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A principios del siglo XX, eran muy pocos los ecuatorianos que dejaban el pas para asentarse en el

extranjero
Entre las dcadas de 1910 y 1920, debido al boom del caucho en el Oriente y el del cacao en la
Costa, la gente adinerada y poderosa de ese tiempo enviaba a sus hijos a estudiar en el exterior.
Esa emigracin era selectiva, eventual y dio como resultado que quienes iban a Europa o a Estados
Unidos no representaran mucho en las estadsticas de esos pases.
Fue a partir de la dcada de 1950 y 1970 en que se comenz a registrar la salida de personas de
bajos ingresos econmicos que viajaban principalmente a Estados Unidos Australia y Canad para
mejorar su situacin econmica, por necesidad, y algunas de ingresos medios que iban.
En los aos 80, la movilizacin humana hacia el exterior se increment debido a la influencia de
modas, modos y costumbres comenz a calar sobre todo en los hogares de clases media baja y
baja.
Luego de la aguda crisis econmica y financiera de 1999, ms de tres millones de ecuatorianos
abandonaron el pas con rumbo a diferentes destinos, dirigindose la mayora hacia Estados
Unidos, Espaa e Italia (a estos tres destinos fueron como mano de obra principalmente). Tambin
hubo emigracin a otros pases como Venezuela, Chile (con una buena cantidad de profesionales
mdicos o ligados a esta rea),Canad (profesionales tcnicos) y, en menor grado y por diversos
motivos, hacia Israel, Blgica, Mxico y el Reino Unido. No se conoce con exactitud cuntos
ecuatorianos han emigrado, aunque extraoficialmente se calcula que solo en Espaa viven casi
600 000 ecuatorianos.
En enero de 2007, el Gobierno nacional cre la Secretaria Nacional del Migrante encargada de
definir la poltica pblica sobre movilidad humana. Ecuador desarroll entonces importantes temas
de movilidad humana para impedir la emigracin.
Luego de 2002 la emigracin se ha ido reduciendo ao tras ao con la estabilidad econmica y se
redujo ms fuertemente con el inicio de la crisis del primer mundo en 2007 y el desarrollo
significativo de la economa nacional y que desde el 2010 se ha limitado prcticamente a migracin
por razones de becas estudiantiles y meramente tursticas o comerciales

Emigration is the movement of people to establish in another country or region, usually for
economic or social causes. This situation has caused several social problems: family
breakdown, loss professionals, psychological problems and others. In Ecuador the government
have not taken enough measures to reduce the impact caused by the emigration of previous
years.
In the early twentieth century, there were very few Ecuadorian people that left the country.
Between 1910 and 1920, the wealthy and powerful people of that time sent their children to
study abroad due to the rubber boom and cocoa in the country. That migration was selective,
and eventually did not represent much in the statistics of Ecuador.
It was from the 1950s and 1970s that began to record the output of people due low-income to
the United States Australia and Canada to "improve economic situation", by necessity, and
some people middle-income also left the country.
After the acute economic and financial crisis of 1999, more than three million Ecuadorians left
the country bound for different destination: United States, Spain and Italy (these three
destinations were as labor mainly). There was also emigration to other countries such as
Venezuela, Chile (with a lot of doctors or linked to this area professionals), Canada (technical
professional) and to a lesser degree and for different reasons, to Israel, Belgium, Mexico and
the United Kingdom .
Thus the people most affected are children and young people growing up without a parent. In
several cases, young people seek refuge in drugs or other vices because the feelings generated
by the removal of a parent. Children are suffering the most, as they are assigned tasks that are
not age appropriate, such as washing, cleaning and care for their little brothers or sisters,
including bathing, dressing and be aware of them, rather than these study or play according to
their age.
After 2002 emigration has been declining year after year with economic stability and reduced
more strongly with the onset of the crisis of the first world in 2007 and the significant

development of the national economy and since 2010 has been limited almost migration for
student scholarships and merely tourist or commercial
In January 2007, the national government created the National Secretariat for Migrants
responsible for defining public policy on human mobility. Ecuador then developed important
issues of human mobility to prevent emigration. However, there are no socal programs that help
psychologically or economicante people affected by emigration for free.

Sin embargo, no existen programas socales que ayuden psicologicamente o economicante a


personas afectadas por la emigracin de manera gratuita.
After 2002 emigration has been declining year after year with economic stability and reduced more
strongly with the onset of the crisis of the first world in 2007 and the significant development of the

national economy and since 2010 has been limited almost migration for student scholarships and
merely tourist or commercial

Thus las personas ms afectadas son nios y jvenes que crecen sin su padre o madre. En
varios casos, los jvenes se refugian en las drogas u otros vicios debido a los sentimientos
generados por el alejamiento de su padre o madre. Los nios son los que ms sufren, pues se les
asignan tareas que no son propias de su edad, como lavar ropa, limpiar y cuidar a sus hermanitos o
hermanitas, que incluye el baarlos, vestirlos y estar pendiente de ellos, en vez de que estas
estudien o jueguen acorde a su edad.

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