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MODEL-1

DT: 03.10.2016
Aim:To determine the deflection, stress for the following problem having outside
diameter of 25mm and a wall thickness of 2mm. ,E=70000 , Poissons ratio=0.33

Defining Some Variables


1. x1 = 500
2. x2 = 825
3. y1 = 325
4. y2 = 400
5. z1 = 50
Procedure:
Preferences
Structural> h-method -ok.
Preprocessor
Element type> add/edit/delete> add> pipe> elastic straight 16> ok.
Real constants> add/edit/delete> add> outer dia> enter value 25mm
Tk wall>enter wall thickness value > 2mm> ok > close
Material properties> material models> structural> linear> elastic>
isotropic.
Enter youngs modules value ex=7e5,
Enter poisons ratio value Prxy=0.3
Go to material> exit.
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Modeling > create> nodes> in active cs.


Enter coordinate values
Node no

Location in active CS(mm)


X
Y
Z
1
0
325
0
2
0
400
0
3
500
400
0
4
500
0
0
5
825
0
50
6
825
0
-50
Modeling > create> elements> auto numbered> thru nodes> ok

Solution
Define loads > apply> structural> displacement> on nodes > select
node1 & node2> all DOF> apply
Define loads > apply> structural> displacement> on nodes> select
node5 & node6>ux,uy> ok
Define loads> Force/moment> on node3>Fy> -600KN> apply
On node4>FY> -200KN>ok
Solve >current Ls>solution is done displayed
General post processor
Plot results>deformed shape> deformed + un deformed > ok
Element table > define table > by sequence numbers
Plot element table LS 1, LS- 3
Result:
Deflection 0.3319mm
Strees and vonmisses
Mini = 0.0034 N/mm
Max = 6.589 N/mm

MODEL-2
Dt: 10.10.2016
Cantilever Type problem
Aim: To simplified version that will be used for this problem is that of a cantilever
beam having Load=100n/mm2

Procedure:
Preferences
4

Structural> h-method -ok.


Preprocessor
Element type> add/edit/delete> add> pipe> elastic straight 16> go to
options>Click on member force +moment output k66> include
output> ok
Real constants> add/edit/delete> add> outer dia> enter value 25mm
Tk wall>enter wall thickness value > 2mm>ok>close
Material properties> material models> structural> linear> elastic>
isotropic.
Enter youngs modules value ex = 7e4
Enter position ratio PRXY = 0.3
Go to material> exit.
Modeling > create> nodes> in active cs.
Enter coordinate values
Node no

Location in active CS(mm)


X
Y
Z
1
0
0
0
2
500
0
0
Modeling > create> elements> auto numbered> thru nodes>0k

Solution
Define loads > apply> structural> displacement> on nodes> select
node1> all DOF> ok>
Define loads> Force/moment> on node1>Fy> -100KN> ok
Solve >current Ls>solution is done displayed
General post processor
Plot results>deformed shape> deformed + un deformed > ok
Element table > define table > by sequence numbers
NMISC 90
Plot element table NMISC 90> OK

Result:
Deflection 6.208mm
Maximum stress =64.914MPa

MODEL-3
Dt: 24.10.2016
PLANE STRESS BRACKET
Aim:To determine the deflection and stresses of given plane stress bracket

Procedure:
Preferences > Structural >h.method-ok
Preprocessor > Element type > Add/Edit/Delete > Add > Solid > Quad &
node42
>Options > Element behavior k3 > plane stress w/thk> Ok
>Real Constants > Add/Edit/Delete > Add >Thickness 20mm > Ok
>Material properties > material models > structural > Linear > Elastic > Isotropic
>Youngs modulus Ex = 200000 (or) 2e5
>Poissons ratio PRXY = 0.3
>Material > Exit
>Modeling > Create > Areas > Rectangle > by two corners > WP X 0
WP Y 0
Width 80mm
Height 100mm> Ok
>Circle > Solid circle > WP X 80
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WP Y 50
Radius 50
>Operate > Booleans > Add > Areas > Select objects > Ok

>Create > Circle > Solid circle > WP X 0


WP Y 20
Radius 20 > Apply
WP X 0
WP Y 80
Radius 20 > Ok
> Operate > Booleans > Add > Areas > Select objects > Ok
>Create > Areas > Rectangle > by two corners > WP X -20
WP Y 20
Width 20mm
Height 60mm > Ok
>Operate > Booleans > Add > Areas > Select objects > Ok
Circle1
>Create > Circle > Solid circle >

WP X

80

circle2 circle3

WP Y

50

20

80

Radius

30

10

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>Operate > Subtract > Areas > total area > Apply > Select 3 circles > Ok
>Meshing > Size controls > Manual size > Areas > All Areas
>Size element edge length = 1 > Ok
>Mesh > Areas > Free > Pick all
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Solution > Define loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Lines >
Select the two circles >
All DOF > Ok
Define loads > Apply > Structural >Pressure >On lines > Constant
pressure > -1000N
Solve > Current LS > Solution is done

General Postprocessor > Plot

results

>

Deformed

shape

>Def+Undeformed> Ok
Element table > add > by sequence number>NMISC 1,2,3
>plot element table NMISC 1, NMISC 2 , NMISC 3
Result: - DM X = .495918mm
For element two SMN = -1.832N/mm2
For element two SMX = 65.976 N/mm2

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MODEL-4
DT 28.11.2016

Plate with Hole


Aim:To determine the deflection and stresses of the given plate
Figure:

Problem:
Preferences > structural> ok
Preprocessor >element type > Add/Edit/Delete
> Add> solid>Qud 4 node 42>ok
> Real constants > Add/Edit/Delete > Add>
> Thickness = 1mm
> Material properties > Material models > Material model no: 1 >
Structural > Structural > linear > elastic > isotropic >

Poisons ratio PRXY

0.3

Youngs modulus Ex 2e5 >ok


>material > exit
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>modeling> create > areas > rectangle> by two corner edges.


Wp x

Wp y

Width

200

Height 100

>circle>solid circle
Wp x

100

Wp y

50

Radius 20

>ok
>operate>subtract>areas>select the object rectangle
>select the circle.
>meshing>size controls>manual size:
>areas> all areas > 10
> mesh > areas > free > pick all.
Solution> Define loads > Apply > Structural >Displacement > on lines >all D.O.F
> Pressure > on lines >Fx= -1
> Solve>current LS.

(Solution is done is displayed).

General post processor > plot results > deformed shape


>Def + undeformed> ok>
> Plot controls> style> size & Shape> display of element (on)
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>Animate> Deformed shape >Def+ Un deformed > ok

Result:
Smax

Deflection: 0.000507 mm
: 1.631Mpa
Equivalent stress (SEQV): 2.697 Mpa

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MODEL-5
Dt: 05.12.2016
Distributing loading problem:
Aim: To determine the maximum deflection and maximum stress when the
distributed load of 1000 N/m (1 N/mm) will be applied to a solid steel beam with a
rectangular cross section as shown in the figure below. The cross-section of the
beam is 10mm x 10mm while the modulus of elasticity of the steel is 200GPa.

1. Cross-sectional area AREA: 100


2. Area Moment of Inertia IZZ: 833.333
3. Total beam height HEIGHT: 10
4. Young's modulus EX: 200000
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5. Poisson's Ratio PRXY: 0.3


Meshing: we will specify an element edge length of 100 (10 element divisions
along the line).
Procedure:
Preferences
Structural> h-method -ok.
Preprocessor
Element type> add/edit/delete> add> beam> 2D elastic > ok
Real constants> add/edit/delete> add>c.s area> enter value
100>A.M.O.I> 833.33> total beam height 10mm> ok
Material properties> material models> structural> linear> elastic> isotropic.
Enter youngs modules value ex = 200000
Enter position ratio PRXY = 0.3
Go to material> exit.
Modeling > create> key points> in active cs.
Enter coordinate values

Key point number


1
2

X
0
1000

Location in active CS(mm)


Y
0
0

Z
0
0

Modeling > create> lines> straight lines> 1-2 > apply


Meshing> size control> manual size>lines > all lines>element edge length100>no.of element divisions-10>ok
mesh> lines> pick all> ok
plot>element
plot ctrls>numbering>element numbers>ok
Solution
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Define loads > apply> structural> displacement> on keypoints


1>UX ,UY>apply on key point 2 >UY>ok
Force/moments>on key points> pressure>on beams>1N/mm
Solve >current Ls>solution is done
General post processor
Plot results>deformed shape> deformed + un deformed > ok
Element table>define table>by sequence number NMISC 1,NMISC 3
Plot element table>NMISC1>apply>NMISC3>ok
Result:
The maximum deflection was shown to be 78.125 mm
The maximum stress (direct stress+bending stress) = 750.03 N/m2

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MODEL 6
Dt: 21.11.2016
Aim:
To draw the given geometry in CATIA
Procedure:
1. Open the part drawing in CATIA
File ----> Mechanical Design -----> Part Drawing
2. Select XY plane
3. Select sketcher icon in sketch tool bar
4. Construct rectangle as shown in rough sketches
5. From the constraint icon give the dimensions of 56X32 as shown in figure 3
6. Exit from work bench
7. Then extrude the rectangle to a dimension of 3mm using pad icon to create a
rectangle block and and go to sketcher as shown in figure 3,4,5
8. Now select the top plane of rectangular block and go to sketcher icon
9. Construct the 2 rectangular as rough sketch fig 4
10. Again from constraints icon give the dimensions of 16X8 to both the rectangles
as shown in fig 5
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11. Again extrude both the rectangles to a dimension of 12mm using pad icon as
shown in fig 6.
12. Now again select top plane using sketcher icon and construct a rectangle as
shown in fig 7 and give dimensions of 16X12 using constraints icons.
13. Now pocket rectangle profile at centre to a dimension of 8 mm
14. Now required geometry is created as shown in fig 9
Result:
Required geometry is created by using CATIA.

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MODEL-7
Dt: 28.11.2016
Aim:
To draw given geometry in CATIA.
Procedure:
1. Open part drawing.
Start---> Mechanical Design---> Part Design--> New name--> Ok
2. Select YZ plane--> Go to Sketcher.
3. Create profile by using line command icon as shown in sketch 1.
4. Give the dimensions by using constraints icon as shown in sketch 2.
To create Extrude Part:
5. Pad the profile to a distance of 48 mm shown in sketch 3 by using pad icon.
To do Pocket:
6. Select the plane and go to sketcher. Create rectangle at corners of dimensions
6X10 as shown in fig 5.
7. Select pocket icon and then select two rectangles at corners.
To Create Wedge:
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8. Create the plane parallel to YZ at a distance of 24 mm by using plane offset icon.


9. Go to sketcher.
10. Draw the line which touches the two reference line and makes an angle 450.
11. Exit from work bench.
12. Select stiffner icon and give a distance of 5 mm mirroring of wedge.
13. Create a plane which is parallel to XZ at a distance of 48 mm by using plane offset
icon.
14. Select mirror icon.
15. Then select the reference plane which is created and now select stiffner.
16. Therefore mirror image of stiffner is created.
Result:
Required geometry is created

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MODEL- 8
Dt: 05.12.2016
Aim: To draw the given geometry CATIA.
Procedure:
Open part drawing.
Start--> Mechanical design--> Part design-->New name--> Ok
Select YZ plane--> go to sketcher
1. Draw the rectangle by using centered rectangle command icon as shown in sketch 1.
2. Give the dimensions by using constraint icon as shown in sketch 2.
3. Exit from work bench.
To create extruded part:
4. Select front surface and draw the circle at the center of rectangle and give its
diameter as 50 mm.
5. Exit out of work bench.
6. Now pad the circle to a distance of 20 mm using pad icon.
7. Now select the top surface of rectangle.
8. Draw a rectangle at center of it with dimensions 30X30 mm. Exit from work bench.
9. Now extrude the profile to a distance of 10 mm using pad icon.
Chamfering the edge of rectangle:
10.Select chamfer option and select the edge to be chamfered and of dimensions are
distance 10 mm and angle 450. Then a chamfered edge is created.
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11. To create a rectangular and cylindrical profile at the two end of top surface of base
part for that select top surface of base rectangle.
12. Draw rectangle and circular profile as shown in figure.
13. Give dimension using constraint icon.
14. Exit from work bench.
15. Pad the profile to a distance of 5 mm.
16. Then the required geometry is created as shown in sketcher
Result:The required geometry is created by using CATIA.

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