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# PHYSICS II YEAR IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

Thermodynamics:

1. What is Joule-Kelvin effect? Describe porous plug experiment. Derive an expression for the
Joule-Kelvin co-efficient for Vander wall’s gas. What is inversion temperature?
2. Describe the working of a Carnot cycle and derive an expression for its efficiency. Does the
efficiency depend upon working substance?
3. Explain the four thermodynamic potentials. Derive Maxwell’s equations using potentials. Deduce
Claussius - Clayperon equation from Maxwell’s equations.
Optics
4. Explain the working principle of Ruby Laser and mention the applications of Laser.
5. Explain the working principle of He-Ne Laser and mention the difference between spontaneous
emission and stimulated emission.
6. Explain the method to find out the thickness of a thin transparent film using a Biprism
experiment.
Short Questions:
Thermodynamics
1. Derive the formula for average velocity of a gas molecule from Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution.
2. Show that entropy is constant in reversible process and it increases in irreversible process.
4. Show that Cp-Cv = R.
Optics
5. Describe the difference between the Step-index and Graded-index optical fibres.
6. Explain about construction & reconstruction of holography, mention its applications.
Problems:
Thermodynamics
1. The rms speed of H2 molecule is 1.84km/s. what will be the rms speed of O 2 molecule at the same
temperature?
2. Calculate the efficiency of a reversible engine that operates between 327 0C and 1270C.
3. Find the change in entropy when 20g of ice at 00C is converted into water at the same
temperature. Latent heat of ice is 80kcal/g.
Optics
1. Two coherent light sources of intensities ratio 25:4 are employed in an interference experiment.
What is the ratio of the intensities of the maxima and minima in the interference pattern?
2. In a young’s double slit experiment the angular width of a fringe formed on a distant screen is
0.10. The wavelength of light used is 6000A0. What is the spacing between the slits?
3. On introducing a thin sheet of mica sheet thickness 12x10-5cm in path of one of the interfering
beams in a biprism arrangement, the central fringe is shifted through a distance equal to the
spacing between successive bright fringes. Calculate the refractive index of mica sheet (λ=6x10 -
5
cm).

Exam pattern : 2 long questions 15x2=30
2 short questions 5x2=10
2 problems 5x2=10
Total 50 marks