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Espaol 2 & pre-AP/BI 2

Captulo 2A

El PRETRITO: LOS USOS


1. The preterite is used to express an action or series of actions
completed in the past.
Fui al centro temprano.
I went downtown early.
Despus de levantarse, el muchacho sali al patio, vio dos ardillas, les dio
algo de comer y volvi a la casa de nuevo.
After getting up, the boy went out to the patio, saw two squirrels, gave them
something to eat, and went back into the house again.
Ayer llovi.
It rained yesterday.
2. The preterite is used to indicate the beginning or the end of an action
that took place in the past.
El hombre empez a hablar.
The man began to speak.
De repente, dej de nevar.
Suddenly, it stopped snowing.
3. The preterite is used to state a fact about an event or series of events
that took place in a completed time period (what happened).
Mi suegra slo estuvo aqu quince minutos.
My mother-in-law was only here fifteen minutes.
El siglo XVIII fue un siglo de muchas revoluciones.
The eighteenth century was a century of many revolutions.
Here are some keys words that usually prompt the preterite: ayer, anteayer,
anoche, la semana pasada, el mes (ao) pasado, hace # das (semanas,
meses, aos), cuando (when used as an interruption), el otro da, de
repente, en seguida (next)

EL PRETRITO
LAS CONJUGACIONES
MAKE SURE YOU KNOW THE MEANING OF
ALL THE VERBS ON THESE PAGES!!!

REGULAR
-AR
-
-aste
-

-ER; -IR
-amos
-asteis
-aron

-
-iste
-i

-imos
-isteis
-ieron

-CAR

-GAR

-ZAR

c - qu

g - gu

z-c

Spelling changes for yo form ONLY!


buscar
chocar
explicar
practicar
sacar
pagar
secar
tocar
Ejemplo:

apagar (apagu)
entregar
jugar
llegar

toqu
tocaste
toc

tocamos
tocasteis
tocaron

almorzar (almorc)
comenzar
empezar
lanzar
organizar

VERBS THAT CHANGE "I" TO "Y"


Change the "i" of the 3rd person endings to "y";
put an accent on all the other "i" forms in the
endings.
caer (se)
construir
creer
le
leste
ley

leer
incluir
or

lemos
lesteis
leyeron

o
oste
oy

omos
osteis
oyeron

-IR STEM-CHANGING VERBS


ONLY change in 3rd person singular or plural
e -- i
pedir
repetir
seguir
servir
ped
pediste
pidi

pedimos
pedisteis
pidieron

o -- u
preferir
rer*
sentir
sonrer*
*re
reste
ri

dormir
morir

remos
resteis
rieron

dorm
dormimos
dormiste dormisteis
durmi
durmieron

PRETERITE TENSE OF IRREGULAR


VERBS (TYPE I)
Irregular verbs NEVER have accent marks!
ir; ser
fui
fuiste
fue

dar
di
diste
dio

dimos
disteis
dieron

fuimos
fuisteis
fueron

ver
vi
viste
vio

vimos
visteis
vieron

PRETERITE TENSE OF IRREGULAR


VERBS (TYPE II)
REMEMBER: Irregular verbs NEVER EVER
have accent marks!
USE THE LAZY Z TO HELP YOU GET TO THESE
ENDINGS!!!
-e
-iste
-o

-imos
-isteis
-ieron

THESE VERBS ALSO HAVE IRREGULAR STEMS!


UV
andar
estar
tener

J*

anduvestuvtuv-

decir
traer
producir
traducir
conducir

dijtrajprodujtradujconduj-

* (Drop the "i" from the 3RD person plural ending)

I
hacer
querer
venir

U_
hic- (3rd person-"hizo")
quisvin-

poder
poner
saber
caber
haber

pudpussupcuphubo*

*(This is the only form used; no other conjugation.


Just like "hay" is the only form used in the present.)