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ES Sta stat ere oa CAMBRIDGE ro CAMBRIDGE ENGLISH Maa iste a ‘WOO S.ANZONS JVIOINUSINI HIddN ZB 80 qi OTE an ea Herhert Purhta leff Stranks Peter Lewis-lones SEO Cy nay ‘Unit 1 Outstanding people (at eek etigsaned.isuss mest arous pepe WA Dicuss peopleyou amie Rese of erses ara “ ~ ‘Conversation about Jocelyn Bell- Sune 1B Oscssachalenge Ouesions Tiyng and succestng Podcast: The 30a chatenge 16 Explain what todo and check Rapid of comes Undesandng el Searing eo 10 Witean ate Review nd extension Mere practice Conversation about technology WORDPOWER make Rm Reading ‘Articles: Aape's design genius ‘and The worran who reinvented children’s TV Interviews: 30-day challenge ‘ticle: Tec free! Speaking Discussing inspiring people Asking and answering questions about challenges Explaining a process; Checking undersianding Discussing technology N Contents Ci Clonteinncaaaal Organising an article Getting started Discuss coping with natural disasters a 2A Discuss dangerous tuations Narrative tenses, Expressions with Sour Conversation about a survalstuation Ail: Lost at saa Talinga suri story ee peling ¢ 7 Give sice on avoing danger Future time ses and Animals and te naa Leaflet: How fo sunive... an Ging advice; Asking questions condiionls environment ‘ ‘anima atack eer 2% Give and respond to compliments Tore in quest ons fens mops Giving compliments and respo Ghee responding . 3 naturalenvronment Organising audelines ina leaflet Sikh sceakahead Talking about geting ost Leaflet wih guidelines for hiking Discusirg the natural it Opanising Review andestension Mere pacice WoRDPOWER face ais Tae = ating stated Discuss what makes something a ork of ot Se sus aby jences Test about earning: Leaming to Taking abou something you have put a SA Dsus ably and achievement Mut-word verbs Ability and eee er Metis ne enter achievement ad ways to improve Bi cts, ticle: Bom fo be the best Discussing spar and ways Discuss spots actives and issues Roem Soe Werdscameced Wed sess Redo raemms: Me Seats Gere vie: Bom bette beat, | Decusra 495 payers . “ ee Plenning pas Gin 3 Make care suggestions Sounds and speting 1 topic of the Making wedding pans Consonant sounds Making creo 1 ofamchoie king about popular spots Desersing data Wea description of data err ers ‘ticle: nation ofarmchair Taking about po athletes? Review andexension More peactice - z WoroPOWER ‘Ul Ue essons z — z= Gating stated Discuss chichood experiences ut winin Talking about how your le has “44 Discuss events tht changed sed tard would Cause and Peet rectove.cinamts — rppkeiokvenets tives coe ag ae Twomoncogues: Lie-changing events tery : — 48 Discuss and describe rules Obigation ana Talking bout sounds and “womnocqves tarinefraioo rice: Tango beth est Discus xe permission difcuty speling:v Discussing photos; isogresing P Unit Progress Test} Dette pcos nee Presenting photos re Contrastve tess Describing photos, Expressing sea liferent country Ginga postive impression 2 ivngin a diferent county Giving a pestve impress ‘Wt an ei tapi ha ag ee monologues: vingin different Webpage about being an Disussing ing Ply for work See Intemational student buddy Review and extension Mor pacice are UaitS Chance as = Soting started Oiscuss studies to rs a S* PRcAR reek tremena Fur poten Adpetves Sounds and Merle: Wht our chances? hi Are yovan optima 9 citing ps escribingatitude Speling. 1 fete gangtohavea engend ‘happy ite — 8 Prepare for ajob in The unknown continent. Role pay ajobintervew ob interview Future pertect and future versatin:akingabout work Quiz The unknown FUME Pevect and future The natural werd Conversation: taking dz rhe orton conten ea SC Dscuss advantages and Explaining and respon odes for a sodvantoges Tone groups Responding tan ceo Money problems Fa ed Discussing advantages and fa rue er ‘80. Wht an argument fora disadvantages ut climate chan Giving opinions on climate change Arguing! ang: SEUEN fox and against sadvanage reports: extreme weather pies ak chee tare Review nd extension ore practice ‘Unit Aound the lobe Contents Sn Cy Co TS COE re — = Unt Outstanding people Gating stated Dicuss meding famous peonle BC eats asect stess 2 and The woman chiens 77 1 Dh ee ee pes ast The 30-day chalenge Interiews: 3-day chalenge Asking ad answering questions about sea! succeeding ‘eign Elan what to do a Rapid speech Breaking of a conersatin song ———e in ime understanding ieneee a years after her intial research, Sesame Street went today its still going strong. However, Joan Ganz dint stop there. She continued to take an interest in Jhood education, and in 2007, she set up a centre to help dren's digital teracy. I really admire the way she has with helping young children. She's not a household Bird, but she's had a huge impact on the millions of children around the worl, UNIT iY FAGRAMMAR Review of tenses @ Match the verbs 1-6 in bold in Apple's design genius with the tenses below. 1 present simple past si present continuous i past continuous b Complete the sentences with the tenses in 2a, We use the: 1 ___1to refer to an event that takes place at a cific time in the past 2 —_torefer toa temporary event in progress in the present 3 to refer to a state or action that began in the past and has continued until now 4 ___to refer to something that's generally true 5 0 refer to an action that was in pr he past when something else happened to refer toa past action another past acti at occurred © Underline examples of the six tenses in the secon: dB Now go to Grammar Focus on p.13 @ Read the text about Nikola Tesla and circle the correct words. MH Listen and check your answers. Not many people ‘have heard / heard of Nikola Tesla, who 2played / was playing o key role in creating the atrnating current (AC) supply of electricity we fare having / have in our homes today. Early in his career, Tesla “has worked / worked with Thomas Edison He Shad emigrated / hos emigrated to the USA from Europe in 1884, While Tesla ®was working / had worked for Edison, they had an argument over payment for an invention, so Tesla ’was deciding / decided to work independently. It was then that he developed a motor that could produce an alternating current. Throughout his life, Tesla continued to conduct ‘experiments and *helped / was helping develop X-ray radiography ond wireless communication. There is no doubt that he °has had / had had « large impact on modem technology. Many of the gadgets that we 'ar@ enjoying / enjoy today would not have been possible without Nikola Tesla, "UNIT 1 ELLISTENING ‘a © Listen to two colleagues, Amelia and Chloe, talking about a female scientist, Jocelyn Bell-Burnell. Tick (¥) the correct sentences. 1 She's always been famous, oO 2 She isnt very well known, Oo 3, She made an amazing discovery. o 4. She created a new mathematical theory.) b © Listen again. Are the sentences true or false? 1 Amelia's reading a non-fiction book about planets and stars. 2 Jocelyn Bell Buell discovered a particular kind o star. 3. She won a Nobel Prize for her discovery. 4 She did badly when studying science at high school. 5 Life sy for her when she made her discovery 6 The press didn't treat Jocelyn Bell-Burnell seriously ‘Amelia has been inspired by Jocelyn Bel-Burnell ¢ C2® Discuss the questions. 1 Could Jocelyn Bel-Burnel’s story have happened in your country? Do you know any similar examples? 2. How popular is science in your country? sit popular with both men and women? Is it important what gender a scientist is? Why do you think it was important in the case of Jocelyn Bell Burnell? EAVOCABULARY Character adjectives Underline the five adjectives that describe people's, character in sentences 1-4. Which two adjectives have a similar meaning and what's the difference between them 1 She's a respected physicist. 2 She is an inspiring woman, 2 She was really determined, but in a quiet way. 4 Well, you've always been motivated, that's for sure. And b © Pronunciation Listen to the pronunciation of the lei e in these words. Which two sounds are the same? What the other two sounds? respected determined ¢ © Look at the words in the box and decide how the underlined letter e is pronounced. Add the words ti table, then listen and check. Practise saying the wor slept revise helpful serve desire prefer identity university women sound 1 / und 2 fe sound 3 d_ Complete the sentences with the character adjectives Once Dan gets an idea in his head nothing will change hi He's the most person I Know and its really an 2 Tim not the sort of person who gives up easily — I'm very when | want to achieve something. 3. He's worked hard and has done some very interesting 1 He's a highly ist who's known around 4 Doing a PhD is hard work so you have to be quite — you want to do one, In my last year of high school we had a real teacher. Her lessons were so interesting that hard for her @ B Now go to Vocabulary Focus on p.154 EA SPEAKING Think of an inspiring person, who has influenced you in some way. It can be someone you know or it can be. someone famous. Make notes about the person. Use the questions to help you. * What is this person’s background? * What important things has this person done in their life? © Why are they inspiring? ‘= How have they changed or influenced your life? b (2 Tell other students about your person. Ask questions. How does she My cousin Verais an athlete. stay motivated? She trains really hard every day — she's really determined, YM Cel aie ‘AKING and LISTENING Look at photos a-c and read The 30-day challenge. i discuss the questions. tare the people in the photos doing? Have you ever taken similar activities? If so, how successful were you? y do you think doing something for 30 days gi ier chance of succeeding? s you a Listen to a podeast about thi the main point that Alison makes. day challenge. challenge is a good way to give up bad habits for the brain to adapt to new habits. iething new for 30 days, you're more likely to keep Alison made some notes at the seminar. Complete notes with one or two words in each gap. Listen again -eminar notes the brain 30 ys to adapt fo ane rita 2___time, soit fun to pething new chance to try something abit not ust ging up 0 ways todo it 0 something that doesnit get inthe ake time out to do something youve aways °_ ed to make an®___! Pee esas Have you ever started a new hobby, but given up after only a couple of weeks? Or started a course and stopped after the first few lessons? Most of us have tried to learn something new, but very few of us ever really get any good at it - it's just to0 difficult to continue doing something new. But now there's some good news: did you know that if you can keep up your new hobby for just 30 days, you have ‘a much better chance of succeeding? And you may learn something new about yourself too. What examples of 30-day challenges did you hear? Use words from both boxes for each challenge. eyele drink climb getup eat paint write rise poem coffee new picture mountains everywhere @ What do you think of the ideas Alison talks about?, Make notes. f ® compare your ideas. ELLISTENING a @D Listen to two colleagues, Amelia and Chloe, talking about a female scientist, Jocelyn Bell-Burnell. Tick (¥) the correct sentences. 1 She's alvays been fama Q 2 She isnt very well kn oO 3. She made an amazing discovery. oO 4 She ated a new mathematical theory. [} b Gim Listen again. Are the sentences true or false? 1 Amelia's reading a no stars. 2 Jocelyn Bell-Burnell ds star 3. She won a Nobel Prize for her discovery 4. She did badly when studying science at high school 5, Life wasn't easy for her when she made her 3 discovery 6 The press didn’t treat Jocelyn Bell-Burnell seriously. t 7 Amelia has been inspired by Jocelyn Bell-Burnell book about planets and ered a particular kind of ¢ C2’ Discuss the questions. 1 Could Jocelyn Bell-Burnel's story have happened in. your country? Do yau know any similar examples? 2. How popular is sclence in your country? Is it popular with both men and women? 3 [sit important what gender a scientist is? Why do you think it was important in the case of Jocelyn Bell-Burnell? EA VOCABULARY Character adjectives a Underline the five adjectives that describe people’s character in sentences 1-4. Which two adjectives have a similar meaning and what's the difference between them? 1 She's a respected physicist 2 She is an inspiring woman. 3. She was realy determined, but in a quiet way. Well, you've always been motivated, that's for sure. And stubb b @lma Pronunciation Listen to the pronunciation of the lett: @ in these words. Which two sounds are the same? What the other two sounds? ed determined respe ¢ GIB Look at the words in the box and decide how the underlined letter e is pronounced. Add the words to the table, then listen and check. Practise saying the words. ‘slept revise helpful serve desire prefer identity university women sound 1 /u sound 2 fe! sound d_ Complete the sentences with the character adjectives in 1 Once Dan gets an idea in his head nothing will change his mi He's the most person | know and it's reall I'm not the sort of person who gives up easily — I'm very ___when | want to achieve something. He's worked hard and has done some very interesting resea He's a highly _ chemist who's known around the Doing a PhD is hard work so you have to be qui you want to do one. In my last year of high school we had a really 01 teacher. Her lessons were so interesting that we all worked hard for her € B Now go to Vocabulary Focus on p.154 EA SPEAKING Think of an inspiring person, who has influenced you in some way. It can be someone you know or it can be someone famous. Make notes about the person. Use the questions to help you. + Whats tis person's background? + What important things has this person done in ther ife? + Why are they inspiring? + How have they changed or influence your life? 2 Tell other students about your person. Ask questions. How does she My cousin Vera is an athlete. stay motivated? She trains really hard every day ~ she's really determined. VCR TRE aang PEAKING and LISTENING Look at photos a-c and read The 30-day challenge. ien discuss the questions. at are the people in the photos doing? Have you milar activities? Its ng something for 30 days giv eding? taken how successful were you? s you a Listen to a podcast about the 30-day challenge. the main point that Alison makes. he 30-day challenge is a good way to give up bad habits, difficult for the brain to adapt to new habits. I you try something new for 30 days, you're more likely to keep afterwards. Alison made some notes at the seminar. Complete ss with one or two words in each gap. Listen again Seminar notes time, soit fun to do something ne Iso a chance to try something *__—~ not just ging up fo ees ime, 4 @ Lo DS Have you ever started a new hobby, but given up after only a couple of weeks? Or started a course and stopped after the first few lessons? Most of us have tried to learn something new, but very few of us ever really get any good att it's just too difficult to continue doing something new. But now there's some good news: did you know that if you ‘can keep up your new hobby for just 30 days, you have a much better chance of succeeding? And you may learn something new about yourself too. What examples of 30-day challenges did you hear? Use words from both boxes for each challenge nvhere, even it ral eyele drink climb getup eat paint write rise poem coffee new picture mountains everywhere What do you think of the ideas Alison talks about?, ad habits io something that doesnt get inthe way of your “__— c out to do something y > taki tim alway do ou need to mate an ® | Make notes. 2 Compare your ideas. TUNIT 1 VOCABULARY Trying and succeeding a @MM Complete the sentences with the words and phrases in the box. Listen and check your answers five up havea goat Keepit up keep to make an effort manage to successfully tryout work out 1 Often if we try something new, we after about a week or two because our brain hasnt adapted. 2 So if you do something new for a month, you'l probably it 3. Maybe you wouldn't want to for your whole life, but it might be fun to do itjust for 30 days, 4 you're successful i's great but if it doesn't _—— it doesn't matter too much | 5 It's not ust about giving up bad habits. The | idea is really that you __ something new. 6 Or you can take time out and | you've always wanted to do. 7. Obviously to do something ike that you need something 8 They/re all about half-way through and they've done it so far. b Match words and phrases from 2a with the meanings. 1 succeed: e 2 stop trying. 3 not stop trying —_, —— | 4 try hard 5 try to see if it works. © Complete the sentences below about 30-day challenges. Use the words and phrases in 2a and your own ideas. There is more than one possible answer. 1 He tried giving up coffee for 30 days. Itwasn't easy, but he 2 You've got up at 5.30 every day for three weeks now. You've only got one week to go, so 3 30-day challenges sound fun. | want to do something different, 50 tink I dQ Work in small groups. Tell the group about a time when you: found something difficult but didn't give up made a real effort to succeed had a go at something unusual did something which worked out successfully itied to do something which didn't work out. unit 1° © Complete the interviews with the missing EAREADING EAXGRAMMAR Questions questions. Look at challenges 1-3. Who do you think will find it easy 2 And who do you practise with? Or are you just Read the rules about questions. Find examples of each type of and who will find it difficult? working alone? question in the interviews and 3c. But didn't you ever think of being vegetarian before? And how do you fee? Are you finding ft dificult? 1 In questions, we usuelly put the auxiliary verb before the subject. I b Read the interviews and check your ideas. And do you think you'll carry on after the 30 days? there is no auxiliary verb, we add door did. © What have you drawn pictures of so far? ‘Are you making dinner? Have you eaten? What did you eat? RH Listen and check your answers. 2 Ifthe question word (who, whator which) is the subject, we keep ‘normal word order. ‘Who spoke fo you? What happened next? 3 Ifa question has a preposition, it can come at the end: You were taking fo someone. -> Who were you talking to? 4 Toask an opinion, we often ask questions starting with a phrase like Do you think... Is ita good idea? Do you think its 2 good idea? 30-DAY Cc A b Compare examples a and b. a Did you see her at the party? ecu H What made you deci to Farah decided become vegetarian, Farah? QELS Well for quite along time now I've been trying to eat less meat, partly for health reasons. | think vegetables are better for you b Didn't you see her at the party? Which example... ? 1 isa neutral que: 2 expresses surprise ( (= maybe she was there, maybe not) I'm sure she was there) © Compare examples c and d, TE Which colour do you want? Which example ... ? asks about an open choice (there may be lots of colours to choose from) 2 asks about a limited range (e.g. black, red or green) Yes, but | always thought Id miss meat too much. The idea of being @ dd What colour do you want? vegetarian for 30 days was really ood, because | could give ita try an then see how I fee. No, [feel really ood. Actually, | don't miss meat at all, s0 | think easily manage the 30 days and | might try carrying on longer. certain think 'm a bit heather than | used to be. dB Now go to Grammar Focus on p.134 @ (2B Work in pairs. You are going to role-play two of the interviews in 3b and continue with your own questions, 1 Choose one ofthe interviews, Student A: Interview Student B. Add your own question. Student B: Answer Student A's questions using your own ideas. 2 Choose a second interview. Tis time Student B interviews Student A GASPEAKING a Work in pairs, 1 Write down three challenges you might do in the next three months. 2 Look at your partner's challenges. Write some questions to ask about each one. Ask about, + reasons for doing the challenge + details of what he/she plans to do + how helshe feels about it. reac) Cereb etg Bee enka Mona, why did you decide to draw something every day? Well, 've never been very good at drawing, but I've always thought I'd lke to start drawing things around ‘me, It's one of those things that you think about doing, ‘but you never get round to. a Al kinds of things. At the start I drew objects around me at home. Ther [went out in my lunch break and started drawing things outdoors, ike yesterday | drew a duck in the park ~ that was really dificult! ‘So do you feel it has been worthwhile? ly. 'm stil not very good at drawing, but i's been lots of very relaxing, J ESSE ke Petals steve, what languege dd you toleam? ‘Well, | thought I'd choose a language that isn't too ctferent rom English, so decided to try talan Ist lfc to keep going wth Yes, its. I've had to be very strict with myself. ''m using a book with a CD, so | usually try to cover one lesson a night Well there's an Italian restaurant just round the corner and ''m friends with the owner, so I go there and I chat to him That's one reason | chose italian. [White short poem every day 2.Get up at dawn 3Goruning ‘Ave you planning to... ? Do you think it will be Maybe, or| might try a different language every month. |'m thinking of trying Japanese next How are you going to... ? b C2® interview your partner about their three challenges. Do you think he/she will be successful? CNC Aa UTS CTR UCR UU Tas EELISTENING a © Discuss the questions. Do they ...? © get parttime job . tudent loans 2 What do you think is the best way? Why? 3 Ifyou had to do a part-time job to earn some money aS a student, what job would you choose and why? b Look at the photo of Tessa and Becky from Part 1 Who do you think they are? 1. tourists visiting a famous building college students doing a course 3 journalists who have just done an interview ¢ @)IBE Watch or listen to Part 1 and check your ideas. d @NE Watch or listen again. Answer the questions. ‘Are Becky and Tessa friends? How do you know? 2 Why does Becky have to go? IMS Watch or listen to Part 2. Are these sentences true or false? 1 Becky and Tom are married. 2 Becky is free this evening, 3 fecky is ina hurry. ecco cas EA CONVERSATION SKILLS a Breaking off a conversation DIMM Look at these ways to break off a conversat: and say goodbye. 1 {really must go now. 2 {must run 3 I've got no time to talk now. 4. Iilsee you tomorrow. Listen to the speaker. Which words does she not in 1-4? Look at some more ways to break off a conversatio Which words has the speaker not included? 1 Must be off now. 2 Talk to you later. 3. Can't talk just now 4 Nice talking to you Ve EIPRONUNCIATION Rapid speech a SIMD In rapid speech we often leave out sou Listen to the phrases below. Which sound is | Is it a consonant sound or a vowel sound? 1 must go 2 must run 3 gottogo 4 can't talk Read the conversation. Put B's replies in order. Is more than one order possible? A So how was your holiday? B Got togo. / Sony. Can't talk now. / It was great. A OK, well, ave a nice evening B Bye. / See you tomorrow. / Yeah, thanks. / Must be off now 2B Work in pairs. Have short conversations. Student A: Tell Student B about what you did last weekend. Continue until efshe stops you Student B: You're in a hurry, Use expressions in 2b and 3b to break off the conversation, Then swap roles. LISTENING iM Watch or listen to Part 3. What happens to Becky? Choose the correct answer. jecky meets Sam and learns how to make coffee. Becky learns how to handle food and meets a café customer. a Watch or listen again. Answer the questions. am explains two things to Becky. What are they? What does Phil do in the café? do they call him JK"? Discuss the questions with other students. e reasons for your answers, you think the others like Phil coming to the café? you think Becky will be good at her new job? Watch or listen to Part 4. Which of these do Tom and Becky mention? flee food Becky's new job the reason Tom is here. book their wedding plans Watch or listen again. What do Tom and Becky say ut each topic? FUL LANGUAGE alls. But Id locked it away ina ‘And I have to confess ~ by this stage, | was 2 Do you agree with the results? Is there anything else you would 2 Sam was annoyed that drawer the nig xt before. Already | was feeling very having to make a real effort not to get my like to add to the list? in the bank. cut off from thee Wvorld, and it was only ... actually, phone out and check my messages. | was 3. The bank teller was clearly surpris am Ihad no idea var eat time it was! starting to wonder what my friends were wanted to withdraw money. doing. Maybe they were making plans to-go 4 Sam saved time by not using the self 2 3pfter breakfast, | needed to get some cash. ‘to that new club, and | would never know! RR Re ee ‘check-out at the supermarket. Inevitably, this -¥eant a trip to the bank because Peary ere J ae a cash poins are tecrnological devices. hadto__Alinall wouldt sy | could ve without 5 Sam was able to work better by hand. peer ea oy 6 As the day progressed, Sam thought ie queue, but |harcd & very nice conversation with a technology. Predictably, | really missed my 2 i woman whilst 1 \A72s waiting. Not surprisingly, the phone ll day.The worst part was not being oleae ea FO eer re cy ow dapat Donktolerthowseg Mtlwasabitarange withdrewing ble to cck updates inthe news or rom sales calls Sar eae ey a money this was ¥thinkshe thought was a robber! my friends. felt very out of touch. However, solfies technology. | kept to my promise of @ tech-fee day and slow internet connection oe “Then it was. orm to the supermarket. You may be | did have more face-to-face interaction. mobile phone battery life How would you feel if you had * ive wondering wh 21s technological about that. Well,! Undoubtedly, it made me realise just how Fatma ere ae without using technology for one day’ Discuss bio make stcrrreslavoided the sottecrvico eaael eeacioasaearee what you would enjoy and not enjo check-out and. j>¥ ned the queue for a normal © © Listen to Gitta and Derek talking about technology. Are they describing positive or negative experiences? Do t talk about the same device? i g ney EAWRITING SKILLS Organisig an © Complete thee tasks below £ Which piece of advice isnot correct for writing an article? QUE Listen again. What's the speaker's relationship with article 1 Inpargaphs Peanng eer Why? the other person in the story? What made the experience phrase that t 6, what linking phrase shows that Sam 3. Think about how you can structure the main part of the article. @ (® Discuss the questions. 1. explains his attitude towards techno! escribes is going to S U1 rmmarise his experience? You can use a sequence of events or you could compare and 1 Do you agree with Gitta’s reaction to her boss? Why / Why not? his day, requests readers to do the se _ Look contrast ideas. yOu ? Do you think 2 explains his level of dependency on ology, ook at the <+> tive) in London in the 1970s. When |3___ (arrive) most peo rezdyfleave). | °____ (notice) Anna immediately. She © (wear) a blue dress and she (chat) with a group of people on the balcony. 1®@___ (went) up toher and we (start) talking. We both !°__ (feel as if 1___ (know) each other all our ives. Now (ve) oth in our 70s, We ®_ (kr h other for 44 years, b Read an interview with a famous actor about his life. Correct the mistakes in the questions. 1 Where you grew up In San Diego, in California. | eft when | w like living in San Diego? Yes, but there were more opportunit How long ford re: About eight years. Then | moved to as 18. ‘San Francisco. What did make you decide to move? | got an offer to act at the Apollo Theater in New York. 5 Do you think was it a good decision? Oh yes, Itwas @ chance to work with some 6 With who did you work? Oh, lots of good actors ~ Terence Newby, for example. EAVOCABULARY a Add an adjective to complete each gap. at people. he students are all keen to learn English. They're very 2 All Sophie's family and friends have warned her about marrying Fred but she's going to anyway. She's s 3. Everyone agrees the new president is a good leader. She's. highly. 4 My brother used to be very shy, but he's become much more s___since he left home, 5 Ive always loved acting more than anything else, 'm p__ about i Five thousand people came to hear him talk. He's a very i speaker, 7. Try not to criticise his work. He can be very s pout it 8 Just because they/te rich they think they're better than everyone else, | hate a___ people lke that b Choose the correct answers. 1 I "had! took a go at running a café, but it didn't work D/ out. | didn't manage °to make / in making enough ¥y s0 | had to sell it e's really 4doing/ making an effort to lose weight. He's on diet and he's kept / held it up for six weeks now. But | don't know i he'll °stay/ keep to it for much longer 3. There's only one way to find out if you can do something successful! successfully, and thats to try it®0n / out! Eq WORDPOWER a Match the remarks with the pictures. ‘ can't make up my mind, Scan eae Bete a oe @ mee cna L @ (2D Look at the picture and answer the questions. | S 3 and check your answers at do you think are the worst kinds of natural disasters? Why? Think of 2 natural disaster that h your country, How effective was the response of the emergency services? How well did people cope? Why do you think some people cope better with challenging situations than others? at doesn't make sens ~ 4 i That Cea tea Who are the people inthe picture? | wants to make s. ‘What's the man on the phone saying? | b @RM Listen to the conversations b QW Discuss the questions. | © Add a word or phrase from exercise a after make in these sentences, | What was that? | can't make. Why don't you drive faster? We or we'l be late 3. So do you want to come with us? You need to make 4. When the sun shines, it makes to the way | feel 5 | dicin't buy any more food. You'l just have to make —__ oft 6 He gave a long explanation but it didn’t make to me. | still don't understand. 7 Don't sin front of the computer all day. You should go out and make with peopl. appened in what you're saving eed to make lost time d C2 What kind of person are you? Discuss these questions. 1 Ifyou upset a friend, how would you make up fori? Would yo buy a present, buy flowers, apologise ...? When you buy clothes, do you make up your mind do you need a long time to dec 3. You have to spend the night at an airport. Would you stay there and make the best oft, or would you pay money for a hotel? 4 You see a dog in the street. Would you try to make friends with it or would you keep out ofits way? c How well did you do in this unit? Write 3, 2 or 1 for each objective. 3=very well 2=well 1 =not so well I CAN... discuss people | admire discuss a challenge explain what to do and check understanding write an article v Tae Rea ld PLM RE SS EELISTENING @ Look at pictures a-d. What would you be most afraid of in each situation? b © Listen to someone talking about their holiday. Which of the pictures is being described? Where was the holiday? ¢ @lES Listen again. Number events a-h in the order that they happened @ bought a new surfboard learnt to surf with lost the board instructors © waved toa ife-guard went surfing alone swam against the current was rescued e felloff the surfboard EAVOCABULARY Expressions with get @ Match expressions 1-10 in bold with meanings 2-j, 1 [J leant wait to get away. 2 [5] Wve always wanted to learn how to surf and I'l finally get todo it Lf couldnt get over just now strong they are [F] Actually | got imo a bit of trouble once. (tried to get hold of it Ir got swept away by the wave [| soon realised that! wasn't getting anywhere [E) | got the feeting | was being pulled out to sea, [Fj So! waved to get someone's attention [5] thada bad experience, but | soon got over it. Boow9m sw make no progress g0 in a different direction in a powerful way have the chance to do something go somewhere else be very surprised by something, find myself in difficulty take tin my hand recover from sornething negative that happened make someone notice wave the sensation that ee erekecns eaaeet Ree eae See SCs b Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrases in 2a. Write one word in each gap. 1 Shera out on the 1d to the policeman’s 2 They were exhausted and hungry, but after some. sleep they soon the experience. 3. When he saw the same tree for the third time, he a _— that he was lost 4. He went on a course about surviving in the woods and put into practice his fire-making skis 5 They decided to ski off the main trail where the snow was fresh, but it was also quite dangerous and they s 6 The boat was sinking, but we all managed a life jacket. 7. She was crossing the river, but the current was strong and she _ —_ by the water 8 They had been walking for hours, but they'd only walked about two kilometres. They felt like they weren't 9 They were in such a rush to____to the mountains, they left without taking sensible walking boots. 10 When they were in the water, they _________ how high the waves were, © DB Now go to Vocabulary Focus on p.155 EAREADING a Read the article Lost at sea and answer the questions. 1 How long was Robert Hewitt in the water? 2 What problems did he have to overcome? bb Can you remember what these numbers refer to? Write sentences about each number. Then read the text agai check your answers, 1 200-metre 4 three hours 2 seven kilometres 5 half kilometre 3 fourth day 6 third day How long could you survive at sea? One day? Two? And when would you start to lose hope? When Robert Hewitt came to the surface, he lpealised straight away that something was wrong, He 2d been diving for sea urchins and crayfish off the coast of New Zealand with a friend, and “had decided to make the 200-metre swim back to shore alone. But instead, strong underwater currents had taken him more than halfa kilometre out to sea Lying on his back in the middle of the ocean, Robert told himself not to panic. He was a strong swimmer and he ‘Was wearing his thick wet suit. 'm not going to die, Someone will come, he told himself But tree hours passed and still no one had come for him. Robert would soon have to make a tough decision. He was now a long way from the coast and the tide was taking him further out, but he decided not to try to swim for shore. He felt it was better to save his energy and hold on to kis brightly coloured equipment. But the decision was not an easy one, |ust closed my eyes and said, “You've / made the right decision. You've made the right decision” unti that’ all heard he remembers. {As night approached, Robert f ) established a patter to help him survive in the water. » To stay warm, he kept p himself moving and took short naps of less than a minute atatime. Every few hours, he called out tohis LOST AT SEA unit 2° c¢ Cb Answer the questions. 1 What do you think most helped Robert to 2 Doyou think that Robert made the right decision on day one not to try to swim for mand shore? Give reasons. 3. What was the biggest challenge Robert had to overcome? ost 4. What would you have done in Robert's situation? Articles Diving in NZ loved ones: ‘Just yelling out their names would pick me up and then I would keep going for the naxt hour i and the next hour and the next. i 12 wa stil alive. Using his bright equipment, he tried to signal to planes that flew overhead. But as each plane turned away, his spirits dropped, He managed to drink water from his oxygen tank tokeep himself alive, but as day turned i to night again he started to imagine things Robert woke on the third day to a beautiful blue sky, Now seven kilometres off the coast, Robert decided he had to swim for it. But the sun was so strong and Robert quickly ran out of strength. Hope tuned to disappointment yet again: ‘I elt disappointed in myself, | thought | was 2 lot fitter. | thought | would be able to do it." Robert then started to think he might not survive. he woke the next morning, he couldn't | j (On the fourth day, the lack of food and water was really starting to affect him. Half unconscious, and with strange visions going through his head, he thought he saw a boat coming towards him with two of is friends in. Another vision, surely. But no - They put me in the boat and | said something like "Oh, how's it going, what are you guys doing here?" Then he asked them the question that he'd asked in all his visions: ‘Can | have some water ‘As they handed him the water and he felt it touch his lips, he knew. This was not a vision. He'd been found! Alter four days and three nights alone at sea, Robert had been found! Sunburnt, hungry and exhaust butalive GLOSSARY "UNIT 2 EAGRAMMAR Narrative tenses @ Look at the verbs in bold in Lost at sea and match them with the uses a-d. a. a completed action that takes place before the main events in the story a background action in progress at the same time as the main events in the story happened a continuous activity that happens before the main events, inthe story and explains why the main events happen d_ a completed action that tells you what happens at a specific time in the story b © Pronunciation Listen to the three sentences. Underline the stressed verb in each sentence. How do we pronounce the words had been? Listen again and repeat. He had been diving fr seafood He had been swimming in the sea He had been wearing a wetsuit. © B Now go to Grammar Focus on p.136 d Work in pairs. Student A: Read about Eric Le Marque. Student B: Read about Ricky Megee, Answer the questions about your text 1 Where does the text take place? 2 Does the person survive? @ Underline the correct verbs in your text. f You are going to tell your partner about your story. Make notes. W Tell your partner your survival story, Us verb forms. EA SPEAKING @ Think of a dangerous situation that you or someone you know was in, or it could be something you know about from a book or film. Make notes about the rect questions. Where and when did it take place? + Who was involved? ‘What was the scene or background to the story? + What were the main events? * How did you / the person feel? + What was the outcome? b (2 Tell each other your story. Use different narrative tenses and expressions with get. Ask questions. It was getting late and Eric LeMarque decided to ave one final run on his snowboard. As he ''d gone / was going down the mountain, he 2came / was coming across some thick fog and headed in the wrong direction. All of a sudden he was completely lost. All he had with him was his snowboard, some bubble gum and an MP3 player. Eventually, he >remembered /’d remembered something he ‘was seeing /’d seen in a movie about using an MP3 player as a compass. This meant he was able to get an idea of where he was and head in the right direction, up the mountain. Eric was missing for a week. During that time, he fell in a river, almost went down a waterfall and had to walk through snow that was four and a half metres deep! On the eighth day he was seen by a helicopter that Shad searched / had been searching for him. He was completely exhausted but alive. Student B: ‘A farmer couldn't believe what he saw when he came across a stranger living on his farm. The man, Ricky Megee, "lived / had been living off the land in the Australian bush for two months. Ricky ?had been driving / had driven near the border of Western Australia and Northern Territory. He *stopped / had stopped to help some people whose car had broken down and offered one of them a lift to a nearby town. Unfortunately, the passenger turned out to be a robber, who stole Ricky’ car. Ricky was now completely lost in the bush, He ‘ate / had eaten insects, snakes and frogs and eventually managed to find a dam to provide him with water. He built a small shelter there and waited, hoping to be rescued. 71 days after being left, Ricky was found by the farmer. He °'d lost / was losing more than 50 kg in weight during his time in the bush Laas Ie ky ttt vicki eas Sees! fob eeu fueron NT CM TN EE READING a CD Think of three wild places you know of. Read the text again. Tick (¥) the correct sentences. + Would you be scared to go for a walk there? 1 Some animals are less dangerous than people think + What dangers could you face? Ifyou go walking, you can't avoid meeting dangerous animals. + What would you do to get out of danger? Not many animals attack without reason, 4 weapon may help you survive an attack Most anime of their body which is vulnerable. I's better to run away than to try to fight. © Read the text and check your answers, b CB Look at pictures a-e and answer the questions, 6 € Do you think the text is ... ? 1 Which of the animals do you think are the mast and least g00d do you think: altack by these animals? r chances are of surviving an val guide for travellers partof a scientific book about animals € an article writen mainly for interest and amusement an animal alla RR AP ty ag A WILD ANIMAL APPEARS FROM NOWHERE AND IT Dro oe ol aan aaa So KU LoL ‘The first important point is that there's not usually much you can do, except hope it goes away again. With luck, you may never have to defend yourself against a wild 5 animal, but it doesn't hurt to know what to do if an escaped leopard attacks you i | in your back garden, or if you're going for a country walk and you suddenly meet a | family of wolves. KNOW YOUR ENEMY Ifyou ever find yourself face to face with a large and dangerous animal, you'll want to know their strong and weak points. Common weak: points are: sthenose —« the eyes, People have sometimes survived by punching sharks, large cats, and crocodiles on the nose, and pushing your thumbs into their eyes will also work well, as long {as you press hard enough. Otherwise, you might just ‘make them angry! “ ‘You can also try to get a psychological advantage. Provided you seem biggerand more dangerous than the “~ | BE AWARE The first thing is to know which animals are really dangerous. Many people are scared of animals that are in fact harmless, and not scared enough of animals that could kill you. Most animals wor't attack people unless you do something to make them angry. Bears, for example, will usually move away as soon as they hear you and they'll only fight if they think you're attacking them or their young. Wolves Won't normally attack unless they are very hungry, and then only if they're in a group. Tarantulas are horrible and hairy, but they aren't actually dangerous at all - you can let them walk over you. On the other hand, tigers and crocodiles are serious killers who will be happy to eat you for breakfast. + the neck. animal, it will probably leave you alone, so make a lot of Noise and try to make yourself look bigger. WHAT NEXT? If scaring them doesn’t work, then you have two options: running or fighting. Remember that most animals are better at running and fighting than humans, so don't expect things to end wel. But i you decide to fight, fight back with everything ‘you have. Often during animal attacks people give up before the fight has even started. If you have any sharp objects or ‘weapons, then use them. Hit the animal's weak points, keep shouting and make sudden movements. Good luck! BE PREPARED I's a good idea to take a stick, a knife or a Pepper spray when you go for a walk in the wild in case you meet a dangerous animal. Have it in a place where you can easily find it It may mean the difference between life and death. y, UNIT 2 f Look at the ideas below for surviving attacks by three different animals. For each animal, decide which ideas are the best. £ D Communication 28 Now go to p.127 to check your answers ’a hit iton the nose with a stick look it straight in the eyes ay immediately ceo swim away quickly swim towards it c_hititin the eye if tes you run straight uphill as fast as you can b lie down and ‘play dead’ hit the trees with sticks if you think bears are nearby EAGRAMMAR Future time clauses and conditionals @ Look at the words and phrases in bold in sentences 1-5 and answer questions a-e. 1 Theyll only fight if they think you're attacking them. They won't attack people unless they're trapped or provoked. 3. Bears, for example, will usually move away as soon as they hear you 4 Provided you stay absolutely stil, the bear wil lose interest and go away. 5 As long as you don't panic, it will probably swim @ Which two words or phrases have a similar meaning to if? What does sentence 2 mez 1 A bear will oly attack you if it’s trapped or provoked. 2 A bear will attack you anyway, even if isn trapped. © What does sentence 3 mean? 1 When bears hear you they will wait, then move way slowly. 2 When bears hear you they will move away immediately d_ Look at these examples Ifyou stay stil, the bear will go away (= something ge ou move, the bear wil attack you (= something bad will happen). In which example could we use as /ong as or provided instead of i? @ What tense is used af in bo the r the words and phrases id? What tense is used in the other part of ten Find one more example in How to survive an animal attack of each of these words and Phrases: 1 as longas 3 provided D Now go to Grammar Focus on d Complete the sentences. There is more than. one possible answer. Compare with other students. 1 Sharks won't attack y 2 Wolves will only attack i Tarantulas won't bite you provided If you hit a crocodile on the nose unit 2° ELLISTENING and VOCABULARY Animals EJ SPEAKING and the environment 4 A visitor is coming to stay in your country. Make notes about a OB The Tiger by John Vaillant tells the true story of a hunter and a Siberian tiger. Use the + endangered sp * dangerous animals or other words in the box to guess what insects happened. * other possible risks or dangers (e.g, diseases, dangerous = places, travel, weather) tiger mattress attacked hut forest wounded shot Killed boots b Imagine what you could tell the visitor and what advice you could give. How could you use the words in the box? b @IE Listen to an interview about the book. Was the if assoon as incase unless aslong as provided story similar to yours? dl a ¢ @lEX Which of these questions doesn’t Miles ¢ CB Work in pairs. Student A, talk about your answer? Listen again and check. country. Student B, you are the visitor. Ask Student A 1 Isa Siberian tiger bigger than other tigers? questions. Then change roles. 2 How far can it jump? 3. Have many people been killed by Siberian tigers? Take malaria tablets in case 4 Can tigers plan ahead? you get bitten by amosquito. Be careful of dogs if | d @NEE Listen to the second part of the interview. pouse Pais Tick (¥) the things Miles talks about. his own feelings about the tiger Ife in Sivera the relationship between humans and tigers tigers a an endangered species how to survive a tiger attack @ 2X Do you think Miles would agree with statements 1-5? Write Yes or No. Then explain why. I's a good thing they killed the tiger. The tiger was just behaving naturally 3. Tigers have aways caused problems for people in Siberia 4 In some ways, humans are more dangerous than tigers. 5 We should hunt more tigers to keep them under control f Which of the words in the box can we use to talk about ... ? 1 animals 2 places atrisk creature endangered environment extinct habitats hunt natural protected rare species BIER Complete the sentences with the words in 3f Then listen and check your answers. 1 in easten Siberia, one ofthe wildest and most 2 Imagine a that is as active as a cat and has ee the weight of an industrial refrigerator. 3 d tigers the same animals and 4 Tigers are ____ because of humans. 2 § 5 Tigers have become extremely 6 There are 40 million humans but only 500 tigers, so they really are an __ _—. and although theyre they could easily become in a few decades, = NES Polo one cd @ Agreeing using question tags " 5 What a great shot! =" HELISTENING a Q® Discuss the questions. 1 Do you like taking photos? Why 2 In your opinion, what makes @ good photo 3 Do you think you are good at taking photos: ry / Why not? 1 Look at photo a and answer the questions. 1 What is Becky doing? 2 Why do you think she needs Tessa to help? ¢ EW Watch or listen to Part 1. Check your answers. d © Ave the sentences true or false? Watch or listen again to check. Becky asks Tessa to help her check the height ofthe tripod. Becky is happy with the shots she ta Tessa wonders ifi's necessary to use a lot of equipment, 4 Tessa wants to take a photo of a small animal. 2RIRAMD eee Tim v EACONVERSATION SKILLS Agreeing using question tags a JEW Watch or listen again. How does Tessa respond to Becky's comment ‘It’s quite difficult’? d Complete the rule. If the sentenc: sitive, we usé tag. Ifthe b Choose the correct word. sentence is negative, we use a___ tag. 1 We can use statements with question tags to agree | disagree with someone, © Complete B's replies. Use an adjective from the box in the 2. Using a different adjective in the answer is more first gap and the correct verb form in the second gap. welcoming soaking breathtaking worried © Complete B's answers with the correct verb ANAT Oc forms. B Yes, theyre —_ they? 1 A I think she's a lovely person. PAG ret ce nen liens Semartirel B Yes, she's very charming, B a ie 2A Their instructions weren't ve 3A weren't a very friendly group of B No, they weren't helpful, — B ey weren't _at all t! 4A He looks a bit anxious, B Yes, he does look __, __ he? EI PRONUNCIATION Tone in question tags @ © Listen to the examples, Does the tone e¢ £0 up (A) or down (\) on the question tag? What's the difference in meaning? 1 No, it isn't very quick, is it? W Discuss people and things you and other students know - for example, a person, a café, a film or a car. Use the adjectives below and question tags to agree. 2 No, they weren't helpful, were they? © amusing — funn ft 2 No, 7 ‘amusing —funny frightening — terrifying Yes, you need to make things easy, don't you? © cheerful —h * exhausting — tring + interesting — fascinating b © Practise saying the exchanges in 2e. Try to use the correct tone in the reply. That photo is really striking, Yes, its stunning, isnt it? 26 Pr ee as a eo EALISTENING @ Look at photo b of Becky and Tessa. Which approach to taking photographs would you a prefer? Why? b Look at the two photos of flowers. Which do you like best? Why? c SM Watch or listen to Part 2. What are Becky and Tessa’s opinions of their own photos? © Watch or listen to Part 2 again. Answer the questions. 1 EAUSEFUL LANGUAGE Giving compliments and responding | DI Listen and complete the conversation. BECKY shot! TESSA Its all__ BECKY You just ___ to get a really good shot. The light is amazing. TESSA Thanks. Guess its bad, b Answer the questions about the conversation. 1 Do Becky's compliments sound excited? 2 Is Tessa's response grateful or neutral? © Look at the bold words in compliments 1-4. Match them to the words and phrases in ad Thats a lovely picture! at 2 You're so good at taking photos. _b excellent / amazing / beautiful /strking 3 Mave the way you caughit the light. c were able to / succeeded in 4 You really managed to get Ijust right. d_ realy like /am impressed by ted / skilled 1 Which of these responses are grateful and which are neutral? Do you think so? Its OK, I guess, Thanks, tm glad you like it, tm really pleased you like it. @ CB Work in pairs. Imagine you have both finished writing an essay and have read each other's essay. Use the ideas below to have a short conversation, Take turns to be A and B. A B Tell your parter how easy) Gifficult it was to write the essay )—~a Agree with A using a question tag Say you've read your partner's uate J > Respond grateful inher, GA SPEAKING @ Work alone. What compliments can you give to your classmates? Think about: things they do or make as hobbies their jobs things they have done in your English cla the clothes they are wearing. W Talk to different students in your class. Give compliments and respond. That's @ really nice sweater you're wearing. Thanks, It’s not bad, | isk? ) How did Tessa start taking photos? What do Becky trouble decidin What does Becky think about her photo of a squirrel? What does Tessa think? Where do they go for coffee? id Tessa have G | | CHECK YOUR PROGRESS ‘You can now do the Unit Progress Test. } | 27 1 EI SPEAKING and LISTENING a Discuss the questions, When was the last time you went to some kind of natural environment? 2. What did you do there’ 3. How did you prepare for your trip? b @MM Listen to Luiza talking about an experience she had in Canada. Answer the questions. s she talk about? 1 Which a tural environment d pact at was the ¢ @MM Listen again and answer the questions, 1. Why did Luiza get lo 2 How did she decide which 3 What helped her ay to d the cleari d CQ At the end, Luiza says: | suddenly had this strange feeling | was not alone. What do you think happened next? Discuss your ideas, ©MM Listen to the continuation of Luiza’s story. Were - your ideas correct? f © Listen again. Are the sentences true or false? 1 Luiza knew what to do 2 She felt calm and wasn't afraid 3. The helicopter saw Luiza the first time it flew over 4 Luiza was surprised to find out she was close to the main track & CB What would you have done in Luiza's situation? ———— i EAREADING a QB Think about Luiza’s experience. Imagine you are going hiking in a forest. What do you need to remember in order to be safe? b Read the leaflet Be wise and survive. Were your ideas similar? Put headings in spaces a-c in the leaflet. There is one extra heading. 1 Inthe forest 3. Identifying useful plants 2 Ifyou get lo Pre ration © Read the leaflet again. What should you ... ? take with you when you not do when you are hiking do about food and drink if you are lost hiking o if you are lost: move around or stay in one place DCE ROU eu tg COO ee Cen etn vantg SR eA ont a catety Ceo Cnt eco ent cee PRUE ST Og uRe RCo eae Co SSL CE cee eae Ratt 1 Geta map of the area and make sure you know where you are going. 2 Check the weather forecast. 3. Wear clothes and shoes that are suitable for the conditions. Ifyou think the weather may change suddenly, take extra clothing 4 Ifyou are going on a longer walk, take some emergency food with you. 5 Provided you follow the signs, you shouldn't get into trouble. 6 Never take short cuts unless you're absolutely sure where they go. Allow plenty of time to get to your destination or get back before it gets dark. 8 As soon as you realise you're lost, stop, keep calm and pian what you will do next. 9 Don't eat all your food at once, Have a little at atime, 10 Try to find a source of water you can drink from like a river or a stream. Being able to drink is, more important than being able to eat 11 Don't keep moving around. Find s that is dry and get plenty of rest. It rescuers to find you if you stay in one place. 12. Always try to stay warm. You can cover yourself with dry plants. 18. Ifyouneed to keep moving, make sure you use rocks or pieces of wood as signs that show rescuers where you are going. 14 As long as you tell yourself you'll survive, you probably will! leaflet ti @ Notice these verb forms used in the leaflet. 1 Check the weat! + forecast. — positive imperative 2. Don't eat al your food at once negative imperative 3 Never take short cuts... ~ frequency adverb + imperative 4. Ifyou think the weather may change suddenly, take extra clothing. -if+ present tense + imperative Find one more example of each verb form in the leaffet. b Choose the correct answers. 1 What's the fur a to give adv to make indirect suggestions 2 Why are those forms used? 2 to make the information clear and direct bb to show hikers they have a strong obligation tion of the verb farms in 3a? © Correct the incorrect sentences, 1 Noteeat any plants you don't recognise 2 Never leave the main hiking wit I you will hear a rescue team, make lats of nose. i 4 Always carries a pocket knife. As soon as it starts getting dark, stop an about what to do 6 Ifyouhave a map, take it with you, EA WRITING @ CW Choose one of the situations in the box and make notes on advice you could include in a leafet up of people you are backpacking in @ foreign country biking in the mountains ‘camping in a forest swimming in the sea b Write a leaflet for the situation you chose above. Remember to: © use headings * include the different imperat + make the information clear a forms in 3a direct © Swap leaflets with another student. Does the leaflet include headings and different imperative forms? Is the information clear and direct? What improvements could be made? d Give your leaflet to other students. Read other leaflets and decide which leaflet you think is the clearest and the most useful UNIT 2 Review and extension GRAMMAR @ Complete the text with the verbs in brackets. Use the past simple, past continuous, past perfect or past perfect continuous forms. The frst time | ___ (ty) scuba diving (be) when, ims in North Queensland, Australia. | ¢ (travel) around the world and | (decide) to stop and 8.18 (be) on a gap year between work for a few mor finishing university and beginning ell me the best way to by scuba diving. The diving !°__ Reef !°___(be) fantastic. As | ¥__( spectacular marine life fears before, someone Reef®__(be) Great Barrier b Make sentences by matching the halves. Put the linking expression in brackets in the correct place. 1 you won't find it dificult to learn to s 2 [E] you won't make much progress 3 [] you'll make steady progre ‘tbe able to control your skis 5 [J you'l stay warm 6 [J you'l start making progress after a week you can move your toes in your boots (unless) you're generally fit and healthy (i you keep moving (provided) you choose an easy ski slope (@s long as) . you're patient with yourself (provides) you're prepared to fall down a lot (unless) EA VOCABULARY @ Correct the errors in the sentences. 1 I dropped my hatin the sea and it got swept by a wave away. 2 She couldn't get it over h 3. He got trouble for being late. 4 | got feeling they didn't like guests. | 5 She's now getting over it the shock of losing her job last week 6 They're planning to get countryside this weekend, w hot it was. b Complete the words, 1 In North America, red 2 Inthe UK, large blue butterties are a_— 3. The New Zealand maa bird has been e <= Bor about six hundred years. 4 Its possible to find many Chinese alligators in 200s and research centres, but ther are fewer living in their 5 In Australia, just over 20 per cent ofthe native plants are considered ¢ ‘and need to be conserved, Ey WORDPOWER Match the examples 1-8 with the definitions a-h. 1 [Although he said he enjoys the taste ofthe raw fis still made a face. 2 [D] She faced a difficult choice between the two jobs was offered, 3 [1] Her face fell when | told her the painting was worthless. 4 [1 Wve been studying all day and | can't face doing my homework now it's not good news, but | fee! | need to say itt his face 6D We just haven't got — enough money to buy a house 7 ( Itripped on ak I flat on my face 8 [] I could tell my boss wasn't happy about the outcome. Now I have to talk to her and face the music. a tobe disappointed to.accept another person’s criticism or displeasure toaccept an unpleasant situation how from your expression that you don’t ike something, © to fall over badly and feel a bit embarrassed fo make a difficult decision to say something directly to someone to1not want to do something unpleasant b In which of the expressions 1-8 is face used as a noun and in which as a verb? © Which one of the following nouns doesn't collocate with face? 1 a problem 4 the facts d Add words to the gaps. 1 When did you last fall your face? 2 What was the last ___ choice you had to face? 3. What happened the last time you saw someone's f 4 What's something difficult you've had to sa someone's face? can't you face w 6 When was the last time yc nad tof @ CB Ask and answer the questions in 3d GETTING STARTED Fear wa as en @ CB Look at the picture and answer the questions. for each objective. 3=verywell 2=well 1 =not so well ICAN... discuss dangerous situations 1 What are the people doing? 2 Why do you think three people are needed for the job? = 3. What could the man on the left be thinking? b C2® Discuss the questions, 1 What makes something a work of art? Do famous artists have natural talent? Or is their success due to luck, hard work or something else? Why do you think so? sive advice on avoiding danger give and respond to compliments rite guidelines in a leaflet 3ty ey EELISTENING @ QB Think about how to learn something new. Do you agree or wt 1 Mma a OL ATM UCD TUL disagree with sentences 1-5? hy? My teacher wil ‘ angry if| make mista Leam to discuss ability and achievement febaneecho yoo Read questions 1-6 from people who have to learn something. Use information in the texts to answer the questions. 1. I have to learn a lot of historical dates for an exam. Whats ‘a good way to do this? 2. I want to join a beginners’ kickboxing class. Is it better to join the morning or afternoon class? 3. | know | have a natural talent for tennis. Do I need to EN VOCABULARY Ability and achievement 4 Look at the adjectives in bold and answer questions 14 ‘And when you look at all the people who are outstanding at what they do they seem so much more talented that's what it takes to become really skilled. Those who became exceptional practised about two thousand hours more inorder to learn something and become very successful ing it, all you'll need is about 10,000 hours! at ecco lear gestern ects peelige hereto ela Without a doubt, there are people who are brilliant at 3) NGA Eda ki i 4. If study first thing in the morning after my brain has certain things 4. If something seems very easy, | must be doing it wrong, reasait itera tu eoart tora Daal neseet All the musicians in the study had the potential to become eee roca ears are best 5. Ihave to find out about the way car engines work, but the Mord femmous b GiB Listen to an experienced teacher talking about __ book I'm reading fs really boring: Should ust elchiwin KZ 1. Which two adjectives describe a good level of ability? the same sentences. Are his ideas similar to yours? Do 6 I don't just want to be a good computer programmer - | 2 Which adjective describes a good leve achievement? 3 Which three adjectives describe a very high level of abilty or achievement? 4 Look at the noun in bold in the last sentence. Are the musicians world famous now or are they likely to be in want to be a brilliant one. What can I do to achieve that? you agree with his ideas? to be a briliant d (2B Discuss the questions. 1 What information in the texts surprised you? 2. What information made sense to you? 3. Have you had any experience of the ideas discussed nthe EAREADING a QB Discuss the questions. 1 How long does it take to learn something well? text? b Write the noun forms of the adjectives. 2. What’ the best time of day to learn something new? 4 Do you think yout change your learning practice as ere 3. How important is memory when we lea something new? ces ofthe information? 2 talented 3 tailant b Read Learning to learn. Match texts a-c with the a able questions in 2a GIVE ME STRENGT. Anew word suggests a picture Isnt itstrange how we can remember the words of a much loved poem that we leamt at primary schoo! more than twenty years ago, but we can't remember where we left our keys about ten minutes ago? More than 130 years ago this problem caught the attention ofthe German psychologist Herman Ebbinghaus and he came up with a theory: the © TTS ALL ABOUT RHYTHM Sn i Bodies and brains need ti But not first thing. Our bodies and brains need time to. want to ci ord we lean might make us think of a picture This association can t o ‘so build memory strength, Using associations to help us remember what we lear is known as ‘mnemonic’. For example, some people are abl to remember along sequence of numbers because the shape ofall those numbers reminds them of a specific physical shape such aS @ sie , \ pit: Veen cigs ar cten RBS times ofthe day. Understanding these rhythms helps us work out when's the best time to learn, | warm up ? strength of memory. “Early bird’ or ‘night ow, we all have warm up and our body temperature rises slowly from Enbinghaus believed that if we find new information interesting, then tifferent body clocks and rhythms. 4 the moment we wake up. Between ten in the morning itl probably be more meaningful tous. This makes the information However, research is beginning to show Ta and midday, most people are at their best in terms of ‘easier to learn and also helps the strength of memory. It also helps if we that we're al quite similar in the way our t their ability to concentrate and learn. associate the new information with something else. For example, a new minds and bodies behave at different f Between 2 pm and 6 pm our muscle strength isa ts Deak and our hand-eye coordination is very efficent This means the afternoon is probably better for learning new sports or perhaps a new dance step. Used by competitors in the World ff Nemory Championships hed each year in London. Popular spelling mnemonics: ce ee eed Cees eg UNIT 3% © Complete the sentences with the words in the box. at for to 02) 1 He's very talented 2 He has lots of potential ___ succeed in hs career. 3 She's got a real talent __ drawing, 4. She definitely has the ability __ become a briliant acto playing the guitar Think of an example of someone who: 1 is skilled at some kind of sport or at 2 has a talent for some kind of musical instrument 3 is famous and you think is briliant 4 you think is exceptional in ther field 5 is the most successful person you know. W Tell each other about your answers in 3d Give reasons for your opinions. A QUESTION OF TALENT? All you'll need is about 10,000 hours! \Weveal had the experience of tying t eam something new only to find out that were not very good att We ook around at other people we're leaning vith and they seem so much more talented and are hing so much bette. t seems to come natural to them. And when You ook atl the people who ar oustanding at what they oo ~the real famous people who are superstars all you sees natural ably The conclusion seems obvious: talented people must be bom that way. Without a doubt, there ae people who are rian at certain things they havea talent for Kicking afotball round a field, or tey pickup von and immediately make musi. However, there's aso alot io be said for practice, Psychologist K. Anders Ericsson studed students at Berin's Academy of Musi, He found tat eventhough all the muscans inthe study ad the potential to become world famous, onl some of them actualy i What made the difference? The answer is simple: time. Those who became exceptional were more competitive and practised about two thousand hours more than those who oly cid we $6, according to ricsso, that's what takes to become really sled tttuns out tha practice realy does make perect, and inorder to lea something and become very successful at dong, lyou'l need is about 10,000 hous! ee There ETA (Ry yi Sie ees eee a osemn ee ena good runners in Kenya eaaoaaenere Peed EEREADING ¢ CW Compare your ideas with other students, 4 Look at the pictures. What sports do they show? df Read the text Born to be the best about professionals in How many of the people do you recognise? four sports. In what way are they all similar? b Ch What do you think makes a successful @ Read the text again and answer the questions about athlete or sportsperson? Choose the five things each sport. in the box you think are most important. 1 What sport is it? Are there any you think are unimportant? 2. Who Is given as an example? 3. What unusual features are mentioned? 4. Whats the result? attitude general level of fitness luck desire for money genetic make-up support from the community technique f Which of the things in 1b are mentioned in the text? Do parents. training and practice you think this is important for all sports activities or only - for top professional players? eam OM Ya THE BEST EALISTENING EAGRAMMAR Multi-word verbs @ © Listen to Seamus, Fiona and Henry talk a What is the meaning of the multi-word verbs in bold? Which about their learning experiences. Answer the multi-word verb is most similar to the verb on its own? questions. 1 Allof my friends were also really into comic books, but none of 1 Who taks about...” them tried to come up with their own stores 2 the bes ime to learn 2... s0 we decided to ty it out b learning hours © the strength of memory b B Now go to Grammar Focus on p.1 2. Do the speakers think the learning ideas they talk ! about work fr them? TEASPEAKING Champion cross-country skier Eero Mantyranta had an unusual gene vhich made him produce too b GE Listen again and make notes about the 1many red blood cells. Cross-country skers cover long distances and ther red blood cells have to things they tlk about ne a Think of something you've done that you have put a lot of ‘send oxygen to their muscles. Mantyranta had about 65% more red blood cells than the normal, effort into. For example: ‘adult male and that's why he performed so well. In the 1960, 1964, and 1968 Winter Olympic eres ‘Games, he won a total of seven medals. n 1964, he beat his closest competitor inte fteen- kilometre race by forty seconds, d i I Yours faithfully, - || Paulo Figueiredo « I ’ a ~ EA wriTiING ‘ a Plan an email applying to do voluntary work. Choose ‘one of these situations. Make a list of reasons why you would be suitable, + A website is advertising for volunters to work in an ] international summer camp and organise activites for | teenagers. 1 + voluntary organisation wants helpers to make contact with English-speaking families lving in your country and help them to edapt to your culture. + Alarge secondary school in your area wants volunteers to give talks to pupils about cfferent jobs and to help them decide on a future career b Write the email. Include: ' ‘+ an opening sentence, explaining why you are writing + two or three paragraphs, explaining why you are suitable + phrases from 3a and 3b + a final sentence to conclude the email, © Work in pairs. Look at your partner's email Does it... ? + make it clear why he/she is suitable = have a clear structure ‘© use expressions from 3a and 3b to give a positive impression Swap your email with other students, Would they choose you as a volunteer? : write an email to apply for work Oo —————E—————— UNIT 4 Review and extension GRAMMAR Use the words in brackets to rewrite the sentences. Make sure the meaning doesn’t change. 1. I was a nurse but now I work for a drug company. (used to) 2 I don't do shift work now. (no longer) 3. When I was a nurse I sometimes slept in, but now | aways up early. (would) 4 Ino longer take my lunch to work because there's a cafeteria atthe drug company. (any more) 5. don’t wear a uniform in my new job so I can now wear my wn clothes, (used to 6 I don't have to deal with difficult patients now. (no longer) 7 'm much happier than | was before, (used to) b Correct five obligation and permission expressions in the text, | went to a very strict primary school when I was a child wasn't allowed to do about two hours homework every night which meant there was litle time to play with my friends. But often my parents told me just to study for an hour and wrote a rote for the teacher excusing me from homework. In class we weren't let to talk to each other when we were working on a task because teachers didn't like noisy classrooms. However, we put up our hand and ask our teacher a question as. she felt it wes good to help students. We weren't allowed to do some kind of physical exercise every day after lunch, but that made us very tired in the afternoon, One good thing is that they ‘Supposed us learn a musical instrument and | learnt to play the: Clarinet, which | stil enjoy doing. EAVOCABULARY @ Complete the sentences with a preposition followed by your own idea, 1 8 is usually caused —_ 2. Asunny day always has a positive effect 3 Too much exercise can result 4 Visiting a foreign country can lead — 5 Asa result learning English, | ‘AB Work in pairs. Compare your ideas. Ask your Partner why they completed the sentences in that way. © Which word in the box collocates best with the nouns? Tigorous tough punishing strict arduous tricky | ee ining programme / schedule eens ‘SRAM 7 aarerie ppc as Plastic / teachers 4 _—__ourney / task MST tasting / rome Ga ) just don’t understand computers. give up. You start a new fitness programme and you're really tired the next day. Do you think: ) Wow, I worked hard yesterday ~ it'll be easier next time, b) Wow, [must be really unit! 3 G, 329 coming he ond. diver gots annoyed 5 6 7 _Aitjond you haven't seen for months says You're looking good.’Do you think: a) Yes, he's right. Nice of him to notice, ») Does he really mean it or is he just being nice? ‘Ab Work in pairs. Compare your answers to the quiz, Did you have mostly a or mostly b answers? DB Communication 5A Now go to p.131 Read the article Why we think we're going to have a ong and happy life quickly. Choose the correct words to complete the summary, Most people are naturally optimistic pessimistic and this is generally an advantage / a disadvantage for the human ract because it helps us to be realistic about the future / more successful Leam to discuss possible future events Gh aanod Wren eou enc PA Nes OO NO at \Qoe Researchers have found that people alll over the world share an important characteristic: optimism, Sue Reynolds explains what it's all about. WE'RE ALL ABOVE AVERAGE! Try asking a 20-year-old these questions: + What kind of career will you have? * How long do you think youl live? Most people think they'll be able to earn above-average salaries, but only some of the population can be in that top half. Most young men in Europe will say they expect to live well into their 80s, but the average life expectancy for European men is 75. Most people will give an answer that is unrealistic because nearly everyone believes they will be better than the average, Obviously, they can't all be right. Most people are also optimistic about their own strengths and abilities. Ask people ‘How well do you get on with other people?’ or 'How intelligent are the people in your family?” and they'll usually say they're above average. Again, they can't all be right. We can't all be better than ‘everyone else, but that's what we think. LOOKING ON THE BRIGHT SIDE ‘There is a reason for this. Research has shown that, on the whole, we are optimistic by nature and have a positive view of ourselves. in fact, we are much more optimistic than realistic and frequently imagine things will turn out better than they actually do. Most people don’t expect ‘their marriages to end in divorce, they don't expect to lose their jobs or to be diagnosed with a life-threatening disease. Furthermore, when things do go wrong, they are ‘often quick to find something positive in all the gloom, Many people who fail exams, for example, are quite sure ‘they were just unlucky with the questions and they'll do better next time. Or people who have had a serious ilness often say that it was really positive, because it made them appreciate Ife more. We really are very good at ooking ot the bright side’. ate Even if our optimism is unrealistic ar : is unealistic and leads us Ask, without we might a sil be Ing nonce UNIT 5. @ Read the article again. Tick (V) the five points made in the article. 1. Pessimists usually have fewer friends then optimist. 2. Humans are naturally positive about their future, 3. Reality is often worse than we imagine itto be, 4. People who lve in warmer countries are usually more optimistic. 5 We often act (or don't act) because we're confident, everything will work out 6 If we imagine a better future, we wil take more risks. 7. Optimists spend a lot of time daydreaming. 8 Optimism about the future makes us fee! better in the nt pr Ab Discuss the questions. ‘Look again at your results in the quiz. Do you think you hhave the ‘Optimism Bias”? ‘= Do you agree that its better to be optimistic than realistic? Why / Why not? + How do you see yourself in 20 years’ time? EAVOCABULARY Adjectives describing attitude : art Rit THE OPTIMISM BIAS because we're sure that we'll find a way to clean it up some day in the future OPTIMISM IS GOOD FOR YOU But researchers believe that the Optimism Bias is actually {900d for us, People who expect the best are generally likely tobe ambitious and adventurous, whereas people who expect the worst are likely to be more cautious, $0 coptimism actually helps to make us successful. Optimists ae also healthier because they fee! less stress — they can relax because they think that everything is going to be just ine, Not only that, but the Optimism Bias may also have played an important part in our evolution as human beings. Because we hoped for the best, we were prepared to take risks such as hunting down dangerous animals ‘and travelling across the sea to find new places to live and this is why we became so successful as a species. Even four optimism is unrealistic and leads us to take risks, Without it we might al stil be living in caves, too afraid to {90 outside and explore the world in case we get eaten by Wild animals a Find adjectives in Why we think we're going to have a long and happy life which mean: expecting the future tobe good seeing tings as they are not seeing things as they are prepared to take risks not prepared to take n wanting to be successful b Which of these adjectives best describe you? © B Now go to the Vocabulary Focus on p.158 Many people who fail exams are quite sure they were just Unlucky with the questions "unit Ef LISTENING Read the statistics and guess which numbers complete the sentences. 8,000 6 18million 1 million 4 WHAT ARE YOUR CHANCES? Chance of living to be 100 (man): Tin Chance of living to be 100 (woman): lin Chance of having a road accident: lin Chance of winning the lottery: Tin Chance of being in a plane crash: lin b @)Bm Listen and check your answers, Do you think any of the statistics would be different for your country? @xER According tothe speaker, how can you increase your chances of doing these things? Listen again and check. 1 surviving plane crash 2 geting to the airport safely 3 ng tobe 100 58 GRAMMAR Future probability a @)BER Complete the sentences with the words in the box. Then listen and check. likely unlikely could may probably (x2) certainly (x2) chance Its very that your plane will crash. Even if it does you'll ___ be fine, because 95% of people in plane crashes survive. So, if you're worried about getting on that plane, don't be, because you'll almost ___ survive the journey. You're more to have an accident in the car going to the airport You have quite a good of lving to be 100. Modern medicine well make the chances higher stil during your lifetime. You —— won't die in a plane crash and you lve to be 100, But the bad news is, you almost ___ won't win the lottery Find phrases in 4a which mean ... ? 1 ifs certain / nearly certain 3 it's possible 2 it's probable 4 it’s not probable Which words in the box in 4a are used in these patterns? 1 will _ (+ verb) 2 won't (+ verb) 3 islare___to (+ verb) 4 its that 5 There's athe -B Change these predictions, using words from 4a. 1 Fl meet someone famous in my life - 70%. 2 have children ~ 50-60%. 3 all in love at least once in my life - 90%, 4 il become a millionaire ~ 0.05%. 5 Someone wil steal from me — 80%. 6 Mllive in the same place all my life ~20%, Now go to the Grammar Focus on p.142 SPEAKING Do you think these things will happen in your lifetime? Decide if each event is certain, probable, possible, unlikely to happen, or if it will certainly not happen. Then add a question of your own, 1 Will we find @ cure for cancer? Will people goto live on Mars? Wil the evel ofthe aceans rise? Wil there be another world war? Will people stop using cars? © Wil Chinese become the world language? b Ch Ask other students their opinion ¢ Cl Tell the class what you found out, * How many people agreed with your opinion? ‘+ What were the most interesting comments? + Are people in your class ur class generally optimistic, pessimistic o fealistic? metage WS eatin eT TL BE READING a CB Look at the pictures of Antarctica and answer the questions, 1 What can you see in the pictures? 2 What do you know about Antarctica? 3. Would you lke to go there? Why / Why not? b CW Do the quiz. Then compare your answers with a partner. ee oe Noe aad Prater cee etic The natural world Read the first part of an article about working in. Antarctica. What would your reaction be to a job advert like this? Imagine you saw a job advertised with the following conditions: + no leaving your place of work for 6 months - you must stay inside + work six days a week, but always be available + socialise only with your colleagues ~ no contact with other friends and family You'd be mad to apply, wouldn't you? Probably. But if you want to work in Antarctica during the winter, this is what you'll have to put up with. "UNITS e CQ Discuss the questions. + Why do you think people want to work in Antarctica? + What kinds of jobs can people do there? «What kinds of leisure activites do they do during the winter months when its dificult to go outside? f Read Cooking in Antarctica. Does it include any of your ideas from 1e? & Read the article again. Make notes about: + Fleur's background # her role at the base + her free time ‘her thoughts about Antarctica ‘her colleagues at the base h CA What do you think are ... ? «the advantages ofa job lke Fleurs + possible frustrations in this kind of job Would you ever consider doing a job like this? EAVOCABULARY The natural world @ Cover the article Cooking in Antarctica. Match words from A with words from B to make collocations, A B rough environment environmentally energy solar atmosphere fragile footprint ecological weather ‘global change carbon warming climate impact the Earth’s friendly b Check your answers in the article, © Complete the sentences with the collocations in 2a, 1 We're going to change our energy supply to —— to reduce our : 2 When the steam engine was invented, not many would have thought about the ___ of burning so much coal ur boat trip was cancelled due to__. 4. The factories on the outskirts of town burn their waste ‘and release toxic gases into ___. | think they. should be shut down, 5 If there isan oil spill from a ship, it wll damage the marine in tis bay. 6 Most scientists agree that irregular weather pattems are evidence of, and 7 Travelling by train is slower but it's far more than going by plane. Cooking in unit 5° ANTARCTICA When she saw an online advertisement } for a Chef Manager at the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) base in Rothera, d Work on your own. Answer the questions and make notes. EA GRAMMAR Future perfect and future continuous + Are there any environments in your country that are ‘considered fragile? What kind of environments are they? ‘+ What different human inventions have a negative ecological impact? Look at these future verb forms from the conversation in 3a ‘and match them to the uses a-c below. «+ What kind of things could you do to reduce your carbon ‘~~ ths time next week I'l e setting into my accommodation. chef Flour Wilson was certainly given food tr eee De 2a a eigen eee for thought. Fleur, in her mid-thirties, felt 3... by the time | rive the penguins will already have got into pairs. it was time for an adventure and a life Discuss your answers, experience that really was different. talk about an action that willbe in progress at a specific time in the future LISTENING b talk about an action that will be completed before a ee ee a specific time in the future Fleur is part of a group of key support staff at Rothera. The a @)EBR Martha's going to cc talk about planned actions in the future Antarctica to do research on Adelie penguins. She talks Ss to her friend Joe about her work. Listen and answer the questions. main focus of BAS is scientific research into the clmate, the ‘oceans and ecosystems of Antarctica. n order to carry out this research successfully, scientists need the help of people ke Fleur to make ther ives as comfortable as possible. ‘key responsolty for Fleur is Keeping everyone happy, and cone of the best ways of doing this is by keeping them well fed. This doesn't mean preparing high-end restaurant food, butt does mean organising lots of socal events to boost the mood. However, everyone has to play thei part, and Fleur makes sure no one escapes doing the dishes. 3. What do we learn about the One thing that all staff at BAS share is their love of the personality of the penguins? continent.‘ don't mind the rough weather” Fleur says, ‘and Ive RT research aways found landscapes with ce and snow amazingly beau thea Sure, don't get to see much fr six months ofthe yea, but fr the other six months there's plenty of ight andthe scenery is b ‘stunning.’ But, quite apart from admiring the natural beauty of Antarctic, the staf all havea clear understanding ofthe fact hat ita fragile environment because, compared to the rest of the Word itis largoly untouched, They're aware that te presence of human beings can have a significant ecological impact on the continent and, therefore, they treat t with care, BAS research stations use solar energy to heat air and hot water. We ty tobe 2 environmentally friendly as possible’ says Fleur; ‘we dont b B Now go to the Grammar Focus on p.142 7 © Work on your own. Make notes about the questions, ‘= Where do you think you'l be living this time next year? ‘© What do you think youl have achieved in five years' time? 1 How well does Joe understand Mart 2 Are hs questions s light-hearted? research? ious or CW Tell each other your answers to 4c and ask follow-up questions. SPEAKING | x Read the job advert. Would you like this ob? RBG Listen again. Number i} the actions in the correct order from 1 to 5. the eggs are laid Ree i mL Bi tags are put on the penguins penguins get into pairs Di Martha arrives in Responsibilities: interview researchers and collect information about ther projects Update our biog reguarly Want to leave a carbon footprint down here.” Antarctica 2 assist all staff with IT ‘As Fleur notes, ‘Antarctica can tell us a lot about what's Ti penguin chicks ‘You need a friendly personality and | happening in the world, tt can tellus a lot about global warming are born as. ! & excolent people skis This ob is from October to March PAO ITE bb Prepare a job interview role play for the job in 5a, | ‘Student A: You want to apply forthe job. Imagine you have the | Skils and experience that make you a suitable job applicant. Think Cf questions you can ask the inteviewer. ‘Student B: You are the interviewer. Think of questions you can ‘sk the applicant, Think of any useful information you can tell the applicant ‘and cimate change. n an extreme climate like this, you can relly "otice if things are changing,” During the winter months, all Ratnera staff try to keep themselves entertained either by making mid-winter ats for each other or creating a murder mystery event. Feur has also taught herself Spanish to intermediate level. However, during the summer ‘months she does cross-country skiing and enjoys ‘tips todo some penguin and whale watching, Flour realises that ving and working in ‘Antarctica isn't for everyone. ‘if you're the kind of person that kes shopping, going out for dinner {and clubbing, then forget it.’ She's now inher fourth ‘year here and stil finds it @ unique and rewarding experience, “Iwas mad enough to apply forthe job and I've been mad enough to stay. Butit's a job thats given me so ‘uch — ve worked with some Temarkable people and I'm living in a unique and fascinating part of the word,’ ¢ C2 Work in pairs. Do the role play. Student A: Do you stil want the job? Student B: Do you think Student is sultable forthe job? Why / Why not? ANCA aL Dae La SPEAKING and LISTENING a © Discuss the questions below. ‘+ What kind of cafés are there near where you live? e.g traditional, modern, part of a chain ‘© What kind of cafés do you like? Why? ‘© What do you usually do in a café? b © Watch or listen to Part 1. Put four of these events in the correct order. One event doesn't appear in the scene, Which is it? Sam talks about money Becky offers to helo. Phil finishes his chapter. (Phil asks about Tessa (1 Phit sugests staying open longer ¢ GEN Answer the questions. Watch or listen again and check. 1 Why is Sam worried? 2 What are the problems with serving meals? 3. Why does Phil think serving meals is a good idea? 4 What does Phil want to know about Tessa? EALISTENING @ © Look at photo b of Sam and Emma. Which of these topics do you think they're talking about? Listen to Part 2 and check ‘money problems staying open later Sam's birthday hiring a cook investing money in the café b GE Watch or listen again. Make notes about the ideas Sam and Emma discuss. What are the positive and negative points for each idea? ee eee eae eee} Serenata Pope Dec EN USEFUL LANGUAGE Discussing advantages and disadvantages a Sam and Emma discuss the advantages and disadvantages of making changes to the café. What do you think they say? Complete the sentences, 1 Of course, the __is we'd have to invest even more mone 2 Yes, but the is, it might be a way to get more business. b © Listen and check. © Which of these words/phrases could you use in the sentences in 3a? problem advantage disadvantage best thing drawback d @\BEH Add prepositions from the box to the expressions. Then listen and check. “of 62) with (x2) about fone good thing __ the advantage/disadvantage the only drawback another problem the trouble __ & Look at some people's ideas for the future. Use an expression from 3d in each second sentence. 1 “I might sell my car and go everywhere by bike. I'd get fit 2 Id love to live in London. It would be very expensive 3 ‘I could work in China for a year. | don't speak the language. PRONUNCIATION Tone groups a @BGi Listen to these sentences. Answer the questions. The good thing about itis it might be a good way to get more bus The trouble is it meane investing even more money, 1 Where do you hear a slight pause? 2 Which words are stressed in the bold phrase? unit 5% b Nz Listen to these sentences. Practise saying them, pausing after i. 1 The trouble is we don't have enough money. 2 The point is we sill owe money to the bank. 3. The problem is we'd need to employ more staf. 4. The advantage is we'd attract more customers 3 Does Sam's voice go up (9) or down (%) on the word is? LISTENING 4 © Watch or listen to Part 3. Who suggests doing these things (Sam or Emma) and what do they say about it? 1 have live music 2 get students to play music 3 have photo exhibitions 4 ask people to read poems and stories b Which of these adjectives and phrases describe Emma? Which describe Sam? full of ideas cautious in making decisions enthusiastic worried about the future careful with money fair to other people EICONVERSATION SKILLS Responding to an idea @ Read what the speakers say. Complete the replies with the words in the box. bad possibility lovely worth A don't know, its a big risk. think its a____ idea. 2 B Well, how about entertainment? We could have live music, get locals to play at the weekend, That might be a try. Or display paintings or photos. That's not a___ idea. 4 B Orreadings. Have poetry readings. A Yeah, that's a__ b @lHM Listen and check. Which of the replies Sao 1 more enthusiastic 2 more cautious © Look at these ways to respond to an idea. Order them from 1-6 (1 = very cautious, 6 = very enthusiastic) ts an idea, | suppose [BYes, that makes sense. [By Thet's a great idea. [2] What a briiantideat [1] Mm, | don't know about tat C1 Yes, good idea d You want to do something with the whole class at the end of the course. Write down three ideas. We could goon a ay trip @ (AB Work in groups. Take turns to suggest your ideas. Respond to other students’ ideas, using expressions in 6a and 6c. Which idea is the best? SPEAKING @ B Communication 5¢ Now go to p.128. b Take a class vote. Whose café sounds the best? ie | CHECK YOUR PROGRESS oc 9 aa You can now do the Unit Progress Test. SSS Cm nied EI SPEAKING and LISTENING a Qh Discuss the questions. 1 What extreme weather evens ae shown in photos a-