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SPIRIDON CATALIN

Moshe Safdie

Habitat 67, Montreal/Canada

1961/1967

Projekt lang Sommersemseter 2014 | Master-Studiengang

Urban development

Habitat 67 began life as a master’s thesis project prepared in 1961 by Mr. Safdie. He

came up with the idea of a high density apartment building that would provide residents

Safdie explored the possibilities of prefabricated

modular units to reduce housing costs and allow for a new housing typology that could integrate the qualities of a suburban home into an urban high-rise. Habitat is a model community constructed along the St. Lawrence River in Montreal, composed of 354 prefabricated modules which combine to form a three-dimensional space structure.

with privacy as well as peace and

space structure. with privacy as well as peace and CONCEPT The cube is the base, the

CONCEPT

The cube is the base, the mean and the finality of Habitat 67. In its material sense, the cube is a symbol of stability. As for its mystic meaning, the cube is symbol of wisdom, truth, moral perfection, at the origin itself of our civilization.

354 cubes of a magnificent grey-beige build up one on the other to form 146 residences nestled between sky and earth, between city and river, between greenery and light.

one on the other to form 146 residences nestled between sky and earth, between city and

Structure

Safdie explored the possibilities of prefabricated modular units to reduce housing costs and allow for a new housing typology that could integrate the qualities of a suburban home into an urban high-rise. Unfortunately, due to the reduction of the project’s mass scale, costs were much higher than expected.

The prefabrication process of the 90-ton boxes took place on-site. The basic modular shape was molded in a reinforced steel cage, which measured 38 x 17 feet. Once cured, the concrete box was transferred to an assembly line for the insertion of electrical and mechanical systems, as well as insulation and windows. To finalize the production, modular kitchens and bathrooms were installed, and finally a crane lifted each unit to its designated positio.

finally a crane lifted each unit to its designated positio. Access+Circulation ` . Habitat 67 was
finally a crane lifted each unit to its designated positio. Access+Circulation ` . Habitat 67 was

Access+Circulation

`
`

.

Habitat 67 was constructed from 354 identical and completely prefabricated modules (referred to as“boxes”) stacked in various combinations and connected by steel cables. The apartments vary in shape and size, since they are formed by a group of one to four of the 600 square-foot “boxes” in different configurations. Each apartment is reached through a series of pedestrian streets and bridges, along with three vertical cores of elevators for the top floors. Service and parking facilities are separated from the tenant’s circulation routes, located on the ground floor.

and parking facilities are separated from the tenant’s circulation routes, located on the ground floor. Belichtung
Belichtung
Belichtung
and parking facilities are separated from the tenant’s circulation routes, located on the ground floor. Belichtung

Space

Space Safdie was able to break the traditional form of orthogonal high rises, locating n. each

Safdie was able to break the traditional form of orthogonal high rises, locating

n. each box a step back from its immediate neighbor. This ingenious method provided each apartment with a roof garden, a constant flow of fresh air and a maximum of natural light: qualities which were unprecedented for a twelve story apartment complex. Habitat 67 thus pioneered the integration of two housing typologies—the suburban garden home and the economical high-rise apartment building.

suburban garden home and the economical high-rise apartment building. 1.Live 2.Eat 3.Cook 4.Sleep 5.Bathoom
suburban garden home and the economical high-rise apartment building. 1.Live 2.Eat 3.Cook 4.Sleep 5.Bathoom

1.Live

2.Eat

3.Cook

4.Sleep

5.Bathoom