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2

I N T R O D U C T I O N TO B O O K 1

HE PRIMARY GOAL of all trumpet players, regardless of proficiency, should be to play beautiful musk
D with an appropriately beautiful sound. This thought must be foremost in one's mind when practicing, 3r
forming or teaching.

Undeniably, the trumpet is a difficult and unpredictable instrument to play, and it is technical proficie
that enables one to perform with beauty, control, endurance and consistency. As a result, dedicated student oi
the trumpet often experience a "symphony" of technical phobias. It is my intention in this method to systematically
deal with these problems in a musical way through carefully organized technical, harmonic and melodic s
ies and concise text.

The secret to constant and quick improvement on the trumpet is consistent daily practice while keeping e
fundamentals of efficient breath control and musical artistry in mind at all times. 1 believe the wealth of stuc >s
in this method will prove useful for one's entire playing career.
3

P R A C T IC IN G

USIC HAS THE POWER to enable anyone to feet good. Trumpet is one of the most versatile of instru-
LkA J ments, an instrument that is capable of crossing any stylistic or cultural boundary. The gifts of studying
music include:

Creative problem solving


CD Controlled concentration
d) Developed motor skills
0 Greater emotional expression
Acquired skills in the art of self-discipline
Raised social status
Creative interaction with other people
<S> Raised awareness of art, beauty and more

These skills are as basic and useful as any other skills taught in school. The freedom and enjoyment avail
able in music can be had through daily practice.

The more organized your practicing is, the more fruitful it will be. Here, then, is a suggestion. Practice in
three 15- to 30-minute segments, resting where necessary. Segment one is the warm up, segment two is technical
study and segment three is playing music material such as solos, etudes, orchestral literature, etc. Vary the materi
al to avoid forming bad habits, boredom and to learn new things each day. You must be your own best teach
er. Listen with honest ears. Always try to improve. When problems occur, refer back to fundamental thoughts
on breathing and sound. Most problems will correct themselves. Best wishes and good luck.
THE W A R M UP

N ORDER TO ENSURE consistent improvement through practice, it is absolutely essential to warm i


n Preparation is required, not only to meet the physical demands of trumpet playing, but also to initiate L j
mental focus and concentration necessary for making music. The following is a warm-up routine in four pa
with variations for each day of the week. Remember to concentrate on the basic fundamentals from the fi t
note of each new practice day (i.e., beauty of tone and utilizing large volumes of air when inhaling and wh_t
blowing through the horn). Finally, prepare mentally to approach whatever exercise or piece of music you are
about to play in the most musical and artistic way possible.

(D Buzz the mouthpiece in the approximate range indicated.


The sound should be "fat," full and without gaps as you slide
downward. Keep repeating until there are no gaps. Buzz any
where from a few seconds to a few minutes. Be aggressive and
demanding of yourself. It is possible to improve your trumpet
sound almost immediately by working on the mouthpiece.

For extended buzzing, use the following triads. Check pitches at the piano while buzzing whenever possible.
Be sure you are producing a fat, forte tone.

4 i / T j ir Jj~Tj.- ijjjlJ ir -

* L L j g, lj j - g - _ L b y rp fc g p z d
@ Approach the following exercises
mentally as if playing one long note.
Articulate heavily. Make the legato
notes very long and the marcato notes
fat and spaced no breathing allowed
in the middle of a line. This method is
an excellent tool for relaxing the lips
and warming down as well.

For additional "loosening up,"


repeat the preceding exercise 8va,
resting wherever necessary.

Play long tone exercise # 1, 3 or 4 with as beautiful a sound as possible.

Start each playing day with the three steps above. Some days may require more warming up than others due
to the playing demands of the previous day or your biorhythmic cycle, but warming up well never hurts, it only helps.

Finally, play the technical studies indicated for each appropriate day. In this way you can vary your warm
up, maintain interest and learn new scales and fingering patterns quickly. Work gradually day to day through
all of the keys until you can play each study with a minimum of technical "hang-ups." It is not necessary to
play the studies higher than third space "C" in your warm up, though advanced players may wish to do so.
ideal warm-up time should eventually be 15-20 minutes.

(3) Monday Technical Study #1


Tuesday Technical Study #2
Wednesday Technical Study #3
Thursday Technical Study #4
Friday Technical Study #6
Saturday Technical Study #7
Sunday Technical Study #8

In my opinion, lip slurs (except in the lowest seven partiols) are not a particularly good warm up. They are
physically demanding and, therefore, useful later in your practice time. Lip strength (more accurately, the
strength of the muscle structure around the lips) as a goal is greatly overemphasized. Although strength is
important to a degree, range, endurance, a beautiful sound and advanced technique as a complete package
are based on efficiency of breath control, not brute strength.
6

P E R F O R M A N C E A N XIET Y

ERFORMANCE ANXIETY (i.e., nervousness) is a common and natural thing. Players at all levels of com
petency experience butterflies, dryness and other symptoms of nervousness before a performance. T
goal one should pursue is not to be totally relaxed, but to maintain sufficient mental and physical control,
order to enjoy playing music and play well. Experience is the real key. The more often one performs, the easi
er it gets. Take every possible opportunity to perform. Play for friends and family. Casual settings can be
great help when done frequently. As a useful by-product, the more one performs and is heard, the more like*
one will be asked to participate in other musical settings. That is the process through which one rises to the top
of the music community, no matter how large or small the community.

Here are a couple of practical pointers to help you defeat performance anxiety:

<D Warm up well several hours before performance time to ensure lip suppleness and good response.

When the butterflies come, don't resist them. Resistence causes tension. Tension causes playing problem
Let the wave pass through your body. Observe the feeling as it happens. Don't panic.

(D Scrape your tongue lightly across your top teeth to cause saliva to flow. The less you concentrate on di
mouth, the sooner moisture will return.

Let go of the inevitable mistakes. Do not dwell on them. There is always time to think about that later.

CD Think musically, not technically, except for breathing. Breathe deeply and project the air confidently
through the instrument. This is the one fundamental you should always fall back on when you find your con
dence faltering.

<D Finally, stay in present time. Don't worry about what has happened or what is coming. Don't sacrifice c
entire piece for the sake of a high note or a tricky passage. Make the note or phrase you are playing as beau
tiful as possible. The rest will fall into place. Present time is the key to performing from memory without slips as
well.
Long Tones 7
Long Tones

Dominant 7 Chord ( J = 84 )

m
p-f
/7\

70--------^ ^ 7 " " S ---------------- fJ \}^ --------- n
<s* ------- L j J 1_ ------ J ------
-e - 1j - f - ' [ T - J

/7\ /7s

XX # XT

/7\ /7\

ffj
-1
TT

C\

~CT
P VXf

/T\
& j I 1----------- ;
1 ...= rr. -k? \rr. ---------------- \ --------
y , J .- L z J -----------L f ---------
3 J kr '

/T\ /TN

/7\

IF ff aJ

/ts

b-o- I*s;
8 Long Tones

/Ts
9*9-
w

; ^ i !
i ^ -
d = ^ =
T7 = 1 = L - XT = f = - i h -
t

i * |
- va' ' ! J ---------- d
s d
C H = TT
H " '

/?
--------- 1
= J= 1
Si w iK
#
/Tv
: i
----------^ ---------- -------------- H
# J -
IK
F
J ? t ?

Major Chord { J 84 )

m
T J ~ r - - '
----------
f ^ r ^ r r - c y ^ - ,

1 y t e - J

t r \ /Ts .

- - - , - - j ----------------------------1
f = 4 = = I --------------------- i H

^ 1 4 ---------------------------------- 1 o - b t f t ^
>

<C\

-----------------------1


$ t T - ' 4 " L i - ^ - p .
t P F J S 5 .

Minor 7 Chord ( J s 84 ) /Ti


i bfc = t= E kJ
Long Tones 9

I s w

/Ts

17 rty-
W

O'
IZZ
?o- 5 b tr =K

o its

,.r j
---- 1? J
U r e <*

\ /7\
i .
! | |
----------- ,5 )----------
- e t ------- --------- L-J J . -------
-o - ' 3 ...... j J

f7 \
T - t----C<!-------- & ----
-v y <s* : J : - l
(* t i i?

/t\
I , i i
^ iS J ^ W ^
w ig H ^ lj J*p p

<7\
1 -1.1 p - -------- :---------1
w ------- . J l u ----- frg? -------
H>r5 W ^ 1
br '
TT

/Tv
1 .= = - = ^
= A J. ...
%j J ^ '-
XT b J

. ^ . ..._
------- K - ^ - ------ E -
% " --
XT
1
7? fej 1 "
O ' ' IT

J L /TV

fcl Jt? jh
10 Long Tones

Half Diminished 7 Chord ( J = 84)


C\

I S <5*- -
J-/
/Tv /7\
X:

"o
/S\

*0~ TT 7T

IZ2
f brr I^ F
/Tn rr*
i nzz
brr
5k Jiz;
V rj 5 ^ "
_5L
Ex
frw~ ZZZ

iTN

V-& i i_ -j .j .- j y .- / .. j j -.j

1-J..J t*- ^^ b<J ~ (tj)g^ b j-


b- b-
/7\
-b k=jb<
K-

/7\

is t jp
Long Tones 11
Dominant 7(^5) Chord ( J * 84)
^/O
--- r
-
---------- T------- ----- :---- hrji
j
1
% * .. w
M j p \ d
[# ---------------------------- 1

P -f
. f7 \

r- i V
... .... | p (> \ t f ? \ r || | ------------ ~ N ----------------------------------------------------------

V ? 1
1# ^ 1- 1 1 1 H * 3 _ J I f u --------L o _ J

4 =

----------------- / \
i4 - --------------------- ----------------
P --------------- p --------------- 4 r -------------------- -- " - I
- P 1
r ------------------------------------------- I T ^ U ...................-
i n r ----------- 4 r n -

L k f -----------------
1---------------------

^/7s
,io
\ -

2A-
HE ST n
P
/N O
fapz P "" ||?p

J=p
I ICC
P
/Ts Tv '
/7\
iz z is----------------- pi
XL
?r - r ....' r r
=s5 l ~[>lg k p I bg
W- ?|S~
#
-kg- N J7\
te 1

------------------------------------- - -4 0 -
- p . - g a ------------------
----------------------------------------------- ----------- J y -------------
------------------- I ------------- r P r
9 1 g | p ^ = = 5 = 1

% = M

J7\ _r>
zz:

^7n
j , -T f ~n~ 33=
12 Long Tones

Diminished 7 C fiord ( J = 84)


o. ^^ ,
. i - 4 ---------------T - . _ . . . . . ------ ^---- :---------- :_ ' t v ]
C

J.

-
^ - - j - ........> K
^

S. W ------- ---- \ ^
4k
; \

"/
v ' - ~ ;r br -J F bp- P J -----
-

..

'

i = 4 - ---- 1
f t - p -1. - F = "

^ --------------- ----------------- ------------ ^


- 0 ^ = ^ rf rfc-------- k s -------
- N --------------- ------- -Wi - p - - ------- - *

f F5=1
v L - k e --------------- r - b p . =" ~ > p -
^ ----------------- I---------- r 1 Lg- F J -
o |

n. /Ts ----
^ - - r f h b p _. l - t r ^ - -------- P---------------
----- o ------ .i t u . _ _au _ _
t ^ ~ T

-y ,- - ---- ----
Jp , r T f , I--S>--- \nn---- +-*---------- 11----m -----
_ _
'iy-\rrj *1 i

fr~t-"li,r !
DU . ..---------[-trr------- vf* --------- tn ---------------------------- ir d . ".P. - j
= 4 = 1

xz
m
p 5 xc
P
^/7\
bp ^/T\
U ----- ------
_u "
""
rlr I J
n
'" 4 rj----- 3Irp ^f = l
m =M = J y = 4 = j ' - \ 1
U - - F -1

_bp. te n s ir
3X >o- jg-

p. . . p
i s bip fV ----- P ---- F^P I --- ^-"r-r-bp------- fH [_ ,
4 = d

-
_ />
i p
p ---------------- --------------------------- S --------------- p

!= = = b = l

^ r t \
p
i - j g - f t p p ^ - - p - -j "" 1
i f i - = -------------- | S ------------ 1
r H |

T ' i

Ol
E2I E . JSC 7T-
3T 3T *TT
# P
?
b ----------- ^ bp j p-
P fr rs - i p ------f r _ T1------------ ;
-n h 1
------r -------h
Long Tones 13

Major 7 (f 5) Chord ( J = 84 )
ON 0\
Z

#I />-/
TT"
_> in-p
Ir tJ^
_On Os
A ------ p --------------- p - p ------
9 I T L
p ------------ s = t t
S r j ------ X ~ ~ - -

----- H ---- 1 f t
----------- ----------------------- 0
# = ! 4 k *

o\ OS
^
Up - 1 - e -

.O s o
Nr~ TT s;
BE

Os
P
2-

P i> J

\ Ov OS
p p
......- - _ a ------- -------> ------------------- 1n
...............
= * ^ F = | p 11 1 b f* rj ff f r V " i
,J T

p .J" i/v
rJ Tj ....
r -4 p 4
^ 0
V
*
& 1
*
H i
p

# = M M

J9\
m m- 9 0

O ON
Vo- * i- ip. r t r
r
os
p<> -o
f
-TO----p ^ -------
! p t f
p
[ I s 0 p H- rM^
^ o \
------------- p
- M -------------------, u " 'J ........
u 'T J ................... _i j
0 ...... ~ x~ ~
Vr = H J H------
_os .os
1A Long Tones
D om inant 7 (^5) A scending

~ p ------- -h *I *r = f = ^
851 Q t -----i------
j ....- -
J~
- l^ 1". ^ = -:
mf
\
rM P-------- \ .
----- 1--------
i r r ' p r 1 e- Li

rS -- = * =
^ ... :.jpT-z^ P " - ---- i _ * r - g- - - r r - b

/T\
jL t n _____ 4
.. ^ ^ -------------------------- , -------- iri

<fo P --------- ^ ------------ - U ---------m ------- -
XX

y O^Y
^ - f r - ------- f> : - -::- f r : - - r I [I p. . . r 1
Pp rJ
$ T "F --!
o
j? - - I .............. : - - ^ ------------ ^yn-----
----------------------- j^Jr---- .................
b ty

ir
I r

I ................... . ............... b p _______ ,


i --------------- -------------------&-------------------------- H
yg -------- VfJ: : , : I - : - . . ]
^ ....................- ^ t i ^ ^

j f t- - A f c - l - - - ! -. -r, . . . . ., _J. . ., _ - 1
1 " '
--------------------- L---------------- Tar.-r: 4-
7 ' 1

k ----------- 2 ---------------------- :------t f j f - - - - - t f p ------------------------- 1


--------- k ------------ .A . . f - --------- --------- :------- ---------- - 1- --------- f -------------------------------- f ---------- J
t - * -U
--------------- _ <T\
... ^ - ------------ -,

l , J ..... .....................................................................
p t i J ............1
f
C\
i Dp Mr
y
IP
I Lip Flexibilities 15
Lip Flexibilities
16 Lip Flexibilities
Lip F le x ib ilitie s 17

3 3 3 3

3 3 3 3

1...... rm
zac
------ *

C T lT E Q ig fff

=# aM = ^ M J- jv % r U 1
v.
3 3
.... j _ ^ [ _ ^ [
= = = = = ^ = = = = f c = ,. _ .B .... . _. = M [ I
N ^ m m . z jf . w - ^
= t #>

-4 ---------------; P------- * 10------- 1#------- 0 mm m ^ m +


p r
5 3 .? 5

iJ 3 5 J
4 = r - ~ : E---------= 3 S - m - f = = = = = ^ _ J --------
: . . . ....... [_ .J - i J .
fc><r v W W W # # 17

3 3 3 3
, i , .
_ - ^ J ------- J --------0L J ------- k r l SfTr'W^p 5 = 3 - - ^ - ^
* -------- 1!a a m m
~~m m
m mM 3
tJ -arf i * ' a r - -

J? - l 4 '~tp - <------ j^ - =# # - 0 ^ m _ i _ i ' i ---------------


* - i f - f - f f p E = E = P = -r^
J J .? 3

3 _____ 3
i ? ...... -------------- 1 ------ 1 - !" 1-1 I------------------
ii~ - j - -J ' : 1:._ i ; J L -4 J 1J U j [j"
* -m'- i - F ^ F r 1

5 3 .? J
^ j j ] i jjp .jx p

i a
fa cr-DJ cir-Dcr1m
18 Lip F le x ib ilitie s

a 3_.........
3 3

^ - j - J -- Le ---J---J---JLf>J y I H I I l l P - S i P l f e i
h? 5? [N? ^ i- 7 7 p7 7 7 9 9
3 5 J < 7
-4tJ--- ------ L^l--- 0 --- 1-1--- L^l--1- j-jjjj:J'^jj^~ ifcJ^J J ^J - ... 1
:---- 4

-f-H
'* * \ , *... f-:: P B--- :
---
3 3 3 3

J?-------1 ~.: i-t-i f i i 3--- 3--- 3 ------------------ ,


- ' 4 J 4 J 4 J 4 J i m r -S- # w v v i ^
3 3 3 3
-.01------ 4)--- 0|------------ -- 0 - j 4f-0 J-- -J^ --------------
Sh ~ J t 0 0 0 0 - 0 - 0 - ~ 0 -d ------

I ~ ~ ~ ---; - - = p M
_= ^ 2 ,"[*1j j.^<J _j
#= *
=#= -- - -- ' " "-- ' " --- 3- - 3 --- --------------------- j
ill ^ 5l #3^3 3 3 0 T 3 ~

a * * ^ 5 j
--- I - M . . I 1 r iT - |L1rl "U 1 j_q_ppin----|.......................
X 1rr---- 1 j J,j j j.^ g j j j j j j ----
1
1
J f*J- J * * V r ^
1
S'*"
* t-jptt- - >- -J J~J:J"1
Jr-tJ* [J iJz-^z-rr-** V-IJ-4J-
J* ----

oo
Jai
3 .? ,? .?
4 - A-- r--:t^~
~ \ PlH -
1 4 1 + 11111 -f-^-<-#*--- 4 S - - 4 -4 -S>-----
4 .*l...j -

--- -
fc - ===N...
v? / T L ::.= . * * i * 0 J0 J--- 0JmU------
-^t t-

-J2
fit)-- 0~-- --- F-- _---l ~f r ~. f r . F- F. - l F-.F^J m rnm rn - mM m m m ~p -----
= F-= t
U p F le x ib ilitie s 19

T 3 I T

J T* O -P lIl O TW ^^ ja/

P
!# -- - - " i
feftr-Ecftr

j f j j f dr j t md h i J f l j gd \-
_...d..-^
ft

[tfc E r C n r ir
J 3

j 2 ______3._____ ______ .


3 3 3 3
jr ar ----- a ------- aj------
---------------# ------ ------ -# L ----- -W------- * --------*L_

------ 4 U -------- ---


v y -flp * ~p * J i .> :. . . : . i - , " r p tjpr f ------------

3 5 5 J

1 j ^ j i j it - g a ------ I------- I 4 J -J - -J - 4 n
7 7 7 H W i 1

r t>4
t ,t 0 t...4o4 j 0 j 0i i i m
\>* 4 r o4 s - - II
4 .- - 4 ^

r$ ;-n r-|
r bJ r J 11.J7, 1
-!-
tffcEfunir1
3 3 3 3
: * W 4 - , w fi
20 Lip F le x ib ilitie s

--- ---- 5---- ,3---- 3----


4= ^ -= = R E F = j
"Sr _ J _ ^ 1 F F
C i r *' w

^ J Jj
--- ----
m r # - >#---- 0~^ j g - g 1 J T 3 [ J _ =
JJ ' ...... -J ai

9 m * '# W
m ---- J

A1 *^ " i 3 3

F=t=
~ 1 y j* jf * J J* 4" i ------ I
T ~ r ^ ...
* j * - J
= 1

- njf - t
|= ^ ----
W p W -m 3 ^ 3 * St 5
3 ^ it ^z
1
A
3 3 3 3

7T- - T#U n j T r TT~ =g=-5fTpf--!-'-'


' " 1
J *Q ? F ~ ^t J- w -
m - -m - ~ 0- iW ^ iK W m ' TJ

j 3 3 3

, a ----
. i ?* & P J J J-lJt^fw t P fe '
Lip F le x ib ilitie s 21
Play with and without alternate fingerings.

m m m
& I# -y-

m
22 Lip F le x ib ilitie s

Play with and without alternate fingerings (Nos. 8, 9 and 10).

* "

Jm TT_ . . ==pj-r 3
3

T~nn[J.JBW-fl--- |
___ -------------------------
S i J.J J...I j -- __
* ~J* J * j NC "" ' --- ^

-*N
J llJ , J J T K & / j j j n F =
# r V " L *-J * gy. :J ..... ' a # _ r . T 'i p *_ i
-----
# = = ^ f f f T
1 i
1
= = = = =
# T = m F f l r- J^
- i - ii
---- m *J ML-^-J -J
:**1.

' ' - *.. : ------------------ :l


i.
=

^ E * M P i m o-

J = 108
10
*
&

m;
l?#r
I ~ * a ''r
U p F le x ib ilitie s 23

f w f
o.
- j I- ..J J T j II
P
J. 108

11 i
p -m f
1.
a


1__, 2___, 1__ , 2
2 1 3 > 2 I 3 3
2_,131 ^23 _1__,2_ 13
^ 3 l
i _ aI a _ >3
l.

-J ? Tir ----------------------_ -------------------------- t - - r A * > p * 1* p * ji ~ f ~ "_ * ...., r>-------------------------- = ------------------------- !


n T 1 n r j= B S = 1
9 1 - ........

i 8 * l ----------------- ----------t j - f torn - P -m p "


^ ^ - * . "...
m
2 ___ , 2 2
3 1 3 ------------- 3 -. - i

11 ^ 1-----fa L 1 '1 - K wT---- +W1 h- r t tfa rl-----k w


' Z U 2 j 1 * : 3 z K 3 L 4 i : t P ! H - a = --------

^ i - = = i j j - j *- - - - - - -- I r 4 | ^ il 1b J 3 3 d i 3 ~ P u l i i J r lf? J 1
t H ^ - a) a --------- & -------- ^ i J * 1 tjj 1
1 1 -------------------------------- W :

t H ]
c^ ------
T T r J T _3k . f j "1 J
JK --------
- ':.... m ------ #1-------m-------4 _ * 1 r.
- fc i?

^ -_ , i_
3 1 3 3 g 11a - 1
4 = H I :=, - ---------------- ^ F f W 3
-------------------- -J -
------------------- j j J . 'M J J "
V I

= # = j _ -------------------- 1 H f- : _ = = ^ = = = : 1
-------* ------ f- r * 1 a ...
f e ) # + * J ........... 1
24 U p F le x ib ilitie s

rm In i f il l \n 1 --- 1----------- m----------- J -^ = = = = = = = =

g i n . J 1' V * ^ J l^ b J bJ j ^ ^ ^ 5* * *

S i - =

# T? ? __ j F

: = = = = = -------- = ^ _ j
- - 4* J J J J J J _ -------------- 11
* _? ? 3 ; *

Play w i fh and without alternate fingerings (1 2 and 1 3 ),


l 2
Js 168 3 3 3 3

a -------- 1 i - i - . ,*J iC 3 T ^ - F ------- " h 3 - = " = f = = = = = - - J ..... ... : t . . ,_ . ,- ^ in '3


-ItfJ 3
2
3
_ m f _____ i i
3 Si
d f e = g - . ^ = : - =
- - T + r i

-------------- ---------------------------- --- L ------------------1------ =}


i N J s i ?
V ^ ^
# * # 3 ^ ?b ^ Ip

2 ii
i " ~ r " f '~ f - C - - ^ ~ . - . - ' --------- I
tF - jr f . Z g . _ J i t , frg . * . . J . 1--------f R f E \fm f ------- f ti* W
= t= ------------ : 1

J = 100 3 .

13 V i / 4 i :V
P
' ------------
- ----- . J --------------------------------- 1
ftj f l , .
tM i~ tp f y t ;

-J * | - ^ E . Io v ~
o -------- I . - + M ,w - -m g j ^ r - M .......... - |
J g fc j v W - - - " > L ^ ------------------------- L -------- 0------------ 0- tJ------ :---------- 1

J 3 ' - 3 " ~'


_ --
J - t i4 1, /r | p

j-iin . } | - 4 m
. j ] 5 . r p ^ ; \ u -------------
4 g fc J
W I V
---------1------------0 ---------

---------------------------------- -
3 _______________ 1 ^ F - P ____ f8_______ F -
1|: C 4 - r [ J - r L b rn r4-- - -

_ | J r
* |r -^. ....
- jP 1 _ - - i - , ------------- 1 # " 1 bo 1
. ---- 1 .. -----a - . .a ,_ J f JT T . ------ 1
tf* c , r c 2
Lip F le x ib ilitie s 25

J s 126
IT
14 : p l ! l |
p -m f
1
JT
|(I>J| ft| j|p :[|

je e e ^

-

-
-i i
m
* n b^ ^ IjJ e-
J

-jf 1 r- = a __ i _ _ : _ ' _ i ' . ~ . ^ - ^ t ------------- 1


- \^ Z Z ------- ^ T T T ------ ------------ \
k - e-
*

'
A " *
------------------ :--------------------------------------------------------------- i

7 H ^ ^ f r i
^ r / T - . J r . , ------------------------------------------------------------ H

J . 144
26 Lip F le x ib ilitie s

J = 9 6 ____
- U j- K r^
17
HJ J
1
--------- ^ 2-*-
= n H ----- F - ^ ------
-tr:
i M ----- #L
\*
.
Lt^ 11 J

J = 120
h *.
nM rf Jl
=F#=i =t#==J~J~f
^ ij f r p J * ; r = i= N r i
F t t = t tf=#J =*jK= = &
1

/ - 1 ^ :-------
P = n p . q r r .K ._ j j j I- < j ! ? . r V i, H .T*
? J ^ ^ J bJ J L r

iC\

& fty y T f j i^ j g y p jP f i j
J = 112
19
I

d ) g

; T T pe-

-J..J-.LJ.!J j-1 . ,-Jj EE 1


* -J J * J = I E

J - -J - 1^
te a c
1

i 1 i

# 1
m
Lip F le x ib ilitie s 27

W jj v ir p
1

S
Wl

J=120
20
my r T jL
=t= =N= JD T1 a a
& |\ vW *L N -* V
Vj? -.J ^ J
),r , ^ 3*
~J?" ;t/j J - --- i-:_ ---------
-J -J 1----- =ta

m ~ m" J-
i> v j d j v.:? i;J

'-* 3 2 ->
-J - 4 ~ j
1 [T P ^ F
^ " " 4 " " ...-
21 - ^ - S --------
w-T / m ff y pm m >

I

y JL* \ Jy 1*
2 _. i_ ^ , P

j j b
V j \ i V j
28 Lip F le x ib ilitie s
Up Flexibilities
30 Lip F le x ib ilitie s

0 ^ 0

7
f f

J^" "g- i* ^ m m J 0 0 - - - - ^ = E t o r ri
-^j) --.jjJ-L. - J '
j* - ' -g au :
r i

ZS
2M-Z-M- sm m
w
55-3

a i
i i
Lip F le x ib ilitie s 31

i
1
4$ m
*J' IJ
-0 IJ
-
~ U
0~4IJ-^:r
4|
~ _|
----- -Ji1--3
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-0
34^
--1
- 4?n
....1I^ 1
J 1 ...
--------------------------------

-- ==^= = = _ == = ~i
j tm-0*
j- -j -
> 4 4 ^ .. r;^U ==-==
j m m * 00

iM*1
--------- ---------- --------- J - 5------------------------------------- - -------------------------------

i
- r
1 w * t A

~tr .+ tM- __ - i f i

^ J* 1 r ^ j m 'W p p

' -m

i

A 2 J

?Hr4J-5i
r..l' ji_ n-jT jlJ11JJrW
-f* j-JJ
^....
" j * -------- ^

# 5
2 i

1
==^---H=--
* ^

-
hf~3i a 3
P -
:---=
1
=T-P
-
-
ik# ^5 =T ................................................... 11

Etude J = 108
32 Technical S tudies

Technical Studies
The following studies should be practiced tongued as well as slurred. Bang the valves down hard! This v
promote accuracy and rhythmic clarity. Do not be put off by difficult keys. Have the self-confidence and
discipline to work on them. They will gradually become easier and easier. Tempos should range from verv
slow to as fast as possible. Use a metronome to promote evenness and to document progress.

Major

/TV

' IL J333# 33J j J J j T O 1J 3A M 3J J J J W *


Technical S tudies 33

E S
- P H I m ---------------------------------------
f r n n - - " m ~ '
' J a
- ^ J - 1 V w - - B_ M
^ j j j * a - - * \ - d - * - d - J -
'- a - m l > ----------------------------------------------------

- =

WP
W Z

/T<

i; ^ ^ c L ^ r r r - i - ^ r

3E

/7\

\> \K ii: e c ^ Q m Ef;c J^

-e -
m
34 Technical S tudies

Minor

v ~ mf ^ 8 *

rz\

JyJsJ

3 *

/O

; ll: j ^ j s a g p j j p l^ P

f t l|: jujjjjJjJJJJjJJ-iLj^JJjJJJJ^JJjJJi -II


/7\
i

/*N

-Cs
.|l.J._Jgfl^ ..J J JJ I JJ J I
/7\

/T\

J J J J U J U JT J J-D
Technical Studies 35

= f= = m ---------------------------
r r r r
t-j <W = l z-f^ m H r , ------------------
L*

~ \/7 \

7 ^ = f i r r f - _- i j l - * w * - -
1 ------ m * mi - j - ~l i !_ ? . W ~ i * o --------------------------
4 ^ = 1

= ^ 4 = =
.... ' . m m 1* . * ~ m m r + * - r . . I - ------------------------------------------ ----
j * j " J 1* m d ' --------- m -
......... 1 ^ L l - .....................................

^ J J ^ J J *g - - ^ E ir^--------
fi ---- .
==^ = m
i

s-
.-a---- m
_^1__ ^ m 1- rl^~Pwi* p (r P--rn--------- w
^
^ is L U J L B5=b ------------

^ %U-irt ..^ .... rpi^Trp Pj Fp---rH^----- ------


ijb u n i LLNd=y = J 1-^ i
-^/r\
JP'A 11i-- Lj 1^M mi
^
p,lT 7p^j-r P '.: --- :-----\
4^ \*=FB 3 H-B---sJsr rtatr=u=t t f i : = = 1I-" 1

itllh - f-
vfo tt u1 '(" f m * * p 1r * i* <> 1 tj 1
i [ f - i - l H ' 1J - = = fa -------------- 1I----- ----------- !

-^rt\
--- n^ 'j *
^^
T f tf=a - iU-^_ :------- i e ----------------
- f i r r f -
0 m
r~' I*-1 -----
- ........^
III11=
^iO
_
4 l,>n 1' h
r f r
3Tr
ir * -
;=
!r-cICrC^r^ ............... 1

TP- r~ I*-# ii * i '


g ^-P -F - ............................

^ i =i * =LF --*#T
=
4 T T - - j 4=

p1
bjt> n f 4 ' "p r p
1

s& sp i ^ - ............ II
36 Technical S tudies

Whole Tone
/T\

Tlf
*

c\

$
/TV

*
/T,
yfj Jj JJj#^nJ~i

_JU ---- I I I PT-


>e-
Technical Studies
38 Technical S tudies

Diminished
C\
m

/T\
p t
Technical Studies 39

U L
j j j j j j j j j j j l j j j |.| '~0-m------ 0 ------ Jm- 0J Jm---------
- * - - J -j
--------------
-J -a rff-^ n'T---------------------
i------------------

p f . . | i ,| H ~ H fiJ [ H - H i
i b t r
JJ J p * J 0 * J~ 0 J J J
J ------ p " j > p * p p : j ^ ------------------

^ lEJ-* ., ._ 1 * ___ . * . f V. 1 .Du ..

=S L F h ir i ,^ =mm -fc----v K # ----- 0~m----- J 2-9 + m---- -m-m----


m" "J ,(T T -g .. ------------------
# = =

m 0^0 l*m a <*"-. 1~ ^ -------------------


^ h r b + nm r ~ m m + - m-w~+ ------ m 0 r * ~ W---- W yum----->4. P ' f ^ F ' P ---------------- --------- i 1 PO------------------

--------- ----------------------------------------------------
-$ i - ... ..m . m ----- p m .. .. - m m -. 0 -m-m- 0 ^ ^ ------------------
------------------- --------------------=

J l ---- Ht-
_ mb/0
------ _p,)
m-----"R
j/ . K p-------- -fl1
^ (>--------- * '0 ? - 0 * - 0 - 1 n ------------------
--------------------------------------------- . - H ' -------=

_ _ m _ _ ---s^ 1
- m 9 <*-m- 9 M 9 *-0 .................. .
^ f - ir
j r r r r --F f f - r r r r r - r t j t ~ d l

i g* bH J ft
t r p r l?,f r r ' p
r r r rr ~ " r p r
^
_ ------------------------------------------------;------------ _\ -----------;-------------

.L p ly W p b ^ f- p - b ft^ j, ------------------
7 $ = f i J i K - j - b ^ * r ^ B" T i* * 9 r m ^
J g y t = ^ f c d b c s a - i - s H ' I r l f l ' ' " I --------- ^ ^

0 p p f f f f I P ------------------
^%= =T t f:
40 Technical S tudies

Technical Etude ( J = 120

mjj -
i H m '^3 |.Jji>'JiP: f'i>
.fe,-#4- '1---- --- " 1 l_l I_1 *
J m /----y. f# mz m | P

F~ = LL _-Ll--- =#=a s

1.

/':
rr^-^c = d

u
i -r r f
1. y

.
i
F= J F------- mf
= = = & =

L_ m I Pi* i p N:b-
*---- ;
P w jir P-g t L Z p f r <
1
w -
-- - 1,-1 j
r7\
Jf 1 t - H---------------------------------
*L J _ J
** ^ j j j j --------------------------
-e -

TT

=B=1M 11 & 1* = =q d g _J1 d /7\


f -------------
I s J g^J,flJ JJ S 1_ + m ^Ti *mm_ ff!FH
l-*-JLJ-HI "O ,---------

=
I

tt * = p S jii [ J J ] ]--------------
;

\ ~ m
1 J

/T\
31
42 Technical S tudies

~HUJ -fJJjJ
1m* * m J \Sr\ IJ i-
* a-M* * *l i-J I-n- ---- ------ m0 m0 * 1
~- J 1--------------
TJ :-
T - f -4 j
MHM W
^m
= = -^ = f fl-* = s= = : 1^--------------
---- 1 Jj- jrf.j- ,.?L 1r---:---------

It
J M ---- \i !
mJ----
m* mrFJ0-.1 1m
|-J1-- m
J-r _-----
-*-* -
-!-#--- F 0 ---1
-- 9-m----- 0 FF
0mf--
-*0 m~ris:::
V :--- :
l^u----------- ^

V.
p .------------
J * p " f-f, -J jf ~|f i f f r=~M~f*" j*H r-Pi- --1 --------
f f fr ---
~^/T\
j y \v~ r- F 0 mF F 0 'm~F"rn~m . i- i -----:------ :
l r -

->4tr-|rj:-- 0 m m0 M
m0 1 --- m~m0 m F-F 0 'm-~ lm0m m0m . 1^--------------
. "^ 0 m
&> -Oft 41- Ptmi [ f f r - ?----- *- j - f ----- "- r ^ ~ . ...

J r|. ~0~m
^ p 0 m 0 p 0 m ^ 0 m^-- 1
f l , ----------- q
r 1
# = N - ' x i M - - ^ - mi L L r ^

k b^L
(mp 15=f>-*-* f f mf p r m f 1 *-F- F m T F mf f f p P 0m 'O:----:
? p\ *x u L m L H ji- i- i- r T
"' ----------
- -1j
== g S ..B -w ..----- - -

F~*"PF 4
. 0 0~ar ^~~F~~0~~
^ 0 P F 0--1O----- :----- _ j
_U r w - 1 r ^ jn i f. i u \---------------4

~-^C\
1^1, Ii:. n mf + - ]*~p~pr r r r r r r n j ,r r f T T f r f r r r r r r 1 ** "T

--^C\
^ ft ||. r 1*< pp^ppp f pf, f r pf r f r f r p pr f p --------------
! - : - i i - : s s - = = : ----= 1--------------- 4
^T\
p -| p p
iM P fe i fe
m - = \ F '- " L 1
Technical Studies 43

Minor

1- .....
Tf
-j.. .. /7\
^
\ ---------------------------
\ -----------------------
--
4 _ ^ ------------------------------------------------------------ _ /7\
L- 1-i. J <i i i L i., r .J_--------------------------
\--------------
- * j p l - p T i m is O T -

f7\
l--- L1. 11 g= = = = = - ==11--------------
r H " I' JJJJJJJJJJ TT

---=== f f 111] 1 'r f i i


/7\ :------- ---------- 1
1---------
r j j J J j j
\----------------------------
i j J J i ^ JJ J J Jj J>hJJ, ___ XJ
44 Technical S tudies

...... II
1
i
1riti rn I Bm
Es

j i - *i -- 3
1 ( i n P -------------------- 1
r tr ~ ....... . . . 1
2z

in *=3 m i

/TN
~ rr
S ?

----------------------- ^ / 7 N
n

0 - w - w z ^ t
i

r 0 p p . I Q -------------------------------------------
<

<

* '! * m P ~ m
. 4 _ -----------------------------------------------

= r ^ 4 L T C f f T H n n i

t
* _ 1
% t i k- i f-F i fl^ :-------------- K
1
1
t
^ y = i = M ? 3
m

i*' P r~f f* f =--- 0-m~=


f r i*f W 1
-gT17 1E| i FT^H -F iT ff+ fr r|rTr~r =BBFff FTt*H F ,11
Bb 1 ' " 1- 1!
f .i f n
B39 y=y
.O,
?=? F h
3E
p n I
Technical Studies 45

Whol e Tone

/ T \
___ _______________

h l i i r t ~ ------------------------------------------------
H i
\ ---------------------------------------------------------
P P .
P l i ^ n 3
* 3 g

!7 s
h ----------------:----------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
i f - ^ -------------------------------------

k -----------------------------------------

-G -

C v

H * ^ J
~ V m
^ b p -
46 Technical Studies

yr\
-m

fei ?0 |)J --*0 W^0 | br*


im
/TN
u

/Ts
ZJt
i T ^ r f - f f - b f y r r - r t o i
Technical Studies 47

Technical Etude

p % [-^
48 Technical Studies

Major
/T\
lo ilm
p -T T if

II J j - J - . J , j \ . J . . J . J j J J. J: J 3

lL j j.j j J.j J J j_[ jj j j 1J J J J j j j



rsr
3

-* ----- ~--0

i h ------ m~~w *J* JJ 'J *


0 _____
I: rj'"r H j~'i -1 ' I' 1 "1E=H F^=H 1-^- - . - Ji
J JJJJ
<

hs=dz 1 * j n
1

j
1


u
1
r

__

C s _------------ .
-
T

- 4 " j j - r n | j I I F
tt

p T " ^ ~
D

i m
# N f ! = i
I

|----------- n
1 .
U

J ' ~ r j - f 1 ]
Technical Studies 49

- j -------------------------------------------------- '

- J - ----------- - ------------ m ~ \

d H u :

i j :
---------------- 3

j
-

^
^

" |
---------------------- ----------------------F

~ r p
F

j
R

j
----------------

j
i B

------------- J
- t i

J ^
r

p
n

. - ^
7^ J
r ^

p ---------------------------------- ^
r - . .

~ 0 0 -------------- --- ------- = ------------- B ^ 1 , ------------ L J


f i i . fr ** ^ l /_ m * . f J J m
m s * * * * J * " m ~ m- f - J * . d J p p _ _ p J p ------------- , ]

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ^ T \ _______________________

- J ? $ I . * m w ~ m " " m ' " m a m p r " P " J - * h


- t o i | * - - 9 - m - m w i ------------- i -------------- ---- -------------- J J J f p | p W --------------- \

/TN ^ ______________________

j i L - ^ I K .. . ^ * 1 r j - * p . -
1 p f * p r p p . p p r r J r ^ r -i i
T O ^ ------------ | * p ----------- ------------------------------------------------------- * -------------- ---------------------- ----------- - m . _ , * * r ' 1

. /TS

ifit 11- p P p p p f r F P * " " ' p f > ----------- F ~ * - > * p . ------------ P * P J * > r i
5 r r ------------------------- - - p _______p _ * . _ p . * 1

/T s ______________

- A - - | . I * P p p P * f m p p - p p P ~ p
I 1. f . r . r - p - v - r T - F - f ^ f - r r -11
& T - I - ------------------------ p 1 ----------------- - ----------------------- ---- ----------------------------------------

/T n ___________

p p * p ~ r~
- 0 ------------* p ------------- ---- P - - 0 - ---------------- * ------------- .-1
} L r r \ ^ r - ^ T ^ * f - r - . p * r p r L -
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- : = 4 ---------------------------------------------------- \

/TN ------------------- ^

~ \ -

r V
i
r
-----------------
= -

- F p p p r b *
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
... .

*
=
p

_
f
=

p

_
................._

p
^ _
P
_
p

P
-

^ - r H
J

p
---------------------------------------1_ _ ,
S f P

- 1
,

/T \

=pr
fr rpt r-ftfr? r f p . b

/TN

TiTf rr~'rrrrrf f fWrN


/TN ^ ____________________ __

7forTffrC.rr-T-rrrrr rrf-Iff rfr rrrr^T ^rrf :|


50 Technical Studies

M inor

11 y
/TN
k ^ k , >> i - I I I I r ' T ' i -i------------- 1 i 1 1
^ l i ii

/TN
-------- ------------------------. . . . , - , ------------------- 3

3 -& $ ig T f m j j ^

C\
- -b J 3 _ ^ -1 11 t.-= -4
y l , |l J J | ir i

/TN
3---------1' 1 I ---- 1 | | I----------------------- -r*------- --- jf
V jj I j j^_[j j'_[ j j j ,

!7s
3 F ") < f. | I 14 J ^ 1 ""' '--''l
1 J J -J- ^ 7 1i J J J i,j J J J J J i^ _ p
/TN
^j:^=}i=r===3------ =4- 1 | L, | ( I p-----
= :I q _ J -----_--- 1
-^- * .J-J J .J j. .J. J + J. J J f

^ JJ JJ ^ Jj^J. J J J JJ J=U J J )|J 7 7 J J.J.^ J..Jf J r l


Technical Studies 51

im .
i-I- ~* ^
* J- *- *
^ -^
= = =<-
---=
:==J~3--
** J J f f --- \

y fl7|
' I------------- _------------------ """O
J . . J .j J J . ^ - r -'-$j J J J p f
----------------------- ^ /TN
L.HM; I- i>"" _ fr - ' _ ---sn*f ___rjj*- P R p r fr _fr^-
tn) ^t>i,ir p-f ~ri* rrT -r^ *r r r p_ :

-----------^;------- ^
% i . _
_ ...p ..Up p \
ij
- s h r r r r ppm
r r ^r "t-p~p |* f tfj - r H~r r r r r - ii
r r r

/TS
TO
kfc^ \- * mF m 9 f " m
lX--1
^g-b V 9m
4 * - *' pU m
m 9 9 g 9l." -m * 1
_Ij P P| J*1I* .* -1
/TV
ci
)f 1
(fT | *[ fr " .fr** * ......
fr p "p m*-
m J~
m- _ .1
-i
/T\
/.t
4^J2-\ -F~" i* fr f rh^ r fr j fr ---
r ------------------* i* * fr 1rf N
r fbT ' rj rr r. rr lr I1*7^
i f f-p
r T r M~1I1
/T\
*f --------------- j :~T~m5-------
fr fr fr ^-Tfr-r r r r p-l-r . Tu. F f f f f ? ?
T B ..r i j f r i r i -n r 11 r
. .... .. /T\ __
-\^0~ -p-^-g-P-- _ p p_-------
9 0 m 0 9 T 0 p fr p fr fr------ fr-1 *. r^M j jfr
fr^i
4^-1--------- -i - 3 - t ~i i r i r r r r - M M M H l

tT\
i AWjy--t~*--
| T==
:--=
- ^yf - 9--
r Lfr *---L
f fr p fr- -fr- r-p
r |> p f - r p ^
-P p-P
r r = j i

/TN
r r f r TV1 M I I 'H11 M M =W
LJ_LJ
r r r r p r = e ^ f e N

/T\ ^ _
| T f r f Y f f r r r f T ^ f r f - | |
52 Technical Studies

W hole Tone

I /7\-__" -|
1 a
N J J
*-J1 * i 4*=* L L j k *
:br f J
/Tv
^=f --j -*1 fa ~m l i
j . I _1 J w J #L a -tJ.
a ----
=S$3
Technical Studies 53

/Ts ^
I ;
fe 1 , f = t f i I
----------------j - s w * J = *= - j+
tt ' f * # j - i f -
3 =

r r ^ i -
-------&
- f - r ------- it _________ I" I I " ---------- i t s -
-----J = f a = i
z * = ii5 j _
- f- F
= i
- * - m i H

t j. r ^ r F i r f ? f e r i <p fi .

------ ^O.
m
p
V' " rS#---- ^ * J - f =f -- m
--- ^ *J
4gJ=ILIi - J
TT = # * w =**
54 Technical Studies

Technical Etude ( J = 100)

d -~ d ' m

. p-.| v . W . - . 5 . - - ___
* - ____ ______________J - .......

J { -m
i j ...i >.,y..,j-Kjp. _ . . .g
?_ * . { i?
_ iL _ _ ; r |jr - - k - * - t V ^ t1 =... = l
r I T f t. I -t^ U T -T

--- u!PW * i - ------------- - ---- * ! ---------_ j*


--- J ----- LV-M j-^j--- p -^ ---------- 1 ,a . ^ m m m~m . ..
= s = -
T

1 T ~ * -b~
^
w
^
~ J J W--- m

J |.i,J - * -m
_^ Jim-----^
J m J J
J ----- Jm----
^
---------
* ----- J * ^a * 1

" a1 ^ "1 L_ ._ _
. -o .? ..m 0 m ........... ^. ... ..,. J -----
J1 ^ b j ^ X ---- 5
mf

J H = J _ *m*m
------ -----------------
------*d 1k -----
------------- ----------------------
J -------
J J ^ iL H
A y .r T r ^.... m_+.f T
r 7 r .T _ r.. .... ->----------
... .. i I ............ i '-
1fr Y ^hi------ +--- m J-* d J TLLM .......... ............. ..... ...........
y *
Technical Studies 55

Chromatic

1 4 it
1_ .... . -- m
j g f c t
_ .b J
W b ^ t] m r * w
7 r '

-S h --------------- 1------------------------------

J W J ^ J | :W -
4 M
l b J J ;i J - ^ XT

KS
# xr 3
'V
b ------ i r i r~ "~l \
1

....
- -

4 w - j. * ^
* W lf i

Ol
- f n ^ i - 1------------------------------------------------

# 4 ^
J t J J i} J _[ *
b-J
# -
+i
W - b J l; j f r * T r .
^ 0
H o ---------------------------- 1

c\
\r~ rrr = f = - = . . f------------------------------------------------
T r

h j i K P "
^ 4 Jb Jt} . ....
1------------------------------------------------
j t j *1 ~ U ............. 11

-
4 = = T^ = ~ 1------------------------------------------------
T T t t
W = b J fc * b o -------------
^ = ' V ,r

= = p -
h ----------- = 1------------------------------------------------
4 r
S K
r
* J
J# J= ?L
J b J tjJ t J ijJ J-- o ------------- -----------------------

-p C\
, ., _w
i= t= = L T D "1-h - 4V J" r 1 ------------------------------------------------
r . J p* J n . r J i J r
a ] ta t
*
f
I
J -J W j
t n ----------------------------------------

= * = f. ' L I T ] = t= f r C\
1------------------------ ------------------------
M'9 =... t =mP
4 h w r J J bW ---------* ' M k
^ J ip Mjj =J
-o

*
^ = M i r -------
zr^ i S'
-----^ 4 ^ ^ 4 ^
1 - 1
56 Technical Studies

, | |W I ^ ------ ---------- -

1 5 4 | . - r - j - j 3 - - j - = = ::r v :. ' ------------------1


- --------- \m~ 0 -------m 1 *-------------- ----------- - - ^7
i s i * ' t f r r ^
| y i i

S S = i

II. - 0 m m - m 0 0 0 " m .............. j_ T r .: - :: p ;- - _ _1 " "'H


. r _ p ,.p . p , p -------- _ l _ * . 4 ... , ^ s r

< r i> ii- u L p - f f f - F - u J l f 4 - - - * -E ----------- * ---------

------------------------------- -------------------------------- ^

1 - P p - : ~0 m 0 0 m 0 f ' f p 0 --------- 0 0 --------- 0 m 1 m ~ z ~ 4 : --------- -

g f - * ---------- J i -

r p > f - p r V f i i - ^ - i -

= y ^ T i ~ r t f * - J | f r f

----------------------------------------------------------- ,

r p * 0 - P V p t .. - 5 - J g t V ? > P - p " " p - * T T J - -st


.... * 9 9 m ...

t o t e - J -

..p p p r ] .'i-i
V ? 1 * P i * > 1 1* * r p > ,;
f r II-. l r m f r - H - f - r - r - 1 .............. - 1 1 H T - l f r- p - p - p - p - p - r r - - r ^

. ... - j - , - - .
ii- f r r r T r p r f r r r j J ^ i j
W r - g 9 I ' ---------------- ------------------- = r -------------------------------------------* b 4 1 = = ----------- ----------d - ----- M * 1 j

' .. A

P ....F f ..... p pl
- / P t - f T r r r ^ c p - " - * T : r > ^
T O T* r T - -- --------- - - U - - ------------ : -----------: ----------- = E ~ h f = = = ----------- -------------------------g y B 4

y P - , - 7 .------- 1 ~ . P . * p P p * - p j f P p p r - p v r f p ^
fc 1 ' _ _ - 9 - 9 * ' P ~ * - |

/r\

* .p f p - p - f ----------p ---------J ^ ^ u
j? P ' r -p - p ^ - ^ f - i ' p - ^ r ~ f : p F - r - r H

. ^ M = B c H f 4 = T 4 =f f

f P P f - f f - p -f 1-------- P ---------- [ J ----- n


f o ||. f f t r - r - . - - * g - t f

r . y i y * ^
/T\

Tr r r f r f f J ^ - i r r rj [g 0 ------- 0 11

jCs

E S 5
li' l i s j fa ^ -P ^ -L L ^ g l ----- 1 0 --

^ ||: f j r - p - f f ijp 7 X X 'r ~ f


B

---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 3 = = - ^

0 -~ --0
t e
C rrf'^ E" " ^ T ? ' ;|1
.o,

ll: J jp r p - H

P -fr f- 0
* ib f-r-P --f fhm-- *--- ?* J ,---.H
ff ft ||:.
1aorj -4=tid-U 4=e4 r
*-p r r r f 1 f ff rp
^=i rj =s j a
lu= ~
= ^ 1
f-n
' r
<7\
f-p -
j j v j r

O,

*
W 0 i

T\ e

Pa I. fr r r f n r r tf r f= q r i f J r r f i > r r . r . if1> 1I

T l 1 k m 1 1 11 14-n 1 r 1 r 1
---f---^
58 Technical Studies

M ajor
Technical Studies 59

^ J --J-J-- 1.1 J J J J J J J
1
-J? -E -Jj |
. B__- _1 ----/T\
AJA.f^A j i-4---- *-- 0m- 1
M ----- -- H
----------|
TT
|
^-1 ^ r 1 1 1 r Tin--- ^
* |
g> ..^#^
J - a J " J ^JIJJJJ JAAJ d-1
(rfoib
PlP{?,b
--L
--
]-*1 * - m
--J--- -0
ar ---- - --_m__mm_1
ir- -g~*rr --- -- u

rrpp p~[ i r 1 1
HrTl ---
"T ^-' 1 i i i i i i n 1i 1 1
i---
J J J * J J^-J J-'-* J=p=f=| i

Jfe_: ffj
^j J1,J~Jji * * L
**L^..r~vrr> *i#H*-m
--- ' LPm
--- -0--m
-F0m
=_-1
|O---- -- 1
-------- H

-jni J , J ^ J J ^ ^ [ --
g*... f 1111111--------- p-pf f r 1
- --------------
'lt.
<prtHfr,j *
*j mm ------- -- m--=-0m -=-|1
Sfff-r4-r-=f FTm-10T
1-1F1011
--t------
JI--- -- H

^J =ri-J_-JJ-J p^p----
F.J J_J J. - j_.1 #1 1 .1wr-II* v1-*------
r *- - m^
------------------
~^r^ 1- m~m =--0m-0r0rr0 i 11--- B

-/^
L---y
59 p----
1
^*J---
y m
*1


--
^m
*
*

P
m


m
p
f1
f
P
^ A m
*--- J -fm
J-- f f -f-/
P m*
P
rt r1#
rP-Pp|
i

4
j^
L2-.-*
& " -* "'^'U
.............. _^"--
-* -p
T-.f .>FfFrf F t---- -- U
rI rri 1 r 1 ="
60 Technical Studies

Vi) t--- m
-----*
F J I m
rr>
. * ' * " . . *,
.*.*
' * - o
ETe-=- ===-===
f TT l' m -------
m+-*--- m+ ------
-m-F-F- p " ., m- * * w-P F m f "
r. r = - -- - r 1 1 1

y r it= * .r>'r 7 > p . f r r r r i r r r f r f T 0" =


# S = ^ = ^ ,|||J h 1' 1r t f - p n i n M 1' 1 1 i ..

fr^j t7 i* r r .----------*=
u-f'---mPFmPr t z ^ FpFr
- e=j:mF m ---
'Lj
/T\
i ..| r r f p ^ r r f r r r r r T~--------- ,
asT u--- u = ^ _ :--- ------------U---L-L-LJ-------------- 1

4 $ $ = ^ = ^ V rr r r r
^ r
r f r r r n r r r r _ B f = - l - ft----- ----------------- E

|* [* |" pppp'pp'ppj* 1 r f r r - f r f a ^ -------- - ,

0-f mr-F-r-9-^-r^L?'* _ m * P
*
*
I
/-?\
irrrrrfrr^ frrffrf ==|
tJ

- ^ j:ii '^pp * _ * m_ *-* *


------------ - t 4 - - - ------ ------
Technical Studies 61

K_
r r p * ' m * -0 * *

- - . . _ . ---------------------- 1 _ jb ~ ... 1 7 j
^ r 1 n r h - _ ~

r r r f r r r r f r f f f f i = f i
^ - - i T f r T f f r i P i f r ^ f r - t f f

* 11 M inor

j j j j j j j j j j j j ^

/ r >

' p I . | I I I I i j

g ........... 1

f r

I I i r n i M J f = F = r - R = R ^ --------------------------------------------------------------

I I I : M -4 - F - r - f ' l .....

* ^ J 1 J J - J - i j 1

i 1 1 1 1 h + i i [ " [ " n ~ i " i i ^ ------------------------------------------1

mw mm
----------------- | H J 1 J J
-------------------- z - d ----------- ^ * d - m d * 9 d d ~ m * l t ------------------------------------------
- * ^ J J J J , J J J J J ^ J J 1 J J w -

- [ - J i - 1 J J j j j j j j . j
J..J...|. ^ - ^ . j T g - J r-<| J ^ ^ J > J - ^ - ^ - W - ^ - l

J J J J J j J J J J
t J ----------- a - J J - j - J ^ J ^ J J ^ --------------------------------------------------------------
62 Technical Studies

J j J J..J J J J J J J J _ J JJ j *-3-1L i i

qi
^ ^b -- J J * -J-J-,. J-g J 1 Jj a | O

\
-4 -------- = = = =f=-----
-_
7T=i=r--t
^ J T J j f Z J v J J J J * J j- J J J J^ J JI -

^ r jj T JJT T } J J 3 J ..J J-j

~Jr 1b i i
p- r -' ']~ rjT i 1 1 1 1 J J J
-
jj.j J J j J J J J i j j j j J^ ^J^

0 ^ m~m .... *..i

Jp8A -PS 3-" |~| --- ---- -


-4? i J u r*J J J J J ^ J J ^ -a--J
0 0 J * J J ^ ^^
i-J ....

3=----------
JJJ^Jppppl! -J =
J. J =
J -J =
*=J=
J -|
__ ^ m r
5==3
1*1--- f T l l- F F J~ -ir I ]
-i
4?--- J j J-J-J L a
^ J J---^-J 1 J J J J JJ JJJ J- h p-f JE=
Technical Studies
64 Technical Studies

rrp: -jT^
-- =
---:
f r
_j_---r pP
j
- *
--pr ?=fce=
f H -- -KCJ -=S==
o
iAn rf r r r i> r r r - f ir r-ff r-t ^

A p-f^
^ 0 y=
zf.-;_rr-f-P-i-r *1*n*>f f * p* r f r r * f r =S

-w--Fr*Fr^*i*rrr
------ III
I.,Tff =t
; l---- ---Hl

JL 0r;pf fr H-fi- r Tr ci--;-*-_l. r ' f r *p, |


Vi>h>
H.-- pr Mir1

-- N
^-..pr^rrprffr^ff
'^. . 1111M ill rt i ihTTfrrrrrrrfrr f r r r =---
y 1

JPfr--r^
--- r I*m
Tf *---p-- 0-- =f-
-- m * r ---
p-p-* p i--
---------- r 4---- 1
o.
4?M- 1LA^hJ M][LU.11 Tf rt rfrr f %"---.=

&A f f f r r r r r r r r r L pp p~f~pp_
Technical Studies 65

Technical Etude ( J = 120)

U U J I II n J I ' * m - 3 i - ] J f T l. H Hq
if H ^ J7 |- H = - T = W =

|
^ = J ' ft* J * ci f l i

1
h ]
h - - = f f

1
= L-Jj J J J '4 i -.- = : / - : :.JW S = F f f p rc rJ
u _ L , - ^ r r ^ ^

jj- %
J J V # - 4 - B ^ __ B / -
<

<

a - - - m -
i
66 Finger Flexibilities

Finger Flexibilities
Bang the valves down firmly!

J = 1 2 0
/7\
1

f
/T\ /7\

i
*3g

r\

7TT-

ITS f7\
I B

I7\
JJ J J .J J jl =

/7\
J J Z
Finger Flexibilities 67

j =120
2 1

f
/7\
m - i 1

55555555 5 i5 5 # 5 5 ,5 , ' 5

/7\

1 = 1

!!JJbJJJJijj JJ.JpS TO
68 Finger Flexibilities

* * - 100
- rpiu
lajyr three
I I I I C C 1tim
I I I I es
C 3 ^

8 i i 1 1 " i
P la y three tim es ^ ^

11 - O - 1 4 " J 1 > > - T O L J


sim ile /7\ /7\

W ? liT K

/7\ /Tv
frrV H I f-

/Tv /Tv

I - J
Finger Flexibilities 69

/ts

iM J J J jza t

14*"ik
wiJ- r-ff--^
. J ma m
W------
|- J l-J ~
l~2 *J m_*_1LiJ:__i------
J-+- ---- \
j

J. P la y th ree tim es

m
P la y three tim es /t s /7s

i
V ^
5? 1 "
sim ile /7s /7s

m T iJ J m f
/7s /7\

1 = fi

/T\ /?N

=< 1
/ tv

- - f ; ' | --------------------------------------------
1 1--------------------------------- \ --------------------
i% r \ -
----------------- 1 - H . - ^ - m
J J - g 1. } - J I

/7s

i
/7S

i
? P

J . 126
70 Finger Flexibilities
Finger Flexibilities 71

j j * * u ii
72 Finger Flexibilities

7 ^ 4 ---- f ,--- ------- T 1


--- = ; i-----------------------
-W - l---- I- I _
/ s0 ^ ^ i 3 TT

I m i m im i i w i m
\>-m-

4 ||: 11 > ||: n

j ii:

4 * ^ g g ! g ^ r ' 0 ii- ^ W c g B P Z E

E*
4= n eM W A 11 ...........-

(Ntv

^ g g g m m fg ^ m ' te
Finger Flexibilities
$

g ^ r f f f f p. r ^ . e . g . f

^ r r r r r f r r ^ r i y r rr rrrf-r-f-ff
$
r f r f r f r f r r r r | r f r f r r rf-r-4 M T A

r rr rr rrrrrrr~r

sa!4!|iqix3|j ja u ij p/
Finger Flexibilities 75
76 Finger Flexibilities

3 ? 1 3
- , h ---------H ~ 1 " " .............................1
... ^ ---- &m-------- -------* -----k J
------- m - a ------- ----- - * ----- k J - 1 o -----------------------------------

3 ? ? ?
yP I ----- - T - f ------------------- T I-----
; * L d f J ------- * -------- -------- |
fr

f
J g fc j g * fl ------- U ------- ------------- ------------------ 1

3 3 ? 3
1

1
-------- 1-------------------------------------------
F=? ------- ' -------- 1 I & -----------------------------------
#
J j=
j l -----M 1 -------* ------ ----- ^ t z = * i -------
----- T * i

3 3 3
- r r - - -j -.f ---------- -------- T |n ~ - ---------------------
tH -llm M ' H
k.

---------- J b -
T ^
U m
.
p!---------- J 2 J 4 * t ? ------------------* l _ i ^ ------------------------------------------------------------------------
1
4 * ir - q
% = *

3 5 ,? 3
- j f 1 - - -------- -------- - 1 i j ----------------------------------- |
I---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- i

i>
---------- t f * -------------- -------------- * ------- I7 1
^ - r

3 3 5 3
.- w ... . r: . w -----1
. .;;& ___ - -----------------------------------
J g? fNc j
=

- j =----- tr= -------m------------------7 --------------- - -


i r
1 -----------------------------------
= 4 = ^ t
3 3

[ * .1t-----^ ------- = i------- * ---- ! *----- m------- *-----Ti


+ = i 1*----- .P
1 -
^ >
-
------------------------------
- -------------
4 ^ = 4 = 3
.? 3 3
Finger F lexib ilitie s 77

-------------------------A ------------ -- ^

1 v ~

1 & J J ? h n T T

-------------------------3 -----------------
------------------------- 3 ------------------------ 3 ~ ----------------------- ^ - * ------------------------- * - -------------------3

I '| *| | ~ '[ ~| r F | - -
- J - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
J - J J - * ? - - * - 0 j J . 0
> 11 J J
J u j j 4 w - '

1 ------------------------- 3 -------------------------3 --------------------^ --------------------- -----------------


- 5 ------------------------- 3
s
----------------- j = ^ H ------------------------------ 1 1 ' " " " = -------------- 4
i t e

J J . J * J 0 J J ^ N y r W i f J j l | j H ---------------------------------------------------------------------
W b i

l ------------------------- 3 ------------------------- 3 - * 2 -------------------------3 --------------------


- ^ - y -
------------------------ ^ ---------------
1 I I : ' n i n m -j -------------------------- F \ \ -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
- i -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

? 3 3 -3 3 3

f l
m ~ n
II b o ----------------------------------------------------------------

? J 3 3 . 3 3 ?

ri i : - r | -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

L l f i , ,
J -< - - * * i ' 0 m
J " 1 J * e ------------------------------------------------------------------- J

f r 11 " g

3 3 3 3 3 i ? 3

1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
4
-( n > - 1 - - m ~ * i = j j J - a - i
- a 1 i i
" " p i " * ^ b J "

3 3 3 3 3 7 3

| -----------------------------------1
* m 0 J . J J J . . . l p i - J - T i - t j - f ^ - T * E i _ , : ~ a ^ s H : t j ---------------------------------------------------------------------
B - N f e

3 3 3 3 3 (?

t z - f - = ^ =
E -h * a - - 0 - 0 ~ m M 0 " --------- I -------------------------:-------------------------------------------
O y r < r *

3 3 i f J 3 3 y 3

vT7 1

. t %
%'
3 3 <5f 3 3 3

------------ f l * --------------- -----------------

i * m r m L
w
-------------- ---- . n > ............ ............................. .... ]

^ ------------------------------------ i
r m ' i
1 O 9 = - = B =
78 Tonguing

Tonguing
Work with a metronome to promote evenness and clarity. Five to ten minutes work every day is the best
means by which to gain speed and coordination. Practice double and triple tonguing very slowly as well as
very quickly.

Single and " K " Tonguing

3 3 3 3 /T\

m j j i
T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T
mf

3.______ 1 ______ 3.______ 1___ .

simile

3 3 3

TT

------ ^I -3 ----- 3 ---


= K = \
j --- 1
9 ' J J----- J J # m m m m m m m 0 m m m y ^ j O

C\
.3 3 3 3=

J .V a 3

J J J J

/7s

T"3~q
# # -m
ni t v nw ~w-m"w
m njijnnm
-m -w v 'v w 'w '
Tonguing 79

/TN /TN
--ft j g=
WJ mmmmmm m - JJJJJJJJ ------- ^ M # ( 4 ^ 4 4 , *U-JJ JJJJJ j g j ---------
m / T T 'F T T TT T T T T T TT T TT T T TT SIBlifc

/T \

l i s ------- * * * * * A

; /TN O

3S.HB1 3
# ------------------------------
/N /T\

JJJJJ J3 "J35 ^yj i 'm 1


3
h 1 1 r i 1 f ^ a .
-a - J i + i r
J *
m ------------------------r -
------------f - _kJJJ*fJJJ1
3 ?
3
P ------------ <? --------- --------
Uli
4 -b-
*m9.J W ^rrrrr-C-T r=i
i *
T = t 1 1 j ii r

j*J J JftJJJJ ^4l (H H 1 -4 -1 ^ . J-J, J J


-1 H
^*1-^ i
; 3 .7 /TN

<ttp-ppr p_i -- J-J-JJ J J j--


r " ^ r 'N J

^J=fcrj.FF,
s__=*UbJ=T I' M ML-U ,. -- km
3
_m.
ul^ J , c_r_r trrr
51
/t\--- -i
(fo mV. j.J J J[>J LJ]fc=
R "l ^ JJ^
em 1] j rm crto tf./ r 3
3 ^
.? 1 p-4-|nA ..
ilr~"TTTP'P JJJ*^f* 1
^ ^ ^ J 1 ^ J| r ir W ' W fB W

j^. f-T-pr, rj>rP PP---- -- rrbrrrrVrrprFrlU


! 51 - -------------------------------

?
80 Tonguing

; ^
rrrpayctff
~ '-*---- *---- 3-m r
Single Tongue Etude Try to develop enough speed to play this etude In one breath.
Tonguing 81

The "K" tongue should be practiced alone in order to promote clarity and evenness in double and triple
tonguing. Try to make it as clean sounding as the "T" tongue and be patient as the "K" tongue may sound
bad at first.

T
4
f - 4
4


J
J
..........J
J
j J o ------------- m m a ' - | : r r -------------------------------------

m;

$ T T

K K K K K K K K K K

TT In Ito
K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K

-3 3 3 3 J
5 ----- _ =p.
-------- F = = T 1 p -i
mJ JJH J
V * S B * *
i ?

o 3
' z >

J 3 ?
3
------------------------------------------------------------------ J
k
1
1

_i
1

9 * z a a
I

-------------------------- J J m
~9
- J ........................................ .............................................................................. J

> - o -

9 3 ' 3
7 ^ 4 i tJ = ^ # 5 = r - =
J ------------------- m w
4 J J J . [ 9-------
m m * - 4-4 i =
" ' *
, simile
t nf K K K K < K K K K K K K

' 3
. : .7 3 !7s
n ----------- T - h r n ~ J J 3 = r j " " " n rT F T = -l- - [ " - I -------- \
- f - 1 * * * ------ h r J J ---- #L
$ r J ' ^ 1
82 Tonguing

Double Tonguing

Slowly ( J = 108 ;

8 fi I 1-j j .> t j >J- .* [||J ji- .J -<> i


#
T K

i . > (-------
?--- i ----- f t r------ )----- ------ ----- 6 rih i irr}
- r _ F i m }
rr^ r *
s im ile

t I J %- P * J=^ * J I J I _

9& <>
T K T K T K T K T K T K

7 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------1

W " . a - O . . ................... f 9

#
4 'd^=d TT TT

j r m m

i J j- -j - j j -J'j j j j -j
$ i j j^ jj

# ih N TT
Tonguing 83

10 7 >W 4 V
P 4 & #1 4P 4 d * 4 4 * - -
~ p ._ _ . _ a
t r *
- 28? fflF * S'
=4 =
F ^ f f -
m ----------------
j t r r r r r = f c
# * = : = (4 4 =

11^=3=S31
i m f
9 9 'h* 99----- 9 ^ 0 0

rnf l i J

XX
^-J333J
B33J3333 333 H m w w m
5
m f

------- 1 ne*:
-0j j j j j'j-j-*^ :. "" : J J JJ J J_J J J.J J J..J^ r
4 = 1

9
Th) - ) I t I I 1 I rrrrr *
* w i
.-------------------- , 11111
.m d ti m m m fLJfjj-0 ==F
9* 0 9>
-

9>---
X -

4 E / a - ffiT l T a r m
84 Tonguing

i asfearto rfr^ m tE a T -ro m e a m tf

i j j j j . r o
m f

f JJ JJj ' Jj j j -JJJ^ =

t -g-m 'j j 'i i jJ 7 n jm '*

i4^jJUlfrfrrJ^m rrffr i^riT^t^^jjii^rrfr


Tonguing 85

m-m
lairs cre% g^j
m/"

=*=1 -I- 1*1----- p-- "Ti:m m m m |V


-==
...
)
H=H r m W
9#M m M M .

V b
- m - ------------- ^ ----------------------------------_ ------------ 1
H -
. ___i i W j w 0 m i a a a .
B 6 V J J 4 y _ y ' J J J J -

1 = M

Double Tongue Etude ( J = 144)


> > > , > >
17I i LT-j' IJS3
/ -
>_m
m >
-A.-^ ^ m - .. . m
-
mm
m=mr = LJ-J\-d-m ------- m- .. - \- Mr
E--~ L
p ------- U - n K E A p
>
4 = E=
1l* P 'P M 1> .R m .-------- . l i
I I !J
i
T ^ "-----L L L F = J E = |-5-d m m mml~T-- y-- J
rr? .

m f

[>* hJ J J J ^
Tonguing 87

$ Jjj

t e

W S

l*s:

#
88 Tonguing

~mm

/T N

r r r r r rrr-r-rrr r r . r r r r r r r r r w
m

21 w, m
m/1

^-jjjjjjjjr'ffrrrrr 1rrrrr rrr jJJJjJg

P 1
m 'M mm m

n ^ \ Hfff
m f
Tonguing 89

4
23 ^ ^

77
u a i one:
Jj JJ*Q J*
-

Mi p i m m m ~ m 'W ~Pw
r r r r r -..... ! - - - , L b 4-
^ -1 ~ L ] 1 J.
L
-----------------------------------------------

JP rr K
D=t

* r


=
. .
y= j ***
iUuyi

-o -
------------------

\
i

P la y th ree tim es

o /i Jr. 4 I- ---------------------------\ t J r ----------------


^ TTlf
P la y three times
------------- =
1 H 'T I i i i J T T l 1 1 H 1 --------- 1
90 Tonguing

_
1
J j J
c

t n r > J ' J ~ 1 < J W J J J ' - d d - - ~ d c J


# = * ^ K 3 _

y : l i
a t =

I P 11

- H --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1

J J J J J J J J J J J J J J i J
3 S f

7 ^ - 1 - t f =
1f n 1

- i H 1
TO - - f z m -
11 i m
- " -

ft.I
-m

II ^ L f u l b z J ' r J - H

j--------------1
------------------------------------------------------------- 1

==

Ir*^
_M 4 * -
-F-# _l_ V il ttptl m ip. ----------- -
-H S g
- i - t

-11 4 - i 1

^j .-t1-
IfT * p* mm* m m mm -j-r* ^ p p- 9- ................. 1
=fe -------------1

ba -*- B- 1
id T T T f^
a s
Tonguing 91

Double Tongue Etude ( J = 160)

25

J J J J-

m
? m m m

I t T T T T :
Hl i 1
3 lLVbJ.

br - J
r r p i > J j |4 - n ^ - c r r Y 7

!W
. J JbJijJ J i-j|,-.; mw~mw 1 * ~mw ~m -0 -
p -

* m f
/
P
ip S p ip

"/

I J~J 1
g f r
/
92 Tonguing
Tonguing 93
94 Tonguing

a sim ile

J J J i J J J f r l J i J . ) JJ * XX

P la y th ree tim es

29
M J J J 11

P la y three tim es

sim ile

P la y th ree tim es

30 in 1

P la y th ree tim es

1 m .
TT

P la y three tim es

i
U I- - f r
Tonguing 95

: = = |
N = M = y
1 =W ^V
J -- J ----------- 4
c i > i > -m > ^i
9 - .............................H > > > >

Double Tongue Etude ( - = 100 )


J

i n
96 Tonguing
Triple Tonguing

3 5 -ffj) j J J J ----- ---L^ g U ---- L


-W M 0 0 0
mf T T K T T T K T T r k T T T K T

i i - i - L^ L = 3 ^ = d T? "'
simile

. . . -
i l l l i 4 - ..... I -
^ --------- 1V-- -- 0 ------
4 = t = t = t = t = * = < 4 =

.a J V- '-^S-
^ 8 M = J P J- ^i " i i ^

J J 3 3 3 3
o Z ~2P - f ) -- "
3 6 i J - i> J J J i >J J ---- & m
^ i n f 1 ~r K T T T T K T T T K T T K T T K T

3 3 5 |S---- ----- d --------- S~


111 r " r
^ = T
J
L=----------------- 4 J "J J J J J cJ~ '
sim ile

4 = * " -^ --------- 1 ----- r*----------<*-

t? -J- -J- -J- -J- < ^ ........... : 1


1 J T 3 J T 3 J T
Tonguing 97

3 3 3
---------1--------
0*T FL
i------ <
m ---- 0 ------
---- i p - 00 - 4 4 0 -j-J
af-J-
J
J J ----- J --- --- a1-----a1--------
t---- *
ujf T r k T T K T T K T T K T T K T
3 3 3 3 3 3
i H
r .. ' = k 1 3 1 3 ] ] ] j^ V "I - 0 --- J--- J1
J-aLaLJ J#l J J J -1
T K T TKTTKTT K T T K T simile

?-------- 5-------- 3 -

^ J ---- 0-----m -
inntsL=------------- J J J m m 0 0 0 0 0 0m m c

4 = -3 ----- j!------i --------3-----


? J J J 1J 3 3 J J J '- j J i ! 3=3=3=-4 W f c i ?

i ..... 1 ?----- ----- -


J J J 1 = J r = h

; ---------------- ?----- 5----- d i* / P a m'u-arm-mm


T -F -r-
a a * r ir 3 * >

4 = , rj
y 1 1 1 ^ J.............. .... T - r r ' L i T e e r e c r =*=(== 1 = 4 = 4
3 j j ? * . ..
3 3 3 3 3 3
1 1 l i i- i m m " l- i.. 1 1 i t
mmmmm -S <a W -----0-0-0 0 m m
0 0 0 0 0
. ..... .,
-- :
3 3 3
r - K R 'T l " '"
#
j = , --- -*w---- 0------- a m tal J J Ja-B-i -a J, -----

3 3 , 1----- 3 - ----3----- 3
# = ---- 4 ---- J -J m ----L-s> J a J 0 0 0 Wa1a J J -1

j j ^ 3----- 3 p i ------ :
1111 4 - =#=# - 1 - 1 JJ j - S J - J j j j - L j. = ^ = J- 'S 1 --- -1

.. .y
------------------ . j 3 j
4 = 4 ---- X ^ = i rj
38 a>aa i 1J a *
' S * J 2 2 - J J J 1' ' simile
n M T X - tt- f" - j
m f TTKT T T K T T T K T 1r T K T 3
3 3 3 3 3------
m m p-0-0-
------1
---- J i- i 0 0 J----J J J J ----
y LU LLF
. V
cc

-00- 0
P i 0-1

V 0 0-0- 0 m _ j
r 0 ms-. - m m Pn r - ^ t r
---------- -
1--
----------------* ----------------------- ------------------ ----------------- ----------------------- ---------------

f e g Cfr

f f H .


r r r .r r r f ffi= f I f f f r r ry r rf f f

0 0 0 0
j0~0i
i ^ f V

T
r r r r

?
r t t T ' I C f -

i- f
mm
? m
m
- , .0 m*
. l! ---- . 4PI------------------- J-------
1. 1 ---------

f* J r r r

---- r f f f f f rij
i t -------------------------M -
^ =
H ----------- f P * 1 r w f t t
---------F -
= 4 M
-0-0--J 1J ^ 0 -0 -m ~L-------
r *** " I J J m J J J J 01 - y -

E i* f J

f i *
f p f

T - g

L J J J , J J J W _ m : - 0 0 0 - - 0 0 J a J r r r 000 1 P P P .... f ^ 1 1 7

e V

= v h \ j j t j j j A r if f ^ r r ; I r y n r u ' t ^ Ofr

_________
P P r '
^ 4 = P r f r m 1 ----- .;1 fr-
r^ = P - p r- p r p r
- f------ ii T L -------- --

A
------
J ___ 000 * m P |* t f f 6 C
------s U 000 ------------- j - t . =
-*.. = _ L

6um 6uoi 86
Tonguing 99

3 3 J 3 3 3
T*T 1 0 -1 - 4--------
3 3 3 3
5 3 3
.. . mm 0 0 0 -----------
Lr - r f 9 * 1
i H 11 ~ml-J j --------- fl m
3 5 3 3
3 3
3 3
-------------- -------
C U
3 3
3 3 3 3 3
. . \jw --------- ------------- 0 0 m m m~
l f - T 1 * um W I r. * 'nr. , ...
m m Mz M .
VIJ 3 3 3 3 3 3
3 3 3 3 3 3
4 = f >m m m ~ ~ ' " - -
i---r
s * 9 - -----------M * * <j----------------------------------
j j r r p -r r r 9 J J 9 0J 0J 0J 9 J '
3 3 3 3 3 3
3 3 3 3
-------------- -------
ta IJi JJL Ji 1- ^
, - ...................
e --------------------------------------
3
3
r h l - ,
T* 0
l -4
"I ^

3 j 4 -1 C U ,

3 3

p ii --1--I-- -# &f . 0
1

t H iT =f T = j 2t ,LI - 4 4 -- mm m m
3 j 3 j 4 -j 3 3 3

3 3 3 3
r~p j
zm'zm" i 1 0 m ; r r r U J
3 3 3 3

3 f
r-fn
^5 J - 4
J rJf
jJ J
J" J
J Ju1 m m m-m
0 a
-------- 0 9 ---r - * f c = i -
U lf

-,4 -4 .1 f i
- 2 ------- 3 -----

3 3 3
J 3
100 Tonguing

j
3 3 7 ,1 ............ 3 3
4 I
m m --------- j g a m
-------- U J .
i f c j t J
J m --------- J m * J J 0 0

j 3 ? 3 3
H - l-t--------------------------------
nf m m --- a --- m J - m--- 9----- ' m ~m m a m
3 3

_ 0 ----------------------------------------- ------------3 ----------------------, 2 -------------- ^ ----------------


3 ---------------3 ----------- It m r , m --------------- ----------------------5 _
X 0 0 - 0- ~0 f --------

^ 3 3 3
tJ J J J J 3 H 1 J J J J t } '
/7\
------------------- i --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1
- ^ * . 3 ---------------------------- 3 ----------------;

3 J r t
ji: ? i i
-
'

W hole Step-Half Step Scale

3 3 i J J C\
J ? -------- 3------- 3 r ~ :-------- -
m r ~ f = ^ \ I
1
1
\.

pj 0 J m m - k J - J
- ........
m m

of
47
mrj,y
; 3
fJ J J J t f J " ^ J
3 ? 3
...------L_ . .
-----tty#- 9 ^ ----- bm a
------- J 0 0 m -4*J * 4>J------- J 0 0

JTl .

m
fyj bJ * Jjj: ry
Tonguing 101

------------------ f ------------------------------
/ M t ~ 4 -------------- , m ----------------------- m = F = m - T - i :
4 0 : ( n /, " <

w j f i i
m f 3

4 H n j ............... ---------------------------------------------------------------- p 4 = H ----------------------- r - r f


n t 4 t ------------------------------1
- p p p T -------------------------- [ ? J J <
* ------------------\ > J J J J ------------- -

/T\

A , * , f i - t - i 1 n h 1 n 1
-------------------------b J J J A | ----------------
1 -----------------------------------------------------------------------1
- y J i i J J *

5 j
3 3 3

- ............. . . . . . . . . r j -
J I r t - J r H i ---------------- - a - J -

J J J ( tp J J - J ~ j M - a
-------------------------------------------------------------- J J J !

f T f k m
3 ^ = ^ ^ 4 * =
r JJJJJJ y
+ =
f ?

J J
,?

J ^
^

^
----------------------------------

> - T
3

- 1

J
- j

J J
3

J 1

.? 3 3
3 3 3 3 3

- f --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- r 7 ~
I

J
I j I 1

s
r

i t
i j -

-
j -

- *
j

* * *
H

*
=- J J
^ - 1? - J -

* 3 3 3

y ( ! ) ) ------------ - m ~ m -------------- - - -----------------------------<


U
_
J
_
_
_
. |
----------------------
i m m m
m w ------------ * * * _
*

+
*-E ............. 1
3

5 0 ^ ^ P -~
-------------- m m - - - m m m -----------------m m r n -----------------------------

3 3 3 ^
? \ 3 ~

3 ?

S
_ z _ _ z ------------------------------------------------= = J _ ----------------------- P f J

-------------- - J a - ----------- m - m - m ------------------- l W ^ L ^ -------------------


* -----------

- , ----------------------3 --------------------------------------3 ------------------------------------- i L

JJJJ JJJ^ J
r - ; ---------------------- ' ---------------------------------_ [ .......................... = f l
. "

------------- -------------

3 _______ 3

5 r r
* . * , . m m m J
------------------------------------------- * _ _ ^ l ----------- m -------------------J - - m m m , w w & _

J *

5 J
.? J J 5

r t i t r i t " ' H = i H H H n H j R
J W J J - J J J J . . . J J J
_ m m m * -m ' m -u " d s d - a ~

/ 7s
J 3 3 _________ T T n

7 ^ ^ - ---------------- --------------------------------- , V , ;
-------------------- s U ------------------------------------------------------------
J J . * 1------------- J J J * ' --------------* U U I --------------------* L V - W
102 Tonguing

. 3 3

= = --------------------------- - - 1
L ^ | ----------------
0
_ '
-
m m m
r
*
____

11 ' + + + m m a m - ;.. 0" * m ' ' m ] m

? -------------- p ^ - . .? j ?

J A - ^ = = - j = p i = = = -
- \ ? Y -----------m m ^ .. ..^ iy .^ 1 - ^ J , J m m 0 4
- * " ---------------- ^ J J J J J J J - J J J J 1

------------ J _ J j r - & - - '---------------------- : ---------- : ------------u


- j j ^ - L - U

1 M r ^ = = = = = - ----------------------------- = 15 - = = = ------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1

---------- J J J - i t P -----------------------J --------- " * * J ---------- J J J ^ ---------------- J J J * ---------- J - J - J - ---------------- * - * - * - ------= 1

.? 3 3 3 .
. J p % J L j I m , I - p ^ r n

% ------------------J J J J ^ J ' ----------- J J J " 1 J g i M - U J J 1 O T J - J J J j

? 3 3 ^

^ N l ; * ------------------- -----------* ---------------- . ? 1-------------------------- r - 4 - j I ' ........................ 11 I------------------------ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

j j j J J j J J JJJJ 1 1
^ ^ - - J J J *1 1 ------------------------------ ------------------------

3 3 3 3 3

- d N r t r = r = = = r 1 = =
J - J J J J J J J # ----------------J J J J : J J J L - j Q j . J . . !
W )* l ^-b J J J r - p - r - ---------------------

3 --------- 3 3 3 n

A \ I v - - - j 4 h 1 - f f l r H H 1 f f l

\ = & u J I 3 J J . J 5 j j _ J J j j J 33 j _ l

3 3 ^ / r \

M i ------------- - & -------------------------------- 3 ------------ , ? 1 1 l - l ------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1

J J J * * L J ---------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------

. . - J P - f c - A n i l i r n 1 f i 1 1 1 1 1
_ H M l N J t b t r . - r - l T J T h J =

J ?
f 3 3
^ h m * m ^ to _

w f r r j * '

3
Tonguing 103

J P k j, p L 1___ _ i- L - i * F , * . _
J J -J - J .- J ..4 J a a m _____ _____

771f 3 j j j

j ~ = 3 3 ?
----- ,5----- ----- ?---- ?--
A k jtk z * * m 9 4P- M __ 4*. _ . . .
--------------------- m* \

= y i f1 L j - f r r r r r - p - i
3 3 3 3 J 3 3 3 3 3^

A 1 3 3 3 - jL . 3 3 3 3 7\
A \>,\t J ; j 1j 1 p=q.
J m < a d J 0

M [ f i I___ I h H I

a C t r u r r = i
TTif 3 3 3 3
3 9
|_| y y ] ^ -3- .) 35-
?----- ?
$ $ - -- , J
- y----- ------- 5 ---------- ---- m __ m m ... ( -
--------' ---------- f L ^ J m 'J J W J J ^ T ,

J 3

J l . ^ j j j l J u J j . , 1 p r r f f f f r f r
h [ _(_] H T f r r r r f - i
j 3 3 3 J 3 3 3 3 3

a . 3 3 3 3- 3 3 3 3 /rs
i H f f l " h f ^ = " = =
J * V * J * J 0

5 2
P * P & 9 m m - * - * -P & 9 .. . 9 M. -.9__
f ^ : -

4 = -- m m s m * - - -- a _j 9 m p j m m
1
1
1

1
1

1
1
1

4 4-----
= = = -= = t L L I t U * ' ...

^
Jt ^ . . . . . . -------------
--------1--------- _ m------------------- J -----J
L b ^ -------- ------------ "
104 Tonguing

$R&:
5CZ 3 ru m
m m m **

a mm

I 1 mi
~a m \

* m
C\
y
"W- ' ' 9
w ^
7Z-

M ---------- J -
j ------------------ - _ -----------
5 3 ( fo f t J -------
OT^1
LL-T
.. 0 . m m ^m : m ' m m m * ~w"

f J
:. :. .:* r..
31
js
bJ --------------- ^
?

# = 5 3 - > -
[ r r r y ----------- t i i J
% 1 ^
b J

~ rV

p -*>
Tonguing 105

sim ile

1P |
1-1 1
-j
M y ^Lj -^ S r J J > i > J i b.

4= z i \~ =^ F===

^
= ^ = = _ - = = = _ i j i j .............. - i
y^T -

* J J ---- m *
j , ia

j *
1 1----d ^ - d d d
106 Tonguing

..... J ^J^J ^ J r -
o

L - ^ ljJ - IJ jJ jJ - [ J jjjJ J J J . _J

c.- -yft --- "I'I ! j ---- ----------- ===== 3-- p*J-- -4---K . -
55 J J J a ------ 0-0-00 J
d J. i
0 \4 -4-*iH------
j.-
mf

/N
--= = =------------ ====p.--------
^ J J Jl, J .... .
/T\

.... Oi
a" j j j j j j j j J J J J J J J J i J -

S ------------ ---------------------- /7\

56
30 J?-tg...
zfj r 3 - J S - --JT3 Jm
" " * " + " -- J - ~ -W-Jm m
J W-ii#LJLJLJ*LJ--
J~P r H J T J I~R=i
mf

,? rP rP rP ^P i rJ---
>--#L-W--- LJ--- LJ--- -J----- m-m--r * 1
-W rP m i
p 00--- 0-J-----------------------1
B

C7 -/( IS m a a m _ -
a v J - J z ~-J LLr
------ * ft- g J ' J j - J . .. -

J = e - - ^ ^ " - r .... I - --T ri - t i 1'H 11 M th

J?--- ----- ---- ==z_^----------


-J.J g j j jf lj j
1 r*? 1:----- m -m f n ~r ~H
1 J . 1 J JJ-
Tonguing 107

7 ? s 1 p " p i ^ p p * "

a J J J J J J J ttj F J . ------------------ h J b J J J J

/ TN
- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- T--------------------------------------------

^ ^ b J * < J J J ^ A J " r f J J J -

1 1
* 1 5 1 7 . " " ' * ' m W '
D o ( < h f f -------------------- J J ---------------------J m r _
------------------------- - \ * - . - g - , - . - j M f L p : --------------------------

---------------1 5 -------------- m -------------i ---------------- " l ~ z ~ .-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 r m 1 m m = r - n 1


^ ... j b . < g ! j ! j j J p - - 1 j j j j j
J-

J L ------------------ ----------- ---------------------------------------- ----- ------------------------------1 f ~ | " I I I r u ^ h - --------- _ --------------- T r i - ----------------------------

^ J y J J J J J * J J J J J ^ -------------------

. . . . . . . I - -

^ J ' H J J v J t f t * 1 * -------------------' b J ^ J - 1 ,

O i

----------" " j J ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ^


y b i M J J J J J J


W hole Step-Half Step Scale
e n ~ i . ----------- a _ -------------------------- -----------------------------------
5 9 J F . J J J J j j J * J a -

m f

---------------- = r T = T --------------------------r " = = = ------------------ := ---------------------------------------------------------------


J W ^ j J ^ J J * 1 J * J

g = ^ ^ = = = = = ^ 1 -----------: --------------
* tt # ^ | f J J J J l j J t y J l p J - *
108 Tonguing

60
5 2 - h & 5 3 1j H j J ),0
/ K T TKT KTTK T K T T K T K ' T K smile

4 =
J J U i J J 1
'S 3 T J

.1-

e-

4 - \ - > L r ' s-
- -

4 = - - j. - r = n - i H -s-=F= - r- > r r 3=1


<r~ ------- V
= >

4 =
# = >
S-------- --- -s---------------- S^ - 4 ^ 1---- V- ---- k-- +
------- mL m
--- u

4 H
4 > J
T k . ------------------------- s .... --- . ----
n kn 3=f = ^ = k m
..... * ......w . * . '... m.
n

4 nr\
= i ^ hm_ m
-- m
m m m1 mh U-
- * = ___ _____________ ________ -p-
^ - j -r p l u T rcu f= !

4 ^ . v > . v = f t - L L B F--- ft I .'


J >' -t:
d -M--
- ^ 1 1 1= p - f f H f u r P 7

p -- m m m m
ST VLi-
J p i k > m * m -: . : r_Bj*-- 1B r r
- r ----------- ^ ----------
_ - y - i.- j._ r - 4 = ?= ---
4 M


--- i J jm -^ w wzmzmzm
E5E !
i h * --- hr_ Al = f c = -/. ----- ------------------/ ---------------- -
-^ 5=
-.. .........V-- - = t= - ^ _ = J-
iS M

--- m m m *
/ rY r " p 1? u
i g _ T T 'C - T - 1
m
Tonguing 109

Triple Tongue Etude ( J- = 200]


62 i=b=
m m m mb-m-0-m- r
r J 1'm
-m- u~-*- ^ *r *1*^1*^ "1
3
l-bi-i-Ll ,1=1 Cir L U L & b a t=3=JLU --- s

# - = = tu-----------
[? 1^ j F j ^ ' 1" i L J J # J ..A fl
j r-*

>_____ >

cir r im
] 10 Tonguing
Odd Groupings

6 3 J 2 J J 1 J

o
Tonguing 111

^
't
3 3

1 1 1 1

- -

-
= J t --------------- ---------------------- -------------------------------------------- ~ ..................... T

3 3 3 3 3 3
! !

[ J J J J j j
;

:
------------------------------- ' r h
J J J J ------------- J J J J - J J J j - J - J 0 > - 0 - 0 > - 0 W 0> 0

^ - = E = = = = - = = = --------------------------------------- 1
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1

3 3 3 3

- J 4 I I I J

t J

.............m
J


r - j

m
i -

m
j

m m
j j j - t + i - m -

---------- ------------------ ------------------ * ------------------ * --------------------------

3 3 3 3 3 3

m m m m i J m l a a a a m a m J

d = p = -||f-= ff-= = J = p = ^ = p == - p =
---------------------------------------- 1
m m m m _m * m m m m m m m m m w m t ? 0 m m - 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . 0 ... : t . . .
----------------------------------------------------------- 1

f . r , ........................................................................................................................................ i
$r- r r r c 3 3
r t u 3
1
; .................................................................................................................................................................................
" W ----------0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-

- f o r r r r r r r r r r r r - c . f r r _ . i r r r c i f c x r -

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

[ L m m m a

# r r r i-E 3
44-M-l -1^LU 3 3 3
1

f e um
m
P P!t P PP FFF F F FF t u m
- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
_ m - m - m m a t

i
$ = s = - ^ = j j j j 3 3 3 3

# ftw m rg c ra --------1
112 Tonguing

sim ile

jjjjjjjjjjjjj

*Be sure to play the quintuplets evenly; not in groups of 2 & 3 or 3 & 2 as in the previous section.
Tonguing 113

fTs
66 I
i - i - j - i - 4^ >- i i 14 J> i i> i IH i> i i : | lf J
T K T K T K T K T
/7 s

m
>
n --- n--- 9
>
9 *--
>
9- 1 >-- > ~9 9
>
|I
~n~

T K T K T K T K T K T K T K T
/7s

j m >
T K
p>
T K
>
T K T
>
K T
>
K T
>
K T K
m T

/T\

m i

s i m il e

/7\

im ;1 J J J l i t J J
m i
5

/TN

at r r r
C\
4-r- r r r -Iff

s i m ile

ia b J ~ " J | j{ b J ~ J I. J : || j b g
114 Tonguing

0.
- - fa m m r -H . ^ ------- -------------------------------------------
= H * = * VW m \jm
H * ^ i A r ---------------------
= * =

-% F - __ -m- > ^ p . ,j~ ~ ] - ----- M-------m- 9-M.-------= tH i----- TT!-------------------II


t H 4 -------------------- H
= *= 4 = J J 18

> > > > > /TV


^ = f F -Si----- r m 1*-d r = = P tT r r li m "m - V ~ f = p_ * * \ 4 ^ -
68 ------- & --------------
J ts f l- E J p - L ------------ft----------- H
f T K T K T K T K T K T K r k T

> > > > > r. N


- J s - r *11 ' .<- --------------------- 1
N - 4 _ * ------------a ---------1 1 4 1
t - 4
5 * p

T K T K T K T K T K T K T t>C T

-O
TLf
_ IM
r t/ V ^ K i "
t N 4 -E -J -------- - ~ V 4 r ^ f ---------------------
I n l------ K r - f 4 -

s im ile
. ^
H = F -5 3 J 1
- , ll ^ -------- --------------------- 1
------- 4 H 4 ----- c ' --------------------- 1

^ / r\
l- H l l UM 1 J l T j
4 ^ ^ J . :'i S
.P. C ; * ' * - tf 1? __ # j

r
4 1 .- y r r h - ^ - v i ------- L - r ------- r - ^ 1 y .. ---------------------1
q J L>W $ m - { tu
J 1 4 ^ i. 1

> >
> >
r y D nm p p i j p i j p ^ ^
tf ^ r T r IA
6 9 1v y .ja t r r * H rvr 0 J p -
j - r n T -F f
5 5 5
j^ T K T K T KT K T l< T K T K r K T 5K T K 5|imile 5 ~ 5
TN 5 5 5

- k = ------------ 3
O ----------------------
J b J tj j\>m 1
# = -aJ jfJ -

5 5 5 5
/S
I |r-f= = & I l i r F - t i^ - fc - = - --------------------- H
7 * -
J
7 * 1 / n
* W t} J- * 4 4
|? jl fa jlb * -------------
~ ............................ ............... n
Tonguing 115

.. 1 r. .. r.1, . ._ .
t a . i -------- , r ---------------4 t ------------------------------------- S?--------------------------:------------- -
- -
7 0 J ^ 18 j r ^ = ^ = 3 =
m f > > > > > > >
' T K T K T K T K T K T K T K T K T
Cv
J - y ----------------------------------------- 4 * ------------ , -------- V -
T % r -
im 4 --------- ^ _ J Z t %
i i J 1* J 4 d t P = E
tJ ^ > >
> > > > >
K T K T K T K T K T 1< T T i T hc r K T

- r V 8 "
il -
t T 4 ----------------
J d * J-T T J J * J d 0 v a " d d
B > > > i > > > >
K T K T K T K T hC T K T K T K T K T K T K

|1 , ... ji
_ P" "j ,1
= M =

------------- 0 , J J J ------LO----- J ----- J ----- * J J J 0 ------ Si J J J J Lf

T s im i l e

/ 7\

j. 1 r H-
J * d ------- ----- J ------ J - - 0 ---- ~ i 4 4
0 - 0 ------J < ?
a ' ' < a T-

Jr *1 TI----

/T \
. n
J L - [V
\. ..a -- .- - 0 ------ 4 ------ 0 S ------ - 4 ------ 0 ------- h 5 - W J ------ m d --------
1 1 J " " ....... tt:

/7\

------------ ----------------------
i h = pl----- 4 ----- 0 ------4 ------ i m -4 0 0 0 * ------- ^ ------*- .... - 4 d m t- 0 0 ------- - G -------------
*

t |-------------------------------------- ------- 1 *
4 = f " J a 1 1 1 a 1 V'
M M a
------- * r H4 - ------- ------- - 4 ^ -* - 4

0 0 ... y - - ----------------
4b
c \

J -
^ m . -4 i i a a

......n ft
J l - X ........... ..... - - -S :t m m m A \
\r

r r i4 rU E _ T 18 14 u L j

/7 \
T i . '
/ m - j f - m m u jZ - - > 'i F .

%1 1 r 1
o ---------4 -

il i
- - ------ L1 j .r -
-j -fi V.....
i 1_ |- tJ 1
m m - r j
I*
j - i * - t j u = ----------------
if
1 16 Tonguing

w - -JP ----------------- 3 i t t - i ------------------------ l y _ r = ------------ --------------- 1-------- [------- j

7 1

J -J ^ W jft J : - J ~ \ % J * < < - 1 1 * * - J"' 1


> > > > >
T K T K T K T K T K T K T K T K T

_ _ /TN
J i . r n 1 > -
vT> 4 * J J -ft ------- ------ Z ------ m ------ - - J J ------------ i b J .. ^ = 3 s
> > >
K T K T K T K T K T K y s im ile

1 r n
J
~ ' r \
J ^ ----_ J J ------- --
^> -------J ~ J 4 J J * l ._ J J - J - * j ------ L a --------------------- ----------1
S m S m

/TN
' ------------ , 4 --- ------------ --------------- pi
1 4 .......... 1 ^ [ _ f
^ __ . . 2 .... j
^ ^ ------- i

C\
---------------------------------- F = f
$ 0 - 0 - M 1
'" i> - " " ........ 1-----------
4 r r - j I l J J H _

J? J I 1 l= B F = --------- ^---- = ----1___| ---- ----------------------- -y -------- - 1 1


-------* J ftJ J b - m J ^ J - H 1J J J 4 IfJ

y . !i , -------------------------- - k -
_ .p _ 9 ji . :g: ?. * f .( .. _ X
v y 8 j! ' - > -4 - 1 J

JP --------------------------------- m
* m m m 2 # , ...^ F 'F F - * f'F F
$ > * fC J ' L ^ I ^ P r f T T T r a ^ -T [ j i L r

jP ^
. . . . . .
^ - . p . - 4 ^ -n -
-- J -- p -- (? -- - f i - i j --- J -- J -- --- p -- -w
------------- ^

- mj h ---------------------- ------H :-------------- t------------------*i------- ----------------- !' ,


-:(?-----i -. l i -1M M" 1* " I*
__ '
jr
-^ >4- fJ - # = j j J J % m ^flj

... y p .. - ^ - p m---^
T r ii--- F F F ~ y - -F - F -p p i l F .F F m m
vy ft
--------- 4 c_r a r r n u ------ 4 ----------- ------------------------- X

rj rm m ' m it * * * " " _f" J " m -


^ = _ ^ L X o 4

-M). --- _ _! -_ _ pF ' > _ _


^-------- 3 pF ------J---- 1
----- 4- ^ ^ F f -B -?. * - 5 4 -F" f w!w :^=----------- -vJ
Tonguing 117

72 a '
> > > > > >
f T K T K T K T K T K T K T K T K T

-J~bJ
> > > J J bJ jp E E ffi
K T K T K T K simile

= $

S7\
^ J li j j fj. I
/? v jj-" {'r 4+*--- -t-4 i Tl---
v b* -T7Jia---.^
C-
/?\
" |>J - j mm; ^

/T\
s bj Jj?J.,_J [fc f j..bJ""i3. ||}ll p b|> |jj ,TT3 j ^=

73 S s S
^ ttj^_
J? T
T Klv* TT K 4/- T T K L* T
t k 1/ t T k t k t k t k t

m * 1 i m at m
K T K T K T K T K T K T T K I K T K

m ra r-3 jr
1 i
T K T K T K T K T K T K T K

I li ^ - T 3 1
T K T K T K T K T simile
1 18 Tonguing

i oca m
~ni
i

i
f
$

f f ^ i J J J It U ~ & H 1 J -
>o

1
m/" T K T K T K T K T K T K T K T K T K T K

5 5 5 5

1 o
s i m ile
Tonguing 119

5 5 5 5

O ' " ' ' "


4 M

5 5 _ ^
1 1M 1---------P -
J = r

j J j j J J J . J J J
f = 4 J J J 4 - * * - o -

5 5 5 5

- d = - - =
= H = t =

5 5 5 5

J h \ ' f ' M M
------------- G ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

5
5
/
5 5 5

- t f - i *i .... ..
-J -*

j r j j j j j j j

TT
*

$ J J i J - i M J -i -J - d i J i i j i j i J J

Etude in Quintuplets
D
L
J , : 4 ...- | J '

7 6

mf > > -9

2 > > > > >

> > /7 5 >


120 U p p e r R e g i s t e r a n d E n d u r a n c e

Upper Register and Endurance


The essential elements of playing in the upper register and having good endurance are the same elements tha
insure a beautiful tone and flawless technique. They are proper air speed, large potential air volume
projected through the instrument and efficient use of the air column, never over blowing, not under blowing.
In practicing {he following studies breathing should be deep, mouth and throat forming an "Ah" syllable, as i
you were about to step into the deep end of a swimming pool. Take care, however, not to constrict the throat;
but rather to hold the air in with the throat open. Don't breathe high in the chest or a constricted throat wil1
also result. Push from your diaphragm and take great care to avoid too much left-hand pressure or right-hanc
finger ring pressure. Too much pressure cuts blood flow to the lips and will reduce your range and endurance
without fail! Any lip cuts or soreness indicate too much pressure.

By the time a player is advanced enough to work in this method, the embouchure is set and strong, i.e. firm
corners and relaxed in the middle. Embouchure strength, although certainly important, is over-emphasized ir
playing in the upper register. Practicing daily out of this method wil! guarantee embouchure strength
Furthermore, one need not have a textbook embouchure (5 0 /5 0 top/bottom and in the center) to play well.
We all have different dental and facial constructions. I know fantastic professional players, some of whon
play upstream, some downstream, high, low, and off to one side. Focus on breathing in and increasing ai_
speed through the instrument to improve your upper register and endurance. Please be patient and with
practice improvement wil! come.

Low notes and pedal tones should be approached similarly. Use relaxed embouchure corners and large
amounts of air, produce a full sound, and take great care to play them in tune. Pedal tones (below low F
sharp) are not particularly pretty and are difficult to produce. Slide, slur or arpeggiate down to them usinc^
the normal fingering for the appropriate notes. Experiment until they become familiar. Play them loudly. The
value lies in improved physical and conceptual use of the air. As with any playing problem, seek the help o
a trumpet teacher whenever possible. -

In order to obtain beneficial results without suffering unnecessary setbacks, please observe the following pre
requisites for upper register study:
1) You must be ableto play a comfortable high C.
2} You must be familiar with and able to produce pedaltones(below low F-sharp).
3} You must be ableto play the half-tone bends in Exercise1easily.

Slowly Bend (lip) to notated pitch without changing valves.


0 0 ----------- ------------ ----------------------- -------------------- ,
2 -
1 i ---------------
1
2 I

- - t ---------------------- 1 , 1 , 1 = -
J b J -------- -------------------------------------------

= f = * = F T T t r 1

1 * 1 * 1

--------------------------------------------------- _ l ,------------------------1------------------------------------ r
- 1 - , !-= I 1 i l

J ---------- -- J ------------- ^
-

f
l 2
1 2 -----------------------------------------------------------
3 I 1 o -------------------------------------------------------- 1
A 2 * 3 I 3

- i j ----------- J ^ j ? J - = f y i
\> * ---------&
T j j j i
i l
Upper Register and Endurance 121

Slowly Rest wherever necessary. Do not force! Not too much pressure!
/Tv /T\


p -f
I
-__j jS vn
b ^^ s p -f S v b ^^-1
/7\ */ _________ ^ ;
-------L ^
__________ /Ts 9 i. / __ * pj* P ?__/?_ !

p~f
/TV / H i i 7/ /TV / SriM
T
tic ___ f _
9 /TV 9 9 /Tv *
w m

/Tv / /T\ /
ft - 9 /Tv

# i? - / P EES 7 > -/
/
W
= ^ l J -
J?
.5W;----------- 1
Slowly
y -n s
p _ -r~ ^ r _Si_

m;
rr r j. j-i.:f r j j j ir
} f~ f
o U
4

*- *k.
M

F T r p . P * . ^ ' b f . f r ! r . . f r f 1 ^ i
i . . r T
^

^ 1 1 ' ..................................... ' 4 1 1 1 M

ftB
r 7 T > 0/^ r ? f i rr-F I n i
-K n r 1 1 j j ' i ' - ... = - r r J J j-J

a s
-^/Tv /"
5=5
Lipt^I j 1r 1r*r-Trr,
>r r \ ^ f4 r*
~ 1 1 i f ttJ d ^ L fi
-= r| v

$
~1 ~i /Tv
p
* r r ^ f^ F f e?
122 Upper Register and Endurance

J2l. jz -
m

i i , 1 -"s
k u r T T V t f f r r , P f r r r . . < = ^ =
y r ' 1 1i r ^ .


*r J

!-
1 Ch /" ,. A
-1- ff fr
f r s f f l f f r t

f ' 1 r r J -- - ..
l ' r' JbJ"
Glissando or rip smoothly, sounding all of the harmonics in the octave, no half valve. The glissando wil
insure proper breath support of the upper note. Do not linger on the top note. Stop wherever necessary.

J* * ? ' l C L > 1 , , ' f .........V ^ f

i A = _~
9 ;

t
s>- 2 .

.\ i
/ h
r

1
* :

r r =i
-

mj
simile
j .j 1 j 1.

/7\
/7\

u i
___ -
J J
rr
"c/m//> -a j j 1" u j j j "
simile
' j j i
^^
__r_
> 'f t ~ L>
Upper Register and Endurance 123

Play three times Play three times

J'

Play the following at any time to relax and revitalize the lip.
Play three times /7\

... f f
Play three times

1 j I J J j J ,J J ' I
j r " -----------------------------1----------------------------------------
124 Upper Register and Endurance

Fast Do not go on until upper notes of exercise you are playing are easily played.
/7s
8 383

jtj t"~t~i Li i i 4** * * * * * . .


f f f iV" f r
....

m f ...................................................

1------fS>
~cr j !------ -------
simile
/T\ /s\
itpc 221
I l , J i
1
/7\
}'r z; it

m ---------------- ---------------- --------------- (5>-------------------------------


: ...............J 7 ! - - i ? . .............! - r ........... ? ~ i F = l
------ 1-------- j i J r ; !------------- ------------------------ - f ---------------- !
a ' 1 " a ~ m h -------------- . r .

/S\ /T\
-e -

m V ------- it
t *------ 1*

y..: i Z = jt V- - 1'
f7\ M -- /T.
.p _

m------?-

..3-....fr ; r r fr r f
fT\ /Tv

M -J r x r r. i=#=^
/7\
C\
f f
ffiy^f r=
/Ts
f f f f if -f f
* y - f - ;: f ..
Upper Register and Endurance 125

/Tv
/7\
/; m m . p--- -- P
If -f-'-"] ,f f f f ,i f f 1
1
/T\
-f f f f /f f

^ /Tv
ft / 4 " i ' m m m m n '

mf
f i f f i =
J J i i i i J -------- '
/
/T> /is
4 =
^ f
mf
f f f '
- f - f - ~ r i f i 4 1
c\ / iC\

# f f f f 1V f r ^ 7 g = '
' l i j j
>/ V / /7\
J t - " " t ........ t - i l ---- 4 ------| = 1
* * ........

\ /
L-
_ 1 J - . - J i j # J 1
..y. -----KL----- r i
Ija = i
-TO ^ ----- * ----- -----
m/* j - j
r .> f
/?V
---- 1J----- 1i ----- tf
----- s i------ 1------
---- ^ ----- <----- ^ 0 ----- 0 ----- i --
^ 1 j
m
r; > / /T\
--- : i :: : ::----- ------- --------- J
4 = f
" a a M H ^ -----c * --- ---- ^ ---------- --------- 1
m/ < 1 L tS
P
/
126 Upper Register and Endurance

Do not use left or right-hand finger ring pressure to perform upper register lip slurs. Use air and control, i.e.
finesse.
' ---------------------------------

10
m f

r r f r f r f r f r f r f r f Vhr r f f f f f ,^-f f f-f-

i. /7S
2
r t r f r f r f f r f r f r f r f ,r f r f r f r f r f r f ^

Tf r f r f r f r f - ^ ^
m

r .t T f f r f f f r f r f f

_/7\
ir.frt

Play the following at any time to relax and revitalize the lips.

-P :-----: /7------
s Oi
11
"1
1.

I T ' J -J l m 1 *=NNi-J J= r+J%=> bJ


/ g
8 vib------- 1 IP 8v b---1 .. 1
Upper Register and Endurance 127

f - f ^ f P f p f P f , f f P f p f f
12

B
p * f ] P : = j= ^ j= ^ :
= P f j
IM N i I S ^ f i
.
----- -

n 4.

< b J^ { * - ; ^ . K &
- :

= f f f f f l H i - A f t m $ P ------------------------- 1

f i f l f i g i eieieie

Play the pedal tones with regular fingerings.

-"- o> _-- "~ ^ O' .. |>_rT . ^


13
r - ^ j ^ r * - J j j j l i r M ^ - ^ j -

/ 3 W t '

/7\ <7\ ^ ---------- j - --------------------C \


"v~
^ac
m
_----^ ----
SpA-1
tj 5? 8vb-i
.r ^J j _=^ j. Svb ------1

Medium to Fast

14 ir r r

$
mf w i r

iZ h T T T k /7\
128 Upper Register and Endurance

#rnf 5= M i* r^r r
* td W ^ *
=iM= f **f f f f f V r *r> > p bp ^1*i mhr rmUrm*J i p-
vd~Z
y -C
xs ' -jJt- ;
WJ bJ J. jjj J *
h-t^
T-b:
*
^rr^rT^r | | r*T
; i r f 'f f r
g1 r i i =>=
$ y r*T r kr r -lB. ~Xm---l -.... h'-.l
.. . ^/rw
.^
1**' J J-W- J bJ J. 9
w
''jr ... -.. i- M ---mtm
- *.
-*4*- p f *p^=T
mf-jil ^ tti J J- #J- 1tj' ^
^ B S S lS S : ^ r rt :.:p
W h ile grow ing up in M ontana, Allen People in Germany, Poland, England, H ii latest recording, High Class &>oss, is M
Vizzutti was guided by his father, o self- Sweden, Brazil, Canada, Japan and the a unique classical/jazz mixture
laught musician and trumpet player, lo United Stoies have all heard his briljionf coproduced, wririen ond performed wilh
performances of virtuoso literature, such as sound over the airwaves of national Jeff Tyzik and the 9 0 piece nationol
Ihe Haydn and Hummel concertos, the television. Allen's grow ing stylus as on repertoire orchestra of ihe Keystone Musi'- * '
Carnival of Venice and Hungarian Dance artist has ied to soio performances ol ihe f e s t a l (available from Prophecy Record:
N o 5. By the age of 1<5, Allen w on the Aspen Music Festival, Banff Center for the 10? W estland Avenue, Rochester, N ew
concerto competition and was aw arded Performing Arts. Israel Music festival. York. 14618).
firsi chair in the W o rld Youth Symphony Vancouver's EXPO '8 6 , Montreaux joz?
Orchestra ai Snterlochen, M ichigon. Festival, "Live Under the Sky'' in ja p a n . Allen s love of expression through compo
Telon Music Festival, International Trumpet lion has led to world premiers by ihe Los
AHrsn earned a B.A g M .M and o Guild, the Hoiiyw ood Bowl, C arnegie HoH. Angeles Philharmonic, Phoenix S ym phony
Performer's Certificate from the famed N ew porl Jazz Festival, N a lio n a l M E N C , Rochester Philhnrmoriic, N ew YorV
Eastman School of MusfC in Rochester, TBA ond IAJE Philharmonic and the Tonight Show
N rw Yor^. He was the only w ind or Orcheslfu, os well as fiM.osded works by the
percussion player lo have been ow orded W hile living in Los Angeles, he performed Royal Philharmonic of London, Ihe W o o d ^
the coveted "Artist's D iplom a" in the an 100 motion picture soundtracks (such Herman Bond, the Summil Brass ond the
school's history. As first trumpet w ith the as Baci: to ihe Future, Star Trek, The Biock London Symphony Orchestra. In foci, the
Eastman Jazz Ensemble, he was chosen Stallion, Rocky II, Poltergeist II, Fire Fox, Tonight Show Band album (Featuring Doc
Best Trumpel Soloist" at the N otre Dame Sudden impact, JO, Under the Cherry Severinsen), coproduced by Allen and
Collegiate Jazz Festival. By his sophomore M oon, Broadcast News, The Flecfric lellow trumpet artist leff Tyzikr won the
year, he was regular member o f the Horseman and J9/f7|, and countless Grammy Award for the 'Bos1 Big Band
Rochester Philharmonic, the Rochester television shows, commercials and record Recording'' o( 1986. rf**
Chamber Orchesira, the Chuck M angione albums, w ith such stars as Frank Sinatra,
O rchestra and the only studenl in the Barbra Streisand, Prince, N nil Diamond, Alloy's continued rnleres! in education on
Eastman Brass Quintet faculty touring the Crusaders, ihe Tonight Show Bond, the value ol mustr in daily life has led to on
ensemble. four albums w iih W ood y Herman and extensive schedule of concerts and clinics
three albums with Chick Corna. uiuvers+lies throughout ihe United Slates,
Equally ol Home in a multitude of musical Canada and Japan, in bolh jazz ond
idioms, Alien has visited 3 0 countries la Allen's solo \azz recordings include Alien classical idiom;,
perform with a rainbow of orhsts and Vizzutti |K T el/H eod Firsl), Red Malci!

ensembles, including Chuck M angione, javailable on the Bainbridge label), i'v e in Allien V i/zutti per leu ms exclusively on the
W o o d y Herman, C h/rk Carno. ihe NBC Montreoux with the EoAtman Jazz Yamaha F? Uni ( D, F flai ond pircolo
Tonighl Show Band ond North American l.nsemble, ffcjinhnw ['nlcased in jupa n n^d IfiiriipP ls.

orchestros in Phoenix, Rochester, Buffalo, Sweden) cirid Double lo cu s, a rlassiraJ/

Si Louis, Milwaukee, Edrrsonlon and jazz mixture (released in Japan) His

Honolulu, to name a lew clossical solo recordings include /he


VersafiJi/y o f Allen Vizzulti (Golden O e sl

III
All, Mnh lri. r u p , . i
Records) ond Baroque and Beyond (CBS/ i KW .i &-&<*! i=.K-r| . K J B > 1iVjO':
'3808 01057 Sony Records in Japan) V.ifiMuyv CA VMiO-dOfJ.i
THE

T R UMP E T METHOD

B OOK 1
T E C H N I C A L S T U D I E S

An
Intermediate/ Advanced
Method

A l l e n V i z z u t t i

/Hired
THE

TRUMPET METHOD

BO O K I
T E C H N I C A L S T U D I E S

An Interm ediate/Advanced Method in Three Books

Allen Vizzutti

B O O K 1 BOOK 3
T E C H N I C A L S T UD IE S

Practicing....................... 3
The Warm Up?C;,,\....... 4
Performance Anxiety .... 6
Long Tones 7
Lip F l e x i b i l i t i e s . ^ . . . 15
Technical Studies....?/...? 32
Finger Flexibilities 66
Tonguing: / - m?
Single and "K" V.. " 78
Double ...... 82
T r i p l e . 96
Odd Groupings. ! . 1 1 0
Upper Register and .
Endurance.. ............ 120
, huIVi i X(: <>

Alfred has made every effort to make this book ro t only attrac A lfre d ]
tive but more useful and long-lasting as well. Usually, large
C 2 books do not lie fiat or slay open on the music rack. In ad d i E d
I A V * F L A T B INDING
tion, the pages [which are glued togelher) tend to break aw ay C o p y rig h t M C M X C by A lfre d Publishing C o., inc.
from the spine after repeated use. All rights reserved. Printed in USA.
In this edition, pages are sewn together in multiple: of 16. This special process prevents
pages from falling out of the book while allowing if to stay open for ease in playing. Cover Design Martin Lcdyard
Art Direction Ted Fngelbart
W e hope this unique binding w ill give you added pleasure and additional use.