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LICEO INDUSTRIAL DE SAN MIGUEL

AGUSTIN EDWARDS ROSS


DEPARTAMENTO PEDAGOGICO
ENGLISH DEPARTMENT
Profesoras: Doris Arratia-Ana Navarro

GUIAS Y APUNTES EXAMEN FINAL INGLES 1 MEDIOS 2011

Unit: 8 and 9: What do you do?

Contents: Daily routine (acciones relacionadas a profesiones)


Presente Simple: Aux. Do Does Respuestas Cortas
Preguntas de informacin especfica

I play tennis and


then I go to the
What do you do
on Sundays? movies

Usamos el Presente Simple para expresar la idea de que una accin es repetida o usual. La accin
puede ser un hbito, un hobby, un evento a diario, un hecho real, un evento programado o algo que a
menudo ocurre.

Examples:

I play tennis.
She does not play tennis.
Does he play tennis?
The train leaves every morning at 8 AM.
The train does not leave at 9 AM.
When does the train usually leave?
She always forgets her purse.
Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun.

Este tiempo se forma con el infinitivo del verbo. Este infinitivo consta de dos partculas: to y la forma
base del verbo, as, por ejemplo, to work es un infinitivo que significa trabajar. Al conjugarlo se saca la
partcula to.

Entonces conozcamos en la siguiente tabla el presente del indicativo del verbo trabajar:

Conjugacin Ingls Castellano


1 per.
I work yo trabajo
singular
2 per.
you work t trabajas
singular
he works l trabaja
3 per.
she works ella trabaja
singular
It works (para objetos)
nosotros/as
1 per. plural we work
trabajamos
vosotros/as
2 per. plural you work
trabajis
ellos/as
3 per. plural they work
trabajan
Usos del presente simple

Este tiempo verbal se utiliza para expresar:

- Hechos o verdades generales

The Sun warms the atmosphere. -> El Sol calienta la atmsfera.

-Hbitos (en las oraciones suele aparecer expresiones de frecuencia, como usually o always).

We usually play tennis. -> Nosotros jugamos al tenis usualmente.

You always study. -> Vosotros estudiis siempre.

-Horarios o programas (como el programa de un espectculo teatral).

The train leaves in an hour. -> El tren llega en una hora.

Reglas ortogrficas para la 3 persona del singular (Slo en oraciones afirmativas)

Como regla general, a la forma verbal de la 3 persona del singular (he, she, it) se le aade -s; no
obstante, existen unas cuantas reglas para una serie de formas verbales que son especiales:

1.- Cuando el verbo acaba ya en s, o en un sonido parecido como sh, ch o, x se debe agregar es:

watch -> watches (mirar) brush -> brushes (cepillar(se))

2.- Cuando el verbo acaba en o, tambin se aade es:

go -> goes (ir) do -> does (hacer)

3.- Cuando el verbo acaba en y, y a sta le precede una consonante (d,l,r), tenemos que cambiar la y
por i, para luego aadir es:

fly -> flies (volar) study -> studies (estudiar) cry cries (llorar)

NOTE: have

Usamos have con los pronombres personales I, you, we y they (o con la forma plural de sustantivos)

has con los pronombres personales he, she, it (or with the singular form of nouns)

Example: I have a dog. / I have got a dog. Algo de sto estudiamos en la unidad anterior
She has a dog/She has got a dog.

Simple Present se conoce tambin como present simple.


Para describir acciones habituales suele usarse los siguientes adverbios de tiempo:

always siempre often a menudo


seldom raramente / rara vez usually usualmente
sometimes algunas veces rarely raramente
frequently frecuentemente occasionally ocasionalmente
never nunca

Examples:
We usually play tennis on Sundays.
I never travel by car.
Mark always studies for tests.

Observa la tabla, ac est conjugado el verbo play (recuerda la regla de la 3era persona) y luego
realiza los siguientes ejercicios.

Exercise I

Choose the correct form of the verb in parenthesis to complete the sentences. (Escoge la forma
correcta del verbo que est en parntesis para completar la oracin)

Example:

Mary __________ (send/sends) messages every day.

Mary sends messages every day.

1.- Alice ___________________ in Manchester. (live/lives)


2.- Eric ___________________ chess. (play/plays)
3.- We ____________________ to work together. (go/goes)
4.- Jean ___________________ at night. (study/studies)
5.- The dog ________________ outside. (sleep/sleeps)
6.- Mr. Elliot _______________ in an office. (work/works)
7.- School _________________ at 15:45. (finish/finishes)
8.- The children ____________ the stret to school.(cross/crosses)
9.- They TV ________________ every day. (watch/watches)
10.-Leonard ________________ his homework in the bedroom. (do/does)
Exercise II

Complete the sentences with the negative form of the verb in parenthesis.

Example:

Mary doesnt send (send) messages every day.

1.- That dog ___________________ (eat) bones.


2.- Laura and I __________________ (speak) French.
3.- They _______________________ (smoke) cigarettes.
4.- Rose _______________________ (go) to the cinema on Saturdays.
5.- Alex _______________________ (meet) his friends after school.
6.- We __________________________ (do) our homework at home.
7.- This student ____________________(talk) properly.

Exercise III

Do or does ? Complete with the correct form. (Do Does? Completa con la forma correcta)

Example:

Does Antonio go to school by bus?

1.- ______________ Eric play tennis?


2.- ______________ they clean the house?
3.- ______________ you go to the party?
4.- _______________ Susan like vegetables?
5.- _______________ we buy new clothes?
6.- _______________ Mrs. Porter water the garden?
7.- _______________ the birds sing a lot?
8.- _______________ Karen speak Spanish?

Now, check your answers.

Correct Answer Exercise: I, II, and III.

ExerciseI

1.-leaves 2.- plays 3.-go 4. studies 5.-sleeps


6.-works 7.- finishes 8.-cross 9.-watch 10.-does

Exercise II

1.-doesnt eat 2.-dont speak 3.-dont smoke 4.-doesnt go


5.-doesnt meet 6.-dont do 7.- doesnt talk

Exercise III

1.-Does 2.-Do 3.- Do 4.- Does


5.- Do 6.- Does 7.- Do 8.- Does

Exercise IV
Go to the following link and do exercises 1 - 4. (Realiza los 4 primeros ejercicios para practicar.)

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=714
Para formular preguntas de YES/NO en simple present se deben seguir los siguientes pasos:

Para saber cundo se ocupa el Do y cuando se ocupa el Does debes ver lo siguiente:

Examples:

-Do you like playing basketball?


-Does she dance at weekends?
-Do you hate Justin Bieber?
-Does your father work in a factory?

Short answer: (Respuesta Corta) La usamos con la ayuda del auxiliar do/does, dont/doesnt para
decir si hacemos algo o no.

Example: More Examples:

- Do you work on Sundays? Do you get up early?


Yes. I do.
Yes, I do / No, I dont Do you go to the movies on Saturday?
No, I don't.
- Does the teacher speak in English? Do you study English?
Yes, I do.
Yes, she does. / No, she doesnt Do you study German?
No, I don't.
Does David have breakfast in the morning?
Yes, He does.
Does she do exercise in the morning?
Now you answer: No, she doesn't.

Exercise V

1.- Do you watch TV every day? ______________________

2.- Does your friend call you every day? ______________________

3.- Does Mary listen to music in every class? No, ___________________

4.- Do they go shopping at weekends? Yes, __________________

5.- Do you like Los wachiturros? ______________________

6.- Does your best friend work at weekends? Yes, __________________

7.- Do you prepare your final exam every day? ______________________

8.- Does a secretary types letters ? Yes, __________________


CORRECT POSSSIBLE ANSWER EXERCISE V:

1.-Yes, I do./No, I dont. 2.- Yes, he/she does. 3.- No, she doesnt. 4.- Yes, they do.
Yes, we do./No, we dont. No, he/she doesnt.

5.- Yes, I do./No, I dont. 6.- Yes, he/she does. 7.- Yes, I do./No, I 8.- Yes, she does.
Yes, we do./No, we dont. dont.
Yes, we do./No, we
dont.

Follow this link to practice simple questions:

http://youronlinenglishclass.com.pt/Quiz/pres_simple_do_does.htm

And this link to practice short answers:

http://www.montsemorales.com/gramatica/PresSimpShortAns.htm

For more practice

http://elt.oup.com/student/project3rdedition/level1/unit4/grammar/exercise4;jsessionid=1FA86383342BD40
6546967BAF70620C0?cc=cl&selLanguage=en

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