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7

Ecuacin exponencial
Marco terico
Son aquellas ecuaciones que presentan la incgnita
en el exponente.

Teorema 2:
x x = y y x = y; x, y 0

Ejemplo:
ZZ

ZZ

27
( a + 4 )( a + 4 ) =

Solucin

Teorema 1:
x

a = a x = y ;a 0
a 1

ZZ

Teorema 3
a b;a x = b x x = 0

ZZ

32

=1

Solucin

2 = 3

ZZ

7a3 = 5

x 8=0
2

x 8=
=
x 16
2

x +=
5 0
x =5

b+8

a 3 = 0 a = 3
b + 8 = 0 b = 8

Teorema 4

52x =125
x

x +5


Solucin:

ZZ

x +5

ZZ

2x = 3
x=3
2

ZZ

41
X_1Ao_S7_Ecuacin exponencial.indd 41

x
..
x.

x
..
.
x

=n x = n n

=5 x =5 5


LGEBRA

24/02/2014 05:56:58 p.m.

1.er ao

ecuacin exponencial

Trabajando en Clase
Integral

1. Resuelve:
2

x +9

6. Resuelve:

13

=2

=5

4x + 3

a = 27

3x 4

UNMSM
3x 4

=2

PUCP

8. Calcula a:

2x 5

=8

3a

16

(2 )
4

Resolucin:

2x 5

2x 5 = 3
2x = 8
x = 8/2
x=4

5. Resuelve:

3x 14

=8

= 81

lgebra

X_1Ao_S7_Ecuacin exponencial.indd 42

a 1

= 32

Recuerda:
16 = 24
32 = 25

Resolucin:

4. Resuelve:
2

3a

16

( )
5

= 2

n +1

n +1

x 8

81
=9


10. Calcula: x 4
77
( x +1)( x +1) =

n+2

= 27

( )

.814

.n

( ) ( )

.3

n +1 + 2n + 4

= 393n .3164n
93n +164n

=3


3n+5 = 257n
3n+7n = 255

10n = 20

n=2

13. Resuelve:

3n

n+2
3n
4n
. 32
= 33
. 34

n +1 2n + 4

a 1


12 4a = 4a 5
12 + 5 = 5a+ 4a
17 = 9a
17/9 = a

.9

Resolucin:
Recordemos
9 = 32
27=33
81 = 34
3

a 1



9. Calcula: x

= 32

3a

x +2

=5


12. Calcula: n

UNI

3. Resuelve:

x
..
x.

=1

7. Resuelve:

2. Resuelve:

2x 10

11. Calcula: x

x +2

.4

x +3

5 x

= 84x .16

14. Resuelve:

x 2
27 3 = 81

42
24/02/2014 05:56:58 p.m.