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ICA

2013

Listen, Learn, Discuss, Share, Experience, Practice


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Camiones Convencionales vs. Camiones Subterrneos


Greg Hughes Customer Application Specialist : Narrow Vein Mining

Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

Quien soy

Greg Hughes, nacido en Zambia - frica

27 aos
Ingeniero en minas titulado en Camborne School of Mines en
Inglaterra
Aprox. 2 aos de experiencia en produccin en minas en Chile,
Zambia y Inglaterra
4 aos en Sandvik dedicado especialmente a minera de vetas
angostas y otros mtodos como ingeniero de aplicaciones y
tambin especialista de aplicacin
Surfista, motociclista y mas que nada amante de comida y
cerveza Peruana !

Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

Objetivo de la presentacin

Comparar los beneficios de usar camiones


diseadas especialmente para entornos
subterrneos con los de carreteras

Aprox. 35 % de minas en la regin Latino


Americana usen camiones convencionales en vez
de subterrneos porque !?!

Cambiar la mentalidad !

Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

Estudios realizados
Estudios :
Candelaria
Colossus
EcoOro
IRL
Goldcorp
Etc
Contractores:
Zublin (Candelaria)

Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

Candelaria alternativas estudiadas

Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

Sistema de Carguo y Transporte


Situacin Actual
En la visita al terreno, las siguientes factores importantes fueron notados:

Alta presencia de trafico y tiempo muerto en la rampa principal

Maniobrabilidad baja de los camiones

Demasiados camiones al interior de la mina

De repente hay curvas muy cerrados en la rampa donde los camiones tenan que parar y dar marcha atrs.
Eso da tiempo perdido y des-continuidad a la operacin. Las tolvas tocaran a las cajas durante los giros.

La carga de camin con LHD viene hecha mediante una plataforma y una gran sobre-excavacin un
construccin no necesario con camiones de bajo perfil.

Desgastes comunes en las camiones:

Amortiguadores
Suspensin de los asientos
Transmisiones
Daos a las tolvas

Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

Sistema de Carguo y Transporte


Carguo de Camiones Mediante Plataforma

Plataforma no necesario con camiones de bajo perfil - ahorros en el construccin de puntos de carguo.

Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

Sistema de Carguo y Transporte


Curvas en la rampa
Camiones de carretera no son articulados y
construido por este tipo de operacin.

Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

Sistema de Carguo y Transporte


Curvas en la rampa

Simulacin (a escala) del TH550 haciendo la curva donde los Mercedes-Benz tenan que parar,
dar marcha atrs y tocaran la tolva en la caja. No habra ningunas de estas problemas con los
TH550.

TH550

Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

Sistema de Carguo y Transporte


Circuito Carguo Camiones
XC
4

Simulacin (a escala) del TH550 en el


circuito de carguo de camiones. Se
vea que no hay problemas.

XC5

XC6

TH550

XC7

XC8

Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

Sistema de Carguo y Transporte


Circuito Camiones Ejemplo (tramo 3.300m)

433.2

421.2

4 33 .2

4 21 .2

Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

Simulaciones de Carguo y Transporte


Parmetros de Operacin
MINE CHARACTERISTICS
Mine background
Mining method
Production rate

8
46
6
46
6
8

Shift schedule
Number of shifts per day
Times per shift
Shift time
Shift Start
Operation
Lunch
Operation
Operational Interferences
Shift end
Shift total hours
Effective hours per shift

2
12 hr
1.5
3.5
1.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
12.0
6.5

Days per months


Days per year

Haulage route
Underground distance
@ Gradient
Rolling Resistance
Surface distance
@ Gradient
Rolling Resistance
Total distance

hr
hr
hr
hr
hr
hr
hr
hr

30
360 days

Production rate (per 24 hrs)


Production rate
Tunnel Section
Width
Height

Material characteristics
Fragmentation:
Bank density:
Swell factor
Broken density

SL Stoping
6,400 tpd

Altitude
Average mine working altitude

4.5 m
4.0 m

Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

3
3.4 t/m
1.4
3
2.4 t/m

3,300
9%
2%
200
5%
2%
3,500

m
10
2
m
10
2
m

300 m

30

267 t/hr
492 t/effective hr

55
45

27
15

Other
Electric price
Fuel price

0.1 US$/kW
0.6 US$/l

Simulaciones de Carguo y Transporte


Suposiciones Importantes

Leasing: 36 meses, 12% tasa de descuento/inters.


Horas efectivas camiones:
13 horas/da
Horas efectivas cargadores:
10 horas/da
Cambio CLP USD:
500:1
Cambio EUR USD:
1:1,30
VAC: calculado por 5 aos (60 meses) a 10% tasa de descuento (incluye contingencias a +10%)
Costos operacionales: costos de los TH550 fueron considerados de acuerdo a la experiencia en Mina El
Toqui, Chile y tambin de operaciones en Australia. Costos del TH660 vienen de experiencia en Australia.
Adems, estn considerados costos de servicio de mantencin de la flota de carguo y trasporte.
Precios de equipos: Los precios de equipos Sandvik son referenciales por el afecto de la prueba y estn
sujeto a variaciones. El valor del camin Mercedes-Benz y cargador Volvo, fueron estimados de acuerdo al
valor del mercado.
Situacin actual: Los tiempos de ciclos y costos actuales fueron entregados de Zblin y estn localizados en
los anexos.

Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

Simulacin 1
SANDVIK LH410 & SANDVIK TH550
Equipment selection
Model
Theoretical capacity
Fill Factor
Real capacity
Theoretical N of passes
Real N of passes
Cycle time
Production per LHD
Fleet required

Operating parametres (LHD)


Physical availability
Operational utilisation
Effective utilisation
Effective work hours
Effective required tonnage
Cycle times (LHD)
Average tramming distance
Gradient
Load time
Tramming time
Manoeuver time
Dump time
Cycle time
Workers
Workers per shift
Absence
Total of workers per day
Total of workers per month

LH410
4.6
85%
9.5
5.35
5
9.96
286.0
3

m3
t

min
tph
LHDs

87%
80%
60%
10.0 h/day
639 ton/h effective

60
2.5%
38
38
30
14
1.99

3
7%
7
14

m
s
s
s
s
min

Equipment selection
Type of truck
Maximum capacity
Theoretical capacity
Fill Factor
Real capacity
Loaded capacity
Box size (choose larger)
Work distance
Average velocity
Cycle time
Production per truck
Fleet required
Total production per daily hours

TH550
50
22
95%
50.8
47.5
19.6
3,500
17.1
36.8
77.4
7
292.72

Operating parametres (trucks)


Physical availability
Utilisation
Operating factor
Effective work hours

90%
80%
75%
13.0 h/day

Transport Velocity
Velocity limits within the mine
Average Velocity Underground
Average Velocity Surface
Average Velocity

25.0
18.4
15.7
17.1

Cycle times (trucks)


Load time
Dump time
Haul time
Waiting time
Maneuver time
Cycle time

Workers
Workers per shift
Absence
Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik
Mining
Total of workers per day
Total of workers per month

9.96
17
23.05
3.0
30
36.79

7
7%
15
30

km/h
km/h
km/h
km/h

min
sec
min
min
sec
min

t
m3
t
t
m3
m
km/h
min
tph
trucks
tph

Simulacin 2
SANDVIK LH517 & SANDVIK TH550
Equipment selection
Model
Theoretical capacity
Fill Factor
Real capacity
Theoretical N of passes
Real N of passes
Cycle time
Production per LHD
Fleet required

Operating parametres (LHD)


Physical availability
Operational utilisation
Effective utilisation
Effective work hours
Effective required tonnage
Cycle times (LHD)
Average tramming distance
Gradient
Load time
Tramming time
Manoeuver time
Dump time
Cycle time
Workers
Workers per shift
Absence
Total of workers per day
Total of workers per month

LH517
7.6
85%
15.7
3.24
3
6.51
433.5
2

m3
t

min
tph
LHDs

87%
80%
60%
10.0 h/day
639 ton/h effective

60
2.5%
45
41
30
15
2.17

2
7%
5
10

m
s
s
s
s
min

Equipment selection
Type of truck
Maximum capacity
Theoretical capacity
Fill Factor
Real capacity
Loaded capacity
Box size (choose larger)
Work distance
Average velocity
Cycle time
Production per truck
Fleet required
Total production per daily hours

TH550
50
22
95%
50.8
47.1
19.4
3,500
17.1
33.3
84.7
6
274.43

Operating parametres (trucks)


Physical availability
Utilisation
Operating factor
Effective work hours

90%
80%
75%
13.0 h/day

Transport Velocity
Velocity limits within the mine
Average Velocity Underground
Average Velocity Surface
Average Velocity

25.0
18.4
15.7
17.1

Cycle times (trucks)


Load time
Dump time
Haul time
Waiting time
Maneuver time
Cycle time

Workers
Workers per shift
Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining
Absence
Total of workers per day
Total of workers per month

6.51
17
23.05
3.0
30
33.34

6
7%
13
26

km/h
km/h
km/h
km/h

min
sec
min
min
sec
min

t
m3
t
t
m3
m
km/h
min
tph
trucks
tph

Simulacin 3
SANDVIK LH621 & SANDVIK TH550
Equipment selection
Model
Theoretical capacity
Fill Factor
Real capacity
Theoretical N of passes
Real N of passes
Cycle time
Production per LHD
Fleet required
Operating parametres (LHD)
Physical availability
Operational utilisation
Effective utilisation
Effective work hours
Effective required tonnage
Cycle times (LHD)
Average tramming distance
Gradient
Load time
Tramming time
Manoeuver time
Dump time
Cycle time
Workers
Workers per shift
Absence
Total of workers per day
Total of workers per month

LH621
9.8
85%
20.2
2.28
2
4.55
533.5
2

m3
t

min
tph
LHDs

87%
80%
60%
10.0 h/day
639 ton/h effective

60
2.5%
50
42
30
15
2.28

2
7%
5
10

m
s
s
s
s
min

Equipment selection
Type of truck
Maximum capacity
Theoretical capacity
Fill Factor
Real capacity
Loaded capacity
Box size (choose larger)
Work distance
Average velocity
Cycle time
Production per truck
Fleet required
Total production per daily hours

TH550
50
20
95%
46.1
40.5
16.7
3,500
17.1
31.4
77.4
7
292.47

Operating parametres (trucks)


Physical availability
Utilisation
Operating factor
Effective work hours

90%
80%
75%
13.0 h/day

Transport Velocity
Velocity limits within the mine
Average Velocity Underground
Average Velocity Surface
Average Velocity

25.0
18.4
15.7
17.1

Cycle times (trucks)


Load time
Dump time
Haul time
Waiting time
Maneuver time
Cycle time

Workers
Workers per shift
Absence
Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining
Total of workers per day
Total of workers per month

4.55
17
23.05
3.0
30
31.38

7
7%
15
30

km/h
km/h
km/h
km/h

min
sec
min
min
sec
min

t
m3
t
t
m3
m
km/h
min
tph
trucks
tph

Simulacin 4
SANDVIK LH517 & SANDVIK TH660
Equipment selection
Model
Theoretical capacity
Fill Factor
Real capacity
Theoretical N of passes
Real N of passes
Cycle time
Production per LHD
Fleet required
Operating parametres (LHD)
Physical availability
Operational utilisation
Effective utilisation
Effective work hours
Effective required tonnage
Cycle times (LHD)
Average tramming distance
Gradient
Load time
Tramming time
Manoeuver time
Dump time
Cycle time
Workers
Workers per shift
Absence
Total of workers per day
Total of workers per month

LH517
7
85%
14.5
4.15
4
8.69
399.2
2

m3
t

min
tph
LHDs

87%
80%
60%
10.0 h/day
639 ton/h effective

60
2.5%
45
41
30
15
2.17

2
7%
5
10

m
s
s
s
s
min

Equipment selection
Type of truck
Maximum capacity
Theoretical capacity
Fill Factor
Real capacity
Loaded capacity
Box size (choose larger)
Work distance
Average velocity
Cycle time
Production per truck
Fleet required
Total production per daily hours

TH660
60
32
95%
73.8
57.8
23.8
3,500
17.1
35.8
96.8
6
313.72

t
m3
t
t
m3
m
km/h
min
tph
trucks
tph

Operating parametres (trucks)


Physical availability
Utilisation
Operating factor
Effective work hours

90%
80%
75%
13.0 h/day

Transport Velocity
Velocity limits within the mine
Average Velocity Underground
Average Velocity Surface
Average Velocity

25.0
18.4
15.7
17.1

Cycle times (trucks)


Load time
Dump time
Haul time
Waiting time
Maneuver time
Cycle time

Workers
Workers per shift
Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining
Absence
Total of workers per day
Total of workers per month

8.69
16
23.36
3.0
30
35.82

6
7%
13
26

km/h
km/h
km/h
km/h

min
sec
min
min
sec
min

Simulacin 5
SANDVIK LH621 & SANDVIK TH660
Equipment selection
Model
Theoretical capacity
Fill Factor
Real capacity
Theoretical N of passes
Real N of passes
Cycle time
Production per LHD
Fleet required

Operating parametres (LHD)


Physical availability
Operational utilisation
Effective utilisation
Effective work hours
Effective required tonnage
Cycle times (LHD)
Average tramming distance
Gradient
Load time
Tramming time
Manoeuver time
Dump time
Cycle time
Workers
Workers per shift
Absence
Total of workers per day
Total of workers per month

LH621
9.8
85%
20.2
2.97
3
6.83
533.5
2

m3
t

min
tph
LHDs

87%
80%
60%
10.0 h/day
639 ton/h effective

60
2.5%
50
42
30
15
2.28

2
7%
5
10

m
s
s
s
s
min

Equipment selection
Type of truck
Maximum capacity
Theoretical capacity
Fill Factor
Real capacity
Loaded capacity
Box size (choose larger)
Work distance
Average velocity
Cycle time
Production per truck
Fleet required
Total production per daily hours

TH660
60
32
95%
73.8
60.7
25.0
3,500
17.1
34.0
107.2
5
289.55

Operating parametres (trucks)


Physical availability
Utilisation
Operating factor
Effective work hours

90%
80%
75%
13.0 h/day

Transport Velocity
Velocity limits within the mine
Average Velocity Underground
Average Velocity Surface
Average Velocity

25.0
18.4
15.7
17.1

Cycle times (trucks)


Load time
Dump time
Haul time
Waiting time
Maneuver time
Cycle time

Workers
Workers per shift
Absence
Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining
Total of workers per day
Total of workers per month

6.83
16
23.36
3.0
30
33.96

5
7%
11
22

km/h
km/h
km/h
km/h

min
sec
min
min
sec
min

t
m3
t
t
m3
m
km/h
min
tph
trucks
tph

Simulacin 6
SANDVIK LH410 & MERCEDES BENZ Actros 4143
Equipment selection
Model
Theoretical capacity
Fill Factor
Real capacity
Theoretical N of passes
Real N of passes
Cycle time
Production per LHD
Fleet required
Operating parametres (LHD)
Physical availability
Operational utilisation
Effective utilisation
Effective work hours
Effective required tonnage
Cycle times (LHD)
Average tramming distance
Gradient
Load time
Tramming time
Manoeuver time
Dump time
Cycle time
Workers
Workers per shift
Absence
Total of workers per day
Total of workers per month

LH410
4
85%
8.3
3.35
3
5.98
248.7
3

Equipment selection
Type of truck
Maximum capacity
Theoretical capacity
Fill Factor
Real capacity
Loaded capacity
Box size (choose larger)
Work distance
Average velocity
Cycle time
Production per truck
Fleet required
Total production per daily hours

m3
t

min
tph
LHDs

87%
80%
60%
10.0 h/day
639 ton/h effective

60
2.5%
38
38
30
14
1.99

3
7%
7
14

m
s
s
s
s
min

MB Actros 4143
26
12
95%
27.7
24.8
10.2
3,500
17.1
34.6
43.0
12
278.66

Operating parametres (trucks)


Physical availability
Utilisation
Operating factor
Effective work hours

90%
80%
75%
13.0 h/day

Transport Velocity
Velocity limits within the mine
Average Velocity Underground
Average Velocity Surface
Average Velocity

25.0
18.4
15.7
17.1

Cycle times (trucks)


Load time
Dump time
Haul time
Waiting time
Maneuver time
Cycle time

Workers
Workers per shift
Absence
Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining
Total of workers per day
Total of workers per month

5.98
30
24.59
3.0
30
34.56

12
7%
26
52

km/h
km/h
km/h
km/h

min
sec
min
min
sec
min

t
m3
t
t
m3
m
km/h
min
tph
trucks
tph

Simulacin 7
VOLVO L210F & MERCEDES BENZ Actros 4143
Equipment selection
Model
Theoretical capacity
Fill Factor
Real capacity
Theoretical N of passes
Real N of passes
Cycle time
Production per LHD
Fleet required

Operating parametres (LHD)


Physical availability
Operational utilisation
Effective utilisation
Effective work hours
Effective required tonnage
Cycle times (LHD)
Average tramming distance
Gradient
Load time
Tramming time
Manoeuver time
Dump time
Cycle time
Workers
Workers per shift
Absence
Total of workers per day
Total of workers per month

Volvo L120F
3.0
85%
6.2
4.20
4
7.12
208.7
4

m3
t

min
tph
FELs

87%
80%
60%
10.0 h/day
639 ton/h effective

60
2.5%
30
35
30
12
1.78

4
7%
9
18

m
s
s
s
s
min

Equipment selection
Type of truck
Maximum capacity
Theoretical capacity
Fill Factor
Real capacity
Loaded capacity
Box size (choose larger)
Work distance
Average velocity
Cycle time
Production per truck
Fleet required
Total production per daily hours

MB Actros 4143
26
12
95%
27.7
24.8
10.2
3,500
17.1
35.7
41.6
12
269.72

Operating parametres (trucks)


Physical availability
Utilisation
Operating factor
Effective work hours

90%
80%
75%
13.0 h/day

Transport Velocity
Velocity limits within the mine
Average Velocity Underground
Average Velocity Surface
Average Velocity

25.0
18.4
15.7
17.1

Cycle times (trucks)


Load time
Dump time
Haul time
Waiting time
Maneuver time
Cycle time

Workers
Workers per shift
Absence
Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining
Total of workers per day
Total of workers per month

7.12
30
24.59
3.0
30
35.71

12
7%
26
52

km/h
km/h
km/h
km/h

min
sec
min
min
sec
min

t
m3
t
t
m3
m
km/h
min
tph
trucks
tph

Simulaciones de Carguo y Transporte


Resultados CAPEX / OPCOSTS

Costos Operacionales TOTALES de la flota (incl. leasing de


los equipos de carguo y camiones)

Inversin total flota


de carguo y
transporte

SANDVIK LH410 & SANDVIK TH550

3 LH410
7 TH550

Operating Cost (US$/t)


0.33
1.18
1.51

Total Fleet Operating Cost (US$/t)


1.00
8.23
9.22

Total Fleet Operating Cost + Investment (US$/t)


2.05
9.40
11.45

US$/t
US$/t
US$/t

Total Investment (EUR)


1,350,000
EUR
4,515,000
EUR
5,865,000
EUR

SANDVIK LH517 & SANDVIK TH550

2 LH517
6 TH550

Operating Cost (US$/t)


0.34
1.07
1.42

Total Fleet Operating Cost (US$/t)


0.68
6.45
7.13

Total Fleet Operating Cost + Investment (US$/t)


1.34
7.45
8.79

US$/t
US$/t
US$/t

Total Investment (EUR)


1,272,000
EUR
3,870,000
EUR
5,142,000
EUR

SANDVIK LH621 & SANDVIK TH550

2 LH621
7 TH550

Operating Cost (US$/t)


0.34
1.18
1.51

Total Fleet Operating Cost (US$/t)


0.67
8.23
8.91

Total Fleet Operating Cost + Investment (US$/t)


1.72
9.41
11.12

US$/t
US$/t
US$/t

Total Investment (EUR)


2,006,015
EUR
4,515,000
EUR
6,521,015
EUR

SANDVIK LH517 & SANDVIK TH660

2 LH517
6 TH660

Operating Cost (US$/t)


0.37
1.38
1.75

Total Fleet Operating Cost (US$/t)


0.74
8.29
9.03

Total Fleet Operating Cost + Investment (US$/t)


1.40
9.62
11.02

US$/t
US$/t
US$/t

Total Investment (EUR)


1,272,000
EUR
5,100,000
EUR
6,372,000
EUR

SANDVIK LH621 & SANDVIK TH660

2 LH621
5 TH660

Operating Cost (US$/t)


0.34
1.25
1.59

Total Fleet Operating Cost (US$/t)


0.67
6.24
6.91

Total Fleet Operating Cost + Investment (US$/t)


1.72
7.34
9.06

US$/t
US$/t
US$/t

Total Investment (EUR)


2,006,015
EUR
4,250,000
EUR
6,256,015
EUR

SANDVIK LH410 & MB Actros 4143

3 LH410
12 MB Actros 4143

Operating Cost (US$/t)


0.38
0.95
1.33

Total Fleet Operating Cost (US$/t)


1.15
11.38
12.52

Total Fleet Operating Cost + Investment (US$/t)


2.20
11.83
14.03

US$/t
US$/t
US$/t

Total Investment (EUR)


1,350,000
EUR
1,760,000
EUR
3,110,000
EUR

VOLVO L120F & MB Actros 4143

4 Volvo L120F
12 MB Actros 4143

Operating Cost (US$/t)


0.13
0.98
1.11

Total Fleet Operating Cost (US$/t)


0.53
11.75
12.28

Total Fleet Operating Cost + Investment (US$/t)


1.35
12.21
13.56

US$/t
US$/t
US$/t

Total Investment (EUR)


786,667
EUR
1,760,000
EUR
2,546,667
EUR

Costos operacionales y inversiones son solo estimaciones referenciales con el objeto de comparar alternativas de manejo materiales. Estas figuras estn sujeto a variacin.
Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

VAC Total 5 aos (incl. pie


flota, leasing flota por 36
meses, costos
operacionales flota)

Simulaciones de Carguo y Transporte


Resultados VAC TH550
INVESTMENT
Fleet Downpayment (15%)
Leasing (85% fleet price)
Operating Cost
Total
Contingencies 10%
Gran total

Year 0
879,750

879,750
87,975
967,725

SANDVIK LH410 & SANDVIK TH550


Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
1,778,667
14,169,405
15,948,072
1,594,807
17,542,879

VAC 33,276,764 EUR

INVESTMENT
Fleet Downpayment (15%)
Leasing (85% fleet price)
Operating Cost
Total
Contingencies 10%
Gran total

Year 0
771,300

771,300
77,130
848,430

Year 0
978,152

978,152
97,815
1,075,967

DR = 10%

1,778,667
14,169,405
15,948,072
1,594,807
17,542,879

14,169,405
14,169,405
1,416,940
15,586,345

1,559,404
10,949,610
12,509,014
1,250,901
13,759,916

1,559,404
10,949,610
12,509,014
1,250,901
13,759,916
DR = 10%

1,559,404
10,949,610
12,509,014
1,250,901
13,759,916

10,949,610
10,949,610
1,094,961
12,044,571

VAC 32,608,244 EUR

1,977,616
13,683,722
15,661,338
1,566,134
17,227,472
DR = 10%

Year 5

10,949,610
10,949,610
1,094,961
12,044,571

10

SANDVIK LH621 & SANDVIK TH550


Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
1,977,616
13,683,722
15,661,338
1,566,134
17,227,472

14,169,405
14,169,405
1,416,940
15,586,345

10

SANDVIK LH517 & SANDVIK TH550


Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4

VAC 26,050,967 EUR

INVESTMENT
Fleet Downpayment (15%)
Leasing (85% fleet price)
Operating Cost
Total
Contingencies 10%
Gran total

1,778,667
14,169,405
15,948,072
1,594,807
17,542,879

Year 5

1,977,616
13,683,722
15,661,338
1,566,134
17,227,472

13,683,722
13,683,722
1,368,372
15,052,094

Year 5

13,683,722
13,683,722
1,368,372
15,052,094

10

Costos operacionales y figuras VAC son solo estimaciones referenciales con el objeto de comparar alternativas de manejo materiales. Estas figuras estn sujeto a variacin.
Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

VAC Total 5 aos (incl. pie


flota, leasing flota por 36
meses, costos
operacionales flota)

Simulaciones de Carguo y Transporte


Resultados VAC TH660
INVESTMENT
Fleet Downpayment (15%)
Leasing (85% fleet price)
Operating Cost
Total
Contingencies 10%
Gran total

Year 0
955,800

955,800
95,580
1,051,380

SANDVIK LH517 & SANDVIK TH660


Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
1,932,424
13,875,685
15,808,109
1,580,811
17,388,920

VAC 32,933,214 EUR

INVESTMENT
Fleet Downpayment (15%)
Leasing (85% fleet price)
Operating Cost
Total
Contingencies 10%
Gran total

Year 0
938,402

938,402
93,840
1,032,242

1,932,424
13,875,685
15,808,109
1,580,811
17,388,920
DR = 10%

1,932,424
13,875,685
15,808,109
1,580,811
17,388,920

13,875,685
13,875,685
1,387,568
15,263,253

VAC 25,968,025 EUR

1,897,250
10,621,104
12,518,354
1,251,835
13,770,189
DR = 10%

13,875,685
13,875,685
1,387,568
15,263,253

10

SANDVIK LH621 & SANDVIK TH660


Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
1,897,250
10,621,104
12,518,354
1,251,835
13,770,189

Year 5

1,897,250
10,621,104
12,518,354
1,251,835
13,770,189

10,621,104
10,621,104
1,062,110
11,683,215

Year 5

10,621,104
10,621,104
1,062,110
11,683,215

10

Costos operacionales y figuras VAC son solo estimaciones referenciales con el objeto de comparar alternativas de manejo materiales. Estas figuras estn sujeto a variacin.
Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

VAC Total 5 aos (incl. pie


flota, leasing flota por 36
meses, costos
operacionales flota)

Simulaciones de Carguo y Transporte


Resultados VAC ACTUAL

INVESTMENT
Fleet Downpayment (15%)
Leasing (85% fleet price)
Operating Cost
Total
Contingencies 10%
Gran total

Year 0
466,500

466,500
46,650
513,150

SANDVIK LH410 & MERCEDES BENZ Actros 4143


Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
943,164
19,234,795
20,177,959
2,017,796
22,195,755

VAC 42,500,284 EUR

INVESTMENT
Fleet Downpayment (15%)
Leasing (85% fleet price)
Operating Cost
Total
Contingencies 10%
Gran total

Year 0
382,000

382,000
38,200
420,200

943,164
19,234,795
20,177,959
2,017,796
22,195,755
DR = 10%

943,164
19,234,795
20,177,959
2,017,796
22,195,755

19,234,795
19,234,795
1,923,480
21,158,275

VAC 41,409,491 EUR

772,323
18,866,727
19,639,050
1,963,905
21,602,955
DR = 10%

19,234,795
19,234,795
1,923,480
21,158,275

10

VOLVO L120F & MERCEDES BENZ Actros 4143


Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
772,323
18,866,727
19,639,050
1,963,905
21,602,955

Year 5

772,323
18,866,727
19,639,050
1,963,905
21,602,955

18,866,727
18,866,727
1,886,673
20,753,400

Year 5

18,866,727
18,866,727
1,886,673
20,753,400

10

Costos operacionales y figuras VAC son solo estimaciones referenciales con el objeto de comparar alternativas de manejo materiales. Estas figuras estn sujeto a variacin.
Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

Simulaciones de Carguo y Transporte

VAC Total 5 aos (incl. pie


flota, leasing flota por 36
meses, costos
operacionales flota)

Resumen y Recomendaciones
ALTERNATIVAS DE CARGUIO Y TRANSPORTE
SANDVIK LH410 & SANDVIK TH550
SANDVIK LH517 & SANDVIK TH550
TH550
SANDVIK LH621 & SANDVIK TH550
TH660

ACTUAL

VAC
33,276,764
26,050,967
32,608,244

EUR
EUR
EUR

RANK
5
2
3

SANDVIK LH517 & SANDVIK TH660


SANDVIK LH621 & SANDVIK TH660

32,933,214
25,968,025

EUR
EUR

4
1

SANDVIK LH410 & MERCEDES BENZ Actros 4143


VOLVO L120F & MERCEDES BENZ Actros 4143

42,500,284
41,409,491

EUR
EUR

7
6

Resultado #1: Camiones TH660 cargados por LH621


Resultado #2: Camiones TH550 cargados por LH517
(26.0 MEUR vs. 26.1 MEUR)

Figuras VAC son solo estimaciones referenciales con el objeto de comparar alternativas de manejo materiales. Estas figuras estn sujeto a variacin.
Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

Simulaciones de Carguo y Transporte


Resumen y Recomendaciones

Se vea una enorme diferencia de ahorro entre la situacin actual y la propuesta de circa 16 MEUR en
5 aos (equivalente a aprox. 38% menor costo del sistema actual).

Tcnicamente las 2 mejoras alternativas son apropiados y recomendados por este trabajo, son
tecnologas hechas para las condiciones ms exigentes en la minera subterrnea. Las 2 flotas
funcionaran sin problemas en las condiciones requeridas:

Carpeta rodado normal


Secciones suficientemente amplio para transito normal
Gradiente normal
Algunas curvas con alta ngulo (ms que comn) pero no sera una problema, como demostrado en el
imagen con el TH550 solapando la curva exacta entregado por Zblin.

Al final, no hay mucha diferencia de ahorro entre la opcin TH550 y TH660. La decisin final sera
de preferencia e impresin.

Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining

Muchas gracias!
Greg Hughes

Mining Forum 19 - 22, 2013, Ica, Mastering Safety and Productivity in Underground Mining, Greg Hughes, Sandvik Mining