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UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL

SANTIAGO ANTUNEZ DE
MAYOLO INGENIERA ANTISSMICA

1.Graficar la respuestadinmica ( X ( t ) y la fuerzaelstica ) , en los siguientes casos :

a Cuando =0

b Cuando =5

P(t)
P(t)
W

96.6 kips

K=2700 Kips/ft

W=96.6 kips
t (s)
0.025 0.05

SOLUCIN:

De la parte terica conocemos que para la oscilacin sin amortiguamiento la


Integral de Duhamel o respuesta estructural se define como:
t
1
X ( t )= P ( )Sen (w( t ))d ( 1 )
m. w 0

Si existen condiciones iniciales, la Integral de Duhamel queda expresado por:


t
X ( 0 ) 1
X ( t )=X ( 0 )cos ( w . t )+ Sen ( wt )+ P ( )Sen(w( t ) )d ( 2 )
w m.w 0

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 1


UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL
SANTIAGO ANTUNEZ DE
MAYOLO INGENIERA ANTISSMICA

PARTE :a Cuando=0

1.- PRIMERA FASE 0 t 0.025 s :

96.6
P1 ( )=
0.025

Aplicando la Integral de Duhamel:

P1 ( )=3864 ; 0 t 0.025

t
1
X ( t )= P 1 ( )Sen(w( t ) )d ( 1 )
m. w 0

t
1
X ( t )= (3864 )Sen(w( t ) )d
m. w 0

t
3864
X ( t )= Sen (w( t ))d (a)
m.w 0

Recordando:

udv=uv vdu

Hacemos:

u= ; du=d

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 2


UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL
SANTIAGO ANTUNEZ DE
MAYOLO INGENIERA ANTISSMICA
+1
dv=Sen(w( t ) )d ; v = cos (w( t ))
w

w( t )d

Sen
t

w( t )d

Sen
t

w( t )d

Sen
t

{
Sen(w( t ))d= w1 t w1 [ Sen ( w .t ) ]
0
} (b)
Remplazo (b) en (a):

3864
1
X ( t )=
m. w
w
1
{
t [ Sen ( w .t ) ]
w }

X ( t )=
3864
m. w
2 {
t
Sen ( wt )
w }
()

Del problema:

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 3


UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL
SANTIAGO ANTUNEZ DE
MAYOLO INGENIERA ANTISSMICA
kips
k =2700
ft

w=96.6 kips

Clculos adicionales:
- Gravedad: 32.2 ft/s2

- Frecuencia Natural: Wn=


k
m

2
- Periodo Natural:
Tn=
Wn

Entonces tendra:

Wn=
k
m
=30
rad
s
; m=3
kipss2
ft

Remplazando en la ecuacin (*), tendremos:

{
X ( t )=1.4311 t
30 }
Sen ( 30 t )
; SOLUCION DE LA PRIMERA FASE

0.000 t 0.025 s

X ( t )=1.4311 { 1cos (30 t) }

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 4


UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL
SANTIAGO ANTUNEZ DE
MAYOLO INGENIERA ANTISSMICA

PRIMERA FASE; 0t0.025


''K*X(t) vs t''
10

6
FUERZA ELASTICA (kips)
4

0
0 0.01 0.02 0.03

TIEMPO (s)

PRIMERA FASE; 0t0.025


''X(t) vs t''
0
0
0
0
DESPLAZ AMIENTO (ft) 0

0
0
0
0 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03

TIEMPO (s)

t X(t) K*X(t)
0.000 0 0
0.001 2.1466E-07 0.00057957
0.002 1.717E-06 0.00463593
0.003 5.7936E-06 0.01564274
0.004 1.3729E-05 0.03706741
0.005 2.6803E-05 0.07236798
0.006 4.6293E-05 0.12498997
0.007 7.3468E-05 0.19836336
0.008 0.00010959 0.29589942
0.009 0.00015592 0.42098769

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 5


UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL
SANTIAGO ANTUNEZ DE
MAYOLO INGENIERA ANTISSMICA

0.010 0.0002137 0.5769929


0.011 0.00028417 0.76725199
0.012 0.00036854 0.99507103
0.013 0.00046805 1.26372232
0.014 0.00058387 1.57644141
0.015 0.00071719 1.93642417
0.016 0.00086919 2.34682397
0.017 0.00104102 2.81074878
0.018 0.0012338 3.33125841
0.019 0.00144865 3.91136176
0.020 0.00168667 4.55401407
0.021 0.00194893 5.26211432
0.022 0.00223648 6.03850258
0.023 0.00255035 6.88595747
0.024 0.00289155 7.80719363
0.025 0.00326108 8.80492771

2.- SEGUNDA FASE 0.025 t 0.05 s :

Aplicaremos la ecuacin:
0.025 t
1 1
X ( t )= P 1 ( )Sen(w( t ) )d + P2 ( )Sen(w( t ))d (3 )
m. w 0 m. w 0.025

A B

96.6
P2 ( )=193.2
0.025

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 6


UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL
SANTIAGO ANTUNEZ DE
MAYOLO INGENIERA ANTISSMICA

Determinamos A:
0.025
1
A= P 1 ( )Sen(w( t ))d
m .w 0

0.025
3864
A= Sen(w( t ) )d
m. w 0

3864
1
A=
m. w
w {
[ cos ( w( t ) ) ]
0.025 1
0 [
+ Sen ( w( t ) )
w ]0.0255
0 }

3864
1
A=
m. w
w { 1
0.025cos(w ( t0.025 ) )+ [ Sen(w ( t0.025 ))Sen ( w . t ) ]
w }

A=0.03577cos ( 30 ( t0.025 ) ) +0.0477Sen ( 30 ( t0.025 ) )0.0477Sen ( 30. t )

Determinamos B:
t
1
B= P 2 ( )Sen (w( t ) )d
m. w 0.025

Con:

96.6
P2 ( )=193.2
0.025

t
1 96.6
B= (193.2 )Sen (w( t ))d
m. w 0.025 0.025

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 7


UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL
SANTIAGO ANTUNEZ DE
MAYOLO INGENIERA ANTISSMICA
Recordando:

udv=uv vdu

Hacemos:

96.6
(
u= 193.2
0.025 )
; du=
96.6
0.025
d

+1
dv=Sen(w( t ) )d ; v = cos (w( t ))
w

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 8


B=
1
t

(193.2
m. w 0.025
96.6
0.025
)Sen (w( t ))d=
1
m. w
{[ 96.6
(193.2 0.025
w
)+ 1
]
cos ( w( t ) )
t
+1
0.025
cos ( w ( t ) )(
w
96.6
0.025
)d }
=
1
m. w
{[ 96.6
(193.2 0.025
w
)+1
cos ( w( t ) ) ] t +( 96.6 )
t

cos ( w( t ) )d
0.025 0.025w 0.025 }
=
1
m. w {[ (

193.2
96.6
0.025
w
)
+1
cos ( w( t ) ) ] [(
t
0.025

96.6
0.025w
w
1 )
Sen ( w( t ) ) t
0.025 ] }

=
1
m. w {[

96.6
(193.2 0.025
w
t )+1

96.6+1
w
cos ( w( t0.025 ) ) +
( ][
96.6
0.025w )
1
Sen ( w(t0.025 ) )
w
]}
193.2 96.6t 193.2 96.6 96.6
B= 2
2
2
cos ( w( t0.025 )) + 2
cos ( w( t0.025 ) ) + Sen ( w( t0.025 ) )
mw mw 0.025 mw mw 0.025mw 3

B=0.0715561.4311t0.03577cos ( 30( t0.025 ) ) +0.0477Sen ( 30( t 0.025 ) )

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 9


Finalmente: X ( t )=A + B

X ( t )=0.0715551.4311t +0.09526Sen ( 30( t0.025 ) ) 0.047629Sen ( 30.t )

SOLUCION DE LA SEGUNDA FASE ; 0.025 t 0.05 s

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 10


X ( t )=1.4311 +2.8604cos ( 30( t0.025 ) ) 1.4311cos ( 30.t )
X(t) K*X(t)
t
0.026 0.00370548 10.0047856
0.027 0.0041268 11.1423589
0.028 0.00457403 12.349883
0.029 0.00504548 13.6227938
0.03 0.00553943 14.9564686
0.031 0.00605416 16.3462299
0.032 0.00658791 17.7873496
0.033 0.00713891 19.2750535
0.034 0.00770538 20.8045254
0.035 0.00828552 22.3709117
0.036 0.00887753 23.9693254
0.037 0.00947957 25.5948506
0.038 0.01008983 27.2425473
0.039 0.01070646 28.9074553
0.040 0.01132763 30.5845989
0.041 0.01195148 32.2689916
0.042 0.01257616 33.9556402
0.043 0.01319983 35.6395495
0.044 0.01382064 37.3157267
0.045 0.01443674 38.9791863
0.046 0.01504628 40.6249537
0.047 0.01564743 42.2480707
0.048 0.01623837 43.8435992
0.049 0.01681727 45.4066261
0.050 0.01738232 46.9322673

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 11


3.- TERCERA FASE t 0.05 s :

La tercera fase es una vibracin libre:

Aplicaremos la ecuacin:

t
w( )d

t
w( )d
P 2 ( )Sen
P 1 ( )Sen
0.025
1
X ( t )=
m. w 0

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 12


t
+1
P 3 ( )Sen (w( t ))d
m. w 0.05

P3 ( )=0

t
w( )d

P 1 ( )Sen
0.025
1
X ( t )=
m. w 0

w( t )d
P 3 ( )Sen
t
1

m. w 0.05

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 13


A
t
0.05
1
w( )d + P 2 ( )Sen ( w( t ) )d
m. w 0.025
P 1 ( )Sen
0.025
1
X ( t )=
m. w 0

Determinamos A:

A=0.03577cos ( 30 ( t0.025 ) ) +0.0477Sen ( 30 ( t0.025 ) )0.0477Sen ( 30. t )

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 14


Determinamos B:

B '=
1
0.05

(193.2
m. w 0.025
96.6
0.025
)Sen (w( t ))d=
1
m. w
{[ 96.6
(193.2 0.025
w
)+1
] 0.05

cos ( w( t ) )
+1
0.025
cos ( w( t ) )(
w
96.6
0.025
)d }
'=
1
m. w
{[ 96.6
(193.2 0.025
w
)+1
cos ( w( t ) ) ] 0.05 +( 96.6 )
0.05

cos ( w( t ) )d
0.025 0.025w 0.025 }
'=
1
m. w
{[ ( 193.2
96.6
0.025
w
+1)cos ( w( t ) ) ] [(
0.05
0.025

96.6
0.025w
w
1 )
Sen ( w( t ) ) 0.05
0.025
] }
'=
1
m. w

{[
96.6+1
w
cos ( w ( t0.025 ) )
96.6
0.025w ]( )[ 1
Sen ( w( t0.05 ) ) Sen ( w( t0.025 ) )
w ]}

B ' =0.03577cos ( 30( t0.025 ) ) 0.0477Sen ( 30( t0.05 ) ) +0.0477Sen ( 30( t0.05 ) )

Finalmente: X ( t )=A + B '

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 15


X ( t )=0.09526Sen ( 30( t0.025 ) ) 0.047629Sen ( 30( t0.05 ) )0.047629Sen (30t )

SOLUCION DE LA TERCERA FASE ; t 0.05 s

X ( t )=2.8604cos ( 30( t0.025 ) ) 1.4311cos ( 30( t0.05 ) )1.4311cos ( 30t )

t X(t) K*X(t)
0.051 0.01793444 48.4230013
0.052 0.01847043 49.8701578
0.053 0.01898979 51.2724346
0.054 0.01949206 52.6285696
0.055 0.01997679 53.9373424
0.056 0.02044355 55.1975753
0.057 0.0208919 56.4081341
0.058 0.02132146 57.5679294
0.059 0.02173182 58.6759174
0.060 0.02212263 59.7311011
0.061 0.02249353 60.7325308
0.062 0.02284419 61.6793053
0.063 0.02317429 62.5705726
0.064 0.02348353 63.4055306
0.065 0.02377164 64.183428
0.066 0.02403836 64.9035645
0.067 0.02428344 65.5652923
0.068 0.02450667 66.1680157
0.069 0.02470785 66.7111923
0.070 0.02488679 67.1943334
0.071 0.02504333 67.6170042

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 16


0.072 0.02517734 67.9788241
0.073 0.02528869 68.2794678
0.074 0.02537728 68.5186645
0.075 0.02544304 68.696199
0.076 0.02548589 68.8119116
0.077 0.02550581 68.8656982
0.078 0.02550278 68.8575102
0.079 0.0254768 68.7873551
0.080 0.02542789 68.6552961
0.081 0.02535609 68.4614519
0.082 0.02526148 68.2059971
0.083 0.02514413 67.8891614
0.084 0.02500416 67.5112301
0.085 0.02484168 67.0725432
0.086 0.02465685 66.5734956
0.087 0.02444983 66.0145363
0.088 0.0242208 65.3961684
0.089 0.02396998 64.7189484
0.090 0.02369759 63.9834857
0.091 0.02340387 63.1904421
0.092 0.02308909 62.3405314
0.093 0.02275353 61.4345185
0.094 0.02239749 60.4732186
0.095 0.0220213 59.4574969
0.096 0.02162528 58.3882675
0.097 0.02120981 57.2664926
0.098 0.02077525 56.0931817
0.099 0.020322 54.8693907
0.100 0.01985045 53.596221
0.101 0.01936104 52.2748183
0.102 0.01885421 50.9063718

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 17


0.103 0.01833041 49.492113
0.104 0.01779012 48.0333146
0.105 0.01723381 46.5312895
0.106 0.016662 44.9873893
0.107 0.01607519 43.4030036
0.108 0.01547391 41.7795581
0.109 0.01485871 40.1185138
0.110 0.01423014 38.4213655
0.111 0.01358876 36.6896406
0.112 0.01293515 34.9248975
0.113 0.0122699 33.1287244
0.114 0.01159361 31.3027376
0.115 0.01090688 29.4485805
0.116 0.01021034 27.5679217
0.117 0.00950461 25.6624536
0.118 0.00879033 23.733891
0.119 0.00806814 21.7839695
0.120 0.00733868 19.8144439
0.121 0.00660262 17.8270867
0.122 0.00586062 15.8236862
0.123 0.00511335 13.8060456
0.124 0.00436147 11.7759804
0.125 0.00360567 9.73531759
0.126 0.00284663 7.68589369
0.127 0.00208502 5.629553
0.128 0.00132154 3.5681461
0.129 0.00055686 1.5035281
0.130 -0.00020831 -0.56244297
0.131 -0.0009733 -2.62790788
0.132 -0.00173741 -4.69100785
0.133 -0.00249996 -6.74988623

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 18


0.134 -0.00326026 -8.80269017
0.135 -0.00401762 -10.8475723
0.136 -0.00477137 -12.8826923
0.137 -0.00552082 -14.9062188
0.138 -0.00626531 -16.9163307
0.139 -0.00700416 -18.911219
0.140 -0.0077367 -20.8890885
0.141 -0.00846228 -22.8481592
0.142 -0.00918025 -24.7866682
0.143 -0.00988995 -26.7028708
0.144 -0.01059076 -28.5950426
0.145 -0.01128203 -30.4614808
0.146 -0.01196315 -32.3005058
0.147 -0.0126335 -34.1104624
0.148 -0.01329249 -35.889722
0.149 -0.01393951 -37.6366832
0.150 -0.01457399 -39.349774
0.151 -0.01519535 -41.0274526
0.152 -0.01580304 -42.6682092
0.153 -0.01639651 -44.2705674
0.154 -0.01697522 -45.833085
0.155 -0.01753865 -47.354356
0.156 -0.0180863 -48.8330112
0.157 -0.01861767 -50.2677201
0.158 -0.01913229 -51.6571913
0.159 -0.01962969 -53.0001746
0.160 -0.02010943 -54.2954613
0.161 -0.02057107 -55.5418858
0.162 -0.02101419 -56.7383263
0.163 -0.02143841 -57.8837061
0.164 -0.02184333 -58.9769945

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 19


0.165 -0.0222286 -60.0172076
0.166 -0.02259386 -61.0034093
0.167 -0.02293878 -61.934712
0.168 -0.02326307 -62.8102776
0.169 -0.02356641 -63.6293183
0.170 -0.02384855 -64.3910968
0.171 -0.02410923 -65.0949277
0.172 -0.02434821 -65.7401776
0.173 -0.02456528 -66.3262657
0.174 -0.02476025 -66.8526647
0.175 -0.02493293 -67.3189008
0.176 -0.02508317 -67.7245544
0.177 -0.02521084 -68.0692605
0.178 -0.02531582 -68.3527089
0.179 -0.02539802 -68.5746444
0.180 -0.02545736 -68.7348674
0.181 -0.02549379 -68.8332336
0.182 -0.02550728 -68.8696546
0.183 -0.02549781 -68.8440975
0.184 -0.0254654 -68.7565854
0.185 -0.02541007 -68.6071971
0.186 -0.02533188 -68.3960668
0.187 -0.02523088 -68.1233847
0.188 -0.02510718 -67.7893962
0.189 -0.02496089 -67.3944018
0.190 -0.02479213 -66.938757
0.191 -0.02460106 -66.4228718
0.192 -0.02438786 -65.8472105
0.193 -0.0241527 -65.2122912
0.194 -0.02389581 -64.5186852
0.195 -0.02361741 -63.7670167

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 20


0.196 -0.02331776 -62.9579623
0.197 -0.02299713 -62.0922499
0.198 -0.0226558 -61.1706587
0.199 -0.02229408 -60.194018
0.200 -0.0219123 -59.1632068
0.201 -0.0215108 -58.0791527
0.202 -0.02108994 -56.9428312
0.203 -0.0206501 -55.7552651
0.204 -0.02019168 -54.517523
0.205 -0.01971508 -53.2307187
0.206 -0.01922074 -51.8960105
0.207 -0.01870911 -50.5145993
0.208 -0.01818064 -49.0877284
0.209 -0.01763581 -47.6166819
0.210 -0.01707511 -46.1027835
0.211 -0.01649904 -44.5473958
0.212 -0.01590812 -42.9519184
0.213 -0.01530288 -41.3177872
0.214 -0.01468388 -39.6464727
0.215 -0.01405166 -37.9394792
0.216 -0.01340679 -36.1983426
0.217 -0.01274986 -34.42463
0.218 -0.01208146 -32.6199375
0.219 -0.01140218 -30.7858893
0.220 -0.01071264 -28.9241359
0.221 -0.01001346 -27.0363527
0.222 -0.00930527 -25.1242386
0.223 -0.00858871 -23.1895144
0.224 -0.00786442 -21.2339212
0.225 -0.00713304 -19.2592189
0.226 -0.00639525 -17.2671846

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 21


0.227 -0.00565171 -15.259611
0.228 -0.00490308 -13.2383048
0.229 -0.00415003 -11.205085
0.230 -0.00339325 -9.16178138
0.231 -0.00263342 -7.11023278
0.232 -0.00187122 -5.05228544
0.233 -0.00110733 -2.98979139
0.234 -0.00034245 -0.92460673
0.235 0.00042274 1.14141001
0.236 0.00118756 3.20639956
0.237 0.0019513 5.26850357
0.238 0.00271328 7.32586628
0.239 0.00347283 9.3766362
0.240 0.00422925 11.4189678
0.241 0.00498186 13.4510231
0.242 0.00572999 15.4709733
0.243 0.00647296 17.4770008
0.244 0.00721011 19.4673001
0.245 0.00794077 21.4400802
0.246 0.00866428 23.3935656
0.247 0.00938 25.3259984
0.248 0.01008727 27.2356395
0.249 0.01078547 29.1207704
0.250 0.01147396 30.9796946

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 22


TERCERA FASE; t0.05
''X(t) vs t''
0.03
0.02
0.01
DESPLAZ AMIENTO (ft) 0
0.000 0.050 0.100 0.150 0.200 0.250 0.300
-0.01
-0.02
-0.03

TIEMPO (s)

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 23


TERCERA FASE; t0.05
''K*X(t) vs t''
80
60
40
20
FUERZ A ELASTICA (kips) 0
0.000 0.050 0.100 0.150 0.200 0.250 0.300
-20
-40
-60
-80

TIEMPO (s)

RESPUESTA DINMICA A LO LARGO DEL TIEMPO

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 24


FASE I + FASE II
0.02

0.02

DESPLAZ AMIENTO (ft) 0.01

0.01

0
0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06

TIEMPO (s)

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 25


TODAS LAS FASES
0.03

0.02

0.01

DESPLAZ AMIENTO (ft) 0


0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3

-0.01

-0.02

-0.03

TIEMPO (s)

PARTE : b Cuando=5

1.- PRIMERA FASE 0 t 0.025 s :

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 26


96.6
P1 ( )=
0.025

Aplicando la Integral de Duhamel:

P1 ( )=3864 ; 0 t 0.025

t
1
X ( t )= e .w( t )P 1 ( )Sen( wD( t ))d ( 1 )
m. w D 0

t
3864
X ( t )= e .w(t )Sen(w D( t ))d
m. w D 0

Clculos Previos:
t

Sen(w D( t ))d
0

Recordando:

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 27


udv=uv vdu

Hacemos:

u= ; dv=d

+1
dv=Sen(w D( t ))d ; v= cos( w D( t ) )
wD

w D( t )d

Sen
t

INTEGRALES PREVIAS:

w D( t )d

Sen
t

w D( t )d

cos
t

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 28


. wt

e cos ( w D( t ) )
t

[ ( )]
1 . w .w (t )
e .w(t )Sen(w D( t ))d= { w D + 2
e Sen ( w D( t ) ) }
0 .w
2
wD
1+
wD

. wt

e Sen ( w D( t ) )
t
. w .w (t )

[ ( )]
1
e .w(t )cos (w D( t ) )d= { w D + e cos ( w D( t ) ) }
0 .w 2
w D2
1+
wD

De todas las integrales anteriores remplazamos en la ecuacin (01):


t
3864
X ( t )= e .w(t )Sen(w D( t ))d
m. w D 0

Recordando:

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 29


udv=uv vdu

Hacemos:
.w(t )
u=e ; dv=Sen(w D( t ))d

du= . we .w( t )d ;

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 30


t
cos (w D( t )) Sen( wD( t )) 3864
v= + X ( t )= e .w(t )Sen(w D( t ))d
wD w D2 m. w D 0

t
A= e .w(t )Sen(w D( t ))d
0

A=e .w(t )

(
cos ( wD( t ) ) Sen ( w D( t ) )
wD
+
wD 2
) (
0
cos ( w D( t ) ) Sen ( wD( t ) )
wD
+
wD 2 )
. we .w( t )d

) (
t

)
t
.w(t )
A=e
(
cos ( wD( t ) ) Sen ( w D( t ) )
wD
+
wD
2

0
cos ( w D( t ) )
w D
. we
. w( t )
d
0
(
Sen ( w D( t ) )
wD
2 )
. we
. w( t )
d

Reemplazando las integrales con los valores obtenidos anteriormente:

cos ( wD( t ) ) Sen ( w D( t ) ) . w t t

A=e .w(t )

( wD
+
wD
2

)
wD 0 ( cos ( w D( t ) ) )e .w( t ) .w
d 2 ( Sen ( w D( t ) ) )e . w(t )d
wD 0

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 31


. wt
e

. wt
. wt

e cos ( w D( t ) )

A=e .w(t )

(
cos ( wD( t ) ) Sen ( w D( t ) ) . w
wD
+
wD 2

wD )
[eSen ( w D( t ))

( wD
+
w D2 )
Sen ( w D( t )) Sen ( w D( t ) ) . w
+
wD
A
[ 1+
1
.w
( )
2

]
{

wD

Despejando y agrupando:

. wt
. wt

[ )]
e .w( t )cos ( w D( t ) ) . w 2

[ ]
1 1 . w 2( . w ) 1
A
1+
.w
wD ( )
2
=
wD
+ 2 e Sen ( w D( t )) +Sen ( w D( t ) )e
wD

w D 2 w D3

wD 4
(

1+
.w
( )
wD
2
+ cos ( wD( t

Clculos previos:

=0.05

w=30 rad /s

1 2= 29.9624765 rad / s
w D=w

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 32


Reemplazando estos datos en la ecuacin anterior tendremos:

A0.9975=e .w( t )
[ cos ( w D( t ) )
wD
+0.0016708Sen ( w D( t ) ) +0.00105256Sen ( w D( t ) )0.00005548cos ( w D( t ) )
]
Luego:

3864
X ( t )= A
m. w D

3864
X ( t )= A
m. w D

[
X ( t )= 43.094838e .w(t ) [ cos ( w D( t ) )
wD
+0.0016708Sen ( w D( t )) +0.00105256Sen ( wD( t ) )0.00005548cos ( w D( t ) ) t
0 ]]
Finalmente tendremos:

X ( t )=1.4311 1t0.0023789e1.5t( 0.048118Sen ( w Dt )0.002394cos ( w Dt ) ) ;

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 33


SOLUCION DE LA PRIMERA FASE ; 0.000 t 0.025 s

PRIMERA FASE; 0t0.025


''X(t) vs t''
0
0
0
0
DESPLAZ AMIENTO (ft) 0
0
0
0
0 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03

TIEMPO (s)

2.- SEGUNDA FASE 0.025 t 0.05 s :

Aplicaremos la ecuacin:
0.025 t
1 1
X ( t )= e .w( t )P 1 ( )Sen( w( t ) )d + e. w(t )P2 ( )Sen(w( t ))d (3 )
m. w 0 m. w 0.025

A B

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 34


96.6
P2 ( )=193.2
0.025

Determinamos A:
0.025
1
A= e. w(t )P 1 ( )Sen(w( t ))d
m.w 0

0.025
3864
A= e . w(t )Sen( w( t ) )d
m. w 0

Remplazando en la ecuacin de la Fase:

[
A=43.094838 e. w(t )[ cos ( w D( t ) )
wD ]]
+ 0.0016708Sen ( w D( t ) ) + 0.00105256Sen ( w D( t ) ) 0.00005548cos ( wD( t ) ) 0.025
0

Evaluando en el intervalo indicado:

[
A=43.094838 e. w(t ) [ cos ( w D( t ) )
wD ]]
+ 0.0016708Sen ( w D( t ) ) + 0.00105256Sen ( w D( t ) ) 0.00005548cos ( wD( t ) ) 0.025
0

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 35


{[
A=43.094838 e .w( t0.025) [ 0.025cos ( w D( t0.025 ) )
wD
+0.00167080.025Sen ( w D( t0.025 ) ) + 0.00105256Sen ( w D( t0.025 ) ) 0.00005548cos ( w

Determinamos B:
t
1
B= e . w(t )P 2 ( )Sen (w( t ) )d
m. w 0.025

t
1 96.6
B=
m. w 0.025 (
e . w(t ) 193.2
0.025 )
Sen(w( t ))d

Dividiendo en dos integrales, tendremos:


t t
193.2 96.6
B= e . w(t )Sen ( w( t ) )d e .w( t )Sen ( w( t ) )d
m . w 0.025 0.025m. w 0.025

Sabemos:

. wt

e cos ( w D(t ) )
t
. w . w ( t )

[ ]
1
e. w(t )Sen (w D( t ) )d = { w D + e Sen ( w D( t ) ) }
.w 2
wD 2
0 .025
1+
( )
wD

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 36


[
t
e. w(t ) cos ( w D( t ) )
e. w(t )Sen ( w(t ) )d=
0.9975

wD
+0.0016708Sen ( w D( t ) ) +0.00105256Sen ( w D( t ) ) 0.00005548cos ( w D( t
0.025

Reemplazando en B:

. wt

e cos ( w D( t ) )

[ {[ ( } { [
e. w(t ) cos ( w D( t ) )
. w . w ( t )

]
193.2 1 96.6
B= { w D + e Sen ( w D ( t ) ) } +0.0016708Sen ( wD( t ) ) +0.00
m. w .w 2 w D2 0.025m. w 0.9975 wD
1+
wD )

[ {[ ( ]) { }} { [
193.2 1 e. w(t )cos ( w D( t ) ) . w . w (t ) 96.6 e .w( t ) cos ( wD( t ) )
B= 2
+ 2 e Sen ( w D( t ) ) + 0.0016708
m. w .w wD wD 0.025m . w 0.9975 wD
1+
wD

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 37


[ {[ ( ) ] } ] [ {[ ( { e. w(t 0.025)cos ( w D (t0.025 ) ) .
{ } { ]}
)]
e. w(t )1
B=
193.2
m. w

1+
1
.w 2

wD

96.6

1

t1
0.025m . w 0.9975 w D [
0.00005548
193.2
m. w

1+
1
.w 2

wD
+
wD
wD wD

X ( t )=A + B

Finalmente obtendremos:
1.5( t0.025 ) 1.5( t0.025 )
X ( t )=0.07 6151.4311t +0.0952e Sen ( 30( t0.025 )) 0.0 0891e cos ( 30( t0.025 ) )

1.5t 1.5t
0. .004729e Sen ( 30t ) +0.0 047 29e cos ( 30t )

SOLUCION DE LA SEGUNDA FASE ; 0.025 t 0.05 s

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 38


SEGUNDA FASE; 0.025t0.05
''X(t) vs t''
0.02

0.02

DESPLAZ AMIENTO (ft) 0.01

0.01

0
0.02 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.06

TIEMPO (s)

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 39


FASE I + FASE II
''X(t) vs t''
0.02

0.02

DESPLAZ AMIENTO (ft) 0.01

0.01

0
0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06

TIEMPO (s)

3.- TERCERA FASE t 0.05 s :

t
w( )d

t
w( )d
. w( t )
P2 ( )Sen
. w( t )
P1 ( )Sen
0.025
1
( t )=
m. w 0

t
+1
e . w(t )P 3 ( )Sen (w( t ))d
. w 0.05

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 40


P3 ( )=0

t
w( )d

w( t )d
e. w(t )P3 ( )Sen
e. w(t )P 1 ( )Sen
0.025
1
X (t ) =
m.w 0

X ( t )=A + B '

Determinacin de A:

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 41


{[
A=43.094838 e .w( t0.025)
[ 0.025cos ( w D( t0.025 ) )
wD
+0.00167080.025Sen ( w D( t0.025 ) ) + 0.00105256Sen ( w D( t0.025 ) ) 0.00005548cos ( w

Determinacin de B:

[ {[ ( { }} { [
e. w(t )cos ( wD( t ) ) . w .w (t ) e .w( t ) cos ( wD( t ) )

)]
193.2 1 96.6
B '= 2
+ 2 e Sen ( w D(t ) ) + 0.0016708
m. w .w wD wD 0.025m . w 0.9975 wD
1+
wD

Remplazando los lmites tendremos:

[ {[ ( { }} { [
e. w(t 0.05 )cos ( w D( t0.05 ) ) . w .w ( t0.05) e. w(t 0.05) 0.05cos ( wD( t0.0

)]
193.2 1 96.6
B '= 2
+ 2 e Sen ( w D( t0.05 ) )
m. w .w wD wD 0.025m. w 0.9975 wD
1+
wD

X ( t )=A + B '

Finalmente obtendremos:
1.5( t 0.0 5 ) 1.5( t 0.0 5 )
X ( t )=0.0 474e Sen ( 30( t0. 0 5 ) ) +0.00 461e cos ( 30( t0. 05 ) )

1.5( t 0.0 25 ) 1.5( t0.02 5 )


+0.0 9513e Sen ( 30( t0.0 25 ) ) 0.00 91e cos ( 30( t 0.0 2 5 ) )

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 42


0.004729e1.5t Sen ( 30t ) +0.004729e1.5t cos ( 30t )

SOLUCION DE LA tercera FASE ; t 0.05 s

TERCERA PRCTICA CALIFICADA - INTEGRAL DE DUHAMEL Pgina 43