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5 13 8 7 10 + 45 + 88 = 143 .

5 13 8 7

10 + 45 + 88 = 143.

5 13 8 7 10 + 45 + 88 = 143 .

→ → →

→ → →

x ¯ = n x i i =1 x + · · · + x

x¯ =

n

x

i

i=1

x 1 + · · · + x n n

=

n

.

n n = 30

n

n Σ

Σ

n Σ

12 + 7 + 10 + 16 = 45 .

12 + 7 + 10 + 16 = 45.

12 + 7 + 10 + 16 = 45 .

9 . 133 9 . 133

9.133

9.133

9 . 133 9 . 133

x ¯ = x · f + x · f + · · · +

x¯ =

x 1 · f 1 + x 2 · f 2 + · · · + x k · f k f 1 + f 2 + · · · + f k

=

k

x i · f i

i=1

k

i=1

f i

x ¯ = x · f + x · f + · · · +

x 11,

11 < x 21,

21 < x 31,

.

.

.

91 < x 101.

x ≤ 11 , 11 < x ≤ 21 , 21 < x ≤ 31

x ≤ 11 , 11 < x ≤ 21 , 21 < x ≤ 31

31 < x ≤ 41 , x ≤ 11 . ( a, b ] a

31 < x 41,

x 11.

(a, b]

a + b

2

.

(31, 41]

31 < x 41

31 + 41

  • 2 = 36.

31 < x ≤ 41 , x ≤ 11 . ( a, b ] a

x 11

  • 0 < x 11.

1.249

  • 1 < x 11,

6

x ≤ 11 0 < x ≤ 11 . 1 . 249 1 < x

51.68

x ≤ 11 0 < x ≤ 11 . 1 . 249 1 < x

51.77

51 . 77 → n = 30 9 . 5

n = 30 9.5

30/4 = 7.5 A7 A8

30 · 0.66 = 19.8 A20

10.14

30 / 4 = 7 . 5 A7 A8 30 · 0 . 66 =

10.14

f , . . . , f f 1 , . . . , f

f , . . . , f f 1 , . . . , f

f 1 ,

. . .

, f k f

1

,

.

.

. , f

k

f

1

= f 1 ,

f

2

= f 2 + f

1

,

f

3

= f 3 + f

2

,

.

.

. , f

k

= f k + f

k1 .

f 1

f = f 2 + f

2

1

f

2

f 2

f

1

n = 1300

n = 1300

n = 1300

n = 1300

x = (x 1 ,

. . .

, x n )

V ar(x) =

n

(x i x¯) 2

i=1

n

.

x¯ x x

x¯ x¯ x i

(x 1 x¯), (x 2 x¯),

,(x n x¯).

n

(x 1 x¯) 2 ,(x 2 x¯) 2 ,

,(x n x¯) 2 .

n

x = ( x , . . . , x ) V ar ( x

x ¯ = 9 . 133

x¯ = 9.133

x ¯ = 9 . 133

(x i x¯)

x¯ x 1 x¯ = 0.1333

( x − x ¯) x ¯ x − x ¯ = − 0 .

( x − x ¯) x ¯ x − x ¯ = − 0 .

9.133

9.133

9 . 133 x − x ¯

9 . 133 x − x ¯

x i x¯

243 . 5 n ( x − x ¯) . i =1

243 . 5 n ( x − x ¯) . i =1

243.5

n

(x i x¯) 2 .

i=1

→ n − 1 n

→ n − 1 n

n 1 n

→ n − 1 n

8.156

k

i=1

f i · (x i x¯) 2

k

i=1

f i

=

f 1 · (x 1 x¯) 2 + · · · + f n · (x n x¯) 2

f 1 + f 2 + · · · + f n

.

8 . 156 k i =1 f · ( x − x ¯) k i

150 32 241 39 165 37 32 + 39 + 37 3 . 82 86 0 1 " id="pdf-obj-44-33" src="pdf-obj-44-33.jpg">

150 32 241 39 165 37

  • 32 + 39 + 37

3

.

82 86 90 70 3 5 3 1

  • 82 + 86 + 90 + 70

4

,

25 6 21 4 32 7

35 37 75.5 %

0 1

0 1

 

100 30 50 20 30

a b a < b 100 (a, b)