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Thomas Lanier Williams (
Tennessee Williams),
20 .

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. 1.
1.1. Tennessee Williams

Thomas Lanier Williams, Tennessee


Williams, 26 1911
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, Cornelius ,
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, Edwina , ,
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Williams, , ,
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Williams,
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Williams,
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Clarksdale .
,
1918
. ,Tom Rose,
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, Wingfield
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Tennessee ,
Tennessee, .
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7 , , , , 2003, . 39

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Smart Set,
25 , .

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1930,
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1935, ,
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1936, Washington
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1936 1937
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Rose, .
1937, Rose,
. Rose Williams
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Williams,
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1938, ,
.


. Not about Nightingales
1939, .

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29.


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Thomas Tennessee.
,


Metro Goldwyn Mayer.
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1947.
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,
Pulitzer.

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,
1949 .

1950, .

Williams,
The Catastrophe of Success

,
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Frank Merlo,

5|
1961.
,
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1963, Broadway
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1967, .
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,

8.
,
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1969,
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1970,
(American Academy of Arts and Letters).
1975, Memoirs
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1976, .

1979,
, Key West.
1980, Broadway.
24 1983, ,
Elysee ,
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,
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Williams
( )

8 Thornton, M., Tennessee Williams notebooks, 1st ed., Yale U. Pr., 2006
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Williams,
Anton Chekhov.
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Lawrence,
Tom.

Hart Crane,

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1.3.

1934:
1935: , ,
1935:
1936:
1936:
1936-1938:
1937: , !
1937:
1938-1939:
1939:
1940:
1940:
1940:
1940:
1940-1942:
1941:

12 . ., , .363

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1941: ,
1941:
1941: ,
1941:
1942:
1942:
1942-1943:
1943:
1943:
1945: ,
1945:
1945:
1946:
1946:
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1946:
1947:
1948:
1950:
1951:
1952:
1953:
1953:
1954:
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1957:
1958:
1957-1958:
1961:
1962:
1966-1967:
1967:
1967:
1969:
1970: Vieux carr
1971:
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1974:
1975:
1975:
1975-1976:
1976:
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1978: ,
1979:
1979:
1979: ;
1980:
1981:
1981: ,

. 2.
2.1.
Amanda Wingfield:
Laura Wingfield:
Tom Wingfield:
Jim O Connor:
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: , 1937
:

11 |
Tom, .
.

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2.2.
1937.
Tom,
Wingfield -
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Tom ,

, 29.
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Amanda,


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Laura, ,

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Tom .
Amanda
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Laura,
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, Laura
Tom ,
,

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1944,
Williams, Portrait of a Girl in Glass.
1945, Random House.
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14. ,
slides ,

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Chekhov :
,

13 7 , , . , ., ,
, 1945, .11

14 . . .13

13 |
Williams:
Amanda, ,
Edwina, ,

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Laura, Rose,
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Jim, , .
Tom, (
Thomas),

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, , Williams,
Cornelius, ,

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2.3.


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Williams
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Laura :
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2.5.
,

29.
Jim,
Tom .

2.6. Williams

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15 |
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1930,
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1962:
I write out of an emotion, and I get carried away by the emotion

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Williams, ,
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. 3.
3.1.
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Tom

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16 . . .86

17 |
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19 . . .44

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29 |


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3.2.
(Amanda Laura Tom)
,

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3.3.
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Tom

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Laura .
Tom

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Amanda
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30 |

. 4.
4.1.
20


.
20
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..
O Neill, Williams, Miller Albee.

Ibsen, Chekhov, Pirantello Zene
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Williams, Albee, Shepard, Pinter, Bond Frisch.
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Ibsen, Strindberg Chekhov
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31 |



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1945 1960, ,
,

:
The Glass Menagerie (1945), A Streetcar Named Desire (1947)
Tennessee Williams, Death of a Salesman (1949) Arthur Miller
Long Days Journey into Night (1956) Eugene O Neill.


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47 , , . , ., ,
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37 |


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08/03/1959 New
York Times,

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Tom Amanda.
Amanda
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Williams

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38 |

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4.4. 1930
4.4.1. 1929 1932
22 1929, ,
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1932, Franklin Roosevelt,


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1932.
1929 1954 8 1932
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Wall Street

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. 5.
Civic 26
1944.
Williams,
.
,
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,
.

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31 1945, ,
Playhouse Broadway
(New York Drama Critics Circle Award).
To 1950, : Kirk Douglas (),
Jane Wyman (), Getrude Lawrence () Arthur Kennedy ().
50 60, Williams

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, 1949 ,
Laurence Olivier, Vivien Leigh.
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1946,
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Tennessee Williams


..1

. 1.
1.1. Tennessee Williams .........................................2
1.2. 9
1.3. .11

. 2.
2.1. ...14
2.2. .. 15
2.3. ..17
2.4. 18

2.5. . 18
2.6. Williams ...............................................................19

. 3.
3.1. .......20
3.2.
(Amanda Laura Tom) .....36
3.3. ..36

. 4.
4.1.
20 .37
4.2. 39
4.3.
Williams ..42
4.4. 1930 .........................46
4.4.1. 1929 1932 46
4.4.2. . 47

4.4.3. . 47

4.4.4. 48

4.4.5. .49

. 5. ...50

53

..56

...59

60

, ., , , , 2003
, ., , . , ., ,
, 1945
, ., , , , 1999
, ., : -
20 , (..)
, ,
1987
, ., , . , ., , ,
1985
Thornton, M., Tennessee Williams notebooks, 1st ed., Yale U. Pr., 2006

, ,
, 2005 2006,

( ) <www.sparknotes.com/lit/menagerie/.html>
02/05/2013

. 1.

Tennessee Williams
Rose Thomas , Edwina Rose Thomas

, Frank Merlo

. 4. 1930
1930


(1900-1937)

, 1932
Al Capone, 30


() 1929
Guernica,
Pablo Picasso
, ,

26 1937, .
,

,
: -
; : , !
. 5.

,
Playhouse , 1945
,
( ): (Jim),
(Laura), (Amanda) (Tom)
Tom,
. ,

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Vivien Leigh, Scarlett O' Hara,


1939. Amanda Wingfield

.