Case 2:17-cv-03276 Document 1 Filed 05/01/17 Page 1 of 11 Page ID #:1

1 Laura A. Wytsma (Bar No. 189527)
lwytsma@loeb.com
2 LOEB & LOEB LLP
10100 Santa Monica Blvd., Ste. 2200
3 Los Angeles, California 90067
(310) 282-2000
4
Douglas N. Masters (pro hac applicant)
5 dmasters@loeb.com
Thomas P. Jirgal (Bar No. 202637)
6 tjirgal@loeb.com
Elisabeth K. O’Neill (pro hac applicant)
7 eoneill@loeb.com
LOEB & LOEB LLP
8 321 North Clark Street, Ste. 2300
Chicago, Illinois 60654
9 (312) 464-3100
10 Attorneys for plaintiff Eagles, Ltd.
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12 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
13 CENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
14 Eagles, Ltd. Case No.: CV-17-3276
15 Plaintiff, COMPLAINT FOR:
16 v. (1) Trademark Infringement in
Violation of the Lanham Act, 15
17 Hotel California Baja, LLC; and Does U.S.C. § 1125;
1-10,
18 (2) Common Law Unfair Competition
Defendants. and Trademark Infringement
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20 DEMAND FOR JURY TRIAL
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23 Plaintiff Eagles, Ltd. brings this Complaint against Hotel California Baja,
24 LLC and Does 1-10 (“Defendants”) and alleges for its Complaint as follows:
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Loeb & Loeb
A Limited Liability Partnership
COMPLAINT
Including Professional
Corporations
Case 2:17-cv-03276 Document 1 Filed 05/01/17 Page 2 of 11 Page ID #:2

1 PRELIMINARY STATEMENT
2 1. The Eagles are one of the United States’ most successful bands, and
3 “Hotel California” is arguably the band’s most popular song. The band, and the
4 song “Hotel California,” are instantly recognizable by a large portion of the United
5 States population. For over 30 years, the Eagles have sold merchandise bearing the
6 trademark HOTEL CALIFORNIA (the “HOTEL CALIFORNIA Mark”), which has
7 come to be associated uniquely with the band.
8 2. In disregard of Plaintiff’s longstanding common law rights in the
9 HOTEL CALIFORNIA Mark, Defendants, on information and belief, are selling
10 merchandise that bears the HOTEL CALIFORNIA Mark to consumers in the United
11 States, and to U.S. consumers who visit a hotel in Todos Santos, Mexico that caters
12 to U.S. tourists (“Todos Santos Hotel”).
13 3. Through advertising targeted to U.S. consumers, and in-person
14 communications, Defendants lead U.S. consumers to believe that the Todos Santos
15 Hotel is associated with the Eagles and, among other things, served as the
16 inspiration for the lyrics in “Hotel California,” which is false. Multiple online
17 reviews make clear that U.S. consumers who visit the Todos Santos Hotel and buy
18 Defendants’ merchandise do, in fact, believe that the Todos Santos Hotel is
19 associated with the Eagles, which is not the case.
20 4. Defendants never sought to obtain a license to use Plaintiff’s trademark
21 rights in HOTEL CALIFORNIA, and Plaintiff did not grant Defendants a license.
22 Defendants’ unlawful actions are causing substantial injury to Plaintiff in the United
23 States. Through this action, Plaintiff seeks to enjoin Defendants’ unlawful activities
24 and to recover all profits that Defendants have obtained from these activities, as well
25 as Plaintiff’s reasonable attorneys’ fees.
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Loeb & Loeb
A Limited Liability Partnership
2 COMPLAINT
Including Professional
Corporations
Case 2:17-cv-03276 Document 1 Filed 05/01/17 Page 3 of 11 Page ID #:3

1 JURISDICTION AND VENUE
2 5. This action seeks injunctive relief, damages, and other appropriate
3 relief and arises under the laws of the United States, specifically, the Lanham Act,
4 15 U.S.C. §§ 1051, et seq. and California state law.
5 6. This Court has original subject matter jurisdiction over this action
6 under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331 and 1338. It has supplemental jurisdiction of the common
7 law claims pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1367 in that those claims are related to claims
8 under this Court’s original jurisdiction and form part of the same case or
9 controversy under Article III of the United States Constitution.
10 7. The Court has personal jurisdiction over Defendants because
11 Defendants have established minimum contacts with the forum and the exercise of
12 jurisdiction over Defendants will not offend traditional notions of fair play and
13 substantial justice. On information and belief, Defendants have voluntarily
14 conducted business and solicited customers in this District. On information and
15 belief, Defendants conduct continuous and systematic business in the state of
16 California and, specifically, in this District.
17 8. Venue is proper in this Court under 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b)(1) in that
18 Defendant Hotel California Baja, LLC maintains its principal place of business in
19 this judicial district. Venue is also proper under 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b)(2) as a
20 substantial part of the events or omissions giving rise to the claims herein occurred
21 in this judicial district.
22 PARTIES
23 9. Plaintiff Eagles, Ltd. (“Plaintiff”) is a corporation organized and
24 existing under the laws of the State of California, with its principal place of business
25 in Santa Monica, California. Plaintiff owns the goodwill associated with the Eagles,
26 including all trademark rights.
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Loeb & Loeb
A Limited Liability Partnership
3 COMPLAINT
Including Professional
Corporations
Case 2:17-cv-03276 Document 1 Filed 05/01/17 Page 4 of 11 Page ID #:4

1 10. Defendant Hotel California Baja, LLC (“Baja LLC”) is a California
2 limited liability company with its principal place of business in Beverly Hills,
3 California.
4 11. On information and belief, Does 1–10 (collectively, the “Doe
5 Defendants”) are individuals and business entities in the travel and hospitality
6 industry who have participated or assisted in the conduct alleged herein or are
7 otherwise responsible therefor. The identities of these Doe Defendants presently are
8 not and cannot be known to Plaintiff, but these persons and/or entities will be added
9 as named defendants to this action as and when they are identified.
10 FACTS
11 Plaintiff’s Mark
12 12. The Eagles formed in 1971 and went on to become one of most
13 successful American rock bands of all time. Every album that the Eagles have
14 released since 1972 has been certified platinum, and three albums have sold in
15 excess of ten million copies each. The Eagles’ Their Greatest Hits 1971-1975
16 album is one of the best-selling albums of the 20th century in the United States with
17 sales in excess of 29 million units.
18 13. Although their first album, Eagles, released in 1972, met with
19 immediate acclaim and sales, the Eagles’ most successful album of original material
20 was Hotel California, released at the end of 1976. The lead song on this album,
21 which is also called “Hotel California,” is arguably the band’s most popular song,
22 and in many ways embodies the very essence of the band itself. The song continues
23 to be hugely popular, and the song’s name has become synonymous with the band.
24 14. Given the timeless nature of the many hits by the Eagles, including
25 “Hotel California,” the band enjoys instant name recognition.
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Loeb & Loeb
A Limited Liability Partnership
4 COMPLAINT
Including Professional
Corporations
Case 2:17-cv-03276 Document 1 Filed 05/01/17 Page 5 of 11 Page ID #:5

1 15. Starting in the late 1970s, many years prior to the start of the infringing
2 activities by Defendants described below, and continuing today, Plaintiff marketed
3 and engaged in the retail sale and distribution of a variety of merchandise under the
4 HOTEL CALIFORNIA Mark, beginning with t-shirts and posters, and later
5 expanding to include sweatshirts, bathrobes, keychains, playing cards, mugs, guitar
6 picks, and refrigerator magnets. Examples of some of the products sold by Plaintiff
7 and its licensees are shown below:
8 16. By virtue of this longstanding use of the HOTEL CALIFORNIA Mark,
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17 Plaintiff acquired in the late 1970s and now owns common law rights in the HOTEL
18 CALIFORNIA Mark for a variety of goods and services, including the merchandise
19 listed above. Plaintiff also owns a pending application Serial No. 87/306,414 to
20 register HOTEL CALIFORNIA with the United States Patent and Trademark Office
21 (“USPTO”) for key chains, guitar picks, posters, t-shirts, sweatshirts, bathrobes, and
22 playing cards.
23 17. As a result of Plaintiff’s longstanding advertisement, promotion, and
24 sale of goods and services in connection with the HOTEL CALIFORNIA Mark,
25 HOTEL CALIFORNIA has developed substantial consumer recognition and
26 valuable goodwill, and such goodwill had become uniquely identified with Plaintiff
27 and the Eagles.
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Loeb & Loeb
A Limited Liability Partnership
5 COMPLAINT
Including Professional
Corporations
Case 2:17-cv-03276 Document 1 Filed 05/01/17 Page 6 of 11 Page ID #:6

1 Defendants’ Infringing Activities
2 18. On information and belief, in 2001, Debbie and John Stewart purchased
3 a small hotel in Todos Santos, Mexico that had originally opened under the name
4 Hotel California in 1950, but subsequently went through name and ownership
5 changes (“Todos Santos Hotel”). On information and belief, the Stewarts sought to
6 revitalize the hotel and create a reputation for it, based at least partially on the
7 hotel’s reputed, but false, connection to the Eagles. The Stewarts marketed the
8 Todos Santos Hotel as “Hotel California.”
9 19. On information and belief, Defendant Baja LLC runs a merchandising
10 operation from this District that manufactures and sells a wide variety of clothing
11 and other merchandise featuring the Plaintiff’s HOTEL CALIFORNIA Mark
12 (“Infringing Merchandise”).
13 20. On information and belief, Defendants advertise and sell their
14 Infringing Merchandise directly to consumers in the United States. On information
15 and belief, Defendants also advertise and sell their Infringing Merchandise to U.S.
16 consumers who visit the Todos Santos Hotel under the false belief that the hotel is
17 associated with the Eagles. On information and belief, consumers who visit the
18 hotel and purchase Defendants’ merchandise then return to the United States with
19 the Infringing Merchandise and inform others that they have visited “the” Hotel
20 California made famous by the Eagles.
21 21. On information and belief, Defendants actively encourage consumers to
22 believe that the Todos Santos Hotel is associated with the Eagles to further their sale
23 of Infringing Merchandise. On information and belief, Defendants’ actions in this
24 regard include playing “Hotel California” and other Eagles songs throughout the
25 Todos Santos Hotel, and selling t-shirts in the gift shop that refer to the hotel as
26 “legendary.” Such a designation only makes sense if the Todos Santo Hotel is
27 somehow connected with the Eagles’ famous and legendary song, which it is not.
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Loeb & Loeb
A Limited Liability Partnership
6 COMPLAINT
Including Professional
Corporations
Case 2:17-cv-03276 Document 1 Filed 05/01/17 Page 7 of 11 Page ID #:7

1 22. On information and belief, Defendants have succeeded in convincing a
2 substantial portion of U.S. consumers that the Todos Santos Hotel and Defendants’
3 Infringing Merchandise are authorized by, sponsored by, associated with, or
4 otherwise affiliated with Plaintiff and the Eagles. As reflected in Exhibit A, online
5 reviews for the Todos Santos Hotel often refer to the hotel as “THE Hotel California
6 of Eagles fame,” or in other similar ways that clearly evidence a belief by
7 consumers that the hotel is associated with the Eagles.
8 23. On information and belief, Defendants have already sold substantial
9 quantities of merchandise in U.S. commerce, and continue to do so, and have plans
10 to continue such sales, notwithstanding Plaintiff’s earlier-acquired rights in the
11 trademark HOTEL CALIFORNIA for goods including clothing and accessories.
12 Toward this unlawful end, Defendant Baja LLC filed a trademark application Serial
13 No. 86/822,138 with the USPTO on November 16, 2015 to register HOTEL
14 CALIFORNIA for a broad range of goods, including clothing and accessories.
15 24. At no time have Defendants obtained a license, authorization, or other
16 permission to exploit the HOTEL CALIFORNIA Mark in the manner described
17 herein.
18 25. Upon information and belief, Defendants have used the HOTEL
19 CALIFORNIA Mark with knowledge of, and in willful disregard of, Plaintiff’s prior
20 rights and with the bad faith intent to obtain a commercial advantage for their
21 merchandise that Defendants otherwise would not have. Accordingly, Defendants
22 continuing acts constitute an intentional violation of Plaintiff’s rights.
23 26. Defendants’ aforesaid acts are likely to cause confusion, mistake or
24 deception, in that consumers and others are likely to believe that Defendants’
25 Infringing Merchandise is authorized, sponsored or approved by, or otherwise
26 affiliated with, Plaintiff.
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Loeb & Loeb
A Limited Liability Partnership
7 COMPLAINT
Including Professional
Corporations
Case 2:17-cv-03276 Document 1 Filed 05/01/17 Page 8 of 11 Page ID #:8

1 FIRST CLAIM FOR RELIEF
2 (Trademark Infringement Under 15 U.S.C. § 1125(a))
3 27. Plaintiff incorporates by reference Paragraphs 1 through 26 above as
4 though fully set forth herein.
5 28. Defendants’ acts are likely to cause confusion or mistake, or to deceive
6 as to Defendants’ affiliation, connection, or association with Plaintiff, or as to the
7 origin, sponsorship, or approval of Defendants’ goods and services.
8 29. Upon information and belief, Defendants adopted and used Plaintiff’s
9 HOTEL CALIFORNIA Mark on the Infringing Merchandise with full knowledge
10 of, and in willful disregard of Plaintiff’s rights in the mark, and with the intent to
11 obtain a commercial advantage that Defendants otherwise would not have had.
12 30. Defendants’ acts constitute willful trademark infringement under
13 15 U.S.C. § 1125(a).
14 31. Defendants’ acts are greatly and irreparably damaging to Plaintiff in the
15 United States and will continue to damage Plaintiff unless enjoined by the Court
16 such that Plaintiff is without an adequate remedy at law.
17 SECOND CLAIM FOR RELIEF
18 (Common Law Trademark Infringement and Unfair Competition)
19 32. Plaintiff incorporates by reference Paragraphs 1 through 31 above as
20 though fully set forth herein.
21 33. Defendants’ acts are likely to cause confusion or mistake, or to
22 deceive as to Defendants’ affiliation, connection, or association with Plaintiff,
23 or as to the origin, sponsorship, or approval of Defendants’ goods and
24 services.
25 34. Upon information and belief, Defendants adopted and used Plaintiff’s
26 HOTEL CALIFORNIA Mark on the Infringing Merchandise with full knowledge
27 of, and in willful disregard of Plaintiff’s rights in the mark, and with the intent to
28 obtain a commercial advantage that Defendants otherwise would not have had.

Loeb & Loeb
A Limited Liability Partnership
8 COMPLAINT
Including Professional
Corporations
Case 2:17-cv-03276 Document 1 Filed 05/01/17 Page 9 of 11 Page ID #:9

1 35. Defendants’ aforesaid acts constitute trademark infringement,
2 unjust enrichment, and unfair competition in violation of the common law of
3 the various States, including the State of California.
4 36. Defendants’ acts are greatly and irreparably damaging to Plaintiff
5 in the United States and will continue to damage Plaintiff unless enjoined by
6 the Court such that Plaintiff is without an adequate remedy at law.
7 PRAYER FOR RELIEF
8 WHEREFORE, Plaintiff respectfully prays for judgment that:
9 1. Defendants have violated the Lanham Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1125, and
10 California common law, and that such violations were willful and intentional,
11 making this an exceptional case.
12 2. Defendants and their officers, agents, servants, distributors,
13 affiliates, employees, attorneys, and representatives, and all those in privity or
14 acting in concert with Defendants or on Defendants’ behalf, be preliminarily
15 and permanently enjoined and restrained from, directly or indirectly:
16 a. Using the HOTEL CALIFORNIA Mark, or any
17 substantially similar variation thereof, on or in connection with Defendants’
18 goods or services, including, without limitation, clothing and accessories; and
19 b. Doing any act or thing likely to induce the belief that
20 Defendants’ goods or services are in any way legitimately connected with, or
21 sponsored or approved by, Plaintiff.
22 3. Defendants and their officers, agents, servants, distributors,
23 affiliates, employees, attorneys, and representatives, and all others in active
24 concert or participation with any of them, be required to:
25 a. pay to Plaintiff the actual damages sustained as a result of
26 Defendants’ wrongful conduct in accordance with 15 U.S.C. § 1117, and the
27 common law of California;
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Loeb & Loeb
A Limited Liability Partnership
9 COMPLAINT
Including Professional
Corporations
Case 2:17-cv-03276 Document 1 Filed 05/01/17 Page 10 of 11 Page ID #:10

1 b. account for and pay over to Plaintiff all profits derived by
2 Defendants from its complained of acts, in accordance with 15 U.S.C. § 1117
3 and common law of California;
4 c. pay to Plaintiff the greater of three times the damages
5 Platen has suffered as a result of the complained-of acts of Defendants or
6 three times Defendants’ profits, in accordance with 15 U.S.C. § 1117;
7 d. pay to Plaintiff exemplary damages in a sum sufficient to
8 deter Defendants from future acts complained of in this action;
9 e. pay to Plaintiff the costs of this action together with
10 Plaintiff’s reasonable attorneys’ fees and disbursements, in accordance with
11 15 U.S.C. § 1117; and
12 f. file with this Court and serve on Plaintiff a report in
13 writing under oath setting forth in detail the manner and form in which
14 Defendant has complied with the terms of any injunction entered by this
15 Court, in accordance with 15 U.S.C. § 1116.
16 4. Plaintiff be awarded such other and further relief as the Court
17 may deem just and proper.
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19 Dated: May 1, 2017 LOEB & LOEB LLP
LAURA A. WYTSMA
20 DOUGLAS N. MASTERS
THOMAS P. JIRGAL
21 ELISABETH K. O’NEILL
22
23 By: /s/ Laura A. Wytsma
Laura A. Wytsma
24 Attorneys for Plaintiff
EAGLES, LTD.
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Loeb & Loeb
A Limited Liability Partnership
10 COMPLAINT
Including Professional
Corporations
Case 2:17-cv-03276 Document 1 Filed 05/01/17 Page 11 of 11 Page ID #:11

1 JURY DEMAND
2 Eagles, Ltd. hereby demands a trial by jury on all issues so triable.
3
4 Dated: May 1, 2017 LOEB & LOEB LLP
LAURA A. WYTSMA
5 DOUGLAS N. MASTERS
THOMAS P. JIRGAL
6 ELISABETH K. O’NEILL ELISABETH K.
O’NEILL
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By: /s/ Laura A. Wytsma
9 Laura A. Wytsma
Attorneys for Plaintiff
10 EAGLES, LTD.
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Loeb & Loeb
A Limited Liability Partnership
11 COMPLAINT
Including Professional
Corporations

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