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Jos

Mart

OBRAS

C O M P L E T A S - Edicin Crtica

1881-1882 (volumen 5)
Estados Unidos

13
CEM | Centro de Estudios Martianos
Ministerio de Cultura
de la Repblica de Cuba

13

Centro de Estudios Martianos, 2016 | ISBN 959-7006-68-5 tomo 13 | ISBN 959-7006-08-1 obra completa

Proyecto de edicin:Cintio Vitier y Fina Garca-Marruz.


Direccin general:Pedro Pablo Rodrguez.
Equipo realizador del tomo:Pedro Pablo Rodrguez (responsable) y Maira Beatriz Martnez.
Colaboradores:Niurka Alfonso Baos, Ana Elena Arazoza, Maia Barreda Snchez, Yisel Bernardes Martnez, JacquesFranois Bonaldi, Miladis Cabrera Bess, Marta Cruz Valds, Francisco Fernndez Sarra, David Leyva Gonzlez, Miriam
Lpez Horta, Enrique Lpez Mesa, Pablo Riao San Marful, Fanny Sosa Prez, Vernica Spsskaya y Carmen Surez
Len.

Edicin:Aida Matilde Martn Fernndez y Hortensia Rosell Ross.


Diseo:Ernesto Joan.
Realizacin:Beatriz Prez Rodrguez.
Composicin:Marln Santiesteban Brizuela.

Imagen de cubierta:detalle de S/T, Aldo Soler, 2003. Coleccin del artista.

Centro de Estudios Martianos


Ministerio de Cultura
de la Repblica de Cuba
Calzada 807, esquina a 4, El Vedado | 10400
La Habana, Cuba
Tel. [53 7] 836-4966/69 | Fax [53 7] 833-3721
<cem@josemarti.co.cu> | <www.josemarti.cu>

Estados Unidos 1168 | C1101AAX


Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Tel. [54 11] 4304-9145 | Fax [54 11] 4305-0875
<clacsoinst@clacso.edu.ar> | <www.clacso.org>

Equipo

Secretario Ejecutivo

Lic. Aida Martn Fernndez (directora editorial)

Directora Acadmica

Dr. Pedro Pablo Rodrguez (director general)

Dra. Carmen Surez Len (investigadora titular)

Dr. Rodolfo Sarracino Magriat (investigador titular)


Dra. Marta Cruz Valds (investigadora)

Msc. Marlene Vzquez Prez (investigadora)

Pablo Gentili

Fernanda Saforcada

Coordinador Editorial
Lucas Sablich

Lic. Yisel Bernardes Martnez (investigadora)

Coordinador de Arte

Lic. Niurka Alfonso Baos (editora)

Arte de Tapa

Lic. Lourdes Ocampo Andina (investigadora)

Marcelo Giardino

Lic. Rubn Javier Prez Bosquets (investigador)

Jimena Zazas

Lic. Mariana Prez Ruiz (adiestrada)

Lic. Miladis Cabrera Bess (asistente de direccin)

Revisin Tcnica

Desarrollo Libre de Aplicaciones

Gonzalo Mingorance

Marln Santiesteban (operadora digital)

Luis Alberto Morera Fernndez, Dayron Rmida Coll,


Ariel Armas Ramos

de la Presente Edicin

  
 
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3#0#$# B3&
 63&70  6&$&1  = 6&$ &3&/$'#=S&&6#&$"=&&'#&"$7Q$=& 
73'"&"$&@=73'"2#/ &" 6$&N
&'#7&"=' "23%$$&R'&6'# "&=' "4&$&$ 
:&' =0 &R$"Q&$ ? "$ )B3#&$&"0 0&2"&B3&4"00@/"$#"&$ ='$&%
2 $#$&"&06@=SB3#&$&"0 & 3"#&"&=B3&&R60 "&0':E=B3&' "$3%&"'2#" = 
B3&=' "&0$3# &0 7$' &46 $%&00 ' 2  $0&?'&" 04#$b09&$='3% 
4&"'& $=&0/&"&$0*@' $.40=4#4&V"N>" $/300  &036&$# $#&&0"3$0&1
&"36@=S6&$ ' ":#&"B3&"&'&#"&0&%3&6$ 4&'?$0N0&; $$7&$&"=3" 
? 27$&7 "  =2#"#$ &$$# =" &'@3"@)}?&$2 #&$$&02>&>" 
00&"  &  & 3"#&"&N  3'?  B3##&$  %  4&$0   6 $     6$&N  ^ ?_  '(2  4&"$@"=  #
36#&$"B3&&"-3&20" ?%2>B3&'$#$63&$' %&27$$7 "# 6$?'&$&$#' _}S+
&'@4&$NS
 ?>7# &$7Q =&&2 $6 $&0&R$"Q&$ =3"&6&'#&&7#3$@#"#"#42#$70&
B3&&063&70 &0 2E$#'&"$023&$&"  =0:#&7$&&6$ /$& B3&&?&6&$ &"
& V0#2 #&26 &" &$&6V70#'=0 #"&$&&B3&?$>"'&$=06$3&"'#%0 
 0#&1B3&4#&"&"#&26$&&0$#B3&1=S "' "#'# "&"'#&"&B3&? "$"& 6@&= 
 02&"&7" " 6 $&023" =&"$&/ 36$ 6#&#'?=#260&?&0'" $ 
6&$ 73&" =07 $#  ='6'&&7#&"&$=%&"'" &$&'#7#$B3#&"&4#&"&"&6@& 
0&Q"   0  2#2  6$  3"  6&B3&;  ' 2&$'#  $' $  %  $&630#4 =  6&$  27#E"  3"  :3&$1
4&$&$=3"$7Q V#0=3"73&"' $1("=3"2" :3&$&Ni&&7&"$&' $$0607$&3"
2#"#$ &$$# )W B3@" ?%2>B3&'$#$63&$' %&27$$ K 
 6$?'&$&
$#' i

161

NDICE GENERAL
NOTA EDITORIAL
ABREVIATURAS SIGLAS

/3
/6

Seccin Constante (Historia, Letras, Biografa, Curiosidades, Ciencia) 2


_1882 abril
[1] 4 DE ABRIL
[2] 12 DE ABRIL
[3] 15 DE ABRIL
[4] 17 DE ABRIL
[5] 18 DE ABRIL
[6] 20 DE ABRIL
[7] 21 DE ABRIL
[8] 22 DE ABRIL
[9] 24 DE ABRIL
[10] 25 DE ABRIL
[11] 28 DE ABRIL

/8
/ 15
/ 18
/ 21
/ 24
/ 26
/ 29
/ 31
/ 33
/ 36
/ 39

_1882 mayo
[1] 3 DE MAYO
[2] 4 DE MAYO
[3] 5 DE MAYO
[4] 6 DE MAYO
[5] 10 DE MAYO
[6] 11 DE MAYO
[7] 13 DE MAYO
[8] 20 DE MAYO
[9] 22 DE MAYO
[10] 23 DE MAYO

/ 41
/ 44
/ 47
/ 49
/ 52
/ 54
/ 56
/ 58
/ 61
/ 64

_1882 junio
[1] 2 DE JUNIO
[2] 5 DE JUNIO
[3] 14 DE JUNIO
[4] 15 DE JUNIO
SECCIN CONSTANTE

/ 66
/ 69
/ 71
/ 74
/ 77

Cartas
A GABRIEL DE ZNDEGUI.New York, 1ro. de diciembre [1881]
A ENRIQUE JOS VARONA.New York, 1ro. de diciembre [1881]
A MIGUEL F. VIONDI.New York, 1ro. de diciembre [1881]
A NICOLS AZCRATE.New York, 1ro, de diciembre [1881]

162

/ 80
/ 80
/ 81
/ 82

A DIEGO JUGO RAMREZ.Nueva York, 9 de diciembre [1881]


A DESTINATARIO DESCONOCIDO.[1881]
A LEANDRO J. VINIEGRA. [COPIA DE CARTA A VINIEGRA] [Nueva York, 1881]
A CARMEN ZAYAS-BAZN. [FRAGMENTO][Nueva York, primeros das de 1882]
A CHARLES A. DANA.[Nueva York, abril de 1882]
A CHARLES A. DANA(Traduccin)
A AGUSTN AVELEDO.Nueva York, 23 de mayo [1882]
A DIEGO JUGO RAMREZ.Nueva York, 23 de mayo [1882]
A DIEGO JUGO RAMREZ.Nueva York, 10 de junio [1882]
A VIDAL MORALES Y MORALES.[Nueva York] 8 de julio de 1882

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/ 86
/ 87
/ 88
/ 89
/ 89
/ 90
/ 91
/ 93
/ 95

Textos en Francs
UN VOYAGE VENEZUELA
UN VIAJE A VENEZUELA(Traduccin)
LAMRIQUE CENTRALE
LA AMRICA CENTRAL(Traduccin)
[FRAGMENTO DE LAMERIQUE CENTRALE]
[FRAGMENTO DE LA AMRICA CENTRAL](Traduccin)
[LES TROUBLES DES RPUBLIQUES DE LAMERIQUE CENTRALE]
[LOS DESRDENES DE LAS REPBLICAS DE AMRICA CENTRAL](Traduccin)

/ 97
/ 114
/ 131
/ 141
/ 150
/ 151
/ 152
/ 157

NDICE GENERAL

/ 162

163

La Edicin Crtica de las Obras completas de Jos


Mart (1853-1895) recoge sus manuscritos e impresos
conocidos hasta hoy: proclamas, discursos, manifiestos, comunicaciones, dedicatorias, cartas, correspondencias periodsticas, crnicas, artculos, ensayos,
narraciones, obras de teatro, poemas, semblanzas
biogrficas, traducciones, dibujos, borradores, fragmentos de escritos y cuadernos de apuntes.
El contenido de los tomos se ha ordenado y combinado por fechas, temas y gneros, apreciando tanto
la evolucin y lnea del pensamiento martiano como
el paralelismo de su accionar poltico, periodstico y
literario, simultaneidad que empieza a manifestarse a
partir de los aos 1875-1876, para intensificarse posteriormente. Organizar cronolgicamente los textos
nos permite observar esa evolucin del pensamiento
martiano, pero a su vez separa en diferentes tomos grupos de textos que habitualmente (y por deseo
expreso del autor en su carta devenida testamento literario) se han presentado juntos, como ocurre con
las Escenas norteamericanas y las Escenas europeas.
La confrontacin de los textos con sus originales o
variantes de estos ha conllevado a la natural rectificacin de erratas, as como la fijacin del texto ms
permisible. Los escritos de poca han suscitado convenciones editoriales, atendiendo a los modernismos
en la ortografa y el lenguaje. La peculiar puntuacin
martiana ha sufrido modificaciones imprescindibles,
pero siempre respetando la intencionalidad del autor.
Estas Obras completas son fruto de la colaboracin
de investigadores y editores del Centro de Estudios
Martianos, expertos conocedores de la obra y de la
caligrafa de Mart, estudiosos de la obra martiana en
el mundo y numerosas instituciones, que han convertido esta obra en reflejo de la sentencia que incluy
Juan Marinello, en 1963, en su prlogo a la edicin de
las Obras completas de la Editorial Nacional de Cuba:
Una edicin crtica es el hombre y su tiempo todo
el tiempo y todo el hombre, o es un intento fallido.