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+ Facultad de Ingeniera

Escuela de Ingeniera Civil


Departamento: Ciencias de la Ingeniera
Asignatura: Mecnica de Suelos II

SOLUCIN PRIMER EXAMEN PARCIAL

Tema N 01 (12 puntos)

MUESTRA DE ENSAYO (INICIO): CONTENIDO DE HUMEDAD (INICIO)


DIAM.(PULG): 2.5 Tara N
ALT. (PULG) 1 Wtara (gr)
AREA (cm): 31.67 Wt+Mh (gr):
Vm (cm): 80.4418 Wt+Ms (gr):
Wanillo (gr): 146.5 Ww (gr):
Wa+Mh (gr): 301.6 Ws (gr):
Wmh (gr): 155.1 w(%):
gm (gr/cm): 1.93 w(%) PROMEDIO:
gs (gr/cm): 2.72 Factor de ampliacin del sistema de carga:
MUESTRA DE ENSAYO (FINAL): A (cm): 3
Wa+Mh (gr): 298.9 B (cm): 27
Wa+Ms (gr): 276.4 Factor: 10
Wmh (gr): 152.4
Wms (gr): 129.9 Dial del Lectura (mm): 0.01 x divisin
w(%): 17% Lectura inicial: 654.9 divisiones
Variable de acuerdo a la apreciacin de cada alumno
ENSAYO DE CARGA:
Carga (kg): 2 DP (kg/cm) 0.63 Carga (kg): 4 DP (kg/cm) 1.26
TIEMPO DIA/ LECTURA DEFORM TIEMPO DIA/ LECTURA DEFORM
(S/M/Hs) HORA (divis) (cm) (S/M/Hs) HORA (divis) (cm)
0 Seg 654.9 0 Seg 640.2 0.0147
15 Seg 653.7 0.0012 25 Seg 638.4 0.0165
30 Seg 652.4 0.0025 30 Seg 637.1 0.0178
1 Min 650.3 0.0046 1 Min 636 0.0189
2 Min 648.2 0.0067 2 Min 635.1 0.0198
4 Min 646.3 0.0086 4 Min 633.9 0.021
8 Min 644.6 0.0103 8 Min 632 0.0229
15 Min 643.8 0.0111 15 Min 631.6 0.0233
30 Min 642.7 0.0122 30 Min 629.5 0.0254
1 Hs 641.9 0.013 1 Hs 628.4 0.0265
2 Hs 640.2 0.0147 2 Hs 628 0.0269
4 Hs 640.2 0.0147 4 Hs 627.3 0.0276
8 Hs 640.2 0.0147 8 Hs 625.8 0.0291
24 Hs 640.2 0.0147 24 Hs 625 0.0299

Carga (kg): 8 DP (kg/cm) 2.53 Carga (kg): 16 DP (kg/cm) 5.05


TIEMPO DIA/ LECTURA DEFORM TIEMPO DIA/ LECTURA DEFORM
(S/M/Hs) HORA (divis) (cm) (S/M/Hs) HORA (divis) (cm)
0 Seg 625 0.0299 0 Seg 613.2 0.0417
25 Seg 624.7 0.0302 25 Seg 612.8 0.0421
30 Seg 623.5 0.0314 30 Seg 611.7 0.0432
1 Min 622.7 0.0322 1 Min 610.4 0.0445
2 Min 621.6 0.0333 2 Min 608.4 0.0465
4 Min 620.3 0.0346 4 Min 606.3 0.0486
8 Min 618.9 0.036 8 Min 604.1 0.0508
15 Min 617.6 0.0373 15 Min 601.8 0.0531
30 Min 616.2 0.0387 30 Min 600.3 0.0546
1 Hs 615.4 0.0395 1 Hs 598.6 0.0563
2 Hs 614.9 0.04 2 Hs 597.6 0.0573
4 Hs 613.5 0.0414 4 Hs 596.4 0.0585
8 Hs 613.4 0.0415 8 Hs 596.2 0.0587
24 Hs 613.2 0.0417 24 Hs 595.7 0.0592

CURVA DE COMPRESIBILIDAD:

PRESION DEF (cm) DEF (cm) ASENTAM Hf Hef. t50 Cv


= -1

(kg/cm) 0% 100% (cm) (cm) (cm) (min) (cm/kg)
0.63 -0.0001 0.014 0.0141 2.5259 0.675 0.656475 2.8 0.0462
1.26 0.014 0.0283 0.0143 2.5116 0.666 0.6529 5 0.0257
2.53 0.0283 0.039 0.0107 2.5009 0.658 0.650225 5.8 0.0221
5.05 0.039 0.058 0.019 2.4819 0.646 0.645475 6.9 0.0184
CURVAS DE CONSOLIDACION

PRESION (kg/cm) : 0.63 Tiempo (min)

0.1 1 10 100 1000


0 0% = -0.0001 cm
Deformacin (cm)

0.002

0.004

0.006

0.008

0.01

0.012

0.014 100% = 0.014 cm

0.016

Tiempo (min)
0.1 1 10 100 1000
0
Deformacin

0.01

0% = 0.014 cm

0.02

PRESION (kg/cm) : 1.26

100% = 0.0283 cm
0.03

PRESION (kg/cm) : 2.53


0.04
100% = 0.039 cm

0.05

PRESION (kg/cm) : 5.05

100% = 0.058 cm
0.06

0.07
CURVA DE COMPRESIBILIDAD:

CURVA DE COMPRESIBILIDAD

0.68

H
e 1 = 0.676
RELACION DE VACIOS (e)

0.67
Bs

e 2 = 0.659 T
0.66

0.65

0.64

Pc = 0.91 kg/cm
0.63
0.1 p 2 = 0.5 1 p 1 = 2.1 PRESION (kg/cm)
10

CURVA DE VARIACION DEL COEFICIENTE DE CONSOLIDACION MEDIO:

VARIACION DEL COEFICIENTE DE CONSOLIDACIN MEDIO


0.05
Cv (cm/min)

0.045
0.04 Cv 1 = 0.0355
0.035
0.03
0.025 Cv 2 = 0.027
0.02
0.015
0.01
0.005
0
p 1 = 0.5 p 2 = 2.1
0 1 2 3 4 5 6
PRESION (kg/cm)

Carga de Preconsolidacin: 0.91 Kg/cm De la curva de Compresibilidad


Coeficiente de Compresibilidad: (Av)

P1 (Kg/cm): 0.5 e1 = 0.676


P2 (Kg/cm): 2.1 e2 = 0.659

Av (cm/Kg): 0.027

Coeficiente de Consolidacin medio (Cv)


Cv1 (cm/min)= 0.0355
Cv2 (cm/min)= 0.027 Cv medio = 0.03125 cm/min
Tema N 02 (05 puntos)

Mtodo de las Franjas:


a: 3m
b: 2m
p: 15 Ton/m
a/b : 1.5

t gm st z z sz szm Es Sz
z/b i4 PRUEBA
(m) (Ton/m) (ton/m) (m) (m) (ton/m) (ton/m) (Ton/m) (cm)
2.5 1.85 4.625 0 0 0.25 15 Insuf.
0.25 14.91 6000 0.06
#VALOR! 1.85 5.0875 0.25 0.125 0.247 14.82 Insuf.
0.25 14.76 6000 0.06
#VALOR! 1.85 5.55 0.5 0.25 0.245 14.7 Insuf.
0.25 14.55 6000 0.06
#VALOR! 1.85 6.0125 0.75 0.375 0.24 14.4 Insuf.
0.25 14.28 6000 0.06
#VALOR! 1.85 6.475 1 0.5 0.236 14.16 Insuf.
0.25 13.98 6000 0.06
#VALOR! 1.85 6.9375 1.25 0.625 0.23 13.8 Insuf.
0.25 13.5 6000 0.06
#VALOR! 1.85 7.4 1.5 0.75 0.22 13.2 Insuf.
0.5 12.39 6000 0.1
#VALOR! 1.85 8.325 2 1 0.193 11.58 Insuf.
0.5 10.83 6000 0.09
#VALOR! 1.85 9.25 2.5 1.25 0.168 10.08 Insuf.
0.5 9.39 6000 0.08
#VALOR! 1.85 10.175 3 1.5 0.145 8.7 Insuf.
0.5 8.1 6000 0.07
#VALOR! 1.85 11.1 3.5 1.75 0.125 7.5 Insuf.
0.5 7.32 6000 0.06
#VALOR! 1.85 12.025 4 2 0.119 7.14 Insuf.
1 5.97 9000 0.07
#VALOR! 1.97 13.995 5 2.5 0.08 4.8 Insuf.
1 4.2 9000 0.05
#VALOR! 1.97 15.965 6 3 0.06 3.6 Insuf.
1.5 3.06 9000 0.05
#VALOR! 1.97 18.92 7.5 3.75 0.042 2.52 Insuf.
1.5 2.16 9000 0.04
#VALOR! 1.97 21.875 9 4.5 0.03 1.8 Ok
TOTAL = 0.97 (P. Elst.)
S (cm). : 0.73 (P. Rgida)
Mtodo Coeficiente de forma i7

1. Prof. estimada Niv. Ciment. (mts) : 9


Peso Propio: 21.875
a: 3 a/b : 1.5
b: 2
z: 9 z/b : 4.5
i4 : 0.032
p (Ton/m) 15
sz : 1.92 < 2.1875 OK