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Bibliometric analysis of mangrove literature from 2001 to 2012 G. SARAVANAN1,3 AND J. DOMINIC2 1 French Institute of Pondicherry, # 11, Saint Louis Street, Pondicherry - 605 001, India 2 Karunya University, Coimbatore - 641 114, Tamil Nadu, India 3 Department of Library and Information Science, Karpagam University, Coimbatore – 641 021, Tamil Nadu, India ABSTRACT The present study on bibliometric analysis of mangrove reveals that 6331 authors have contributed 3089 articles during 2001 to 2012. Results indicate that highest numbers of papers have been written by co-authors. The mangrove literature was covered by 828 journals among which “Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science” journal stands first with 132 articles. This paper explores the highly cited authors and cited papers from mangrove literature. The h-index (that provides an index based on a list of publications ranked in descending order by the Times Cited count) of mangrove literature is 53. Introduction Mangroves are a group of salt tolerant plant species which occur in the tropical and sub tropical intertidal estuarine regions, sheltered coast-lines and creeks and are dominated by partly submerged plant species. Mangroves constitute a dynamic ecosystem with a complex association of flora and fauna of terrestrial and aquatic systems with the vegetation presenting an evergreen type with varied life-forms. Bibliometrics is the branch of information theory that attempts to analyse quantitatively and statistically the properties and behavior of recorded knowledge. Through this technique, we can study only the recorded knowledge, not the knowledge itself. The focus of this analysis is the title search “mangrove”, using the tool Web of Science®, a service to access the world’s leading scholarly literature in different disciplines by examining various sources. Bibliometric analysis is the quantitative description of literature that helps in measuring the patterns of all forms of recorded information and their producers. Bibliometrics utilises quantitative analysis and statistics to describe patterns of publication with a given field or body of literature. Researchers may use bibliometric methods of evaluation to determine the influence of a single writer or to describe the relationship of two or more writers or works. In this study, an attempt was made to study the mangrove literature by using bibliometric analysis. Literature review As many articles available on bibliometrics, a review of closely related literature is presented. Klaic (1990) examined the research activity of chemists from Rugjer Boskovic, Yugoslavia during 1976-1985, covering 2,018 papers, which were classified according to subfields used in Journal Citation Report. He found that more than 67 percent of papers corresponded to journal articles. Kannappanavar and Vijayakumar (2001) made a study on the authorship trends in International Monetary Fund Literature from 1991-1998 and concluded that collaborative research is increasing, varying from 0.45-0.62. The average degree of collaboration was found to be 0.56-0.81 by studying five journals in geology covering the period from 1987 to 1996. Xingjian et al. (2011) performed a bibliometric analysis of published biodiversity research for the period of 1900-2009 based on the SCI database. Yu et al. (2012) studied the bibliometric analysis of research paper published on photosynthesis from 1992 to 2009 based on the SCI database. Saravanan (2012) made an attempt to study the bibliometric analysis of Western Ghats literature through Web of Science®. Saravanan and Prasad (2012) conducted a bibliometric analysis of a reputed scientist Dr. G. Thanikaimoni by analyzing his publications over a 25-year period. Objectives of the study The main objective of the study is to analyse the following bibliometric characteristics of the mangrove literature from 2001 to 10th Sept. 2012. To find out year wise growth of publications To find the document wise research publications in mangrove research To find the authorship productivity To find out important journal publication of research out put To examine the distribution of top ten countries during the study period To identify the most productive institutions in mangrove research To find top ten highly cited articles in mangrove research Methodology Documents used in this study were based on the online database Web of Science®. The period of study covered is from 2001 to 10th September 2012 (12 years). The keyword “mangrove” has been used as the search term in the field of title and the time period is limited to 2001 to 2012. A total of 3092 records on mangrove were retrieved. The search included the three citation databases namely Science Citation Index, Social Sciences Citation Indexes and Arts and Humanities Citation Indices. Once a marked list of papers has been created, the resulting export file is processed by HistCite™ (Bibliometric Analysis and Visualization Software developed by Garfield and colleagues) to create tables ordered by author, year or citation frequency as well as historiographs which include a small percentage of the most-cited papers and their citation links. HistCite™ software removes the duplicates and the final collection of mangrove literature was 3089 records. Data analysis and interpretations The analysis of the data has been done with a view to measure the growth of mangrove literature over the years, author’s productivity, institution, country wise distribution of papers and highly cited papers. A general picture of the mangrove literature retrieved from Web of Science® is given in Table–1. It reflects citations to source items indexed within Web of Science®. A Cited Reference Search was performed to include citations of items not indexed within Web of Science®. This was cited 14154 times, 9242 times without self-citations. Average citations per item were 8.2. The h-index (Hirsch index that provides an index based on a list of publications ranked in descending order by the times cited count) was 53. Table 1. General observations on mangrove literature during 2001-2012 Results found 3092 Sum of the Times Cited 25361 Sum of Times Cited without self-citations 14154 Citing Articles 11247 Citing Articles without self-citations 9242 Average Citations per Item 8.2 h-index 53 Year wise growth of mangrove literature During the period 2001-2012 scientists all over the world have produced a total of 3089 publications on mangrove literature. Table-2 shows the year wise distribution of papers published. There were only 145 records in 2001 and then it increased gradually and reached 356 in 2008. It is interesting to see that the last five years (2007-2011) more than 300 articles were published by world scientists. The average number of publications per year was 257. The mangrove literature grew gradually by year wise. It may be pertinent to note that at the end of 2004 a great earthquake and tsunami occurred in the Indian Ocean causing extensive damage to the coasts of Indonesia, Thailand, Sri Lanka and India that made many of these governments to plan securing their coastline by using mangrove cover that could have acted as the trigger for more research and publications in this area after 2005. Table 2. Year wise growth of mangrove literature Sl. No. Publication Year Records % TLCS TGCS 1 2001 145 4.69 1413 3050 2 2002 207 6.7 1584 3729 3 2003 170 5.5 1166 2622 4 2004 220 7.12 1154 3187 5 2005 188 6.09 1136 2723 6 2006 249 8.06 966 2404 7 2007 323 10.46 902 2366 8 2008 356 11.52 1274 2766 9 2009 313 10.13 503 1353 10 2010 329 10.65 260 834 11 2011 352 11.4 102 300 12 2012 237 7.67 13 27 Total 3089 100 TLCS – Total Local Cite Score; TGCS – Total Global Cite Score Source wise distribution of mangrove literature The productivity of mangrove literature is spread over variety of publication media like Journal articles, Proceedings papers, Meeting abstracts, Reviews, Editorial materials, Letters and Book review. It is evident from Table-3 that the distribution of research output according to publication type. It is an accepted fact that most of the scholarly communication of scientific research is published in Journals (2526, 81.77 %, TLCS is 8321 and TGCS is 21393) and sometimes presented in the Proceedings, Abstracts, Book reviews and other forms. Table 3. Source wise distribution of mangrove literature Sl. No. Document Type Records % TLCS TGCS 1 Article 2526 81.8 8321 21393 2 Article; Proceedings Paper 166 5.37 980 1972 3 Proceedings Paper 128 4.14 28 73 4 Meeting Abstract 117 3.79 4 13 5 Review 57 1.85 964 1485 6 Editorial Material 34 1.1 54 196 7 Correction 22 0.71 6 19 8 Letter 16 0.52 94 143 9 News Item 14 0.45 1 2 10 Book Review 5 0.16 0 0 11 Article; Book Chapter 2 0.06 15 35 12 Review; Book Chapter 2 0.06 6 30 Total 3089 100 TLCS – Total Local Cite Score; TGCS – Total Global Cite Score Most productive authors From 2001 to 2012, 3089 papers were published by 6331 authors. Table-4 depicts that the records of Dr. Y. C. Lin (China) are 68. He obtained 295 TLCS, 45.69 TLCS/t, 77 TLCSx, 750 TGCS, 122.50 TGCS/t, 222 TLCR, 31 TLCSb and 26 TLCSe. The second, third and fourth places are occupied by Dr. N. F. Y. Tam, Dr. Z. G. She and Dr. N. Koedam. Among the top 10 authors contributing in the field of mangrove literature, 6 authors from China, 2 authors from Belgium, 1 author from USA and Netherlands. Table 4. Prolific authors with number of records (first 10 authors) Sl. Author Rec % TLCS TLCS/t TLCSx TGCS TGCS/t TLCR TLCSb TLCSe No. (Country) 1 Lin YC (China) 68 2.2 295 45.69 77 750 122.5 222 31 26 Tam NFY 2 62 2 401 58.35 238 868 127.79 248 42 83 (China) She ZG 3 57 1.8 149 32.06 50 434 94.73 194 16 (China) Koedam N 4 48 1.6 505 67.26 294 919 122.79 430 97 145 (Belgium) Dahdouh- 5 Guebas F 47 1.5 488 76.15 275 772 118.62 578 67 101 (Belgium) Lin WH 6 37 1.2 120 20.45 67 399 72.21 99 26 20 (China) Wong YS 7 37 1.2 331 43.05 194 695 92.82 138 36 93 (China) Feller IC 8 31 1 379 51.16 250 580 80.98 282 77 148 (USA) 9 Wu J (China) 31 1 185 32.54 37 407 76.57 197 94 Nagelkerken I 10 29 0.9 369 50.35 267 1061 133.04 242 72 68 (Netherlands) Rec – Records; TLCS - Total Local Citation Score; TLCS/t - Total Local Citation Score per year; TLCSx - Total Local Citation excluding self-citations; TGCS - Total Global Citation Score; TGCS/t - Total Global Citation Score per year; TLCR - Total Local Cited References; TLCSb - Total Local Citation Score in the beginning; TLCSe - Local Citation Score in the end Authorship pattern of contribution Table-5 shows the authorship pattern of contribution (excluding 13 anonymous authors). It is found that out of 3076 articles, three authored articles are the highest with 654 (21.26%), followed by two authored articles with 625 (20.32 %). The single author contribution is low when compared to multi authored papers. A significant note of the study is that the majority of the articles are contributed by joint authors. Table 5. Distribution of authorship pattern No. of Total no. of Sl. No. No. of Authors Articles Authorship % 1 Single author 276 276 8.97 2 Two authors 625 1250 20.32 3 Three authors 654 1962 21.26 4 Four authors 538 2152 17.49 5 Five authors 394 1970 12.81 6 Six authors 283 1698 9.2 7 Seven authors 131 917 4.26 8 Eight authors 85 680 2.76 9 Nine authors 36 324 1.17 10 Ten authors 19 190 0.62 11 Eleven authors 21 231 0.68 12 Twelve authors 5 25 0.16 13 Thirteen authors 2 26 0.07 14 Fourteen authors 2 28 0.07 15 Sixteen authors 2 32 0.07 16 Twenty one authors 3 63 0.1 Total 3076 11824 100 Journal wise distribution of mangrove literature The literature of mangrove (2001-2012) retrieved from Web of Science® is scattered over 828 journals. The journal ‘Estuarine Coastal and Self Science’ is in the top most position with 132 records (4.3 %, TLCS 860, TLCS/t 121.37, TGCS 1775, TGCS/t 246.41 and TLCR 738) followed by ‘Bulletin of Marine Science’ and ‘Marine Ecology Progress Series’ with 83 records. Table-6 shows the rank position of top fifteen journals. Table 6. Prolific journals with number of records (first 15 journals) Sl. Journals Records % TLCS TLCS/t TGCS TGCS/t TLCR No. 1 Estuarine Coastal 132 4 860 121.37 1775 246.41 738 and Shelf Science 2 Bulletin of Marine 83 3 136 19.04 339 47.54 172 Science 3 Marine Ecology- 83 3 671 82.25 1582 196.01 460 Progress Series 4 Marine Pollution 74 2 322 45.99 961 129.95 256 Bulletin 5 Aquatic Botany 52 2 650 115.09 961 167.75 644 6 Hydrobiologia 49 2 211 24.67 443 53.22 198 7 Journal of Coastal 48 2 55 9.13 108 18.39 94 Research 8 Journal of Experimental 43 1 260 29.25 548 66.02 215 Marine Biology and Ecology 9 Trees-Structure 41 1 309 32.89 518 55.62 137 and Function 10 Revista De 39 1 37 5.23 82 10.9 78 Biologia Tropical 11 Indian Journal of 34 1 59 7.46 113 13.7 31 Marine Sciences 12 Current Science 32 1 93 12.6 195 24.56 31 13 Wetlands Ecology 31 1 26 7.58 43 12.5 300 and Management 14 Integrative and Comparative 30 1 0 0 1 0.1 0 Biology 15 International Journal of Systematic and 30 1 36 9.44 140 30.61 28 Evolutionary Microbiology TLCS - Total Local Citation Score; TLCS/t - Total Local Citation Score per year; TGCS - Total Global Citation Score; TGCS/t - Total Global Citation Score per year; TLCR - Total Local Cited References Country wise distribution of mangrove literature Researchers in bibliometric studies are interested to find the countries which are contributing more in any given field. This type of analysis also helps to identify the countries which have taken up the research work in particular field. Out of the total 3089 records, 520 records (16.8 %, 2608 TLCS and 5913 TGCS) have been published from USA showing its dominance in the field. China stands second in the list with 510 records (16.5 %, 1511 TLCS and 3934 TGCS). It is followed by India and other countries (Table-7). Table 7. Geographical distribution of contributions (first 10 countries) Sl. No. Country Records % TLSC TGCS 1 USA 520 17 2608 5913 2 China 510 17 1511 3934 3 India 376 12 1062 2538 4 Brazil 303 9.8 552 1650 5 Australia 277 9 1970 3857 6 Japan 251 8.1 607 1502 7 Germany 151 4.9 606 1674 8 Unknown 140 4.5 463 858 9 UK 131 4.2 671 1748 10 Mexico 110 3.6 383 1134 TLCS - Total Local Citation Score; TGCS - Total Global Citation Score Institution wise distribution of mangrove literature There were 1958 institutions involved in research activity in the field of mangrove sharing 3089 articles during the study period. The research articles originate from various research institutes, universities and affiliated colleges. The Chinese Academy of Science, China is top most in the list with 122 records (3.9 %, TLCS 386 and TGCS 1032), followed by City University, Hong Kong with 96 records (3.1 %, TLCS 627 and TGCS 1421) (Table-8). Table 8. Institution wise distribution of contribution (first 10 institutions) Sl. No. Institution Records % TLCS TGCS 1 Chinese Academy of Science, China 122 3.9 386 1032 2 City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 96 3.1 627 1421 3 Xiamen University, China 88 2.8 244 567 4 US Geology Survey, USA 78 2.5 639 1055 5 Sun Yat Sen University, China 71 2.3 132 337 6 University Ryukyus, Japan 67 2.2 181 435 7 Annamalai University, India 59 1.9 295 552 8 University Queensland, Australia 58 1.9 640 1239 9 Unknown 52 1.7 15 40 10 University Sao Paulo, Brazil 44 1.4 91 270 TLCS - Total Local Citation Score; TGCS - Total Global Citation Score Language wise distribution of mangrove literature Largest number of publications were in English with 3004 records (97.25 %, 10443 TLCS and 25226 TGCS) and the number of publications in non-English language is less. It may be due to the journal selection and coverage policy of the Web of Science® database. Table 9. Language wise distribution of mangrove literature Sl.No. Language Records % TLCS TGCS 1 English 3004 97.3 10443 25226 2 Spanish 34 1.1 10 32 3 Portuguese 26 0.84 9 59 4 French 10 0.32 7 30 5 Japanese 7 0.23 0 1 6 Chinese 3 0.1 4 10 7 Russian 3 0.1 0 3 8 Arabic 1 0.03 0 0 9 Malay 1 0.03 0 0 Total 3089 100 TLCS - Total Local Citation Score; TGCS - Total Global Citation Score Historiograph from the top 30 mangrove literature by LCS The most impressive feature of HistCite™ is its visualization capability. This historiograph (Fig. 1) was generated from the 30 papers that have been most cited among the 3089 papers (based on local citations) using HistCite™. The sizes of the circles are proportional to the citation frequency. The top 30 LCS papers span from 2001 to 2012 with 103 links, with maximum LCS of 142 and minimum LCS of 36. Node #1, the paper by Kathiresan has been cited 175 times while the much more recent paper by Valiela, #118, has been cited locally 222 times. The large number of circles in the more recent years demonstrates how this field has mushroomed. Key to Fig. 1 Nodes: 30, Links: 103, LCS, top 30; Min: 36, Max: 142 (LCS scaled)1 Kathiresan K, LCS: 142 GCS: 175401 Feller IC, LCS: 46 GCS: 577 Tam NFY, LCS: 46 GCS: 111460 Sheridan P, LCS: 42 GCS: 6618 Nagelkerken I, LCS: 40 GCS: 104595 Mumby PJ, LCS: 89 GCS: 27151 Laegdsgaard P, LCS: 89 GCS: 161829 Lewis RR, LCS: 49 GCS: 6853 Holguin G, LCS: 66 GCS: 78908 Kathiresan K, LCS: 48 GCS: 106113 Alongi DM, LCS: 38 GCS: 471000 Nordhaus I, LCS: 38 GCS: 53114 Lin YC, LCS: 58 GCS: 1361417 Duke NC, LCS: 83 GCS: 105118 Valiela I, LCS: 130 GCS: 2221604 Alongi DM, LCS: 46 GCS: 74124 Middleton BA, LCS: 41 GCS: 601757 Krauss KW, LCS: 51 GCS: 60167 Nagelkerken I, LCS: 36 GCS: 681760 Nagelkerken I, LCS: 70 GCS: 95194 Jennerjahn TC, LCS: 58 GCS: 781761 Cannicci S, LCS: 45 GCS: 52207 Bouillon S, LCS: 51 GCS: 831762 Kristensen E, LCS: 54 GCS: 71213 Skov MW, LCS: 37 GCS: 581763 Walters BB, LCS: 54 GCS: 69239 McKee KL, LCS: 46 GCS: 931764 Gilman EL, LCS: 37 GCS: 56294 Alongi DM, LCS: 140 GCS: 2081765 Bosire JO, LCS: 37 GCS: 47 Fig. 1: Thirty most highly-cited documents among 3089 documents with “mangrove” in their titles as generated LCS count by HistCite™ Historiograph from the top 50 mangrove literature by GCS The top 50 GCS papers – the most cited mangrove literature – during the period from 2001 to 2012 with one major network and several islands on given in Fig. 2. This historiograph shows networks connecting papers that have a high GCS, papers receiving a large number of citations from mangrove literature. Key to Fig. 2 Nodes: 50, Links: 100, GCS, top 50; Min: 56, Max: 271 (GCS scaled) 1 Kathiresan K, LCS: 142 GCS: 175 401 Feller IC, LCS: 46 GCS: 57 7 Tam NFY, LCS: 46 GCS: 111 460 Sheridan P, LCS: 42 GCS: 66 18 Nagelkerken I, LCS: 40 GCS: 104 463 Chen GY, LCS: 29 GCS: 58 49 Dittmar T, LCS: 26GCS: 62 500 Toscano MA, LCS: 11 GCS: 99 50 Macfarlane GR, LCS: 16 GCS: 69 516 Cahoon DR, LCS: 32 GCS: 56 51 Laegdsgaard P, LCS: 89 GCS: 161 585 Jaffe R, LCS: 5 GCS: 73 53 Holguin G, LCS: 66 GCS: 78 595 Mumby PJ, LCS: 89 GCS: 271 101 Hernes PJ, LCS: 17 GCS: 75 606 Parida AK, LCS: 17 GCS: 64 114 Lin YC, LCS: 58 GCS: 136 627 Dorenbosch M, LCS: 25 GCS: 60 118 Valiela I, LCS: 130 GCS: 222 631 Parida AK, LCS: 10 GCS: 66 124 Middleton BA, LCS: 41 GCS: 60 650 Wang L, LCS: 29 GCS: 103 135 Chiang TY, LCS: 8 GCS: 56 742 Wang L, LCS: 16 GCS: 90 166 Nagelkerken I, LCS: 33 GCS: 115 765 Dorenbosch M, LCS: 15 GCS: 65 167 Nagelkerken I, LCS: 36 GCS: 68 829 Lewis RR, LCS: 49 GCS: 68 169 Tam NFY, LCS: 29 GCS: 59 890 Meyer RL, LCS: 8 GCS: 60 194 Jennerjahn TC, LCS: 58 GCS: 78 908 Kathiresan K, LCS: 48 GCS: 106 207 Bouillon S, LCS: 51 GCS: 83 995 Mumby PJ, LCS: 4 GCS: 57 209 Maguire TL, LCS: 6 GCS: 80 1248 Zhang FQ, LCS: 13 GCS: 85 213 Skov MW, LCS: 37 GCS: 58 1417 Duke NC, LCS: 83 GCS: 105 236 Isaka M, LCS: 6 GCS: 74 1604 Alongi DM, LCS: 46 GCS: 74 239 McKee KL, LCS: 46 GCS: 93 1698 Bouillon S, LCS: 0 GCS: 58 279 de la Moriniere EC, LCS: 0 GCS: 88 1757 Krauss KW, LCS: 51 GCS: 60 294 Alongi DM, LCS: 140 GCS: 208 1760 Nagelkerken I, LCS: 70 GCS: 95 301 Torres MA, LCS: 1 GCS: 66 1762 Kristensen E, LCS: 54 GCS: 71 369 de la Moriniere EC, LCS: 0 GCS: 73 1763 Walters BB, LCS: 54 GCS: 69 Fig. 2: Fifty most highly-cited documents among 3089 documents with “mangrove” in their titles as generated GCS count by HistCite™ Highly cited authors and cited papers Table-10 shows the top ten highly cited authors and papers. The paper of P. J. Mumby et al. is in first rank with 272 global citation scores followed by I. Valiela et al. with 224 global citation scores and others. Table 10. Highly cited authors and cited papers Times Sl. Title/Source cited No. (WoS) Title: Mangroves enhance the biomass of coral reef fish communities in the Caribbean Author(s): Mumby, PJ; Edwards, AJ; Arias-Gonzalez, JE; et al. 1 272 Source: NATURE Volume: 427 Issue: 6974 Pages: 533-536 DOI: 10.1038/nature02286 Published: FEB 5 2004 Title: Mangrove forests: One of the world's threatened major tropical environments Author(s): Valiela, I; Bowen, JL; York, JK 2 224 Source: BIOSCIENCE Volume: 51 Issue: 10 Pages: 807-815 DOI: 10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0807:MFOOTW]2.0.CO;2 Published: OCT 2001 Title: Present state and future of the world's mangrove forests Author(s): Alongi, DM 3 210 Source: ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION Volume: 29 Issue: 3 Pages: 331-349 DOI: 10.1017/S0376892902000231 Published: SEP 2002 Title: Biology of mangroves and mangrove ecosystems Author(s): Kathiresan, K; Bingham, BL Book Editor(s): Southward, AJ; Tyler, PA; Young, CM; et al. 4 177 Source: ADVANCES IN MARINE BIOLOGY, VOL 40 Book Series: ADVANCES IN MARINE BIOLOGY Volume: 40 Pages: 81-251 DOI: 10.1016/S0065-2881(01)40003-4 Published: 2001 Title: Why do juvenile fish utilise mangrove habitats? Author(s): Laegdsgaard, P; Johnson, C 5 Source: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND 161 ECOLOGY Volume: 257 Issue: 2 Pages: 229-253 DOI: 10.1016/S0022- 0981(00)00331-2 Published: MAR 15 2001 Title: Five unique compounds: Xyloketals from mangrove fungus Xylaria sp from the South China Sea coast 6 Author(s): Lin, YC; Wu, XY; Feng, SA; et al. 136 Source: JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY Volume: 66 Issue: 19 Pages: 6252-6256 DOI: 10.1021/jo015522r Published: SEP 21 2001 7 Title: How important are mangroves and seagrass beds for coral-reef fish? 115 The nursery hypothesis tested on an island scale Author(s): Nagelkerken, I; Roberts, CM; van der Velde, G; et al. Source: MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES Volume: 244 Pages: 299-305 DOI: 10.3354/meps244299 Published: 2002 Title: Contamination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediments of mangrove swamps 8 Author(s): Tam, NFY; Ke, L; Wang, XH; et al. 111 Source: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION Volume: 114 Issue: 2 Pages: 255-263 DOI: 10.1016/S0269-7491(00)00212-8 Published: 2001 Title: Coastal mangrove forests mitigated tsunami Author(s): Kathiresan, K; Rajendran, N 9 Source: ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE Volume: 65 107 Issue: 3 Pages: 601-606 DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2005.06.022 Published: NOV 2005 Title: A world without mangroves? Author(s): Duke, N. C.; Meynecke, J.-O.; Dittmann, S.; et al. 10 106 Source: SCIENCE Volume: 317 Issue: 5834 Pages: 41-42 Published: JUL 6 2007 Findings of the study The following are the findings from the present study. The total numbers of articles published on mangrove literature which are available in Web of Science® are 3089. The h-index of mangrove literature is 53. Majority of articles have appeared in 2008 (356 articles). Most prolific author was Y. C. Lin, China with 68 papers. The authorship pattern showed that collaborated papers with three authors occupied the first position (654 papers, 21.64 %) in respect to total number of articles published during the period of analysis and the percentage of multi authors papers is higher than that of single author papers (276 papers, 8.97 %). In the ranking of journals, the first rank is occupied by the “Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science” with 132 articles (4.3 %). In the country wise distribution of articles, USA takes the first place with 520 articles (16.8 %). The findings of research institution wise publication of articles showed that Chinese Academy of Science, China contributed more and ranks first with 122 articles (3.9 %). In language distribution English language occupies first position with 3004 papers (97.25 %) In Historigraph “Kathiresan, K.” paper has maximum cited with LCS (142) and GCS (175). Conclusion It needs to be emphasized that publication is the main mode of communication by researchers, providing a direct indication of the quantum of work done in any given field. The present work had taken up a detailed analysis of mangrove literature over a twelve year period (2001-2012). The authors accept the limitation of the work: It has considered only the publications that could be extracted out of Web of Science® source and there may been other publications that have not been listed here. But still the work provides a reasonable glimpse of the works in the field of mangrove studies and has established that, by way of publications, USA and China have led the field and India is not far behind. Acknowledgements We are thankful to the librarians at the French Institute of Pondicherry, Ms. Anurupa Naik, Mr. K. Ramanujam and Mr. R. Narenthiran for their encouragement. We would like to express our gratitude to Mr. S. Prasad, Ingénieur d’études, French Institute of Pondicherry who helped us especially in analysing the mangrove literature. References Klaic, B. 1990. Scientometric analysis of the research activities of chemists from the “Rugjer BoŠković” Institute (Yugoslavia), 1976-1985. Scientometrics, 19(1-2): 11-24. Kannappanavar, B. U., and M. Vijayakumar 2001. Authorship trend and solo V/S team research in international monetary fund literature: A bibliometric study. Annals of Library and Information Studies, 48(3): 117-120. Saravanan, G. 2012. Bibliometric Analysis of the Scientific Publications of the Western Ghats. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the National Seminar on Scientometrics and Informetrics, 9-10 March 2012, Annamalainagar, Chidambaram. 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