmInIkn] adj domini
pl doggies. cano,a.
doghouse [dghaUs] n us caseta del P n dominicano,a. c o m p Dominican
perro. Republic Repblica Dominicana.
dogma [dgm] n dogma m. dominion [dmInjn] n dominio.
domino 112

domino [dmInU] n ficha de domin. pl dormice [dmaIs].


P n pl dominoes (game) domin m. dorsal [dsl] adj dorsal.
pl dominoes. dosage [dUsIdZ] n (amount) dosis f; (on
donate [dUneIt] vt donar. medicine bottle) posologa.
donation [dUneISn] n 1 (act) dona dose [dUs] n dosis f.
cin f. 2 (gift) donativo. P vt medicar.
done [dn] pp do. doss [ds] n fam (short sleep) cabezada.
P adj 1 (finished) terminado,a,
a to doss down vi gb fam echarse a
hecho,a. 2 bien visto,a. dormir.
donkey [dNkI] n burro,a, asno. dossier [dsIeI] n expediente m, dos
donor [dUnr] n donante m. sier m.
dont [dUnt] aux (do + not) do. dot [dt] n (spot) punto.
donut [dUnt] n doughnut. P vt 1 (letter) poner el punto a. 2 (scat-
doodle [dUdl] vi garabatear. ter) esparcir, salpicar.
P n garabato.
pt & pp dotted, ger dotting.
doom [dUm] n (fate) destino; (ruin) fa dote [dUt] vi to dote on adorar.
talidad f; (death) muerte f.
P vt (destine) destinar; (condemn) conde
dotted [dtId] adj (line) de puntos.
nar. dotty [dtI] adj gb fam chiflado,a.
door [dr] n 1 (gen) puerta. 2 (entrance) comp dottier, superl dottiest.
puerta, entrada. double [dbl] adj doble. c o m p double

doorbell [dbel] n timbre m. bass contrabajo. y double bed cama


doorknob [dnb] n pomo. de matrimonio. y double room habi
doorman [dmn] n portero. tacin doble.
doormat [dmQt] phr felpudo. n doble.
P
P vt 1 (increase twofold) doblar, duplicar.
doorstep [dstep] n 1 peldao, um
bral m. 2 gb fam (thick slice of bread) re 2 (fold in half) doblar por la mitad.
P n pl doubles (tennis) partido de do
banada gruesa de pan.
doorstop [dstp] n cua, tope. bles.
a to double back vi volver sobre sus
door-to-door [dtd] adj de puerta
en puerta, a domicilio. pasos.
a to double up vt sep doblar.
doorway [dweI] n entrada, portal m.
P vi 1 (with pain, laughter) doblarse; (with
dope [dUp] vt 1 fam (food, drink) adul
terar con drogas, poner droga en. 2 laughter) partirse, mondarse. 2 (share)
sp (athlete, horse) dopar, drogar.
compartir la habitacin.
doping [dUpIN] n dopaje m, doping m. double-click [dblklIk] vi hacer do
dormant [dmnt] adj 1 (volcano) inac ble clic.
tivo,a; (animal, plant) aletargado,a. double-cross [dblkrs] vt fam enga
2 fig (idea, emotion, rivalry) latente. ar, traicionar.
dormer [dm r] [tambin dormer double-dealing [dbldilIN] n doble
window] n buhardilla. juego.
dormitory [dmItrI] n 1 (in boarding double-decker [dbldekr] n [tam
school, hostel) dormitorio. 2 us residen bin double-decker bus] gb autobs m
cia de estudiantes, colegio mayor. de dos pisos.
pl dormitories.
" Double-decker es cualquier vehculo de
, Dormitory no significa dormitorio (de
dos pisos. Sin embargo el double-decker
una casa), que se traduce por bedroom.
por antonomasia es el clsico autobs lon
dormouse [dmaUs] n lirn m. dinense rojo.
113 draft
double-edged [dbledZd] adj de do downhill [daUnhIl] adv cuesta abajo.
ble filo. P n (in skiing) descenso.
double-park [dblpAk] vt estacio download [daUnlUd] vt bajar; (inter-
nar en doble fila. net) descargar.
doubt [daUt] n (gen) duda; incerti downpour [daUnpr] n chaparrn m,
dumbre f. aguacero.
P vi dudar. downright [daUnraIt] adj fam des
doubtful [daUtfUl] adj dudoso,a, carado,a. D
incierto,a. P adv fam muy, absolutamente.
doubtless [daUtls] adv sin duda, in downs [daUnz] n pl gb colinas fpl.
dudablemente. Downs syndrome [daUnz sIndrUm]
dough [dU] n 1 culin masa. 2 sl (mon- n med sndrome m de Down.
ey) pasta. downstairs [daUnstez] adv (down the
doughnut [dUnt] n rosquilla, do stairs) abajo.
nut m. P adj (room) (del piso) de abajo.
Douro [dUrU] n el Duero. P n planta baja.
douse [daUs] vt 1 (extinguish - light, can- downstream [daUnstrim] adv ro
dle) apagar. 2 (soak) mojar, empapar. abajo.
dove1 [dv] n (bird) paloma (blanca). downtown [daUntaUn] adj us cn
dove2 [dUv] pt us dive. trico,a.
dovecote [dvkeUt] n palomar m. P n us centro de la ciudad.
dowdy [daUdI] adj pej sin gracia, sin downward [daUnwd] adj (movement)
estilo descendente; (direction, pressure) hacia
comp dowdier, superl dowdiest. abajo.
down1 [daUn] prep 1 (to a lower level) (ha downwards [daUnwdz] adv hacia
cia) abajo. 2 (at a lower level) abajo. 3 abajo.
(along) por: cut it down the middle crtalo downy [daUnI] adj aterciopelado,a.
por la mitad. comp downier, superl downiest.
P adv 1 (to lower level) (hacia) abajo. 2
(on paper, in writing): she wrote his phone dowry [daUrI] n dote f.
number down apunt su telfono.
pl dowries.
P vt 1 (knock over, force to ground) derri doze [dUz] n cabezada.
bar, tumbar. 2 fam (drink) beberse r P vi dormitar, echar una cabezada.
pidamente: he downed the glass in one se a to doze off vi quedarse dorm i
bebi el vaso de un trago. do,a.
down2 [daUn] n (on bird) plumn m; (on dozen [dzn] n docena.
peach) pelusa; (on body) vello. dozy [dUzI] adj 1 (sleepy) adorm i
downcast [daUnkAst] adj abatido,a. lado,a. 2 gb fam (stupid) tonto,a.
downer [daUnr] n 1 fam (drug) cal comp dozier, superl dozier.
mante m, sedante m. 2 (blow, depressing Dr [dkt r] abbr (Doctor) Doctor,ra;
experience) palo. (abbreviation) Dr., Dra.
downfall [daUnfl] n 1 fig (of person) drab [drQb] adj 1 (colour) apagado,a;
perdicin f, ruina. 2 (of regime, dictator, (appearance) soso,a, sin gracia. 2
etc) cada. (dreary - life) montono,a, gris.
downgrade [daUngreId] vt 1 (demote) draft [drAft] n 1 (rough copy - of letter,
bajar de categora. 2 (make seem unim- speech, etc) borrador m; (of plot) esbozo;
portant) restar importancia a. (of plan, project) anteproyecto. 2 fin (bill
downhearted [daUnhAtId] adj desa of exchange) letra de cambio, giro. 3 us
nimado,a, desmoralizado,a. (conscription) (reclutamiento para el)
draftsman 114

servicio militar obligatorio. 4 us drape [dreIp] vt 1 (decorate) drapear;


draught. (cover) cubrir (in/with, con). 2 (part of
P adj (version, copy) preliminar. body) descansar, acomodar.
draftsman [drAftsmn] n us draughts P n pl drapes us (curtains) cortinas fpl.

man. drastic [drQstIk] adj drstico,a.


drag [drQg] n (hindrance) estorbo (on, draught [drAft] n 1 (of cold air) corrien
para), carga (on, para). te f (de aire). 2 (swallow of beer, etc) tra
P vt (pull, cause to trail) arrastrar, llevar a go. 3 (medicine) pcima. 4 (piece in game)
rastras. dama, pieza.
a to drag on vi alargarse, prolongar P n pl draughts gb damas fpl.

se, hacerse interminable. draughtboard [drAftbd] n tablero


a to drag out vt sep alargar, prolongar. de damas.
a to drag up vt sep (revive, recall) sacar a draughtsman [drAftsmn] n 1 (artist)
relucir. delineante mf. 2 gb (in game) ficha de
pt & pp dragged, ger dragging. damas.
dragon [drQgn] n 1 (mythology) dra pl draughtsmen [drAftsmn].
gn m. 2 fam (woman) bruja. draughtswoman [drAftswUmn] n
dragonfly [drQgnflaI] n liblula. arch delineante.
pl dragonflies. pl draughtswomen [drAftswImIn].
drain [dreIn] n desage m, alcantarilla. draw [dr] n 1 (raffle, lottery) sorteo. 2
P vt 1 (empty) vaciar; (- wound, blood) sp (tie - gen) empate m . 3 (attraction)

drenar. 2 (rice, pasta, vegetables, etc) es atraccin f.


currir. P vt 1 (sketch - picture) dibujar; (- plans)

P vi 1 (discharge - pipes, rivers) desaguar. 2 trazar. 2 (move) llevar. 3 (pull out, take
(dry out) escurrir (off, -), escurrirse (off, -). out - gen) sacar, extraer; (bow) tensar. 4
3 fig (strength, energy, etc) irse agotando. sp (tie) empatar. 5 (attract) atraer. 6 (pro-

P n pl the drains (of town) el alcantari duce, elicit) provocar, obtener; (- praise)
llado m sing; (of building) las tuberas fpl conseguir.
del desage. a to draw back vi 1 (move away) retirar
a to drain away vi (liquid - empty) va se, retroceder. 2 (pull out) echarse
ciarse. atrs, volverse atrs.
a to draw in vi 1 (of days) acortarse. 2
drainage [dreInIdZ] n 1 drenaje,
(train) llegar.
desage m. 2 (drains - of town) alcanta
a to draw off vt sep (liquid) sacar, extraer.
rillado; (of building) desage m. c o m p
a to draw on vt insep (make use of - experi-
drainage basin cuenca hidrogrfica.
ence, etc) recurrir a, hacer uso de; (- mon-
drainpipe [dreInpaIp] n (pipe) tubo de ey, savings) utilizar, recurrir a.
desage. P vi (approach - winter, night, etc) acercarse.
drake [dreIk] n pato (macho). a to draw up vt sep (draft - contract, treaty,
drama [drAm] n 1 theat (play) obra etc) preparar, redactar; (- list) hacer; (-
de teatro; (plays, literature) teatro, dra plan) esbozar.
ma m. 2 (as school subject) expresin f P vi (of vehicle) detenerse, pararse.
corporal; (at drama school) arte m dra pt drew [dru], pp drawn [drn].
mtico. drawback [drbQk] n inconveniente
dramatic [drmQtIk] adj dramt i m, desventaja.
co,a, teatral, emocionante. drawbridge [drbrIdZ] n puente m
dramatist [drQmtIst] n dramatur levadizo.
go,a. drawer [drr] n 1 (in furniture) cajn m.
drank [drQNk] pt drink. 2 (draughtsperson) dibujante mf.
115 drier
drawing [drIN] n dibujo: shes good at dredge 1
[dredZ] vt & vi (river, lake, etc)
drawing dibuja muy bien. l o c to go dragar, rastrear.
back to the drawing board volver a dredge2 [dredZ] vt culin (with sugar) es
empezar, empezar de nuevo. c o m p polvorear; (with flour) enharinar, re
drawing board tablero de dibujo. y bozar.
drawing pin gb chincheta. y drawing drench [drentS] vt empapar. l o c to
room sala de estar, saln m. be/get drenched empaparse. y to be
drawn [drn] pp draw. drenched to the skin estar calado,a
hasta los huesos.
D
P adj 1 (face - tired, haggard) ojeroso,a,
cansado,a; (- worried) preocupado,a. dress [dres] n 1 (for women) vestido. 2
2 sp (match, etc) empatado,a. (clothing) ropa, vestimenta.
dread [dred] n terror m, pavor m. P adj (shirt, suit) de etiqueta. c o m p dress

P vt temer, tener terror a: hes dreading rehearsal theat ensayo general.


P vt 1 (person) vestir. 2 med (wound)
the exam el examen le da terror.
dreadful [dredfUl] adj 1 (shocking) terri vendar. 3 culin (poultry, crab) aderezar,
ble, espantoso,a, atroz. 2 fam (aw- preparar; (salad) aliar. 4 (shop window)
arreglar, decorar; (Christmas tree) de
ful) fatal, horrible, malsimo,a: how
corar, adornar; (hair) arreglar.
dreadful! qu horror!
P vi (gen) vestirse; (formally) vestirse
dream [drim] n 1 (while asleep) sueo: I de etiqueta. l o c to get dressed ves
had a bad dream tuve una pesadilla; sweet tirse.
dreams! felices sueos! 2 (daydream) en a to dress down vt sep (scold) regaar;
sueo, sueo: he lives in a dream vive en (rebuke) echar una bronca.
las nubes. 3 (hope, fantasy) sueo (do P vi (dress informally) vestirse informal
rado), deseo, ilusin f: the house of mente.
your dreams la casa de tus sueos. a to dress up vi (in fancy dress) disfra
P adj (imaginary) imaginario,a; (ideal) zarse (as, de); (dress formally) ponerse
ideal, de ensueo: your dream holiday de tiros largos.
las vacaciones de tus sueos. P vt sep fig (truth, facts, etc) disfrazar.
P vt 1 (while asleep) soar: I dreamt that I dresser [dresr] n 1 gb (in kitchen) apara
was flying so que volaba. 2 (imagine) dor m. 2 us (chest of drawers) tocador m.
imaginarse: I never dreamt youd actually dressing [dresIN] n 1 (gen) apsito;
do it nunca me imagin que lo haras de (bandage) vendaje m. 2 (act of getting
verdad. dressed) el vestir(se) m. 3 culin (for salad)
P vi 1 (while asleep) soar ( about/of, alio. 4 us (stuffing) relleno. c o m p dress
con); (daydream) soar (despierto,a): I ing gown bata. y dressing room theat
dreamt about you last night so contigo camerino. y dressing table tocador m.
anoche; dream on sigue soando. 2 (imag- dressmaker [dresmeIk r] n (woman)
ine) soar (of, con); (contemplate) soar modista f, modisto; (man) modista
despierto: I dream of having my own busi- m, modisto.
ness sueo con tener mi propia empresa. dressmaking [dresmeIkIN] n costura.
a to dream up vt sep fam pej (excuse) in drew [drU] pt draw.
ventarse; (plan) idear. dribble [drIbl] n 1 (saliva) saliva, ba
pt & pp dreamed o dreamt [dremt]. ba. 2 (of water, blood) gotas fpl, hilo,
dreamer [drimr] n soador,ra. chorrito. 3 sp dribling m.
dreamt [dremt] pt & pp dream. P vi 1 (baby) babear. 2 (liquid) gotear.

dreary [drIrI] adj 1 (gen) triste, depri P vt driblar, regatear.

mente. 2 fam (dull, uninteresting) dried [draId] pp dry.


pesado,a, aburrido,a. P adj (fruit) seco,a; (milk) en polvo.
comp drearier, superl dreariest. drier [draIr] n dryer.
drift 116

drift [drIft] n 1 (of snow) ventisquero; they put him on a drip le pusieron el gota a
(of sand) montn m. 2 mar (flow of water) gota. 3 fam (person) soso,a.
deriva. 3 (movement) movimiento; P vi (fall in drops) gotear, caer; (fall heav-
(tendency) tendencia. 4 (meaning, gist) ily) chorrear: the tap drips el grifo gotea.
significado, sentido, idea: do you get P vt dejar caer gota a gota.
my drift? entiendes lo que quiero decir? pt & pp dripped, ger dripping.
P vi 1(float on water) ir a la deriva. 2 (pile up drive [draIv] n 1 (trip) paseo en coche;
- of snow, sand, leaves, etc) amontonarse. (journey) viaje m: we went for a drive di
drill1 [drIl] n 1 (handtool) taladro; (large mos una vuelta en coche; its a two-hour
machine) barreno, perforadora; (den- drive es un viaje de dos horas. 2 (road)
tists) fresa; (drill head, bit) broca. 2 mil calle f. 3 sp (golf, tennis) drive m. 4 (cam-
instruccin f. 3 educ (exercise) ejerci paign) campaa: sales drive promocin;
cio. 4 (rehearsal, practice) simulacro; membership drive campaa para atraer
(procedures to be followed) procedimien socios; a no-smoking drive una campaa
to: fire drill simulacro de incendio; safety antitabaco. 5 (energy, initiative) energa.
drill instrucciones de seguridad. 6 (propulsion system) transmisin f, pro
P vt 1 (wood, metal, etc) taladrar, perfo pulsin f; (of wheeled vehicle) traccin f:
rar; (hole) hacer, perforar. 2 mil ins front-wheel drive traccin delantera; four-
truir. wheel drive traccin en las cuatro ruedas.
P vi 1 (for oil, coal) perforar. 2 mil entre P vt 1 (operate - vehicle) conducir: he

narse. l o c to drill sth into sb inculcarle drives a bus es conductor de autobs. 2


algo a algn. (take - person) llevar (en coche). 3
drill2 [drIl] n (material) dril m. (cause to move - person) hacer, obligar a;
(- animal) arrear. 4 (provide power for, keep
drink [drINk] n (gen) bebida; (alcoholic going) hacer funcionar, mover: the riv-
drink) copa, trago; (soft drink) refresco:
er drives the waterwheel el ro mueve el
lets go for a drink! vamos a tomar algo!,
molino. 5 (force, compel to act) forzar,
vamos a tomar una copa! obligar; (cause to be in state) llevar: youre
P vt (gen) beber, tomar: you havent
driving me crazy me ests volviendo loco.
drunk your tea no te has bebido el t; what P vi (vehicle) conducir: can you drive?
do you want to drink? qu quieres be sabes conducir?; hes learning to drive
ber? l o c to drink a toast to sb brindar est aprendiendo a conducir; I drove here
por algn. y to drink to sth/sb brindar vine en coche.
por algo/algn. y to have sth to drink a to drive at vt insep insinuar.
tomar(se) algo. a to drive away vt sep (fend off - attacker,
P vi beber: she doesnt drink (alcohol) no
animal) ahuyentar; (throw out) alejar.
bebe (alcohol); dont drink and drive si be a to drive off vt sep ahuyentar.
bes, no conduzcas. P vi (car, driver) irse.
a to drink in vt sep (scene, sights, sounds, a to drive out vt sep expulsar.
etc) apreciar, empaparse de; (success) pt drove [drUv], pp driven [drIvn].
saborear. drivel [drIvl] n tonteras fpl, bobadas
pt drank [drQNk], pp drunk [drNk]. fpl, memeces fpl.
drinkable [drINkbl] adj (water) pota driven [drIvn] pp drive.
ble; (wine, beer, etc) aceptable. driver [draIvr] n 1 (of bus, car) conduc
drinker [drINkr] n bebedor,ra. tor,ra; (of taxi) taxista mf ; (of lorry)
drinking [drINkIN] n (alcohol) bebida; camionero,a; (of racing car) piloto mf;
(action) beber m. c o m p drinking foun (of train) maquinista mf: hes a very good
tain fuente f de agua potable. y drink driver conduce muy bien. 2 sp (golf club)
ing water agua potable. madera nmero 1. c o m p drivers li
drip [drIp] n 1 (drop of liquid) goteo; cence us carnet m de conducir, per
(sound) gotear m. 2 med gota a gota m: miso de conducir.
117 drugstore
driving [draIvIN] n auto conduccin f: dead caerse muerto,a. y to drop sb a
we shared the driving nos turnamos para line / drop sb a note escribir cuatro/
conducir. unas lneas a algn.
P adj driving licence carnet m de
comp P vi 1 (fall - object) caer, caerse; (- person)
conducir, permiso de conducir. y driv dejarse caer, tirarse. 2 (prices, tempera-
ing school escuela de conductores. y ture, voice) bajar; (wind) amainar; (speed)
driving test examen m de conducir. reducirse, disminuir. 3 (lapse) dejar:
drizzle [drIzl] n llovizna. let it drop! djalo ya!, basta ya! D
P vi lloviznar. a to drop away vi 1 (support, interest)
droll [drUl] adj (amusing) gracioso,a, disminuir. 2 (ground) caer.
chistoso,a; (odd, quaint) curioso,a. a to drop by vi pasar.
dromedary [drmdrI] n dromedario. P vt insep pasar por.
pl dromedaries. a to drop in vi (visit) pasar.
drone1 [drUn] n (bee) zngano. a to drop off vi 1 fam (fall asleep) dor
drone2 [drUn] n 1 (noise) zumbido. 2 mirse. 2 (sales, interest, etc) disminuir.
(monotonous talk) cantinela, sonsonete m. a to drop out vi (of school, etc) dejar los
P vi (bee, plane, engine) zumbar. estudios; (of group) dejar el grupo; (of
drool [drUl] n 1 (of baby) baba, babas race, competition) abandonar; (of society)
fpl. 2 (drivel) tonteras fpl, bobadas fpl. marginarse.
P vi (of baby, dog) babear. pt & pp dropped, ger dropping.
droop [drUp] n (of shoulders) cada, in droplet [drplt] n gotita.
clinacin f,. drought [draUt] n sequa.
P vi 1 (head) inclinarse, caerse; (shoul- drove [drUv] pt drive.
ders) encorvarse; (eyelids) cerrar. 2 (flow- P n 1 (of cattle) manada. 2 (of people)
er) marchitarse; (branches) inclinarse. multitud f.
drop [drp] n 1 (of liquid) gota: she car- drown [draUn] vt 1 (gen) ahogar. 2 (sub-
ried the cup without spilling a drop llev la merge - place) inundar, anegar.
taza sin derramar ni una gota; we could P vi ahogarse.
do with a drop of rain nos ira bien un po drowse [draUz] vi dormitar.
co de lluvia. 2 (sweet) pastilla, carame drowsy [draUzI] adj (person, look) som
lo. 3 (descent, distance down) desnivel m, noliento,a: these tablets make me
cada. 4 (fall - gen) cada; (in temperature) drowsy estas pastillas me dan sueo. l o c
descenso. to feel drowsy tener sueo.
P vt 1 (let fall - accidentally) carsele a uno:
comp drowsier, superl drowsiest.
he dropped the glass se le cay el vaso; dont
drop it! que no se te caiga!. 2 (let fall - delib-
drug [drg] n 1 (medicine) medicamen
erately) dejar caer, tirar; (let go of) soltar; to. 2 (narcotic) droga: hard/soft drugs
(launch - bomb, supplies) lanzar: she dropped drogas duras/blandas. l o c to be on/do/
her handkerchief by his chair dej caer su pa take drugs drogarse. c o m p drug addict
uelo al lado de su silla; drop it! sultalo! 3 drogadicto,a, toxicmano,a. y
(lower - gen) bajar; (- speed) reducir. 4 fam drug dealer traficante mf de drogas. y
(set down - passenger) dejar (off, -); (- deliv- drug pusher camello mf.
P vt 1 (person, animal) drogar. 2 (food,
ery) dejar, pasar a dejar (off, -): where
shall I drop you? dnde quieres que te de drink) adulterar con drogas.
je? 5 (give up, abandon) dejar, abandonar. pt & pp drugged, ger drugging.
6 (omit, leave out - in speaking) no pronun druggist [drgIst] n us farmac u
ciar, comerse; (in writing) omitir: dont tico,a.
drop your hs no te comas las haches. 7 drugstore [drgstr] n us establecimiento
sp (player from team) echar, sacar, no se donde se puede comprar medicamentos, cosmti-
leccionar; (lose) perder. l o c to drop cos, peridicos y otras cosas.
drum 118

drum [drm] n 1 (instrument) tambor m. ductile [dktaIl] adj dctil.


2 (container) bidn m. 3 tech tambor. ductility [dktIltI] n ductilidad f.
P vi 1 tocar el tambor. dud [dd] n 1 fam (object) trasto intil,
pt & pp drummed, ger drumming. engaifa, invendible; (person) desas
P n pl drums (set) batera.
tre m, intil mf. 2 (grenade, bomb, fire-
drummer [drmr] n (in marching band) work, etc) granada, bomba, fuego ar
tambor mf; (in pop group, jazz band) ba tificial, etc. que no estalla.
tera mf. P adj (defective) defectuoso,a; (worthless,
drumstick [drmstIk] n 1 mus baque useless) intil,; (valueless - note, coin) falso,a;
ta, palillo (de tambor). 2 culin mus (grenade, bomb, firework) que no estalla.
lo (de ave). c o m p dud cheque cheque m sin fondos.

drunk [drNk] pp drink. due [djU] adj (expected) esperado,a: her


P adj borracho,a: you are drunk ests new book is due out in December su nuevo
borracho. l o c to get drunk emborra libro saldr en diciembre; the train is due
charse. (in) at five oclock el tren debe llegar a las
drunkard [drNkd] n borracho,a: cinco. l o c due to debido a. c o m p due
you are a drunkard eres un borracho. date (fecha de) vencimiento.
drunken [drNkn] adj borracho,a. P n merecido.
dry [draI] adj 1 seco,a. c o m p dry dock di P adv derecho hacia: due north dere
que m seco. y dry goods 1 gb comesti cho hacia el norte.
bles mpl no perecederos. 2 us artculos P n pl dues cuota.
mpl de mercera. y dry land tierra firme. duel [djUl] n duelo.
comp drier, superl driest. P vi batirse en duelo (with, con).
P vt secar. pt & pp duelled (us dueled), ger duel-
P vi secarse (off, -). ling (us dueling).
pt & pp dried, ger drying. duet [djUet] n do.
dry-clean [draIklin] vt limpiar en seco. dug [dg] pt & pp dig.
dry-cleaners [draIklinz] n tintore duke [djUk] n duque m.
ra, tinte m. dull [dl] adj 1 (boring - job) montono,a,
dryer [draIr] n (for clothes) secadora; pesado,a; (- person, life, film) pesado,a,
(for hair) secador m. aburrido,a, soso,a; (- place, town)
dryness [draIns] n sequedad f. aburrido,a. 2 (not bright - colours)
dual [djUl] adj (gen) doble. c o m p dual apagado,a; (weather, day) gris, triste,
carriageway gb carretera de doble feo,a. 3 (sound, pain) sordo,a. 4 (slow-
calzada. witted) torpe, lerdo,a.
dub1 [db] vt (soundtrack) doblar (into, a). P vt (pain) aliviar, calmar; (sound)
pt & pp dubbed, ger dubbing. amortiguar; (hearing) embotar.
dub2 [db] vt (give nickname) apodar. duly [djUlI] adv 1 fml (properly) debida
pt & pp dubbed, ger dubbing. mente. 2 (as expected) como era de
dub3 [db] n mus dub m (gnero musical esperar.
originado en Jamaica a partir del reggae). dumb [dm] adj 1 (unable to speak)
dubbing [dbIN] n (of soundtrack) do mudo,a. 3 us fam (stupid) tonto,a.
blaje m. dummy [dmI] n 1 (in shop window,
duchess [dtSs] n duquesa. dressmakers) maniqu m. 2 (fake) imita
duck1 [dk] n pato,a. cin f. 3 gb (for baby) chupete m. 4 fam
duck2 [dk] vi (bend down) agacharse; imbcil mf.
(hide) esconderse: she ducked behind the pl dummies.
sofa se escondi detrs del sof. dump [dmp] n vertedero, basurero.
duckling [dklIN] n patito. P vt (drop, unload - rubbish) verter, des
duct [dkt] n conducto. cargar; (leave) dejar, poner: he dumped
119 dystrophy
his dirty washing on the floor dej su ropa Dutchwoman [dtSwUmn] n holan
sucia en el suelo. desa.
dumping [dmpIN] n vertido. loc No pl Dutchwomen [dtSwImIn].
dumping Prohibido arrojar basuras. duty [djUtI] n 1 (obligation) deber m,
dune [djUn] [tambin sand dune] n obligacin f: I feel its my duty to go creo
duna. que es mi obligacin ir. 2 (task) funcin f,
dung [dN] n estircol m. cometido: her duties include dealing with
dungarees [dngriz] n (garment) pe the public sus funciones incluyen atender
al pblico. 3 (service) guardia, servicio. 4
D
to; (overalls) mono.
dungeon [dndZn] n mazmorra. (tax) impuesto. l o c to be off duty 1 (doc-
tor, nurse, etc) no estar de guardia. 2 (po-
duo [djUU] n do.
lice, firefighter, etc) no estar de servicio. y
pl duos.
to be on duty 1 (doctor, nurse, etc) estar de
duodena [djUdin] n pl duodenum. guardia. 2 (police, firefighter) estar de ser
duodenum [djUdinm] n duodeno. vicio. c o m p customs duties derechos
pl duodenums o duodena [djUdin]. mpl de aduana, aranceles mpl.
dupe [djUp] n ingenuo,a. pl duties.
P vt engaar, embaucar. duty-free [djUtIfri] adj & adv libre de
duplex [djUpleks] n us (house) casa impuestos. c o m p duty-free shop duty-
adosada; (flat, apartment) dplex m. free m, tienda libre de impuestos.
duplicate [ (adj) d j U p l I k t ; (n) duvet [dUveI] n gb edredn m. c o m p
djUplIkeIt] adj duplicado,a. duvet cover funda de edredn.
P n copia, duplicado. l o c in duplicate
DVD [dividi] n (Digital Video Disc) DVD
por duplicado. m. c o m p DVD player lector m de DVD.
P vt duplicar, hacer copias de.
dwarf [dwf] n enano,a.
durable [djUrbl] adj duradero,a. pl dwarfs o dwarves [dwz].
duration [djUreISn] n duracin f. P adj enano,a.
during [djUrIN] prep durante: I lived in dwell [dwel] vi fml habitar, vivir.
France during the war viv en Francia du pt & pp dwelt [dwelt].
rante la guerra; shes out at work during the dweller [dwelr] n habitante mf.
day trabaja fuera de casa durante el da.
dwelling [dwelIN] n fml morada.
dusk [dsk] n anochecer m . l o c at dwelt [dwelt] pt & pp dwell.
dusk al anochecer.
dye [daI] n tinte m, tintura, colorante m.
dust [dst] n polvo. P vt teir.
P vt quitar el polvo a.
dying [daIIN] adj moribundo,a.
dustbin [dstbIn] n gb cubo de la ba
sura. c o m p dustbin man basurero. dyke [daIk] n (bank) dique m, barrera;
(causeway) terrapln m.
dustcart [dstkAt] n camin m de la
basura. dynamic [daInQmIk] adj dinmico,a.
duster [dstr] n (for dusting) pao, trapo dynamics [daInQmIks] n dinmica.
(del polvo); (for blackboard) borrador m. dynamite [daInmaIt] n dinamita.
dustman [dstmn] n gb basurero. dynamo [daInmU] n dinamo f.
dustpan [dstpQn] n recogedor m. pl dynamos.
Dutch [dtS] adj holands,esa, dynasty [dInstI] n dinasta.
neerlands,esa. l o c to go Dutch pl dynasties.
(with sb) pagar a escote. dyne [daIn] n dina.
P n (language) holands m. dysentery [dIsntrI] n disentera.
Dutchman [dtSmn] n holands m, dyslexia [dIsleksI] n dislexia.
neerlands m. dyslexic [dIsleksIk] adj dislxico,a.
pl Dutchmen [dtSmn]. dystrophy [dIstrfI] n distrofia.
E
120

E, e [i] n 1 (the letter) E, e f. 2 mus mi m. tiempo, con anticipacin: we got


each [itS] adj cada: each day cada da, there early to get a good seat llegamos con
todos los das. tiempo para encontrar un buen sitio
P pron cada uno,a: they each have their (asiento).
own car cada uno tiene su coche. earn [n] vt ganar, ganarse: how much do
P adv cada uno,a: apples cost 15p each las you earn a month? cunto ganas al mes?
manzanas cuestan 15 peniques la pieza.
. Cuando se habla de dinero, la diferen-
. Each y every tienen significados muy cia entre earn y win (ambos, ganar) es
similares. Each se emplea cuando se con- que earn se refiere al dinero que se gana
sidera cada cosa por separado. Every, trabajando y win al que se obtiene por
cuando se considera cada c osa en funcin azar, como en la lotera.
del todo del que forma parte.
earner [nr] n 1 (person) persona que
eager [igr] adj (anxious) vido,a (to,
gana dinero: Im the only earner in the
de), ansioso,a (to, de); (desirous) de
family soy el nico de la familia que ga-
seoso,a (to, de).
na un sueldo. 2 (thing) cosa rentable.
eagle [igl] n 1 (bird) guila. 2 (in golf)
earnest [nIst] adj serio,a, formal.
eagle m.
earnings [nINz] n pl 1 (personal) ingre
eaglet [iglt] n aguilucho. sos mpl. 2 (of company) ganancias fpl.
ear1 [Ir] n 1 anat oreja. 2 (sense) odo. earphones [IfUnz] n pl auriculares mpl.
c o m p ear canal conducto auditivo. y

ear flap orejera. y ear lobe lbulo. y ear,


earplug [Iplg] n tapn m para los odos.
nose and throat specialist otorrino earring [IrIN] n pendiente m.
laringlogo,a. earth [T] n 1 (gen) tierra. 2 gb toma de
ear2 [Ir] n (of cereal) espiga. tierra, tierra. 3 gb (of fox, badger) madri
guera.
earache [IreIk] n dolor m de odos.
eardrum [Idrm] n tmpano. . Cuando se refiere al planeta Tierra se
earflap [IflQp] n orejera. suele escribir con mayscula: Earth.
earl [l] n conde m.
early [lI] adj 1 (before expected) earthen [Dn] adj 1 (of earth) de tierra.
2 (of baked clay) de barro, de arcilla.
temprano,a, pronto,a: we were early
llegamos temprano. 2 (initial) prime earthquake [TkweIk] n terremoto.
ro,a: take the early train toma el primer earthworm [Twm] n lombriz f.
tren de la maana. 3 (near beginning): in earwax [IwQks] n cerumen m, cera.
the early 1960s a principios de los sesenta. earwig [IwIg] n tijereta.
comp earlier, superl earliest. ease [iz] n 1 (lack of difficulty) facilidad f.
P adv 1 (before expected) temprano, 2 (natural manner) soltura, naturalidad
pronto; (soon) pronto: she got up early f. 3 (freedom from pain) alivio. 4 (leisure,
se levant temprano. 2 (in good time) con affluence) comodidad f, desahogo.
121 edema
P vt 1 (relieve, alleviate) aliviar (of, de), eavesdrop [ivzdrp] vi escuchar a es
calmar. 2 (improve) mejorar, facilitar; condidas (on, -).
(make easier) facilitar. pt & pp eavesdropped , ger eaves-
P vi 1 (pain) aliviarse, calmarse; (ten- dropping.
sion, etc) disminuir. 2 (become easier) me ebb [eb] n reflujo, retroceso.
jorar. P vi 1 (water) bajar. 2 fig disminuir.
a to ease off / ease up vi 1 (pain) ali ebonite [ebnaIt] n ebonita.
viarse, calmarse; (tension, etc) dismi ebony [ebnI] n bano.
nuir; (rain) amainar. 2 (slow down) ir eccentric [IksentrIk] adj excntrico,a.
ms despacio.
a to ease up on vt insep fam (go easy, be
P n (person) excntrico,a.
E
echinoderm [IkainUdm] n equino
more moderate) aflojar, no pasarse con.
dermo.
easel [izl] n caballete m.
echo [ekU] n eco.
easily [izIlI] adv 1 (without difficulty) f pl echoes.
cilmente, con facilidad. 2 (by far) con P vt 1 repetir (back, -). 2 fig (words) re
mucho; (without doubt) sin duda. petir, imitar; (opinions) hacerse eco de.
east [ist] adj (gen) este, oriental; (wind) eclectic [IklektIk] adj fml eclctico,a.
del este. Pn eclctico,a.
P adv hacia el este.
P n este m.
eclipse [IklIps] n eclipse m.
P vt eclipsar.
P n the East (Asia) Oriente m; (Eastern
Europe) el Este m. ecofriendly [ekUfrendlI] adj que no
perjudica el medio ambiente.
Easter [istr] n 1 rel Pascua (de Resu
rreccin). 2 (holiday) Semana Santa. ecological [ikldZIkl] adj ecol
gico,a. c o m p ecological footprint hue
easterly [istlI] adj 1 (to the east) al este,
lla ecolgica.
hacia el este. 2 (from the east) del este.
P n viento del este.
ecologist [IkldZIst] n ecologista mf.
pl easterlies. ecology [IkldZI] n ecologa.
eastern [istn] adj oriental, del este. economic [eknmIk, iknmIk] adj 1
eastward [istwd] adj hacia el este. (gen) econmico,a. 2 (profitable) rentable.
eastwards [istwdz] adv hacia el este. economically [eknmIklI, iknmIklI]
adv econmicamente: economically
easy [izI] adj 1 (not difficult) fcil, sencillo.
speaking en trminos econmicos.
2 (comfortable) cmodo,a, holgado,a.
3 (unworried, relaxed) tranquilo,a. economics [eknmIks, iknmIks] n
comp easier, superl easiest. 1 (science) economa. 2 educ econ
P adv con cuidado, con calma.
micas fpl, ciencias fpl econmicas.
easy-going [izIgUIN] adj (relaxed) economist [IknmIst] n economista mf.
tranquilo,a; (easy to please) fcil de economize [IknmaIz] vi economi
complacer, poco exigente. zar (on, en), ahorrar (on, en).
eat [it] vt comer. economy [IknmI] n 1 (saving) econo
P vi comer. ma, ahorro. 2 (science) economa.
a to eat away vt sep (mice) roer; (ter- pl economies.
mites) carcomer; (acid) corroer. ecosystem [ikUsIstm] n ecosiste
a to eat out vi (lunch) comer fuera; ma m.
(dinner) cenar fuera. Ecuador [ekwdr] n Ecuador m.
a to eat up vt sep 1 (finish food) comer Ecuadorian [ e k w d r I n ] adj
se: eat it all up! cmetelo todo!. 2 (con- ecuatoriano,a.
sume) consumir, tragar, devorar. P n ecuatoriano,a.
pt ate [et, eIt], pp eaten [itn]. eczema [eksIm] n eccema m.
eaten [itn] pp eat. edema [Idim] n us oedema.
Eden 122

Eden [idn] n el Edn m. effective [IfektIv] adj 1 (successful) efi


edge [edZ] n 1 (of cliff, wood, etc) borde caz. 2 (real, actual) efectivo,a. 3 (opera-
m. 2 (of coin, step, etc) canto. 3 (of knife) tive) vigente. 4 (impressive) impresio
filo. 4 (of water) orilla. 5 (of town) afue nante; (striking) llamativo,a.
ras fpl. 6 (of paper) margen m. effervescent [efvesnt] adj eferves
P vt 1 (supply with border) bordear. 2 sew
cente.
ribetear. efficiency [IfISnsI] n 1 (of person) efi
a to edge away vi alejarse poco a poco.
ciencia, competencia. 2 (of system,
a to edge forward vi avanzar lenta
mente, avanzar poco a poco. product) eficacia. 3 (of machine) rendi
miento.
edible [edIbl] adj comestible.
edict [idIkt] n 1 edicto. 2 jur decreto. efficient [IfISnt] adj 1 (person) eficien
te, competente. 2 (system, product) efi
edit [edIt] vt 1 (prepare for printing) pre
parar para la imprenta. 2 (correct) co caz. 3 (machine) de buen rendimiento.
rregir; (put together) editar. 3 (run news- effigy [efIdZI] n efigie f.
paper, etc) dirigir. 4 (film, programme) pl effigies.
montar, editar. effort [eft] n 1 (exertion) esfuerzo. 2
a to edit out vt sep cortar. (attempt, struggle) intento, tentativa. 3
edition [IdISn] n edicin f. (achievement) obra.
editor [edItr] n 1 (of book) editor,ra; egg1 [eg] n 1 (laid by birds, etc) huevo. 2
(writer) redactor,ra; (proofreader) correc biol (ovum) vulo. c o m p boiled egg
tor,ra. 2 (of newspaper, etc) director,ra. huevo pasado por agua.
3 (of film, programme) montador,ra. egg2 [eg] vt to egg on animar, incitar.
editorial [edItrIl] adj editorial. eggplant [egplAnt] n us berenjena.
P n editorial m. c o m p editorial staff re
eggshell [egSel] n cscara de huevo.
daccin f.
educate [edjUkeIt] vt educar. ego [igU] n ego.
pl egos.
educated [edjUkeItId] adj culto,a,
cultivado,a. egocentric [igUsentrIk] adj egocn
trico,a.
, Educated no significa educado (de
egoism [igUIzm] n egosmo.
buenos modales), que se traduce por po-
lite. egoist [igUIst] n egosta mf.
Egypt [idZIpt] n Egipto.
education [edjUkeISn] n 1 (system of
Egyptian [IdZIpSn] adj egipcio,a.
teaching) educacin f, enseanza. 2
(training) formacin f, preparacin f. 3 P n 1 (person) egipcio,a. 2 (language)
(acquisition of knowledge) estudios mpl, egipcio.
formacin f acadmica. 4 (theory of eider [aIdr] [also eider duck] n eider m.
teaching) pedagoga. 5 (knowledge, cul- eiderdown [aIddaUn] n plumn m.
ture) cultura. eight [eIt] adj ocho.
, Education no significa educacin (bue P n ocho.

nos modales), que se traduce por manners. . Consulta tambin six.


educational [edjUkeISnl] adj educa eighteen [eItin] adj dieciocho.
tivo,a. Pn dieciocho.
eel [il] n anguila.
. Consulta tambin six.
eerie [IrI] adj misterioso,a.
effect [Ifekt] n efecto. eighteenth [eItinT] adj decimoc
P vtfml efectuar, provocar. tavo,a.
P n pl effects (property) efectos mpl. P adv en decimoctavo lugar.
123 electron
P n 1 (in series) decimoctavo,a. 2 (frac- P vi (discuss in detail) explicar detallada
tion) decimoctavo; (one part) decimoc mente; (expand) ampliar, dar ms de
tava parte f. talles.
. Consulta tambin sixth. elaboration [IlQbreISn] n 1 (working
out in detail) elaboracin f. 2 (additional
eighth [eItT] adj octavo,a. detail) complicacin f, detalle m.
P adv en octavo lugar. elastic [IlQstIk] adj elstico,a. c o m p
Pn 1 (in series) octavo,a. 2 (fraction) oc elastic band goma elstica.
tavo; (one part) octava parte f. elasticity [IlQstIstI] n elasticidad f.
. Consulta tambin sixth. Elastoplast [IlQstplAst] n tirita.
elbow [elbU] n 1 anat codo. 2 (bend)
E
eightieth [eItIIT] adj octogsimo,a.
P adv en octogsimo lugar. recodo.
Pn 1 (in series) octogsimo,a. 2 (frac- elder [eldr] adj mayor.
P n 1 mayor m. 2 rel anciano,a.
tion) octogsimo; (one part) octogsi
ma parte f. elderly [eldlI] adj mayor, anciano,a.
P n the elderly los ancianos mpl.
. Consulta tambin sixtieth.
eldest [eldIst] adj mayor.
eighty [eItI] adj ochenta. P n el mayor, la mayor.
Pn ochenta. elect [Ilekt] adj electo,a.
. Consulta tambin sixty. P vt 1 (vote for) elegir. 2 (choose, decide)
decidir.
either [aIDr, iDr] pron 1 (affirmative) election [IlekSn] n eleccin f.
cualquiera: either of them cualquiera de P adj electoral.
los dos. 2 (negative) ni el uno ni el elector [Ilektr] n elector,ra.
otro, ni la una ni la otra, ninguno de
electoral [Ilektrl] adj electoral. c o m p
los dos, ninguna de las dos: I cant
electoral college colegio electoral. y
stand either no aguanto ni el uno ni el
electoral roll / electoral register censo
otro. electoral.
P adj 1 cualquier. 2 (both) cada, los dos,
las dos, ambos,as. 3 (neither) ninguno
electorate [Ilektrt] n electorado.
de los dos, ninguna de las dos. electric [IlektrIk] adj elctrico,a.
P conj 1 (affirmative) o: hell arrive either today
electrical [IlektrIkl] adj elctrico,a.
or tomorrow llegar u hoy o maana. 2 electrician [IlektrISn] n electricista mf.
(negative) ni: I didnt go to either the wedding electricity [IlektrIsItI] n electricidad f.
or the party no fui ni a la boda ni a la fiesta. electrocute [IlektrkjUt] vt electrocu
P adv (after negative) tampoco: Ann didnt tar.
come either tampoco vino Ann. electrode [IlektrUd] n electrodo.
ejaculation [IdZQkUleISn] n 1 (ejection) electrolysis [IlektrlsIs] n electrli
eyaculacin f. 2 (exclamation) excla sis f.
macin f. electrolyte [IlektrlaIt] n electrolito,
eject [IdZekt] vt expulsar, echar. electrlito.
P vi av eyectar(se). electromagnet [IlektrUmQgnIt] n
ejection [IdZekSn] n 1 (gen) expulsin electroimn m.
f. 2 (from plane) eyeccin f. electromagnetism [IlektrUmQg -
elaborate [(adj) IlQbrt; (vb) IlQbreIt] nItIzm] n electromagnetismo.
adj 1 (detailed, extensive) detallado,a. 2 electromagnetic [IlektrUmQgnetIk]
(ornate, intricate) muy trabajado,a, es adj electromagntico,a.
merado,a. 3 (complex, intricate) com electron [Ilektrn] n electrn m. comp

plicado,a. electron microscope microscopio


P vt (work out in detail, refine) elaborar. electrnico.
electronic 124

electronic [IlektrnIk] adj electr elite [eIlit] n elite f.


nico,a. P adj exclusivo,a, selecto,a.
electronics [IlektrnIks] n (science, tech- elk [elk] n alce m.
nology) electrnica. ellipse [IlIps] n elipse f.
Pn pl (circuits and devices) componentes ellipsis [IlIpsIs] n elipsis f.
mpl electrnicos. pl ellipses [IlIpsiz].
elegance [elIgns] n elegancia. elliptic [IlIptIk] adj elptico,a.
elegant [elIgnt] adj elegante. elm [elm] n olmo.
element [elImnt] n 1 chem elemen
elongated [ilNgeItId] adj alargado,-a.
to. 2 (necessary part of a whole) parte f,
componente m. 5 elec resistencia. 4 eloquence [elkwns] n elocuencia.
(group, section) fraccin f. eloquent [elkwnt] adj elocuente.
P n pl elements 1(weather) los elemen else [els] adv ms, otro,a: anything
tos mpl. 2(basics) rudimentos mpl. else? algo ms?; where else have you been?
elementary [elImentrI] adj 1 (basic) en qu otro(s) sitio(s) has estado?
elemental, bsico,a. 2 (easy) fcil, elsewhere [elswer] adv en otro sitio,
sencillo,a. c o m p elementary educa en otra parte.
tion enseanza primaria. elude [IlUd] vt 1 (escape from) escapar
elephant [elIfnt] n elefante m. c o m p se de. 2 (avoid) eludir. 3 (not remember)
elephant seal elefante m marino. no recordar, no acordarse; (not under-
elevate [elIveIt] vt fml (raise) elevar; stand) no entenderse.
(promote) ascender, promover. elusive [IlUsIv] adj 1 (difficult to capture)
elevated [elIvaItId] adj fml (fine, noble) huidizo,a, esquivo,a. 2 (difficult to re-
elevado,a, noble. member) difcil de recordar; (difficult to
elevation [elIvelSn] n 1 fml (gen) eleva understand) difcil de entender.
cin f. 2 fml (in rank) ascenso. 3 (height) e-mail [imeIl] n correo electrnico.
altitud f, altura. 4 arch alzado.
emancipate [ImQnsIpeIt] vt emanci
elevator [elIveItr] n 1 us ascensor m. par.
2 (machine) montacargas m.
emancipation [ImQnsIpeISn] n
eleven [Ilevn] adj once.
P n once m.
emancipacin f.
embankment [ImbQNkmnt] n 1
. Consulta tambin six. (wall, earth, etc) terrapln m . 2 (river
eleventh [IlevnT] adj undcimo,a. bank) dique m.
P adv en undcimo lugar. embargo [embAgU] n embargo.
Pn 1 (in series) undcimo,a, onceno,a. pl embargoes.
2 (fraction) onceavo, undcimo; (one part) P vt 1 (prohibit) prohibir. 2 (seize) em
onceava parte f, undcima parte f. bargar.
. Consulta tambin sixth. pt & pp embargoed, ger embargoing.
embark [ImbAk] vt embarcar.
elicit [IlIsIt] vt 1 fml (facts, information)
a to embark on vt insep emprender.
sonsacar, obtener. 2 (reaction, response)
provocar. embarrass [ImbQrs] vt (make ashamed)
elide [IlaId] vt elidir. avergonzar, hacer pasar vergenza
P vi elidirse.
a; (make awkward) desconcertar.
eligible [elIdZbl] adj 1 (qualified, suita- embarrassed [ImbQrst] adj (behaviour,
ble) idneo,a, apto,a. 2 (desirable) action) embarazoso,a; (person) aver
deseable. gonzado,a, molesto,a.
eliminate [IlImIneIt] vt eliminar. , Embarrassed no significa embara
elision [IlIZn] n elisin f. zada, que se traduce por pregnant.
125 employer
embarrassing [ImbQrsIN] adj emba eminence [emInns] n eminencia.
razoso,a, violento,a, desconcer eminent [emInnt] adj 1 (of person)
tante. eminente. 2 (of qualities) destacado,a.
embarrassment [ImbQrsmnt] n 1 emir [emIr] n emir m.
(state) vergenza, desconcierto. 2 (per- emirate [emIrt] n emirato. comp
son, object) vergenza, estorbo. 3 (event, United Arab Emirates Emiratos mpl
situation) disgusto, vergenza. rabes Unidos.
embassy [embsI] n embajada. emissary [emIsrI] n emisario,a.
pl embassies. pl emissaries.
embed [Imbed] vt (jewels, stones) in
crustar; (weapon, nails) clavar (in, en).
emission [ImISn] n emisin f. E
pt & pp embedded, ger embedding.
, Emission no significa emisin (de te
levisin), que se traduce por programme.
embellish [ImbelIS] vt adornar, embe
llecer. emit [ImIt] vt (signal, heat, light, smoke)
ember [embr] n brasa, ascua. emitir, producir; (sound, noise) produ
emblem [emblm] n emblema m. cir; (smell) despedir; (cry) dar.
emblematic [ e m b l m Q t I k ] adj pt & pp emitted, ger emitting.
emblemtico,a. emoticon [ImtIkn] n comput emoti
emboss [Imbs] vt (leather, metal) repu cn m, emoticono.
jar; (initials) grabar en relieve. emotion [ImUSn] n 1 (feeling) senti
embrace [ImbreIs] n abrazo. miento. 2 (strong feeling) emocin f.
P vt 1 (hug) abrazar, dar un abrazo a. emotional [ImUSnl] adj 1 (connected
2 (include) abarcar, incluir. 3 fml (accept with feelings) emocional, afectivo,a. 2
- opportunity, etc) aprovechar; (- offer) (moving) conmovedor,ra, emotivo,a.
aceptar. 4 fml (adopt - religion, etc) con 3 (sensitive) emotivo,a, sentimental.
vertirse a; (- new idea) abrazar. emotive [ImUtIv] adj emotivo,a.
embroidery [ImbrIdI] n sew bor emperor [emprr] n emperador m.
dado. emphasis [emfsIs] n nfasis m.
embryo [embrIU] n embrin m. pl emphases [emfsis].
pl embryos. emphasize [emfsaIz] vt enfatizar.
P adj embrionario,a. emphatic [emfQtIk] adj 1 (forceful - tone,
emerald [emrld] n esmeralda f. gesture) enftico,a, enrgico,a. 2 (in-
P adj (de color) esmeralda. sistent - refusal, rejection, assertion) categ
emerge [ImdZ] vi 1 (come out) emer rico,a, rotundo,a.
ger, aparecer, salir. 2 (become known) empire [empaIr] n imperio: the British
resultar. Empire el Imperio Britnico.
emergence [ImdZns] n aparicin f. empirical [empIrIkl] adj emprico,a.
emergency [ImdZnsI] n 1 emer employ [ImplI] n fml empleo.
gencia. 2 med urgencia. P vt 1 (give work to) emplear; (appoint)
pl emergencies. contratar. 2 fml (make use of, use) em
P adj de emergencia, de urgencia. plear, usar. 3 (occupy) ocupar.
emergent [ImdZnt] adj 1 (emerging) employed [emplId] adj 1 (in work)
emergente. 2 (of countries, nations) en empleado,a. 2 (busy) ocupado,a.
vas de desarrollo. employee [emplIi, emplIi] n em
emery [emrI] n esmeril m. pleado,a.
emigrant [emIgrnt] n emigrante mf. employer [emplIr] n 1 (manager, boss)
emigrate [emIgreIt] vi emigrar. empresario,a; (of domestic worker)
emigration [emIgreISn] n emigra patrn,ona. 2 (company, organization)
cin f. empresa, organismo.
employment 126

employment [emplImnt] n 1 (work) encourage [InkrIdZ] vt 1 (cheer, inspire)


trabajo; (availability of work) empleo. 2 animar, alentar. 2 (develop, stimulate)
(use) empleo, uso. fomentar, favorecer, estimular.
empress [emprs] n emperatriz f. encouragement [InkrIdZmnt] n 1
empty [emptI] adj 1 (gen) vaco,a; (act) aliento, nimo. 2 (development) fo
(place) des ierto,a; (house) desoc u mento, estmulo.
pado,a, deshabitado,a; (seat, table, encrypt [enkrIpt] vt cifrar.
place) libre. 2 fam (hungry) hambrien encyclopaedia [ensaIklpidI] n en
to,a. ciclopedia.
comp emptier, superl emptiest. encyclopedia [ensaIklpidI] n enci
P vt vaciar. clopedia.
P n pl empties envases mpl, cascos mpl. end [end] n 1 (extremity - of rope) cabo; (- of
emulsifier [ImlsIfaIr] n emulsio street) final m; (- of table, sofa) extremo;
nante m. (- of stick, tail) punta; (- of box) lado. 2 (final
emulsify [ImlsIfaI] vt emulsionar. part, finish) fin m, final m. 3 (aim) objeto,
pt & pp emulsified, ger emulsifying. objetivo, fin m. 4 (of cigarette) colilla.
P adj final, ltimo,a.
emulsion [ImlSn] n emulsin f.
P vt 1 (conclude) acabar, terminar. 2 (stop)
enable [IneIbl] vt permitir.
terminar, poner fin a, acabar con.
enact [InQkt] vt 1 (law) promulgar. 2 a to end in vi acabar en.
(play) representar. a to end off vt sep acabar.
enamel [InQml] n esmalte m. a to end up vi acabar, terminar.
P vt esmaltar. endanger [IndeIndZ r] vt poner en
pt & pp enamelled (us enameled), ger peligro.
enamelling (us enameling).
endangered [IndeIndZd] adj en peli
encephalic [ensIfQlIk] adj encefli gro. c o m p endangered species especie
co,a. f en peligro (de extincin).
enchant [IntSAnt] vt 1 (delight) encan endeavor [Indevr] n us endeavour.
tar, cautivar. 2 (cast spell on) hechizar. endeavour [Indevr] n fml esfuerzo,
enchanted [IntSAntId] adj encan empeo.
tado,a. esforzarse, intentar, procurar.
P vi
enchanting [IntSAntIN] adj encanta endemic [endemIk] adj endmico,a.
dor,ra. ending [endIN] n 1 final m, conclusin f,
enchantment [IntSAntmnt] n 1 (de- desenlace m. 2 ling terminacin f.
light) encanto. 2 (spell) hechizo. endive [endaIv] n 1 gb escarola. 2 us
encircle [Inskl] vt rodear, cercar. endibia.
enclitic [enklItIk] adj encltico,a. endless [endls] adj interminable.
enclose [InklUz] vt 1 (surround) ence endocarp [endUkAp] n endocarpio.
rrar; (with wall or fence) cercar, rodear. 2 endocrine [endUkrIn] adj endocri
(include in letter) adjuntar. no,a. c o m p endocrine gland glndula
enclosure [InklUZr] n 1 (land) cerca endocrina.
do; (area) recinto. 2 (with letter) anexo, endorse [Inds] vt 1 (of cheque, etc) en
documento adjunto. dosar. 2 (approve) aprobar, apoyar.
encode [INkUd] vt codificar. endow [IndaU] vt 1 (bless) dotar. 2 (give
encore [Nkr] interj otra!. money) dotar (de fondos).
P n repeticin f, bis m. endurance [IndjUrns] n resistencia,
encounter [InkaUntr] n encuentro. aguante m.
P vt (meet) encontrar, encontrarse con; P adj de resistencia.
(be faced with) tropezar con. endure [IndjUr] vt soportar, aguantar.
127 enter
P vi (continue to exist, survive) durar. enigma [InIgm] n enigma m.
enemy [enmI] n enemigo,a. enigmatic [enIgmQtIk] adj enigm
pl enemies. tico,a.
P adj enemigo,a. enjoy [IndZI] vt 1 (get pleasure from) dis
energetic [endZetIk] adj enrgico,a. frutar de; (like) gustarle a uno. 2 (ben-
energy [endZI] n energa. efit from) gozar de.
P n pl energies (efforts) energas fpl , enjoyment [IndZImnt] n placer m.
fuerzas fpl. enlarge [InlAdZ] vt (gen) extender, au
pl energies. mentar; (photograph) ampliar.
enforce [Infs] vt 1 (force to obey) hacer
cumplir. 2 (impose) imponer.
enlargement [InlAdZmnt] n 1 (photo- E
graph) ampliacin f. 2 extensin f.
engage [IngeIdZ] vt 1 (hire) contratar. enlighten [InlaItn] vt 1 (free from igno-
2 (take up, occupy) ocupar, entretener. rance) iluminar, ilustrar. 2 (inform) in
3 (attract) llamar, atraer, captar. 5 formar, instruir.
auto (gear) engranar, meter; (clutch) enlightenment [InlaItnmnt] n 1 fml
apretar. 6 tech engranar con. (act) aclaracin f, explicacin f. 2 (lib-
engaged [IngeIdZd] adj 1 (to be married) eralism) tolerancia.
prometido,a. 2 (busy) ocupado,a. P n the Enlightenment la Ilustracin f.

engagement [IngeIdZmnt] n 1 (to be enliven [InlaIvn] vt avivar, animar.


married) peticin f de mano; (period) enormous [Inms] adj enorme.
noviazgo. 2 (appointment) compromi enough [Inf] adj bastante, suficiente.
so, cita. 3 mil combate m. 4 (employ- P adv bastante, suficientemente.
ment) contrato, empleo. enquire [INkwaIr] vt preguntar.
engaging [IngeIdZIN] adj atractivo,a. P vi 1 preguntar, informarse. 2 jur in
engine [endZIn] n 1 motor m. 2 (of vestigar (into, -).
train) mquina, locomotora. c o m p en enquiry [INkwaIrI] n 1 pregunta. 2 jur
gine driver maquinista mf. investigacin f.
engineer [endZInIr] n 1 (graduate) in pl enquiries.
geniero,a; (technician) tcnico,a. 2 us enrage [InreIdZ] vt enfurecer.
maquinista mf. enrich [InrItS] vt enriquecer.
P vt (contrive) maquinar, tramar, urdir. enrol [InrUl] vt matricular, inscribir.
engineering [endZInIrIN] n ingeniera. P vi matricularse, inscribirse.
England [INglnd] n Inglaterra. pt & pp enrolled, ger enrolling.
English [INglIS] adj ingls,esa. enroll [InrUl] n us enrol.
P n (language) ingls m. enrollment [InrUlmnt] n us enrol
Englishman [INglISmn] n ingls m. ment.
pl Englishmen. enrolment [InrUlmnt] n matrcula,
English-speaking [InglISspikIN] adj inscripcin f.
de habla inglesa. ensemble [nsmbl] n conjunto.
Englishwoman [INglISwUmn] n in ensue [InsjU] vi 1 (follow) seguir. 2 (re-
glesa. sult) resultar (from, de).
pl Englishwomen [INglISwImIn]. ensure [InSUr] vt 1 (make sure) asegu
engrave [IngreIv] vt grabar. rarse. 2 (assure) asegurar.
engrossed [IngrUst] adj absorto,a entail [InteIl] vt (involve, mean) suponer,
(in, en). implicar; (make necessary) ocasionar.
engulf [Inglf] vt envolver. entangle [IntQNgl] vt enredar.
enhance [InhAns] vt 1 (beauty, taste) enter [entr] vt 1 (gen) entrar en. 3 (partici-
realzar; (quality, chances) mejorar; (pow- pate) participar en; (register) inscribirse
er, value) aumentar. 2 comput procesar. en. 4 (write down, record) anotar, apuntar.
enterprise 128

enterprise [entpraIz] n 1 (venture) em ary) entrada. 5 (in competition - participant)


presa, proyecto. 2 (initiative) iniciati participante mf.
va. 3 (firm) empresa. pl entries.
entertain [entteIn] vt 1 (amuse) entre entryphone [entrIfUn] n portero au
tener, divertir. 2 fml (suggestion, etc) tomtico.
considerar, tener en cuenta; (doubts, enumerate [InjUmreIt] vt enumerar.
etc) abrigar. 3 (invite) recibir, invitar. enunciate [InnsIeIt] vt 1 (pronounce)
P vi (act as host) tener invitados. pronunciar, articular. 2 (express) ex
, To entertain no significa entretener presar, enunciar.
(distraer), que se traduce por to occupy. envelop [Invelp] vt envolver.
envelope [envlUp] n (of letter) sobre
entertaining [entteInIN] adj diver m; (covering) envoltura.
tido,a, entretenido,a. enviable [envIbl] adj envidiable.
entertainment [entteInmnt] n 1
envious [envIs] adj (person) envidio
(amusement) entretenimiento, diver so,a; (look, etc) de envidia.
sin f. 2 theat espectculo, funcin f.
environment [InvaIrnmnt] n 1 (ecol-
enthral [InTrl] vt cautivar. ogy) medio ambiente m: we need to pro-
pt & pp enthralled, ger enthralling. tect the environment hemos de proteger
enthrall [InTrl] vt us enrol. el medio ambiente. 2 (surroundings) am
enthrone [InTrUn] vt entronizar. biente m, entorno; (habitat) hbitat m.
enthusiasm [InTjUzIQzm] n entu environmental [InvaIrnmentl] adj
siasmo (about/for, por). 1 (ecological) del medio ambiente, am
enthusiast [InTjUzIQst] n entusiasta mf. biental: environmental pollution conta
enthusiastic [InTjUzIQstIk] adj 1 (re- minacin del medio ambiente. 2 (of sur-
action) entusistico,a, caluroso,a. 2 roundings) ambiental.
(person) entusiasta. environs [InvaIrnz] n pl alrededores mpl.
entice [IntaIs] vt persuadir, tentar. envisage [InvIzIdZ] vt 1 (foresee) pre
entire [IntaIr] adj entero,a. ver. 2 (imagine) imaginarse.
entitle [IntaItl] vt 1 (give right to) dar envoy [envI] n enviado,a.
derecho (to, a). 2 (book, etc) titular. envy [envI] n envidia (at/of, de).
entity [entItI] n entidad f. pl envies.
pl entities. P vt envidiar, tener envidia de.

entourage [ntUrAZ] n squito. pt & pp envied, ger envying.


entrails [entreIlz] n pl entraas fpl, tri enzyme [enzaIm] n enzima m & f.
pas fpl, vsceras fpl. ephemeral [Ifemrl] adj efmero,a.
entrance [entrns] n 1 (gen) entrada; epic [epIk] adj pico,a.
(door, gate) puerta; (hall) vestbulo, hall epicentre [epIsentr] n epicentro.
m. 2 (admission) entrada, admisin f; (to epidemic [epIdemIk] n epidemia.
school, university) ingreso. P adj epidmico,a.

entrant [entrnt] n (competitor) partici epidermis [epIdmIs] n epidermis f.


pante mf; (applicant) aspirante mf. epiglottis [epIgltIs] n epiglotis f.
entrepreneur [ntrprnr] n (business epigraph [epIgrAf] n epgrafe m.
person) empresario,a. epilepsy [epIlepsI] n epilepsia.
entrust [Intrst] vt confiar. epileptic [epIleptIk] adj epilptico,a.
entry [entrI] n 1 (entrance) entrada; (join- P n epilptico,a.

ing) ingreso. 2 (right to enter) admisin f. epilogue [epIlg] n eplogo.


3 us (door, gate) puerta. 4 (item in accounts) episode [epIsUd] n 1 episodio. 2 (of
asiento; (in diary) anotacin f; (in diction- series) captulo.
129 especial
epitaph [epItAf] n epitafio. eradication [IrQdIkeISn] n erradica
epithelial [epITelIl] adj epitelial. cin f.
epithet [epITet] n epteto. erase [IreIz] vt borrar.
epoch [ipk] n poca. eraser [IreIzr] n goma de borrar.
equal [ikwl] adj 1 (identical) igual; erect [Irekt] adj 1 (upright) derecho,a,
(same) mismo,a. 2 (capable) capaz. erguido,a. 2 anat erecto,a.
P n igual mf. P vt (build) erigir, levantar; (put up - tent)

P vt 1 math ser igual a, equivaler a. 2 armar; (- flagstaff) izar.


(match) igualar. erection [IrekSn] n ereccin f.
equality [IkwlItI] n igualdad f. ergonomic [gnmIk] adj ergon E
pl equalities. mico,a.
equalize [ikwlaIz] vi sp empatar. erode [IrUd] vt 1 (rock, soil) erosionar.
P vt igualar. 2 (metal) corroer, desgastar.
equanimity [ekwnImItI] n ecuani erosion [IrUZn] n 1 (of rock, soil) ero
midad f. sin f. 2 (of metal) corrosin f.
equate [IkweIt] vt equiparar ( with, erotic [IrtIk] adj ertico,a.
con), comparar (with, con). errand [ernd] n encargo, recado.
equation [IkweIZn] n 1 math ecua error [err] n error m, equivocacin f.
cin f. 2 fml (relationship) relacin f. erupt [Irpt] vi 1 (volcano) entrar en
c o m p simple equation ecuacin f de erupcin. 2 fig (war, violence, fire) esta
primer grado. llar. 3 med (rash, spots, etc) brotar, salir;
equator [IkweItr] n ecuador m. (tooth) salir.
equestrian [IkwestrIn] adj ecuestre. eruption [IrpSn] n 1 (volcano) erup
P n (man) jinete m; (woman) amazona.
cin f. 2 fig (war, anger) estallido. 3
(disease) brote m, epidemia; (rash, spots,
equidistant [ikwIdIstnt] adj equi
etc) erupcin f.
distante.
escalator [eskleItr] n escalera me
equilateral [ikwIlQtrl] adj equi
cnica.
ltero,a. c o m p equilateral triangle
tringulo equiltero. escalope [esklp] n escalope.
equilibrium [ikwIlIbrIm] n equilibrio. escapade [eskpeId, eskpeId] n
aventura.
equine [ekwaIn] adj equino,a.
escape [IskeIp] n 1 (flight) fuga, huida
equinox [ikwInks] n equinoccio. (from, de). 2 (of gas) fuga, escape m.
equip [IkwIp] vt 1 (fit out, supply) equi P vi1 (get free, get away) escaparse, fu
par (with, con), proveer (with, de). 2 garse, huir. 2 (gas, etc) escapar.
(prepare) preparar (for/to, para). P vt 1 (avoid) escapar a, librarse de. 2
pt & pp equipped, ger equipping. (be forgotten or unnoticed) no recordar.
equipment [IkwIpmnt] n 1 (materials) escort [(n) eskt; (vb) Iskt] n 1 acom
equipo, material m. 2 (act of equipping) paante mf. 2 mil escolta.
equipamiento. P vt 1 acompaar: Ill escort you home te
equitable [ekwItbl] adj fml equita acompaar a casa. 2 mil escoltar.
tivo,a. Eskimo [eskImU] n 1 (person) esqui
equivalence [IkwIvlns] n equiva mal mf. 2 (language) esquimal m.
lencia. pl Eskimos o Eskimo.
equivalent [IkwIvlnt] adj equiva P adj esquimal.

lente. esophagus [Isfgs] n us oesophagus.


P n equivalente m. esoteric [esUterIk] adj esotrico,a.
era [Ir] n era, poca. espadrille [espdrIl] n alpargata.
eradicate [IrQdIkeIt] vt erradicar. especial [IspeSl] adj especial.
especially 130

especially [IspeSlI] adv especialmen Estonia [estUnI] n Estonia.


te, sobre todo. Estonian [estUnIn] adj estonio,a.
espresso [espresU] n caf m exprs. P n 1 (person) estonio,a. 2 (language)
pl espressos. estonio.
essay [eseI] n 1 (school) redaccin f; estrogen [istrdZn] n us oestrogen.
(university) trabajo. 2 (literary) ensayo. 3 estuary [estjUrI] n estuario.
fml (attempt) intento. pl estuaries.
P vt fml intentar. etching [etSIN] n aguafuerte m & f.
essence [esns] n esencia. eternal [Itnl] adj 1 (everlasting)
essential [IsenSl] adj esencial. eterno,a. 2 fam (unceasing) incesante.
P n (necessary thing) necesidad f bsica. 3 (immutable) inmutable.
P n pl essentials lo esencial m sing, lo eternity [ItntI] n eternidad f.
fundamental m sing. ether [iTr] n ter m.
establish [IstQblIS] vt 1 (gen) estable ethic [eTIk] n tica.
cer. 2 (find out, determine) determinar, ethical [eTIkl] adj tico,a, moral.
averiguar. ethics [eTIks] n (science) tica.
established [IstQblISt] adj 1 (practice, P n pl (moral correctness) moralidad f.
custom) consolidado,a. 2 (person - set Ethiopia [iTIUpI] n Etiopa.
up) establecido,a; (- well known) reco Ethiopian [iTIUpIn] adj etope.
nocido,a. 3 (fact) comprobado,a. P n 1 (person) etope mf, etiope mf. 2
establishment [IstQblISmnt] n 1 (set- (language) etope m.
ting up) establecimiento, fundacin f. ethnic [eTnIk] adj tnico,a. c o m p eth
2 (premises) establecimiento; (business) nic minority minora tnica.
negocio. 3 (staff) plantilla, personal m.
ethnography [eTngrfI] n etnografa.
P n the Establishment gb el sistema.
ethnology [eTnldZI] n etnologa.
estate [IsteIt] n 1 (land) finca. 2 gb
(with houses) urbanizacin f. 3 (money
ethyl [iTaIl, eTIl] n chem etilo. c o m p
ethyl alcohol alcohol m etlico.
and property) propiedad f, bienes mpl;
(inheritance) herencia. etiquette [etIket] n protocolo, eti
queta.
, Estate no significa estado, que se
, Etiquette no significa etiqueta (r
traduce por state o condition.
tulo), que se traduce por label.
esteem [Istim] vt estimar.
etymological [etImldZIkl] adj
Pn aprecio, estima.
etimolgico,a.
esthetic [isTetIk] adj us aesthetic. etymology [etImldZI] n etimologa.
estimate [(n) estImt; (vb) estImeIt] n pl etymologies.
1 (calculation - of amount, size) clculo,
eucalyptus [jUklIpts] n eucalipto.
estimacin f; (- of value, cost) valora comp eucalyptus tree eucalipto.
cin f, estimacin f; (- for work) presu
EU [ijU] abbr (European Union) Unin
puesto. 2 (judgement) evaluacin f ,
f Europea; (abbreviation) UE f.
juicio, opinin f.
P vt 1 (calculate) calcular. 2 (judge, form
euphemism [jUfmIzm] n eufemismo.
opinion about) pensar, creer, estimar. euro [jUrU] n euro.
P vi (for work) hacer un presupuesto Europe [jUrp] n Europa.
(for, de). European [jUrpIn] adj europeo,a.
, To estimate no significa estimar
Pn (person) europeo,a. c o m p European
(querer), que se traduce por to respect. Economic Community Comunidad f
Econmica Europea. y European Par
estimation [estImeISn] n 1 opinin liament Parlamento Europeo. y Euro
f, juicio. 2 (esteem) estima, aprecio. pean Union Unin f Europea.
131 everywhere
euthanasia [jUTneIzI] n eutanasia. evenly [ivnlI] adv 1 (uniformly) unifor
evacuate [IvQkjUeIt] vt 1 (people) eva memente. 2 (fairly, equally) equitati
cuar. 2 (place) desalojar; (mil) desocupar. vamente, igualmente. 3 (of voice) en
evacuation [IvQkjUeISn] n 1 (of peo- el mismo tono,.
ple) evacuacin f. 2 (of place) desalojo. event [Ivent] n 1 (happening) suceso,
evade [IveId] vt 1 evadir, eludir. acontecimiento. 2 sp prueba.
evaluate [IvQljUeIt] vt (assess) evaluar, eventual [IventSUl] adj 1 (final, ultimate)
juzgar; (estimate value) valorar, calcu final. 2 (resulting) consiguiente. 3 (pos-
lar (el valor de), tasar. sible) posible.
evaluation [IvQljUeISn] n evaluacin f. , Eventual no significa provisional, E
evaporate [IvQpreIt] vt evaporar. que se traduce por temporary.
P vi evaporarse.

evaporation [IvQpreISn] n evapo eventually [IventSUlI] adv finalmen


racin f. te, con el tiempo.
evasion [IveIZn] n 1 (gen) evasin f. 2 ever [ev r] adv 1 (in negative sentences)
(excuse, etc) evasiva. nunca, jams. 2 (in questions) alguna
evasive [IveIsIv] adj evasivo,a. vez. 3 (always) siempre. 4 (after com-
parative and superlative) nunca. 5 (em-
eve [iv] n vspera, vigilia. l o c on the
phatic use): how ever did you lose your coat?
eve of sth en vsperas de algo.
cmo has podido perder el abrigo? l o c
even [ivn] adj 1 (level, flat) llano,a, for ever para siempre.
plano,a; (smooth) liso,a: this surface
isnt even esta superficie no es plana. 2
evergreen [evgrin] adj bot de hoja
(regular, steady) uniforme, regular, perenne.
P n rbol m de hoja perenne.
constante. 3 (evenly balanced) igual,
igualado,a. 4 (number) par. 5 (placid - everlasting [evlAstIN] adj 1 (eternal,
character) apacible. 7 (on the same level as) lasting for ever) eterno,a. 2 (lasting for a
a nivel (with, de). long time) duradero,a.
P adv 1 hasta, incluso, aun: its always every [evrI] adj 1 (each) cada; (all)
sunny, even in winter siempre hace sol, in todos,as: every day cada da, todos los
cluso en invierno. 2 (with negative) si das. 3 (all possible): we encourage people
quiera, ni siquiera: she never even said to help in every way animamos a la gente a
hello ni siquiera me salud. 3 (before com- que ayude de cualquier manera. l o c
parative) aun, todava: shes even more every other day un da s un da no,
beautiful than I remembered es aun ms cada dos das.
guapa de lo que recordaba. l o c even if . Consulta tambin each.
aun si, aunque. y even so aun as. y
even though aunque, aun cuando. everybody [evrIbdI] pron todos,as,
P vt 1 (level) nivelar, allanar. 2 (score) todo el mundo.
igualar; (situation) equilibrar. everyday [evrIdeI] adj (day-to-day)
a to even out vt sep (make level) nivelar; diario,a; (ordinary) corriente, cotidia
(make equal) igualar; (spread equally) re no,a: for everyday use para uso diario.
partir equitativamente. everyone [evrIwn] pron everybody.
evening [ivnIN] n (early) tarde f; (late) everyplace [evrIpleIs] adv us every
noche f. l o c good evening! buenas where.
tardes!, !buenas noches! everything [evrITIN] pron todo.
. Evening comprende la parte final de la everywhere [evrIwer] adv 1 (place) en
tarde y el principio de la noche, antes de todas partes, por todas partes: hes
que anochezca del todo. been everywhere ha estado en todas par
tes. 2 (movement) a todas partes.
evidence 132

evidence [evIdns] n 1 (proof) prueba, exceed [Iksid] vt exceder.


pruebas fpl. 2 (sign, indication) indicio, excel [Iksel] vt (surpass) superar.
indicios mpl, seal f. 3 jur (testimony) P vi (be very good at) destacar ( at/in ,
testimonio, declaracin f. en), sobresalir (at/in, en).
P vt 1 (prove) demostrar, probar. 2 (give pt & pp excelled, ger excelling.
proof of) justificar. excellence [ekslns] n excelencia.
evident [evIdnt] adj evidente. excellent [ekslnt] adj excelente.
evil [ivl] adj 1 (gen) malo,a. 2 (foul - P interj fam estupendo!, fantstico!.
smell) ftido,a, repugnante; (- temper, except [Iksept] prep excepto, salvo.
weather) terrible, de perros. 4 (unlucky) P vt fml excluir, exceptuar.
aciago,a, de mal agero.
P n (wickedness) mal m, maldad f.
exception [IksepSn] n excepcin f.
evoke [IvUk] vt 1 (bring to mind) evocar. exceptional [IksepSnl] adj excep
cional.
2 fml (produce, cause) provocar.
evolution [ivlUSn] n evolucin f. excerpt [ekspt] n extracto.
evolve [Ivlv] vt 1 (develop) desarrollar. excess [Ikses] n 1 exceso. 2 comm ex
2 (give off) desprender. cedente m.
P vi evolucionar.
P adj excedente, sobrante.
ewe [jU] n oveja. excessive [IksesIv] adj excesivo,a.
exact [IgzQkt] adj 1 (precise) exacto,a. exchange [IkstSeIndZ] n 1 (gen) cam
2 (meticulous) meticuloso,a. 3 (accurate) bio. 2 (of ideas, information, etc) inter
preciso,a. 4 (specific, particular) justo. cambio. 3 (of prisoners) canje m. 4 fin
P vt (demand, insist on) exigir (from, a). cambio. 5 educ (reciprocal visit) inter
exacting [IgzQktIN] adj exigente. cambio.
P vt 1 (gen) cambiar. 2 (ideas, informa-
exaggerate [IgzQdZreIt] vt exagerar.
tion, etc) intercambiar. 3 (prisoners)
exalt [Igzlt] vt 1 fml (elevate) exaltar,
canjear.
elevar. 2 (praise, extol) ensalzar.
exam [IgzQm] n fam examen m. exchequer [IkstSekr] n (treasury) teso
ro pblico.
examination [IgzQmIneISn] n 1 educ P n the Exchequer Hacienda.
examen m. 2 (inspection) inspeccin f,
examen m; (of house, room) registro. 3 excite [IksaIt] vt 1 (enthuse, thrill) emo
med reconocimiento. 4 jur interro
cionar, apasionar. 2 fml (bring about)
gatorio. provocar. 3 (stimulate) excitar.
examine [IgzQmIn] vt 1 (inspect) ins excited [IksaItId] adj 1 emocionado,a,
peccionar, examinar; (check) com ilusionado,a. 2 (sexually) excitado,a.
probar; (consider) examinar, estudiar. excitement [IksaItmnt] n 1 (strong
2 (customs) registrar. 3 educ examinar feeling) emocin f, entusiasmo, ilu
(in/on, de). 4 med hacer un reconoci sin f. 2 (commotion) agitacin f, con
miento a. 5 jur interrogar. mocin f, revuelo.
examiner [IgzQmIn r] n examin a exciting [IksaItIN] adj emocionante.
dor,ra. exclaim [IkskleIm] vt exclamar, gritar.
example [IgzAmpl] n (gen) ejemplo. P vi exclamar.
exasperate [IgzAspreIt] vt exasperar, exclamation [eksklmeISn] n excla
irritar. l o c for example por ejemplo. macin f. c o m p exclamation mark sig
excavate [ekskveIt] vt excavar. no de admiracin. y exclamation point
excavation [ekskveISn] n excava us signo de admiracin.
cin f. exclude [IksklUd] vt 1 (leave out, not in-
excavator [ekskveItr] n (machine) ex clude) excluir, no incluir. 2 (debar, pre-
cavadora. vent from entering) no admitir.
133 expand
excluding [IksklUdIN] prep (excepting) exhale [eksheIl] vt (breathe out) exhalar.
excepto, con excepcin de. P vi (give off) despedir.
exclusive [IksklUsIv] adj 1 (gen) exhaust [Igzst] n 1 (pipe) (tubo de)
exclusivo,a. 2 (press) en exclusiva. escape m. 2 (fumes) gases mpl de com
P n (press) exclusiva. bustin.
excrement [ekskrImnt] n excremento. P vt 1 (gen) agotar. 2 (empty) vaciar.

excrete [Ikskrit] vt excretar. exhausted [IgzstId] adj agotado,a.


excretory [IkskritI] adj excre exhausting [IgzstIN] adj agota
tor,ra. c o m p excretory system sistema dor,ra.
excretor. exhaustive [IgzstIv] adj exhaus E
excruciating [IkskrUSIeItIN] adj 1 in tivo,a.
soportable. 2 euph fatal, horrible. exhibit [IgzIbIt] n art objeto expuesto.
excursion [IkskZn] n (outing) excur P vt 1 (display, show) exponer, presentar.
sin f, viaje m. 2 fml (manifest) manifestar, mostrar.
excuse [(n) IkskjUs; (vb) IkskjUz] n 1 P vi (of artist) exponer.
(apology) disculpa. 2 (pretext) excusa. exhibition [eksIbISn] n 1 (art, etc) ex
P vt 1 perdonar, disculpar. 2 (justify)
posicin f. 2 (display) demostracin f,
justificar. 3 (exempt) eximir. muestra.
execute [eksIkjUt] vt 1 (put to death) exhibitionist [eksIbISnIst] n exhibi
ejecutar. 2 (carry out) ejecutar; (orders) cionista mf.
cumplir; (tasks) realizar. 3 (music, etc)
interpretar.
exhilarating [IgzIlreItIN] adj (invigorating)
estimulante; (exciting) emocionante.
execution [eksIkjUSn] n 1 (carrying
out) ejecucin f; (of order) cumplimien exhume [ekshjUm] vt exhumar.
to; (of task) realizacin f. 2 (putting to exile [eksaIl] n 1 (action) destierro, exi
death) ejecucin f. 4 (of music, etc) inter lio. 2 (person) desterrado,a, exilia
pretacin f. do,a.
P vt desterrar, exiliar.
executioner [eksIkjUSnr] n verdugo.
executive [IgzekjtIv] adj ejecut i exist [IgzIst] vi 1 (gen) existir. 2 (subsist)
vo,a. subsistir (on, a base de).
P n (person) ejecutivo,a; (committee) existence [IgzIstns] n existencia.
ejecutiva. existent [IgzIstnt] adj existente.
P n the executive el (poder) ejecutivo. exit [eksIt] n 1 (gen) salida. 2 theat mu
exemplify [IgzemplIfaI] vt ejemplificar. tis m.
pt & pp exemplified, ger exemplifying. P vi theat hacer mutis.

exempt [Igzempt] adj exento,a, libre , Exit no significa xito, que se tradu
(from, de). ce por success.
P vt eximir, dispensar (from, de).

exemption [IgzempSn] n exencin f exodus [eksds] n xodo.


(from, de). exorbitant [IgzbItnt] adj exorbi
exercise [ekssaIz] n ejercicio. c o m p tante.
exercise book cuaderno. exorcism [ekssIzm] n exorcismo.
P vt 1 (employ, make use of) ejercer, em exotic [egztIk] adj extico,a.
plear. 2 (give exercise to - dog) sacar de expand [IkspQnd] vt 1 (enlarge - business)
paseo; (- horse) entrenar. ampliar; (- number) aumentar, incre
P vi hacer ejercicio, entrenarse. mentar. 2 (gas, metal) dilatar, expandir.
exert [Igzt] vt ejercer. P vi 1 (grow larger) crecer, aumentar.
exhalation [ekshleIS n] vt exhala 2 (metal) dilatarse; (gas) expandirse. 3
cin f. (spread out) extenderse.
expanse 134

a to expand on vt insep ampliar, desa experimentar, hacer experimen


P vi
rrollar. tos.
expanse [IkspQns] n extensin f. experimental [IksperImentl] adj ex
expansion [IkspQnSn] n 1 crecimien perimental.
to, aumento. 2 (gas, metal) dilatacin f, expert [ekspt] n experto,a (at/in/
expansin f. 3 (trade) desarrollo. on, en).
expansive [IkspQnsIv] adj 1 (friendly, P adj experto,a.
talkative) hablador,ra, comunica expertise [eksptiz] n (skill) pericia,
tivo,a. 2 (able to expand) expansivo,a. habilidad f; (knowledge) conocimiento
expect [Ikspekt] vt 1 (anticipate) espe (prctico).
rar: I never expected to win no esperaba expire [IkspaIr] vi 1 (come to end) termi
ganar. 2 (demand) esperar, contar nar, acabarse; (die) expirar, morir. 2
con. 3 gb fam (suppose) suponer, ima
(run out - contract) vencer; (- passport, ticket)
ginar.
caducar. 3 med (breathe out) espirar.
expectancy [IkspektnsI] n (anticipa-
tion) expectacin f , expectativa; expiry [IkspaII] n 1 (ending) expira
(hope) ilusin f. cin f, terminacin f. 2 (of contract, bill
expectation [ekspekteISn] n (hope, of exchange) vencimiento; (of passport,
firm belief) esperanza. driving licence, etc) caducidad f.
P n pl expectations (confident feelings) ex explanation [eksplneISn] n explica
pectativas fpl. cin f.
, Expectation no significa expectati
explicit [IksplIsIt] adj explcito,a.
va, que se traduce por excitement. explode [IksplUd] vt 1 (blow up - bomb, etc)
hacer estallar, hacer explotar. 2 (refute -
expedient [IkspidInt] adj convenien theory) refutar; (- rumour) desmentir.
te, oportuno,a. P vi 1 (blow up) estallar, explotar. 2 (react
P n expediente m, recurso.
violently) reventar, explotar, estallar.
expedition [ekspIdISn] n 1 (gen) ex exploit [(n) eksplIt; (vb) IksplIt] n ha
pedicin f. 2 fml (speed) aceleracin f, zaa, proeza.
prontitud f. P vt 1 (work, develop fully) explotar. 2 (use
expel [Ikspel] vt expulsar. unfairly) aprovecharse de, explotar.
pt & pp expelled, ger expelling.
exploitation [eksplIteISn] n explo
expend [Ikspend] vt 1 fml (spend, use) tacin f.
gastar, emplear. 2 fml (use up, exhaust)
agotar. exploration [eksplreISn] n explora
cin f.
expendable [Ikspendbl] adj fml
prescindible. explore [Iksplr] vt 1 (gen) explorar. 2
expenditure [IkspendItSr] n gasto, (examine) examinar.
P vi explorar.
desembolso.
expense [Ikspens] n gasto, desem explorer [Iksplrr] n explorador,ra.
bolso. explosion [IksplUZn] n 1 (gen) ex
P n pl expenses gastos mpl. plosin f, estallido. 2 (violent outburst)
expensive [IkspensIv] adj caro,a. ataque m, arrebato.
experience [IkspIrIns] n experiencia. explosive [IksplUsIv] adj explosi
P vt (sensation, situation, etc) experimen vo,a.
tar; (difficulty) tener; (loss) sufrir. exponent [IkspUnnt] n 1 (gen) expo
experienced [IkspIrInst] adj expe nente m; (supporter) defensor,ra (of,
rimentado,a, con experiencia. de), partidario,a (of, de). 2 (performer)
experiment [IksperImnt] n experi intrprete mf; (expert) experto,a. 3
mento. math exponente m.
135 extract
exponential [ekspnenSl] adj math extension [IkstenSn] n 1 (widening)
exponencial. ampliacin f, extensin f. 2 (of line,
export [(n) ekspt ; (vb) Ikspt] n 1 road, etc) prolongacin f. 5 (telephone
(trade) exportacin f. 2 (article) artculo line) extensin f; (telephone) supletorio.
de exportacin. extensive [IkstensIv] adj 1 (area)
P vt exportar. extenso,a, amplio,a. 2 (wide-ranging)
exporter [ekspt r ] n exporta vasto,a, amplio,a, extenso,a; (thor-
dor,ra. ough) exhaustivo, minucioso,a. 3
expose [IkspUz] vt 1 (uncover, make visi- (very great in effect, widespread) importan
ble) exponer. 2 (make known - secret, etc) te, mltiple.
extensor [Ikstensr] n extensor.
E
revelar, descubrir; (- person) desen
mascarar. 3 fig (lay open) exponerse. 4 extent [Ikstent] n 1 (expanse) exten
(photo) exponer. sin f. 2 (range, scale, scope) amplitud f,
exposure [IkspUZr] n 1 (being exposed) alcance m. 3 (point) punto.
exposicin f. 2 (revelation, disclosure) re extenuate [IkstenjUeIt] vt fml ate
velacin f, descubrimiento. 3 (in pho- nuar.
tography - picture) fotografa; (- time) ex exterior [IkstII r ] adj exterior,
posicin f . 4 (position of house, etc) externo,a: exterior walls paredes exte
situacin f, orientacin f. 5 (publicity) riores.
publicidad f; (coverage) cobertura. P n 1 exterior m. 2 (of person) aspecto

express [Ikspres] adj 1 (explicit) expre externo, apariencia.


so,a, claro,a. 2 (fast - mail) urgente; exterminate [IkstmIneIt] vt exter
(- train, coach) expreso. minar.
P adv urgente. extermination [IkstmIneISn] n ex
P n (rail) (tren m) expreso. terminacin f, exterminio.
P vt 1 expresar. 2 fml (juice) exprimir. external [ekstnl] adj externo,a,
expression [IkspreSn] n 1 (gen) ex exterior. c o m p external ear odo ex
presin f; (manifestation) manifesta terno.
cin f. 2 math expresin f. extinct [IkstINkt] adj 1 (of animal) extin
expressive [IkspresIv] adj expresi guido,a. 2 (of volcano) extinguido,a,
vo,a. apagado,a.
expressway [IkspresweI] n us auto extinction [IkstINkSn] n extincin f.
pista. extinguish [IkstINgwIS] vt extinguir.
expulsion [IksplSn] n expulsin f. extinguisher [IkstINgwISr] n extintor m.
exquisite [ekskwIzIt, ekskwIzIt] adj 1 extort [Ikstt] vt (money) sacar, conse
(delicate, etc) exquisito,a, perfecto,a. guir a la fuerza; (promise, confession)
2 fml (of emotion) intenso,a; (of power to arrancar, obtener.
feel) delicado,a. extortion [IkstSn] n extorsin f.
extend [Ikstend] vt 1 (enlarge) ampliar; extra [ekst] adj (additional) extra,
(lengthen - line, road) prolongar, alargar. ms, otro,a; (spare) de sobra; (on top)
2 (over time) prolongar, alargar; (dead- aparte.
line) prorrogar. 3 (stretch out - arm, hand) P adv (more than usually) extra, muy;
alargar, tender; (- leg) estirar; (- wing) (additional) aparte.
desplegar, extender. P n 1 (additional thing) extra m, comple
P vi 1 (in space) continuar, extenderse, mento; (additional charge) suplemento;
llegar hasta. 2 (in time) prolongarse, (luxury) lujo. 2 cinem extra mf. 3 (press)
alargarse, durar. 3 (become extended - edicin f especial.
ladder, etc) extenderse. 4 (include, affect) extract [(n) ekstrQkt; (vb) IkstrQkt] n
incluir, abarcar, extenderse a. extracto.
extraction 136

P vt 1 (pull out) extraer, sacar. 2 (obtain - extricate [ekstrIkeIt] vt fml librar, sa


confession, promise, etc) arrancar, obte car. l o c to extricate os lograr salir
ner; (- information, passage, quotation) ex (from, de).
traer, sacar. 3 (produce) extraer, sacar. extrinsic [IkstrInzIk] adj extrnseco,a.
extraction [IkstrQkSn] n 1 (gen) ex extrovert [ekstrvt] adj extrover
traccin f. 2 (of tooth) extraccin f. 3 tido,a.
(descent) origen m. P n extrovertido,a.
extractor [IkstrQktr] n extractor m. c o m p exuberance [IgzjUbns] n (vigour)
extractor fan extractor m de humos.
exuberancia; (high spirits) euforia.
extradite [ekstrdaIt] vt extraditar,
extradir.
exuberant [IgzjUbnt] adj 1 (of per-
son) eufrico,a. 2 (of plants) exube
extradition [ekstrdISn] n extradi rante.
cin f.
extramarital [ekstrmQItl] adj ex exude [IgzjUd] vt 1 fml (of sweat, etc)
tramatrimonial. exudar, rezumar. 2 fig (of feeling) re
bosar: she exudes confidence rebosa de
extraordinary [IkstrdnI] adj
confianza.
extraordinario,a.
P vi (of sweat, etc) exudar, rezumar.
extrasensory [ekstrsensI] adj ex
trasensorial. exultant [Igzltnt] adj exultante.
extraterrestrial [ekstrtrestrIl] adj eye [aI] n 1 anat ojo. 2 (sense) vista. 3
extraterrestre. (of needle, potato, storm) ojo.
P vt (observe) mirar, observar; (look at
P n extraterrestre mf.
extravagance [IkstrQvgns] n (spend- longingly) echar el ojo a.
ing) derroche m, despilfarro, lujo; (be- eyeball [aIbl] n globo ocular.
haviour) extravagancia. eyebolt [aIbUlt] n armella, hembrilla.
extravagant [IkstrQvgnt] adj 1 eyebrow [aIbaU] n ceja.
(wasteful - person) derrochador,ra, eye-catching [aIkQtSIN] adj llamati
despilfarrador,ra; (- thing) ineficaz, vo,a.
ineficiente. 2 (extreme) extravagante. eyelash [aIlQS] n pestaa.
3 (luxurious) lujoso,a. eyelid [aIlId] n prpado.
extreme [Ikstrim] adj 1 (gen) extre eyeliner [aIlaInr] n lpiz m de ojos.
mo,a. 2 (severe, unusual) excepcional.
P n extremo.
eyesight [aIsaIt] n vista.
extremism [IkstrimIzm] n extremis eyesore [aIsr] n monstruosidad f.
mo. eyestrain [aIstreIn] n vista cansada.
extremist [IkstrimIst] n extremista mf. eyetooth [aItUT] n colmillo.
extremity [IkstremItI] n 1 fml (furthest eyewash [aIwS] n 1 med colirio. 2
point) extremo. 2 fml (extreme degree, sit- fam (nonsense) tonteras fpl: its all eye-
uation) situacin f extrema. wash! eso son disparates!.
P n pl extremities anat extremidades fpl. eyewitness [aIwItns] n testigo pre
pl extremities. sencial, testigo ocular.
F
137

F, f [ef] n 1 (the letter) F, f f. 2 mus fa m. factorize [fQktraIz] vt descomponer


F [fQrnhaIt] abbr (Fahrenheit) Fahren en factores.
heit; (abbreviation) F. factory [fQktrI] n fbrica.
fable [feIbl] n fbula. pl factories.
fabric [fQbrIk] n 1 (material) tela, tejido. faculty [fQkltI] n 1 (power, ability) facul
2 (structure) fbrica, estructura. tad f. 2 (at university) facultad f. 3 us (at
university) profesorado.
, Fabric no significa fbrica, que se tra
pl faculties.
duce por factory.
fad [fQd] n 1 (fashion) moda pasajera. 2
fabulous [fQbjls] adj fabuloso,a. (personal) mana.
faade [fsAd] n fachada. fade [feId] vt (colour) descolorar, desco
face [feIs] n 1 (gen) cara. 2 (surface) su lorir, desteir.
perficie f. 3 (of dial) cuadrante m. 4 (of a to fade away vi 1 (become less intense,
watch) esfera. l o c face down boca aba strong, etc) desvanecerse, esfumarse. 2
jo. y face up boca arriba. (die) morirse.
P vt 1 (look towards) mirar hacia. 2 (look faecal [fikl] adj fecal.
onto) estar orientado,a hacia, dar a. 3 faeces [fisiz] n pl heces fpl.
(be opposite to) estar enfrente de. 4 (con- fag [fQg] n 1 gb fam (cigarette) pitillo. 2 sl
front) presentarse, plantearse; (deal with) (drag) lata, rollo.
enfrentarse a. 5 (tolerate) soportar. Fahrenheit [fQrnhaIt] adj Fahrenheit.
a to face up to vt insep afrontar, en fail [feIl] n educ suspenso.
frentar, enfrentarse a. P vt 1 (let down) fallar, decepcionar; (de-

faceless [feIsls] adj annimo,a. sert) fallar, faltar. 2 educ suspender.


P vi 1 (neglect) dejar de. 2 (not succeed)
facelift [feIslIft] n 1 lifting m. 2 fig
(building) lavado de cara. fracasar, no hacer algo. 3 (crops) fa
facet [fQsIt] n faceta. llar, echarse a perder. 4 (stop working)
fallar. 5 (light) acabarse, irse apagan
facial [feISl] adj facial.
do. 6 (become weak) debilitarse, fallar.
facilitate [fsIlIteIt] vt facilitar. 7 comm (become bankrupt) quebrar, fra
facility [fsIlItI] n facilidad f. casar.
P n pl facilities 1 (equipment) instalacio
failing [feIlIN] n (fault) defecto, fallo;
nes fpl, servicios mpl. 2 (means) facili (weakness) punto dbil.
dades fpl. P prep a falta de.
pl facilities. fail-safe [feIlsaIf] adj (device, mechanism)
fact [fQkt] n 1 (event, happening) hecho. 2 de seguridad; (plan) infalible.
(the truth) realidad f. l o c as a matter of failure [feIljr] n 1 (lack of success) fracaso.
fact en realidad. y in fact de hecho. 2 comm quiebra. 3 educ suspenso. 4
faction [fQkSn] n faccin f. (person) fracasado,a. 5 (breakdown) fallo,
factor [fQktr] n factor m. avera. 6 (of crops) prdida.
faint 138

faint [feInt] adj 1 (sound, voice) dbil, te to fall back on vt insep


a (resort to) recu
nue. 2 (colour) plido,a. 3 (slight - memo- rrir a.
ry, etc) vago,a. a to fall behind vi (be overtaken) retra
P n mareo. sarse, rezagarse.
P vi desmayarse (from, de). to fall down vi 1 (gen) caer, caerse. 2
a
fair1 [fer] adj 1 (just) justo,a; (impartial) im (fail) fallar.
parcial; (reasonable) razonable. 2 (consider- to fall for vt insep 1
a (be tricked) dejarse
able) considerable. 3 (idea, guess, etc) bas engaar por, picar. 2 fam (fall in love)
tante bueno,a. 4 (weather) bueno,a. 5 enamorarse de.
(hair) rubio,a; (skin) blanco,a. to fall off vi 1 (decrease in quantity) ba
a
fair2 [fer] n 1 (market) mercado, feria. jar, disminuir; (in quality) empeorar. 2
2 (show) feria; (funfair) parque m de (become detached) desprenderse, caerse.
atracciones. a to fall out vi (quarrel) reir (with, con),
fairground [fegraUnd] n (site) recinto pelearse (with, con).
P vi (drop) caerse.
ferial; (show) feria; (funfair) parque m de
atracciones. a to fall over vt insep caer, tropezar con.
fairly [felI] adv 1 (justly) justamente. 2 pt fell [fel], pp fallen [fln].
(moderately) bastante. 3 (completely) fallen [fln] pp fall.
completamente. P adj (not virtuous) perdido,a.
fairway [feweI] n 1 (golf) calle f. 2 (sea) Fallopian tube [flUpIntjUb] n trom
canal m navegable. pa de Falopio.
fairy [ferI] n hada. c o m p fairy story/ fallout [flaUt] n lluvia radiactiva.
tale cuento de hadas. fallow [fQlU] adj en barbecho.
pl fairies. false [fls] adj 1 (untrue) falso,a. 2 (artifi-
faith [feIT] n 1 fe f. 2 (trust, confidence) con cial) postizo,a. c o m p false alarm falsa
fianza (in, en), fe f (in, en). 3 rel fe f. alarma. y false start salida nula. y
faithful [feITfUl] adj 1 (loyal) fiel (to, a), false teeth dentadura postiza.
leal (to, a/con). 2 (accurate) exacto,a. falsify [flsIfaI] vt 1 (alter falsely) falsifi
faithfully [feITfUlI] adv fielmente. l o c car. 2 (misrepresent) falsear.
yours faithfully (in letter) atentamente. pt & pp falsified, ger falsifying.
fake [feIk] n 1 falsificacin f. 2 (person) falter [fltr] vi (person) vacilar, titu
impostor,ra, farsante mf. bear; (voice) fallar.
P adj falso,a, falsificado,a. fame [feIm] n fama.
P vt 1 (falsify) falsificar. 2 (pretend) fingir: familiar [fmIlIr] adj 1 (well-known) cono
she faked illness fingi estar enferma. cido,a (to, a). 2 (aware) familiarizado,a
falcon [flkn] n halcn m. (with, con). 3 (intimate) ntimo,a.
fall [fl] n 1 (act of falling) cada. 2 (of rock) , Familiar no significa familiar (de la
desprendimiento; (of snow) nevada. 3 familia), que se traduce por family.
(decrease) baja, descenso, disminucin
f. 4 (defeat) cada. 5 us (autumn) otoo.
familiarity [fmIlIQrItI] n familiaridad f.
P vi 1 (gen) caer, caerse. 2 (decrease) bajar,
familiarize [fmIlIraIz] vt (become ac-
descender. 3 (be defeated) caer; (be killed) quainted) familiarizarse (with, con).
perecer. l o c to fall asleep quedarse family [fQmIlI] n familia.
dormido. y to fall in love enamorarse. pl families.
P n pl falls (waterfall) cascada f sing, cata P adj familiar. comp family name ape
ratas fpl. llido.
to fall apart vi romperse, deshacer
a famine [fQmIn] n hambruna, hambre f.
se, caerse a pedazos. famous [feIms] adj famoso,a (for, por).
a to fall back vi (retreat) retroceder, re famously [feImslI] adv fam estupen
tirarse. damente.
139 fasten
fan [fQn] n 1 (object) abanico. 2 elec P vt 1 (use land) cultivar, labrar. 2 (breed
ventilador m. 3 (follower) aficionado,a; animals) criar.
(of pop star, etc) admirador,ra, fan mf. 4 P vi (grow crops) cultivar la tierra.
(of football) hincha mf. farmer [fAmr] n granjero,a, agri
P vt (face) abanicar; (elec) ventilar. cultor,ra.
pt & pp fanned, ger fanning. farmhouse [fAmhaUs] n granja.
fanatic [fnQtIk] n fantico,a. farming [fAmIN] n agricultura. l o c farm
P adj fantico,a (about, de). ing industry industria agropecuaria.
fancier [fQnsIr] n aficionado,a. farmland [fAmlQnd] n tierra de cultivo.
fanciful [ f Q n s I f U l ] adj 1 (idea) farmyard [fAmjAd] n corral m.
imaginario,a, fantstico,a. 2 (extrav- far-reaching [fAritSIN] adj de gran al
agant) caprichoso,a, estrafalario,a.
fancy [fQnsI] n 1 (imagination) fantasa,
cance. F
farrier [fQrIr] n herrero.
imaginacin f. 2 (whim) capricho, antojo. far-sighted [fAsaItId] adj previsor,ra.
pl fancies. fart [fAt] n 1 fam pedo. 2 (fool) carcamal
P adj 1 (jewels, goods, etc) de fantasa. 2
m, carroza m.
(high-class, posh) elegante, de lujo. P vi tirarse un pedo.
P vt 1 (want) apetecer, querer. 2 (find at-
farther [fADr] adj comp far: San
tractive) encontrar atractivo,a. 3 (think)
tander is farther than Murcia Santander es
creer, suponer.
t ms lejos que Murcia.
pt & pp fancied, ger fancying.
farthest [fADIst] adj far: Pluto is the
fanfare [fQnfer] n fanfarria. farthest planet from the Sun Plutn es el
fang [fQN] n colmillo. planeta ms alejado del Sol.
fantastic [fQntQstIk] adj fantstico,a. P adv far: who lives farthest from the
fantasy [fQntsI] n fantasa. school? quin vive ms lejos de la escuela?
pl fantasies. fascinate [fQsIneIt] vt fascinar.
FAQ [efeIkjU] n (frequently asked ques- fascinating [fQsIneItIN] adj fascinante.
tions) preguntas frecuentes. fascination [fQsIneISn] n fascinacin f.
far [fAr] adj 1 (distant) lejano,a, remoto,a. fascism [fQSIzm] n fascismo.
2 (more distant) opuesto,a, extremo,a. fascist [fQSIst] n fascista mf.
comp farther o further, superl farthest o P adj fascista.
furthest.
fashion [fQSn] n 1 (style) moda. 2 (way)
P adv 1 (a long way) lejos. 2 (a long time) lejos.
modo. l o c in fashion de moda. y out
3 (much) mucho. l o c as far as hasta: as far
of fashion pasado de moda.
as I am concerned por lo que a m se refiere. y
P vt (clay) formar; (metal) labrar.
far away lejos. y so far hasta ahora.
fashionable [fQSnbl] adj de moda.
faraway [fArweI] adj lejano,a,
remoto,a; (look) distrado,a. fast1 [fAst] adj 1 (gen) rpido,a. 2 (tight,
secure) firme, seguro,a. 3 (clock) adelan
farce [fAs] n farsa. tado,a.
fare [fer] n (price) tarifa, precio del bi P adv 1 rpidamente, deprisa. 2 (se-
llete; (boat) pasaje m. curely) firmemente; (thoroughly) profun
P vi(progress, get on) desenvolverse. damente.
. Fare se refiere slo a los billetes de fast2 [fAst] n ayuno.
transporte pblico. P vi ayunar.
fasten [fAsn] vt 1 (attach) fijar, sujetar.
farewell [fewel] interj adis! 2 (tie) atar. 3 (box, door, window) cerrar;
Pn despedida. (belt, dress) abrochar.
farm [fAm] n granja. P vi (box, door, etc) cerrarse; (dress, etc)
P adj agrcola, de granja. abrocharse.
fastener 140

fastener [fAsn ] n cierre m.


r
faulty [fltI] adj defectuoso,a.
fastidious [fQstIdIs] adj quisq ui comp faultier, superl faultiest.
lloso,a, melindroso,a. fauna [fn] n fauna.
, Fastidious no significa fastidioso faux pas [fUpA] n metedura de pata.
(molesto), que se traduce por annoying. pl faux pas.
favor [feIvr] n-vt us favour.
fat [fQt] adj gordo,a.
comp fatter, superl fattest.
favorite [feIvrIt] n us favorite.
P n 1 (of meat) grasa; (of person) carnes
favour [feIvr] n 1 (kindness) favor m. 2
fpl. 2 (for cooking) manteca; (lard) lardo. (approval) aprobacin f, favor m. 3 (fa-
fatal [feItl] adj 1 (causing disaster) fatal, vouritism) parcialidad f, favoritismo.
P vt 1 (prefer) preferir, inclinarse por.
funesto,a; (serious) grave. 2 (causing
death) mortal. 3 (fateful) fatdico,a. 2 (benefit, aid) favorecer.
favourable [feIvrbl] adj favorable
, Fatal no significa fatal (muy malo),
(to/towards, a).
que se traduce por awful.
favourite [feIvrIt] n favorito,a.
fatality [ftQlItI] n vctima mortal. P adj favorito,a.
pl fatalities. favouritism [feIvrItIzm] n favoritismo.
fate [feIt] n 1 (destiny) destino. 2 (persons fawn [fn] n 1 zool cervato. 2 (colour)
lot) suerte f. beige m.
fated [feItId] adj predestinado,a. P adj beige.
fateful [feItfUl] adj fatdico,a. to fawn on vt insep adular, lisonjear.
a
father [fADr] n 1 (male parent) padre m. fax [fQks] n fax m.
2 (priest) padre m. P vt enviar por fax. c o m p fax machine
P vt engendrar. fax m.
father-in-law [fADrInl] n suegro. fear [fIr] n miedo, temor m.
fatherland [fADlQnd] n patria. P vt temer, tener miedo a.
fatherly [fADlI] adj paternal. P vi temer, tener miedo.
fatigue [ftig] n 1 fatiga, cansancio. 2 a to fear for vt insep temer por: I fear for
tech fatiga. the childrens safety temo por la seguridad
P vt fml fatigar, cansar. de los nios.
fat-soluble [fQtsljbl] adj liposoluble. fearful [fIfUl] adj 1 (frightened) teme
fatten [fQtn] vt 1 (animal) cebar (up, -). roso,a (of, de). 2 (terrible) terrible, es
2 (person) engordar (up,). pantoso,a.
fattening [fQtnIN] adj que engorda: fearless [fIls] adj audaz.
biscuits are fattening las galletas engordan. fearsome [fIsm] adj temible.
fatty [fQtI] adj (greasy) graso,a. feasibility [fizbIlItI] n viabilidad f.
comp fattier, superl fattiest. feasible [fizbl] adj 1 (viable) factible,
P n fam pej gordinfln,ona.
viable. 2 (plausible) verosmil.
pl fatties.
feast [fist] n 1 festn m, banquete m. 2
faucet [fsIt] n us grifo.
fam comilona. 3 rel fiesta de guardar,
fault [flt] n 1 (gen) defecto. 2 (blame) da m de fiesta.
culpa. 4 (mistake) error m, falta. 5 (in P vi banquetear, festejar.
earth) falla. 6 (in tennis, etc) falta.
P vt criticar, encontrar defectos a.
feat [fit] n proeza, hazaa.
feather [feDr] n pluma.
, Fault no significa falta (carencia),
feature [fitSr] n 1 (of face) rasgo, faccin
que se traduce por lack.
f. 2 (characteristic) rasgo, caracterstica. 3
faultless [fltls] adj perfecto,a, inta (press) artculo especial, especial m.
chable, impecable. c o m p feature (film) largometraje m.
141 femoral
P vt (have) tener; (film) tener como pro all eyes upon her senta que todos la mira
tagonista: this car features the latest safe- ban. 4 (opinion) opinar, pensar: how do
ty devices este coche incorpora los lti you feel about exams? qu opinas de los
mos dispositivos de seguridad. exmenes?
P vi (appear) figurar (in, en): his name a to feel for vt insep (have sympathy for)
featured in the police report su nombre fi compadecer a, compadecerse de.
gur en el informe policial. pt & pp felt [felt].
February [febrUrI] n febrero. feeler [filr] n antena.
. Para ejemplo de uso, consulta May. feeling [filIN] n 1 (emotion) sentimien
to, emocin f. 2 (sensation) sensacin f.
fecal [fikl] adj us faecal. 3 (sense) sensibilidad. 4 (impression) im
feces [fisiz] n us faeces.
fed [fed] pt & pp feed. l o c to be fed up
presin f: I have the feeling that tengo la
impresin de que F
with fam estar harto,a de. P adj sensible, compasivo,a.
federal [fedrl] adj federal. P n pl feelings sentimientos mpl.

federation [fedreISn] n federacin f. feet [fit] n pl foot.


fee [fi] n 1 (doctors, etc) honorarios mpl; feign [feIn] vt fingir, aparentar: she
(for tuition) derechos mpl (de matrcula). feigned illness to get off school fingi estar
2 (membership) cuota, cuota de socio. enferma para no ir a la escuela.
c o m p registration fee matrcula. feint [feInt] n fml (fencing) finta; (boxing)
feeble [fibl] adj 1 (person) dbil. 2 (light, treta, estratagema.
sound) tenue, dbil. 3 (argument, excuse) P adj (paper) rayado,a.
de poco peso. feldspar [feldspAr] n feldespato.
feed [fid] n 1 comida. 2 fam comilo feline [filaIn] adj felino,a.
na. 3 (for cattle) pienso. 4 tech alimen P n felino,a.
tacin f. fell1 [fel] vt 1 (tree) talar. 2 (enemy) derribar.
P vt 1 alimentar: could you feed our cat while fell2 [fel] pt fall.
were away? podras dar de comer a nuestro fellow [felU] n 1 fam (chap) tipo, to: old
gato mientras estamos fuera? 2 (breastfeed) fellow viejo amigo; poor fellow! pobrecito!
dar de mamar a; (bottle-feed) dar el bibe 2 (companion, comrade) compaero,a,
rn a. 3 tech alimentar, suministrar. 4 camarada mf. 3 (member) socio,a.
(insert) introducir; (coins) meter. fellowship [felUSIp] n 1 (group) asocia
P vi (people) comer, alimentarse (on,
cin f, sociedad f. 2 (companionship)
de); (animals) pacer. compaerismo, camaradera. 3 educ
a to feed up vt sep (animal) cebar; (per-
(scholarship) beca.
son) engordar.
pt & pp fed [fed].
felspar [felspAr] n feldespato.
feedback [fidbQk] n 1 tech retroali felt1 [felt] pt & pp feel.
mentacin f, retroaccin f. 2 fig reac felt2 [felt] n fieltro.
cin f, respuesta. P adj de fieltro.
feeder [fidr] n 1 tech alimentador m. felt-tip [felttIp] [also felt-tip pen] n ro
2 (road) ramal m, carretera. tulador m.
feel [fil] n 1 (sense, texture) tacto. 2 (at- female [fimeIl] n 1 hembra. 2 (woman)
mosphere) aire m, ambiente m. mujer f; (girl) chica.
P adj 1 femenino,a. 2 zool hembra.
P vt 1 (touch) tocar, palpar. 2 (search with
fingers) buscar. 3 (sense, experience) sentir, feminine [femInIn] adj femenino,a.
P n femenino,a.
experimentar. 4 (believe) creer.
P vi 1 (be) sentir(se), encontrarse. 2 feminism [femInIzm] n feminismo.
(seem) parecer: it feels like leather parece feminist [femInIst] n feminista mf.
piel. 3 (perceive, sense) sentir: she could feel femoral [fimrl] adj femoral.
femur 142

femur [fim ] n fmur m.


r
fetal [fits] n us foetal.
fence [fens] n valla, cerca. loc to sit on fetch [fetS] vt 1 (go and get) ir por, ir a
the fence ver los toros desde la barrera. buscar, buscar; (bring) traer. 2 fam (sell
P vi 1 sp practicar la esgrima. 2 (land) for) venderse por, alcanzar.
cercar. to fetch up vi ir a parar.
a
fencing [fensIN] n 1 sp esgrima. 2 (struc- fte [feIt] n (party) fiesta; (fair) feria.
ture) cercado. P vt festejar.

fend [fend] vi to fend for os valerse por fetid [fetId] adj ftido,a.
uno mismo,a. fetish [fetIS] n fetiche m.
a to fend off vt sep (blow) parar, des fetter [fetr] vt 1 encadenar. 2 fig es
viar; (question) esquivar; (attack) recha torbar, poner trabas a.
zar, defenderse de. P n pl fetters grilletes mpl, cadenas fpl.
fender [fendr] n 1 (for fire) pantalla. 2 fetus [fits] n us foetus.
us (on automobile) parachoques m. feud [fjUd] n enemistad f (duradera):
fennel [fenl] n hinojo. theres been a feud between the two families
ferment [(n) fmnt; (vb) fment] n 1 (sub- for years hace aos que existe una ene
stance) fermento. 2 (unrest) agitacin f. mistad entre ambas familias.
P vt & vi fermentar. P vi disentir, reir, pelear.

fermentation [fmenteISn] n fer , Feud no significa feudo (dominio),


mentacin f. que se traduce por fief.
fern [fn] n helecho.
feudal [fjUdl] adj feudal.
ferocious [frUSs] adj feroz.
feudalism [fjUdlIzm] n feudalismo.
ferocity [frsItI] n ferocidad f.
fever [fivr] n fiebre f.
ferret [ferIt] n hurn m.
feverish [fivrIS] adj febril.
to ferret out vt sep descubrir.
few [fjU] adj 1 (not many) poco,a,
a
ferrous [fers] adj ferroso,a.
pocos,as: very few cars muy pocos coches.
ferry [ferI] n (small) barca de pasaje; 2 (some) uno,as cuantos,as, algunos,as:
(large) transbordador m, ferry m. in the next few days en los prximos das.
pl ferries. P pron 1 (not many) pocos,as: many try
P vt transportar.
but few succeed muchos lo intentan pero
pt & pp ferried, ger ferrying. pocos lo consiguen. 2 (some) unos,as
ferryboat [ferIbUt] n ferry. cuantos,as, algunos,as: there are a
fertile [ftaIl] adj frtil. few left quedan unos cuantos.
fertility [ftIlItI] n fertilidad f. fianc [fIQnseI] n prometido, novio.
fertilization [ftlaIzeISn] n 1 (soil) fiance [fIQnseI] n prometida, novia.
fertilizacin f. 2 (egg) fecundacin f. fiasco [fIQskU] n fiasco, fracaso.
fertilize [ftIlaIz] vt 1 (soil) fertilizar, pl fiascos.
abonar. 2 (egg) fecundar. fib [fIb] n fam bola, trola.
fertilizer [ftIlaIzr] n fertilizante m, P vi fam contar bolas, contar trolas.
abono. pt & pp fibbed, ger fibbing.
ferule1 [ferUl] n frula. fibre [faIbr] n fibra. c o m p fibre optics fi
fervent [fvnt] adj fervoroso,a. bra ptica. y man-made fibre fibra arti
fervor [fvr] n us fervour. ficial.
fervour [fvr] n fervor m. fibreglass [faIbglAs] n fibra de vidrio.
fester [festr] vi 1 med supurar, enco fibrosis [faIbrUsIs] n fibrosis f.
narse. 2 fig amargarse. fibrous [faIbrs] adj fibroso,a.
festival [festIvl] n 1 (event) festival m. fibula [fIbjl] n peron m.
2 (celebration) fiesta. fickle [fIkl] adj inconstante, voluble.
143 filigree
fiction [fIkSn] n 1 (novels) novela, na P n 1 (in series) quincuagsimo,a. 2
rrativa. 2 (invention) ficcin f. (fraction) quincuagsimo; (one part)
fictitious [fIktISs] adj ficticio,a. quincuagsima parte f.
fiddle [fIdl] n 1 fam violn m. 2 fam . Consulta tambin sixtieth.
(fraud) estafa, trampa. fifty [fIftI] adj cincuenta.
P vi 1 tocar el violn. 2 fam (play) ju
Pn cincuenta m.
guetear (with, con).
P vt fam (cheat) amaar, falsificar.
. Consulta tambin sixty.
a to fiddle about / fiddle around vi fifty-fifty [fIftIfIftI] adv fam mitad y
fam perder el tiempo. mitad, a medias.
fiddler [fIdlr] n 1 fam (violinist) violinis fig [fIg] n higo. c o m p fig tree higuera.
ta mf. 2 fam (cheat) tramposo,a. fight [faIt] n 1 (struggle) lucha. 2 (physical F
fidelity [fIdelItI] n fidelidad f. violence) pelea; (quarrel) ria; (argument)
fidget [fIdZIt] n persona inquieta. disputa. 3 (boxing) combate m.
P vi 1 (quarrel) pelear(se) (about/over,
P vi (move about) moverse, no poder
estar(se) quieto,a; (play about) jugar por), discutir (about/over, por). 2 (in
(with, con). boxing) pelear (against, contra). 3 (with
physical violence) pelearse (with, con)
fief [fif] n feudo. (against, contra), luchar (with, con)
field [fild] n 1 (gen) campo. 2 (for mining) (against, contra).
yacimiento. 3 (subject, area) campo, te P vt 1 (bull) lidiar. 2 (engage in - battle) librar;
rreno. 4 sp (competitors) competidores (- war) hacer; (- election) presentarse a. 3
mpl; (horses) participantes mpl. (with physical violence) pelearse, luchar.
fierce [fIs] adj 1 (gen) feroz. 2 fig (heat, to fight back vi defenderse, resistir.
a
competition, etc) fuerte, intenso,a; (argu- P vt sep (tears) contener.
ment) acalorado,a. a to fight off vt sep vencer, rechazar.
fiery [faIrI] adj 1 (colour) encendido,a, pt & pp fought [ft].
rojo,a. 2 (burning) ardiente. 3 (food) fighter [faItr] n 1 (war) combatiente mf.
muy picante; (drink) muy fuerte. 2 (boxing) boxeador,ra. 3 fig lucha
comp fierier, superl fieriest. dor,ra.
fifteen [fIftin] adj quince. fig-leaf [fIglif] n hoja de parra.
P n quince m. figurative [fIgrtIv] adj figurado,a.
figure [fIgr] n 1 (number, sign) cifra, n
. Consulta tambin six.
mero. 2 (money, price) cantidad f, pre
fifteenth [fIftinT] adj decimoquinto,a. cio. 3 (in art, shape, human form) figura. 4
P adv en decimoquinto lugar. (personality) figura, personaje m.
Pn 1 (in series) decimoquinto,a. 2 (frac- P vi (appear) figurar, constar.

tion) decimoquinto; (one part) decimo P vt us (think) suponer, imaginarse.

quinta parte f. a to figure out vt sep fam (gen) com


prender, enterarse; (problem) resolver,
. Consulta tambin sixth. calcular.
fifth [fIfT] adj quinto,a. filament [fIlmnt] n filamento.
P adv quinto, en quinto lugar. file [faIl] n 1 (tool) lima. 2 (folder) carpeta.
P n 1 (in series) quinto,a. 2 (fraction) 3 (archive) archivo, expediente m. 4
quinto; (one part) quinta parte f. comput archivo. 5 (line) fila.
P vt 1 (smooth) limar. 2 (put away) archi
. Consulta tambin sixth.
var; (in card index) fichar. 3 jur presentar.
fiftieth [fIftIT] adj quincuagsimo,a. P vi (walk in line) desfilar.
P adv en quincuagsimo lugar. filigree [fIlIgri] n filigrana.
fill 144

fill [fIl] vt 1 (make full) llenar (with, de). 2 P vt financiar.


(time) ocupar. 3 (cover) cubrir. 4 culin P n pl finances(money available) fondos mpl.
rellenar. 5 (tooth) empastar. 6 (hold a po- financial [faInQnsIl] n financiero,a,
sition) ocupar; (appoint) cubrir. 7 (fulfil) econmico,-a.
satisfacer. find [faInd] n (act, thing found) hallazgo.
P vi llenarse (with, de). P vt 1 (gen) encontrar. 2 jur declarar.
to fill in vt sep 1 (space, form) rellenar. 2
a a to find out vt sep 1 (enquire) pregun
(inform) poner al corriente (on, de). tar, averiguar; (discover) descubrir, en
a to fill in for vt insep sustituir a. terarse de.
a to fill up vt sep llenar. P vi 1 (enquire) informarse (about, so
P vi llenarse.
bre), averiguar. 2 (discover) enterarse
fillet [fIlIt] n filete m. (about, de), (llegar a) saber.
filling [fIlIN] n 1 (in tooth) empaste m. 2 pt & pp found [faUnd].
culin relleno. c o m p filling station gaso
finding [faIndIN] n 1 (of inquiry) conclu
linera. sin f, resultado. 2 jur fallo, veredicto.
film [fIlm] n 1 cinem pelcula, filme m,
. Se usa en plural con el mismo significado.
film m. 2 (coating of dust, etc) capa, pel
cula. 3 (of photos) carrete m, rollo. fine1 [faIn] adj 1 (gen) fino,a. 2 (high-
P vt 1 cinem rodar, filmar; (tv programme) quality) excelente. 3 (weather) bueno,a.
grabar. 2 (event) filmar. 4 (healthy) bien. 5 fam (all right) bien.
P vi cinem rodar. P adv 1 (in small bits) fino, finamente. 2
filter [fIltr] n filtro. fam (very well) muy bien.
P vt filtrar. fine2 [faIn] n (punishment) multa.
filth [fIlT] n 1 (dirt) suciedad f, porque P vt multar.
ra. 2 fig (obscenity) obscenidades fpl, finger [fINgr] n dedo.
porqueras fpl. P vt tocar.
filthy [fIlTI] adj 1 (dirty) sucio,a, asque fingernail [fINgneIl] n ua.
roso,a. 2 (obscene) obsceno,a, gro fingerprint [fINgprInt] n huella digi
sero,a, asqueroso,a. tal, huella dactilar.
comp filthier, superl filthiest.
fingertip [fINgtIp] n punta del dedo,
fin [fIn] n aleta. yema del dedo.
final [faInl] adj final: final call ltimo finish [fInIS] n 1 fin m, final m. 2 sp lle
aviso. gada, meta. 3 (for surface) acabado.
P n sp final f: the final will be held in Lon-
P vt acabar, terminar.
don la final se celebrar en Londres.
to finish up vi (end up) ir a parar a/en.
P n pl finals (at university) exmenes mpl
a

finales. finite [faInaIt] adj finito,a.


finale [fInAlI] n final m. Finland [fInlnd] n Finlandia.
finalist [faInlIst] n finalista mf. Finn [fIn] n (person) finlands,esa.
finality [faInQltI] n carcter m defini Finnish [fInIS] adj finlands,esa.
P n (language) finlands m.
tivo.
fiord [fId] n fiordo.
, Finality no significa finalidad (obje
fir [fr] n abeto.
tivo), que se traduce por purpose, aim.
fire [faIr] n 1 (gen) fuego. 2 (blaze) incen
finalize [faInlaIz] vt (plans, arrangements) dio, fuego. 3 (heater) estufa. 4 mil fuego.
ultimar; (date) fijar. l o c to be on fire estar ardiendo. y to

finally [faInlI] adv 1 (at last) por fin, al catch fire prenderse. c o m p fire brigade
final. 2 (lastly) por ltimo, finalmente. los bomberos. y fire engine coche de
finance [faInQns] n (management of mon- bomberos. y fire escape escalera de in
ey) finanzas fpl. cendios. y fire extinguisher extintor m.
145 fit
y fire hydrant boca de incendios. y fire first-rate [fstreIt] adj de primera.
station estacin f de bomberos. P adv de primera.
P vt (weapon) disparar; (rocket) lanzar. 2 fiscal [fIskl] adj fiscal.
fam (dismiss) despedir. fish [fIS] n 1 pez m. 2 culin pescado.
P vi 1 (shoot) disparar (at, sobre), hacer comp fish farm piscifactora. y fish finger
fuego. 2 auto encenderse. palito de pescado rebozado. y fish
P interj fuego! shop pescadera.
firearm [faIrAm] n arma de fuego. pl fish o fishes.
firebreak [faIbreIk] n cortafuego. P vi pescar (for, -).
firecracker [faIkrQkr] n petardo. . Cuando significa pez, fish es un nom
firefighter [faIfaItr] n bombero mf. bre contable y su plural es fish, aunque
firefly [faIflaI] n lucirnaga.
pl fireflies.
tambin se puede emplear la forma me F
nos frecuente fishes. Cuando significa
fireman [faImn] n bombero. pescado, es incontable y, por lo tanto, no
pl firemen [faImn]. tiene plural.
fireplace [faIpleIs] n 1 (structure) chi
menea. 2 (hearth) hogar m. fishbowl [fISbUl] n pecera.
fireproof [faIprUf] adj a prueba de fisherman [fISmn] n pescador m.
fuego. pl fishermen [fISmn].
firewall [faIwl] n cortafuego. fish-hook [fIShUk] n anzuelo.
firewood [faIwUd] n lea. fishing [fISIN] n pesca. l o c to go fishing
fireworks [faIwks] n pl fuegos mpl ir de pesca. c o m p fishing line sedal m. y
artificiales, fuegos mpl de artificio. fishing net red f de pesca. y fishing rod
firing [faIrIN] n tiroteo. caa de pescar.
firm1 [fm] n (business) empresa. fishmonger [fISmNgr] n gb pesca
dero,a. c o m p fishmongers pescade
, Firm no significa firma (escrita), que
ra.
se traduce por signature.
fission [fISn] n fisin f.
firm2 [fm] adj 1 (strong, solid, steady) fir fissure [fISr] n fisura, grieta.
me, slido,a. 2 (strict, strong) duro,a. 3 fist [fIst] n puo.
fin (steady) firme, estable. fistful [fIstfUl] n puado.
first [fst] adj primero,a. fit1 [fIt] n 1 med ataque m, acceso. 2 (of
P adv 1 (before anything else) primero. 2
laughter, rage) ataque m.
(for the first time) por primera vez. 3 (in fit 2 [fIt] adj 1 (suitable, appropriate)
preference to) antes. l o c at first al prin adecuado,a, apropiado,a; (qualified
cipio. y first of all primero. for) capacitado,a, capaz. 2 (in good
P n 1 la primera vez. 2 (gear) primera: I
health) sano,a, bien de salud; (physical-
cant put it into first no puedo meter primera. ly) en forma. 3 fam (ready) a punto de.
first-aid [fsteId] adj de primeros au comp fitter, superl fittest.
xilios. c o m p first-aid kit botiqun m. P n 1 (of clothes) : its a perfect fit me va per
first-born [fstbn] adj primo fectamente. 2 (in space): itll be a tight fit
gnito,a. vamos a estar muy apretados.
P n primognito,a. P vt 1 (be right size for) sentar bien, que
first-class [fstklAs] adj 1 de primera dar bien. 2 (try (clothing) on sb) probar. 3
clase. 2 fig de primera, excelente. (key) abrir. 4 (install) instalar, poner. 5
P adv en primera. (adapt) ajustar, adaptar, adecuar.
first-hand [fsthQnd] adj de primera to fit in vi 1 (get on) llevarse bien, in
a
mano. tegrarse. 2 (suit) encajar; (harmonize)
firstly [fstlI] adv en primer lugar. pegar, quedar bien; (tally) cuadrar.
fitness 146

P vt sep 1 (physically) hacer sitio para. flag1 [flQg] n (paving slab) flagstone.
2 (in timetable) hacer un hueco para. 3 flag2 [flQg] n 1 (gen) bandera. 2 mar pa
(harmonize) encajar, cuadrar. belln m. 3 (for charity) banderita.
pt & pp fitted, ger fitting. to flag down vt sep hacer seales pa
a
fitness [fItns] n 1 (health) buena forma ra que un coche se detenga.
fsica, buen estado fsico. 2 (suitability) flagellum [fldZlm] n flagelo.
capacidad f (for, para). pl flagellums o flagella [fldZl].
fitted [fItId] adj (cupboard) flagpole [flQgpUl] n asta de bandera.
empotrado,a; (room) amueblado,a. flagship [flQgSIp] n buque m insignia.
c o m p fitted carpet moqueta.
flagstone [flQgstUn] n (large) losa;
fitting [fItIN] adj (appropriate, proper) (small) loseta.
apropiado,a, adecuado,a. flair [fler] n talento, don m, facilidad f.
P n sew prueba.
P n pl fittings 1 (accessories) accesorios mpl.
flake [fleIk] n 1 (of snow, oats) copo. 2 (of
skin, soap) escama. 3 (of paint) descon
2 (furnishings) muebles, cortinas y alfombras.
chn m, trozo desprendido.
five [faIv] n cinco. P vi to flake away/off (gen) descamarse;
P adj cinco.
(paint) desconcharse.
. Consulta tambin six. flamboyant [flQmbInt] adj llama
fix [fIks] n 1 fam (difficult situation) apuro, tivo,a, extravagante.
aprieto. 2 (position of ship, aircraft) posi flame [fleIm] n llama.
cin f. 3 (dishonest arrangement) tongo. P vi 1 (burn) arder. 2 (glow, shine) brillar.
P vt 1 (gen) fijar. 2 (decide) decidir; (date, 3 (become angry) montar en clera.
meeting, etc) fijar. 3 (organize) arreglar, or flame-thrower [fleImTrUr] n lanza
ganizar. 4 (dishonestly) amaar. 5 (repair) llamas m.
arreglar. flamingo [flmINgU] n flamenco.
to fix on vt insep (decide, select - person) de
a pl flamingos o flamingoes.
cidir, optar por, escoger; (- date) fijar. flammable [flQmbl] adj inflamable.
a to fix up vt sep 1 (accommodate, provide flan [flQn] n culin tarta rellena.
with) proveer (with, de), conseguir. 2
(organize) arreglar, organizar. 3 (repair, , Flan no significa flan, que se traduce
redecorate) arreglar; (install) poner. por crme caramel.
fixation [fIkseISn] n obsesin f. flange [flQndZ] n (on wheel) pestaa; (on
fixture [fIkstSr] n sp encuentro. pipe) reborde m.
P n pl fixtures (furniture) muebles mpl flank [flQNk] n 1 (of animal) ijada, ijar m.
empotrados. 2 mil flanco. 3 (of building, mountain, etc)
fizz [fIz] n burbujeo, efervesencia. lado, falda.
P vi burbujear. flannel [flQnl] n (material) franela.
fizzle [fIzl] vi burbujear. flap [flQp] n 1 (of envelope, pocket) solapa.
a to fizzle out vi esfumarse, perder 2 (of tent) faldn m. 3 (of plane) alern m.
fuerza, quedar en nada. P vt (wings) batir; (arms) agitar.
fizzy [fIzI] adj (gen) gaseoso,a, con gas; P vi 1 (wings) aletear. 2 (flag, sails) on
(wine) espumoso,a. dear. 3 fam inquietarse.
comp fizzier, superl fizziest. pt & pp flapped, ger flapping.
fjord [fId] n fiordo. flare [fler] n 1 (flame) llamarada. 2 (sig-
flabbergasted [flQbgAstId] adj pas nal) bengala.
mado,a, atnito,a. P vi 1 llamear. 2 fig estallar, encenderse.
flabby [flQbI] adj (part of body) fofo,a. to flare up vi (blow up, erupt) estallar,
a
comp flabbier, superl flabbiest. encenderse; (get angry) enfadarse,
flaccid [flQksId] adj flccido,a. montar en clera.
147 flinch
flared [fled] adj acampanado,a. flawless [flls] adj sin defecto, impe
flash [flQS] n 1 (of light) destello, cente cable, perfecto,a.
lleo; (of lightning) relmpago. 2 (from fire- flax [flQks] n lino.
arm) fogonazo. 3 fig destello, rayo. 4 fleck [flek] n mota, punto.
(photography) flash m. fled [fled] pt flee.
P vi brillar, destellar. flee [fli] vt (run away) huir de.
P vt (shine - light) dirigir, lanzar; (- torch) P vi 1 (run away, escape) huir. 2 (vanish)
encender, dirigir. desaparecer.
flashback [flQSbQk] n flashback m. pt & pp fled [fled].
flashlight [flQSlaIt] n 1 (torch) linterna. fleece [flis] n 1 (sheeps coat, fabric) lana.
2 (photo) flash m. 2 (sheared) velln m.
flashy [flQSI] adj llamativo,a. fleet [flit] n 1 (of ships) flota. 2 (of vehicles) F
comp flashier, superl flashiest. flota, parque m mvil.
flask [flQsk] n 1 frasco. 2 chem matraz m. fleeting [flitIN] adj fugaz, efmero,a.
flat1 [flQt] n (apartment) departamento. flesh [fleS] n 1 (of animals, humans) carne f.
flat2 [flQt] adj 1 (level, even) llano,a, 2 (of fruit) carne f, pulpa.
plano,a; (smooth) liso,a. 2 (shoes) sin flew [flU] pt fly1.
tacn. 3 (tyre, ball, etc) desinflado,a. 4 flex [fleks] n gb cable m.
(battery) descargado,a. 5 (drink) sin P vt (body, joints) doblar; (muscles) flexionar.
gas. 6 mus (key) bemol; (voice, instrument) flexibility [fleksIbIlItI] n flexibilidad f.
desafinado,a. flexible [fleksbl] adj flexible.
comp flatter, superl flattest. flexor [fleksr] n flexor.
P n 1 (plain) llano, llanura. 2 (of hand) pal flexitime [fleksItaIm] n horario flexible.
ma. 3 mus bemol m. 4 us (tyre) pinchazo. flick [flIk] n 1 (jerk) movimiento rpido,
flatly [flQtlI] adv 1 (categorically) categ movimiento brusco. 2 (of fingers) capi
ricamente, rotundamente. 2 (voice) rotazo; (of whip) latigazo, chasquido;
con voz montona. (of tail) coletazo. 3 (of pages) hojeada.
flatten [flQtn] vt 1 (make flat) allanar, to flick away vt sep quitar, sacudirse.
a
aplanar (out, -); (smooth) alisar. 2 (crush) a to flick through vt insep hojear.
aplastar; (knock down) derribar, tum flicker [flIkr] n 1 (of flame, eyelids) parpa
bar; (knock over) atropellar. deo; (of light) titileo, parpadeo. 2 fig
flatter [flQtr] vt 1 (praise) halagar, adu (slight sign) seal f, muestra; (faint emo-
lar. 2 (suit) favorecer. tion) chispa, pizca.
P vi 1 (gen) parpadear; (shadow) bailar. 2
flattering [flQtrIN] adj 1 (words)
lisonjero,a, halageo,a. 2 (clothes, (eyelids) parpadear. 3 (smile) esbozarse.
etc) favorecedor,ra. flies [flais] pt fly3.
flattery [flQtrI] n adulacin f, hala flight [flaIt] n 1 (journey by air) vuelo: our
gos mpl. flight has been delayed nuestro vuelo se ha
retrasado. 2 (path) trayectoria. 3 (flock of
flaunt [flnt] vt hacer alarde de, hacer
birds) bandada. 4 (of stairs) tramo. 5 (es-
ostentacin de.
cape) huida, fuga. c o m p flight atten
flautist [fltIst] n flautista mf. dant auxiliar mf de vuelo.
flavor [fleIvr] n us flavour. flimsy [flImzI] adj 1 (thin) fino,a,
flavour [fleIvr] n sabor m, gusto. ligero,a. 2 (structure) poco slido,a. 3
P vt sazonar, condimentar (with, con). fig (unconvincing) flojo,a, pobre, poco
flavouring [fleIvrIN] n condimento. convincente.
flaw [fl] n 1 (fault - in material, product, etc) comp flimsier, superl flimsiest.
defecto, tara. 2 (failing - in character) de flinch [flIntS] vi 1 (wince) estremecerse.
fecto; (- in argument) error m. 2 (shun) retroceder (from, ante).
fling 148

fling [flIN] n 1 (throw) lanzamiento. floppy [flpI] adj blando,a, flexible.


2 (wild time) juerga. 3 (affair) aventura comp floppy disk comput disco flexible,
(amorosa), romance m. disquete m.
P vt 1 (throw) arrojar, tirar, lanzar. 2 comp floppier, superl floppiest.
(move) echar, lanzar. 3 (say) lanzar. flora [flr] n flora.
pt & pp flung [flN]. florist [flrIst] n florista mf. c o m p flo

flint [flInt] n 1 (stone) slex m; (piece) pe rists (shop) floristera.


dernal m. 2 (of lighter) piedra. flounce [flaUns] n sew volante m.
flip [flIp] n 1 (light blow) golpecito. 2 flounder [flaUndr] n (fish) platija.
(somersault) voltereta (en el aire). P vi 1 (struggle, move with difficulty) force
P interj fam ostras! jear. 2 fig (hesitate, dither) vacilar.
P vt 1 (toss - gen) echar, tirar al aire; (- flour [flaUr] n harina.
coin) echar a cara o cruz. 2 (turn over) P vt enharinar.
dar la vuelta a. flourish [flrIS] n 1 (gesture) ademn m,
P vi fam (get angry) perder los estribos; gesto exagerado. 2 (signature) rbrica.
(go mad) volverse loco,a. P vt (wave about) agitar, blandir.
pt & pp flipped, ger flipping. P vi 1 (be successful) florecer, prosperar.
flip-flop [flIpflp] n chancla. 2 (plant) crecer bien.
flipper [flIpr] n aleta. flow [flU] n 1 (gen) flujo. 2 (of river) co
flirt [flt] n coqueto,a, lign,ona. rriente f. 3 (of traffic) circulacin f.
P vi (coquette) flirtear (with, con), co P vi 1 (gen) fluir. 2 (pour out - blood) ma
quetear (with, con). nar; (- tears) correr. 3 (tide) subir. 4 (traf-
float [flUt] n 1 (for fishing) boya, flota fic) circular.
dor m. 2 (for swimming) flotador m. 3 (ve- to flow into vi (river) desembocar en:
a
hicle - in procession) carroza; (- for delivery) the Ebro flows into the sea at Amposta el
furgoneta. Ebro desemboca en el mar en Amposta.
P vi (gen) flotar. flower [flaUr] n flor f.
flock [flk] n 1 (of sheep, goats) rebao; (of P vi florecer.

birds) bandada. 2 fam (crowd) multitud f, flowerbed [flaUbed] n parterre m,


tropel m. macizo.
flood [fld] n 1 (overflow of water) inunda flowerpot [flaUpt] n maceta, tiesto.
cin f. 2 (of river) riada. flown [flUn] pp fly.
P vt 1 (gen) inundar, anegar; (engine) flu [flU] n gripe f: hes got (the) flu tiene la
ahogar. 2 fig (with calls, applications, etc) gripe.
llover, inundar (with, de). fluctuate [flktjUeIt] vi fluctuar.
P vi 1 (river) desbordarse. 2 fig (cover, fill) fluency [flUnsI] n 1 fluidez f. 2 (of lan-
invadir, inundar. guage) dominio (in, de).
floodgate [fldgaIt] n compuerta. fluent [flUnt] adj 1 (gen) fluido,a. 2
flooding [fldIN] n inundacin f. (language) fluido,a: he speaks fluent Eng-
floodlight [fldlaIt] n foco. lish habla ingls con soltura.
floor [flr] n 1 (surface) suelo. 2 geog fon fluff [flf] n 1 (down, material) pelusa, la
do. 3 (storey) piso, planta. 4 (dance) pista. nilla. 2 fam (mistake, blunder) pifia, fallo.
P vt fam (do badly, fail) hacer mal.
, Floor no significa flor, que se tradu
fluffy [flfI] adj 1 (feathery) mullido,a. 2
ce por flower.
(toys) de peluche.
flop [flp] n fam fracaso. comp fluffier, superl fluffiest.
P vi 1 (fall clumsily) abalanzarse, arrojar fluid [flUId] adj 1 (not solid) fluido,a,
se (into, en); (sit or lie clumsily) tumbarse, lquido,a. 2 (smooth, graceful) natural,
dejarse caer. 2 fam (fail) fracasar. con soltura. 3 (not fixed) flexible.
pt & pp flopped, ger flopping. P n fluido, lquido.
149 follow
fluke [flUk] n fam chiripa. foamy [fUmI] adj espumoso,a.
flung [flN] pt & pp fling. comp foamier, superl foamiest.
fluorescent [flUresnt] adj fluores fob [fb] vt engaar, engatusar.
cente. c o m p fluorescent light/lamp pt & pp fobbed, ger fobbing.
fluorescente m. focal [fUkl] adj focal.
flurry [flrI] n 1 (of wind) rfaga; (of snow) focus [fUks] n 1 foco. 2 (centre) centro.
nevisca. 2 fig (burst) nerviosismo. pl focuses o foci [fUsaI].
pl flurries. P vt 1 (camera, etc) enfocar (on, -). 2 fig
flush1 [flS] n (in cards) color m. (concentrate) fijar (on, en), centrar (on, en).
flush2 [flS] n 1 (blush) rubor m. 2 (of emotion) pt & pp focused o focussed, ger focus-
acceso, arrebato. 3 (of toilet) cisterna. ing o focussing.
P vt 1 (cause to blush) ruborizar, sonro
jar. 2 (clean) limpiar con agua. 3 (toilet)
fodder [fdr] n pienso, forraje m. F
foetal [fitl] adj fetal.
tirar (de) la cadena. foetus [fits] n feto.
P vi 1 (blush) ruborizarse. 2 (toilet) fun
fog [fg] n niebla.
cionar. P vt 1 (mirror, etc) empaar. 2 (photo) ve
fluster [flstr] vt poner nervioso,a. lar. 3 fig complicar.
P n confusin f, agitacin f.
P vi empaarse (up/over, -).
flute [flUt] n flauta. pt & pp fogged, ger fogging.
flutter [fltr] n 1 (excitement) agitacin f, foggy [fgI] adj 1 de niebla: its foggy
emocin f. 2 (of wings) aleteo. 3 (of eye- hay niebla. 2 (confused) confuso,a.
lashes) pestaeo. 4 fam (bet) apuesta. comp foggier, superl foggiest.
P vt 1 (eyelashes) parpadear. 2 (wings)
foglamp [fglQmp] n faro antiniebla.
aletear.
P vi 1 (flag) ondear. 2 (wings) aletear.
foil1 [fIl] vt (prevent, frustrate) frustrar.
3 (flit) revolotear. 4 (heart) palpitar. foil2 [fIl] n 1 (metal paper) papel m de
fluvial [flUvIl] adj fluvial. plata. 2 (contrast) contraste m.
fly1 [flaI] vi 1 volar. 2 (go by plane) ir en fold1 [fUld] n (for sheep) redil m, aprisco.
avin. 3 (flag, hair) ondear. 4 fam (flee) fold2 [fUld] n 1 (crease) pliegue m, do
largarse. blez m. 2 geog pliegue m.
P vt 1 (plane) pilotar. 2 (send by plane) trans P vt 1 doblar, plegar (up, -). 2 (wrap)

portar. 3 (kite) hacer volar. 4 (flag) enar envolver.


bolar. P vi 1 doblarse, plegarse. 2 (go bank-

pt flew [flU], pp flown [flUn], ger flying. rupt) quebrar.


P n pl flies (on trousers) bragueta f sing. folder [fUldr] n carpeta.
to fly away / off vi irse volando.
a folding [fUldIN] adj plegable.
fly2 [flaI] adj gb fam (smart) astuto,a. folk [fUk] n pl gente f sing.
comp flier, superl fliest. P adj popular.
fly3 [flaI] n mosca. P n pl folks fam (family) familia f sing;
pl flies. (friends) amigos mpl.
flying [flaIIN] n 1 av aviacin f. 2 (action) folklore [fUklr] n folklor(e) m.
vuelo. follicle [flIkl] n folculo.
P adj 1 (soaring) volante; (animal, machine) follow [flU] vt 1 (gen) seguir. 2 (pursue)
volador,ra, que vuela. 2 (quick) rpi perseguir. 3 (take interest in) seguir, es
do,a. tar al corriente de.
flyover [flaIUvr] n gb paso elevado. P vi 1 (gen) seguir. 2 (understand) enten
foal [fUl] n potro,a. der. 3 (be logical) resultar, derivarse.
P vi parir. to follow up vt sep 1 (develop) profun
a
foam [fUm] n espuma. dizar en. 2 (investigate) investigar.
following 150

following [flUIN] adj siguiente footwear [fUtwer] n calzado.


P prep despus de. for [fr] prep 1 (intended) para. 2 (purpose)
P n (supporters) seguidores mpl. para: whats this for? para qu sirve esto?
folly [flI] n fml locura, desatino. 3 (destination) para. 4 (in order to help, on be-
pl follies. half of) por: do it for me hazlo por m. 5
fond [fnd] adj 1 (loving) carioso,a. 2 (because of, on account of) por, a causa de.
(indulgent) indulgente. 3 (hope, belief) 6 (past time) durante; (future time) por;
vano,a. (specific point in time) para. 7 (distance): I
fondle [fndl] vt acariciar. walked for five miles camin cinco millas. 8
fondness [fndns] n 1 cario (for, a). (in exchange, as replacement of) por. 9 (in fa-
2 (liking) aficin f (for, a/por). vour of, in support of) por, a favor de. 10
font [fnt] n pila (bautismal). (despite) a pesar de, para; (considering, con-
food [fUd] n comida, alimento. trast) para: shes very tall for her age es muy
foodstuffs [fUdstfs] n pl alimentos alta para su edad. 11 (as) de, como, por.
mpl, productos mpl alimenticios. 12 (in order to obtain) para: for further details
fool [fUl] n 1 tonto,a, loco,-a. 2 (jester) para ms informacin
P conj 6 fml lit ya que, puesto que.
bufn,ona. l o c to make a fool of po
ner en ridculo a. y to play the fool ha forage [frIdZ] n (food) forraje m.
cer el tonto. forbade [fbeId] pt forbid.
P vt engaar. forbid [fbId] vt 1 (prohibit) prohibir. 2
P vi bromear. (make impossible) impedir.
a to fool about / fool around vi 1 (be pt forbade [fbeId], pp forbidden
stupid) hacer el tonto, hacer el paya [fbIdn], ger forbidding.
so. 2 (waste time) perder el tiempo ne forbidden [fbIdn] pp forbid.
ciamente. forbidding [fbIdIN] adj (stern) seve
foolish [fUlIS] adj 1 (silly) tonto,a. 2 ro,a; (unfriendly) formidable.
(stupid) estpido,a; (unwise) impru force [fs] n 1 (strength, power, violence)
dente. 3 (ridiculous) ridculo,a. fuerza. 2 phys fuerza. 3 mil cuerpo.
foolproof [fUlprUf] adj 1 (plan, method, P vt (oblige) forzar, obligar.
idea) infalible. 2 (machine) seguro,a. forceful [fsfUl] adj (person, manner)
foot [fUt] n 1 anat pie m. 2 (measurement) enrgico,a; (speech) contundente; (ar-
pie m. 3 (bottom) pie m. 4 (of animal) pa gument) convincente.
ta. l o c on foot a pie. forceps [fseps] n pl frceps m inv.
pl feet.
ford [fd] n vado.
football [fUtbl] n 1 (game) ftbol m. 2 P vt vadear.
(ball) baln m. c o m p football player fut
bolista mf. y football pools quinielas. forearm [frAm] n antebrazo.
foreboding [fbUdIN] n presenti
" En ingls americano football a secas miento.
se refiere al ftbol americano; el ftbol forecast [fkAst] n pronstico, pre
tal como se conoce en Europa se suele lla visin f.
mar soccer. P vt pronosticar.
pt & pp forecast o forecasted.
football [fUtblr] n futbolista mf. forefinger [ffINgr] n (dedo) ndice m.
footlights [fUtlaIts] n pl candilejas fpl. forefront [ffrnt] n vanguardia.
footloose [fUtlUs] adj libre. forego1 [fgU] vt (precede) preceder.
footnote [fUtnUt] n nota a pie de p pt forewent [fwent], pp foregone
gina. [fgn], ger foregoing.
footpath [fUtpAT] n sendero, camino. forego2 [fgU] vt forgo.
footprint [fUtprInt] n huella, pisada. pt forewent [fwent], pp foregone
footstep [fUtstep] n paso, pisada. [fgn], ger foregoing.
151 format
foregoing [fgUIN] adj precedente. P vt1 (counterfeit) falsificar. 2 (metal) for
foregone [fgn] pp forego. jar, fraguar.
P adj inevitable. forgery [fdZrI] n falsificacin f.
foreground [fgraUnd] n primer pla pl forgeries.
no, primer trmino. forget [fget] vt 1 (gen) olvidar, olvi
forehead [frId, fhed] n frente f. darse de. 2 (leave behind) dejar.
foreign [frIn] adj 1 (from abroad) pt forgot [fgt] , pp forgotten
extranjero,a. 2 (dealing with other coun- [fgtn], ger forgetting.
tries) exterior. 3 (strange) ajeno,a, ex P vi olvidarse de, no recordar.
trao,a. forgive [fgIv] vt 1 (pardon) perdonar. 2
foreigner [frInr] n extranjero,a. (let off debt) perdonar.
foreman [fmn] n 1 (of workers) capataz pt forgave [fgeIv] , pp forgiven
[fgIvnn]. F
m. 2 (of jury) presidente m del jurado.
pl foremen [fmn]. forgiven [fgIvnn] pp forgive.
foremost [fmUst] adj principal. forgiveness [fgIvns] n perdn m.
forename [fneIm] n nombre m (de forgo [fgU] vt renunciar a, sacrificar.
pila). pt forwent [fwent], pp forgone
[fgn], ger forgoing.
forensic [frensIk] adj forense.
forgone [fgn] pp forgo.
forerunner [frnr] n precursor,ra.
forgot [fgt] pt forget.
foresaw [fs] pt foresee.
forgotten [fgtn] pp forget.
foresee [fsi] vt prever.
pt foresaw [fs] , pp foreseen
fork [fk] n 1 (for eating) tenedor m. 2
agr horca, horquilla. 3 (in road, river, etc)
[fsin], ger foreseeing.
bifurcacin f.
foreseen [fsin] pp foresee. P vi 1 (road, river, etc) bifurcarse. 2 (person,
foresight [fsaIt] n previsin f. car) torcer, girar.
foreskin [fskIn] n prepucio. P n pl forks (on bike) horquilla.
forest [frIst] n 1 (gen) bosque m. 2 (jun- forlorn [ f l n ] adj 1 (forsaken)
gle) selva. abandonado,a. 2 (desolate) triste. 3
P adj forestal. (hopeless) desesperado,a.
forestall [fstl] vt 1 (preempt) antici form [fm] n 1 (shape, mode, etc) forma. 2
parse a. 2 (prevent) prevenir. (kind) clase f, tipo. 3 (formality) formas
forestry [frIstrI] n silvicultura. fpl; (behaviour) educacin f. 4 (physical
foretell [ftel] vt predecir, pronosticar. condition) forma. 5 (mood, spirit) humor m.
pt & pp foretold [ftUld]. 6 (document) formulario, impreso, ho
forethought [fTt] n 1 previsin f. ja. 7 educ (age group) curso; (class) clase f.
2 jur premeditacin f. P vt 1 (mould) moldear; (make) hacer,

foretold [ftUld] pt & pp foretell. formar. 2 (be, constitute) formar, consti


forever [frevr] adv 1 (all the time) siem tuir. 3 fig (idea) hacerse, formarse.
pre. 2 (for good) para siempre. formal [fml] adj 1 (gen) formal. 2
forewarn [fwn] vt prevenir. (dress, dinner) de etiqueta.
forewent [fwent] pp forego. , Formal no significa formal (serio),
foreword [fwd] n prlogo. que se traduce por serious.
forfeit [ffIt] n 1 (penalty) pena, multa. formality [fmQlItI] n (correctness) for
2 (in games) prenda. malidad f; (convention) ceremonia.
P vt perder, perder (el derecho de). pl formalities.
forgave [fgeIv] pt forgive. format [fmQt] n formato.
forge [fdZ] n 1 (apparatus) fragua. 2 P vt comput formatear.
(smithy) forja. pt & pp formatted, ger formatting.
formation 152

formation [fmeISn] n 1 (gen) forma forum [frm] n foro.


cin f. 2 (establishment) creacin f. forward [fwd] adv [como adverbio,
former [fmr] adj 1 (earlier) antiguo,a; tambin forwards] 1 (gen) hacia ade
(person) ex. 2 (of two) primero,a. lante. 2 (time) en adelante.
P pron the former aqul, aqulla. P adj 1 (position) delantero,a, frontal;
formerly [fmlI] adv (previously) anti (movement) hacia delante. 2 (future) a lar
guamente, antes. go plazo. 3 (advanced) adelantado,a,
formidable [fmIdbl] adj 1 (impres- precoz. 4 (too bold, too eager) atrevido,a,
sive) formidable. 2 (daunting) temible, descarado,a, fresco,a.
imponente. P vt 1 (send on to new address) remitir;
(send goods) enviar, expedir. 2 fml (fur-
, Formidable no significa formidable
ther, advance) adelantar, fomentar.
(magnfico), que se traduce por wonderful.
forwent [fwent] pt forgo.
formula [fmjl] n frmula. fossil [fsl] n fsil m.
pl formulas o formulae [fmjUli]. P adj fsil.
formulate [fmjleIt] vt formular. foster [fstr] vt 1 (child) acoger tempo
formulation [fmjleISn] n formula ralmente. 2 (encourage) fomentar, pro
cin f. mover.
fort [ft] n fuerte m. P adj adoptivo,a.

forth [fT] adv (onwards) en adelante. fought [ft] pt & pp fight.


forthcoming [fTkmIN] adj 1 fml (hap- foul [faUl] adj 1 (dirty, disgusting) asque
pening in near future) prximo,a. 2 (avail- roso,a; (smell) ftido,a. 2 (language)
able) disponible. 3 (communicative) co grosero,a, obsceno,a.
municativo,a, dispuesto,a a hablar. P n sp falta (on, contra).

fortieth [ftIT] adj cuadragsimo,a. P vt 1 (dirty) ensuciar; (pollute) contami

P adv en cuadragsimo lugar. nar. 2 (snag) enredar. 3 sp cometer una


P n (fraction) cuadragsimo; (one part) falta contra.
cuadragsima parte f. found1 [faUnd] vt (metals) fundir.
. Consulta tambin sixtieth. found2 [faUnd] vt 1 (establish) fundar. 2
(base) basar (on, en).
fortification [ftIfIkeISn] n fortifica found3 [faUnd] pt & pp find.
cin f. foundation [faUndeISn] n 1 (act, organi-
fortify [ftIfaI] vt 1 mil fortificar. 2 zation) fundacin f. 2 (basis) funda
(strengthen) fortalecer. mento, base f. 3 (make-up) base f.
pt & pp fortified, ger fortifying. P n pl foundations cimientos mpl.
fortnight [ftnaIt] n gb quincena, founder1 [faUndr] vi 1 (plan, etc) fraca
quince das mpl. sar, malograrse. 2 (ship) hundirse. 3
fortress [ftrs] n (military stronghold) (horse) dar un traspi.
fortaleza. founder2 [faUndr] n fundador,ra.
fortunate [ftSnt] adj afortun a foundry [faUndrI] n fundicin f.
do,a. pl foundries.
fortunately [ftSntlI] adv afortu fountain [faUntn] n 1 fuente f. 2 (jet)
nadamente, por suerte. surtidor m, chorro.
fortune [ftSn] n 1 (fate) fortuna; (luck) four [fr] adj cuatro.
suerte f. 2 (money) fortuna. Pn cuatro.
fortune-teller [ftSntelr] n adivi
. Consulta tambin six.
no,a.
forty [ftI] adj cuarenta. fourteen [ftin] adj catorce.
Pn cuarenta m. Pn catorce m.
. Consulta tambin sixty. . Consulta tambin six.
153 freelance
fourteenth [ftinT] adj decimocuar framework [freImwk] n 1 armazn f.
to,a. 2 fig estructura, sistema m, marco.
P adv en decimocuarto lugar. franc [frQNk] n (monetary unit) franco.
P n 1 (in series) decimocuarto,a. 2 (frac- France [frAns] n Francia.
tion) decimocuarto; (one part) decimo franchise [frQntSaIz] n 1 comm conce
cuarta parte f. sin f, franquicia. 2 (vote) derecho de
. Consulta tambin sixth. voto.
frank [frQNk] adj (honest) franco,a.
fourth [fT] adj cuarto,a. P vt franquear.
P adv cuarto, en cuarto lugar.
P n 1 (in series) cuarto,a. 2 (fraction)
frantic [frQntIk] adj 1 (hectic) fren
tico,a. 2 (anxious) desesperado,a.
F
cuarto; (one part) cuarta parte f.
fraternal [frtnl] adj fraternal.
. Consulta tambin sixth. fraternity [frtnItI] n 1 (brotherhood)
fowl [faUl] n ave f de corral. fraternidad f. 2 (society) asociacin f. 3
pl fowl. rel hermandad f, cofrada. 4 us (univer-

fox [fks] n zorro,a. sity) club m de estudiantes.


P vt 1 fam (trick) engaar. 2 (confuse) de pl fraternities.
jar perplejo,a, confundir, despistar. fraud [frd] n 1 (act) fraude m. 2 (person)
foxy [fksI] adj fam astuto,a. impostor,ra, farsante mf.
comp foxier, superl foxiest. fraught [frt] adj 1 (filled, charged) lle
foyer [fIeI, fIr] n vestbulo. no,a (with, de), cargado,a (with,
de). 2 fam (worried) nervioso,a,
fraction [frQkSn] n 1 (division) fraccin
alterado,a, tenso,a.
f. 2 (small part, bit) poquito.
fray1 [freI] vi 1 (cloth) deshilacharse,
fractional [frQkSnl] adj 1 (in fractions)
raerse. 2 (tempers, nerves, etc) crisparse.
fraccionario,a. 2 (very small) muy
pequeo,a, nfimo,a. fray2 [freI] n contienda, lucha.
fracture [frQktSr] n fractura. freak [frik] n (monster) monstruo;
P vt fracturar. (strange person) bicho raro. 2 fam (fan)
fantico,a. 3 (eccentric) estrafalario,a.
P vi fracturarse.
P adj (unusual) inslito,a; (unexpected)
fragile [frQdZaIl] adj 1 frgil. 2 fig
inesperado,a.
(health) delicado,a. to freak out vt sep estar muy asusta
fragility [frdZIlItI] n fragilidad f.
a
do, enojado o excitado.
fragment [(n) frQgmnt; (vb) frQgment] freckle [frekl] n peca.
n fragmento. free [fri] adj 1 (gen) libre. 2 (without cost)
P vi fragmentarse.
gratuito,a, gratis; (exempt) libre (from,
fragmentation [frQgmnteISn] n de).
fragmentacin f. P adv 1 (gratis) gratis. 2 (loose) suelto,a.
fragrance [freIgrns] n fragancia. P vt 1 (liberate, release - person) poner en li
fragrant [freIgrnt] adj fragante. bertad, liberar; (- animal) soltar. 2 (rid)
frail [freIl] adj 1 frgil, delicado,a. 2 deshacerse (of/from, de), librarse (of/
(morally weak) dbil. from, de). 3 (loosen, untie) soltar, desatar.
frame [freIm] n 1 (of building, machine, tent) freedom [fridm] n libertad f.
armazn f. 2 (of bed) armadura. 3 (of freehand [frihQnd] adj a mano alzada.
bicycle) cuadro. 4 (of spectacles) montura. freelance [frilAns] adj independiente,
5 (of window, door, picture, etc) marco. 6 autnomo,a.
cinem fotograma m. 7 (of comic) vieta. P n persona que trabaja por cuenta
P vt 1 (picture) enmarcar. 2 (door) encua propia.
drar. P vi trabajar por cuenta propia.
freestyle 154

freestyle [fristaIl] n (swimming) estilo P vt (wear away) raer, desgastar.


libre. pt & pp fretted, ger fretting.
freeway [friweI] n us autopista. P n (worry) preocupacin f.

freewheel [friwil] vi (cycle) ir a rueda fret2 [fret] n (on guitar) traste m.


libre; (car) ir en punto muerto. friar [fraIr] n fraile m.
freeze [friz] n 1 meteor helada. 2 comm fricative [frIktIv] adj fricativo,a.
congelacin f. P n fricativa.

P vt (gen) congelar. friction [frIkSn] n 1 (conflict) friccin f, ro


P vi 1 (liquid) helarse; (food) congelarse. ces mpl. 2 (rubbing) rozamiento, roce m.
2 meteor helar. Friday [fraIdI] n viernes m.
pt froze [frUz], pp frozen [frUzn], . Para ejemplos de uso, consulta Saturday.
ger freezing.
freezer [frizr] n congelador m. fridge [frIdZ] n nevera, frigorfico.
freeze-up [frizp] n helada. fried [fraId] pt & pp fry.
P adj frito,a.
freight [freIt] n 1 (transport) transporte m.
2 (goods) carga, flete m. 3 (price) flete m.
friend [frend] n 1 amigo,a, compa
P vt transportar.
ero,a. 2 (helper, supporter) amigo,a (of/
to, de).
freighter [freItr] n (ship) buque m de friendly [frendlI] adj 1 (person) simpti
carga; (aircraft) avin m de carga. co,a, amable. 2 (atmosphere) acoge
French [frentS] adj francs,esa. dor,ra. 3 (smile, manner, etc) amable.
P n (language) francs m.
comp friendlier, superl friendliest.
P n pl the French los franceses mpl.
friendship [frendSIp] n amistad f.
Frenchman [frentSmn] n francs m. frieze [friz] n 1 (painted) friso. 2 (wallpa-
pl Frenchmen [frentSmn]. per) cenefa.
Frenchwoman [frentSwUmn] n fran frigate [frIgt] n fragata.
cesa. fright [fraIt] n 1 (shock) susto. 2 (fear)
pl Frenchwomen [frentSwImIn]. miedo.
frenzy [frenzI] n frenes m. frighten [fraItn] vt asustar, espantar.
pl frenzies. frightfully [fraItfUlI] adv fam muchsimo.
frequency [frikwnsI] n frecuencia. frigid [frIdZId] adj 1 (sexually) frgido,a.
pl frequencies. 2 (icy) glacial, muy fro,a.
frequent [(adj) frikwnt; (vb) frIkwent] frill [frIl] n (on dress) volante m.
adj frecuente. P n pl frills (decorations) adornos mpl.
P vt frecuentar.
fringe [frIndZ] n 1 (decorative) fleco. 2 (of
fresco [freskU] n fresco. hair) flequillo. 3 (edge) borde m.
pl frescos o frescoes. frisk [frIsk] vt (search) registrar, cachear.
fresh [freS] adj 1 (gen) fresco,a. 2 (water) (frolic) brincar, retozar.
P vi
dulce. 3 (air) puro,a. frisky [ f r I s k I ] adj (child, animal)
freshen [freSn] vt refrescar. juguetn,ona; (adult) vivo,a, vital.
P vi refrescarse. comp friskier, superl friskiest.
freshly [freSlI] adv recin: freshly baked fritter [frItr] n culin buuelo.
bread pan recin hecho. frivolity [frIvltI] n frivolidad f.
freshness [freSns] n 1 (brightness) fres pl frivolities.
cura. 2 (cool) frescor m. 3 (newness) no frizzy [frIzI] adj crespo,a, rizado,a.
vedad f. 4 fam (cheek) descaro. comp frizzier, superl frizziest.
freshwater [freSwQtr] adj de agua frock [frk] n vestido.
dulce: freshwater fish pez de agua dulce. frog [frg] n rana.
fret1 [fret] vi preocuparse (about/at/ frolic [frlIk] vi juguetear, retozar.
over, por). Pn aventura.
155 fumble
from [frm] prep 1 (starting at) de; (train, fruitful [frUtfUl] adj fructfero,a.
plane) procedente de: the train from Ma- frustrate [frstreIt] vt 1 (thwart) frus
drid el tren procedente de Madrid. 2 (ori- trar. 2 (upset) frustrar.
gin, source) de, desde. 9 (because of) por, a frustration [frstreISn] n frustracin f.
causa de. 10 (considering, according to) se fry1 [fraI] vt frer.
gn, por. 11 (indicating difference) de; 1 frerse. 2 fig (in sun) asarse, achi
P vi
(when distinguishing) entre. 12 (indicating charrarse.
position) desde. l o c from now on de pt & pp fried, ger frying.
ahora en adelante, a partir de ahora.
fry2 [fraI] n pl (fish) alevines mpl.
front [frnt] n 1 (forward part) parte f de
fryer [fraIr] n (frying pan) sartn f.
lantera, frente m. 2 meteor frente m. 3
frying pan [fraIINpQn] n sartn f.
(facade) fachada. 4 mil frente m. 5
(promenade) paseo martimo. ft [fUt, fit] abbr (foot, feet) pie m, pies mpl. F
P adj delantero,a, de delante. fuel [fjUl] n 1 (gen) combustible m. 2
P vi (face) dar (on/onto, a). (for motors) carburante m.
P vt 1 (lead, head) encabezar. 2 (present) P vt 1 (plane) abastecer de combusti

presentar. ble; (car) echar gasolina. 2 fig (make


frontalis [frntalIs] n msculo frontal. worse) empeorar; (encourage) alimentar.
frontier [frntIr] n frontera. fugitive [fjUdZItIv] n (from danger, war,
P adj fronterizo,a. etc) fugitivo,a; (from justice) prfugo,a.
front-page [frntpeIdZ] adj de porta P adj fugitivo,a.

da, de primera plana. fulcrum [fUlkrm] n fulcro.


frost [frst] n 1 (covering) escarcha. 2 fulfil [fUlfIl] vt 1 (promise, duty) cumplir. 2
(freezing) helada. (task, plan, ambition) realizar. 3 (role, func-
P vt helar, cubrir de escarcha. tion, order) efectuar, desempear. 4
frostbite [frstbaIt] n congelacin f. (need, desire, wish) satisfacer.
frosted [frstId] adj 1 (glass) esmerila pt & pp fulfilled, ger fulfilling.
do,a. 2 culin recubierto,a de azcar fulfill [fUlfIl] vt us fulfil.
glas, escarchado,a. fulfilled [fUlfIld] pt & pp fulfill.
frosty [frstI] adj 1 meteor (cold with frost) P adj realizado,a, satisfecho,a.
de helada; (very cold) helado,a, muy full [fUl] adj 1 (gen) lleno,a. 2 (week, day)
fro,a. 2 meteor (covered with frost) cargado,a, movido,a. 3 (entire, com-
escarchado,a, cubierto,a de escar plete) completo,a. 4 (highest or greatest
cha. 3 fig (unfriendly) glacial. possible) mximo,a. l o c full time a jor
comp frostier, superl frostiest. nada completa. c o m p full board pen
froth [frT] n (gen) espuma. sin f completa. y full stop punto.
frown [fraUn] n ceo. P adv (directly) justo, de lleno.
P vi fruncir el ceo. full-length [fUlleNT] adj 1 (mirror, portrait)
froze [frUz] pt freeze. de cuerpo entero. 2 (garment) largo,a.
frozen [frUzn] pp freeze. 3 (film) de largo metraje.
P adj 1 (water, ground) helado,a. 2 (food) full-scale [fUlskeIl] adj 1 (actual size) de
congelado,a. tamao natural. 2 (complete, total )
fructose [frktUz] n fructosa. completo,a, total.
frugal [frUgl] adj frugal. full-time [fUltaIm] adj a tiempo com
fruit [frUt] n 1 (food) fruta. 2 bot fruto. pleto, de jornada completa.
3 (result, reward) fruto. P adv a tiempo completo.

P adj de fruta. c o m p fruit juice zumo fumble [fmbl] vt dejar caer.


de fruta. y fruit salad macedonia. P vi to fumble for buscar a tientas.
P vi dar fruto. P vi to fumble with hacer torpemente.
fume 156
fume [fjUm] vi 1 (produce smoke, etc) funnel [fnl] n 1 (for liquid) embudo. 2
echar humo. 2 fig (show anger) echar (chimney) chimenea.
humo, subirse por las paredes. P vi verterse.
P n pl fumes humos mpl. P vt fig (channel) encauzar.

, To fume no significa fumar, que se funny [fnI] adj 1 (amusing) gracioso,a,


traduce por to smoke. divertido,a: I dont find your remarks at all
funny tus comentarios no son nada gracio-
fumigate [fjUmIgeIt] vt fumigar. sos. 2 (strange) raro,a, extrao,a, cu
fun [fn] n 1 (enjoyment, pleasure) diver rioso,a: the funny thing is that lo curioso
sin f: itll be good fun when we go camping es que 3 fam (slightly ill) rarillo,a, ma
lo pasaremos muy bien cuando nos va- lito,a; (slightly mad) chiflado,a: I feel
yamos de camping. 2 (amusement) gra funny no me encuentro bien.
cia: its no fun staying in alone on Saturday comp funnier, superl funniest.
night no tiene gracia quedarse solo en ca- fur [fr] n 1 (of living animal) pelo, pelaje
sa el sbado por la noche. m. 2 (of dead animal) piel f. 3 (garment)
P adj (humorous, amusing) divertido,a. abrigo de piel. 4 (on tongue) sarro.
function [fNkSn] n 1 (purpose, use, duty) P adj de piel. c o m p fur coat abrigo de

funcin f. 2 (ceremony) acto, ceremo pieles.


nia; (reception) recepcin f. 3 math fun furious [fjUrIs] adj (very angry)
cin f. furioso,a: shell be furious if we break any-
P vi funcionar. l o c to fulfil a function thing se pondr furiosa si rompemos algo;
desempear una funcin. c o m p func- hes got a furious temper tiene muy mal genio.
tion key tecla de funcin. furnace [fns] n horno.
functional [fNkSnl] adj 1 (operational) furnish [fnIS] vt 1 (house, etc) amueblar
funcional. 2 (practical, useful) prc (with, de): Id like to rent a furnished flat
tico,a. quisiera arrendar un departamento amue-
fund [fnd] n 1 (sum of money) fondo. 2 blado. 2 fml (supply - material) suminis
(supply) fuente f. trar, proveer; (- information, etc) facilitar,
P vt 1 (finance) patrocinar. 2 (debt) con
proporcionar.
solidar. furnishings [fnISINz] n pl muebles,
P n pl funds (financial resources) fondos mpl. cortinas y alfombras.
fundamental [fndmentl] adj fun furniture [fnItS r ] n mobiliario,
damental. muebles mpl: I need some new furniture
P n pl fundamentals (essential part, basic rule)
necesito unos muebles nuevos.
fundamentos mpl, reglas fpl bsicas. furrow [frU] n 1 agr surco. 2 (wrinkle)
fundamentalist [fndmentlIst] adj arruga.
P vt 1 agr surcar. 2 (forehead) arrugar.
relfundamentalista, integrista.
P n relfundamentalista mf, integrista mf. furry [frI] adj 1 (hairy) peludo,a. 2
funeral [fjUnrl] n entierro, funeral m. (scaly) sarroso,a.
P adj fnebre.
comp furrier, superl furriest.
funfair [fnfer] n gb feria, parque m further [fDr] adj 1 (farther) ms lejos:
she lives further down the road vive ms
de atracciones.
abajo de la calle. 2 (more, additional) ms,
fungus [fNgs] n hongo. adicional; (new) nuevo,a: I have just one
pl funguses o fungi [fNdZaI]. further question tengo una pregunta ms;
funicular [fjUnIkjlr] n funicular m. this office will remain closed until further no-
funk [fnk] n mus funky m. tice esta oficina permanecer cerrada has-
funky [fnkI] adj 1 mus funky. 2 fam ta nuevo aviso; for further information,
(fashionable) guay, chulo,a. please contact para ms informacin,
comp funkier, superl funkiest. pngase en contacto con
157 fuzzy
P adv 1 (farther) ms lejos: is it much fur- fuselage [fjUzlAZ] n fuselaje m.
ther? queda mucho ms?; dont go any fusillade [fjUzleId] n tiroteo,.
further no vayas ms lejos. 2 (more, to a fusion [fjUZn] n fusin f.
greater degree) ms: the police want to take fuss [fs] n 1 (commotion, nervous excitement)
the matter further la polica quiere investi alboroto, jaleo. 2 (angry scene, dispute)
gar ms el asunto; Id like to go further into escndalo, problemas mpl; (complaints)
this subject me gustara estudiar el tema quejas fpl.
ms a fondo. 3 fml (besides) adems: fur- P vt (pester, annoy, bother) molestar: stop
ther, Id like to complain about the lack of fussing me no me molestes.
parking spaces adems, quisiera quejarme P vi 1 (worry, fret) preocuparse, inquie
de la falta de aparcamientos. tarse: dont fuss, well get there on time no te
F
P vt (advance, promote) fomentar, pro preocupes, llegaremos a tiempo. 2 (pay
mover: he would have gone to any lengths excessive attention to) preocuparse excesi
to further his career hubiera hecho cual vamente (over, de). l o c to make a fuss
quier cosa para promover su propia ca / kick up a fuss (complain strongly) armar
rrera. l o c this must not go any further un escndalo, montar una escena. y to
esto tiene que quedar entre noso make a fuss of sb deshacerse por algn.
tros, esto no tiene que salir de aqu. y
fussy [fsI] adj 1 (concerned with details)
further to con referencia a, referente
quisquilloso,a, exigente. 2 (nervous
a: further to your letter of the 6th inst con
about small things) nervioso,a. 3 (too elabo-
referencia a su carta del da 6 del corrien
rate) recargado,a.
te. c o m p further education estudios mpl
comp fussier, superl fussiest.
superiores.
fusty [fstI] adj 1 (musty) mohoso,a,
. Consulta tambin far. rancio,a; (stale) que huele a cerrado. 2
furthermore [fDmr] adv fml ade (old-fashioned) chapado,a a la antigua.
ms. comp fustier, superl fustiest.
furthest [fDIst] adj far, farthest, fur futile [fjUtaIl] adj vano,a, intil: a fu-
ther. tile attempt to save him un intento intil de
P adv far, further. salvarlo.
furtive [ftIv] adj furtivo,a. future [fjUtSr] adj futuro,a: my future
fury [fjUrI] n furia. l o c to be in a fury husband mi futuro marido; we arranged to
estar furioso,a. y to fly into a fury po meet at some future time quedamos para
nerse hecho,a una furia. vernos en un futuro. c o m p future tense
pl furies. futuro.
P n 1 futuro, porvenir m: the future is
fuse [fjUz] n 1 elec fusible m, plomo:
the fuses blew saltaron los fusibles, se fun promising el futuro es prometedor. 2 (verb
dieron los plomos. 2 (wick) mecha; (deto- tense) futuro. l o c in future en el futu
nator) espoleta. l o c to blow a fuse 1 ro, de aqu en adelante. y in the future
(appliance) saltar el fusible de, fundirse en el futuro. y in the distant future en
el plomo de. 2 (person) estallar, explo un futuro lejano. y in the near future
tar. c o m p fuse box caja de fusibles. en un futuro prximo. y in the not too
P vt 1 (cause to stop working, melt) fundir- distant future en un futuro no muy
2 fig (merge) fusionar. lejano.
P vi 1 (stop working, melt) fundirse: the fuzz [fz] n (fluff) pelusa; (fine hair) vello.
lights have fused se han fundido los plo fuzzy [fzI] adj 1 (frizzy) rizado,a,
mos. 2 fig (merge) fusionarse: the two crespo,a; (fluffy) con pelusilla. 2
companies fused las dos empresas se fu (blurred) borroso,a, movido,a.
sionaron. comp fuzzier, superl fuzziest.
G
158

G, g [gi] n 1 (the letter) G, g f. 2 mus sol m. gallant [gQlnt] adj 1 (brave) valiente. 2
g [grQm] symb (gram, gramme) gramo; (chivalrous) galante.
(abbreviation) g. galleon [gQlIn] n galen m.
gab [gQb] n labia, palique m. l o c to have gallery [gQlrI] n 1 (gen) galera. 2 (in
the gift of the gab tener el pico de oro. theatre) gallinero.
P vi charlar, parlotear. pl galleries.
pt & pp gabbed, ger gabbing. galley [gQlI] n 1 (ship) galera. 2 (kitchen
gabardine [gQbdin] n gabardina. on ships) cocina.
gabble [gQbl] n chapurreo. gallon [gQln] n galn m.
P vt farfullar, charlotear.
. Equivale en gb a 4,55 litros y en us 3,78
gadfly [gQdflaI] n zool tbano. litros.
pl gadflies.
gadget [gQdZIt] n fam aparato, artilu gallop [gQlp] n galope m.
gio, chisme m. P vi galopar.
Gaelic [geIlIk] adj galico,-a. gallows [gQlUz] n pl horca sing, pat
P n (language) galico. bulo sing.
gaffe [gQf] n metedura de pata. galore [glr] adj en abundancia.
gag [gQg] n 1 (cover for the mouth) morda galvanize [gQlvnaIz] vt galvanizar.
za. 2 (joke) chiste m, gag m, broma. gamble [gQmbl] n 1 (risky undertaking)
P vt amordazar. empresa arriesgada. 2 (risk) riesgo. 3
P vi tener nuseas. (bet) jugada, apuesta.
pt & pp gagged, ger gagging. P vt jugar(se).
gaily [geIlI] adv alegremente. P vi 1 (bet) apostar. 2 (take a risk) arries
gain [geIn] n 1 (achievement) logro. 2 garse, confiar.
(profit) ganancia. 3 (increase) aumento. gambler [gQmblr] n jugador,-ra.
P vt 1 (achieve) lograr, conseguir. 2 (ob- gambling [gQmblIN] n juego.
tain) ganar. 3 (increase) aumentar. 4 game [geIm] n 1 juego. 2 (match) parti
(clock) adelantar. do. 3 (of cards, chess, etc) partida. 4 (hunting)
P vi 1 (clock) adelantar. 2 (shares) subir.
caza. c o m p game reserve coto de caza.
gait [geIt] n andares mpl. P adj dispuesto,-a, listo,-a.
gaiter [geItr] n polaina. P n pl games gb educacin f sing fsica.
galactic [glQktIk] adj galctico,-a. gamekeeper [geImkipr] n guarda
galaxy [gQlksI] n galaxia. bosque mf.
pl galaxies. gammon [gQmn] n gb jamn m
gale [geIl] n (wind) vendaval m; (storm) (ahumado o curado a la sal).
tempestad f. gamut [gQmt] n gama, serie f.
gall1 [gl] n fig descaro, caradura. comp gander [gQndr] n ganso.
gall bladder vescula biliar. gang [gQN] n 1 (criminals) banda. 2 (youths)
gall2 [gl] vt irritar, molestar. pandilla.
159 GCSE
gangplank [gQNplQNk] n plancha. gasp [gAsp] vi 1 (in astonishment) quedar
gangrene [gQNgrin] n gangrena. boquiabierto,-a. 2 (to pant) jadear.
gangster [gQNstr] n gngster m. gassy [gQsI] adj gaseoso,-a.
gangway [gQNweI] n 1 gb (aisle, passage) comp gassier, superl gassiest.
pasillo. 2 (on ship) pasarela. gastric [gQstrIk] adj gstrico,-a.
gaol [dZeIl] n gb crcel f. gastronomy [gQstrnmI] n gastrono
. Consulta tambin jail.
ma.
gate [geIt] n 1 (door) puerta, verja. 2 (at
gap [gQp] n 1 (hole) abertura, hueco. 2 airport) puerta; (at stadium) entrada. 3 gb
(crack) brecha. 3 (empty space) espacio. 4 (attendance) asistencia.
(blank) blanco. 5 (time) intervalo. gateau [gQtU] n pastel m, tarta.
gape [geIp] vi 1 abrirse. 2 (stare) mirar pl gateaux [gQtUz].
boquiabierto,-a. gatecrash [geItkrQS] vt fam colarse en.
garage [gQrAZ, gQrIdZ] n 1 garaje m. 2
(for repairs) taller m mecnico. 3 (for pet-
P vi fam colarse.
gateway [geItweI] n entrada, puerta.
G
rol, etc) gasolinera. gather [gQDr] vt 1 (collect) juntar. 2
garbage [gAbIdZ] n 1 us basura. 2 gb (call together) reunir. 3 (pick up) recoger.
desperdicios mpl. 3 fig tonteras fpl, 4 (taxes) recaudar. 5 (gain) ganar, co
majaderas fpl, sandeces fpl. brar.
garbled [gAbld] adj confuso,-a. P vi 1 (come together) reunirse, juntarse. 2
garden [gAdn] n jardn m. (build up) acumularse. 3 (form) formarse.
P vi cuidar el jardn. gathering [gQDrIN] n reunin f.
gardener [gAdnr] n (gen) jardinero,-a; gauche [gUS] adj (awkward) torpe,
(of vegetables) hortelano,-a. desmaado,-a; (tactless) sin tacto.
gargle [gAgl] vi hacer grgaras. gaudy [gdI] adj chilln,-ona.
gargoyle [gAgIl] n grgola. comp gaudier, superl gaudiest.
garish [gerIS] adj (colour) chilln,-ona, gauge [geIdZ] n 1 (device) indicador m,
llamativo,-a; (light) cegador,-ra, des calibrador m. 2 (measure) medida es
lumbrante. tndar. 3 (railways) ancho de va.
garland [gAlnd] n guirnalda. P vt 1 (measure) medir, calibrar. 2 fig

garlic [gAlIk] n ajo. apreciar, calcular.


garment [gAmnt] n (clothes) prenda. gaunt [gnt] adj 1 (lean) demacrado,-a.
garnet [gAnIt] n granate m. 2 fig (desolate) lgubre; (grim) siniestro,-a.
garnish [gAnIS] n guarnicin f. gauze [gz] n gasa.
P vt guarnecer. gave [geIv] pt give.
garrison [gQrIsn] n guarnicin f. gay [geI] adj 1 fam (homosexual) gay. 2
garter [gAtr] n liga. (happy, lively) alegre. 3 (bright) vistoso,-a.
gas [gQs] n 1 (substance) gas m. 2 us ga gaze [geIz] n mirada fija.
solina. 3 (anaesthetic) anestesia. 4 us fig P vi mirar fijamente.
algo divertido. c o m p gas chamber c gazelle [gzel] n gacela.
mara de gas. y gas mask mscara an gazette [gzet] n gb boletn oficial.
tigs. y us gas station gasolinera. GCSE [dZisiesi] abbr gb (General Cer-
pl gases o gasses. tificate of Secondary Education) Ense
P vt asfixiar con gas. anza Secundaria Obligatoria; (abbre-
P vi fam charlotear. viation) ESO f.
gaseous [gQsIs] adj gaseoso,-a.
" GCSE es el examen que se hace en
gash [gQS] n cuchillada. Gran Bretaa al final de la enseanza se
gasket [gQskIt] n junta. cundaria, a los 16 aos aproximadamente.
gasoline [gQslin] n us gasolina.
GDP 160

GDP [dZidipi] abbr (gross domestic P n pl genitals (rganos mpl) genitales mpl.
product) producto interior bruto; (ab- genitive [dZenItIv] adj genitivo,-a.
breviation) PIB m. Pn genitivo.
gear [gIr] n 1 tech engranaje m. 2 auto genius [dZinIs] n 1 (person) genio. 2
marcha, velocidad f. 3 (equipment) equi (gift) don m.
po. 4 fam (belongings) efectos mpl perso pl geniuses.
nales, pertenencias fpl; (clothes) ropa.
c o m p gear lever palanca de cambios.
, Genius no significa genio (carcter),
que se traduce por temper.
gearbox [gIbks] n caja de cambios.
gearshift [gISift] n auto us palanca de genocide [dZensaId] n genocidio.
cambio. genome [dZinUm] n genoma m.
gearstick [gIstIk] n auto palanca de genotype [dZentaIp] n genotipo.
cambio. genre [ZAnr] n gnero.
geese [gis] n pl goose. gent [dZent] n fam caballero, seor m.
gel [dzel] n 1 gel m. 2 (for hair) gomina, gentle [ d Z e n t l ] adj 1 (person)
fijador m. bondadoso,-a, dulce, tierno,-a. 2
gelatine [dZeltin] n gelatina. (breeze, movement, touch, etc) suave. 3
gem [dZem] n 1 (jewel) gema. 2 fig (per- (hint) discreto,-a. 4 (noble) noble.
son, thing) joya, alhaja. comp gentler, superl gentlest.
Gemini [dZemInaI] n Gminis m. P n pl gents servicio de caballeros.

gender [dZendr] n gnero. gentleman [dZentlmn] n caballero,


gene [dZin] n gene m, gen m. c o m p gene seor m.
pool banco gentico. pl gentlemen [dZentlmn].
genera [dZenr] n pl genus. gently [dZentlI] adv 1 (smoothly) suave
general [dZenrl] adj general. comp
mente. 2 (slowly) despacio, poco a po
general election elecciones fpl genera
co. 3 (kindly) amablemente.
les. y general knowledge cultura gene genuine [dZenjUIn] adj 1 (authentic, true)
ral. genuino,-a, autntico,-a, verdade
P n mil general m. ro,-a. 2 (sincere) sincero,-a.
generalize [dZenrlaIz] vt & vi genera genus [dZins] n gnero.
lizar. pl genera [dZenr].
generate [dZenreIt] vt (gen) generar. geographic [dZIgrQfIk] adj geogr
generation [dZenreISn] n generacin f. fico,-a.
generator [dZenreItr] n generador m. geography [dZIgrfI] n geografa.
generic [dZnerIk] adj genrico,-a. geological [dZIldZIkal] adj geolgi
co,-a.
generosity [dZenrstI] n generosi
dad f. geology [dZIldZI] n geologa.
generous [dZenrs] adj generoso,-a. geometric [dZImetrIk] adj geom
trico,-a.
genetic [dZnetIk] adj gentico,-a. c o m p
genetic code cdigo gentico. geometry [dZImtrI] n geometra.
genetically [dZnetIklI] adv gentica geranium [dZreInIm] n geranio.
mente. l o c genetically modified geriatric [dZerIQtrIk] adj geritrico,-a.
transgnico,-a. germ [dZm] n germen m.
genetics [dZnetIks] n gentica. German [dZmn] adj alemn,-ana.
P n 1 (person) alemn,-ana. 2 (language)
genial [dZinIl] adj afable, amable.
alemn m.
, Genial no significa genial (brillante),
Germany [dZmnI] n Alemania.
que se traduce por brilliant.
germinate [dZmIneIt] vi germinar.
genital [dZenItl] adj genital. P vt hacer germinar.
161 get
germination [dZmIneIS n] n germi

a to get away vi escaparse, irse.
nacin f. P vt sep alejar, quitar, sacar.
gerund [dZernd] n gerundio. a to get away with vt insep salir impu
gestation [dZesteISn] n biol gestacin f. ne de.
gesticulate [dZestIkjleIt] vi gesticular. a to get back vi 1 (return) volver, re
gesture [dZestSr] n 1 ademn m, gesto. gresar. 2 (move backwards) moverse
2 fig (token) detalle m, gesto, muestra. hacia atrs, retroceder.
P vt sep (recover) recuperar: did you get your
P vi hacer gestos, hacer ademanes.
money back? te devolvieron el dinero?
, Gesture no significa gesto (de la ca a to get behind vi atrasarse.
ra), que se traduce por grimace. a to get by vi 1 (manage) arreglrselas.
get [get] vt 1 (obtain) obtener, conseguir: 2 (pass) pasar.
I want to get a job quiero conseguir un tra a to get down vt sep 1 (depress) deprimir,
bajo; he got a bank loan le concedieron un desanimar. 2 (gen) bajar. 3 (write down)
crdito bancario; what did you get in maths? apuntar, anotar. 4 (swallow) tragar. G
qu sacaste en matemticas?. 2 (receive) P vi (descend) bajarse.

recibir: I got your letter yesterday recib tu a to get down to vi ponerse a.


carta ayer. 3 (buy) comprar: where did you a to get in vi 1 (arrive) llegar. 2 (enter) en
get your jeans? dnde compraste tus va trar; (car) subir; (be elected) ser elegido,-a.
queros? 4 (fetch) traer: get the car traiga el P vt sep 1 (insert) meter. 2 (harvest) cose

auto. 5 (catch illnesses, means of transport) char; (washing) recoger; (supplies) com
pescar: she got the flu pesc la gripe. 6 (re- prar. 3 (summon) llamar.
ceive signal) captar, recibir, coger. 7 (ask) a to get into vt insep 1 (arrive) llegar a.
pedir, decir; (persuade) persuadir, con 2 (enter) entrar en; (car) subir a.
vencer: get your brother to help you pdele a a to get off vt sep (remove) quitarse.
tu hermano que te ayude. 8 (have sth done) P vt insep (vehicle, horse, etc) bajarse de.

hacer algo a uno: she loves getting her hair P vi 1 bajarse. 2 (leave) salir. 3 (begin) co

done le encanta que le arreglen el pelo. menzar. 4 (escape) escaparse.


P vi 1 (become) ponerse, volverse: she gets a to get off with vt insep fam ligar con.
very angry if were late se pone furiosa si lle a to get on vt insep (vehicle) subir a, su
gamos tarde. 2 (go) ir: how do you get there? birse a; (bicycle, horse, etc) montar a.
cmo se va hasta all? 3 (arrive) llegar: how P vi 1 (make progress) progresar, avan

did you get home? cmo llegaste a casa? 4 zar, ir. 2 (succeed) tener xito. 3 (be
(come to) llegar a. 5 (start) empezar a. l o c friendly) llevarse bien, avenirse, enten
to get dressed vestirse. y to get lost per derse. 4 (continue) seguir, continuar. 5
derse. y to get married casarse. y to get (grow old) hacerse mayor, envejecerse.
old envejecer, hacerse viejo. y to get a to get out vt sep (thing) sacar; (stain)
ready prepararse. y to get wet mojarse. quitar.
a to get across vt insep (cross - street, road) P vi 1 (leave) salir. 2 (of car, etc) bajar de,
cruzar; (- bridge) atravesar. bajarse de. 3 (escape) escapar(se). 4
P vi hacerse entender. (news, rumours, etc) llegar a saberse, ha
a to get ahead vi adelantar, progresar. cerse pblico,-a.
a to get along vi 1 (manage) arreglrselas, a to get out of vt insep (avoid) librarse de.
aparselas. 2 (leave) marcharse, irse. P vi (stop) dejar, perder la costumbre.
a to get along with vt insep 1 (person) lle a to get over vt insep 1 (illness) recupe
varse (bien) con. 2 (progress) marchar. rarse de. 2 (recover from) sobreponerse
a to get around vi 1 (person) moverse; a; (forget) olvidar. 3 (obstacle) salvar;
(travel) viajar. 2 (news) difundirse. (difficulty) vencer.
P vt insep (avoid) evitar, sortear. P vt sep (idea, etc) comunicar, hacer
a to get around to vi encontrar tiem comprender.
po para. a to get over with vt sep acabar con.
getaway 162

a to get round vt insep 1 (obstacle) sal gift [gIft] n 1 (present) regalo, obsequio. 2
var. 2 (law, regulation) evitar, soslayar. (talent) don m. 3 rel ofrenda. 4 jur dona
3 (person) convencer, persuadir. cin f. c o m p gift shop tienda de regalos.
P vi (news) difundirse, hacerse pbli gifted [gIftId] adj dotado,-a.
co,-a, llegar a saber. gigabyte [gIgbaIt] n (giga)byte m.
a to get through vi 1 (gen) llegar. 2 (on gigantic [dZaIgQntIk] adj gigantesco,-a.
phone) conseguir hablar (to, con). 3 giggle [gIgl] n 1 risita, risa tonta. 2 gb
(communicate) hacerse comprender
fam broma, diversin f.
(to, a).
P vt insep 1 (finish) acabar, terminar. 2
gild [gIld] vt dorar.
(consume) consumir; (money) gastar; gill [gIl] n (of fish) agalla, branquia.
(drink) beber. 3 (exam) aprobar. gilt [gIlt] adj dorado,-a.
a to get together vi (people) reunirse, P n dorado.

juntarse. gin [dZIn] n ginebra.


P vt sep 1 (people) juntar, reunir. 2 (assem- ginger [dZIndZr] n (spice) jengibre m.
ble) montar; (money) recoger, reunir. P adj (hair) rojo,-a; (person) pelirrojo,-a.
a to get up vi 1 (rise) levantarse; (climb to ginger up vt sep animar, estimular.
a
up) subir. 2 (become stronger - wind, storm) gingerbread [dZIndZbred] n pan m de
levantarse. jengibre.
a to get up to vt insep 1 hacer: what gipsy [dZIpsI] n gitano,-a.
have you been getting up to? qu has esta pl gipsies.
do haciendo? 2 (reach) llegar a. giraffe [dZIrAf] n jirafa.
pt got [got], pp got [got] (us gotten
girdle [gdl] n 1 (clothes) faja. 2 fig cin
[gotn]), ger getting.
turn m.
getaway [getweI] n fam fuga, huida. P vt fig rodear.
get-together [gettgeDr] n fam (meet- girl [gl] n 1 chica, muchacha, joven f;
ing) reunin f; (party) fiesta. (small) nia. 2 (daughter) hija.
getup [getp] n fam atavo, atuendo. girlfriend [glfrend] n 1 (partner) novia.
geyser [gizr, us gaIzr] n 1 (natural 2 (friend) amiga, compaera.
spring) giser m. 2 (water heater) calenta
girlish [glIS] adj (of girl) de nia; (effemi-
dor m de agua.
nate) afeminado,-a.
ghastly [gAstlI] adj 1 espantoso,-a,
giro [dZaIrU] n gb giro.
horrible, horroroso,-a. 2 (pale) pli
pl giros.
do,-a, mortecino,-a.
comp ghastlier, superl ghastliest. gist [dZIst] n (general idea) idea general,
sentido general; (fundamental idea) lo
gherkin [gkIn] n pepinillo.
esencial.
ghetto [getU] n gueto.
pl ghettos o ghettoes.
give [gIv] n (flexibility) elasticidad f, flexi
bilidad f.
ghost [gUst] n fantasma m, espectro. P vt 1 (gen) dar, entregar. 2 (as a gift) dar,
c o m p ghost train tren m de la bruja.
regalar: he gave her a dress le regal un
ghostwrite [gUstraIt] vt (literature) ha vestido. 3 (perform a concert, etc) dar;
cer de negro, escribir para otro. (speech) pronunciar. 4 (dedicate) dedicar,
giant [dZaInt] n gigante,-a. consagrar. l o c to give way ceder el pa
P adj gigante, gigantesco,-a. so.
gibberish [dZIbrIS] n galimatas m. P vi (yield) ceder; (cloth, elastic) dar de s.
Gibraltar [dZIbrltr] n Gibraltar m. a to give away vt sep 1 (gen) distribuir,
Gibraltarian [dZIbrlterIn] adj gi repartir; (present) regalar; (prize) entre
braltareo,-a. gar. 2 (betray) delatar, traicionar; (dis-
giddy [gIdI] adj (dizzy) mareado,-a. close) revelar, descubrir.
comp giddier, superl giddiest. a to give back vt sep (return) devolver.
163 glorious
a to give in vi (admit defeat) darse por Pn pl glasses gafas fpl, lentes mpl. c o m p
vencido,-a, rendirse; (yield) ceder. sun glasses lentes de sol.
P vt sep (hand in) entregar. glassware [glAswer] n cristalera.
a to give off vt sep (smell, heat, etc) des glaze [gleIz] n (for pottery) vidriado; (lus-
pedir, desprender, emitir. tre) brillo, lustre m; (varnish) barniz m,
a to give onto vi dar a. esmalte m.
a to give over vt sep (hand over) entre P vt 1 (pottery) vidriar, esmaltar. 2 (win-
gar; (allocate) dedicar, asignar. dows) poner cristales a. 3 culin glasear.
P vi fam (stop) dejar de. gleam [glim] n 1 destello, rayo. 2 fig
a to give up vt sep 1 (renounce) dejar; rayo, resquicio, vislumbre m.
(idea) abandonar, renunciar a. 2 (de- P vi brillar, destellar, relucir.
vote) dedicar. 3 (surrender) entregarse. glean [glin] vt 1 agr espigar. 2 fig reco
P vi (admit defeat) darse por vencido,-a,
ger, cosechar.
G
rendirse. glide [glaId] n 1 deslizamiento. 2 av
a to give up on vt insep abandonar, planeo, vuelo sin motor. 3 ling semi
desistir. vocal f.
pt gave [geIv], pp given [gIvn], ger P vi 1 deslizarse. 2 av planear.
giving.
glider [glaIdr] n av planeador m.
given [gIvn] pp give. glimmer [glImr] n (light) luz f tenue.
P adj 1 (fixed) dado,-a, determinado,-a.
P vi brillar con luz tenue.
2 (prone) dado,-a, propenso,-a.
P prep 1 (considering) dado,-a, teniendo
glimpse [glImps] n visin f fugaz.
P vt vislumbrar, entrever.
en cuenta. 2 (if) si.
glacial [gleISl] adj 1 geol glaciar. 2 (icy) glisten [glIsn] vi brillar, relucir.
glacial. glitter [glItr] n brillo.
P vi brillar, relucir.
glacier [glQsIr, gleISr] n geol glaciar m.
global [glUbl] adj 1 mundial. 2 (total)
glad [glQd] adj (pleased) contento,-a,
global. c o m p global warming calenta
alegre; (happy) feliz.
miento global.
comp gladder, superl gladdest.
globalization [glUzblaIzeISn] n glo
gladden [glQdn] vt alegrar.
balizacin f.
gladiator [glQdIeItr] n hist gladiador m.
globe [glUb] n 1 (object) globo, esfera.
gladly [glQdlI] adv de buena gana, con 2 (the Earth) Tierra
mucho gusto.
glamorous [glQmrs] adj 1 atractivo, , Globe no significa globo (de nio),
-a. 2 (charming) encantador,-ra. que se traduce por balloon.
glamour [glQmr] n 1 atractivo. 2 globe-trotter [glUbtrtr] n fam trota
(charm) encanto. mundos mf.
glance [glAns] n vistazo, ojeada. globule [glbjUl] n glbulo.
P vi echar un vistazo (at, a). gloom [glUm] n 1 (darkness) penumbra f.
gland [glQnd] n anat glndula. 2 (sadness) tristeza, melancola. 3 (hope-
glare [gler] n 1 (light) luz f deslumbran lessness) desolacin f, pesimismo.
te. 2 auto deslumbramiento. 3 (look) gloomy [glUmI] adj 1 (dark) lbrego,-a,
mirada furiosa, mirada hostil. oscuro,-a, tenebroso,-a. 2 (sad)
P vi 1 (dazzle) deslumbrar. 2 (look) lan melanclico,-a, triste; (depressing) depri
zar una mirada furiosa. mente. 3 (pessimistic) pesimista. 4 (weath-
glass [glAs] n 1 (material) vidrio, cristal er) gris, encapotado,-a.
m. 2 (for drinking) vaso; (with stem) copa. comp gloomier, superl gloomiest.
3 gb barmetro. glorious [glrIs] adj 1 glorioso,-a. 2
pl glasses. (wonderful) esplndido,-a, magnfico,-a.
glory 164

glory [glrI] n 1 (gen) gloria. 2 fig es cio marcha muy bien. 5 (become) volverse,
plendor m. ponerse, quedarse: to go deaf quedarse
pl glories. sordo,-a. 6 (fit) entrar, caber: the bed wont
gloss [gls] n 1 lustre m, brillo. 2 (expla- go into the room la cama no cabr en la ha
nation) glosa. 3 fig oropel m. bitacin. 7 (break) romperse, estropear
P vt (text) glosar, comentar. se; (yield) ceder; (blow) fundirse. 8 (pro-
a to gloss over vt insep (play down) pa gress) ir, marchar, andar: things arent
liar, suavizar; (hide) encubrir; (ignore) going too well for him no le van muy bien las
pasar por alto. cosas. 9 (be available) quedar, haber: is
glossary [glsrI] n glosario. there any more meat going? queda algo de
pl glossaries. carne?. 10 (make a noise, gesture, etc) hacer:
glove [glv] n guante m. c o m p glove go like this with your head haz as con la ca
compartment guantera. beza. 11 (time - pass) pasar; (- be remaining)
glow [glU] n 1 (of lamp) luz f; (of jewel) faltar: the years went by slowly los aos pa
brillo. 2 (of fire) calor m vivo; (of sky) saron lentamente; only two weeks to go solo
arrebol m; (of fire, metal, etc) incandes faltan dos semanas. 16 (say) decir: as the
cencia. 3 (of face) rubor m. 4 fig sensa saying goes segn el dicho.
cin f de bienestar, satisfaccin f. P vt 1 (make a noise) hacer: it goes tick-tock
P vi 1 (jewel, sun, etc) brillar; (of metal) es hace tic-tac. 2 (travel) hacer, recorrer.
tar al rojo vivo; (fire) arder. 2 fig rebo P interj go! (starting races) ya!: ready, steady,
sar de. go! preparados, listos, ya!.
glucose [glUkUz] n glucosa. a to go after vt insep (pursue) perseguir,
glue [glU] n cola, pegamento. andar tras.
P vt encolar, pegar. a to go ahead vi (proceed) proceder: go
gluten [glUtn] n gluten m. ahead! adelante!.
gluteal [glUtl] adj glteo,-a. a to go along with vt insep estar de
acuerdo con.
gluteus [glUtIs] n glteo.
a to go around vi to go round.
glutton [gltn] n glotn,-ona. a to go away vi marcharse.
glycerine [glIsrIn] n glicerina. to go back vi (return) volver, regresar;
GMT [dZiemdi] abbr (Greenwich Mean
a
(date from) datar de, remontarse a.
Time) hora media de Greenwich; (ab- a to go back on vt insep (break) romper,
breviation) GMT. no cumplir.
gnat [nQt] n zool mosquito. a to go by vi (time) pasar.
gnaw [n] vt 1 (bite) roer. 2 fig (worry) P vt insep (rules) atenerse a, seguir; (in-
corroer. stinct) dejarse llevar por; (appearances)
gnome [nUm] n gnomo. juzgar por.
GNP [dZienpi] abbr (gross national a to go down vi 1 (gen) bajar; (tyre) des
product) producto nacional bruto; hincharse; (sun) ponerse; (ship) hun
(abbreviation) PNB m. dirse. 2 (be received) ser acogido,-a.
gnu [nU] n u m. a to go for vt insep 1 (attack) atacar. 2
go [gU] n 1 (energy) energa, empuje m. (fetch) ir a buscar. 3 fam (like) gustar.
2 (turn) turno: its my go me toca a m. 3 4 fam (be valid) valer para.
(try) intento: Id like to have a go at hang a to go in vi entrar.
gliding me gustara intentar vuelo con ala a to go in for vt insep (enter - race, compe-
delta. 4 (start) principio. tition) participar en; (- exam) presen
P vi 1 (gen) ir: to go on holiday irse de vaca tarse a; (- career) dedicarse a; (like,
ciones. 2 (leave) marcharse, irse; (bus, agree with) ser partidario,-a de.
train, etc) salir: lets go! vmonos. 3 (vanish) a to go into vt insep 1 (gen) entrar en.
desaparecer. 4 (function) funcionar, mar 2 (investigate) investigar. 3 (crash) cho
char: his business is going very well su nego car contra.
165 goodbye
a to go off vi 1 (leave) marcharse. 2 goddaughter [gddt ] n ahijada.
r

(bomb) estallar; (alarm) sonar; (gun) dis goddess [gds] n diosa.


pararse. 3 (food) estropearse, pasar godfather [gdfADr] n padrino.
se; (milk) cortarse. 4 (stop operating) godmother [gdmDr] n madrina.
apagarse. godparents [gdpernts] n pl padri
P vt insep (stop liking) perder el gusto por,
nos mpl.
perder el inters por.
a to go on vi 1 (continue) seguir, conti godsend [gdsend] n regalo llovido
nuar. 2 (happen) pasar, ocurrir: whats del cielo.
going on? qu pasa?. 3 (complain) que godson [gdsn] n ahijado.
jarse (about, de); (talk at length) hablar goggle [ggl] vi quedarse atnito,-a.
sin parar. 4 (light, etc) encenderse. 5 goggles [gglz] n pl gafas fpl protec
(age) estar a punto de cumplir: shes toras.
ten going on eleven est a punto de cum going [gUIN] n 1 (departure) ida, salida.
plir los once aos.
a to go out vi 1 (leave) salir: he goes out
2 (pace) paso, ritmo. 3 (path, road) esta G
do del camino.
a lot sale mucho. 2 (fire, light) apagarse. P adj 1 (price, rate) actual, corriente. 2
a to go over vt insep (check, revise) revi (business) que marcha bien.
sar, repasar. gold [gUld] n (metal) oro.
a to go over to vt insep 1 (betray) pasar P adj 1 (colour) dorado,-a. 2 (made of gold)
se a. 2 (change to) cambiar a, pasar a. de oro.
a to go round vi 1 (gyrate) dar vueltas, golden [gUldn] adj 1 de oro. 2 (colour)
girar. 2 (visit) pasar por casa de, visitar. dorado,-a. 3 (hair) rubio,-a.
a to go through vt insep 1 (undergo) pa
goldfinch [gUldfIntS] n jilguero.
sar por, sufrir, padecer. 2 (examine)
examinar; (search) registrar; (spend) goldfish [gUldfIS] n pez m de colores.
gastar; (explain) explicar. pl goldfish [gUldfIS].
P vi (act, law) ser aprobado,-a. goldsmith [gUldsmIT] n orfebre mf.
a to go through with vt insep llevar a golf [glf] n golf m.
cabo. jugar al golf. c o m p golf course cam
P vi
a to go under vi 1 (ship) hundirse. 2 po de golf.
fig fracasar. golfer [glfr] n jugador,-ra de golf.
a to go up vi 1 (gen) subir; (approach) gone [gn] pp go.
acercarse. 2 (curtain in theatre) levantar P adj 1 (time) pasado,-a. 2 (dead)
se. 3 (explode) estallar; (burst into flames) muerto,-a.
prenderse fuego. gong [gN] n 1 gong m. 2 fam fig (award,
pt went [went], pp gone [gn], ger prize) galardn m.
going. good [gUd] adj 1 bueno,-a; (before m sing
goal [gUl] n 1 sp (area) meta, portera. 2 noun) buen. 2 (healthy) sano,-a. 3 (kind)
sp (point) gol m, tanto. 3 (aim) fin m, ob
amable. 4 (useful) servible. l o c for good
jetivo, meta. para siempre. c o m p Good Friday Vier
goalkeeper [gUlkipr] n portero,-a, nes m Santo.
guardameta mf. comp better, superl best.
goat [gUt] n (female) cabra; (male) ma P n bien m: its for your own good es por tu
cho cabro. propio bien.
goatee [gUti] n (beard) perilla. Pn pl goods (property) bienes mpl; comm
gobble [gbl] vt engullir, zamparse. (in shop) gnero m sing, artculos mpl;
god [gd] n (deity, idol) dios m. comm (merchandise) mercancas fpl.
Pn God Dios m. goodbye [gUdbaI] [also written good-
godchild [gdtSaIld] n ahijado,-a. bye] n adis m.
pl godchildren [gdtSIldrn]. P interj adis!
good-for-nothing 166

good-for-nothing [gUdfnTIN] n P adj1 (of government) del gobierno, gu


golfo. bernamental. 2 (of a governor) del go
good-hearted [gUdhAtId] adj de buen bernador.
corazn. governmental [gvnmentl] adj gu
good-humoured [gUdhjUmd] adj de bernamental.
buen humor, campechano,-a. governor [gvnr] n 1 (town, state, bank)
good-looking [gUdlUkIN] adj guapo,-a, gobernador,-ra. 2 (prison) director,-ra.
bien parecido,-a. 3 (school) administrador,-ra. 4 gb fam
good-natured [gUdneItSd] adj
(employer) jefe m.
bondadoso,-a. gown [gaUn] n 1 vestido largo. 2 (judges,
academics) toga. 3 (surgeons) bata.
goodness [gUdns] n 1 (virtue) bondad
f. 2 (in food) lo nutritivo. GP [dZipi] abbr (general practitioner)
mdico,-a de cabecera.
goodwill [gUdwIl] n buena voluntad f. pl GPs.
goose [gUs] n ganso, oca. grab [grQb] vt 1 (seize, snatch) coger, aga
pl geese. rrar, asir. 2 (capture, arrest) pillar, atra
gooseberry [gUzbrI, gUsbrI] n 1 bot par. 3 fam entusiasmar.
grosella espinosa. 2 gb fam fig (person) pt & pp grabbed, ger grabbing.
carabina. grace [greIs] n 1 gracia, elegancia. 2
pl gooseberries. (deportment) garbo. 3 (courtesy) delicade
gooseflesh [gUsfleS] n piel f de gallina. za, cortesa. 4 (blessing) bendicin f. 5
gore1 [gr] n sangre f derramada. rel gracia. 6 (delay) plazo.
gore2 [gr] vt dar una cornada a. P vt 1 (adorn) adornar. 2 (honour) honrar.

gorge [gdZ] n (mountain pass) desfila , Grace no significa gracia (chiste),


dero; (ravine) barranco. que se traduce por joke.
gorgeous [gdZs] adj 1 magnfico,-a,
gracious [greISs] adj 1 gracioso,-a. 2
esplndido,-a. 2 (person) guapsimo,-a.
(polite) corts. 3 (kind) amable. 4 (benevo-
P n fam guapo,-a.
lent) benvolo,-a.
gorilla [grIl] n zool gorila m. P interj Dios mo!.
go-slow [gUslU] n huelga de celo.
gospel [gspl] n 1 rel evangelio. 2 mus
, Gracious no significa gracioso (di
vertido), que se traduce por funny.
msica gospel.
gossip [gsIp] n 1 (talk) cotilleo, chis grade [greId] n 1 (degree, level) grado. 2
morreo. 2 (person) cotilla mf, chismo (quality) calidad f. 3 (class, category) clase f,
so,-a. c o m p gossip column crnica de categora. 4 (rank) rango, grado. 5
sociedad. (mark) nota. 6 us (gradient) pendiente f.
P vi cotillear, chismorrear. 7 us (form) clase f.
P vt 1 (sort, classify) clasificar. 2 (road) ni
got [gt] pt & pp get.
velar. 3 (student) calificar, poner una
Gothic [gTIk] adj 1 godo,-a. 2 (language, nota. 4 (colours) degradar.
architecture, type) gtico,-a. a to grade up vt sep subir de catego
gotten [gtn] pp us get. ra.
gourmet [gUmeI] n gastrnomo,-a, a to grade down vt sep bajar de cate
gurmet mf. gora.
govern [gvn] vt 1 gobernar, dirigir. 2 gradual [grQdjUl] adj gradual.
ling regir. 3 (determine) dictar. graduate [(n) grQdjUt; (vb) grQdjUeIt]
P vi 1 gobernar. 2 (predominate) predo n educ (after 3-year course) diplomado,-a;
minar, prevalecer. (after 5-year course) licenciado,-a.
government [gvnmnt] n gobierno. P vt (grade, classify) graduar.
167 greasy
P vi (after 3-year course) diplomarse (in, graph [grAf] n grfica, grfico. comp

en); (after 5-year course) licenciarse (in, en). graph paper papel cuadriculado.
graduation [grQdjUeISn] n 1 educ gra graphic [grQfIk] adj 1 (gen) grfico,-a. 2
duacin f. 2 tech graduacin f. (vivid) muy grfico,-a, vvido,-a.
graft [grAft] n (of plant, tissue) injerto. graphite [grQfaIt] n grafito.
P vt injertar (onto, en). grasp [grAsp]vt 1 (seize - with hands) aga
grain [greIn] n 1 (gen) grano. 2 (cereals) rrar, asir; (opportunity, offer) aprovechar.
cereales mpl. 3 (in wood) veta, fibra; (in 2 (understand) comprender, captar.
stone) filn m, veta; (of leather) flor f. grass [grAs] n (plant) hierba, yerba;
P vt (give granular texture) granular. (lawn) csped m; (pasture) pasto; (dried)
grammar [grQmr] n gramtica. l o c paja.
grammar school instituto de ensean grasshopper [grAshpr] n saltamon
za media. tes m.
gramme [grQm] n gramo. grassy [grAsI] adj cubierto,-a de hierba.
granary [grQnrI] n granero. comp grassier, superl grassiest. G
pl granaries. grate1 [greIt] vt 1 culin rallar. 2 (scrape -
grand [grQnd] adj 1 (splendid) grandio gen) rascar; (- teeth) hacer rechinar.
so,-a, esplndido,-a, magnfico,-a. 2 grate2 [greIt] n (metal frame) rejilla; (fire-
(impressive) impresionante. 3 (important - place) chimenea.
person) distinguido,-a, importante. 4 grateful [greItfUl] adj (person) agradeci
fam (great) fenomenal. c o m p grand pi do,-a; (letter, smile) de agradecimiento.
ano piano de cola. grater [greItr] n rallador m.
grandchild [grQntSaIld] n nieto,-a. gratification [grQtIfIkeISn] n gratifi
pl grandchildren [grntSIldrn]. cacin f, satisfaccin f, placer m.
granddad [grQndQd] n fam abuelo. gratify [grQtIfaI] vt 1 (satisfy - desire, etc)
granddaughter [grQndtr] n nieta. satisfacer. 2 (give pleasure to) complacer,
grandfather [grQndfADr] n abuelo. gratificar.
grandma [grQnmA] n fam abuela. pt & pp gratified, ger gratifying.
grandmother [grQnmDr] n abuela. gratitude [grQtItjUd] n gratitud f,
grandpa [grQmpA] n fam abuelo. agradecimiento.
grandparents [grQndpernts] n pl gratuitous [grtjUIts] adj gratuito,-a.
abuelos mpl. grave1 [greIv] n tumba, sepultura.
grandson [grQndsn] n nieto. grave2 [greIv] adj 1 (gen) grave. 2 [grAv]
granite [grQnIt] n granito. (accent) grave.
P adj de granito. gravel [grQvl] n grava, gravilla, guijo.
granny [grQnI] n fam abuela. gravestone [greIvstUn] n lpida.
pl grannies. graveyard [greIvjAd] n cementerio.
grant [grAnt] n 1 educ beca. 2 (subsidy) gravity [grQvItI] n 1 phys gravedad f. 2
subvencin f. 3 jur (rights, property) ce (seriousness) gravedad f; (of person, manner)
sin f. gravedad f, circunspeccin f.
P vt 1 conceder, otorgar. 2 jur ceder, gray [greI] adj us grey.
transferir. l o c to take sth for granted graze1 [greIz] n rasguo, roce m.
dar algo por sentado. graze2 [greIz] vt (sheep, cattle) pastar, pas
granule [grQnjUl] n grnulo. torear, apacentar.
grape [greIp] n uva. grease [gris] n (gen) grasa.
grapefruit [greIpfrUt] n pomelo. P vt(part of car, machine, device) engrasar.
pl grapefruits o grapefruit. greasy [grisI] adj 1 (oily - hands)
grapevine [greIpvaIn] n (gen) parra; grasiento,-a. 3 fam pej (smarmy) pelota.
(vine) vid f. comp greasier, superl greasiest.
great 168

great [greIt] adj 1 (gen) grande; (before gregarious [gregerIs] adj gregario,-a,
sing noun) gran. 2 fam (excellent, wonderful) sociable.
estupendo,-a, fantstico,-a, sensa gremlin [gremlIn] n duende m.
cional, fabuloso,-a. Grenada [grneId] n Granada.
P adv fam muy bien, estupendamen
grenade [grneId] n granada.
te, fenomenal.
grew [grU] pt grow.
great-grandchild [greItgrQntSaIld] n grey [greI] adj 1 (colour) gris; (hair) cano,-a;
bisnieto,-a, biznieto,-a.
(sky) nublado,-a, gris. 2 (gloomy) triste, gris.
pl great-grandchildren [greItgrntSIl-
P n 1 (colour) gris m. 2 (horse) caballo tor
drn].
do. l o c to go grey encanecer.
great-grandfather [greItgrQndfADr]
n bisabuelo.
greyhound [greIhaUnd] n galgo.
great-grandmother [greItgrQnmDr] grid [grId] n 1 (grating) reja, parrilla, reji
n bisabuela. lla. 2 elec (network) red f nacional de ten
dido elctrico. 3 (on map) cuadrcula.
Greece [gris] n Grecia.
greed [grid] n 1 (for money, power) codicia, griddle [grIdl] n culin plancha.
avaricia. 2 (for food) gula, glotonera. grief [grif] n dolor m, pena.
greedy [gridI] adj 1 (for money, power) grieve [griv] vt afligir, apenar, dar pe
codicioso,-a. 2 (for food) glotn,-ona. na a, entristecer.
P vi apenarse, afligirse.
comp greedier, superl greediest.
Greek [grik] adj griego,-a. grill [grIl] n culin (over cooker) gratinador
P n 1 (person) griego,-a. 2 (language) m, grill m; (on charcoal) parrilla. 4 grille.
griego. grille [grIl] n reja.
green [grin] adj 1 (colour) verde. 2 (envi- grim [grIm] adj 1 (serious) austero,-a,
ronment friendly) ecolgico,-a. 4 (pale) severo,-a; (look) ceudo,-a. 2 (unpleas-
plido,-a. 5 (inexperienced) novato,-a, ant) horroroso,-a, pesimista; (- prospect,
verde; (gullible) ingenuo,-a, crdulo,-a. outlook) nefasto,-a, desalentador,-ra;
6 (jealous) envidioso,-a. (- reality) crudo,-a, duro,-a. 3 (gloomy -
P n 1 (colour) verde m. 2 (stretch of grass) landscape, place) lgubre, sombro,-a.
csped m; (in golf) green m; (in village) comp grimmer, superl grimmest.
csped pblico . grimace [grIms] n mueca.
P n pl greens (vegetables) verduras fpl. grin [grIn] n (genuine) sonrisa (abierta);
P n pl the Greens pol los verdes mpl. (mocking) sonrisa burlona.
greenfly [grinflaI] n pulgn m. P vi sonrer (abiertamente).
pl greenflies. pt & pp grinned, ger grinning.
greengrocer [gringrUsr] n verdulero, grind [graInd] vt 1 (mill) moler; (crush)
-a. loc greengrocers (shop) verdulera. machacar, triturar; (lens, mirror) pulir;
greenhouse [grinhaUs] n invernade (knife, blade) afilar. 2 us (mince - beef) pi
ro. c o m p greenhouse effect efecto in car. 3 (teeth) rechinar. 4 (press down hard
vernadero. on) incrustar, aplastar; (press in) meter.
Greenland [grinlnd] n Groenlandia. P vi 1 (crush) triturarse. 2 (make harsh
Greenlander [grinlndr] n groen noise) rechinar. 3 us (swot) empollar.
lands,-esa. pt & pp ground [graUnd].
greet [grit] vt 1 (wave at, say hello to) salu P n 1 fam (work) trabajo pesado; (effort)
dar; (welcome) dar la bienvenida a; (re- paliza. 2 us fam (swot) empolln,-ona.
ceive) recibir. 2 (react) acoger, recibir. 3 to grind down vt sep oprimir.
a