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Edition 1 Energy Storage System
Technical Specification
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Flexible power supply
solutions that help
to better integrate
renewable energy
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2 SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1

SIESTORAGE System Description Page

The Modular Energy Introduction 4
SIESTORAGE use cases 5
Storage System Applicable regulations/standards andconformity 8
System efficiency 8
Export classification and name plate 8
Technical Specification
System configuration 9
Grid connection 10
Medium Voltage Active Power Systems
Power conversion 14
Batteries 16
Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1
Control 16
Other system components 21
Safety and Environmental Features
Standards, specifications, guidelines 25
Electric shock protection 25
Noise emissions 25
Environmental impact 25
Color finish 25
Seismic qualification 25
SIESTORAGE system earthing
ground-fault protection 25
Permitted operating conditions 25
Installation in closed rooms 26
Installation in containers 26
Permitted storage conditions
(Warehouse conditions) 26
Permitted transportation conditions 26

SIESTORAGE Test Specifications

and Performance Guarantees
Standards, specifications, guidelines 27
SIESTORAGE PCS Factory Acceptance Test
specification 27
SIESTORAGE Site Acceptance Test specification 27
Scope of system performance guarantees 27
Measurement and tracking of performance
guarantees 27

List of Abbreviations 27

SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1 3
System Description

SIESTORAGE is a modular energy storage system based on The SIMATIC HMI can be used for visualization of status,
Li-ion battery technology. It provides a flexible solution for warnings and alarms with plain text, show trend analysis
increased efficiency, greater asset utilization, and improved for several values, and store relevant information.
power quality in power generation, transmission and
Installation of remote access is standard and is the techni-
cal prerequisite for optional service contracts.
With the help of SIESTORAGE technology, active power can
The SIESTORAGE Control Unit (SCU) works as a real-time
be exchanged between an energy storage medium and an
data acquisition and control system. It measures, records
electricity grid. In addition, it can be used to provide reac-
and analyzes numerous signals such as AC voltage and
tive power to stabilize grid voltage.
power at the Point of Interconnection (POI) to the grid,
The SIESTORAGE Power Converter System (PCS) operates status of the battery units, different temperatures, posi-
with one central controller, consisting of a real-time system tions of switching devices, etc. The SCU executes the
for the fast control of voltage, current, frequency, and control algorithms to run the system according to the
power. For the supervisory control, HMI, the interface to settings commanded by the SIESTORAGE Master Controller
other customer-related control systems, the well-known, (S7), which in turn receives the settings from the customer
safe and reliable SIMATIC S7 is used as the SIESTORAGE SCADA system or the operator.
Master Controller.


VT on



Grid connection

conversion system


Battery technology

4 SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1
System Description
SIESTORAGE use cases

SIESTORAGE use cases

SIESTORAGE may be used for the following use cases:

Use cases Description

Black start Black start is the process of restoring the operation of an electric
power plant or part of a power grid without relying on an external
SIESTORAGE is responsible for grid forming through voltage and fre-
quency regulation of the connected grid. It can also run in combina-
tion with other generators, such as diesel generators, with the power
division being controlled by static droop curves.
Generally, power plants or off-grids use small diesel generators to
start larger generators, or to provide power references such as volt-
age and frequency to allow renewable energy generators to recon-
Due to its speed of response as well as advanced control, SIESTORAGE
can be used as an alternative to a black-start diesel generator, saving
time and increasing reliability while providing an opportunity to gen-
erate additional revenues.
Furthermore, SIESTORAGE is able to provide the necessary short-cir-
cuit power to ensure a given protection sequence.

Ramping control In order to protect grid stability, many grid codes specify a ramp rate
or rate of change (in %) over time for generators connected to the
grid. Compliance with ramp rates ensures that the grid operator is
able to manage variations in load and generation, and maintain a
proper frequency. Due to its reliance on changing weather patterns,
renewable energy output is susceptible to rapid rates of change.
SIESTORAGE can be used to counteract the variability of renewable
energy output by using set points to respond. This can be achieved
either by injecting energy into the grid, or by harnessing energy from
the plant to ensure compliance with set ramp rates.
Therefore, SIESTORAGE feeds the grid with the required controlling
energy to maintain frequency and voltage stability.

Time shifting/ Often, there is a mismatch between the availability of renewable

arbitrage energy and demand. Wind output is normally at its highest during
the night, and solar output at midday, for example. Peak demand,
however, is generally in the mornings or evenings. High demand for
electrical power is often reflected by higher purchase prices. In order
to maximize the use of renewable energy generators and speed up
return on investment, renewable energy developers and operators
can time-shift the plant output to offer it to the market when it is
most profitable.
By storing overcapacity when supply exceeds demand, and by inject-
ing energy when demand exceeds supply, SIESTORAGE provides a
means for boosting plant efficiency.

SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1 5
System Description
SIESTORAGE use cases

SIESTORAGE use cases (cont.)

Use cases Description

Capacity firming To ensure grid stability, system operators use forecasts to schedule
or match generation and load. This activity is normally carried out in
15-minute time blocks throughout the day, one day in advance. Time
intervals can, however, also be more closely aligned with real time.
In order to encourage scheduling accuracy, regulators impose rules
for accuracy of forecast vs. schedule vs. dispatch. Power producers
are encouraged to reduce deviations between what they are con-
tracted or scheduled to deliver and what they actually deliver. Even
with modern forecasting tools, the natural variability of renewable
energy means that accurate scheduling is far more difficult com-
pared with conventional generation. SIESTORAGE can be used to bal-
ance out the variability of renewable energy output by either inject-
ing energy into the grid, or by harnessing energy from the plant
according to the schedules.

Diesel offset High costs are associated with the purchase, transport and storage of
fuel. The insurance needed to run diesel generators adds to the fi-
nancial pressure placed on operators of unreliable grids and off-
grids. Furthermore, the pollution associated with running diesel gen-
erators inefficiently when ramping to match demand is a growing
concern, especially in congested cities and areas of natural beauty.
SIESTORAGE complements various generation resources by balanc-
ing power supply and demand. This enables diesel engines to be run
more efficiently and less often, therefore reducing overall reliance
on diesel fuel.

Frequency Grid frequency is an indicator of grid stability and, under ideal condi-
regulation tions, will be either 50 or 60Hz, depending on the country. Differ-
ences between power generation and power demand cause the grid
frequency to fluctuate, and can result in damage to equipment, un-
wanted tripping, or even a blackout. Grid operators use reserves to
maintain grid stability in the event of an anomaly that has not been
previously corrected as a result of grid inertia. Primary reserves are
the fastest services and are first in line to stabilize frequency devia-
tions or to stop the drift. Thanks to the fast response times of
SIESTORAGE technology, it can provide both upward and downward
regulation, and can be used as an alternative to the conventional
slower responding generators, therefore reducing costs and increas-
ing supply reliability.

6 SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1
System Description
SIESTORAGE use cases

SIESTORAGE use cases (cont.)

Use cases Description

Load Managing variable loads is associated with high costs caused by pur-
management chasing peak-load-priced power, high contract demand charges, in-
frastructure upgrades for assets used part-time, or even technical
losses associated with underused assets. At the same time, the cus-
tomers expectations for cheap energy puts great pressure on plant
and grid operators to optimize the performance of their assets and
ultimately reduce operating costs.
Using SIESTORAGE to utilize lower cost electricity and support load
during peak times helps to reduce both power purchase (OpEx), and
infrastructure (CapEx) costs.

Critical power Voltage dips as a result of transient faults in the grid can cause sensi-
tive process equipment such as variable speed drives and robots to
disconnect or malfunction, often resulting in high production losses.
Whilst these devices generally have a certain ride-through capability,
the nature of transient faults is unpredictable both in magnitude and
duration, and a certain percentage of faults will be outside the ride-
through capabilities of the devices. So, for example, while most dips
can be addressed through reactive power compensation such as
SVCs and StatComs, these devices tend not to respond until 20 ms so
for dips shorter than drives and other plant critical equipment may
trip and stop production.
The usual approach to address this problem is to install a dynamic
rotary UPS or DUPS to provide support until other (often diesel-based)
back-up devices can respond. SIESTORAGE combined with a fast
switching unit offers an economic and clean alternative to the above,
enabling fast disconnection from the grid and extremely fast support
to avoid tripping of sensitive devices.

It is of course also possible to combine applications to suit specific requirements, for example:

Off-grids or microgrids Black start Industrial sites Black start

Ramping control Critical power

Time shifting Diesel offset

Capacity firming Load management

Diesel offset Renewable energy Ramping control

Frequency regulation Time shifting

Peak load management Capacity firming

SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1 7
System Description
Applicable regulations/standards andconformity, system efficiency, export classification and name plate

Applicable regulations/standards andconformity Export classification and name plate

All components of the SIESTORAGE are CE-certified; Export classification of the SIESTORAGE product is the same
however, the overall SIESTORAGE system does not require as for SIVACON S8:
a CE certificate as the layout varies according to project
Commodity code: 85371099
Country of origin: DE Germany
The CE conformity of the SIESTORAGE system has been de-
clared with reference to IEC61439 as well as EN61000-6-2/
2005 (EMC immunity) and EN61000-6-4/2006 (EMC emis- ECCN: EAR99
sions). There is only one name plate for a SIESTORAGE product
(comprising a control cabinet as well as one or several
The basic standard for the SIESTORAGE is EN/IEC61439-1 /-2.
power converter cabinets and the grid connection cabi-

Applicable regulations/standards and conformity

Conformity (LV-D 2006/95/EG) CE

System standard converter system EN61439 ,(&

System standard batteries EN50272-2 7\SH 6,(6725$*( <HDU 
EMC immunity system EN61000-6-2 1U
1R 03
EMC emission system EN61000-6-4
Degree of protection (EN60529) IP20 1RPEUHGHFRORQQHV 'HJUpGHSURWHFWLRQ
Protection class (EN61140) 1 5DWHGRSHUDWLRQDOYROWDJH 400 V )UHTXHQF\ +]


Color RAL 7035

Ground-fault protection yes System efficiency

There are 2 common methods for specifying the overall
Surge arrester optional
efficiency of a battery energy storage system:
Charging or discharging efficiency
Full-cycle efficiency or round-trip efficiency
Charging or discharging efficiency is represented by the
ratio between power into or out of the battery divided by
the power at the POI. For the SIESTORAGE system, this
efficiency is approx. 0.96 at nominal power of the
SIESTORAGE power converter system (efficiency of batter-
ies excluded).
Full-cycle efficiency or round-trip efficiency is based on a
full charging and discharging cycle with State of Charge
(SOC) 100 0 100%, or restricted to the usable Depth
ofDischarge (DOD) SOC 90 10 90 %; the efficiency
isdetermined as the ratio between the retrieved amount
ofenergy and the fed-in amount of energy. For the
SIESTORAGE system, this efficiency is dependent upon
many factors such as battery aging, ambient temperature
and C-rate (efficiency of batteries included).

8 SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1
System configuration

System configuration Scope of supply

The image below shows a schematic functional block Design
diagram of the overall SIESTORAGE system, including:
Dimensioning and detailed engineering
SIESTORAGE power converters, the SCU, and the Storage system
SIESTORAGE Master Controller (S7) that form the main
SIESTORAGE product Power converters including:
The LV/MV transformer and the switchgear (normally AC fuse-switch-disconnector
project-specific and can be supplied by Siemens or the AC contactor
AC filter
The battery system supplied by a Siemens-qualified
Power stack
DC circuit-breaker
An optional Storage Management System (SMS).
DC precharge circuit
The SIESTORAGE system connects:
EMC filter (for DC+ and DC-)
Physically to the customers power grid
Batteries including Battery Management System (BMS)
Electronically to the customers supervisory control or
All busbars and cable connections between power
SCADA system.
converters and batteries
LV/MV transformer
LV distribution equipment
Installation and commissioning
Engineering and project management.

Configuration model


Master Optional:
SCU Controller Storage
(Control) (S7) Management
Battery & System (SMS)
(incl. BMS) HMI
Switchgear Grid

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SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1 9
Grid connection

Grid connection

The SIESTORAGE system and the switchgear are connected

via AC busbars in the upper part of the cabinets.

Connection on the AC side can be made directly via busbars

to a LV distribution cabinet or to a LV/MV transformer.
Alternatively, an AC cable connection can be used. For a
secure cable connection, the SIESTORAGE grid connection
cabinet is recommended.

Grid connection cabinet

AC interconnection between the converter cabinets of a
SIESTORAGE system and the switchgear cabinet is done via
the AC busbars in the top part of the cabinets.
All cabinets have a depth of 600mm, and the AC busbars
that fit into this space have a current rating of 2470A at
35C ambient temperature with natural ventilation cooling.

Grid connection transformer

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For LV/MV transformers, a neutral point on the MV side is
not so common. Therefore, the LV/MV power transformer
can be of Dy or Dd type.
The SIESTORAGE system can be connected to any grid
voltage via transformers.
Front view of the grid Inside view of the grid
Some typical technical data of Siemens transformers is connection cabinet connection cabinet
given below:

Grid connection transformer

IEC60146-1-3 Three-phase transformer for converter application
EN61378-1 Converter transformers Part 1: Transformers for industrial applications (IEC 61378-1:2011)
IEC60076-11 Power transformers Part 11: Dry-type transformers
General data
Environmental class E1 (Occasional condensation, Limited pollution) or E2 (Frequent condensation or heavy pollution),
depending on local conditions
Climatic class C1
Fire behavior class F1
Installation Indoor
Site altitude up to 2000 m
Max. ambient temperature 40C
Cooling AN
Earthing system Fixed ball points for manual earthing of the transformer windings
EMC With shielding winding according to VDE 0550. Shielding wining to be led out separately and insulated
to a terminal block
Prepared for installation of a surge arrester

10 SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1
Grid connection

Electrical data MV/LV transformer

Winding material MV Aluminium or copper
Winding material LV Aluminium or copper
Frequency 50Hz/60Hz
Type of duty Continuous duty
Degree of protection IP00
Rated power _ _ _kVA permanent/_ _ _kVA _ _sec1)
Medium voltage _ _ _(20)kV1)
Low voltage _ _ _(0.400)kV (converter side, no load)1)
Vector group Dy5 (delta) on grid side, Y (star) on converter side)
MV tappings 2 2.5%
Position of the MV tappings On LV terminal side
Insulation level MV AC (50)kV
Insulation level MV LI (95)kV
Short-circuit voltage, uk 6%
1)The ratings (_ _ _) are specific to the project.

GEAFOL transformer
Low-voltage terminals
Three-limb core made of grain-oriented, low-loss electro
Low-voltage winding made of aluminum strip
Medium-voltage winding made of vacuum-potted single
foil-type aluminum coils
Coil support system to insulate core and windings from
mechanical vibrations
Medium-voltage tapping links 22.5% permitting
adjustment to system conditions
Insulation with a mixture of epoxy resin and quartz

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Delta connection tubes with high-voltage terminals
Clamping frame and truck for lengthwise or sidewise
Please refer to this Internet site to get more information
about Siemens GEAFOL transformers:
GEAFOL transformer

SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1 11
Grid connection

MV switchgear
For gas-insulated switchgear, type 8DJH is recommended.

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8DJH switchgear

Please refer to this Internet site to get more information

about Siemens 8DJH switchgear:

Rated values
Voltage kV 7.2 12 15 17.5 24
Frequency Hz 50/60 50/60 50/60 50/60 50/60
Short-duration power-frequency withstand voltage kV 20 281) 36 38 50
Lightning impulse withstand voltage kV 60 75 95 95 125
Normal current for ring-main feeders A 400 or 630
Normal current for busbar A 630
Normal current for circuit-breaker feeders A 250 or 630
Normal current for transformer feeders A 2002)
Short-time withstand current, 1s max.kA 25 25 25 25 20
Short-time withstand current, 3s max.kA 20 20 20 20 20
Peak withstand current max.kA 63 63 63 63 50

Short-circuit making current

for ring-main feeders max.kA 63 63 63 63 50
for circuit-breaker feeders max.kA 63 63 63 63 50
for transformer feeders max.kA 63 63 63 63 50
Short-time withstand current, 1s max.kA 25 25 25 25 21
Short-time withstand current, 3s max.kA 21 21 21 21 21
Peak withstand current max.kA 65 65 65 65 55

Short-circuit making current

for ring-main feeders max.kA 65 65 65 65 55
for circuit-breaker feeders max.kA 65 65 65 65 55
for transformer feeders max.kA 65 65 65 65 55
1)42kV according to some national requirements 2)Depending on HV HRC fuse-link

12 SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1
Grid connection

MV switchgear
For air-insulated switchgear, type NXAIR is recommended.

Technical features
Factory-assembled, type-tested switchgear according to
Loss of service continuity category LSC 2B
Partition class PM (metal-clad)
Switchgear with internal arc classification according to
IAC A FLR for an arc duration of 1s
Confinement of an internal arc to the respective compart-
ment (pressure-resistant partitions), beyond the specifi-
cations of the standard
Compact design
All operations with high-voltage door closed
Clear position indicators and control elements on the
high-voltage doors as standard
NXAIR switchgear
Use of maintenance-free vacuum circuit-breakers or
vacuum contactors
Type testing of earthing switch, vacuum circuit-breaker Please refer to this Internet site to get more information
or vacuum contactor in the panel about Siemens NXAIR switchgear:
Cable testing without isolating the busbar.
Your benefits
Product range
Saves lives
Circuit-breaker panel
Saves money
Disconnecting panel
Ensures peace of mind
Metering panel
Increases productivity
Bus sectionalizer
Preserves the environment
Contactor panel.

Rated values
Voltage kV 7.2 12 17.5
Frequency Hz 50/60 50/60 50/60
Short-duration power-fre-
kV 201) 281) 38
quency withstand voltage
Lightning impulse with- kV 60 75 95
stand voltage
Short-circuit breaking
kA 40 40 40
Short-time withstand
kA 40 40 40
current (3 s)
Short-circuit making
kA 100/104 100/104 100/104
Peak withstand current kA 100/104 100/104 100/104
Normal current of busbar A 4000 4000 4000
2) 2)
Normal current of feeders A 400 1000 1250/1600 2500/3150/4000 400 1000 1250/1600 2500/3150/4000 1000 1250/1600 2500/3150/4000

Width mm 435 600 800 1000 435 600 800 1000 600 800 1000
Height mm 2300 2300 2300
Depth mm 1400 1350/1500 1400 1350/1500 1350/1500
1) GOST standard 32kV at 7.2kV, 42kV at 12kV 2) Contactor panel

SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1 13
Power conversion

Power conversion
The SIESTORAGE Power Converter System (PCS) converts
the DC voltage of the battery into grid-compliant AC power.
If required, reactive power can be provided. To charge the
battery from the grid, the converter operates as a con-
trolled rectifier.
The SIESTORAGE PCS is built in standard SIVACON S8 cabi-
nets and can be combined with other SIVACON LV systems
such as busbar, LV switchgear and LV distribution cabinets.
The SIESTORAGE PCS has a modular design. The modularity
consists of power converters in cabinets, which can be
simply aligned by connecting the AC busbar. The cabinets
include all the necessary converter components from
DCconnection, precharging device, power stack, AC filter,
AC contactor, fuses and three-phase AC busbar. 24V DC
power supply for control and measurement, as well as
acontrol interface with a PROFIBUS connection to the
SIESTORAGE control unit is also included.
The fuses are mounted in a manual disconnector so that
individual power converters can be safely disconnected

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while all others can stay in operation.
The power stack itself is based on standard IGBT technolo-
gy, which guarantees an optimized and well-proven design.

Power conversion system Converter cabinet

The connection module (contactor, fuse disconnector,
RCfilter) and the converter module (power stack, DC con-
tactor, precharge circuit, control box) are removable for
easy replacement or service. The PCS has to be connected
to the control cabinet and if necessary, also with the grid
connection cabinet.

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14 SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1
Power conversion

Converter data sheet

Ratings 140kVA 280kVA 800kVA

Converter unit Converter cabinet Converter cabinet

Electrical data
Rated voltage AC V 400 400 400
Max. operating voltage AC V 500 500 600
Min. DC voltage V (1.5 U AC) (1.5 U AC) (1.5 U AC)
Rated voltage DC V 600 600 750
Recommended max. DC voltage V 820 820 900
Max. DC voltage (power stack switch-off) V 850 850 1000
Rated current Arms 202 404 1155
Max. current Arms 202 404 1200
Rated active power 1) 2) kW 140 280 800
Max. active power 1) 2) kW 140 280 831
Rated apparent power kVA 140 280 800
Max. apparent power kVA 140 280 831
Short-time overload (5 sec) kVA 207 414 1600
Rated frequency Hz 50/60 50/60 50/60

Auxiliary supply
Voltage V 24V DC 24V DC
Frequency Hz
Connection power auxiliaries kW 0.24 0.48 1.00

Mechanical data
Dimensions 3) (W x H x D) mm 6002200600 8002200600
Weight (net) kg 600 <800
Door angle completely open 180 free-standing 180 free-standing
125 in row 125 in row
Overall depth with door completely open mm 1250 1450

Thermal data
Dissipation at rated power kW 3.5 7 <16
Forced air cooling (AF) m/h <700 <1400 approx. 4000

Operating and installation conditions

Min. distance from rear wall mm 100 100
Min. distance from side wall mm 100 100
Min. distance from ceiling mm 400 400
Altitude (without derating) m <2000 <2000 <2000
Max. pollution degree (EN60664-1) 1 1 1
Max. permissible temperature C <40 <40 <40
Rel. humidity (non-condensing) % <95 <95 <95
Max. efficiency of system 4)
One direction, charge or discharge 97.5% 98%
1) System active power may be limited by maximum battery power
2) System active and reactive power is limited by the apparent power
3) Per cabinet row additionally two side walls with 10mm each, additionally 25mm depth for door
4) Rated to maximum apparent power including auxiliaries (without HVAC and transformer), measured at 400V AC connection

SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1 15
Batteries, control

Batteries Control data sheet

Siemens has strategic partnerships with leading battery
manufacturers, which ensures the capability to offer the Ratings Control cabinet
best fit technical and performance solution for each appli-
Auxiliary supply
cation or groups of applications. Project specific technical
Voltage [V] 3ph 400V AC
data sheets are provided when required.
Frequency [Hz] 50/60

Control Connection power auxiliaries [kW] 0.45

The SIESTORAGE Master Controller (S7) and the SCU are Mechanical data
together responsible for the entire operation of the Dimensions 1) (W x H x D) [mm] 8002200600
SIESTORAGE Power Conversion System (PCS). Weight (net) [kg] 300
The SIESTORAGE Master Controller (S7) provides: Door angle completely open [] 180 free-standing, 125 in row

A Human-Machine Interface (HMI) to set the operation Complete depth with door 1250
completely open [mm]
and control modes and display the system status includ-
ing warnings, errors and alarms. The HMI can be used for Thermal data
local control and diagnostics Dissipation loss at rated power [kW] 0.1
A communication interface to the external supervisory Forced air cooling (AF) [m/h] <480
control or SCADA system. Operating and mounting conditions

The SCU provides: Min. distance from rear wall [mm] 100
Min. distance from side wall [mm] 100
Closed loop controls to control the actual values
Min. distance from ceiling [mm] 400
according to the set values
Altitude (without derating) [m] <2000
Pulse regulation of the semiconductors
Max. pollution degree (EN60664-1) 1
Fault monitoring of power electronics and batteries
Max. permissible temperature [C] <40
Coordination of the control sequences for proper and
Rel. humidity [%] (non-condensing) <85
safe operation.
Possible system data interfaces MPI or Ethernet S7 protocol
Control configuration UDP, TCP/IP
Two options are available for the control cabinets: PROFIBUS DP (option)
IEC61850 (option)
SCU configuration 3U (Unit) 6U (Unit)
IEC 60870-5-101/104
Max. number of converters that can be 1 to 4 5 to 12 (option)
1) Per cabinet row additionally two side walls with 10mm each,
additionally 25mm depth for door

16 SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1

Control cabinet
The SCU and measurement cards are mounted on the
control panel of their respective power block. The
SIESTORAGE Master Controller (S7) and the HMI are also
integrated therein.
The control cabinet contains the following components:
SCU control unit (19)
Internal voltage measurement
SITOP 24V power supply
AC distribution MCBs
DC distribution MCBs
SIMATIC S7, ET200 and touch panel
Terminal connection block
230V socket
AC auxiliary supply input MCB and switchover
AC auxiliary supply transformer

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Current measurement terminals

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External current and voltage measurement.
The SCU in the control cabinet communicates with the
power converters via fiber-optic cables (FOCs). The maxi- Front view Inside view
mum length of the FOCs is 30m, which limits the maxi- of control cabinet of control cabinet
mum distance between the control cabinet and a power
converter cabinet to approx. 20m.
The SIESTORAGE Master Controller (S7) communicates with
the HMI via the integrated Multi-Point Interface (MPI). The
standard S7 protocol is used for this communication. set via the SIESTORAGE Master Controller (S7) interfaces or
the HMI.
The system operation and control modes, as well as the
corresponding nominal values for control algorithms are The following diagram shows control system variations.

Control system variations

SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1 17

Control cabinet interfaces activity, whilst still being coordinated system-wide from the
The SIESTORAGE Master Controller (S7) can be operated upper level perspectives.
locally via the HMI or web-client, or remotely via a number The arrangement illustrated below represents the standard
of standardized interfaces. For remote operation, the topology with the major components of a SIESTORAGE
SIESTORAGE Master Controller (S7) provides both standard communication system.
and optional interfaces, some of which, e.g. connection to
an external SCADA system, may require additional hard- Network connectivity
ware. Interfaces include:
The SIESTORAGE has an internal IP network, which is isolat-
SCADA interface S7 protocol (included in the standard ed from the external (customer) network by means of a
configuration) security switch with firewall. The security switch offers two
SCADA interface PROFIBUS DP protocol (available as physically separate Ethernet ports to allow connection to:
option) A SCADA system via IEC61850 or IEC104 telecontrol
SCADA interface IEC60870-5-104 (available as option) protocols
SCADA interface IEC61850 (available as option) A control room computer connection. Via this Ethernet
connection the HMI functionality can be remotely con-
Network configuration trolled by use of a web-client. The HMI works as a
Energy storage applications can range from a simple switch web-server and access is password protected.
on/off command to more sophisticated applications such as The IP and subnet addresses of these Ethernet ports are
frequency regulation, renewable integration, VAR control freely configurable.
and voltage ride-through.
The firewall of the security router will be preconfigured to
SIESTORAGE communication architecture is designed to block any traffic between the customer LAN and the inter-
ensure the fastest operation, as all command and control nal network except for the dedicated connections men-
functionality takes place at the closest proximity to the tioned above.


18 SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1

Remote access
Additionally Siemens will deliver the SIESTORAGE system All connections use state-of-the-art VPN tunneling tech-
with the capability to access the system remotely from a nology. Direct connections are not allowed; clients have
service center (remote access). The remote access will be to get access via a SINEMA Remote Connect server in the
used by SIEMENS in order to access SIESTORAGE internal Internet. The access to individual SIESTORAGE systems
data, derive quick in depth diagnostics and improve the can be assigned to each user individually. The access to
SIESTORAGE product. each SIESTORAGE plant can be controlled by an external
electrical contact (switch, relay) from the customer side.
The remote access solution will be set up so that it will
protect the SIESTORAGE internal network against unspeci- For more information follow this link:
fied access from the customer side. Conversely the cus-
tomers IT infrastructure cannot, in any way be accessed
The remote access solution can use LAN, DSL or cellular
from the remote access to the SIESTORAGE system.
connections to get Internet access. The cable length for a
When requested to make remote access available within cellular network is inherently limited, so that location
the customers control, this will be done by providing a key details for the remote access solution will have to be
switch or a relay contact that can only be operated from evaluated individually for every project.
the customer side and will determine whether further
remote access is possible.
Customer-controlled remote access is not standard, and the
terms of such a service have to be agreed separately.
SIESTORAGE remote access uses the SINEMA Remote Con-
nect platform from Siemens Digital Factory:













SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1 19

IT security Optional Microgrid Manager

The standard network configuration uses Siemens products A microgrid is a geographically delimited aggregation of
with industrial security functions supporting the safe opera- electrical and thermal production, storage and load and it
tion of SIESTORAGE within a holistic industrial security can work connected to the grid (i.e. on-grid) or off-grid.
concept. Siemens products and solutions are constantly
Microgrids often require complex control of various grid
being developed and improved.
connected assets and in the case of energy storage may
In order to safely operate Siemens products and solutions it demand various applications and functionality from the
is required to adopt appropriate protection measures and same system.
to integrate each component within an industrial security
The SICAM Microgrid Manager from Siemens is a fully
concept, which is in accordance with the state of the art.
developed end-to-end solution to monitor and control
For more information follow this link: microgrids. It constantly monitors and controls the grid, power generation, energy storage, and consumption, and is
capable of representing complex structures in the process.
If the standard network configuration is not applied, then
appropriate protection measures for the SIESTORAGE have Please refer to this Internet site to get more information
to be assessed on an individual solution basis. about the SICAM Microgrid Manager:

Electricity supply for off-grids/microgrids


Wind farm Private

Infrastructure Diesel/Gas

Photovoltaics Industry

20 SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1
Other system components

Other system components

The integration of the cabinets into a containerized enclo- Minimum fire behavior according to EN13501-1:
sure ensures the reduction of site activities. Pre-tested and D-s1,d0; A2fl s2 for floorings.
pre-commissioned systems help to reduce expensive and Preferred insulation material: PUR foam.
time critical corrections on-site. For extended fire behavior requirements, PIR insulation
or mineral wool insulation should be preferred
SIESTORAGE modularity provides design flexibility to meet
a variety of requirements with regard to power and energy. According to DIN 4109, the minimum rated sound insula-
tion value Rw for roof and walls shall be 25 dB. Minimum
Access to the SIESTORAGE container is monitored through 34 dB for higher sound protection requirements.
the supervision of positioning switches mounted on each
Wherever arc faults may occur, leading to an overpressure
access door. A status contact from every door positioning
the room cannot withstand, overpressure flaps (with
switch is hardwired to an I/O module connected to the
automatic closing function) shall be foreseen in the walls.
master controller. By using the same communication infra-
The required size has to be calculated individually accord-
structure of the power converter and battery systems, the
ing to the project.
access monitoring of the container can also be performed
remotely. The picture below shows details of construction and main
subsystems inside the containerized solution.
SIESTORAGE basic container design shall comply with the
following conditions:
U-value for roof and walls according to EN14509:
If the project-specific minimum ambient temperature is
above -20C, no measures for additional floor insulation
are required

Details of construction and subsystems in a containerized solution

SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1 21
Other system components

Container module sizes

Container modules shall be designed according to the
following dimensions:

Container External dimensions Designed for

designation Length, LE Width, WE 1)
Height, HE min. loading
acc. to ISO 668 mass2)
ft. and in. mm tol. [mm] ft. and in. mm tol. [mm] ft. and in. mm tol. [mm] kg
1AAA 40 12,192 0/-10 8 2438 0/-5 107.48 3238 0/-5 18,000
1CCC 1910 6056 0/-6 8 2438 0/-5 96 3238 0/-5 18,000
1) ISO 668 container dimensions 2) CSC shipping regulations

Standardized container layouts

In general, one SIESTORAGE container can be divided into a
maximum of five rooms that can have different climate
Examples of 40ft. container layouts can be seen below:

Container as one converter room (converter container)

Container as one battery room (battery container)

22 SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1
Other system components

Example of 40ft. container layouts (cont.):

Container divided into one converter and one battery room

Container divided into one transformer, one converter and one battery room

Container divided into one MV/LV, one transformer, one converter and one battery room




Container divided into one MV/LV, one transformer and one converter room





SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1 23
Other system components

Cabling and electrical interconnections HVAC

Wiring and cabling within the container is in accordance The heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) sys-
with the following standards: tem plays a vital role in keeping the power electronics and
batteries within a certain temperature range for their
IEC60502-2 Power cables with extruded insulation
optimal operation as well as for the preservation and exten-
andtheir accessories for rated voltages from 1kV
sion of the life time of the whole system.
(Um = 1.2kV) up to 30kV (Um = 36kV)
Part 2: Cables for rated voltages from 6kV (Um = 7.2kV) The HVAC design takes into consideration the cooling load
up to 30kV (Um = 36kV) determined by a combination of factors such as the final
EN50565 Electric cables Guide to use for cables with geographical destination, total volume, area, insulation of
a rated voltage not exceeding 450/750V the building, and the heating loss of the power electronics
and batteries. The latter is the most critical element in the
VDE0298 Application of cables and cords in power
estimate of an appropriate system. Depending on the
storage application, the power electronics and batteries
VDE0276 1000 Power cables Part 1000: Current- could generate more or less heat requiring simple or more
carrying capacity, general, conversion factors sophisticated HVAC systems.
Fire protection system A proper HVAC system design also helps the reduction of
All aspects of fire safety are considered during the design operating costs by avoiding or limiting system down time.
of any SIESTORAGE fire protection system. The solutions An optimal design does not only include the HVAC sizing,
are tailored to the individual projects in order to address but also the selection of a system which offers redundancy,
project needs and to comply with regional fire codes. quick on-site or remote repair, and simplified parts replace-
ment. In this regard, Siemens works with different vendors
In a general sense, the Siemens solution is an integrated whose selection will depend on the nature and quality of
and intelligent system for all aspects of fire safety including the service they can offer in the target region.
suppression, fire detection, emergency evacuation, moni-
toring and smoke control. As far as the configuration goes, the preferred and recom-
mended styles are the vertical wall-mounted packaged and
The SIESTORAGE containers can also be equipped with fire split unit.
alarm and fire fighting systems designed according to
Siemens standards, or adapted to customers guidelines Most of the SIESTORAGE applications require multiple HVAC
upon request. According to requirements, a preventive units for redundancy and cooling capacity. For these appli-
system (oxygen reduction), or a reactive system is chosen cations, a central control panel is provided (3). Besides
for the fire fighting system. providing a common point of control, the control panel can
be programmed to alternate and optimize the usage of the
Frequently applied fire detection components are optical HVAC units. The sequencing of multiple units can signifi-
smoke detectors, temperature rise detectors, main fire cantly prolong the life of components such as compressors
alarm system, fire alarm (manual) on each door, pressure and fans, and thus of the whole heating, ventilation and
sensor to activate the fire suppression system on each cooling system.
door, door contacts (fire fighting system activation), as well
as optical and acoustic alarms.

Fire protection options:

SIES-0113 tif

Fire detection and extinguishing control panel

Fire detector
Aspirating smoke detector
Combined sounder beacon
Alarm sounder
Electrical manual actuator for extinguishing system
Warning display
Extinguishing agent cylinders Novec 1230
Piping network with nozzles
Overpressure flap

Overview of an example of a fully-integrated SIESTORAGE fire protection system

24 SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1
Safety and Environmental Features
Standards, specifications, guidelines

Electric shock protection The entire earth system is supervised by a ground-fault

Protection against electric shock is achieved by several protection system. This device is connected to the AC
measures: busbar of the SIESTORAGE system and monitors the DC
system as long as neither converters nor batteries are
The system design is according IEC61439 and VDE100,
switched off.
proven during manufacturing
During routine test the insulation resistance is checked In case of an alarm, the SIESTORAGE system will be switched
off immediately. For standard IT earthing systems this may
During commissioning the insulation resistance has to be
be unusual, but if the failure is inside the battery system,
checked again.
the next failure can cause major damage. For this reason,
the standard procedure is to switch off.
Noise emissions
The maximum sound pressure level at 1m distance to the
power converters inside the container is approximately Permitted operating conditions
73dB(A). A number of environmental conditions must be met for the
operation of the SIESTORAGE system.
Environmental impact The system is designed for a geographical height of
SIESTORAGE is environmentally compatible according to 2000m above sea level. Higher locations up to 3500m
Siemens EP-Standard No. 1 (Requirements for the environ- are possible, but may require different control hardware
mentally conscious product and system design). and may lead to derating. Details must be determined on a
project-specific basis.
Color finish The temperature inside the SIESTORAGE power converter
The SIESTORAGE color is RAL7032. and control cabinet housing must stay in the range +0C to
+40C (mean value for 24h +35C); other values on
Seismic qualification project-specific request.
The tests have been successfully carried out according to
The PCS operating temperature range is -25C to +40C
the following standards:
without derating; up to +50C with derating.
The permitted temperature range inside the SIESTORAGE
IEC60068-2-57 battery housing is typically between 18C to 28C without
IEC60980 any operational restrictions; extended temperature range
KTA2201.4 from 10C to 40C withreduced power rating.
Uniform Building Code (UBC), Edition 1997, Volume 2, The degree of pollution inside the SIESTORAGE system shall
Chapter 16, Division IV be according to EN60664-1 level 1: No or only dry, non-
International Building Code (IBC), 2015 conductive pollution. The system must be switched off in
case of pollution level 2 (temporary conductivity due to
At 3 different acceleration levels: 6m/s2, 7.5m/s2 and
Maximum floor unevenness (e.g. due to the weight of the
SIESTORAGE system earthing control, converter or battery cabinets): 1mm/1m.
ground-fault protection
The SIESTORAGE system is designed to be an IT earth
system. This means that the batteries, the DC link and the
AC system must be completely isolated. It is not permitted
to operate a grounded neutral system. For additional power
cabling instructions, especially with regard to earthing and
system integration, please see also the SIESTORAGE Instal-
lation Instructions.

SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1 25
Safety and Environmental Features
Standards, specifications, guidelines

Installation in closed rooms Permitted storage conditions

In buildings with defined climatic and ventilation condi- (Warehouse conditions)
tions. Permitted temperature range for the batteries:
-20 to +50C
Installation in containers Permitted temperature range for the SIESTORAGE control
Environmental protection is evaluated according to cabinet: -25C to +70C
EN60721-3-3 Classification of environmental conditions, Permitted temperature range for the SIESTORAGE con-
Part 3: Classes of environmental impact and their limit verter cabinet: -25C to +80C.
values, Section 3: Stationary use, weather-protected:
Therefore, the permitted temperature range for storing
the SIESTORAGE power converter and control cabinets
Climatic environmental Class 3K3 (permitted with extended
is: -25C to +70C.
conditions outside air temperature range from
0C up to +40C) Permitted air pressure range for the SIESTORAGE Master
Biological environmental Class 3B1 Controller (S7): 1080 to 660hPa (which corresponds to
conditions an altitude of 0 to 3500m).
Chemically active substances Class 3C1 Maximum permissible humidity: 95%.
Mechanically active sub- Class 3S1 Condensation is not permitted.
Mechanical environmental Class 3M1 Permitted transportation conditions
conditions If not otherwise stated, same as storage conditions of 3.7
Combination of environmen- Class IE32 Compliance with Battery Transport Regulation UN38.3
tal classes
In addition, common vibration, oscillation and impact
conditions (as e.g. specified in the Hapag-Lloyd Group
If necessary, inlet air filter pads have to be installed if the Communication 02/2010: Container Packaging) are
SIESTORAGE housing is cooled by direct air cooling, and tolerated by the system during transportation
measures against condensation may have to be applied. No special measures are needed against vibration, oscilla-
tion and shock during operation
The degree of protection of the SIESTORAGE system is
according to IP20 for closed cabinet systems, and IP00 for The construction of the system is such that earthquake
components such as converter units. safety requirements (cf. 3.56) are fulfilled.

26 SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1
SIESTORAGE Test Specifications and Performance Guarantees
Standards, specifications, guidelines

SIESTORAGE PCS Factory Acceptance Test (FAT) Scope of system performance guarantees
specification List of possible system performance guarantees:
The following FAT will be carried out at the PCS factory.
Max. positive and negative active power at POI
(Battery tests are carried out according to the manu
facturers test report at his factory). Max. positive and negative reactive power at POI
Full-cycle energy content
Identity check
cos phi guarantees
Visual check
Round-trip efficiency
Mechanical test
(under defined operating conditions).
Electrical test
Dielectric test Measurement and tracking of performance guarantees
Insulation resistance test For the following four power values at the point of inter-
connection (POI), an energy counter is implemented in the
Completeness test.
SIESTORAGE Site Acceptance Test (SAT) specification
SAT requirements are to be specified during the tendering Positive active power +P Energy counter value +P
phase. Some functional tests may require either a grid Negative active power -P Energy counter value -P
connection or on-site power supply. Some of the standard Positive reactive power +Q Energy counter value +Q
tests available are as follows:
Negative reactive power -Q Energy counter value -Q
Visual inspection (documentation, installation, wiring
and alarms, insulation) All energy counter values (not certified metering values)
P/Q mode are stored system internally, typically for several days. With
Black start mode a sampling rate of 200 microseconds, the measurement
values are accumulated over a period of time that is config-
U/f mode
urable between 1 s and 1 h. The resulting cumulative
Harmonic distortion. values are added to the stored energy counter values.
For these tests the PCS will be operated via the HMI in the
These cumulative measurement values are used to verify
PCS or a superordinate control system.
the performance guarantees at the Beginning of Life (BoL).
Energy counter values need to be stored permanently for
warranty verification.

List of Abbreviations

List of abbreviations List of abbreviations

AC Alternating Current LV Low Voltage
BMS Battery Management System MCB Miniature Circuit-Breaker
BOL Beginning of Life MPI Multi-Point Interface
CB Circuit-Breaker MV Medium Voltage
DC Direct Current PCS Power Conversion System
DOD Depth of Discharge POI Point of Interconnection
DSO Distribution System Operator PU Precharge Unit
EMC Electromagnetic Compatibility SAT Site Acceptance Test
EOL End of Life SCFA Siemens ConFiguration Advanced
ESS Energy Storage System SCU SIESTORAGE Control Unit
FAT Factory Acceptance Test SMS Storage Management System
FOC Fiber-Optic Cable SoC State of Charge
HMI Human Machine Interface SPL Sound Pressure Level
HVAC Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning SPS Standby Power Supply

SIESTORAGE The Modular Energy Storage System Siemens Catalog SIESTORAGE Edition 1 27
Published by
Siemens AG 2017
Energy Management
Medium Voltage & Systems
Mozartstrae 31 C
91052 Erlangen
For more information please contact
our Customer Support Center.
Phone: +49 180 524 70 00
Fax: +49 180 524 24 71
Article No. EMMS-C10041-00-7600
Printed in Germany
Dispo 40400
PU 184/000488 KG 03.17 0.3
Subject to changes and errors. The information
given in this document only contains general
descriptions and/or performance features which
may not always specifically reflect those described,
or which may undergo modification in the course
of further development of the products.
The requested performance features are binding
only when they are expressly agreed upon in the
concluded contract.
SIESTORAGE is a registered trademark of
SiemensAG. Any unauthorized use is prohibited.
All other designations in this document may repre-
sent trademarks whose use by third parties for
their own purposes may violate the proprietary
rights of the owner.