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5 13 8 7

10 + 45 + 88 = 143.

x¯ =

n

x

i

i=1

x 1 + · · · + x n n

=

n

.

n n = 30

n

Σ

12 + 7 + 10 + 16 = 45.

9.133

9.133

x¯ =

x 1 · f 1 + x 2 · f 2 + · · · + x k · f k f 1 + f 2 + · · · + f k

=

k

x i · f i

i=1

k

i=1

f i

x 11,

11 < x 21,

21 < x 31,

.

.

.

91 < x 101.

31 < x 41,

x 11.

(a, b]

a + b

2

.

(31, 41]

31 < x 41

31 + 41

• 2 = 36.

x 11

• 0 < x 11.

1.249

• 1 < x 11,

6

51.68

51.77

n = 30 9.5

30/4 = 7.5 A7 A8

30 · 0.66 = 19.8 A20

10.14

10.14

f 1 ,

. . .

, f k f

1

,

.

.

. , f

k

f

1

= f 1 ,

f

2

= f 2 + f

1

,

f

3

= f 3 + f

2

,

.

.

. , f

k

= f k + f

k1 .

f 1

f = f 2 + f

2

1

f

2

f 2

f

1

n = 1300

x = (x 1 ,

. . .

, x n )

V ar(x) =

n

(x i x¯) 2

i=1

n

.

x¯ x x

x¯ x¯ x i

 (x 1 − x¯), (x 2 − x¯), ,(x n − x¯). n (x 1 − x¯) 2 ,(x 2 − x¯) 2 , ,(x n − x¯) 2 .

n

x¯ = 9.133

(x i x¯)

x¯ x 1 x¯ = 0.1333

9.133

9.133

x i x¯

243.5

n

(x i x¯) 2 .

i=1

n 1 n

8.156

k

i=1

f i · (x i x¯) 2

k

i=1

f i

=

f 1 · (x 1 x¯) 2 + · · · + f n · (x n x¯) 2

f 1 + f 2 + · · · + f n

.

0 1 " id="pdf-obj-44-33" src="pdf-obj-44-33.jpg">

150 32 241 39 165 37

• 32 + 39 + 37

3

.

82 86 90 70 3 5 3 1

• 82 + 86 + 90 + 70

4

,

25 6 21 4 32 7

35 37 75.5 %

0 1

0 1

100 30 50 20 30

a b a < b 100 (a, b)