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()090202CC05

101

()

(4/4)
Breeding of avocado variety and
exploitation of white sapote

101-9.2.2--CC(5)

9811 1011231
10111 1011231

1011631

1014
2
11 816.03
g15.43 %
1184O24G
588.67 gNws1b419.54 cm84O24G 9.63
cmNws1b482.96%Ws2e29
22.71%Nws1c1 Nws1c3Nws1c10 Nws1i44
73%11%Nws1c10
Ws2e29
1017WS2B2171.03
WS3F1486.88%WS3F1418 Brix
W19Candy
240.2289.13%Maltby24 Brix
Max golden, W2 Candy Lemon
goldMcdill Max golden 78

-11011631

Four avocado varieties were introduced in 2012. Among six lines from
farmers analysed, Li Hsiu Yun and Cheng Yu Pin both were worth
further evaluating.
Eleven previously introduced avocado lines were evaluated in 2012.
Among lines, Hon Chie Trau with 816 g was highest in fresh
weight.
Among 11 seedling lines selected in CAES, 84O24G was highest in
fresh weight, Ws1b4 longest in fruit length, 84O24G highest in
fruit diameter, Ws1b4 highest in flesh ratio and Ws2e29 was
highest in crude fat ratio. Promising Lines of Nws1c1
Nws1c2Nws1c3 Nws1c10 and Nws1i4 all have high fresh
ratio and crude fat ratio, and both ratios were respectively higher than
73% and 11%. According to fruit characteristics, Nws1c10 and
Ws2e29 would be promising new varieties and worth further evaluating.
Seven white sapote seedling lines were introduced in 2012. Among
those lines, WS2B2 with 171.03g was highest in fruit weight, while
WS3F14with 86.88% was highest in fruit flesh ratio.
Fruit characteristic of nine white sapote varieties was investigated,
and variety Candy was highest both in fruit weight and flesh ratio
respectively.
Among eight white sapote varieties, flowering time of Max golden,
was earliest, while that of W2, Candy, and Lemon gold and
Mcdill was latest.Duration of flowering of Max golden was
longest among varieties.

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,,
G755,
,
7
1

-31011631

1.
2.

3. :

4. (root rot)

5.
3

6.
,10

7. ,

1 .
2 .
3 .

-41011631


146
11197.58 g
3.64%
89.08%
5.87%
112
816.03 gDuke 7144.79 g18.97 cm
CAES 315.77 cmDuke 7 9.05 cm
10.87 cm 10.02 cm Duke 7
5.85 cm86.99%86.56%
Hall 1.67 m mDuke 70.28 mm
15.43 %4.77%
113 84O24G
588.67 gWs2e29 230.36 gNws1b4
19.54 cmWs2e29 10.09 cm84O24G
9.63 cmWs2e296.90 cmNws1b4
82.96% 76-S-1053.71%Ws2e2922.71%
Nws1b47.36%Nws1c1 Nws1c3Nws1c10
Nws1i4473%11%
Nws1c10Q11.35%81.73%79
Ws2e2922%
69.03%13Nws1c10Ws2e29

1001211
WS7-2D10WS1Q5WS1C1Choquette
WS7-2D10WS1Q5WS1C1WS2S2101
12WS7-2D10
ChoquetteWS7-2D10

Bacon, G755, Reed,Stewart


2
10174WS2B2
171.03WS3F1486.88%WS3F14
18 Brix
W19(5)Candy
240.2289.13%Golden globe0.53 mm
Maltby24 Brix

-51011631

10186Max golden(
100/11/28), W2 Candy Lemon gold Mcdill
101/2/29 Max golden 78Candy
43

-61011631

Nws10Q
11.35%81.73%79Ws2e29
22%69.03%13
Nws1c10Ws2e29
Nws1c17813.31%
1.49 mm
101WS3F14154.63
86.88 %18 Brix1

-71011631

1.1993. 42(1): 46-51925


.46
2. 1997.
I: 127-140
3. 1997.
III 149-154.
4. Alexx,B.1992. Growing Avocado in
5. Ben-Ya'acov, A. 1972. Avocado rootstock-scion relationships; A longterm, large scale field research project. I. Preparation of the
experimental setup in the planting of commercial avocado orchards in
Israel, Yb. Calif. Avocado Soc. 55:158-161.
6. Bergh,B .O .1975. Avocado In Advances in Fruit Breeding edited by
J. Janick and J.N. Moore, Purdue University Press Indiana. PP.541-567.
7. Bergh, B.O., Martin, G. and Whitsell, R, 1988. A comparison of Hass
selections on four rootstocks. Yb. Calif.Avocado Soc.72:223-228.
8. Bergh, B. O. 1989. Avocado breeding progress report. California
Avocado Society 73:43-44.
9. Coffey, M.D. and F. Guillement. 1987. Avocado rootstocks.
Calif.Avocado Soc.Yrbk.71:173-179
10. Ben-Ya'acov, A.1987. Avocado rootstock-scion relationship. Yb. S.
Afr. Avocado Growers'Assoc.10:30-32. .
11. Brokaw, W. H. 1986. Selecting rootstock. California Avocado Socity
70:111-114.
12. Coffey.1990. Comparison of field resistance to Phytophthora cinnamomi
in twelve avocado rootstocks. Hort. Science 25:1655-1656.
13. Du Plooy, C. P., Z. Marais,and A. Sippel 1992. Breeding and
Evaluation strategy on avocado. South African avocado Growers'
Association 15:75-77.
14. Fuentes J. L., N. N. Rodrguez, Livia Santiago, Yohaina Valds, Isis
M. Ramrez and J. A. Rodrguez. 2004. Zygotic embryo culture inavocado
(Persea americana Mill) Cultivos Tropicales 25(3), pp. 73-76.
15. Gabor, B. K., Gullemebt, B. F. and Coffey, M. D. 1990. Comparison of
field resistance Phytophthora cinnamomi in twelve avodo rooystocks.Hort.
Science 252:1655-1656.
16. Kadman, A., Ben-Ya'acov, A. Raz, A. and Peleg J.1976. A method of
measuring the covering areaof avocado trees. Yb. Calif. Avocado

-81011631

Soc.59:105-108.
17. Kohne, J. S.1992. Field evaluation of Hass avocado grown on Duke 7,
G6 and G755C rootstocks. Proc. of Second World Avocado Congress pp.301303
18. Kremer-Kohne, S. and Konne, J. S. 1992. Yield and fruit quality of
Fuerte and Hass on clonal rootstocks. S. Avocado Growers'Assn.
Yrbk.13:16-20.
19. Lopez, A. J. and A. P. Barrientos. 1987. Selection of dwarfing
rootstocks of avocadoPersea Americana MillI. Studies of bark:Xylem
relationship in trunks of cv. Colin V-33. Yb. Calif.Avocado Soc.71:225234.
20. Menge, J. A., F. B. Guillemet, S. Campbell, E. Johnson and
E.Pond.1992. The performance of rootstocks tolerant to root rot caused
by Phytophora cinnomnmi under field conditions in Southern California.
Proc. of Second World Avocado Congeress pp.53-59.
21. Pliego-Alfaro F.and B. O. Bergh 1992. Avocado In Biotechnology of
Perennial Fruit Crops.Hammerschlag, F. A.and R.E. Litz
ed..University Press, Cambridge.
22. Roger,H. B.1992. Protect Your Avocados. Published by Department of
Primary Industries,Queesland.
23. Whiley, A. W., J. S. Kohne, M. L. Arpaia, and G.S. Bender. 1990.
Future prospects with new avocado cultivars and elite rootstocks. S. A.
Avocado Growers'Assn.Yrbk.13:16-20.


1. Yonemoto, Y., Inoue, H., Majikina, M., Okuda, H. and H. Higuchi.
2005. Effect of temperature on floral induction and development of
floral organs in white sapote (Casimiroa edulis Llave and Lex.) cv.
Florida. : Japanese Journal of Tropical Agriculture (49) 1 8-13.
2. Yonemotoa Y., Higuchi. and I. Kiyotake. 2001. Analysis of Varietal
Differences in Floral and Fruit Morphology in White Sapote(Casimiroa
edulis Llave and Lex.). Japanese Journal of Tropical Agricultur 45(1):3844.
3. Yonemotoa Y., Chowdhury, A. K. , HidenoriK., Machac, M. M. , H.
Okudad. 2007. Characterization of white sapote (Casimiroa edulis Llave
Lex.) germplasm using floral morphology, RAPD and AFLP markers
Scientia Horticulturae 112: 366375.

-91011631

1101

(cm)

(cm)

(mm)

861.17

810.05

20.87

10.05

1.37

85.19

7.05

9-17-101

592.15

547.97

17.53

8.67

0.94

89.08

5.87

8-9-101

-1

374.84

354.07

13.64

7.80

1.13

74.00

4.90

7-24-101

-2

514.22

480.29

13.02

9.21

0.73

85.23

1.91

7-24-101

1197.58

1117.25

17.51

11.46

0.76

86.55

3.64

7-24-101

467.09

463.45

8.77

1.04

73.25

3.36

7-9-101

11.69

(--)

7-9-101

2. 101 ()

(cm)

(cm)

(mm)

CAES 1

410.34

382.07

12.65

8.52

1.17

76.07

12.01

CAES 2

307.43

291.90

11.57

7.24

1.07

76.48

11.16

CAES 3

386.59

356.96

15.77

7.61

1.17

79.69

11.69

CAES 4

411.67

391.37

13.31

8.31

1.04

78.75

11.13

Duke 7

144.79

129.91

9.05

5.85

0.28

65.38

14.90

Hall

648.59

539.92

13.99

9.87

1.67

69.41

13.05

336.69

313.74

10.19

8.42

1.65

71.32

14.10

357.92

317.63

15.14

7.10

1.02

86.99

4.77

555.54

525.03

15.45

8.73

0.95

79.93

6.29

685.84

633.50

10.87

1.38

73.67

15.43

816.03

719.16

0.89

86.56

12.22

11.69
18.97

10.02

(--)
7-23-101
9-5-101
7-3-101
9-12-101
7-23-101
8-31-101
7-3-101
7-19-101
7-3-101
7-12-101
9-15-101
7-3-101
9-12-101
7-23-101
7-23-101
8-29-101
9-27-101
7-3-101
9-19-101

- 10 1011631

3101 ()

(mm)

(--)

Nws1b4

470.03

368.80

19.54

8.13

0.62

82.96

7.36

8-6-101

Nws1c1

359.54

336.87

12.93

8.18

1.49

73.06

13.31

Nws1c3

347.92

326.57

14.49

7.39

0.77

80.70

12.11

Nws1c10

566.08

518.47

14.63

9.57

0.67

81.73

11.35

Nws1I4

582.81

544.75

16.11

8.91

1.16

74.45

12.98

Ws1s8

268.69

249.17

11.91

6.92

1.05

76.38

21.49

Ws2e29

230.36

209.71

10.09

6.90

0.92

69.03

22.71

Ws7-2d5

341.16

326.64

13.15

7.63

0.83

78.67

13.96

1.52

76.75

9.45

cm cm

7-12-101
8-23-101
7-12-101
8-29-101
7-12-101
9-20-101
10-23-101
7-28-101
8-19-101
2-29-101
919-101

84O24G

589.67

566.14

13.89

9.63

11-28-101
9-12-101
9-20-101
9-12-101

76-S-6

370.07

341.00

10.72

8.48

1.64

59.37

14.12

76-S-10

365.88

361.47

10.30

8.54

1.86

53.71

8.17

10-23-101
1-10-101
1-17-101

- 11 1011631

150

100

50

Choquette

WS1C1

WS1Q5

WS7-2D10

111.2

104.9

97.36

104.4

131.4

117.6

84.64

139.5

2.77

2.77

2.31

2.84

2.93

2.8

2.41

3.05

1. 101

250
200


150

100
50
0

W 72D 10

W s1 c1

W s1 q5

W S2C 2

1 7 2 .3 3

1 0 8 .6 7

109

1 3 6 .6 7

210

1 3 6 .3 3

105

1 2 1 .6 7

5 .9 2

2 .9 2

2 .6 9

4 .0 5

4 .7 6

2 .9 2

2 .9 8

2 .8 9

2 101

- 12 1011631

4. 101

()

(%)

(Brix)

(g)

(g)

()

WS1A5

125.59

118.04

0.91

0.14

85.42

14.55

WS2A2
WS2B2
WS2B8
WS2F14
WS3D20
WS3F14

146.19
171.03
128.04
135.09
121.84
154.63

138.39
162.44
122.72
126.99
116.32
143.10

2.14
5.00
2.17
1.67
2.11
1.00

0.38
0.27
0.12
0.17
0.16
0.31

81.85
81.56
81.85
83.99
82.53
86.88

13.93
16.00
13.67
17.33
12.22
18.00

5 101 ()

(g)

(g)

(cm)

(cm)

(mm)


() (Brix) (%)

(--)

W1

193.43

184.34

7.39

7.22

0.15

1.0

15.25

86.26

6-21-101

W2

102.40

96.07

5.30

5.97

0.30

2.00

15.47

78.62

6-28-101
7-29-101

Candy

240.22

221.42

7.55

7.70

0.32

1.08

15.42

89.13

6-21-101
7-23-101

Golden

189.52

179.65

6.09

7.81

0.53

2.80

16.60

78.50

6-28-101

51.31

49.49

4.18

4.47

0.20

2.0

24.00

75.85

8-3-101

globe
Maltby

9-20-101
Max

224.64

212.17

6.75

8.13

0.31

1.69

17.81

87.32

golden

7-12-101
7-19-101

Mc dill

234.65

205.56

7.17

8.16

0.31

1.80

21.50

85.19

7-19-101

Pike

102.77

100.77

6.15

5.39

0.34

1.00

21.00

81.22

9-27-2012

Vernon

150.14

134.84

7.56

6.93

0.18

1.88

16.63

84.71

5-24-101
7-16-101

- 13 1011631

6100 101

(--)

(--)

W1
W2
Candy
Lemon
gold
Golden
globe
Max
golden
Mcdill
Suebelle

100/12/8
101/1/2
101/1/17

101/2/14
101/2/29
101/2/29

68
58
43

101/1/2

101/2/29

58

100/12/2

101/2/14

74

100/11/28

101/2/14

78

101/1/9
101/1/9

101/2/29
101/2/22

51
44

- 14 1011631