Está en la página 1de 657

BS-2000M Chemistry Analyzer

Service Manual
2012 Shenzhen Mindray Bio-medical Electronics Co., Ltd. All rights Reserved.
For this Service Manual, the issued Date is 2012-11 (Version: 1.0).

i
Intellectual Property Statement
SHENZHEN MINDRAY BIO-MEDICAL ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
(hereinafter called Mindray) owns the intellectual property rights to this Mindray
product and this manual. This manual may refer to information protected by
copyrights or patents and does not convey any license under the patent rights of
Mindray, nor the rights of others. Mindray does not assume any liability arising out
of any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties.
Mindray intends to maintain the contents of this manual as confidential information.
Disclosure of the information in this manual in any manner whatsoever without the
written permission of Mindray is strictly forbidden.
Release, amendment, reproduction, distribution, rent, adaption and translation of
this manual in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Mindray is
strictly forbidden.

, , , , , are the
registered trademarks or trademarks owned by Mindray in China and other countries.
All other trademarks that appear in this manual are used only for editorial purposes
without the intention of improperly using them. They are the property of their
respective owners.

ii
Responsibility on the Manufacturer Party
Contents of this manual are subject to changes without prior notice.
All information contained in this manual is believed to be correct. Mindray shall not
be liable for errors contained herein nor for incidental or consequential damages in
connection with the furnishing, performance, or use of this manual.
Mindray is responsible for safety, reliability and performance of this product only in
the condition that:
all installation operations, expansions, changes, modifications and repairs of this
product are conducted by Mindray authorized personnel;
the electrical installation of the relevant room complies with the applicable
national and local requirements;
the product is used in accordance with the instructions for use.

Upon request, Mindray may provide, with compensation, necessary circuit diagrams,
calibration illustration list and other information to help qualified technician to
maintain and repair some parts, which Mindray may define as user serviceable.

Note
This equipment is to be operated only by medical professionals trained and
authorized by Mindray or Mindray-authorized distributors.

Warning
It is important for the hospital or organization that employs this equipment to carry
out a reasonable service/maintenance plan. Neglect of this may result in machine
breakdown or injury of human health.

iii
Warranty
THIS WARRANTY IS EXCLUSIVE AND IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Exemptions
Mindray's obligation or liability under this warranty does not include any
transportation or other charges or liability for direct, indirect or consequential
damages or delay resulting from the improper use or application of the product or
the use of parts or accessories not approved by Mindray or repairs by people other
than Mindray authorized personnel.

This warranty shall not extend to:


any Mindray product which has been subjected to misuse, negligence or
accident;
any Mindray product from which Mindray's original serial number tag or product
identification markings have been altered or removed;
any product of any other manufacturer.

iv
Return Policy
Return Procedure
In the event that it becomes necessary to return this product or part of this product
to Mindray, the following procedure should be followed:
Obtain return authorization: Contact the Mindray Service Department and
obtain a Customer Service Authorization (Mindray) number. The Mindray
number must appear on the outside of the shipping container. Returned
shipments will not be accepted if the Mindray number is not clearly visible.
Please provide the model number, serial number, and a brief description of the
reason for return.
Freight policy: The customer is responsible for freight charges when this
product is shipped to Mindray for service (this includes customs charges).
Return address: Please send the part(s) or equipment to the address offered by
Customer Service department

Company Contact
Manufacturer: Shenzhen Mindray Bio-Medical Electronics Co., Ltd.
Address: Mindray Building, Keji 12th Road South, Hi-tech Industrial
Park, Nanshan, ShenZhen 518057, P.R.China,
Tel: +86 755 26582479 26582888

Fax: +86 755 26582934 26582500

v
vi
Preface

Please read and understand this manual thoroughly before repairing the product.
After reading this manual, keep it properly in a place easy to get when you need it.

1
Who Should Read This Manual
This manual is geared for servicing personnel of or authorized by Mindray.

2
Conventions Used in This Manual
Safety Symbols
The table below lists the safety symbols used in this manual. Each symbol should be
used together with the text next to it.
When you see ... Then
WARNING Read the statement following the symbol. The
statement is alerting you to an operating hazard
that can cause personal injury.

BIOHAZARD Read the statement following the symbol. The


statement is alerting you to a potentially
biohazardous condition.

CAUTION Read the statement following the symbol. The


statement is alerting you to a possibility of
system damage or unreliable results.

NOTE Read the statement following the symbol. The


statement is alerting you to information that
requires your attention.

Labels and Silkscreens


The labels and silkscreens used on the chemistry analyzer are explained below.
Serial number

Date of manufacture

Manufacturer

In Vitro diagnostic equipment

Biohazard: risk of potentially biohazardous infection

Warning: risk of personal injury or equipment damage

Warning: risk of burn

Warning: risk of eye hurt

3
Electrical ground

Environment-friendly use period (20 years)

Graphics
All graphics in this manual, including screenshots and printouts, are for illustration
purpose only and must not be used for any other purposes.

4
Summary of Hazards
Observe the following safety precautions when using the product. Ignoring any of
these safety precautions may lead to personal injury or equipment damage.

WARNING
If the product is used in a manner not specified by our company, the protection
provided by the product may be impaired.

Electric Shock Hazards


Observe the following instructions to prevent electric shock.

WARNING
When the MAIN POWER is turned on, users other than the servicing personnel
authorized by our company must not open the rear cover or side cover.
Spillage of reagent or sample on the product may cause equipment failure and even
electric shock. Do not place sample and reagent on the product.

Moving Parts Hazards


Observe the following instructions to prevent personal injury caused by moving
parts.

WARNING
When the system is in operation, do not touch such moving parts as sample probe,
reagent probes, mixers, and cuvette wash station.
Do not put your fingers or hands into any open part when the system is in operation.

Photometer Lamp Hazards


Observe the following instructions to prevent personal injury caused by photometer
lamp or bar code reader.

WARNING
Light sent by the photometer lamp and bar code reader may hurt your eyes. Do not
stare into the lamp when the system is in operation.
If you want to replace the photometer lamp, switch off the MAIN POWER and then
wait at least 15 minutes for the lamp to cool down before touching it. Do not touch
the lamp before it cools down, or you may get burned.

5
Biohazards
Observe the following instructions to protect against the biohazardous infection by
samples, calibrators and control samples.

BIOHAZARD
Inappropriate handling of samples may lead to biohazardous infection. Do not touch
samples, control solutions, calibrators, mixtures or waste with your bare hands.
During operation, wear gloves and lab coat, if necessary, goggles.
In case your skin contacts the samples, follow standard laboratory safety procedure
and consult a doctor.

Reagent and Wash Solution Hazards

WARNING
Reagents and concentrated wash solution are corrosive to human skins. Exercise
caution when using reagents and concentrated wash solution. In case your hand or
clothes contact them, wash them off with soap and water. If reagents or wash
solution spills into your eyes, rinse it with water and consult an oculist.

Waste Hazards
Observe the following instructions to prevent environmental pollution and personal
injury caused by waste.

BIOHAZARD
Some substances contained in reagent, control, concentrated wash solution and
waste are subject to regulations of contamination and disposal. Dispose of the waste
in accordance with your local or national rule for biohazard waste disposal and
consult the manufacturer or distributor of the reagents for details.
Wear gloves and lab coat and, if necessary, goggles.

System Disposal Hazards


Observe the following instructions to dispose of the waste analyzer.

WARNING
Materials of the analyzer are subject to contamination regulations. Dispose of a
waste analyzer in accordance with your local or national rule for waste disposal.

Fire and Explosion Hazards


Observe the following instructions to prevent fire and explosion.

WARNING
Ethanol is flammable substance. Please exercise caution while using ethanol.

6
Precautions on use
To use the product safely and efficiently, pay attention to the following operating
precautions.

Intended Use

WARNING
This product is intended for in vitro quantitative determination of clinical
chemistries in serum, plasma, urine, and cerebral spinal fluid samples. Please
consult us before you use the instrument for other purposes.
When drawing a clinical conclusion, please also refer to patients clinical symptoms
and other test results.

Operator

WARNING
The instrument is to be operated only by clinical professionals, doctors or laboratory
experimenters trained by Mindray or Mindrays authorized distributors.

Environment Precautions

CAUTION
Please install and operate the system in an environment specified by this manual.
Installing and operating the system in other environment may lead to unreliable
results and even equipment damage.

Electromagnetic Noise Precautions

CAUTION
Electromagnetic noise may interfere with operations of the system. Do not install
devices generating excessive electromagnetic noise around the system. Do not use
such devices as mobile phones or radio transmitters in the room housing the system.
Do not use other CRT displays around the system.
Do not use other medical instruments around the system that may generate
electromagnetic noise to interfere with their operations.

7
Operating Precautions

CAUTION
(1) Operate the system strictly as instructed by this manual. Inappropriate use of the
system may lead to unreliable test results or even equipment damage or personal
injury.
(2) When using the system for the first time, first run calibrations, and then QC tests
to make sure the system is in proper state.
(3) Be sure to run QC tests every time when you use the system, otherwise the result
may be unreliable.
(4) Do not uncover the sample carousel or reagent carousel when the system is in
operation. Keep the covers closed.
(5) The RS-232 port on the analyzer is used for connection with the operation unit
only. Do not use it for other connections. Use the cables provided by our company or
your local distributor for the connection.
(6) The operation unit is a personal computer with the operating software installed.
Installing other software or hardware on the computer may interfere with the
system operation. Do not run other software when the system is working.
Computer virus may destroy the operating software or the test data. Do not use the
computer for other purposes or connect it to the Internet.
(7) Do not touch the display monitor, mouse or keyboard with wet hands or hands
with chemicals.
(8) Do not place the MAIN POWER to ON again within 10 seconds since placing it to
OFF; otherwise the system may enter the protection status. If it does so, place the
MAIN POWER to OFF and place it to ON again.

System Maintenance

CAUTION
(1) Repair the system strictly as instructed by this manual. Inappropriate
maintenance may lead to unreliable results, equipment damage or personal injury.
(2) When the instrument is stored for a long time, dust may accumulate on the
surface. To wipe off dust from the system surface, use a soft, clean and wet (not too
wet) cloth soaked with soap water if necessary. Do not use such organic solvents as
ethanol for cleaning. After cleaning, wipe the surface dry with dry cloth.
Switch off all the powers and disconnect the power plug before cleaning. Take
necessary measures to prevent water ingression, otherwise equipment damage or
personal injury may be caused.
(3) Replacement of such major parts as photometer lamp, photometer, sample probe,
reagent probes, mixers, and syringe plunger assembly must be followed by a
calibration.

8
Chemistry Parameter Configuration Precautions

CAUTION
To define such parameters as sample volume, reagent volume and wavelength,
follow the instructions in this manual and the instructions of reagents.

Sample Precautions

CAUTION
(1) Use serum sample that has been completely separated or urine sample that
contains no suspended matters. If samples contain insoluble substances like fibrin or
suspended matter, the sample probe may be blocked.
Medicines, anticoagulants or preservative in the samples may lead to unreliable
results.
Hemolysis, icterus or lipemia in the samples may lead to unreliable test results;
running a sample blank, therefore, is recommended.
(2) Store the samples properly. Improper storage may change the compositions of
samples and lead to unreliable results.
(3) Sample volatilization may lead to unreliable results. Do not leave the sample
open for a long period.
(4) Some samples may not be analyzed with the test parameters and reagents.
Consult the reagent suppliers for details.
(5) Sample samples need processing before analysis. Consult the reagent suppliers
for details.
(6) The system has a specific requirement on the minimum sample volume. Refer to
this manual for proper sample volume.
(7) Load samples to correct positions on the sample carousel before the analysis
begins; otherwise reliable results may not be obtained.

Reagent, Calibrator and Control Precautions

CAUTION
(1) Use proper reagents, calibrators and controls on the system.
(2) Select appropriate reagents according to the performance characteristics of the
system. Consult the reagent suppliers, our company or our authorized distributor for
details, if you are not sure about your reagent choice.
(3) Store and use the reagents, calibrators and controls strictly as instructed by the
suppliers; otherwise, reliable results or best performance of the system may not be
obtained.
Improper storage of reagents, calibrators and controls may lead to unreliable results
and bad performance of the system even in validity period.
(4) Perform calibration after changing the reagents, otherwise reliable results may
not be obtained.
(5) Contamination caused by carryover among reagents may lead to unreliable test
results. Consult the reagent suppliers for details.

9
Data Archiving Precautions

NOTE
The system automatically stores the data to the built-in hard disk. Data loss,
however, is still possible due to mis-deletion or physical damage of the hard disk. You
are recommended to regularly archive the data to such medium as CDs.

Computer and Printer Precautions

NOTE
For operating instructions and precautions of the computer and printer, please refer
to their operation manuals.

External Equipment Precautions

WARNING
External equipment connected to the analogue and digital interfaces must be
complied with relevant safety and EMC standards (e.g., IEC 60950 Safety of
Information Technology Equipment Standard and CISPR 22 EMC of Information
Technology Equipment Standard (CLASS B)). Any person, who connects additional
equipment to the signal input or output ports and configures an IVD system, is
responsible for ensuring that the system works normally and complies with the
safety and EMC requirements. If you have any questions, consult the technical
services department of your local representative.

10
Contents

Intellectual Property Statement ............................................................................................................... ii


Responsibility on the Manufacturer Party ............................................................................................ iii
Warranty .................................................................................................................................................... iv
Exemptions ................................................................................................................................. iv
Return Policy.............................................................................................................................................. v
Return Procedure ........................................................................................................................ v
Company Contact........................................................................................................................ v
Preface 1
Who Should Read This Manual .............................................................................................................. 2
Conventions Used in This Manual ......................................................................................................... 3
Safety Symbols ............................................................................................................................. 3
Labels and Silkscreens ................................................................................................................ 3
Graphics ........................................................................................................................................ 4
Summary of Hazards ............................................................................................................................... 5
Precautions on use .................................................................................................................................... 7
Contents I
1 System Description 1-1
1.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................................... 1-2
1.2 Components of Analyzer ............................................................................................................... 1-3
1.2.1 Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 1-3
1.2.2 Functions of the System ................................................................................................ 1-4
1.3 Components of Rack Feeder System ........................................................................................... 1-7
1.4 Functions of Rack Feeder System................................................................................................. 1-9
1.5 Requirements on External Devices............................................................................................. 1-10
1.5.1 Operation Unit .............................................................................................................. 1-10
1.5.2 Display Monitor ............................................................................................................ 1-10
1.5.3 Printer ............................................................................................................................. 1-10
1.5.4 Water Supply Equipment ............................................................................................. 1-10
1.5.5 Power Supply Equipment ............................................................................................ 1-11

I
1.6 Product Configuration .................................................................................................................. 1-12
1.7 Technical Specifications ................................................................................................................ 1-13
1.7.1 Common Specifications ............................................................................................... 1-13
1.7.2 Sample Specifications ................................................................................................... 1-14
1.7.3 Reagent Specifications .................................................................................................. 1-16
1.7.4 Specifications of Reaction System ............................................................................. 1-17
1.7.5 Specifications of Operation Unit ............................................................................... 1-18
2 Timing Control 2-1
2.1 Biochemistry Test Procedure ......................................................................................................... 2-2
2.2 Working Mode.................................................................................................................................. 2-3
2.3 Sequential Actions of Reaction Carousel ..................................................................................... 2-4
2.4 Sequential Actions of Probes and Mixers .................................................................................... 2-5
2.4.1 Sequential Actions of Reagent Probe .......................................................................... 2-6
2.4.2 Sequential Actions of Sample Probe ........................................................................... 2-7
2.4.3 Sequential Actions of Mixer Unit................................................................................. 2-8
2.5 Test Procedure ............................................................................................................................... 2-10
2.5.1 Test Procedure of Double-Reagent Chemistry ........................................................ 2-10
2.5.2 Antigen Addition Procedure ....................................................................................... 2-12
2.5.3 Sample Dilution Procedure ......................................................................................... 2-13
2.5.4 Special Wash Procedure ............................................................................................... 2-14
2.5.5 Dilution Procedure of Concentrated Wash Solution .............................................. 2-15
2.5.6 Start/End Points of Test ............................................................................................. 2-15
2.6 ISE Test ........................................................................................................................................... 2-17
2.6.1 Workflow of ISE module ............................................................................................ 2-17
2.6.2 Startup Procedure ......................................................................................................... 2-17
2.6.3 Normal Test Procedure................................................................................................ 2-18
2.6.4 Two-Point Slope Calibration Procedure .................................................................... 2-19
2.6.5 Electrode Wash Procedure .......................................................................................... 2-19
2.6.6 Tube Wash Procedure .................................................................................................. 2-20
2.7 Resetting Procedure....................................................................................................................... 2-21
2.7.1 Failure Restore ............................................................................................................... 2-21
2.7.2 System Reset .................................................................................................................. 2-21
2.7.3 Mechanical Reset ........................................................................................................... 2-22
2.8 Sequential Actions of Startup and Shutdown ........................................................................... 2-23
2.9 Sequential Actions of Pumps ...................................................................................................... 2-25
2.9.1 Refrigeration Circulating Pump P02 .......................................................................... 2-25
2.9.2 Deionized Water Circulating Pump P03 .................................................................... 2-25
2.9.3 Degassed Water Booster Pumps P04 and P13 ......................................................... 2-25
2.9.4 Concentrated Wash Solution Pump P05 ................................................................... 2-25
2.9.5 Wash Solution Circulating Pump P06 ........................................................................ 2-26
2.9.6 Waste Pump P07 ........................................................................................................... 2-26

II
2.9.7 Primary Vacuum Pumps P08/P14 and External Vacuum Pump P10(optional) . 2-27
2.9.8 Whole Unit Degassing Pump P09 .............................................................................. 2-28
2.9.9 ISE Degassing Pump.................................................................................................... 2-28
3 Software Introduction 3-1
3.1 Software Installation ........................................................................................................................ 3-2
3.1.1 Introduction of Installation Package ........................................................................... 3-2
3.1.2 Folder Structure .............................................................................................................. 3-2
3.1.3 Log Files ........................................................................................................................... 3-4
3.1.4 Software Running............................................................................................................ 3-5
3.1.5 Auto Startup .................................................................................................................... 3-5
3.1.6 Software Running Parameters ....................................................................................... 3-7
3.1.7 Normal Startup Procedure ............................................................................................ 3-9
3.2 Software Upgrading....................................................................................................................... 3-11
3.3 Software Uninstallation ................................................................................................................. 3-12
3.3.1 Uninstalling BS-2000M Software................................................................................ 3-12
3.3.2 Uninstalling SQL Database ......................................................................................... 3-12
3.4 Comparison of User Permissions ............................................................................................... 3-13
4 Hardware Circuits 4-1
4.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................................... 4-2
4.2 Summary of Hazards ...................................................................................................................... 4-3
4.3 Summary of PCBAs ........................................................................................................................ 4-4
4.4 Locations of PCBA ......................................................................................................................... 4-8
4.5 Removing PCBA ............................................................................................................................ 4-11
4.6 Functions of PCBA....................................................................................................................... 4-12
4.6.1 Main Control Board...................................................................................................... 4-12
4.6.2 Wash Temperature Control Board ............................................................................. 4-17
4.6.3 Control Drive Board (Sample) .................................................................................... 4-24
4.6.4 Control Drive Board (R1) ............................................................................................ 4-32
4.6.5 Control Drive Board (R2) ............................................................................................ 4-39
4.6.6 AC drive board .............................................................................................................. 4-46
4.6.7 Reagent Refrigeration Board ....................................................................................... 4-50
4.6.8 Reaction Carousel Temperature Collection Board ................................................... 4-57
4.6.9 Cleaning fluid temperature collection board............................................................. 4-60
4.6.10 AD collection board ................................................................................................... 4-63
4.6.11 Preamplifier Board...................................................................................................... 4-69
4.6.12 Light Source Monitoring Preamplifier Board ......................................................... 4-72
4.6.13 Reagent probe level sense board............................................................................... 4-74
4.6.14 Sample Probe Level Sense Board ............................................................................. 4-78
4.6.15 Mixer Motor Drive Board.......................................................................................... 4-80
4.6.16 Pressure detection board ........................................................................................... 4-84
4.6.17 Clog detection board .................................................................................................. 4-87

III
4.6.18 Water quality detection board ................................................................................... 4-91
4.6.19 External Vacuum Pump Drive Board ...................................................................... 4-93
4.6.20 Five-Probe/Mixer Conversion Board ...................................................................... 4-94
4.6.21 Communication Conversion Board ......................................................................... 4-97
4.6.22 Network Interface Conversion Board ..................................................................... 4-98
4.6.23 Main Control Board (SDM) ...................................................................................... 4-99
4.6.24 Control Drive Board (SDM) ...................................................................................4-102
4.6.25 Track Control Drive Board .....................................................................................4-106
4.6.26 Interconnection Conversion Board (SDM) ..........................................................4-110
4.6.27 Interconnection Conversion Board (Rack Transfer Unit) ..................................4-112
4.7 Power Supply System ..................................................................................................................4-115
4.7.1 Power Supply System of Whole Unit ......................................................................4-115
4.7.2 Power Supply System of Analyzer ...........................................................................4-116
4.7.3 Performance Indices ...................................................................................................4-118
4.7.4 Functional Diagram ....................................................................................................4-119
4.7.5 BA40 power supply assembly ....................................................................................4-119
4.7.6 12V/30A power supply board ..................................................................................4-128
4.7.7 24V/6A power supply board ....................................................................................4-130
4.7.8 Analog power supply conversion board ..................................................................4-132
4.7.9 DC power supply conversion board ........................................................................4-134
4.7.10 Maintenance of Power Supply System ..................................................................4-136
4.8 Wiring Diagram of Analyzer .....................................................................................................4-138
4.9 Wiring Diagram of Rack Feeder System..................................................................................4-157
5 Mechanics 5-1
5.1 Shells Assembly ................................................................................................................................ 5-2
5.1.1 Module Functions and Compositions.......................................................................... 5-2
5.1.2 Locations and FRU Details ........................................................................................... 5-3
5.1.3 Removing and Reinstalling Shielding Cover Assembly (M1) and Back Shielding
Cover .......................................................................................................................................... 5-7
5.1.4 Removing and Reinstalling Left Panel ......................................................................... 5-8
5.1.5 Removing and Reinstalling Track Panel ....................................................................... 5-8
5.1.6 Removing and Reinstalling Reagent Carousel Back Cover Assembly ................... 5-10
5.1.7 Replacement of Air Spring .......................................................................................... 5-10
5.1.8 Replacement of Left/Right Front Doors and Hinges ............................................ 5-11
5.1.9 Replacement of Left/Right Columns and Covers ................................................... 5-11
5.1.10 Replacement of Lock Catch...................................................................................... 5-13
5.1.11 Removing and Reinstalling SDM Front and Rear Panels ..................................... 5-13
5.1.12 Removing and Reinstalling SDM Side Panel and Front Panel Assembly ........... 5-14
5.2 Reaction Carousel Assembly ........................................................................................................ 5-16
5.2.1 Module Functions ......................................................................................................... 5-16
5.2.2 Locations and FRU Details ......................................................................................... 5-16
5.2.3 Replacement of Constant Temperature Bath Cables .............................................. 5-17

IV
5.2.4 Replacement of Cuvette Spring Plate ........................................................................ 5-21
5.2.5 Replacement of Home Position Sensor and Coder Sensor of Reaction Carousel5-23
5.2.6 Replacement of High-Speed Motor Assembly......................................................... 5-24
5.2.7 Replacement of Reaction Cuvette .............................................................................. 5-26
5.3 Reagent Carousel Assembly ......................................................................................................... 5-27
5.3.1 Module Functions ......................................................................................................... 5-27
5.3.2 Locations and FRU Details ......................................................................................... 5-28
5.3.3 Replacement of R12/R22 Inner Reagent Carousel Assembly ............................... 5-29
5.3.4 Replacement of R11/R21 Outer Reagent Carousel Assembly .............................. 5-30
5.3.5 Replacement of Built-In Bar Code Reader ............................................................... 5-32
5.3.6 Replacement of Reagent Antifogging Heating Assembly ...................................... 5-33
5.3.7 Replacement of Antifogging Heater .......................................................................... 5-35
5.3.8 Replacement of Reagent Refrigeration Temperature Sensor ................................. 5-36
5.3.9 Replacement of Carousel Cover Sensor .................................................................... 5-38
5.3.10 Replacement of Sample Motor Assembly .............................................................. 5-39
5.3.11 Replacement of Air Vent Plug with O Ring and Plug with O Ring ................... 5-40
5.4 Sample Carousel Assembly........................................................................................................... 5-42
5.4.1 Module Functions ......................................................................................................... 5-42
5.4.2 Locations and FRU Details ......................................................................................... 5-42
5.4.3 Replacement of Outer Sample Carousel Assembly and Tube Holder Base 2 ..... 5-44
5.4.4 Replacement of Inner Sample Carousel Assembly, 16 Tube Holder and 13 Tube
Holder Adapter ....................................................................................................................... 5-45
5.4.5 Replacement of Sample Carousel Motor Assembly ................................................ 5-47
5.4.6 Replacement of Coder Sensor and Carousel Home Position Sensor ................... 5-49
5.4.7 Replacement of Sample Bar Code Reader Assembly .............................................. 5-52
5.5 Syringe Assembly ........................................................................................................................... 5-56
5.5.1 Module Functions ......................................................................................................... 5-56
5.5.2 Locations and FRU Details ......................................................................................... 5-56
5.5.3 Replacement of Sample Syringe 250l and Reagent Syringe 1ml ......................... 5-57
5.5.4 Replacement of Sample/Reagent Syringe Drive Modules ..................................... 5-58
5.5.5 Replacement of Syringe 42 Step Motor Assembly .................................................. 5-60
5.5.6 Replacement of Clog Detection T-Piece Assembly ................................................ 5-62
5.6 Mixer Assembly.............................................................................................................................. 5-64
5.6.1 Module Functions ......................................................................................................... 5-64
5.6.2 Locations and FRU Details ......................................................................................... 5-64
5.6.3 Replacement of Mixers ................................................................................................ 5-65
5.6.4 Replacement of Mixer Module Assembly ................................................................. 5-66
5.6.5 Replacement of Mixer Rotation Speed Optical Coupler Conversion Board ....... 5-69
5.6.6 Replacement of Mixer Motor Drive Board .............................................................. 5-70
5.6.7 Replacement of Horizontal Motor Assembly .......................................................... 5-71
5.6.8 Replacement of Vertical Motor Assembly ................................................................ 5-73
5.6.9 Replacement of Mixer Drive Assembly .................................................................... 5-74

V
5.6.10 Replacement of Mixer Horizontal/Vertical Sensors ............................................. 5-76
5.6.11 Replacement of Mixer Wash Well ............................................................................ 5-78
5.7 Cuvette Wash Station .................................................................................................................... 5-79
5.7.1 Module Functions ......................................................................................................... 5-79
5.7.2 Locations and FRU Details ......................................................................................... 5-79
5.7.3 Replacement 7-Phase Probe Assemblies and Wipe Phase Probe Assemblies ..... 5-80
5.7.4 Replacement of Wash Probe Drive Assembly ......................................................... 5-81
5.7.5 Replacement of 42 Step Motor .................................................................................. 5-82
5.7.6 Replacement of Vertical Home Position Sensor ...................................................... 5-84
5.7.7 Replacement of Obstruct Sensor ............................................................................... 5-85
5.7.8 Replacement of Wash Phase Probe Assembly ......................................................... 5-86
5.7.9 Alignment of Cuvette Wash Station .......................................................................... 5-87
5.8 Sample Probe Assembly ............................................................................................................... 5-89
5.8.1 Module Functions ......................................................................................................... 5-89
5.8.2 Locations and FRU Details ......................................................................................... 5-89
5.8.3 Replacement of Sample Probe, Level Sense Board, Anti-collision Spring, and Arm
Assembly .................................................................................................................................. 5-90
5.8.4 Replacement of 5-Probe Zero Position Sensor and Obstruct Sensor .................. 5-92
5.8.5 Replacement of Sample Probe Drive Assembly ...................................................... 5-94
5.8.6 Replacement of 5-Probe Vertical Motor Assembly................................................. 5-95
5.8.7 Replacement of 5-Probe Horizontal Motor Assembly ........................................... 5-96
5.8.8 Replacement of 5-Probe Vertical Sensor .................................................................. 5-97
5.9 Probe R11 Assembly ..................................................................................................................... 5-98
5.9.1 Module Functions ......................................................................................................... 5-98
5.9.2 Locations and FRU Details ......................................................................................... 5-98
5.9.3 Replacement of Reagent Probe Assembly, Level Sense Board, Anti-collision
Spring, and Arm Assembly (R11) ........................................................................................ 5-99
5.9.4 Replacement of 5-Probe Zero Position Sensor and Obstruct Sensor ................5-101
5.9.5 Replacement of Probe R11 Drive Assembly ..........................................................5-103
5.9.6 Replacement of 5-Probe Vertical Motor Assembly...............................................5-103
5.9.7 Replacement of 5-Probe Horizontal Motor Assembly .........................................5-104
5.9.8 Replacement of 5-Probe Vertical Sensor ................................................................5-105
5.10 Probe R12 Assembly .................................................................................................................5-107
5.10.1 Module Functions .....................................................................................................5-107
5.10.2 Locations and FRU Details .....................................................................................5-107
5.10.3 Replacement of Reagent Probe Assembly, Level Sense Board, Anti-collision
Spring, and Arm Assembly (R12) ......................................................................................5-109
5.10.4 Replacement of 5-Probe Zero Position Sensor and Obstruct Sensor..............5-110
5.10.5 Replacement of Probe R12 Drive Assembly ........................................................5-112
5.10.6 Replacement of 5-Probe Vertical Motor Assembly.............................................5-113
5.10.7 Replacement of 5-Probe Horizontal Motor Assembly .......................................5-113
5.10.8 Replacement of 5-Probe Vertical Sensor ..............................................................5-114
5.11 Probe R21 Assembly .................................................................................................................5-116

VI
5.11.1 Module Functions .....................................................................................................5-116
5.11.2 Locations and FRU Details .....................................................................................5-116
5.11.3 Replacement of Reagent Probe Assembly, Level Sense Board, Anti-collision
Spring, and Arm Assembly (R21) ......................................................................................5-118
5.11.4 Replacement of 5-Probe Zero Position Sensor and Obstruct Sensor..............5-119
5.11.5 Replacement of Probe R21 Drive Assembly ........................................................5-121
5.11.6 Replacement of 5-Probe Vertical Motor Assembly.............................................5-122
5.11.7 Replacement of 5-Probe Horizontal Motor Assembly .......................................5-122
5.11.8 Replacement of 5-Probe Vertical Sensor ..............................................................5-123
5.12 Probe R22 Assembly .................................................................................................................5-125
5.12.1 Module Functions .....................................................................................................5-125
5.12.2 Locations and FRU Details .....................................................................................5-125
5.12.3 Replacement of Reagent Probe Assembly, Level Sense Board, Anti-collision
Spring, and Arm Assembly (R22) ......................................................................................5-126
5.12.4 Replacement of 5-Probe Zero Position Sensor and Obstruct Sensor..............5-128
5.12.5 Replacement of Probe R22 Drive Assembly ........................................................5-130
5.12.6 Replacement of 5-Probe Vertical Motor Assembly.............................................5-131
5.12.7 Replacement of 5-Probe Horizontal Motor Assembly .......................................5-132
5.12.8 Replacement of 5-Probe Vertical Sensor ..............................................................5-133
5.13 Sample Probe Wash Well ..........................................................................................................5-134
5.13.1 Module Functions .....................................................................................................5-134
5.13.2 Locations and FRU Details .....................................................................................5-134
5.13.3 Replace of Sample Probe Wash Well .....................................................................5-134
5.14 Reagent Probe Wash Well.........................................................................................................5-136
5.14.1 Module Functions .....................................................................................................5-136
5.14.2 Locations and FRU Details .....................................................................................5-136
5.14.3 Replace of Reagent Probe Wash Well....................................................................5-136
5.15 Rack Transfer Unit ....................................................................................................................5-138
5.15.1 Module Functions .....................................................................................................5-138
5.15.2 Module Profile and FRU .........................................................................................5-138
5.15.3 Replacement of Track Motor Assembly and Tensioning Mechanism Spring .5-140
5.15.4 Replacement of Reflective Optical Coupler .........................................................5-141
5.15.5 Replacement of Lane Change Stopper Station ....................................................5-142
5.15.6 Replacement of Lane Change Part ........................................................................5-143
5.15.7 Replacement of Post-Aspiration Stopper Station ................................................5-145
5.15.8 Replacement of Aspirate Buffer Stopper Station ................................................5-146
5.15.9 Replacement of STAT Aspirate Positioning Station ...........................................5-148
5.15.10 Replacement of Routine Aspirate Positioning Station......................................5-150
5.15.11 Replacement of Return Push-out Part ................................................................5-153
5.16 Sample Delivery Module ..........................................................................................................5-155
5.16.2 Rack Supply Unit ......................................................................................................5-155
5.16.3 Rack Storage Unit .....................................................................................................5-163

VII
5.16.4 Rack Buffer Unit .......................................................................................................5-167
5.16.5 Retrieval Push-In Part ..............................................................................................5-171
5.16.6 Scanning Push-In Part..............................................................................................5-173
5.16.7 Scanning Push-Out Part ..........................................................................................5-176
5.16.8 Lane Bracket Assembly ............................................................................................5-179
6 Hydropneumatic System 6-1
6.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................................... 6-2
6.2 Principles of Hydropneumatic System ......................................................................................... 6-3
6.2.2 Probe/Mixer Wash Unit ................................................................................................ 6-3
6.2.3 Cuvette Wash Unit .......................................................................................................... 6-7
6.2.4 Water Supply Unit ........................................................................................................... 6-8
6.2.5 Waste Unit ........................................................................................................................ 6-9
6.2.6 ISE Hydropneumatic Unit........................................................................................... 6-11
6.2.7 Other ............................................................................................................................... 6-12
6.3 Introduction of Fluidic Actions .................................................................................................. 6-13
6.3.1 Auto Water Supply ........................................................................................................ 6-13
6.3.2 Auto Dilution Procedure ............................................................................................. 6-13
6.3.3 Cuvette Wash ................................................................................................................. 6-14
6.3.4 Establish Vacuum ......................................................................................................... 6-15
6.3.5 Release Vacuum ............................................................................................................. 6-15
6.3.6 Emptying Primary Vacuum Container ...................................................................... 6-15
6.3.7 Fluidic Initialization ...................................................................................................... 6-16
6.3.8 ISE Fluidic Initialization .............................................................................................. 6-17
6.4 Removing and Installing Hydropneumatic Components ........................................................ 6-18
6.4.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................ 6-18
6.4.2 Probe/Mixer Wash Unit .............................................................................................. 6-19
6.4.3 Cuvette Wash Unit ........................................................................................................ 6-21
6.4.4 Water Supply Unit ......................................................................................................... 6-27
6.4.5 Waste Unit ...................................................................................................................... 6-31
6.4.6 ISE Hydropneumatic Unit........................................................................................... 6-34
6.5 List of Hydropneumatic Materials .............................................................................................. 6-36
6.5.1 Pump ............................................................................................................................... 6-36
6.5.2 Solenoid Valve ............................................................................................................... 6-37
6.5.3 Restrictive Valve ............................................................................................................ 6-39
6.5.4 Connector and Conversion Tube ............................................................................... 6-40
6.5.5 Tube ................................................................................................................................ 6-53
6.6 Hydropneumatic Diagram ............................................................................................................ 6-57
7 Pyrology7-1
7.1 Refrigeration Unit ............................................................................................................................ 7-2
7.1.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 7-2
7.1.2 Locations and FRU Details ........................................................................................... 7-2

VIII
7.1.3 Replacement of Refrigerant .......................................................................................... 7-4
7.1.4 Removing/Installing Reagent Refrigeration Module ................................................. 7-9
7.1.5 Removing/Installing Refrigeration Circulating Pump Assembly .......................... 7-11
7.1.6 Removing/Installing Refrigeration Fans ................................................................... 7-14
7.1.7 Removing/Installing Refrigeration Temperature Sensors ...................................... 7-16
7.2 Preheating Unit (110V/220V) ..................................................................................................... 7-19
7.2.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................ 7-19
7.2.2 Removing/Installing Whole Unit Preheating Assembly (110V/220V) ................ 7-20
7.2.3 Removing/Installing Cuvette Wash Solution Preheating Assembly (110V/220V)7-22
7.2.4 Removing/Installing Cuvette Cleaning Fluid Preheating Assembly (110V/220V)7-25
7.3 Reaction Carousel Temperature Control Unit........................................................................... 7-28
7.3.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................ 7-28
7.3.2 Locations and FRU Details ......................................................................................... 7-28
7.3.3 Replacement of Reaction Carousel Heating Assembly ........................................... 7-29
7.3.4 Replacement of Reaction Carousel Temperature Sensor ....................................... 7-29
7.4 Whole Unit Radiation Unit .......................................................................................................... 7-31
7.4.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................ 7-31
7.4.2 Locations and FRU Details ......................................................................................... 7-31
7.4.3 Removing/Installing Fans ........................................................................................... 7-33
7.4.4 Removing Dust Screens ............................................................................................... 7-34
7.4.5 Test and confirmation .................................................................................................. 7-34
8 Optical System 8-1
8.1 Module Functions ............................................................................................................................ 8-2
8.2 Composition and Structure of Optical System ........................................................................... 8-3
8.2.1 Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 8-3
8.2.2 Composition of Optical Measurement Assembly ..................................................... 8-3
8.3 Light source assembly ..................................................................................................................... 8-6
8.4 Component Locations and Replacement Methods .................................................................... 8-7
8.4.1 Locations and FRU details ............................................................................................ 8-7
8.4.2 Replacing optical assembly ............................................................................................ 8-7
8.4.3 Replacement of Lamp .................................................................................................... 8-9
8.4.4 Replacement of Lamp Radiating Fan ........................................................................ 8-10
8.4.5 Replacement of Reaction Cuvettes ............................................................................ 8-12
8.5 Adjustment of Photometer .......................................................................................................... 8-14
8.5.1 Photometer Alignment Window................................................................................. 8-14
8.5.2 Adjustment of New Photometer's Energy Parameters........................................... 8-15
8.5.3 Gain Parameter Adjustment of Each Channel......................................................... 8-16
8.5.4 Light Intensity Adjustment .......................................................................................... 8-18
8.5.5 Adjustment of Photoelectric Waveform and Signal Collecting Position ............. 8-19
8.5.6 Photoelectric Signal Collection (alignment) .............................................................. 8-23
8.5.7 Lamp Hour Inquiry ...................................................................................................... 8-25

IX
9 Troubleshooting 9-1
9.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................................... 9-2
9.2 Result Flags ....................................................................................................................................... 9-3
9.3 Error Code........................................................................................................................................ 9-6

X
1 System Description

1-1
1.1 Overview
The BS-2000M/BS-2200M is a fully automated and computer-controlled chemistry
analyzer designed for in vitro determination of clinical chemistries in serum, plasma,
urine, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples. It is composed of the Analyzer, Sample
Delivery Module (SDM), and Operation Unit.
Figure 1.1 BS-2000M/BS-2200M Chemistry Analyzer

Analyzer SDM

1-2
1.2 Components of Analyzer

1.2.1 Introduction
The system has a throughput of 2000 tests per hour for single-/double-reagent
analysis with 3.6 seconds for each measuring period. It employs the "4 carousels + 5
probes + 2 sets of mixers" solution, which include one reaction carousel, one sample
carousel, one reagent carousel 1, one reagent carousel 2, reagent probes R11/R12,
reagent probes R21/R22, one sample probe (two needles on one probe arm), and
two mixer assemblies (6 paddles for each assembly). The two sets of reagent probes
respectively dispense R1 and R2, and the mixer assemblies stir sample and R2. The
photometric system, which is composed of gratings and diode array, performs
photometric measurement to the reaction cuvettes that hold sample/reagent mixture.
After testing, an 8-phase automatic cuvette washing is conducted by the cuvette wash
station.
The BS-2000M/BS-2200M has been designed with dual measuring system, which
consists of a two-ring reaction carousel, two cuvette wash stations, reagent probes
and sample probes for inner/outer reaction carousel, and two photometric systems.
The two measuring systems are independent from each other.
Figure 1.2 Overall structure of the system (left view)
Sample mixer assembly Reaction carousel Cuvette wash Reagent mixer Sample carousel
assembly assembly assembly assembly

R1 reagent carousel

R2 reagent carousel

ISE module
Concentrated ISE buffer Water tank Syringe assembly
wash solution

1-3
Figure 1.3 Overall structure of the system (right view)
Sample probe assembly Probe R21 Probe R11 Probe R12

Probe R22

Vacuum pump
assembly

Diluted wash
Fluidic interfaces Refrigeration module
solution tank

1.2.2 Functions of the System


The working procedure of the system is described as follows.
1. The system resets to initialize all mechanical units and wash the exterior and
interior of the probes and mixers.
2. Reaction cuvettes are washed through 8 phases, and run water blank test after
phase 6.
3. Reagent carousel 1 rotates to the first specified reagent position, and the probes
R11/R12 lower down simultaneously to aspirate reagent.
4. The reaction cuvettes are carried to the reagent dispense position after the 8-phase
washing. Probes R11 and R12 rotate simultaneously to the reaction carousel and
dispense R1 into the cuvettes on inner ring and outer ring.
5. R1 is incubated for several periods in the cuvettes.
6. The sample carousel rotates to the specified dispense position, and the sample
probe lowers down to aspirate specified amount of sample.
7. The reaction cuvettes with R1 added are carried to the sample dispense position,
and the sample probe rotates to the reaction carousel inner ring and then the outer

1-4
ring to dispense sample.
8. The reaction cuvettes with sample added are carried to the sample mixing position
for stirring.
9. For double-reagent tests, the reagent carousel 2 rotates to the second specified
reagent position after a fixed period, and the probes R21/R22 lower down to aspirate
reagent.
10. The reaction cuvettes are carried to the second reagent dispense position, and the
probes R21 and R22 rotate simultaneously to the reaction carousel and dispense R2
into the cuvettes on inner ring and outer ring.
11. With R2 added, the reaction cuvette rotates to the reagent mixing position for
stirring.
12. During each period, the reaction cuvette receives photometric measurement
(absorbance reading taking) when passing by the photometric unit;
13. Triple-/quadruple-reagent analysis is similar to single-/double-reagent analysis
stated above. (As for triple-/quadruple-reagent tests, the reaction cuvette with R2
dispensed will not be washed when passing by the wash station.)
14. The reaction cuvettes in which reaction is finished will be washed automatically
when passing by the wash station.

Table 1.1 Functions of system units


Unit Name Descriptions
Sample Performs aspiration and dispensing for all biochemistries and ISE
probe unit tests.
Sample Provides 140 positions to hold samples.
carousel 1 The two carousels are coaxial, with 90 positions on the external
and 2 two rings and 50 positions on the inner two rings.
The inner ring of the inner carousel provides a refrigerating
environment.
All positions on two rings of the outer carousel and outer ring of
the inner carousel support bar code scanning.
A fixed position is available on the front panel for holding sample
probe wash solution. Apply a bottle adapter before loading the
CD80 wash solution.
Probe R1 Provides two reagent probes: R11 and R12, to perform aspiration
unit and dispensing of R1 and R3 for all biochemistry tests.
Probe R2 Provides two reagent probes: R21 and R22, to perform aspiration
unit and dispensing of R2 and R4 for all biochemistry tests.
Reagent Two reagent carousels, each with two coaxial rings. The carousels
carousel 1/2 are used to hold reagents and wash solution, with two rings driven
unit independently. Each reagent carousel has 40 positions on outer
ring and 30 positions on inner ring.
All the positions support reagent bar code scanning.
20ml and 62ml, as well as 70ml (of HITACHI) reagent bottles are
supported.
The reagent carousel provides a refrigerating environment which
is constant within 2C-8C for 24 hours a day.

1-5
Unit Name Descriptions
Reaction 206 cuvettes respectively on inner ring and outer ring, 412
carousel cuvettes in total.
unit
Sample and Consists of two mixer units, with three mixer sets for each unit
reagent and two mixers for each set. The mixers are used to stir reaction
mixer unit liquid on inner/outer rings of the reaction carousel. Before
stirring, the mixers are cleaned with wash solution and then with
deionized water.
Photometric Two photometers for photometric measurement on inner/outer
unit rings of the reaction carousel. Reversed optics with 13
wavelengths: 340nm, 380nm, 412nm, 450nm, 505nm, 546nm,
570nm, 605nm, 660nm, 700nm, 740nm, 800nm, and 850nm.
Cuvette Dual-layer cuvette wash station for washing reaction cuvettes on
wash unit reaction carousel inner/outer rings through 8 phases. The wash
station is capable of detecting obstruct in vertical direction and of
preheating wash solution.
ISE unit Employs the ISE module of A&T. The theory of measurement is
(optional) indirect ion-selective electrode method.
The module supports Na+, K+, Cl-, and reference electrodes.

1-6
1.3 Components of Rack Feeder System
The rack feeder system consists of the sample delivery module (SDM) and rack
transfer unit. The SDM is an independent module attached to the right side of the
analyzer. No matter how many analyzers are interconnected, only one SDM is
configured. The rack transfer unit is installed in front of the analyzer, and the
quantity of rack transfer unit depends on that of the analyzer. The SDM is
composed of the rack supply unit, rack storage unit, rack buffer unit, bar code
scanning channel, and retrieval channel. The rack transfer unit consists of the passing
lane, normal lane, return lane, and lane change part.
Figure 1.4 Sample delivery module

1
2

1 - Rack buffer unit; 2 - Retrieval channel; 3 - Rack storage unit; 4 - Rack supply unit;
5 - Bar code scanning channel

1-7
Figure 1.5 Rack transfer unit

1 - Passing lane; 2 - Normal lane; 3 - Return lane; 4 - Lane change part

1-8
1.4 Functions of Rack Feeder System
The rack feeder system delivers sample to the aspirate position through sample racks
and retrieves samples that have finished sampling. The table below describes the
functions of each function area:

Table 1.2 Description of function areas


Function unit Function descriptions
Rack supply unit Used to load samples and supports the insertion
of STAT samples. It has a push-in part and STAT
push-back part. The push-in part of the rack
supply unit feeds samples into the bar code
scanning channel, while the STAT push-back
part responds to pressing of the STAT key and
pushes back the sample racks for a distance in
order to facilitate the insertion of STAT
samples.
Rack storage unit Provides area for retrieving the samples that
have finished testing. A push-in part is designed
to push sample rack into the storage unit.
Sensors are employed to detect the almost full
or the completely full status of the sample
retrieval area.
Rack buffer unit Receives sample racks that return from the rack
transfer unit and wait until test results are
worked out. Whether the samples need to be
rerun is determined while they wait here. In
addition, this unit provides the function for
transferring sample rack to the rack transfer
unit.
Bar code scanning channel Scans the bar code on sample racks and sample
tubes and detects whether samples have been
placed. In addition, it transfers sample rack to
the rack transfer unit. It has a push-in part and
push-out part.
Retrieval channel It is the passage to transfer sample rack to the
storage unit or the supply unit. It has a push-in
part used to carry sample rack to the storage
unit or back to the supply unit.
Passing lane Transfers sample rack directly to the quick lane
(or passing lane) of the next analyzer. It also
provides the function of STAT sample aspiration.
Normal lane Provides the function of aspirating sample on
routine sample racks.
Return lane Used to return sample tracks to the SDM that
have finished measurement.
Lane change part Used to switch the lanes, and provides the
function of switching between passing lane and
normal lane, passing lane and return lane,
normal lane and return lane.

1-9
1.5 Requirements on External Devices

1.5.1 Operation Unit


The operation unit (computer) is installed with the operating software to control the
running and operation of the analyzer and to process test data. The computer should
at least meet the following requirements:
CPU: Intel Core 2 Duo, 3.0GHz, dual-core.
Main board: BIOS, supporting network remote boot.
Hard disk: 320GB, with SATA interface.
Memory: 2GB.
Network adapter: Gigabit network card.
USB interface: 2.0, 2 or more.
Parallel port: 1.
Serial port: 3 or more.
Other: Built-in speaker.
Operating system: Windows 7 (32 bits, Professional).

1.5.2 Display Monitor


17 touchscreen monitor, with resolution of 12801024.

1.5.3 Printer
Supports inkjet printer, laser printer and stylus printer.

1.5.4 Water Supply Equipment


Water supply pressure: 49kPa - 392kPa.
Average flow: 95L/hour; transient peak flow: 4L/minute.
Water quality: meeting requirements of CLSI type II with specific resistance
greater than 1M.cm and silicate less than 0.1mg/L.
When the instrument uses water supplied by a water unit,
Make sure that the tube connecting the water unit outlet with the instrument
inlet is no longer than 10m.
The water tube provided by the instrument is ID12mm*OD18mm PVC tube,
which should be installed by the water unit supplier.
The water unit outlet tube has internal diameter no less than 7mm in order to
prevent insufficient water supply or too high water supply pressure.
When the instrument uses water supplied by a water supply module(optional),

1-10
Lay the water supply module between the deionized water tank (with cap) and
the instrument.
Make sure that the tube connecting the deionized water tank (with cap) with
the instrument inlet is no longer than 10m.
Choose a deionized water tank (with cap) with capacity of 150L - 250L.
Lay the water supply module on the ground.

1.5.5 Power Supply Equipment


Use an online UPS with power output no less than 5300VA, and connect the power
cord of the analyzer to an air switch fixed on wall. The air switch should be at least
16A, and 20A for the better. The power cord is 4mm2; and the earthing wire is
independently set with resistance less than 5 .

1-11
1.6 Product Configuration
Table 1.3 Product configuration list
Function module Configuration mode
Analyzer Standard
Sample delivery module Standard
Operation unit (PC) Standard (For domestic only)
Printer Optional
ISE module Optional
Built-in sample bar code reader Optional
Built-in sample rack bar code Standard
reader
Built-in reagent bar code reader Standard
External vacuum pump (For use in Optional
places above 2000m)
Built-in waste pump Standard
Water supply module Optional
Chemistry analyzer operating Standard
software
Data Management Software Standard
Windows 7 Operating System Accompanying the operation unit and
not sold alone.

1-12
1.7 Technical Specifications

1.7.1 Common Specifications


System
Random selection, multiple channels, multiple chemistries, continuous sample load,
and allowing new tests added at any time.
System structure
SDM + Analyzers + Computer.
Sample type
Serum, urine, plasma.
Maximum number of tests run simultaneously
67/67(single-/double-reagent) N analyzers.
Throughput
2000 tests/hour * N analyzers.
Up to 2200 tests/hour with ISE module configured.
Reaction types
Endpoint, Kinetic and Fixed-time; supporting
single-/double-/triple-/quadruple-reagent tests, and single-/double-wavelength tests.
Reaction time
The longest reaction time is 9 minutes for single-reagent test, and 5 minutes for
double-reagent test.
Reaction temperature
370.3C.
Test type
Clinical chemistries, Immunoturbidimetry, Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM).
Predilution
Dilution ratio: 4~134. Dilution is done in reaction cuvette.
Operation mode
Tests are defined one by one via the operating software; panels and calculation tests
are supported.
Calibration math model
Single-point linear, two-point linear, multi-point linear, Logit-Log 4P, Logit-Log 5P,
Spline, Exponential, Polynomial, and Parabola.
Control
Westgard multi rules, Cumulative sum check, Twin plot.

1-13
Data processing
Capable of storing and outputting various types of data and charts, and calculating
among different chemistries.
Dimensions
Analyzer: 1165 mm1145 mm1580mm (Depth Height Length).
SDM: 1010 mm 920 mm 700mm (Depth Height Length).
Rack transfer unit: 215 mm 235 mm 1580mm (Depth Height Length).
Weight
Analyzer with rack transfer unit: 600kg20kg.
SDM: 139kg5kg.
Rack transfer unit: 150Kg5kg.
STAT sample
STAT samples can be inserted at any time and analyzed on the sample carousel or
STAT sample racks.
Networking
Allowed to connect with a LIS (Laboratory Information Management System).

1.7.2 Sample Specifications


Sample loading
Samples are loaded through racks and sample carousel.
Sample containers
Microtube: 1425mm, 0.5ml (Beckman); 1425mm, 2ml (Beckman);
1237mm, 2ml (Hitachi).
Primary tube: 1268.5mm, 1299mm, 12.775mm, 12.775mm,
12.7100mm, 1375mm, 1395mm, and 13100mm.
Plastic tube: 1268.5mm, 1299mm, 12.775mm, 12.775mm,
12.7100mm, 1375mm, 1395mm, and 13100mm.
Some sample positions (more than 25) support 16.592mm, 1675mm and
16100mm.
The sample racks support sample tubes with diameter of 13mm-16mm.
Dead volume of sample containers

Table 1.4 Dead volume of sample containers


Sample Container Specification Dead Volume
Sample container 1425mm, 0.5ml (Beckman) 210l
Sample container 1425mm, 2ml (Beckman) 150l
Sample container 1237mm, 2ml (Hitachi) 120l

1-14
Sample Container Specification Dead Volume
Primary tube or 1268.5mm 8mm more over the
plastic tube unacceptable sample
level height
Primary tube or 1299mm 8mm more over the
plastic tube unacceptable sample
level height
Primary tube or 12.775mm 8mm more over the
plastic tube unacceptable sample
level height
Primary tube or 1375mm 8mm more over the
plastic tube unacceptable sample
level height
Primary tube or 1395mm 8mm more over the
plastic tube unacceptable sample
level height
Primary tube or 13100mm 8mm more over the
plastic tube unacceptable sample
level height

Sample carousel
The sample carousel consists of two coaxial carousels, and each carousel has two
rings. The inner ring of the inner carousel provides a refrigerating environment, and
the other three rings support bar code scanning.
Sample positions on sample carousel
140 sample positions are available; 90 positions on two rings of the outer carousel
and 50 positions on two rings of the inner carousel. Standard, control, STAT and
dilution positions are included.
Sample rack
10 sample positions are available on each rack. Maximum of 30 sample racks can
be held simultaneously in the supply unit.
STAT sample
STAT samples can be inserted at any time and analyzed on the sample carousel or
the STAT sample rack.
Sample volume
1.5l - 25l, with an increment of 0.1l.
ISE sample: 22l.
Sample probe
One sample probe with two needles, featuring fluid level detection,
horizontal/vertical obstruct detection, clog detection, and sample level tracking.
Sample probe wash
The exterior and interior of the sample probe is washed with carryover rate less than
0.1%.
Sample input mode (bar code, etc)

1-15
Table 1.5 Sample bar code parameters
Parameter Value
Symbology Codabar, ITF, code128, code39, UPC/EAN, Code93
Minimum bar code density 0.19mm
Data bits 3-27
Format and content Defined by user
Maximum width 55mm
Minimum height 10mm
Maximum inclination 5
angle
Print quality No less than Class C according to the ANSI MH10.8M
Print Quality Specification.
Width and narrowness 2.5:1 to 3.0:1

1.7.3 Reagent Specifications


Reagent loading
R1 and R3 are placed on R1 reagent carousel, and R2 and R4 on R2 reagent carousel.
Dead volume of reagent bottles

Table 1.6 Dead volume of Mindray reagent bottles


Bottle Specification Dead Volume
20ml 2ml
62ml 3.5ml
70ml (For domestic only) 6ml

Reagent bar code


Code128 is supported, with bar code density of 0.19mm and width/narrowness ratio
of 2.5:1.

Table 1.7 Reagent bar code parameters


Parameter Value
Symbology Codabar, ITF, code128, code39, UPC/EAN, Code93
Minimum bar code density 0.25mm
Data bits 13-30
Format and content Defined by user
Maximum width 55mm
Minimum height 10mm
Maximum inclination angle 5
Print quality Class A (ANSI MH10.8M)
Width and narrowness 2.5:1 to 3.0:1

Note: Mindray reagents use the code128 bar code.

1-16
Reagent refrigeration
Refrigeration temperature: 2-8C.
Reagent addition approach
Reagent is aspirated and dispensed precisely by syringe, which is capable of detecting
fluid level and checking reagent volume.
Supported reagent types
R1, R2, R3 and R4.
Reagent volume
10l - 200l, with 0.5L increment.
Reagent carousel
Includes R1 and R2 reagent carousels, respectively holding R1/R3 and R2/R4. Each
carousel consists of two rings driven to rotate by separate step motors.
Number and volume of reagent bottle
Each reagent carousel has 40 positions on outer ring and 30 positions on inner ring.
20ml and 62ml, as well as 70ml (of HITACHI) reagent bottles are supported.
Reagent probe
4 reagent probes, including R11/R12 and R21/R22. All of them are capable of
sensing fluid level and detecting obstruct in horizontal and vertical directions.
Reagent probe wash
The exterior and interior of the probes are washed with carryover rate less than
0.1%.
Specifications and dead volume of reagent bottle
Reagent bottle: Mindray 20ml and 62ml, and Hitachi 70ml.
Dead volume: 20ml - 2ml, 62ml - 3.5ml, 70ml - 6ml.
Prevention of reagent cross contamination
Users are allowed to perform carryover settings, e.g. washing interior and exterior of
reagent probes and inserting special wash between tests.

1.7.4 Specifications of Reaction System


Optical pathlength of reaction cuvette
5mm
Specification and material of reaction cuvette
Internal dimensions: 5mm4mm29mm; external dimensions: 6mm5mm30mm;
made of permanent glass, with optical pathlength of 5mm.
Note: Due to different dimensions, the cuvettes cannot be replaced by those of the
BS-400 series, BS-800 series and BS-480 series.
Number of reaction cuvettes
206 cuvettes respectively on inner and outer rings of reaction carousel, 412 in total.

1-17
Mixing method
Sample and reagent mixer units are available, each unit having three mixer sets and
each set having two mixers. The two units are designed for stirring reaction liquid
when sample and R2/R3/R4 are respectively dispensed.
Reaction volume
80-280l.
Photometric system
Two photometers for optical measurement on inner/outer rings of the reaction
carousel.
Wavelength
13 wavelengths: 340nm, 380nm, 412nm, 450nm, 505nm, 546nm, 570nm, 605nm,
660nm, 700nm, 740nm, 800nm, and 850nm.
Light source
12V/50W tungsten halogen lamp, with its light divided by fibers into two bundles as
light input of the two photometers.
Grating type
Reversed optics of holographic concave flat-field gratings.
Wavelength accuracy
2nm
Number of wavelengths simultaneously measured for each test
One or two wavelengths.
Absorbance range
0-3.4A, optical path: 10mm
Resolution of photometer
0.001OD

1.7.5 Specifications of Operation Unit


Display monitor
17" LCD touchscreen monitor.
Operating system
Windows 7 (32 bits, Professional).
Communication interface
RS232, compatible with TCP/IP.
Printer
Supports inkjet printer, laser printer and stylus printer.
Data input
Keyboard, mouse, 17" touchscreen monitor, bar code reader, Remote Management

1-18
System (RMS, communicating through TCP/IP interface of static IP address), and
LIS (HL7 and ASTM1394, communicating through TCP/IP of static IP address or
serial port).
Data output
Display monitor, printer, RMS (communicating through TCP/IP interface of static
IP address), and LIS.
Data storage
Hard disk and USB interface.

1-19
1-20
2 Timing Control

2-1
2.1 Biochemistry Test Procedure
Figure 2.1 Biochemistry test procedure

According to the reaction curve as shown below, there is a measuring point in every
5 short periods. The first measuring point happens when R1 is dispensed; sample is
dispensed after the 3rd measuring point and mixed after the 4th one; R1 reacts with
sample from the 5th to 16th measuring point; R2 is dispensed and mixed with R1
after the 16th measuring point; from the 17th to 33rd measuring point, R1, sample
and R2 react with each other. See the figure below:
Figure 2.2 Reaction curve

2-2
2.2 Working Mode
The BS-2000M/BS-2200M has two sets of sampling systems and measuring systems,
with 3.6 seconds for each working period. The throughput for
single-/double-reagent test, therefore, is 2*3600/3.6=2000 tests/hour.
Conditions for achieving constant speed of 2000 tests/hour: Each sample has even
number of tests, which can be equally allocated on inner and outer rings of the
reaction carousel. Since the test is sequenced by sample, only if the sample probe
finishes sample dispensing in every 3.6 seconds for two tests on inner and outer rings
of the reaction carousel can the maximum test speed 2000 tests/hour be achieved.
The two rings of the reaction carousel correspond to the two measuring systems,
which can work in serial mode, parallel mode and mixed mode.
Serial mode: The two measuring systems performs photometric measurement for
different chemistries, that is, unique chemistries.
Parallel mode: The two measuring systems performs photometric measurement for
the same chemistries, that is, common chemistries.
Mixed mode: The two measuring systems performs photometric measurement for
both unique and common chemistries.
The chemistries corresponding to each measuring system should be run for
calibration and quality control. The specific mode used on each analyzer
can be defined by user. In practical situation, the first mode (serial mode) is often
used.
The purpose of distributing chemistries for two measuring systems on each analyzer
is to achieve the highest test efficiency. The bottleneck lies in the sample probe with
two needles, and only when the most of the probe is made can the highest test
efficiency be obtained. The principle of chemistry distribution, therefore, is to
allocate as evenly as possible the tests of each sample on the two measuring systems.
To be specific, chemistry distribution does not apply to the serial mode; in parallel
mode, if the sample has odd number of tests, the two measuring systems differ from
each other for one test, otherwise, they can have equal number of tests; in mixed
mode, the unique chemistries should be first allocated, and then the remaining
common chemistries be allocated as evenly as possible.
Moreover, in serial and mixed modes, those chemistries that may contaminate each
other can be allocated according to the carryover settings on different measuring
systems under the average allocation principle.
It is user that determines chemistries to be run by each measuring system and places
the relevant reagents on the reagent carousels. The two measuring systems can
perform photometric measurement for same or different chemistries, and the same
chemistries must be respectively run for calibration and quality control on each
system.

2-3
2.3 Sequential Actions of Reaction Carousel
The reaction carousel has 206 cuvettes on each of the two rings. In each working
period, it rotates counterclockwise for 41 cuvette positions and then stops. In every 5
periods it rotates for 205 cuvette positions, that is, it go backwards clockwise for one
cuvette position for every 5 periods. A working period is 3.6 seconds. The reaction
carousel rotates for 41 cuvette positions, which takes about 1 second, and then it
stops for about 2.5 seconds. When it stops in each period, the system performs
cuvette wash, R1/R3 dispensing, R2/R4 dispensing, sample dispensing, sample
mixing, and reagent mixing.

2-4
2.4 Sequential Actions of Probes and Mixers
For better description, components of the two measuring systems and their
functions are defined below: The basic principle of the following definition is that,
the measuring system for the reaction carousel inner ring is numbered 1 and the one
for the outer ring is numbered 2. The definition is as follows:
Probe R11: the first reagent probe assembly in the short arm radius. It aspirates
R1 from the outer ring of reagent carousel 1 and dispenses it to the reaction
carousel inner ring.
Probe R12: the first reagent probe assembly in the long arm radius. It aspirates
R1 from the inner ring of reagent carousel 1
and dispenses it to the reaction carousel outer ring.
Probe R21: the second reagent probe assembly in the short arm radius. It
aspirates R2 from the outer ring of reagent carousel 2
and dispenses it to the reaction carousel inner ring.
Probe R22: the second reagent probe assembly in the long arm radius. It
aspirates R2 from the inner ring of reagent carousel 2
and dispenses it to the reaction carousel outer ring.
Reagent carousel 1: the reagent carousel in the front of the instrument panel
intended for holding R1 and R3.
Reagent carousel 2: the reagent carousel in the back of the instrument panel
intended for holding R2 and R4.
Reagent carousel R11: outer ring of reagent carousel 1, holding R1 and R3 for
use in test on reaction carousel inner ring.
Reagent carousel R12: inner ring of reagent carousel 1, holding R1 and R3 for
use in test on reaction carousel outer ring.
Reagent carousel R21: outer ring of reagent carousel 2, holding R2 and R4 for
use in test on reaction carousel inner ring.
Reagent carousel R22: inner ring of reagent carousel 2, holding R2 and R4 for
use in test on reaction carousel outer ring.
S1: sample probe needle for dispensing sample to reaction carousel inner ring in
biochemical test and ISE test.
S2: sample probe needle for dispensing sample to reaction carousel outer ring.
Sample mixer unit
Mixer MS11: #1 sample mixer of first measuring system (for reaction
carousel inner ring).
Mixer MS12: #1 sample mixer of second measuring system (for reaction
carousel outer ring).
Mixer MS21: #2 sample mixer of first measuring system (for reaction
carousel inner ring).
Mixer MS22: #2 sample mixer of second measuring system (for reaction
carousel outer ring).

2-5
Mixer MS31: #3 sample mixer of first measuring system (for reaction
carousel inner ring).
Mixer MS32: #3 sample mixer of second measuring system (for reaction
carousel outer ring).
Reagent mixer unit
Mixer MR11: #1 reagent mixer of first measuring system (for reaction
carousel inner ring).
Mixer MR12: #1 reagent mixer of second measuring system (for reaction
carousel outer ring).
Mixer MR21: #2 reagent mixer of first measuring system (for reaction
carousel inner ring).
Mixer MR22: #2 reagent mixer of second measuring system (for reaction
carousel outer ring).
Mixer MR31: #3 reagent mixer of first measuring system (for reaction
carousel inner ring).
Mixer MR32: #3 reagent mixer of second measuring system (for reaction
carousel outer ring).

2.4.1 Sequential Actions of Reagent Probe


Sequential actions of probes R11 and R21 (with short arms)
Sequential actions: Lower into reagent bottle -> aspirate reagent -> raise to above
reagent carousel -> rotate to reaction carousel -> lower to reaction carousel ->
dispense reagent -> raise to above reaction carousel -> rotate to wash well -> start to
wash -> rotate to above reagent carousel. See the figure below:
Figure 2.3 Actions of reagent probes

Rotate to top of reaction carousel


Vertical home position
Mechanical zero position
Rotate to wash position Rotate to top of reagent carousel
Rise to vertical home position

Rise to vertical Washing position


wash position
Lower to aspirate position

Dispense position

Aspirate position

Process of reagent aspiration: While lowering to the reagent carousel, the reagent
probes, after detecting fluid level, move for certain steps and then stop. They aspirate

2-6
the specified volume of reagent plus 5l, raise for 10mm and then aspirate 1l air.
They cannot detect fluid level when stopping above the instrument panel.
Process of reagent dispensing: Probe R11 calculates the dispense position by tracking
fluid level and waits for fluid level signal while lowering to the reaction carousel.
When the probe detects fluid level, the system deems the cuvette wash residue
relatively high and gives an alarm. The probe cannot detect fluid level when stopping
above the instrument panel.
For probe R21, it is considered normal if the probe detects fluid level from lowering
to reaction carousel to finishing reagent dispensing; otherwise, an alarm will be given.
If probe R11 or R21 (with short arms) rotates to aspirate and dispense liquid,
probe R12 or R22 will also move horizontally for washing no matter it needs to
dispense reagent or not. If probe R12 or R22 does not need to dispense reagent, it
will not lower down for aspirating and dispensing.
Sequential actions of probes R12 and R22 (with long arms)
Sequential actions: Lower into reagent bottle -> aspirate reagent -> raise to above
reagent carousel -> rotate to reaction carousel -> lower to reaction carousel ->
dispense reagent -> raise to above reaction carousel -> rotate to wash well -> start to
wash -> rotate to above reagent carousel.
While lowering to the reagent carousel, the reagent probes, after detecting fluid level,
move for certain steps and then stop. They cannot detect fluid level when stopping
above the instrument panel.
The probes aspirate the specified volume of reagent plus 5l.
The probes raise for 10mm and then aspirate certain volume of air. Process of
reagent dispensing: Probe R12 calculates the dispense position by tracking fluid level
and waits for fluid level signal while lowering to the reaction carousel. When the
probe detects fluid level, the system deems the cuvette wash residue relatively high
and gives an alarm. The probe cannot detect fluid level when stopping above the
instrument panel. For probe R22, it is considered normal if the probe detects fluid
level from lowering to reaction carousel to finishing reagent dispensing; otherwise, an
alarm will be given, and the probe will raise to the home position for other actions
after the syringe finishes dispensing.
If probe R12 or R22 (with long arms) rotates to aspirate and dispense liquid, probe
R11 or R21 (with short arms) will also move horizontally for washing no matter it
needs to dispense reagent or not. If probe R11 or R21 does not need to dispense
reagent, it will not lower down for aspirating and dispensing.

2.4.2 Sequential Actions of Sample Probe


The sample probe consists of two needles as shown in the figure below, and the
syringe and fluidic path of each needle are controlled by a separate drive system. In
each working period, if one of the two needles needs to dispense sample, the entire
probe rotates to the sample container for aspirating and then to the target cuvette for
dispensing; if both needles need to dispense sample, they aspirate sample
simultaneously and then dispense to two cuvettes successively; if the two needles are
required to dispense sample to cuvettes on outer and inner rings of the reaction
carousel, dispensing to inner ring precedes that to outer ring.

2-7
Figure 2.4 Sample probe

Sequential actions of sample probe:


Lower into sample container -> aspirate sample -> raise to above sample carousel ->
rotate to reaction carousel inner ring -> lower to reaction carousel -> dispense
sample -> raise to above reaction carousel -> rotate to reaction carousel outer ring ->
lower to reaction carousel -> dispense sample -> raise to above reaction carousel ->
rotate to wash well -> start to wash -> rotate to above wash well -> rotate to sample
rack, reaction carousel, or aspirate position on sample carousel. See the figure below:
Figure 2.5 Actions of sample probe

Rise to vertical position


after cleaning
Rotate to wash well
for cleaning
Rise to vertical wash
position after aspirating

Height over
wash well Height for dispensing sample

Height for
aspirating sample

When aspirating liquid, the sample probe, after detecting fluid level, moves for
certain steps and then stops. The probe cannot detect fluid level
when stopping above the instrument panel in order to prevent error.
It aspirates excessive 5l for each aspiration.
When dispensing sample to reaction cuvette, the sample probe calculates the
stopping height by tracking fluid level, and the dispense position is certain steps
above the height inside the cuvette.

2.4.3 Sequential Actions of Mixer Unit


The sample and reagent mixer modules adopt a 6-mixer structure and respectively
stir the reaction liquid for the two measuring systems. The following description is
based on one of the measuring systems.
In each period, the three mixer sets are washed with wash solution in phase 1, and
then washed with deionized water and stir in phase 2. Each mixer set completes
washing in two periods. The mixers start next action when the reaction carousel
stops rotating. When the mixers start lowering down, the wash valve is turned on,
and the mixer motor starts when the mixers lower down for certain steps. Rotation

2-8
of the mixers are driven by a step motor.
The two mixer modules are the same in working mode. On each module, each mixer
set works in the following procedure: phase-1 wash with wash solution in period 1,
phase-2 wash with deionized water in period 2, and stirring reaction liquid in period 3.
They rotate successively in the following angles: 120clockwise, 120clockwise and
then 240counterclockwise. That is, when a mixer set is stirring, the other two are
being cleaned respectively with wash solution in phase 1 and with deionized water in
phase Working timing of mixer: In every batch of test, the mixers work through the
process from the two periods before stirring for the first test till the six periods after
stirring for the last one (including the special wash in three periods after test). They
are washed normally with wash solution and deionized water in the first two periods
and only with deionized water in the last four (with V12 and V13 kept off). In this
way, each mixer set is washed completely through two phases with no wash solution
left.
No matter each chemistry requested is of single reagent or double reagent, R2
mixing is required, so that the mixers are washed completely before and after every
batch of test. Performing reagent stirring for all tests can ensure the consistency of
test conditions.

2-9
2.5 Test Procedure
A working period is 3.6 seconds, and the first period is when R1 is dispensed into
cuvette. The following test procedure is based on any of the cuvettes.
Period 1, 6, 11, 16, 21, and 26: washing No.N cuvette through phase 1 to 6.
Period 31: measuring water blank for No.N cuvette.
Period 36 and 41: washing No.N cuvette through phase 7 and 8.
Period 43: dispensing R1 to No.N cuvette.
Period 59: dispensing sample to No.N cuvette.
Period 62: mixing sample in No.N cuvette, with single-reagent chemistry starting
reaction.
Period 123: dispensing R2 to No.N cuvette in the case of double-reagent chemistry.
Period 126: mixing R2 in No.N cuvette, with double-reagent chemistry starting
reaction.
Period 207: finishing single-/double-reagent chemistry test, and, if not
triple-/quadruple chemistry,
washing cuvette for phase 1.
Period 249: dispensing R3 to No.N cuvette in the case of triple-/quadruple-reagent
chemistry.
Period 268: mixing R3 in No.N cuvette by sample mixer.
Period 329: dispensing R4 to No.N cuvette in the case of quadruple-reagent
chemistry.
Period 332: mixing R4 in No.N cuvette by reagent mixer.
Period 413: washing No.N cuvette for phase 1. The reaction is finished in this period.

2.5.1 Test Procedure of Double-Reagent Chemistry


The test procedure of double-reagent chemistry is as shown below. The maximum
reaction time of such chemistry is about 5 minutes.

2-10
Figure 2.6 Test procedure of double-reagent chemistry

Add R1
Add S
Stir S
Add R2
Stir R2
Reaction ends
8-phase wash
8-phase wash

Test procedure of double-reagent chemistry

A photometric measuring period is 18 seconds. The measuring points for


single-/double-reagent chemistry are defined as follows:

2-11
Table 2.1 Definition of measuring points for single-/double-reagent chemistry

Point P4, representing dispensing of sample, is invalid and does not appear on
reaction curve. Point P33 represents the photometric data collected during
deceleration of the reaction carousel from rotating to stopping, and the data is
invalid.

2.5.2 Antigen Addition Procedure


The antigen addition function means not washing cuvettes in the end of the current
test cycle but adding more sample to cuvette in the next test cycle and then checking
for antigen excess according to the reaction curves drawn before and after sample
addition. The measuring points for antigen addition are shown below.

2-12
Table 2.2 Definition of measuring points for single-/double-reagent chemistry

2.5.3 Sample Dilution Procedure


Sample dilution ration is adjustable between 1:3 and 1:133. The test procedure for
sample dilution is described as follows:
The cuvette for sample dilution has no reaction curve.
Period N: Probe R11 aspirates water from position W and dispenses it as R1 to a
clean cuvette in reaction carousel inner ring. The cuvette is marked M.
Period N+16: The sample to be diluted is dispensed into cuvette M.
Period N+19: Cuvette M is carried to sample mixing position for stirring.
Period N+21: R1 for diluting sample is dispensed into cuvette M-37 (inner ring)
or cuvette M-39 (outer ring).
Period N+37: The sample probe aspirates diluted sample from the reaction
carousel and dispenses it to the sample dispense position.

2-13
Period N+40: Cuvette M-37 or M-39 is carried to reagent mixing position for
stirring. The reaction starts for single-reagent chemistry. In the case of
double-/triple-/quadruple-reagent chemistry, reagent is dispensed and mixed
successively in cuvette M-37 or M-39 in the following periods, which is same as
the normal test period.
Sample aspiration/dispensing is same for the sample dilution period and normal test
period, except that the sample probe rotates in the previous period to the diluting
position to aspirate diluted sample.
Sample dilution is finished on reaction carousel inner ring only by probe R11, and the
diluted sample can be analyzed on either the inner ring or outer ring.

2.5.4 Special Wash Procedure


The BS-2000M/BS-2200M supports special wash for the sample probe, reagent
probes, mixers and reaction cuvettes, with the aim of eliminating carryover and
preventing stains from accumulating on exterior and interior of the probes, mixers
and cuvettes. The special wash is available in three modes: comprehensive special
wash, special wash probes and mixers, and special wash sample probe.
Comprehensive special wash (for sample probe, reagent probes, mixers, and
reaction cuvettes):
The wash procedure is similar with the double-reagent test procedure. Probes
R11/R12 and the sample probe dispense specified amount of wash solution to all
cuvettes, the mixers stir the wash solution, and the cuvettes are washed. Unlike the
double-reagent test procedure, probes R21/R22 only dispenses part of the wash
solution to cuvettes, with the remaining part not dispensed till washed in wash well.
The double-reagent test procedure is performed continuously for 206 cuvettes
respectively on inner and outer rings. This special mode is often used for cleaning
reaction cuvettes.
Special wash probes and mixers (including sample probe, reagent probes and mixers):
The wash procedure is similar with the double-reagent test procedure. Probes
R11/R12 and the sample probe dispense specified amount of wash solution to all
cuvettes, the mixers stir the wash solution, and the cuvettes are washed. The wash
times can be defined by user. This wash mode is often used in the following
conditions:
1. Special wash is determined in carryover settings and inserted in test process to
prevent cross contamination.
2. Special wash is performed before and after testing. It is optional before testing,
and executed for three times by default after every batch of test.
3. Special wash is performed by user in non-testing status to clean the probes and
mixers.
Special wash sample probe:
The sample probe aspirates specified amount of wash solution and dispenses it to
the wash well, and then washed internally and externally with deionized water in the
wash well. The special wash is performed in test process for every certain number of
tests in order to prevent probe clogging. Each wash period is 3.6 seconds.

2-14
Note: During special wash, the reagent probes and sample probe aspirate the
maximum amount of wash solution that they support. The aspiration amount of
wash solution is: 200l for probes R11/R12, 25l for sample probe S1/S2, and 150l
for probes R21/R22. They are the one set for the probes, and the actual amount of
each probe should be the set one plus excessive amount.

2.5.5 Dilution Procedure of Concentrated Wash Solution


The BS-2000M/BS-2200M supports use of concentrated wash solution. The diluent
is the deionized water used for cleaning reagent probes interior.
The addition procedure of concentrated wash solution is described as follows:
During probe wash prior to the dilution, the syringe aspirates required amount of
diluent for diluting the concentrated wash solution. Before rotating to the reagent
carousel, the reagent probe aspirates 1l air to prevent swinging liquid from the tip.
After aspirating specified amount of concentrated wash solution from the reagent
carousel, it raises for a distance to aspirate 1l air and then dispenses the wash
solution plus 2l air plus specified amount of diluent. The diluent amount is
calculated based on the reagent dilution ratio defined in chemistry parameters and
should not exceed 200l. To be consistent with the reagent volume in normal test,
the total volume of concentrated wash solution and diluent should be within
80-200l.
Figure 2.7 Sketch of reagent probe aspirating air

1L air

Reagent

1L air

2.5.6 Start/End Points of Test


The following actions are executed before every batch of test begins:
1. Mechanical reset.
2. Establishing vacuum.

2-15
3. Turning on deionized water circulating pump P03, water preheating and diluted
wash solution pump P06.
4. System reset.
5. Scanning sample and reagent bar code (if bar code module is configured).
6. Cleaning and measuring reaction cuvettes.
After every batch of test:
1. Compulsively inserting three washes with wash solution after testing (different
from existing models).
The special wash after testing is considered as a double-reagent chemistry and run in
the same procedure.
2. After finishing the dispensing or mixing task (including special wash after testing)
in the last period, the sample probe and reagent probes are washed continuously for
three periods with deionized water in the wash well, and particularly, the sample
mixers and reagent mixers are washed for 6 periods.
3. After finishing all test actions, the system does not execute system reset but wash
the reaction cuvettes
with deionized water and dry them according to the fluidic timing.
4. After testing, the system releases vacuum, turns off the diluted wash solution
pump P06, deionized water circulating pump P03 and water preheating.

2-16
2.6 ISE Test

2.6.1 Workflow of ISE module


The BS-2000M/BS-2200M has employed the ISE module of A&T in Japan. It works
in the following procedure. As shown in the figure below, the common procedures
of the ISE module include two-point slope calibration, normal test and daily
maintenance.
Figure 2.8 Workflow of ISE module

Startup
Switch on power
procedure of
supply
ISE module

Initialization

System parameter configuration

Test parameter configuration

Calibration parameter
configuration

Two-point calibration

Routine ISE tests Daily maintenance of ISE module

2.6.2 Startup Procedure


The ISE module of A&T is used. It performs initialization, and configuration of
system parameters and test parameters during startup process. (Applied only when a
new ISE module is installed)

2-17
Figure 2.9 Startup procedure of ISE module

Startup
Switch on power
procedure of
supply
ISE module

Initialization

System parameter configuration

Test parameter configuration

Calibration parameter
configuration

Two-point calibration

Routine ISE tests Daily maintenance of ISE module

If configured, the ISE module completes the following actions during startup
procedure:
Initializing.
Priming and emptying.
Receiving and configuring system parameters sent from the operation unit.
Receiving and configuring test parameters sent from the operation unit.

2.6.3 Normal Test Procedure


In continuous testing, each period for ISE serum is 18 seconds (5 periods used with
4 biochemical periods interval), and that for ISE urine is 24 seconds (7 periods used
with 6 biochemical periods interval, first two periods of incubation same as those of
serum). An ISE test period starts from sending test request till returning results.
When receiving "test request" from the operation unit, the ISE module returns a
"response" immediately, which contains the required times of buffer prime.
After certain time since receiving the "test request", the module sends a message to
the operation unit indicating that buffer prime has been finished and sample should
be dispensed. The sample probe waiting over the ISE module lowers down to
dispense sample and then leaves the fluid level. Later, the operation unit returns
"sample dispensing finished" message to the ISE module.
After that, the module starts measuring the sample, and after certain time since
sending the "sample dispensing finished" message
returns test results to the operation unit.
The priming time required for different cycles are determined based on the test
interval and notified to the operation unit through the "response" of the ISE module.

2-18
The priming principles include:
If the ISE module has been idle for less than 5s, no prime is required during the
next batch of test.
If it has been idle for 5s to 3min, a prime is added prior to the next batch of
test.
If it has been idle for 3min to 10min, two primes are added prior to the next
batch of test.
If it has been idle for over 10min, three primes are added.

2.6.4 Two-Point Slope Calibration Procedure


Two-point calibration is one of the indispensable steps during ISE application, and it
is performed to calibrate the ISE module. During two-point calibration, calibrators
of high and low levels need to be tested in the order of: H->H->H->L->L->L->L
(in normal conditions). (H: high-level calibrator, L: low-level calibrator).
Calibration test: H is tested for the 1st time to activate the electrodes, and then tested
for the 2nd time to record the voltage value. For the 3rd time, H is tested again to
record another voltage value, which is compared with the previous one. If the
difference is less than 3(mV), the calibration succeeds, and test of L continues; if it
exceeds 3, H is tested again until the bias between two adjacent voltage values is less
than 3, and the H test is no more than 8 times.
If the H test is passed, L is tested in the same way as L. If L test fails after 8 times,
an alarm is given; if it succeeds, another L test is added to record another voltage
value, which is compared with the average of the previous two. The voltage bias
must be within -4-2; otherwise, an alarm is given.
No matter H test or L test, if it is performed for over 8 times and the bias of the last
two voltage still exceeds 3, an alarm is given indicating calibration failure.

2.6.5 Electrode Wash Procedure


Electrodes are washed with wash solution to remove the proteins left on them during
testing. They should be washed every day.
The following actions are executed during the electrode wash procedure:
1. The operation unit sends an electrode wash request to the ISE module.
2. The ISE pump dispenses 728l (22*33) diluent to the sample cup and then returns
a signal indicating ready for electrode wash.
3. The sample carousel rotates with the ISE wash solution at the aspiration port.
4. The sample probe rotates to the aspirate position and aspirates 22l ISE wash
solution.
5. The sample probe dispenses the wash solution to the ISE sample cup and sends a
signal indicating dispensing finished.
6. The ISE module washes the electrodes and then returns a report after finishing the
wash.

2-19
2.6.6 Tube Wash Procedure
ISE tubes are washed to clear the protein fibers left inside of them in order to
prevent blockage. (If more than 500 samples of dialysis patient are analyzed every
month, perform the procedure in every 3 days. ) (If more than 100 samples of
dialysis patient are analyzed every month, perform the procedure once a week. )
The following actions are executed during the tube wash procedure:
Replace the Na, K, Cl and reference electrodes with a spacer.
Remove the spacer's cap and pour in about 5ml deproteinized wash solution.
The operation unit sends a tube wash instruction.
After washing is finished, install back the Na, K, Cl and reference electrodes.
Run two-point calibration.

2-20
2.7 Resetting Procedure
The resetting includes failure restore, system reset and mechanical reset.

2.7.1 Failure Restore


When such errors, like probe/mixer collision, carousel positioning error or step
missing, data processing error, and communication failure that will not cause any
components to stop, happen, if the reaction carousel and cuvette wash station do not
miss steps or have no positioning error, the moving parts automatically restore their
failures to continue with the sampling and the test, and the reaction carousel still
rotates normally for photometric measurement, thus resuming the test and keeping it
going smoothly. Those tests that do not finish dispensing of sample or reagent due
to the failure restore are invalidated.
In order to reduce the tests invalidated due to failure restore, only the failed unit is
recovered while other modules continue with the normal test period.
What should be noted it that, the reagent probes of the two measuring systems
intersect, and both of the probes will restore if one of them fails. Failure restore is
completed in two test periods with the following procedure:
The reaction carousel, wash station and mixers work as in normal test period.
The reagent probes and sample probe return to the vertical home position in the
beginning.
When the probes raise to a safe position, the reagent carousels and sample
carousel start rotating to reset.
After raising to the vertical home position, the probes start resetting horizontally
and vertically.
After certain time since the probes' resetting, the syringes evacuate for washing
with same timing as normal period.
After resetting, the probes and mixers rotate to the relevant horizontal position
as required in the next period, that is, probes to the aspirate position and mixers
to the mixing position.

2.7.2 System Reset


System reset is similar with failure restore except for the following:
The reaction carousel is calibrated by passing the zero position and then stops at
the resetting position.
The wash station finds the zero position and then returns to the home position.
The probes' washing time is longer, because the syringes evacuate, aspirate full
and reset during the washing process.
No matter during horizontal or vertical resetting, the probes move successively
to the following positions during the washing process: vertical zero position (low
speed) ->

2-21
vertical home position (normal speed) -> horizontal zero position (low speed) ->
horizontal wash position (normal speed) -> vertical wash position (normal
speed).

2.7.3 Mechanical Reset


Mechanical reset is performed during the startup initialization process, with the
purpose of powering on all drive motors except for syringe motor to stop at the
preset position. It is similar with system reset only except that it does not include the
probe wash and syringe actions.

2-22
2.8 Sequential Actions of Startup and Shutdown
In startup procedure, the analyzer, controlled by the operating software, completes a
series of initialization actions to enter the Standby status. The operation procedure is
as follows:
The analyzer is powered on.
The operating software is run and starts checking the running environment.
Check of communication and status of middle-/lower-layer units: The
upper-layer unit sends a handshake instruction to all units of the analyzer,
in order to check if the communication and status of the middle-/lower-layer
units are normal.
Query of analyzer parameters and status: including the status of various moving
parts, and of components of the hydraulic unit and pyrology unit.
Dark current of the photometric system is measured.
The reaction carousel temperature control is turned on.
The lamp is turned on for 20 minutes to get steady and then checked.
The hydraulic unit starts initialization.
The deionized water circulating pump P03 is switched on.
The vacuum pump is turned on.
System reset is executed.
The preheating of deionized water and wash solution for washing cuvettes is
turned on.
The deionized water circulating pump P03 is switched off.
The sample carousel and reagent carousels are scanned for identifying bar code
(only when bar code readers are configured.)
The ISE module stats initialization (only if an ISE module is configured.)
If the conditions for system standby are met, the system enters into Standby
status.
If an error occurs in any of the steps 2 to 10, the system directly enters the Failure
status without executing the remaining actions. The lamp gets steady after turned on
for 20 minutes, and the reaction carousel is considered normal with temperature at
370.3. If the requirement is not met after temperature control is turned on for
30 minutes, the system gives a message indicating reaction carousel temperature
unsteady and enters Standby status.
The shutdown procedure is as follows:
When the system is in Failure, Sleep or Standby status, the shutdown procedure
can be performed.
The ISE module, if configured, is washed automatically.
The lamp power is turned off.

2-23
The reaction carousel temperature control, preheating of circulating water, and
the preheating of deionized water and wash solution for washing cuvettes are
turned off.
Fluidic components like deionized water circulating pump P03 and vacuum
pump are turned off. Vacuum pressure is released after the vacuum pump's
turning off.
The database is shut down. If the operation fails, the system gives a warning,
and continues the shutdown after confirmation.
The system exits.
When user selects Exit on the main screen, the shutdown procedure is executed
automatically. If it fails, user will be prompted to skip the shutdown procedure and
exit in emergency.

2-24
2.9 Sequential Actions of Pumps

2.9.1 Refrigeration Circulating Pump P02


Pump P02 starts working once the main power switch is turned on.

2.9.2 Deionized Water Circulating Pump P03


Before test begins, pump P03 is turned on, and needs 1 second to establish pressure.
It is kept on during the entire test process.
In Standby status, the pump is turned on at least 1 second before relevant wash
actions begin. The wash actions include:
Cuvette wash and auto dilution of cuvette wash unit.
Interior wash and exterior wash of sample probe unit.
Interior wash and exterior wash of reagent probe units.
Mixer wash of mixer unit.
The pump is turned off when the system is in Standby status and not running any
procedure needing the pump.
If the water tank empty alarm occurs, pump P03 is kept off, and cannot be turned
on until the alarm is removed.

2.9.3 Degassed Water Booster Pumps P04 and P13


Switching on/off of the degassed water booster pumps P04 and P13 are closed
related the probe interior wash procedure. Before probe interior wash begins, the two
pumps are turned on, and the corresponding return valves V09 and V08 are switched
on 1s ahead to facilitate the pumps.
Pump P04 controls three probe units: S1, R11 and R12. It is turned on before any of
the units starts interior wash and turned off when all the three units finish interior
wash.
Pump P13 controls three probe units: S2, R21 and R22. It is turned on before any of
the units starts interior wash and turned off when all the three units finish interior
wash.

2.9.4 Concentrated Wash Solution Pump P05


The pump ensures concentrated wash solution to be diluted at 1:50 and is controlled
in the follow mode:
Dilution conditions: Dilution can be started if one of the following conditions is
met.

2-25
Signal of low level floater FL06 of the diluted wash solution tank is detected and
means the floater does not rise.
No water tank empty alarm is triggered.
No concentrated wash solution tank empty alarm is triggered.
Dilution procedure:
Pump P03 is turned on and kept. If it is on, the next step continues.
When P03 is turned on for 1 second, (If it is on, dilution starts directly.) dilution
valve V20 is switched on, and after certain time pump P05 is switched on to
pump CD80 from the concentrated wash solution tank to the diluted wash
solution tank.
Conditions of ending dilution: Dilution is ended when one of the following
conditions is met.
Normal ending:
When signal of high level floater FL09 (rising) of the diluted wash solution tank is
detected, the dilution is ended after the period is over.
When one of the following conditions is met (abnormal ending):
i. Water tank empty alarm is triggered.
ii. Concentrated wash solution tank empty alarm is triggered.
Actions: No matter if the current dilution period is over or not, the concentrated
wash solution pump P05 and dilution valve V20 are switched off directly.
The dilution time exceeds 82min, and the low-level floater FL06 of the diluted wash
solution tank is ON (abnormal ending).
Actions: When the current dilution period is over, the dilution is terminated, and it is
performed again if conditions are met.

2.9.5 Wash Solution Circulating Pump P06


Before test begins, pump P06 is turned on, and needs 1 second to establish pressure.
It is kept on all through the test process.
When cuvette wash is to be performed in Standby status, it is turned on at least 1s
earlier; it is also turned on for auto dilution in Standby status.
If no cuvette wash and auto dilution is performed in Standby status, the pump is
turned off. If the wash solution tank empty alarm occurs, pump P06 is kept off, and
cannot be turned on until the alarm is removed.

2.9.6 Waste Pump P07


During testing
Pump P07 is turned on when test begins, kept on during the entire test process, and
turned off after certain time when all washes are finished.

2-26
During resetting
The pump is turned on when resetting begins (including startup reset), and turned
off after certain time when the resetting is finished.
During other alignment and maintenance procedures
The pump is turned on before either of sample probe wash, reagent probe wash,
mixer wash, or cuvette wash begins, and turned off after certain time when the wash
is finished. During continuous washing, it is turned on prior to the first wash and
turned off after certain time when the last wash is finished.
During the washing, if an error occurs that will terminate the wash process, pump
P07 is turned off after the wash is finished; if washing continues in the event of an
error, the pump still works and is turned off after certain time when the wash is
finished.
Abnormal conditions
Pump P07 is checked when either of the high- or low-concentration waste collector
floater is ON. If:
the pump is on, it is kept for certain time and then turned off.
the pump is off, it is turned on. If either of the high- or low-concentration waste
collector floater is OFF, the pump is kept for a few seconds and then turned off. If
an floater alarm remains, the pump is turned off.
While the analyzer is powered on, pump P07 is turned on for every 12 hours and
kept for certain time (normally about 10 seconds).

2.9.7 Primary Vacuum Pumps P08/P14 and External Vacuum


Pump P10(optional)
Pumps P08, P14 and P10 are switched on before testing begins. Testing will not start
until they are turned on to establish vacuum.
The three pumps are kept on all through the test process.
The three pumps are turned on before the wash unit starts executing any action (e.g.
cuvette wash, fluidic diagnosis, maintenance command, etc.) related to cuvette wash
in Standby status.
If the wash unit does not execute such actions in Standby status, the three pumps are
turned off.
The pumps are turned off in Sleep status, and turned on for fluidic initialization
when the system is woken up.
The external vacuum pump P10 is turned off together with the primary vacuum
pumps P08 and P14, when such errors like vacuum/waste container fluid level alarm,
pressure alarm, cuvette wash pausing and cuvette wash stopping happen.
Pump P10 is switched on prior to pumps P08 and P14. No matter pump P10 is
configured or not, the operating software deems it existing during vacuum
establishment.

2-27
2.9.8 Whole Unit Degassing Pump P09
P09 is a negative pressure pump, and the negative pressure can be detected as
absolute pressure by the pressure detection board.
During normal testing, when the pressure detection board detects the whole unit
degassing pressure greater than 18Kpa, P09 is turned on; when it detects the pressure
less than 15Kpa, P09 is turned off.
When the system status is Sleep, P09 is off without performing pressure check.
When the system status is Standby,
During startup process, P09 is turned on prior to fluidic initialization and turned off
after that.
During shutdown process, P09 is kept off.

2.9.9 ISE Degassing Pump


In normal conditions, the degassing pressure of the ISE module is kept within
-27kPa - -30kPa. If the pressure is detected beyond this range during testing, P12 is
turned on. P12 does not work in other statuses.

2-28
3 Software Introduction

This chapter provides instructions of installing, upgrading and uninstalling the


BS-2000M/BS-2200M operating software. The operating instructions are excluded
here and can be found in the Operator's Manual.

3-1
3.1 Software Installation

3.1.1 Introduction of Installation Package


The installation package of the operating software contains three folders: Setup,
SetupGuide, and Thirdparty.
Figure 3.1 Folders in operating software installation package

Setup folder: includes the operating software installation file setup.exe and the
KillBsLog tool that can end the Bslog service.
Figure 3.2 Setup folder

BsLog: a service run automatically when the operating software is started up, and
used to record the logs of the software. When started up, the software checks if the
service is started, and if it is not started, gives an alarm and fails in startup. When
logging on the software, you are allowed to end this process, and this action will not
be recorded in the logs.
SetupGuide folder: includes software installation guide and upgrading guide.
Thirdparty folder: includes dotnetfx and SQLExp installation packages. The former
contains the installation program of Microsoft .net Framework and is the running
environment assembly of SQL; while the latter is database software.

3.1.2 Folder Structure


The default installation path of the operating software is: D:\mindray\BS2000.
After installation, the folder structure is like the following:

3-2
Figure 3.3 Folder structure after installation

The OperationSoft folder is relatively important and expanded as follows:


Figure 3.4 OperationSoft folder

The following folders should be paid much attention to:


AbsData: stores reaction curve files.
AlarmFile: stores alarm log messages.
BS-800LOG: contains SDM logs.
Database: database file, which contains all parameters, test results, calibration
and QC data, etc.
ExceptionLog: records address segment for error analysis when the software
collapses abnormally. (Note: There are two ExceptLog files, and the other one is
in Instrument_1 folder.)
HELP: online help .chm file.

3-3
Instrument_1: log file of #1 analyzer.
Instrument_2: log file of #2 analyzer.
Item: Mindray's chemistry parameter file.
LOG: records software upgrading information. (last upgrading information
record)
Logs: RMS (Remote Management System) logs. Not used temporarily.
BS-800.exe: shortcut of BS2000 program.

3.1.3 Log Files


The BsLog process records in real-time mode the communication and action
information of the software and analyzer, which includes but not limited to the
following:
Keyboard input
Error log, operation log and maintenance log of the software
Communication instructions between the PC and analyzer
Action instructions of the analyzer
Floater and optical coupler statuses of the analyzer (real-time)
Pump and valve powering statuses of the analyzer (real-time)
Photoelectric data (real-time)

Separate log files are produced every day and stored in the following addresses:
BS800LOG folder in D:\mindray\BS2000\OperationSoft
InstrumentLOG folder in D:\mindray\BS2000\OperationSoft\Instrument_1
The folder structure is shown below:

3-4
Figure 3.5 Log files

The following folders should be paid much attention to:


InstrService: water blank data.
Lislog: LIS communication data.

3.1.4 Software Running

3.1.5 Auto Startup


Normally, the operating software runs automatically once the Windows system is
started up. If you need to disable this function for special purpose, you may change
the startup settings of the computer.
Switch to the desktop using the service user account, click the Windows button on
the lower-left corner, and enter "msconfig" in the Running field. The screen is shown
as follows:

3-5
Figure 3.6 Running "msconfig" command

Press Enter. The System Configuration Utility dialog box pops up. Select Startup.
Figure 3.7 System Configuration Utility dialog box

3-6
Deselect the checkbox to the left of "BS800" to disable auto startup of the operating
software.
Figure 3.8 Configure startup items

To restore auto startup, repeat steps 1 to 3 and select the "BS-800" checkbox.

3.1.6 Software Running Parameters


Select Start -> All Programs -> Mindray -> BS-800, and right click the BS-800 icon.

3-7
Figure 3.9 Change shortcut property

The Properties dialog box pops up. Change the properties in the Target field by
adding "space + running parameters" behind ".exe". See the figure below:
Figure 3.10 Configure software running parameters

The frequently-used parameters include:

3-8
-demo: running the software in demo mode. In this mode, the software can enter
Standby status without connecting the analyzer, and can finish all operations when
logged on with the R&D user account. The R&D user account is dynamic and can
be retrieved from TS when needed.
-option: whether to execute Home (initialization) command during startup process. It
is used to quickly skip the startup process and enter the Stopped status.
-force login: logging on compulsively. It can be used in event that the computer has
memory less than 1.5G.
-1280: canceling the screen resolution limit of 1280X1024. The software can be run
with the resolution of 1024X768.
-no shutdown: not performing the Windows shutdown procedure when exiting the
software.

3.1.7 Normal Startup Procedure


The normal startup procedure of the operating software is as follows:
The system checks if the Bslog process has been started automatically. If not, the
Bslog.exe program is run.
Sqlserver is started, and it will exit if an error indicating database initialization failed
occurs.
The software process is started.
User enters the username and password: "ServiceUser" and "#BS8A#SEU".
The software shakes hands with the middle-/lower-layer units. If handshake fails, an
alarm is given prompting the unit is abnormal.
The Home procedure is performed.
Note: A DOS dialog box shows when the software is started up. Do not close or exit
it to prevent software halted.

3-9
Figure 3.11 Software startup

3-10
3.2 Software Upgrading
Refer to the upgrading guide in SetupGuide folder or in the
D:\mindray\BS2000\UpgradeTool path.
Note: After upgrading the software, switch off the main power and switch it on
again to refresh the refrigeration unit.

3-11
3.3 Software Uninstallation

3.3.1 Uninstalling BS-2000M Software


End the BSlog process by using the KillBslog tool in the installation package.
Find the BS-2000 program in Control Panel and perform the uninstallation
procedure.

3.3.2 Uninstalling SQL Database


Uninstall SQL Server.
Delete the Microsoft SQL Server folder produced during installation, run the
"Regedit", and delete the
"HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Microsoft SQL Server" and
"HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Microsoft SQL Server"
folders.
Click Start -> Run, and enter "regedit". Find the "PendingFileRenameOperations"
folder in
"HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session
Manager" and delete all data in the folder.

3-12
3.4 Comparison of User Permissions
There are four user groups, which are from low to high: operator, administrator,
service engineer, and R&D.
The permissions of each user group are listed in the table below:

Table 3.1 Comparison of user permissions


Sample analysis

Calibration, QC

Adjust permissions

Edit results

Edit chemistry parameters

Edit calibration factors

Import/Export data
procedure
Customize

Replace consumables

Delete logs

Instrument settings

Factory settings

Query parameters

Modify parameters
Permissions

maintenance
Account type
Operator
Administrator

Engineer
R&D

Please pay special attention to the following points:

Operator is not permitted to replace Online Filter, Filter Core, etc.


Figure 3.12 Comparison 1 of permissions for administrator (left) and egineer (right)

3-13
Administrator is not permitted to view coolers' current.
Figure 3.13 Comparison 2 of permissions for operator (left) and administrator
(right)

3-14
4 Hardware Circuits

4-1
4.1 Overview
This chapter describes the functions of the printed circuit board assemblies (PCBAs)
used on the BS-2000M/BS-2200M Chemistry Analyzer.

4-2
4.2 Summary of Hazards
While the instrument is working, do not touch the hardware circuit boards with your
hands or other objects.
To remove a circuit board, you should first disconnect the instrument from the (AC)
power supply. Please wear a pair of anti-static gloves or take other measures to
prevent static electricity prior to removing a circuit board.

4-3
4.3 Summary of PCBAs
Sequence number and function description of PCBAs
The table bellows provides a summary of the PCBAs used on the
BS-2000M/BS-2200M Chemistry Analyzer and briefly describes their functions.
Note: Those materials with FRU code should be applied by the corresponding FRU
code.

Table 4.1 PCBA list


PCBA (PCB) Functions Remark
Main control board The main control board is the control center The main
(analyzer) of the instrument. It is mainly used to fulfill control
051-001218-00 the following tasks: 1). communicating with board
a computer through the RS232 serial port to software
transmit data and instructions; 2) varies with
communicating with the smart modules, different
including the ISE module, through the numbers of
extended serial ports to transmit data and open
instructions; and 3) controlling digital channel.
potentiometer adjustment and
photoelectric data collection of the AD
collection board and receiving the
photoelectric data.
Main control board Control center of track control. It Borrowed
(SDM) communicates with a computer through the from
801-BA80-00098-00 RS232 serial port to transmit data and BS-800M
051-000203-00 instructions, and communicates with smart
modules of the rack feeder system to
transmit data and instructions.
Control drive board Drives and controls the sample carousel,
(Sample) sample probe, and sample mixer assemblies.
051-001016-00
Control drive board Drives and controls the reagent carousel R1, The reagent
(R1) probe R11, and probe R12 assemblies. mixer unit is
051-001017-00 not
controlled
by this
board.
Control drive board Drives and controls the reagent carousel R2, The reagent
(R2) probe R21, and probe R22 assemblies. mixer unit is
051-001018-00 not
controlled
by this
board.
Wash temperature Drives and controls the reagent mixers,
control board cuvette wash station, reaction carousel and
051-001004-00 temperature control assemblies.

4-4
PCBA (PCB) Functions Remark
Control drive board Drives and controls motors, optical couplers Borrowed
(SDM) and bar code scanning of the SDM. from
801-BA80-00238-00 BS-800M
051-000378-00
Track control drive Drives and controls the motors and optical
board couplers of the rack transfer unit.
051-001000-00
Reaction carousel Adjusts the signal of the reaction carousel Borrowed
temperature temperature sensor and converts it from from BS-800
collection board analog to digital, and provides a serial port
801-BA80-00055-01 to connect the wash temperature control
051-000817-00 board.
Wash temperature Adjusts the signals of three wash Borrowed
collection board temperature sensors and one environment from BS-800
801-BA80-00092-00 temperature sensor and convert them from
051-000449-00 analog to digital; provides an SPI interface
for connecting with the wash temperature
control board.
Reagent The reagent refrigeration board is used to:
refrigeration board refrigerate reagents via the coolers and
051-001019-00 circulating pump; indicate refrigerating
temperature; drive the fans and the
demisting circuit of the reagent bar code
reader; and power the ISE module.
AC drive board By receiving control signals from the control
051-001020-00 drive board and the wash temperature
control board, the AC drive board drives the
AC pump and AC heater and allocates power
supply to power the whole unit.
Mixer drive board Drives the 3 mixer motors and monitors their
051-001006-00 rotation speed. Each analyzer contains 2
such boards respectively for sample mixer
and reagent mixer.
Sample level sense Senses sample level and detects vertical
board obstruct of the sample probe.
051-000948-00
Reagent level sense Senses reagent level and detects vertical
board obstruct of the reagent probes. Each
051-001005-00 analyzer contains 4 such boards respectively
for probes R11, R12, R21, and R22.
Clog detection The clog detection board detects clogs Borrowed
board inside the sample probe by checking the from BS-800
801-BA80-00048-00 pressure of the fluidic tube when the sample
051-000218-00 probe aspirates samples. Each analyzer
contains 2 such boards respectively for
needles S1 and S2.

4-5
PCBA (PCB) Functions Remark
AD collection board The AD collection board adjusts the
051-000934-00 photoelectric signals output by the
preamplifier board and controls it for AD
conversion. It provides an SPI interface for
connecting with the main control board.
Preamplifier board The preamplifier board converts the signals
(13-channel) of the 13 discrete photodiode arrays from
051-000947-00 analog to digital and then amplifies them.
Each analyzer contains 2 such boards
respectively for photometers of inner ring
and outer ring.
Preamplifier board The preamplifier board converts the signals Borrowing
(reference light) of the photodiode array from analog to the 450nm
801-BA20-00023-01 digital and then amplifies them, and preamplifier
051-000398-00 monitors the lamp status. board.
Pressure detection The pressure detection board checks the Borrowed
board pressure of primary vacuum, primary from BS-800
801-BA80-00090-00 degassing and ISE degassing, and processes
051-000216-00 and converts the analog signals output by
the water quality detection board. It
provides a serial port for data transmission.
Water quality The water quality detection board converts
detection board the quality of the test water into changes of
801-BA80-00153-00 output analog voltage.
Network interface The bridge for connection between the Borrowed
conversion board analyzer and the computer. It provides an from BS-800
801-BA80-00236-00 RJ45 network interface and a DB25 interface
051-000376-00 as well as 5 serial ports.
Communication Used to extend the serial port and network Borrowed
conversion board port on the analyzer or on the SDM main from BS-800
801-BA40-00021-00 control board for cable connection.
BA40-30-61377 The SDM and each analyzer has 1 such board.
DC power supply The DC power supply conversion board
conversion board receives the A5V digital, C12V power and
051-000755-00 B24V power, and then shifts them to the
analog power supply conversion board,
control drive boards, and wash temperature
control board.
Analog power The analog power supply conversion board
supply conversion converts the C12V power into 2 analog
board +/-12V. One is photoelectric analog +/-12V,
051-001023-00 providing analog power for the AD collection
board and preamplifier board; and the other
powers the control drive boards and wash
temperature board through the DC power
supply conversion board. The digital A5V
passes by on this board.

4-6
PCBA (PCB) Functions Remark
Five-probe/mixer Provides connection of control drive boards Borrowed
conversion board and wash temperature control board with 5 from BS-800
801-BA80-00100-00 level sense boards and 2 mixer drive boards.
051-000210-00 Each analyzer contains 2 such boards.
Interconnection Converts power supply and communication
conversion signal (including TTL signal converted into
board(SDM) RS422) for the rack transfer unit.
051-000378-00
Interconnection It acts as a power supply conversion board on
conversion the SDM and converts the 24V into 5V.
board(rack transfer
unit)
051-000375-00
Wash probe The wash probe obstruct optical coupler Borrowed
obstruct optical conversion board is used to connect the from BS-800
coupler conversion cable of the wash probe obstruct optical
board coupler.
801-BA80-00040-00
12V power supply Three power supply boards are combined to Borrowing
board form the BA40-30-61943 power supply the BA40
801-BA40-00029-00 assembly. power
It is responsible for powering the whole unit, supply
24V power supply
outputting A12V, digital A5V, C12V power, module.
board
and B24V power.
801-BA40-00030-00
Power supply
conversion board
801-BA40-00031-00
12V/30A power Provides 12V power for coolers. Each Borrowed
supply board analyzer contains 2 such boards. from BS-800
801-BA80-00106-00
24V/6A power Provides the 24V power supply. A few such Borrowed
supply board boards are contained on the whole unit. from BS-800
801-BA80-00177-00 Each analyzer contains 1 such board, which
051-000530-00 is used to power the fans and circulating
pump of the reagent refrigeration board.
The SDM contains N+1 (N means number of
analyzers) such boards to power the SDM and
rack transfer unit.
The external water supply module contains 1
such board to power the inlet pump and
control circuit.
External vacuum The external vacuum pump drive board Inside the
pump drive board receives the vacuum pump control signal external
801-BA80-00128-00 from the wash temperature control board vacuum
051-000359-00 and controls the switch to turn on/off the pump
vacuum pump. It provides two interfaces for module
connection with the AC radiating fans.

4-7
4.4 Locations of PCBA
The figure below shows the locations of the PCBAs in the whole unit.
Figure 4.1 Front left view
Sample mixer Reagent mixer
drive board drive board

Wash temperature
Clog detection board
Sample control drive board control board
Figure 4.2 Front right view

Main control
board
R1 control drive
board
R2 control drive
board

Analog power supply DC power supply


Pressure detection board
conversion board conversion board

4-8
Figure 4.3 Rear view
Reagent level sense board
Sample level sense AD collection board
board Preamplifier
board Reaction carousel
temperature collection
board

Reagent
refrigeration board
24V6A power
supply board
AC drive board

Communication
conversion board
BA40 power
12V30A power supply module
supply board
Cleaning fluid temperature
collection board
Figure 4.4 Rack transfer unit

Track control drive board

4-9
Figure 4.5 Side view of SDM

SDM main
control board

24V6A power Network interface conversion board


supply board SDM control drive board
Interconnection
conversion board

4-10
4.5 Removing PCBA
To remove a PCBA, unplug the connectors on it and then loosen the retaining
screws.
The whole unit alignment parameters are stored on the main control board. Before
replacing the main control board, access the Parameters screen and back up all
parameters to the computer. After replacement, import the parameters to the new
main control board. Backing up parameters is not required before replacing other
boards.

4-11
4.6 Functions of PCBA

4.6.1 Main Control Board


Functions and principles
The main control board (051-001218-00) is used to fulfill the following functions:
Communicating with a computer through the serial port to transmit data and
instructions and to update the application programs of the PCBA.
Communicating with the smart modules, including the ISE module, through the
extended serial ports to transmit data and instructions.
Controlling digital potentiometer adjustment and photoelectric data collection
of the AD collection board and receiving the photoelectric data.
Providing a network interface for the auto startup function, by which the
computer can be woken up automatically.
Monitoring and indicating voltage of the 5V, 3.3V and 12V power supply
boards.
The figure below shows the relation between the main control board and other
PCBAs.
Figure 4.6 Relation between main control board and other PCBAs

Analog Sample R1 R2 Wash


power AD Reagent
control control control temperature ISE
supply
control
collection refrigeration
conversion drive drive drive board board module
board
board board board board

Main control board

PC

The functional diagram of the main control board is as shown below.

4-12
Figure 4.7 Functional diagram of main control board
BDM / JTAG
Power supply debugging PC
connectors

BDM UART

I2C
RTC

SPI
EEPROM

SDRAMC
CPU
(Reserved)

FEC
SDRAM
PHY

Flex Bus

FLASH

AD collection board

Sample control drive board


Voltage
monitoring
R1 control drive board

R2 control drive board

4# control drive board


FPGA (reserved)
Main control Wash temperature control
board board
Reagent refrigeration
board
ISE module
ISE bar code reader
(reserved)

Description
PCB layout
The PCB layout of the main control board is as shown below.

4-13
Figure 4.8 PCB layout of main control board

D16
C64
C37
D
D17
D 4
C304 3

D7-11

C78

U65

D2
9
D2
5
D1
8
D1
5
D1
2

Connectors
The main control board includes the following connectors.
Power supply:
Power supply input (J1): 6-pin, providing +/-12V analog and +5V digital for PCBAs.

4-14
Table 4.2 Description of function areas
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 +12V 11.4 12.6V
2 -12V -11.4 -12.6V
3 +5V 4.75 5.25V
4 12VGND /
5 12VGND /
6 GND /

Connectors for sending/receiving communication signals:


Connector (J2) for PC: 10-pin, RS232, used for communication with a computer.
1# connector (J3) for smart module: 40-pin, RS422, used for communication
with the wash temperature control board.
2# connector (J4) for smart module: 40-pin, RS422, used for communication
with the sample control drive board.
3# connector (J10) for smart module: 40-pin, RS422, used for communication
with the R1 control drive board.
4# connector (J11) for smart module: 40-pin, RS422, used for communication
with the R2 control drive board.
5# connector (J6) for smart module: 40-pin, RS422, used for reservation.
Connector (J5) for reagent refrigeration board: 8-pin, RS422, used for
communication with the reagent refrigeration board.
Connector (J7) for AD collection board: DB25, used for communication with
the AD collection board and providing power supply for it.
Connector (J8) for ISE module: 8-pin, used for communication with the ISE
module.
Connector (J9) for ISE bar code reader: 8-pin, used for reservation.
Ethernet connector (J12): 6-pin, used for waking up the computer.
Connectors for debugging (for manufacturing only):
BDM connector (J13): 26-pin, used for debugging the CPU software.
JTAG connector (J14): 14-pin, used for debugging the FPGA.
Switches and jumpers
The main control board contains the following switches and jumpers.
RST key (S1): used to reset the CPU of the PCBA. This key is often used for
debugging the PCBA and not used for field maintenance.
Indicators
The main control board contains the following indicators.
Power supply:
+12V power supply indicator (D4): green. It is lit when the analyzer power
switch is turned on, indicating that the +12V power supply has been connected.

4-15
-12V power supply indicator (D17): green. It is lit when the analyzer power
switch is turned on, indicating that the -12V power supply has been connected.
+5V power supply indicator (D16): green. It is lit when the analyzer power
switch is turned on, indicating that the +5V power supply has been connected.
+3.3V power supply indicator (D3): green. It is lit when the analyzer power
switch is turned on, indicating that the +3.3V power supply has been connected.
Indicators to indicate PCBA functions:
FPGA configuration indicator (D29): orange. It is lit in normal conditions,
which means that the FPGA has been configured successfully.
FPGA function indicator 1 (D25): green. It flashes continuously in normal
conditions, which means that the FPGA is working.
FPGA function indicator 2 (D18): green. It flashes in normal conditions when
the PCBA communicates with a smart module.
FPGA function indicator 3 (D15): green. It flashes in normal conditions when
the PCBA collects AD signals.
FPGA function indicator 4 (D12): green. This indicator has not been defined.
CPU function indicator 1 (D27): green. This indicator has not been defined.
CPU function indicator 2 (D28): green. This indicator has not been defined.
Indicators to indicate network interface:
Network interface Link indicator (D10): green. When it is lit, it indicates the
Ethernet has been connected; when it flashes, it means that the PCBA is
communicating with the Ethernet.
Network interface Full-duplex indicator (D7): green. When it is lit, it indicates
that the Ethernet is working in full-duplex mode.
Network interface 10-T indicator (D11): green. When it is lit, it indicates that the
connection rate of the Ethernet is 10Mbps.
Network interface 100-T indicator (D9): green. When it is lit, it indicates that the
connection rate of the Ethernet is 100Mbps.
Network interface Collision indicator (D8): green. When it is lit, it indicates that
a conflict is detected on Ethernet communication.
Test points
In the following positions of the main control board can signal tests be performed.
J1.1: +12V power supply input. Normal range: 11.4 - 12.6V.
J1.2: -12V power supply input. Normal range: -11.4 - -12.6V.
J1.3: +5V power supply input. Normal range: 4.75 - 5.25V.
C304.1: +3.3V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power the
major digital circuits of the PCBA. Normal range: 2.97 - 3.63V.
C37.1: +2.5V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power the
DDR memory. Normal range: 2.25 - 2.75V.
C78.1: +1.5V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power the
CPU core. Normal range: 1.35 - 1.65V.

4-16
C64.1: +1.25V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power the
DDR memory. Normal range: 1.13 - 1.38V.
U65.4: +1.2V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power the
FPGA core. Normal range: 1.08 - 1.32V.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of anti-static gloves or wrist straps.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the PCBA.
Check the connectors with clamps and ensure that the clamps have been locked
properly.
Check other connectors and ensure that they are inserted into the end of the
slots.
It requires relatively great force to plug/unplug connectors J3, J4, J6, J10 and J11.
Hold the PCBA by its edge while plugging/unplugging these connectors to
prevent it from being deformed or damaged.
After connecting J7 connector (DB25), tighten the retaining screws on two sides
of it.

4.6.2 Wash Temperature Control Board


Functions and principles
The wash temperature control board (051-001004-00) receives commands from the
main control board and then analyzes them; detects execution signals of the cuvette
wash unit, reaction carousel unit and reagent mixer unit and drives these units;
detects the temperature of the temperature sensors and controls the heaters. The
major functions of the PCBA include:
Communicating with the main control unit via serial ports to receive/analyze
instructions, execute relevant operations and return the execution results.
Outputting control signals for relevant execution units.
Receiving position sensor signals of relevant execution units, auto wash obstruct
prevention signals, and other status signals.
Detecting the temperature of reaction carousel heating, whole unit cleaning fluid
preheating, deionized water heating, wash solution heating, and the environment,
and controlling the heaters.
Receiving fluid level sensor signals from the hydropneumatic system and
pressure signals from the pressure detection board, and controlling/driving
fluidic pumps and valves.
Turning on/off the lamp and detecting the voltage.
Checking the PCBAs voltage and giving an alarm in certain conditions.
The figure below shows the relation between the wash temperature control board
and other PCBAs.

4-17
Figure 4.9 Relation between wash temperature control board and other PCBAs
Power
Communication
PC supply
conversion board
assembly
24V/12V/5
V/+/-12V

Main control DC power supply


board conversion board

Wash temperature control board

Five-probe/mixer
conversion board

Reaction Cleaning fluid External


carousel Pressure Reagent
AC drive temperature vacuum
temperature detection mixer drive
board collection collection pump drive
board board
board board board

The functional diagram of the wash temperature control board is as shown below.
Figure 4.10 Functional diagram of wash temperature control board
Reaction carousel home position sensor,
inner/outer coder sensors
Cuvette information: serial port RS422 difference
Photoelectric collection start signal Reaction carousel rotation step motor
Vertical step motor of mixer
Horizontal step motor of mixer
Serial port: RS422 difference
Reaction Vertical step motor of wash station
carousel Bus Vertical/Horizontal home position and
unit obstruct detection sensors of mixer
Main control board

Vertical home position and obstruct


detection sensors of wash station
Pumps/Valves (wash pump 5, wash valve 27,
inlet valve 1)
Serial port: RS422 difference
AC control (3 vacuum pumps, 4 heaters and
Reagent 1 external vacuum pump)
Bus
mixer unit
FPGA Liquid level sensor (9)

Reaction carousel
temperature collection Sensor PT1000 (1)
board
Serial port: RS422 difference
Cleaning fluid
Cuvette temperature collection Sensor NTC (4)
wash Bus board

station AC drive AC pump (3)


board AC heater (4)

Serial port: RS422 difference Serial port for pressure detection

Temperatu Reagent mixer motor drive board


Voltage
monitoring
re control Bus Lamp power supply control
unit

4-18
Description
PCB layout
The PCB layout of the wash temperature control board is as shown below.
Figure 4.11 PCB layout of wash temperature control board

J17 J18 J19 J21

TP73 TP70

J16

Temp Temp Reac J23


Clean
LED Unit Tray
Unit
D106 Unit
D108
TP74
J15 D107 D105 Unit
LED D61
J25
D3
6 12
FPGA Reag 5
4
11
10
LED D109 Mixer 3 9
2 8
1 7
Unit
J1
J31 TP72
J13 D5
D64 D59
Power D60
TP71 LED D62
J12 D63
D80-83 D58
J3
D84-87

D88-91
Pump J4
D104-101 &
Valve
D100-97 LED
D96-93
J11
D51-49,
D92
D48-46, J10 J8
D13 J6 J5

Connectors
The wash temperature control board includes the following connectors.
Power supply:

4-19
Power supply input (J1): 12-pin, providing +24V(B24V) power, +12V(C12V) power,
+5V(A5V) digital, +12V(D12V) analog, and -12V(E12V) analog for PCBAs.

Table 4.3 Description of function areas


Pin No. Signal Reference
Value
1 +24V 23.5 - 26V
2 +24V 23.5 - 26V
3 +12V 11.4 12.6V
4 +12V 11.4 12.6V
5 +5V 4.85 - 5.25V
6 D12V 11.4 - 12.6V
7 GND /
8 GND /
9 GND /
10 GND /
11 GND /
12 E12V -11.4 - -12.6V

Connectors for sending/receiving communication signals:


Connector (J17) for main control board: 20*2-pin RS422, used for serial port
communication with the main control board.
Connector (J18) for reaction carousel temperature collection board: 6*2-pin,
TTL, used for collecting the reaction carousel temperature.
Connector (J19) for cleaning fluid temperature collection board: 10*2-pin, TTL,
used for collecting the cleaning fluid temperature.
Connector (J21) for pressure detection board: 8*1-pin, TTL, used for serial port
communication with the pressure detection board.
Connectors for detecting sensor signals:
Floater signal detection connector (J15): 13*2-pin, TTL, used for checking the
fluid level status.
Moving position signal detection connector (J16): 20*2-pin, TTL, used for
checking moving positions.
Control connectors:
Lamp control connector (J25): 6*1-pin, used for controlling and detecting the
lamp voltage and hibernation of the whole unit.
AC load control connector (J10): 10*2-pin, used to control the AC load relay.
Vacuum pump control connector (J8): 2*1-pin, used for controlling the external
vacuum pump.
Drive connectors:
Valve drive connector (J12): 25*2-pin, used for driving the wash valve.
Pump drive connector (J11): 7*2-pin, used for driving the DC pump.

4-20
Motor drive connectors (J2-J6): used for driving motors, J3 for the reaction
carousel step motor, J4 for the vertical motor of the reagent mixer assembly, J5
for the horizontal motor of the reagent mixer assembly, and J6 for the vertical
motor of the wash heads.
Control and communication connectors for the reagent mixer drive board:
Power connector (J31): 1*5-pin, used for powering the reagent mixers.
Communication connector (J23): 1*10-pin, used for serial port communication
with the reagent mixers.
Switches and jumpers
The wash temperature control board contains the following switches and jumpers.
RST key (S1): used to reset the CPUs of the four units of the PCBA.
Jumper cap j32: used for four units of the PCBA to switch between the JTAG mode
and DEBUG mode.
Indicators
The wash temperature control board contains the following indicators.
Power supply indicators:
It is normal that all of the power supply indicators are lit when the analyzer
power switch is turned on,
and they should indicate correctly when the system is hibernating.
When the operating software is shut down, indicators +24V(B24V),
+12V(C12V), +12V(D12V) analog, -12V(-12V) analog, and 5V analog are
extinguished, and indicators +5V(A5V) and +3.3V are lit.
+24V(B24V) indicator (D58): yellow-green. When it is lit, it indicates that the
+24V power supply works normally.
+12V(C12V) indicator (D62): yellow-green. When it is lit, it indicates that the
+12V power supply works normally.
+5V(A5V) indicator (D63): yellow-green. When it is lit, it indicates that the +5V
power supply works normally.
+3.3V indicator (D64): yellow-green. When it is lit, it indicates that the +3.3V
power supply works normally.
+12V(D12V) analog indicator (D59): yellow-green. When it is lit, it indicates
that the +12V analog power supply works normally.
-12V(E12V) analog indicator (D60): yellow-green. When it is lit, it indicates that
the -12V analog power supply works normally.
+5V(D12V) analog indicator (D61): yellow-green. When it is lit, it indicates that
the +5V analog power supply works normally.
Working indicators:
FPGA configuration indicator (D105): yellow-green. It is lit when FPGA
configuration is complete.
FPGA working indicator (D3): yellow-green. When it is lit and distinguished
once every second, it indicates that the FPGA is working normally.

4-21
Temperature control unit working indicator (D107): yellow-green. When it is lit
and distinguished once every second, it indicates that the temperature control
unit is working normally.
Wash unit working indicator (D108): yellow-green. It is not used and lit all the
time.
Reaction carousel unit working indicator (D106): yellow-green. It is not used and
lit all the time.
Reagent mixer unit working indicator (D109): yellow-green. It is not used and lit
all the time.
Reaction carousel temperature range indicator (D78): red. It is neither used nor
defined, and it is extinguished all the time.
Reaction carousel temperature range indicator (D79): yellow. It is neither used
nor defined, and it is extinguished all the time.
Reaction carousel temperature range indicator (D77): green. It is neither used
nor defined, and it is extinguished all the time.
Inlet valve (V01) working indicator (D5): yellow-green. When it is lit, it means
that the inlet valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Outer ring phase-1 wash V22 working indicator (D83): yellow-green. When it is
lit, it means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Outer ring phase-2 wash V23 working indicator (D82): yellow-green. When it is
lit, it means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Outer ring phase-3 wash V24 working indicator (D81): yellow-green. When it is
lit, it means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Outer ring phase-4 wash V25 working indicator (D80): yellow-green. When it is
lit, it means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Outer ring phase-5 wash V26 working indicator (D87): yellow-green. When it is
lit, it means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Outer ring phase-6 wash V27 working indicator (D86): yellow-green. When it is
lit, it means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Inner ring phase-1 wash V28 working indicator (D85): yellow-green. When it is
lit, it means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Inner ring phase-2 wash V29 working indicator (D84): yellow-green. When it is
lit, it means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Inner ring phase-3 wash V30 working indicator (D91): yellow-green. When it is
lit, it means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Inner ring phase-4 wash V31 working indicator (D90): yellow-green. When it is
lit, it means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Inner ring phase-5 wash V32 working indicator (D89): yellow-green. When it is
lit, it means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Inner ring phase-6 wash V33 working indicator (D88): yellow-green. When it is
lit, it means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Dilution valve V20 working indicator (D101): yellow-green. When it is lit, it
means that the dilution valve is turned on; and vice versa.

4-22
Degassing valve V19 working indicator (D102): yellow-green. When it is lit, it
means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
High-concentration waste suction valve V37 working indicator (D103):
yellow-green. When it is lit, it means that the high-concentration waste suction
valve is turned on; and vice versa.
High-concentration waste drain valve V34 working indicator (D104):
yellow-green. When it is lit, it means that the high-concentration waste drain
valve is turned on; and vice versa.
High-concentration waste vacuum release valve V40 working indicator (D97):
yellow-green. When it is lit, it means that the high-concentration waste vacuum
release valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Low-concentration 1 waste suction valve V38 working indicator (D98):
yellow-green. When it is lit, it means that the low-concentration 1 waste suction
valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Low-concentration 1 waste drain valve V35 working indicator (D99):
yellow-green. When it is lit, it means that the low-concentration 1 waste drain
valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Low-concentration 1 waste vacuum release valve V41 working indicator (D100):
yellow-green. When it is lit, it means that the low-concentration 1 waste vacuum
release valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Low-concentration 2 waste suction valve V39 working indicator (D93):
yellow-green. When it is lit, it means that the low-concentration 2 waste suction
valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Low-concentration 2 waste drain valve V36 working indicator (D94):
yellow-green. When it is lit, it means that the low-concentration 2 waste drain
valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Low-concentration 2 waste vacuum release valve V42 working indicator (D95):
yellow-green. When it is lit, it means that the low-concentration 2 waste vacuum
release valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Primary vacuum container waste discharge valve V43 working indicator (D96):
yellow-green. When it is lit, it means that the primary vacuum container waste
discharge valve is turned on; and vice versa.
ISE degassing valve V21 working indicator (D92): yellow-green. When it is lit, it
means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
ISE degassing pump P12 working indicator (D49): yellow-green. When it is lit, it
means that the pump is turned on; and vice versa.
Reagent mixer deionized water valve V15 working indicator (D50): yellow-green.
When it is lit, it means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Reagent mixer wash solution valve V17 working indicator (D51): yellow-green.
When it is lit, it means that the valve is turned on; and vice versa.
Diluted wash solution pump P06 working indicator (D13): yellow-green. When it
is lit, it means that the pump is turned on; and vice versa.
Concentrated wash solution pump P05 working indicator (D46): yellow-green.
When it is lit, it means that the concentrated wash solution pump is turned on;
and vice versa.

4-23
Deionized water circulating pump P03 working indicator (D47): yellow-green.
When it is lit, it means that the deionized water circulating pump is turned on;
and vice versa.
Cleaning fluid circulating pump P15 working indicator (D48): yellow-green.
When it is lit, it means that the cleaning fluid circulating pump is turned on; and
vice versa.
Test points
In the following positions of the wash temperature control board can signal tests be
performed.
+24V test point (TP72): input from J1.1 and J1.2. Normal range: 23.5 26V.
+12V test point (TP71): input from J1.3 and J1.4. Normal range: 11.4 12.6V.
+5V test point (TP70): input from J1.5. Normal range: 4.85 5.25V.
+12V analog test point (TP73): input from J1.6. Normal range: 11.4 12.6V.
-12V analog test point (TP74): input from J1.12. Normal range: -11.4 -12.6V.
+3.3V test point (TP69): secondary power supply. Normal range: 2.97 3.63V.
A2.5V test point (TP83): secondary power supply. Normal range: 2.37 2.63V.
+1.2V test point (TP68): secondary power supply. Normal range: 1.08 1.32V.
+5V analog test point (TP75): secondary power supply. Normal range: 4.85
5.25V.
Ground test points TP29, TP39, TP48, TP58, TP76- TP82.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of antistatic gloves or wrist straps.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the PCBA.
Check the connectors with clamps and ensure that the clamps have been locked
properly.
Check other connectors and ensure that they are inserted into the end of the
slots.
There are gaps beside connectors J10, J11, J12 and J16.
It requires relatively great force to plug/unplug connectors J12, J15, J16, and J17.
Hold the PCBA by its edge while plugging/unplugging these connectors to
prevent it from being deformed or damaged.
Motor connectors J3, J4, J5 and J6 have no mistake-proof measures. Make sure
that the cable number corresponds to the connector number.

4.6.3 Control Drive Board (Sample)


Functions and principles
The BA2K sample control drive board (051-001016-00) drives and controls the
sample carousel, sample probe, and sample mixers.

4-24
Communicating with the main control unit via serial ports to receive/analyze
instructions, execute relevant operations and return the execution results.
Outputting control signals for relevant execution units.
Receiving position sensor signals and obstruct signals from various execution
mechanisms.
Connecting with the sample mixer drive board to drive the mixer motors and
detect mixer rotation speed.
Connecting with the sample level sense board to detect the fluid level.
Connecting with the S1/S2 clog detection board to detect clogs in the sample
probe and give an alarm in certain conditions.
Checking the PCBAs voltage and giving an alarm in certain conditions.
Controlling the interior/exterior wash valves of the sample probe unit and
sample mixer unit.
Connecting with the reagent control drive board (R1) through the main control
board and sending control signals to it (R1), and turning on/off the interior
wash pump P04 and return valve V08.
Connecting with the reagent control drive board (R2) through the main control
board and sending control signals to it (R2), and turning on/off the interior
wash pump P13 and return valve V09.
The figure below shows the relation between the sample control drive board and
other PCBAs and control objects.

4-25
Figure 4.12 Relation between sample control drive board and other PCBAs and
control objects
Outer sample carousel home
position optical coupler
Outer sample carousel coder
optical coupler

Sample carousel
Outer sample carousel motor

Sample bar code reader

Panel keys

Inner sample carousel home


position optical coupler
Inner sample carousel coder
optical coupler
Main control board

Inner sample carousel motor

Sample probe horizontal home


position optical coupler 1
Sample probe horizontal home
position optical coupler 2
Sample probe horizontal obstruct
detection optical coupler
Sample probe vertical optical
coupler 1
Sample probe vertical optical
R1/R2 control
drive board

coupler 2

Sample syringe 1 optical coupler

Sample syringe 2 optical coupler

Sample probe horizontal motor


Sample control drive board

Sample probe
Sample probe vertical motor

Sample syringe 1 motor

Sample syringe 2 motor


DC power supply
conversion board

Sample level detection

Sample probe 1 clog detection

Sample probe 2 clog detection


Sample probe 1 interior wash
valve V02
Sample probe 1 interior wash
valve V03
Sample probe exterior wash valve
V10

Sample mixer horizontal home


position optical coupler
Sample mixer vertical optical
coupler 1
Sample mixer

Sample mixer vertical optical


coupler 2

Sample mixer horizontal motor

Sample mixer vertical motor

Sample mixer cleaning fluid valve


V16
Sample mixer cleaning fluid valve
V18
Sample mixer drive board

4-26
The functional diagram of the control drive board is as shown below.
Figure 4.13 Function diagram of control drive board

Cuvette information: serial port RS422 difference 6 extended serial


Photoelectric collection start signal ports

Serial port: RS422


difference Lamp control
Bus
Unit 1

2 panel keys and


Voltage indicators
monitoring
Serial port: RS422 2 electromagnetic
Main control board

difference Bus locks


Unit 2 F
P 2 proximity
G sensors

Serial port: RS422 A


difference Bus
Unit 3 8 motor drives

34 position
sensors
Serial port: RS422
difference Unit 4 Bus
(reserved) 8 pumps/valves

2 DC motors

Description
PCB layout
The PCB layout of the sample control drive board is as shown below.

4-27
Figure 4.14 PCB layout of sample control drive board

J12 J13 J14 J15 J16 J17


J11
J29 J28
J10
FPGA LED
D66-70
J18
MVREF1~5
J9
Unit LED J19
MVREF6~8
J8
Power Key J20
Lid Press
LED Sensor
J7 Clot LED
Liquid LED Pump & Valve
LED
LED LED
1 2 3 4 5
J6
J5 J4 J3 J2
6 7 8 9 10
J26 J25 J24
J1 J21
J23 D16-17
J22 D44-
D29-31 D26-28 D34-45 D32-33 D1-D6 D24-25 D22-23
51

Connectors
The sample control drive board contains the following connectors.
Power supply:
DC power supply input connector (J1)

Table 4.4 Voltage of various pins


Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 A+12V 11.4 12.6V
2 +5V 4.855.25V
3 +12V 11.4 12.6V
4 +24V 23.526V
5 +24V 23.526V
6 A-12V -11.4 - -12.6V
7 GND /
8 GND /
9 GND /
10 GND /

Connectors for sending/receiving communication signals:


Main control board connector (J10): 40-pin, used for three MCUs (sample
carousel unit, sample probe unit and sample mixer unit) to communicate with
the middle-layer unit.
Sample bar code reader connector (J7): 10-pin, used for the two sample carousel
units to communicate with the sample bar code reader.

4-28
Sample probe 1 clog detection board connector (J4): 14-pin, used for
communication between the sample probe unit and the S1 clog detection board.
Sample probe 2 clog detection board connector (J5): 14-pin, used for
communication between the sample probe unit and the S2 clog detection board.
Level sense board connector (J2): 10-pin, used for communication between the
sample probe and the sample probe level sense board.
Mixer drive board connector (J3): 10-pin, used for communication between the
sample mixer unit and the mixer drive board.
Detection and control connectors:
Optical coupler detection connector (J12): 50-pin, used to detect the position,
coder and mixer rotation speed signals of the 3 units (sample carousel unit,
sample probe unit and sample mixer unit).
Motor drive connectors (J13-J20): 4-pin, used for driving eight step motors, J13
for the outer sample carousel motor, J14 for the inner sample carousel motor,
J15 for the sample probe horizontal motor, J16 for the sample probe vertical
motor, J17 for the sample probe 1 syringe motor, J18 for the sample probe 2
syringe motor, J19 for the sample mixer horizontal motor, and J20 for the
sample mixer vertical motor.
Probe wash valve drive connector (J21): 8-pin, used for controlling the
interior/exterior wash valves of the sample probe.
Mixer wash valve drive connector (J22): 8-pin, used for controlling the wash
valve of the sample mixers.
Sample load button and indicator connector (J23): 8-pin, used for detecting the
two sample load buttons and driving/controlling the two indicators.
Sample mixer drive board power connector (J25): 6-pin, used to provide 24V
power supply for the sample mixer drive board.
Switches and jumpers
The sample control drive board contains the following switches and jumpers.
Key S7: used to reset the smart modules during debugging of the PCBA. When the
instrument is powered on, parameters need to be configured and key S7 cannot be
used.
Indicators
The sample control drive board contains the following indicators.
Power supply indicators:
They are lit when the analyzer power switch is turned off, which indicates that
the analyzer power switch works normally;
When the instrument is hibernating, all of the indicators are lit.
5V (A5V) power supply indicator (D3): green. It is lit when the instrument is
powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.
3.3V power supply indicator (D1): green. It is lit when the instrument is powered
on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.

4-29
A+12V (D12V) power supply indicator (D5): green. It is lit when the instrument
is powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off or
hibernating.
A-12V (E12V) power supply indicator (D6): green. It is lit when the instrument
is powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off or
hibernating.
+12V (C12V) power supply indicator (D4): green. It is lit when the instrument is
powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off or
hibernating.
+24V (B24V) power supply indicator (D2): green. It is lit when the instrument is
powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off or
hibernating.
Function indicators:
Sample probe vertical obstruct indicator (D33): green. It is lit when the sample
probe is collided with an obstacle or disconnected from the level sense board;
and it is extinguished when the instrument is powered off, hibernating or
working normally.
Sample probe level sense indicator (D32): green. It is lit when the instrument
works normally and the sample probe detects the fluid level; and it is
extinguished when the instrument is powered off or hibernating, or when the
sample probe fails to detect the fluid level, or the level sense board is not
installed.
Sample probe 1 interior wash valve V02 indicator (D51): green. It is lit when
V02 is turned on, and vice versa.
Sample probe 2 interior wash valve V03 indicator (D50): green. It is lit when
V03 is turned on, and vice versa.
Sample probe exterior wash valve V10 indicator (D49): green. It is lit when V10
is turned on, and vice versa.
Sample mixer cleaning fluid wash valve V16 indicator (D45): green. It is lit when
V16 is turned on, and vice versa.
Sample mixer wash solution wash valve V18 indicator (D44): green. It is lit when
V18 is turned on, and vice versa.
Outer sample carousel control button indicator (D22): green. It is lit when the
outer sample carousel control button is pressed and extinguished when the
button is released.
Inner sample carousel control button indicator (D23): green. It is lit when the
outer sample carousel control button is pressed and extinguished when the
button is released.
Outer sample carousel running indicator (D16): green. It is lit when the outer
sample carousel is rotating and extinguished when the carousel stops rotating.
Inner sample carousel running indicator (D17): green. It is lit when the outer
sample carousel is rotating and extinguished when the carousel stops rotating.
Test points
In the following positions of the control drive board can signal tests be performed.

4-30
+24V(B24V) power supply: test point of +24V. Normal voltage range: 21.6
26.4V DC.
+12V(C12V) power supply: test point of +12V. Normal voltage range: 11.4
12.6V DC.
A+12V(D12V) power supply: test point of A+12V. Normal voltage range: 11.4
12.6V DC.
A-12V(E12V) power supply: test point of A-12V. Normal voltage range: -11.4
-12.6V DC.
3.3V power supply (secondary power supply): test point of +3V3. Normal
voltage range: 3.24V 3.47V DC.
1.2V power supply (secondary power supply): test point of +1V2. Normal
voltage range: 1.17V 1.23V DC.

Table 4.5 Running voltage and sustaining voltage of the test points
Test points Running Voltage Sustaining Voltage Remark
MVREF1 1.9 2.10V 0.9 1.1V Outer sample
carousel motor
MVREF2 1.9 2.10V 0.9 1.1V Inner sample
carousel motor
MVREF3 1.44 1.76V 0.72 0.88V Sample probe
horizontal motor
MVREF4 1.8 2.2V 0.9 1.1V Sample probe
vertical motor
MVREF5 1.53 1.87V 0.9 1.1V S1 syringe motor
MVREF6 1.53 1.87V 0.9 1.1V S2 syringe motor
MVREF7 1.44 1.76V 0.72 0.88V Sample mixer
horizontal motor
MVREF8 1.8 2.2V 0.9 1.1V Sample mixer
vertical motor

To measure the motor voltage, use a digital multimeter by connecting the red probe
with the measuring point and the black probe with the GND. For the measuring
points, refer to the PCB layout of the sample control drive board.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
to prevent arcing and component damage due to hot swapping.
Before removing the PCBA, wear a pair of antistatic gloves or wrist straps to
prevent antistatic damage on it.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the PCBA, especially
when the PCBAs bracket is restored.
Check the connectors with clamps and ensure that the clamps have been locked
properly.
Check other connectors and ensure that they are inserted into the end of the
slots.

4-31
It requires relatively great force to plug/unplug connectors J10 and J12. Hold
the PCBA by its edge while plugging/unplugging these connectors to prevent it
from being deformed or damaged.
When plugging/unplugging motor cables, exercise caution to prevent damaging
the aluminum electrolytic capacitor near the connectors.

4.6.4 Control Drive Board (R1)


Functions and principles
The reagent control drive board (R1, 051-001017-00) drives and controls the R1
reagent carousel, and probes R11/R12.
Communicating with the main control unit via serial ports to receive/analyze
instructions, execute relevant operations and return the execution results.
Outputting control signals for relevant execution units.
Receiving position sensor signals and obstruct detection signals of relevant
execution units, and detecting the rotation speed of the sample mixer unit.
Connecting with the two reagent probe level sense boards to detect the fluid
level and control the fluid level detection methods.
Controlling the interior/exterior wash valves, interior wash pump P04, and
return valve V08 of the two reagent probe units.
Checking the PCBAs voltage and giving an alarm in certain conditions.
Connecting with the sample control drive board through the main control board
and receiving sample probe control signals from it, and turning on/off the
interior wash pump P04 and return valve V08.
The figure below shows the relation between the reagent control drive board (R1)
and other PCBAs and control objects.

4-32
Figure 4.15 Relation between reagent control drive board (R1) and other PCBAs and
control objects
R1 outer carousel home position
optical coupler
R1 outer carousel coder optical
coupler

R1 outer carousel motor

R1 reagent carousel
R1 carousel bar code reader

R1 carousel panel key


R1 inner carousel home position
optical coupler
R1 inner carousel coder optical
coupler
R1 inner carousel motor
Main control board

Probe R11 horizontal home position


optical coupler 1
Probe R11 horizontal home position
optical coupler 2
Probe R11 horizontal obstruct
detection optical coupler

Probe R11 vertical optical coupler 1

Probe R11
Probe R11 vertical optical coupler 2
Sample control drive board

R11 syringe 1 optical coupler

Probe R11 horizontal motor

Probe R11 vertical motor

R11 syringe motor


R1 control drive board
R11 level detection

R11 interior wash valve V04

R11 exterior wash valve V11

Booster pump P04

Return valve V08

Probe R12 horizontal home position


optical coupler 1
Probe R12 horizontal home position
optical coupler 2
Probe R12 horizontal obstruct
detection optical coupler

Probe R12 vertical optical coupler 1

Probe R12 vertical optical coupler 2


Probe R12

R12 syringe 2 optical coupler

Probe R12 horizontal motor

Probe R12 vertical motor

R12 syringe motor

R12 level detection

R12 interior wash valve V05

R12 exterior wash valve V12

The functional diagram of the control drive board is as shown below.

4-33
Figure 4.16 Function diagram of control drive board

Cuvette information: serial port RS422 difference 6 extended serial


Photoelectric collection start signal ports

Serial port: RS422


difference Lamp control
Bus
Unit 1

2 panel keys and


Voltage indicators
monitoring
Serial port: RS422 2 electromagnetic
Main control board

difference Bus locks


Unit 2 F
P 2 proximity
G sensors

Serial port: RS422 A


difference Bus
Unit 3 8 motor drives

34 position
sensors
Serial port: RS422
difference Unit 4 Bus
(reserved) 8 pumps/valves

2 DC motors

Description
PCB layout
The PCB layout of the R1 control drive board is as shown below.

4-34
Figure 4.17 PCB layout of R1 control drive board

J12 J13 J14 J15 J16 J17


J11
J29 J28
J10
FPGA LED
D66-70
J18
MVREF1~5
J9
Unit LED J19
MVREF6~8
J8
Power Key J20
Lid Press
LED Sensor
J7 LED
Liquid LED Pump & Valve
LED LED
1 2 3 4 5
J6
J5 J4 J3 J2
6 7 8 9 10
J26 J25 J24
J1 J21
J23 D16-17
J22 D44-
D34-45 D32-33 D1-D6 D24-25 D22-23
51

Connectors
The R1 control drive board contains the following connectors.
Power supply:
DC power supply input connector (J1)
Connectors for sending/receiving communication signals:
Main control board connector (J10): 40-pin, used for three MCUs (R1 reagent
carousel unit, probe R11 unit, and probe R12 unit) to communicate with the
middle-layer unit.
R1 bar code reader connector (J7): 10-pin, used for the R1 reagent carousel unit
to communicate with the reagent bar code reader.
400l reagent probe level sense board connectors (J2, J3): 10-pin. J2 is used for
communication between the probe R11 unit and the probe R11 level sense
board; and J3 is used for communication between the probe R12 unit and the
probe R12 level sense board. The communication signals include: serial port
signal, level sense signal, and probe vertical obstruct signal.
Detection and control connectors:
Optical coupler detection connector (J12): 50-pin, used to detect the position
and coder signals of the three units (R1 reagent carousel, probe R11 and probe
R12).
Motor drive connectors (J13-J20): 4-pin, used for driving step motors, J13 for R1
reagent carousel outer ring motor, J14 for R1 reagent carousel inner ring motor,
J15 for the probe R11 horizontal motor, J16 for the probe R11 vertical motor,
J17 for the R11 syringe motor, J18 for the probe R12 horizontal motor, J19 for
the probe R12 vertical motor, and J20 for the R12 syringe motor.

4-35
Return valve drive connector (J21): 8-pin, used for controlling the interior wash
return valves of probes R11/R12 and the return valves of probes S2/R11/R12.
Probe wash valve drive connector (J22): 8-pin, used for controlling the exterior
wash valves of probes R11/R12.
DC pump control connector (J25): 6-pin, used for controlling the interior wash
pumps of probes S1/R11/R12.
Reagent load button and indicator connector (J23): 8-pin, used for detecting the
reagent load button, driving/controlling the indicator, and detecting the
proximity sensor of R1 reagent carousel.
Connectors for debugging:
MCU JTAG debugging connector (J9): used for debugging of the three MCUs.
FPGA JTAG debugging and downloading connector (J27): used for debugging
and downloading of the FPGA.
Pump/Valve fixture test connector (J30): 18-pin, used for connecting an external
LED board and testing the pumps and valves.
Switches and jumpers
The R1 control drive board contains the following switches and jumpers.
Key S7: used to reset the smart modules during debugging of the PCBA. When the
instrument is powered on, parameters need to be configured and key S7 cannot be
used.
Indicators
The R1 control drive board contains the following indicators.
Power supply indicators:
They are lit when the analyzer power switch is turned off, which indicates that
the analyzer power switch works normally;
When the instrument is hibernating, all of the indicators are lit.
5V power supply indicator (D3): green. It is lit when the instrument is powered
on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.
3.3V power supply indicator (D1): green. It is lit when the instrument is powered
on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.
A+12V (D12V) power supply indicator (D5): green. It is lit when the instrument
is powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off or
hibernating.
A-12V (-12V) power supply indicator (D6): green. It is lit when the instrument is
powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off or
hibernating.
+12V (C12V) power supply indicator (D4): green. It is lit when the instrument is
powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off or
hibernating.
+24V (B24V) power supply indicator (D2): green. It is lit when the instrument is
powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off or
hibernating.

4-36
Function indicators:
Probe R11 vertical obstruct indicator (D33): green. It is lit when the probe R11
is collided with an obstacle or disconnected from the level sense board; and it is
extinguished when the instrument is powered off, hibernating or working
normally.
Probe R11 level sense indicator (D32): green. It is lit when the instrument works
normally and the probe R11 detects the fluid level; and it is extinguished when
the instrument is powered off or hibernating, or when the probe R11 fails to
detect the fluid level, or the level sense board is not installed.
Probe R12 vertical obstruct indicator (D34): green. It is lit when the probe R12
is collided with an obstacle or disconnected from the level sense board; and it is
extinguished when the instrument is powered off, hibernating or working
normally.
Probe R12 level sense indicator (D35): green. It is lit when the instrument works
normally and the probe R12 detects the fluid level; and it is extinguished when
the instrument is powered off or hibernating, or when the probe R12 fails to
detect the fluid level, or the level sense board is not installed.
Interior wash pump P04 indicator (D21): green. It is lit when P04 is turned on,
and vice versa.
Interior wash return valve V08 indicator (D49): green. It is lit when V08 is
turned on, and vice versa.
Probe R11 interior wash valve V04 indicator (D51): green. It is lit when V04 is
turned on, and vice versa.
Probe R11 exterior wash valve V11 indicator (D45): green. It is lit when V11 is
turned on, and vice versa.
Probe R12 interior wash valve V05 indicator (D50): green. It is lit when V05 is
turned on, and vice versa.
Probe R12 exterior wash valve V12 indicator (D44): green. It is lit when V12 is
turned on, and vice versa.
R1 reagent carousel control button indicator (D22): green. It is lit when the R1
reagent carousel control button is pressed and extinguished when the button is
released.
R1 reagent carousel running indicator (D16): green. It is lit when the R1 reagent
carousel is rotating and extinguished when the carousel stops rotating.
R1 reagent carousel cover indicator (D23): green. It is lit when the R1 reagent
carousel cover is closed; and it is extinguished when the reagent carousel cover is
closed or the carousel cover sensor is disconnected.
Test points
In the following positions of the R1 control drive board can signal tests be
performed.
+24V(B24V) power supply: test point of +24V. Normal voltage range: 21.6
26.4V DC.
+12V(C12V) power supply: test point of +12V. Normal voltage range: 11.4
12.6V DC.

4-37
A+12V(D12V) power supply: test point of A+12V. Normal voltage range: 11.4
12.6V DC.
A-12V(E12V) power supply: test point of A-12V. Normal voltage range: -11.4
-12.6V DC.
3.3V power supply: test point of +3V3. Normal voltage range: 3.24V 3.47V
DC.
1.2V power supply: test point of +1V2. Normal voltage range: 1.17V 1.23V
DC.

Table 4.6 Running voltage and sustaining voltage of the test points
Test points Running Voltage Sustaining Voltage Remark
MVREF1 1.8 2.2V 0.9 1.1V R1 reagent
carousel outer
ring motor
MVREF2 1.8 2.2V 0.9 1.1V R1 reagent
carousel inner
ring motor
MVREF3 1.44 1.76V 0.72 0.88V R11 horizontal
motor
MVREF4 1.8 2.2V 0.9 1.1V R11 vertical
motor
MVREF5 1.73 2.11V 0.9 1.1V R11 syringe
motor
MVREF6 1.44 1.76V 0.72 0.88V R12 horizontal
motor
MVREF7 1.8 2.2V 0.9 1.1V R12 vertical
motor
MVREF8 1.73 2.11V 0.9 1.1V R12 syringe
motor

To measure the motor voltage, use a digital multimeter by connecting the red probe
with the measuring point and the black probe with the GND. For the measuring
points, refer to the PCB layout of the R1 control drive board.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
to prevent arcing and component damage due to hot swapping.
Before removing the PCBA, wear a pair of antistatic gloves or wrist straps to
prevent antistatic damage on it.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the PCBA, especially
when the PCBAs bracket is restored.
Check the connectors with clamps and ensure that the clamps have been locked
properly.
Check other connectors and ensure that they are inserted into the end of the
slots.

4-38
It requires relatively great force to plug/unplug connectors J10 and J12. Hold
the PCBA by its edge while plugging/unplugging these connectors to prevent it
from being deformed or damaged.
When plugging/unplugging motor cables, exercise caution to prevent damaging
the aluminum electrolytic capacitor near the connectors.

4.6.5 Control Drive Board (R2)


Functions and principles
The reagent control drive board (R2, 051-001018-00) drives and controls the R2
reagent carousel, and probes R21/R22.
Communicating with the main control unit via serial ports to receive/analyze
instructions, execute relevant operations and return the execution results.
Outputting control signals for relevant execution units.
Receiving position sensor signals and obstruct detection signals of relevant
execution units, and detecting the rotation speed of the sample mixer unit.
Connecting with the two reagent probe level sense boards to detect the fluid
level and control the fluid level detection methods.
Controlling the interior/exterior wash valves, interior wash pump P13, and
return valve V09 of the two reagent probe units.
Checking the PCBAs voltage and giving an alarm in certain conditions.
Connecting with the sample control drive board and receiving sample probe
control signals from it, and turning on/off the interior wash pump P04 and
return valve V05.
The figure below shows the relation between the reagent control drive board (R2)
and other PCBAs and control objects.

4-39
Figure 4.18 Relation between R2 control drive board and other PCBAs and control
objects
R2 outer carousel home position
optical coupler
R2 outer carousel coder optical
coupler

R2 outer carousel motor

R2 reagent carousel
R2 carousel bar code reader

R2 carousel panel key


R2 inner carousel home position
optical coupler
R2 inner carousel coder optical
coupler
R2 inner carousel motor
Main control board

Probe R21 horizontal home position


optical coupler 1
Probe R21 horizontal home position
optical coupler 2
Probe R21 horizontal obstruct
detection optical coupler

Probe R21 vertical optical coupler 1

Probe R21
Probe R21 vertical optical coupler 2
Sample control drive board

R21 syringe 1 optical coupler

Probe R21 horizontal motor

Probe R21 vertical motor

R21 syringe motor


R2 control drive board
R21 level detection

R21 interior wash valve V06

R21 exterior wash valve V13

Booster pump P13

Return valve V09

Probe R22 horizontal home position


optical coupler 1
Probe R22 horizontal home position
optical coupler 2
Probe R22 horizontal obstruct
detection optical coupler

Probe R22 vertical optical coupler 1

Probe R22 vertical optical coupler 2


Probe R22

R22 syringe 2 optical coupler

Probe R22 horizontal motor

Probe R22 vertical motor

R22 syringe motor

R22 level detection

R22 interior wash valve V07

R22 exterior wash valve V14

4-40
The functional diagram of the control drive board is as shown below.
Figure 4.19 Function diagram of control drive board

Cuvette information: serial port RS422 difference 6 extended serial


Photoelectric collection start signal ports

Serial port: RS422


difference Lamp control
Bus
Unit 1

2 panel keys and


Voltage indicators
monitoring
Serial port: RS422 2 electromagnetic
Main control board

difference Bus locks


Unit 2 F
P 2 proximity
G sensors

Serial port: RS422 A


difference Bus
Unit 3 8 motor drives

34 position
sensors
Serial port: RS422
difference Unit 4 Bus
(reserved) 8 pumps/valves

2 DC motors

Description
PCB layout
The PCB layout of the R2 control drive board is as shown below.

4-41
Figure 4.20 PCB layout of R2 control drive board

J12 J13 J14 J15 J16 J17


J11
J29 J28
J10
FPGA LED
D66-70
J18
MVREF1~5
J9
Unit LED J19
MVREF6~8
J8
Power Key J20
Lid Press
LED Sensor
J7 LED
Liquid LED Pump & Valve
LED LED
1 2 3 4 5
J6
J5 J4 J3 J2
6 7 8 9 10
J26 J25 J24
J1 J21
J23 D16-17
J22 D44-
D34-45 D32-33 D1-D6 D24-25 D22-23
51

Connectors
The R2 control drive board contains the following connectors.
Power supply:
DC power supply input connector (J1)
Connectors for sending/receiving communication signals:
Main control board connector (J10): 40-pin, used for three MCUs (R2 reagent
carousel unit, probe R21 unit, and probe R22 unit) to communicate with the
middle-layer unit.
R2 bar code reader connector (J7): 10-pin, used for the R2 reagent carousel unit
to communicate with the reagent bar code reader.
400l reagent probe level sense board connectors (J2, J3): 10-pin. J2 is used for
communication between the probe R21 unit and the probe R21 level sense
board; and J3 is used for communication between the probe R22 unit and the
probe R22 level sense board. The communication signals include: serial port
signal, level sense signal, and probe vertical obstruct signal.
Detection and control connectors:
Optical coupler detection connector (J12): 50-pin, used to detect the position
and coder signals of the three units (R2 reagent carousel, probe R21 and probe
R22).
Motor drive connectors (J13-J20): 4-pin, used for driving step motors, J13 for R2
reagent carousel outer ring motor, J14 for R2 reagent carousel inner ring motor,
J15 for the probe R21 horizontal motor, J16 for the probe R21 vertical motor,
J17 for the R21 syringe motor, J18 for the probe R22 horizontal motor, J19 for
the probe R22 vertical motor, and J20 for the R22 syringe motor.

4-42
Return valve drive connector (J21): 8-pin, used for controlling the interior wash
return valves of probes R21/R22 and the return valves of probes S2/R21/R22.
Probe wash valve drive connector (J22): 8-pin, used for controlling the exterior
wash valves of probes R21/R22.
DC pump control connector (J25): 6-pin, used for controlling the interior wash
pumps of probes S1/R21/R22.
Reagent load button and indicator connector (J23): 8-pin, used for detecting the
reagent load button, driving/controlling the indicator, and detecting the
proximity sensor of R2 reagent carousel.
Connectors for debugging:
MCU JTAG debugging connector (J9): used for debugging of the three MCUs.
FPGA JTAG debugging and downloading connector (J27): used for debugging
and downloading of the FPGA.
Pump/Valve fixture test connector (J30): 18-pin, used for connecting an external
LED board and testing the pumps and valves.
Switches and jumpers
The R2 control drive board contains the following switches and jumpers.
Key S7: used to reset the smart modules during debugging of the PCBA. When the
instrument is powered on, parameters need to be configured and key S7 cannot be
used.
Indicators
The R2 control drive board contains the following indicators.
Power supply indicators:
They are lit when the analyzer power switch is turned off, which indicates that
the analyzer power switch works normally;
When the instrument is hibernating, all of the indicators are lit.
5V power supply indicator (D3): green. It is lit when the instrument is powered
on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.
3.3V power supply indicator (D1): green. It is lit when the instrument is powered
on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.
A+12V (D12V) power supply indicator (D5): green. It is lit when the instrument
is powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off or
hibernating.
A-12V (-12V) power supply indicator (D6): green. It is lit when the instrument is
powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off or
hibernating.
+12V (C12V) power supply indicator (D4): green. It is lit when the instrument is
powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off or
hibernating.
+24V (B24V) power supply indicator (D2): green. It is lit when the instrument is
powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off or
hibernating.

4-43
Function indicators:
Probe R11 vertical obstruct indicator (D33): green. It is lit when the probe R11
is collided with an obstacle or disconnected from the level sense board; and it is
extinguished when the instrument is powered off, hibernating or working
normally.
Probe R11 level sense indicator (D32): green. It is lit when the instrument works
normally and the probe R11 detects the fluid level; and it is extinguished when
the instrument is powered off or hibernating, or when the probe R11 fails to
detect the fluid level, or the level sense board is not installed.
Probe R12 vertical obstruct indicator (D34): green. It is lit when the probe R12
is collided with an obstacle or disconnected from the level sense board; and it is
extinguished when the instrument is powered off, hibernating or working
normally.
Probe R12 level sense indicator (D35): green. It is lit when the instrument works
normally and the probe R12 detects the fluid level; and it is extinguished when
the instrument is powered off or hibernating, or when the probe R12 fails to
detect the fluid level, or the level sense board is not installed.
Interior wash pump P13 indicator (D21): green. It is lit when P13 is turned on,
and vice versa.
Interior wash return valve V09 indicator (D49): green. It is lit when V09 is
turned on, and vice versa.
Probe R21 interior wash valve V06 indicator (D51): green. It is lit when V06 is
turned on, and vice versa.
Probe R21 exterior wash valve V13 indicator (D45): green. It is lit when V13 is
turned on, and vice versa.
Probe R22 interior wash valve V07 indicator (D50): green. It is lit when V07 is
turned on, and vice versa.
Probe R22 exterior wash valve V14 indicator (D44): green. It is lit when V14 is
turned on, and vice versa.
R2 reagent carousel control button indicator (D22): green. It is lit when the R2
reagent carousel control button is pressed and extinguished when the button is
released.
R2 reagent carousel running indicator (D16): green. It is lit when the R2 reagent
carousel is rotating and extinguished when the carousel stops rotating.
R2 reagent carousel cover indicator (D23): green. It is lit when the R2 reagent
carousel cover is closed; and it is extinguished when the reagent carousel cover is
closed or the carousel cover sensor is disconnected.
Test points
In the following positions of the R2 control drive board can signal tests be
performed.
+24V(B24V) power supply: test point of +24V. Normal voltage range: 21.6
26.4V DC.
+12V(C12V) power supply: test point of +12V. Normal voltage range: 11.4
12.6V DC.

4-44
A+12V(D12V) power supply: test point of A+12V. Normal voltage range: 11.4
12.6V DC.
A-12V(E12V) power supply: test point of A-12V. Normal voltage range: -11.4
-12.6V DC.
3.3V power supply: test point of +3V3. Normal voltage range: 3.24V 3.47V
DC.
1.2V power supply: test point of +1V2. Normal voltage range: 1.17V 1.23V
DC.

Table 4.7 Running voltage and sustaining voltage of the test points
Test points Running Voltage Sustaining Remark
Voltage
MVREF1 1.8 2.2V 0.9 1.1V R2 reagent
carousel outer
ring motor
MVREF2 1.8 2.2V 0.9 1.1V R2 reagent
carousel inner
ring motor
MVREF3 1.44 1.76V 0.72 0.88V R21 horizontal
motor
MVREF4 1.8 2.2V 0.9 1.1V R21 vertical
motor
MVREF5 1.73 2.11V 0.9 1.1V R21 syringe
motor
MVREF6 1.44 1.76V 0.72 0.88V R22 horizontal
motor
MVREF7 1.8 2.2V 0.9 1.1V R22 vertical
motor
MVREF8 1.73 2.11V 0.9 1.1V R22 syringe
motor

To measure the motor voltage, use a digital multimeter by connecting the red probe
with the measuring point and the black probe with the GND. For the measuring
points, refer to the PCB layout of the R2 control drive board.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
to prevent arcing and component damage due to hot swapping.
Before removing the PCBA, wear a pair of antistatic gloves or wrist straps to
prevent antistatic damage on it.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the PCBA, especially
when the PCBAs bracket is restored.
Check the connectors with clamps and ensure that the clamps have been locked
properly.
Check other connectors and ensure that they are inserted into the end of the
slots.

4-45
It requires relatively great force to plug/unplug connectors J10 and J12. Hold
the PCBA by its edge while plugging/unplugging these connectors to prevent it
from being deformed or damaged.
When plugging/unplugging motor cables, exercise caution to prevent damaging
the aluminum electrolytic capacitor near the connectors.

4.6.6 AC drive board


Functions and principles
The major functions of the PCBA include:
Receiving AC input from the main power supply, and then shifting it to the
BA40 power supply assembly, 12V/30A power supply board and 24V/6A power
supply board.
Receiving control signals from the wash temperature control board to drive four
AC pumps (waste pump P07, cuvette wash vacuum pumps P08 and P14, and
degassing vacuum pump P09) and five AC heaters (whole unit deionized water
heaters HEA01 and HEA05, wash solution heater HEA02, cleaning fluid heater
HEA03, and reaction carousel heater HEA04).
Receiving signals and 24V power supply from the R1 control drive board to
output an adjustable voltage between 16V-23V and drive the interior wash pump
P04. Receiving signals and 24V power supply from the R2 control drive board to
output an adjustable voltage between 16V-23V and drive the interior wash pump
P13.
Converting the 110V AC into 220V AC, which is used to power AC pumps.
The figure below shows the relation between the AC drive board and other PCBAs
and control objects.

4-46
4-47
Figure 4.21 Relation between AC drive board and other PCBAs and control objects

transformer
AC

220V AC
110V AC

24V DC P04 and P13. gear pumps

The PCB layout of the AC drive board is as shown below.


220VAC P14.2# cuvette wash vacuum pump
220VAC P07. waste pump
refrigeration board

220VAC P08.1# cuvette wash vacuum pump


220V AC
Reagent

P09. degassing vacuum pump


AC drive board

F12V 220V/110V HEA01 whole unit cleaning fluid


AC heater 1
220V/110V HEA02 cuvette wash solution heater
AC
220V/110V
P07 AC
HEA03 cuvette cleaning fluid heater
P08 220V/110V
Wash temperature

HEA04 reaction carousel heater


AC
control board

P09
220V/110V HEA05 whole unit cleaning fluid
HEA01 AC heater 2
HEA02 220V/110

Description
F12V power supply board x2
HEA03 V AC

PCB layout
220V/110
HEA04 V AC
BA40 power supply assembly
220V/110
24V/6A power supply board
V AC

220V/110
V AC
switch
power
Main
Figure 4.22 PCB layout of AC drive board

D8

D17

D15 D16 D7 D14 D13


D10 D9 D18 D19

Connectors
The AC drive board contains the following connectors. Refer to the whole unit
wiring diagram for definition of the connector pins.
Power supply:
AC input (J1): alternating current input to J1.
AC output (J2): alternating current output from J2 to power supply assembly.
AC output (J3): alternating current output from J3 to 24V/6A power supply
board.
AC output (J4): alternating current output from J4 to 12V/30A power supply
board 1.
AC output (J5): alternating current output from J5 to 12V/30A power supply
board 2.
AC output (J10): alternating current output from J10 to three heaters.
AC output (J9): alternating current output from J9 to three heaters.
AC output (J8): alternating current output from J8 to four AC pumps.
AC output (J7): AC 110V output from J7 to a linear transformer on instruments
powered by 110V AC. This function is not applicable to instruments powered by
220V AC.

4-48
AC input (J6): AC 220V input through J6 to a linear transformer on instruments
powered by 110V AC. This function is not applicable to instruments powered by
220V AC.
Adjustable DC voltage output (J16): DC voltage output from J16 to interior
wash pump P04.
Adjustable DC voltage output (J13): DC voltage output from J13 to interior
wash pump P13.
Connectors for sending/receiving communication signals:
Soft-start 12V power connector (J11): 3-pin, 12V DC, used for current-limiting
delay control.
Wash temperature control board connector (J12): 14-pin, 12V DC, used for
controlling the switches of the AC heaters and AC pumps.
R1 control drive board connector (J15): 6-pin, 24V DC and 6V DC, used for
controlling the P04s switch and input of the 24V power supply.
R2 control drive board connector (J14): 6-pin, 24V DC and 6V DC, used for
controlling the P13s switch and input of the 24V power supply.
Switches and jumpers
The AC drive board contains the following switches.
Voltage selection switch (S1): A transformer is used on instruments powered by
110V AC, and the S1 switch is placed to the 110V AC position; no transformer
is used on instruments powered by 220V AC, and the S1 switch is placed to the
220V AC position.
Indicators
The AC drive board contains the following indicators.
Indicators to indicate PCBA functions:
Interior wash pump P04 (D8): green. It is lit during cleaning of probe interiors
and weak in other statuses.
Interior wash pump P13 (D17): green. It is lit during cleaning of probe interiors
and weak in other statuses.
Whole unit deionized water heater HEA01 (D14 and D7): green. It is lit during
heating, and it is extinguished in other statuses.
Wash solution heater HEA02 (D16): green. It is lit during heating, and it is
extinguished in other statuses.
Cleaning fluid heater HEA03 (D15): green. It is lit during heating, and it is
extinguished in other statuses.
Reaction carousel heater HEA04 (D13): green. It is lit during heating, and it is
extinguished in other statuses.
Cuvette wash vacuum pumps P08 and P14 (D9): green. It is lit when cuvette
wash vacuum is turned on, and it is extinguished when cuvette wash vacuum is
turned off.
Waste pump P07 (D10): green. It is lit when the waste pump is turned on, and it
is extinguished when the waste pump is turned off.

4-49
Degassing vacuum pump P09 (D18): green. It is lit when the degassing vacuum
pump is turned on, and it is extinguished when the degassing vacuum pump is
turned off.
Current-limiting indicator (D19): green. It is lit when instruments powered by
110V AC are powered on, and it is extinguished when instruments powered by
220V AC are powered off.
Test points
N/A.

Installation methods and precautions


Please note that most parts of the PCBA are connected to an AC power supply.
Do not operate on the PCBA until disconnecting it from the power supply.
Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of anti-static gloves or wrist straps.
When fixing the AC input connector J1 with a screw, make sure that the
connector is tightened properly in order to prevent it from dropping off during
operation, which may cause electric shock.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the PCBA.
Check the connectors with clamps and ensure that the clamps have been locked
properly.
Check other connectors and ensure that they are inserted into the end of the
slots.
Pay attention to the position of switch S1. Do not move the switch randomly to
ensure that the AC pump can work normally. (For 220V model, toggle the
switch to the "220V AC" position marked by the board silkscreen and "230V" is
printed on the switch itself; for 110V model, toggle the switch to the "110V AC"
position marked by the board silkscreen and "115V" is printed on the switch
itself.)
When adjusting the fluidic flow of P04 and P13 on the AC drive board, exercise
caution to avoid touching the high-voltage wires or the protection tube.

4.6.7 Reagent Refrigeration Board


Functions and principles
The reagent refrigeration board is relatively independent in the entire hardware
system and has the following major functions:
Refrigeration control and drive: controlling the switch of the radiators and
refrigerating the reagent compartment and inner sample carousel to keep the
temperature within certain range.
Control of the refrigeration temperature indicator.
Control of cooling fans and demisting.
Monitoring working voltage of the PCBA.
Controlling and driving the refrigeration circulating pump.
Providing power supply for the ISE module.

4-50
The functional diagram of the reagent refrigeration board is as shown below.
Figure 4.23 Functional diagram of reagent refrigeration board

Temperature protection

Temperature protection

Temperature sensor 1,2

Temperature sensor 3
switch 1

switch 2
Reagent Refrigeration Refrigeration
Refrigeration chamber board
temperature PC
drive temperature temperature
monitoring monitoring indication

Serial port
12 coolers Main
control
board
Cooler
Reagent refrigeration Reagent AC drive
current
MCU refrigeration board
monitoring
circulating
pump control

Lamp fan 5V ISE module


Fan feedback
monitoring

Vacuum pump fan Voltage 24V


Voltage
Fan interfaces

conversi ISE power


Reagent refrigeration monitoring
on supply
fan
Whole unit radiating
fan Demisting
2 bar code
circuit
Power supply demisting
PCB radiating fan interface

Description
PCB layout
The PCB layout of the reagent refrigeration board is as shown below.

4-51
Figure 4.24 PCB layout of reagent refrigeration board

J19 J20 J21 J22 J23 J24 J25 J26 J27


J18 D90D89
J17 D91D92

J16 S1

Power indicator
D52
J15 J14 D53 J1
D51
J13
J12 D88
D87
J2
J11 D79

J10
D75 D74 D54 D55 D56 D98
J9
J8 J7 J6 J5 J4 J3
Connectors
The reagent refrigeration board includes the following connectors.
Power supply:
Power supply input connectors (J1, J2, J26): providing F12V refrigeration, G12V
refrigeration, C24V fan, and 24V ISE for PCBAs.
Connector Pin No. Signal Reference Value Function
J1 1, 2 F12V 11.4 12.6V Refrigeration power
3, 4 GND 0 supply input:
used for loading the
corresponding coolers
J6/J7/J8.
J2 1, 2 G12V 11.4 12.6V Refrigeration power
3, 4 GND 0 supply input: used for
loading the corresponding
coolers J3/J4/J5 and the
PCBA.
J26 1 ISE24V 23.8 25.2V The A24V provided by the
5 ISE24V GND 0 power supply assembly is
converted by the
refrigeration board into 5V
and 24V, which are then
used to power the ISE
module.
4 C24V 23.8 25.2V 24V power supply input for
8 GND 0 cooling fans.

4-52
Power supply output connector (J27): providing ISE24V and ISE5V for the ISE
module, among which ISE5V is converted from ISE24V by the refrigeration
board.
Connector Pin No. Signal Reference Value
J27 1 ISE5V 4.75 5.25V
4 GND 0
3 ISE24V 22.8 25.2V
6 GND 0
Cooler connectors (J3-J8): providing power supply for the coolers.
Connector Pin Signal Reference
No. Value
J3-J8 1 1 cooler 0V for ON and
12V for OFF.
3 12V
2 1 cooler 0V for ON and
12V for OFF.
4 12V
Demisting circuit connector (J10): providing power supply for the demisting
heater.
Connector Pin Signal Reference
No. Value
J10 1 2 demisting 12V
2 heaters 0
3 12V
4 0
Temperature protection switch connector (J11): receiving signals of the
temperature protection switch.
Connector Pin Signal Reference
No. Value
J11 1 1 temperature 0V
2 protection switch 0V
3 1 temperature 0V
4 protection switch 0V
Fan connector (J12): providing power supply for the 12V fan and checking the
fan status.
Connector Pin Signal Reference
No. Value
J12 1 F12V 12V
2 ISE fans feedback Below 0.5V
signal
3 Gnd 0V
4 Reserved

4-53
Connector Pin Signal Reference
No. Value
5
6
7 Reserved
8
9
Temperature sensor connectors (J16, J17 and J18): checking temperature of the
refrigeration compartment and refrigeration board.
Connector Pin Signal Reference
No. Value
J16 1 Shielding ground 0V
2 GND 0V
3 Temperature sensor /
signal of the
refrigeration board
J17 1 Shielding ground 0V
2 GND 0V
3 Temperature sensor /
signal 1 of
refrigeration
compartment
J18 1 Shielding ground 0V
2 GND 0V
3 Temperature sensor /
signal 2 of
refrigeration
compartment
Fan connector (J20): providing power supply for the lamp fan and checking the
fan status.
Connector Pin Signal Reference
No. Value
J20 1 C24V 24V
2 Feedback signal Below 0.5V
of light source
radiating fan
3 Gnd 0V
4 Reserved
5
6
Fan connector (J23): providing 24V power supply for the vacuum pump fan and
checking the fan status.

4-54
Connector Pin Signal Reference
No. Value
J23 1 C24V 24V
2 Vacuum pump Below 0.5V
radiating
feedback signal
1
3 Gnd 0V
4 C24V 24V
5 Vacuum pump Below 0.5V
radiating
feedback signal
2
6 Gnd 0V
Fan connector (J24): providing power supply for the 24V cooling fan and
checking the fan status.
Connector Pin Signal Reference
No. Value
J24 1 C24V 24V
2 Feedback signal of Below 0.5V
cooling fan 1
3 Gnd 0V
4 C24V 24V
5 Feedback signal of Below 0.5V
cooling fan 2
6 Gnd 0V
Refrigeration circulating pump connector (J25): providing power supply for the
refrigeration circulating pump and turning it on/off.
Connector Pin Signal Reference
No. Value
J25 1 C24V 24V
2 GND Off: 24V
On: 0V

Connectors for sending/receiving communication signals:


Main control board serial port (J19): 8-pin, used for communicating with the
main control board.
Switches
The reagent refrigeration board contains the following switches.
RST key (S1): used to reset the CPU of the PCBA.
Indicators
The main control board contains the following indicators.
Power supply:

4-55
Indicator Function Color Description
No.
D41 ISE5V Green When it is lit, it indicates that the power
supply works normally.
D50 ISE24V Green When it is lit, it indicates that the power
supply works normally.
D45 C24V Green When it is lit, it indicates that the power
supply works normally.
D48 VCC Green When it is lit, it indicates that the power
supply works normally.
D47 G12V Green When it is lit, it indicates that the power
supply works normally.
D49 VDD Green When it is lit, it indicates that the power
supply works normally.
D46 F12V Green When it is lit, it indicates that the power
supply works normally.

Indicators to indicate PCBA functions:


Indicator Function Color Description
No.
D58 Indicating status of Green When it is lit, it indicates that the
the refrigeration refrigeration circulating pump is
circulating pump working.
D56 Indicating status of Green When it is lit, it indicates that the
the cooler cooler is working.
D55 Indicating status of Green When it is lit, it indicates that the
the cooler cooler is working.
D54 Indicating status of Green When it is lit, it indicates that the
the cooler cooler is working.
D74 Indicating status of Green When it is lit, it indicates that the
the cooler cooler is working.
D75 Indicating status of Green When it is lit, it indicates that the
the cooler cooler is working.
D98 Indicating status of Green When it is lit, it indicates that the
the cooler cooler is working.
D79 Indicating status of Red When it is lit, it indicates that the
the lamp fan fan goes wrong.
D87 Indicating status of Red When it is lit, it indicates that the
the lamp fan fan goes wrong.
D88 Indicating status of Red When it is lit, it indicates that the
the ISE fan fan goes wrong.
D91 Indicating status of Red When it is lit, it indicates that the
the vacuum pump fan fan goes wrong.
D92 Indicating status of Red When it is lit, it indicates that the
the vacuum pump fan fan goes wrong.
D89 Indicating status of Red When it is lit, it indicates that the
cooling fan 1 fan goes wrong.

4-56
Indicator Function Color Description
No.
D90 Indicating status of Red When it is lit, it indicates that the
cooling fan 2 fan goes wrong.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of anti-static gloves or wrist straps.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the PCBA.
Check the connectors with clamps and ensure that the clamps have been locked
properly.
Check other connectors and ensure that they are inserted into the end of the
slots.

4.6.8 Reaction Carousel Temperature Collection Board


Functions and principles
The BS-2000M/BS-2200M has a reaction carousel temperature collection board,
which collects the reaction carouse temperature sensor signals and outputs them to
the wash temperature control board.
The functional diagram of the reaction carousel temperature collection board is as
shown below.
Figure 4.25 Functional diagram of reaction carousel temperature collection board

Reaction
Wash carousel
temperature Temperature
control
temperature sensor
board collection
board

Description
PCB layout
The PCB layout of the reaction carousel temperature collection board is as shown
below.

4-57
Figure 4.26 PCB layout of reaction carousel temperature collection board

Connectors
The reaction carousel temperature collection board contains the following
connectors.
Connectors 1-3 (J1-J3) for reaction carousel temperature sensor: 3-pin. Used to
connect the reaction carousel temperature sensor with the temperature detection
circuit. Connectors J2 and J3 are not used temporarily.
Pin No. Signal I/O Description Valid Level and
Name Type
1 SHIELD / Shielded wire of /
sensor
2 REF I Signal cable of /
sensor
3 PT1000 I Signal cable of /
sensor

Power supply and communication connector for reaction carousel temperature


collection board (J9): 20-pin. Used to connect the reaction carousel temperature
collection board and the wash temperature control board.
Pin No. Signal Name I/O Description Valid Level and
Type
1 +24V (reserved) / Positive pole of /
heater
2 +24V (reserved) / Positive pole of /
heater
3 +24V (reserved) / Positive pole of /
heater
4 +24V (reserved) / Positive pole of /
heater
5 HEATER (reserved) / Negative pole of /
heater

4-58
Pin No. Signal Name I/O Description Valid Level and
Type
6 HEATER (reserved) / Negative pole of /
heater
7 HEATER (reserved) / Negative pole of /
heater
8 HEATER (reserved) / Negative pole of /
heater
9 RST I Reset control 5V TTL
10 RXD I Received through 5V TTL
serial port
11 ISP I Download 5V TTL
control
12 TXD O Sent through 5V TTL
serial port
13 AGND O Analog ground /
14 NC / / /
15 NC / / /
16 NC / / /
17 NC / / /
18 VPP / 12V power /
supply input
19 AGND / Analog ground /
20 SHIELD / Shielding ground /

Indicators
The reaction carousel temperature collection board contains the following indicators.
+12V power supply indicator (D1): green. When it is lit, it indicates that the
+12V power supply has been connected.
+5V power supply indicator (D2): green. When it is lit, it indicates that the +5V
power supply has been connected.
+3.3V power supply indicator (D3): green. When it is lit, it indicates that the
+3.3V power supply has been connected.
PCB status (D5): orange. When the PCB is normal, the indicator will flash
shortly for 4 times and then go out for a relatively long time, with the flashing
and going out repeated.
Test points
In the following positions of the reaction carousel temperature collection board can
signal tests be performed.
TP1: +12V power supply input. Normal range: 12V5%, that is, 11.4 - 12.6V.
TP2: +5V power supply, secondary power supply. Normal range: 5V5%, that is,
4.75 - 5.25V.
TP4: +3.3V power supply, secondary power supply. Normal range: 3.3V5%,
that is, 3.14 - 3.47V.

4-59
TP5: reaction carousel temperature collection board ground.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of anti-static gloves or wrist straps.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the end of the slots on
the PCBA. Check if the PCBA has been locked tightly.
It requires great force to plug/unplug the connectors. Hold the PCBA by its
edge while plugging/unplugging the connectors to prevent it from being
deformed or damaged.

4.6.9 Cleaning fluid temperature collection board


Function
The instrument has one cleaning fluid temperature collection board, which is mainly
used to:
Process, collect and AD-convert signals of three wash temperature sensors and of
one environment temperature sensor, and provide an SPI access interface. The
cleaning fluid temperature collection board is connected with the wash temperature
control board.
The functional diagram of the cleaning fluid temperature collection board is as
shown below.
Functional diagram of cleaning fluid temperature collection board

Cleaning Temp sensor 1


Wash fluid
temperature Temp sensor 2
control
temperature
collection Temp sensor 3
board
board Temp sensor 4

Description
The PCB layout of the cleaning fluid temperature collection board is as shown
below.
PCB layout of cleaning fluid temperature collection board

4-60
Connectors
The cleaning fluid temperature collection board contains the following connectors:
Temperature sensor connectors 1-4 (J1-J4): 3-pin, used to connect the temperature
sensor with the temperature detection circuit.
J1: connecting cuvette wash solution temperature sensor.
J2: connecting cuvette cleaning fluid temperature sensor.
J3: connecting environment temperature sensor.
J4: connecting whole unit cleaning fluid temperature sensor.
Pin No. Signal I/O Description Valid Level and
Name Type
1 SHIELD / Shielded wire of sensor /
2 AGND / Signal cable of sensor /
(analog ground)
3 NTC I Signal cable of sensor Analog

Connector J5 for wash temperature control board: 20-pin, used to power the PCBA
and transmit/control the signals.
Pin No. Signal I/O Description Valid Level and
Name Type
1 SGND / Enclosure ground /
2 SGND / Enclosure ground /
3 CS I AD chip selection input TTL, valid in the
case of low level.
4 NC / NC /
5 SDO O AD chip data output TTL
6 SCLK I AD chip clock input TTL
7 NC / NC /
8 NC / NC /
9 NC / NC /
10 MUX_A I Channel A TTL

4-61
Pin No. Signal I/O Description Valid Level and
Name Type
11 VPP / 12V power supply input /
12 MUX_B I Channel B TTL
13 GND / Ground /
14 GND / Ground /
15 GND / Ground /
16 NC / NC /
17 NC / NC /
18 NC / NC /
19 NC / NC /
20 NC / NC /

Indicators
The cleaning fluid temperature collection board contains the following indicators.
+12V power supply indicator (D2): green. When it is lit, it indicates that the
+12V power supply has been connected.
+5V power supply indicator (D1): green. When it is lit, it indicates that the +5V
power supply has been connected.
Test points
In the following positions of the cleaning fluid temperature collection board can
signal tests be performed.
VPP: +12V power supply input. Normal range: 12V5%, that is, 11.4 - 12.6V.
AVCC: +5V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power the
analog parts of the PCBA. Normal range: 5V5%, that is, 4.75 - 5.25V.
VCC: +5V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power the digital
parts of the PCBA. Normal range: 5V5%, that is, 4.75 - 5.25V.
GND1 and GND2: grounding terminals of the cleaning fluid temperature
collection board.
AIN: AD collection signal test point.
REF: reference voltage.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of anti-static gloves or wrist straps.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the end of the slots on
the PCBA.
It requires great force to plug/unplug the connectors. Hold the PCBA by its
edge while plugging/unplugging the connectors to prevent it from being
deformed or damaged.

4-62
4.6.10 AD collection board
Functions and principles
The AD collection board is intended to implement the following functions:
Adjusting gains of 27 photoelectric signals via a digital potentiometer.
Controlling the channel selection switch to switch among 27 channel signals at
different time.
Converting photoelectric analog signals into digital signals via an AD converter
and then outputting the signals.
The figure below shows the relation between the AD collection board and other
PCBAs.
Figure 4.27 Relation between AD collection board and other PCBAs

Preamplifier Preamplifier
board 1 board 2

PD AD collection
board board

Main control
board

The functional diagram of the AD collection board is as shown below.

4-63
Figure 4.28 Functional diagram of AD collection board

Preamplifier board 1

13 analog signal gain adjustment

Preamplifier
Gain

selection
Channel
switch
board (light
adjust ADC Main control board
source
ment
monitoring)

AD collection board
13 analog signal gain adjustment

Preamplifier board 2

Description
PCB layout
The PCB layout of the AD collection board is as shown below.

4-64
Figure 4.29 PCB layout of AD collection board
J3 J2 J1

+12V
-12V
J8

5V
J4

J5 J6 J7

Connectors
The AD collection board contains the following connectors.
Power supply:
Power supply output connector (J1): 4-pin, used to provide +12V and -12V power
supplies for the preamplifier board of the inner ring photometer.
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 +12V 11.4 12.6V
2 AGND /
3 -12V -11.4 -12.6V
4 SGND /

Power supply output connector (J7): 4-pin, used to provide +12V and -12V power
supplies for the preamplifier board of the outer ring photometer.
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 +12V 11.4 12.6V
2 AGND /
3 -12V -11.4 -12.6V
4 SGND /

Connectors for sending/receiving communication signals:

4-65
Connector (J2) for preamplifier board signal input of inner ring photometer: 10-pin,
used to receive photoelectric analog signals of 7 channels.
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 AGND /
2 Signal2 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
3 Signal4 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
4 Signa6 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
5 Signal8 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
6 Signal10 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
7 Signal12 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
8 Signal13 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
9 / /
10 AGND_SHELD /

Connector (J3) for preamplifier board signal input of inner ring photometer: 8-pin,
used to receive photoelectric analog signals of 6 channels.
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 AGND /
2 Signal1 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
3 Signal3 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
4 Signal5 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
5 Signal7 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
6 Signal9 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
7 Signal11 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
8 AGND_SHELD /

Connector (J6) for preamplifier board signal input of outer ring photometer: 10-pin,
used to receive photoelectric analog signals of 7 channels.
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 AGND /
2 Signal2 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
3 Signal4 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
4 Signa6 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
5 Signal8 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
6 Signal10 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
7 Signal12 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
8 Signal13 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
9 / /
10 AGND_SHELD /

Connector (J5) for preamplifier board signal input of outer ring photometer: 8-pin,
used to receive photoelectric analog signals of 6 channels.

4-66
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 AGND /
2 Signal1 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
3 Signal3 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
4 Signal5 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
5 Signal7 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
6 Signal9 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
7 Signal11 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
8 AGND_SHELD /

Main control board connector (J8): 25-pin, used for communication with the main
control board.
Light source monitoring preamplifier board connector (J4): 6-pin, used for
communication with the light source monitoring preamplifier board.
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 Signal 0V-2.5V (light source condition)
2 +12V 11.4 12.6V
3 AGND /
4 AGND /
5 SGND /
6 -12V -11.4 -12.6V

Switches and jumpers


The AD collection board has no switches or jumpers.
Indicators
The AD collection board contains the following indicators.
Power supply:
+12V power supply indicator (D25): green. When it is lit, it indicates that the
+12V power supply has been connected.
-12V power supply indicator (D26): green. When it is lit, it indicates that the
-12V power supply has been connected.
+5V power supply indicator (D27): green. When it is lit, it indicates that the
+5V power supply has been connected.
Test points
In the following positions of the AD collection board can signal tests be performed.
340: signal output of channel 340nm. Normal range: varies with the signal
strength and lies between 0-5V.
380: signal output of channel 380nm. Normal range: varies with the signal
strength and lies between 0-5V.
412: signal output of channel 412nm. Normal range: varies with the signal
strength and lies between 0-5V.

4-67
450: signal output of channel 450nm. Normal range: varies with the signal
strength and lies between 0-5V.
505: signal output of channel 505nm. Normal range: varies with the signal
strength and lies between 0-5V.
546: signal output of channel 546nm. Normal range: varies with the signal
strength and lies between 0-5V.
570: signal output of channel 570nm. Normal range: varies with the signal
strength and lies between 0-5V.
605: signal output of channel 605nm. Normal range: varies with the signal
strength and lies between 0-5V.
660: signal output of channel 660nm. Normal range: varies with the signal
strength and lies between 0-5V.
700: signal output of channel 700nm. Normal range: varies with the signal
strength and lies between 0-5V.
740: signal output of channel 740nm. Normal range: varies with the signal
strength and lies between 0-5V.
800: signal output of channel 800nm. Normal range: varies with the signal
strength and lies between 0-5V.
850: signal output of channel 850nm. Normal range: varies with the signal
strength and lies between 0-5V.
LIGHT: signal output of light source monitoring channel. Normal range: varies
with the signal strength and lies between 0-5V.
VPP: +12V power supply input. Normal range: 12V5%, that is, 11.4 - 12.6V.
VSS: -12V power supply input. Normal range: -12V5%, that is, -11.4 - -12.6V.
VCC: +5V power supply input. Normal range: 5V5%, that is, 4.75 - 5.25V.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of anti-static gloves or wrist straps.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the PCBA.
Check the connectors with clamps and ensure that the clamps have been locked
properly.
Check other connectors and ensure that they are inserted into the end of the
slots.
It requires great force to plug/unplug the connectors J2-J6. Hold the PCBA by
its edge while plugging/unplugging the connectors to prevent it from being
deformed or damaged.
After connecting J8 connector (DB25), tighten the retaining screws on two sides
of it.

4-68
4.6.11 Preamplifier Board
Functions and principles
The preamplifier board is intended to implement the following functions:
Converting optical signals into electric signals via a photodiode array.
With the help of the back circuit, filtering signals and transmitting them to the
AD collection board after amplification.
The figure below shows the relation between the preamplifier board and other
PCBAs.
Figure 4.30 Relation between preamplifier board and other PCBAs

Light signal

Preamplifier board AD collection board

The functional diagram of the preamplifier board is as shown below.


Figure 4.31 Functional diagram of preamplifier board
Light signal

PDA

Signal filtering and amplification

AD collection board

Description
PCB layout
The PCB layout of the preamplifier board is as shown below.

4-69
Figure 4.32 PCB layout of preamplifier board

Connectors
The preamplifier board includes the following connectors.

4-70
Power supply:
Power supply input connector (J1): 4-pin, used to provide +12V and -12V power
supplies for the preamplifier board.
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 +12V 11.4 12.6V
2 AGND /
3 -12V -11.4 -12.6V
4 SGND /

Connectors for sending/receiving communication signals:


Connector (J2) for preamplifier board signal output: 10-pin, used to receive
photoelectric analog signals of 7 channels.
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 AGND /
2 Signal2 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
3 Signal4 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
4 Signa6 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
5 Signal8 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
6 Signal10 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
7 Signal12 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
8 Signal13 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
9 / /
10 AGND_SHELD /

Connector (J3) for preamplifier board signal output: 8-pin, used to receive
photoelectric analog signals of six channels.
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 AGND /
2 Signal1 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
3 Signal3 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
4 Signal5 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
5 Signal7 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
6 Signal9 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
7 Signal11 0.25V-2.5V (water blank condition)
8 AGND_SHELD /

Switches and jumpers


The preamplifier board has no switches or jumpers.
Indicators
The preamplifier board is encapsulated inside the photometer module and has no
indicators.

4-71
Test points
The preamplifier board is encapsulated inside the photometer module and does not
need maintenance, and it therefore, has no test points.

Installation methods and precautions


Since encapsulated inside the photometer module, the preamplifier board should be
maintained together with the photometer module rather than maintained
independently.

4.6.12 Light Source Monitoring Preamplifier Board


Functions and principles
The light source monitoring preamplifier board is intended to implement the
following functions:
Converting optical signals into electric signals via a photodiode.
With the help of the back circuit, filtering signals and transmitting them to the
AD collection board after amplification.
Collecting photoelectric signal of the 340nm channel and using it as the
reference light.
The figure below shows the relation between the light source monitoring
preamplifier board and other PCBAs.
Figure 4.33 Relation between light source monitoring preamplifier board and other
PCBAs
Light signal

Preamplifier board AD collection board

The functional diagram of the light source monitoring preamplifier board is as


shown below.

4-72
Figure 4.34 Functional diagram of light source monitoring preamplifier board
Light signal

PD

Signal filtering
and amplifying

Light source
detection
preamplifier board

AD collection board

Description
PCB layout
The PCB layout of the light source monitoring preamplifier board is as shown below.
Figure 4.35 PCB layout of light source monitoring preamplifier board

Connectors
The light source monitoring preamplifier board only contains one connector (welded
on the PCBA), which is used to provide +12V and -12V power supplies for the
preamplifier board and transmits signal to the AD collection board.

4-73
Pin No. Signal Reference
Value
1 Signal 0V-5V
2 +12V 11.4 12.6V
3 AGND /
4 AGND /
5 SGND /
6 -12V -11.4 -12.6V

Switches and jumpers


The light source monitoring preamplifier board has no switches or jumpers.
Indicators
The light source monitoring preamplifier board is encapsulated inside the
photometer module and has no indicators.
Test points
The light source monitoring preamplifier board is encapsulated inside the
photometer module and does not need maintenance, and it therefore, has no test
points.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of anti-static gloves or wrist straps.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the end of the slots on
the PCBA.

4.6.13 Reagent probe level sense board


Functions and principles
The instrument has 4 reagent probe level sense boards, used for:
Detecting reagent level. The 4 boards are identical in circuit structure and
interface and can detect fluid level steadily and reliably.
Outputting level sense signals to the control drive board through the
five-probe/mixer conversion board when the probe contacts the fluid level. The
probe is controlled to insert into the fluid for about 2mm depth.
Providing vertical obstruct detection and outputting the detection signals to the
control drive board through the five-probe/mixer conversion board.
The functional diagram of the level sense board is as shown below.

4-74
Figure 4.36 Functional diagram of level sense board

Vertical obstruct
detection circuit
Oscillation
frequency Level sense board
division circuit

Obstruct signal

Amplification
filter circuit
Dual- Phase- 5-probe/mixer Control

Interface
circuit
Fluid level signal
needle locked A/D CPU conversion drive
probe loop Serial communication board board
signal

Description
PCB layout
The top view of the level sense board is as shown below.
Figure 4.37 PCB layout (TOP layer) of level sense board

D5 S1
J2 J3 J4 J1

D2
D4

The bottom view of the level sense board is as shown below.


Figure 4.38 PCB layout (BOTTOM layer) of level sense board

TP5 TP2 TP7 TP1

TP11
TP6

TP4
TP10
TP3
TP9 TP8
S2

Connectors
The level sense board contains the following connectors.
Probe connector (J1): 2-pin, used for connecting the reagent probes with related
circuit.

4-75
Pin No. Signal
1 GND
2 Probe capacitor signal input

Power supply and signal output connector (J2): 4-pin, used to provide power supply
for the level sense board and output the level sense signal and vertical obstruct signal.
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 GND /
2 Vertical High level (about 4V) is output when no vertical
obstruction obstruction occurs, and low level (about 0V) is output
signal when vertical obstruction happens.
output
3 Level sense Low level (about 0V) is output when the probe fails to
signal detect the fluid level, and high level (about 4V) is
output output when the probe detects the fluid level.
4 +12V 11.4 12.6V

Communication cable connector (J3): 3-pin, used for communication between the
level sense board and the control drive board. When receiving calibration instruction
from the control drive board through this connector during every resetting and
reagent aspiration, the level sense board executes self calibration and chooses a fluid
level sensibility judgment criteria.
Pin No. Signal
1 RXD
2 RST
3 TXD

Vertical obstruct detection optical coupler connector (J4): 4-pin, used for connection
between the level sense board and the obstruct detection optical coupler.
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 GND /
2 Signal Blocked: 4V-5V; unblocked: 0V-1V
3 GND /
4 AVDD_R /

Switches and jumpers


The level sense board contains the following switches and jumpers.
PSEN enable jumper (S1): used for downloading application programs.
Calibrate key (S2): used for manual self-calibration of fluid level detection.
Jumper S1 must be disconnected in normal conditions.
Indicators
The level sense board contains the following indicators.
Level sense system calibration indicator (D2): yellow. It is extinguished when the
self-calibration of the level sense system is failed, and vice versa. If it is lit, it
indicates that the calibration is complete and the level sense system is ready for

4-76
measurement. When the calibration is complete, the indicator will be lit all the
time.
Sensitivity switch indicator (D4): red. It is extinguished when the default
sensitivity is being used, and vice versa, which means level sensing is performed
in special positions.
Level sense indicator (D5): green. It is extinguished when the probe fails to
detect the fluid level, and vice versa.
Vertical obstruction indicator (D6): green. It is extinguished when no vertical
obstruction occurs, and vice versa.
Test points
In the following positions of the level sense board can signal tests be performed.
TP1 (LEVEL): level sense signal output. Normal condition: Low level (about 0V)
is output when the probe fails to detect the fluid level, and high level (about 4V)
is output when the probe detects the fluid level.
TP2 (PLL): working point voltage of the level sense system. Normal range:
3.80.5V.
TP3ALEVELanalog fluid level Analog level sense signal, based on which
whether the fluid level is detected or not is determined.
TP4 (GND): grounding terminal of the level sense board.
TP5 (VCO): reserved.
TP6 (RAM): vertical obstruction signal output. Normal condition: High level
(about 4V) is output when no vertical obstruction occurs, and low level (about
0V) is output when vertical obstruction happens.
TP7 (PLL1): reserved.
TP8: voltage monitoring signal for self-calibration of the level sense system.
TP9 (CLK): reserved.
TP10: +9V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power the
internal phase-locked loop and some operational amplifiers of the PCBA.
Normal range: 9V5%, that is, 8.55 - 9.45V.
TP11: +5V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power most
components inside the PCBA, such as micro control unit (MCU). Normal range:
5V5%, that is, 4.75 - 5.25V.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of anti-static gloves or wrist straps.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the end of the slots on
the PCBA.
It requires great force to plug/unplug the connectors. Hold the PCBA by its
edge while plugging/unplugging the connectors to prevent it from being
deformed or damaged.

4-77
4.6.14 Sample Probe Level Sense Board
Functions and principles
The instrument has 1 sample probe level sense boards, used for:
Detecting sample level. The board can detect sample level steadily and reliably.
Outputting level sense signals to the control drive board through the
five-probe/mixer conversion board when the probe contacts the fluid level. The
probe is controlled to insert into the fluid for about 2mm depth.
Providing vertical obstruct detection and outputting the detection signals to the
control drive board through the five-probe/mixer conversion board.
The functional diagram of the sample probe level sense board is as shown below.
Figure 4.39 Functional diagram of sample probe level sense board

5V Obstruct
Vref
V2 detection
optical coupler
Dual-needle Five-probe/mixer Control drive
V1 Comparator
probe conversion board board

One needle of the probe is grounded through a resistor, and the other needle is
connected to one end (V1) of the comparator and by a proper pull-up resistor (R1)
connected to the power supply (5V). On the other end of the comparator a proper
reference voltage V2 is chosen. Before the two needles contact the fluid level,
V1>V2; when the needles contact the fluid level, V1 will be decreased by resistor R1;
when V1<V2, the comparator outputs a fluid level signal.

Description
PCB layout
The top view of the level sense board is as shown below.
Figure 4.40 PCB layout (TOP layer) of sample probe level sense board

J1 5V D2 J2

D1

The BOTTOM layer has few elements.


Connectors
The level sense board contains the following connectors.

4-78
Communication cable connector (J1): 4-pin, used for communication between the
level sense board and the control drive board.
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 GND /
2 Vertical High level (about 4V) is output when no vertical
obstruct obstruction occurs, and low level (about 0V) is output
signal when vertical obstruction happens.
output
3 Level sense Low level (about 0V) is output when the probe fails to
signal detect the fluid level, and high level (about 4V) is
output output when the probe detects the fluid level.
4 +12V 11.4 12.6V

Probe connector (J2): 2-pin, used for connecting the reagent probes with related
circuit.
Pin No. Signal
1 Probe signal
input
2 Probe signal
input

Switches and jumpers


The sample probe level sense board is simple in principle, having no switches or
jumpers.
Indicators
The level sense board contains the following indicators.
Level sense indicator (D1): green. It is extinguished when the probe fails to
detect the fluid level, and vice versa.
Vertical obstruct indicator (D2): green. It is extinguished when no vertical
obstruction occurs, and vice versa.
Test points
In the following positions of the level sense board can signal tests be performed.
LEVEL: level sense signal output. Normal condition: Low level (about 0V) is
output when the probe fails to detect the fluid level, and high level (about 4V) is
output when the probe detects the fluid level.
RAM: vertical obstruct signal output. Normal condition: High level (about 4V) is
output when no vertical obstruction occurs, and low level (about 0V) is output
when vertical obstruction happens.
5V: +5V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power the chip
inside the PCBA. Normal range: 5V5%, that is, 4.75 - 5.25V.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of anti-static gloves or wrist straps.

4-79
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the end of the slots on
the PCBA.
It requires great force to plug/unplug the connectors. Hold the PCBA by its
edge while plugging/unplugging the connectors to prevent it from being
deformed or damaged.

4.6.15 Mixer Motor Drive Board


Functions and principles
The BS-2000M/BS-2200M has 2 mixer motor drive boards, which control the
mixing of sample and reagent and transmit the motor status to the control drive
board or wash temperature control board.
The functional diagram of the mixer motor drive board is as shown below.
Figure 4.41 Function diagram of mixer motor drive board
Motor drive board

A3979

MCU A3979
Control
drive board
or wash
temperature A3979
control
board
Sensor

Sensor

Sensor

Description
PCB layout
The PCB layout (TOP layer) of the mixer motor drive board is as shown below.

4-80
Figure 4.42 PCB layout (TOP layer) of mixer motor drive board
J7 J6 J5

J4

24V

D3
3.3V

5V

D5 D4

J3

J1 J2

The PCB layout (BOTTOM layer) of the mixer motor drive board is as shown
below.

4-81
Figure 4.43 PCB layout (BOTTOM layer) of mixer motor drive board

Connectors
The mixer motor drive board contains the following connectors.
Motor connectors (J1-J3): 4-pin, used for driving the mixer motors.
Pin No. Signal
1 Motor drive signal A+
2 Motor drive signal A-
3 Motor drive signal B+
4 Motor drive signal B-

Power supply and signal output connector (J4): 8-pin, used to provide power supply
for the mixer motor drive board and communicate through serial port with the
control drive board.
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 RXD Signal received through serial port
2 RST Reset signal
3 TXD Signal sent through serial port
4 ISP Relevant signal downloaded online
5 GND /
6 GND /
7 24V 22.8V-25.2V
8 24V 22.8V-25.2V

4-82
Optical coupler connector (J5): 12-pin, used to control and receive optical coupler
signal of the mixer motor drive board.
Pin No. Signal Reference Value
1 VCC 4.75V-5.25V
2 PHO1 Blocked: 4V-5V; unblocked: 0V-1V
3 GND_R /
4 GND /
5 VCC 4.75V-5.25V
6 PHO2 Blocked: 4V-5V; unblocked: 0V-1V
7 GND_R /
8 GND /
9 VCC 4.75V-5.25V
10 PHO3 Blocked: 4V-5V; unblocked: 0V-1V
11 GND_R /
12 GND /

Switches and jumpers


The mixer motor drive board has no switches or jumpers.
Indicators
The mixer motor drive board contains the following indicators.
24V power supply indicator (D4): green. When the board is connected to power
supply, this indicator is always lit; going out means the 24V power supply is
abnormal.
5V power supply indicator (D5): green. When the board is connected to power
supply, this indicator is always lit; going out means the 5V power supply is
abnormal.
3.3V power supply indicator (D6): green. When the board is connected to power
supply, this indicator is always lit; going out means the 3.3V power supply is
abnormal.
Test points
In the following positions of the mixer motor drive board can signal tests be
performed.
24V: 24V power supply signal. Normal condition: 22.8V-25.2V.
5V: 5V power supply signal. Normal condition: 4.75V-5.25V.
3.3V (secondary power supply): 3.3V power supply signal. Normal condition:
3.13V-3.47V.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of anti-static gloves or wrist straps.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the end of the slots on
the PCBA.

4-83
It requires great force to plug/unplug the connectors. Hold the PCBA by its
edge while plugging/unplugging the connectors to prevent it from being
deformed or damaged.

4.6.16 Pressure detection board


Functions and principles
The pressure detection board is intended to implement the following functions:
Detecting pressure of three gas circuits, converting the detection results into
digital signals, and then sending them to the cuvette wash unit via the serial port.
Providing 12V power supply for the water quality sensor, receiving the water
quality detection signal, converting it into digital signal, and then sending it to
the cuvette wash station via the serial port.
The figure below shows the location of the pressure detection board in the hardware
system.
Figure 4.44 Location of pressure detection board in hardware system

Pressure Wash
Pressure
sensor

Pressure
channel
detection temperature
board control board

Water quality
sensor

The functional diagram of the pressure detection board is as shown below.


Figure 4.45 Functional diagram of pressure detection board
Pressure detection board
processing
Pressure
sensor

Signal

MCU
conversion

Serial port Auto wash


circuit

AD

MCU
Water quality

processing
sensor

Signal

Description
PCB layout

4-84
Figure 4.46 PCB layout of pressure detection board

Reserved
channels

Cuvette wash pressure


detection sensor

P
R

Whole unit degassing


pressure detection ISE degassing pressure
sensor detection sensor

Connectors
Power supply and communication connector (J1): DB9 connector, used for
connecting the wash temperature control board, providing +12V and -12V power
supplies for the PCBA, and serial port communication with the upper-level PCBA.
Pin Description Applicable Test Methods
No.
1 +12V power supply The voltage at this point lies between 11.4
- 12.6V when the PCBA is working
normally.
2 Serial port input The voltage at this point is greater than
signal 2.4V when the system status is Standby.
3 Serial port output The voltage at this point is greater than
signal 2.4V when the system status is Standby.
4 Online-downloaded The voltage at this point is greater than
enabling signal 2.4V when the system status is Standby.
5 Ground /

4-85
Pin Description Applicable Test Methods
No.
6 -12V power supply The voltage at this point lies between
-12.6 - -11.4V when the PCBA is working
normally.
7 Reset signal The voltage at this point is greater than
2.4V when the system status is Standby.
8 Ground /
9 Ground /

Water quality sensor connector (J2): 6-pin, providing power supply for the water
quality detection board and receiving water quality signal.
Pin Description Test Methods
No.
1 +12V power The voltage at this point lies between
supply 11.4 - 12.6V when the PCBA is working
normally.
2 -12V power The voltage at this point lies between
supply -11.6 - -11.4V when the PCBA is
working normally.
3 Water quality The voltage at this point lies between
sensor input 10-12.6V when there is no water inside
signal the water quality sensor base, and lies
between 0-5V when the water quality
sensor base is filled with deionized
water.
4 Power supply /
ground
5 Power supply /
ground
6 Shielded layer of /
cable, connected
with the
grounding
terminal of the
PCBA

Reserved pressure sensor connector (J3): reserved connector.


Switches and jumpers
MCU downloading enable jumper (S2): When it is short-circuited, it indicates that
the MCU is downloading something. The jumper must be disconnected when the
PCBA is working normally. The jumper is only used by the manufacture line to
download program and will not be used after the instrument's delivery.
Indicators and test points
Indicators:
+12V power supply indicator (VPP): green. It is lit when the +12V power
supply is working normally.

4-86
-12V power supply indicator (VEE): green. It is lit when the -12V power supply
is working normally.
+5V digital power supply indicator (VDD): green. It is lit when the +5V digital
power supply is working normally.
+5V analog power supply indicator (AVDD): green. It is lit when the +5V
analog power supply is working normally.
Test points:
+12V power supply (VPP): with normal range of 11.4 - 12.6V.
-12V power supply (VEE): with normal range of -12.6 - -11.4V.
+5V digital power supply (VDD): with normal range of 4.8 - 5.2V.
+5V analog power supply (AVDD): with normal range of 4.8 - 5.2V.
Whole unit degassing negative pressure test point (PRESSURE01): The voltage
at this point lies between 3.9-4.4V when the pressure sensor is connected to the
air.
ISE degassing negative pressure test point (PRESSURE02): The voltage at this
point lies between 0.05-0.4V when the pressure sensor is connected to the air.
Whole unit cleaning negative pressure test point (PRESSURE03): The voltage at
this point lies between 0.1-0.3V when the pressure sensor is connected to the air.
Reserved pressure detection channel test point (PRESSURE04): reserved
channel.
Water quality detection channel test point (WATER): When the water quality
sensor cable (J2) is disconnected, the voltage at this point lies between 4.8-5.2V;
when the J2 cable is connected, the voltage varies with the status of the water
quality.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of anti-static gloves or wrist straps.
Tighten the two retaining screws on two sides of connector J1, and insert
connector J2 properly into the PCBA.
When connecting the pressure sensors (U1, U2 and U4) to the gas circuit, press
them slightly and connect them with proper force to avoid breaking the
connectors.
Install the shielded cover after installing or repairing the PCBA.

4.6.17 Clog detection board


Functions and principles
The BS-2000M/BS-2200M has two clog detection boards, which are exactly the same
in functions and respectively used for needle S1 and S2 of the same probe.
The clog detection board possesses the following functions:
Collecting pressure by connecting with the pressure sensor.
Checking for clogs under the control of the sample control drive board.

4-87
Sending debugging information to the debugging computer.
The figure below shows the location of the clog detection board in the hardware
system.
Figure 4.47 Location of clog detection board in hardware system
Sample
Clog detection
Sensor control drive
board
board

PC
(for debugging
only)
The functional diagram of the clog detection board is as shown below.
Figure 4.48 Functional diagram of clog detection board

Constant current drive Clog detection board Power supply Sample


control
Compen IO drive
Differential and Differential Secondary ADC Serial port
Single-end board
Sensor Analog
signal
primary Analog
signal
amplificati
analog signal
and
amplificat -on
MCU Debugging
-ion Serial port
PC

Description
PCB layout
Figure 4.49 PCB layout of clog detection board

4-88
Connectors
Pressure sensor connector (J1): connected with the pressure sensor.
Pin No. Description Test Methods
1 Positive end input of /
pressure sensor
2 Positive end of power /
supply
3 Negative end of /
power supply
4 Negative end input of /
pressure sensor
5 Gain adjustment /
resistance
6 Gain adjustment
resistance

Clog detection board control connector (J2): connected with the sample control drive
board and used for communicating control signals during clog detection process.
Pin No. Description Test Methods
1 +12V power supply The voltage lies between 11.4-12.6V
when the PCBA is working normally.
2 -12V power supply /
(reserved)
3 Confirmed clog The voltage at this point is less than 0.4V
signal when no clog signal is detected.
4 Possible clog signal /
(reserved)
5 Empty aspirate /
signal (reserved)
6 Interruption control /
signal
7 Interruption enable /
signal
8 Ground /
9 Reserved input /
10 Reserved output /

Clog detection board communication connector (J3): connected with the sample
control drive board and used for serial port communication between the clog
detection board and the sample probe unit.
Pin No. Description Test Methods
1 +12V power supply The voltage lies between
11.4-12.6V when the PCBA is
working normally.
2 -12V power supply /
(reserved)

4-89
Pin No. Description Test Methods
3 Serial port input signal The voltage at this point is
greater than 2.4V when the
system status is Standby.
4 Serial port output The voltage at this point is
signal greater than 2.4V when the
system status is Standby.
5 Online-downloading The voltage at this point is less
enable signal than 0.4V when the system
status is Standby.
6 Reset signal The voltage at this point is
greater than 2.4V when the
system status is Standby.
7 Ground /
8 Ground /

Clog detection board debugging connector (J4): connected with the serial port of a
computer and used for debugging the clog detection system. This connector is
temporarily not used.
Pin No. Description Test
Methods
1 +12V power supply /
2 -12V power supply (reserved) /
3 Serial port input signal /
4 Serial port output signal /
5 Ground /

Switches and jumpers


MCU downloading enable jumper (S2): When it is short-circuited, it indicates that
the MCU is downloading something. The jumper must be disconnected when the
PCBA is working normally.
Indicators and test points
Indicators
Clog signal indicator (D3): red. It is lit when the PCBA outputs a clog signal.
Empty aspirate signal indicator (D4): It is lit when the PCBA outputs an empty
aspirate signal.
Possible clog signal indicator (D5): It is lit when the PCBA outputs a possible
clog signal.
+5V power supply indicator (D6): green. It is lit when the +5V power supply is
working normally.
+12V power supply indicator (D7): green. It is lit when the +12V power supply
is working normally.
Test points
+12V power supply (VPP): The voltage at this point lies between 11.4-12.6V
when the PCBA is working normally.

4-90
-12V power supply (VEE): reserved test point.
Ground (GND): This test point is connected with the grounding terminal of the
PCBA.
Pressure sensor output signal (ANALOG): It is an analog signal amplified by the
pressure sensor. When the pressure sensor is connected to the air, the voltage at
this point lies between 0.8-1.3V.
Clog signal (CLOG_Y): It is a test point of clog signal output. When the PCBA
outputs a clog signal, indicator D3 will be lit and the voltage at this point greater
than 2.4V; when the PCBA outputs no clog signal, indicator D3 will be
extinguished and the voltage at this point less than 0.4V.
Empty aspirate signal (NO_SAM):When the PCBA outputs an empty aspirate
signal, indicator D4 will be lit and the voltage at this point greater than 2.4V;
when the PCBA outputs no empty aspirate signal, indicator D4 will be
extinguished and the voltage at this point less than 0.4V.
Possible clog signal (CLOG_M): reserved test point.
Debugging test point (TEST): used for test during debugging.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of anti-static gloves or wrist straps.
Insert connectors J2 and J3 tightly into the PCBA. When inserting connector J1,
you will hear a click, which means that the connector is inserted in place into its
slot.

4.6.18 Water quality detection board


Functions and principles
The water quality detection board converts the status of water quality into changes
of output analog voltage.
The water quality sensor is like two electrodes. When the base is full of water, the
specific resistance of water links the electrodes to form a circuit. Different voltage
can be obtained based on the specific resistance. When the water contains a lot of
foreign matters, the resistance is low and the voltage is low; and vice versa. The
voltage at J1-1 is within 0-5V when the base is full of water. It can be understood
that the lower the voltage, the worse the water quality. The circuit has been designed
with a comparison threshold, and an alarm indicating water quality error is given
when the voltage at J1-1 is lower than this threshold.
The figure below shows the location of the water quality detection board in the
hardware system.

4-91
Figure 4.50 Location of water quality detection board in hardware system

Wash
temperatur
Water
Pressure e control Main
quality
detection board control
detection
board (cuvette board
board
wash
station)

Description
PCB layout
Figure 4.51 PCB layout of water quality detection board

Connectors
Power supply and output signal connector (J1): used for providing the 12V power
supply for the PCBA and outputting water quality signals.
Pin Description Test Methods
No.
1 Sensor output signal The voltage at this point lies
between 10-12.6V when there is
no water inside the water quality
sensor base, and lies between
0-5V when the water quality
sensor base is filled with
deionized water.
2 Power supply ground /

3 -12V power supply The voltage at this point lies


between 11.4 - 12.6V when the
PCBA is working normally.
4 Power supply ground /

5 +12V power supply The voltage at this point lies


between -11.6 -11.4V when the
PCBA is working normally.
6 Corresponding to the shielded /
layer, which is connected with
the pressure detection board.

Installation methods and precautions


The water quality detection board exists in the form of water quality sensor
assembly, and needs not to be removed once installed.

4-92
The water quality sensor can be removed from its base. The electrode wire of
the water quality sensor is a type of precious metal and should not be touched
when you remove the sensor.

4.6.19 External Vacuum Pump Drive Board


Function
The external vacuum pump drive board is located inside the external vacuum pump
module and intended to:
Receive the vacuum pump control signals and drive/control the external AC
vacuum pump.
Provide drive connectors for two AC fans.

Description
The functional diagram of the external vacuum pump drive board is as shown below.
Functional diagram of external vacuum pump drive board

Switch (with LED)


Vacuum pump drive board
Analyzer
Fuse +12V
AC Wash
input Fuse Control
temperature
Relay
control board

Fan 1 Fan 1 Vacuum pump

The PCB layout of the vacuum pump drive board is as shown below.
Figure 4.52 PCB layout of external vacuum pump drive board

Connectors
J1: connector for external AC 220V/110V input.

4-93
No. Description
1 220V/110V AC N
2 NC
3 220V/110V AC L

J2/J3: connectors for AC fan power supply output.


No. Description
1 220V/110V AC N
2 NC
3 220V/110V AC L

J4: connectors for AC vacuum pump power supply output.


No. Description
1 220V/110V AC N
2 NC
3 220V/110V AC L

J5: connector for AC vacuum pump control signal input.


No. Description
1 OUT_PUMP_CTRL
2 NC
3 +12V

Indicators
Indicators for sending/receiving communication signals:
AC vacuum pump control signal indicator (D2): red. When it is lit, it indicates that
the AC vacuum pump control signal is valid and the vacuum pump is working
normally.

4.6.20 Five-Probe/Mixer Conversion Board


Functions and principles
There are two five-probe/mixer conversion boards, which are exactly the same and
compatible with each other. The two five-probe/mixer conversion boards are
intended for the following functions:
#1 five-probe/mixer conversion board:
Shifting signals between the R1 control drive board and the probe R11 level
sense board.
Shifting signals between the R1 control drive board and the probe R12 level
sense board.
Shifting signals between the sample control drive board and the sample probe
level sense board.

4-94
Shifting signals between the sample control drive board and the sample mixer
drive board.
#2 five-probe/mixer conversion board:
Shifting signals between the R2 control drive board and the probe R21 level
sense board.
Shifting signals between the R2 control drive board and the probe R22 level
sense board.
Shifting signals between the wash temperature control board and the reagent
mixer drive board.

Description
The PCB layout of the five probe/mixer conversion board is as shown below.
PCB layout of five probe/mixer conversion board

Connectors
J1, J2 and J3: fluid level detection connectors for the control drive board. Refer to
the following table for signal description.
Pin No. Signal Name I/O Description Valid Level and
Type
1 AGND / Analog ground /
2 RAMn O Vertical obstruct signal TTL
3 LLSn O Level sense signal TTL
4 DVPP / Power supply D12V /
5 EVPP / Power supply E12V /
6 TXD-Ln I Serial port sending signal TTL
7 RST-Ln I Reset signal (reserved) TTL
8 RXD-Ln O Serial port received signal TTL
9 PSEN-Ln I Downloading enable signal TTL
(reserved)
10 / Shielding ground /

J10, J11 and J12: fluid level detection connectors for the level sense board. Refer to
the following table for signal description.
Pin No. Signal Name I/O Description Valid Level and
Type
1 AGND / Analog ground /
2 RAMn O Vertical obstruct signal TTL

4-95
Pin No. Signal Name I/O Description Valid Level and
Type
3 LLSn O Level sense signal TTL
4 DVPP / Power supply D12V /
5 EVPP / Power supply E12V /
6 TXD-Ln I Serial port sending signal TTL
7 RXD-Ln O Serial port received signal TTL
8 NC NC NC NC
9 / Shielding ground /

J4 and J6: mixer drive board communication connectors for control drive board or
wash temperature control board. J6 is not used temporarily. Refer to the following
table for signal description.
Pin No. Signal Name I/O Description Valid Level and
Type
1 TXD O Sent through serial port TTL
2 RST O Reset control TTL
3 RXD I Received through serial port TTL
4 ISP O Download control TTL

J5 and J7: mixer drive board power supply connectors for control drive board or
wash temperature control board. J7 is not used temporarily. Refer to the following
table for signal description.
Pin No. Signal Name I/O Description Valid Level and
Type
1 GND / Power supply ground /
2 GND / Power supply ground /
3 24V / 24V power supply /
4 24V / 24V power supply /

J8 and J9: mixer drive board connectors for mixer drive board. J9 is not used
temporarily. Refer to the following table for signal description.
Pin No. Signal Name I/O Description Valid Level and
Type
1 TXD O Sent through serial port TTL
2 RST O Reset control TTL
3 RXD I Received through serial port TTL
4 ISP O Download control TTL
5 / Shielding ground /
6 GND / Power supply ground /
7 GND / Power supply ground /
8 24V / 24V power supply /
9 24V / 24V power supply /

4-96
Installation methods and precautions
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the PCBA.
The PCBA is narrow and fragile. Hold the PCBA by its edge while
plugging/unplugging the connectors to prevent it from being deformed or
damaged.

4.6.21 Communication Conversion Board


Function
The communication conversion board is intended for the following functions:
Providing connectors for the main control board: serial port, network interface,
and USB interface.
Providing connectors for the control console (computer): standard DB9 serial
port, RJ45 network interface, and standard USB interface.
Shifting, isolating and protecting the signals received at the connectors
connecting the main control board and the control console.

Description
The PCB layout of the communication conversion board is as shown below.
Top view:
Figure 4.53 PCB layout (TOP layer) of communication conversion board

Bottom view:
Figure 4.54 PCB layout (BOTTOM layer) of communication conversion board

Connectors
J1: USB interface to connect a computer. (Reserved)

4-97
J2: DB9 serial port to connect a computer.
J3: serial port communication interface to connect the main control board.
J4: USB interface to connect the main control board.
J5: standard RJ45 network interface to connect a computer.
J6: Ethernet interface to connect the main control board.
Indicators
N/A

4.6.22 Network Interface Conversion Board


Function
The network interface conversion board is intended for the following functions:
Providing serial port connection (at most 5 ports) between the computer and
analyzers or SDM main control board.
Providing conversion of PC and internal network interface of the whole unit or
the RJ45 of a switch.

Description
The PCB layout of the network interface conversion board is as shown below.
Top view:
Figure 4.55 PCB layout (TOP layer) of network interface conversion board

Bottom view:
Figure 4.56 PCB layout (BOTTOM layer) of network interface conversion board

4-98
Connectors
P1: DB25 serial port for connecting a computer, including 5 serial ports.
J1-J5: serial ports for connecting analyzer or SDM main control board.
J6: RJ45 network interface for connecting a computer.
J7: used to connect the internal network interface of the whole unit or the RJ45 of a
switch.
Indicators
N/A

4.6.23 Main Control Board (SDM)


Functions and principles
The main control board of the SDM is basically the same with that of the analyzer
(refer to 4.6.1 ), except that:
The main control board of the SDM is connected with low-layer units of the
rack feeder system and redefined for its interfaces.
The main control board of the SDM does not use the AD collection interface.

Description
PCB layout
The main control board of the SDM uses the same PCB with that of the analyzer.
Refer to 4.6.1 for details.
Connectors
The main control board includes the following connectors.
Power supply:
Power supply input (J1): 6-pin, providing +/-12V analog (reserved) and +5V digital
for the PCBA.
Pin No. Signal Reference
Value
1 +12V /
(reserved)
2 -12V /
(reserved)
3 +5V 4.75 5.25V
4 12VGND /
5 12VGND /
6 GND /

Connectors for sending/receiving communication signals:


Connector (J2) for PC: 10-pin, RS232, used for communication with a computer.
1# connector (J3) for smart module: 40-pin, RS422, used for communication
with the No.1 and No.2 track control drive board.

4-99
2# connector (J4) for smart module: 40-pin, RS422, used for communication
with the No.3 and No.4 track control drive board.
3# connector (J10) for smart module: 40-pin, RS422, used for reservation.
4# connector (J11) for smart module: 40-pin, RS422, used for communication
with the SDM control drive board.
5# connector (J6) for smart module: 40-pin, RS422, used for reservation.
Reagent refrigeration board connector(J5) : 8-pin, RS422, used for reservation.
AD collection board connector(J7):DB25 reserved
ISE connector (J8): 8-pin, reserved
Connector (J9) for ISE bar code reader: 8-pin, used for reservation.
Ethernet connector (J12): 6-pin, used for reservation.
Connectors for debugging:
BDM connector (J13): 26-pin, used for debugging the CPU software.
JTAG connector (J14): 14-pin, used for debugging the FPGA.
Switches and jumpers
The main control board contains the following switches and jumpers.
RST key (S1): used for resetting the CPU of the board. It is only used for debugging
the board before the instrument's delivery.
Indicators
The main control board contains the following indicators.
Power supply:
+12V power supply indicator (D4): green. It is the reserved indicator.
-12V power supply indicator (D17): green. It is the reserved indicator.
+5V power supply indicator (D16): green. It is lit when the rack feeder system
power switch is turned on, indicating that the +5V power supply has been
connected.
+3.3V power supply indicator (D3): green. It is lit when the rack feeder system
power switch is turned on, indicating that the +3.3V power supply has been
connected.
Indicators to indicate PCBA functions:
FPGA configuration indicator (D29): orange. It is lit in normal conditions,
which means that the FPGA has been configured successfully.
FPGA function indicator 1 (D25): green. It flashes continuously in normal
conditions, which means that the FPGA is working.
FPGA function indicator 2 (D18): green. It flashes in normal conditions when
the PCBA communicates with a smart module.
FPGA function indicator 3 (D15): green. This indicator has not been defined.
FPGA function indicator 4 (D12): green. This indicator has not been defined.
CPU function indicator 1 (D27): green. This indicator has not been defined.
CPU function indicator 2 (D28): green. This indicator has not been defined.

4-100
Indicators to indicate network interface:
Network interface Link indicator (D10): green. When it is lit, it indicates the
Ethernet has been connected; when it flashes, it means that the PCBA is
communicating with the Ethernet.
Network interface Full-duplex indicator (D7): green. When it is lit, it indicates
that the Ethernet is working in full-duplex mode.
Network interface 10-T indicator (D11): green. When it is lit, it indicates that the
connection rate of the Ethernet is 10Mbps.
Network interface 100-T indicator (D9): green. When it is lit, it indicates that the
connection rate of the Ethernet is 100Mbps.
Network interface Collision indicator (D8): green. When it is lit, it indicates that
a conflict is detected on Ethernet communication.
Test points
In the following positions of the main control board can signal tests be performed.
J1.1: +12V power supply input. It is the reserved input. No voltage is input in
normal conditions.
J1.2: -12V power supply input. It is the reserved input. No voltage is input in
normal conditions.
J1.3: +5V power supply input. Normal range: 4.75 - 5.25V.
C304.1: +3.3V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power the
major digital circuits of the PCBA. Normal range: 2.97 - 3.63V.
C37.1: +2.5V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power the
DDR memory. Normal range: 2.25 - 2.75V.
C78.1: +1.5V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power the
CPU core. Normal range: 1.35 - 1.65V.
C64.1: +1.25V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power the
DDR memory. Normal range: 1.13 - 1.38V.
U65.4: +1.2V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power the
FPGA core. Normal range: 1.08 - 1.32V.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of anti-static gloves or wrist straps.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the PCBA.
Check the connectors with clamps and ensure that the clamps have been locked
properly.
Check other connectors and ensure that they are inserted into the end of the
slots.
It requires relatively great force to plug/unplug connectors J3, J4, J6, J10 and J11.
Hold the PCBA by its edge while plugging/unplugging these connectors to
prevent it from being deformed or damaged.

4-101
4.6.24 Control Drive Board (SDM)
Functions and principles
The SDM control drive board is used to:
communicate with the main control board through 422 serial port;
communicate with FPGA through bus and transmit the data and instructions.
receive the signal from the main board to control the supply, scanning, advance
and retrieval of the sample rack;
provide ISP control connectors for CPUs to update the application software.
The following figure shows the control signal of the SDM control drive board.
Figure 4.57 Control signal of SDM control drive board

Supply push-in motor

34 optical coupler STAT push-back


signals motor

Scanning push-out
Serial port RS422 Bus motor
CPU1
SDM Scanning push-in
main motor
control FPGA
board Serial port RS422 Bus Rerun buffer advance
CPU2 motor

Rerun buffer retraction


motor

Retrieval push-in
motor

Return push-in motor

Description
PCB layout

4-102
Figure 4.58 PCB layout of SDM control drive board

J12 J13 J14 J15 J16 J17


J11
J29 J28
J10
FPGA LED
D66-70
J18
MVREF1~5
J9
Unit LED J19
MVREF6~8
J8
Power Key J20
LED Press
J7 LED

1 2 3 4 5
J6
J5 J4 J3 J2
6 7 8 9 10
J26 J25 J24
J1 J21
J23 J22
D29-31 D26-28 D1-D6 D22-23

Connectors
The SDM control drive board contains the following connectors.
Power supply:
DC power supply input connector (J1)
Pin No. Signal Reference
Value
1 A+12V Reserved and
unused
2 +5V 4.855.25V
3 +12V Reserved and
unused
4 +24V 23.526V
5 +24V 23.526V
6 A-12V Reserved and
unused
7 GND /
8 GND /
9 GND /
10 GND /

Connectors for sending/receiving communication signals:


SDM control drive board connector (J10): 40-PIN, used for the 2 MCUs to
communicate with the middle-layer unit and to download parameters online.
Sample bar code reader connector (J7): 10-pin, used for communication with the
bar code reader.

4-103
Optical coupler detection connector 1 (J12): 50-PIN, used to detect the optical
coupler signals of the sample rack scanning push-in part, scanning push-out part,
scanning unit and rack supply unit.
optical coupler detection connector (J11): 40-PIN, used to detect the optical
coupler signals of the sample rack passing lane, return lane, retrieval channel,
normal lane and rerun channel.
optical coupler detection connector 3 (J28): 20-PIN used to detect the optical
coupler signals of the return push-in part and retrieval push-in part.
optical coupler detection connector 4 (J29): 30-PIN used to detect the signal of
retrieval sample rack sensor and the optical coupler signals of push-in part of
the rack supply unit and STAT push-back part.
Motor connectors (J13-J20): 4-PIN, used to drive the 8 motors. J13 connects
push-in part of the rack supply unit, J14 STAT push-back motor, J15 scanning
push-in motor, J16 scanning push-out motor, J17 rerun buffer advance motor
and J18 rerun buffer retraction motor, J19 retrieval push-in motor and J20
return push-in motor.
Probe wash valve drive connector (J24): 8-PIN, used to control the stroke switch
signal.
SDM panel key and indicator connector (J23): 8-pin, used for detecting the two
panel keys and driving/controlling the two indicators.
Rack type sensor connector(J4): 14-PIN, used to detect the signal of the rack
type sensor.
Switches and jumpers
The control drive board (SDM) contains the following switches and jumpers.
Key S7: used to reset the smart modules during debugging of the PCBA. When the
instrument is powered on, parameters need to be configured and key S7 cannot be
used.
Indicators
The control drive board (SDM) contains the following indicators.
Power supply indicators:
5V (A5V) power supply indicator (D3): green. It is lit when the instrument is
powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.
3.3V power supply indicator (D1): green. It is lit when the instrument is powered
on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.
A+12V (D12V) power supply indicator (D5): green, reserved.
A-12V (E12V) power supply indicator(D6): green, reserved.
+12V (C12V) power supply indicator (D4): green, reserved.
+24V (B24V) power supply indicator (D2): green. It is lit when the instrument is
powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.
Function indicators:
Panel lamp indicator 1 (D16): green. It is lit when the panel lamp is lit, and
extinguished in other conditions.

4-104
Panel lamp indicator 2 (D17): green. It is lit when the panel lamp is lit, and
extinguished in other conditions.
Panel key indicator 1 (D22): green. It is lit when the key is pressed, and
extinguished when the key is released.
Panel key indicator 2 (D23): green. It is lit when the key is pressed, and
extinguished when the key is released.
Stroke switch indicator (D25): green. It is lit when the stroke switch is turned on,
and extinguished when the stroke switch is turned off.
FPGA indicator(D66): yellow. When FPGA works normally, it is lit. When the
FPGA program is being burnt or initialized, it is extinguished.
Test points
In the following positions of the SDM control drive board can signal tests be
performed.
+24V (B24V) power supply: test point of +24V. Normal voltage range: 21.6
26.4V DC.
+12V (C12V)power supply: test point of +12V, reserved.
A+12V (D12V)power supply: test point of A+12V, reserved.
A-12V (E12V)power supply: test point of A-12V, reserved.
3.3V power supply: test point of +3V3. Normal voltage range: 3.24V 3.47V
DC.
1.2V power supply: test point of +1V2. Normal voltage range: 1.17V 1.23V
DC.

Table 4.8 Running voltage and sustaining voltage of the test points
Test points Running Sustaining Remark
Voltage Voltage
MVREF1 1.67V 0.45V Rack supply
push-in motor
MVREF2 1.67V 1.67V STAT push-back
motor
MVREF3 1.14V 0.28V Scanning push-in
motor
MVREF4 1.14V 0.28V Scanning
push-out motor
MVREF5 2.00V 0.50V Rerun buffer
motor 1
MVREF6 2.00V 0.50V Rerun buffer
motor 2
MVREF7 1.14V 0.28V Rack retrieval
push-in motor
MVREF8 1.67V 0.45V Rack return
push-in motor

To measure the motor voltage, use a digital multimeter by connecting the red probe
with the measuring point and the black probe with the GND. For the measuring

4-105
points, refer to the PCB layout of the SDM control drive board.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
to prevent arcing and component damage due to hot swapping.
Before removing the PCBA, wear a pair of antistatic gloves or wrist straps to
prevent antistatic damage on it.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the PCBA, especially
when the PCBAs bracket is restored.
Check the connectors with clamps and ensure that the clamps have been locked
properly.
Check other connectors and ensure that they are inserted into the end of the
slots.
It requires relatively great force to plug/unplug connectors J10 and J12. Hold
the PCBA by its edge while plugging/unplugging these connectors to prevent it
from being deformed or damaged.
When plugging/unplugging motor cables, exercise caution to prevent damaging
the aluminum electrolytic capacitor near the connectors.

4.6.25 Track Control Drive Board


Functions and principles
The track control drive board is used to:
communicate with the main control board through 422 serial port;
communicate with FPGA through bus and transmit the data and instructions.
receive instructions from the main control board to transfer sample racks on the
normal lane and non-normal lanes.
provide ISP control connectors for the 2 CPUs to update the application
software.
The functional diagram of the track control drive board is as shown below.

4-106
Figure 4.59 Function diagram of track control drive board

Right caterpillar motor


of normal lane

Aspirate positioning
motor of normal lane

Buffer 2 stopper motor


of normal lane

Buffer 1 stopper motor


of normal lane

Post-aspiration stopper
30 optical coupler motor of normal lane
signals

Left caterpillar motor


of normal lane
Serial port RS422 Bus
CPU1
Right caterpillar motor
SDM of passing lane
main FPGA
control Aspirate positioning
board Serial port RS422 Bus motor of passing lane
CPU2

Right caterpillar motor


of return lane

Lane change motor

Return push-out motor

Left caterpillar motor


of passing lane

Left caterpillar motor


of return lane

Lane change stopper


motor

Description
PCB layout
The PCB layout of the track control drive board is as shown below.

4-107
Figure 4.60 PCB layout of track control drive board
MVREF9 MVREF7 MVREF8 MVREF10 MVREF11 MVREF12 MVREF13 MVREF14

J5 J6 J7 J8 J9 J10 J12
J21
J22 J23

J20 J26 J27

J28
J11
J19 D3
J25 D6 J3
D5
J24 S1

J1

J4
J18 J17 J16 J15 J14 J13 J2

MVREF6 MVREF5 MVREF4 MVREF3 MVREF2 MVREF1

Connectors
The track control drive board contains the following connectors.
Mixed connector:
On-line connector(J1):22PIN used to switch to 24V power supply and the
RS422 signal.
Connectors for sending/receiving communication signals:
Optical coupler detection connectors 1, 2, 3 and 4 (J11: 40-PIN; J12: 50-PIN;
J21: 20-PIN; J22: 30-PIN): used for the input of the optical couplers of the
normal lane.
Motor connectors (J13-J20, J5-J10): 4-PIN used to drive the 6 step motors of
the normal lane, among which J13 is intended for the right caterpillar motor, J14
for the aspirate positioning motor, J15 for the buffer 2 stopper motor, J16 for
the buffer 1 stopper motor, J17 for the post-aspiration stopper motor, and J18
for the caterpillar belt motor. J19 is intended for the right caterpillar motor of
the passing lane, J20 for the aspirate positioning motor of the passing lane, J5
for the right belt motor of the return lane, J6 for the lane change motor, J7 for
the return push-out motor, J8 for the left belt motor of the passing lane, J9 for
the left caterpillar motor of the return lane, and J10 for the lane change stopper
motor.
Switches and jumpers
The track control drive board contains the following switches and jumpers.
Key S1: used to reset the smart modules during debugging of the PCBA.
Parameters need to be configured when the instrument is powered on. No
debugging is needed after the instrument's delivery.

4-108
Indicators
The track control drive board contains the following indicators.
Power supply indicators:
24V power supply indicator (D3): yellow. It is lit when the instrument is powered
on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.
5V power supply indicator (D6): yellow. It is lit when the instrument is powered
on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.
3.3V power supply indicator (D5): yellow. It is lit when the instrument is
powered on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.
Test points
In the following positions of the track control drive board can signal tests be
performed.
+24V (VBB) power supply: test point of TP13. Normal voltage range: 21.6
26.4V DC.
5V (VCC) power supply: test point of VCC. Normal voltage range: 4.95V
5.05V DC.
3.3V (VDD) power supply: test point of VDD. Normal voltage range: 3.24V
3.47V DC.
1.2V (VDD12) power supply: test point of VDD12. Normal voltage range: 1.17
V 1.23V DC.

Table 4.9 Running voltage and sustaining voltage of the test points
Test Running Sustaining Remark
points Voltage Voltage
MVREF1 1.14V 0.28V MCG1
Right caterpillar motor of normal
lane
MVREF2 1.14V 0.28V MCG5
Aspirate positioning motor of
normal lane
MVREF3 2.37V 1.55V MCG3
Buffer 2 stopper motor of normal
lane
MVREF4 2.37V 1.55V MCG4
Buffer 1 stopper motor of normal
lane
MVREF5 2.37V 1.55V MCG6
Post-aspiration stopper motor of
normal lane
MVREF6 1.14V 0.28V MCG2
Left caterpillar motor of normal
lane
MVREF7 1.14V 0.28V MCS1
Right caterpillar motor of passing
lane

4-109
Test Running Sustaining Remark
points Voltage Voltage
MVREF8 1.14V 0.28V MCS3
Aspirate positioning motor of
passing lane
MVREF9 1.14V 0.28V MFH1
Right caterpillar motor of return
lane
MVREF10 0.82V 0.53V MBG1
Lane change motor
MVREF11 1.14V 0.28V MFH3
Return push-out motor
MVREF12 1.14V 0.28V MCS2
Left caterpillar motor of passing
lane
MVREF13 1.14V 0.28V MFH2
Left caterpillar motor of return
lane
MVREF14 2.37V 1.55V MBG2
Lane change stopper motor

To measure the motor voltage, use a digital multimeter by connecting the red probe
with the measuring point and the black probe with the GND. For the measuring
points, refer to the PCB layout of the track control drive board.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of anti-static gloves or wrist straps.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the PCBA.
Check the connectors with clamps and ensure that the clamps have been locked
properly.
Check other connectors and ensure that they are inserted into the end of the
slots.

4.6.26 Interconnection Conversion Board (SDM)


Functions and principles
The interconnection conversion board (SDM) is used to switch to 24V power supply
and convert the communication electric level from TTL to RS422.
The following figure shows the control signal of the interconnection conversion
board.
24V power 24V Interconnection
Interconnection 24V
supply board conversion
conversion
Main control board (front
TTL board (SDM)
board RS422 track)

4-110
Description
PCB layout
Figure 4.61 PCB layout of interconnection conversion board

Connectors
Interconnection conversion board(SDM) contains the following connectors.
Power supply:
DC 5V input connector (J2)
Pin No. Signal Reference
Value
1 24V 23.526V
3 GND /

DC 5V input connector (J6)


Pin No. Signal Reference
Value
1 5V 4.85 - 5.25V
2 GND /

DC power supply output connector (J3)


Pin No. Signal Reference
Value
1 24V 23.5 - 26V
2 5V 4.85 - 5.25V
3 GND /
4 GND /

Connectors for sending/receiving communication signals:

4-111
TLL electric level input connectors (J4-J5): 8-PIN, used to input the TTL electric
level signal for the main control unit.
Connectors for sending/receiving mixed signal
On-line connector (J1): 22-PIN, used to switch to 24V power supply and the
RS422 signal.
Indicators
Interconnection conversion board(SDM) contains the following indicators.
Power supply indicators:
5V power supply indicator (D3): green. It is lit when the instrument is powered
on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.
24V power supply indicator (D2): green. It is lit when the instrument is powered
on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
to prevent arcing and component damage due to hot swapping.
Before removing the PCBA, wear a pair of antistatic gloves or wrist straps to
prevent antistatic damage on it.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the PCBA. Check the
connectors with clamps and ensure that the clamps have been locked properly.
Check other connectors and ensure that they are inserted into the end of the
slots.

4.6.27 Interconnection Conversion Board (Rack Transfer Unit)


Functions and principles
The interconnection conversion board (rack transfer unit) converts 24V into 5V on
the SDM.

Description
PCB layout

4-112
Figure 4.62 PCB layout of interconnection conversion board (rack transfer unit)

Connectors
Interconnection conversion board (rack transfer unit) contains the following
connectors.
Power supply:
DC power supply connector (J2): converts 24V into 5V and outputs it to the SDM
interconnection conversion board.
Pin No. Signal Reference
Value
1 24V 23.526V
2 5V 4.855.25V
3 GND /
4 GND /

DC 5V connector (J6): outputs 5V to the main control board.


Pin No. Signal Reference
Value
1 5V 4.855.25V
2 GND /

DC power supply connector (J3): outputs 24V and 5V to the SDM control drive
board.
Pin No. Signal Reference
Value
1 24V 23.526V
2 5V 4.855.25V
3 GND /
4 GND /

4-113
Indicators
The interconnection conversion board (rack transfer unit) contains the following
indicators.
Power supply indicators:
5V power supply indicator (D3): green. It is lit when the instrument is powered
on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.
24V power supply indicator (D2): green. It is lit when the instrument is powered
on and extinguished when the instrument is powered off.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
to prevent arcing and component damage due to hot swapping.
Before removing the PCBA, wear a pair of antistatic gloves or wrist straps to
prevent antistatic damage on it.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the PCBA. Check the
connectors with clamps and ensure that the clamps have been locked properly.
Check other connectors and ensure that they are inserted into the end of the
slots.

4-114
4.7 Power Supply System

4.7.1 Power Supply System of Whole Unit


The power supply system of the whole unit is shown in the figure below. L/N phase
is represented by the same line.
Figure 4.63 AC power supply diagram of the whole unit
Wiring
Wiring terminal terminal
24V6A board 0
Switch 24V6A board 1
(reserved)
Air 24V6A board 2
switch Wiring Main power 24V6A board 3
on wall terminal switch Rack feeder system
power switch 24V6A board 4

Analyzer power
switch x4 Analyzer 1

Analyzer 2

Analyzer 3
Analyzer 4
Wiring terminal

The figure below shows the DC power supply of the rack feeder system.
Figure 4.64 DC power supply of rack feeder system

J1 Main control board


5V
Control drive board
J1
(SDM)
24/5V
Including 24V-to-5V
Interconnection circuit
J3
24V6A conversion board
J2 J6
board 0# 24V (rack transfer unit)
J2
0#
5V
J6 Interconnection
24V6A 24V
J2 24V J2 conversion board J1 J1 Track control drive board 1#
board 1#
J3 (SDM) 1#
5V
J6 Interconnection
24V6A 24V
J2 24V J2 conversion board J1 J1 Track control drive board 2#
board 2#
J3 (SDM) 2#
5V
J6 Interconnection
24V6A 24V
J2 24V J2 conversion board J1 J1 Track control drive board 3#
board 3#
J3 (SDM) 3#
5V
J6 Interconnection
24V6A 24V
J2 24V J2 conversion board J1 J1 Track control drive board 4#
board 4#
J3 (SDM) 4#

The internal power supply of the each analyzer is independent as described below.

4-115
4.7.2 Power Supply System of Analyzer
As shown in the figure below, AC power supply passes through the main power
switch and then comes to the AC drive board, which then divides the power supply
into three parts and provides them for the BA40 power supply assembly, 24V/6A
power supply board and 12V/30A power supply boards (2 sets). The 110V/220V
transformer circuit is only used on instruments powered by 110V power supply. In
this circuit, the 110V AC power supply is transformed to 220V and then used to
power the AC pumps on the instrument.
Figure 4.65 Power supply system diagram

To enclosure Analyzer
E yellow green Main power switch power switch
L brown AC drive board
L brown L
Power BA40 power
socket N light blue N light blue N supply
assembly

24V/6A
power supply
L N L N board (2 sets)
Note: The 110V/220V
transformer circuit is only
used on the 110V model to 110V/220V 12V/30A
convert 110V AC into 220V transformer power supply
AC, powering the AC pumps. board

BA40 power supply assembly


The BA40 power supply assembly, as the major part of the entire power supply
system, consists of three boards, which are 24V power supply board, 12V power
supply board and power supply conversion board. It provides power supply for the
lamp, DC power supply for major control boards, and power supply for refrigeration
modules. After passing through the analog power supply conversion board, the C12V
power is converted into +/-12V and then provided for the AD collection circuit and
other analog circuits. The A5V, C12V, B24V, D12V and +/-12V analog power goes
through a DC power supply conversion board and is then provided for the wash
temperature control board, sample control drive board and reagent control drive
board. The A24V power is input to the reagent refrigeration board to power the ISE
module. Other boards, such as reaction carousel temperature collection board,
cleaning fluid temperature collection board, pressure detection board, clog detection
board and level sense board, are powered by those boards connected to them. See
the figure below.
The 24V power supply board converts the AC input into A24V, B24V and 24VFAN
(not used temporarily).
The 12V power supply board converts the AC input into B12V (not used
temporarily), A5V, 14V, and 24VLAMP. The 24VLAMP power supply is
transformed to A12V through the power supply conversion board and used for
powering the lamp.
The power supply conversion board is used to shift the AC voltage, control the
vacuum pump AC voltage, convert the 14V power into 12V (not used
temporarily), control the C12V power, and shift various output voltages.

4-116
Figure 4.66 BA40 power supply assembly diagram

A12V/1.7A Lamp

5V/Photoelectric 5V/Photoelectric Photoelectric


12V 12V 12V
Analog power
A5V/8A 5V/C12V supply Main control AD collection Preamplifier
conversion board board board
BA40 power supply assembly

board

DC power supply conversion board


Reaction carousel temperature
C12V/7A collection board
Analog 12V Analog +12V Cleaning fluid temperature
Wash temperature Analog 12V collection board Analog 12V
Pressure Water quality
control board detection board detection board
B24V B24V
Reagent mixer drive board
5V/C12V/B24V
Analog +12V
/Analog 12V Sample probe level sense board
D12V/0.3A Sample control Analog +12V Sample probe clog detection
drive board board *2
B24V
Sample mixer drive board
E12V/0.3A R1 control drive Analog +12V
Probe R11 level sense board
board
Probe R12 level sense board

B12V/28A R2 control drive Analog +12V


Probe R21 level sense board
board
Probe R22 level sense board
Reagent A24V/5V
A24V/1.3A refrigeration ISE module
board

12V/30A power supply board


The 12V/30A power supply board transforms the AC input into F12V and G12V,
which are used to power the coolers. Each board can provide current drive for 6
coolers, and needs to drive 5 of the 10 coolers with 1 channel left unused.
12V/30A F12V
power supply
board 1 Reagent
refrigeration
12V/30A board
G12V
power supply
board 2

24V/6A power supply board


The 24V/6A power supply board transforms the AC input into DC C24V, which is
used to power the cooling fans and refrigeration circulating pump P02.
24V/6A C24V Reagent
power supply refrigeration
board board

4-117
4.7.3 Performance Indices
Power supply input
220V model: 220V-240V 50Hz, 220V-230V 60Hz, voltage fluctuation 10%, and
frequency fluctuation 1Hz.
110V model: 110V-115V 60Hz, voltage fluctuation 10%, and frequency fluctuation
1Hz.
Power consumption: no more than 4.5KVA.

Power supply output

Table 4.10 Power supply output


No. Name Rated Usage Control Description
Output
1 A5V 5V/8A 5V digital Controlled by analyzer
power switch
2 A12V 12V/4.2A Light source Controlled by operating
software
3 B12V 12V/28A Unused Controlled by main
power switch
4 C12V 12V/7A Drives 12V and Controlled by analyzer
gets two 12V power switch
through DC-DC
5 D12V 12V/0.3A Unused
6 E12V -12V/0.3A Unused
7 Photoelectric 12V/0.6A Photoelectric
+12V signal collection
8 Photoelectric -12V/0.6A Photoelectric
-12V signal collection
9 +12V analog 12V/0.6A Analog circuit
other than
photoelectric
10 -12V analog -12V/0.6A Analog circuit
other than
photoelectric
11 F12V 12V/30A Reagent Controlled by main
refrigeration power switch
12 G12V 12V/30A Reagent Controlled by main
refrigeration power switch
13 A24V 24V/1.3A ISE module Controlled by main
power switch
14 B24V 24V/21A 24V drive Controlled by analyzer
power switch
15 24VFAN 24V/1A Unused Controlled by main
power switch

4-118
No. Name Rated Usage Control Description
Output
16 C24V 24V/6A Fans and Controlled by main
refrigeration power switch
circulating pump

Notes:
Control by operating software means that the lamp voltage is controlled by the
operating software while the main power switch and analyzer power switch are
turned on.
Control by analyzer power switch means that the power supply is controlled by
the analyzer power switch with the prerequisite that the main power switch is
turned on.
Control by main power switch means that the power supply works normally
when the analyzer power switch is turned on, and vice versa.

4.7.4 Functional Diagram


The functional diagram of the power supply system is as shown below.
Figure 4.67 Function diagram of power supply system
BA40 power supply assembly

12V board 24V board


B12V Control Control
DC/
DC
24VLMP +14V -14V A24V 24VFAN

AC A5V 5VCRL AC B24V 24VCRL

Main switch Analyzing


AC unit switch
Timing
control
CTL-VMP B12V
A5V Lamp CTL-LMP
C12V C12V voltage AC 1
(Control) AC1
(Control) DC/DC
+12V -12V CTL-WTP
CTL-SLP AC 2
Power supply conversion board 24VFAN

C12V A5V D12V -12V A12V A24V B24V AC2

Note:
12V/30A power supply board CTL-SLP: Hibernate signal
F12V
CTL-LMP: Lamp control signal
CTL-WTP: AC1 control signal
CTL-VMP: AC2 control signal
5VCRL: 5V control signal
24V/6A power supply board
C24V 24VCRL: B24V control signal

4.7.5 BA40 power supply assembly


The BA40 power supply assembly is composed of the 12V board, 24V board and

4-119
conversion board. Refer to the functional diagram of the power supply system for
the internal structure of the assembly. The functions and principles of the three
boards are described on the following pages.

12V power supply board


The functional diagram of the board is as shown below.
Figure 4.68 Functional diagram of 12V power supply board

Isolated two-
transistor B12V
forward
conversion

DC/DC
EMC Rectifying PFC A5V
AC conversion
filtering Boost 390V
conversion
5VCRL

Isolated single- 24VLMP


transistor
+14V
flyback -14V
conversion

The 12V power supply board converts the AC input into the following outputs:
B12V: reserved and unused
A5V: used for powering the PCBA and controlled by the analyzer power switch.
24VLMP: outputs constant 24V, which is then converted into lamp voltage
A12V in the way of DC/DC through the power supply conversion board.
14V: The two outputs are converted into 12V (D12V and -12V) through the
voltage stabilizer on the power supply conversion board. They are reserved and
not used temporarily.
The PCB layout of the 12V power supply board is as shown below.

4-120
The 12V power supply board is located inside the power supply box. Indicators D20,
D21 and D34 indicate voltage output during debugging and repairing of the PCBA
and cannot be seen from the outside of the instrument.
Indication of voltage outputs:
LED Output Indication Status Controlled By
Voltage
D20 A5V When it is lit, it indicates Controlled by analyzer
that the PCBA outputs an power switch
A5V power.
D21 B12V When it is lit, it indicates Controlled by main power
that the PCBA outputs a switch
B12V power.
D34 A24V When it is lit, it indicates Controlled by main power
that the PCBA outputs an switch
A24V power.

Notes:
Control by operating software means that the lamp voltage is controlled by the
operating software while the main power switch and analyzer power switch are
turned on.
Control by analyzer power switch means that the power supply is controlled by
the analyzer power switch with the prerequisite that the main power switch is
turned on.

4-121
Control by main power switch means that the power supply works normally
when the analyzer power switch is turned on, and vice versa.

24V power supply board


The functional diagram of the board is as shown below.
Figure 4.69 Functional diagram of 24V power supply board

Isolated two-
transistor B24V
forward
conversion

24VCRL
EMC PFC
AC Rectifying boost
filtering 390V
conversion

Isolated single- A24V


transistor
flyback 24VFAN
conversion

The 24V board converts the AC input into the following outputs:
A24V: used for powering the ISE module.
24VFAN: reserved and unused.
B24V: used for powering the moving parts, motors and heaters, and controlled
by the analyzer power switch.
The PCB layout of the 24V power supply board is as shown below.

4-122
Figure 4.70 PCB layout of 24V power supply board

LED1, LED2 and LED3 in the figure above are indicators of the A24V, 24VFAN
and B24V outputs. Since located inside the power supply box, the three indicators
cannot be seen from the outside of the instrument. They are used to indicate the
voltage output during debugging and repairing of the PCBA. There are three
indicators on the power supply conversion board, and they are used for indicating the
voltage outputs of the 24V board.
Indication of voltage outputs on the 24V board:
LED Output Indication Status Controlled By
Voltage
LED1 A24V When it is lit, it indicates Controlled by main power
that the PCBA outputs an switch
A24V power.
LED2 24VFAN When it is lit, it indicates Controlled by main power
that the PCBA outputs a switch
24VFAN power.
LED3 B24V When it is lit, it indicates Controlled by analyzer
that the PCBA outputs a power switch
B24V power.

4-123
Notes:
Control by operating software means that the lamp voltage is controlled by the
operating software while the main power switch and analyzer power switch are
turned on.
Control by analyzer power switch means that the power supply is controlled by
the analyzer power switch with the prerequisite that the main power switch is
turned on.
Control by main power switch means that the power supply works normally
when the analyzer power switch is turned on, and vice versa.

Power supply conversion board


The functional diagram of the board is as shown below.
Figure 4.71 Function diagram of power supply conversion board

AC
AC1(12V board) A5V A24V 24VFAN B24V

CTL-WTP
AC1

A5V
AC (Control)
B12V 14V -14V 24VLMP

CTL-VMP Voltage DC/ CTL-


AC2 C12V adjustment DC LMP
(Control)

AC2 AC B12V C12V D12V -12V A12V


(24V board)

This board is used for:


Providing AC input for the 12V board and 24V board, and dividing it into AC1
and AC2, which are reserved now and not used for the instrument.
Stabilizing the 14V output by the 12V board into D12V and -12V.
Converting the 24VLMP output by the 12V board into controlled lamp voltage
A12V.
Dividing and shifting other DC inputs, and providing power supply interfaces
for other PCBAs.
The PCB layout of the power supply conversion board is as shown below.

4-124
Figure 4.72 PCB layout of power supply conversion board

Indicators
There are 9 voltage indicators on the power supply conversion board indicated by a
dotted frame. They are from left to right: D20, D11, D14, D10, D15, D12, D13, D9,
and D21, which are used to indicate the following voltage outputs.
LED Output Indication Status Controlled By
Voltage
D20 D12V When it is lit, it indicates Controlled by analyzer
that the PCBA outputs a power switch
D12V power.
D11 B12V When it is lit, it indicates Controlled by main power
that the PCBA outputs a switch
B12V power.
D14 -12V When it is lit, it indicates Controlled by analyzer
that the PCBA outputs a power switch
-12V power.
D10 A12V When it is lit, it indicates Controlled by analyzer
that the PCBA outputs an power switch
A12V power.
D15 A24V When it is lit, it indicates Controlled by main power
that the PCBA outputs an switch
A24V power.
D12 C12V When it is lit, it indicates Controlled by analyzer
that the PCBA outputs a power switch
C12V power.
D13 A5V When it is lit, it indicates Controlled by analyzer
that the PCBA outputs an power switch
A5V power.

4-125
LED Output Indication Status Controlled By
Voltage
D9 B24V When it is lit, it indicates Controlled by analyzer
that the PCBA outputs a power switch
B24V power.
D21 24VFAN When it is lit, it indicates Controlled by main power
that the PCBA outputs a switch
24VFAN power.

Notes:
Control by operating software means that the lamp voltage is controlled by the
operating software while the main power switch and analyzer power switch are
turned on.
Control by analyzer power switch means that the power supply is controlled by
the analyzer power switch with the prerequisite that the main power switch is
turned on.
Control by main power switch means that the power supply works normally
when the analyzer power switch is turned on, and vice versa.
The table below shows the status of the indicators when the main power switch and
analyzer power switch are turned on or off.

Table 4.11 LED status on power supply conversion board for powering on and off
LED Output Control Description Main Main Main
Voltage Power Power ON Power
ON Analyzer OFF
Analyzer Power ON
Power
OFF
D11 B12V When the main power
D15 A24V switch is ON,
indicators D11, D15
D21 24VFAN and D21 are lit and
only controlled by the
main power switch
rather than the
analyzer power
switch.
D12 C12V The corresponding
D13 A5V indicator is
extinguished only
D14 -12V when the main power
D20 D12V switch is ON. When
the analyzer power
D9 B24V
switch is ON, the
corresponding
indicator is lit and
controlled by both
switches.

4-126
LED Output Control Description Main Main Main
Voltage Power Power ON Power
ON Analyzer OFF
Analyzer Power ON
Power
OFF
D10 A12V Controlled by the
main power switch
and the operating
software
Turning on/off the lamp can be controlled through the
operating software.

Output connectors:
Jack Pins Symbol Output Description
No.
J3 Pin1 ISE A24V+
Pin2 A24V-
J4 Pin1, 3, 5, 7 VALVE DRV C12V positive output
Pin9, 11, 12 B24V positive output
Pin2, 4, 6, 8, 10 B24V and C12V output GND
J7 / N AC input N

J8 / L AC input L
J9 Pin1 24VFAN+ 24VFAN positive output
Pin2 24VFAN- 24VFAN negative output
Pin3 C12VOUT C12V positive output

Pin4 / C12V output GND


J12 Pin1 D12V D12V output
Pin2 -12V -12V output
Pin4, 5 / D12V and -12V output GND
Pin3 5VOUT A5V positive output
Pin6 / A5V output GND

J13 Pin1 AC PUMP AC1 output, not used for BA80


Pin3 AC2 output, not used for BA80
Pin6, 8 AC input
J14 Pin1 5VOUT A5V output
Pin2, 3 B24VOUT B24V output
Pin4 C12VOUT C12V output
Pin5 -12V -12V output
Pin9 D12V D12V output
Pin6, 7, 8 / A5V, B24V and C12V output GND
Pin10 / D12V and -12V output GND

4-127
Jack Pins Symbol Output Description
No.
J15 Pin1, 2, 3 B24VOUT B24V output
Pin4 5VOUT A5V output
Pin5 D12V D12V output
Pin6 -12V -12V output
Pin7, 8, 9, 10 GND2 A5V and B24V output GND
Pin11, 12 DGND D12V and -12V output GND
J16 Pin1 LAMP A12V output for lamp
Pin2 A12V output GND for lamp

Troubleshooting BA40 power supply assembly


Check the indicators on the power supply conversion board while the main power
switch is turned on and the analyzer power switch is off. In normal conditions,
indicators D11, D15 and D21 should be lit respectively indicating B12V, A24V and
24VFAN. If D11 is not lit, it indicates that B12V output is abnormal and the 12V
power board may go wrong; if D15 and D21 are not lit, it indicates that 24VFAN
output is abnormal and the 24V power board may go wrong; If the three indicators
are not lit, please check whether the AC voltage of the board is normal or it is
possible that both the 12V and 24V power board have gone wrong.
While the main power switch is turned on and the voltage input is normal, turn on
the analyzer power switch. In normal conditions, all indicators on the conversion
board except for the A12V indicator should be lit. If the B24V indicator is not lit,
replug the load line; if the error remains, replace the 24V board and then check if the
B24V indicator is lit. If the A5V indicator is not lit, perhaps it is short-circuited or
the 12V board goes wrong. If the A5V indicator is lit but C12V or D12V/-12V
indicator is extinguished, replug the load line; if the error remains, check the
conversion board or replace the power supply board; if the error disappears when a
new power supply board is installed, it indicates that the original power supply board
needs to be repaired.
If the lamp A12V cannot be enabled through the operating software while the main
power switch and analyzer power switch are turned on and working normally, replug
the power cord of the lamp; if the error remains, troubleshoot the power supply
conversion board by replacing it with a new one.

4.7.6 12V/30A power supply board


Descriptions
The 12V/30A power supply board is intended to implement the following functions:
Converting the AC input within the entire voltage range into DC 12V output.
Providing power supply for the reagent refrigeration board.

Performance Indices
Power supply input:
AC input voltage: 90-264V AC

4-128
AC voltage frequency: 50/603Hz
Power supply output:
Rated output voltage: 11.4-12.6V.
Rated output current: 30A.

Description of PCBA
Connectors:
The 12V/30A power supply board contains four connectors, which are described in
the table below.
Jack No. PIN Symbol Description
J1 1 L Live wire of AC input
2 / NC
3 N Neutral wire of AC input
J2 1 12VDC+ AC 12V positive output
2 12VDC- DC 12V output GND
J3 1 FAN + 12V positive output for
cooling fans
2 FAN- 12V GND for cooling fan of the
PCBA
J4 1 FAN + 12V positive output for
cooling fans
2 FAN- 12V GND for cooling fan of the
PCBA

PCB layout:
Figure 4.73 PCB layout of 12V/30A power supply board

4-129
Power supply indicators:
The 12V/30A power supply board only has a green indicator labeled with D24 as
shown in the figure above. When D24 is lit, it indicates that the PCBA has been
connected to the power supply and connector J2 has voltage output; when D24 is
extinguished, it means that there is no voltage output at connector J2.

Troubleshooting the PCBA


Check the indicator D24 when the PCBA is connected to the power supply. If it is lit,
it means that there is voltage output on the PCBA. Use a multimeter to measure the
voltage between the two pins of connector J2, and then check if the voltage is within
the normal range of 12V5%.
If indicator D24 is lit but the output voltage is beyond the normal range, check if the
measuring methods are correct, the testing equipment is normal, and the PCBA has
been installed correctly, and then replug the load line and measure the voltage again.
If the voltage is normal, check the load end; if the voltage fails again, check if the
fuse on the power supply board is broken or if there are any other causes, and then
replace the power supply board. If the error disappears when a new power supply
board is installed, it indicates that the original power supply board needs to be
repaired.
If indicator D24 is extinguished, replug the load line of connector J2 and then use a
multimeter to measure the output voltage at J2. If the voltage is normal but D24 is
extinguished, it indicates that the D24 LED goes wrong; otherwise, open the power
supply box, replug the fan cables from connectors J3 and J4, and then try again. If
the error still remains, the power supply board may go wrong and need to be repaired.
If the error disappears when a new power supply board is installed, it indicates that
the original power supply board is failed.

4.7.7 24V/6A power supply board


The 24V/6A power supply board is intended to implement the following functions:
Converting the AC input within the entire voltage range into DC 24V output.
Powering fans on the analyzer and driving the refrigeration circulating pump
P02.
Powering the SDM or rack transfer unit.
Driving the water pump of the external water supply module.

Performance Indices
Power supply input:
AC input voltage: 90-264V AC
AC voltage frequency: 50/603Hz
Power supply output:
Rated output voltage: 24V.
Rated output current: 6A.

4-130
Description of PCBA
Connectors:
The 24V/6A power supply board contains two connectors, which are described in
the table below.
Jack No. PIN Symbol Description
J1 1 L Live wire of AC input
2 / NC
3 N Neutral wire of AC input
J2 1 / DC 24V positive output
2 / DC 24V output GND

PCB layout:
Figure 4.74 PCB layout of 24V/6A power supply board

Measuring output voltage


The 24V/6A power supply board has no indicators to indicate output voltage and
requires measurement of the output voltage to check if it is normal or not. Use a
multimeter to measure the voltage between the two pins of connector J2, and then
check if the voltage is within 24V5%.

Troubleshooting the PCBA


If the 24V/6A power supply is abnormal, measure the output voltage at connector
J2 and check if it is within the normal range. If the voltage is normal, check the
connection cables and load end.
If the voltage is abnormal, check if the wire of connector J1 and the PCBA have
been installed correctly, replug the load line of connector J2, and then measure the
voltage again. If the error still remains, check if the fuse on the power supply board
is broken or if there are any other causes, and if necessary, replace the power supply
board.
If the output voltage is normal while the board is connected to power supply
without any loads, but it becomes abnormal once a load line is inserted into J2, check

4-131
if the cable is correct and the load end is normal. If the load end is correct, replace
the 24V/6A power supply board. If the error disappears after a new power supply
board is used, it indicates that the original board goes wrong and needs to be
repaired; otherwise, check carefully each load connected to the output end of the
power supply board.

4.7.8 Analog power supply conversion board


Function
The instrument has one analog power supply conversion board (051-001023-00),
which is mainly used to:
Convert the C12V digital into two +/-12V analog. One is provided for the main
control board to power the AD collection board and preamplifier board; and the
other powers the control drive boards through the DC power supply conversion
board. The digital +5V only passes by on this board.

Description
The PCB layout of the analog power supply conversion board is as shown below.
Figure 4.75 PCB layout of analog power supply conversion board

Connectors
The analog power supply conversion board contains the following connectors:
J3: digital power supply input connector for the DC power supply conversion board.
Pin No. Signal
1 C12V
2 A5V
3 GND
4 GND

4-132
J1: analog power supply output connector 1.
Pin No. Label Signal
1 VPP +12V analog
2 VSS -12V analog
3 A5V +5V digital
4, 5 AGND Analog GND
6 GND Digital GND

J2: analog power supply output connector 2.


Pin No. Label Signal
1 VPP1 +12V analog
2 VSS1 -12V analog
3 A5V +5V digital
4, 5 AGND1 Analog GND
6 GND Digital GND

Indicators
The analog power supply conversion board contains the following indicators:
C12V power supply indicator (D1): green. When it is lit, it indicates that the
C12V power supply has been connected.
Test points
In the following positions of the analog power supply conversion board can signal
tests be performed.
TP9--VPP1: +12V. Normal range: 12V5%, that is, 11.4 - 12.6V.
TP8--VSS1: -12V. Normal range: -12V5%, that is, -11.4 - -12.6V.
TP1--VPP: +12V. Normal range: 12V5%, that is, 11.4 - 12.6V.
TP2--VSS: -12V. Normal range: -12V5%, that is, -11.4 - -12.6V.
TP3--C12V: 12V digital. Normal range: 12V5%, that is, 11.4 - 12.6V.
TP7--A5V: +5V power supply. It is secondary power supply used to power the
digital parts of the PCBA. Normal range: 5V5%, that is, 4.75 - 5.25V.
TP6--GND: digital ground of the board.
TP5--AGND, TP4--AGND1: analog ground of the board.

Installation methods and precautions


Prior to removing the PCBA, disconnect the instrument from the power supply
and wear a pair of anti-static gloves or wrist straps.
Make sure that the connectors are inserted properly into the end of the slots on
the PCBA.
It requires great force to plug/unplug the connectors. Hold the PCBA by its
edge while plugging/unplugging the connectors to prevent it from being
deformed or damaged.

4-133
4.7.9 DC power supply conversion board
Functions and principles
The DC power supply conversion board (051-000755-00) is intended for the
following functions:
Inputting A5V digital, C12V power, and B24V power from the BA40 power
supply assembly.
Outputting A5V/C12V digital to the analog power supply conversion board.
Inputting +/-12V (D12V/E12V) analog from the analog power supply
conversion board.
Outputting A5V digital, +/-12V (D12V/E12V) analog, C12V power, and B24V
power to the sample/R1/R2 control drive boards.
Outputting A5V digital, +/-12V (D12V/E12V) analog, C12V power, and B24V
power for the wash temperature control board.

Description
PCB layout
Figure 4.76 PCB layout of DC power supply conversion board

Connectors
J1: power supply input/output connector for the analog power supply conversion
board.
No. Signal Signal Direction Description
3 A5V Output +5V digital

4 C12V Output +12V digital

7 D12V Input +12V analog

14 E12V Input -12V analog

5, 12 GND Output Digital ground

6, 13 AGND Input Analog ground

J3, J6, J7: power supply input connectors.

4-134
J3:
No. Signal Description
1, 2 B24V +24V power

3 A5V +5V digital

4 D12V +12V power

6, 7, 10 GND Digital ground

J7:
No. Signal Description
8 A5V +5V digital

5, 6, 7 B24V +24V power

1, 2, 3 GND Digital ground

J6:
No. Signal Description
1, 2, 5, and 6 C12V +12V power

3, 4, 7, and 8 GND Digital ground

J4, J8, J9, and J10 are output connectors.


J4: power supply output connector for R1 control drive board.
No. Signal Description
1, 2 B24V +24V power

3, 10 A5V +5V digital

4, 11 C12V +12V digital

7 D12V +12V analog

14 E12V -12V analog

8, 9, 5, and 12 GND Digital ground

6, 13 AGND Analog ground

J9: power supply output connector for R2 control drive board.


No. Signal Description
1, 2 B24V +24V power

3, 10 A5V +5V digital

4, 11 C12V +12V digital

7 D12V +12V analog

14 E12V -12V analog

4-135
No. Signal Description
8, 9, 5, and 12 GND Digital ground

6, 13 AGND Analog ground

J10: power supply output connector for sample control drive board.
No. Signal Description
1, 2 B24V +24V power

3, 10 A5V +5V digital

4, 11 C12V +12V digital

7 D12V +12V analog

14 E12V -12V analog

8, 9, 5, and 12 GND Digital ground

6, 13 AGND Analog ground

J8: power supply output connector for wash temperature control board.
No. Signal Description
7, 8 B24V +24V power

11 A5V +5V digital

9, 10 C12V +12V digital

12 D12V +12V analog

16 E12V -12V analog

1, 2, 3, and 4 GND Digital ground

5 AGND Analog ground

4.7.10 Maintenance of Power Supply System


Archive parameters before replacing the main control board, and import them to the
new board after replacement.
Upgrade the control software after replacing the following boards:
Main control board (of analyzer and SDM)
Control drive board (including: sample control drive board, R1 control drive
board, R2 control drive board, SDM control drive board, and track control drive
board)
Reagent refrigeration board (The refrigeration status mark should be changed
except upgrading the control software.)
Mixer motor drive board (only the 2 reagent mixer drive boards)

4-136
For correspondence between the main power switch/analyzer power
switch/hibernating status and the power supply working status, refer to relevant
sections on the previous pages.
Voltage timing control:
When the analyzer power switch is turned on, the A5V, C12V (D12V/E12V)
and B24V are controlled successively in the order of A5V C12V (D12V/-12V)
B24V. That is, only when the A5V is connected will the C12V (D12V/-12V)
be provided, and this is the same for C12V and B24V; if the A5V is not output,
the C12V (D12V/-12V) and B24V will not be provided.

4-137
4.8 Wiring Diagram of Analyzer
Note: The yellow parts in the wiring diagrams are differences between the BS-2000M and the BS-800M.

4-138
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
RE APPR
ECN DESCRIPTION DRAW CHECHK
V DATE

PDA preamplifier PDA preamplifier Reference light


D board 1 board 2 preamplifier board PC D
PECB-PDA1 PECB-PDA2 PECB-REF Legend
Analog power / weak
signal
Power supply / strong
AD collection Communication
Rack feeder signal
board conversion board
Analog power system
ADCB CCB
supply conversion
board
APCB

Main control board


MCB
DC power supply
conversion board
DPCB
C C

Reagent refrigeration board Wash temperature control board R2 control drive board Sample control drive board R1 control drive board
Power supply
RRB WATCB CADB-R2 CADB-S CADB-R1
conversion
board
PSCB
24VPSB
12VPSB
ISE module

Five-probe/mixer conversion board 2 Five-probe/mixer conversion board 1


B PMCB2 PMCB1 B

AC drive 24V/6A 12V/30A 12V/30A Reagent Sample


Reaction Cleaning fluid Pressure S1 clog S2 clog Sample R11 level
board power supply power supply power supply carousel temperature mixer R22 level R21 level mixer R12 level
detection detection detection level sense sense
ACDB board board 1 board 2 temperature collection
board
drive sense board sense board drive
board
sense board
24V6A 12V30A 12V30A collection board board board board board board board
RTCB WTCB PDB LLDB-R22 LLDB-R21 LLDB-S LLDB-R12
PSB PSB1 PSB2 MDB-R CDB-S1 CDB-S2 MDB-S LLDB-R11

Water quality
detection
APPROVALS DATE
MINDRAY
AC input board
WQDB
DESIGN
CHECK
A TITLE BS-2000 hardware system A
CHECK
File Bytes CONFIDENTIAL DISCLOSURE: This set of drawing(s) and all it's intellectual property rights (including copyright) subsisting CHECK
herein are property of Shenzhen Mindray Bio-medical Electronics Co.,Ltd. No use, copies or reproductions should be made of this DWG NO. BS-2000 REV 2.0
drawing or any part(s) thereof for whatever purpose nor shall any information, data, calculations, or other contents contained in
Date Time
this drawing be disseminated without prior written permission of Shenzhen Mindray Bio-medical Electronics Co.,Ltd.
R&D
Software & Rev: Microsoft office Visio 2003 CHIEF ENG. SHEET 1 OF 18 SIZE A3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

4-139
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

AC power supply input wire J1


Power supply input wire 1 009-002314-00
D J14 1 3 1 D
009-002329-00 J8 1 L 1 Brown
J3 1 B24V Red 2 2 4 AC drive board
1 6 2
1 6 2 B24V Red 3 051-001020-00
3 A5V Blue 1 2 7 J7 1 3 1 N 3 Blue
2 7 3
4 C12V Yellow 4 2 4
3 8 3 8
6 GND Black 6
4 9 7 GND Black 7 4 9
Analyzer power switch wire
5 10 10 GND Black 8 009-002311-00
5 10
1 12Vout NO
Power supply input wire 2 J15
009-002330-00 1
J7
DC power supply
conversion board

3 Blue C
8 A5V Blue 4 1 7
051-000755-00

1 5 5 B24V Red 1 J2
2 8
2
+
Analyzer power switch
6 B24V Red 2
2 6 7 B24V Red 3 3 9 3
3 7 1 GND Black 7 2 Black GND
4 10
2 GND Black 8
4 8
3 GND Black 9 5 11

C
6 12 BA40 power supply assembly Lamp power cord C
J16 009-002312-00
BA40-30-61943
Power supply input wire 3 J4
J6 009-002331-00 1 Red A12VOUT
1 C12V Yellow 1 1 2 1
2 C12V Yellow 3 Lamp
PSCB
1 5 3
3 GND Black 2
4
2 2 Black GND
2 6 4 GND Black 4 5 6
5 C12V Yellow 5
3 7 6 C12V Yellow 7 7 8

4 8 7 GND Black 6 9 10
Power supply conversion board PCBA ( 051-000511-00)
8 GND Black 8
11 12
Power supply conversion board PCB (050-000388-00)
J12
12V power supply board PCBA (051-000509-00)
12V power supply board PCB (050-000386-00) 3 6

24V power supply board PCBA (051-000510-00) 2 5

Lamp wire of wash temperature control 24V power supply board PCB (050-000387-00) 1 4
board J1
J25 009-002418-00

1 DA_Lamp 1 1
Wash temperature

1 B
B
control board
051-001004-00

2 2 GND 2 2 24V power cord


3 009-002430-00 J22
3 AD_Lamp 3 3
4 J3
1 A24V Red 1
4 5 1 Reagent
5 4 SLP_Lamp 4 1
6 6 2 refrigeration
5 GND 5 5 2 24VGND Black 5
2 board
7 7 3
8 6 Shield 6 6 051-001019-00
8 4
P1

A
P2 MINDRAY A

TITLE: Power supply board


File Bytes
DWG NO. BS-2000 REV 2.0
Date Time

Software & Rev: Microsoft office Visio 2003 SHEET 2 OF 18 SIZE A3


1 2 3 4 5 6 7

4-140
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Main power switch input wire Power supply AC power input wire
009-002310-00 To enclosureAC drive board main J2 009-002314-00
3 1
E Yellow green power input wire 1 1 L 1 Brown J8
Main power switch 4 2 BA40 power
009-002313-00 2
Power supply 1(Y) L Brown 1 1 L Brown 1 3 3 N 1 Blue 3 1 J7 supply assembly
terminals 1 BA40-30-61943
2(X) N Light blue 2 2 N Light blue 2 J1 4 2

D 2
D
24V6A power supply module J8 220V AC pump power cord
AC input wire 009-002320-00
1 2 2 L Brown
009-002315-00 Air
24V/6A J1 1 1 connection Degassing vacuum pump P09
1 L Brown 1 3 4 6 N Light blue
2 2 4 L Brown
Power supply board 3
3 N Light blue 3
3
J3 5 6 Air
connection
Primary vacuum pump 2 P14
7 N Light blue
051-000530-00 F12V power supply board AC 7 8
8 L Brown
input wire 9 10
Air
Primary vacuum pump 1 P08
13 N Light blue connection
009-002316-00
1# 12V/30A J1 1 1 L Brown 1 1 11 12 10 L Brown
Air
Power supply board 2 3 N Light blue 3 2 J4 13 14
14 N Light blue connection Waste pump P07
3 G12V power supply board AC 3
051-000212-00 input wire
009-002316-00 Gear booster pump power cord
1 L Brown 1 1 J16
2# 12V/30A J1 1 009-002325-00
2 1
Power supply board 2 3 N Light blue 3 J5 1 24V RED
Air
3 3 2 2 GND BLACK connection
Gear booster pump 1 P04
051-000212-00 Transformer 110V AC input wire J13
009-002319-00
1 1 24V RED
1 L Brown 1 Air
Gear booster pump 2 P13
connection
2 2 GND BLACK
C 2 N Light blue 2 connection C
1 3
Air
3 L Brown 3 J7
2 4
For 110V
model only
Transformer
4

1
N Light blue 4

L Brown 2
AC drive board Heater AC power cord
009-002322-00
2109-20-76214
connection

3 N Light blue 4 1 4
J6 ACDB J10 2 N Light blue
Cuvette wash solution heater
Air

Air connection
2 Light blue 3 2 5
4 Brown 6 1 2

Transformer 220V AC input wire


3 6
PCBA: 051-001020-00 3 4
7

4
L Brown

N Light blue
Air connection Temperature protection switch

009-002318-00 5 6 Air connection Cuvette cleaning fluid heater


Connection wire between wash temperature
control board and AC drive board
PCB: 050-000834-00 7 8
9 L Brown Air connection Temperature protection switch
9 10
009-002324-00
J10 1 2
1 P07 1 J12 11 12
6 N Light blue
Whole unit cleaning fluid
2 12V Red 2 Air connection
3 P08 3 heater 1
3 4 1 2
4 12V Red 4 11 L Brown
5 6 5 P09 5 3 4 Air connection Temperature protection switch
Wash 7 8 6 12V Red 6
5 6
temperature 9 10
7 HEA04 7
7 8
Heater AC power cord 2

B control board 11 12
8 12V Red
9
8
HEA01 9
J9 009-002321-00
B
9 10 2 N Light blue
Air connection
Whole unit cleaning fluid
13 14 10 12V Red 10 1 5
051-001004-00 11 HEA02 11 11 12 heater 2
15 16 2 6
12 12V Red 12
13 14 5 L Brown Air connection Temperature protection switch
17 18 13 HEA03 13 3 7 4 N Light blue
19 20 14 12V Red 14
4
Air connection Reaction carousel heater
8
7 L Brown Air connection Temperature protection switch
Probe interior wash gear
pump drive cable
009-002327-00
J25 1 VDC Red 1 J15 AC drive board patch cord
1 2 2 CTRL Black 2 1 2
J11 009-002323-00
R1 control
drive board 3 4
3 24V Red 3
3 4 1 1 F12V Red 1 1 J9 Reagent
4 24V Red 4
051-001017-00 5 6 5 GND Black 5 5 6 2 2 refrigeration board
3 GND Black 3
6 GND Black 6
3
051-001019-00
3
J14
J25 1 VDC Red 1

R2 control 2 CTRL Black 2 1 2

MINDRAY
1 2 3 24V Red 3
drive board 4 24V Red 4
3 4
3 4
051-001018-00 5 GND Black 5 5 6
A
A 5 6 6 GND Black 6

TITLE: AC drive board


File Bytes
DWG NO. BS-2000 REV 2.0
Date Time

Software & Rev: Microsoft office Visio 2003 SHEET 3 OF 18 SIZE A3


1 2 3 4 5 6 7

4-141
A
B
C
D
Communication cable

File

4-142
Date
009-002341-00

1
2
1 TXD1- 1

1
2
Communication cable 2 TXD1+ 2

3
4
3 RXD1+ 3
009-002342-00

3
4
4 RXD1- 4

1
1

5
6
5 RST1 5

5
6
1 +12V 1 6 GND 6

13
7
8

P1
7 CTL1 7
2 -12V 2

1
7
8
8 GND 8

25
9
10
3 VCC 3 9 TXD2- 9

14
12
9
10
4 12GND 4 10 TXD2+ 10

2
11
12

24
11 RXD2+ 11
5 GND 5

11
12
12 RXD2- 12

15
11
13
14
6 AD_DIN 6 13 RST2 13

3
23
13
14
14 GND 14

16

15
7 NC NC 7 15 CTL2 15

16
10
16

15
8 GND 8 16 GND 16

4
18

17

22
17 TXD3- 17
9 DCP_EN 9

18

17

9
18 TXD3+ 18

17
20

10 DCP_CLK 10 19 RXD3+ 19
19

Software & Rev: Microsoft office Visio 2003


21

Time
20

19

Bytes
20 RXD3- 20
J17

11 DCP_DIN 11
22

21

8
21 RST3 21

18
22

21
12 CH_A4 12 22 GND 22

6
24

23

20
13 GND 13 23 CTL3 23

J3
24

7
23
24 GND 24
051-001004-00

19
26

14 +12V 14 25 TXD4- 25

7
J7

19
26
15 -12V 15 26 TXD4+ 26
25 27
28

20
27 RXD4+ 27

25 27
28
16 VCC 16 28 RXD4- 28

2
2

30

29

18
17 12GND 17 29 RST4 29

5
30

29
30 GND 30

21

051-000934-00
32

31

18 AD_BUSY 18
Wash temperature control board

31 CTL4 31

9
17
32

31
19 AD_CLK 19 32 GND 32
34

33

AD collection board
22
20 AD_RC 20 33 TXD5- 33

34

33
34 TXD5+ 34

10
16
35

36

21 CH_A3 21 35 RXD5+ 35

23
35

36
22 CH_A2 22 36 RXD5- 36
37

38

37 IN1 37

11
15
37

38
23 CH_A1 23 38 GND 38

2
39

40

24
24 CH_A0 24 39 39 IN12 39

40
40 GND 40

12
14
25 GND 25

25

13
Communication cable
009-002338-00
1 TXD1- 1
1
2

1
2

2 TXD1+ 2
3 RXD1+ 3
3
4

3
4

4 RXD1- 4
5 RST1 5
5
6

5
6

6 GND 6
Network cable 7 CTL1 7

3
3

7
8

7
8

009-002334-00 8 GND 8
9 TXD2- 9
9
10

9
10

2 RXD 2 10 TXD2+ 10
11 RXD2+ 11
11
12

J3
11
12

12 RXD2- 12

1
3 TXD 3 13 RST2 13
13
14

1
13
14

6
14 GND 14

6
1
2
5 GND 5 15 CTL2 15
16

1
2
15

2
16

15

2
16 GND 16

7
Serial port cable

3
4
18

17

7 RST 7 17 TXD3- 17

3
4

7
18

17

3
BA34-20-63652 18 TXD3+ 18

3
20

5
6
19

8 RTS 8 19 RXD3+ 19
J2

5
6

8
20

19

20 RXD3- 20

8
4
22

21

21 RST3 21

7
9 RI 9

4
7
22

21

22 GND 22

9
J10

9
24

23

23 CTL3 23
J4

9
8 10
1,4,6,10 1,4,6,10

5
24

9
23

8 10
24 GND 24

5
NC NC 25 TXD4- 25
26

26 TXD4+ 26
25 27
26 28

27 RXD4+ 27
051-001016-00

25 27
28

28 RXD4- 28
30

29

29 RST4 29
30

29

PC
30 GND 30

4
4

32

31

Ethernet cable

J5
31 CTL4 31
32

31
Sample control drive board

3 TX+ Orange white

BA40-30-61377
32 GND 32
34

009-002336-00
33

1 33 TXD5- 33
34

33

1
2
6 TX- Orange 2 34 TXD5+ 34
35

36

1 TX+ Orange white 1 35 RXD5+ 35


1 RX+ Green white 3
35

2
36

1
2

3
4
2 TX- Orange 2 36 RXD5- 36
37

38

4 NC Blue 4 37 IN1 37
37

38

4
3 RX+ Green white 3
3
4

38 GND 38

5
6
J12
39

40

1 3 5
2 4 6
5 NC Blue white 5
4 RX- Green 4 39 IN12 39
39

40

J6 1 3 5
6
5
6

Communication conversion board


40 GND 40

7
8
2 RX- Green 6

7
8
5 GND Blue white 5
7 NC Brown white 7

Network interface
8 NC Brown 8 6 PWFB Blue 6
Communication cable
Cross network cable 009-002339-00
1 TXD1- 1
1
2

1
2

2 TXD1+ 2
3 RXD1+ 3
3
4

3
4

4 RXD1- 4
5 RST1 5
5
6

5
6

6 GND 6
7 CTL1 7
7
8

7
8

8 GND 8

5
5

9
10

Main control board 9 TXD2- 9


9
10

10 TXD2+ 10
power cord 11 RXD2+ 11
11
12

11
12

J1

009-002337-00 12 RXD2- 12
13 RST2 13
13
14

Main control board


13
14

14 GND 14
6 GND Black 6
4 1 1
16

PCBA: 051-000742-00
15

4
15 CTL2 15
PCB: 050-000164-01
16

5 12VGND Blue 5
15

16 GND 16
18

17

17 TXD3- 17
5 2 4 12VGND Blue 4 5 2
18

17

18 TXD3+ 18
J1

3 +5V Red 3
20

19

19 RXD3+ 19
6 3 3
20

6
19

20 RXD3- 20
2 -12V White 2
051-001023-00
22

21

21 RST3 21
22

21

1 +12V Yellow 1
22 GND 22
conversion board
J10

J10
24

23

23 CTL3 23
Analog power supply
24

23

24 GND 24
25 TXD4- 25
26

26 TXD4+ 26
25 27
26 28

27 RXD4+ 27
051-001017-00

25 27
28

28 RXD4- 28
30

29

29 RST4 29
30

29

30 GND 30
R1 control drive board

32

31

31 CTL4 31
32

31

32 GND 32

6
6

34

33

33 TXD5- 33
34

33

34 TXD5+ 34
35

36

35 RXD5+ 35
35

36

Communication cable 36 RXD5- 36


37

38

37 IN1 37
37

38

009-002344-00 38 GND 38
39

40

39 IN12 39
39

40

EAM3

40 GND 40
1

1 ISE_RXD+ 1
1

6
2

2 ISE_RXD - 2 Communication cable


009-002340-00
3

3 +5V 3 1 TXD1- 1
1
2

1
2

2 TXD1+ 2
4

4 TXD 4 3 RXD1+ 3
3
4

8
3
4

4 RXD1- 4
J8

5 5V 5 5 RST1 5
5
5
6

5
6

ISE module

6 GND 6
4

6 CTL 6 7 CTL1 7
7
8

6
7
8

7 +5V 7 8 GND 8
10
5
9

9 TXD2- 9
10

9
10

8 RESET 8 10 TXD2+ 10
TITLE:

11 RXD2+ 11
7
7

11
12

11
12

12 RXD2- 12
DWG NO.

13 RST2 13
13
14

13
14

14 GND 14
15 CTL2 15
16

15

16

15

16 GND 16
SHEET 4 OF

17 TXD3- 17
18

17

18

17

18 TXD3+ 18
19 RXD3+ 19
20

19

20

19

20 RXD3- 20
22

21 RST3 21
21

Communication cable
22

21
J10

22 GND 22
J11

009-002343-00
24

23

23 CTL3 23
18
24

23

24 GND 24
1 TXD- 1 25 TXD4- 25
26

BS-2000

26 TXD4+ 26
25 27
26 28

2 TXD + 2 27 RXD4+ 27
051-001018-00

25 27
28

28 RXD4- 28
1
2

2
1
30

29

3 RXD+ 3 29 RST4 29
30

29

30 GND 30
R2 control drive board

32

31

3
4

31 CTL4 31
4
32

31

4 RXD- 4
32 GND 32
J5
34

33

5
6

33 TXD5- 33
6
34

33

5 RST 5 34 TXD5+ 34
8

Main control board


35

36

6 GND 6 35 RXD5+ 35
7

Reagent
7
8

MINDRAY
35

36

36 RXD5- 36
37

38

7 CTL 7 37 IN1 37
051-001019-00
37

38

38 GND 38
39

40

J17

8 GND 8 39 IN12 39
39

40

refrigeration board

40 GND 40
SIZE A3
REV 2.0
A
B
C
D
A
B
C
D

File

Date

1
1

Software & Rev: Microsoft office Visio 2003


Time
Bytes
1# preamplifier board
signal cable 1
009-002437-00
1 AGND 1

1
2 SIG1 2

2
1 2

2
2

3 SIG2 3

3
4 SIG3 4
5 SIG4 5

J3
4 5
J2

6 SIG5 6

6
7 SIG6 7

7
8 SIG7 8

8
10 SGND 10
3 4 5 6 7 8 9

AD collection board

J7

J7
communication cable
10

9 10
009-002342-00
1 +12V 1
1# preamplifier board

1
1
2 -12V 2 signal cable 2

3
3

3 VCC 3 009-002438-00

2
2
4 12GND 4 1 AGND Black 1
5 GND 5 2 SIG1 White 2

3
3
1 2

6 AD_DIN 6
7 NC NC 7 3 SIG2 Yellow 3

4
4
8 GND 8 4 SIG3 Green 4
PCBA: 051-000947-00
PCB: 050-000795-00

9 DCP_EN 9
J4
J3

5
5
10 DCP_CLK 10 5 SIG4 Grey 5
11 DCP_DIN 11 6 SIG5 Blue 6

6
6
12 CH_A4 12 7 SIG6 Orange 7
13 GND 13

7
7
8 SGND Black 8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

14 +12V 14
3 4 5 6 7 8

15 -12V 15

8
8
16 VCC 16 1# preamplifier

051-000742-00

4
4

17 12GND 17 board power cord


PDA preamplifier board 1 (inner ring photometer)

Main control board


18 AD_BUSY 18 009-002436-00
19 AD_CLK 19
1
1

1 VPP Red 1
20 AD_RC 20
2 AGND Black 2
21 CH_A3 21
2

22 CH_A2 22 3 VEE Green 3


J1

J1

23 CH_A1 23
3

4 Shielding layer White


24 CH_A0 24
2 3 4

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

25 GND 25

9 10 11 12 13
9 10 11 12 13

2# preamplifier board
signal cable 1

5
5

009-002440-00
1 AGND 1
1

2 SIG1 2
2
1 2

3 SIG2 3
3

AD collection board
PCBA: 051-000934-00
PCB: 050-000780-00

4 SIG3 4
J8

5 SIG4 5
J5
4 5

1 SIG 1
J2

6 SIG5 6
1
2
6

2 +12V 2
7 SIG6 7
7

3 AGND 3
8 SIG7 8
3
4