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Quick

Reference
Guide

CAESAR II™
V E R S I O N 4.40
( L A S T R E V I S E D 5/2002)

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide (Version 4.40)
The CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide is intended to aid users in quickly identifying
needed information and to resolve common questions and problems. This Reference
Guide is distributed with each copy of the software and users are urged to copy it (the
Reference Guide) as necessary.
Comments and suggestions concerning the CAESAR II program, the User’s Guide, or
the Quick Reference Guide are always welcome. Users with problems, questions, or
suggestions can contact the COADE Development/Support staff.

CAESAR II
CAESAR II is an advanced PC based tool for the engineer who designs or analyzes
piping systems. CAESAR II uses input spreadsheets, on-line help, graphics, and
extensive error detection procedures to facilitate timely operation and solution.
CAESAR II is capable of analyzing large piping models, structural steel models, or
combined models, both statically and dynamically. ASME, B31, WRC, and rotating
equipment reports combine to provide the analyst with a complete description of the
piping system’s behavior under the applied loading conditions. Additional technical
capabilities such as out-of-core solvers, force spectrum analysis (for water hammer and
relief valve solutions), time history, and large rotation rod hangers provide the pipe stress
engineer with the most advanced computer based piping program available today.
The CAESAR II program is continuously enhanced to incorporate new technical
abilities, to provide additional functionality, and to modify existing computation
procedures as the piping codes are updated. A complete list of the most recent changes
to the CAESAR II program can be found in the later section of Chapter 1 of the User’s
Guide. Users desiring software sales or seminar information are urged to contact the
COADE Sales staff at:
Phone:
FAX:

281-890-4566
281-890-3301

E-mail:
Web:

techsupport@coade.com
www.coade.com

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide - 5/2002

CAESAR II / Pipe Stress Seminars
COADE offers seminars periodically to augment the Engineers knowledge of CAESAR II
and Pipe Stress Analysis. The general seminar is held in the COADE Houston office and
covers three days of statics and two days of dynamics. This seminar emphasizes the
piping codes, static analysis, dynamic analysis, and problem solving.
Custom seminars held at client locations are also available. For additional seminar
details, please contact COADE and ask for seminar information.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide
Table of Contents
System Requirements ................................................................. 1
Troubleshooting .......................................................................... 1
Overview of CAESAR II Interfaces ........................................... 3
List of CAESAR II Piping Codes ............................................... 3
Restraints .................................................................................... 4
List of Setup File Directives ....................................................... 4
List of Materials ......................................................................... 7
Intersection Types in CAESAR II .............................................. 8
Code Stresses .............................................................................. 9
Node Locations on Bends ........................................................ 17
CAESAR II Combined Index ................................................... 19
CAESAR II Quality Assurance Manual ................................... 50
Mechanical Engineering News ................................................. 50
Additional COADE Software Programs ................................... 50

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide - 5/2002

System Requirements
Pentium 400 or better CPU
Windows 95 or later
128 Mbyte RAM
80 Mbyte Hard Disk Space Free
VGA Graphics Board & Monitor 800x600

Troubleshooting
The installation aborts with an error stating: “An error occurred during the move
data process: 623”.
This is caused by attempting to install the software when a previous copy is currently
running.
This error occurs because InstallShield could not rename an intermediate file during
the file transfer process. This error can be caused by running the target application
during the installation, as well as some virus-checking programs. When this error
occurs, shut down all running applications and restart the installation process.
The installation aborts with an error stating: “An error occurred during the move
data process: 115”.
A problem has been encountered on Novell networks in that they may not work with
long file names. In builds of CAESAR II Version 4.00 up through and including
980122, the file C2PIPENET.EXE is longer than 8.3 characters, and causes the
installation to abort.
This error is caused when the installation can not write a file to the target hard disk. In
addition to the Novell problem noted above, a lack of sufficient access rights will also
cause this error. On some networks, other workstations using the software have caused
this error.
Any build after March 1, 1998 will report the file which can not be installed, prior to
the termination of the installation process.
The software will not startup properly and indicates an ESL (External Software
Lock) problem.
Check that the necessary ESL drivers have been loaded correctly. Refer to
..\caesar\assidrv for documentation on the drivers. Check the file “patch.430” and
insure the correct version (full run, limited run, dealer) has been installed, and matches
your ESL type.
To check that the drivers have been loaded properly, go to ..\caesar\assidrv (for red or
white) ESLs and run “HINSTALL -info”.

Q-1

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide - 5/2002

The Main Menu starts up but attempting to enter the piping input immediately fails.
If this is an NT system, check the program directory for the files OPENGL32.DLL and
GLU32.DLL. These files should not exist in the CAESAR II program directory, as
they are Windows 95 components. Delete these two files. (Windows NT provides
these DLLs as part of the operating system. The Windows 95 versions are not
compatible with Windows NT.)
Try a different input file. If the user takes a pre-3.24 input file and renames it from “_a”
to “._a”, then the logic to upgrade the file to the new format is bypassed. This will crash
the input processor which uses the file name format to detect pre versus post 3.24
versions.
This problem can also be caused by the lack of a configuration file, CAESAR.CFG or
changing the data directory to one containing an out-of-date configuration file.
Only a portion of the window can be seen, some parts or controls are cut off.
CAESAR II was designed to operate in 800x600 resolution with “small fonts”.
“Large fonts”, or “custom fonts” may be too large for this (800x600) resolution. Either
decrease the font size or increase the screen resolution.
When attempting to use a module which uses “tab controls”, such as: MISC,
C2SETUP, ROT, or PREPIP, some users may get an abort in a “debug” message
box.
This is probably caused by an out of date COMCTL32.DLL. Ask the user to check the
date of COMCTL32.DLL, usually located in C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM, but wherever
the Windows directory is. The date on the one that works is 8/26/96 or newer, and is
about 378K in size. The one that doesn’t work has a date in 1995 and is about 178K.
The only people with this problem are running Win95 OSR1 (OEM Service Release
1). They should get the latest service packs from the Microsoft WEB site.
Additional troubleshooting tips can be obtained from the CAESAR II FAQ document
located on the COADE web site at http://www.coade.com/. Troubleshooting issues
are also discussed in the Discussion Forums, also located on the COADE web site.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide - 5/2002

Q-2

1991 ASME SECT III CLASS 2 (2001) July 1. We will keep users updated via the newsletter or revised documentation. These interfaces can be accessed via the TOOLS option of the main menu.5/2002 . Rev 1) FDBR (1995) BS7159 (1989) UKOOA (1994) IGE/TD/12 (1990) DNV (1996) Q-3 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .1 (2001) December 10. 2001 ASME SECT III CLASS 3 (2001) July 1. We anticipate other interfaces in the future. CADWorx AUTOCAD COMPUTER VISION INTERGRAPH CADPIPE ISOMET PDMS PCF (requies AutoCAD) (DXF Output) (mainframe) (mainframe) (requires AutoCAD) (mainframe) (mainframe) (Alias format) Users interested in these interfaces should contact COADE for further information.4 (1998) September 30. 2001 ANSI B31. SEPTEMBER 1993) SWEDISH METHOD 1 (2ND EDITION STOCKHOLM 1979) SWEDISH METHOD 2 (2ND EDITION STOCKHOLM 1979) ANSI B31. ISSUE 1. 2001 ANSI B31.Overview of CAESAR II Interfaces There are several external interfaces in existence which transfer data between CAESAR II and other software packages.3 (1999) August 31. 2001 U. NAVY 505 (1984) CANADIAN Z662 (9/95) BS 806 (1993. 2001 ANSI B31. List of CAESAR II Piping Codes ANSI B31.4 Chapter IX (1998) September 30.8 (1999) November 16.8 Chapter VIII (1999) November 16. 2001 ANSI B31.5 (2001) November 1. 2001 ANSI B31.1 (1967) STOOMWEZEN (1989) RCC-M C (1988) RCC-M D (1988) CODETI (1995) NORWEGIAN (1990. 2001 ANSI B31. 2001 ANSI B31.11 (1989) June 28.S.

..... -LIM Large Rotation Rod . +X..........1500000E+00 .. These directives can be changed by the user through the use of the CONFIGURE-SETUP program...YSNB................. -Z Rotational Directional ...... etc................................ GEOMETRY DIRECTIVES CONNECT GEOMETRY THRU CNODES = MIN ALLOWED BEND ANGLE = MAX ALLOWED BEND ANGLE = BEND LENGTH ATTACHMENT PERCENT = MIN ANGLE TO ADJACENT BEND PT = LOOP CLOSURE TOLERANCE = THERMAL BOWING HORZONTAL TOLERANCE = AUTO NODE NUMBER INCREMENT= Z AXIS UP YES ..................... List of Setup File Directives The following list represents the possible directives which can be controlled by the user via the CAESAR II configuration file CAESAR.. RY... LIM Translational Double Acting Snubber ..... YROD. XROD... Y2.................... XSPR.. RX.................9500000E+02 ............ etc...5000000E-01 ..... -RX. -Y....................... or Z Rotational Double Acting ............1000000E+01 ...........1000000E+01 .......5000000E+01 ...1500000E+02 ...... Directional Limit Stop ......... A Translational Double Acting .. +X2...... etc. ZSNB Translational Directional ...... +XSNB.......1000000E-03 ............................. RZ2 Translational Directional Bilinear .... RX2........... +YSNB....... -XSNB................ -Y2.........1000000E+13 ................ X.......... ZROD Translational Double Acting Bilinear .....................Restraints Restraint Type 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 - Abbreviation Anchor ........1000000E+01 . GUI Double Acting Limit Stop . Double Acting ..... or RZ Guide...5000000E+01 . +RY......... +LIM............................. +RY2..1000000E+02 34 36 37 38 39 42 92 109 129 DEFAULT ........ RY2.1000000E+07 ...... X2.. etc...... +RX.... +RX2............. -RX2. Z2 Rotational Double Acting Bilinear . +Y.............CFG........ XSNB......................................................... +Z..... YSPR..5/2002 Q-4 . -X2...... Directives are listed in groups corresponding to the configuration program's menu options.. accessed via MAIN MENU option #9.1000000E+11 YES ......... Rotational Directional Bilinear .............. -X............ Y............ Bottom Out Spring .........................1000000E+01 65 33 49 50 51 45 47 48 46 59 NO COMPUTATION CONTROL USE PRESSURE STIFFENING = ALPHA TOLERANCE = HANGER DEFAULT RESTRAINT STIFFNESS = DECOMPOSITION SINGULARITY TOLERANCE = BEND AXIAL SHAPE = FRICTION STIFFNESS = FRICTION NORMAL FORCE VARIATION = FRICTION ANGLE VARIATION = FRICTION SLIDE MULTIPLIER = ROD TOLERANCE = CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide ........ ZSPR Directional Snubber .............

3200000E+07 .1527272E+00 THREE .1200000E+02 . INCLUDE SPRING STIFFNESS IN FREE THERMAL CASES = NO 58 60 98 99 100 101 107 119 120 135 136 140 141 SIFS AND STRESSES REDUCED INTERSECTION = USE WRC329 = NO REDUCED SIF FOR RFT AND WLT B31.2000000E+01 INCORE NUMERICAL CHECK = NO DEFAULT TRANSLATIONAL RESTRAINT STIFFNESS= .3 WELDING/CONTOUR TEE MEET B16.9 = B31.00 BORDER PRESSURE = NONE COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION = 0.1000000E+13 IGNORE SPRING HANGER STIFFNESS = NO MISSING MASS ZPA = EXTRACTED MINIMUM WALL MILL TOLERANCE= .COMPUTATION CONTROL (Cont.1200000E+02 WRC-107 VERSION = MAR 79 1B1/2B1 WRC-107 INTERPOLATION = LAST VALUE AMBIENT TEMPERATURE = 70.1000000E+01 NO NO MAX 3D SHEAR NO NO NO NO YES NO NO 32 62 53 55 35 66 67 41 43 40 52 63 108 64 57 133 128 137 138 139 YES 110 YES 111 Design Strain CAESAR.6000000E-01 NO 121 122 113 114 115 116 117 118 134 FRP PROPERTIES USE FRP SIF = USE FRP FLEXIBILITY = BS 7159 Pressure Stiffening= FRP Property Data File= Axial Modulus of Elasticity = Ratio Shear Mod : Axial Mod = Axial Strain : Hoop Stress = FRP Laminate Type = FRP Alpha = FRP Density = Exclude f2 from Bending Stress (UKOOA) PLOT COLORS PIPES HIGHLIGHTS LABELS BACKGROUND AXES HANGER/NOZZLES RIGID/BENDS Q-5 LIGHTCYAN GREEN GREEN BLACK LIGHTRED BROWN LIGHTGREEN 1 2 3 5 15 16 17 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .2500000E+00 .3 .3 SUSTAINED CASE SIF FACTOR = ALLOW USERS BEND SIF = USE SCHNEIDER = YIELD CRITERION STRESS = USE PD/4T = BASE HOOP STRESS ON = APPLY_B318_NOTE2 = DISABLE_UNDO = LIBERAL ALLOWABLE = STREE STIFFENING DUE TO PRESS = B31.FRP .5/2002 .1000000E+13 DEFAULT ROTATIONAL RESTRAINT STIFFNESS= .1 REDUCED Z FIX = CLASS 1 BRANCH FLEXIBILITY ALL STRESS CASES CORRODED = ADD TORSION IN SL STRESS = ADD F/A IN STRESS = OCCASIONAL LOAD FACTOR = DEFAULT CODE = B31.1(POST1980) NO NO YES 54 NO NO DEFAULT DEFAULT .) ROD INCREMENT = .0000000E+00 B31.

JHD ANSI 88 1 SYSTEM ENGLISH.2000000E+05 .3000000E+05 .1500000E+05 .VHD PATHWAY.FIL 70 90 91 DATA BASE DEFINITIONS STRCT DBASE= VALVE & FLANGE= EXPANSION JT DBASE= PIPING SIZE SPECIFICATION DEFAULT SPRING HANGER TABLE = SYSTEM DIRECTORY NAME UNITS FILE NAME= 112 123 124 MISCELLANEOUS CONTROL OUTPUT REPORTS BY LOAD CASE DISPLACEMENT NODAL SORTING DYNAMIC INPUT EXAMPLE TEXT TIME HIST ANIMATE OUTPUT TABLE OF CONTENTS INPUT FUNCTION KEYS DISPLAYED MEMORY ALLOCATED USER ID ENABLE ODBC OUTPUT APPEND RE-RUNS TO EXISTING DATA ODBC DATAASE NAME ENABLE_AUTOSAVE AUTOSAVE_TIME_INTERVAL PROMPTED_AUTOSAVE CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .2500000E+05 .PLOT COLORS (Cont.5/2002 YES YES MAX YES ON YES 12 " " NO NO <NONE> <BELOW> YES 30.BIN CADWORX.1000000E+05 18 31 30 24 25 26 27 28 29 19 20 21 22 23 AISC89.) NODES STRUCTURE DISPLACEDSHAPE STRESS > LEVEL STRESS > LEVEL STRESS > LEVEL STRESS > LEVEL STRESS > LEVEL STRESS < LEVEL STRESS LEVEL 5 STRESS LEVEL 4 STRESS LEVEL 3 STRESS LEVEL 2 STRESS LEVEL 1 5 4 3 2 1 1 YELLOW LIGHTRED BROWN RED YELLOW GREEN LIGHTCYAN BLUE DARK BLUE . YES 87 89 94 104 105 106 NA NA 125 126 127 130 131 132 Q-6 .

28990 -325 1400 9 Wrought Iron 29.0E-6in. Q-7 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .in) __ (deg.5 E6 0.331 0.3 E6 0.30610 -325 1400 13 Copper-Nickel 22.5/2002 .0 E6 0.2 E6 0.31870 -325 1400 12 K-Monel 26.289 0. Material 21 indicates “user defined” properties.330 0.300 0.315 0.330 0.355 0./in.28935 -325 1400 6 Austenitic Stainless 28.5 E6 0.305 0.0 E6 0. Properties and allowed temperature ranges for each isotropic material are listed below: (see Chapter 5 of the CAESAR II Technical Reference Guide) MATERIAL ELASTIC POISSON’S PIPE TEMPERATURE NO.32290 70 400 16 Commercial Brass 17.F) __ 1 Low Carbon Steel 29.4 E6 0.25580 70 1000 11 Monel 67%Ni/30%Cu 26.3 E6 0.0 E6 0.289 0.292 0.289 0. default coefficient of expansion is 12.9 E6 0.315 0.289 0.2 E6 0.2 E6 0.28070 -325 1000 10 Grey Cast Iron 13.31890 -325 1200 In addition CAESAR II supports material types 18 or 19 for cut short and cut long cold spring elements.305 0. Fiberglass reinforced plastic pipe).28010 -325 1400 8 Type 310 Stainless 28.3 E6 0.28009 -325 1400 3 Carbon Moly Steel 29.330 0.28993 -325 1400 2 High Carbon Steel 29.0 E6 0. NAME MODULUS RATIO DENSITY RANGE ______________________ (psi) _______________ (lb.8% Cu 16./cu.28930 -325 1500 7 Straight Chromium 29.211 0.33850 -325 400 14 Aluminum 10.292 0.10130 -325 600 15 Copper 99.28935 -325 1400 4 Low Chrome Moly Stl 29.28935 -325 1400 5 Med Chrome Moly Stl 30.7 E6 0. Material numbers over 100 are from the Material Data base and include allowable stress and other piping code data.0 E6 0.List of Materials The CAESAR II material table contains 17 different isotropic materials./°F.30610 -325 1200 17 Leaded Tin Bronze 1 14.e. Material number 20 activates the CAESAR II orthotropic material model (i.0 E6 0.

9 .Intersection Types in CAESAR II CAESAR II TYPE B31.Used to lower SIFs .Seldom used .Forged fitting on a pipe 5 Weldolet Branch Welded ."Sit-on" fitting On .Extruded from straight pipe Q-8 .Usually the lowest SIF .5/2002 SKETCH .Used for thick wall manifolds .Not a fitting .Not a fitting .Usually size-on-size .Modified Pipe 2 Unreinforced Unreinforced Fabricated Tee .Routine Intersection ."Sit-in" fitting .Modified pipe .3 TYPE NOTES 1 Reinforced Reinforced Fabricated Tee .Governed by B16.Usually Expensive 4 Sweepolet Welded-in contour Insert .Forged fitting on a pipe Fitting 6 Extruded Extruded Welding Tee CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .Usually the cheapest 3 Welded Tee Welding Tee .

8 Sh and < 1.75 i Ma / Z + 0. Typically the load case recommendations made by CAESAR II are sufficient for code compliance.unless otherwise specified S = Slp + Fax/A + Sb < NA (OPE) B31. CAESAR II does not recommend occasional load cases.25 Sh) + Sh . However.Code Stresses Listed below are the “code stress” equations for the actual and allowable stresses used by CAESAR II. For the listed codes. the actual stress is defined by the left hand side of the equation and the allowable stress is defined by the right hand side.Sl ] (EXP) Slp + 0.Slp Slp = PD0/4tn code approximation Slp = PDi2/(D02 .Sl ] (EXP) Fax/A + Sb + Slp < k Sh (OCC) B1 * Pmax Do + B2 * Ma / Z 2tn < 1.5/2002 . The CAESAR II load case label is also listed after the equation.75 i Mb / Z < k Sh (OCC) Sl = Slp + Fax/A + Sb < Sh (SUS) sqrt (Sb**2 + 4 St**2) < f [ 1. Q-9 (OCC) CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .1 Sl = Slp + 0.25 Sc + 0.3 Sb = [sqrt ( (iiMi)2 + (i0M0)2 )]/Z ASME SECT III CLASS 2 & 3 B1 * Slpmax + B2 * (Ma + Mb) / Z < 1.25 (Sc+Sh) .Sl(EXP) B31.5 Sy. Occasional loads are unknown in origin and must be specified by the user. CAESAR II default Operating Stress . Longitudinal Pressure Stress .5 Sh (SUS) i Mc / Z < f (1.75 i Ma / Z < Sh (SUS) i Mc / Z < f [ 1.Di2) code exact equation.25 (Sc+Sh) .

υ SHOOP| + SHOOP B31.Sh)/2)2 + St2]1/2 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .ν SHOOP + Sb + SHOOP < 0. SUS.9 Sy (OPE.8 Sy (OPE.9 (Syield) (OPE) (Slp + Sb + Fax/A) (1.0 (fully restrained pipe) FAC | E α dT . OCC) Where: Sy = specified minimum yield strength F1 = hoop stress design factor (0. but soil restraints modeled) Fax/A .72 (Syield) (EXP) (Slp + Sb + Fax/A) (1.9 (Syield) (OPE) If FAC = 0.Sb.4 Chapter IX Hoop Stress: Sh <= F1 Sy (OPE.0 .25Sc + 0.4 If FAC = 1.75) (0.72.0 (fully above ground) Slp + Fax/A + Sb + SHOOP (If Slp + Fax/A is compressive) < 0.3.FAC) < (0.5(a) of the B31.60 or 0.5/2002 Q-10 . OCC) Equivalent Stress: Se <= 0. whichever results in greater stress value Se = 2[((SL . see Table A402.FAC) < 0. OCC) Longitudinal Stress: |SL| <= 0.0 . SUS.72) (Syield) (SUS) sqrt ( Sb**2 + 4 St**2 ) < 0.8 (Syield) (OCC) B31.9 (Syield) (If Slp + Fax/A is compressive) (OPE) If FAC = 0.4 Code) Sh = (Pi – Pe) D / 2t SL = Sa + Sb or Sa .B31. SUS.001 (buried.25Sh + (Sh-Sl))(EXP) Slp + sqrt (Sb**2 + 4 St**2) < k Sh (OCC) < 0.1 (1967) and Navy Section 505 Sl = Slp + sqrt (Sb**2 + 4 St**2) < Sh (SUS) sqrt ( Sb**2 + 4 St**2 ) < f (1.

5 Sl = Slp + Fax/A + Sb < Sh (SUS) sqrt (Sb**2 + 4 St**2) < f [ 1. OCC) Longitudinal Stress: |SL| <= 0..0 (fully restrained pipe) FAC | E α dT .8 Chapter VIII Hoop Stress: Sh <= F1 S T (OPE.25 (Sc+Sh) .72 (Syield) (EXP) Sb = [sqrt ( (iiMi)2 + (i0M0)2 )]/Z B31.11 If FAC = 1.8 Code) Note: the product of S and T (i.116A of the B31. the yield stress at operating temperature) is required in the SH field of the CAESAR II input Sh = (Pi – Pe) D / 2t SL = maximum longitudinal stress (positive tensile.υ SHOOP| + SHOOP < 0. SUS.Sl ] (EXP) Fax/A + Sb + Slp < k Sh (OCC) Se + Sl < Syield (OPE) Sl = Slp + Sb < . SUS.001 (buried.8 S (OPE.72.9 (Syield) (If Slp + Fax/A is compressive) (OPE) Q-11 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . OCC) Equivalent Stress: Se <= 0. SUS. but soil restraints modeled) Fax/A .50 or 0.ν SHOOP + Sb + SHOOP < 0.8 B31.9 S (OPE. negative compressive) Se = 2[((SL .22 of the B31.Sh)/2)2 + Ss2]1/2 Ss = tangential shear stress B31.8 Code) T = temperature derating factor (see Table 841.e.9 (Syield) (OPE) If FAC = 0. see Table A842.B31.75 (Syield) (SUS) Se = sqrt ( Sb**2 + 4 St**2) < 0.5/2002 . OCC) Where: S = specified minimum yield strength F1 = hoop stress design factor (0.

25 Sh) + Sh .0 (Fully Above Ground) |Slp + Fax / A| + Sb + Sh (If Slp + Fax / A is compressive) Sl = 0.υ Sh| + Sh If FAC = 0.FAC) < (0.2f (OCC) RCC-M C & D Stoomwezen CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .9 (Syield) (OPE) (Slp + Sb + Fax/A) (1.0 .FAC) < 0.25 Sc + .υ Sh| + Sb + Sh < S*T (OPE) < S*T (OPE) (If Fax / A .75) (0.001 (Burried.5Sh + Sb < S*F*L*T (SUS.9 S * T (OPE) Canadian Z662 If FAC = 1.0 (fully above ground) Slp + Fax/A + Sb + SHOOP (If Slp + Fax/A is compressive) < 0.11 (Continued) If FAC = 0.Sl (EXP) Slpmax + 0.0 (Fully Restrained Pipe) |E α dT .B31.72 (Syield) (EXP) (Slp + Sb + Fax/A) (1.75i (Ma + Mb)/Z < 1.0 .75i Ma/Z < f (SUS) iMc/Z < fe (EXP) Slp + 0.75i (Ma + Mb)/Z < 1.75i Ma/Z < Sh (SUS) iMc/Z < f (1.5/2002 Q-12 .υ Sh is compressive) If FAC = 0. But Soil Restraints Modeled) |Fax / A . OCC) SE = sqrt [Sb ** 2 + 4St ** 2] < 0.72) (Syield) (SUS) sqrt ( Sb**2 + 4 St**2 ) < 0.88 (Syield) (OCC) < 0.2 Sh (OCC) Slp + 0.72 S * T (EXP) Slp + 0.

75i (Ma + Mb) Z Eff(D02-Di2) M = sqrt (Mx2 + My2 + Mz2) Sr = Minimum of 1.Sl (EXP) Slp + Fax/A + iMa/Z + iMb/Z < Ksh (OCC) < Sh (SUS) < Sh + Sr .25 Sc + 0.2 Sh (OCC) Sb = [ Sqrt ((iiMi)2 + (i0M0)2] /Z Norwegian Sl = PDi2 + . FrRs-F2. or Fr (1.25 Sh.Sl (EXP) < 1. 425°c for Austenitic stainless steel) Fr = Cyclic reduction factor Rs = Permissable extent of stress for 7000 cycles R1 = Minimum of Sc and 0.75 i Ma / Z < Sh (SUS) i Mc / Z < f [ 1.75 i Mb / Z < k Sh (OCC) BS 7159 If Sx is tensile: ( ) < Sh (OPE) ( ) < Sh*EH/EA (OPE) < Sh*EH/EA (OPE) sqrt S2x + 4Ss2 and sqrt Sφ2 + 4Ss2 or.75 i Ma / Z + 0.25 (Sl + Sh)] .25R1 + 0. if Sx is compressive: Sφ − ν φx Sx Q-13 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .Sl ] (EXP) Slp + 0.367 Rm Rm = Ultimate tensile strength at room temperature FDBR Sl = Slp + 0.267 Rm R2 = Minimum of Sh and 0.5/2002 .75 i Ma Eff(D02-Di2) Z iMc/Z 2 PmaxDi + .CODETI Sl = Slp + Fax/A + Sb < Sh (SUS) sqrt (Sb **2 + 4St **2) < f [1.25R2) (The latter applies to temperatures over 370°c.25 (Sc+Sh) .

5% lower confidence limit. D m and t are always for the Run Pipe Eff = Ratio of Eφ to Ex UKOOA σab (f2/r) + PDm/ (4t) ≤ (f1 f2 LTHS) / 2.67 axial bending stress due to mechanical loads σa(0:1) /σa(2:1) = long term axial tensile strength in absence of pressure load = long term axial tensile strength in under only pressure loading = long term hydrostatic strength (hoop stress allowable) CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .5/2002 Q-14 .25Sh Sx Sx = P( Dm ) ( 4t ) ( (OPE) ) sqrt ( i M ) 2 + ( i M ) 2  xi i xo o   +  Z ( ) sqrt ( i M ) 2 + ( i M ) 2  xi i xo o   − Fx −  Z A P( Dm ) ( 4t ) (If Fx/A > P(Dm)/(4t). and it is compressive) Sφ = = = MP( Dm ) (2 t ) MP( Dm ) ( 2t ) MP( Dm ) ( 2t ) (for straight pipes) (   sqrt  iφi Mi + ) + (i 2 φo Mo )   2 Z ( ) sqrt ( i M ) 2 + ( i M ) 2  xi i xo o   + Z (for bends) (for tees) .85 system factory of safety.BS 7159 (Continued) and < 1.0 Where: P = Dm = t = f1 = f2 = σab = r = σa(0:1) σa(2:1) LTHS design pressure pipe mean diameter pipe wall thickness factor of safety for 97. usually 0. usually 0.

5p fL = pd2/[4t(d + t)] + (d + 2t)[sqrt(mi2 + mo2)] / 2I Bends fc = sqrt (F2 + 4 fs2) < SAOPE < SASUS < SAEXP fs = Mt (d + 2t) /4I F = max (ft. Screep rupture] Q-15 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .0 except for operating cases = .44 bases on d2/d1 ratio in operating cases m = geometric parameter EXP SA = min[(H*Sproof ambient + H*Sproof design).BS 806 Straight Pipe fc = sqrt(F2 + 4fs2) < SAOPE < SASUS < SAEXP fs = Mt(d + 2t) / 4I F = max (ft. fL) ft = pd/2t + 0. fL) ft = r/I * sqrt[(miFTi)2 + (m0FTo)2] fs = r/I * sqrt[(miFLi)2 + (m0FLo)2] Branch Junctions fcb = q * sqrt[fb2 + 4fsb2] < SAOPE < SASUS < SAEXP fb = (d + t)*p*m/(2t) + r/I*sqrt[(miFTL)2 + (moFTO)2] Fsb = Mt (d + 2t) / 4I q = 1. (H*Sproof ambient + F)] OPE SA = Savg rupture at design temperature SUS SA = min[.8*Sproof .5 or .5/2002 .

SUS. OCC) Hoop Stress: Sh <= nu SMTS (OPE.ShSL + 3t2]1/2 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . OCC) Equivalent Stress: Se <= n SMYS (OPE. SUS. SUS. OCC) Longitudinal Stress: SL <= n SMYS (OPE. at operating temperature maximum longitudinal stress equivalent stress usage factor (see Table C4 of the DNV Code) [Sh2 + SL2 . at operating temperature hoop stress bursting usage factor (see Tables C1 and C2 of the DNV Code) specified minimum tensile strength.5/2002 Q-16 . OCC) Where: Sh ns SMYS nu SMTS SL n Se = = = = = = = = (Pi – Pe) (D – t) / 2t hoop stress yielding usage factor (see Tables C1 and C2 of the DNV Code) specified minimum yield strength.Det Norske Veritas (DNV) Hoop Stress: Sh <= ns SMYS (OPE. SUS.

• The “NEAR” point on the bend is at the weldline of the bend. The angle starts with zero degrees at the “NEAR” point on the bend and goes to “Beta” degrees at the “FAR” point of the bend. • The element leaving a bend must appear immediately after the element defining (entering) the bend. (See the following figure. DY and DZ fields is equal to: Radius * tan( Beta / 2 ) where “Beta” is the bend angle. highly formed piping systems. and adjacent to the straight element leaving the bend. The actual bend curvature is always physically at the “TO” end of the element entering the bend. • The default bend radius is 1. The generated midpoint node number is one less than the “TO” node number on the element. The “FAR” point is at the weldline of the bend. • Angles are always entered in degrees. • For stress and displacement output the “TO” node of the element entering the bend is located geometrically at the “FAR” point on the bend. and “Radius” is the bend radius of curvature to the bend centerline. (See pp Q5-6) • When the “FROM” node on the element entering the bend is not at the bend “NEAR” point a node may be placed at the near point of the bend by entering an ANGLE # on the bend spreadsheet equal to 0. A near point should always be included in the model in tight. and adjacent to the straight element entering the bend.5/2002 .Node Locations on Bends • Bends are defined by the element entering the bend and the element leaving the bend. • By default. CONFIGURE-SETUP processor.) • When defining a bend element for the first time in the pipe spreadsheet.0 degrees. nodes on the bend curvature cannot be specified within five (5) degrees of one another or within five degrees of the nearest endpoint. nodes are automatically placed at the near and mid point of the bend. • The “FROM” point on the element is located at the “NEAR” point of the bend if the total length of the element as specified in the DX. Q-17 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .5 times the pipe nominal OD. and the generated near point node number is two less than the “TO” node number on the element. • Nodes defined in the ANGLE # and NODE # fields are placed at the given angle on the bend curvature. This and other bend settings may be changed through the MAIN MENU.

The bottomleft figure shows the same geometry except that two nodes are defined on the bend curvature at angles of zero and forty-five degrees. • For an animated tutorial on modeling bends.The top-left figure below shows the points on the bend as they would be input. click the "animated Tutorials" option on the "Help" menu. CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . The topright figure shows the actual geometric location of the points on the bend.5/2002 Q-18 .

bends) A2-6 3-D graphics U5-39 3-D space T3-5 A About the CAESAR II documentation P-4 ABS U6-25 ABS Method U8-18 Absolute Expansion load T6-4 Method T5-72. T3-55. entries preceded with a “T” are referencing the “Technical Reference Manual” and entries preceded with a “P” are referencing the Preface of the “User's Guide”. T5-58 Acceptance of terms of agreement by the user P-2 Access T8-86 Access-protected data T2-29 Account number T7-2 Accounting T7-2 Menu T7-3 Summary reports T7-2 System T7-2 Accounting file T7-7 Accounting file structure T7-7 Acoustic Flow problems T5-51 Resonances T5-82 Shock T5-85 Vibration T5-4 Acoustic waves A7-29 Activate Accounting tab T7-3 Activate Bourdon effects T3-86 Actual cold loads U6-27 Actual pressure T2-21 Add T4-3 Q-19 Add f/a in stresses T2-11 Add torsion in sl stress T2-11 Added mass coefficient T6-34 Advanced U8-27. consisting of the index entries from all three CAESAR II manuals. T6-79 Allowable load variation (%) T3-32. U8-32 Advanced parameters T5-79. U5-6 Analysis menu U4-6 Analysis type (harmonic/spectrum/modes/ time-history) T5-49 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . entries preceded with a “U” are referencing the “User’s Guide”. In this “Combined Index”. U5-6 Alternating pressure T5-84 Ambient temperature T3-62. T3-88. U8-19 Advanced parameters show screen U8-10 Airy wave theory T6-30 Airy wave theory implementation T6-33 AISC 1977 database T4-47 AISC 1989 database T4-51 AISC code comparisons U12-49 AISC database U10-5 AISC output reports U12-47 AISC unity checks Allow sidesway U12-42 Allowable stress increase factor U12-41 Bending coefficient U12-42 Double angle spacing U12-46 Fixity coefficients U12-46 Form factor qa U12-42 Member type U12-44 Stress reduction factors U12-42 Structural code U12-41 Algebraic U6-24 Allow short range springs T3-33. Numerics 180 degree return (fitting-to-fitting 90 deg. T3-55 Allowable stress increase factor U12-41 Allowable stresses U5-15 Allowed travel limit T3-33 Alpha T4-7 Alpha tolerance T2-4. T5-75 Acceleration Factor T5-68 Vector T5-49.CAESAR II Combined Index The following index is a “Combined Index”. T6-42. T3-8. entries preceded with an “A” are referencing the “Applications Guide”. T3-82 Allowable stress T2-38. T3-82 Allowable Load variation T3-32 Stress T2-38.5/2002 .

elastic analysis of nozzle T6-42 ASME . flexible A3-5 Angle T3-13. III T2-12. T6-26 B36.10 T3-6 B36. API 610 U12-57 API 610 (centrifugal pumps) U12-57 API 617 (centrifugal compressors) U12-64 API 661 (air cooled heat exchangers) U12-66 API-650 Delta t T3-46 Fluid height T3-45 Nozzle height T3-45 Nozzles T3-44 Reinforcing 1 or 2 T3-45 Specific gravity T3-45 Tank coefficient of thermal expansion T3-45 Tank diameter T3-45 Tank modulus of elasticity T3-46 Tank wall thickness T3-45 Application guide P-4 Applications . T3-106 Anchors with displacements A3-3 Anchors. VIII Division 2 T6-42 Section VIII division 2 .Utilizing Global and Local Coordinates T6-136 Applications of CAESAR II P-2 Apply B31. T4-23. U6-14 Archiving T9-16 Archiving and reinstalling P-8 Area T4-9 ASCE #7 wind loads U6-10 ASME Piping codes T6-95 Sect.5 U12-24 API 560 (fired heaters for general refinery services) U12-73 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . VIII div.10 Steel Pipe Numbers T3-6 B36. III subsections nc and nd T6-102 Sect. T6-102 Sect. T4-25 Angle field A2-2 Angle spacing. A9-28 Analytical model T6-68 Analyzing the dynamics job A-2 Eigensolver U8-33-34 Mode shapes U8-34 Performing a harmonic analysis Forcing frequency U8-34 Phase angle U8-34 Performing a modal analysis Frequency cutoff U8-33 Modes of vibration U8-33 Natural frequencies U8-33 Sturm sequence check U8-33 Performing a spectral analysis Mass participation factors U8-35 Selection of phase angles Harmonic results U8-35 Harmonic stress U8-35 Analyzing water hammer loads A7-28 Anchors A3-2. Re-enabling U2-22 Autosave Time Interval T2-28 Auxiliary Q-20 .5/2002 API 605 rating tables U12-24 API 610 Load Satisfaction Criteria. T3-25.8 Note 2 T2-13 Archive A8-33. T5-58 Stiffness T3-75 Angular gimbal A5-25 Angular-only gimballed joint A5-26 Animation Motion U7-21 Animation of dynamic results U9-14 Dynamic animation U9-14 Animation U9-15 Dynamics review options U9-15 Animation of static results U7-21 ANSI A58. double U12-46 Angle to adjacent bend A2-3 Angular Forcing frequency T5-49 Frequency T5-57.1 T6-23.nozzle analysis T6-45 ASME Sect. III Piping Code T6-102 Sect.Analysis-statics A7-50.19 T3-6 Nominal Pipe OD T3-6 ANSI B16. 2 elastic nozzle analysis T6-46 Australian 1990 database T4-59 Auto node number increment T2-14 Autorun U2-22 Autorun feature U2-2 Autorun feature.

1 T6-94. A5-8 Bend Angle A2-2. T3-12 Axial shape T2-3 Curvature T2-15 Length attachment percent T2-15 Miter T3-13 Node T3-22 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .3 sustained case SIF factor T2-9 B16.1 reduced z fix T2-13 B31.8 T6-98 B31. Tied A5-4. T6-79. T6-8 Allowed torsion T3-76 Application notes T3-77 Bellows angular stiffness A5-14 Bellows ID A5-2 Bellows with pressure thrust A5-3 Bellows. U6-5 Available space T3-31. Unsupported U12-46 Axial member force U12-46 Axial strain Hoop Stress T2-22 Axial tensile strength T6-80.9 T2-9 B31.4 T6-96 B31. T8-65 Processors T1-2 Auxiliary data area U5-9 Auxiliary data fields Auxiliary screens U5-9 Expansion joint Effective diameter of bellows U5-10 Pressure thrust in expansion joints U5-10 Auxiliary fields Boundary conditions T3-24 Component information T3-12 Imposed loads T3-50 Piping code data T3-55 Available commands T3-66.3 T6-95 B31.4 Chapter IX T6-97 Q-21 B31. Out-of-plane U12-47 Bending stiffness T6-7 Bending stress U12-14 Bends A2-1. In-plane U12-47 Bending moment.Data T3-99 Element data T8-64. T6-118 Axis Orientation Vertical T4-4 B B31. A2-3 Auxiliary input A2-4 Definition A2-2 Radius A2-2 Bend data U5-9 Bend Flexibility Factor A2-14 bend flexibilty factor T3-14 Bend stress intensification factors U12-5 Bending coefficient U12-42 Bending moment. T3-77 Axes T2-18 Axial Bending T6-80 Elastic modulus T2-22 Expansion stress T6-105 Modulus T3-10 Restraint T3-61 Shape function T2-3 Stiffness T6-7 Strain Hoop stress T2-22 Stress T6-75. T6-105 Axial deflection A5-4 Axial length.8 Chapter VIII T6-99 Backfill U11-12 Backfill efficiency U11-12 Background T2-18 Ball joints A6-5 Bandwidth U6-13 Bandwidth optimizer T3-94 Base hoop stress T2-10 Base pattern T4-18 Basic element data T8-62 Basic load cases U6-18 Basic loading case T6-5 Basic material yield strength T3-60 Basic operation U3-5 Batch mode T7-8 Batch run U6-2 Batch stream processing T7-8 Beams T4-28 Fix T4-29 Free T4-29 Bellows T3-79. Simple A5-2 Bellows.11 T6-100 B31.5/2002 . T6-111 (post 1980) T2-12 (pre 1980) T2-11 B31.

U9-12 Bourdon pressure T3-86 Boxh T4-9 Boxw T4-9 Braces T4-30 Fix T4-30 Free T4-30 Branch Combined stress T6-76 Connections T3-18. 1-3 CADWorx/PIPE database T2-24. T6-115 BS 7159 pressure stiffening T2-21 BS 806 T6-106 BS 806 17.1c features (6/87) T10-5 Version 2. U11-10 Block operations T3-99 Bolt tightening stress U12-23 Bolts and gasket U12-21 Bonney forge sweepolets T3-19.Radius T3-13.23 changes (3/96) T10-22 Version 3. T3-68 CADWorx/PIPE directory T3-69 CADWorx/PIPE link T8-4 CAESAR II Fatal error processing T7-10 File guide T9-2 Initial capabilities (12/84) T10-2 Log file T8-21 Neutral file interface T8-61 Operational (job) data files T9-16 Version 1.22 changes & enhancements (4/95) T10-20 Version 3.5/2002 Buoyancy force T6-32 Buried pipe displacements U11-4 Buried pipe example U11-14 Buried pipe restraints U11-3 Butt weld T3-19. T6-85 Bends with trunnions U12-7 Bends. single-flanged A2-4 Bends.00 changes and enhance Q-22 .3. T3-66 Browse CD Rom U2-15 Browser U2-15 BS 5500 nozzles T3-46 BS 5500 radio button T3-46 BS 7159 T3-10. T3-65 Button Get loads from output file A7-86 Butt-welded tees T3-19 C Cad interfaces T8-4 Cadcentre T8-61 Cadpipe example transfer T8-8 Cadpipe interface T8-5 Cadpipe log T8-13.17 features (3/92) T10-11 Version 3. egen. T6-67.15 features (9/91) T10-9 Version 3. T8-18 Cadpipe/CAESAR II data transfer T8-17. efill. tees T3-107 Bi-directional data transfer link T8-4 Bilinear restraints A3-47 Bilinear springs U11-10 Bilinear supports A3-47. T3-19. stiffened A2-4 Bends.0 features (4/90) T10-7 Version 3.20 features (10/93) T10-16 Version 3.24 changes & enhancements (3/97) T10-23 Version 4. edim T4-15 Building spectrum load cases T5-25 Building static load cases U6-7 Building the load cases U3-11 Builds.16 features (12/91) T10-10 Version 3. T6-91 Bottom-out A4-15 Bottom-out spring A4-23 Boundary conditions U5-7.19 features (3/93) T10-14 Version 3.1 features (11/90) T10-8 Version 3.0a features (10/86) T10-4 Version 2.21 changes & enhancements (7/94) T10-18 Version 3.1s features (2/86) T10-3 Version 2. Version 1-6 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . T3-19 Flexibilities T6-15 Pipe spreadsheet T3-21 Stress intensification T3-21 Torsional stress T6-76 Branch error T3-86 Break T3-67 Break command A9-26. T8-18 CADWorx/PIPE T3-69. T6-75. double A2-4 Bends.18 features (9/92) T10-12 Version 3.2b features (9/88) T10-6 Version 3.1 T6-108 BS-806 U12-6 Building elements T4-15 Elem.

T5-93 Computervision interface T8-20. T8-21 Computervision/CAESAR II data transfer T8-21.5/2002 .30 changes and enhance ments (3/01) T10-29 CAESAR II interfaces T8-2 CAESAR II Technical Changes P-10 CAESAR II. Single A4-4 Canadian Z184 T6-104 Canadian Z662 T6-104 Case U9-18 Center of gravity report U3-11 Tutorial U3-11 Change password T2-29 Checking the installation U2-12 Chopped strand mat T2-21. T3-102. T6-18. T6-97 Load case T6-89 Load design T3-29 Modulus T3-63 Spring T3-8. T3-9. Multiple A4-8 Can design. T6-90 Code compliance U8-5 Q-23 Code Compliance Report U7-11 Code stresses for dynamics U9-7 Code-calculated T3-21 Code-calculated stress T3-22 Code-calculated values T3-20 Codes T3-56. T6-85.4 Chapter IX T6-97 B31. T8-26 Concentrated forces U8-2 Concentric reducer modeling A6-3 Concentric reducers A6-2 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . A3-32 Coade technical support T1-3 Coade technical support contact information A1-2 Code B31. T5-46 CNodes A3-6. U6-5 Compressed formatting T9-9 Compression T6-71 Computation control T2-3 Computation Control tab A4-2 Computational interfaces T8-79 Computed mass flowrate T5-89. A3-22.20 changes and enhance ments (2/00) T10-28 Version 4.8 Chapter VIII T6-99 Compliance T3-56. T6-118 Circumferential (hoop) direction T3-58 Stress T6-75 Weld T3-19 Weld joint efficiency T3-57 Weld strength factor T6-114 Class 1 Flexibility calculations T2-12 Intersection flexibilities T6-13 Class 1 branch flexibility T2-12.10 changes and enhance ments (1/99) T10-27 Version 4.cfg T2-2 Calculate actual cold loads T3-82 Can available space T3-31 Can design A4-8 Can design. T6-4 Spring element T6-5 Sustained T6-20 Cold load T3-38 Cold loads U6-27 Cold spring A6-8 Column reports U7-5 Columns T4-32 Fix T4-32 Free T4-32 Combination cases A7-30 Combination load cases U6-18 Combination Method U8-18 Combination Methods U6-24 Combined stress T6-75 Combining independent piping systems T3-94 Combining static and dynamic results T5-33 Commands T1-2. T8-21 Computervision neutral file T8-20. T6-91 Codes and databases T10-12 Code-specific notes T6-95 Codeti T6-113 Coefficient of Friction (Mu) T2-5 Cold Allowable stress T3-56. T3-12. T6-13 Closely spaced mitered bend A2-8 Closely spaced mode criteria T5-67 CNode T3-25.ments (1/98) T10-26 Version 4. About P-2 Caesar.

T5-75 Data Directory T3-108 Files T9-4. U8-31 Control stops. T5-68. U8-19. conservative. T3-68 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . Input A7-75 Corroded Cases T2-10 Corroded effective section modulus T6-91 Corroded pipelines. T3-25. T9-7 Data Export Wizard T8-95 Data fields U5-3 Data matrix interface T8-53. U8-13 Damping (time history or dsrss) (ratio of critical) T5-68 Damping matrix T5-49 Damping ratio T5-58.5/2002 Create a new units file T2-31 Create table T5-24 Creep rupture design stress value T3-61 Creep rupture stress T3-57 Critical damping T5-68 Cross section area T4-9 Crotch radius T3-19 Cryogenic piping dynamics example A7-36 Cumulative usage U9-8 Cumulative Usage Report U7-12 Current data T6-38 Current profile T6-32 Curve boundary T3-40 Curved pipe T3-19 Customizable Toolbar U5-3 Customize Toolbar U5-3 Cut long T6-5 Cut short T3-8. T3-108 Button T2-2 Configure-setup—geometry A2-3 Connect geometry through CNodes A4-12. B31G Calculating corroded area U12-28 Flaw Length U12-28 Corroded stress calculations T6-96 Corrosion T2-10. A7-75 Core piping. U2-12 Program T3-6 Spreadsheets T2-2 Configuration/setup A7-68 Configure /Setup T3-71. U8-10. Lateral A5-17 Controlling the dynamic solution T5-3 Convergence error T2-4 Convert input to new units T2-33 Convolutions T3-77 Coordinate prompts T3-86 Core piping A6-6. T8-78 Data processing . T9-6.stat T4-45 Database definitions T2-23 database management T8-86 Decomposition singularity tolerance T2-5. U8-26. T6-96 Cyclic reduction factor fields T3-63 Cyclic stress range U8-2 D Damped harmonics T5-51 Damping T5-50. U8-13. T6-5 Cutoff See non-conservative. T2-14 Connecting node displacements A4-10 Connecting nodes A4-10. A7-79. T3-7 Covers T3-80 Cpu time used T7-2 Crane database T2-24. and optimal T5-66 Cutoff frequency U8-10 Cyclic frequency T5-57 Cyclic reduction factor T6-86. T9-16 Set T9-5. T5-79 Default code T2-7 Default restraint stiffness T2-6 Q-24 . U10-20 Conservative cutoff T5-66 Constant effort hanger T6-11 Constant effort support T6-11 Constant effort support design A4-5 Constant effort supports A4-6 Constant force value T6-16 Construction design factor T6-105 Construction element U5-6 Contact information U2-18 Control Keys T3-104 Parameters T1-2 Control information T8-62 Control parameters U8-5.Conclusion T6-89 Configuration T1-2. T2-14.

5/2002 . U9-5 Displacements. T5-14 Components T6-48 Loads T6-4 Range T6-18 Report A7-16. Non-zero A3-3 Distance to opposite-side stiffener or head T3-42. Vertical A3-36 Duplicate T3-100 Duplicate dialog box T3-100 Dx T3-3 DXF Autocad interface T8-4 DXF file T8-4 Dy T3-3 Dynamic Analyses T5-61 Analysis input T5-2 Control parameters T1-2 Displacement criteria T5-82 Earthquake T6-23 Earthquake loading T3-88 Equation of motion T5-49 Example input text T2-27 Input T1-2 Input processor T5-47 Load T5-3 Load factor T5-52. T5-25. U7-6. T6-123 Diagnostics menu U4-9 Diagnostics-error review T7-10 Diagonal damping matrix T5-58 Diagonal stiffness matrix T5-58 Diameter T3-6 Diameter field T3-6 Diffraction effects T6-37 Direction T5-11. T5-84 Dual gimbal A5-29 Dummy leg on bends. T8-80.Default rotational restraint stiffness T2-6 Default spring hanger table T2-24 Default translational restraint stiffness T2-6 Defaulting to Z-AxisVertical T3-90 Defining a Model T6-130 Definition of a load case U6-16 Deformation A6-6 Delete T3-100. T3-11 Depth-decay function T6-37 Design CADWorx/PIPE 1-3 Design strain T2-21. T5-54. T4-3 Delta x T3-3 Delta y T3-3 Delta z T3-3 Dens T4-7 Densities U5-8 Density T2-37. T5-43 Directional combination method T5-77 DIRECTIVE DATA T5-34 Directory structure T9-2 Disable “File Open” Graphic Thumbnail T2-28 Disable Undo/Redo Ability T2-28 Discharge nozzle A9-8. T5-14. A7-30 Reports T2-26 Q-25 Stress range A8-27 Vector A3-4. T5-58 Displacement load case U6-26 Displacement submenu U7-17 Displacements T3-49. U5-12.CAESAR II P-4 Discontiguous systems A7-79 Disp U6-22 Disp/Force/Stress U6-22 Disp/Stress U6-22 Displaced shape T2-18 Displacement T3-49. T3-48 Distance to stiffener or head T3-42. T5-38. T3-48 DLF curves T5-85 DLF spectrum A7-12 DLF spectrum files A7-23 DLF spectrum generator U8-23 Does the vent pipe have an umbrella fitting (y/n) T5-87 Double angle spacing U12-46 Double sum method (DSRSS) T5-74 Double-acting restraint (rotational) A3-18 Double-acting restraints A3-17 Double-acting restraints (translational) A3-17 Drag coefficient T6-40 Driving frequencies U8-5 Driving frequency T5-82. A9-22 Disclaimer . T5-63. Horizontal A3-40 Dummy leg. T6-75 Design stress T3-58 Det Norske Veritas (DNV) T6-120. T5-49. T8-85 Load factor spectrum T5-56 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .

dynamics U9-8 Global forces. dynamic output U9-5 Report options U9-5 Restraints. dynamics U9-7 Code stresses for dynamics U9-7 Stress intensification factors U9-7 Stress report U9-7 Time history results U9-3 Dynamic responses U8-3 Dz T3-3 E Earthquake Effects T5-3 Load T5-53 Load magnitudes T6-23 Loads T3-88 Spectrum T5-68 Static load cases T6-23 Earthquake (spectrum) U8-14 Earthquake excitation. Independent support A7-36 Earthquake input spectrum Spectrum Defintions Response spectrum table U8-14 Shock definition U8-14 Q-26 . dynamics U9-5 Maximum load on restraints U9-5 Maximum modal contribution U9-5 Mode identification line U9-5 Spectrum results U9-3 Static/dynamic combinations U9-3 Stresses. dynamics Displacements.Loads T5-51 Problem T5-51 Dynamic amplitude U8-2 Dynamic analysis A7-58 Dynamic analysis input processor U8-6 Dynamic analysis types U8-7 Dynamic input commands U8-8 Initiating dynamic input U8-6 Prerequisites for dynamic input U8-6 Dynamic analysis of independent support earthquake excitation A7-36 Dynamic analysis of water hammer loads A7-20 Dynamic animation U9-14 Dynamic capabilities Harmonic analysis U8-2 Concentrated forces U8-2 Cyclic stress range U8-2 Dynamic amplitude U8-2 Equipment start-up U8-2 Fluid pulsation U8-2 Forcing frequencies U8-2 Phase angle U8-2 Rotating equipment U8-2 Vibration U8-2 Modal analysis U8-2 Mode shapes U8-2 Natural frequency U8-2 Spectrum analysis U8-2 Impulse analysis U8-2 Relief valve U8-2 Response spectrum method U8-2 Response vs.5/2002 Harmonic results U9-2 General results U9-3 Included mass data U9-11 % Force active U9-12 % Force added U9-12 % Mass included U9-11 Extracted modes U9-11 Missing mass correction U9-11 System response U9-11 Local forces. dynamics U9-6 Mass model U9-12 Lumped masses U9-12 Mass participation factors U9-9 Modes mass normalized U9-10 Modes unity normalized U9-10 Natural frequencies U9-10 Report types. frequency spectra U8-2 Sustained stresses in spectrum analysis U8-2 Time history analysis U8-3 Dynamic capabilities in CAESAR II U8-2 Dynamic control parameters T5-47 Dynamic imbalance U8-12 Dynamic load case number U8-18 Dynamic load factor U8-20 Dynamic load specification U8-5 Dynamic output processor U9-2 Boundary conditions U9-12 Friction resistance U9-12 Nonlinear restraints U9-12 Forces/stresses. dynamics U9-7 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .

cf.different wall thickness A2-13 Elbows. T6-84 Elastic analyses of nozzles T6-44 Elbows . U8-34 Eigensolver algorithm T5-54 Eigenvalue T5-57 Eigenvalues T5-79 EJMA (expansion joint manufacturers association) U12-33 El centro U8-15 Elastic Modulus T2-38. T3-63. z T2-37 Effective diameter U5-10 Effective gasket modulus U12-24 Effective ID T3-16 Efill T4-16 Egen T4-18 Eigensolution A7-4. pressure-balanced A5-31 Elem T4-15 Element Duplication T3-100 List T3-99 Offsets T3-5 Q-27 Rotation T3-100 Element Direction Cosines U5-4 Element information Displaying T3-106 Element length U11-4 Element lengths U5-4 Elemental volume plots T3-108 Elevation T6-28 Elevation table entry T6-26 Enable Autosave T2-28 Enable Data Export to ODBC-Compliant Databases T2-24 End connection information T4-26 End connections U10-7 Ending frequency T5-8 Endurance limit T5-52 Entering the dynamic analysis input menu U8-6 Entire agreement P-3 Entity information T8-14 Entry into the processor U9-2 Entry into the static output processor U7-2 EQP toolbar A9-10 Equation for pipe under complete axial restraint T3-62 for stress T3-61 Modeling T6-108 Equipment and component evaluation U12-2 Bend SIFs Trunnion U12-6 Bends with trunnions Trunnions U12-7 Equipment checks U12-2 Flanges attached to bend ends BS-806 U12-6 Flexibility U12-6 Ovalization U12-6 Intersection SIFs U12-3 Pressure stiffening Flexibility factor U12-6 Stress intensification factor U12-6 Stress concentrations and intensifications Peak stress index U12-7 Stress concentration factor U12-7 Trunnion U12-7 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .5/2002 . U8-5 Eigensolver U8-33.Spectrum data U8-14 Spectrum name U8-14 Spectrum load cases Earthquake U8-16 El Centro earthquake data U8-17 Independent support motion U8-17 Spectrum load cases example U8-17 Static/dynamic combinations ABS U8-18 Combination method U8-18 Hanger sizing for dynamics U8-18 Occasional allowable stress U8-18 Occasional dynamic stresses U8-18 Occasional Stress U8-18 Piping codes for earthquakes U8-18 SRSS U8-18 Sustained static stresses U8-18 Earthquakes U8-24 Eccentric reducer modeling A6-4 Eccentric reducers A6-2 Edit menu U5-24 Eff. T3-61. T3-62. T5-57.

required T9-3 Executing static analysis U3-13 Execution of static analysis U6-12 Existing file to start from T2-32 Exit U2-19 Exit pipe end flow conditions T5-94 Exp. U12-33 Ejma U12-33 Maximum axial movement U12-33 Maximum lateral deflection U12-33 Maximum rotation U12-33 Output U12-36 Expansion joints A5-1. T4-33. T8-14 Error handling and analyzing the job U8-33 Errors Errors and warnings U3-10 ESL U2-9. A5-8. T6-106 Case allowable stress T3-63 Coefficient T2-38. A5-10. T2-38 Expansion Allowable T6-95.5/2002 Excitation frequency U8-11 Exclude f2 from UKOOA Bending Stress T2-22 Exe files . T2-24. and notes U6-2 Error checking the model U3-10 Error code definitions T8-13. U5-10. T6-105. T8-82 Dynamic analysis A7-58 Dynamic analysis (nureg9) A7-58 Dynamic analysis of independent support earthquake excitation A7-36 Dynamic analysis of water hammer loads A7-20 Dynamic analysis of water hammer loads (hammer) A7-20 Harmonic analysis A7-2 Harmonic analysis (table) A7-2 Jacketed piping A7-72 Jacketed piping (jacket) A7-72 Natural frequency analysis A7-2 NEMA SM23 A7-95 Omega loop modeling A7-66 Omega loop modeling (omega) A7-66 Relief valve loads A7-7 Relief valve loads (relief) A7-7 Structural analysis A7-47 Structural analysis (frame) A7-47 WRC 107 A7-82 Example problem of a multiple load-case spring-hanger design T3-35 Example transfer T8-29 Excel T8-86 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . T4-19. T4-31. U6-26 Expansion stresses A8-27 Exponential format T3-4 Extended Operating conditions T3-8. T3-75 Styles T3-78 Expansion joints and rigids T3-106 Expansion load case A7-86 Expansion load cases U3-11. U5-28 Expansion joint design notes T3-76 Expansion joint end-types T3-77 Expansion joint rating A5-4. T4-29. T3-85. T6-18 Stress allowable T3-61 Stress range T6-18. T3-9 Range T3-29 External interface T8-2 External software lock A8-5 ESL updating U4-10 Local ESL U2-20 Network ESL U2-20 Extracted T2-3 Extracted mode shapes T6-47 Q-28 . T6-19 Expansion joint U5-7. warnings. A5-2. T6-7 Database T2-24 Model T3-71.Equipment report A9-10 Equipment start-up U8-2 Equipment vibration T5-4 Equivalent stress failure T6-71 Equivalent wind pressure T6-26 Error checking U6-2 Commands. T4-34. error checking U6-5 Errors. T3-75 Modeler T3-71. A5-10. T3-63 Load case T6-89 Stress T3-62. coeff. A5-6. T4-38. T4-25. U8-33 ESL drivers U2-17 ESL installation on a network U2-20 ESL menu U4-10 Evaluating vessel stresses T6-42 Example T4-17. T4-36. T8-80. T3-16. T4-41.

AISC U12-46 Force response spectrum definitions T5-23 Flange database T3-67 Force set # T5-26. T3-10. U8-28. T6-90. ments A3-11 T3-12. T5-24. U5-22 Bulk modulus T5-93 File-Cleanup/Delete Files A9-34 Density T3-11. U6-22 Fillet weld T3-65 Orthogonalization after convergence Final CAESAR II data T8-17 T5-81 Finite length expansion joints T3-16 Sets T5-59 Fitting Spectrum T5-6 Flexibility factor T2-20 Spectrum analysis T5-56 Outside radius T3-18 Spectrum name T5-23 Thickness T3-14 Force orthogonalization after convergence Fixity coefficients ky and kz U12-46 (y/n) T5-81 Fixity coefficients. U8-24.Extracted modes U9-11 F T10-9 Flange leakage/stress calculations U12-19 Flange leakage U12-19 Fac T2-38. U8-5. T3-10. U6-17 Flexibility Fatigue curve U5-15 Analysis T3-63 Fatigue curve data U5-16 Factor T2-20. T6-115 Flexible nozzles U5-19 Fiber-matrix composite T6-69 Fluid File menu U4-3. ments A3-6 U9-8 Flexible nozzle (WRC bulletin 297) A3-8 Fatigue-type load cases U7-12 Flexible nozzle w/ complete vessel model FDBR T6-115 A3-12 Fetch length T6-29 Flexible nozzle w/ predefined displaceFiberglass reinforced plastic T2-20. U8-17. T3-86. T5-58. T5-38. T5-39 Flange leakage and stress calculations Force sets A7-12. Q-29 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . T3-13. T6-85 Fatigue curve dialog U5-16 Matrix T6-18 Fatigue failure U9-8 Orientation T3-47 Fatigue load cases U9-8 Flexible anchors A3-5 Fatigue loadings U7-12 Flexible anchors with predefined displaceFatigue stress types U6-8. T3-61 Methodology U12-19 Factor T5-25. U8-11. T5-33 Flange rating Fatal error dialog U6-3 ANSI B16.5/2002 .5 U12-24 Fatigue API 605 U12-24 Analysis of piping systems T6-52 Rating Tables U12-24 Analysis using CAESAR II T6-51 Leak pressure ratio Basics T6-51 Gasket Factor U12-24 Capabilities in dynamic analysis T6-62 Flange modeler U12-24 Curve data T3-65 Flange rating U12-24 Cycle T3-59 Flanged ends T3-68 Evaluations T3-65 Flanges attached to bend ends U12-6 Factor T3-59 Flaw length U12-28 Test T6-91 Flexibilities T6-46 Fatigue (FAT) U6-8. T5-93 Files Hammer T5-6 -Clean up T9-2 Loads T6-32 Compatibility T6-9 Fluid pulsation U8-2 Files-accounting T7-7 Fn T3-59 Fillet T3-19 Force T5-11.

5/2002 T3-89 FRP flexibilities T2-20 FRP sif T2-20 Ftg ro T3-18 Full run 1-9 G G T4-7 Gap T3-27 Gas thrust load calculations A7-9 Gasket factor U12-24 Gas-specific heats T5-87 General notes T8-12 General properties T4-3 Generalized modal coordinates T6-48 Generate files U6-5 Generating input. moments. T5-65 Frequency cutoff A7-4. T3-76. U8-33 Friction Angle variation T2-4 Coefficient T3-27 Normal force variation T2-4 Restraint stiffness T2-4 Slide multiplier T2-5 Stiffness T2-4 Stiffness factor T5-62 Friction effects U8-4 Friction Multiplier U6-23 Friction resistance U9-12 Friction restraints U8-4 Friction stiffness U8-4 FRP Alpha T2-22 Analysis T6-82 Coefficient of thermal expansion T3-89 Data T9-5 Laminate type T2-21. displacements T3-107 Forces/moments submenu U7-18 Forces/moments.fix T4-34 Gram-schmidt orthogonalizations T5-80 Graphical output U7-16 Graphics updates T10-8 Gravitational acceleration constant T6-23 Q-30 . U8-29 Forcing frequency U8-2. U8-34 Form factor QA U12-42 Free Anchor/restraint at node T3-36 Code T3-37 End connections T4-26 Free code option A4-13 French petrochemical code T6-20 Frequency U8-13 Array spaces T5-81 Cutoff T5-63. U5-13 Forces and moments T3-50 Forces at elbows T5-6 Forces. A9-22 Gimbal T3-79 Gimbal joint A5-23 Girth butt weld T6-91 Glass reinforced plastics T6-67 Global Editing T3-99 Level T3-34 Load vector T6-16 Stiffness matrix T6-10 X direction T3-3 Y direction T3-3 Z direction T3-3 Global element forces U7-7 Global forces U9-7 Global parameters U12-40 Global restraints .U8-30 Force spectrum methodology U8-20 Force Stress U6-22 Forces T3-50. T3-89 Modulus of elasticity T2-22 Pipe density T2-22 Pipe properties T2-20 Property data file T2-21 Ratio of shear modulus/emod axial CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . Conversion to WRC 107 local axes A7-83 Forces/stresses U9-8 Force-time profiles U8-28. Tutorial A8-5 Generation of the CAESAR II configuration file T2-2 Generic database T3-68 Generic neutral files T8-61 Geninc T4-19 Genincto T4-19 Genlast T4-19 Geometry directives T2-14 German 1991 database T4-57 Get loads from output Button A9-9.

Slotted A5-20. A7-4. U8-11. U6-27 Algorithm T6-10 Auxiliary data field T3-24 Between two pipes A4-12 Data A4-3. U8-18 Hanger table with text A9-29 Hangers A4-1.gloads T4-39 Grinnell springs T3-29 Group modal combination method T5-67 Grouping method T5-73 Grp piping T6-67 Grp piping offshore T6-75 Guides A3-20 H Hanger U5-20. U8-5 Harmonic analysis input Harmonic displacements U8-12 Harmonic forces U8-11 Harmonic load definition U8-11 Excitation frequency U8-11 Phasing of harmonic loads Damping U8-13 Frequency U8-13 Harmonic control parameters U8-13 Harmonic force U8-13 Pressure wave U8-12 Reciprocating pumps U8-12 Rotating equipment U8-12 Harmonic control parameters U8-13 Harmonic displacements U8-12 Harmonic force U8-11.T6-28 Displacements T5-14 Equation T5-49 Force data A7-5 Forces and displacements T5-11 Load T5-82. Trapeze A4-8 Hanger available space T3-31 Hanger Design U6-23 Hanger design control data U5-30 Hanger design. U9-2 Harmonic stress U8-35 Header stress intensification T3-21 Heat exchangers U12-66 HEI standard for closed feedwater heaters U12-71 Help menu U4-11 Help screen T3-4 Help screens and units T3-3 Highlight command U5-37. A4-11. U8-13 Harmonic loads U8-11 Harmonic results U8-35. T3-107 Hinge joint. T5-51. Simple A4-3 Hanger selection Actual cold loads U6-27 Additional hanger U6-27 Design load cases U6-27 Hanger sizing load cases U6-27 Hot load U6-26 Operating load cases U6-27 Recommended load cases U6-27 Q-31 Restrained weight U6-26 Spring hanger design U6-27 Hanger sizing U6-27. T5-49. A5-21 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . T5-83 Load vector T5-49 Loads A7-2 Method T5-4 Profile T5-4 Harmonic analysis U8-2.Gravitational loading T3-88 Gravity loads . T3-106 Hangers/nozzles T2-17 Hardware requirements U2-3 Harmonic T5-4. T6-9 Design algorithm T6-10 Design control dialog T6-11 Design control spreadsheet T3-33. T3-81 Design with anchors A4-13 Design with anchors in the vicinity A4-13 Design with support thermal movement A4-11 Design with user-specified operating load A4-14 Hot loads T6-9 Run control spreadsheet T3-29 Sizing algorithm A8-26. U8-34 Analysis A7-2. T6-9 Supported from vessel A4-10 Table T3-28. T3-83 Travel T6-9 Type restraint T3-26 Hanger assembly. T3-81 Default restraint stiffness T2-6 Design A4-2. T5-82. U5-45 Highlights T2-18. T3-28.5/2002 .

Hinged T3-78 Hinged joint A5-18 Hinges. T4-27. U8-26 Impulse analysis U8-2 Impulse profile T5-6 Inccrement T4-16. T3-14. T6-27 Imposed stresses T6-68 Impulse T5-6. T4-38. T5-44 Incsecid T4-17. T5-12. T6-106 Input CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . T4-27.5/2002 Q-32 I . T4-24. structural steel input U10-5 Inertia coefficient T6-40 In-plane bending moment T6-76. T4-38. U5-16 IGE/tD/12 code T3-7. T4-19. T3-59. T6-9 Load design T3-30 Modulus T3-63 Sustained T6-20 Hot load U6-26 Html help facility U2-16 Huber-von mises-hencky criterion T6-71 Hydrodynamic loading of piping systems T6-29 Hydrodynamic loads T6-32 Hydrostatic pressure T6-118 Hydrostatic strength T6-80. T6-96 Hanger loads T3-37 Load T3-29. T4-40 Include Missing mass components T5-76 Missing mass components (y/n) T5-76 Piping input files T3-94 Pseudostatic (anchor movement) components T5-76 Include Spring Stiffness in Hanger OPE Travel Cases T2-6 Included force T5-65 Included mass T5-63 Included mass data U9-11 Including Structural Models T3-97 Including the Spring Hanger Stiffness in the Design Algorithm T6-11 Inclusion of missing mass correction during spectral analysis results T6-47 Incmatid T4-17. U12-47 In-plane large bending moment U12-47 In-plane small bending moment U12-47 In-plane stress intensification T3-22. T4-19 Incto T4-17. T5-56. T5-8. plastic A3-52 Hoop Direction T3-58 Elastic modulus T2-22 Modulus T3-10 Stress T3-62. T6-75. T5-76. T6-79 Stress value T2-11 Hoops U5-39 Hoops license grant 1-5 Horizontal thermal bowing tolerance T2-15 Horizontal threshold value T2-16 Hot Allowable stress T3-58. T4-19. T4-19 Incore numerical check T2-5 Incore solution U6-12 Increment T4-24. T4-41 Independent shock T5-71 Independent support motion A7-58. T6-118 ID manifold piping T5-92 ID of relief valve orifice T5-86 ID of relief valve piping T5-86 ID of vent stack piping T5-86 ID relief exit piping T5-92 ID relief orifice or rupture disk opening T5-92 ID supply header T5-92 Idealized Allowable stress envelope T3-59 Envelope of combinations T6-79 Stress envelope T6-88 Identical results T2-2 IEEE 344-1975 T5-71 I-factors T6-81 IGE/TD/12 T6-119. U5-5. T3-65 Ignore spring hanger stiffness T2-6 Implementation of macro-level analysis for piping systems T6-75 Importance factor T6-24. U8-17 Independent support motion applications T5-55 Independent support motion load cases T5-77 Index numbers.

T3-56 Dynamic T9-16 Echo T3-103 Fields T1-2 Graphics T3-104 Review A8-20 Session A8-25 Soil T9-16 Static T9-16 Structural T9-16 Structural steel A7-48 Input items optionally effecting sif calculations T3-18 Input listing T3-102. U2-4 Installation directory T2-2 Installation menu options U2-4 Installation process U2-4 Installed load T6-10 Installed load case T6-10 Installed weight T6-10 Insul thk T3-7 Insulation T3-7 Insulation density T3-11. T6-86 Last T4-17. U9-12 Input menu U4-5 Input overview based on analysis category U8-9 Input plotting T3-104 Input presentation . T4-19. T4-24. T4-41 Lateral bearing length U11-4 Lateral deflection A5-4 Lateral force T6-23 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . T4-38. T6-85.Constant effort supports A4-6 Data A9-6 Data cells T3-3. A7-80 Jacketed pipe A6-6 Jacketed piping A7-72 Jacketed piping systems A7-72 Jacobi sweep tolerance T5-79 Jacobus T8-61 JIS nominal pipe od T3-6 JIS pipe schedule T3-7 Joint endtypes T3-75 K Kaux T3-94 Kaux menu U5-32 Kaux menu items Include Piping Input Files U5-34 Include structural input files U5-35 Review sifs U5-32 Review SIFs at Bend Node U5-32 Special execution parameters U5-32 Kaux-include structural files U10-7 Keulegan-carpenter number T6-34 K-Factor T3-14 K-factor A2-14 Kinematic viscosity T6-40 Korean 1990 database T4-62 L Labels T2-18 Laminate Properties T6-73 Type T2-21. list.5/2002 . T3-89. U5-9 Interfaces T1-2 Interfaces added T10-12 Intergraph Data T8-42 Interface T8-26 Intergraph data after bend modifications T8-46 Intergraph data after element sort T8-39 Intergraph data after tee/cross modifications T8-40 Intergraph data after valve modifications T8-41 Intergraph interface T8-23 Intermodal correlation coefficient T5-74 Internet Explorer U2-16 Interpolation parameters T2-5 Q-33 Intersection model T3-17 Intersection stress intensification factors U12-3 Intersections T3-19 Iso T8-4 Ixx T4-9 Iyy T4-9 J Jacket. T4-27. stat T4-42 Insert T4-3 Insert weldolets T3-19 Installation U2-2. Input A7-76. T3-12.plot.

U7-14. U9-10. U7-3. U5-6. T3-86 Lumped masses U8-9 M CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . U9-11. U7-12. U7-16. U9-5. T5-75 Forcing frequency T5-68 Profiles T5-59 Range T3-29 Vector T6-48 Load case T5-33 Load case list U6-8 Load Case Options Tab U6-21 Load Case Report U7-13 Load cases U3-2. U6-14. U6-8. U8-11. U5-23. U6-16. U6-7. U5-7. U9-15. U10-28. U6-18. U6-18 Example of load cases U6-18 Expansion load case U6-26 Occasional load cases U6-26 Operating load cases U6-26 Recommended load cases U3-11 Stress category U6-16 Stress types U6-17 Sustained load case U6-26 Types of load cases U3-12 Types of loads U6-16 Load cycles U6-18 Load duration (time history or dsrss method) T5-67 Load vector Applied T5-49 Load. U6-26. U10-7. T6-75 Longitudinal weld joint efficiency T3-56 Loop closure tolerance T2-15. Ultimate U11-10 Loading conditions U5-7 Loads T4-36 Loads. CAESAR II 1-2 License grant 1-2 License types Full run 1-9 Lease 1-9 Limited run 1-9 Lift coefficient T6-40 Lift force T6-32 Lift-off A4-15 Limit stops A3-22 Limitations of remedies 1-3 Limited run 1-9 Limited warranty 1-3 Line Pressure T5-86 Temperature T5-86 Line drawing U5-37. U9-8. U6-20. U7-20. U612. U8-35. U8-26. U9-3.Layout of nodes A7-73 Leak pressure ratio U12-24 Lease 1-9 Length of manifold piping T5-93 Length of relief exit piping T5-93 Length of the vent stack T5-86 Liberal Expansion Stress Allowable T2-10 Liberal stress allowable T3-87 License agreement. U5-45 Liners T3-80 LIQT interface T8-79 LIQT nodes T8-79 Liquid vent system T5-91 LISP T8-4 List T4-43 List option T3-98 List utility T3-95 List/edit facility T3-98 Listing T9-17 Load Duration T5-67. U9-9. Large A7-72 Local Coordinate Definitions T6-132 Local Coordinates T6-123 Local Coordinates Frequently Asked Question T6-141 Local element forces U7-8 Local flexibilities T6-13 Local forces U9-6 Local member data U12-44 Local stresses T6-42 Location factor T6-105 Log file T8-23 Longitudinal Design stress T6-86 Stress T2-11. U7-17. U7-4.5/2002 Q-34 . U8-15. U5-20. U3-14.U12-12 Basic load cases U3-12 Combination load cases U3-12. U7-21. U6-13. U7-2.

U8-28.U8-19.Delete T2-35 . U8-31 Mass correction. no. T6-47 Mass combination method T5-77 Mass correction T5-76 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . Missing U9-11 Mass model U8-9. T3-79 Matid T4-6. U8-26. Local U12-44 Member end node U12-44 Member start node U12-44 Member type U12-44 Member weight load T4-38 Membrane stress U12-14 Memory allocated T2-27 Menu Accounting T7-3 Items T1-2 Menu commands U5-22 Methods for modeling dummy legs on bends A3-36 Miche limit T6-31 Micro -Level analysis T6-67 Scale T6-68 Mill tol % T3-7 Mill tolerance T3-7 Min U6-25 Mini-level analysis T6-72 Minimum Allowed bend angle T2-15 Angle to adjacent bend T2-15 Temperature curve T2-38 Wall mill tolerance T2-6 Yield strength T3-61 Yield stress T3-61 Minimum desired unity check U12-43 Miscellaneous T2-26. of Eigenvalues calculated T5-62 Maximum Shear theory T2-8 Maximum allowed bend angle T2-15 Maximum allowed travel limit T3-33. U12-46 Q-35 Materials T3-9. Modifying U8-13.Macro-level analysis T6-73 Main menu U4-2 Analysis Menu items U4-6 File U3-2 Default data directory U4-3 Input file types U4-4 New command U4-3 Open command U4-4 Select an existing job file U4-4 Input Data entry U3-6 Input menu items U4-5 Main show menu U7-17 Major steps in dynamics input U8-5 Make units file T2-30 Manifold pipe end flow conditions T5-94 Manifold piping T5-92 Marine growth T6-37 Markl T6-112 Mass T5-43 Flowrate T5-89. T9-2 Density T4-7 Files T2-21 ID number T4-6 Identification T4-6 Name T3-9 Properties T3-10 Material elastic properties U5-8 Material fatigue curve U5-15 Material Fatigue Curves T3-65 Material name U5-8 Material number U5-8 Material yield strength U12-42. T10-9 Changes T10-12 Data group T8-71 Modifications T10-8 Missing Mass T5-63. T4-17. U9-9 Mass participation report A7-14. T3-83 Maximum desired unity check U12-43 Maximum table frequency T5-23 Mechanical resonances T5-82 Member data. U9-12 Mass participation factors U8-35.Edit T2-35 Coefficient of thermal expansion T4-7 Database T2-35. A7-30 Material . T5-93 Matrix T5-49 Mass and stiffness model U8-5 Mass and stiffness model. T4-19 Max U6-25 Max.Add T2-35 .5/2002 .

Mass data report T6-49 Mass ZPA T2-3 Missing mass correction A7-29. T5-57 Matrix T6-47 Modal analysis U8-2 Modal analysis input Control parameters Cutoff frequency U8-10 Modes of vibration U8-10 Lumped masses U8-9 Modes of vibration U8-9 Natural frequencies U8-9 System response U8-9 Mass model U8-9 Modes of vibration U8-9 Natural frequencies U8-9 System response U8-9 Mode identification line U9-5 Mode shape T5-57. U8-10. T3-84 N Q-36 . evenly spaced A2-7 Mitered bend. panning.expansion joint menu T3-72 Model menu U5-27 Model menu items Expansion joints U5-28 Hanger design control data U5-30 Title U5-29 Valve U5-28 Model modifications for dynamic analysis U8-3 Control parameter U8-5 Dynamics U8-5 Conversion from static input U8-5 Mass and stiffness model U8-5 Friction effects U8-4 Friction restraints U8-4 Friction stiffness U8-4 Nonlinear restraints in dynamics CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . U8-19. U8-28. U8-31 Modifying mass lumping T5-43 Modulus of elasticity T3-10. Complex A5-4 Models. U8-33 Modes unity normalized U9-10 Modified theories T6-37 Modifying mass and stiffness model U8-13. T5-60. U9-11 Miter points T3-13 Mitered bend. U8-26. and zooming T3-104 Model-break A9-26 Modeling dummy legs on bends A3-36 Modeling friction effects T6-16 Modeling plan A7-73 Modeling reducers A6-2 Modeling techniques T1-2 Modeling. widely spaced A2-10 Mitered bends A2-7 Miters T3-13 Miters. U8-34 Model . U8-9. T3-76 Morrison’s equation T6-32 Motion U7-21 Movement capability T3-77 Multi-degree-of-freedom system T5-68 Multiple load case design T3-34. closely spaced A2-7 Modal U8-9 Combination method T5-72 Combinations T5-72 Components T5-71 Extraction T5-52.5/2002 U8-3 Dynamic responses. Guidelines A9-12 Models. T6-69. Simple A5-4 Modes U8-33 Modes mass normalized U9-10 Modes of vibration T5-54. T5-82 Mode shapes U8-2. Miscellaneous A6-1 Models. nonlinear effects U8-3 Nonlinear supports U8-3 Static load case for nonlinear restraint U8-3 Specifying loads U8-5 Code compliance U8-5 Driving frequencies U8-5 Dynamic load specification U8-5 Force set specification U8-5 Harmonic analysis U8-5 Load cases U8-5 Natural frequencies U8-5 Occasional stresses U8-5 Point loads U8-5 Shock results U8-5 Static results U8-5 Model rotation. T6-72 Modulus ratio T3-63 Moments T3-50.

T5-17 Name of the converted file T2-34 Name of the input file to convert T2-33 Name of the units file to use T2-33 Natural frequencies U8-5. U9-12 Nonlinear supports U8-3 Non-zero displacements A3-3 Norwegian T6-115 Norwegian code T6-115 Note dialog U6-5 Notes on Occasional Load Cases T6-21 Notes on Printing or Saving Reports to a File U7-14 Novell file server ESL installation U2-20 Novell workstation ESL installation U2-20 Nozzle /Vessel analysis T6-45 Auxiliary data field T3-24. T3-44. U6-14. U8-9. T3-47 Nozzle results for pt69m A7-99 Nozzle screen U12-17 Nozzle spreadsheet A3-12 Nozzle wall thickness T3-42. NEMA SM23 U12-50 NEMA SM23 (Steam Turbines) U12-50 NEMA turbine example U12-51 Network ESLs U2-21 Neutral file T8-78 Neutral file interface T8-61 Neutral file transfer T8-2 New units file name T2-32 Nfill T4-12 Ngen T4-13 No rft/wlt in reduced fitting sifs T2-13 No. U8-33. T3-45. T4-26. T4-8. to converge before shift allowed (0-not used) T5-80 Nodal coordinate data T8-77 Nodal degree of freedom A3-3 Nodal displacements T6-16 Node T2-15. T5-38. T4-24. U9-10 Natural frequency T5-57 Navy 505 T6-107 Near/Far Point Method A3-36 NEMA A7-95 NEMA SM23 Steam turbines Cumulative equipment calculations. T4-40 Name T3-3. T3-39. T3-47 Nozzle flexibility U12-18 Nozzle flexibility .5/2002 . hangers at location T3-33 No. T3-13. T3-20. of iterations per shift (0-pgm computed) T5-80 No. of hanger-design operating load cases T3-82 No. T437. T3-25 Numbers T3-107 Node fields A2-2 Node Names U5-21 Node number T3-3 Node numbers U5-3 Nodes T2-17. T4-18.92 T5-72 Number formats T3-4 Number of points in the table T5-23 Number to converge before shift allowed T5-80 O Q-37 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .N1 T4-13. T4-11.WRC 297 T3-39 Nozzle load summation report A7-100 Nozzle loads A9-22. T3-45 Nozzles T3-106 NRC Benchmark problems A7-58 Spectrum example A7-58 NRC example NUREG9 A7-58 Nuclear Regulatory Guide 1. T4-16. T5-45 Number T3-3. U12-13 Nozzle node number T3-41. T3-13. T3-44 Flexibilities T3-24 NOZZLE CALCULATIONS U12-50 Nozzle data U12-12 Nozzle diameter T3-42. T3-101 Nodes in space T4-11 Nominal pipe OD T3-6 Nominal pipe schedules T3-6 Nominal pipe size U5-5 Non-conservative cutoff T5-66 Nonlinear Code compliance T6-18 Piping code compliance T6-18 Restraint T6-18 Nonlinear effects U8-3 Nonlinear restraint status U8-3 Nonlinear restraints T6-19. T3-25.

T6-96 Occasional dynamic stresses U8-18 Occasional load case A7-86 Occasional load cases U6-26 Occasional stress U8-2. U8-5.5/2002 Vertical T3-93 Orifice flow conditions T5-94 Ortho T8-4 Orthogonal T3-27 Orthotropic material model T6-83 Other Global Coordinate Systems T6-124 Other Notes on Hanger Sizing T6-11 Out-of-core eigensolver (y/n) T5-81 Out-of-plane bending moment U12-47 Out-of-plane large bending moment U12-47 Out-of-plane small bending moment U12-47 Outplane bending moment T6-76 Outplane stress intensification T6-106 Output T9-17 Plotting U7-16 Processor T5-59 Reports by load case T2-26 Table of contents T2-26 Output from the liquid relief load synthesizer T5-93 Output menu U4-7 Output reports by load case T2-26 Output table of contents T2-26 Output Type U6-22 Output-view animation A7-4 Ovalization. U8-18 Ocean currents T6-34 Ocean wave particulars T6-30 Ocean waves T6-29 ODBC T8-86. T4-2 P Pad thk T3-18 Panning U5-36 Partition of y matrix T6-48 PD/4t T2-11 PDMS T8-61 Peak pressure T3-64 Peak stress index U12-7 Percent of iterations per shift before orthogonalization T5-81 Performing the analysis U8-33 Period T5-57 Phase T5-12. T6-106 Load factor T2-7. T8-93 ODBC drivers U2-15 Off-diagonal coefficients T2-5 Offset element method A3-36 Offset gimbal A5-25 Offset gimbal joint A5-27 Offsets U5-21 Offsetting T6-4 Old spring A4-9 Old spring redesign A4-9 Omega loop A7-66 Omega loop modeling A7-66 On Curvature Method A3-36 On-diagonal coefficient T2-5 Online documentation U2-19 Operating Allowable T6-105 Analysis T6-18 Case T6-9 Case vertical displacement T6-9 Load case T6-87 Load field T3-34 Loads T3-30. T5-14. U8-34 Phasing U8-12 Q-38 . T6-105. T2-8. T5-14 Phase angle T5-12.Occasional Allowable T6-95. U8-12. bends U12-6 Overburden compaction multiplier U11-12 Overview T1-2. T3-34 Pressure T3-64 Temperature T3-62 Thermal cases T3-34 Operating conditions Temperatures and pressures U5-5 Operating load cases U6-26 Operating load. U8-2. User-specified A4-14 Optimal cutoff T5-66 Ordinate T5-22 Orient T4-24 Orienting a Piping model to Z-axis Vertical T3-91 Orienting a Structural Model to Z-Axis Vertical T3-92 Orienting an Equipment Model to Z-Axis CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .

60 T5-55 Uniform building code T5-55 Predefined displacements A3-6 Preparing the drawing A8-3 Pressure T3-9 Hoop stress T6-105 Peaks T5-83 Pulses A7-21. U5-44 Volume plot U5-37. U5-45 Render and wire frame plots U5-37. T6-7 Outside diameter T3-47 Schedules T3-7 Section data T3-6 Size T2-23 Spreadsheet T3-72. and rotating U5-36 Range of nodes to plot U5-37. T6-84 Poisson’s ratio T2-22. U5-45 Panning. U5-36 Plot colors T2-17 Plot functions Highlight command U5-37.Pipe Density T3-10. T5-82. U5-44 Plot results U7-17 Plot screen T1-2 Plotting Static output review U3-14 Tutorial U3-9 Plotting static results U7-16 Point loads U8-5 Point loads . U5-45 Line drawing U5-37. T8-85 Pipes T2-17 Piping Codes T3-56 Element data T6-40 Input plot utility T4-42 Materials T3-9 Screen reference T1-2 Size specification T2-23 Spreadsheet T3-55 Spreadsheet data T3-2 System model T5-51 Piping codes for earthquakes U8-18 Piping dimensions U10-14 Piping input U3-5 Alpha tolerance U5-6 Ambient temperature U5-6 Construction element U5-6 Densities U5-8 Expansion joints U5-7 Input spreadsheet U5-2 Insulation density U5-9 Material name U5-8 Material number U5-8 Nominal pipe size U5-5 Rigid elements U5-6 Sif & tees U5-7 Specific gravity U5-8 Stress intensification factors U5-7 Q-39 Thermal strains U5-6 Piping input generation U3-5 Piping job U10-7 Piping material U5-8 Plant space T8-61 Plastic hinges A3-52 Plastic pipe T3-10 Plate T3-77 Plot T4-42.5/2002 . T3-62. zooming. T3-55. T3-10. T3-80 Stress analysis T6-67 Stress analysis of FRP piping T6-67 Pipe and hanger support A4-10 Pipe modeler U11-3 Pipe nominal diameter A2-2 Pipe section properties U5-5 Pipe Stress Analysis Coordinate Systems T6-126 Pipe supported from vessel A4-10 Pipenet interface T8-84. T6-100 Stress multiplier T3-19 Thrust A5-2.load T4-36 Pois T4-6 Poisson effect T6-70 Poisson’s ratio T2-38. T3-53. T3-50. T3-11 Element exposed area T6-26 Element spreadsheet T3-5. T6-72. T6-96. T6-105 Polar moment of inertia T4-9. T6-8 Wave A7-28 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . T3-51. T5-83 Rating T3-77 Stiffening T2-3. T4-46 Practical applications T6-81 Predefined El centro T5-55 Hanger data T3-37 Nuclear Regulatory Guide 1. T4-6. T3-52.

U5-45 Ratio of gas-specific heats gas constant T5-87 Ratio shear modulus T2-22 Rayleigh damping T5-68 RCC-M subsection c and d T6-112 Reciprocating pumps U8-12 Recommended load cases U6-26 Recommended load cases for hanger selection U6-26 Recommended procedures U11-13 Reduced intersection T2-11.5/2002 Quality assurance T10-11 Quick start U3-2 R Radius T3-12 Random T5-3 Random profile T5-3 Range T3-107. T5-22 Command T3-108 Option T3-108 Range command U5-37. T9-11 Printing an input listing T3-102 Printing or saving reports to a file U9-13 Proctor number U11-12 Produced Results Data U6-22 Product demos U2-16 Product information U2-19 Program improvements 1-10 Program support 1-5 Technical support phone numbers 1-5 Training 1-5 Program support / user assistance T1-2 Program support/user assistance 1-5 PRO-ISO example transfer T8-56 PRO-ISO interface T8-53 PRO-ISO interface (standard) T8-53 PRO-ISO/CAESAR II data transfer T8-58 Prompted Auto-Save T2-28 Prompted Autosave T2-28 Proof stress T3-57. T6-90 Reduced intersection calculations T6-90 Reducers A6-2 References T6-41. U12-6 Pressure thrust U5-10 Pressure thrust. T3-61 Providing wind data U6-9 Pseudostatic Combination method T5-76 Displacement T5-56 Hydrodynamic loading T6-32 Responses T5-76 Publication dates T3-56 Pulsation T5-4 Pulsation loads T5-82 Pulse table generator T5-23 Pulse table/DLF spectrum generation U8-21. T3-42 Relief Exit piping T5-92 Valve T5-6. Bellows A5-3 Pressure vs. T6-88 Refractory lined pipe T3-7 Reinforcing pad T3-18. elevation table U6-9 Pressure wave U8-12 Pressure-balanced tees and elbows A5-31 Pricing factors T7-3 Primary membrane stress T6-43 Primary stress index T3-19 Print alphas and pipe properties T3-86 Print forces on rigids and expansion joints T3-85 PRINT MOTION U9-18 Printer/listing files T9-10.Pressure stiffening T2-3. T5-92 Valve loads A7-7 Valve thrust load analysis T5-85 Valves A7-10 Relief load Analysis T5-85 Synthesis T5-85 Relief load synthesis U8-20 Relief load synthesis for gases greater than 15 psig T5-85 Relief load synthesis for liquids T5-91 Relief load synthesizer U8-28 Relief loads (spectrum) U8-20 Relief loads spectrum Force sets for relief loads Earthquakes U8-24 Relief valves U8-24 Skewed load U8-25 Q-40 . U8-28 Pulse table/dlf spectrum generator T5-57 Pump discharge loads A9-2 Pvar T3-64 Q CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . T6-50.

T3-24. U5-44 Replace T4-3 Report Displacement A7-16. T5-53 Response spectrum method U8-2 Response spectrum table U8-14 Response vs. T3-106. U8-24. Rotational directional A3-25 Results A7-45 Re-use last eigensolution T5-71 Review existing units file T2-30 Reynolds number T6-35 Right Hand Rule T6-124 Rigid T6-49 Body motion A7-80 Element application T6-2 Elements T3-15. U8-20. Skewed double-acting A3-29 Restraint. Single-directional A3-19 Restraint. U8-28 Relief valve example problem setup A7-10 Relief valve loading . B31g U12-28 Remove password T2-29 Render U5-37. U6-26 Restrained weight case T6-9 Restrained weight run A4-13 Q-41 Restraint Auxiliary field T3-25 Loads T5-82 Report A7-17. U5-11. T5-38 Response spectrum T5-22.Water hammer U8-24 Relief load synthesis Dynamic load factor U8-20 Force spectrum methodology U8-20 Relief valve U8-20 Thrust loads U8-20 Spectrum definitions DLF spectrum generator U8-23 Spectrum data U8-23 Spectrum load cases Impulse U8-26 Time history U8-26 Relief valve U8-2. A8-37 Settlement A3-28 Type T3-25 Restraint and guide. Skewed single-directional A3-31 Restraint/force/stress reports A7-30 Restraints A3-1. U7-6. A7-30 Equipment A9-10 Force A7-30 Mass Participation A7-14. A7-30 Restraint A7-30 Stress A7-30 Report options U7-6 Report types U9-5 Reset plot T3-105 Resetting element strong axis . T6-9. T3-83 Y restraints T3-37 Rigid elements U5-6 Rigid weight U5-10 Rigids/bends T2-17 Rod increment T2-4 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . orient T4-23 Re-setting loads on existing spring hangers T3-38 Residual response T6-49 Resize members U12-43 Response spectra profiles T5-17. frequency spectra U8-2 Restrained weight T3-37. Single-dimensional A3-26 Restraint. T3-85 Fluid weight T6-2 Insulation weight T6-2 Material weight T6-2 Modes T5-63 Rod T3-33 Support displacement criteria T3-32.angle. U9-5 Restraints on a bend at 30 and 60 degrees A3-35 Restraints on a bend at 45 degrees A3-34 Restraints submenu U7-18 Restraints.5/2002 .output discussion A7-14 Relief valve or rupture disk T5-92 Relief valve thrust load analysis T5-85 Remaining strength of corroded pipelines. Single-directional A3-27 Restraint auxiliary data U10-21 Restraint between two pipes A3-32 Restraint between two pipes (use of CNodes) A3-32 Restraint between vessel and pipe models A3-33 Restraint summary U7-7 Restraint.

U8-2 Short range springs T3-33 Should caesar ii size the vent stack (y/n) T5-88 Sidesway U12-42 Sidesway.Rod increment (degrees) T2-4 Rod tolerance T2-4 Rod tolerance (degrees) T2-4 Rotate T3-100 Rotating U5-36 Rotating equipment U8-2. Large A3-44 Rotation rods (constant effort hangers). U8-12 Rotating equipment report updates T10-8 Rotation rod T3-26 Rotation rods (basic model). Large A3-45 Rotation rods (struts). large A3-42 Rotational directional restraints with gaps A3-25 Rotational option T3-86 Rotations T3-105 Run control data spreadsheet T3-34 Rupture disk T5-92 Rupture disk opening T5-92 Rx (cosx. T3-105 Shft option enabled T3-105 Shock definition U8-14 Shock displacement T5-60 Shock load case T5-56 Shock results U8-5 Shock spectra A7-58. or rz T3-26 S Sample input U10-9 Sc T3-56 Scalar U6-24 Schneider T2-10. T3-10. wind U6-9 Shear modulus of elasticity T3-10.5/2002 Zone coefficient T6-24 Seismic analysis U8-2 Selection of phase angles U8-34 Serial number U2-5 Set/change password T2-29 Setting Defaults T4-10 Nodes in space T4-10. Large A3-46 Rotation rods (spring hangers). vecy. AISC U12-42 SIF T2-7. Large A3-42 Rotation rods (chain supports). ry. cosz) or rx (vecx. T4-17. T4-19 Section ID T4-8 Section identification . T3-14 Secid T4-8. cosy. T4-7 Shft option disabled T3-104. U5-7 SIFs and stresses T2-7 SignMax U6-25 SignMin U6-25 Simple “bottomed-out” spring A4-23 Simple bellows A5-2 Simple bellows with pressure thrust A5-2 Simple hanger design A4-3 Single Directional restraint T3-33 Element insert T3-66 Gimbal expansion joint T3-79 Hinged expansion joint T3-78 Unrestrained expansion joint T3-78 Single and double flanged bends A2-4 Single and double flanged bends or Q-42 . T4-11 Setting up the spring load cases T6-10 Setup option T3-100 Sh T3-58 Sh fields T3-58 Shape T4-41 Shape factor. T2-12 Scratch T9-16 Screens U5-9 SE isometric view T3-106 Sea spectrum T6-29 Seam-welded T3-7. A7-75 Seismic Anchor movements T5-56 Loads T5-53 Spectrum analysis T5-53 Zone T6-25 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . T3-89. Large A3-47 Rotation rods.secid T4-8 Section modulus calculations T3-14 Segment information T8-14 Segments A7-74. T6-91 Curves T6-109 Factor T6-104 SIF at bend T2-9 SIFs & tees T3-17. vecz) T3-26 Rx.

T5-72 Components T5-71 Spatial or modal combination first T5-71 Special element information U5-6 Special execution parameters T3-51. slug flow U8-28 Force-time profile U8-28 Load cases. T5-26. U8-10 Snubbers Active U6-23 Snubbers. U8-28. U9-3 Spectrum name U8-14 Spectrum results U9-3 Spectrum/time history force sets T5-38 Spectrum/time history profile T5-25 Speed of sound A7-21 Spreadsheet overview U5-2 Spring Design requirements T6-9 Forces T3-77 Rate T3-38. U8-35 Spectrum analysis T5-53. U5-8 Specifying hydrodynamic parameters U6-11 Specifying loads. U8-11.stiffened bends A2-4 Single-directional restraint with predefined displacement A3-26 Single-directional restraints A3-19 Singular stiffness matrix A7-80 Sinusoidal forms T5-49 Skewed double-acting restraint A3-29 Skewed load U8-25 Skewed single-directional restraint A3-31 Slip Joint A5-31 Slip joint A5-23 Slipon T3-77 Slotted hinge joint A5-20. Modeling A4-24 Spring cans with friction A4-24 Spring hanger design U6-27 Spring hanger model with rods A4-19 Spring hanger model with rods. bottom-out. braces. A5-21 Slotted hinge joint (comprehensive) A5-21 Slotted hinge joint (simple) A5-20 Slug flow T5-6 Specifying the load Force sets. U8-2 Spectrum data U8-14. T5-43 Start run U6-2 Start. Existing A4-7 Spring hangers. U8-20. columns T4-28 Start node T5-12. U5-32 Specific gravity T3-11. T5-15. T3-85. Existing (no design) A4-7 Spring Rate field A4-9 Spring. U8-23 Spectrum definitions U8-23. U8-25. U8-28 Spectrum load cases U8-16. T5-68. static A3-51 Software revision procedures 1-6 Soil factor T6-23 Soil model U11-10 Soil model numbers U11-10 Soil properties U11-2 Soil stiffnesses U11-2 Soil supports U11-10 Sorted stresses U7-10 South African 1992 database T4-60 Spatial Combination method T5-71. dynamics U8-5 Specifying the loads U8-9. slug flow U8-28 Relief load synthesizer U8-28 Relief valve U8-28 Water hammer U8-28 Slug flow analysis U8-2 Snubbers T5-45. T6-10 Tables T3-28 Spring can characteristics A4-16 Spring can models A4-15 Spring can models with “bottom-out” and “liftoff” capability A4-15 Spring cans w/ friction. CAESAR II U3-2 Starting CAESAR II U3-2 Starting frequency T5-8 Stat T4-45 Static Analysis fatigue example T6-53 Earthquake loads T6-23 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . and lift-off A4-19 Spring hangers T3-38 Spring hangers.5/2002 . U8-14. U8-28. T6-2. Bottomed-out A4-23 Square root of the sum of the squares T5-72. T5-75 SRSS U6-24 Srss U8-18 Standard airy wave theory T6-33 Standard structural element connections beams. U8-29 Q-43 Spectrum T2-3.

T6-33 Stokes wave theory implementation T6-33 Stoomwezen T6-112 Stop node T5-12. U7-5 Commands in static output U7-4 Initiating the static output processor U7-2 Output options in plotted results U7-16 Plotting statics U7-5 Report options U7-2 Report titles U7-2 Show command U7-17 Table of contents U7-15 View-reports U7-4 Static output review U3-14 Plotting static output U3-14 Static results A8-29. U6-23 Calculation T3-62. Allowable U12-41 Stress intensification factor scratchpad T10-9 Stress intensification factors U5-7. Modifying U8-13. CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . T6-86 Intensity T6-43 Stress > level 1 T2-18 Stress > level 2 T2-18 Stress > level 3 T2-19 Stress > level 4 T2-19 Stress > level 5 T2-19 Stress category U6-16 Stress concentration factor U12-7 Stress concentrations and intensifications U12-7 Stress increase factor AISC U12-41 Stress increase factor. U8-31 Stokes 5th order wave theory T6-30. U8-19. U8-26. U6-12 Stiffness model. U9-3 Stif T3-27 Stiffness T3-27 Stiffness characteristics A4-15 Stiffness factor for friction T5-62 Stiffness matrix T5-49. T3-21. T6-97 Cycles T3-59 Intensification factors T3-13. U9-7 Stress intensification factors (details) T3-20 Stress intensification factors/tees U5-18 Stress level 1 T2-18 Stress level 2 T2-18 Stress level 3 T2-18 Stress level 4 T2-18 Stress level 5 T2-18 Stress reduction factors cmy and cmz U12-42 Stress reduction factors.5/2002 U8-28. T5-15. T3-22. aisc U12-42 Q-44 . T5-44 Straight pipe T3-19 Strain continuity T6-69 Strain equilibrium T6-69 Stream function T6-34 Stream function wave theory T6-30.Load T6-49 Load case T5-61 Load case builder T6-26 Load case for nonlinear restraint status T5-61 Output processor T5-82 Seismic loads T6-23 Superposition T6-19 Thermal criteria T5-82 Static analysis A8-26 Analyze command U3-13 Static analysis output listing A8-34 Static friction coefficient T3-27 Static load case number U8-18 Static load cases Building static load cases U6-8 Limitations of the load case editor U6-7 Recommended load cases U6-7 Static output plot U10-23 Static output processor 132 column reports U7-5 Animation of static solution U7-4. T3-20. U8-28. U8-26. T6-34 Stress T2-18. U8-5 Static snubbers A3-51 Static solution methodology U6-12 Archive U6-14 Incore solution Bandwidth U6-13 Nonlinear restraints U6-14 Static analysis Stiffness matrix U6-12 Static/dynamic combinations U8-18. U8-31.

Include U5-35 Structural input files A7-39 Structural preprocessor A7-47 Structural steel A7-39 Structural steel checks . U9-11 T Q-45 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . AISC U12-41 Structural files. U9-7 Stresses in the fiber-matrix interface T6-71 Stresses. U8-2. T5-78 Sturm sequence check U8-33 Subsonic velocity gas T5-91 Subsonic velocity gas conditions T5-91 Subsonic vent exit T5-91 Subsonic vent exit limit T5-91 Subspace size T5-79 Suction nozzle A9-7 Supply header T5-92 Supply header pipe wall thickness T5-93 Supply overpressure T5-92 Support A1-2 Support / user assistance A1-2 Sustained Allowable T6-95.5/2002 .U8-17 Stresses T6-69. T6-105. T6-96 Stress limit T3-61 Sustained load case A7-86 Sustained load cases U6-26 Sustained stresses A8-27.AISC U12-40 Structural steel example U10-9. Allowable U5-15 Stress-strain relationships T6-72 Strong axis moment of inertia T4-9. U8-18 Sustained stresses and non linear restraints T6-19 Sustained sustained load cases U3-11 Swedish code T6-111 Swedish method 1 and 2 T6-111 Sy T3-60 Sy data field T3-57 System Damping T5-68 Directory name T2-24 System and hardware requirements U2-3 System directory name T2-24 System overview A8-2 System redesign A9-25 System requirements U2-3 System response U8-9. U10-13. U6-17.Stress report A7-17.structural steel input U10-7 Format of structural steel input U10-3 Include in piping job U10-7 Include a structural model U10-7 Kaux-include structural files U10-7 Index numbers. U7-9. U6-8. T4-46 Structural Classification options T6-27 Database T2-23 Databases T4-46 Element keywords T4-2 Elements T4-40 Steel modeler T1-2. structural steel input U10-5 Initiate structural steel input Structural element preprocessor U10-2 Initiating structural steel input U10-3 Help functions U10-3 Keywords in structural steel input U10-4 Running structural steel input U10-7 Static output plot U10-23 Range command U10-24 Structure T2-17 Structure dimensions U10-15 Structure nodes U10-15 Sturm sequence T5-77. U9-7 Stress stiffening due to pressure T3-88 Stress submenu U7-20 Stress types U3-12. T4-42 Steel plot T4-42 Structural analysis A7-47 Structural capability in CAESAR II U10-2 Structural code U12-41 Structural code. T6-19. U10-25 Structural steel input U10-2 AISC database. U6-7. structural steel input U10-5 Connecting pipe to structure U10-20 Connecting nodes U10-20 Displaced shape U10-22 Editing structural steel input U10-4 End connections. T6-106 Analysis T6-18 Stress T3-62. U6-18.

T3-61. T5-57. A5-8 Tied bellows expansion joint (complex model) A5-8 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .Tangent intersection point A7-66. T5-59. U8-31 Time history profile data point T5-22 Time history profile definitions U8-29 Time history profiles T5-17 Time history results U9-3 Time history time step T5-67 Time vs. A5-15 Tie rod model. material number T3-107 Thrust T3-16. diameter. T6-10 Thermal Bowing T2-15 Bowing delta temperature T3-87 Expansion coefficient T2-4. pressure-balanced A5-31 Temperature T2-38. T3-62. T5-58 History T5-57 History analysis T5-6. T3-89 Expansion/pipe weight report T6-2 Shakedown T6-4 Thermal load case U6-26 Thermal strains U5-6 Thermal support movement A4-11 Thermodynamic entropy T5-91 Thermosetting plastic material T6-67 Thicknesses. T5-85 Thrust at the end of the exit piping T5-93 Thrust at the end of the manifold piping T5-94 Thrust at the vent pipe exit T5-90 Thrust at valve pipe/vent pipe interface T5-89 Thrust loads U8-20 Tie bar A5-4.5/2002 Tied bellows expansion joint (simple model) A5-6 Tied single expansion joint T3-78 Tied universal expansion joint T3-79 Time T5-24. T3-13 Tank node number T3-45 Tapered transitions T3-19 Task bar U2-8 Technical discussion of liqt int erface T8-79 Technical notes on caesar ii hydrodynamic loading T6-34 Technical reference manual 1-4 Technical support A1-2 Technical support phone numbers 1-5 Tee T6-91 Tees. T3-8. Comprehensive A5-17 Tied T3-78 Tied bellows (simple vs. U8-16. T3-8 De-rating factor T6-105 Differential multiplier T6-86 Ten percent method T5-73 Term 1-2 Theoretical cold load T3-38. T8-85 Step T5-67 Time history U8-26. length. force U8-29 Title U5-29 Title page T3-80 TO T4-13 To node number T3-3 Toolbar buttons T1-2 Tools Accounting T7-3 Material database T2-35 Multiple job analysis T7-8 Tools menu U4-8 Topographic factor parameters T6-27 Torsion T6-92 Torsional Moment T6-76 Stiffness T6-7 Stresses T6-90 Torsional R T4-9 Torsional spring rates T3-76 Training 1-5 Transforming from Global to Local T6-140 Transient Load T5-53 Load cases T5-60 Q-46 . complex model) A5-4 Tied bellows expansion joint A5-6. T2-22. U8-35 Force-time profiles U8-29 Vibration U8-29 Time history analysis U8-3 Time history load case U9-3 Time history load cases T5-25. T5-68 History animation T2-27 History load profiles T5-17 History loads T8-80. U8-29.

Pressure T5-90 Transient pressure rise on valve closing T5-90. tutorial U3-9 Sample model input. T6-118 File name T2-24 UKOOA specification and recommended File operations T2-30 practice T6-67. T5-69 Load T4-38 Loads-UNIF T4-37 Support excitation T5-55 Uniform load in g’s T3-88 U Uniform loads T3-51. A9-1 Center of gravity report. T5-94 Translational Option T3-86 Restraint T3-27 Stiffness T3-75 Translations T3-105 Transverse stiffness T6-7 Trapeze A4-8 Trapeze hanger assembly A4-8 Trunnion U12-6. U12-7 T-univ T3-79 Turbine trip A7-20 Tutorial A8-1. T5-83 Units file operations T2-30 Underground pipe modeler U11-2. Generating input A8-5 Type T3-12.5/2002 . tutorial U3-11 Plotting.UNIT T4-4 Ultimate tensile strength T3-61 Units conversion data T8-75 Umbrella fitting T5-87 Units file name T2-24 Unbalanced pressure force T5-5. T3-25 Type field T3-12 Overburden compaction multiplier U11-12 Backfill U11-12 Backfill efficiency U11-12 Proctor number U11-12 Soil model numbers U11-10 Spreadsheet Buried element descriptions U11-3 Underground pipe modeler U11-2 Buried pipe restraints U11-3 Soil properties U11-2 Soil stiffnesses U11-2 Zones U11-5 Lateral bearing regions U11-5 Underlying theory T6-67 Undo/Redo in the Input Module U5-2 Uniform Building code T5-18. T5-94 Transient pressure rise on valve opening T5-90.unit T4-4 Underground pipe/buried pipe Universal expansion joints A5-10 Bilinear supports U11-10 Universal expansion joints (simple models) Bilinear springs U11-10 A5-10 Soil supports U11-10 Universal joint (comprehensive tie rod Ultimate load U11-10 model) A5-16 Yield displacement U11-10 Universal joint with lateral control stops Yield stiffness U11-10 A5-17 Convert input command U11-9 Universal joint with lateral control stops Element length U11-4 (comprehensive tie rod model) A5-17 Buried pipe displacements U11-4 Unskew T3-100 Lateral bearing length U11-4 Unsupported axial length U12-46 Meshing Lateral bearing meshes Unsupported length (in-plane bending) U11-7 U12-46 Q-47 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . U11-3 Units specification . U5-13 Uniform loads .unif T4-37 UBC T5-18 Units UK 1993 database T4-63 Conversion Data T8-76 UKOOA T3-10. tutorial U3-6 Tutorial. T6-75 Specification .

slug flow U8-28 Relief load synthesizer U8-28 Relief valve U8-28 Slug problems U8-28 Water hammer analysis U8-2 Q-48 . U8-24 Specifying the load Force sets. T3-48 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide .20 Changes and Enhancements (2/00) T10-28 Version 4. elevation table U6-9 Vent Pipe exit T5-90 Pipe exit gas T5-91 Stack T5-88 Vent pipe exit gas conditions T5-91 Version 4. z T3-42 Vessel data U12-11 Vessel reinforcing pad thickness T3-42. WRC 107 Curve Extrapolation U12-13 Interactive Control U12-13 Nozzle data. T3-47 Vessel. slug flow U8-28 Force-time profile U8-28 Load cases. WRC 107 U12-13 Reinforcing pad U12-9 Stress summations.5/2002 Node T3-40 Node number T3-42.30 Changes and Enhancements (3/01) T10-29 Version and job title information T8-61 Vertical dummy leg on bends A3-36 Vertical in-line pumps U12-63 Vertical leg attachment angle A3-39 Vessel Diameter T3-42. T3-47 Vessel attachment stresses/WRC 107 Input data.Unsupported length (out-of-plane bending) U12-46 Untied T3-78 Untied universal expansion joint T3-79 Update history T1-2 Updates and license types 1-9 Usage factor U9-8 User assistance Technical support phone numbers 1-5 Training 1-5 User ID T2-27 User-defined T4-9 User-defined SIFs anywhere in the piping system T3-20 User-defined spectra T5-55 Using Local Coordinates T6-133 Utilities T4-42 U-univ T3-79 Ux. T5-58 Velocity vs. U8-29 Vibrations T5-51 View/edit file T2-32 Views T3-106 Volume plot U5-37. Pipe and hanger supported from A4-10 Vibration U8-2.uz T4-38 V Valve U5-28 /Flange database T2-24 Orifice gas T5-91 Pipe/vent pipe interface T5-89 Valve orifice gas conditions T5-91 Valve/flange database T3-67 Valves and flanges T2-24 Velocity vector T5-49. T3-48 Type T3-47 Wall thickness T3-42. y. WRC 107 Analyze-stress summation U12-14 Bending stress U12-14 Membrane stress U12-14 Vessel centerline direction cosines T3-48 Vessel centerline direction vector x. WRC 107 U12-12 Nozzle loads. T3-47 Material number T3-43. T3-47 Temperature T3-43.uy. WRC 107 U12-10 Nozzel loads. U5-44 Volume plotting T3-106 Von Mises theory T2-8 Vortex shedding T6-28 W Wall thickness T2-6 Wall thickness/schedule field T3-6 Warning dialog U6-4 Water hammer A7-21.

T6-44. or z T3-25 Xrod (cosx. T2-12. vecz) T3-26 Xrod. U5-44 Wn T3-77 Woven roving construction T6-84.5/2002 . vecz) T3-26 X . T4-4 Zero Period acceleration T5-55 -Weight rigids T6-2 Zero length expansion joint A5-18. T3-90. A5-25 Zero weight A5-20 Zero-length expansion joints T3-16 Zone definitions U11-5 Zooming T3-105. T6-100 Yield displacement U11-10 Yield force A3-52 Yield stiffness U11-10 Young’s modulus U12-42. T6-90 WRC 329/330 T6-90 WRC axes orientation U12-9 Q-49 Wt/sch T3-6 X X (cosx. T6-90 Weld joint efficiency T6-96 Welded T3-77 Welding Research Council Bulletin 297 U12-16 Widely spaced mitered bend A2-10 Wind Effects T5-3 Exposure options T6-27 Force T6-26 Load T3-7 Loads T4-40. T10-8 WRC 107 (vessel stresses) U12-8 WRC 107 stress summations U12-14 WRC 297 A3-8. T6-32 Weak axis moment of inertia T4-9. T4-40. U12-46 Young’s modulus of elasticity T4-6 Ys T4-7 Z Z-Axis Vertical T2-15. y. elevation table U6-9 Wind/wave U5-14 Wind/wave loads T3-52 Windows A3-22 Windows server installation U2-20 Wire frame U5-37. T6-26 Pressure T6-26 Shape factor T3-53. T2-38. T6-26 Speed T6-26 Wind data ASCE #7 wind loads U6-10 Methods of wind loading U6-9 Pressure vs. T10-9. vecy. T2-5. zrod T3-26 Y Yield Criteria theory T2-8 Strength T4-7 Stress T2-8. vecy. yrod. U12-16 Nozzle flexibility U12-18 Nozzle screen U12-17 WRC 329 T2-10.output discussion A7-30 Water hammer loads A7-28 Water hammer/slug flow (spectrum) U8-28 Wave Data T6-39 Spreading T6-29 Theories T6-31. U5-36 ZPA time history output cases T5-68 CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . cosy. T3-57. cosz) or x (vecx.Water hammer loading . A5-20. cosz) or xrod (vecx. elevation table U6-9 Shape factor U6-9 Velocity vs. T6-117 WRC 107 A7-82. T6-46. T6-13. T6-96. T4-46 Website U2-18 Weight analysis T3-37 Weld ID T3-19. cosy.

complete libraries. CADWorx template specifications. Zick analysis. a series of benchmark jobs. and technical features illustrating modeling techniques and software applications.5/2002 Q-50 . For additional information on the CAESAR II Quality Assurance Manual.A comprehensive. as well as API653 Appendix B. TANK . Additional modules for nozzles.A program for the design or analysis of pressure vessel components. M. P. and remaining corrosion allowance.CAESAR II Quality Assurance Manual The CAESAR II Quality Assurance Manual is intended to serve as a publicly available verification document. CodeCalc . flanges. please contact the COADE sales department. or 3D modes. This manual discusses (briefly) the current industry QA standards. Computations address: wind girders. CodeCalc capabilities include: tubesheets. E. auto iso. center of gravity calculations. flanges.An AutoCAD based piping design/drafting program with a bi-directional data transfer link to CAESAR II. shells. This publication contains discussions on recent developments that affect users. The benchmark jobs consists of comparisons to published data by ASME and the NRC. conical roof design. and cones. The program includes API-650 Appedices A.A program for the design or rerating of API-650/653 storage tanks. rectangular vessels. baserings. COADE publishes Mechanical Engineering News several times a year. iso. allowed fluid heights. provides the most complete piping package to designers. PVElite . combined with built in auto routing. stress iso. GUI based program for the design or analysis of tall towers and horizontal vessels. CADWorx allows models to be created in ortho. the COADE QA standard. and bill of materials. Additional test jobs compare CAESAR II results to other industry software programs. CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide . Additional COADE Software Programs CADWorx . auto dimensioning. and instructions for users implementing QA procedures on their own hardware. F. and WRC107 are provided. nozzles. and S. This newsletter is sent to all users of COADE software at the time of publication. Mechanical Engineering News As an aid to the Users of COADE software products. Back issues can be acquired by contacting the COADE sales staff. and the standard internal/external thickness and pressure computations on heads. 2D.

Suite 480 Houston.40 ( L A S T R E V I S E D 5/2002 ) . 12777 Jones Rd.com WWW: www.coade.. Texas 77070 Phone: (281)890-4566 Fax: (281)890-3301 E-mail: sales@coade.• COADE. Inc.com CAESAR II™ QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE V E R S I O N 4.