11 vistas

Cargado por Hùng Mạnh Nguyễn

CAU 2014

- Analysis of Stresses in Pipes Indented by Long External Indentations and Subsequent Stress Variations
- Cylinder Bree
- Chap. 7 - Pressure Vessels
- Computerized Thick Cylinder
- Syllabus
- Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) on Strength of Materials - Scholarexpress
- unit 5
- Welding Strength Calculations
- pressurevessel1
- Thermo Coupled Stress Analysis of Exhaust Manifold Assemblage Using ABAQUS
- SOLID MECHANICS QUESTION BANK
- Bourdon Effect - Engg Tips
- Fillet Weld Size Calcul
- Deep Beam Flexure and Shear Design
- Calculating Bending Stress and L-Bend Anchor Force (Thermal Expansion)
- Advanced Mechanics of Solids
- Som
- Gato Plano
- Tipe Elemen
- Bamboo as a solution for low-cost housing and storage in Pabal (India)

Está en la página 1de 31

Before After

Intergraph 2014

Basic principles of compressive force

Consider

For a tensile,

a simple

the force

bar subject

to promote

to a tensile

failure force

is: F = UTS x A

The Tensile Strength UTS

Cross-sectional area A

The tensile force F

The force to promote failure is: F = UTS x A

That is a simple prediction

Intergraph 2014

Basic principles of compressive force

For a we

Now tensile,

bendthe

theforce to promote

column (or plate)failure

into ais: F = UTS x A

cylinder

Now, consider a compressive force applied to the same bar

It bends like this important - It changes shape !

Look at the consequences of changing shape - bending

There is both a bending stress and a compressive stress

In the case of the bar subjected to tensile there is one stress

Does not

change

Stable

shape

x

F

Intergraph 2014

Basic principles of compressive force

Subject it internal pressure P , it becomes a stable circle

Now to external pressure P , it becomes less stable

Stable Un-Stable

F

Intergraph 2014

Basic principles of compressive force

Now

Consider

we bend

the rolling

the column

process

(ortoplate)

form into

cylinder

a cylinder

from plate

Subject it internal pressure P , it becomes a stable circle

Now to external pressure P , it becomes less stable

Stable Un-Stable

Bending stresses

Intergraph 2014

Basic principles of compressive force

Consider

Some shapes

the rolling

subjectprocess

to external

to form

pressure

cylinder

arefrom

veryplate

un-round

It is passed through roller to form the cylindrical shape

Passed back through the rollers until the cylinder is formed

a perfect cylinder, it is

slightly oval

D1

D2

D1 and D2 to about 1-1/4%

Intergraph 2014

Basic principles of compressive force

Some

Large shapes

thin tanks

subject

are very

to external

prone topressure

vacuumare

collapse

very un-round

very special analysis

submersible are spherical

it is the most stable shape

Intergraph 2014

Basic principles of compressive force

Large

A shorter

thincylinder

tanks are

is also

very better

prone to withstand

vacuum collapse

a vacuum condition

These tank have a very large D/t ratio, which makes them very

weak when subjected to vacuum conditions

withstand even a partial vacuum

Intergraph 2014

Basic principles of compressive force

A shorter cylinder

Theoretical is also

work has beenbetter

donetoonwithstand

cylinders a vacuum

subject to condition

vacuum

A long cylinder can be made shorter by adding a vacuum ring

A large D/t ratio makes a cylinder weaker

A large L/D ratio makes a cylinder weaker

In every pressure vessel code, these ratios are important

For internal pressure, the Pressure it can take can be predicted:

2.S.t

P=

D

That formula does not work for cylinders subject to external pressure:

Intergraph 2014

Basic principles of compressive force

Theoretical

We look a little

work more

has closely

been done

to the

on Effective

cylinders Length

subjectof

toavacuum

cylinder

Increasing external pressure

No lobes 2 lobes 3 lobes 4 lobes 5 lobes

Youngs Modulus E

Yield strength SY

These characteristics are not important for internal pressure

Intergraph 2014

Basic principles of compressive force

We

Consider

look aalittle

Conemore

instead

closely

of a to

head

the Effective Length of a cylinder

This is the effective length of the cylinder as it stands alone

However, when heads are added, the effective length changes

Now, suppose we add a vacuum stiffening ring

L L

Intergraph 2014

Cone Junction Analysis

Basic principles of compressive force

Intergraph 2014

Cone Junction Analysis

13 Intergraph 2014

Cone Junction Analysis

First, we consider the basic principles

The cone wants to separate from the cylinder

14 Intergraph 2014

Cone Junction Analysis

First, we consider

Consider the free body

the basic

diagram

principles

(to see the forces that are acting)

acting in this region

15 Intergraph 2014

Cone Junction Analysis

Let us take

Consider another

the view

free body of the forces

diagram (to seeacting on the

the forces junction

that are acting)

The cylinder must have the reaction forces here they are

causing the

problems

16 Intergraph 2014

Cone Junction Analysis

Remember, Stress =

Let us take another Force

view / Area

of the forces acting on the junction

F

17 Intergraph 2014

Cone Junction Analysis

Remember,Consider

Stress =a cone

Forcesubject

/ Area to internal pressure

We now consider the Area of the junction , and Effective Area

Full details can be seen in: ASME Appendix 1-5 and 1-8

F

18 Intergraph 2014

Cone Junction Analysis

Consider a cone subject to internal pressure

19 Intergraph 2014

Cone Junction Analysis

Consider a cone subject to internal pressure

20 Intergraph 2014

Cone Junction Analysis

Consider a cone subject to internal pressure

21 Intergraph 2014

Cone Junction Analysis

Let us revisit

Consider

our illustration

a cone subject

of the

toCone-Shell

internal pressure

junction

22 Intergraph 2014

The Cone is treated as

Cone

a completely

Junction Analysis

separate element

Let us revisit our illustration of the Cone-Shell junction

This is the situation if the cone-shell junction is not reinforced

The lengths L are for the cylinders only not the cone itself

L L L L

23 Intergraph 2014

Let us

The consider

Cone this vessel

is treated as an example

as a completely of the

separate foregoing

element

The cone is turned into a equivalent cylinder

With transformed dimensions , only DO is the same

subject to external pressure:

A large D/t ratio makes a cylinder weaker

A large L/D ratio makes a cylinder weaker

Le te

Do

24 Intergraph 2014

Let us consider this vessel as an example of the foregoing

4 516mm

When both

We first end ofthe

consider thedesign

cone are considered

where the coneasisreinforced (demo)

not reinforced (demo)

25 Intergraph 2014

Did youconsider

Let us notice the

thiscone junction

vessel at the large

as an example endforegoing

of the of the cone failed ?

1900mm 4 516mm

26 Intergraph 2014

Did you

There is notice

anotherthe

effect

conewhen

junction

external

at thepressure

large end

exists

of the cone failed ?

Reinforcing ring

required here

27 Intergraph 2014

There is another effect when external pressure exists

There

The moment

is a compressive

can produce

axial

a problem

stress induced

in the shell

in the shell

The axial stress is half the hoop stress

It becomes important when there is a moment present

when there is a wind load or,

when there is a seismic load

28 Intergraph 2014

Consider

There is another

what constitutes

effect when

Load

external

Cases pressure exists

Compressive

stresses added

together

Increased Increased

tension compression

29 Intergraph 2014

Consider what constitutes Load Cases

Stress from Pressure: From weight: From the moment:

P.D W 4.M

P = W = - M =

2.t .D.t .D.t

The final equation depends on only:

Effects from the pressure

Effects from the weight

Effects from the applied moment

P.D W 4.M

= -

2.t .D.t .D.t

30 Intergraph 2014

Consider what constitutes Load Cases

Stress from Pressure: From weight: From the moment:

Hydro pressure Hydro weight Wind moment

No pressure No weight Hydro moment

Vacuum

Thank you for watching

No moment

Or perhaps this Any questions ?

From what we have above, there are 48 load cases in all

31 Intergraph 2014

- Analysis of Stresses in Pipes Indented by Long External Indentations and Subsequent Stress VariationsCargado porElvis Osorio Santander
- Cylinder BreeCargado porMark Nassef Naguib
- Chap. 7 - Pressure VesselsCargado porGritz Kay Labucay Marfori
- Computerized Thick CylinderCargado porMary Tilt
- SyllabusCargado porRyan hykal
- Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) on Strength of Materials - ScholarexpressCargado porManish Sharma
- unit 5Cargado porsmrutirekha
- Welding Strength CalculationsCargado porVikash Yadav
- pressurevessel1Cargado pormohanrao1976
- Thermo Coupled Stress Analysis of Exhaust Manifold Assemblage Using ABAQUSCargado porInfogain publication
- SOLID MECHANICS QUESTION BANKCargado porSIVANESAN
- Bourdon Effect - Engg TipsCargado porlijoabraham
- Fillet Weld Size CalculCargado porRUDHRA DHANASEKAR
- Deep Beam Flexure and Shear DesignCargado porPragya Roy
- Calculating Bending Stress and L-Bend Anchor Force (Thermal Expansion)Cargado pormans1987
- Advanced Mechanics of SolidsCargado porYuvaSharvesh
- SomCargado porAli Jarrar Jafri
- Gato PlanoCargado porValdo Mendoza
- Tipe ElemenCargado porNovi Riyantiarno
- Bamboo as a solution for low-cost housing and storage in Pabal (India)Cargado porEngineers Without Borders UK
- Sheet 1 StressCargado poramr hassan
- Objective GATE QuestionsCargado porAshwani Goel
- MECH 322 Lecture 1 - StressCargado porPoncelito Kachupoy
- Beer Johnston Mechanics of Materials 6th TxtbkCargado porWellington Costa
- tv_20_2013_2_275_284Cargado porManoj Kumar
- Annex-Design Calculation (1)Cargado porRam Krishna Adhikari
- Mechanicalc.com Lug AnalysisCargado porAfzalul Karim Nirvick
- TIMBER DESIGN Exam Fr Sir SibayanCargado porBee-Anne Bautista Francisco
- Viga y PrincipalesCargado porFernando Sanchez
- Normal, Bending and Transverse Shear Stress and Strains_kuliCargado porHantu Po Ker

- What’s New ASME API EditionCargado porHùng Mạnh Nguyễn
- WRC107 NozzlePROCargado porHùng Mạnh Nguyễn
- XIX-Paper-14.pdfCargado porMathiTwadC
- Caux Keynote Presentation SouthamericaCargado porjangdini
- ThickAndThin JointsCargado porHùng Mạnh Nguyễn
- Calculated Stress in CAESAR II Software by Using Failure TheoryCargado porHùng Mạnh Nguyễn
- Power of Symbol KeysCargado porHùng Mạnh Nguyễn
- Drawing Production Using OrthoGenCargado porHùng Mạnh Nguyễn
- GET Smart – Educating Unintelligent ObjectsCargado porHùng Mạnh Nguyễn

- ta8403kCargado porFlorenz Remastered
- A12_1Cargado poralvin_tapia
- Calcium carbonate and calcium sulfate precipitation, crystallization and dissolution: Evidence for the activated steps and the mechanisms from the enthalpy and entropy of activation valuesCargado porChris Quero
- JS01Cargado porFadirul Ezwan
- HDT Vicat StandardCargado porsandbadbahri
- 650-6118-D Rev.A - Technical Description PW Vx Type B-E-GCargado poryfn1gbx2
- Voltage StabilityCargado porsadia moin
- Lecture11 Moebius TopologyCargado porJennifer Carolina Rosales Noriega
- The Artificial Kidney Investigating Current Dialysis MethodsCargado poralejzamora9
- 335_wcndtfinal00335Cargado poranil0208
- 0606_m16_qp_22Cargado porStanley
- Nanofluids-- A New Field of Scientific Research and Innovative ApplicationsCargado poraly_wael71
- Pre Insulated Pipe Supports CatalogueCargado porPrashant
- Colman Affective Entropy Art as Differential FormCargado porvolodeaTis
- Manual Vector VP 100Cargado porJJ Monroy
- Lectut CHN-102 PDF Eq StateCargado porTanmaysaini
- Adhesive Bonding Techniques in Hybrid StructuresCargado porRuxandra Cozmanciuc
- 12.0 Structural Mechanics SolutionsCargado porJorge Sousa
- ANN and Drives IEEE PapersCargado porAditya Chaudhary
- haber villain or heroCargado porapi-221979538
- Seismic Analysis and Design of Hospital Building-libreCargado porpaarth93
- JSFA Vol 010 Is 01 JAN 1959 pp 0063-0068 THE PHENOLIC CONSTITUENTS OF Prunus domestica. I.—THE QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF PHENOLIC CONSTITUENTS.pdfCargado porYani Mamani de Sáez
- MM498 2 Curve Fitting (2014 Bahar)Cargado porvahit06
- Foundations of Neurophysics - Peter beim Graben.pdfCargado porJhann Reyes
- TCXC User Manual-04a8Cargado porPard
- 7. Water Level Sensing Using PLCCargado porvinothnrv
- Etabs Software VerificationCargado porJohn G Jose
- Basic PharmacokineticsCargado porsedalatianz
- MK6_EG_PCP_REV-20120612.pdfCargado pormohdnazir
- Aspen Methanol WorkshopCargado porAllen Low