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Set No. 1

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS-II
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
Answer any FIVE Questions. All Questions carry equal marks
(Data books may be allowed)
*****
5
a) Explain about classification of bearings.

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b) A rolling contact bearing is subjected to the following work cycle: (a) Radial load of 10
6000 N at 150 r.p.m. for 25% of the time; (b) Radial load of 7500 N at 600 r.p.m. for
20% of the time; and (c) Radial load of 2000 N at 300 r.p.m. for 55% of the time. The
inner ring rotates and loads are steady. Select a bearing for an expected average life of
2500 hours.
2

## a) Explain the various stresses induced in the connecting rod.

b) Design a plain carbon steel centre crankshaft for a single acting four stroke single 10
cylinder engine for the following data: Bore = 400 mm ; Stroke = 600 mm ; Engine
speed = 200 r.p.m.; Mean effective pressure = 0.5 N/mm2; Maximum combustion
pressure = 2.5 N/mm2; Weight of flywheel used as a pulley = 50 kN; Total belt pull =
6.5 kN. When the crank has turned through 35 from the top dead centre, the pressure
on the piston is 1N/mm2 and the torque on the crank is maximum. The ratio of the
connecting rod length to the crank radius is 5. Assume any other data required for the
design.
4
a) State the function of the following for an internal combustion engine piston:
(a) Ribs ; (b) Piston rings ; (c) Piston skirt ; and (d) Piston pin
b) A four stroke internal combustion engine has the following specifications: Brake power 11
= 7.5 kW; Speed = 1000 r.p.m.; Indicated mean effective pressure = 0.35 N/mm2;
Maximum gas pressure = 3.5 N/mm2; Mechanical efficiency = 80 %. Determine: 1) The
dimensions of the cylinder, if the length of stroke is 1.4 times the bore of the cylinder;
2) Wall thickness of the cylinder, if the hoop stress is 35 MPa; 3) Thickness of the
cylinder head and the size of studs when the permissible stresses for the cylinder head
and stud materials are 45 MPa and 65 MPa respectively.

TU

## a) Derive the expression for h2 for rectangular section.

6
b) A central horizontal section of a hook is symmetrical trapezium 90mm deep. The inner 9
width being 90mm and outer being 45mm. The hook carries a load of 67.5KN the load
line passes at a distance of 40mm from the inside edge of the section. The centre of
curvature is in the load line. Calculate the extreme intensities of stress. Also plot the
stress distribution across the section.

JN

a) Why belts are provided with initial tension? Why slip is necessary is less in V-belt 5
compared with flat belt?
b) Design a wire rope for a lift which is to be used for maximum 100 KN for a building 10
with a height of 400 m. The lift will attain a speed of 100 m/min in 6 sec. Assume load
factor of 2.

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## a) What do you understand by leverage? Why levers are usually tapered?

5
b) Design a cranked lever to be operated by two persons. The maximum lever arm length 10
is 500 mm. The lever arm is made of 40C8 steel with ultimate stress of 580 MPa, yield
stress of 380 MPa. Take a factor of safety of 5 for ultimate strength and 2.5 for yield
strength.

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Set No. 1

Pair of helical gear with 17 teeth and 51 teeth of pinion and gear respectively transmits 15
2.5 KW power at 1750 rpm of the pinion. The normal pressure angle and helix angle are
200 and 230 respectively. The normal module and normal face width are 2 mm and 25
mm respectively. The gear and pinion are made from hardened steel. The surface and
core hardness of pinion is 240 BHN and of gear 200 BHN. If expected pinion life is
more than 108 cycles at 99% reliability find (a) the factor of safety in bending and (b)
the factor of safety in wear.
a) How does the helix angle influence on the efficiency of square threaded screw? What do 5
you understand by overhauling of screw?
b) A vertical square threads screw of a 70 mm mean diameter and 10 mm pitch supports a 10
vertical load of 50 kN. It passes through the boss of a spur gear wheel of 70 teeth which
acts as a nut. In order to raise the load, the spur gear wheel is turned by means of a
pinion having 20 teeth. The mechanical efficiency of pinion and gear wheel drive is
90%. The axial thrust on the screw is taken up by a collar bearing having a mean radius
of 100 mm. The coefficient of friction for the screw and nut is 0.15 and that for collar
bearing is 0.12. Find (a) Torque to be applied to the pinion shaft, (b) Maximum
principal and shear stresses in the screw and (c) Height of nut, if the bearing pressure is
limited to 12 N/mm2.

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## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS-II
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
Answer any FIVE Questions. All Questions carry equal marks
(Data books may be allowed)
*****
a) Define the following terms as applied to rolling contact bearings:(a) Basic static load 5
b) A full journal bearing of 50 mm diameter and 100 mm long has a bearing pressure of 1.4 10
N/mm2. The speed of the journal is 900 r.p.m. and the ratio of journal diameter to the
diametral clearance is 1000. The bearing is lubricated with oil whose absolute viscosity at
the operating temperature of 75C may be taken as 0.011 kg/m-s. The room temperature is
35C. Find : 1. The amount of artificial cooling required, and 2. The mass of the
lubricating oil required, if the difference between the outlet and inlet temperature of the
oil is 10C. Take specific heat of the oil as 1850 J / kg / C.

Determine the dimensions of an I-section connecting rod for a petrol engine from the 15
following data: Diameter of the piston = 110 mm; Mass of the reciprocating parts = 2 kg;
Length of the connecting rod from centre to centre = 325 mm; Stroke length = 150 mm;
R.P.M. = 1500 with possible overspeed of 2500; Compression ratio = 4 : 1; Maximum
explosion pressure = 2.5 N/mm2.

a)

## Explain the various types of cylinder liners.

b)

A four stroke diesel engine has the following specifications: Brake power = 5 kW; Speed
= 1200 r.p.m. ; Indicated mean effective pressure = 0.35 N / mm2 ; Mechanical efficiency
= 80 %. Determine: 1) bore and length of the cylinder; 2) thickness of the cylinder head
and 3) size of studs for the cylinder head.

TU

Set No. 2

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Determine (i) location of neutral axis, (ii) maximum and minimum stresses when a curved 15
beam of trapezoidal section of bottom width 30 mm, top width 20 mm and height 40 mm
is subjected to pure bending moment of + 600 Nm. The bottom width is towards the
centre of curvature. The radius of curvature is 50 mm and beam is curved in a plane
parallel to depth. Also plot the variation of stresses across the section.

JN

a)

State the advantages and disadvantages of the chain drive over belt and rope drive.

b)

Determine the percentage increase in power capacity made possible in changing over 10
from a flat belt drive to a V-belt drive. The diameter of the flat pulley is same as the pitch
diameter of the grooved pulley. The pulley rotates at the same speed as the grooved
pulley. The coefficient of friction for the grooved and flat belt is same and is 0.3. The Vbelt pulley groove angle is 60. The belts are of the same material and have same crosssectional area. In each case, the angle of wrap is 150.

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a)

## What is self locking property of threads and where it is necessary?

b)

Design a screw jack for lifting a load of 50 kN through a height of 0.4 m. The screw is 10
made of steel and nut of bronze. The following allowable stresses may be assumed.
For steel : Compressive stress = 80 MPa ; Shear stress = 45 MPa
For bronze: Tensile stress = 40 MPa ; Bearing stress = 15 MPa, Shear stress = 25 MPa.
The coefficient of friction between the steel and bronze pair is 0.12. The dimensions of
the swivel base may be assumed proportionately. The screw should have square threads.
Design the screw, nut.

Design a lever for a safety valve. The lever loaded safety valve exerted a force of 3 KN on 15
the lever. The distance between the fulcrum and dead weight is 1000 mm. The distance
between fulcrum and the pin connecting the valve spindle to the lever is 200 mm.
Assuming the lever material as steel having ultimate strength of 380 MPa, determine the
dimensions. Take factor of safety as 4. The bearing pressure is 20 MPa.

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TU

## A pair of 20 full-depth involute tooth spur gears is to transmit 30 kW at a speed of 250 15

r.p.m. of the pinion. The velocity ratio is 1 : 4. The pinion is made of cast steel having an
allowable static stress, 100 MPa, while the gear is made of cast iron having allowable
static stress, 55 MPa. The pinion has 20 teeth and its face width is 12.5 times the module.
Determine the module, face width and pitch diameters of both the pinion and gear from
the standpoint of strength only taking velocity factor into consideration. Assume suitable
values of velocity factor and Lewis factor.

Set No. 2

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Set No. 3

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS-II
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
Answer any FIVE Questions. All Questions carry equal marks
(Data books may be allowed)
*****
a) State any four objectives of lubrication. Give the factors that form and maintain thick
6
oil film in hydrodynamic journal bearings.
b) Following data refer to a 3600 hydrodynamic journal bearing Load = 3.2 kN, speed = 9
1490 rpm, diameter = 50 mm, length = 50 mm, radial clearance = 0.05 mm, Viscosity
= 25 cP. Assume heat generated is carried away by oil flow. Calculate coefficient of
friction, power lost in friction, minimum oil film thickness, flow and temperature rise.

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Design a plain carbon steel centre crank shaft for single acting four stroke single 15
cylinder engine for the following specifications. Bore = 140 mm, stroke = 200 mm,
mean effective pressure = 1.02 MPa, maximum combustion pressure = 3.5 MPa,
weight of the flywheel = 2800 N, total belt pull = 4 KN, engine speed = 300 rpm when
the crank has turned 300 from the top dead centre the pressure on the piston is 1.25
MPa and the torque is maximum. Assume any other data and design the crankshaft.

Design a cast iron piston for a four stroke single cylinder semi diesel engine running at 15
700 rpm. The maximum explosion pressure on the cylinder head is about 4 MPa. The
mean effective pressure is about 0.75 MPa. The diameter and the stroke of the piston
are 250 mm and 375 mm respectively. The connecting rod length is 700 mm. The
piston is to have at least 3 sealing rings and two oil rings. Heat conducted through the
piston crown is approximately 4.5 to 5% of the tol heat produced. The temperature at
the centre and edges may be assumed as 320 0C and 1500C respectively.

TU

a) What are the assumptions made in derivation of stresses in a curved bar which is 5
subjected to bending moments.
b) Derive the expression for Winkler-Bach formula.
10

a)

State the advantages and disadvantages of the chain drive over belt and rope drive.

b)

An exhaust fan fitted with 900 mm diameter pulley is driven by a flat belt from a 30 11
kW, 950 r.p.m. squirrel cage motor. The pulley on the motor shaft is 250 mm in
diameter and the centre distance between the fan and motor is 2.25 m. The belt is 100
mm wide with a coefficient of friction of 0.25. If the allowable stress in the belt
material is not to exceed 2 MPa, determine the necessary thickness of the belt and its
total length. Take centrifugal force effect into consideration for density of belt being
950 kg/m3.

JN

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## Code No: R32035

a)

b)

a)
b)

5
What is a herringbone gear? List the assumptions made in Lewis equation.
The following data is given for a spur gear. Number of teeth on pinion = 30, number of 10
teeth on gear = 60, speed of pinion = 1440 rpm, pressure angle = 200 involute type,
module = 3 mm, face width = 32 mm, both gears are made of steel with ultimate
strength 560 MPa. Determine (a) the rated power on the basis of bending failure if the
factor of safety is 1.5, (b) the factor of safety on the basis of dynamic failure.
In what way the power screws differ from threaded fasteners? Which thread forms are 4
used for power screw? Why?
Design a screw jack to lift a maximum load of 50 KN through a height of 200 mm with 11
ground clearance of 300 mm. The allowable bearing pressure between nut and screw is
16 N/mm2. The coefficient of friction of threads and collars may be taken as 0.14.
Select the suitable material and stresses. Assume the data wherever necessary.

Design a cranked lever to be operated by two persons. The maximum lever arm length 15
is 500 mm. The lever arm is made of 40C8 steel with ultimate stress of 580 MPa, yield
stress of 380 MPa. Take a factor of safety of 5 for ultimate strength and 2.5 for yield
strength.

Set No. 3

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Set No. 4

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS-II
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
Answer any FIVE Questions. All Questions carry equal marks
(Data books may be allowed)
*****
a) State the types of journal bearing failure
4

Following data refer to a 3600 hydrodynamic journal bearing radial load = 10 kN, 11
journal speed = 1440 rpm, unit bearing pressure = 900 kPa, clearance ratio = 800,
lubricant viscosity = 30 Ns/m2. Assuming that total heat generated in the bearing is
carried by the total oil flow in the bearing, determine (i) dimensions of bearing (ii)
coefficient of friction (iii) power lost in friction (iv) total oil flow (v) side leakage (vi)
temperature

b)

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Design a connecting rod for four stroke petrol engine with the following data Piston 15
diameter = 0.10 m, stroke = 0.14 m, length of the connecting rod from centre to centre
= 0.315 m weight of reciprocating parts = 18.2 N speed = 1500 rpm with possible over
speed of 2500 compression ratio = 4:1 probable maximum explosion pressure = 2. 45
MPa.

Design an aluminum alloy trunk type piston for a single acting two stroke engine for 15
the following specifications. Cylinder bore = 75 mm, stroke = 100mm, maximum gas
pressure = 4 MPa, break mean effective pressure = 0.9 MPa, fuel consumption = 0.2
kg/KW/h, speed = 900 rpm. Assume any other data if required.
6
Derive the expression for h2 for trapezoidal section.

TU

b)

Determine the location of neutral axis, minimum and maximum stresses, ratio of 9
minimum and maximum stress when a curved beam of rectangular section of width
10mm and depth 20mm is subjected to pure bending moment +50Nm. The beam is
curved in a plane parallel to the depth. The mean radius of curvature is 25mm. Also
plot the variation of stresses across the section.

a)

How do you classify wire rope? List the advantages of rope drive over belt drive

b)

A V-belt is to transmit 14.7 KW to a compressor. The motor speed is 1150 rpm and the 11
compressor pulley runs at 400 rpm. Determine the size and number of belts required.

a)

Explain the different causes of gear tooth failures and suggest possible remedies to 15
avoid such failures.
A spur gear made of bronze drives a mid steel pinion with angular velocity ratio of 3.5.
The pressure angle is 14.5 . It transmits 5 kW at 1800 r.p.m. of pinion. Considering
only strength, design the smallest diameter gears and find also necessary face width.
The number of teeth should not be less than 15 teeth on either gear. The elastic strength
of bronze may be taken as 84 MPa and of steel as 105MPa. Lewis factor for 14.5
pressure angle may be taken as y =0.124 (0.684/No. of teeth)
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a)

b)

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## Code No: R32035

a)

b)

What are differential and compound screws? Explain with sketches. What advantages 5
are offered by them?
The lead screw of a lathe has ACME threads of 50 mm outside diameter and 8 mm 10
pitch. The screw must exert an axial pressure of 2500 N in order to drive the tool
carriage. The thrust is carried on a collar 110 mm outside diameter and 55 mm inside
diameter and the lead screw rotates at 30 rpm. Determine the power required to drive
the screw. Assume the coefficient of friction of 0.15 for screw and 0.12 for the collar.
Design a lever for a safety valve. The lever loaded safety valve exerted a force of 3 KN 15
on the lever. The distance between the fulcrum and dead weight is 1000 mm. The
distance between fulcrum and the pin connecting the valve spindle to the lever is 200
mm. Assuming the lever material as steel having ultimate strength of 380 MPa,
determine the dimensions. Take factor of safety as 4. The bearing pressure is 20 MPa.

Set No. 4

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Code No:R32033

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Set No. 1

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

HEAT TRANSFER
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks:75

a)

b)

a)
b)

What is critical thickness of insulation on a small diameter wire or pipe. Explain its
physical significance?
A cylinder 1 m long and 5 cm in diameter is placed in an atmosphere at 45C. It is
provided with 10 longitudinal straight fins of material having k = 120 W/mK. The
height of 0.76 mm thick fins is 1.27 cm from the cylinder surface. The heat transfer
coefficient between cylinder and atmospheric air is 17 W/m2K. Calculate the rate of
heat transfer and the temperature at the end of fins if surface temperature of cylinder is
150C.

a)
b)

What are Biot and Fourier numbers? Explain their physical significance?
A stainless steel rod of outer diameter 1cm originally at a temperature of 320C is
suddenly immersed in a liquid at 120C for which the convective heat transfer
coefficient is 100 W/m2K. Determine the time required for the rod to reach a
temperature of 200C?

a)

Define Reynolds, Nusselt, Prandtl and Stanton numbers. Explain their importance in
convective heat transfer?
[8]
Calculate the pressure drop in 100m of 2cm x 2.5 cm smooth rectangular duct when
water at 40C flows through it with a velocity of 0.5 m/s.
(v = 0.66 x 10-6 m2/s, = 995 kg/m3)

TU

## Define the following:

i) Thermal conductivity ii) Convection heat transfer coefficient
iii) Radiation heat transfer Coefficient and iv) overall heat transfer coefficient.
An immersion water heater of surface area 0.1m2 and rating 1kW is designed to
operate fully submerged in water. Estimate the surface temperature of the heater when
the water is at 40C and the heat transfer coefficient is 300 W/m2K. If this heater is by
mistake used in air at 40C with h = 9 W/m2K, what will be its surface temperature?

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b)

a)

b)

What is the criterion for transition from laminar to turbulent flow in free convection
heat transfer?
Determine the rate of heat loss per meter length from a 10 cm outside diameter steam
pipe place horizontally in ambient air at 30C. The pipe has an outside wall temperature
of 170C and in emissivity of 0.9.

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Code No:R32033

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Set No. 1

a)
b)

## Write a brief note on heat transfer during boiling and condensation?

Dry saturated steam at a pressure of 2.45 bar condenses on the surface of a vertical tube
of height 1 m. The tube surface temperature is kept at 117C. Estimate the thickness of
the condensate film and the local heat transfer coefficient at a distance of 0.2 m from the
upper end of the tube?

[7]
[8]

a)

How are heat exchangers classified? Why is a counter flow heat exchanger more
efficient than a parallel flow exchanger?
Hot oil with a capacity rate of 2500 W/K flows through a double pipe heat exchanger. It
enters at 360C and leaves at 300C. Cold fluid enters at 30C and leaves at 200C. If
the overall heat transfer coefficient is 800 W/m2K, determine the heat exchanger area
required for (i) Parallel flow and (ii) Counter flow.

[7]

a)

TU

b)

What is the Stefan-Boltzmann Law? Explain the concept of total emissive power of a
surface?
The surfaces of a double-walled spherical vessel used for storing liquid oxygen are
covered with a layer of silver having an emissivity of 0.03. The temperature of the outer
surface of the inner wall is -153C and the temperature of the inner surface of the outer
wall is 27C. The spheres are 42 cm and 60 cm in diameter, with the space between
them evacuated. Calculate the radiation heat transfer through the walls into the vessel
and the rate of the evaporation of liquid oxygen if its rate vaporization is 220 kJ/kg.

b)

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Code No:R32033

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Set No. 2

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

HEAT TRANSFER
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks:75

a)

b)

a)
b)

## Sketch various types of fin configurations

Compare the efficiency of a plate in of length L = 1.5 cm and thickness 2.0 mm for
the following two cases:
(i) Fin material is aluminium (k= 210 W/mK) and the heat transfer coefficient is 285
W/m2K.
(ii) Fin material is steel (k = 40 W/mK) and h = 510 W/m2K.

[7]

[8]

[7]
[8]

## Aluminium sphere weighing 5.5 kg and initially at a temperature of 290C is [15]

suddenly immersed in a fluid at 15C. The convective heat transfer coefficient 58
W/m2K. Estimate the time required to cool the aluminium to 95C, using the lumped
capacity method of analysis.

TU

## Describe the mechanism of

(i) Heat Convection
(ii) Mass diffusion
(iii)Heat conduction in solids
A hot plate of length 0.75m, width 0.5m and thickness 2cm is placed in air stream at
20C. It is estimated that a total of 300W is lost from the plate surface by radiation.
Taking the convective heat transfer coefficient as 25 W/m2K, and the thermal
conductivity of the plate as 43 W/mK, calculate the inside temperature of the plate?

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a)
b)

## What is the Prandtl number? Show that it is a dimensionless quantity.

Liquid sodium is to be heated from 120C to 149C at a rate of 2.3 kg/s in a 2.5cm
diameter electrically heated tube (constant heat flux). Calculate the minimum length
of the tube if its wall temperature is not to exceed 200C.

[7]
[8]

a)
b)

## Sketch temperature and velocity profiles in free convection on a vertical wall.

Calculate the coefficient of heat transfer by free convection between a horizontal wire
and air at 25C. The surface of the wire is at 95C and if diameter is 2.5 mm. Also
find the maximum admissible current intensity if the resistance of the wire is 6
ohm/m.

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## Code No: R32033

a)

b)

Set No. 2

Distinguish between film wise and drop wise condensation. Which of the two does
give a higher heat transfer coefficient? Why?
A vertical tube of 50 mm outside diameter and 2 m long is exposed to steam at
atmospheric pressure. The outer surface of the tube is maintained at a temperature of
84C by circulating cold water through the tube. Determine the rate of heat transfer
and also the condensate mass flow rate.

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a)
b)

## Explain how the heat exchangers are classified.

Saturated steam at 100C is condensing on the shell side of a shell-and-tube heat
exchanger. The cooling water enters the tubes at 30C and leaves at 70C. Calculate
the effective log mean temperature difference if the arrangement is
(i) counter flow, (ii) parallel flow and (iii) cross flow.

[7]
[8]

a)
b)

## State and prove Kirchhoffs law of radiation?

A pipe carrying steam having and outside diameter of 20 cm runs in a large room and
is exposed to air at a temperature of 30C. The pipe surface temperature is 400C.
I.
Calculate the loss of heat to surroundings per meter length of pipe due to
thermal radiation. The emissivity of the pipe surface is 0.8.
II.
What would be the loss of heat due to radiation if the pipe is enclosed in a
40 cm diameter brick conduit of emissivity 0.91?

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Set No. 3

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

HEAT TRANSFER
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks:75

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All Questions carry equal marks
*****
a)
b)

## Derive differential equation of heat conduction in Cartesian coordinate system?

A constant temperature difference of 166.7C is maintained across the surfaces of slab of
3.05 cm thickness. Calculate the rate of heat transfer per unit area across the slab for each
of the following cases:
(i) Slab is made copper of k = 380.7 W/mK.
(ii) Slab is made of Aluminiumof k= 225 W/mK
(iii) Slab is made of carbon steel of k = 17.3 W/mK.
(iv) Slab is made of brick of k = 0.865 W/mK.
(v) Slab is made of asbestos of k = 0.173 W/mK.

[7]
[8]

a)

What is critical thickness of insulation on a small diameter wire or pipe? Explain its
physical significance and derive an expression for the same?
In an experiment to determine the thermal conductivity of a long solid 2.5 cm diameter
rod, its base is placed in a furnace with a large portion of it projecting into the room air at
22 C. After steady state conditions prevail, the temperatures at two points, 10 cm apart,
are found to be 120 C and 85 C respectively. The convective heat transfer coefficient
between the rod surface and the surrounding air is 28.4 W/m2K. Determine the thermal
conductivity of the rod material?

[7]

Explain why Heisler Charts cannot be used for the case of Biot number approaching
zero. What is the alternative for solving this typical case?
A stainless steel rod of outer diameter 1 cm originally at a temperature of 320 C is
suddenly immersed in a liquid at 120 C for which the convective heat transfer
coefficient is 100 W/m2K. Determine the time required for the rod to reach a temperature
of 200 C?

[8]

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b)

a)

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b)

a)

b)

State the Buckinghams Theorem. Explain the various parameters used in forced
convection. Using dimensional analysis obtain an expression for Nusselt number in terms
of Reynolds and Prandtl numbers?
Water flows through a tube of 2 cm I.D. at a rate of 1.5 liters per minute. Taking the
kinematic viscosity of water as 1 x 10-6 m2/s. Determine whether the flow is laminar or
turbulent. Also estimate the entry length.
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## Code No: R32033

b)

a)

b)

a)
b)

Describe in some detail the process of nucleate boiling and give one form of equation
frequently used?
A vertical tube of 50 mm outside diameter and 2 m long is exposed to steam at
atmospheric pressure. The outer of the tube is maintained at a temperature of 84 C by
circulating cold water through the tube. Determine the rate of heat transfer and also the
condensate mass flow rate?
Sketch the temperature variations in parallel flow and counter heat exchangers?
A counter flow concentric tube heat exchanger is used to cool engine oil (c = 2130
J/kg.K) from 160 C to 60 C with water, available at 25 C as the cooling medium.
The flow rate of cooling water through the inner tube of 0.5 m diameter is 2 kg/s while
the flow rate of oil through the outer annulus O.D = 0.7 m is also 2 kg/s. If the value of
the overall heat transfer coefficient is 250 W/m2.K, how long must the heat exchanger be
to meet its cooling requirement?

TU

Compare the variations of velocity, temperature and local heat transfer coefficient along
a vertical plate for the plate under natural convection and force convection?
A flow through a long rectangular (30 cm height x 60 cm width) air conditioning duct
maintains the outer duct surface temperature at 15C. If the duct is uninsulated and
exposed to air at 25 C, calculate the heat gained by the duct per metre length, assuming
it to be horizontal?

a)

b)

What is the Stefan-Boltzmann Law? Explain the concept of total emissive power of a
surface?
Assuming the sun to be a black body at a temperature of 5700 C. Calculate,
(i) The emissive power of the surface of the sun?
(ii) Wavelength for maximum spectral intensity?
(iii) Heat energy imitate by the sun per unit time assuming its diameter as 1.391 x 109 m.

JN

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Set No. 4

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

HEAT TRANSFER
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks:75

or
ld

All Questions carry equal marks
*****

a)
b)

## Derive differential equation of heat conduction in cylindrical coordinate system?

A hot plate of length 0.75 m, width 0.5m, and thickness 2 cm is place in air stream at
20C. It is estimated that a total of 300 W is lost from the plate surface by radiation.
Taking the convective heat transfer coefficient as 25 W/m2K, and thermal
conductivity of the plate as 43 W/mK, calculate the inside temperature of the plate?

[7]
[8]

a)
b)

## Derive the expression for efficiency and effectiveness of rectangular fins.

Triangular fins 2.5 cm thickness at base and 10 cm long and made from stainless steel
(k = 17.7 W/mK and = 7850 kg/m3) are to be fitted to an air cooled cylinder wall. If
the wall the temperature is 6 C and the heat transfer coefficient between the solid
surface and air (T = 40 C) is 20 W/m2K, derive an expression for temperature
distribution along the fin. Also estimate the rate of heat flow per unit mass of the fin?

[7]
[8]

a)

## Determine thermal diffusivity. Explain its significance in terms of penetration depth

for a semi-infinite body.
A slab of aluminium 10 cm thick is originally in a temperature of 500 C. It is
suddenly immersed in a liquid at 100 C resulting in a heat transfer coefficient of 1200
W/m2K. Determine the temperature at the center line and the surface 1 minute after
the immersion. Also calculate the total thermal energy removed per unit area of the
slab during this period. The properties of aluminium for the given conditions are
= 8.4 x 10-5m2/s k = 215 W/mK
= 2700 kg/m3
c = 0.9 kJ/kg/K

[7]

TU

b)

a)
b)

## What is Prandtl number? Show that it is a dimensionless quantity.

A 30 cm long glass plate is hung vertically in the air at 27 C while its temperature is
maintained at 77 C. Calculate the boundary layer thickness at the trailing edge of the
plate. If a similar plate is place in a wind tunnel and air is blown over it at a velocity
of 4 m/s, estimate the boundary layer thickness at its trailing edge?

JN

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## Code No: R32033

b)

a)

b)

a)

[7]

Distinguish between filmwise and dropwise condensation. Which of the two gives a
higher heat transfer coefficient? Why?
Determine the stable film boiling heat transfer coefficient for the film boiling of
saturated water at atmospheric pressure on an electrically heated 1.6 mm diameter
horizontal platinum wire with a temperature difference Ts Tsat = 225 C. What would
be power dissipation per unit length of the heater?

[7]

Discuss the general arrangement of parallel flow, counter flow and cross flow heat
exchangers? And why a counter flow heat exchanger more effective than a parallel
flow exchanger?
Water enters a counter flow, double pipe heat exchanges at 15 C, flowing at the rate
of 1300 kg/h. It is heated by oil (Cp = 2 J/kg.K) flowing at the rate of 550 kg/h from
the inlet temperature of 94 C. For an area of 1 m2 an overall heat transfer coefficient
of 1075 W/m2.K, determine the total heat transfer and the outlet temperatures of water
and oil?

[7]

TU

b)

Using dimensional analysis establish a relation between Nuselt, Prandtl and Grashof
number?
A 30 cm long glass plate is hung vertically in the air at 27 C while its temperature is
maintained at 77 C. Calculate the boundary layer thickness at the trailing edge of the
plate.
If a similar plate is place in a wind tunnel and air is blown over it at a velocity of 4
m/s, estimate the boundary layer thickness at its trailing edge?

a)

b)

Distinguish between
(i) A black body and gray body
(ii) Specular and diffuse surfaces
(iii) Absorptivity and emissivity of a surface
(iv) Total emissivity and equilibrium emissivity
A pipe carrying steam having an outside diameter 20 cm runs in a large room, and is
exposed to air at a temperature of 30 C. The pipe surface temperature is 200 C. Find
the heat loss per metre length of the pipe by convection and radiation taking the
emissivity of the pipe surface as 0.8.

JN

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a)

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Set No. 1

2 a)
b)

or
ld

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, May/June - 2015

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING & MANAGEMENT
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
[8]
1 a) Write the differences between production management and industrial engineering.
b) Briefly discuss the importance of industrial engineering.
[7]
What are the types of layouts? Explain with examples.
[8]
If you were developing a computer program to evaluate alternative layouts, what [7]
variables would you include in it? Why?

3 a) Define operations management. Explain the nature and scope of operations management.
b) Define the term work study and state its objectives.

## 4 a) Define the concept of inspection and explain various types of inspections.

b) Define control charts. What are the objectives and importance of control charts?
5 a)

[8]
[7]

[7]
[8]

Define Human resource management. What are its elements and what is its significance [8]
to organizational development?
b) Explain different methods of merit rating.
[7]
[8]
[7]

## 7 a) What is the value engineering? Discuss its elements.

b) Define supply chain management. Discuss the evaluation of a supply chain.

[8]
[7]

## 8 a) Explain the significance of using PERT/ CPM

b) Discuss briefly various tools and techniques of project management.

[8]
[7]

-000-

JN

TU

## 6 a) Define quality circles. Explain its features and objectives

b) Define Six-sigma. State its features and objectives.

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Set No. 2

or
ld

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, May/June - 2015

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING & MANAGEMENT
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1 a) Define Industrial engineering? Discuss the development and applications of industrial
engineering.
[7]
b) Discuss Quantitative tools of industrial engineering and productivity Measurement?
[8]
2 a) Discuss the advantages and the disadvantages of process layout and product layout?
[8]
b) Discuss preventive and breakdown maintenance?
[7]
3 a) Define production. Discuss the different types of production.
[8]

## b) What are the objectives of time study and how is it organized?

4 a)

Define statistical quality control? Explain the significance and advantages of statistical
Quality control?
b) How do you draw inferences from a control chart? How can you improve the process
by using control charts?

## 5 a) What are the key functions of a human resource manager?

[7]
[8]

[7]
[7]

TU

b) Define job evaluation and narrate the various steps involved for evaluating the jobs.
[8]

## 6 a) Write about ISO and explain the benefits of ISO registration.

[8]

b) Discuss in detail the various applications of quality circle in the maintenance of quality
production.

## 7 a) Explain in detail implementation procedure of value analysis?

b) Compare and contrast Enterprise Resource Planning and Supply Chain

[7]

Define critical path. State the steps involved in determining critical path.

JN

8 a)

[7]
[8]

## b) Differentiate between PERT and CPM.

[8]
[7]

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Set No. 3

or
ld

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, May/June - 2015

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING & MANAGEMENT
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
[7]
1 a) Explain the concept of management and bring out its importance in present day
Context.
b) Discuss the principles of scientific management.
[8]
[8]
[7]

3 a) What is PMTS? What are the different types of PMTS and explain them?

[7]
[8]

## 2 a) Discuss the factors influencing plant location.

b) Discuss plant maintenance.

[8]
[7]

5 a) What are the objectives and activities associated with man power planning?
b) Define wage incentive plans. What are its objectives and drawbacks?

[8]
[7]

## 6 a) Briefly explain the structure of quality circles.

[8]
[7]

TU

4 a) Define acceptance sampling. What are the various methods of acceptance sampling?
b) Discuss in detail the applications of control charts.

[8]
[7]

## 8 a) List out the rules for drawing the network diagrams.

b) Enumerate the objectives, characteristics and assumptions of PERT and CPM.

[7]
[8]

JN

## 7 a) Discuss the functions and significance of Enterprise Resource Planning.

b) What are the various functions of supply chain management?

-000-

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Set No. 4

or
ld

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, May/June - 2015

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING & MANAGEMENT
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1 a) What do you mean by management skills? How do skill requirements differ at various [8]
levels of management?
b) Discuss Fayols principles of management?
[7]
2 a) Discuss the quantitative techniques for optimal design of layouts?
b) Discuss the objectives of plant layout?

[8]
[7]

## 3 a) Define Ergonomics? Discuss the principles of ergonomics of posture and movement?

[7]
b) Define string diagram? How it is constructed? List out the advantages and disadvantages [8]
of string diagrams?
4 a) Define quality. Explain the importance of quality in the changing techno-economic [8]
scenario.
b) Explain the parameters affecting acceptance sampling plans.
[7]

TU

## 5 a) Differentiate personnel and industrial relations from Human Resource Management.

b) Explain the following concepts with appropriate examples
i) Job description ii) Job specification

[7]
[8]

## 6 a) Write in detail about the step by step implementation of a quality circle.

[8]
b) Explain zero defect? How do you develop Hassle-free organisation with zero defect [7]
programme?

JN

## 7 a) Define enterprise resource planning? State the advantages and disadvantages of

enterprise resource planning?
b) Explain various objectives of supply chain management.

[8]
[7]

8 a) Explain the assumptions underlying PERT and CPM network models applied in project [8]
management.
b) Briefly explain project crashing with an example.
[7]

-000-

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Set No. 1

## INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL SYSTEMS

(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

b)

a)
b)

a)
b)

Describe the properties of materials used for piezo electric transducers. Derive the
expressions for voltage and charge sensitivities.
Compare and contrast the advantages and limitations of resistance thermometers and
thermistors.
Describe the construction and working of a Bourdon tube. Describe the C type, spiral
and helical type bourdon gauges with neat diagram.
Explain the construction, working and theory of Ionization pressure gauges for
measurement of pressure.

[8]

[7]

[8]
[7]

[8]

b)

## Describe construction and working of an Electromagnetic flow meter. Explain its

[7]

What are the mechanical tachometers? Explain with examples. Describe the
Explain the different methods adopted for the calibration of accelerometers.

[8]

a)

a)

List the procedure to mount a strain gauge with paper backing on the surface under
study.
Explain the method of usage of resistance strain gauge for bending compressive and
tensile strains.

JN

b)

[7]

## With neat sketch explain the working principle of a bubbler gauge.

b)

[8]

a)

TU

or
ld

a)

All Questions carry equal marks
*****
Distinguish between the following
i) Accuracy and Precision ii) Resolution and Threshold
iii) Reproducibility and Repeatability iv) Dead zone and Hysteresis
.
What are the different sources of errors in measurements and measuring instruments?
Explain them.

Max. Marks: 75

a)

[7]
[8]

[7]

[8]

b)

Explain how a sling psychrormeter is used to determine the dry and the wet bulb
temperatures.
With neat sketch explain the working principle of Strain gauge load cell.

Distinguish between
Manual control system and Automatic control systems.
Position control and Velocity control.

[8]

a)
b)

*****

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R10

Set No. 2

## INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL SYSTEMS

(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

b)

a)

b)

a)
b)

a)

Describe the properties of materials used for piezo electric transducers. Derive the
expressions for voltage and charge sensitivities.
Compare and contrast the advantages and limitations of resistance thermometers and
thermistors.

Explain briefly the working principle and its operation of Bourdon and diaphragm
gauge.
Describe the construction, working and theory of McLeod gauge for measurement of
vacuum.
Explain how Doppler effect is used for measurement of flow velocities in ultrasonic
flow meters.
Explain the working principle of Laser Doppler anemometer?

TU

b)

or
ld

a)

All Questions carry equal marks
*****
With a block diagram explain a generalized measurement system indicating various
functional elements.
State and explain the response of a first order system when subject to step input
signal.

Max. Marks: 75

[7]

[8]

[7]
[8]

[7]

[8]

[7]

b)

accelerometers.

[8]

a)

[7]

b)

## Explain the function of a dummy gauge in a strain gauge load cell.

[8]

a)

With neat sketch explain the working of Hydraulic load cell with neat sketch.

[7]

b)

[7]

a)

JN

[8]

Explain the construction and working of a eddy current brake. What are its

## Write short notes the following :

a) Servomechanism
b) Temperature control system
c) Position control system.

[8]

[5]
[5]
[5]
*****

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R10

Set No. 3

## INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL SYSTEMS

(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

a)
b)

a)

b)

a)

b)

a)

[8]

Explain the construction and principle of a working of a LVDT. Explain the how the
magnitude and direction of the displacement of core of an LVDT.
Describe the working principle of total radiation pyrometers? List out its advantages
and limitations.

[8]

Describe the construction and working of diaphragms. Explain how capsules are made
from diaphragms .List the materials used for making diaphragms and the give the
ranges of pressure over which they can be used.
Explain the construction, working and theory of thermal conductivity gauges for
measurement of vacuum. Explain how radiation effects are minimized.

[8]

With neat sketch explain in detail the functioning of any two flow measuring
instruments working on Faradays law of induced voltage
Explain the principle of hotwire anemometer. What are its merits and limitations?

TU

b)

## Define the terms:

(i) Repeatability
(ii) accuracy (iii) Precision (iv) Linearity
What are the different standard inputs for studying the dynamic response of a system?
Define and sketch them.

or
ld

All Questions carry equal marks
*****

a)

b)

a)

[7]

[7]

[8]
[7]
[8]
[7]

## Explain one method of temperature compensation using an adjacent arm [8]

compensating gauge.
Describe the working principles of strain gauge bridge with sketch. Indicate their[7]
arrangements for measurement of torque on a circular shaft.

JN

b)

## Discuss the principle of working of a seismic instrument explaining how it can be

used to measure displacement velocity and acceleration.
Name different electrical non-contact tachometers. Explain with neat diagram,
working of an inductive pick up tachometer.

[7]

a)
b)

With neat sketch explain the working of Hydraulic load cell with neat sketch.
Sketch and explain the constructional details and working of a dew point meter.

[7]
[8]

a)

Describe the operation of driver driving an automobile on the road and identify the
components, input and output of the human system.
What is Automatic control? Describe the automatic tank level control system.

[8]

b)

*****

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R10

Set No. 4

## INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL SYSTEMS

(Mechanical Engineering)

a)
b)

a)

b)

a)

## Explain how by using a differential arrangement, a capacitive transducer which works

on the principle of variation of capacitance with displacement between the two plates,
the response can be made linear
Explain the principle of working of thermocouples. State the law of intermediate
temperatures and intermediate metals for thermocouples

Describe with neat diagram the construction, working and theory of the following types
of conductivity gauges Thermocouple and (ii) Pirani gauges. Give their advantages and
Enumerate the principle of operation of the following:
i) Capacitive level indicator ii) Ultrasonic level measuring instrument
Explain the constant temperature and constant current modes of operation of Hot wire
anemometers for measurement of flow velocities .Explain the advantages of constant
temperature mode of operation.

TU

b)

All Questions carry equal marks
*****
How do you classify the measuring instruments? Exaplin the various types of
instruments briefly.
Why is calibration of instruments necessary? Explain the difference between direct and
indirect calibration.

Max. Marks: 75

or
ld

Time: 3 hours

a)

b)

a)

Describe the working principle of D.C.Tachometer generator and what are its
Describe with sketches the basic principle of working of stroboscope. List of its

[8]

[7]

15

[8]

[7]

[8]
[7]

[8]

[8]

b)

What are Transmission dynamometers? Explain the constructional detail of any one
type of transmission dynamometer.
With neat sketch explain the working principle of Pneumatic load cell.

[7]

a)

## Distinguish between Manual control system and Automatic control systems.

[8]

b)

Describe typical closed-loop control systems that can be used in order to control the
temperature of water being heated by steam, and Draw the block diagram of the
arrangement and mention the use of feed back in application.
*****

[7]

JN
8

[7]

Explain the principles operation of electrical resistance strain gauges and their merits
and demerits.
What is the function of Rosettes? Explain the working of (i) Rectangular strain gauge
rosettes and (ii) Delta strain gauge rosettes.

b)

[8]

a)

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## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

METROLOGY
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
a) Determine the dimensions of hole and shaft for a fit 30H7 h8. 30mm lies between 18 [8]
and 30mm. IT7 = 16i, IT8 =25i. What is the type of fit and draw it?
b) Explain the differences between hole and shaft basis systems.
[7]
a)
b)

a)

b)

What types of measuring systems are used for linear distance measurement? Explain [8]
any three of them with neat diagrams?
Shafts of 75 0.02 mm diameter are to be checked by the help of a Go, Not Go snap [7]
gauges. Design the gauge, sketch it and show its Go size and Not Go size dimensions.
Assume normal wear allowance and gauge makers tolerance.

Discuss the steps involved in computing flatness of surface plate with help of a [8]
diagram?
Explain the working principle of Tools makers microscope with neat diagram and [7]
briefly explain its application.

a)

Explain the working principle of Tomlinson surface meter with a neat sketch.

[8]

b)

With neat sketches, explain the significance of some important parameters used for [7]
measuring surface roughness. Why so many parameters are needed? Explain.

TU

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Set No. 1

R10

a)

b)

a)

With the aid of a neat sketch describe the principle of operation of a rolling gear [8]
testing machine.
What are the various methods used for measuring tooth thickness of a Spur gear. [7]
Explain the principle involved with neat sketches. Under what circumstance each
method is used.

JN

b)

With neat sketch explain the construction and working principle of differential [8]
pneumatic comparator.
[7]

a)

Derive the formula for measuring the effective diameter of thread by 3-wire method.

b)

How to measure the pitch of the screw thread by using the tool makers microscope? [7]
Discuss in detail.

a)

[8]

b)

## Explain alignment test on milling machine.

[7]

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## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

METROLOGY
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
a) Determine the actual dimensions to be provided for a shaft and hole of 20H7/f8 fit. [8]
Size 20 mm falls in diameter steps of 18and 30 value of tolerance unit
i (microns)=0.45D1/3+0.001
Value of tolerances for IT7=16i and IT8=25i. Mention the type of fit and show the
diagram.
b) Explain interchangeability with suitable example?
[7]
a)

## Describe with the help of a neat sketch, a vernier bevel protractor.

b)

State and explain the Taylors principle of gauge design.Explain the following in [7]
connection with gauge design: (1) Gauge makers tolerance (2) Wear allowance.

a)

Explain the working principle of autocollimator with neat diagram and briefly [8]
explain its application
Explain the working principle of Michalesons interferometer with neat diagram and [7]

b)

[8]

a)

## Explain the working principle of Talysurf with a neat sketch

[8]

b)

What are the different methods used for measurement of surface finish? Explain?

[7]

TU

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Set No. 2

R10

a)

b)

a)

Explain the principle of measuring gear tooth thickness by base tangent method. [8]
What is the span length over 5 teeth of gear having 45 teeth module 4mm and
pressure angle 20o.
How is the involute profile of gear tooth measured? Explain.
[7]

JN

b)

With neat sketch explain the construction and working principle of Sigma [8]
comparator
[7]

a)

b)

What is the best wire size? Derive an expression for the same in terms of the pitch [8]
Briefly describe major, minor and effective diameter of thread with neat diagram?
[7]

a)

[8]

b)

## Explain alignment test on drilling machine.

[7]

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JNTU World

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

METROLOGY
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
a) Determine the actual dimensions to be provided for a shaft and hole of 90 mm size for [8]
H8e9. Size 90 mm falls in diameter steps of 80 and 100 value of tolerance unit :
i= 0.45 (3 D) +0.001D
Value of tolerances for IT8 and IT9 grades are 25i and 40i. Value of fundamental
Deviation for 'e' type shaft is 11D0.41. Mention type of fit and show the diagram?
b) Explain selective assembly with suitable example?
[7]
a)

Describe a Sine bar with the help of a near sketch? Mention the applications of sine bar?

b)

How the external diameter of rod can be measured with the help of micrometer? Explain [7]
with neat diagram?

a)

Explain the working principle of NPL flatness interferometer with neat diagram and [8]
Explain the working principle of straight edges with neat diagram and mention the [7]
applications.

b)

[8]

b)

## Explain the working principle of Talysurf with a neat sketch.

[7]

a)

With neat sketch explain the construction and working principle of electronic comparator

[8]

b)

## What is a comparator? State different types of comparators? Compare mechanical [7]

comparator with electrical comparator.

a)

Describe a gear tooth vernier caliper and explain its use for checking tooth thickness and [8]
depth of tooth.
Describe the method of inspecting the profile of spur gear by using involute measuring [7]
machine.

JN

b)

[8]

a)

TU

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ld

Set No. 3

R10

a)

Describe the two wire method of finding the effective diameter of screw threads.

[8]

b)

[7]

a)

[8]

b)

## Explain alignment test on lathe machine.

[7]

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or
ld

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

METROLOGY
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
a) A hole and shaft combination of 25 mm nominal size. H7 hole limit are +0.021 mm,
[8]
and 0.000 mm e8 shaft limit are 0.040 and 0.073 mm state
the values of :
(i) Maximum and minimum clearance obtainable. (ii) Allowance.
(iii) Tolerance on the hole and the shaft. (iv) type of fit and draw the fit
b) What are the main differences between unilateral and bilateral tolerance system?
[7]
Explain?
a)
b)

Set No. 4

a)

Describe the method of checking the angle of a taper plug gauge using rollers,
micrometer and slip gauges,
How the slip gauges are calibrated? Explain?

[8]

Explain the working principle of optical projector with neat diagram and mention the
Explain the working principle of NPL gauge interferometer with neat diagram and
mention the applications.

[8]

TU

b)

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## What is Profilograp? Explain with neat diagram?

[8]

b)

What are the different numerical methods used for assessment of surface finish?
Explain any two methods?

[7]

a)

With neat sketch explain the construction and working principle of solex pneumatic
comparator.
Compare mechanical comparator with pneumatic comparator.

[8]

[8]

b)

How to check the composite errors of the gear by using Parkinson gear testing
machine? Explain.
How pitch measurement of spur gear is carried out? Explain?

a)

Describe the two wire method of finding the effective diameter of screw threads

[8]

b)

What are the different types of thread gauges used for measurement of screw thread
profile? Explain?

[7]

a)

[8]

b)

## Explain alignment test on drilling machine.

[7]

a)

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a)

b)

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Code No:R32032

a)

b)

[8]
Write the mathematical equations for pitch, yaw and roll of robotic arm
A point u represented by a vector has to be rotated about z-axis by 600; 900; and [7]
1200. Determine the coordinates in terms of the original reference frame.
The vector u is given by {u}T= [1,2,3,1]

a)

A jointed - arm robot of configuration VVR is to move all three axes so that the first [8]
joint is rotated through 500and the second joint is rotated through 900and the third
joint is rotated through 250. Maximum speed of any of these rotational joints is
100/sec Ignore effects of accede rations and deceleration.
(i) Determine the time required to move each joint if slew motion is used
(ii) Determine the time required to move the arm to the desired position

b)

## Briefly explain the following terms

Path Planning
Skew Motion
Joint Integrated motion

[7]

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## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

ROBOTICS
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
What is the difference between resolution and repeatability of robot arm movement? [15]
How are they controlled? Does the choice of the drive system determine the
resolution and repeatability? Using a table, explain minimum and maximum
resolution and repeatability of different types of systems: hydraulic, pneumatic and
electrical?

Set No. 1

## What is a forward kinematics problem? Explain Denavit-Hartenberg conventionfor [15]

selecting frames of reference in two joint robotic applications. Derive necessary
equation.

a)

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b)

## Explain what might be meant by the statement: An n-DOF manipulator at a [8]

singularity can be treated as redundant manipulator in a space of dimensionality n-1.
Discuss Via Points (VP) method of programming a robot.
[7]

## Which type of manipulator is best suited for

[15]

(ii) Assembly applications? Explain Briefly.

a)

b)

In the event of a malfunction in the encoder or the drive system, what kind of safety [8]
features can be incorporated in the system to prevent loss due to damage?
Explain how the angular position is calculated in an incremental encoder.
[7]

Determine (i) Jacobian (ii) Singularities and (iii) Joint Velocities for a 3 D.O.F Planar [15]
arm with the revolute joint.

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Code No:R32032

Set No. 2

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

ROBOTICS
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
a) Robots are preferable in flexible automation- Why?
[8]

Bring mathematical relationship between degrees of freedom and joints and links.

[7]

Bring the relationship between the following the parameters of the robot.
(i) Resolution
(ii) Accuracy
(iii) Repeatability

[15]

An RR robot has two links of length 0.50 m and 1.0 m, respectively. Assuming that [15]
the global coordinate system is defined at joint J1 , determine

b)

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(i) The coordinates of the end-effector point if the joint rotations are 45 at both
joints as shown in Figure

TU

## (ii) Joint rotations if the end-effector is located at (1,4.4, 0.5)

A permanent magnet DC motor is coupled to a load through a gearbox. If the polar [15]
moments of inertia of the rotor and load are Jr and Ji , the gearbox has a N: M
reduction from the motor to the load, the motor has a starting torque Ts and a no-load
speed max, and the load torque is proportional to its speed (Ti = k),
a) What is the maximum acceleration that the motor can produce in the load?
b) What is the steady state speed of the motor and the load?
c) How long will it take for the system to reach a steady state speed?

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Set No. 2

Program the robot to pick up two blocks (the blocks are of different sizes) from fixed [15]
positions on either side of a centre position, and to stack the blocks in the centre
position. The larger block will always be on one side of the centre and the smaller
block will always be on the other side of the centre position. The smaller block is to
be placed on top of the larger block. Assume other features accordingly.

Why are SCARA robots preferred for assembly operations? Compare and contrast [15]
Revolute robots and SCARA robots from the viewpoint of assembly operations.

a)

b)

What are the conditions under which a position sensor is preferred versus encoder [8]
based systems? Where are encoders placed with respect to drive system and where
are position sensors placed? Can both the systems be used on the same robot?
Why are absolute encoders preferred?
[7]

Write the equations of the dynamic model of a one-axis Robot (inverted pendulum) [15]
with Lagrange- Euler formulation.

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Set No. 3

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

ROBOTICS
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
Controlling the robot is complex than controlling CNC machine tool why? Discuss [15]
the design and control issues involved in the two cases and compare.

or
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Discuss the following robotic joints with their notation and specific application.
(i) Prismatic joint
(ii) Rotational joint
(iii) Twisting joint
(iv) Revolving joint
Draw neat sketches demonstrating the above joints.

[15]

An LL robot has two links of variable length. Assuming that the global coordinate [15]
system is defined at joint J1 , determine
(i) The coordinates of the end-effector point if the variable link lengths are 1 m and 2
m as shown in Figure .
(ii) Variable link lengths if the end-effector is located at (1, 2).

TU

A D.C servo motor is used to actuate speed of a robot joint. It has torque constant of [15]
10in-lb/A and voltage constant of 12 V/Kr/min (1Kr/min =100r/min) The armature
resistance is 2.5 . At a particular moment during the robot cycle, the joint is not
moving and a voltage of 25 V is applied to the motor.
(i) Determine a torque of the motor immediately after the voltage is applied.
(ii) As the motor accelerates, the effect of back-emf is to reduce the torque determine
the back emf and corresponding torque at 250 rpm and 500 rpm.
(iii) Sketch a graph between the torque and the speed

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a)

b)

Most robots today are programmed by teaching. Why is this type of programming [8]
likely to be replaced by pre-programming (off-line programming)?
What are some of the disadvantages of teaching-by-guiding?
[7]

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Set No. 3

What are the basic rules and procedures followed in the use of robots in assembly [15]
and disassembly?

Determine the dynamic model of a 1 D.O.F, 1axis planar manipulator with one [15]

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rotary joint. Assume the link to be a thin cylinder with length L and mass m acting at
the centroid of the link. Obtain the direct solution and solution using Lagrange
Euler formulation and compare the two.

## Explain the principle used in the following sensors.

Acoustic Sensor
Range sensor
Force Sensor
Slip sensor

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Code No:R32032

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, May/June - 2015

ROBOTICS
(Mechanical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max. Marks: 75
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
Name five different types of robot end effectors. Compare and contrast the end [15]
effectors from the viewpoint of their functions.

a)

b)

A large Cartesian coordinate robot has one orthogonal slide with a total range of 30
in. One of the specifications on the robot is that it have a maximum control
resolution of 0.010 in. on this particular axis determine the number of bits of storage
capacity the robot's control memory must possess to provide this level of precision.
Bring mathematical relationship between degrees of freedom and joints and links.

[8]

[7]

Frames M and C are attached rigidly to a cuboid as shown in Fig. Frame U is fixed [15]
and serves as the universe frame of reference. The cube undergoes the following
motion in the indicated sequence:

TU

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Set No. 4

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## i. Rotation about the z-axis of Frame C by 30o, then

ii. Translation of (1, 2, 3) along Frame C, then
iii. Rotation about the x-axis of Frame M by 45o and then
iv. Rotation about the y-axis of Frame U by 60o.
Given a desired position of the end-effector, how many solutions are there to the [15]
inverse kinematics of the three-link planar arm shown in Figure? If the orientation of
the end-effector is also specified, how many solutions are there? Use the geometric
approach to find them.

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## Figure: Three-link planar robot with revolute joints.

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Set No. 4

Using the grid work for a robot with one rotational and one linear axis, show the [15]
path taken by the robot if it is directed to move between the following sets of points
in the grid using linear interpolation.
a) Point (1, 1) and point (6, 6)

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## b) Point (2, 1) and point (8, 2)

c) Point (2, 2) and point (7, 5)
6

Describe briefly the operations involved in robotic spot welding. What are the [15]
advantages of robotic welding over manual welding? What are the sweeping
patterns available in robotic welding?

For each of the following applications, what is a good choice for the type of electric [15]

Discuss differences between the proximity and range sensors with their applications [15]
in robots.

TU

a) Ceiling fan
b) Electric trolley
c) NC milling machine
d) Electric crane
e) Disk drive motor
f) Windshield wiper motor
g) Washing machine
h) clothes dryer

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