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Saint Dominic, Confessor. August 4. Rev. Alban Butler. 1866. Volume VI...

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Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73). Volume VIII: August.
The Lives of the Saints. 1866.

August 4
St. Dominic, Confessor
From the Chronicle of the Origin of this Order, compiled by B. Jordan of Saxony;
also from the five lives of this saint, all written by contemporary grave authors,
namely, F. Theodoric of Apolda, Constantine, bishop of Orvieto, Bartholomew,
bishop of Trent, F. Humbert, and Nicholas Trevet. See his life elegantly compiled
by F. Touron: likewise F. James Echard, the learned French Dominican, De Script.
Ord. S. Dominici, t. 1. Mamachi, &c.


A.D. 1221.

[Founder of the Friar Preachers.] ST. DOMINIC was born, in 1170, at Calaruega, anciently
called Calaroga, in Old Castille, in the diocess of Osma. He was of the illustrious house
of the Guzmans, which has been frequently ennobled by alliances with divers royal
families, and which still flourishes divided into several branches, of which some are
grandees of the first class, as the dukes of Medina-Sidonia, and of Medina de las Torres;
the Marquisses of Azdales, of Monte Alegre, &c., the Counts of Niebla, of Olivares, &c.
The Duke of Medina-Sidonia, who is chief of this noble house, is acknowledged patron
of the whole order of St. Dominic. This honourable pedigree of our saint has been
demonstrated by Echard, 1 Touron, 2 and Bremond, 3 from the archives of Bologna,
drawn up in the saint’s life-time, and from other undoubted monuments of the same age
in which he lived; though a Christian derives his true nobility from his spiritual
regeneration and grace, and it is the chief glory of the saints that they despised all
worldly advantages for Christ. St. Dominic’s father was called Felix of Guzman, and his
mother was Jane of Asa, which family continues still in a flourishing condition in Spain.
Their eldest son, Antony, was a priest, and devoted himself to the service of the poor in
an hospital, in which employment he died in the odour of sanctity. Mames, the second,
embraced our saint’s order, and followed him in his missions. Dominic was the third, and
had younger brothers. His mother, whilst she was with child of him, dreamed that she
brought forth a whelp which carried in its mouth a burning torch, with which it set the

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Saint Dominic, Confessor. August 4. Rev. Alban Butler. 1866. Volume VI...

whole world on fire. After his birth it was her first care to procure him speedily the grace
of baptism, in which sacrament he received the name of Dominic, in honour of a holy
abbot called Dominic of Silos. By her early instructions he was taught happily to turn the
first dawning of his reason towards his Creator. Such was his fervour in his childhood
that he accustomed himself to rise often in the night to pray, and, leaving his soft bed,
used to take his rest lying on the hard boards. His uncle by the mother, the holy archpriest
of Gumiel, was his first preceptor. He assisted with this uncle at all the divine offices;
and the rest of his time which his studies and other necessary duties left free, he devoted
entirely to private prayer, serious or pious reading, and charitable employments; spending
none of his moments in the usual amusements of youth, which yet may be sanctified by
moderation and a good intention, inasmuch as some exercise is necessary in that tender
age to maintain the vigour both of the body and mind.
The saint at fourteen years of age was sent to the public schools of Palentia, which were
soon after transferred to Salamanca, where the university, which is the most famous and
best provided in all Spain, was erected in the middle of the thirteenth century. Dominic
here laid in a solid stock of learning, and became a great proficient in rhetoric,
philosophy, and divinity. He was well versed in the knowledge of the holy scriptures and
fathers. Instructed by the oracle of the Holy Ghost that the spirit of the Lord rests only on
chaste souls, he watched with the utmost attention over his heart, and its avenues, which
are the senses; these he kept in constant subjection by austere mortification. Always
walking in the presence of God he made his conversation even with the virtuous very
short. Boards or the floor were the only bed on which he took his rest. The death of his
mother was a sensible affliction to him; but he improved it to a more perfect
disengagement of his heart from the world. From her example he had learned a tender
devotion to the holy Mother of God, and an extraordinary affection for the poor; to assist
whom, in a famine, he not only gave all his money and goods, but sold even his books
and his own writings and commentaries. This was in the twenty-first year of his age. So
heroic a charity touched the hearts of all the masters, scholars, and citizens; the latter
opened their granaries, and the former emptied their purses to supply the necessitous.
Thus Dominic, yet a scholar, became by his example a preacher to his masters. The
charity with which his heart was moved towards all who were in distress seemed to have
no bounds. A poor woman one day begged of him with many tears an alms to redeem her
brother, who was made a slave by the Moors. The saint’s heart seemed rent with
compassion, and having already given away all his money to others, he said to her: “I
have neither gold nor silver; but am able to work. Offer me to the Moor in exchange for
your brother. I am willing to be his slave.” The woman, astonished at such a proposal,
durst not accept it; but Dominic’s charity was not less before God. As soon as he had
finished his studies and taken his degrees, he explained the holy scriptures in the schools,
and preached the word of God to the people at Palentia with wonderful reputation and
success. Every one looked upon the man of God as an oracle, consulted him in all doubts,
whether of learning or of conscience, and acquiesced in his decisions.

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Volume VI. in the earnestness and deep affliction of his heart. being then twenty-eight years old. Prince Ferdinand. and attained to that purity of heart and perfect disengagement from creatures which made up the character of those great saints. St. and he was consumed with an ardent zeal for the salvation of infidels and sinners. chose the bishop of Osma to go ambassador into La Marche.Saint reformed his chapter. He in whose house they lodged at Toulouse was tainted with it. as he saw the loss of souls and the offences of God multiplied by the growth of heresy and impiety. He also assisted his prelate in the government and reformation of the whole diocess. introducing into it regular canons of St. He practised all the austerities of the ancient fathers of the desert.. Confessor. which was then filled with the abominations of the heresy of the Albigenses. king of Castille. to accept a canonry. who was a native of his diocess. believing that he heard the voice of God himself in that of his pastor.html Azebedo. to negotiate a match between the daughter of the earl of that country and his son. and received the habit of the regular canons. In their way they passed through Languedoc. pierced to the heart with compassion for the unhappy condition of his soul. the fire of divine love was daily more and more enkindled in his breast. Whilst he thus laboured to make his own soul pleasing to God. never ceasing to beg with the greatest ardour. Dominic. in which he was heard to sigh and groan before the Father of mercy. Austin. left Palentia.. Rev. They arrived at her father’s house 4 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . 3 of 23 http://www. 4 Blessed Jordan. Some take this La Marche for a province in the north of Germany or in Sweden. the titles and offices of dean and provost were changed into those of prior and subprior. in France. and invited St. who was familiarly acquainted with St. he spent often whole nights in the church at prayer. The treaty of marriage being concluded. than he began to shine as a bright star in the church of Osma. being made bishop of Osma in 1198. His bishop therefore ordered him to mix a little wine with the water which he drank. and made them the rule of his conduct. He still found means to redouble the macerations of his flesh. Alban Butler. that the holy canon had no sooner taken possession of his prebend. the grace to gain some of those unhappy souls to Christ. He read the conferences of Cassian. informs us. or the immediate head and superior of that body.bartleby. 3 Alphonsus IX. Since the reformation of the chapter. To move the divine mercy to regard them with pity. He studied to conceal from the eyes of men as much as possible the holy severity with which he treated his own body. and preached in it assiduously with incredible zeal and fruit during five years. Dominic. 1866. a zealous pastor. The bishop himself was prior and St. The bishop took Dominic with him. The disciple of Jesus Christ. Dominic. August 4. watering the steps of the altar with abundance of tears. but were sent back with a sumptuous equipage to conduct the princess thither. but its effects appeared sensibly in the decay of his strength. the ambassadors returned to Spain. others for the territory of that name in Limosin. in that one night made him a perfect convert. Dominic subprior.

5 These missionaries saw the dangers and difficulties that attended the undertaking. agreed to throw it into the fire. All present agreed to this where they gained several. only one officer who was present. The first conference of the missionaries with the heretics was held in a borough near Montpellier. The conversion of many most obstinate sinners may be regarded as the greatest of our saint’s miracles. and massacred the priests. Confessor. or to go to preach the gospel to the infidels in the north. in plundering the churches. leave either to stay at Languedoc. Their ministers and chiefs. and sacrilegiously converted the ornaments of the altars into women’s clothes. This writing he gave to the heretics to examine. The heretics. At Fanjaux. The holy bishop begged he might be allowed to resign his episcopal see in Spain. and twelve other abbots. by which conference a hundred and fifty persons were brought over to the truth. This his holiness would not consent to. the bishop and St. http://www. that if it burned. with proofs of each article from the New Testament. during which. Nevertheless. who were commissioned by the pope to oppose the reigning heresies. they ought to employ persuasion and example rather than terror: and that their preachers should imitate the poverty of Christ and the apostles. they would regard the doctrine which it contained as false. and went themselves to Rome. after much altercation about it. travelling on foot.bartleby. to labour among the Albigenses. Diego and Dominic proceeded thence to Carcassone and Montreal. pillaged the countries. abbot of Citeaux. but gave him leave to stay two years in Languedoc. The judges and ministers here proposed to cast the same writing of St. and afterwards publicly attested the miracle. and God was pleased to make his preaching the instrument of his grace to strike the rocks. they broke and profaned the sacred vessels. and sent away their horses and servants. but did not terrify them. each day several remarkable conversions were wrought. August 4. Volume VI. His holiness. They arrived at Montpellier towards the end of the year 1205. was converted by it. though the far greater number shut their ears against the Catholic faith. and to oppose a heresy which threatened the church with the utmost fury.html only to assist at the melancholy ceremony of her funeral. Bernard had not been able to move. a place then renowned for the sanctity of the monks that inhabited it. 1866. to open the uncircumcised ears. they sent back their equipage into Spain. Alban Butler.. Dominic into the fire. charmed with their zeal and virtue. without money. overran several other provinces in troops of four. five. though the evils seemed extreme. The apostolic men preached after this eight days at Beziers.. St. Dominic himself relate. or provisions. to ask of Pope Innocent III. saying. Being cast thrice into the flames it was not damaged by them. 6 Dominic undertook to stem the torrent by his feeble voice. The abbots readily came into the proposal. King Philip Augustus cut in pieces ten thousand of these banditti in the province of Berri. Dominic were met by Arnold. Peter of Vaux-Sernay 7 assures us he heard St. and to soften the hardened hearts of many which even the thunder of a St. In their return they made a visit of devotion to Citeaux. exhorted them rather to choose the neighbouring harvest. where they met several Cistercian abbots. Dominic drew up in writing a short exposition of the Catholic faith. or eight thousand men. This. flaying some alive and scourging others to death. 4 of 23 5 12/8/2016 8:04 PM .Saint Dominic. Being desirous to devote themselves to labour for the conversion of souls deprived of the light of faith. The archbishop and Dominic proposed that to labour with success. and another great disputation was there held with the heretics before arbitrators. equipage. and lasted eight days. The prodigious growth of impiety in that country. At this last place they disputed during fifteen days with the four chiefs of the Albigensian sect. they having penetrated into the very centre of his kingdom. and a great fire being made in the middle of the company. Rev. not content to fill their own country with terror and desolation. or to lay down their life in such a cause. but they were persuaded they should be abundantly recompensed for all they could suffer if they should be so happy as to become instrumental in rescuing one soul from the slavery of sin. and the obstinacy of the disease moved them to compassion.

com/210/8/041. Austin. “and would have begged as a favour that my blood might have been let out drop by drop. he appointed St. The heretics themselves had a great opinion of his sanctity. At another time the heretics posted two assassins to murder the saint. and the holy Bishop of Osma to his diocess. Volume VI. 1208. Some date from this time. Bernard Guidonis. expressly assure us that this miracle at Fanjaux must not be confounded with the like which had been wrought before at Montreal. who was unknown to the saint. but improperly. In 1207 a great conference was opened between the Catholic preachers and the heretics. which to this day. His countess and one of his sisters followed the Waldenses. on the 15th of January. Dominic’s life. Dominic. to prolong my torments. for he always walked barefoot. confirmed the same in 1207. being desirous to glorify God by shedding his blood in his cause if called to such a happiness.bartleby. from that black attempt. offered himself one day to be his guide. but he escaped their hands. in the palace of Raymund Roger. and Theodoric of Apolda. so moved the heretic that he became a Catholic. To cut off the source of this fatal disorder. adding certain particular constitutions. The murder of the pope’s legate. retains the name of Al siccari. and by the ancient writers of St. who had been a warm abettor of the sect of the Albigenses. so that the saint’s feet were much wounded. being assisted by the liberality of several bishops. Confessor. This monastery is regarded to this day as the chief or mother-house of all the nuns of this Order. and made use of no other arms to repulse injuries than those of meekness and patience. 8 The fruit of this public miracle was the conversion of great numbers of heretics of both sexes. This miracle is recorded by Jordan. 5 of 23 St. Rev. to whom Pope Innocent III. The saint. Alban Butler. and the joy with which he comforted his treacherous guide when he saw him in confusion. the two years allowed him by the pope being almost expired. near Fanjaux. in which charge. but led him through rough ways over stones and briers. set all Christendom in a flame. who was assassinated by a servant of the Count of Toulouse and another ruffian. and as often taken out without receiving any damage. A certain heretic. This house became a sanctuary to many ladies. August 4. and other outrages committed by the heretics. Dominic his successor. He never complained of any affronts or evils which he received. and my limbs lopt off one by one. and he studied only to procure all the good in his power to those who hated and persecuted him. who desired to find a secure retreat from the corruption of the world. Peter of Castelnau or Chateauneuf. established wholesome regulations to be observed by the zealous preachers who laboured with him. Dominic had no share in those transactions. count of Foix. who treated both parties in their turns at his table. He died soon after his arrival at Osma. at a place between Prouille and Fanjaux. and called him one of the predestinate. St. Dominic saw with grief that many children of Catholic parents. This latter was performed in the castle of Raymund Durfort. his other sister adhered to the Albigenses. and F. and gave this castle to his Order. The issue of this disputation was the conversion of a great number of heretics of distinction. which he put under the rule of St.. vested with this authority. the institution of his Order. a man of learning. After this conference the Cistercians returned to their monasteries. at his departure. or fell into the hands of those who corrupted their morals or their faith. for want of the means of procuring a proper education. The meekness with which Dominic received the affront. and of him who had been appointed judge or arbitrator. whose posterity built in it a chapel in honour of St. Afterwards some of that party asked the saint what he would have done if he had met them: “I would have thanked God. were neglected in their youth. Humbert.Saint Dominic. which were approved by Gregory IX. 6 He had been almost two years superior of the mission in Languedoc. calling his blood the subject of his triumph. in 1206.” said he. courageously encountered every danger wherever the good of souls called him.html it was again thrice thrown into it.. he founded the numerous nunnery of our Lady of Prouille. 1866. and a nursery of religion and piety for those who were afterwards to encounter its dangers. http://www. and an army was set on foot to extirpate the authors of these violences. and enhance 7 12/8/2016 8:04 PM .

yet St. The Count of Montfort was so taken with his sanctity. To his incredible labours he added the austerities of penance. and persisted obstinate. and in a sally on the 12th of September. and he laboured among them with no less diligence than he had done among the Albigenses. and spending with his companion a great part of the night in prayer. he was attacked by an army of above a hundred thousand. the saint assuring the judges that he would die in the Catholic faith. 12 The same was his practice on other like 6 of 23 8 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . he became a zealous Catholic. that by his credit and entreaties. tears. This prediction was the only share which the original historians mention St. When the army of the crusade approached. that he was consumed with a burning desire to sacrifice for them his liberty. Dominic assured him God would grant him a glorious victory. St. and prayer his shield and strength. The Count of Montfort threw himself into Muret. a small fortress. seemed to raise his courage. that he might serve God. and saved many. had not God furnished the poor man with a provision otherwise. how much soever their rage was exasperated. fasting. whatever certain moderns with Baillet may affirm.html my crown. health. At a time when he had with him only twelve hundred men. and the greatest difficulties. But God was his protector. Dominic to have had in this war. that he thought he could never give him sufficient marks of his affection and esteem. in his fasts. moved his compassion and zeal. that in quality of inquisitor he delivered those among the Albigenses that were taken. was often so much abandoned as to be scarcely able to assemble a thousand. he even courageously met a band of ruffians near Carcassone. as the learned fathers Echard 10 and Touron 11 have shown. he was indefatigable in his apostolic functions. and to give new vigour to his heroic soul. which he took lying on a board. The continuators of Bollandus pretend. that the troops of which it was composed returned home as they pleased. 1213. was moved with so tender a compassion for a soul upon the brink of perishing. August 4. Volume VI. When he went among the crusards. especially during all lent. and made a happy end in the holy Order of our saint.” with which answer his enemies were exceedingly affected. and prayer. and he would have done it. some say two hundred thousand. says B. The authors of his life mention. infected with the heresy of the Albigenses.bartleby. which he found in many who had joined that army merely for the sake of plunder. 9 A poor man. after having served forty days. but declared he could not abandon those upon whom he depended for his daily subsistence. patience. Dominic never appears to have any way concurred to the execution of any of those unhappy persons who then suffered. that he offered to sell himself for a slave to procure this man means for his subsistence. He often allowed himself. confessed the abominations of that sect. watching. he reserved only a short time for rest. So ardent was his zeal for the salvation of souls. some years after. which was verified when. St. Regardless of dangers. 1866. who were still reeking with the blood of a Cistercian abbot and monk whom they had barbarously slain. Rev. http://www. within the fortress. vices. and life. St. Alban Butler. But the original historians mention no other arms to have been used by him against the heretics than those of instruction. no other nourishment than bread and water. the saint redoubled his earnestness among an obstinate people. as some moderns have pretended. he never discontinued his missions or preaching among the Albigenses. to the secular judges. penance. routed and dispersed this great army. at his prayers. Confessor. He often boldly exposed himself to the most cruel torments and death among them. During the great battle of Muret. Inured to continual labours.Saint Dominic. Jordan and Theodoric. and the general who sometimes saw two hundred thousand men under his banner. but in the church.. Dominic was not in the field.. that they might put them to death. Dominic hearing him make this answer. which left the king of Arragon and sixteen thousand men dead in the But this is mere conjecture founded on mistake. he saved the life of a young man who was going to the place where he was to be burnt. the disorders. and ignorance of the mysteries of faith and duties of a Christian life. far from abating. The condition of this disjointed army was such. by his incredible valour and address.

whom we acknowledge the cause of all hers and our happiness. and by dedicating part of their time to works of mercy. and through it ask his graces and blessings for ourselves and others. after having founded his nunnery of Prouille. for each mystery whereof we praise God. and to those who are most learned. that when St. though addressed to the Virgin Mary. contain much more the praises of her Divine Son.bartleby. Some persons of this third Order live in monasteries. 1866.html occasions. This spirit is founded on a sincere contempt of the world. with a supplication for succour in all spiritual and corporal necessities. others live in their own houses. Dominic afterwards established the same method of devotion at Bologna and in other places. and others relate. The divine and most excellent prayer which our Redeemer. Rev. and comprises the exercise of all the sublime virtues. saw him ravished in an ecstacy. Stephen of Sasenhac. Volume VI. and to move hers and her Divine Son’s compassion. and endeavour to sanctify their work and the duties of a civil life by certain exercises of regularity and devotion. These prayers are so disposed in the Rosary. consisting of the recital of fifteen Our Fathers and a hundred and fifty Hail Marys. and waited till the saint. and these praises are expressed in words of which the Holy Ghost himself was the author. the great object of the continual devotion and meditation of Christians. which he was frequently apt to do. raised several cubits above the ground. the abbot sent a clerk to seek for him. divine love. and a perfect disinterestedness. and of his holy Mother. and are properly nuns. contains the petitions of all those things we are to ask or hope for of God. coming to himself. and a great source of the overflowings of vice and heresy. who find in it an inexhausted fund of the highest acts of faith. praise. 10 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . Dominic had spent ten years in preaching in Languedoc. in honour of the fifteen principal mysteries of the life and sufferings of our Blessed Saviour. by which we pay to him the rational homage of our affections. 13 as to comprise an abstract of the history of our blessed Redeemer’s holy life and sufferings. But he earnestly desired to revive an apostolic spirit in the ministers of the altar. and thanksgiving. http://www. which they always repeat with fresh ardour. Theodoric. gently fell to the ground. 7 of 23 St. The ignorance of many. and of mercy is also implored in our behalf both at present and for the tremendous moment of our departure hence. Vincent’s one day desired his company at dinner. which. before he durst approach him. who promises to grant all that we request in his name. instituted the celebrated devotion of the Alban Butler. during his apostolical labours in Languedoc. with regard to these most sacred mysteries. At the hour of dinner. and without motion. He had till then worn the habit of a regular canon of St. in 1215. 14 St. The earnest intercession of this Mother of God. Confessor. that he quite forgot the necessities of the body. Austin. In the Angelical Salutation are comprised our praises and thanks to God for the great mysteries of the incarnation and of our redemption. moved the zealous and apostolic servant of God to teach the people to honour them by an easy method equally adapted to persons of the weakest understanding. He contemplated him a considerable time in that posture. the abbot of St. and the blasphemies of others among the Albigenses. The messenger knew the church to be the place where he was generally to be found. we acknowledge our own deep sense of our miseries. Dominic. which we display before the eyes of heaven under the extensive and most expressive humbling title of sinners.. established an institute afterwards called his third Order.Saint Dominic. or the most advanced in the exercises of sublime contemplation. has drawn up as the form of our supplications. the want of which in many was a subject of great scandal to the people. the saint continued at his devotions in the church so long. in which the strictest regularity is observed. the plan of which he had meditated some time before. and going thither. St. but no extraordinary austerities are prescribed. he founded his religious Order of Preaching Friars. hope.. After sermon. when. and followed that rule. 9 The saint. August 4. especially in serving the poor in hospitals and prisons. the source of all our good. Dominic was employed on his mission at Castres.

and heresies that then reigned in several provinces. With this view he established an Order of religious men. Dominic stept in. bidding the founder draw up the constitutions. Volume VI. wherefore he conceived a design of raising others that might be stronger. and riches. Nevertheless. The fences by which this spirit had been formerly maintained in the clergy. and the recommendation of his bishop. though their houses are not forbidden. Be that as it will. unless. and communicated it to the bishops of Languedoc and Provence. there can be no room for the Holy Ghost. they abstain from it for some time.. and pressed him to hasten the execution. lasted only three weeks. should join a close application of sacred studies. who was their perfect model. upon some reasonable account. with the strictest retirement and assiduous exercises of contemplation. disorders. who was called to assist at the fourth general council of Lateran. 1866. that he at first made some difficulty to approve his Order. Confessor. to enforce the obligation of preaching. The twenty-first is the famous canon which enjoins. though very numerous and splendid. But the same authors add. on account of the reputation of his sanctity. and the fire of divine charity. and Vincent of Beauvois say. He prescribed austere fasts. Every one judged him worthy to be the father of preachers. to enjoy in common small rents in money. ordaining that his friars should receive their coarse subsistence from the alms of the faithful. which. This was the first convent of the Order. which consisted of four hundred and twelve bishops. and lay them before him. who were laymen and merely contemplatives. and that it was better to reform those that were already established. who all applauded the project. Rev.bartleby. 8 of 23 St. that the night following. received the saint with great demonstrations of kindness. gave some houses he was possessed of in Toulouse. the bishop of Toulouse. or a relish for its vanity. Dominic for a long time recommended his design to God by fervent prayer. framed several canons for the reformation of manners. keeps possession of a heart. in which they formed themselves into a regular community. To establish it the founder was obliged to go to Rome. Sixteen of his fellow-missionaries came readily into his project. were then by custom easily broken through by many without scruple. B. who had then governed the church eighteen years.Saint Dominic. The thirteenth prohibits the erecting of any new religious Order. August 4. and the necessity of choosing for pastors men who are powerful in words and works. but who. whose spirit and example might be a means more easily to spread the light of faith. shall confess all their sins at least once a year to their own proper priest. whither he accompanied Fulco. and supported it with his shoulders. that all the faithful who are arrived to years of discretion. under the protection of the bishop. not like the ancient monks of the desert. The council. like the Franciscans. and to assist the pastors in healing the wounds which the church had received by the inundation of heresy and vice. and shall receive the eucharist at least every Easter. The principal aim of the saint by this institution was to multiply in the church zealous upon late complaints that too great a multiplication of Orders would bring confusion. Theodoric the bishop of Orvieto. having condemned the errors of the Albigenses and other heretics. Alban Butler. and Peter Cellani. a neglect of which was the source of the ignorance. though the saint’s design was most agreeable to his Holiness. Pope Innocent III. and that St. delights. perpetual abstinence from flesh.) and the most severe poverty. who will instruct and edify their flocks both by example and preaching. 11 The saint was present at the fourth council of Lateran. and taken into consideration a new crusade for the recovery of the Holy Land. and all the functions of a pastoral life. http://www.html for so long as the love of the world. the pope dreamed he saw the Lateran church in danger of falling. He had himself drawn up a decree which he inserted in the tenth chapter of the council. especially that of preaching. that the pope approved the new Order by word of mouth. (which the reformed monasteries of this Order still observe. Humbert assure us. which had been lately conquered by the infidels a second time. and 12 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . with the advice of their proper priest. Jordan and F. one of this number..

in the mean time. seven Spaniards. priors.bartleby. Confessor. Austin. and St. 1216. Dominic and his preaching friars drew many learned doctors and other eminent men into this new Order. The extraordinary reputation of St. Pope Honorius obliged St. of whom eight were Frenchmen. which he strongly recommended to his religious. His holiness hereupon created the office of Master of the Sacred Palace. Dominic arrived at Toulouse the beginning of the following year. which commission he executed with incredible applause and success. Chrysostom what an inexhausted treasure of piety and spiritual knowledge a Christian preacher will draw from assiduous meditation on the inspired writings of this apostle. Pope Innocent III. Thomas. a great admirer of our saint’s virtue. on the feast of the Assumption of our Lady. which are much commended by several writers of that age. his discourse was usually only on God. and the saint 9 of 23 13 12/8/2016 8:04 PM .html near eight hundred abbots. whether public or private. and nominates the pope’s preachers. He exhorted them strenuously to promote the study of literature in his Order. with a convent for his Order in that city. and always seasoned with so much unction and prudence that worldlings never thought it importunate. but was encouraged by a vision recorded by Theodoric. Romanus. and a rigorous fast from the feast of the Exaltation of the Cross to Easter. If he be absent from court. Rev. and. After this discourse. and courageously to carry on the war in which they were engaged against the world and the powers of hell. assists at all consistories. and therefore a domestic master of the sacred studies in his palace would be of great advantage. When. He found access to his Holiness difficult for some time. This change retarded St. and spent some time in forming his religious brethren in the practice of the most perfect maxims of an interior life. famous for his great actions. When not employed in public functions or necessary duties. he has a right to substitute another in his place. confirmed his Order and its constitutions by two bulls. He had learned from St. Dominic to take upon himself that charge. by which they were to stand invincible under afflictions and persecutions. he made choice of the rule of the canons of the great St. He detained the saint several months in Rome to preach in that city. He added excellent instructions on humility. 1216. was chosen in his place. The bishop of Fermo in Italy. a perfect distrust in themselves. broke up about the end of November. who was himself an eminent preacher. Paul. he finished his first convent at Toulouse. appointing F. he dismissed some of his religious to Spain and Portugal. and deputies of absent prelates. Alban Butler. After mature consultation with his sixteen colleagues. both dated on the 26th of December. who by his place is the pope’s domestic theologian. which has been ever since committed to one of his Order. He added certain particular constitutions. having filled the pontifical chair from January. or in St. approves all theses and books. the most necessary qualification in preachers of the divine word. 1198. and to remember they were the successors of the apostles in establishing every where the kingdom of Christ. in the same year. and copied by Fleury. The saint at Rome dictated comments on the epistles of St. to which the bishop gave the church of St. August 4. though they are now lost. and one Englishman.Saint Dominic. and some to Paris. also gave him at the same time the church of St. He put the pope in mind that several persons who attended his court could not seek instructions abroad. 1215. Dominic arrived at Rome with a copy of his rules in September. he conversed with others. confers the degree of doctor at court. 1866. Dominic’s second journey to Rome.. he was always to be found in the church. and borrowed from the Order of Premontré the rule of observing perpetual abstinence from flesh. http://www. died on the 16th of July. Volume VI. out of necessity. Matthew superior among these latter. Honorius III. to attend in the first place to the sanctification of their own souls. and pious persons sought his conversation with extreme eagerness. and an entire confidence in God alone. and sending with him his own brother Manez de Guzman.. and for several learned and pious books which he composed. and he carried always a copy of that sacred book in his pocket. With the consent of his Holiness he returned to Toulouse in May. 15 Pope Honorius III.

with such force of reasoning. whole and sound. Dominic. The pope would have published this miracle in the pulpit. raised a third man to life in this monastery of St. and protectors of the nuns ran thither. coming one day home from hearing his sermon. In her grief she took him in her arms out of the cradle. Dominic went again to Rome in 1217. and exhorted the nuns to a compliance. Volume VI. and after saying a fervent prayer. &c. St. which could never be recalled. the procurator of his convent. Mary. to compass it.html settled convents at Lyons. Honorius III. but the devil was not so easily to be triumphed over. and which Innocent III. yet some nunneries in Flanders plead an exemption upon pretence of ancient prescription. that their house was too ancient and noble.. their conduct too virtuous and irreproachable. and though. 16 that a certain gentlewoman named Gutadona. Confessor. committed the management of this reformation to St. The many illustrious miracles by which God honoured his ministry in that city. except one. and preached in St. and almost without regularity. and confusion of the saint prevented him. Peter’s church with such eloquence and zeal as drew on him the attention and admiration of the whole city. laid him at the feet of the saint. which was built and then ready to receive them.. but her sorrow spoke without words. entreaties. beyond the Tiber. procured him the name of the Thaumaturgus of that age. This was the young Lord Napoleon. The abbess first of all. for. Sixtus’s. Dominic. their privileges of too old a standing to be struck at. and recovered in a moment a state of perfect health which he long enjoyed. but the tears. Theodoric relates. in the presence of a great multitude of honourable persons. since that council. 18 F. friends. call it an essential law. strict perpetual enclosure was not always a necessary part of that state. with all his address and authority. that he had the account of this miracle from the mouth of the person who had been thus miraculously delivered from the gates of death. and carrying him to St. seeing all other methods miscarry. Among others. and many others. and some other canonists. Humbert. had made several attempts to assemble all such nuns then in Rome into one enclosed house. and 15 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . Sixtus. the saint. Dominic likewise raised. made the sign of the cross on the child. Montpellier. in order to facilitate the success of the commission. a mason who had been crushed to death by the fall of a vault in building the convent of St. Sabina. was the principal and most obstinate of those that were to be thus reformed. and the pope desiring that his Order should have a house in that city. August 4. St. offered to leave to these nuns his own monastery of St. 20 John Longinus. Dominic.Saint Dominic. 17 14 St. that they would repent at leisure of so hasty a step. Bonacina. and of which he made a very good use. then all the nuns. Bayonne. some dispersed in small monasteries. No sooner were the commissaries gone but the parents. Rev. and whilst a convent was building there. Pope Innocent III. The fact is related by Theodoric of Apolda. and Stephen of Fossa Nuova. and his holiness appointed Hugolin dean of the sacred college. Echard. She said nothing. Sixtus. Nicholas bishop of Tusculum. gave him the church of St. that the truth was victorious in his mouth. The saint repaired thither with the three cardinals. and happened on the following occasion:—Several nuns lived in Rome without keeping enclosure. http://www. before the council of Trent.. 19 a third very ancient historian quoted by F. Sixtus. 22 to which the pope willingly agreed. by order of his Holiness. 21 Malvenda. and so much charity in his heart. The monastery of St. others in the houses of their parents or friends. but had not been able. 10 of 23 St. and restored him to life. 1866. in order to remove several difficulties. read lectures of theology both in the palace and in the city. He restored to health a religious man. The saint desired that three cardinals should be nominated commissaries with him. The servant of God was moved to compassion. cardinal priest of the twelve apostles. and buzzed it in their ears. besides many other miracles. and he undertook to build for his friars a new convent at St. whilst the brethren were reciting by his bed-side the prayers appointed for one in the agony. had formerly offered them.bartleby. entered into a voluntary engagement to obey. Alban Butler. The bishop of Ovieto assures us. found her little child dead.

had vouchsafed to renew the wonders which he had wrought in the establishment of his church. he disposed the bruised limbs in their proper places. who sat by his side. to which they had never engaged themselves. and standing by the body. bishop of Cracow. treating of the rights. Volume VI. his exhortation was so strong and affecting.” 23 That instant. After some days he went again to St. lifting up his hands to heaven. who. and while he elevated the body of Christ in his pure hands. the Dominican friars. Such discourses were too flattering not to please persons to whom their present independence seemed too dear and valuable a right to be given up. by the power of and the pope.. in their unhappy days. and give them his own rule. and suspended in the air. and made the sign of the cross over the corpse. and then betook himself to prayer. and under which they would never have embraced that manner of life. the nuns of St. 11 of 23 16 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . to take possession of it. 1866. the abbess. and a great concourse of people went to the church.. He entreated St. and were determined never to comply. shed a flood of tears. and chancellor of Poland. Dominic. August 4. the whole community changed their former resolution. to which he agreed. recommending the matter to God. in celebrating the divine mysteries. Mary were settled in that of St. The Dominican friars having taken possession of the church and convent of Saint Sabina. Accordingly. and are seldom expedient in duties which must be voluntary. the young man arose sound and whole. Sixtus. Dominic gave them some days to reflect. Mary’s. They moreover begged that the saint himself would be their director. Yvo. was thrown from his horse. with their attendants. St. Sixtus before the first Sunday in Lent. was at Rome when Napoleon was raised to life. Rev. in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. was himself in an ecstacy lifted up a whole cubit from the ground. I say to thee. The saint endeavoured at first to alleviate his grief. tearing his hair. and administration of the new community. Cardinal Stephen’s nephew. the abbess and some of her nuns went to their new monastery of St. he himself being. he shut up the avenues of the cloister. Whilst things were making ready for their removal.Saint Dominic. there came in a person. Dominic to give the habit of his order to his two nephews. who might any more endeavour to stagger their resolution. the blessed man went to the corpse. at the same time raised from the ground. particularly the sacred college. mildly reproaching them for their reluctancy. together with his rule. to prevent their friends having access. in the mean time he fasted and prayed. The sacrifice being ended. with her nuns. and his silence was more expressive of his sorrow than any words could have been. 24 and an eye-witness to that stupendous miracle. he rose up. when. the cardinals. arise.bartleby. When he had prepared himself. receiving a new habit from the hands of St. and making great lamentation. which never gain the heart. and after he had offered the holy sacrifice. crying out that the Lord Napoleon. and bid brother Tancred make an altar ready that he might say mass. http://www. said mass there. that. Dominic and the three cardinals above mentioned. gave solemn thanks to the Almighty. Dominic. cried out with a loud voice: “Napoleon. and at the same time. Not only all present. to implore the mercy of God. in the sight and to the amazement of all who were present. Confessor. then ordered the body of Napoleon to be brought into the house. and killed by the fall. After some time. on a sudden. and prevented the pope from having recourse to violent measures. but the whole city. Alban Butler. being followed by all the company. At this news the afflicted uncle fell speechless with his head upon the breast of St. then. at the end of it. The saint. and to serve him with your whole hearts?” He tempered his discourse with that natural sweetness which it was hard for any one to resist. in the sight of the whole multitude. On Ash Wednesday in 1218. saying: “Can you then repent of a promise you have made to God? can you refuse to give yourselves up to him without reserve. They were in the chapter house with St. the abbess and all her nuns confirmed to him by vow their readiness to comply in all things with his holiness’s inclinations. SS.html that no authority could oblige them to rules of that sort. revenues. made a second discourse to the nuns.

under the name of Gregory IX. August 4. doctors. that whilst he staid there he usually preached every day. he cheerfully called it a part of his penance. and from thence went to Paris. even on the road. and the strictest obligation of a state in which the preliminary condition is.. The saint sent certain religious brethren to Bologna in 1217. were no motive with him to abate his continual fasts and other austerities. the curate of Saint Nicholas. and Bergamo.. the holy man was most scrupulous that no pretence should weaken this 19 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . and more rigorous abstinence. there held a chapter of all the superiors in his order.. bestowed his church on the saint. and other places. and to two others of his domestics. 1866. at the foot of the altars. amidst riches. After this he left Paris. St. and when. by walking barefoot in the roughest roads. in the house of Cardinal Hugolin. At Bologna. and disengagement from its toys. on the contrary. 25 which city he made from that time his ordinary residence to the end of his life. one patriarch of Antioch. He embraced with joy the occasions of suffering which were continual in his ministry. Lewis. but gained souls to God by his sermons and instructions. king of Scotland.. 1219. Dominic thirty-three bishops. through Languedoc. at Viterbo. The people at Bologna attended his sermons with such insatiable avidity. and he and several archdeacons. though Baillet pretends. their common friend. which has continued ever since one of the most flourishing monasteries in the world. arrived at Bologna about the end of summer in 1219. chose out of the order of St. and having founded convents on his road at Avignon. as Touron shows. at Whitsuntide the same year. into Spain. In 1220 he waited on Pope Honorius III. Though he was superior. the mother of St. Volume VI. being sensible how easily a secret glue sticks to the affections. Alexander II. and eminent professors. to serve as a cloak to cover their sensuality and remissness. from which the Dominican friars are usually called in France Jacobins. 18 The incredible fatigues which this apostolic life cost the servant of He was much taken with the discourse and sanctity of the holy founder. and met St. and therefore allowed it no condescension but what necessity made indispensable. that he had been there before.. The saint settled in good order his great convent. and another at Madrid. being come to pay a visit to Queen Blanche. he was a sincere lover of holy poverty. In 1220 Honorius III. his feet were bruised or sore. A perfect spirit of disinterestedness being essential to virtue. Francis at Rome. he was distinguished in nothing from the lowest among his brethren. dead to the world. though he sometimes made excursions to Rome. who afterwards succeeding Honorius III. Rev. The greatest part of the night he often spent in churches. Asti. Jacques. vanity and abundance. The saint. Confessor. as Hector Boëtus and Bishop Lesley inform us. entered themselves in his order. Alban Butler. To nourish in his heart a perfect contempt of the world.bartleby. and often several times the same day. burned with a holy zeal to make his body a perpetual victim of penance. that the heart be. and obtained of him a promise that he would send some of his religious brethren into Scotland. which was founded in the street of St. 12 of 23 In 1218 he took a journey from Rome. 17 Wherever the saint travelled. without grounds. He did not stay many weeks in that capital. animated with the most ardent charity. with the bishop’s consent. so different is the spirit of fervour with which the saints are animated. in the most perfect manner. and the saint returning to Bologna. from the sloth of those Christians who seek every shadow of pretence for dispensing themselves even from fasts of precept. This seems by all the ancient histories of his life to have been the first visit he made to that city. http://www. He returned to Toulouse in April. there to lay the foundation of a convent. and always with that incredible success which can only be the fruit of continual prayer. he frequently preached. Dominic had till then taken no other title but that of superior.html Hyacinth and Ceslas. and eight legates. Florence. and received into his order many persons of eminence. happened to be then at Paris.Saint Dominic. but by his more profound humility. and founded a famous convent at Segovia. commanded him to be styled general.

hoping that the prelate’s authority might overcome the saint’s reluctance. relates. and sublime grace of prayer. his great enterprises. Much more was he an enemy to sordid presents. When a rich man of Bologna by a public deed which he had procured secretly to be ratified by the bishop.Saint Dominic. had settled his estate on his convent of St. speaking of the goodness of God. and begged of God that the entrance of such a sinner might not draw down his vengeance on the people. Humility gave his prayer its force and efficacy. Nevertheless. as much as possible. Volume VI. the success of his labours. That minister of the altar debases the dignity of the sacred character with which he is invested. without first imploring on his knees the intercession of the Mother of God. his modesty and sincere humility appeared in all his words. to be sullied by the least mixture or deliberate thought of any thing else. “Why then. and if he lay under a necessity of giving an account of his actions. He who serves the altar is entitled to live by it. forgetting only the share which he had in what was properly his own work. who suffers any view of temporal interest to steal into his heart. By these virtues and happy dispositions. he was fitted for an admirable purity of heart. St. as F. To prevent. and the graces which he received from God. he sometimes communicated certain secret sentiments of his heart to some intimate friends who were great servants of God. and in promoting the spiritual advancement of others. notwithstanding the entreaties of many. the victory over his passions seemed natural and easy. to show the excess of the divine mercy. whenever other duties or necessary functions allowed it. or secretly to have any share in his motives of action. Such a one is a hireling. and let us think on our Redeemer. a robbery of the poor. and the devotion and piety of the people. He never began to instruct any one. http://www. Before he came into any town he fell on the ground. or to do any other spiritual function. who was afterwards bishop of Alatri. or any thing else that could tend to his honour. To one so perfectly dead to himself and the world.” This he did that he might give a freer scope to his sighs and tears. which was deeply rooted in his soul. Ralph of Faënza. He never spoke of his birth. Alban Butler. that he had never asked any particular favour of the divine Goodness which he had not obtained. He strenuously refused to accept large or superfluous donations. He extolled the zeal and charity of the bishops and magistrates. In conversing with others it was his delight to speak only of God and heavenly things. 26 an eyewitness. any indirect ways of procuring them. publicly tore the deed in presence of the benefactor. 13 of 23 20 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . 1866. or ever move to the least impatience or complaint.. Thus. and the more easily to remove the passions and desires which they beget in the heart. and by covetousness loses the fruits of his labours. to which he devoted both his days and nights. and of the divine mysteries with the dispensation of which he is honoured. and desired as much as possible to bear the burdens of every one.. Dominic desired to cut off all superfluities in his Order. and. the holy founder was no sooner apprized of it than he renounced the donation for ever. and fears to impair the divine honour by suffering the purity of his intention in seeking only God in all that he does. the danger of such a snare. he said. as he was one day conversing with a devout prior of the Cistercian Order.bartleby. but a faithful minister is careful not to lose his eternal reward by seeking one that is temporal. or that importunity in asking which is a kind of extortion. when for superfluities. which nothing seemed able to disturb. to which we are chiefly to ascribe the high degree of sanctity to which he was raised. Prayer and holy meditation were his darling exercises. and the wonderful fruits of his zeal in converting so many hardened sinners. Rev. Confessor. and its visible fruit was a happy tranquillity and evenness of soul.” said the prior. Nicholas. he would have all that could be spared given immediately to the poor. August 4.html virtue. He took all possible precautions to prevent riches ever becoming the portion and the bane of his Order. and in travelling he often used to say to his companions: “Walk a little before. and allowed no one to be solicitous for the morrow. He behaved himself as the servant of all his brethren. It was his study to conceal his charities to the and.

Next morning. and he became a great ornament to this Order by his “than in that of charity. with forty-nine religious of this Order. In these warm sentiments of holy zeal he made the ministry of the divine word the chief end of his institute. Faënza. Greece. It was a maxim which he frequently inculcated to them. every one according to his capacity. was so much offended to find the convent of his friars in that city built in a stately manner. a man in the highest repute. He baptized among them a duke called Brut. assures us that he received this account from the aforesaid prior when he was bishop of Alatri. and much more by the sanctity of his life.” said he. and threw himself at the holy founder’s feet. in their great irruption into those countries.. the inhabitants of which country were most savage and barbarous. 28 Bishop Sadoc. Constantine. It was his earnest desire. and to travel over all the barbarous nations of the earth to announce to them the happy doctrine of eternal life.Saint Dominic. Palestine. and other countries. and Ireland. 1866. begging that he might be admitted to the habit. divided his Order into eight provinces. and are honoured on the 2d of June. Valachia. who established monasteries of this Order in Canterbury. that he would not lodge in it. self-denial. never to discontinue the office of preaching. which was mean and low. 27 The holy patriarch. and leaving the churches which he had there founded under the care of other labourers. bishop of Orvieto. Sweden. and went to the monastery of Saint Dominic. that they might preach to themselves in silence.” He taught his missionaries the art of preaching to the heart by animating them with an ardent zeal and charity. and sent some of his religious into Hungary. and visited those he had already founded. Francis of Assisium. We must either command them or be enslaved to them. Among these missionaries F. http://www.html “do not you ask that master Conrad may receive a call from God to enter himself in your Order?” This Conrad was a German. and Viterbo. London. Confessor.” Though mild. standing godfather. Brescia. some being beheaded. Alban Butler. Dominic spent that night in the church at prayer. in what book he had studied his sermon? “In no other. and Oxford. coming to Bologna in 1220. at the hour of prime. were butchered for the faith by these barbarians in a second irruption in 1260. Portugal. and not consistent with his idea of the austere poverty and penance which he professed by his rule. would have all his religious to be applied to it. Paul of Hungary founded in Lower Hungary the monasteries of Gever and Vesprim. with his vassals. and brother Gilbert with twelve others into England. begging this favour of God. To this great function he prepared his religious by long habits of virtue. and those who had particular talents for it. Dominic made frequent missionary excursions. 14 of 23 21 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . Sclavonia. in his second general chapter. converted great numbers of idolaters in Croatia. at Sendomir in Poland. He sent some of his religious into Morocco. Elizabeth. Rev. St. and one of the chief princes of the country named Bernborch. Norway. humility. St. where he staid some days to enjoy our saint’s conversation. dispersed in those parts. or burnt by the Tartars in 1242. This zealous apostle of so many nations suffered a glorious martyrdom with ninety religious friars of his Order. St. Conrad came into the church. Dominic never ceased to pray for the conversion of infidels and sinners. It is better to be the hammer than the anvil. especially of prayer. Volume VI. and Servia. and founded convents at Bergamo. Bosnia. he was inflexible in maintaining the severe discipline he had established in his Order. others shot with arrows. Andrew the king of Hungary and father of St. preached with like success in Cumania. stabbed with lances. doctor and professor in laws. to shed his blood for Christ. held at Bologna in 1221. Transylvania. August 4. if it had been God’s will. St. and in his inclinations most opposite to such a state. “That a man who governs his passions is master of the world. Being once asked after preaching. and obedience. except in certain intervals allotted to retirement. Moldavia. and in things indifferent full of condescension to all.

[back] Note 3. archbishop of Braga. order. twelve years after his death. and attested by eye-witnesses. A history of a great number of miracles performed by means of this saint. and sanctifies all our exercises and actions. Nevertheless. and in a moving discourse which he called his last testament. in 1233. http://www. Nor could he have converted Reinerius the heresiarch. Ord. he said to his friends there: “You now see me well in health. he promised never to forget them when he should be gone to God. whether we consider the structure. One of the greatest lights of his Order. t. but before the glorious assumption of the Virgin Mother I shall depart hence to the Lord. before the original authorities were produced. Seeing them weep about him. the Bollandists who. and without which our souls are dumb before him. This is a heavenly wine which fortifies our hearts with a joy altogether divine. Dominic had a foresight of his happy death long before it happened. Script.Saint Dominic. and of the church. fervour and watchfulness. which seems to have been the work of St. p. which from the beginning was judged mortal. Alban Butler. This tender and sincere spirit of piety is the spring of living water which communicates fertility to all our virtues. had called in question this circumstance. and the constant recollection of his soul in God: and this practice he recommended above all others to his disciples. Confessor. Setting out on a journey from Bologna for Milan. Volume VI. and translated to a more honourable place in the church. Peter the Martyr.” He returned to Bologna in the heats of summer. [back] 15 of 23 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . afterwards the famous preacher in the Order of St. in 1234. Vie de S. may be read in the Bollandists. Dominic was canonized by Gregory IX. but after matins was obliged to retire to his chamber. Cardinal Hugolin. and the inheritance which he left them. 1. 1866. After having received the last sacraments he continued in secret prayer till he calmly expired on the 6th of August. according to his custom. and beauty of the ornaments. are dry and barren. 29 His relics were taken up. in particular against the enemy of purity.. or the riches.. Bremond. August 4. without it. Bibl.html St. being fifty-one years old. Dominic in Italy. James Echard. and absolutely inconsistent with the narratives of his [back] Note 2.bartleby. if the source of devotion be dried up in your souls. Prædic. It is this that draws down upon us the heavenly dew that strengthens our hearts. facts not mentioned by any original writer. viz. who agree that he never left the diocess of Osma whilst he remained in that chapter. They have been since enclosed in a mausoleum. When he was grown very weak he assembled his religious brethren. and the church is one of the best finished. addresses himself to all pastors on this subject as follows: 30 “Woe to you. During his sickness he continued always cheerful in his countenance. performed his funeral obsequies. and was seized with a burning fever. which is one of the finest monuments in Italy. 22 The characteristical virtue of this saint was an eminent spirit of prayer. though he did not lie down on a bed. &c. Domin. which. in his dissertations entitled Epistolæ ad quosdam viros eruditos. St. he desired to pass a great part of the night in the church at prayer. hastened to Bologna. Touron. It is also the tongue with which we speak to God. at the news of his death. his being taken by pirates. and again. 744. when he relates the saint’s missions into Galicia. and is the spiritual nourishment which enables us to labour with fruit in the vineyard of the Lord. with the greatest pomp and devotion. poverty. Baillet is evidently mistaken when he antedates these four years.” 23 Note 1. by an order of Gregory IX. [back] Note 4. Bartholomew de Martyribus. 1221. This is the balsam which heals our passions. and composed his epitaph. he exhorted them to constant humility. general of this Order.. ministers of the Lord. Rev. taste.

effected a union. but obliged them to reject several errors which they maintained. Nor was it long before they added heresy to their enthusiasm and disobedience. Peliedorfius. indulgences. condemned them in 1194. to show their bare feet. and that there is no necessity of confessing one’s sins: which points were contrary to their former doctrine. The clergy reproved them for this irregularity. On the Waldenses and Albigenses. tells us. Sylvester. in some things. though they were mere laymen. They rejected the canon of the mass. and veneration of images. by possessing temporalities. and pretended to imitate the manner of living of the apostles.html Note 5. who. in 1250. and that they ought to work with their hands as the apostles did.. and had no mission. that he gave all his goods to the poor. in 1530. in 1630. Alphonsus II. Farel and other Calvinistical as irregular. in his 16 of 23 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . The Waldenses or Vaudois subsisted in certain valleys of Piedmont. Concerning the eucharist. August 4. also all princes and judges. Several others joined him. that it is unlawful for the clergy to have estates or prebends. because they tolerate wars. to whom some of them applied for the approbation of their institute. Volume VI. even Easter-day. reject it.Saint Dominic. they haughtily gave out. They condemned all ecclesiastical judgments. Alban Butler. Rev. or relics. They likewise engaged them to maintain that the body of Christ is not in the eucharist. 1866. Confessor. pretending that it is never lawful to punish malefactors. see Bossuet. gives the same history of their original. and that it is better to confess to a good laic than to a bad priest. They taught that all the laics are as so many priests. and they were called “The poor men of Lyons. and seeing the pope. they affirmed that the church had failed ever since St. superstitious. cannot consecrate. in a conference. about the year 1160. Notwithstanding this union. or to put any man to death. they said that priests who are in mortal sin. and a Dominican friar. The Waldenses or Vaudois were so called from Peter Valdo. that it is never lawful to swear. They rejected the exorcisms. Pope Lucius III. that no rents or tithes ought to be paid to them. that all bishops are murderers. and for affecting superstitiously to wear a kind of sandals. cut on the top. by showing them that their temporal safety made it necessary. excommunicated them. fancying that the apostles went so shod. that among other errors. only reciting in the vulgar tongue the words of consecration. http://www. but could not bring it to any conclusion. Oecolampadius and the Sacramentarians of Switzerland entered into a treaty with them. most of the Vaudois adhered to their own principles till. and. and that a man ought rather to die than to take an oath. who from a minister of the Waldenses became a Catholic. Their sect being spread in Languedoc. till. all festivals. and that wicked ministers validly confer the sacraments. was so struck at the sudden death of one who suddenly fell down and expired as they were conversing together with some other merchants. convicted them of many errors in faith. they were compelled for protection to receive Calvinistical ministers. archbishop of Narbonne. king of Arragon. benedictions. a rich merchant of Lyons. and sureties in baptism. and that transubstantiation is not effected in the hands of him who consecrates unworthily. but that a good laic has power to remit sins.. and Barnard. They denied purgatory. and to acknowledge that a Christian might sometimes lawfully swear before a magistrate.” They soon after began to preach and teach the people in imitation of the apostles. and said that the washing of infants did not avail them. who wrote against the Waldenses one hundred years after Reinerius. and to confer the Holy Ghost by the imposition of hands. that it is a grievous sin for a man to cohabit with his wife when she is past child-bearing. in his treatise against the Waldenses. that the clergy condemned them because they envied their sanctity and morals. also the invocation of saints. but in the mouth of him who receives worthily. and ascribes to them the same errors. and rejected prayers for the dead. also that the ministers of the altar might possess temporal estates.bartleby. and the pope enjoined them silence. and nothing bequeathed to churches. Wanting humility to submit. they affirmed that absolution or any other sacrament is null if administered by a bad priest. crosses. and punish malefactors with death. Six years after this. Reinerius Sacho. even in a court of judicature and upon any necessity.

broke them down. sermons and other works. F. convicted Henry publicly of ignorance and imposture.. and the late History of Languedoc. attaching lewd women to his party. Lucius II. tenth. and. who went barefoot even in the middle of the winter. rejected the mass. Other heresies prevailed in these parts in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. 1086.. rejected the veneration of crosses. t. Fontenai. http://www. 12. Eugenius III. abbot of Cluni. and his body burnt for his riots at St. which ought to be given to kings or the commonwealth. he first gained attention by declaiming against the riches and manners of the clergy. and also. upon information that many seditious persons at Rome desired to see him there. Languedoc. then he openly discovered his heresies. Honorius II. and stirred up great disturbances. all which he caused to be contracted with the like shameful ceremonies. when. Hildebert. 73. wherever his rabble was strong enough. and afterwards boldly sowed his errors in Provence. 1866.. l. He had dogmatized in Lombardy and Switzerland. as is related in the History of the bishop of Mans... b. Volume VI. and condemned by the governor to be hanged and burnt. p. in 1126. Arnold of Bresia taught the same doctrine with these heretics concerning infant baptism and the sacraments. who wrote against them. a native of Dauphiné. that while he went to Rome to procure the pope’s leave to retire to Cluni. reduces them to five: viz. strangled. &c. Innocent II. de Fr. 11. and obliged him to leave his diocess. Peter Abaillard (Introd. Alban Butler. Under this last. Peter the Venerable. the English pope. Confessor.. under six succeeding popes. De Marca in the History of Bearn. The Petrobrusians took their name from Peter Bruys. and eleventh tomes of the Continuation of F. and made innumerable marriages among the people. obtained surreptitiously leave to preach penance in his diocess. to which he invited the poor. His disciple Henry. Regardless of the censures which the clergy fulminated against him. Cenoman. on which he boiled great pots of broth and meat. (which he did not obtain.) and other writers of that age give the same account of his heresies. Fleury. and return to his own country. and forbade the singing of the divine praises in churches. 191. and possessed themselves there of several castles. that the pope and bishops cannot hold any temporal estates. denied that alms and prayers avail the dead. condemned the use of churches and altars. he repaired thither. persuaded them that they obtained the pardon of all past sins by public immodesties in the church. propagated his errors. See Baronius and Spondan.. Celestine II. attempting to restore the senate. Longueval’s Church History of France. and made bonfires of the wood. tells us. and Adrian IV. Rev. a pretended hermit. Fanaticism often extinguishes all sense of modesty and decency..html History of the Variations. Anastasius IV. He went very sorrily clothed. The southern countries of France were also deeply infected with the poison of the Manichees. the zealous and pious bishop of Mans. though the writers of that age accuse him of covering most wicked actions and corrupt morals under a hypocritical garb. and being taken. though the clergy convicted him of having committed adultery on Whitsunday. Having a ready tongue. ad Theol. He was taken. was surprised to see the havoc which the wolf had made in his flock.Saint Dominic. he was obliged to fly to Otricoli in 1155.bartleby. which had been introduced from the East into Europe. 22. and ate and slept on some hill in the open air. When he had gained crowds of innumerable followers. famous for his elegant letters. 8. p.. Acta Epist. Henry. for a banquet. he continued his seditious discourses. and his ordinary retreats were the cottages of peasants. It penetrated into 17 of 23 12/8/2016 8:04 PM .—Hist. That he denied the validity of infant baptism. in the ninth. by railing against their superiors and the clergy. upon his return. but in a short time regained their confidence. Giles’s. n. August 4. an eloquent but illiterate man.) that hypocrite. l. was brought back to Rome. He was yet young when he commenced reformer: began by a most austere singular manner of life to gain a reputation among the populace and women. The followers of this heresiarch were called Publicans or Poplicans. beat them down. They became powerful in Gascony. de l’Egl. and Gascony.

or rather. not from Albe in the Vivarais. but only the books of the New Testament. in 1176. In the twelfth century. After which a solemn sentence was pronounced. he detects their fallacies. that contrition and confession sufficed for the pardon of sins without penances. and never swore. about Beziers and Castres. by the Bishop of Lodeve in the name of the council. They were composed of all the former sects. and the veneration of crosses and images. Their errors were confuted by Pontius. about the year 1270. Languedoc. who boasted of living continently. Luke. they declared. who appeared upon earth. wrote three books against the Albigenses. archbishop of Narbonne. abhorred lying. by order of that pope. saying the bishop who pronounced it was a heretic. and Gascony. and believed that our souls were demons. who never lived in this world. abominated the eucharist. praying for the dead. nor the prophets. or the like. These heretics were named Albigenses towards the beginning of the twelfth age. a Cistercian monk. lies.bartleby. that bishops. and in the third. &c. they admitted two Christs. the other bad. purgatory. and were irregular in their manners. Alanus. and that none of the bishops were pastors. but hirelings. are wolves and devourers. could consecrate the eucharist. crucifixes. who accompanied his abbot Guy into Languedoc (he being one of the twelve Cistercian abbots commissioned by Innocent III. neither ate flesh. Alban Butler. New Arians. that they believed any good man. Bons-hommes. whether priest or laic. Confessor. and corrupting the writings of 18 of 23 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . rejected baptism as useless. out of which country they spread throughout Provence. condemning these heretical opinions. these communicated their dangerous principles to many malecontents in Lombardy during the wars. they denied the resurrection of the flesh. not pastors. but either from the city Albi. believed marriage unlawful. in the second. New Manichees. Volume VI. whence these heretics were often called in Europe Bulgarians. by order of the Bishop of Albi. and excommunicating Oliver and the other heretics of Lombez. the former the Creator of the invisible spiritual world. and that no obedience is due to them.html Bulgary in the eighth century. practised neither confession nor penance. under the names of Cathari or Puritans. as the learned authors of the history of Languedoc show. as De Thou conjectures. bishop of Tuy in Spain. The Perfect. fasts. These two writers charge them in general with the following errors: they owned two Principles or Creators. and the people Albigenses. This last name they acquired by their affected hypocrisy. &c. dissembling of their sentiments. the sacraments. wrote two books against the Albigenses and Waldenses about the year 1212: and Peter of Vaux-Sernay.. sacrifice. and the other good. the one good. Arnulphus. to preach against the Albigenses) wrote. who lived and ate as other men did. a Cistercian monastery in the diocess of Paris. nor cheese. August 4. that they did not receive the law of Moses. and benedictions of the church. the one bad. who have not the qualifications required by St. and The Believers. and two abbots. the latter the Creator of bodies. eight leagues from Toulouse. Being interrogated by the Bishop of Lodeve. images.. nor eggs. and their enemy. and prayers for the dead. and differed in opinions among themselves. but were persuaded that they were saved by the faith of the Perfect. a hypocrite. and author of the Old Testament. a history of the Albigenses. bishop of Nismes. the author of the Jewish dispensation. who only made use of the New Testament against them. and that none of those who received the imposition of their hands were damned. by a council held at Lombez in Gascony. nor the psalms. http://www. confined to our bodies in punishment of sins committed by them in a former state of existence. Rev. 1866. they condemned all the sacraments. and all others who held the same doctrine with them. In the first he establishes the intercession of saints. Paul. the army of Frederic being composed of many such. and were known by it when they were cited and examined as to their faith. setting up false miracles. from the province called ever since the fifth century Albigensis.Saint Dominic. who for his skill in all the sciences was surnamed at Paris the Universal Doctor. They distinguished themselves into two sorts. and the ceremonies of the church. The heretics protested against the sentence. and ridiculed purgatory.

says the Cathari were divided into three general sects: one of which. to raise a crusade against the Albigenses and the said count. the pope’s legate in Languedoc. &c. that marriage is a mortal sin. the lure of independence and of rich spoils. Raymund had often made his peace with the church. to maintain the liberties and immunities of churches. and the lords of that kingdom. He informs us that the common errors of the Cathari were. Among these the Buncarii or Patarini maintained. They were also countenanced in their seditions and violences by the Earls of Foix and Comminge. they allowed of four degrees of orders. Thus Reinerius. duke of Narbonne. Rev. the second son. and to these a spirit of revolt which prevailed in many places. above-quoted. broke it.. and monks. 1866. and that there is no purgatory. demolished monasteries. and that he did not suffer really. king of France. Raymund V. Reinerius. as in the wars against the Saracens. and especially the Count of Toulouse. http://www. not on their shoulders. They allowed of four sacraments. the tenth sovereign count of Toulouse. The first were common to all the heretics of that century. and plundered churches. had two heads. he reconciled himself to the pope. the first son. reserving only a homage to be paid to himself and successors. The second sort of errors was peculiar to certain sects which fell into strange extravagancies and abominable disorders.. ceremonies.Saint Dominic. and to abandon and expel the heretics. and after having said the Lord’s Prayer. who was looked upon as the principal author. two sorts of errors prevailed. made great progress in the southern parts of France. near the town of St. and the resurrection of the body. denied the resurrection. The crusaders wore their crosses on their breasts.html Catholic doctors. abbot of Citeaux. Alban Butler. and engaged himself to re-establish the Bishops of Carpentras and Vaison. made Raymund. under the protection of certain powerful princes. the other was one John of Lyons in France. that among the heretics of that age. and marquis of Provence. and distributed it to all who were present: they taught that the imposition of hands remits entirely the punishment and guilt of sin. Giles’s. believed the world eternal. and sacraments. but such as agreed only in name with those of the church. submitting himself and his successors to the forfeiture of his estates if he did not observe what was contained in his oath. priests. They assembled at Lyons in 19 of 23 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . in 1194. its usages. for the Albigenses and Cathari adopted the errors of the Waldenses against the hierarchical order of the church. gave rise: for men could not withdraw themselves from superiors without making a breach. and cheese. to employ his monks in preaching against these heretics in Languedoc. and other princes in those parts. died a zealous Catholic. Volume VI. The pope excommunicated the murderers. Charles the ordered Arnold. who in armed troops expelled the bishops. that the devil was the author of this world. The Ortlibenses or Orbibarians denied the Trinity. who came under the general name of Albigenses or New Manichees. called the Albanois. August 4. But the princes opposed their endeavours. and exhorted Philip Augustus. the Viscount of Bearn. whom they called Bishop of Verona in Italy. Accordingly twelve abbots of that Order were charged with that commission. Confessor. Seeing now an army assembled against him. son of the governor of Toulouse. Pope Innocent III. the bishop. His son Raymund VI. but his repentance not being sincere. openly protected these impious heretics. and the last judgment. in 1208. and Peter of Chateau-neuf. was assassinated on the banks of the Rhone. he changed every moment. that no mortal sin is committed by the lower part of the body.bartleby. a Cistercian monk. king of France. one. where he and some other missionaries were coming out from a conference with the Count of Toulouse. eggs. These. as well as the eating of flesh. for instead of baptism they made use of the imposition of hands. hereditary governor and count. who exerted his authority against the heretics. they blessed a loaf before meals. in 855. It must be observed from the contemporary authors. instead of consecrating the eucharist. and made no confession besides a public acknowledgment of their sins in general. and seeking some pretence. and the deacon: they denied purgatory. taught that Jesus Christ was the son of Joseph and Mary.

l.html 1209. when required so to do. was excommunicated by the pope’s legate. His zeal and piety equalled him to the apostolic men. though the inhabitants of that town were robbers and plunderers. and in 1215 the pope confirmed to Simon that county. 1866. Crimes and seditions are not to be punished or revenged by other crimes. or revenge in many. http://www. 16. and the source of the disorders by which they became enemies to public peace. 2. Peter. Hist. and war was proclaimed against him by Simon of Montfort. recovered the city of Toulouse. Comminge.bartleby. on condition that he received the investiture from the King of France.. but agreed in doctrine with the Waldenses. t. [back] Note 7. king of Arragon. Upon this victory the city of Toulouse surrendered itself. carried on the war in person against the Albigenses. defeated him. who were extinguished during the minority of Lewis IX. observes. Lewis. and guilty of all manner of crimes. and having taken the town by assault. de l’Egl. 24. ambition. The army also took Carcassonne. and Simon was slain whilst he besieged it the same year. became an active malecontent in the barons’ wars against Henry III. went every week to confession. 61. from him Fleury. which title is taken from Montfort-Amauri. and to dispossess the clergy of their estates seems to have been the capital principle of the Waldenses. and though the innocent perished by their own fault. [back] Note 6. c. king of France. Vallis. Fleury. 28. The Count of Toulouse still persisting to succour the Albigenses. 1. Rev. besieged Simon in Muret. the duchy of Narbonne. as Peter of Vaux-Sernay. [back] Note 8. and she dying without children. a small town on the Garonne. Hist. and after this chose for their general. Le Gendre. This Simon had signalized himself for his valour in the wars against the Saracens in the East. Simon made a vigorous sally with only a thousand men. to the number of fifteen thousand. [back] 20 of 23 12/8/2016 8:04 PM .Saint Dominic. de Fr. who being besieged in Castlenau by the Count of Foix. and having then no more contest with the Count of Toulouse. came to his succour. 76. Raymund VI. and to the laws of civil society. died under the censures of the church. But his eldest son Amauri succeeded him in Montfort and Toulouse. says Joinville. and behaved on many occasions as a true Christian hero. and breaking his other engagements. and with the Counts of Toulouse. being related to the Count of Toulouse. Lewis the counties of Toulouse and Agen. and the King of Arragon being killed in the engagement. l. Foix. c. and finding himself too weak to maintain these conquests in Languedoc. p. Simon of Montfort. n. near Toulouse. the seventh count of Montfort. Nevertheless. and That some of these latter were intermingled with the Manichees in Languedoc seems not to be doubted. Confessor. Basnage (Hist. barbarously put the inhabitants to the sword. at the head of above a hundred thousand men. Alban Butler. count of Poitiers. and disbanded themselves. in Languedoc the crusards exercised cruelties and injustices which no principles could justify. Echard. and settling here. however. August 4. p. and was made Constable of France. 7. and paid him the feodal rights. Petr. all his troops fled.. and with this small body threw the whole army into disorder. He every day heard mass and said the office of the church. surrendered them to King Lewis VIII. by refusing to separate themselves from the guilty. The inhumanity of which action is not to be palliated. t. Volume VI. Touron. brother to St. and received from St. reconciled himself to the church. His younger son Simon inherited his title of Earl of Leicester with his estates in England. (c. King Lewis VIII. 364. Avarice. Raymund. 6.) and. and obliged him to retire. these estates fell to Philip III. only covered themselves under a cloak of zeal for religion. in 1222. His only daughter and heiress married Alphonsus. His son Raymund VII. though in his last moments he professed himself penitent. besieged Beziers where the Albigenses had fortified themselves.) pretends that the Albigenses were not generally Manichees. a place ten leagues from Paris. and all the other estates of Raymund. p. Albig. 8.

[back] 21 of 23 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . Albert of Crespin. in his Chronicle. L. the ancient chronicle called Præclara Francorum Facinora. this of the Rosary is ascribed to him by Luminosi de Aposa. Dominic is never mentioned by the original authors of his life to have employed against the heretics any other arms than those of instruction and prayer. Dominic the first inquisitor. of F. ad an. by Alex. 459. Touron. C. which some French critics have also done. This tribunal has been since established under different regulations in some parts of Italy. n. p. far from being occult. chaplain to Raymund VII. Dominic Guzman. relapsed and obstinate heretics. 33.. 1.) says that Rainer and c. two Cistercian monks. and deliver up those that are obstinate to the civil magistrate to be corporally punished. in Malta. [back] Note 13. 1. n. p. in 1233. that the Cistercian monks were first charged with a commission by the pope to denounce the Albigenses to the civil magistrate. and Pope Gregory IX. in which they descend to a very particular detail. See also Touron. Alban Butler. Apud Holland. the project of which court was first formed in the council of Toulouse in 1229. that St. Malvenda (ad an. Volume VI. as William of Puy-Laurens. l. Echard De Script. especially of Bologna. St.” says Theodoric of Apolda. 3. which was a prelude to the inquisition. in 1204. Other chronicles and monuments. preached publicly. Dominic received from the pope a commission like that before sent to Peter of Castlenau. Confessor. exemplis. The author of the History of Languedoc (t. [back] Note 10. in 1198. who had often heard him preach at Bologna. Ord. 11. 14. 1215) says. takes notice that St. and Portugal. p. [back] Note 14.) But Touron observes (ch. l. [back] Note 16.Saint Dominic. 78. 88. 1. whilst other kingdoms have always been most jealous to exclude it. Fontenai (Cont. 17. Prædic. So Malvenda. 13. The Bollandists seem to dispute problematically about the author of the Rosary. Fleury (l. 13. p.) that the Albigenses in Languedoc neither were. n. l. 7.) dates the origin of that tribunal from the decree of the council of Verona in 1184. pp. are produced in a dissertation printed at Ferrara in 1735. t. Manriquez and Baillet make the legate Peter of Castelnau the first inquisitor. (Aug. 90 and 129. 2. [back] Note 17. 55. as the Bollandists show in a long dissertation. But though the frequent repetition of the Lord’s Prayer be as ancient a practice as the gospel. and some forms of this and the Angelical Salutation be found to have been in use before St. they were armed. http://www. Dominic. p.. Whence F. and who describes the solemn devotion and confraternity of the Rosary instituted there by the same St. to say a certain number of Our Fathers and Hail Marys for each canonical hour of the church office. Whence some have called St. Longueval’s History of the church of France. 1213. propugnans fidem. Rev. Dominic preached there. “Mansit in Tolosanis partibus multo tempore——vir per omnia apostolicus. 78. 73. Ch. 88. Peter the Hermit. He. 130. secondly. 1866. [back] Note 12. nominated two Dominican friars in Languedoc the first inquisitors. and had the princes in their interest. August 4. Fleury. where it could be done. Spain. 31. [back] Note 15.) says judiciously. n. and several others. expugnans hæresim verbis. in which it is ordained that the bishops in Lombardy make diligent search to detect heretics. 5. Dominic to have taught those among the laity who could not recite the Psalter.) and Bernard Guidonis relate. count of Toulouse. tom. l. were first charged with the functions of those who were afterwards called Inquisitors. to judge and deliver to punishment apostates. (c. 18. under the title of Vindicia. c. are said long before St. Machiar. 54. t.html Note 9. 43. miraculis. 21. [back] Note 11. 35.bartleby. &c. nor could be the object of such a court as an inquisition while St. which attest the same. ch.

Sabina.. Francis at Perugia. Barthol. Bolland. Alban Butler. 4. n. governed by so many general vicars. with so much order. a French Dominican friar. 1. [back] Note 21. [back] Note 24.. Thomas Aquinas. by Clement VIII. t. Prædic. F. in Stimulo Pastor. [back] Note 23. Sixtus and St. [back] Note 25. Polonicæ. James Echard. besides twelve particular congregations or reforms. de Martyr. [back] Note 28. Dominic could never have met St. Touron compiled the history of all the eminent men of this Order in six large volumes. c. c. 32. Sixtus’s to the stately monastery of Magnanapoli. 19. Helyot and Mr. c. and a great number of eminent doctors and writers. Francis at his great chapter held in his convent of the Portiuncula at Whitsuntide. (l. [back] Note 30. as Wadding. when they go out. 1. aderat. six hundred archbishops. Pius V. [back] Note 20. 640. as Fleury imagined. Sixtus was restored to the Dominican friars in 1602. Apud.) neither had he any conference with St. L. from St. Mamachi. it was printed in 1719. that this numerous Order is at present divided into forty-five provinces. Bishop Tanner counts forty-three houses of preaching friars in England at the dissolution of monasteries. Rev. IX. Bern. 40. Stevens inform us. Bzovius in Annal. that St. P. p.Saint Dominic. in several letters with which he honoured the author upon each volume. ad. t. fifteen hundred bishops. p. in two volumes folio. in 1375. as to be a model for all such works. n. 1. Fleury. whom he afterwards called to Rome. but this they changed for a white robe with a white hood. and some of the continuators of Bollandus are willing to believe. 322. Aug. twenty-three patriarchs. in nomine Domini nostri Jesu Christi tibi dice. n. 26. l. n. “O adolescens Napoleo. 2. The Dominicanesses were removed by St. erudition. 7. l. over which. n. seventy-one masters of the sacred palace. [back] 22 of 23 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . 1866. This great monastery was bestowed on the Dominicans by Gregory XI. 33. 78. By this account it is evident that St. ad 1221. Greg. The history of these latter is compiled by F. an. n. as the Carmelites were known by the name of White Friars. Theodoric. from which they were called in England Black Friars. 541. judgment. cit. in which ladies of the first quality often take the veil. in the bull of this grant mentions. l.” Joan Longin. besides two others. [back] Note 29. The convent of St. surge— statim videntibus cunctis sanus et incolumis surrexit. The work is written in an elegant style. [back] Note 22. Mary at Minerva. and eloquence.bartleby. Fleury. 92. A. Volume VI. 12. 78. August 4. (see Touron. F. containing the lives of St. Dominic had in that place raised three persons to life. 1218. who. C. Theodor. they wear a black cloak with a black hood. Annal. The Dominicans are still possessed of the two convents of St. Hist. [back] Note 19. 579.”—Theodoric. it being built in part upon the ruins of Pompey’s temple of Minerva. “Omnibus quæ circa resuscitatum agebantur. n. Dominic and St. Confessor. in Bulla. This Order hath given the church five popes. but could not discover in this kingdom any house of nuns of this Order. 6.html Note 18. Echard. t. and has deserved the repeated eulogiums of Pope Benedict XIV. http://www. in 1219. loc. but their principal house is that of St. p. nor have there had any conferences with him. 30. [back] Note 27. 49. Guidonis in Chron.) [back] Note 26. p. 78. forty-eight cardinals. The first habit of these friars was that of the regular canons.

.html CONTENTS · BOOK CONTENTS · INDEX TO ALL SAINTS · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD PREVIOUS NEXT Shakespeare · Bible · Strunk · Anatomy · Nonfiction · Quotations · Reference · Fiction · Poetry © 1993–2015 Bartleby. Rev. 23 of 23 12/8/2016 8:04 PM . · [Top 150] · Subjects · Titles · Authors · World Lit. August 4.Saint Dominic. Volume VI. 1866.bartleby. Alban Butler.