Está en la página 1de 55

# c

] 
 


 c
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]  
    
    ! 

c
]   r 
c

##  c" #\$%      &!' 

c

m m 
      
  c 
   c c
  c   c c c c c c

   cc c
c
 c       c  c  c c  c c 
c c

 c 
ccc 
c
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  c
 c c #\$%c c c  c c  c c  c   c c c c
& 
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 cc  c
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 c
c 
 
 c' c( cc'cc
)c & 

 c'c*c+   cc c( cc
%c & 

 c'c*c
,c -  c' c( cc
.c  c'c'
cc c( cc
/c  0 cc c( cc
\$c "c
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4c 5 
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a   

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      

c
]   r 
c
m  

c  6c
c c c c 7c c c c c  c
  c c " c c  c 
c c c c & c c   
c c 
 c

## 0 c c c & 


 ccc c
c c c

c c
c cc8c c

0 c
  c
c  c

## 2 c c  

c c  c  ccc c
  c  c
c c & 

 ccc

## 2 c cc  c

  cc3  !cc #//c  c  c

 
 cc c c
cc cc


c  c c c c  c ( c c * c c 
c c

 c 
!c  c  9c  c  c  c c   c 
 c c
   cc  cc
 c  c


c  c c   c c  c c c : c - ;c <"c c "=<c c 
=c
 c  c cc c
c>3c

  cc c

c

## 2 c  cc c"ccc ;c

c "cc
 
c" c cc)c c%!cc
c "cc
c c  c" c,c.c c/!cc

 c  c c 
=c  c   c c  c c c
   c c
c
>3c

a   

     
      

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]   r 
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3c c c 
= c c   c c & c c c  
c   c   c c

##  cc  cc c 6c

= c c
 c  cc
c  
c c c

## -c c  c 


c c  c c  c  c c  c c
 
c & c  
 c c c  c c c   c c   c 
c
& cc
c  
c

##     

 c  cc
  cc
c
c c& c& c " c c  c
c c c;c

xc  c-
 cc
xc o  cc
xc ( cc
xc '
"cc   
cc
xc 
 c  c c-  cc
xc -cc  
cc
xc 
 c
"cc

## 2c & c 6 c  c

 c  c   c c 
  c c
 "c c 

c
" cc  c

## c ( cc c  cc

c 2 c  c c   c   c 0c  c c 
  c
" 
cc

## !"       

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
5  c c 
c " c c 
 c   c c c c 
 c
6  
c 0c c   c  c 
 c c 
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
c  c
  
c c c & 

 cc 0c
c c   cc c
 c
"c

u     !"

c
c c cc" c" c 9 c c
cc+c6 
c c

cc2-3cc
c '  cc c cc c& c  c  cc c
 c& c c
 c c7  c  c
c c c  c cc
)c   c c  c c   c 
 c c   c & c c 
c
c
cc
%c  c c  c c 7 c    c c 
 c 
c c c c
 c& cc  c  c  cc

## # \$    \$ 

?c#   " c
c7 c  c
 
 c
" cc c cc& c  c" c  " c c  c
c  
c c  cc c  cc c c
cc
+?c# "   %  "   "    c
-  c " c c   c c  c 6 c c c 
 c =&  c  c c
 9c c
 "c c c " c c c c  c 2 c   c 
c
c " c c c c   c & c c " c 3c
 c c "c  c " c 3? c c
c"c c" c3@ c
cc
-?c    c

c c 
c " c 
c 
 c   c < 
c c <c c c
c "c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
cc
'?c\$    "  c
-  c " c c 
c  c " c c c 0c
c c c  c " c
c  c
cc
?c # % c
c   c " c c  c c  9c c 
c c 
 c 
c  
c c

 c 
c & c c " c c c 
 c 
 c c 
c c & c c
c

 c c c
=c" c c 9cc c

- & c " c  c  c c   c c  9c c 
c  c c
 c & c c  9c 
=c 

c c c  
c  c  %c c c
  c


c c  c c   c c   c & c 
c c 
c

 cc c c c& c  c& c c 9c
c  cc" c

## c cc c

 c
 c
 c c  ccc"c
ccc" cc c
 c c c 9c ccc 
c

c
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a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
 u& \$  ' # #   

c
5c cu   
      
 
c


c & 

 c
 c
  c c
 0 cc c cc   c
*3cc c &  c& cc
  c  cc c  cc ccc
 c6
c
 c
 !cc
c   c
 c

2c6
cc  c c
 "cc  c cc  c& cc  c
c" c c 9c
c c6
ccc  c c
 cc  c

##   c 2 c  c c c c c  

;c c 0 c c
 c c

c c c 
cc
c  c(c cc
 c
c 9!c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
'c
c  c
c c
=c& c" cc"c c c6
c  c c
 "cc c(c

##  c7cc  c c cccc

;c

c -  c 
c c 
cc
c -  cc cc

 cc 
c c 
!c
c"  c 0 cc  c
 c  c
 c c c cc(c

## - c c 9c & 

!cc"0 cc c(c
cc
  c c(c
c
& c  
 c c"0c c 9c
c  cc
  cc cc
 c
& cc c
c   
c c"0c

##  c  c !c

c c c  cc c& cc 
cc
 c
c =&  c c c c 2c  & 
c & c  c =&  c &  c " c c c
c
 c c =c c  c c c  c & c c  c 

c 
c
 cc
  ccc  c

c
5ccO     

 u 

u 
 
     

 
 
 c
c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c

c
5c)cO       
  u 

c
c

u& \$ 

(&)   

## 2 c c c 7 c c   c c  c 

c c  c c  9 c c c
 
 cc  c c c& cc " c c cc  c  c c cc" 0 c
c  cc c
 c

## -  c  c c c   c  c c c 

c  c 
c c c  c
  
c 
c 6 c  c 
c 
 c c   c 
c   c
& cc c"c c c

## - c  c   ?c c  c =&  c c 

c   c c c   ?c  c
=&  c +c c 
c  c c "c   c "  c c  c c  c c
 c
 cc c  ?c

## c c  cc  c c

 cc c  c & 

 ccc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c

c
5c%c  
    c
c

m c  *)

## & 0c c  

 c c c 
 c   c c   c c c
  c  c
ccc cc=c c 
c

## 2 c   c 0 c c   c c c

 c c 
c c c c c c   c c
  cc 
c c  c c
c c& c"
9c
c
c c c 
c c4c2 c cc  
 c& c c
c& cc  c  c
c  c c " c ( 6c   c c 7c c c  
c 0 c c
  cc c0 c 
 c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
Medios de transmisinc

## @c   %   c -

c c c c c c

##  c  c c

 c 
 !c
@c   + c Ac c 
c c c  
c  0c c

## c 9c  9c c c c

 c  cc"  c
 c
@c *  cB c
c c 6cc   cc,4444cCccc


 c c c "c 
c c 7 c 
 c c  
 c  c
C!c2c cc c
c
cc c c

=cc
c6 c
cc =cc
 c-  c c
 c  c   c c   c c   c  
c  c 
c  
 
c
2 c cc 
c=c
c
c  c=c
c c 0c  c
"  c=c
cc
 cc
c

## o c  c9 ;c

@c  c 4cDB ? 44c(B c2 c cc cc = cc c

 c  c 
 c  c c 
 c = 
c c c c
c  c c  c   c & c c
 c c
cc
c& cc  c
Uc 2 c cc   c  9 c  cc c
= cc
 cc cc c
 c
Uc 2 c  c c   c =c
c " c c 0 c 
c
*
cc c
= c c c " c c c
@c   c 44c (B ? 4c CB c o c c 0 c 
c 
c c c

##  c   c  c 

c  c 
 c
 c c  c 
 c 2 c
" c c c
@c  ! c c  c c c   c c 
c 
 c c

9 c
 c
cc
 "!c3c  cc c c c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
& c   c & c 
 c c 

c 6 
c c c 
c
3cc c  c  c
@c    % c c  c c c c 6c c   c
c c


c 9cc c cc c 
c c c  
cc0 c

 c
 c
 c

## @c c c6 c& c   c  cc=c c& c c23c

@c -
c c c  c c 
c c c 
c c

 
c c c  c  c  c !c c c c c c
c c  c 
 c 
c c  c  c
 !c B c
 c9 & 0 cc c c
@c 2 c
 cc6  c c7  c
co
9 ;c

## Uc 2 c cc c7 cc= cc

 c  c
Uc c c
  c c" c c c
c
Uc 2c   c c =c  
c & c  
c
c
& c
 c
cc" c
Uc 2 c 
cc=c= Ecc= c

cc


 
c

## @c 5  c c 

c c  c Ac 
 
c 
c

 c
 c& cc c 7 cc   cc c

c c   c c c
 
cc
 c  c
@c B c
c   c  ;c -c & c
c   c c 
 c

 !cD c cD c& c
c  cc c " !c
@c Ac 
 
c
c ?4c
 c   c c c c 6c c

##  c c ).?,4c (B c A c "  c c

 c c ,4c (c c

0 cc  c c
  cc"cc
c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
@c 2 c

c c ).444c Fc c  c  c 
c c 
c

## 0 c c c c  c  c c 

 
c c  c c
cc ccc c
@c 2c
cc
=
cc,4?)44c  cc
0c

@c ( c 8
 c c c   c " c c c   c c c = c

c c
c0 cc c 
 
 c c
c  \$ # 

c  cc
  c c 0 cc
 c8cc  c 0 ccc
  c c  ccc
cc " c c c"c c
  cc
cc 
  c c 
c c c  c c 
c c 
c 
c c
  c c 
c

c   c
c c   c c   c c   c c "0c c  9c
   c c6 c
 cc
  cc
c cc c
 c c

=c

## Ac "c  c& ccc

 cc c
 c cc
c

 c
 c  c c c 
c   c c   c   c c 
c

cc=&  c  
c

##   c ccc c 

cc  c c"  c
c
c
 c c c
cc  c

3 
cc 
cc c 9cc
cc c

Marcosc

##  c" cc c


cc

c cc cc3 
cc 
c c
 9cc
cc c cc  c c6F c cc
!c  c  c
c

2 c
  c
=c c;c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
38cc  
c c c c  
c  c c8ccc c
8cc  cc  c
 cc0 c  !c

-  
ccc cc

## "cc  ccc2 c=&  cc 

c  c c c
cc
 cc c   cccc c  9 cc c
=ccc
c cc
9 c" !c

## "cc  ccc cc  c c  ccc c


c
  c  c cc

Control de flujoc

c  c 
 c & c 6c & c  c 

c   c   c  c c c
c 0
cc 0
c cc

## c9 c c


c c  c c8c
 cc cc

c
c& c c

## 9 ;c\$, cc

c9 cc"=c c
 c& cc0 c
 c
c  c  c " c c c  c B'2-c B6? " c '
c 2Fc -
 !c 
c c c

 c
c c
ccc c c c& c c " c
  c cc c
cc c
  c

+c\$c \$c \$c GH4c .c \$c

4 4c c -
 c '
c -6F c 4 4c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
-c c  c "c c c
c c c c  c & c c  c c c
 c '
!c 
c  c c
  c c 

c c -c  c  c
-6F cc

c ccc c
 c 
 c& cc c c

 cc"0 c 9cc
cc

c
c

 c  \$ 

## c  c c

 cc c cc c c2c=c

cc  c
c  cc
 c& cc c c
 c ccc & 
c" cc c
& c
cc c  c  c & 
cc c

c

'
c c c   c 
c  c 
  c c c  & 
c " c c c
 
c

c   c c   c c 
c   c c c 
c c c
6
 c   c   c c 
 c 
c c c
 c


c " c   c c  & 
c c c  
c c 
c  c c
 "c c
  c
!c
cc& c c c
 0 cc c c"
c
c
c c 9 c
c c c 
c c c
c
=ccc

c

## al nivel de red en la Internet     

 
!c

 c 
 c c c 

c 
 !c c c  c   
c c 

c B c
 c " c 
c c c  
c c 
c  c " c c
 
c  
c  c  9c c

c c 
  c '  
c  c
 c c  c  
c c 
  c c
 
c& cc
cc "cc c
c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
& 
cc;c

c
5c,c

## @c o cc c%c

c c 
 c

@c , c2 c 
c c  
cc  cc)c
c c" c=cc

,cc.4c
c
@c   " c'
 cc c"0c c c"  cc c
cc  c3c

 c
@c ,
  cB 
c c=cc.,,),c
c

## @c   c  c

 c c& c
  c
c c 
c

@c \$* \$ - *
  c c
cc c
c c
  cc "c

@c *  *
  c3c
cc c 
c8
c

## @c \$ %   

  c c & c  
c  c 
  c 
c 
c

 
c c
 7c c 
c 
cc\$c
c
@c   " cc
c  c
c

@c   c 
 c c
 
c c & c c  c   c  c 
  c 2 c

## c  c  c 


c 

c c  c c 
c  
!c  c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c


c  
c c  c  
c  c 
c c c 
!c c
  cc c
c

c    

## c 2 c c ccc 

c c
cc c  c c c" cc
 c =c & 7 c   c    c c c   c c c   c & c
c c

c  c

c
ccc
c c6 I cc c& c
c 
c

c  c 9 c c
cc
 
cc c
  c"  ccc
c cc

c 
c  c 
c 6 c c
  9cc 
 c
  
c c c   cc
c

c  c& 
c" c
  c c "c c " c cc  c"c c"c

c c  c c c 
c& c 
cc ccc c" cc
  c

## c  c6 I c c

I c
c c" cc
 
cc  c c    
   c

c c 
c c  c  c  c 
 c 
"c c c   c c  c

9
c
c

c  c"cc c9 
c c c c" ccc2 cc c c

 cc  9cc9 
c
cc c

cJc& c
c c " cc

 
KcJc& cc 
c c" ccKc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
c 2 c  c c & c  c " c c c c  c  
c c c  c c c  c c

## c 8c 

 c c  c  c " c c
 
c 
c & c c  c
  c9 c c"c c" ccc& c cc & 
c c
c

c& cc  c c"c
!c c" cc
 
c
c& c
 c
c"c=c  c& c c" ccc

##  c c  c  c " c c

 
c  c c 
c c
c  c  c " c c c 2 c   c  c  c 
c  c   c
  cc & c
ccc

rotocolos de transportec

2c 
 c c
 
c c  c c 
 c c  c c
 9 c c
 ccc c
 cc 9c c  cc & 
c
cc
6 c ;c

## c c" cc

 
cc
c  c  c  c c cc
 c
cc c" cc c
=c 
c c c

## c c" cc cc= c

c cEc c6
cc c
c
c
 c  c 
=c c 0c c  c " c c
 
c 
c c c  6c =c
0 c

## astablecimiento de una conexinc

O  " cc

2 c c 
 c  c c 
c 2 c c 
 c

c& c  c c  c  c  ccc cc c c" c

  
 
#cc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
cc
 c& c c 8cc & 
c" c c c
c  c& c
c c c
c

!

" cc

## c "c  c " c c

 
c
c & c 
  c c c c c
 c  c
 cc
c c= cc =c"  cc c c
cc
"=c  c6  c  cc
c

c  c c
c  c c c c & c   c " c 
c c =c

  c c  cc
c
 
=c  cc c
 c

## \$   %  cc

c  c 
cc c  cc c  
c  cc c " cc
 
c
 c
c  cc " c c  cc c
c

al encabezamiento de TCc

-c 
 c c 
 c c
 !c c  c 
c  c c  c

 cc

c
 !c  c" c
c c
 "cc cc(
 cc  c
 c 9c c"0cc c
c-c  c c

c" cc  c cc c
 c 8
c < & 
<!c   c  c 
c 

c c c c c

 "cc

c

 c  
cc-c  c c
 cc
c
c
c 
;c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c

c
5c.cc

2 c 
cc c 
c c c
c
 c cc

 c 8c c   c c  c 8c c  c c c c  c  c
8
c c cc
c c

2 c 
c %c 
!c  c  c 8c c   c c )c 
c c  c
  
c c& c c ccc
c  c 
c"   c

2c ;c

## A*Cc  c & c  c 

c 
c 
c 
c  c  
c 
c
 
c c  
c  c 8c c   c 
c c 
=c c 
c

c

## cc Bc 6!c ccc c   c c

c 
cc
  c

cc *c*
!cB c c  cc cc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
c13cc  c  c
c ccA c 
ccc
c13cHc
c c-DcHc4c
 c& c c 
cc  cc
c13cHc c c-DcHc c

## c53c  c & c  c   c c

c =c 
c c   c 2 c c c

 c

-c  c  c"
 cc
 7c"   c
c c c 
c
cc
 c  c c c
cc  c

##  c6F c"c=c   c

2 cc
c& c c6
c  c c c
c=c& c

=c 
c  c 
c
c& ccc
cc,,.c
!c  c  c
"
 c  c & c .%Dc
c c  c 
c  
" 
c c " c c 
c c
8c
 cc"c

V c  \$ 


c c c  c  c 
c 0c 
c c c c 
 c c

c 
c c
 cc
 c c 6"c
cc=&  c

Acc c"cc
c  cc c c 
cc
cc c
=cc
 c c 0c
c c 
 c c
 c c
c   c c

 c

 c
 cc
c  cc cc cc cc c
cc
 0 cc cc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
D c  \$  

## c   c c c 

c c 
c c =
 c c c  c & c c

 
cc9 c c cc
c8c c  c


ccc c& c c

c
cc& cc
c c c& c
c
 
c c 

c c   c =&  c
c 
c c 
c   c c c
cc c c cLcc
c

[ c  \$ u 

-
c  c "  c c 
 c & c c 
c  

c c
9 c  c c 
 cc
 c
 c& c
c  c
  9 cc c
c
c
c c 
c  c
cc 9 c
 c"
ccc

 
c

 c cc
c  cc cc
  cc 6"c c c
 c
c 6"cc c=&  cc

c  c c
  c 
c
c  cc
 ccc 
c c
c"cc
c c

## c " c c   c c 

c  c   c c 9 
c c   c & c
 c  c c  c& c
c" 9cc ccc

##  c9 c =c 

c0 c  c c c 
c- c c c
" c c c  
c 
c  c c c c c  & c  c  c
 c cc 0cc & c
cc cc

## 2c 9 c c   

c
  c c  c c c  c 
c  c c

cc c& c  cc6 cc  cc " c c c
c 9 
c c
c6 cc c c
= cc c& c c  cccccccc

a   
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      
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 
c ccc
 c   c  c
  cc c   c
ccc

c 
c9 c cc 
c
cc c& c 0 c

##   c& cc c 9cc c 

;c

c
5c/cc

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 c c  ccc 
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c
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 c6 
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2 cc c
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 c   c c   c c   c 8c c   c & c " c c c
 c6 
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cc c
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a   
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      
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c

c
5c\$c#
 
  
 
c
c

[   
) # #   

# 

 
c 
"c & c c  
 c c   c  c c c   c 9c 
I c
6 I c c c
 cc 
 cc c c  cc
 c c

"  "

c  c
 cc c
 c& c c cc"cc c

u

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
c c 
cc c c c"cc  c  cc  cc
c  c
c& c c
 c

 

c c9 
cc c& c6 c& c c  cc  c  cc  c
 c'Ac  cc
cc c 
 !c c
 "c cc c'Ac
cc  c
'Ac   c c 
c c "!c =c c   c  c c 
 c
  c  c& c c  cc c c
  9ccc c 
cc c

c

c
5c#c
          
   c
c

## "   u   . "   

 c "c 
c c c c  c  =c c  c 
 c

##  c 0c  c  c 

c c c c  c c c c 
c  c

 cc c c  cc  c
0 c

## c c c "c cc c  cc c "c

c-  c
 9c " cc cc c
ccc
 c c c& c
c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
 c"
cc c 9cc c
cc   cc cc c& ccc
 c
 c c
cc& c  =c  c 9c" c

2 c
  cc 6"cc  c 
cc c"c
c
c c  c 
c 
c c "  
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c c  c c c  
c  c 0
c  c  9c c  c c  c 
c c
 c" c

ccFcc 
c

" \$ "

## Ac "c c c 9 

c c 
" c & c 6 c & c  c  c   c
c c c c
c
" c c c"c c c& cc  c


c
c
0 cc
" ;c

xc 
cc 
c& c  c ccccc" c
cc
xc  c  c " c   c  c
  9c c c " c c c 
 c

cc
xc * 
cccc 
cc6 c ccc
xc - c  c
 cc cc c 
cc

##   #  " .  

Ac"cc c9 
cc
" c !c& c c  c
=cc
cc c  cc c c  cc& c c6 =c c c"c
c  c
 c
cc  c

Ac
 c c cc"cc c9 
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
c c c cc c
  c & 
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  c
c
c
 c c
cc c c  c

## / # \$ ,  % \$   

a   

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      

c
]   r 
c
 c c9 
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 c  cc c
 9c- cc  c c c  c c c
" cc c

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c c  c 
c

"c

## 0c c   c & c  c c   c  c c c c  c

 
c c
 ccc  cc c  
c  c 0c c
& c  c c c  
c c  9 c  c c c c   c  c   c c

 cc cc

2 c
 c "
c c 
c c c   c c   c & c  c 
c
"c
  cc ccc c cc c  cc
c

## 2 c   c c 

 0 c c c 
c  c c 
c 
"
c c  c & c
 cc cc  cc& c  c0 c6 cc c c9 cc c

 c c c 0
 c c c  c  c c & c c  c c "c c

 c c c c  c  c c  c & c 
c c c  c c & c

  9 c c c 
cc ccc= c  c

2 c0
 c=c cc& c c c c c c c  cc c
 c  
c c  c c  c & c   c c =
 c c c
  c   c c c  c & c c
 c c  

c
   cc
c ccc& c
  9 c c c c c
I cc
9 c c9 
cc
" cc c"c

c 
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c  9 c c 
 c c  c  c

c  c c c  

c  
c c c  c  c c
  c
 
  c

a   

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
c
]   r 
c
m  \$"  

m , 0

1 c
c'c
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/cFc*c
\$c 
c"  ccAc-   c'c*c
#c-   c
 
 c
c
c
c
c
\$ 

2 c c 

c 
 c c 

c 
 c 
"c c
 c 
c c  c  c c   c 23!c c c
c  c  c >3c


!c



c c
   c = 
c   c  
c c  c c c

 c
 cB c ccccc  c
  c c

##  "cc c cc

  c c" 8cc
c

## 2 c c=c  c  cc c

cc  cc;c

xc - 
cc  c 6"cc cc
xc   cc
  c
I cccc
xc - cc cc
  9cc
xc C
c
   cc
xc   cc
xc c c
c
 c
"cc
xc - 
c cc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
Ac9 ccc c cc"cc c  ;c

c
c

#   2"

## c c c    c c 

 
 c  
?"c c "c c c
cc c 
c c"c c   c

## 'cc& c cc c"c c cc 

cc c
 
cc c6 c
c
c

c
 
 c 
?"c

c
c
 
 cc ;cc

xc 'cc 
 c c
cc
xc 'cc 
 c c  cc   cc
xc 'cc
c c
cc

c
 cc
=c"
c c

c
cc

c    
&     
'    cc

## & 0c c

c c  cc   c c c
cc  
 c
c c "c2 c  c  cc
 
c c c
 cc c  c
'c c
 c c  cc  
cc c
  cc c  c
c"0 c c6
c
c
cc c& c"cc c  c c  c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
c !
 (  )  ' cc

2c 
c c   c c " c c  c 
   c c  c "c
-c   c  
c c c   c 
c c 
c c   c

c c
  9c  c  c c
  9c   c c  c c 9
c c
9 c>Ic

## )c      #

 (  )    ')cc

2c
cc 
 cc  c"c 
cc  c  cc
!c
-c  c  c c 
c  
c c c c c 
c c  & c

 cc c 
cc c c
c
  c c
  c c
 
c -  c 
 c 
c   c c c & c c  c
 c c
c

%c !
 (  )   
  cc

c 
c c c c c c c c "c 

c Ac c  c

8 c 
cc"cc cc
c c c
cc"cc
  c 2c "c c   c c 
c c
c c c
  c c c c c  c c 
c c c 
c c
  9c
  c c 
cc c  cc   c
c

,c  
 *  )   )    
& cc

2 c  cc
c
=c 
 cc

c"cc c 
c
2 c   c   c  
c c 

c "c c c  
c

cc 
c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
 
) ,
 .  
) *)

## B c"  c  cc

ccc=c
 ccc

 c cc
  c
c 
c  
;c"cc 6"c

cc
  9c
9
ccc c  c

## c  c c c   c c  

c c c   c    c 0c c c
  c c c
I ccc c
cc c
c c 

c

## 2c  cc 

ccc
;cAc c
 c c  c

## 2 c  cc& c

=c
 ccc 
  cc& c c
= c
0c  c
 0 c

'cc c
 0 c=c c
 c0 cc cc c
"c

c c c c 0cc
c c  
0
 cc
c 
cc c
c;c"  cc
 cc
c c   c c c

## TOOLOGA FjICAj  c c  c & c 

c c  c & =
c  c
   cc
 
 c0 cc cc
c6  cc
cc
 c

cc
cc
  9c

## ,31u ,#u,  '4

-
cc c c  c c cc c
c
 c c
cc
  9c

c
c
 c c  c
 cc" c c   c
c c c
c 6 cc
 c c
 c& c
 c c cc c c
c
 c c
  c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
o ! cc c=c 
c
c  c c  c c6 cc

\$" !

xc cc
c   c
 c
 c c c" c c c  9 c


cc
xc c  c & c c 
 c 

c
 
c c c
c
" c c & c c  c O Pc c c c

c c  c c


cc
 cc
xc Ac
cc & c 
c c  c
 c cc

,31u ##,,u

c 
c &  c
 c c 
c 
=c 
 c c c 
 c c
BA+cc  cc
 c

 c 
 c   c  c   c 
c BA+c c    c  c
 c c c
 c9=&  c

## c 9 c c c 

 
 c -23?*o'*;c  c "c 
=c

c c BA+c 
"c c 
c c c  "c c  
c c c 
c c

  9c

o !

## xc 2 c  cc cc c

 c c c
cc  c
c
c c"cc
xc 2 c 0 cc  c
cc  c ccc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
\$" !

+ 9 c
 cc
c

## c c  cc+(c& c

cc
c  c
cc
 cc
 c c  c

2c"c c
cc & c  c c  c c c  cc
   cc c8c
cc  c c
 c
c6 
c& c   c c
c

-  c 
c & c c  c D3c  c c 7 c c c
 
c c c
 
c

c9 cc
c
 0 c
c"0 c  c7 cc
 c cc

c c
 c & c
 
c c  c D3c c 6 
c & c c
c  c

 
c

cc
=c c7 c c  c c c 
cc c  c c c c6 
c
& c   ccc  c
 
c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
o !

3c
c c c  c & 
c
c  c  ccD3c& c

 c c
c

\$" !

xc 2 c  0 c c  c 
c 
 c
 c c c 

c c 6 c
c 0 c 
c 
c c & c 
c 
 c c    c c
(Ac & c  
c c  c c  c c & c 
c 
 c 
c c
"
c c 0 cc
xc c  c  c c
c  c  ccc c& c  c
cc
  9cc

,31u 6',

c 
c
 0 c & c c  c   c  c
c  c  c = c
c  c
c c c c  0 c c c  c 6  c   c
  c   c c c c

c c=c
 c


c
 0 c
c& c ccc  c c cc
c   c& c
  c=c
c  c
cc
c
cc
 c &  c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c

,31u #

## c  c  c c =c c  c

 0 c c 0 c c c  c
 cc  c
 c


c
c c
 0 c c 8c c  c c c
0 c  c c  c c
c c c cc
 c

## c   c  c


c ccc 
c c"c
c  c
 c  c

'
cc
c
 0 c
 ;c

## c ,31u u,, # ##,,u cc

  cc c cc   
c c

 c c c c 50 
c c c c  c 
 c 
   c c c

 ccBA+c
 c& c c" c c ccc c  cc
c ,31u '4 # ##,,u c ccc c c 
cc
c c c
c c c  c & c c   c 0 
c c  c 
 c  
c  c c c
Q

 cc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
)c ,31u ##,,u (#674u c 
c 
 
 c c
  c c c
 c  
c c c c  c 
c c c c 
 c
 
cc   c  c c  cc9=&  cc

8
#u\$  4' cc& c& c
c
 
 c c   c
c c c c "  c c
c c   
0
 c c 
c & c c  c  c
-  c" ccc c cc   cc  
cc
 cc
c    c c 
c c c   c   c 
c c    c c c c

c
c
cc
c c c=c cc c
 c

9 \$ u

c c
 0 c 
cc 
c ccc 
cc=cc  c-c
c c& c c c& ccc=c-c

c c cc cc
c
 c  c c& c" 0 ccc c
c" c c
 "cc
c

 c "
c 
c 
c c  c c c c " c  c c
c ccc c
  c& cc  cc c  cc
c& c6  
c
 cc  c
 
cc cc0c

c c
c  c
cc
  9c<9<c& c
 c c cc c7 c c

cc  ;cc
@c ,,3 cc c
 0 c   cc cc

@c ,4 #u, cc c
 0 c   ccc
c  cc

## c c c 

c  c 
c 9c & c 
 c  c  c c c 7 c c Cc

c c
;cc
@c u \$#, #3 # u,, c  c c
 0 cc  cc

@c #3 # '4 c  c c
 0 cc cc

## )c c c

  c 8c 
c c 
 c c  c c   c 6  
c
cc
 cc c
c
;cc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
@c u \$# u# \$u c c
 
c c 
c  c c

" 
c  c"cc
=c cc
@c u  #4u \$#, #\$ c c  c c c
 c c
c


cc
Uc uu ,31u '4c
c
 cccc-(M-'c
 cc
c ccc 6 c c
cc cc
Uc uu ,31u u,,c 
c
 c c c c c 3*-R3c
'c*C*cc

 \$ 

## c  c8c c

c c 0 c

8c c
c
cc23c(3c c>3c

## ccc c"  c

cc c ccc6 
c c 
c
F 
cc
c

23cc c
 cc  c
c
 cc c  
0
 cc
& c c
 c
c c
 ccc& 7 c

c  c   
c   c 
c 
 c  c c 
c c

##   9c c  c c  70 c c = c c 9

c c  
c c  c
 c
!cc
  c c

## 2 c 23c c 

 c c 
c
c c c c c  
c
c
  
0
 ;c
 7c
 0 cc
 c c
 0 c

2 c23c
=c
 cc
 7c c
 cc
 c
cc
c23c  c
c c"  cc c  c
cc ccc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
c9 
ccc c c c& c c
cc
 c cc c

=c 
c cccc 
 c

-c
c 0
c6 c c  c
c
cc7c& cc
 c  c
c0 c=
c c
c  c c 
 cc cc

## 2 c23c c c  c  c

 0 cc
 c& c
cc c  c
 c c c
=c
 c
 c c=&  c

2 c 23c
  c  c c "  c c 4c c c C+c
c  9c

c cc !c c
c ccc

2 c23c c
c" c
 0 c2 c
 0 cc c ccc
c cccc  c 
cc c
 c
c c
 c c c
cc  c
c c c& c
c
 c c"  c c
 c

+= 
c 
c
c
 0 c c ;c 
 c 
!c   c + !c c  c
*!c

## 0u   6 u 

A c >3c c 
c c c = c = c   c c "c c  0c c c


Ec 
c  c  c c =&  c   c c 9
c   c c
 c   !c
c=&  cc  cB
c

2cB
c
=c
cc  c cc  c c
  9cc  c
 cc c 9cc cB
c c
c

2 c   c 
c c 
c  " 
c c   c c c c  c
 !c c c 
cc   cB
!c  c
c c7c

c
c cc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
c  6 ccc= c   c c  c
c c
c

;c c
0 cc
 c c c 
cc
c

2 c 0 cc
 c
c   c 
cc  !c "c c
c
c  c=&  c c
 c

2c  
c c 
c c 
 c    c & c 
c
cc=c 0 cc
 c

- c c 
c  c c  c 0 c c 
  c  c  
c c 
c
cc  c 0 cc  c  c"  c

-c
cc  c c
 cc
c c  c

c

## 2 c"  c c " c c cc c,.cD+c c c ,,c(+c

2c
c  c  c>3c c"  cc c 
c  c c  c
 cc c

## u   6   

A c(3cc= 
c  c "c =c cc  c23c c  
c
c  cc  c
 0 c c

c"  c

## A c(3c c 9 c

c c" cc c0 c
c   cc  c
cc
 "cc  c  c

A c(3c c
c ccc  c cc
c 
cc
c
c c"0 c c & 
cc  cc"  c 0 cc  c
 c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
-cc
c& c
c c7cc  c

## 2 c c c  c

 c c(3cc  c
0 c cc& c
c 6 c 
c c 
= c   c  c c 
c c  c 'S'+c  c  c c  c

  !c

 c 'S'+c 
c c c  c   !c  c c c  c 
=c

 c
 c c
 c

-  c  c
c  c   c
 c 6 ?!c c 
"c & c  c c

" cc
 c

 c
=c
 c c  c
 c
 c c c6 c cc  c c c
 c c
=c6  c c &  c  c c cc

Ac 
c  "c c c (3c c & c 6 c c c c  c c  = c c

c
 c c
 c


c  c 6c c7c  cc
c
ccc

## #:  #; 


6
c c  c
 0 c    c   c c c 23c & c 
c

 
c c
c
 c c"  cc 4c c 44c cc
c
c c


6
cc c
= cc c

cc

cc c
 c
cc c
 c  
cc6 I ccc

cc
6
cc c
 c=c c
c
 c
 0 ccFc
*c 44coCc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
c  c c c & c c   c c )4c =&  c c c 
c 8c
"c  cFc*c

Ac
 c
6
c
cc
c 
c=;c

## xc Ac c 0c

  c   c
 
c 7 c 
c c 
 c
 
ccc c   !cc
xc Ac9 cc cc cc c cc c  cc9 !c& c c

c c c 
 c c 
 c c  c  c c c 
 c

6
c c& c c c
=c 
c c
 c c
 c

 
cc c!cc
xc Ac 
= c c 
c  c
  c c  c & c 
c c c 9 c

 cc
c  c  c
 
c
c c
 "c c
 cc

-  c 
 c &   c c 
6
c  c c  c 
c c c

 c
cc cccc& cc6 c  c
  c
 c

 c c
c
 c"0 c
6
cc
c c c
 c 
c
c7 c  cc

2 c 7 c 
6
c c
 
c c c c 
c c " c c
 "c  c   c

6
c  cc7 c 
 !c c  c  cc c
c
 
cc c
c
6
c

##  c= cc c & 

c
6
cc c 
c c6 I c c  cc
!c

 c
I cc  cc
c cccc cc
c cc
c
c

## 2 c  c c c   c c c  & 

c c  c c
 c  c
6 I c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
Ac & 
c
6
c
=c 
c 
cc c 
c 
;c

## xc # :  c c  c c c c c c & c =c

  c c c

 c 
c 
!c   c  c c  c c c

 cc
xc     c c c 
c 
"c
  c   c  c
 cc c
cc
ccc
c& cc
c c c
c
 
c 
=c c c c   c 
c  c = c c  c 
c  c
 & 
cc
xc \$    cc ccc c
 c c c& cc c"0 c c
 & 
c2 ccc cc  
cc c"0 c c
c c& !c

=c 
cc c 
cc
c !cc
xc \$  
 cc ccc c
 c& c"0 c c
cc
xc ,
     c c  c 8c c
c c 
c c  c
c c c
c 2c c c
c c 
c c  c & c ,44c c & c ,44c

cc c= c 
cc c
cc
6
c
cc
c c
c c & c ,44c c 
=c c c c 
c c c 
c c c c
 cc=c c
cc
c c
cc
c
=c cc

c
c9 c  c
6
c& c  c5 
c
6
cc
xc \$ c c 
c 0 c cc%.c
c c  c c=cc ,44c
c
c9cc c0
c 
cc
xc    ;&    cc

cc c6& ccc-*-!c
& c
  c)c
c
c cc c 
cc c6 I c  c
c!cc

+ =cc c "
cc
c= c  c c-*-c c 
cc
c & 
c
6
c=;c

 c=c
;c.c@c.c@cc@c%.cHc.4c
c

##  c=c ;c.c@c.c@cc@c ,44cHc , %c

c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
5# 3

## 2 ccF?*cc  c 

c c
 cc\$4,cc c c
c
 c=cc c
cc
 
c c c& cc c cc& c
c
c c
 c

c  c  c 
6
c & 0c c Fc 56 c o
!c c   c c

 c c
 ccc  c  c  c 
c

- c  c
 c c  c ccc c c& c c
 c cFc" 0c c c  c
  c cFc  c  c c c c

 c
 c
c c c
 c
 cc c c c
 c Fc c c 
 c & c "c c  c  9c c & c  c  c c
 c

0c c  c  c Fc   c " "c c c  c c  &  c 
 c

 c

## & 0c c c & c  c 

 c & c  c Fc   c " c
 cc6 c c c  ccc c
c& cc c  c

 c  c
c cFcc
  c

2c 
c c F?*c c
 
c c %c c .c c c c
 
c& cc6  c

 c c
cccc  cc c c"  c  c& c
 c cc

-  c
 cc
c c
 "cc  c c c c c  c
cc c c
 c  c(Ac( c cA
!c c & c cc&  c
0 
cc cc
 c  
c  cc cc  cc c c
 c" 
c cFc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
c   c c  c (Ac  c & c 
c 
 
c  c  c c c  c  c
c
=
 
c c c  c 
c c c  c

 cF?*cc
c  c"c
c c
 "cc cc

cc cc
=cc
c c cFc*cc=c
c
& c
6
c

## *      "     

  &   
:&  *

## #,## o,4u\$ # 4 u',#u\$ \$# #\$#

c 
 c

c c 
c =c 

c c  c 
c
0 ccc c ;c

xc ''*cc*:c'c*'cc
xc ('c5T-c'c-3NR3;c-+2c1c-3-*cc
xc -3-3*'*ccBA+cc

u  

c c 6 
c 6 c 6  c c c
 0 c c  c c c c

 c 
c 0c c 
c c   c
 "0 c c c 9c c c 9c   c
c c
c c   c 

c c c c c 
c c   c c c

 c

A c
9
ccccc c& c  c  cc  
c0ccc& c
c

c c  c
c" c
 cc cc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c

##  )   +      

2cc0c  c c
 cc
cc c 
;c

cc

## ( c   c c c

5 cR
 c
 = c

2c  
c 0c   c c c   c   c -N2c c c  
c

;c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
xc -
c+3-c( 6c1cB !cc
xc c+3-cc
xc  c+3-cc

c 
c0c  c cc  c  cAcc c 
;c

xc -
c*:c%,c 6c2AC!cc
xc -
c*:c%,c6 c:-D!cc
xc -
 ccB cc

##   

cc c  c
 
 ccc8c& c cc c c& c
c c
c c& c"cc
 
 c

2 c c 
 c c 
 
 c c c  
;c <'
 c c  c
  cc c 
c& cc c
<c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
c
  c 
c c c = c & c c 
c c  c
c & c  c    c 
 
 c =c 
c c 
c  c c

 c c  c c c   c c c c
c c
c c 
"c
"  ccc c
cc c& c6  c 

c

- ccc c
 c6  cc cc0 cc c
  c c c=c c

 c c c9 c=
ccc  c   c
 
 c c c
   c Ac c c 
c c c c c  c  c c   c 
c
c c
 & c  c

##  c 6  ccc6  cc c cc c 9 cc  c 

c
c
c
cc& c c
cc=c " c c cc
c c   c c c 
c c & c =c   c 
c  c
 c
c c cMc,\$.cc

 c c c   
0
 c  c -   c 
 
 c c & c c  c
   c c Ec 
c  c & c c
c & c   c
c  c
   c c 6 c  9 c 
c  c 
c  c  c

 c c ccc  c c& cc  c c c
 c

## o ! \$   #

xc 
c   c 
c c   c   c 
c c
 0 c
  c c
 c 
 
 c c c  c  c   c c c 
c
6 
c 
c
c  c  c 
c   c  c    c   c c c   c 
!c c   c

 0 c " c c 
c c  c  c & c c   c c    c  c
& c" c  c c"c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
xc
 c"
9 c  c
=c  cc c   c c   c
 
 c
& c "c c c 9 ;c c c  c   c c c  c

c 
c c
 c c 6 0 c c  
c c 
c
c 6  c  
c  c  c  c c
c & c 
c
 "c   c c  9 c  c

c c
c 
cc
c c  c c
 cc

c cc

## 2c c c c& c0 c c c

cc c 
;c

c *" c c
cc6 I cc ccc
c '
 c c  c c   cc
)c 
cc c c c 
c c
 c cc
%c *  c c   c 
c6c c c  cc cc
,c  c c  
c c   cc

## m Revisar Los Componentes De Hardware De La Red.

Ac c
cc
cc c 
 cc cccc c"c
& c  
c  c 6 I c c c  c c  c &  
c & c c " c c "c
  cc
c c   c c  c

## cc& cc " c& c 

cc c c c"c = c"c
c = c c  c& c c
  c c 
c  cc c 
c
c cc

## Determinar al Mapa Del Cableado


c cc c
 c c  cc c c   c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c

c 
 c c   c  
c c  c  " 
c  c c  c & c c   =c c

c c   c
 
 c

-
cc"  c
 ccc c 9 c=c ccc& cc" c
c
c cc


c
 c "  c c c c c 
 c c c 

c 
c c
 
 cc  9c& ccc  cc c c c
cc cc c& c
c 
 c c c c c  c  9 c c    c c !c c

 cccc cc" c c  c c  c c =cc cc
c cc c 
c  cc  c9c c  cc cc c  cc c

c

c
 cc"c c  cc c 
c& cc=cc c
  c

c

c
c c c
cc c
c  cc c
 c
c
c
c
c c
 c c& c c
c"
c

## Ac c=  cc c cc c

 c=c 6 c
c cc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
c 8c & c c c c  c  " 
c "c c c  
c & c

c 
 c c 6 c & c  c c c <  <c c   c c 8c
"c c c c c

## c  c  

c &  c "c c  c  c   c c  c c
  
cc   cc  c c  c

xc * " 
c"c ccc
xc -=  cc
 c cc
xc c
 cc9 c
cc c cc !cc
xc   
c cc


c
 cc  c c
 "c;c

## 2 c  cc 9 

c  c c  c c c  
c  c 7c
9 c
c

## A c" c9 c c 9 

c  c
c c  ccc c
cc
c  cc cc

1c c 8
c c   c c c  c c 
c  c c : Fc *:%,!c c
 c c
 c c c
  9cc"cc c 
c  ;c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c

## c c c  c c   cc  c  c c6 cc

  9cc c
 c c
cc cc  cc c& c c c  cc cc c
c c c cc cc c c"  cc
 c

ccc c
c ccc c  cAc c c

c *:%,c  c c 9 F!c   c c 
 c  c 
c c c
 
c"  cc
c
cc   c

c -  cAcc
c : Fc*:%,cc
)c c*:%,cc
%c  
c  c c 9 
cc  c  
cc  c 9 c 7c
 !cc
,c *
cc
.c * Fcc
/c
6c  c
6
!cc
\$c
6c-cc

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
,4#

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
#*##u '',36*u
?c
       c

a   

     
      

c
]   r 
c
u#<

c
\$#, 

a   

     
      

c