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AJudgesGuideforTheDalmatian

PreparedbytheDalmatianClubofAmerica
2013

ThisPresentationcomplimentstheAKC
VideoandIllustratedStandard
ExcerptsfromtheAKCStandardappearinblackItalic
MajorFaults appearinBlue

DisqualificationsappearinRed

PresentationIncludes
BriefHistoryoftheBreed
DiscussiononBreedPurpose
BreedDevelopmentTypeandTemperament
BreakDownoftheAKCStandard
Q&ASession
TipsonJudgingtheBreed
HandsOnEvaluation
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History
Spotteddogs
inEuropein
the1700s

TherearesomeaccountsthatGeorgeWashington
ownedDalmatians
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SportingDog

Originaldevelopmentwasforsportingpurpose
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CoachingDog

Dalmatiansthenbecameassociatedwithhorsedrawncarriages
andcoaches,runningalongside,toguardthecoaches
andthehorses
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Distancetraveledinadaywastypically2030milesat5mph
Payspecialattentiontodogsoutlineunderaxel
l

FireHouseDog

DalmatiansmadethetransitiontotheFireHousewiththeinvention
oftheHorsedrawnfirewagon,servingthesamepurposetoprotect
horseandwagonwithanaddeddutyofprotectingthehydrant
connection.DalmatianstypicallyworkedinpairsattheFireHouse
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Circus Dog

Dalmatiansfollowedthehorsestothecircusand
showcasedtheirversatilityandloveofpeople
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TheVersatileDog

Today'sDalmatiancanbeseeninallAKCevents
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MajorBreedDevelopmentsLast20Years
Movement
HeadandTailcarriagerisingindicating
lackofbalancefrontandaft
Temperament
Amoresecureandhappybreedincreased
Performanceparticipation
Health
Coatconditionhasimproved
Hearingimprovement
IncorporationoftheLUAgene
Markings
Specificallyinlivers

Objective
Foreachparticipant
Tounderstandthebreedpurpose
ReviewcurrentAKCstandard
TounderstandwhichBreedcharacteristicsareimportant
Howtoprioritizethemwhenjudging

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Purpose Coaching
ProvidingProtectionfortheHorseandRideror
CarriageOccupantswhiletraversing2030milesof
Countrysideandsmalltowns.
StayingwithHorseandcarriagewhileridersLodged
protectingboththeirpossessionsandlivestock

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ProperCoachingPositions

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ProperCoachingPosition

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EssenceofBreed
Movement
(Reach,Drive,Topline,Headandtailcarriage)

BodyShape
(SizeandBalance)

Spotting
(Distinctive)
JudgetheentiredogNotjustonecharacteristic
A quality Dalmatian combines all three of these components
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GeneralAppearance
5points
ADISTINCTIVELYspotteddog
PoisedandAlert
StrongMuscularandactive
Freeofshyness
Intelligentinexpression
Symmetricalinoutline
WithoutExaggerationorCoarseness
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MaleDalmatians

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MaleDalmatians

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MaleDalmatians

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FemaleDalmatians

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FemaleDalmatians

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GeneralAppearance
(continued)

Capableofgreatendurance,combinedwithafair
amountofspeed.
Deviationsfromthedescribedidealshouldbe
penalizedindirectproportiontothedegree
ofdeviation

23

ImproperOutlines

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Size,ProportionandSubstance
10Points
DesirableHeightatwithers1923
undersizeoroversizeorisafault
Over24isaDQ
Overalllengthofbodyfromtheforechesttothe
buttocksisapproximatelyequal totheheightatthe
withers.
Goodsubstance,strongandsturdyinbone,
butnevercoarse
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Head 10Points
Theheadisinbalancewiththeoveralldog
Itisoffairlengthandfreeoflooseskin
Expressionisalertandintelligent,indicatingastable
andoutgoingtemperament.
Eyessetmoderatelywellapart,mediumsizeand
somewhatroundedinappearancesetwellintothe
skull.Colorbrownorblueoranycombination,the
darkerthebetter,anddarkerinblackspotteddogs
thanliver
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Head
(cont)

Earsareofmoderatesize,proportionallywideatthe
base,graduallytaperingtoaroundedtip.Earsare
setratherhigh.Carriedclosetotheheadandarethin
andfineintexture.
Topofskullisflatandapproximatelyaswideasitis
long
Stopismoderatelywilldefined
Muzzleandtopofskullareaboutequalinlength

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HeadStudy

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Head
Incompletepigmentationoftheeyerimsisa
MajorFault

Abnormalpositionoftheeyelidsor
eyelashes(ectropion,trichasis)isaMajorFault
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UnfinishedNose

Completelypigmentedontheleather
Blackinblackspotteddogs
Liverinliverspotteddogs
IncompletenosepigmentationisaMajorFault

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Mouth
Thelipsarecleanandclosefitting
Theteethmeetinscissorsbite
OvershotorundershotbitesareaDisqualification

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Neck,Topline,&Body10Points

Theneckisnicelyarched,fairlylong,freefromthroatiness
Theneckblendssmoothlyintotheshoulders
Thetoplineissmooth
Thechestisdeep,capacious,ofmoderatewidth
Thebrisketreachestotheelbow
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Neck,Topline,&Bodycont.
Theunderlineofthe
ribcagecurvesgradually
toamoderatetuckup
Thebackislevel&strong
Theloinisshort,muscular,
&slightlyarched
Thecroupisnearlylevel
withtheback
Thetailisanatural
extensionofthetopline
Thetailisstrongatthe
insertion,taperstothetip
andreachestothehock

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TailSet&TailCarriage
Thetailiscarriedwithaslightupwardcurve
Itisneverdocked
Itshouldnevercurlovertheback
Ringtailsandlowsettailsarefaults
Tailsetandtailcarriageshouldbejudgedwhenthedog
ismoving.

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Forequarters5points
Shouldersaresmoothlymuscledandwelllaidback
Theupperarmisapproximatelyequalinlengthto
theshouldbladeandjoinsitinananglesufficientto
insurethatthefootfallsundertheshoulder
Theelbowsareclosetothebody
Thelegsarestraightandsturdyinbone
Thereisaslightangleatthepasterndenoting
flexibility.

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Hindquarters5points
Thehindquartersarepowerful,havingsmooth,yet
welldefinedmuscles
Thestifleiswellbent
Thehocksarewellletdown
WhenStandingHocksareParallel
CowhocksareaMajorFault
Gaitrequirespowerfuldriveintherear,
coordinatedwithextendedreachinthefront.
Balancedangulationforeandaftiscrucial.
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Feet5points

Feetareveryimportant
Frontandrearfeetareroundandcompactwiththickelastic
padsandwellarchedtoes
Toenailsareblackand/orwhiteinblackspotteddogs,
Brownand/orwhiteinliverspotteddogs.
Dewclawsmayberemoved
FlatfeetareaMajorFault
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Gait10Points
InkeepingwiththeDalmatian'shistoricaluseasa
coachdoggaitandenduranceareofgreat
importance.
Movementissteadyandeffortless
Balancedangulationforandaftcombined
withproperheadcarriageproducessmooth
efficientaction
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Gait HeadToplineandTail

Thetoplineremainslevel
AstheDalmatianmoves,theheadshouldbeheld
forwardandlowered.Thehead,toplineandtailshould
createasmoothcontinuousline.
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Gait

Click on picture

Gait

ColorandMarkings25points
Dalmatiansarebornpurewhiteexceptpatches

2patches9notpatched

2patches5notpatched
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ColorandMarkingsandtheir
overallappearancearevery
importanttobeevaluated
Thegroundcolorispurewhite
Inblackspotteddogsthespots
aredenseblack
Inliverspotteddogs,thespots
areliverbrown.
Anycolormarkingsotherthan
blackorliverare
Disqualifications
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ColorandMarkings
Spotsareroundandwelldefined.
Themoredistinctthebetter
Theyvaryfromthesizeofdimetothesizeofahalf
dollar
Theyarepleasinglyandevenlydistributed
Thelessspotsinterminglethebetter
Distinctivelyspotted

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TricolorisaDisqualification
(whichoccursrarelyinthisbreed)

BlackSpotted
Tri Color

TricolorconsistsofTANmarkingfoundonthehead,
neck,chest,legortailofablackorliverspotteddog.
Tricolor isapattern similartoothertricoloreddogs.
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Coins
Moredistinct

Lessdistinct

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OldAgeTicking

Noticethedifferenceinspottingfromtheshowsidetotheoffside
Thisisthesamedogat2yearsofage(left)and7yearsofage(right)

ColorandMarkings
Spotsareusuallysmalleronthehead,legsandtail
thanonthebody.
Earsarepreferablyspotted
Earscanbeginasspottedanddarkenasthedog
ages.Solidcoloredearsusuallyhavesomewhite
guardhairs

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Patches
Apatchisasolidmassofblack
orliverhaircontainingno
whitehair.
Apatchisappreciablylarger
thananormalsizedspot
Patchesalwayshavesmooth
edgesSpotsarescalloped
Patcheshaveasilkierfeel
PatchesareaDisqualification
47

Patchesaredensebrilliantcolorwithsharply
defined,smoothedges.Patchesarepresentatbirth
Thispatchhaspuppyguardhairs.Noticethesmooth
edge

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Overlappingmassesofspotshaveunevenedgesand
orwhitehairsscatteredthroughoutthemass.
Overlappingmassesofspotsfrequentlyappearonthe
throatneckandunderbelly
Largecolormassesformedbyintermingledor
overlappingspotsarenot patches

49

Spottingpatternsvary

Allofthesepatternsareacceptable.Spottingisa
majorcomponentofbreedtype
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Thesedogsareconsideredverycolorful

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Extremespottingpatternsdetractingfrombreedtype
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Spottingchangesadogsappearanceandoutline
dontbefooled

58

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Bronzingofblackspotsandorfadingofliverspots
duetoenvironmentalconditionsornormal
processesofcoatchangeareNOT tricoloration

65

Coat5points
Coatisshort,dense,fineandclose
fitting
Neitherwoolynorsilky
Sleek,glossyandhealthyin
appearance

Temperament10points
Stable
Outgoing,yetdignified
ShynessisaMajorfault

WhenapproachingaDalmatian,walkcasually
towardthedog.
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ScaleofPoints
GeneralAppearance

Size,proportion,substance

10

Head

10

Neck,topline,body

10

Forequarters

Hindquarters

Feet

Coat

Colorandmarkings

25

Gait

10

Temperament

10

Total

100

Summary
Faults
Ringtail
Lowsettail
Under19inches,
Over23Inchesatwithers

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Summary
Majorfaults
Ectropion&entropion,trichiasis
Incompletepigmentationoftheeyerimsor
nose(leather)
Flatfeet
Cowhocks

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Summary
DQs
Over24atthewithers
Overshotorundershotbite
Anycolormarkingsotherthanblackorliver
Tricolor
Patches

70

BreedCharacteristics
Movement BodyShapeSpotting
25ptsareassignedtocolorandmarkings.After
subtractingforhead,coat,&temperament,more
thanhalfthepointsrelatetostructureorfunction.
Thus,bothspottingandsoundnessareessential
partsofcorrectDalmatiantype.

JUDGETHEENTIREDOG

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Questions
and
Answers

TipsonJudging
Firstappearanceonthegoaround
Lookforproperoutline
Whenviewingfromsidelookforunfortunate
markings
Approachfromthefrontwithouthesitation
Lookatbothsidesofthedog
ExamisbasicallyTeeth,Touch,Testes
DonotstressorobsessoverPatchesandTriColor
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