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PEROLEHAN PROJEK

(PROJECT PROCUREMENT)

Procurement
What is it all about??
It is about delivering the project

Can define as;


a process of obtaining a range of construction
services and supplies in order to deliver a
construction solution to an identified need

PRE-CONSTRUCTION

Feasibility
Study

Project
brief

concept
design
authorities
policy

Design

Schematic
design
Detailed
design
Approval

Construction

Tender

Call/open
tender
Tender
report

Commission & Handover

Defect Liability Period

Certificate of Practical
Completion
Certificate of Fitness

Letter of
Acceptance

Initiation

CONSTRUCTION

Certificate
Of Completion Making
Good Defect

The Categorization of the Project Procurement


System

Separate and
Cooperative

Management
Oriented

Integrated

Traditional
Variants of
Design & Build

Design & Build

Package
Deals

Develop &
Construct
Turnkey

Management
Contracting

Design and
Manage

Construction
Management

Separated Procurement System


Known as traditional system or conventional
system or design-bid-build
Consultants design and carry out financial
management
Contractors manage the production process

Separated Procurement System


Separate of the responsibility
Clients consultant responsibility

contractor

PRE-CONSTRUCTION
Initiation

Feasibility
Study

Design

CONSTRUCTION
Tender

Construction

Commission & Handover

Separated Procurement System


Basic characteristics
i. Project delivery is a sequential process
ii. The design must complete before work
commences on site
iii. Responsibility for managing the is project
divided between clients consultant and the
contractor
iv. Reimbursement;
Clients consultant : fees and expenses
Contractor
: paid for the work completed

Separated Procurement System


Is based upon rigid separation of design and
construction
The system is sequential in nature.
It starts with the client appointing design
consultants to prepare complete design and tender
documents before tender invitation is made.

CONTRACTUAL AND FUNCTION RELATIONSHIP


CLIENT

ARCHITECT ACTING AS
DESIGN LEADER AND
PROJECT MANAGER

DESIGN
CONULTANTS

QUANTITY
SURVEYOR

MAIN CONTRACTOR

NOMINATED / NAMED
SUBCONTRACTORS

Contractual relationship
Functional relationship
Alternative relationship

DOMESTIC
SUBCONTRACTOR

INTEGRATED PROCUREMENT SYSTEM

Perolehan Secara Design and Build


Pihak kontraktor akan mengemukakan cadangan kepada
pihak klien berdasarkan maklumat (design brief) yang
diberikan.
Pihak kontraktor akan melantik arkitek, jurutera dan
jurukur bahan bagi memenuhi kehendak klien
Klien akan mengawasi pelaksanaan projek tersebut
melalui pengurus projek yang dilantik
Klien hanya berurusan dengan satu organisasi sahaja
Initiation

Feasibility
Study

Tender
Documentation

Concept
Design

Tendering and
Contracting

Construction
Detailed Design

Client & Consultants Responsibility

Contractors Responsibility

Commission &
Handover

Perolehan Secara Design & Build


CLIENT

CLIENTS AGENTS

MAIN CONTRACTOR

CONTRACTORS PROJECT TEAM


QUANTITY
SURVEYOR

ARCHITECT

ENGINEER

CONTRACTORS MANAGER
CONTRACTORS SITE TEAM

SITE
MANAGER
Contractual relationship
Organisational relationship

SITE
ENGINEER

SITE SURVEYOR

SUPPORT
STAFF

MANAGEMENT PROCUREMENT SYSTEM

Perolehan Secara Pengurusan


Kontraktor yang terpilih ialah bagi mengatur dan mengurus
pelbagai subkontraktor yang melaksanakan kerja-kerja
pembinaan
Kontraktor ini tidak terlibat dalam kerja pembinaan tetapi
hanya bertindak sebagai koordinator bagi memastikan kerja
dijalankan secara teratur
MANAGEMENT PROCUREMENT SYSTEM
Initiation

Feasibility
Study

Tender Doc. &


Client Req.

Detail design and/or


shop drawings
Concept
Design

Bidding &
Contracting

Construction

Package Contractors
Responsibility
Client & Consultants Responsibility

Contractors Responsibility

Commission &
Handover

Perolehan Secara Pengurusan


Pembinaan

Contractual relationship
Organisational relationship