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DISEO DE COLEGIO

MEMORIA DE CALCULO
Edicacion de Concreto Armado, ubicado en la ciudad de BAGUA GRANDE, cuyo uso
esta destinado Acentro Educativo Disear dicha edificacion considerando cargas de

del Reglamento Nacional de Edificaciones


PRIMERA PARTE
1.- PREDIMENCIONAMIENTO DE LOS ELEMTOS ESTRUCTURALES(VIGAS, COLUMNAS Y LOSA)
1.1.- Pre Dimensionamiento del peralte de la Losa Aligerada
Para el calculo se utilizo la siguiente formula:

L
25 30

donde :
L=Luz Libre Entre Ejes
e=Espesor de la Losa
L=

4.2

e= 4.2 / 26

m
=

Aproximando:
e=

0.20 cm

0.17 m

DISEO DE COLEGIO

1.2.- Pre Dimensionamiento de Vigas


Se determinara considerando el mayor area tributaria sobre el cual actuan las cargas de
gravedad para vigas principales y secundarias respectivamente, aplicando la formula:
1.2.1.- Vigas Principales

AnchoTribu tario
20

b ancho de columna

Distancias

distan.2-3 =
4.200 m
distan.2-3 =
4.200 m
Ln
= 3.700 m
(4.2 + 4.2) /2 =

Ancho Tributario=

ancho b:
0.21 m
b = 4.2/20 =
pero b min =
0.25 m
b=

0.25

(minimo 0.25)

prealte h:

Ln
10

h= 3.7/10 =
h=

0.37 m

0.40 m

La seccion de la viga sera V-P= 0.25x0.40


distan. = 4 veces el espesor de la losa
1.6 m
= 4x2x0.2=
distan. =
1.600 m
Ln
= 4.200 m
Err:511 m
Ancho Tributario=

1.2.2.- Vigas Secundarias

7.250

4e 4e2.050
5

1.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

ancho b:

AnchoTribu tario
20

b ancho de co

4.125

DISEO DE COLEGIO

4.125

4.125

0.08 m
b = 1.6/20 =
pero b min=
0.25 m
b=
0.25 m

4.125

4.125

prealte h:

4.125

4.125

4.125

1.025

1.025
1.025

3.625

3.625

2.025

Ln
12

h= 4.2/12 =
h=

0.35 m

0.35 m

La seccion de la viga sera=

1.3.- Pre Dimensionamiento de Columnas


El pre dimensionamiento de la columna se efectuara considerando la mayor area de influncia
donde actua las cargas de gravedad del 2 y 3 nivel, para esto se aplica la siguente
formula:

P
f 'c * n

Donde:

D= Lado de la Seccion de la columna


n=0.25
P= Peso Actuante1.25(PD+PL)
PD=Peso de la Carga Muerta
PL= Peso de la Carga Viva

Especificaciones:
* Materiales:
Concreto f'c
Acero fy
Und. De Albaileria
Mortero de Cemento
Concreto Armado
* Losa Aligada (e=0.20m)
* Tabiqueria
* Acabados
* S/C para Centros Educativos
* S/C azotea

1.025
8.275
2.025
1.3.1- Columnas
tipo
C-1

# de Pisos

210 kg/cm2
4200 kg/cm2
1350 kg/m3
2000 kg/m3
2400 kg/m3
300 kg/m2
120 kg/m2
100 kg/m2
250 kg/m2
150 kg/m2
2

2.825
4.125

4.125

L1 =

4.125

4.125

4.125

2.825

DISEO DE COLEGIO

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

L2 =

4.125

4.125

a.- Carga Viva

PL = (1*250+150)*4.2*4.2 =
4.125

1.025

1.025

4.125

1.025

3.625

3.625

2.025

b.- Carga Muerta


P. Aligerado =
P. Tabiquera =
P. Acabados =
P. Viga Princ. =
P. Viga Sec. =

2*300*(4.2-0.25)*(4.2-0.25) =
2*120*(4.2*4.2) =
2*100*(4.2*4.2) =
2*2400*(0.25*0.4*4.2) =
2*2400*(0.25*0.35*4.2) =

9.362 ton
4.234 ton
3.528 ton
2.016 ton
1.764 ton

20.9 ton

PD
P= 1.25*(7.06+20.9) =

34.9489 ton

luego aplicando la formula :

P
f 'c * n

D = 25.80 cm
b*t = 665.7 cm2

luego por cuestiones constructivas asumimos


b*t = 30x30

cm

columna cuadrada

para los demas tipos de columnas se escogeran dimensiones de tal modo que
b*t =

665.7 cm2

DISEO DE COLEGIO

DE CALCULO

S Y LOSA)

L
5 30

17

cm

DISEO DE COLEGIO

+ 4.2) /2 =

4.200

mo 0.25)

de la losa

b ancho de columna

DISEO DE COLEGIO

8e

ccion de la viga sera= 0.25x35

4.2 m

modo que

DISEO DE COLEGIO

4.2

7.06 ton

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


2.- Metrar Cargas Muertas y Vivas, repartiendo adecuadamente la carga que corresporde a cada portico
ALIGERADO DEL PRIMER PISO
2.025
5

7.250

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

S
E
N
T
ID
O
D
E
L
A
L
IG
E
R
A
D
O

4.125

4.125

4.125

1.025

1.025

3.625

3.625

2.025

1.025

4.125

4.125

ALIGERADO DE LA AZOTEA

4.125

4.125

1.025
1.025

ELEVACION PRINCIPAL

3.00

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

3.00

3.00

3.625

3.625

2.025

1.025

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

Vigas Principales
Portico 1-1

7.250

2.025
5

1.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

3.088
1.025

1.025
1.025

PD1

3.625

3.625

2.025

= 0.50 tn

PD2 = 0.50 tn

WL= 0.463 tn/ml


WD = 2.234 tn

3.00

PD = 0.834 tn

WL1= 0.618 tn/ml

3.00

WD= 1.771 tn/ml

1.025

3.625

3.625

2.025

WL2= 1.235 tn/ml

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

PD1

= 0.50 tn
Wu = 3.915 tn/ml

3.00

Wu = 3.529 tn/ml

3.00

1.025

3.625

3.625

2.025

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

Portico 2-2

7.250

2.025
5

1.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

1.025

1.025
1.025

PD

3.625

3.625

2.025

PD

= 0.668 tn

= 0.668 tn

WL= 0.619 tn/ml


WD= 2.929tn/ml

3.00

PD = 1.114 tn
WL2= 1.65 tn/ml

WL1= 0.825 tn/ml


W = 2.310 tn/ml

3.00 D

1.025

7.250

2.025

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

PD

= 0.668 tn

Wu = 3.593 tn/ml

3.00
Wu = 4.637 tn/ml

Wu = 6.039tn/ml

3.00

1.025

7.250

2.025

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

Portico 3-3

7.250

2.025
5

1.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

1.025

1.025
1.025

PD

3.625

3.625

2.025

PD

= 0.668 tn

= 0.668 tn

WL= 0.619 tn/ml


WD= 2.9.29 tn/ml

3.00

PD = 1.114 tn
WL2= 1.650 tn

WL1= 0.825 tn/ml


WD= 2.310 tn/ml

3.00

1.025

3.625

3.625

2.025

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

PD

= 0.668 tn

Wu = 3.593 tn/ml

3.00

Wu = 4.637 tn/ml

3.00

1.025

3.625

3.625

2.025

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

Portico 4-4

7.250

2.025
5

1.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

1.025

1.025

4.125

1.025

3.625

PD

3.625

2.025

PD

= 0.668 tn

= 0.668 tn

WL= 0.619 tn/ml


WD= 1.815 tn/ml

3.00

PD = 1.114 tn
WL2= 1.65 tn/ml

WL1= 0.825 tn/ml


WD= 2.310 tn/ml

3.00

1.025

7.250

2.025

1.025

7.250

2.025

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

PD

= 0.668 tn

3.00

3.00

1.025

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

Portico 5-5

7.250

2.025
5

1.025

2.0625
4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

1.025

1.025
1.025

PD

3.625

3.625

2.025

=0.334 tn

PD

=0.334 tn

PD

= 0.557 tn/ml

PD

= 0.334 tn

WL= 0.309 tn/ml


WD= 1.065 tn/ml

3.00

WL1= 0.413 tn/ml

WD= 1.313 tn/ml

3.00

1.025

PD

= 0.334 tn

WL2= 0.825 tn/ml

3.625

3.625

2.025

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


Wu = 2.190tn/ml

3.00

Wu = 3.941 tn/ml

3.00

1.025

7.250

2.025

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

Vigas Secundarias
Portico A-A
1.00 2.025

8.275

1.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

1.025

1.025

4.125

1.025

PD

3.625

3.625

1.00

2.025

= 0.162 tn

WL= 0.15 tn/ml


WD= 0.61 tn/ml
PD

= 0.810 tn
3.00

WL= 0.20 tn/ml


WD= 0.730 tn/ml
3.00

1.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

3.00

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


1.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

Wu = 1.109 tn/ml

3.00

Wu = 1.362 tn/ml

3.00

4.125

4.125

Vigas Secundarias
Portico C-C
1.00
1.025

2.025
5

8.275

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

1.025

1.025

1.025
1.00
1.025

3.625

3.625

2.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


1.025

1.025
1.00
1.025

PD

3.625

3.625

2.025

= 0.162 tn

WL= 0.15 tn/ml


WD= 0.61 tn/ml
PD

= 0.810 tn
3.00

WL= 0.20 tn/ml


WD= 0.730 tn/ml
3.00

1.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

Wu = 1.109 tn/ml

3.00

Wu = 1.362 tn/ml

3.00

1.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

1.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

esporde a cada portico


Especificaciones:
* Materiales:
Concreto

210

kg/cm2

Acero

4200

kg/cm2

Und. De Albaileria

1350

kg/m3

Mortero de Cemento

2000

kg/m3

Concreto Armado

2400

kg/m3

* Losa Aligada (e=0.20m)

300

kg/m2

* Tabiqueria

120

kg/m2

* Acabados

100

kg/m2

* S/C Centros Educativos

200

kg/cm2

* S/C azotea

150

kg/cm2

* Corredores y escaleras

400

kg/cm2

# de Pisos

V. Principal
V. Secund.

0.25

h=

0.40

b=

0.25

h=

0.35

7.250

2.025
5

1.025

b=

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

S
E
N
T
ID
O
D
E
L
A
L
IG
E
R
A
D
O

4.125

4.125

4.125

1.025

1.025
1.025

3.625

3.625

2.025

ELEVACION SECUNDARIA

3.00

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

3.00

3.00

1.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

En el 1er nivel
L =

3.088

Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.25*0.4*2.4=

0.24 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(3.088-0.25)=

0.851 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(3.088)=

0.309 tn/ml

P. Tabique=

0.12*(3.088)=

0.371 tn/ml
WD=

1.771 tn/ml

Carga puntual = 0.20*1*3.088*1350


PD

0.834 tn

Carga viva =
WL1= 0.2*(3.088)=

0.618 tn/ml

WL2= 0.4*(3.088)=

1.235 tn/ml

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

3.529 tn/ml

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

4.579 tn/ml

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.25*0.4*2.4=

0.24 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(3.088-0.25)=

0.8514 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(3.088)=

0.3088 tn/ml
WD'=

P.P muro

= 0.2*3.088*1350=
WD'' =

1.400 tn/ml

0.834 tn/ml
0.834 tn/ml

WD
= WD' +WD''=
2.234 tn/ml
Carga puntual = 0.6*0.2*3.088*1350/1000
PD1
=
0.500 tn
PD2
=
0.500 tn
Carga Viva
WL= 0.15*(3.088)=
0.463 tn/ml

ESTADO: WD - WL

Aulas
Pasadiso

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

PD1

= 0.50 tn

PD = 0.834 tn

Wu = 4.579 tn/ml
WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

2do Nivel=

3.915 Tn/ml

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


En los Niveles 1

L =

4.125

Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.25*0.4*2.4=

0.240 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(4.125-0.25)=

1.163 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(4.125)=

0.413 tn/ml

P. Tabique=

0.12*(4.125)=

0.495 tn/ml
WD=

2.310 tn/ml

Carga puntual = 1*0.20*4.125*1350


PD

1.114 tn

Carga Viva
WL1= 0.2*(4.125)=

0.825 tn/ml

WL2= 0.4*(4.125)=

1.65 tn/ml

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

4.637 tn/ml

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

6.039 tn/ml

Salon
Pasadiso

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.25*0.4*2.4=

0.240 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(4.125-0.25)=

1.163 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(4.125)=

0.413 tn/ml
WD1=

1.815 tn/ml

Carga puntual = 0.6*0.20*4.125*1350


PD

0.668 tn

WD= WD1+P.muro

1.815 tn/ml

WL= 0.15*(4.125)=

0.619 tn/ml

Carga Viva
1.65 tn/ml

ESTADO: WD - WL

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

3.593 tn/ml

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

PD

= 0.668 tn

PD

= 1.114 tn

= 6.039tn/ml
ESTADO: WU

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


En el nivel 1

L =

4.125

Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.25*0.4*2.4=

0.240 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(4.125-0.25)=

1.163 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(4.125)=

0.413 tn/ml

P. Tabique=

0.12*(4.125)=

0.495 tn/ml
WD=

2.310 tn/ml

Carga Puntual = 1*0.20*4.125*1350


PD

1.114 tn

Carga Viva
WL1= 0.2*(4.125)=

0.825 tn/ml

WL2= 0.4*(4.125)=

1.650 tn/ml

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

4.637 tn/ml

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

6.039 tn/ml

Salon
Pasadiso

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.25*0.4*2.4=

0.240 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(4.125-0.25)=

1.163 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(4.125)=

0.413 tn/ml
WD1=

1.815 tn/ml

Carga puntual = 0.6*0.2*4.125*1350


PD

0.668 tn

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

Carga Viva
WL= 0.15*(4.125)=

0.619 tn/ml

ESTADO: WD - WL
WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

3.593 tn/ml

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

PD

PD

= 0.668 tn

= 1.114 tn

Wu = 6.039 tn/ml

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

En el nivel 1

4.125

Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.25*0.4*2.4=

0.24 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(4.125-0.25)=

1.163 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(4.125)=

0.413 tn/ml

P. Tabique=

0.12*(4.125)=

0.495 tn/ml
WD=

2.310 tn/ml

Carga Puntual = 1*0.20*4.125*1350


PD

1.114 tn

Carga Viva
WL1= 0.2*(4.125)=

0.825 tn/ml

WL2= 0.4*(4.125)=

1.650 tn/ml

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

4.637 tn/ml

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

6.039 tn/ml

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.25*0.4*2.4=

0.24 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(4.125-0.25)=

P. Acabado=

0.1*(4.125)=

1.163 tn/ml
0.413 tn/ml
WD1=

1.815 tn/ml

Carga puntual = 0.6*0.2*4.125*1350


PD

0.668 tn

Carga Viva
WL= 0.15*(4.125)=

0.619 tn/ml

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

3.593 tn/ml

1.65 tn/ml
ESTADO: WD - WL

PD

= 0.668 tn

Wu = 3.593 tn/ml

PD

= 0.668 tn

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

3.00

Wu =4.637 tn/ml

Wu =6.039 tn/ml

3.00

1.025

7.250

2.025

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

En el nivel 1

2.0625

Carga Muerta
P. V.Secund=

0.25*0.4*2.4=

0.24 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(2.0625)=

0.619 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(2.0625)=

0.206 tn/ml

P. Tabique=

0.12*(2.0625)=

0.248 tn/ml
WD=

1.313 tn/ml

Carga Puntual = 1*0.20*2.0625*1350


PD

0.557 tn

Carga Viva
WL1= 0.2*(2.0625)=

0.413 tn/ml

WL2= 0.4*(2.0625)=

0.825 tn/ml

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.25*0.4*2.4=

0.240 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(2.0625)=

0.619 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(2.0625)=

0.206 tn/ml
WD1=

1.065 tn/ml

Carga Puntual = 0.6*0.20*2.0625*1350


PD

0.334 tn

Carga Viva
WL= 0.15*(2.0625)=

0.309 tn/ml

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

2.017 tn/ml

Azotea

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

2.539 tn/ml

Salon

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

3.240 tn/ml

Pasadiso

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

PD

= 0.557 tn

ESTADO: WU

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL
1er Nivel =

1.838 tn/ml

2do Nivel=

0.526 tn/ml

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

En el nivel 1

L=

Carga Muerta
P. V.Secund=

0.25*0.35*2.4=

0.210 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(1)=

0.300 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(1)=

0.100 tn/ml

P. Tabique=

0.12*(1)=

0.120 tn/ml
WD=

0.730 tn/ml

Carga puntual = 3*0.20*1*1350


PD

0.810 tn

Carga Viva
WL= 0.2*(1)=

0.200 tn/ml

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.25*0.35*2.4=

0.210 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(1)=

0.300 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(1)=

0.100 tn/ml
WD=

0.61 tn/ml

Carga puntual = 0.6*0.20*1*1350


PD

0.162 tn

Carga Viva
WL= 0.15*(1)=

ESTADO: WD - WL

0.150 tn/ml

1.00

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL
1er Nivel =

1.362 Tn/ml

2do Nivel=

1.109 Tn/ml

En el nivel 1

L=

Carga Muerta
P. V.Secund=

0.25*0.35*2.4=

0.210 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(1)=

0.300 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(1)=

0.100 tn/ml

P. Tabique=

0.12*(1)=

0.120 tn/ml
WD=

0.730 tn/ml

Carga puntual = 3*0.20*1*1350


PD

0.810 tn

Carga Viva
WL= 0.2*(1)=

0.200 tn/ml

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.25*0.35*2.4=

0.210 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(1)=

0.300 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(1)=

0.100 tn/ml

1.00

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


WD=

0.61 tn/ml

Carga puntual = 0.6*0.20*1*1350


PD

0.162 tn

Carga Viva
WL= 0.15*(1)=

0.150 tn/ml

ESTADO: WD - WL

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL
1er Nivel =

1.362 Tn/ml

2do Nivel=

1.109 Tn/ml

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


2.- Metrar Cargas Muertas y Vivas, repartiendo adecuadamente la carga que corresporde a cada

portico
Especificaciones:
2.025

* Materiales:

7.250

210
4200
1350
2000
2400
300
300
120
100
250
150
2

Concreto f'c
4.125

Acero fy
Muro. De Albaileria

4.125

Mortero de Cemento
4.125

Concreto Armado
* Losa Aligada (e=0.20m)

4.125

* Losa Aligada (e=0.20m)


4.125

* Tabiqueria

S
E
N
T
I
D
O
D
E
L
A
L
I
G
E
R
A
D
O

4.125

* Acabados
* S/C para viviendas

4.125

1.025

1.025

* S/C azotea
# de Pisos

4.125

3.625

3.625

*viga principal :

2.025

b=
t=

0.25
0.40

b=
t=

0.25
0.35

*viga secundaria

ELEVACION PRINCIPAL

3.00

3.00

3.625

3.625

2.025

ELEVACION SECUNDARIA

3.00

3.00

1.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

1.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

PORTICOS PRINCIPALES
PORTICO 1-1

longitudes
L1=
L2=
L3=

5.70 m
1.8 m
1.15 m

En primer y segundo piso


Carga Muerta
P. V. Principales =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados

0.25*0.4*2400 =
(1.8+1.15-0.25)*300 =
(1.8+1.15)*100
=
WD
=

carga puntual

PD

0.24 ton/m
0.81 ton/m
0.30 ton/m
1.35 ton/m
= #REF! ton

Carga Viva

WL

0.25(1.8+1.15) =

0.74
WL

ton
=

0.74 ton/m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

PORTICO 2-2

longitudes
L1=
L2=
L3=

5.70 m
4.05 m
3.25 m

L4=

3.23 m

En los Niveles 1 y 2
entre eje A-A'
Carga Muerta
P. V. Principales =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados

P. muro

0.25*0.4*2400 =
(4.05-0.25)*300 =
4.05*100
=
**1350 =

0.24
1.14
0.41
0.00

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


WD
carga puntual

#REF!

1.79
4.67

Carga Viva

WL

0.25*4.05 =
WL

1.01 ton
=

1.01

entre eje A'-B


P. V. Principales =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados

P. muro

0.25*0.4*2400 =
(3.25-0.25)*300 =
3.25*100
=
**1350 =
WD
=

0.24
0.90
0.33
0.00
1.47

Carga Viva

WL

0.25*3.25 =
WL

0.81 ton
=

0.81

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Principales =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados

0.25*0.4*2400 =
(3.23-0.25)*300
3.23*100
=
WD

=
=

0.24
0.89
0.22
1.36

Carga Viva

WL

0.15*3.23=
WL

0.48 ton
=

PORTICO 3-3

0.48

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

longitudes
L1=
L2=

2.18 m
3.23 m

L3=

3.25 m

En los Niveles 1 y 2
entre eje A-A'
Carga Muerta

0.25*0.4*2400 =
(2.18-0.25)*300 =
2.18*100
=
**1350 =
WD

P. V. Principales =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados

P. muro =

0.24 ton/m
0.58 ton/m
0.32 ton/m
0.00 ton/m
1.14 ton/m

Carga Viva

WL

0.25*2.18 =

0.55
WL

0.55 ton/m

0.24 ton/m
0.89 ton/m
0.32 ton/m
0.00 ton/m
1.46 ton/m

entre eje A'-A''


Carga Muerta

0.25*0.4*2400 =
(3.23-0.25)*300 =
3.23*100
=
**1350 =
WD

P. V. Principales =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados

P. muro =

carga puntual

#REF!

5.05 ton

Carga Viva

WL

0.25*3.23 =

0.81
WL

0.81 ton/m

entre eje A''-B


Carga Muerta
Carga Muerta
P. V. Principales =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados
P. muro =

**1350 =
(3.25-0.25)*300 =
3.25*100
=
**1350 =

0.24 ton/m
0.90 ton/m
0.33 ton/m
0.00 ton/m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


WL

0.25*3.25 =

WD
=
0.8125
WL
=

1.47 ton/m
0.81 ton/m

En Azotea
Carga Muerta

0.25*0.4*2400 =
(3.25-0.25)*300 =
3.25*100
=
WD

P. V. Principales =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados

0.24 ton/m
0.90 ton/m
0.33 ton/m
1.47 ton/m

Carga Viva

WL

0.15*3.25=
WL

0.49 ton
=

0.49 ton/m

PORTICO 4-4

longitudes
L1=
L2=

5.7
2.18

En los Niveles 1 y 2
Carga Muerta
P. V. Principales =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados
P. muros

=
=

0.25*0.4*2400 =
(2.18-0.25)*300 =
2.18*100
=
**1350 =
WD

0.24 ton/m
0.58 ton/m
0.19 ton/m
0.00 ton/m
1.01 ton/m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


carga puntual

1.99 ton

Carga Viva

WL

0.25*2.18 =
WL

0.55 ton
=

0.55 ton/m

En Azotea
Carga Muerta

0.25*0.4*2400 =
(2.18-0.25)*300 =
2.18*100
=
WD

P. V. Principales =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados

0.24 ton/m
0.58 ton/m
0.19 ton/m
1.01 ton/m

Carga Viva

WL

0.15*2.18=
WL

0.33 ton
=

0.33 ton/m

PORTICOS SECUNDARIOS
PORTICO A-A

longitudes
L1=
L2=
L3=

3.3
4.15
3.76

entre ejes 1 y 2
En primer y segundo piso
Carga Muerta
P. V. Secundarias =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados
P. muros

=
=

**2400 =
(0.50)*300 =
0.50*100
=
**1350 =
WD

0.00 ton/m
0.15 ton/m
0.05 ton/m
0.00 ton/m
0.20 ton/m

Carga Viva

WL

0.25*0.50=
WL

0.13 ton
=

0.13 ton/m

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Secundarias =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados

**2400 =
(0.50)*300 =
0.50*100
=
WD

Carga Viva

WL

0.15*0.5 =

0.08 ton

0.00 ton/m
0.15 ton/m
0.05 ton/m
0.20 ton/m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


WL

0.08 ton/m

0.00 ton/m
0.05 ton/m
0.00 ton/m
0.05 ton/m

entre ejes 2 y 3
En primer y segundo piso
Carga Muerta
P. V. Secundarias =
P. Acabados
P. muros

=
=

**2400
=
0.50*100
**1350 =

=
WD

peso de muro de c=

*2000*1.46* =

0.44 ton/m

Carga Viva

WL

0.15*0.50=
WL

0.08 ton
=

0.08 ton/m

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Secundarias =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados

**2400
=
(0.50)*300 =
0.50*100

=
WD

0.00 ton/m
0.15 ton/m
0.05 ton/m
0.20 ton/m

Carga Viva

WL

0.15*0.5 =
WL

0.08 ton
=

0.08 ton/m

entre ejes 3 y 4
En primer y segundo piso
Carga Muerta
P. V. Secundarias =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados
P. muros

=
=

**2400
=
(0.50)*300 =
0.50*100
**1350 =

=
WD

0.00 ton/m
0.15 ton/m
0.05 ton/m
0.00 ton/m
0.20 ton/m

Carga Viva

WL

0.25*0.50=
WL

0.13 ton
=

0.13 ton/m

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Secundarias =

**2400

0.00 ton/m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


(0.50)*300 =
0.50*100

P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados

=
WD

0.15 ton/m
0.05 ton/m
0.20 ton/m

Carga Viva

WL

0.15*0.5 =
WL

0.08 ton
=

0.08 ton/m

PORTICO B-B

longitudes
L1=
L2=
L3=

3.3
4.15
3.76

entre ejes 1 y 2
En primer y segundo piso
Carga Muerta
P. V. Secundarias =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados
P. muros

=
=

**2400
=
(0.50)*300 =
0.50*100
**2400
=

=
WD

0.00 ton/m
0.15 ton/m
0.05 ton/m
0.00 ton/m
0.20 ton/m

Carga Viva

WL

0.25*0.50=
WL

0.13 ton
=

0.13 ton/m

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Secundarias =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados

**2400
=
(0.50)*300 =
0.50*100

=
WD

0.00 ton/m
0.15 ton/m
0.05 ton/m
0.20 ton/m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


Carga Viva

WL

0.15*0.5 =
WL

0.08 ton
=

0.08 ton/m

entre ejes 2 y 3
En primer y segundo piso
Carga Muerta

**2400
=
0.50*100
(0.50)*300 =
**2400
=

P. V. Secundarias =
P. Acabados

P. Losa Aligerada=
P. muros

WD
carga puntual

#REF!

0.00 ton/m
0.05 ton/m
0.15 ton/m
0.00 ton/m
0.20 ton/m
#REF! ton/m

Carga Viva

WL

0.25*0.50=
WL

0.13 ton
=

0.13 ton/m

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Secundarias =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados

**2400
=
(0.50)*300 =
0.50*100

=
WD

0.00 ton/m
0.15 ton/m
0.05 ton/m
0.20 ton/m

Carga Viva

WL

0.15*0.5 =
WL

0.08 ton
=

0.08 ton/m

entre ejes 3 y 4
En primer y segundo piso
Carga Muerta
P. V. Secundarias =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados
P. muros

=
=

**2400
=
(0.50)*300 =
0.50*100
**2400
=

=
WD

0.00 ton/m
0.15 ton/m
0.05 ton/m
0.00 ton/m
0.20 ton/m

Carga Viva

WL

0.25*0.50=
WL

0.13 ton
=

0.13 ton/m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Secundarias =
P. Losa Aligerada=
P. Acabados

**2400
=
(0.50)*300 =
0.50*100

=
WD

0.00 ton/m
0.15 ton/m
0.05 ton/m
0.20 ton/m

Carga Viva

WL

0.15*0.5 =
WL

0.08 ton
=

0.08 ton/m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

porde a cada

kg/cm
kg/cm
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m

m
m
m
m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

ton/m
ton/m
ton/m
ton/m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


ton/m
ton

ton/m

ton/m
ton/m
ton/m
ton/m
ton/m

ton/m

ton/m
ton/m
ton/m
ton/m

ton/m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

DISEO DE ESCALERA DEL PRIMER PISO


La escalera que se adjunta tiene las siguientes dimensiones y caractersticas

f'c =
fy =
S/C=
Kmax=
Kmin=

175 Kg/cm
4200 Kg/cm
200 Kg/m
45.29 Kg/cm
7.37 Kg/cm
0.50
Ancho de zapata=
paso
contrapaso

0.25 m
0.18 m

ESTIMACION DEL ESPESOR


e = 2.88*/25
e
0.15

0.12

d=

12
25 cm

h= Cp/2 + e/cos
18
h=

23.81

30.81

Metrado de cargas:
Peso propio
=
Piso terminado =

0.2381*2.4*1.00 =
0.10*1.00
=

0.57 ton/m
0.10 ton/m

WD =

Sobrecarga

0.2*1.00

0.20 ton/m

WL =

WU

1.4*0.67 + 1.7*0.2

=
=

1.28 ton/m

Descanzos
Peso propio
=
Piso terminado =

0.15*2.4*1.00
0.10*1.00

Sobrecarga

0.2*1.00

WU

1.4*0.46 + 1.7*0.2

=
=

0.36 ton/m
0.10 ton/m

WD =

0.20 ton/m

WL =

0.98 ton/m

Primer tramo:

Wu =
Wu =

0.98

1.28

ton/m

M = 0
R

0.625

1.25

M = 0
1.875
Rx1.875-0.98*1.875^2/2-0.3*1.25*1.25= 0

M = 0
R =

1.17 ton

M = 0

R2x1.875-0.98*1.875^2/2-0.3*1.25*0.625=

R
Mumax =

1.04 ton
R*X-Wu*X/2=

1.17*X - 1.28*X^2/2

1.17-1.28*X = 0
Mumax =

X=

1.17*0.91 - 1.28*0.41=

Mnmax= 45.29*1.00*12^2 =
Mnmax= 7.37*1.00*12^2 =

3e=
40cm

usando 3/8" de
area=
S = 100*0.71/2.7 =
usar 3/8"

@.

26

45

0.71
26.30

0.91

0.53

ton-m

6.52
1.06

ton-m
ton-m

calculo del refuerzo


calculo del refuerzo pisitivo
min= 0.0018
As = 0.0018*100*15=
espaciamiento

dM/dx = 0

26

Smax=

cm
cm

cm

cm

acero de refuerzo por contraccin y temperatura


Ast= 0.0018*100*15=
usando 3/8" de

area=

Mu/ =
>
>

Mu/
Mu/

2.70 cm

para el refuerzo negativo tambien se colocar acero mnimo


usar 3/8"

2.70

cm

0.71

cm

40

cm

S = 100*0.71/2.7 =
usar 3/8"
Segundo tramo:
Wu =

26

26.30 cm
cm

0.98 ton/m

Wu =

1.28 ton/m

0.625

2.250
3.100

R
M = 0

Rx3.1-0.98*3.1^2/2-0.3*2.25*1.75

R =

1.9 ton

M = 0
R=

1.81 ton

Mumax =

1.9*X-0.98*X^2/2 -0.3*(X-0.225)^2/2
1.9-0.98*X -0.3*(X-0.225) = 0

Mumax =

1.9*1.54-0.98*1.1858-0.3*(1.54-0.225)^2/2 =

Mu/ =

1.67

dM/dx = 0
X=

ton-m

calculo del refuerzo

As

M u /
f y * ( d a / 2)
a=

0.97

cm

As * f y
0.85 f c *b

As=

usando 3/8" de
area=
0.71 cm
S = 100*0.71/3.43 =
20.7
usar 3/8"

20

3.43

cm

cm

cm

para el refuerzo negativo


As =

3.43/2 =

usar 3/8"

1.72 cm < Asmin;


26

cm

acero de refuerzo por contraccin y temperatura

se usara Asmin

1.5

Ast= 0.0018*100*15=
usando 3/8" de
area=
0.71
S = 100*0.71/2.7 =
usar 3/8"

26

2.7
cm
26.30
cm

cm

cm

PISO

cos =

0.81

0.67 ton/m
0.20 ton/m

0.46 ton/m
0.20 ton/m

ton/m

dM/dx = 0

0.59

ton

se necesita As min

Wu =

0.98 ton/m

0.225
R

dM/dx = 0
1.54
ton-m

DISEO DE ESCALERA DEL SEGUNDO PISO


La escalera que se adjunta tiene las siguientes dimensiones y caractersticas

f'c =
fy =
S/C=
Kmax=
Kmin=

175 Kg/cm
4200 Kg/cm
200 Kg/cm
45.29 Kg/cm
7.37 Kg/cm
0.50
Ancho de zapata=

paso
contrapaso

m
m

0.25
0.18

ESTIMACION DEL ESPESOR


e = 2.90*/25 =
e
0.15
m

0.12

m
d=

12

cm
25

h= Cp/2 + e/cos

18 cm
30.81

h=

23.81

Metrado de cargas:
Peso propio
=
Piso terminado =

0.2381*2.4*1.00 =
0.10*1.00
=

0.57 ton/m
0.10 ton/m

WD =

Sobrecarga

0.2*1.00

0.20 ton/m

WL =

WU

= 1.4*0.67 + 1.7*0.2

=
=

1.28 ton/m

Descanzos
Peso propio
=
Piso terminado =

0.15*2.4*1.00
0.10*1.00

Sobrecarga

0.2*1.00

WU

1.4*0.46 + 1.7*0.2

=
=

0.36 ton/m
0.10 ton/m

WD =

0.20 ton/m

WL =

0.98 ton/m

Primer tramo:
Wu =

0.98 ton/m

Wu =

1.28 ton/m

M = 0
R
M = 0

0.625

M = 0

1.500
3.100

Rx3.1-0.98*3.1^2/2-0.3*1.5*1.375 = 0
R =

1.72

ton

R=

1.77

ton

M = 0

Mumax = 1.72*X-0.98*X^2/2 -0.3*(X-0.975)^2/2


1.72-0.98*X -0.3*(X-0.975) = 0

dM/dx = 0
X=

Mumax = 1.72*1.57-0.98*1.23245-0.3*(1.57-0.975)^2/2 =
Mu/ =

1.60

1.44

ton-m

calculo del refuerzo

As

M u /
f y * ( d a / 2)
a=

0.93

cm

usando 3/8" de
area =
0.71
S = 100*0.71/3.3 =
usar 3/8"

As * f y
0.85 f c *b

As=
cm
21.52

3.30

cm

cm

21.50 cm

para el refuerzo negativo


As =

3.3/2 =

1.65

min= 0.0018
As = 0.0018*100*15=
espaciamiento

3e=
40cm

cm < Asmin;

2.70
45

se usar Asmin

cm
Smax=

40

cm

usando 3/8" de
area=
0.71
S = 100*0.71/2.7 =
26.30
usar 3/8"
@.
26
cm
acero de refuerzo por contraccin y temperatura
Ast= 0.0018*100*15=
usar 3/8"

@.

Segundo tramo:
Wu =

26

cm
cm

2.70

cm

cm

0.98 ton/m

Wu =

1.28 ton/m

0.625

2.250
3.100

R
M = 0

Rx3.1-0.98*3.1^2/2-0.3*2.25*1.75

R =

=0

1.9 ton

M = 0
R=

1.81 ton

Mumax = 1.9*X-0.98*X^2/2 -0.3*(X-0.225)^2/2


1.9-0.98*X -0.3*(X-0.225) = 0

dM/dx = 0
X=

Mumax = 1.9*1.54-0.98*1.1858-0.3*(1.54-0.225)^2/2 =
Mu/ =

1.67

1.5

ton-m

calculo del refuerzo

As

Mu /
f y * ( d a / 2)

a=

0.97

cm

As * f y
0.85 f c *b

As=

usando 3/8" de
area=
0.71
S = 100*0.71/3.43 =
usar 3/8"

20

cm
20.7

3.43

cm

cm

cm

para el refuerzo negativo


As =

3.43/2 =

1.72 cm < Asmin;

se usara Asmin

usar 3/8"

26

cm

acero de refuerzo por contraccin y temperatura


Ast= 0.0018*100*15=
usando 3/8" de
area=
0.71
S = 100*0.71/2.7 =
usar 3/8"

26

2.7
cm
26.30
cm

cm

cm

O PISO

cm

cos = 0.81

0.67 ton/m
0.20 ton/m

0.46 ton/m
0.20 ton/m

Wu =

0.98 ton/m

R
0.975

dM/dx = 0
1.57
ton-m

Wu =

0.98

0.225
R

dM/dx = 0
1.54
ton-m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


AZOTEA
La LOSA ALIGERADA a disear presenta las siguientes caractersticas:
Especificaciones:
7.250

2.025
5

1.025

* Acabados
* S/C para C. Educativos
* S/C azotea

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

210 Kg/cm
4200 Kg/cm
54.35 Kg/cm
7.40 Kg/cm

S
E
N
T
ID
O
D
E
L
A
L
IG
E
R
A
D
O

f'c =
fy =
Kmax=
Kmin=

Kg/m(Ladrillo de arcilla)
Kg/m
Kg/m
Kg/m

300
100
300
150

* Losa Aligada (e=0.20 m)

Predimensionamiento:
4.125

4.125

h = 4.125*/25 =

0.17

1.025

1.025
1.025

h =

20

cm

Metrado de cargas:
Peso propio
=
Piso terminado =

0.30 ton/m
0.10 ton/m

WD =

Sobrecarga

0.15 ton/m

WL =

WU

= 1.4*0.4 + 1.7*0.15

= 0.82

0.40

ton/m

0.15 ton/m
ton/m

Requisitos para usar coeficientes:


*Cargas uniformemente distribuida
....ok
*Nmero de tramos = 4
....ok
*Diferencia de luces 4.125-4.125= 0 < 20% (4.125) .OK
OK
*Relacin WL/WD = 0.15/0.40 = 0.37<3
....ok
*Son elementos prismaticos
....ok
Entonces si podemos usar coeficientes ACI
Carga por vigueta
Wu = 0.82*0.40
Wu =

=
0.33

0.33

ton/mxvig

ton/mxvig

3.625

3.625

2.025

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

Wu =

1.025

4.125

0.9

Coeficie

1/24

1/14

4.125

3.875

1/ 2

ton/mxvig

4.125

Ln

0.33

3.875
1/11

4.125

3.875

1/16

1/10

1/16

1/11

Mu(ton-m)

0.21

0.35 0.45

0.31

0.50

0.31

0.45

Mu/ (ton-m)

0.23

0.39 0.50

0.34

0.55

0.34

0.50

As(cm/v)

0.33

0.56 0.74

0.49

0.82

0.49

0.74

1 3/8" 1 3/8" 1 1/2" 1 3/8" 1 1/2"

Momentos de diseo:
* M1 izq = 0.33*^2 *1/2

0.35

ton-m

Mu/=

0.33*3.875^2 *1/24

= 0.21

ton-m

Mu/=

* M12

= 0.33*3.875^2 *1/14

= 0.35

ton-m

Mu/=

* M2

= 0.33*3.875^2 *1/11

0.45

ton-m

Mu/=

= 0.33*3.875^2 *1/16

= 0.31

ton-m

Mu/=

* M3

= 0.33*3.875^2 *1/10

= 0.50

ton-m

Mu/=

* M34

= 0.33*3.875^2 *1/16

= 0.31

ton-m

Mu/=

* M4

= 0.33*3.875^2 *1/11

= 0.45

ton-m

Mu/=

* M45

= 0.33*3.875^2 *1/14

= 0.35

ton-m

Mu/=

* M5

= 0.33*3.875^2 *1/24

= 0.21

ton-m

Mu/=

M1 =

M23

2 3/8" 1 1/2"

Calculo de: Mmax y Mmin


Para Apoyos:
Mmax = 54.35*10*17^2
Mmin = 7.4*10*17^2 =
Para tramos:

1.57
0.21

ton-m
ton-m

Mu/
Mu/

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


Mmax = 54.35*40*17^2

6.28

ton-m

Comparamos los: Mmax y Mmin con cada uno de los Mu/ y vemos que:
Mmax =
Mmax =

1.57 > Mu/


6.28 > Mu/
0.21 < Mu/

Mmin =

(0.55, 0.5, 0.23)


(0.34, 0.39)
(0.55)
No se necesitara acero minimo

Calculo de las reas de acero: (suponiendo un dc = 3cm, d =17cm, bw =10, b=40)

= (^2(2 _/)/
(0.85^ ))

Clculo de las reas de acero: dc = 3cm


En los apoyos

Apoyo 1

As

Mu /
a
fy (d )
2

17

cm

Asfy
2.3529 As
0.85 fc ' bW

a =

0.78

As =

0.33

a =

Tramo 1-2 :

a =

1.34

As =

0.56

a =

Apoyo 2

a =

1.74

As =

0.74

a =

Tramo 2-3 :

a =

1.16

As =

0.49

a =

Apoyo 3

a =

1.92

As =

0.82

a =

Tramo 3-4 :

a =

1.16

As =

0.49

a =

Apoyo 4

a =

1.74

As =

0.74

a =

Tramo 4-5 :

a =

1.34

As =

0.56

a =

Apoyo 5

a =

0.78

As =

0.33

a =

Acero por reparticin y temperatura:


min= 0.0018
Asrt =
*b*h = 0.0018*100*5 =

0.9
b= 100cm

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


Smax=

5e = 5 * 5 = 25
40cm

usando 1/4" de

area=

Smax=

0.32

S= 100*0.32/0.9 =
usar:

1/4" @

25

25 cm

cm
35.5556 cm

Smax=

25

cm

Anclaje del refuerzo negativo:

la = 1.5xld

clculo de ld

Ld=0.061.294200/
210 = 22.43
ld =

0.006x1.27x4200 =

Ld =

1.5*32

32.004 cm
48.006 cm

20
0.22

Para

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

DISEO DE LA LOZA ALIGERADA DEL PRIMER PISO


PRIMER TRAMO
La LOSA ALIGERADA a disear presenta las siguientes caractersticas:
Especificaciones:
2.025
5

7.250

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

tn/ml
Kg/m
Kg/m
Kg/m
Kg/m

PRIMER TRAMO
4.125

4.125

S
E
N
T
ID
O
D
E
L
A
L
IG
E
R
A
D
O

Ladrillo de arcilla
300
* Losa Aligada (e=0.20 m)
100
* Acabados
300
* S/C para C. Educativos
150
* S/C azotea
120
* Tabiqueria
f'c = 0.4125 Kg/cm
fy =
1.815 Kg/cm
Kmax=
54.35 Kg/cm
Kmin=
7.40 Kg/cm

4.125

4.125

Predimensionamiento:

1.025

1.025

h = 4.125*/25 =
h =

0.17

20

cm

Metrado de cargas:
Peso propio
=
Piso terminado =
Tabiqueria
=

0.30 ton/m
0.10 ton/m
0.12 ton/m

WD =

Sobrecarga

0.30 ton/m

WL =

WU

= 1.4*0.52 + 1.7*0.3

= 1.24

0.52

ton/m

0.30 ton/m
ton/m

Requisitos para usar coeficientes:


*Cargas uniformemente distribuida
....ok
*Nmero de tramos = 4
....ok
*Diferencia de luces 4.125-4.125= 0 < 20% (4.125) .OK
ok

3.625

3.625

2.025

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


*Relacin WL/WD = 0.30/0.52 = 0.58<3
*Son elementos prismaticos

....ok
....ok

Entonces si podemos usar coeficientes ACI

Carga por vigueta


Wu = 0.40*1.24 =
Wu =

0.50 ton/mxvig

0.50

ton/mxvig

Wu = 0.50 tn/m
1.025

4.125

4.125

Ln

0.90

Coeficie

1/ 2

3.875
1/24

1/14

4.125

3.875
1/11

4.125

3.875

1/16

1/10

1/16

1/11

Mu(ton-m)

0.31

0.53 0.68

0.47

0.75

0.47

0.68

Mu/ (ton-m)

0.34

0.59 0.76

0.52

0.83

0.52

0.76

As(cm/v)

0.49

0.88

0.77

1.27

0.77

1.16

1.16

1 3/8" 1 1/2" 1 1/2" 1 1/2" 1 1/2"

Momentos de diseo:
* M1 izq = 0.50*3.875^2 *1/2
*

ton-m

Mu/=

0.50*3.875^2 *1/24

0.31

ton-m

Mu/=

* M12

= 0.50*3.875^2 *1/14

0.53

ton-m

Mu/=

* M2

= 0.50*3.875^2 *1/11

0.68

ton-m

Mu/=

= 0.50*3.875^2 *1/16

0.47

ton-m

Mu/=

* M3

= 0.50*3.875^2 *1/10

0.75

ton-m

Mu/=

* M34

= 0.50*3.875^2 *1/16

= 0.47

ton-m

Mu/=

* M4

= 0.50*3.875^2 *1/11

= 0.68

ton-m

Mu/=

M1 =

1 1/2" 1 1/2"

M23

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


* M45

= 0.50*3.875^2 *1/14

= 0.53

ton-m

Mu/=

* M5

= 0.50*3.875^2 *1/24

= 0.31

ton-m

Mu/=

Calculo de: Mmax y Mmin


Para Apoyos:
Mmax = 54.35*10*17^2
Mmin = 7.4*10*17^2 =

1.57
0.21

ton-m
ton-m

6.28

ton-m

Mu/
Mu/

Para tramos:
Mmax = 54.35*40*17^2

Comparamos los: Mmax y Mmin con cada uno de los Mu/ y vemos que:
Mmax
Mmax
Mmin

1.57 > Mu/


6.28 > Mu/
0.21 < Mu/

(0.34, 0.76, 0.83)


(0.59, 0.52)
0.34
No se necesitara acero minimo

Calculo de las reas de acero: (suponiendo un dc = 3cm, d =17cm, bw =10, b=40)


Calculo de las reas de acero: (suponiendo un dc = 3cm, d =17cm, bw =10, b=40)
= (^2(2 _/)/
(0.85^ ))
Clculo de las reas de acero: dc = 3cm
En los apoyos

Apoyo 1

As

Mu /
a
fy (d )
2

17

cm

Asfy
2.3529 As
0.85 fc ' bW

a =

1.16

As =

0.49

a =

Tramo 1-2 :

a =

2.07

As =

0.88

a =

Apoyo 2

a =

2.72

As =

1.16

a =

a =

1.81

As =

0.77

a =

Tramo 2-3 :

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


Apoyo 3

a =

2.99

As =

1.27

a =

Tramo 3-4 :

a =

1.81

As =

0.77

a =

Apoyo 4

a =

2.72

As =

1.16

a =

Tramo 4-5 :

a =

2.07

As =

0.88

a =

Apoyo 5

a =

1.16

As =

0.49

a =

Acero por reparticin y temperatura:


min= 0.0018
Asrt =
*b*h = 0.0018*100*5 =

0.9
b= 100cm

Smax=

5e = 5 * 5 = 25
40cm

usando 1/4" de
1/4''
3/8''

area=

Smax=

0.32

S= 100*0.32/0.9 =
S= 100*0.71/0.9 =
usar:

1/4" @

25

25 cm

cm
35.5556 cm
78.8889 cm

Smax=

25

cm

Anclaje del refuerzo negativo:


Anclaje del refuerzo negativo:

la = 1.5xld

clculo de ld

Ld=0.061.294200/
210 = 22.43
ld =

0.006x1.27x4200 =

Ld =

1.5*32

32.00 cm
48.006 cm

20
0.22

Para

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

SEGUNDO TRAMO
La LOSA ALIGERADA a disear presenta las siguientes caractersticas:
Especificaciones:

300
100
200
400
120

* Losa Aligada (e=0.20 m)


* Acabados
* S/C para C. Educativos
* S/C Corredores y escales
* Tabiqueria

f'c =
fy =
Kmax=
Kmin=

tn/ml ( Ladrillo de arcilla)


Kg/m
Kg/m
Kg/m
Kg/m

0 Kg/cm
0 Kg/cm
54.35 Kg/cm
7.40 Kg/cm

Predimensionamiento:

h = 4.125*/25 =
h =

20

0.17
cm

Metrado de cargas:
Peso propio
=
Piso terminado =
Tabiqueria
=

0.30 ton/m
0.10 ton/m
0.12 ton/m

WD =

Sobrecarga

0.40 ton/m

WL =

WU

= 1.4*0.52 + 1.7*0.4

Requisitos para usar coeficientes:

0.52

ton/m

0.40 ton/m

1.41 ton/m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


*Cargas uniformemente distribuida
*Nmero de tramos = 4
*Diferencia de luces 4.125-4.125= 0 < 20%
*Relacin WL/WD = 0.40/0.52 = 0.77<3
*Son elementos prismaticos

....ok
....ok
(4.125) .OK
ok
....ok
....ok

Entonces si podemos usar coeficientes ACI


Carga por vigueta
Wu = 0.40*1.41 =

0.564 ton/mxvig

Wu = 0.564 ton/mxvig

Wu =
1.025

4.125

4.125

Ln

0.9

Coeficie

1/ 2

3.875
1/24

0.564 tn/m

1/14

4.125

3.875
1/11

4.125

3.875

1/16

1/10

1/16

1/11

Mu(ton-m)

0.35

0.60 0.77

0.53

0.85

0.53

0.77

Mu/ (ton-m)

0.39

0.67 0.86

0.59

0.94

0.59

0.86

As(cm/v)

0.57

1.01

1.33
0.88
1.47
1 3/8"
1 3/8"
1 3/8" 1 1/2" 1 1/2" 1 1/2" 1 1/2"

0.88

Momentos de diseo:
* M1 izq = 0.564*3.875^2 *1/2

ton-m

Mu/=

0.564*3.875^2 *1/24

0.35

ton-m

Mu/=

* M12

= 0.564*3.875^2 *1/14

0.60

ton-m

Mu/=

* M2

= 0.564*3.875^2 *1/11

0.77

ton-m

Mu/=

= 0.564*3.875^2 *1/16

0.53

ton-m

Mu/=

* M3

= 0.564*3.875^2 *1/10

0.85

ton-m

Mu/=

* M34

= 0.564*3.875^2 *1/16

0.53

ton-m

Mu/=

* M4

= 0.564*3.875^2 *1/11

0.77

ton-m

Mu/=

* M45

= 0.564*3.875^2 *1/14

0.60

ton-m

Mu/=

M1 =

M23

1.33
1 3/8"
1 1/2" 1 1/2"

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


* M5

= 0.564*3.875^2 *1/24

0.35

ton-m

Mu/=

Calculo de: Mmax y Mmin


Para Apoyos:
Mmax = 54.35*10*17^2
Mmin = 7.4*10*17^2 =

1.57
0.21

ton-m
ton-m

6.28

ton-m

Mu/
Mu/

Para tramos:
Mmax = 54.35*40*17^2

Comparamos los: Mmax y Mmin con cada uno de los Mu/ y vemos que:
Mmax
Mmax
Mmin

1.57 > Mu/


6.28 > Mu/
0.21 < Mu/

(0.39, 0.86, 0.94)


(0.59, 0.67)
0.39
No se necesitara acero minimo

Calculo de las reas de acero: (suponiendo un dc = 3cm, d =17cm, bw =10, b=40)


Calculo de las reas de acero: (suponiendo un dc = 3cm, d =17cm, bw =10, b=40)

= (^2(2 _/)/
(0.85^ ))

Clculo de las reas de acero: dc = 3cm


En los apoyos

Apoyo 1

As

Mu /
a
fy (d )
2

17

cm

Asfy
2.3529 As
0.85 fc ' bW

a =

1.34

As =

0.57

a =

Tramo 1-2 :

a =

2.37

As =

1.01

a =

Apoyo 2

a =

3.12

As =

1.33

a =

Tramo 2-3 :

a =

2.07

As =

0.88

a =

Apoyo 3

a =

3.45

As =

1.47

a =

a =

2.07

As =

0.88

a =

Tramo 3-4 :

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


Apoyo 4

a =

3.12

As =

1.33

a =

Tramo 4-5 :

a =

2.37

As =

1.01

a =

Apoyo 5

a =

1.34

As =

0.57

a =

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

7.250

2.025
5

1.025

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

4.125

S
E
N
T
ID
O
D
E
L
A
L
IG
E
R
A
D
O

4.125

4.125

4.125

1.025

1.025
1.025

3.625

3.625

2.025

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

4.125

3.875
1/14

1/24

0.35

0.21

0.39

0.23

0.56

0.33

1 3/8"

1 3/8"

0.39

ton-m

0.23

ton-m

0.39

ton-m

0.50

ton-m

0.34

ton-m

0.55

ton-m

0.34

ton-m

0.50

ton-m

0.39

ton-m

0.23

ton-m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

emos que:

cero minimo

2.3529 As

0.78

cm

1.34

cm

1.74

cm

1.16

cm

1.92

cm

1.16

cm

1.74

cm

1.34

cm

0.78

cm

e= 5cm

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

cm

Para

1/2''

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

DEL PRIMER PISO

2.025
5

7.250

4.125

4.125

PRIMER TRAMO
S
E
N
T
ID
O
D
E
L
A
L
IG
E
R
A
D
O

4.125

2do TRAMO

4.125

1.025
3.625

3.625

2.025

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

4.125

3.875
1/14

1/24

0.53

0.31

0.59

0.34

0.88

0.49

1 1/2"

1 3/8"

ton-m

0.34

ton-m

0.59

ton-m

0.76

ton-m

0.52

ton-m

0.83

ton-m

0.52

ton-m

0.76

ton-m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


0.59

ton-m

0.34

ton-m

cero minimo

10, b=40)

2.3529 As

1.16

cm

2.07

cm

2.72

cm

1.81

cm

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


2.99

cm

1.81

cm

2.72

cm

2.07

cm

1.16

cm

e= 5cm

cm

Para

1/2''

entes caractersticas:

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO

4.125

3.875
1/14

1/24

0.60

0.35

0.67

0.39

1.01

0.57

1 1/2"

1 3/8"

ton-m

0.39

ton-m

0.67

ton-m

0.86

ton-m

0.59

ton-m

0.94

ton-m

0.59

ton-m

0.86

ton-m

0.67

ton-m

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


0.39

ton-m

cero minimo

10, b=40)

2.3529 As

1.34

cm

2.37

cm

3.12

cm

2.07

cm

3.45

cm

2.07

cm

OSCAR MEDINA SAUCEDO


3.12

cm

2.37

cm

1.34

cm

TECHO 1
Especificaciones:

212 Kg/m (etsapol)


100 Kg/m

* Losa Aligada (e=0.20m)


* Acabados

f'c =
fy =
S/C=
Kmax=
Kmin=

175 Kg/cm
4200 Kg/cm
200 Kg/m
45.29 Kg/cm
7.37 Kg/cm
e=

20

cm

d=

17

cm

Metrado de cargas:
Peso propio
=
Piso terminado =

0.21
0.10

ton/m
ton/m

WD =

0.31

ton/m

Sobrecarga

0.20

ton/m

WL =

0.20

ton/m

WU

= 1.4*0.31 + 1.7*0.2

0.77

ton/m

Carga por vigueta


Wu = 0.77*0.40
Wu =

=
0.31

0.31

ton/mxvig

ton/mxvig

Requisitos para usar coeficientes:


*Cargas uniformemente distribuida
*Nmero de tramos = 1

....ok
..... No cumple

Entonces no podemos usar coeficientes ACI


UTILIZAMOS ANALISIS ESTRUCTURAL
Wu =

1.15

ton/mxvig

3.6
R

M = 0
R =

0.31

1.45
R

Rx3.6-(3.6+1.15)^2*0.31/2-1.45^2*0.31/2 = 0
0.881

ton

R = 1.041 ton
* Diagrama de fuerzas cortantes
0.524 ton

0.449 ton

-0.357 ton
-0.592 ton
calculamos x
3.6/1.116

x/0.524
1.69

* Diagrama de momentos
-0.21 ton-m

-0.34 ton-m

0.23

ton-m

0.31

ton/mxvig

luego procedemos a calcular


Wu =

1.15

Mu

(ton-m)

3.6

1.45

0.21

0.23

0.34

Mu/ (ton-m)

0.23

0.26

0.38

As

0.33

0.37

0.56

(cm/v)
L

1 3/8"

Calculo de: Mmax y Mmin


* Para Apoyos:

1 3/8"

1 3/8"

Mmax
Mmin

= 20*10*17^2 =
= 7.37*10*17^2 =

1.31
0.21

ton-m
ton-m

5.24

ton-m

* Para tramos:
Mmax

= 45.29*40*17^2

Comparamos los: Mmax y Mmin con cada uno de los Mu/ y vemos que:
Mmax =
Mmax =

1.31 > Mu/ (0.38, 0.23)


5.24 > Mu/ (0.26)
0.21 < Mu/ (0.26, 0.23,0.38)

Mmin =

Clculo de las reas de acero: dc = 3cm

Mu /
f y * ( d a / 2)

As

Apoyo 1
:
Tramo 1-2 :
Apoyo 2
:

As =
As =
As =

..ok
..ok
..ok
=

17

cm

As * f y
0.85 f c *b

0.33
0.37
0.56

cm
cm
cm

a =
a =
a =

0.93
0.26
1.58

cm
cm
cm

Acero por reparticin y temperatura:


min=
0.0018
Asrt = *b*h = 0.0018*100*5 =

0.9

cm
100

Smax=

5e =
40cm

usando 1/4" de

5 * 5 = 25

area=

Smax=

0.36

1/4"

cm

cm

S= 100*0.36/0.9 =
usar:

25

40

25

cm

Smax=

25

cm

Anclaje del refuerzo negativo:


clculo de ld

ld

db f y
8.2

ld = 0.95*4200/(8.2*175) =

f c,
36.78

ld =

37

la = 1.5 ld=

56

cm
30

1 3/8"

5 cm
cm

cm

cm

20

TECHO 2
La LOSA ALIGERADA a disear presenta las siguientes caractersticas:
Especificaciones:

212
100
1800

* Losa Aligada (e=0.20m)


* Acabados
* Muro de ladrillo

f'c =
fy =
S/C=
Kmax=
Kmin=

Kg/m (etsapol)
Kg/m
Kg/m

175 Kg/cm
4200 Kg/cm
200 Kg/cm
45.29 Kg/cm
7.37 Kg/cm

e=

20

cm

d=

17

Metrado de cargas:
Peso propio
=
Piso terminado =

0.21
0.10

ton/m
ton/m

WD =

0.31

ton/m

Sobrecarga

0.20

ton/m

WL =

0.20

ton/m

WU

= 1.4*0.31 + 1.7*0.2

0.77

ton/m

Carga por vigueta


Wu = 0.77*0.40
Wu =

=
0.31

0.31

ton/mxvig

ton/mxvig

Muro de ladrillo
PD = 1800*0.10*2.86*0.40 =
Pu = 0.21*1.4 =

0.21 ton/vig
0.29 ton/vig

Requisitos para usar coeficientes:


*Cargas uniformemente distribuida
*Nmero de tramos = 1

.....ok
. .. No cumple

Entonces no podemos usar coeficientes ACI

UTILIZAMOS ANALISIS ESTRUCTURAL


Wu =

0.31

1.15

ton/mxvig

3.60

2.25

R
M = 0

Rx3.6-(3.6+1.15)^2*0.31/2+2.25^2*0.31/2+0.29* 2.25 = 0
R = 0.572 ton

M= 0
R= 1.888 ton

* Diagrama de fuerzas cortantes


0.215 ton

0.987

ton

-0.901

ton

-0.357 ton

calculamos x
3.6/1.116
x

x/0.215

0.69

* Diagrama de momentos
-0.21 ton-m

1.17

-0.14

ton-m

ton-m

luego procedemos a calcular

Wu =

1.15

Mu

(ton-m)

0.31

ton/mxvig

3.60

0.21

0.14

1.17

Mu/ (ton-m)

0.23

0.16

1.30

As

0.33

0.36

1.82

1 3/8"

1 3/8"

(cm/v)
L

1 1/2"+1 3/8"

Calculo de: Mmax y Mmin


* Para Apoyos:
Mmax
Mmin

= 45.29*10*17^2 =
= 7.37*10*17^2 =

1.31
0.21

ton-m
ton-m

5.24

ton-m

* Para tramos:
Mmax

= 45.29*40*17^2 =

Comparamos los: Mmax y Mmin con cada uno de los Mu/ y vemos que:
Mmax =
Mmax =

Mmin =
Mmin =

1.31
5.24
0.21
0.21

> Mu/
>Mu/
< Mu/
> Mu/

(1.3, 0.23)
(0.16)
(0.23,1.3)
(0.16)

Clculo de las reas de acero: dc = 3cm

As

M u /
f y * ( d a / 2)

Apoyo 1

..ok
..ok
..ok
..se necesitara As minimo

As =

0.33

cm

17

cm

As * f y
0.85 f c *b
a =

0.93

Tramo 1-2 :
Apoyo 2
:

As =
As =

0.36
1.82

cm
cm

a =
a =

0.25
5.14

Acero por reparticin y temperatura:


min=
0.0018
Asrt = *b*h = 0.0018*100*5 =

Smax=

5e =
40cm

usando 1/4" de

5 * 5 = 25

area=

0.9

Smax=

0.36

1/4"

25

25

cm

cm

S= 100*0.36/0.9 =
usar:

cm

40

cm

Smax=

cm

Anclaje del refuerzo negativo:


clculo de ld

ld

db f y
8 .2

f c,

ld = 0.95*4200/(8.2*175) =
la = 1.5 ld=

56

36.78

ld =

cm

20
30

cm

* 2.25 = 0

Pu = 0.29 ton/vig

Pu = 0.29 ton/vig

2.25

/2"+1 3/8"

vemos que:

e necesitara As minimo

cm

cm
cm

5 cm
100 cm

25 cm

37

cm

TECHO 1
La LOSA ALIGERADA a disear presenta las siguientes caractersticas:
Especificaciones:

212
100
1800

* Losa Aligada (e=0.20m)


* Acabados
* Muro de ladrillo

f'c =
fy =
S/C=
Kmax=
Kmin=

Kg/m (etsapol)
Kg/m
Kg/m

175 Kg/cm
4200 Kg/cm
200 Kg/cm
45.29 Kg/cm
7.37 Kg/cm
e=

20

cm

d=

17

Metrado de cargas:
Peso propio
=
Piso terminado =

0.21
0.10

ton/m
ton/m

WD =

0.31

ton/m

Sobrecarga

0.20

ton/m

WL =

0.20

ton/m

WU

= 1.4*0.31 + 1.7*0.2

0.77

ton/m

Carga por vigueta


Wu = 0.77*0.40
Wu =

=
0.31

0.31

ton/mxvig

ton/mxvig

Muro de ladrillo en volado


PD = 1800*0.15*2.86*0.40 =
Pu = 0.31*1.4 =

0.31 ton/vig
0.43 ton/vig

Muro de ladrillo entre eje 2y3


PD = 1800*0.10*2.86*0.40 =
Pu = 0.21*1.4 =

0.21 ton/vig
0.29 ton/vig

Requisitos para usar coeficientes:


*Cargas uniformemente distribuida
*Nmero de tramos = 1

. ....ok
. .. No cumple

cm

Entonces no podemos usar coeficientes ACI


UTILIZAMOS ANALISIS ESTRUCTURAL
Pu =

0.43

ton/vig

Pu =
Wu =

1.15

0.31

ton/mxvig

3.60

1.45

R
M = 0

0.29

Rx3.6-(3.6+1.15)^2*0.31/2-1.45^2*0.31/2+0.29* 1.45-0.43*(4.75) = 0
R = 1.331 ton

M= 0
R= 1.311 ton
* Diagrama de fuerzas cortantes
0.544 ton

0.739

ton
0.29

-0.43
-0.787 ton
-0.572

ton

calculamos x
3.6/1.116

x/0.544

1.75

* Diagrama de momentos
-0.70 ton-m

-0.72

-0.22

ton-m

ton-m

Pu =

0.43

ton/vig
Wu =

1.15

Mu

(ton-m)

0.31

ton/mxvig

3.60

1.45

0.70

0.22

0.72

Mu/ (ton-m)

0.78

0.24

0.80

As

1.22

0.35

1.25

1 1/2"

1 3/8"

(cm/v)

1 1/2"

Calculo de: Mmax y Mmin


* Para Apoyos:
Mmax
Mmin

= 45.29*10*17^2
= 7.37*10*^2 =

1.31
0.21

ton-m
ton-m

5.24

ton-m

* Para tramos:
Mmax

= 45.29*40*^2 =

Comparamos los: Mmax y Mmin con cada uno de los Mu/ y vemos que:
Mmax =

Mmin =

1.31
0.21

> Mu/ (0.8, 0.24,0.78)


< Mu/ (0.78,0.8,0.24)

Clculo de las reas de acero: dc = 3cm

As

M u /
f y * ( d a / 2)

Apoyo 1
:
Tramo 1-2 :
Apoyo 2
:

As =
As =
As =

..ok
..ok
d

1.22
0.35
1.25

cm
cm
cm

17

cm

As * f y
0.85 f c *b
a = 3.44 cm
a = 0.99 cm
a = 3.53 cm

Acero por reparticin y temperatura:


min=
0.0018
Asrt = *b*h = 0.0018*100*5 =

0.9

cm
100

Smax=

5e =
40cm

usando 1/4" de

5 * 5 = 25

area=

Smax=

0.36

1/4"

25

cm

cm

S= 100*0.36/0.9 =
usar:

25

40
cm

cm

Smax=

25

ton/vig

0.43*(4.75) = 0

ton

mos que:

Pu = 0.29 ton/vig

5 cm
cm

cm

TECHO 2
La LOSA ALIGERADA a disear presenta las siguientes caractersticas:
Especificaciones:

212
100
1800

* Losa Aligada (e=0.20m)


* Acabados
* Muro de ladrillo

f'c =
fy =
S/C=
Kmax=
Kmin=

Kg/m (etsapol)
Kg/m
Kg/m

175 Kg/cm
4200 Kg/cm
200 Kg/cm
45.29 Kg/cm
7.37 Kg/cm
e=

20

cm

d=

17

Metrado de cargas:
Peso propio
=
Piso terminado =

0.21
0.10

ton/m
ton/m

WD =

0.31

ton/m

Sobrecarga

0.20

ton/m

WL =

0.20

ton/m

WU

= 1.4*0.31 + 1.7*0.2

0.77 ton/m

Carga por vigueta


Wu = 0.77*0.40
Wu =

=
0.31

0.31

ton/mxvig

ton/mxvig

Muro de ladrillo en volado


PD = 1800*0.15*2.86*0.40 =
Pu = 0.31*1.4 =

0.31 ton/vig
0.43 ton/vig

Muro de ladrillo entre eje 2y3


PD = 1800*0.10*2.86*0.40 =
Pu = 0.21*1.4 =

0.21 ton/vig
0.29 ton/vig

Requisitos para usar coeficientes:


*Cargas uniformemente distribuida
*Nmero de tramos = 1

.....ok
. .. No cumple

cm

Entonces no podemos usar coeficientes ACI


UTILIZAMOS ANALISIS ESTRUCTURAL
Pu =

0.43

ton/vig

Pu =
Wu =

1.15

0.31

ton/mxvig

3.60

2.25

R
M = 0

Rx3.6-(3.6+1.15)^2*0.31/2-2.25^2*0.31/2+0.29* 2.25-0.43*(4.75) = 0
R =

1.14

ton

R=

1.75

ton

M= 0

* Diagrama de fuerzas cortantes


0.353 ton

0.987

ton
0.29

-0.43
-0.787 ton
-0.763

ton

calculamos x
3.6/1.116

x/0.353
1.14

* Diagrama de momentos
-0.70 ton-m

-0.93

-0.50

ton-m

ton-m

Pu =

0.43

ton/vig
Wu = 0.31 ton/mxvig

1.15

Mu

(ton-m)

3.60

2.25

0.70

0.50

0.93

Mu/ (ton-m)

0.78

0.56

1.03

As

1.09

0.71

1.44

1 1/2"

1 3/8"

2 3/8"

(cm/v)
L

Calculo de: Mmax y Mmin


* Para Apoyos:
Mmax = 45.29*10*17^2
Mmin = 7.37*10*^2 =

1.31
0.21

ton-m
ton-m

5.24

ton-m

* Para tramos:
Mmax = 45.29*40*^2 =

Comparamos los: Mmax y Mmin con cada uno de los Mu/ y vemos que:
Mmax =
Mmax =

Mmin =

1.31
5.24
0.21

> Mu/
>Mu/
< Mu/

(1.03, 0.78)
(0.56)
(0.78,1.03)

Clculo de las reas de acero: dc = 3cm

As

M u /
f y * (d a / 2)

Apoyo 1
:
Tramo 1-2 :
Apoyo 2
:

As =
As =
As =

..ok
..ok
..ok
=

1.09
0.71
1.44

cm
cm
cm

17

cm

As * f y
0.85 f c *b
a =
a =
a =

0.93
0.25
5.14

cm
cm
cm

Acero por reparticin y temperatura:


min= 0.0018
Asrt = *b*h = 0.0018*100*5 =

0.9

cm
100

Smax=

5e =
40cm

usando 1/4" de

5 * 5 = 25

area=

Smax=

0.36

S= 100*0.36/0.9 =
usar:

1/4"

25

25

cm

cm
40
cm

cm

Smax=

25

0.29 ton/vig

0.43*(4.75) = 0

ton

Pu = 0.29 ton/vig

5 cm
cm

cm

TECHO 3
La LOSA ALIGERADA a disear presenta las siguientes caractersticas:
Especificaciones:

212
100
1800

* Losa Aligada (e=0.20m)


* Acabados
* Muro de ladrillo

f'c =
fy =
S/C=
Kmax=
Kmin=

Kg/m (etsapol)
Kg/m
Kg/m

175 Kg/cm
4200 Kg/cm
200 Kg/cm
45.29 Kg/cm
7.37 Kg/cm

e=

20

cm

d=

17

Metrado de cargas:
Peso propio
=
Piso terminado =

0.21
0.10

ton/m
ton/m

WD =

0.31

ton/m

Sobrecarga

0.20

ton/m

WL =

0.20

ton/m

WU

= 1.4*0.31 + 1.7*0.2

0.77

ton/m

Carga por vigueta


Wu = 0.77*0.40
Wu =

=
0.31

0.31

ton/mxvig

ton/mxvig

Muro de ladrillo entre eje 2 y3


PD = 1800*0.10*2.86*0.40 =
Pu = 0.21*1.4 =

0.21 ton/vig
0.29 ton/vig

Requisitos para usar coeficientes:


*Cargas uniformemente distribuida
*Nmero de tramos = 1
Entonces no podemos usar coeficientes ACI

. ....ok
. .. No cumple

Utilizo programa sap 2000 V.14


Pu =

0.29

ton/vig
Wu =

0.31

2.45

ton/mxvig

4.06

R'

R
R'=

-0.22

ton

R =

1.86

ton

R=

0.66

ton

* Diagrama de fuerzas cortantes

* Diagrama de momentos
-0.59

ton-m

WL/24
0.21 ton-m
0.06

ton-m

0.63 ton-m

Pu =

0.29

ton/vig
Wu =

0.31

ton/mxvig

2.45

4.06

2'
Mu

(ton-m)

Mu/ (ton-m)
As

0.21

0.06

0.59

0.63

0.23

0.07

0.66

0.70

0.36

1.00

1.00

(cm/v)
L

0.33
1 3/8"

1 3/8"

1 1/2"

1 1/2"

Calculo de: Mmax y Mmin


* Para Apoyos:
Mmax = 45.29*10*17^2 =
Mmin = 7.37*10*17^2 =

1.31
0.21

ton-m
ton-m

5.24

ton-m

* Para tramos:
Mmax = 45.29*40*17^2 =

Comparamos los: Mmax y Mmin con cada uno de los Mu/ y vemos que:
Mmax =
Mmax =

Mmin =
Mmin =

1.31
5.24
0.21
0.21

> Mu/
>Mu/
< Mu/
> Mu/

(0.66, 0.23,0.23)
(0.7)
(0.7)
(0.07)

Clculo de las reas de acero: dc = 3cm

As

M u /
f y * ( d a / 2)

Apoyo 2'

..ok
..ok
..ok
.. no cumple se necesita As
=

a
As =

0.33

cm

17

cm

As * f y
0.85 f c *b
a =

0.93

Tramo 2'-3 :
Apoyo 3
:
Tramo 3-4 :
Apoyo 4
:

Asmin
As
As
As

=
=
=
=

0.36
1.00
1.00
0.33

cm
cm
cm
cm

a
a
a
a

=
=
=
=

0.25
2.82
0.71
0.93

Acero por reparticin y temperatura:


min=
0.0018
Asrt = *b*h =
0.0018*100*5 =

Smax=

5e =
40cm

5*5 =

usando 1/4" de

area=

0.9

25

Smax=

0.36

1/4"

25

25

cm

cm

S= 100*0.36/0.9 =
usar:

cm

40

cm

Smax=

cm

Anclaje del refuerzo negativo:


* clculo de ld para 3/8"

ld

db f y
8. 2

f c,

ld = 0.95*4200/(8.2*175) =
la = 1.5 ld=

56

36.78

ld =

cm

20
30

cm

WL/24
0.21 ton-m

ton/mxvig

4
0.21
0.23
0.33
1 3/8"

emos que:

no cumple se necesita Asmin

cm

cm
cm
cm
cm

5cm
100

cm

25 cm

37

cm

TECHO 4
La LOSA ALIGERADA a disear presenta las siguientes caractersticas:
Especificaciones:

212
100

* Losa Aligada (e=0.20m)


* Acabados

f'c =
fy =
S/C=
Kmax=
Kmin=

Kg/m (etsapol)
Kg/m

175 Kg/cm
4200 Kg/cm
200 Kg/cm
45.29 Kg/cm
7.37 Kg/cm
e=

20

cm

d=

17

cm

Metrado de cargas:
Peso propio
=
Piso terminado =

0.21
0.10

ton/m
ton/m

WD =

0.31

ton/m

Sobrecarga

0.20

ton/m

WL =

0.20

ton/m

WU

= 1.4*0.31 + 1.7*0.2

0.77

ton/m

Carga por vigueta


Wu = 0.77*0.40
Wu =

=
0.31

0.31

ton/mxvig

ton/mxvig

Requisitos para usar coeficientes:


*Cargas uniformemente distribuida
*Nmero de tramos = 1

....ok
..... No cumple

Entonces no podemos usar coeficientes ACI


UTILIZAMOS ANALISIS ESTRUCTURAL
Wu =

1.20

0.31

ton/mxvig

4.06
R

M = 0

Rx4.06-(4.06+1.2)^2*0.31/2 = 0

R = 1.056 ton
M= 0
R= 0.575 ton
* Diagrama de fuerzas cortantes
0.684 ton

-0.372 ton

-0.575

calculamos x
4.06/1.25

x/0.684

2.21

* Diagrama de momentos
-0.22 ton-m

WL/24=

0.54

ton-m

luego procedemos a calcular


Wu =

1.20

Mu

(ton-m)

0.31

ton/mxvig

4.06

0.22

0.54

0.21

Mu/ (ton-m)

0.24

0.60

0.23

As

0.33

0.86

0.35

(cm/v)

-0.21

1 3/8"

1 1/2"

1 3/8"

Calculo de: Mmax y Mmin


* Para Apoyos:
Mmax = 45.29*10*17^2
Mmin = 7.37*10*17^2 =

1.31
0.21

ton-m
ton-m

5.24

ton-m

* Para tramos:
Mmax

= 45.29*40*17^2

Comparamos los: Mmax y Mmin con cada uno de los Mu/ y vemos que:
Mmax =
Mmax =

Mmin =

1.31
5.24
0.21

> Mu/
> Mu/
< Mu/

(0.23, 0.24)
(0.6)
(0.6, 0.24,0.23)

Clculo de las reas de acero: dc = 3cm

As

M u /
f y * ( d a / 2)

Apoyo 3
:
Tramo 3-4 :
Apoyo 4
:

As =
As =
As =

0.33
0.86
0.35

..ok
..ok
..ok
=

17

cm

As * f y
0.85 f c *b

cm
cm
cm

a =
a =
a =

0.93
0.61
0.99

cm
cm
cm

Acero por reparticin y temperatura:


min=
0.0018
Asrt = *b*h = 0.0018*100*5 =

0.9

cm
100

Smax=

5e =
40cm

usando 1/4" de

5 * 5 = 25

area=

0.36

S= 100*0.36/0.9 =

Smax=

25

cm

cm
40

cm

Smax=

25

usar:

1/4"

25

cm

Anclaje del refuerzo negativo:


clculo de ld

ld

db f y
8. 2

f c,

ld = 0.95*4200/(8.2*175) =
la = 1.5 ld=

56

36.78

ld =

37

cm
20
30

ton

ton-m

5 cm
cm

cm

cm

2.- Metrar Cargas Muertas y Vivas, repartiendo adecuadamente la carga que corresporde a cada portico

A
4.5

B
4.8

C
4.3

D
3

1
5.90

5.50

4
5.70

5
5.90

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

ELEVACION PRINCIPAL

ELEVACIN PRTICO PRINCIPAL

5.50

4
5.70

5.90

ELEVACION SECUNDARIA

3.00

5.90

3.00

.50

3.00
3.50
C

D
4.3

B
4.8

4.5

Vigas Principales
Portico A-A
A
2.25
4.5

B
4.8

C
4.3

3
###

5.50

4
5.70

5
5.90

0 0 3 .0 0

wl=0.3375

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

wd=1.17

wl=0.5625
Wd=1.395
wl=0.5625
Wd=1.395

2
5.90

5.50

PORTICO A -5.70
A

5.90

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

wu=2.21175

wu=2.90925

wu=2.90925

2
5.90

3
5.50

5.70

4
5.90

Portico B-B

A
4.5

4.65

4.8

C
4.3

D
2

5.90

5.50

5.70

5.90

wd=2.13

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

wl=0.6975
wl=1.1625
Wd=2.595
wl=1.1625
Wd=2.595

2
5.90

5.50

PORTICO A -5.70
A

5.90

wu=4.16775

wu=5.60925

wu=5.60925

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0
1

2
5.90

3
5.50

5.70

4
5.90

Portico C-C

A
4.5

B
4.8

4.55

4.3

D
2

3
5.90

5.50

5.70

5.90

wd=2.09

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

wl=0.6825
wl=1.1375
Wd=2.545
wl=1.1375
Wd=2.545

2
5.90

5.50

PORTICO A -5.70
A

5.90

wu=4.08625

wu=5.49675

wu=5.49675

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0
1

2
5.90

3
5.50

5.70

4
5.90

Portico D-D

A
4.5

B
4.8

C
4.3
2.15

D
3

5.90

5.50

4
5.70

5.90

wd=1.13

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

wl=0.3225
wl=0.5375
Wd=1.345
wl=0.5375
Wd=1.345

2
5.90

5.50

PORTICO A -5.70
A

5
5.90

wu=2.13025

wu=2.79675

5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

wu=2.79675

2
5.90

3
5.50

5.70

4
5.90

Vigas Secundarias
Portico 1 y 5

0.50

A
4.5

4.8

4.3

4
5.70

5
5.90

wl=0.075

3 .0 0

wd=0.524

3.0 0

wd=0.125
wd=0.574
wd=0.125

3 .5 0

5.90

3
5.50

wd=0.574

D
4.3

PRTICO 1 y 5
4.8
4.5

wu=0.8611

wu=1.0161

3.00

3 .0 0

3 .0 0 3.00
3 .50

wu=1.0161

D
4.3

C
4.8

B
4.5

Vigas Secundarias
Portico 2, 3 y 4
1.00

A
4.5

B
4.8

C
4.3

D
2

5.50

4
5.70

5
5.90

wl=0.15

3 .0 0

wd=0.724

3.0 0

wd=0.25
wd=0.824

3 .5 0

wd=0.25
wd=0.824

D
4.3

PRTICO 1 y 5
4.8
4.5
wu=1.2686

wu=1.5786

3 .0 0 3 .0 0

5.90

3 .5 0

3 .0 0 3 .0
3 .5 0

wu=1.5786

D
4.3

C
4.8

B
4.5

esporde a cada portico


Especificaciones:
* Materiales:
Concreto

210

kg/cm2

Acero

4200

kg/cm2

Und. De Albaileria

1350

kg/m3

Mortero de Cemento

2000

kg/m3

Concreto Armado

2400

kg/m3

* Losa Aligada (e=0.20m)

300

kg/m2

* Tabiqueria

100

kg/m2

* Acabados

100

kg/m2

* S/C para oficinas

250

kg/cm2

* S/C azotea

150

kg/cm2

# de Pisos
V. Principal

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

V. Secund.

.50

3.00

3.00

3
b=

0.30

h=

0.50

b=

0.30

h=

0.45

3.00
3.50
A

En los Niveles 1 y 2
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.3*0.5*2.4=

0.36 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(2.25-0.3)=

0.585 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(2.25)=

0.225 tn/ml

P. Tabique=

0.1*(2.25)=

0.225 tn/ml
WD=

1.395 tn/ml

Carga Viva
WL= 0.25*(2.25)=

0.5625 tn/ml

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.3*0.5*2.4=

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(2.25-0.3)=

0.585 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(2.25)=

0.225 tn/ml
WD=

0.36 tn/ml

1.17 tn/ml

Carga Viva

0 0 3 .0 0

WL= 0.15*(2.25)=

0.3375 tn/ml

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

ESTADO: WD - WL

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

ESTADO: WU

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL
1er Nivel =

2.909 Tn/ml

2do Nivel=

2.909 Tn/ml

3er Nivel=

2.212 Tn/ml

En los Niveles 1 y 2
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.3*0.5*2.4=

0.360 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(4.65-0.3)=

1.305 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(4.65)=

0.465 tn/ml

P. Tabique=

0.1*(4.65)=

0.465 tn/ml
WD=

2.595 tn/ml

Carga Viva
WL= 0.25*(4.65)=

1.163 tn/ml

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.3*0.5*2.4=

0.360 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(4.65-0.3)=

1.305 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(4.65)=

0.465 tn/ml
WD=

2.13 tn/ml

Carga Viva

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

WL= 0.15*(4.65)=

ESTADO: WD - WL

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

0.698 tn/ml

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0

ESTADO: WU

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL

1er Nivel =

5.609 Tn/ml

2do Nivel=

5.609 Tn/ml

3er Nivel=

4.168 Tn/ml

En los Niveles 1 y 2
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.3*0.5*2.4=

0.360 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(4.55-0.3)=

1.275 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(4.55)=

0.455 tn/ml

P. Tabique=

0.1*(4.55)=

0.455 tn/ml
WD=

2.545 tn/ml

Carga Viva
WL= 0.25*(4.55)=

1.138 tn/ml

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.3*0.5*2.4=

0.360 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(4.55-0.3)=

1.275 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(4.55)=

0.455 tn/ml
WD=

2.09 tn/ml

Carga Viva

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

WL= 0.15*(4.55)=

0.683 tn/ml

ESTADO: WD - WL

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

ESTADO: WU

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0
5

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL
1er Nivel =

5.497 Tn/ml

2do Nivel=

5.497 Tn/ml

3er Nivel=

4.086 Tn/ml

En los Niveles 1 y 2
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.3*0.5*2.4=

0.36 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(2.15-0.3)=

0.555 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(2.15)=

0.215 tn/ml

P. Tabique=

0.1*(2.15)=

0.215 tn/ml
WD=

1.345 tn/ml

Carga Viva
WL= 0.25*(2.15)=

0.5375 tn/ml

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.3*0.5*2.4=

0.36 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(2.15-0.3)=

0.555 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(2.15)=

0.215 tn/ml
WD=

1.13 tn/ml

Carga Viva

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

WL= 0.15*(2.15)=

0.3225 tn/ml

ESTADO: WD - WL

5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0

3 .5 0 3 .0 0 3 .0 0
5

ESTADO: WU

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL
1er Nivel =

2.797 Tn/ml

2do Nivel=

2.797 Tn/ml

3er Nivel=

2.130 Tn/ml

En los Niveles 1 y 2
Carga Muerta
P. V.Secund=

0.3*0.45*2.4=

0.324 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(0.5)=

0.150 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(0.5)=

0.050 tn/ml

P. Tabique=

0.1*(0.5)=

0.050 tn/ml
WD=

0.574 tn/ml

Carga Viva
WL= 0.25*(0.5)=

0.125 tn/ml

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.3*0.45*2.4=

0.324 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(0.5)=

0.150 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(0.5)=

0.050 tn/ml
WD=

0.524 tn/ml

Carga Viva

3.0 0

3 .0 0

WL= 0.15*(0.5)=

3 .5 0

ESTADO: WD - WL

3 .0 0

3.00

0.075 tn/ml

3 .0 0 3.00
3 .50
A

ESTADO: WU

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL
1er Nivel =

1.016 Tn/ml

2do Nivel=

1.016 Tn/ml

3er Nivel=

0.861 Tn/ml

En los Niveles 1 - 2 y 3
Carga Muerta
P. V.Secund=

0.3*0.45*2.4=

0.324 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(1)=

0.300 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(1)=

0.100 tn/ml

P. Tabique=

0.1*(1)=

0.100 tn/ml
WD=

0.824 tn/ml

Carga Viva
WL= 0.25*(1)=

0.250 tn/ml

En Azotea
Carga Muerta
P. V. Princ=

0.3*0.45*2.4=

0.324 tn/ml

P. Losa Alg=

0.3*(1)=

0.300 tn/ml

P. Acabado=

0.1*(1)=

0.100 tn/ml
WD=

0.724 tn/ml

Carga Viva
0.150 tn/ml

3 .5 0

3.0 0

3 .0 0

WL= 0.15*(1)=

ESTADO: WD - WL

3 .5 0

3 .0 0 3 .0 0

WU=1.4 WD + 1.7WL
1er Nivel =

1.579 Tn/ml

3 .0 0 3 .0
3 .5 0
A

2do Nivel=

1.579 Tn/ml

3er Nivel=

1.269 Tn/ml