Ciclo Intensivo

Aritmética N° 01

PROBLEMA 11 (Solución)

PROBLEMA 13 (Solución)

n(A  B  C) = 93

 x + y + z + w = 61

n(C) = 46

 x + y + w = 39
 z = 22

Tenemos

 y=5

n(B) = 41

n E  (C  D) = 6

x+y=6

n(A  B) = n(A) + n(B) – n(A  B)

Finalmente

= n(A) + 109  n(A)  – 72

n(A B C )  = n(ABC) ) = y = 5
C

C

C C

= 37
Finalmente
10 + ( 9 + 7 + (x + y) + z) = 37

z=5

 n E  (C  D) = 5

PROBLEMA 12 (Solución)

PROBLEMA 14 (Solución)

Recordar
M y N conjuntos disjuntos  n(M  N) = n(M) + n (N)
Luego

n[P(A)] + n[P(B)]+ n[P(C)] = 896

 (n/2 – 1) + 1 + 49 = 3n

n(B) = 3n

50 = 3n – n/2

50 = 5n/2

20 = n

 2m + 2m+r + 2m+2r = 896
 2m (1 + 2r + 22r) = 27(7)

Además
(AC)B   (A B ) = (AC) – B  (AB) 
C

C

C

C

Finalmente(AC) – B  (AB) 
C

n{(AC) – B  (AB) } = (n/4 – 1) + 13 = 17
C

 m = 7; r = 1

n(A  B  C) = n(A) + n(B) + n(C) = 3(m + r) = 24

PROBLEMA 15 (Solución)

Tenemos
n(A U B U C ) = n(U) – n(A U B U C )´ = 60 – 5 = 55
Además

n(A U B U C ) = n(A) + n(B) + n(C)
– n(A  B) – n(B  C ) – n(A  C)
+ n(A  B  C )

55

= 20 + 32 + n(C) – 7– 11– 19 + 7

33 = n(C)
Luego

2n(C´) + 3n(A´) = 2(22) + 3(25) = 119

PROBLEMA 17 (Solución)

n(C) + n(A – B) –n(B  C)´ = 33 + 13 – 28 = 18

Luego
n(A) + n(B) + n(C) = 3 + 5 + 3 = 11

PROBLEMA 16 (Solución)

Tenemos
n(A U B U C ) = n(U) – n(A U B U C )´

PROBLEMA 18 (Solución)

= n(U) – n(A´  B´  C´)

Tenemos

= 39 – 6 = 33

A = {1; 5; 9; ….} = {n = 4x + 1 / x Z+}

Además

B= { }
C = {13; 14; 15; …. }

n(A U B U C ) = n(A) + n(B) + n(C)
– n(A  B) – n(B  C ) – n(A  C)
+ n(A  B  C )

33

= 14 + 18 + n(C) – 7– 6– 8 + 5

17 = n(C)

Luego
n[(AB)

C ’] = n[ A  C ’]
= n[ A –

C]

= n {1; 5; 9}
= 3

´

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