Está en la página 1de 10

Instituto Tecnologico de Santo Domingo Ing.

Francisco Alfredo Daz Manzano


Maestria en Ingenieria Estructural ID: 1068251
MIS-507 "Ingenieria Sismica"

ANALISIS ESPECTRAL MODAL

1. Propiedades de la estructura

Gravedad g 981

T
Pisos P[1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9] PP

Altura h4[1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1]

Rigidez k 303 [ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ]

Pesos W 816.44 [ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ]
2. Ensamblaje de la matriz de masa.
W
1,i
i 1 cols (W) M
i,i
g

832.2528 10 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
3
0 832.2528 10 0 0 0 0 0
3
0 0 832.2528 10 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 832.2528 10
3
0 0 0
3
M= 0 0 0 0 832.2528 10 0 0
3
0 0 0 0 0 832.2528 10 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 832.2528 10
3
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0

3. Ensamblaje de la matriz de rigidez.

K for i 1 cols (k)) 606 303 0 0 0 0 0 0 0



if i cols (k)) 1
303 606 303 0 0 0 0 0 0
K k +k 0 303 606 303 0 0 0 0 0

i,i 1,i 1,i+1
0 0 303 606 303 0 0 0 0
K 1 k

i,i+1 1,i+1
K= 0 0 0 303 606 303 0 0 0
K
i+1,i
K

i,i+1 0 0 0 0 303 606 303 0 0

else 0 0 0 0 0 303 606 303 0

K k

0 0 0 0 0 0 303 606 303
i,i 1,i
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 303 303
K

Pgina 1 de 10
Instituto Tecnologico de Santo Domingo Ing. Francisco Alfredo Daz Manzano
Maestria en Ingenieria Estructural ID: 1068251
MIS-507 "Ingenieria Sismica"

4. Calculo de formas modales y periodos de vibracin.


1
AM K 2 sort (eigenvals (A))
3.1513 1.9938
9.3681 0.6707
15.3292 0.4099
20.8723 0.301
2
Frecuencia circular 2 = 25.846
Periodo natural T = 0.2431
30.1147 0.2086

33.5619 0.1872

36.0937 0.1741

37.6409 0.1669

Formas modales
for i 1 rows (T))
i
eigenvec A , 2
i , 1

0.0755 0.2184 0.3376 0.4202 0.4573 0.4448 0.3841 0.2818 0.149


0.149 0.3841 0.4573 0.3376 0.0755 0.2184 0.4202 0.4448 0.2818
0.2184 0.4573 0.2818 0.149 0.4448 0.3376 0.0755 0.4202 0.3841
0.2818 0.4202 0.0755 0.4573 0.149 0.3841 0.3376 0.2184 0.4448
= 0.3376 0.2818 0.3841 0.2184 0.4202 0.149 0.4448 0.0755 0.4573
0.3841 0.0755 0.4448 0.2818 0.2184 0.4573 0.149 0.3376 0.4202

0.4202 0.149 0.2184 0.4448 0.3841 0.0755 0.2818 0.4573 0.3376

0.4448 0.3376 0.149 0.0755 0.2818 0.4202 0.4573 0.3841 0.2184

0.4573 0.4448 0.4202 0.3841 0.3376 0.2818 0.2184 0.149 0.0755

P1 P1 P1 P1 P1

9 9 9 9 9

8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1

7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2

6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3

5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4

4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5

3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6

2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7

1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8

0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9


0.9

0 0 0 0
0
0 .045
0.09
0.135
0.18
0.225
0.27
0.315
0.36
0.405
0.45
0.495 -0.45
-0.36
-0.27
-0.18
-0.0900.09
0.18
0.27
0.36
0.45
0.54 -0.54
-0.45
-0.36
-0.27
-0.18
-0.0900.09
0.18
0.27
0.36
0.45 -0.45
-0.36
-0.27
-0.18
-0.0900.09
0.18
0.27
0.36 0.54-0.54
0.45 -0.45
-0.36
-0.27
-0.18
-0.0900.09
0.18
0.27
0.36
0.45

1 3 4 5
2
1 1 1 1 1

1 Modo 2 Modo 3 Modo 4 Modo 5 Modo

Pgina 2 de 10
Instituto Tecnologico de Santo Domingo Ing. Francisco Alfredo Daz Manzano
Maestria en Ingenieria Estructural ID: 1068251
MIS-507 "Ingenieria Sismica"

5. Factores de participacin modal


T
n M 1 T
n Mn n M n i 1 rows (P) Vector unitario I 1
Mn i,1

for n 1 rows (P)) for n 1 rows (P))


T
T
M n M n M n M n
n n
T
2
n M I n T

n
M I
Mn n Mn


2.7686 6.3795
0.9059 0.6831
0.523 0.2277 es la masa participatica en cada modo
0.3511 0.1026 m es el porcentaje de masa participativa por modo
= 0.2492 = 0.0517
cols (W)) n
0.1786 0.0265 W
mt = [ 7.4903 ]
0.1242 0.0128 n=1 g
0.0788 0.0052
0.0383 0.0012 85.17%
9.12%
m for n 1 rows (P) 3.04%
1.37%
n

mn , 1 m = 0.69%
mt
0.35%

m 0.17%
0.07%
0.02%
for n 1 rows (P)
n n
n , 1

0.2091 0.1978 0.1766 0.1475 0.114 0.0794 0.0477 0.0222 0.0057


0.4125 0.348 0.2392 0.1185 0.0188 0.039 0.0522 0.035 0.0108
0.6046 0.4143 0.1474 0.0523 0.1108 0.0603 0.0094 0.0331 0.0147
0.7803 0.3807 0.0395 0.1606 0.0371 0.0686 0.0419 0.0172 0.017
= 0.9346 0.2553 0.2009 0.0767 0.1047 0.0266 0.0552 0.0059 0.0175

1.0635 0.0684 0.2326 0.099 0.0544 0.0816 0.0185 0.0266 0.0161

1.1633 0.135 0.1142 0.1562 0.0957 0.0135 0.035 0.036 0.0129

1.2315 0.3058 0.0779 0.0265 0.0702 0.075 0.0568 0.0303 0.0084
1.266 0.403 0.2198 0.1349 0.0841 0.0503 0.0271 0.0117 0.0029

Pgina 3 de 10
Instituto Tecnologico de Santo Domingo Ing. Francisco Alfredo Daz Manzano
Maestria en Ingenieria Estructural ID: 1068251
MIS-507 "Ingenieria Sismica"

P1

9 1
1
8.1

7.2 2
1
6.3

5.4 3
1
4.5

3.6 4
1
2.7

1.8 5
1
0.9

0
-0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4

6. Anlisis Espectral Modal.


Data READEXCEL (.\Espectro_3Asignacin.xlsx , Sa!A1:B150)
1 2
t Data Sa Data

Sa
2
285
260
235
210
185
160
105.1481135
110
85 t
60
35

0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.7 3

Espectro de aceleraciones

Factor de moficacin de respuesta R1

Factor de importancia Ie 1

Factor C1 (FEMA 440) C1 1

Pgina 4 de 10
Instituto Tecnologico de Santo Domingo Ing. Francisco Alfredo Daz Manzano
Maestria en Ingenieria Estructural ID: 1068251
MIS-507 "Ingenieria Sismica"

Coeficientes sismicos para cada periodo de vibracin.


Csm for i 1 rows (T)) 0.1075

linterp t , Sa , T 0.1704
i , 1

smi , 1
C 0.194
R Csm =
g 0.2508
I 0.153
e

Csm

Calculo de fuerzas modales laterales fmodal n jn mj Cj

fmodal for i 1 5

for ii 1 rows ())
fmodal W Csm

ii , i i,1 ii , i 1 , ii i,1

fmodal

18.3582 27.5192 27.969 30.2161 14.2378


36.2156 48.4048 37.8858 24.2753 2.3515
53.0851 57.6223 23.3497 10.7135 13.8494
68.5066 52.9498 6.2572 32.8824 4.6388
fmodal = 82.0594 35.5136 31.8254 15.704 13.0833

93.3739 9.5168 36.8523 20.266 6.7997

102.1414 18.774 18.0934 31.9855 11.9602
108.1227 42.5394 12.3436 5.4308 8.775
111.1547 56.0505 34.8137 27.6224 10.511

Cortante basal.

cols Vmodal
Vmodal for i 1 cols fmodal
2
VSRSS Vmodal
n= 1 1,n

a0
for ii 1 rows fmodal
af
modalii , i + a VSRSS
Vnom
cols (W))
V
modal1 , i a W
n= 1
1,n
V
modal
VSRSS = 684.5154 Vnom = 0.0932
Vmodal = [ 673.0175 114.1626 43.3334 25.2514 7.7597 ]

Pgina 5 de 10
Instituto Tecnologico de Santo Domingo Ing. Francisco Alfredo Daz Manzano
Maestria en Ingenieria Estructural ID: 1068251
MIS-507 "Ingenieria Sismica"

Calculo de fuerzas laterales en entrepiso

1 54.7021
fSRSS for i 1 rows fmodal
2 75.3972

a0 3 83.6071

for ii 1 5 4 92.9449

2

a fmodal
i , ii
+a P=5 fSRSS = 97.0856



6 103.0742
fSRSS

a 7 110.8098
i,1
f 8 117.2987
SRSS 9 132.599

P.

8.1

7.2

6.3

5.4

4.5

3.6

2.7

1.8 fSRSS.
0.9

0
0 15 30 45 60 75 90 105 120 135

Fuerzas laterales por piso

Calculo de fuerzas cortantes en entrepiso

VEmodal for i 1 5

a0
for ii rows ()) 1
a fmodal + a
ii , i


VEmodal a

ii , i

VEmodal

Pgina 6 de 10
Instituto Tecnologico de Santo Domingo Ing. Francisco Alfredo Daz Manzano
Maestria en Ingenieria Estructural ID: 1068251
MIS-507 "Ingenieria Sismica"

673.0175 114.1626 43.3334 25.2514 7.7597


654.6594 86.6434 15.3644 4.9647 6.4781
618.4438 38.2386 22.5213 29.24 8.8296
565.3587 19.3837 45.871 18.5265 5.0198

VEmodal = 496.8521 72.3335 39.6138 14.356 9.6587

414.7926 107.8471 7.7884 30.0599 3.4246

321.4187 117.3639 29.0639 9.7939 10.2243

219.2774 98.5899 47.1573 22.1916 1.736
111.1547 56.0505 34.8137 27.6224 10.511

1 684.5154
VESRSS for i 1 rows VEmodal
2 660.5972

a0 3 620.7858

for ii 1 5 4 567.8721

2

a VEmodal
i , ii
+a P=5 VESRSS = 503.9472



6 429.7207
VESRSS

7 343.6997
a
i,1

VE 8 246.0118
SRSS 9 132.599

T
P_

8.1

7.2

6.3

5.4

4.5

3.6

2.7

1.8
VESRSS.
0.9

0
0 70 140 210 280 350 420 490 560 630 700

Fuerzas cortantes por entrepiso.

2
T

Pgina 7 de 10
Instituto Tecnologico de Santo Domingo Ing. Francisco Alfredo Daz Manzano
Maestria en Ingenieria Estructural ID: 1068251
MIS-507 "Ingenieria Sismica"

2
Tn
Calculo de desplazamientos ujn n jn Cn g
2
4

umodal for i 1 5 uSRSS for i 1 rows umodal




for ii 1 rows ()) a0

T
2
for ii 1 5

i,1 2
u Csm g R C1 a umodal +a
modalii , i i,1 ii , i i,1 2 i , ii
4


umodal uSRSS a
i,1

u
SRSS

2.2212 0.3768 0.143 0.0833 0.0256 2.2591


4.3818 0.6627 0.1937 0.067 0.0042 4.4363
6.4228 0.7889 0.1194 0.0295 0.0249 6.4723
8.2887 0.725 0.032 0.0907 0.0083 8.3209
umodal = 9.9285 0.4862 0.1627 0.0433 0.0235 uSRSS = 9.9418

11.2974 0.1303 0.1884 0.0559 0.0122 11.2999

12.3582 0.257
0.0925 0.0882 0.0215
12.3616
13.0819 0.5824 0.0631 0.015 0.0158 13.095
13.4488 0.7674 0.178 0.0762 0.0189 13.472

P.
13.5
9
9

8.1

7.2

6.3

5.4

4.5

3.6

2.7

1.8
uSRSS.
0.9

0
0 1.5 3 4.5 6 7.5 9 10.5 12 13.5

Desplazamientos letarales de cada piso.

Pgina 8 de 10
Instituto Tecnologico de Santo Domingo Ing. Francisco Alfredo Daz Manzano
Maestria en Ingenieria Estructural ID: 1068251
MIS-507 "Ingenieria Sismica"

Calculo de deformaciones de entrepiso.


DEFmodal for i 1 5

for ii 1 rows ())
if ii 1
2
T
i,1
umodalii , i i , 1 ii , i Csmi , 1 g 2
R C1
4
else if ii > 1
2
T
i,1
umodal Csm g R C1

ii , i i , 1 ii , i (ii 1)) , i i,1 2
4

umodal

DEFSRSS for i 1 rows DEFmodal



a0


for ii 1 5

2

a DEFmodali , ii + a




DEFSRSSi , 1 a

DEF
SRSS

T
P_

8.1

7.2

6.3

5.4

4.5

3.6

2.7

1.8
DEFSRSS.
0.9

0
0 0.25 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 1.5 1.75 2 2.25 2.5

Deformaciones de entrepiso.

Pgina 9 de 10
Instituto Tecnologico de Santo Domingo Ing. Francisco Alfredo Daz Manzano
Maestria en Ingenieria Estructural ID: 1068251
MIS-507 "Ingenieria Sismica"

Calculo de distorsiones de entrepiso.


DISmodal for i 1 5

for ii 1 rows ())
if ii 1
2
T
i,1
umodalii , i i , 1 ii , i Csmi , 1 g 2
R C1
4 h 100
1,i
else if ii > 1
2
T
i,1
umodalii , i i , 1 ii , i (ii 1)) , i Csmi , 1 g
2
R C1
4 h 100
1,i

umodal

DISSRSS for i 1 rows DISmodal



a0


for ii 1 5

2

a DISmodali , ii + a




DISSRSSi , 1 a

DIS
SRSS

T
P_

8.1

7.2

6.3

5.4

4.5

3.6

2.7

1.8
DISSRSS.
0.9

0
0 0.0006 0.0011 0.0017 0.0022 0.0028 0.0033 0.0039 0.0044 0.005 0.0055 0.0061

Distorsiones de entrepiso.

Pgina 10 de 10