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50 preguntas/respuestas bsicas que

deberas saber.
in General, Gramtica, Presentaciones October 15, 2012 20 Comments

A continuacin os dejo con un listado de cincuenta preguntas con sus respectivas


respuestas que todo el mundo tiene que conocer. Recomendado sobretodo a aquellos
que estn comenzando a aprender ingls y a los que necesitan un manual express en
caso de irse a un pas extranjero (de habla inglesa).
Las preguntas han sido sacadas de About.com English as a second language.
Solamente le he puesto la traduccin al castellano en la columna de la derecha. Espero

que os sirva de algo

Personal Information
Whats your name?
Peter.
Where are you from? / Where do you come
from?
Im from I come from
Whats your surname / family name?
Smith.
Whats your first name?
Tom.
Whats your address?
7865 NW Sweet Street
Where do you live?
I live in San Diego.

Informacin personal
Cul es tu nombre?Pedro.
De dnde eres? / De dnde vienes?Soy
de / Vengo de
Cul es tu apellido / nombre de familia?
Smith.
Cul es tu primer nombre?Tom.
Cul es tu direccin?786 NW Sweet Street
Dnde vives?Vivo en San Diego

Whats your (tele)phone number?


209-786-9845
How old are you?
Twenty-five. Im twenty-five years old.
When / Where were you born?
I was born in 1961 / Seattle.
Are you married? / Whats your marital
status?
Im single.
What do you do? / Whats your job?
Im a librarian.
Where did you go?
I went to a friends house.
What did you do?
We played video games.
Where were you?
I was in New York for the weekend.
Have you got a car / job / house / etc.?
Yes, Ive got a good job.
Have you got any children / friends /
books / etc.?
Yes, Ive got three children two boys and
a girl.
Can you play tennis / golf / football / etc.?
Yes, I can play golf.
Can you speak English / French / Japanese /
etc.?
No, I cant speak Japanese.
Could you speak English / French /
Japanese / etc.?
when you were five / two / fifteen / etc.
years old?
Yes, I could speak English when I was five
years old.

Cal es tu nmero de telfono?209-7869845


Cuntos aos tienes?Veinticinco aos.
Tengo 25 aos.
Cundo / Dnde naciste?Nac en 1961 / en
Seattle.
Ests casado? / Cul es tu estado civil?
Estoy soltero.

Introducing Yourself / Saying Hello


How do you do?
How do you do. Pleased to meet you.

Introducirte / Decir hola


Hola, cmo ests? (Se usa en un ambiente
muy formal)Hola, qu tal? Encantado de
conocerle.
Qu tal ests?Bien, gracias. Y t?

How are you?


Fine, thanks. And you?

A qu te dedicas? / Cul es tu trabajo?Soy


bibliotecario.
A dnde fuiste?Fui a casa de un amigo.
Qu hicisteis?Jugamos a los videojuegos.
Dnde estuviste?Estuve en Nueva York
durante el fin de semana.
Tienes coche / trabajo / casa?Si, tengo un
buen trabajo.
Tienes algn hijo / amigos / libros?Si,
tengo tres hijos. Dos chicos y una chica.

Juegas al tenis / golf / ftbol?Si, juego al


golf.
Hablas ingls / francs / japons?No, no
hablo japons
Hablabas ingls / francs / japons cundo
tenas cinco / dos / quince aos?Si, hablaba
ingls cuando tena cinco aos.

Shopping
How can I help you? / May I help you?
Yes. Im looking for a sweater.
Can I try it on?
Sure, the changing rooms are over there.
How much does it cost? / How much is it?
Its $45.
How would you like to pay?
By credit card.
Can I pay by credit card / check / debit
card?
Certainly. We accept all major cards.
Have you got something bigger / smaller /
lighter / etc.?
Certainly, weve got smaller sizes as well.

Comprando
Cmo puedo ayudarle? Puedo ayudarle?
Si. Estoy buscando un suter .
Puedo probarlo?Claro, all tienes los
vestuarios para cambiarte.
Cunto cuesta Cunto es?Son 45$
Cmo te gustara pagarlo?Con tarjeta de
crdito.
Puedo pagar con tarjeta de crdito /
cheque, taln / o tarjeta de debito?Desde
luego. Aceptamos las principales tarjetas de
crdito.
Tienes algo ms grande / ms pequeo /
ms ligero?Desde luego, tambin tenemos
tallas pequeas.

Asking Something Specific


Preguntar algo especfico
Whats that?
Qu es eso?Es un gato!
Its a cat!
What time is it?
Qu hora es?Son las tres en punto.
Its three oclock.
Can / May I open the window?
Puedo abrir la ventana?Desde luego. Hace
Certainly. Its hot in here!
calor aqu!
Is there a bank / supermarket / pharmacy / Hay un banco / supermercado / farmacia /
etc. near here?
etc por aqu cerca?Si. Hay un banco en la
Yes. There is a bank on the next corner next esquina despus de la oficina de correos.
to the post office.
Where is the nearest bank / supermarket / Dnde est el banco / supermercado /
pharmacy / etc.?
farmacia / etc ms cercano?La farmacia
The nearest pharmacy is on 15th street.
ms cercana est en la calle 15.
Who wrote / invented / painted / etc. the ? Quin escribi / invent / pint el/la ?
Hemingway wrote The Sun Also Rises. Hemingway escribi Fiesta (as es como
se llama la nvela en Espaa).
Is there any water / sugar / rice / etc.?
Hay agua / azcar / arroz?Si, todava queda
Yes, theres a lot of sugar left.
mucho azcar.
Are there any apples / sandwiches / books / Hay manzanas / sndwiches / libros?No,
etc.?
no queda ninguna manzana.
No, there arent any apples left.
Is this your / his / her / etc. book / ball /
Es esto/esta tu/su libro / baln / casa?No.
house / etc.?
Creo que es su baln.
No, I think its his ball.
Whose is this / that?
De quin es esto/eso?Es de Jack.
Its Jacks.

Questions with Like


What do you like?
I like playing tennis, reading and listening
to music.
What does he look like?
Hes tall and slim.
What would you like to eat?
Id like to eat a steak and chips.
What is it like?
Its an interesting country.
Whats the weather like?
Its raining at the moment.
Would you like something to drink / eat?
Thank you. Could I have a cup of tea?
Would you like some coffee / tea / food?
Yes, thank you. Id like some coffee.

Preguntas con Like


Qu te gusta?Me gusta jugar al tenis, leer y
escuchar msica.

Asking for an Opinion


Whats it about?
Its about a young boy who encounters
adventures.
What do you think about your job / that
book / Tim / etc.?
I thought the book was very interesting.
How big / far / difficult / easy is it?
The test was very difficult!
How big / far / difficult / easy are they?
The questions were very easy.
How was it?
It was very interesting.
What are you going to do tomorrow / this
evening / next week / etc.?
Im going to visit some friends next
weekend.

Preguntar por una opinin


De qu va?Es sobre un chico joven que
encuentra aventuras.

Suggestions
What shall we do this evening?
Lets go see a film.
Why dont we go out / play tennis / visit
friends / etc. this evening?

Sugerencias
Qu deberamos hacer esta tarde?Vayamos
a ver una pelcula
Qu deberamos hacer esta tarde?Vayamos
a ver una pelculaPor qu no vamos fuera /

Cmo es l?Es alto y esbelto.


Qu te gustara comer?Me gustara comer
un filete y patatas.
Cmo es el pas?Es un pas interesante.
Cmo est el tiempo?Est lloviendo ahora
mismo.
Te gustara beber o comer algo?Gracias.
Podra tomar una taza de te?
Te gustara tomar un caf o un te?Si,
gracias. Tomara un caf.

Qu piensas sobre tu trabajo / sobre ese


libro / sobre Tim?Pensaba que el libro sera
ms interesante.
Cmo de difcil / fcil fue?El examen fue
muy difcil!
Cmo de difcil / fcil fueron?Las
preguntas fueron muy fciles.
Qu tal estuvo?Estuvo muy interesante.
Qu vas a hacer maana / esta tarde / la
prxima semana?Voy a visitar a unos
amigos el prximo fin de semana.

Yes, that sounds like a good idea.

a jugar al tenis / visitar a los amigos esta


tarde?Si, suena como una gran idea.

Preguntas que formular a la hora de entablar una conversacin

in General, Gramtica, Presentaciones January 3, 2013 0

Despus del extoso 50 preguntas y respuestas que deberas saber llega el momeneto de
dar un paso ms y empezar con preguntas un poco ms elaboradas o con un fin en
particular. Especialmente dedicadas una vez se haya roto el hielo del primer momento
de la conversacin y empieza ese momento en el que te sientes ms cmodo y quieres
empezar a conocer realmente a esa persona en cuestin.
Como siempre, si vis que la traducin es forzada o consideris que puede mejorarse, no
dudis en decirlo.
Os dejo con el listado, perfecto para imprimir y dedicarle unos minutos despus para
aprendrsela:
You/T

What is your (full) name?


Cul es tu nombre (completo)?
Can I have your name please?
Puedes decirme tu nombre?
Could you tell me your full name please?
Podras decirme tu nombre completo?
What shall I call you?
Cmo debera llamarte?
How can I address you?
Cmo puedo localizarte?
Does your name have any special meaning?
Tiene tu nombre algn significado especial?
Is your name important to you?
Es importante tu nombre para ti?
Have you ever changed your name? Why or why not?
Te has cambiado alguna vez tu nombre? Por qu o por qu no?
Why do so many people change their name?
Por qu tanta gente se cambia su nombre?
Do you work or study?
Trabajas o estudias?
Study/Estudios

What are you studying?


Qu ests estudiando?
Whats your major?
Cul es tu carrera?
Why did you choose that subject?
Por qu escogiste esa asignatura/tema?
What do you find most interesting about your course?
Qu es lo que encuentras ms interesante sobre tu curso/asignatura/materia?
What is your favorite subject?
Cul es tu asignatura favorita?

What do you dislike about your study?


Qu es lo que te no te gusta estudiar?
What do you hope to do after your graduation?
Qu esperas hacer despus de graduarte?
What are your ambitions for the future?
Cules son las ambiciones/ideas que tienes para el futuro?
Do you hope to gain any qualifications?
Esperas ganar obtener/ganar/adquirir alguna cualificacin?
What are the advantages of studying instead of working?
Cules son las ventajas de estudiar en vez de trabajar?
Work/Trabajo

Can you describe your job to me?


Puedes decribirme tu trabajo?
What do you do for a living?
A qu te dedicas?
How long have you been doing it?
Durante cuanto tiempo lo llevas haciendo?
Can you describe one of your typical working days?
Puedes describir un da normal en el trabajo?
Whats your daily routine on a working day?
Cul es tu rutina diaria en un da de trabajo?
Why did you choose to do that job?
Por qu escogiste hacer ese trabajo?
What things do you enjoy about your work? Why?
Con qu cosas disfrutas haciendo en tu trabajo? Por qu?
What do you think is the attraction of your work?
Qu es lo que crees que es atractivo de tu trabajo?
What is your ideal job?
Cul (sera) es tu trabajo ideal?
Do you want to change your current job? Why or why not?
Te gustara cambiar tu trabajo actual? Por qu? Por qu no?

Are you willing to keep your job permanently?


Ests dispuesto a mantener tu trabajo permanentemente?
What are your plans for the future?
Cules son tus planes para el futuro?

Your town/Tu ciudad

Can you describe your town or village to me?


Me puedes describir tu ciudad o pueblo?
Tell me something about your hometown.
Cuntame/Dime algo sobre tu ciudad natal
Where are you from?
De dnde eres?
Where is your hometown?
Dnde est tu ciudad natal?
Where do you come from?
De dnde vienes?
What is the name of the street you live on?
Cal es el nombre de la calle en la que vives?
What kind of street do you live on?
Qu tipo de calle es dnde vives?
What do you like about your town?
Qu es lo que te gusta sobre tu ciudad?
What is the weather like in your town?
Cmo es el clima en tu ciudad?
What building is considered famous in your town?
Qu monumentos consideras famosos en tu ciudad?
What jobs do people in your town do?
Qu trabajos hace/realiza la gente en tu ciudad?

How has your town changed over the last twenty years?
Cmo ha cambiado tu ciudad durante los ltimos veinte aos?
What changes have taken place in your city in recent years?
Qu cambios han tenido lugar en tu ciudad en los ltimos aos?
Do you think it is better to live in the center of town or outside in the country? Why?
Crees que es mejor vivir en el centro de la ciudad o fuera en el campo?Por qu?

Free Time/Tiempo libre

What do you enjoy doing in your free time?


Qu es lo que disfrutas hacer en tu tiempo libre?
How much time do you have each week for doing these things?
Cunto tiempo tienes cada semana para hacer esas cosas?
Why do you like doing these activities?
Por qu te gusta hacer esas actividades?
How did you start doing this activity at first?
Cmo empezaste a hacer esta actividad?
Is there some other hobby or sport you would like to try? Why?
Hay algn otro pasatiempo/aficin/hobby o deporte que te gustara probar? Probar?
How has the way people spend their free time changed over the years?
Cmo ha cambiado la gente su forma de pasar el tiempo libre a lo largo de los aos?
Holidays/Vacaciones

What do you do when you have a holiday?


Qu haces cundo tienes vacaciones?
Who do you usually spend holiday with?
Con quin sueles pasar las vacaciones?
Where do you like to spend your holidays? Why?
Dnde te gusta pasar tus vacaciones? Por qu?

Can you describe a typical day in your holidays?


Puedes describir un da normal en tus vacaciones?
Why are holidays and important to you?
Por qu las vacaciones son importantes para ti?
If you could take a holiday anywhere in the world, where would you go? Why?
Si pudieras tener unas vacaciones en cualquier parte del mundo dnde sera? Por
qu?
What do people usually do during holidays in your town?
Que suele hacer la gente durante las vacaciones en tu ciudad?

Places to go out in your free time/Sitios a los que ir en tu tiempo libre

What do people do in your town in their free time?


Qu hace la gente en tu ciudad durante su tiempo libre?
Where can they go out for entertainment, or to enjoy themselves?
Dnde pueden ir para entretenerse, o para divertirse?
Which do you prefer: eating in restaurants or eating at home?
Qu prefieres, comer en restaurants o comer en casa?
Which are the best places to eat out?
Cules son los mejores sitios para cenar fuera?
Transport/Transportes

How did you come here today?


Cmo has venido hoy?
What is public transport like in your town?
Cul es el transporte publico en tu ciudad?
How do you think it could be improved?
Como crees que se podra mejorar?

Do you think people should use public transport more? Why (not)?
Crees que la gente debera usar ms el transporte pblico? Por qu? Por qu no?
Shopping/Ir de compras

How much time do you spend shopping every week?


Cunto tiempo pasas/gastas en comprar cada semana?
Do you enjoy going shopping? Why (not)?
Disfrutas yendo a comprar? Por qu? Por qu no?
What is your favourite shop and why do you like it?
Cul es tu tienda favorite y por qu te gusta?
What problems are there with shopping in your area?
Qu problemas hay/tienes cundo compras en tu zona/regin/rea?

Your neighborhood/Tu vecindario

Can you describe the house where you live to me?


Puedes describirme la casa en dnde vives?
What is there to do in the area where you live?
Qu es lo que hay en la zona en dnde vives?
What do you like about the area where you live?
Qu es lo que te gusta de la zona en dnde vives?
How do you think it could be improved?
Cmo crees que se podra mejorar?
Reading/Leer

Do you enjoy reading? Why?


Disfrutas leyendo? Por qu?

What sort of things do you read?


Qu clase de cosas lees?
Tell me something about your favourite book.
Cuntame/Dime algo sobre tu libro favorito.
What are the advantages of reading instead of watching television or going to the
cinema?
Cules son las ventajas de leer en vez de ver la televisin o de ir al cine?
Sports and games/Deportes y juegos

What sports are most popular in your country?


Cules son los deportes ms populares en tu pas?
What sports and games do you most enjoy playing?
Qu deportes y juegos son los que ms disfrutas practicando?
And when you were a child?
Y cundo eras un nio?
Why is exercise good for you?
Por qu el ejercicio es bueno para ti?

Home / Phrasal Verbs / Phrasal verb: Get (Along, away, back, by, in/into, out, on, off,
through, over, up)

Phrasal verb: Get (Along, away, back,


by, in/into, out, on, off, through, over, up)
in Phrasal Verbs November 2, 2013 0

Despus de unos das de descanso, volvemos con los Phrasal verbs. Espero poder
compaginarlo con otras noticias de diferente tipo, que sino se hace algo montono. Hoy
es turno para los phrasal verbs del verbo Get, uno de los verbos con ms significados, y
dificiles a la hora de usar:

Get along
Significado: Llevarse bien con alguien. Es un phrasal verb inseparable.
Ejemplos:

I get along with them.

They dont get along.

I dont get along with my parents.

I hope you get along with her.

Get Away
Significado: Alejarse, escapar de algo o alguien. Es un phrasal verb separable.
Ejemplos:

Get away from her!

Get that dog away from my sight.

Why dont we get away?

I have to get away with her for a few months.

Get Back
Significado: Volver o regresar de un lugar en el que se estuvo antes. Es un phrasal
verb separable.
Ejemplos:

Get back here.

She usually gets back from work late.

Im going to get it back, whatever it takes.

Getting back to what I was saying.

Get By
Significado: Aparselas. Es un phrasal verb inseparable.
Ejemplos:

I get by at work.

How will you get by?

Well have to get by with what we have.

What if we get by wihout them?

Get In/into
Significado: Entrar en un lugar o sitio. Es un phrasal verb separable.
Ejemplos:

Get in the car.

The cold air is getting in.

Will you getting in on time?

Shes going to get in bed now.

Get Out
Significado: Salir de un sitio o lugar. Es un phrasal verb separable.
Ejemplos:

Get out of here.

Get me out of this car.

The story got out.

The thief doesnt want to get out of the bank.

Get On
Significado: Montarse o subirse en algo. Es un phrasal verb separable.
Ejemplos:

I dont want to get on.

Help me get on.

Are you going to get on with it?

Its easy to get on a plane.

Get Off
Significado: Bajarse de algo. Esn un phrasal verb separable.
Ejemplos:

Get off the bicycle.

Could you help me get off from here?

Dont get off yet.

I got off the ladder.

Get through
Significado 1: Acabar con algo lo antes posible. Necesita llevar el artculo with
despus del phrasal verb. Es un phrsal verb separable.
Significado 2: Hacer que una persona entienda algo. Necesita llevar el artculo to
despus del phrasal verb. Es un phrasal verb separable.
Ejemplos:

Get through with it.

It was a difficult work, but we got through it.

Am I getting through to you?

We got through them without any problem.

Get Over
Significado 1: Recuperarse de una enfermedad. Es un phrasal verb inseparable.
Significado 2: Recuperarse de una mala experiencia. Es un phrasal verb inseparable.
Ejemplos:

You can get over it.

She got over the loss.

Its not going to be easy to ger over.

He may never get over it.

Get Up
Significado: Levantarse. Es un phrasal verb separable.
Ejemplos:

Get up from the floor.

Shes lazy, she never gets up early.

Did you get up in time?

We wont be able to get him up tomorrow.

Home / General / Expresiones comunes con los verbos Do, Get, Go, Have, Make y Take

Expresiones comunes con los verbos Do,


Get, Go, Have, Make y Take
Do
Do someone a favour Hacerle un favor a alguien.

Would you please do me a favour and take this letter to the post office?

Do your hair -Peinarse.

Do you have a cousin who can do your hair as well as any professional salon?

Do the shopping Hacer la compra.

Youre now able to do the shopping over the Internet without even going out to
the shops.

Do your best Hacerlo lo mejor posible, dar lo mejor de ti.

Do your best, and remember that nobody is perfect.

Do your homework Hacer los deberes.

Do your homework before having dinner.

Do the dishes Lavar los platos.

Do you need rock music to do the dishes?

Get
Get drunk Emborracharse.

One in three college students drinks primarily to get drunk.

Get a job Conseguir un trabajo.

The better education or instruction we have, the better offer we are to get a job.

Get a shock Llevarse una impresin, estado de shock.

Always keep drinks away from electrical things because you could get a shock.

Get lost Perderse.

Be careful not to get lost in the long aisles of the store!

Get married Casarse.

She remains in school and will not get married until she is ready.

Get ready Estar preparado/listo.

Get ready to share with friends and turn your party into a complete success!

Get permission Obtener un permiso.


You have to get permission for every visit to a project and every meeting.

Get wet Mojarse.


Change your socks when they are damp from sweat or if your feet get wet.

Go
Go abroad/overseas Ir al extranjero.

While Europeans prefer to spend their holidays in their own country, they tend to
opt for Europe when they decide to go abroad.

Go on foot Ir a pie, ir andando.

Murcia is the perfect city to go over on foot.

Go shopping Ir a comprar.

If you do want to go shopping, itll be useful for you to know that the normal
business hours are from 10:00 to 13:30

Go crazy/mad Volverse loco o cabrearse.

The world of craziness is fascinating, for anything can make a person go crazy.

Go bald Quedarse calvo.

Why do men go bald?

Go blind Quedarse ciego.

You will go blind if you masturbate. It is a joke, do not worry about it.

Go quiet/silent Ir tranquilo.

This is a fine time for things to go quiet.

Go to war Ir a la guerra.

Soldiers enlist to go to war, not to hold discussions within a democratic society.

Have
Have a baby Tener un beb.

She wanted to get married and have a baby like her cousin.

Have fun Divertirse.

Go have fun with your friends, and let me have fun.

Have a rest Descansar.

You should go to your room and have a rest.

Have a shower Ducharse.

Im going to have a shower and then well go to the rehearsal.

Have a problem Tener un problema.

The European Union does not have a problem with the systematic violation of
human rights.

Have dinner Cenar.

I was hoping that I could have dinner with you tonight.

Have a chat Charlar o conversar.

I thought we might have a chat about the movie.

Have a party Tener una fiesta.

Well have a party and get completely smashed.

Have a relationship -Tener una relacin.

It is nice to have a relationship with your girlfriend built on trust.

Make
Make a cake Hacer una tarta.

You can make a cake with flour, milk and an egg.

Make a mess Liarla, hacer un lo.

If you make a mess you will get fired.

Make money Ganar dinero.

Teach them how to do that kind of stuff and make money.

Make lunch Hacer la comida.

Morning class ends at 12:30, then I go home and make lunch for mom.

Make progress Progresar.

We must take advantage of the current opportunity to make progress.

Make a difference Diferenciar.

Together we can make a difference for the benefit of the citizens of Europe.

Make an effort Hacer un esfuerzo.

The international community needs to make an effort to do something.

Make time Hacer tiempo.

I can always make time for an old friend.

Make trouble Causar un problema.


I tell them what happens to their parents if they make trouble.

Take

Take a photo/picture Echar/tomar una foto.

Make the dish and take a photo of the finished product.

Take a break Descansar durante unos minutos.

I think nows a good time to take a break.

Take a chance Probar suerte/fortuna.

Somebody had to take a chance and Im chicken.

Take a taxi Tomar/coger un taxi.

Take a taxi. It will arrive in five minutes.

Take your time Tmate tu tiempo.

Do not look for the easiest solution for yourself; take your time.

Take notes Pillar/anotar apuntes.

Although you take notes, you need handouts and books for further study.

Take a risk Arriesgarse.

Sometimes when youre dealing with extraordinary people, you need to take a
risk.

Take a look Echar un vistazo.

Take a look at the trailer for this movie on YouTube.