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Tabla de propiedades de la Transformada de Laplace

![af (t )] = aF ( s) Teorema del valor inicial lim f (t ) = lim sF ( s )


t 0 s

Linealidad ![ f1 (t ) + f 2 (t )] = F1 ( s) + F2 ( s ) Teorema del valor final lim f (t ) = lim sF ( s )


t s 0

Desplazamiento en el tiempo ![ f (t )u (t )] = e s F ( s ) Tiempo por una funcin ![tf (t )] =


dF ( s)
ds
donde F ( s ) = ![ f (t ) ]
Impulso ![ (t )] = 1 1 s
![ f ( at )] = F
a a
Desplazamiento de frecuencia [ ]
! e at f (t ) = F (s + a )
[ ]
! t n f (t ) = ( 1)
n d n F (s)
ds n
Derivada df (t ) t
! = sF ( s ) f (0) ! f = aF (as )
dt a

t f (t )
f (t ) dt ! = F ( s )ds
t
F ( s) a t =0 t s
Integral
! f (t ) dt = +
a s s

Pares de Transformadas de Laplace


f(t) F(s) f(t) F(s)
1 Impulso unitario 1 t n 1 1
(n 1)! sn
u (t ) Escaln unitario 1 t n 1e " at Rampa amortiguada 1
s (n 1)! (s a )n
a Escaln a
s
1
a
(1 e at ) 1
s(s + a )
at Rampa a 1
(at 1 + e at ) 1
s2 a2 s 2 (s + a )
e " at Exponencial 1
sa
1
ba
(e at e bt ) 1
(s + a )(s + b )
sen t
Seno 1
(be bt ae at ) s
s2 + 2 ba (s + a )(s + b)
cos t 1
(be at ae bt )
Coseno s 1 1
1+
s2 + 2 ab a b s(s + a )(s + b )
e at sen t Seno amortiguado sht
(s + a )2 + 2 s 2
2

e at cos t Coseno amortiguado s+a cht s


(s + a )2 + 2 s2 2
tn n! n n2
e nt sen n 1 2 t
s n +1 1 2
s + 2 n s + n2
2

at

n
n! s
n 1 2 t arctan 1
t e 1 2
n t
(s + a ) n +1
1 2
e sen
s 2 + 2 n s + n2

t cos t s2 2 n2
n 1 2 t + arctan 1
2
1
s (s + 2 n s + n2 )
nt
1
(s 2
+ )
2 2
1 2
e sen



2

t
sen t
s 2 K e t cos(t + ) K es un n complejo = K K K*
+
2 (s 2
+ )
2 2
s + j s + + j
2t K e t cos (t + ) K es un n complejo = K K K*
+
(s + j ) (s + + j )2
2
Tabla de Transformadas de Laplace

Z
s t
L {f (t)} = 0 e f (t) dt
f (t) F (s) f (t) F (s)

1 n!
1. 1 2. tn , n = 1, 2, 3, ..
s sn+1
( + 1) 1
3. t , 1 < 4. ea t
s+1 sa

n!
5. tn ea t , n = 1, 2, 3, .. 6. sin ( t)
(s a)n+1 s2 + 2

s
7. cos ( t) 8. sinh ( t)
s2 + 2 s2 2
s
9. cosh ( t) 10. ea t sin ( t)
s2 2 (s a)2 + 2

sa 2s
11. ea t cos ( t) 12. t sin ( t)
(s a)2 + 2 (s2 + 2 )2

s2 2 2 3
13. t cos ( t) 14. sin ( t) t cos ( t)
(s2 + 2 )2 (s2 + 2 )2

2 s2 1 1
ea t eb t

15. sin ( t) + t cos ( t) 16.
(s2+ 2 )2 ab (s a) (s b)

1 s 1 1
a ea t b eb t

17. 18. (1 cos (a t))
ab (s a) (s b) a2 s (s2 + a2 )

1 1
19. (a t sin (a t)) 20. f (t) + g(t) F (s) + G(s)
a3 s2 (s2 + a2 )

21. c f (t) c F (s) 22. f 0 (t) s F (s) f (0)

23. f 00 (t) s2 F (s) s f (0) f 0 (0) 24. f (n) (t) sn F (s) sn1 f (0) f (n1) (0)

dn
25. ea t f (t) F (s a) 26. tn f (t) (1)n F (s)
dsn

ea s
27. Ua (t) = U (t a) 28. f (t a) Ua (t) ea s F (s)
s
Z t
29. f g = f (t )g()d F (s) G(s) 30. (t c) ec s
0

RT
es t f (t) dt t
Z
0 1
31. f (t + T ) = f (t) 32. f () d F (s)
1 es T 0
s
Z +
f (t) 1 s
 
33. F () d 34. f (a t) F
t s
a a

lim s F (s) = f (0) lim s F (s) = lim f (t)


s+ s0+ t+
(c) Departamento de Matem
aticas. ITESM, Campus Monterrey