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A. 1. Jus notebooks had to be new because one cannot write anything in a used notebook.
2. Jus mother needed footwear because she had to walk a lot between the houses where she
worked as a domestic help, from early morning to late evening. 3. The old lady mistook Ju
for her granddaughter, Lisie. She mistook Ju for Lisie because she saw Ju wearing Lisies old
clothes. 4. Ju found little keepsakes like pictures of filmstars, football players, dried flowers,
peacock feathers and many other things in between the pages of the used books her mother brought.
5. Jus favourite subject was Mathematics because she loved the endless magic of numbers, algebra
and geometry. She felt they played hide-and-seek with her, challenging and encouraging her to
escape into a world of numbers. 6. Ali wanted to give Ju new clothes because he felt that if her
father had been alive, she and her mother wouldnt have had to wear old clothes. He wanted Ju to
go to high school wearing new clothes.
B. 1. Ju never saw the gifts that she received as being old because they were entering her life for the
first time. Therefore, as far as she was concerned, they were brand new. She even felt as if she was
making new friends and did not cross out the names of the original owners of the books before
writing her own name. 2. When Lisies grandmother said Ju was beautiful, she stood there in
surprise. It was the first time somebody had called her beautiful. Ju was also thankful for being
gifted used uniforms even though they were ill-fitting. She was happy to wear them after they had
been altered to her size by Ali. All this show that Ju was not vain. 3. Jus mother cried and
smiled in the same time in Alis shop because she was sad and happy all at once. While she was sad
that her husband was not alive anymore, she was also proud and happy that Ju was going to go to
high school wearing new clothes for the first time in years.

Using Words
1. d 2. c 3. b 4. a


A. 1. As he was walking, the speaker could smell the sweet scents of thyme and roses.
2. The speaker heard the sound of grasshoppers, which he describes as the insects talking to
each other. 3. The linnet was seen by the speaker moving from one bush to another, with
its amber-coloured wings spread out. 4. The rabbit came out of its burrow because it was
drawn to the dew-covered, sweet-smelling green turf. 5. The rabbit moved swiftly back
into its burrow after suddenly spotting the speaker, as the speakers presence scared it away.
B. The murderer referred to in the poem is the speaker himself. The rabbit, which was startled by the
sudden presence of a human being in their midst, probably sensed a threat to its life and hence,
thought of the speaker as a murderer.

Appreciating the Poem

The poem arouses our sense of smell when the speaker refers to sweet-smelling thyme and roses
competing with each others fragrance. The poems imagery helps us see the linnet in flight by

describing the colour of its outspread wings as amber and its movement from one bush to another.
The poem also describes the mouth of the cavern, from where the rabbit emerged, as being
shrouded in shadow. By calling the turf sweet to the nostrils and the curved tooth of the rabbit, the


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speaker invokes our sense of taste as well. The rabbits feet is likened to the softness of wool,
arousing the readers sense of touch. Finally, the poem awakens our sense of hearing when the
speaker hears grasshoppers talking to each other and also when he hears the the rabbit hurrying
away into the labyrinths of his burrow.

Using Words
2. blue-eyed boy 3. childlike manner 4. waste-paper basket 5. eyebrow pencil

Going Further
As I was walking, I could smell the sweet scent of thyme and roses. A linnet, its wings the colour
of amber, flew from bush to bush. Then I saw a rabbit in the shadow-rimmed mouth of its sandy
cavern. It was looking towards the south and the dew on the green turf. The grass on the turf was
sweet to the nostrils and the curved tooth of the rabbit, which had wool-soft feet. The sun was in
the west, like a crystal in beam and that golden shower made the round eyes of the rabbit gleam.
But when the rabbit saw me, a lank human and a foe, the poor soul scurried back into his hole with
a snowy flit of his scut. I heard him stamping through the dim labyrinths of his cavern. His whole
world had darkened for he thought that there was a murderer nearby.


A. 1. When I was twelve, my friend, Philip, and I earned money by trapping wild mice and
selling them for ten cents each to Helen Perley, the owner of the White Animal Farm.
2. Instead of selling our catch of wild mice to Helen Perley, why couldnt Philip and I breed them
and sell her the huge surplus? 3. The next day, we caught sixteen mice in the woods with traps.
4. Lying in bed, I was torn between the desire to tell them the truth and the joy of having escaped
being found out. 5. I always suspected you were behind the mice, but I wondered for years how
the snake got in.
B. 1. One night after supper, the narrator casually announced that he was going down to the basement
and once he was there, he opened a window and whistled. His friend, Philip, appeared at the
window and passed the traps to the narrator. 2. The boys had to put traps in the narrators
basement because the first two mice, which they tried to put in the tin cage, escaped behind a pile
of boxes. The traps remained empty because the mice escaped into the house and hid in various
nooks and corners. 3. When the narrators younger brother yelled in surprise after finding his
shoe full of unpopped popcorn kernels, the whole family was amazed. In the kitchen, they found
a half-empty popcorn bag with a hole at one end. After announcing that they would search the
whole house, the narrators mother also told his father that there was hardly any bread left in the
freezer. When they decided to examine the freezer together, the boys decided to take the mice cage
outside till things cooled off. 4. The mice chewed holes in their clothes and invaded the kitchen
cabinets. The family found piles of oatmeal, raisins and rice everywhere. The narrators mother,
when she opened a dresser drawer to reach for a sweater, found a litter of squirming pink baby mice
in there. After that, they discovered nests daily. These events amply prove that mice, indeed, ruled
their house. 5. The narrator brought a 76-centimetre garter snake to help naturally control the
growing number of mice in his house. 6. The narrator confessed to his crime years after the
mouse invasion faded into the pages of his familys history. He was an adult by then.
C. 1. The narrator was neither punished nor rewarded for his role in the story because he confessed
to his crime years after the incident had faded into the pages of family history. However, when he
did confess, his mother frowned slightly and her lips tightened. The strict glance that she sent him

made the narrator feel like a twelve-year old boy again, not an adult with children of his own. Then
her face lit up with a laugh and she told him that she had always suspected him of being behind


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the mice invasion, but had wondered for years how the snake got in. 2. The sentence reveals
a close, affectionate relationship between the narrator and his mother. It shows that his mother
was well aware that he was capable of such mischief. However, the fact that she didnt guess that
the snake was also let in by the narrator shows that she didnt expect him to be daring enough to
capture a snake.

Appreciating the Text

1. The story is clearly written from the viewpoint of an adult, who is narrating an incident from
his childhood. The story begins with the narrator going down memory lane to a time when he was
twelve years old. From thereon, the story is narrated entirely in the past tense. In the end, when the
narrator talks about confessing his crimes and his mothers strict glance and tight lips making him
feel like a twelve-year old, it is evident that the narrator is an adult. 2. The authors wit and
humour is strongly reflected in many parts of the story, like when the boys let loose an entire army
of mice into the narrators house by mistake; or when the narrators mother screamed after finding
a nest of baby mice in her dresser drawer. The plot of the story reveals that the narrator understood
the clever plans that little boys made, which in the end they found out werent so clever after all.
By confessing to his crimes, the narrator also shows us the importance he places on the virtue of

Using Words
1. On the computer screen, click on a photograph of any student and it expands to full size.
2. Nobody would believe that the man was a thief; they were charmed by him. 3. She halted
by the side of the road so that I could get off the van. 4. As there was no real evidence against
him, the thief escaped being punished. 5. Since our chairperson is unwell, weve delayed the
inauguration of our new auditorium.

Going Further
A. 1. Philips character made the story funnier because he was the narrators partner in crime. After he
secretly handed over the traps to his friend through the basement window, Philip entered the house
innocently, asking if the narrator was home. Afterwards, when the two boys met up again in the
basement, they shook hands and snickered. They were clearly pleased with themselves for being so
secretive. The narrators younger brother and mother add to the humour of the story by the account
of their reaction when they encountered the mices mischief or their pink babies. 2. When the
narrator hears his parents talking about searching the whole house and examining the freezer, his
obvious panic at getting caught adds to the humour of the story. Driven by the same panic, the two
boys decide to take the rodent ranch outside until things cooled off. However, the comical way in
which the tin cage would not fit the basement window and the eventual escape of the mice into
the corners of the narrators cellar make the events all the more funny. The narrators confession
years later and his mothers reaction to it rounds the story off in an extremely funny, humorous
way. 3. People a block away heard her screech/My mother was wild this was war/ we shook
hands and snickered/The only way for a mouse to get in is for someone to bring it inthese are
some of the lines and expressions used by the author that underline the humorous nature and the
almost comically-heightened sense of alarm that is present throughout the story.



A. 1. The speaker and his friend were looking for water in the brook, if it still ran. 2. The season
was autumn and the leaves had fallen, leaving the trees bare. 3. They placed a hand on each


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other to keep themselves quiet. 4. The brook seemed far away, as suggested by the detailed
description of the path taken to reach it. 5. They were playing hide-and-seek with the moon.
B. In a village, there were two children who set out from their homes and went across the fields
behind to fetch water. The well beside their door had dried up and the children went looking for
the nearby brook, if it still ran. They enjoyed having an excuse to get out of home because the
autumn evening was fairly pleasant, though a little chilly. The fields and the woods by the brook
were their property and they ran across it as if to meet the moon, which was slowly dawning
behind the trees. The boughs of the trees were barren without any leaves, birds or breeze. But
once they were within the woods, the children paused like fairy creatures and played a game of
hide-and-seek with the moon. They laughed whenever the moon found them between their hiding
spots, but each put a hand on the other to signal to the other to be quiet. They listened before they
dared to look and in the hush that fell around them, they heard the brook. It sounded like a musical
note coming from a single place; its slender, tinkling fall made new drops, that were like pearls
coming together to form the silver blade of the brook.

Using Words
1. pail 2. boughs 3. wood 4. new 5. heard

Appreciating the Poem

1. The image that comes to mind while reading the poem is of a village. 2. It is evening.
3. The weather was chilly or cold. 4. No, there was no breeze. 5. The sliver blade of the
brook could be seen and the soft tinkling sound of running water could be heard. (Free response on
the description of the scene)


A. 1. The kidnappers felt more hopeful about their project in the village because they believed love for
their children was very strong among farmers. 2. The men chose a small town called Summit
in the southern state of Alabama for their purpose. 3. The boy, who had been kidnapped,
called himself Red Chief. His actual name was Johnny and he was the son of Ebenezer Dorset.
Old Hank and Snake-eye were captives of the Red Chief, but in reality they were the kidnappers,
Bill and Sam. 4. The Red Chief planned to kill Old Hank at daybreak and burn Snake-eye
when his men returned from war. 5. The boy terrified Bill from the very beginning. The boy
sat on Bills chest for an attack; he put a red-hot boiled potato down Bills back and then mashed
it with his foot; the boy hit Bill with an egg-sized rock, with his slingshot, behind the ear and
knocked him over a pan of hot water; he also jumped on Bills back and dug his heels into his
sides, pretending he was a horse. 6. Ebenezer Dorset responded to the ransom demand with
a demand of his own, which he seemed to believe the men would accept. He told the kidnappers
that he would take his son, Johnny, back if the men brought him home at night and paid him two
hundred and fifty dollars in cash. He also warned them about staying clear of his neighbours,
who believed his son to be lost and would do anything if they were seen bringing Johnny back.
7. Bill and Sam are two men who decided to make some fast money by kidnapping Johnny, the
ten-year old son of Ebenezer Dorset, who lived in the town of Summit, Alabama.
B. 1. No, Johnny was not at all troubled by the kidnapping. Instead, he seemed to be having a lot of
fun camping out in a cave and pretending to be Red Chief. He kept his kidnappers awake for hours,
jumping up and shouting war cries. 2. Sam asked Bill if there was any heart disease in his

family, as he presumed Bill would be shocked at the sight of the boy, whom Bill presumed to have
gotten rid of. 3. While we cannot be sure if Sam and Bill would have entirely given up on their


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wrongdoings after this experience, it can be presumed that they wouldnt want to kidnap children
ever again.

Using Words
1. The toast was burnt and the eggs were overdone. 2. She had reason enough to be angry.
3. The earthquake had damaged many buildings. 4. I have already taught you how to write a
letter. 5. Will you accept the offer?


A. 1. The first verse evokes the images of spice groves, rice fields and a stream with lotuses.
2. Yes, the poem suggests that the dream had the scent of spice groves, neem leaves and poppy
trees. 3. The dream does shine like dew drops and wild fire-flies and gleams golden like the
stars around. 4. In the second verse, the wild fireflies dancing through the neem tree causes
the dream to twinkle. 5. In the third verse, the stars gleaming in golden light provided a glow.
B. 1. The speaker is closer to a village, fields and forests because there are multiple images from
such a landscapethe spice groves, rice fields, streams with lotuses, wild fireflies, neem and
poppy trees and night skies with gleaming stars. 2. The speaker uses the word stole not in
a literal sense, but in a figurative sense that suggests that the speaker brought along a dream that
is like a secret gift.

Appreciating the Poem

1. The speaker of the poem is most likely a mother and the poem is addressed to her child whom
she is trying to put to sleep. 2. The object of the poem is to sing a lullaby. 3. A little lovely
dream is the refrain used in this poem.

Using Words
1. c 2. f 3. b 4. e 5. a 6. d

Going Further
The speaker has brought lovely little dreams for her child to ease the child into sleep. Singing to
her child, the speaker says she brought the first dream from groves of spice, over fields of rice and
from across the lotus stream. The second dream she stole from the trunk of the poppy tree and
brought it through the wild fireflies that dance through the neem tree. The third dream is one that
the mother gently presses onto the baby with her soft caress, under the golden light of the stars that
gleamed around it.


A. 1. They were dressed in their best clothes because it was Easter Sunday and they had just attended
church. 2. When the girls were playing together in the street, Malasha stepped into a puddle
and splashed Akulyas frock with muddy water. 3. Akulyas mother scolded and shook
Malasha for splashing muddy water on her daughters dress and this angered Malashas mother,

leading to a quarrel between the mothers. 4. The quarrel grew out of control when people
in the street joined in the fight. Akulyas grandmother tried to stop the fight, but no one paid
her any attention. 5. Akulyas grandmother, who noticed that the girls had forgotten their


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quarrel and were once again playing together, pointed it out to the men and women, who were still
fighting and made them feel ashamed of their actions. Thus, Akulyas grandmother succeeded in
ending the fight.
B. 1. These words of warning from Akulya show that she is more mature than the younger Malasha.
Even though she was keen on playing in the puddles herself, Akulya knew that they had to be
cautious. 2. Akulya was nervous because her mother had spotted the muddy stains on her
Sunday best and knew that she would be in trouble for getting it dirty.

Using Words
1. The soldier was on his knees, pleading for mercy, but the general turned his head away.
2. I rang Pooja and reminded her that the dance practice had been cancelled. 3. We stood for a
few moments, admiring the beautiful view. 4. Im going to take karate lessons to learn how to
defend myself. 5. Maya and Mina were arguing about which film to watch.


A. 1. green 2. red 3. purple 4. White

Appreciating the Poem

COLOUR Comparison in the poem Your comparison
1. Green Greenis like the rustle when the (Free Response)
wind blows through the forest
2. Blue running water, that is blue (Free Response)

3. Red And red is like a trumpet sound (Free Response)

4. Pink pink is like the smell of roses (Free Response)
5. Yellow And yellow is like something soft (Free Response)
and warm
6. White And white is a pleasant stillness (Free Response)
when you lie and dream

Using Words
The shrill cries of the insects do not disturb the peace. Over by the stream, frogs croak a symphony.
A breeze springs up and whistles through the stately coconut palms. The leaves of the huge trees
rustle in unison. Even the buzz of mosquitoes around my head seems part of it all.


A. 1. The balloon basket could carry only five people and the pilot at a time.
2. It is necessary to blow some air into the balloon first because there will be a fire if the
burners were started without air in the balloon. 3. Soon after Katie was pulled into the
basket, the narrator looked back and realised that the balloon was floating very low and that

they were headed over the river to the roads, where they risked colliding with the powerlines.
4. Kerry was going to first pick up Katies father, Mr Richardson, from the field near the old White


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Waters Road. 5. Kerry would have to follow the light of the balloon to find Ross and the others
in the dark.
B. 1. Ross stayed away from trees to prevent the balloon from bumping into them because tree tops
can slow down the forward momentum of the balloon. 2. Katie probably didnt let go of the
basket because she was either scared of heights or she was afraid that she would injure herself.
3. Ross meant to warn his passengers about the rough landing that they were about to make.

Using Words
1. Pooja has a very soft voice, I could barely hear her. 2. Cleaning the kitchen is hard work.
3. Ice cream soda is my favourite soft drink. 4. I like Italian food. It has a strong flavour.
5. I am very tired. Ive had a very hard day. 6. The pilot was very experienced. We had a soft

A. 1. butterfly 2. wings 3. cloud 4. gallop 5. soar

Using Words
1. blackboard; keyboard
2. backhand; forehand
3. bookworm; hookworm
4. butterfly; firefly
5. lifelike; childlike


A. 1. (T)
2. (NT) The two oxen hadnt eaten anything the whole day and yet, when they were brought to the
trough, they wouldnt even bring their heads close to it.
3. (NT) When cruel Gaya kept hitting Hira on the nose, Moti could not control his anger and he ran
away with the plough, breaking it into pieces.
4. (T)
5. (NT) All the beasts in the pound were half-dead due to starvation and hence couldnt help Hira
and Moti in breaking down the mud wall.
6. (NT) Nobody but a bearded man with a cruel face wanted to buy the half-dead oxen at the
B. 1. The narrator felt that there were some kind people in Gayas family as well when a little girl
came out with two rotis and fed one to each ox. The little girl had lost her mother and so she shared
a fellow feeling with the oxen. 2. The little girl shouted to her father thus because she wanted to
prevent herself from being caught for setting the oxen free. She wanted the oxen to escape but at
the same time she wanted to keep herself safe from the wrath of her uncle. 3. The two oxen began
to tremble with fear because the bearded man who bought them at the auction had a cruel face and

they felt that nobody could save them now.


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Using Words
1. high and dry 2. far and wide 3. here and there 4. time and again 5. safe and sound

A. 1. The speaker remarks that there is hardly any time to observe and enjoy lifes simple pleasures.
He wishes to stand under the boughs of trees, look at the dense woods, streams, wildlife and revel
in Natures beauty. 2. The speaker could be referring to the sparkling water of the stream and
the pebbles underneath that glisten moistly under the rays of the sun.

Using Words
1. enrich 2. disappeared 3. unlikely 4. incorrect 5. unable


A. 1. When Selkirk was a sailor on a ship that was sailing in the Pacific Ocean, something
happened onboard that he didnt like. He became very disagreeable and quarrelled with the
sailors and even the captain. When he told the captain that he would rather live on a deserted
island than be a sailor on that ship, the captain said that he would put Selkirk ashore on the first
island they saw. 2. When Selkirk left the ship, he took with him things that he would need
the most, like an axe, a hoe, a kettle and some other things. He also took with him some bread,
meat and other food itemsenough to last him for several weeks. To survive on the island, he
built a little hut for himself and a garden. With the pigs, goats and fish available on the island,
there was plenty of food for him. 3. As he saw the sailors depart, Selkirk began to see how
foolish he had been and realised how terrible it would be to live there without a friend or a
single person to talk to. Though he tried calling out to the sailors and the captain, asking them
to take him back onboard, the ship sailed away. 4. Selkirk was able to return only after four
years and four months. 5. Daniel Defoe, an English writer, heard how Selkirk had lived
alone on the island of Juan Fernandez. Defoe thought it was something worth writing about and
went on to write Robinson Crusoe.
B. 1. We know that Selkirk was very offensive and rude to the captain because he said that he
would rather live on a deserted island than be a sailor on the captains ship. When the captain
agreed to let him leave the ship as soon as they saw an island, Selkirk shot back saying the
captain could not please him better. 2. Selkirk was forced to see the folly of his own
actions when he realised that he was going to be completely alone. He understood that it would
be terribly difficult to live without a friend or another person to talk to. However, his ship
sailed away without him and Selkirk began living all by himself on the island. Sometimes,
he saw ships sailing in the distance and he tried signalling and calling out loudly to them.
However, he was neither seen nor heard and the ships did not come any closer. It was his
loneliness that made Selkirk promise himself thus.
019493 11022015

Using Words
1. quarrelsome 2. troubled 3. pleasure 4. terribly 5. danger


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Appreciating the Text
1. Everyone has heard of Robinson Crusoe.
Reason for ran away from home was fascinated by the sea;
sailing on a and went to sea he ran away and went to
ship sea
Arrival on arrived on the island of swam ashore; he was
island Juan Fernandez with a the sole survivor after a
few common tools and shipwreck
food for several weeks
Company there were a few pigs had a dog and some cats
and goats on the island before he tamed a parrot
and goats
Food along with the food he birds and wild goats; he
got from the ship, there baked bread and cultivated
were pigs, goats and grains
fish on the island
Shelter built his own little hut built a house using sticks
and vines
Work planted a small garden sowed grain, baked bread
and made himself a boat
Rescue four years and four he was rescued years later
months later by a ship by a passing ship
Went back to Scotland England


A. 1. David was a young shepherd boy from Bethlehem. We know that he had sharp eyes and
strong hands because he never missed his mark when he hurled stones at wild animals with
his slingshot. 2. Davids brothers went to join King Sauls army to drive the Philistines
out of Israel. He could not go because he was too young and also had to take care of their
flock of sheep. 3. David met his brothers after forty days when he took food to them in
the army camp. There he saw the giant, Goliath, on the opposite hillside. 4. David refused
the Kings armour and weapons because he did not know how to use them. Instead, he armed
himself with his staff and slingshot and set out from the camp of Israel. 5. After David
slayed Goliath, the Philistines fled, thus there was no battle.
B. 1. We know that David was aware of his own strengths and weaknesses when he refused the armour
and sword given by King Saul. He knew that since he didnt know how to use them, these mighty
weapons would become his weakness. Instead, he chose to rely on his strengths, namely his keen
eyesight and unfailing mark with the slingshot. He was able to slay Goliath only because he knew
what his strengths and weaknesses were.

Using Words

1. into 2. in 3. against 4. to 5. past 6. across


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A. 1. Ebenezer Scrooge was an unfriendly and miserly man in his sixties. His dead friend and former
partner, Marley, visited him on Christmas Eve. 2. The visitor had come to tell Scrooge that
he would be visited by three spiritsthe first spirit at one o clock that night, the second one at
the same time the following night, and the third spirit at the stroke of midnight on the third night.
Scrooge thought he was hallucinating, so he concluded that the visitor was not real. 3. Scrooge
sat up frightened in his bed, a second time, at the sight of the apparition. 4. The apparition and
Scrooge travelled back to Scrooges childhood days, where they saw him as a gloomy, young child.
They also saw his kind sister, Fan, and his genial old employer, Mr Fezziwig. These sights helped
Scrooge realise that there were more things to life than just money. 5. Marley was Scrooges
dead friend and former partner. He was Scrooges only friend and had come to warn Scrooge about
his miserly ways. He told him that it wasnt too late and that he still had time to understand that
there were more important things than money in life.

Using Words
A. 1. c 2. e 3. a 4. d 5. b
(Suggested answers) 1. No matter how much I saved, the coins in my money-box would always
add up slowly and go fast. 2. Once we plant these seeds and water them regularly, nature would
do the rest. 3. When I got off the ride I felt some unease in my stomach, but it wore off soon.
4. We decided to apologise to our mother after she had cooled off a bit. 5. The Principal had
caught us skipping class and now there was no escape.
B. 1. c 2. d 3. a 4. e 5. b

Appreciating the Text

1. When Marley was alive, he and Scrooge were business partners who were equally miserly and
money-minded. However, after his death Marley realised the folly of his ways, while Scrooge
continued to be a mean and miserly old man, who was finally reformed by the ghosts of Christmas
Past, Present and Future sent by Marley.
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