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# INSTITUTO

POLITCNICO
NACIONAL

## ESCUELA SUPERIOR DE INGENIERA QUMICA E

INDUSTRIAS EXTRACTIVAS

PRCTICA No. 1

## PROFESORA I.Q.I. GABRIELA QUINTANA

HERNANDEZ
GRUPO 3IV83

ALUMNO(S):
BOLETA
2013320094
HIPLITO JOS CSAR ALFREDO
2012320394
PRCTICA 1

Clculos Previos

Datos Propuestos

Concentracin
Top Pop Eficiencia (n) de Amoniaco
(A)
y A 1 =0.02
25C 585mmHg 80%

NH 3
1. Clculo de relacin molar de A ( )

yA 1 0.02 Kmol A
Y A 1= = =0.0204
1+ y A 1 10.02 KmolGs

NH 3
2. Clculo de relacin molar de A ( ) a la salida.

Kmol A Kmol A
Para este caso
Y A 2= (100n )( Y A 2 ) =( 20 )0.0204 =0.00408
Kmol Gs Kmol Gs

## 3. Extraccin de la grfica del ( GsLS ) min

X A 1 X A 2
LS Y Y X A 2=0
Sabemos del balance
( )
Gs
min= A 1 A 2 para este caso

## C( PNH (mmHg) P NH C18

3
Y NH = 3
X NH =
g NH
3
585P NH
3
10017
3
3

100 g H 2 O

)
0.105 0.791 2 0.00135397 0.00111176
PRCTICA 1

## 0.244 1.83 0.00313802 0.00258353

0.32 2.41 0.0041367 0.00338824
0.38 2.89 0.0049647 0.00402353
0.576 4.41 0.00759572 0.00609882
0.751 5.8 0.01001381 0.00795176
1.02 7.96 0.01379454 0.0108
1.31 10.31 0.01794011 0.01387059
1.53 11.91 0.02078208 0.0162
1.71 13.46 0.02355041 0.01810588
1.98 15.75 0.02766798 0.02096471
2.11 16.94 0.02982079 0.02234118
2.58 20.86 0.03697664 0.02731765
2.75 22.38 0.03977818 0.02911765
3 23.5 0.04185218 0.03176471

Equilibrio
0.05

0.04

0.04

0.03

0.03
Equilibrio
Y 0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

0
0 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.04

Del grfico

Kmol A
X A 1=0.016
Kmol Gs

3
PRCTICA 1

0.02040.00408 Kmol Ls
X A 1 X A 2= =1.02
0.0160 Kmol Gs
LS Y Y
( )
Gs
min= A 1

A2

## ( GsLS ) op=( GsLS )min ( 1+%E )=1.021.3=1.326 Kmol

Kmol Ls
Gs

XA1
5. Obtencin de la relacin de la fase liquida por el fondo

## ( GsLS ) op=1.326= 0.02040.00408

X A1

Despejando X A 1

0.02040.00408 Kmol A
X A 1= =0.012308
1.326 Kmol Gs

6. Factor de inundacin
0.5
L s' G
X= ( )(
G s' L G )
lb lb
L @25 C=62.37 G @25 C=0.0565
f t3 ft

Kmol Ls
18 Kg Ls
Kmol Gs
1 Kmol Gs
L s'
( )
Gs '
=1.326
1 Kmol Ls
28.84 Kg Gs
=0.827
Kg Ls
Kg Gs

0.5
lb

( )
0.0565
Kg Ls ft
X =0.827 =0.02490
Kg Gs lb lb
62.37 3 0.0565
ft ft
4
PRCTICA 1

Y de grfico

G s2C f L0.2 w
Y=
g cGL L( ) =0.005

## Datos del Empaque: Anillo Pall

gc Cf
2
ft
4.18 X 108 50 1cp
hr

Sabemos

5
PRCTICA 1

0.5
(Gs ' )(Cf )0.1
Y=
(
G ( L G ) g c )
Despejando y resolviendo para Gs'

' lb
G s =313.017
hr ft

2
1m 3.28084 ft
A=
4 ( (
15 cm
100 cm )( 1m )) =0.1902 ft
Gs=G s ' A

lb lb
Gs=313.017 0.1902 f t 2=59.54
hr ft hr

lb
1 Kg
hr
1 KmolGs
2.2046lb kmol Gs
Gs=59.54 =0.9397
28.84 KgGs hr

Q=
h
G

kmol Gs
28.84 KgGs
hr
1hr
1 Kmol Gs
1000 gr
60 min
1 L
1 kg L
Q=0.9397 =496.3
0.907 g min

## Despejando y resolviendo para h

2
L

( ) =( )
2 496.3
Q h g
h o= G 0.907 =20.6508 cm H 2 O 21 cm H 2 O
104 104 L

6
PRCTICA 1

## ( GsLs ) op=1.326 Ls=1.326Gs=1.24604 Kmolhr Ls

Kmol Ls
18 Kg Ls
hr kg Ls L
Ls=1.24604 =22.32 =0.372
1 Kmol Ls hr min

Sabemos

L
100 =2.1
min

L
100
min
x=0.372 =18
L
2.1
min

## 10. Porcentaje del Rotmetro para el amoniaco (A)

V 'NH =Q NH =41
3 3
Pf
Tf
=65.892
L
min

'
PV P V '
=
T T'

T 297 K L
P' V ' 760 mmHg65.892
' P 585 mmHg min L
V NH 3 = = =86.44
T '
284.1 K min

De la ecuacin

## kmol Gs Kmol A Kmol A LA

GA=GsY A 1=0.9397 0.0204 =0.019165 =10.1489
hr Kmol Gs hr min

L
100 =86.44
min

7
PRCTICA 1

LA
100
min
x=10.1489 =12
L
86.44
min

B) BALANCE DE MATERIA

KgmolGs
Gs=0.936
hr

Kgmol Ls
Ls=1.24
hr

G A 1=G sY A 1

## Kgmol Gs Kgmol NH 3 Kgmol NH 3

G A 1=0. 93 0.0204 =0.0191
hr Kgmol GS hr

## 3.- Concentraciones de amoniaco en el agua amoniacal que sale por el

fondo de la columna y en el aire que sale por el domo de la columna,
expresadas en relacin mol y fraccin mol.

Teoricas
8
PRCTICA 1

Kgmol NH 3
X A 1=0.0123
Kgmol Ls

Kgmol NH 3
0.0123
X A1 Kgmol Ls Kgmol NH 3
x A 1= = =0.01129
1+ X A 1 Kgmol NH 3 Kgmol T
1+ 0.0123
Kgmol Ls

Kgmol NH 3
Y A 2=0.00408
Kgmol Gs

Kgmol NH 3
0.00408
Y A2 KgmolGs Kgmol NH 3
y A 2= = =0.00406
1+Y A 2 Kgmol NH 3 Kgmol T
1+ 0.00408
Kgmol Gs

Prct icas

Testigo1 V G =14.8 ml

Muestra 1 V G=8.35 ml

Muestra 2 V G =8.4 ml

Muestra 1

mg mg meq
M NH 3 =17
mgmol
( V T V N )( N )=17
mgmol (
( 14.8 ml8.3 ml ) 1 )
ml
=109.65 mg

## M H 2 O=1500 mgM NH 3=1500 mg110.5 mg=14890.35 mg

M NH 3 110.5 mg
mg mg
17 17
mgmol mgmol mgmol NH 3
X= = =0.00785
M H 2O 14890.35 mg mgmol LS
mg mg
18 18
mgmol mgmol

Muestra 2
9
PRCTICA 1

mg mg meq
M NH 3 =17
mgmol
( V T V N )( N )=17
mgmol (
( 14.8 ml8.4 ml ) 1 )
ml
=108.8 mg

## M H 2 O=1500 mgM NH 3=1500 mg110.5 mg=14891.2 mg

M NH 3 108.8 mg
mg mg
17 17
mgmol mgmol mgmol NH 3
X= = =0.007736
M H 2O 14891.2mg mgmol LS
mg mg
18 18
mgmol mgmol

## 4.- Flujos de amoniaco transferido (absorbido y no transferido)

T A =LS( X A 1X A 2 )

## Kgmol NH 3 Kgmol NH 3 Kgmol A

(
T A =1.2417 0.0204
KgmolGs
0.0078
Kgmol Gs )
=0.0097
hr

Kgmol A
NO Absorbido =( G A T A )=( 0.01910.0097 ) =0.0094
1
h

## Datos referidos en base al lquido tomado de las salidas de la columna

en la fase lquida.

## 5- Por ciento de Absorcin.

Kgmol
0.0097
T hr
de Absorcin= A 100= 100 50.80
GA 1 Kgmol
0.0191
hr

## 6- Expresar la ecuacin de la lnea de operacin en relacin mol

Y A =1.22X A

C) LINEA DE OPERACIN

## En el mismo diagrama donde se traz la curva de equilibrio, dibujar la

lnea de operacin.

10
PRCTICA 1

Equilibrio
0.05

0.04

0.04

0.03

0.03
Equilibrio
Y 0.02

0.02

0.01

0.01

0
0 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.04

## Para la fase gaseosa:

(NUT )OY = ( (y 1y ) ML
y2
)=( 0.02040.00408
0.00687 )=2.3755
Donde la media logartmica se calcula con:

( )(
( y ) 1( y ) 2 0.01070.00408
( y ) ML=
ln
( (( )) )
y 1
y 2
=
(
ln
0.0107
0.00408 ) )
=0.00687

Siendo

( y )1 = y 1 y 1=0.02040.009705=0.0107

( y )2 = y 2 y 2=0.004080.0000=0.00408

De grfica 11
PRCTICA 1

y=0.009705

x 1=0.0157

x 2=0.00348

y 2=0.0000

## Para la fase liquida

x 1x 2
(NUT )Ox = ( ( x) ML
= )(
0.02040.00408
0.00687
=2.37 )
Calculo de la media logartmica:

( x ) 1 ( x ) 2

( )(
0.01070.00408
( x ) ML=
ln
( (( )) )
x 1
x 2
=
(
ln
0.0107
0.00408
=0.0068
) )
Siendo

( y )1= y 1 y 1=0.02040.009705=0.0107

( y )2= y 1 y 2=0.004080.0000=0.00408

## Para la fase lquida

x 1x 2
(NUT )Ox =
( ( x) ML
=
)(
0.00780.0000
0.005391
=1.4468 )
Calculo de la media logartmica:

( )(
( x ) 1( x ) 2 0.00790.00348
( x ) ML=
ln ( (( )) )
x 1
x 2
=
ln
0.0079
(
0.00348
=0.005391
) )
Siendo

12
PRCTICA 1

( x )1=x 1x 1=0.01570.0078=0.007 9

( x )2=x 2x 2=0.003480.0000=0.00348

## E) Altura de las unidades de Transferencia

( AUT )Ox =
( ( NUTZ ) )=( 1.4468
Ox
1.8 m
)=1.2441 m
Z 1.8 m
( AUT )Oy =
( =
)
( NUT )Oy 2.3755
=0.7577 m

## F) Coeficientes Volumtricos Globales

( Kya ) =
( ( S )( AUT ) Gm( 1 y ) media eq )=( ( 0.0177)( 0.7577
Oy
0.9478
)(0.4951) )=142.74
KgmolA
3
hm ( x ) global

( Kxa )=
( ( S )( AUT ) Lm( 1x ) media eq )=( ( 0.0177 )( 1.2441
Ox
1.2465
)(0.9904) )=57.15
Kgmol A
3
hm ( x ) global

Donde:

1 y 1

1 y 2

( 1 y ) media eq=

1x 1

1x 2

( 1x ) media eq=

## G 1+G 2 0.955+0.940 kgmol

Gm= = =0.947
2 2 h

L 1+ L2 1.251+1.24 7 kgmol
Lm= = =1.249
2 2 h

13
PRCTICA 1