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Herbert Puchta & Jeff Stranks

with Richard Carter and Peter Lewis-Jones

Students Book 3
Welcome section A Present simple vs. present continuous; B Ways of talking about the future; gerund vs. innitive;
question tags; age; the environment medicine and health

Unit Grammar Vocabulary Pronunciation


1 Communication Past simple vs. present perfect simple Body language Sentence stress
say and tell
Vocabulary bank: collocations with talk and speak

2 A true friend Past simple vs. past continuous review Friends and enemies Linking sounds
Time conjunctions: as / then / Everyday English
as soon as Vocabulary bank: friends
Past simple vs. past perfect simple

CHECK YOUR PROGRESS

3 A working life Present perfect simple vs. continuous Fields of work // short
review Jobs and work
had better / should / ought to

4 Live forever! Future predictions Time conjunctions: if/unless/when/until/ as soon as Prepositions


First conditional review: if and unless Verbs with prepositions
Vocabulary bank: verb + preposition combinations:
with/for/about

CHECK YOUR PROGRESS

5 Reality TV make / let / be allowed to Television /a/ allowed


Modal verbs of obligation, prohibition Extreme adjectives and modiers
and permission Vocabulary bank: extreme adjectives

6 Survival Present passive and past passive review make and do Stress pattern in have
Present perfect passive Everyday English something done
Future passive Vocabulary bank: expressions with make
Causative have (have something done)

CHECK YOUR PROGRESS

7 Good and evil Gerunds and innitives Noun sufxes Word stress
Vocabulary bank: noun sufxes: -ity/-ment/-ness/
-ion/-ation

8 Be honest! Second conditional review Crimes I wish ... and If only ...
I wish / If only for present situations Crime verbs
Vocabulary bank: crime

CHECK YOUR PROGRESS

9 The truth is out Linkers of contrast: however / although Problems // though


there! / even though / in spite of / despite Vocabulary bank: problems
Modal verbs of deduction (present)
10 Mysterious places Modal verbs of deduction (past) Phrasal verbs have in must have /
Indirect questions Everyday English might have / cant have /
Vocabulary bank: phrasal verbs: up/into/down couldnt have

CHECK YOUR PROGRESS

11 Love Reported speech review Appearance Intonation in reported


Reported questions Personality questions
Reporting verbs Relationships

12 Regret Third conditional Anger should / shouldnt have


I wish / If only for past situations Vocabulary bank: anger
should / shouldnt have (done)

CHECK YOUR PROGRESS

13 Hopes and fears Non-dening relative clauses Adjectives with prexes Pausing in non-dening
Dening vs. non-dening relative Phrasal verbs with through relative clauses
clauses Vocabulary bank: adjectives with negative prexes
Denite, indenite and zero article

14 Happiness be used to Expressions with feel Stress in phrasal verbs


Phrasal verbs Everyday English
Vocabulary bank: expressions with feel

CHECK YOUR PROGRESS

Pronunciation Vocabulary bank Get it Right! Projects Speaking B Irregular verbs and phonetics
C Present perfect simple with for and since; comparatives and D used to; mustnt vs. dont have to; information technology;
superlatives; British English vs. American English; homes noun sufxes

Speaking & Functions Listening Reading Writing


Talking about impressive things you have done A text about methods of Article: Talking without speaking A composition about
Using body language communication Culture in Mind: Talk to the animals a person you have
Using expressions with say and tell A discussion about body language known for a long time
Discussing animal communication

Predicting and retelling a story A student retelling the story Story: Gelert: The faithful dog A story about two
Discussing loyalty of Gelert Quiz: Are you a loyal friend? people meeting
Last but not least: discussing meeting new Photostory: What friends are for
people and making friends

Conversations with How long ...? A conversation about a job Teenagers blog comments about work A letter of application
Giving advice interview Fiction in Mind: The Book of Thoughts
Job interview roleplay A job interview
Talking about what makes people live longer A radio show about longevity Article: Who wants to live forever? A composition about
Discussing stressful situations Song: Live forever the future
Last but not least: discussing future predictions

Talking about reality TV and fame A radio show about fame Article: Ever fancied being on TV? A report about a class
Talking about rules at home Culture in Mind: Social networks survey
Describing lms, holidays, books
and websites
Talking about what will happen in the future A presentation about changes in Article: Bees dying for a phone call? A formal letter to a
Last but not least: discussing proposals to a town Photostory: Its not really a choice newspaper
changes in your town

Finding out how well you know your partner An interview about someones Summaries of famous English novels A composition about
Talking about computer games favourite computer game Fiction in Mind: The Water of Wanting the advantages and
disadvantages of a
chosen topic
Talking about telling lies Two people talking about lies Questionnaire: Are you an honest A blog comment about
Talking about unlikely situations they told person? teenage crime
Talking about things you wish you could change A radio show about teenage crime A text about a band
Last but not least: discussing what you would Song: I wish
do in different situations

Comparing two versions of the same story A radio show about the Loch Ness A story about a UFO A story about a
Talking about conspiracy theories Monster Culture in Mind: Do they exist? conspiracy theory
A class debate about strange creatures
Discussing photographs of mysterious places An interview about a mysterious Article: Mysterious Stones A story
Asking indirect questions place Photostory: What do they do in there?
Last but not least: telling a story

Describing different people in your family A woman talking about her Story: A Service of love A composition about
favourite lm Fiction in Mind: Two lives a person who has
taught you something
important
Talking about a song People talking about what they A blog giving advice A story about a time
Last but not least: talking about mistaken regret about their schooldays when you got angry
identity Song: No regrets

Talking about hopes and fears A report about teenagers worries Article: What are you afraid of? A lm review
and fears Culture in Mind: ghost stories
People talking about their hopes
and fears
Discussing happiness A street survey about happiness An article about the worlds happiest A poem about a
Last but not least: a survey about happiness country perfect day
Photostory: A tough decision
Communication
Past simple vs. present perfect simple
Vocabulary: body language, say and tell

Speak and Listen Talking without


a Work with a partner. Think speaking
about the three methods
of communication you 1 Parents of twins often say their children are a little unusual or a bit
use the most. Discuss special. But according to 16-year-old twin Gerald Scott, there are
the advantages and ways in which some sets of twins are quite amazing.
disadvantages of each one.
My twin, Owen, and I have had a very special bond since we were
b CD1 T9 Listen to 5 born. When we were very small, we had our own language. Our mum
someone talking about says we used to talk to each other using our own special language.
methods of communication. We knew what we were saying but nobody else understood. Even our
Which of the following are mother didnt understand us! As weve got older, weve started using
NOT mentioned? telepathy to communicate. Sometimes we dont need to speak at all;
10 we just use our minds. We can somehow send messages to each other

body language braille even when we arent in the same place. I know it sounds weird, but
phone calls sign language Ive always known if Owen was in trouble. Once he had a bad fall in
telepathy Morse code rugby he broke his leg and when it happened, I got this terrible pain
in my leg.
c Which of the methods of 15 Although it sounds strange, telepathy between twins isnt so unusual.
communication in Exercise There has been a lot of research that has proved that some twins have
1b do you think is most this ability. One experiment involved eight-year-old Richard Powles and
effective? Discuss your his twin, Damien. First, they were put in separate, sound-proof rooms,
ideas with your partner. and Damien was wired up to a machine that measured his responses.
20 Richard was then asked to put his arm into freezing cold water. At

the exact moment he put his arm into the water, Damiens responses
2 Read and listen went wild. And it was the same whenever anything scary or surprising
happened to Richard his brother in the other room reacted too.
a Discuss these questions.
There have been cases between celebrity twins too. Actor Ashley
1 Do you know anyone who 25 Olsen tells us that, even when they are far apart, she knows when her
has a twin brother or sister? twin sister, Mary-Kate, is going through a difficult time or when she
2 Do you think twins have isnt happy. So, maybe its true maybe some twins dont need words
any special ways of at all to speak to each other.
communicating?

b Read the article quickly and c CD1 T10 Read the article again and listen. Mark the
answer these questions. statements T (true) or F (false). Correct the false statements.
1 What methods of
1 Only their mother could understand Gerald and Owens
communication between
special language when they were small.
twins are mentioned?
2 Gerald and Owen can communicate even if they are in
2 What happens to some
different places.
twins when their brother or
sister has a bad experience? 3 According to the text, it is rare to hear of telepathy
between twins.
4 Damien wasnt able to see Richard or hear anything he
said during the experiment.
5 Ashley Olsen has experienced telepathic communication
with her twin.

12 UNIT 1
Time expressions
Discussion box
d Complete the rule. Write past simple or present
1 Lots of people think perfect simple.
telepathy is not possible.
Whats your view?
RULE: We use the with expressions such as
2 What would be good (or last week, a year ago, in June, yesterday (referring to
not so good) about being time completely in the past).
telepathic? We often use the with for and since (the
3 What new ways might we period of time is from the past to now).
use to communicate with We usually use the with just, already and
each other in the future? yet (words that have a link with now).
We often use the with ever and never
(referring to any time up to now).
3 Grammar
Past simple vs. present e Complete the text. Use the correct form of the past
perfect simple simple or the present perfect simple.
a Look at the examples from the text. Petra Dawes 1 left (leave) school six months ago. But
Which of the sentences are in the she 2
(not go) straight on to university after the
past simple, and which are in the holidays like a lot of her schoolmates. In September she
present perfect simple? 3
(do) something she had wanted to do for some
4
Owen and I have had a special bond time. She (take) a gap year. Since then, she
5
between us since we were born. (travel) to three different countries and
6
Once he had a bad fall in rugby. (spend) between two and four weeks in each
7
One experiment involved eight-year-old one. She (not learn) three new languages
Richard Powles and his twin, Damien. though, because all the countries are French-speaking! But
There have been cases between she 8 (start) to learn some Italian, because Italy
celebrity twins too. is her next stop and she cant wait! I 9 always
(want) to see Italy. Its a country I 10
b Find other examples in the text. never (visit), so Im incredibly excited about it!
Underline examples in the past
simple. Circle examples in the
present perfect simple. 4 Speak
Imagine youve just done something really impressive.
c Complete the rule. Write past Tell a partner. Your partner quickly invents something
simple or present perfect simple. that he or she did before that was even more
impressive.
RULE: We use the
to talk about events in the past Think about pop stars, famous actors, extreme sports,
which are separate from now exciting travel destinations, etc.
(the moment of speaking).
We use the to
connect the past and now
(the moment of speaking).

He broke his leg and when it happened,


I got this terrible pain in my leg.

Owen and I have had a


special bond between us
since we were born.
A: Ive just met Jay-Z.
B: Oh, really? He invited me to a gig last year, but
I couldnt go.

UNIT 1 13
5 Listenin and vocabulary c CD1 T12 Listen to Oliver and Francesca
Body language doing a quiz about body language. Circle
the correct answer a, b or c.
a CD1 T11Match the words with the pictures.
1 Everyone uses body language:
Then listen, check and repeat.
a intentionally.
1 make eye contact 2 fold your arms b without knowing it.
3 lean forward 4 sit back c when they want to read someones mind.
5 avoid eye contact 6 gesture
2 Francesca thinks that when people fold
7 raise your eyebrows 8 look nervous their arms, they are feeling:
9 give someone a warm 10 nod your head a happy.
smile b bored.
c defensive.
A B 3 Oliver says that arm folding can also be
a sign of:
a feeling cold.
b being annoyed.
c wanting to protect somebody.
4 Oliver is surprised:

C D a that 90% of communication is done


through body language.
b that body language isnt more reliable.
c that speaking is as important as body
language.
5 Mirroring is a sign that:
a you are boring people.
E F b someone likes you.
c someone thinks they are similar to you.
6 The eyebrow ash is:
a something that people choose to do.
b something you can only do when smiling.
c done all over the world.
G H
6 Speak
a Work with a partner.
Student A: Choose one of the topics in the box.
Talk to your partner about it for one minute.
Student B: Use body language to show that
I J you are a good listener. Swap roles.

something you bought recently


an interesting lm your favourite place
your plans for next weekend
1
b Now do the same thing with the other
two topics, but this time be a bad listener.
b Work with a partner. Tick () the things in
Exercise 5a that help communication c What difference did your body language
and cross () the ones that do not help make to communication?
communication.

14 UNIT 1