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APPENDIX . Table I Rules for Diene Absorption Value assigned to parent heteroannular or open chain diene 217 nm Homoannular diene 36 nm Increment for (a) each alkyl substituent or ring residue Sam (b) the exocyclic nature of any double bond Sum (c) a double bond extension 30 nm (d) auxochrome —OAcyl Onm —OAlkyl 6nm —SAlkyl 30 nm ~Q, -Br Sam —NAlkyly 60 nm Total Aeale (Reprinted with permission from.A.L. Scott, Interpretation of the Ultraviolet Spectra of Natural Products, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1964.) Table II Rules for off-Unsaturated Ketone and Aldehyde Absorption y Bo C=C-C=C-C=0 € values are usually above 10 000 and increase with the length of the con- jugated system, ee Value assigned to parent of-unsaturated six-ring or acyclic ketone 215 nm Value assigned to parent of-unsaturated five-ring ketone 202 nm Value assigned to parent af-unsaturated aldehyde 207 nm Increments for (a) a double bond extending the conjugation 30 nm (b) each alkyl group or ring residue & 10 nm 8 12nm vy and higher 18 nm (0) auxochromes (i)-OH 35 nm 8 30 nm 5 50 nm fii) -OAc ‘08,8 6nm (iii) -OMe 35 nm 8 30am 1 17am, 8 31 nm (iv) -SAlk B 85 nm (JC w 15 nm B 12am (vi) -Br 25 nm 6 30 nm (vil) NR, 8 95 nm (4) each exocyclic double bond 5 nm () homoannular diene 39 nm EtOH Total deale (Reprinted with permission from A.I Scott, Interpretation of the Ultraviolet Spectra of Natural Products, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1964.) Table III Rules for @f-Unsaturated Acid and Ester Absorption ¢ values are usually above 10 000 B-monosubstituted aB- or Bf-disubstituted B-trisubstituted Increment for (a) .2 double bond extending the conjugation (b) exocyelic double bond {c) when the double bond is endocyclie in a five- or seven-membered ring Total 208 nm 217 nm 225 nm 30 nm Snm Snm Acale Table IV Rules for the Principal Band of Substituted Benzene Derivatives R-CH4—COZ Orientation as nm Parent Chromophore: £ = alkyl or ring residue 246 Z-H . 250 = OH or OAlkyl 230 Increment for each substituent: R= alkyl or ring residue on, me 3 p 10 R= OH, OMe, OAlkyl on me 1 p 25 R=07 o- il m- 20 - Pp 8 R=Cl oy ne 0 Pp 10 R=Br O-, Mm 2 p 15 R= NH, on, me 13 P 58 R=NHAc o-, Me 20 Pp 45 R= NHMe Pp B R= NMe om 20 PD 85 we