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Validation of AcuSolve for

Aerodynamics of Lifting
Bodies

" NASA TM 4074.html  Ladson. Goal is to validate AcuSolve for external aerodynamics applications  NACA 0012 has been studied in depth both numerically and experimentally  AcuSolve results will be compared against:  “Accepted” CFD simulations using other software  Available test data  References  http://turbmodels.gov/naca0012_val. All rights reserved. Inc. L. www. "Low-Speed Aerodynamic Characteristics of NACA 0012 Aerofoil Sections.nasa.com .. N. and O'Reilly. "Effects of Independent Variation of Mach and Reynolds Numbers on the Low-Speed Aerodynamic Characteristics of the NACA 0012 Airfoil Section. October 1988  Gregory. Jan 1970 2 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software." NASA R&M 3726. including the Effects of Upper-Surface Roughness Simulation Hoar Frost. C. L.. C.larc.acusim.

acusim.20  Fully turbulent  Results of interest  Lift coefficient  Drag coefficient  Pressure coefficient 3 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. Inc.15  Angles of attack investigated:  -4 . Simulation Conditions  NACA 0012 airfoil geometry  Blunt trailing edge  Re = 6. www.0e6  Incompressible flow  For compressible cases.com . All rights reserved. M=.

All rights reserved.0  Trailing edge thickness = .002*chord  Bounding cylinder diameter = 500*chord  Span = 50*chord (2-d flowfield simulation)  Surface tagging used to identify faces for boundary condition application/meshing  Enables automated set-up of simulations 4 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. Inc. NACA 0012 airfoil geometry constructed using acuBuildFoil (GONE script)  Chord = 1.acusim.com . www.

com .acusim. Inc. www.Farfield Airfoil Walls Symmetry Surface Name Farfield Symmetry Airfoil Walls 5 Boundary Condition Description Arbitrary inflow/outflow If inflow: velocity = fixed eddy viscosity = 1x molecular If outflow: pressure=0.0 Symmetry constraints No-slip walls Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. All rights reserved.

0 for Re=6.3 Boundary layer num layers = 28 Number of elements across trailing edge height = 8 Far field mesh size = 100. Inc.02*chord = -.5*chord = (xMin+xMax)/2 = (xMax-xMin)/2 = (dx – abs(x-xCenter))/dx = ln(sizeMax/sizeMin) = sizeMin*exp(power*fac) Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software.5*chord = .aoa=0) Boundary layer growth rate 1.5*chord  Base size = .acusim.001*chord = . All rights reserved.02*chord Boundary layer first layer height = 1.75e-6*chord (Y+~=1.001*chord Surface mesh size at center chord: .com . www.0e6.02*chord  Perimeter edges of airfoil meshed using the following expression (assuming airfoil centered at x=0): sizeMin sizeMax xMin xMax xCenter dx fac power meshSize 6 = .2 Leading/trailing edge mesh size = .000*chord Simple Region Of Influence used up to a distance of . All meshing performed using AcuMeshSim           Extrusion used to produce a single element in the span Mesh growth rate = 1.

can be reduced 7 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. Inc. Total number of nodes = 97.acusim. www. All rights reserved.com .635  Some optimization capability on model size.

www.com .acusim. Drag Coefficient vs. Angle of Attack 8 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. Inc. All rights reserved.

Angle of Attack 9 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. All rights reserved.acusim.com . Inc. Lift Coefficient vs. www.

 Drag Coefficient vs. All rights reserved.com . www. Inc.acusim. Lift Coefficient 10 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software.

com . Pressure Coefficient – alpha = 0 11 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. All rights reserved. Inc. www.acusim.

com . www. Inc.acusim. Pressure Coefficient – alpha = 10 12 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software. All rights reserved.

www.com . Inc. All rights reserved. Pressure Coefficient – alpha = 15 13 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software.acusim.

com . Inc. All rights reserved. AcuSolve results agree very well with both experimental data and other simulations  AcuSolve simulations run on unstructured meshes  Extensive mesh sensitivity study performed to show that AcuSolve SA results are within 2% of complete grid convergence 14 Copyright 2010 ACUSIM Software.acusim. www.