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PRACTICE SET 1

This Practice Set is taken from our:

ISBN : 9789386146243
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PRACTICE SET 1
GENERAL APTITUDE (b) sales of sun protection products are at an all-time
high.
QUESTION 1 TO 5 CARRY ONE MARK EACH (c) adults are not heeding the warnings about the
dangers of sun exposure seriously enough.
1. Choose the best word to fill the blank. (d) more adults have skin cancer now than ever before.
Paulas _______ humor does not amuse many people; 7. Four people witnessed a mugging. Each gave a different
rather many find it offensive and hurtful. description of the mugger. Which description is probably
right?
(a) nebulous (b) truncated
(a) He was average height, thin, and middle-aged.
(c) stoic (d) vitriolic (b) He was tall, thin, and middle-aged.
2. Choose the best word to fill the blank. (c) He was tall, thin, and young.
The plays _______ debut was not a good sign for the (d) He was tall, of average weight, and middle-aged.
struggling producer. 8. Jullie leaves home at 11:00 a.m. and rides to Marys house
(a) Unsubstantial (b) inauspicious to return Marys bicycle. She travels at 12 miles per hour
(c) copious (d) disembodied and arrives at 11:30 a.m. She turns right around and walks
3. Replace the underlined portion with the phrase that best home. How fast does she walk if she returns home at 1:00
completes the sentence. If the sentence is correct as is, p.m.?
(a) 1 (b) 2
choose (a). When making a chocolate torte, only the best
(c) 3 (d) 4
ingredients should be used.
9. Manjeet lends equal sum of money at the same rate of
(a) only the best ingredients should be used. interest to A and B. The money lends to A becomes twice
(b) you should use only the best ingredients. of the original amount in just four years at simple interest.
(c) the best ingredients only should be used. While Manjeet lends to B for the first two years at
(d) one should have used only the best ingredients. compound interest and for the rest two years at simple
4. Operators *, $, are defined by interest. If the difference between the amount A and B
x y x y after 4 years is ` 3300. What is the amount that Manjeet
x*y= ; x$y ;x y = xy.. lends to each one?
x y x y
Find the value of (55 * 5) (55 $ 5). (a) ` 7200 (b) ` 9600
(a) 1 (b) 2 (c) ` 10,000 (d) ` 11,500
(c) 1 (d) 2 10. The chart shows the colors of replacement parts for
pocket PCs. The total number of parts shipped is 1,650.
a b
5. If log log log(a b) then
b a Boxed Set of Replacement Parts
(a) a+b=1 (b) a b = 1 Part Color Number of Prices
(c) a=b (d) a2 b2 = 1 Green 430
QUESTION 6 TO 10 CARRY TWO MARKS EACH Red 425
6. Walk into any supermarket or pharmacy and you will find Blue
several shelves of products designed to protect adults Yellow 345
and children from the sun. Additionally, a host of public TOTAL 1650
health campaigns have been created, including National
Skin Cancer Awareness Month, that warn us about the If a person is randomly grabbed a part out of the box, what
sun's damaging UV rays and provide guidelines about is the probability that the part would be blue?
(a) 1/4 (b) 1/9
protecting ourselves. While warnings about the sun's
(c) 1/12 (d) 3/11
dangers are frequent, a recent survey found that fewer
than half of all adults adequately protect themselves from
the sun. TECHNICAL SECTION
This paragraph best supports the statement that
QUESTION 11 TO 35 CARRY ONE MARK EACH
(a) children are better protected from the sun's dangerous
rays than adults.
3
11. The z-transform of a signal x[n] is given by 4z 3 + 3z 1 + 2 (a) A = 1, B = 0, C = 0, D = 1
6z2 + 2z3. It is applied to a system, with a transfer function (b) A = 1, B = 1, C = 0, D = 1
H(z) = 3z 1 2. Let the output to be y [n]. Which of the (c) A = 1, B = 0, C = 1, D = 1
following is true? (d) A = 1, B = 0, C = 0, D = 0
(a) y (n) is non-causal with finite support 17. In the given figure what will be V01 /V02. If the input is
(b) y (n) is causal with finite support existed by the sinusoidal of peak voltage Vm
(c) y (n) = 0; | n | > 3
(d) None of these
12. The transfer function of two compensators are given below
0 ( s 1) s 10
C1 = , C2 =
( s 10) 10 ( s 1)
Which one of the following statement is correct?
(a) C1 is a lead compensator and C2 is a lag compensator (a) 1 (b) 2
(b) C1 is a lag compensator and C2 is a lead compensator 4 3
(c) (d)
(c) Both C1 and C2 are lead compensators 3 4
(d) Both C1 and C2 are lag compensators 18. Equivalent inductive reactance of the coupled circuit shown
13. Which of the following is not a solution of the Ordinary in figure.
Differential Equations (ODE) 2xy = 10x3 y5 + y?
7
20 2
(a) yeIn x
x c
7
7
20 2 (a) j 10 (b) j 10
(b) y x x c
7 (b) j 12 (d) j 12
19. The switch in figure shown below has been in position 1 for
1 1
In x dx In x dx a long time and is then moved to position 2 at t = 0.
(c) ye 2 10x e 2 2 dx + c
25 k 10 u(t)
1 2 +
1 1
In x dx dx
(d) ye 2 (10x e 2 2x )dx c
14. The singular solution of p = tan (px y) is IL
20 k 5H
1 x 1 1 x
(a) y = x tan
x x +
6V 20 PF V
1 x 1 1 x C 4H 1k
(b) y = x tan
x x 50 k

(c) y = 1 x tan 1 x

(d) y = x2 1 x tan 1
1 x dVc t
The value of Vc 0 , are respectively
dt t 0
1 (a) 4V, 700V/s (b) + 1V, 350V/s
15. If f (0) = 2 and f (x) = , then lower and upper bound of
5 x2 (c) + 4V, 700V/s (d) None of these
20. The transmission parameter of two port network
f (t) estimated by the mean value theorem are
(a) 1.9, 2.2 (b) 2.2, 2.25
(c) 2.25, 2.5 (d) None of these
16. The values of A, B, C and D satisfy the following
simultaneous boolean equations is
A + AB = 0, AB = AC
AB + AC + CD = CD
4

1 0 1 1/2
(a) (b)
2 1 0 1

1 0 0 0
(c) (d)
1/2 1 1 1
21. The Nyquist plot shown of the system is
G 2G
(a) (b)
1 GH 1 GH

GH 2G
(c) (d)
1 GH 1 H
29. The circuit shown in figure, the output V follows an equation
d 2V dV
a bV = f (t). Then (a, b, f (t)) would be
dt 2 dt
(a) stable (b) unstable
(b) marginal stable (d) cant be determined
22. The distribution function Fx (x) of a random variable x is
shown in figure. The probability that x = 4 is

(a) (1, 0, e t ) (b) (0, 1, et )


23. The primary and secondary windings of a 40 kVA, 6600/250 (c) (1, 0, e t ) (d) (1, 0, et )
V single phase transformer have resistance of 10W ad 0.04 30. The following program is written for 8085 microprocessor to
W respectively. The total leakage reactance is 30 W as add two byte located at memory addresses 1FEE and 1FFF
referred to the primary winding, the half load regulation at LXI H, 1FF
power factor of 0.8 lagging in percent is ________. MOV B, M
24. A 200/100V, single-phase transformer is rated 10 kVA. This INR L
transformer is connected as an auto-transformer across a MOV A, M
50V supply (the winding designed for 100 V should be ADD B
connected across 50 V supply) for getting maximum output INR L
voltage. If the load current is now 8A, then the input current MOV M, A
of the auto-transformer in ampere is ________. XOR A
25. A 4 bit ripple counter is made using flip-flop having a On completion of the execution of the program, the result of
propagation delay of 10 ns each. The worst case delay of addition is found
ripple counter will be (a) in the register A
26. The industance of a 20A electrodynamic ammeter changes (b) at the memory address 1000
uniformly at the rate of 0.0035mH/degree. The spring constant (c) at the memory address 1F00
is 106 N-m/degree. The angular deflection at full scale in (d) at the memory address 2000
degree is ________.
31. In the circuit of the fig., the value of the voltage source E is
27. For a stable closed loop system, the gain at phase cross- _________.
over frequency should always be
(a) > 1 (b) 0 dB
(c) > 0 dB (d) Both (a) and (c)
28. The overall transfer function of the system in figure is
5

y 1 x y
V2 0V (a) f x, y dx dy
y 0 x y2
+

+
y 1 x 1
2V 1V (b) f x, y dx dy
2
y x x y2
+
E y 1 x 1
(c) f x, y dx dy
4V 5V y 0 x 0

+
+


y x x y
(d) f x, y dx dy
V1 10 V y 0 x 0

dx
32. In the following lattice network the value of RL for the 37. A differential equation = e2t u(t) has to be solved using
maximum power transfer to it is dt
trapezoidal rule of integration with a step size
7 h = 0.01s. Function u(t) indicates a unit step function. If
x (0) = 0, then value of x at t = 0.01 s will be given by
6 38. Equation ex 1 = 0 is required to be solved using Newtons
RL method with an initial guess x0 = 1. Then, after one step of
5 Newtons method, estimate x1 of the solution will be given
by ______________
9 dx 1 x
39. The differential equation is discretised using
33. The forced response for the capacitor voltage vf(t) is dt
100 Eulers numerical integration method with a time step
T > 0. What is the maximum permissible value of T to
vx + iL ensure stability of the solution of the corresponding discrete
time equation?
vx 50 20 mH
(a) 1 (b)
2
(c) t (d) 2
(a) 0.2t + 1.17 103 V (b) 0.2t 1.17 103 V 40. A square matrix B is skew symmetric if
3
(c) 1.17 10 t 0.2 V (d) 1.17 103 t + 0.2 V (a) BT = B (b) BT = B
1
(c) B = B (d) B1 = BT
34. A discrete signal y[n] is related to another discrete signal
x[n] given as, y[n] = x[n/2] when n is even. For odd values of 41. A 3-phase star-connected alternator with Zs = j8W, delivers
200 A at power factor 0.8 lagging to 11 kV infinite bus with
n holds the value of earlier samples. Express z-transform of stram supply unchanged, Assume rotational losses to remain
y[n] in terms of z-transform of x[n]. constant. The percentage increase or decrease in the
(a) X (z2) excitation emf, necessary to raise the PF to unity is ________.
(b) X (z2) + 1/2 (z + 1/z) X 42. The two power stations A and B are located close together.
z
Station A has 4 identical generaters each rated as 100 MVA
(c) (1 + z1) X (z2) and having inertia constant of 9 MJ/MVA. Station B has 3
1 1 atternators of identical rated as 300 MVA 6MJ/MVA. The
(d) X z2 z X z X( Z) if x 0 0 equivalent inertia constant of the both machines on 150 MVA
4 2
base is ______ .
35. An ammeter has a range of 0 to 50 A. The instrument gave 43. Consider the following statements relating to a circular disc
the following readings. rotating in a traverse magnetic field B Wb/m2 as shown in
figure. The generated emf across outer rim A and centre 0 is
Current flow (A) 0 8 16 24 32 40
proportional to
Ammeter reading 2 7 14 23 33 45

The non-linearity of the instrument in terms of full scale


reading in percent is ________.

QUESTIONS 36 TO 65 CARRY 2 MARKS EACH


36. f(x, y) is a continuous function defined over (x, y) [0, 1]
[0, 1]. Given the two constraints, x > y2 and y > x2, the
volume under f(x, y) is
6
+5V
B B

10 k

Vo
Vi
A
O

rad/s 50. A bipolar amplifier circuit shown below, exhibits the following
characteristic
VCC

1. Angular velocity 1k RC
2. Flux density
3. Cube of the Radius of the disc vo
4. Square of the radius of the disc vin Q1
Of these statements which are correct.
(a) 1, 2, 3 are correct (b) 1, 2, 4 are correct
(c) 2, 4 are correct (d) 1, 2 are correct
44. An oscilloscope has input resistance of 1 MW and input VBE
capacitance of 45 PF. It is used with a compensated 20 : 1 IC Is exp , VT 25 mV
2VT
attenuation probe. What are the probe parameters and what
is the effective resistance at probe tip? If there is no early effect, then voltage gain of the amplifier
(a) 19 M , 2.37 pF, 20 M (b) 20 M , 2.25 pF, 19 M for a bias current IC = 1 mA is __________
(c) 19 M , 2.25 pF, 20 M (d) 20 M , 2.37 pF, 19 M 51. Assuming that the diodes in the given circuit are ideal, the
45. In the infinite plane y = 6m, there exists a uniform surface voltage V0 is __________
1 10 k
charge density of C / m 2 . The associated electric
600
field strength is _______ V/m.
46. The minimum small-signal diffusion resistance of an ideal 10 k
forward-based silicon pn junction diode at T = 300 K is to be
rd = 48 . The reverse saturation current is Is = 2 1011 A.
The maximum applied forward-bias voltage that can be Vo 15 V
10 V
applied to meet this specification is __________
47. An n-type GaAs semiconductor is doped with Nd = 1016 cm3 10 k
Na = 0. The minority carrier lifetime is Tp0 = 2 107 s. If a
uniform generation rate, g = 2 1021 cm3 s1, is incident on
the semiconductor then, the steady-state increase in
conductivity will be __________ 52. Consider the following 8085 assembly program:
48. A system consisting of 2 plants connected by a transmission MVI B, 89H
line and the load is located at plant 2. When 100 MW is MOV A, B
transmitted from plant 1, a loss of 10 MW takes place in MOV C, A
transmission line. MVI D, 37H
Determine the power received by the load when for the OUT PORT1
system in `25 MWh and HLT
dF1 dF2 The output at PORT 1 is __________
0.02 P1 17 and 0.06P2 19
dP1 dP2 53. A five-bit DAC produces 10 mA for a digital input of 10100.
For digital input of 11101 output current in mA is ______
(a) 114.28 MW (b) 204.28 MW
54. The step size of the DAC of the given figure can be changed
(c) 295.54 MW (d) 201.22 MW
by changing the value of Rf.
49. For the circuit shown below, the transistor parameter are
VTN = 0.8 V and k n = 30A/V2. If output voltage Vo = 0.1V,
when input voltage is Vi = 4.2 V, the required transistor width-
to length ratio is __________
7

Rf = 1 k 1 1 R2
MSB 1 k (c) fL
D 2 LC 2L
+Vs
2k
Digital inputs C
Vout 1
0 V to 5 V 4k (d) fL
B + 2 LC
ISB 8 k Vs 57. Ten thyristors are used in a string to with stand a DC voltage
A
of Vs = 15 kV. The maximum leakage current and recovery
Which of the following represents the required value of Rf charge difference of thyristor are 10 mA and 150 C,
for a step size of 0.5 V ? respectively. Each thyristor has a voltage-sharing resistance
(a) 80 (b) 160 of R = 545 k and capacitance of C1 = 0.5 F. The maximum
(c) 1600 (d) 800 steady state voltage-sharing VDS(max) in volt is _______.
55. A signal whose spectrum is shown figure below is applied to 58. A 4-pole, 3-phase, star connected slip-ring induction motor
the following system.
is to operate from 400 V, 3-phase, 50 Hz mains. Its rotor has a
X(f) H(f) Ideal LPF Y(f) stand still leakage impedance of 0.4 + j 2 ohms per phase. For
negligible stator impedance and rotational losses, the
where H(f) = 5000 resistance to be included in the rotor circuit to develop 0.8
(f 5000k) and cutoff frequency of
k
of maximum torque at start in Ohm is _______.
the ideal 59. Consider the Bode magnitude plot shown in figure. Transfer
LP-filter is fc = 5 kHz. function is
X(f) dB
6 dB/oct
0.5
32 6 dB/oct

f(kHz) 12 dB/oct
2 1 0 2
Which of the following frequency component will be present
in Y(f)
(a) 1 kHz, 2 kHz, 3 kHz (b) 2 kHz, 3 kHz, 5 kHz
(c) 2 kHz, 3 kHz, 7 kHz (d) 2 kHz, 3 kHz 0.1 0.5 1 5 10 g( )
56. What is the condition at which voltage across capacitor or
inductor is maximum? 113.13 s 2 79.43 s 2
(a) (b)
1 2s 1 s 1 0.2s s 0.5 s 1 s 5
R L C
79.43s 2 113.13s 2
(c) (d)
1 2s 1 1 0.2s s 0.5 s 1 s 5
60. For the circuit shown below, the Thevenin equivalent is given
by
RF RO
T
+ VF

1 + + V
2 VS F
(a) 1 1 R C
fL
2 LC 2L

H
1 1
fL
2 LC R 2L (a) VTH Vs , R TH R0
(b) 1 1
2C
8

(b) VTH Vs , R TH 1 R0 1
1
S1
R0
(c) VTH Vs , R TH R0
1
+
12 V C 2 S2
(d) VTH Vs , R TH 1 R0
1 1F
61. A 3 kV, 750 A power electronic circuit has thyristors with 800
V and 175 A rating. Using a derating of 25%, find the number
of thyristors in series and parallel.
(a) 5, 6 (b) 6, 5
(c) 5, 5 (d) 6, 6
62. The percentage resistance and reactance of a 50 kVA, 400/ 4A
200V, single phase transformer are 3% and 5% respectively.
If the constant losses in the transformer are 1%, the maximum (a)
possible efficiency of the transformer is ________.
63. An analog oscilloscope is calibrated for 10 volt per div and
3 6 t
its sweep circuit is set for 50 ms. Two and half cycle of sine
wave with a distance of 3 div between upper and lower
extremities appear on the screen. What is the rms voltage
and frequency of sine wave?
(a) 15.5 V, 150 Hz (b) 10.61 V, 50 Hz 4A
(c) 16.51 V, 50 Hz (d) 15 V, 150 Hz (b)
64. If the rotor power factor of a 3-phase induction motor is
0.866, the displacement between the stator magnetic field
and the rotor magnetic field in degree is _________. 3 6 t
65. The capacitor in the circuit as shown below is initially
charged to 12 V with S1 and S2 open S1 is closed at t = 0 while
S2 is closed at t = 3. The waveform of the current in the
capacitor is represented by 4A
(c)

3 6 t

4A
(d)

3 6 t
9

HINTS & SOLUTIONS


1. (d) Vitriolic (adj.) means bitterly scathing; conflict.
P 4 r
2. (b) Inauspicious (adj.) means not favourable or 9. (b) A: P
100
unfortunate; not promising success.
r = 25%
3. (b) This is the only option in which the sentence
2
construction is clear and unambiguous. In option (a) 25 25P
B: P 1
and (c), the sentence reads as though the ingredients 100 16
were making the torte. Option (d) is incorrect because
there is a shift in tense from present (making) to past 25 P 2 25 25 P
Again
perfect (should have used). 16 100 32
Therefore total amount of A after 4 years = 2P
55 5 55 5
4. (c) and total amount of B after 4 years
55 5 55 5
25P 25P 75P
50 60 16 32 32
60 50 Therefore difference in amount

50 60 75P 11p
1 2P 3300
60 50 32 32
p = 9600
a b 10. (d) 430 + 425 + 345 = 1200 parts are accounted for. Since
5. (a) log log log(a b)
b a the total is 1650; 1650 1200 = 450 blue parts. When
randomly picking a part, the chance of getting blue is
a b
log log a b 450 3
b a 450 out of 1650 = .
1650 11
log1 log (a b) 11. (a) Given X(z) = 4z 3 + 3z 1 + 2 6z2 + 2z3
H(z) = 3z 1 2
a b 1 Y(z) = X(z) H(z)
6. (c) The last sentence gives direct support for this Y(z) = 12z 4 8z 3 + 9z 2 4 18z + 18z2 4z3
response. Although children might be better protected The Y (z) contain term z, z2, z3.
from the sun than adults, the paragraph does not Hence, y (n) has the term having positive values.
specifically cite statistics about children, so we can't Hence, y (n) is non causal with finite support.
know for sure, ruling out option (a). There is no 12. (a) Given
evidence provided in the paragraph to support option 0 ( s 1) s 10
C1 = , C2 =
(b) and (d). ( s 10) 10 ( s 1)
7. (b) Tall, thin, and middle-aged are the elements of the
description repeated most often and are therefore the
most likely to be accurate.
8. (d) The distances are equal. Therefore,

3
6 x
2
12 = 3x
x=4
She walked at 4 mph.
10
13. (c) 2xy = 10x3 y5 + y solution is
dy 1 x 1 x
Linear equation Py Q y= x tan 1
dx x x
where, P and Q are f(X). 15. (a) From mean value theorem
This can be solved by Integrating Factor (IF) = e Pdx
f (1) f (0)
= f (x), x [0, 1]
Pdx Pdx 1 0
ye Qe dx c
2xy = 10x3 y5 + y 2x
f (1) = 2 [ f (0) = 2]
(5 x 2 )2
dy
2x 10x 3y5 y Lower bound of f (1) = 2 + 0 = 2
dx
dy 2
2x y 10x3 y5 Upper bound of f (1) = 2 = 2.125
dx (5 1)2

1 dy 1 16. (d) Given A + AB = 0 and AB = AC


10x 2 Let A = 1 and B = 0
y5 dx 2xy 4
then, A + BA = 1 + 1.0
1 = 0+0=0
Let t =
y4 And also AB = 1.0 = 0
Differentiating wrt x, AC = 1.0 = 0 then, C = 0
We have also given
dt dy 1
hence = AB + AC + CD = 1.0 + 1.0 + 0.D
dx dx y 5
= 0 +1.1 + 0
dt t = 0+ 1+0=1
10x 2
dx 2x So, CD should be 1
1 for this let D = 0
dx
IF = e 2x e In x x sinceIn x = x CD = 0.0
Hence correct solution is = 0 =1
2 Hence , A = 1, B = 0, C = 0, D = 0
y x 10x x c
17. (d) The circuit shown in figure act as voltage multiplication
7 circuit.
20 2
y x x c The V01 = 3Vm (voltage trippler circuit)
7
V02 = 4Vm (voltage quadruple circuit)
We can also write this as
V01 3
1
In x dx
1
dx
=
In x V02 4
ye 2 (10x 2e 2x ) dx c, since = x
18. (c) The dotted convention for the circuit is
14. (a) The given differntial equation is
p = tan (px y) or y = px tan 1 p ...(1)
This equation is in the form of the Clairauts equation.
The general solution of this equation is
y =(x tan 1 c) ...(2)
Differentiating (2) with respect to c
1 L1 + L2 + L3 M1 M2 + M3
we get, 0= x
1 c2 Zeq = j3 + j5 + j6 + 2j2 2j3 + 2j4
= j12
1 19. (c) The switch in figure has been in position 1 for a long
x=
1 c2 time and is then moved to position 2 at t = 0.
Vc(0+) = Vc(0) = voltage across resistance 50 k
1 x
c= ...(3) 50
x Vc 0 6 4V
25 50
Eliminating c between (2) and (3) the required singular
11
4 H inductors act like an open circuit at t = 0+
Total current = 10 4 = 14 mA at t = 0+ XS = k2 XP = 0.0429
Full load regulation
dVc 14mA
Thus dt 700V / s I 2 R S cos I 2 XS sin
t 0 20 F 100
= E2
20. (c) The transmission equation are
50 0.542 0.8 0.0429 0.6
= 100
250
= 2.2%
24. 24A N 2 100 1
For 1 transformer, N 200 2
1
For this single phase transformer if we give 50V supply for
the winding designed for 100V. (i.e., low voltage side) then
V1 = AV2 + B( I2)
secondary voltage of 1 transformer is
I1 = CV2 +D( I2)
2
V1 500 100V
A= =1 1
V2 I2 0 Then equivalent auto transformer for getting maximum output
V1 voltage is as shown below. For getting maximum output
B= =0 voltage two windings should be connected with series aiding
I2 V2 0 polarities.
I1 1
C= = 8A
V2 I2 0
2
+
I
D= 1 =1
I2 V2 0 100V
21. (b)
V2
+

50V 50V

From the Nyquist-plot shown above have ve gain V2 = 100V + 50V = 150V
margin. Given load current = 8A
Hence, the system is unstable. Output VA = 150 8 1200 VA
22. 0.10 1200
At x = 4, there is a jump of value from 0.40 to 0.50. Prob- Input current to the auto transformer is 24A
50
ability of event at x = 4 is
25. 40
P (x = 4) = Fx (x = 4+) Fx (x = 4)
In ripple counter, the clock pulse will go one to another
= 0.50 0.40 = 0.10
in each flip-flop. the propagation of one flip-flop is 10
23. 2.2%
ns. The worst delay of ripple counter will be
V1 = 6600 V, V2 = 250 V
= 4 10 ns = 40 ns
R1 = 10 , R2 = 0.04
XP = 10 and cos = 0.8 dM
26. 80 Converting into H/rad to get result in degree.
V2 250 d
k 0.0378
V1 6600 dM 0.0035 10 6
0.2 10 6 H / rad
d /180
40 103
I2 = 160A 2
250 20 6
Referred to secondary side. Deflection 0.2 10
6
10
RS = k2 R1 + R2
RS = (0.0378)2 10 + 0.04 = 0.0542 = 80
12
27. (d) Gain at pc should be less than 1 d 2V R R dV
So, GM > 0 dB = 1 et
dt 2 R 2R dt
1
GM d 2V dV
M = et
pc dt 2 dt
28. (b)
d 2 V dV
= et
dt 2 dt
Comparing with the given expression
d 2V adV
+ bV = f (t)
dt 2 dt
a=1
b=0
f (t) = e t
30. (d)
We can write from block diagram
31. 16
Y1 = U + X2 H
Going from 10 V to 0 V
Y2 = U + X1 H
and X1 = GY1 = G (U + X2 H) = GU + GHX2 V2 0V
X2 = GY2 = G (U + X1 H) = GU + GX1 H

+

Y = X1 + X2 = GU + GH X2 + GU + GHX1

2V 1V
Y = 2GU + GH (X1 + X2) +
Y = 2GU + 2GHY E
Y (1 2GH) = 2GU
4V 5V
2G

+
Transfer function = Y/U =

+

1 2GH
29. (a) V1 10 V
10 + 5 + E + 1 = 0 or E = 16 V
32. 6.62
The circuit is as shown below
7

6
RTH
5

9
RTH = 7 || 5 + 6 || 9 = 6.52
For maximum power transfer
RL = RTH = 6.52
d2 v(t) R dv(t) 1 vs (t)
33. (b) v(t)
dt 2 L dt LC LC
Output of op-amp (3) is V. Op-amp is working as integral
or with given RC = 1. So, the input of op-amp (3) is d 2 v(t) dv(t)
2
70 12000v(t) 12000 v s (v)
dV dt dt
. Trying vf = A + Bt
dt 0 +70B + 12000 (A + Bt) = 12000 (0.2t)
dV B = 0.2
The output of op-amp (2) is op-amp (2) is working
dt
0.2
d 2V A = 70 1.17 10 3
as integrator. Hence, the input of op-amp (2) is . 12000
dt 2 vf = 0.2t 1.17 103 V
d 2V 34. (c)
The output of op-amp (1) is .
dt 2 n
The op-amp (1) is working as non inverting adder (i) y n x when n is even.
2
13
(ii)For odd values of n, y [n] holds the value of earlier that means v(t) = 1
samples. Given, step size h = 0.01 s
Y(z) = y (0) + y (1) z1 + y(2)z2 + y(3)z3 + ....... Also, x(0) = 0
Y(z) = x(0) + x(0) z1 + x(1)z2 + x(1)z3 + x(2) z4 + x(2)z5 + Now, f(0) = e0 . 1 = 1
x(3)z6 + x(3)z7 + ..... and f(0.01) = e2(0.01) . 1 = e0.02
Y(z) = [x(0) + x(1)z2 + x(2)z4 + x(3)z6 + ....... ] Then, by trapezoidal rule,
+ z1 [x(0) + x(1)z2 + x(2)z4 + x(3)z6 + ...... ]
Y(z) = [x(0) + x(1)(z2)1 + x(2)(z2)2 x(3)(z2)3 + ....... ] h
x= f t dt f 0 f 0.01
+ z1 [x(0) + x(1)(z2)1 + x(2)(z2)2 + ...... ] 2
Y(z) = X(z2) + z1 X(z2)
0.01 0.01
Y(z) = (1 + z1) X (z2) = 1 e 0.02 1.98
35. 10 2 2
Full scale deflection of ammeter is 0 to 50 A, x = 0.0099.

Maximum deviation of output 38. 0.71828


Non linearity = 100
Full scale deflection Let f(x) ex 1 = 0
45 40 f x ex
= 100 10%
50 Now, by Newton-Raphson method,
36. (a) Given that, f xk
f(x, y) is a continuous function. xk + 1 = xk
f xk
and (x, y) [0, 1] [0, 1]
Then, the intersection point of the curves x = y2 and
y = x2 is ex k 1 ex k x k ex k 1
xk + 1 = xk ... (i)
Y-axis ex k ex k
2
x=y
But at (k = 0), x0 = 1
A 2
y =x
(1, 1) x 0 ex0 ex 0 1 1 e 1 e 1 1
x1 = x0 1
e e
(0, 0) O X-axis
1 1
1
e e 2 e
= = x1 = 0.71828.
1 1
e
y = y4 y(y3 1) = 0 39. (d) The maximum permissible value of T = 2 .
2
y(y 1) (y + 1 + y) = 0 40. (b) Let the real orthogonal matrix of order 2 2 is
y = 0 and 1 1 2 2
x = 0 and 1 P=
So, points are (0, 0) and (1, 1) 2 2 2 2
So, the volume under f(x, y) is T
and x x1, x 2 , x x1 i x 2 j
y 1 x y
= f x, y dy dx Length x x12 x 22
y 0 x y2

y 1 x y 1 2 2 x1
or 2 f x, y dx dy. Now, P x
y 0 x y 2 2 2 2 x2
37. 0.0099
1 2x1 2x 2
The given differential equation Px
2 2 2x1 2x 2
dx
= e2t u(t) 1
dt Px 2x1 2x 2 i 2x1 2x 2 j
2 2
x= e 2t u t dt (After integrating)
1
= x1 x 2 i x1 x 2 j
Let x = f t dt [f(t) = e2t u(t)] 2
where, u(t) = unit step function
14

1 2 2 6 300
Px x1 x 2 x1 x2 Ha1 new = = 12
2 150
1 He = Ha1 ep + Ha2 ep
= x12 x 22 2x1 x 2 x12 x 22 2x1 x 2 p
2 Hep = (6 4) + (12 3) = 60
43. (b) 1. The generated emf Angular velocity (w rad/sec)
1
= 2 x12 x 22 2. The generated emf Flux density
2 3. The generated emf Square of radius of the disc.
44. (a) Input Resistance Ri = 1MW Input Capacitare Ci = 45pF;
= x12 x 22
AttenuationProbe = 20 : 1
= x Rp = (20 1)Ri
Rp = 19 1 M
Px x for all x. Rp = 19 M
41. 12.12 Ci 45
A-3 phase star-connected alternator with Zs = j8W, de- Cp 2.37pF
20 1 19
livers 200 A at power factor 0.8 lagging to 11 kV infinite
Reff = 20 Ri
bus
Reff = 20 1M
11000 Reff = 20 M
Vb 6351V
3 45. In the Infinite plane y = 6 m
1
E Surface charge density s C / m2
600

s
E = a x
12 0

10 6 1
E V E = 36 a x
600 9
2 10
E = 30 V/m
46. 0.443
rd = 48
1
So, gd = 0.0208
rd
ID
Also gd =
Ia = 200 (0.8 j 0.6) Vt
E = (6351 + j 0) + 200 (0.8 j0.6) (j 8) or, ID = (0.0208)(0.0259)
E = 7422.2 9.93 = 0.539 mA
E sin = E sin = 1291.47 Va
Since, ID = IS exp
E cos = 6351 Vt
1291.47 ID
tan 1 0.539 10 3
6351 Hence, Va = Vt In I (0.0259) In
S 2 10 11
E = 6478.7 V
= 0.443 V
Percentage decrease
47. 0.57
E E For n-type GaAs,
= 100
E = e(n + p) ( p)
In steady-state p = g Tp0. So, the steady-state increase in
7422.2 6478.7
= 100 conductivity is
7422.2
= (1.6 1019) (8500 + 400)(2 1021) (2 107)
= 12.12% = 0.57 ( cm)1
9 100 dF2
42. Ha1 new = =6 48. (d) 1.0 = 25 0.06 P2 + 19 = 25
150 dP2
15
P2 = 1000 MW PL = B11 P21 10 k
B11 = 0.001
dPL
dP1 = 2B11 P1 10 k

1 Vo 15 V
(0.02 P1 + 17) (1 2B P ) = 25 10 V
11 1
(0.02 P1 + 17) = 25(12B11 P1) 10 k
(0.02 P1 + 17) = 25(12 0.001 P1)
0.02 P1 + 17 = 25 0.05P1
P1 = 114.2 MW We can observe that diode D2 is always off, whether D1, is
Pde = P1 + P2 PL ON or OFF. So equivalent circuit is.
Pde = (114.28 + 100) (0.001) (114.20)2 D1
Pde = 201.22 MW
49. 0.731
VGS = 4.2 V, VDS = 0.1 V 10 k
VDS < VGS VTN
Thus transistor is in non saturation region. Vo
10 V
5 0.1
ID = 0.49 mA
10k 10 k
kn W 2
ID = 2(VGS VTN )VDS VDS
2 L D1 is ON in this condition
W 10
0.49 = 0.015 2(4.2 0.8)(0.1) (0.1) 2 V0 = 10 5 volt.
L 10 10
W W 52. 89
0.49 = (0.67) 0.731 MVI B, 89H ; 89 B
L L
MOV A, B ; B A
50. 20 MOV C, A ; A C
VBE MVI D, 37 H ; 37 D
IC = Is exp 2V OUT PORT1 ; Display A
T
The contents of A is 89 H.
Transconductance 53. 14.5
IC IC The digital input 101002 is equal to decimal 20. Since
gm = IOUT = 10 mA for 20, the proportionality factor must be 0.5
VBE 2 VT
mA. Thus, we can find IOUT for any digit input such as 111012
Output impedance = 2910 as follows.
Rout= RC (Since there is not early effect) IOUT = (0.5 mA) 29 = 14.5 mA
Equivalent circuit is
5V
vin vo 54. (d) Since step size = R f
8k
+
r v gmv RC 0.5 8 103
Rf = 800
5
55. (d) Output of the first filter
H (f) = X(f) * H(f)
1
X(f) = (f 2) (f 2)
Voltage is 2
vo IC R C (1)(1)
g R 20 1
v in = m C 2 VT (2)(0.025) H (f) = (f 2) (f 2) *5000 (f 5k)
2 k
51. 5
= 2500[ (f 5k 2) + (f 5k + 2)]
Given circuit is, So H (f) will contain frequency components as f = (5k 2)
kHz where k = 0 to
16
After passing through LP-filter with cutoff frequency At maximum torque condition
fc= 5 kHz spectrum of Y(f) will have component of
frequencies f1 = 2 kHz, f2 = 3 kHz only. R total
Sm
X2
V
56. (a) l
2 r2 rext
1 0.5
R2 L
C X2
VL = l L 0.4 + rext = 0.5 2
rext = 0.6
L
VL V
1
2 ks2
R2 L 59. (c) Transfer function =
C 1 2s 1 s 1 0.2s

dVL yB yA
0 Slope of AB 20
df xB xA
For maximum voltage across inductor
32 y A
= log1 log 0.5 2.0
1
1 2
fL 1 R C yA = 26 dB
2 LC 2L
yA y0
57. 2004 ns = 10, Vs = 15kV Slope of OA 40
ID = ID2 = 10 mA xA x0
and Q = Q2 = 150 C
R = 56 k 26 y0
= 40
log 0.5 log 0.1
Vs n s 1 R / D2
VDS y0 = 2 dB
(max) ns
So, y = mx + c
1500 10 1 56 103 10 10 3
2 = 40 log 0.1 + 20 log k
VDS
max 10 k = 79.43
VDS 2004 V 60. (a) Shorting terminal T-H
max

180 E 22 vF RF VF
ISC RF R0
58. 0.6 Maximum Torque, Tmax R F .R 0 RF R0 R0
2 Ns 2X 2
120 50 and VOC = VF
Ns 1500
4 VOC VF
So, R TH R0 R0
2 ISC VF
400
180 3 also VS = VF + VF = ( + 1)VF and VTH = VF
Tmx
2 1500 2 2
( Stator impedance is neglected E2 = V1) So, VTH Vs
1
= 254.68 Nm
Tst 2Sm 750
61. (a) 0.25 1 or np = 5.71 or 6
Tmax S2m 1 n p 175

2Sm 3000
0.8 and 0.25 1 or ns 5
S2m 1 n s 800
62. 96.6
0.8S2m 2Sm + 0.8 = 0
The percentage resistance and reactance of 50 KVA. 400/
Sm = 2(not valid)
200 V, a single phase transformer are 3% and 5% respectively.
Sm = 0.5 X of full load at maximum efficiency
17

Iron loss 1 1 volt


= 0.577 Vrms 3div 10
Full load Cu loss 3 2 2 div
Maximum efficiency = 10.61 V
We know n = fsignal Tsweep
1 0.577
= 100 96.6% where n is number of cycles of signal displayed
0.577 2 0.01
63. (b) An analog oscilloscope is calibrated for 10 volt per div n 2.5
fsignal 50 Hz
and its sweep circuit is set for 50 ms. Tsweep 50 ms
(ii) Two and half cycle of sine wave with a distance of
3 div between upper and lower extremities appear on 64. 120
the screen. Rotor power factor, cos 2 = 0.866
Angle between stator and rotor magnitude axis
volt = 90 + 30 = 120
We know, VPP = Nv
div 65. (a) At t = 3, since 2 is shorted, Ic jumps to a new value
and then decreases with reduced time constant.
VPP N v volt
and Vrms for sine wave =
2 2 2 2 div