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A special 95th anniversary tribute to the

Ukrainian National Association appears

on pages 5 through 9.

ffl rainian Weekly

llshedJ)jMh^ Association Inc.. a fraternal non-profit association^


Chornobyl effects Ukrainian Language Society conference reveals defiance

in Byelorussia by Bohdan Nahaylo Among the speakers were the senior
figure of the Ukrainian literary com­
his "retirement."
The speakers rejected the principle of
On February 11-12 the Taras Shev- munity, Oles Honchar, and the head of Russian-native language bilingualism
revealed by Soviets chenko Ukrainian Language Society
held its inaugural conference in Kiev.
the Kiev branch of the Writers' Union of and demanded that Ukrainian be made
Ukraine, Ivan Drach. the sole official language of the Ukrain­
J E R S E Y C I T Y , N.J — Almost one- The meeting of this important informal The Ukrainian authorities were re­ ian S S R , though on the understanding
fifth of Byelorussia's agricultural land patriotic association, which is named presented by the republic's ideological that the rights of Russian and other
was contaminated by radioactive fall­ after the national poet of Ukraine, secretary, Yuriy Yelchenko, and the minority languages in Ukraine be
out from the April 1986 Chornobyl turned into an impressive manifestation deputy chairman of the Ukrainian S S R guaranteed legal protection.
nuclear disaster, Pravda, the Soviet of Ukrainian national assertiveness and Council of Ministers, Maria Orlyk. In Ukraine, it was stressed', Ukrainian
Communist daily newspaper reported of protest against the reactionary What they witnessed must have left should be recognized as the republic's
on February 11. policies of the Ukrainian Party leader­ them with no doubt as to the defiant language of inter-nationality discourse.
This figure, released almost three ship headed by Volodymyr Shcherbyt- mood of the nationally minded ele­ Jewish and Korean speakers represent­
years after the worst nuclear disaster in sky. ments in Ukrainian society. ing Ukraine's national minorities sup­
history, further confirms reports broad­ The society is concerned with im­ Most of the speeches are reported to ported this position.
cast on the Soviet nightly news pro­ proving the situation of the Ukrainian have been very forthright. Strong The party authorities in Kiev came
gram, "Vremya," in early February, language and culture and is led by criticism was voiced about the damage under strong attack for pulling in an
which reveals that people in Byelorussia writers and other representatives of the done to the Ukrainian language and opposite direction to that of the forces
were never told that they were living in Ukrainian cultural intelligentsia. In culture during the Stalin and Brezhnev for national renewal in Ukraine, and in
radioactive "hot spots." Nor were they recent months, branches of the society periods and quite a few of the speakers particular for exacerbating strains in
told of the potential danger to their have sprung up all over Ukraine. Thus, attacked the policies of the Shcherbyt- their relations with the Writers' Union
health. The news report clearly indicat­ in a relatively short span of time, the sky regime. of Ukraine.
ed that government authorities were society has developed into an important One of them, a woman teacher from The delegates also embarrassed the
aware that 20 settlements were in patriotic pressure group. Berdyanske even reminded the confer­ Ukrainian ideological secretary by dis­
dangerous situations soon after the According to the first reports provid­ ence of the conditions in which Petro regarding his opposition to the idea of
accident, but kept quiet, UPI reported ed by Radio Kiev and a Moscow repre­ Shelest had been removed as the repub­ creating a Ukrainian popular front in
earlier this month. sentative of the Ukrainian Helsinki lic's party leader in 1972 for alleged support of restructuring based on the
According to the "Vremya" broad­ Union, the inaugural conference was Ukrainian nationalism and replaced by Baltic model. In recent months this
attended by 500 delegates and 200 Mr. Shcherbytsky. issue has led to a confrontation between
cast on February 2, from Minsk, Byelo­
russia's capital city, local government observers from all over the republic. Up Mention of Mr. Shcherbytsky's name the Shcherbytsky leadership and the
officials kept secret maps showing the to 2,000 more people for whom there is reported to have been met with boos, Writers' Union of Ukraine. Mr. Yel­
level of contamination throughout the was no room in the hall listened to the and at one point, the delegates spontan­ chenko was booed when he reiterated
proceedings over a loudspeaker system. eously rose to their feet and called for the warning that such a movement
republic immediately following the
would amount to a political opposition
Chornobyl disaster.
"Up until now, all these maps since
the accident were a half-secret if not
National democratic movements Every mention of a Ukrainian popu­
fully top-secret. The public of the lar movement for restructuring is re­
Byelorussian republic did not know the issue "Charter of Freedom" ported to have drawn loud applause antf
chants of "Popular Front," "Popular
whole truth about the accident," the
report stated. Front." When it came to voting on the
J E R S E Y C I T Y , N.J. — Non-Rus­ appeal to the Russian intelligentsia, the matter, Mr. Yelchenko left the hall. The
These newest reports have prompted sian representatives of national de­ Russian democratic movement and all conference's support for the creation of
Soviet authorities to evacuate the mocratic movements in Armenia, Geor­ Russian patriots to "support the ac­ Baltic-type popular movementswas
above-mentioned 20 villages in the gia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Byelo­ cepted international views regarding registered in the resolutions.
Byelorussian republic because of con­ russia, Ukraine and the Crimean Tatars national independence" as expressed in
tinuing high levels of fallout, Reuters met on January 28-29 in Vilnius, the final document of the Vienna review The head of the ideology department
reported on February 3. Some of the Lithuania, for the fifth time since the meeting of the Conference on Security of the Central Committee of the Com­
villages, mostly farming communities formation last June in Ukraine of the and Cooperation in Europe, only 16 munist Party, Leonid Kravchuk, was
are up to 200 miles north of the accident Coordinating Committee of the Non- signed the far more radical charter. strongly criticized by some of the
site. Russian Patriotic Movements of the speakers for his recent attacks on
The charter announced the formation Ukrainian television against the Writ­
This number is in addition to the 107 USSR, reported the press service of the of a committee, "which will unite its
settlements in Byelorussia that were Ukrainian Helsinki Union. ers' Union of Ukraine in connection
efforts towards the formation of na­ with the latter's efforts to form a
evacuated immediately after the April Thirty-two individuals representing tionally liberated and independent
1986 disaster. popular movement in support of re­
17 non-Russian groups participated in states."
Reuters also reported that most structuring. Mr. Drach is reported to
the meeting, which was also attended by
official attention in the last two years What makes the document more have stated that Mr. Krawchuk's misre­
Sergei Grigoryants, editor of Glasnost
has focused on the aftermath in U- radical than any previous ones issued by presentation of the writers' actions and
magazine. Mykola Horbal, Oles Shev-
kraine, where the accident occurred. the representatives of non-Russian motives left him no option but to take
chenko, Ivan Makar and Bohdan Hryt-
Even here the evacuation was delayed national democratic movements is its the official to court. At one stage,
say represented the Ukrainian Helsinki
36 hours until Ukrainian authorities insistence on total independence for the delegates began shouting "Kravchuk
Union at the meeting.
devised a plan. respective nations. Out" "Kravchuk Out."
Two documents of particular signi­
But over the last several weeks, the ficance were issued during the parley: an "Without wishing to impose our ideas The case of the Ukrainian poet Vasyl
Soviet media has concentrated on appeal to the Russian intelligentsia and of a state system and sovereignty on Stus, who died in the Soviet labor camp
effects in neighboring Byelorussia, a "Charter of Freedom of the Enslaved anybody, we however, consider it unac­ in September 1985, was raised by the
which was in the direct path of a stream Peoples oi the Ubbk. ceptable that nations should exist not writer Stanislav Telniuk who demanded
(Continued on page 16) While all the participants signed the (Continued on page 11) (Continued on page 16)

I The


years of service
National Association,

to t h e U k r a i n i a n

Eyewitness accounts of Ukrainian famine recording changes in the USSR
appear in Dnipropetrovske newspaper Sohoydochny Street
Ukraine's national, cultural and re­
ligious rights.
Andrei Aleksandrovch Zhdanov
by Dr. David Marples spikes to make thrusts into the soil to If you're in Kiev this summer and (1896-1948), was a Soviet Communist
ensure that no grain had been concealed want to find an address on Zhdanov leader and general, a loyal supporter of
The famine of 1933 continues to beneath the surface. Street, you may be looking for a long Stalin. He took part in both the
evoke unhappy memories in many parts Despite protests and even physical time. For, according to the capital city's Finnish-Russian War and World War II.
of Ukraine. In a recently obtained copy resistance from farmers, all the grain executive committee, the name of the A full member of the Politburo, he was
of Prapor Yunosti, the Dnipropetrov­ was taken from the village. Subsequent­ street is being changed in honor of instrumental in forming anti-Western
ske Oblast Komsomol newspaper, from ly, the village church was pulled down Hetman Petro Konashevych Sahayda- policy.
August 1988, several writers, including and several families were arrested and
chny, (1570-1622) a Ukrainian military The street's history is quite interes­
a poet and a historian, recall the events deported on the grounds that they were
and political leader of the 17th century. ting. Located in the Podil section of
of the famine, from personal reminis­ kulaks — in fact, they were middle
The Ukrainian Kozak, an accomp­ Kiev, the old lower district closest to the
cences and from stories passed on down peasants, Mr. Mytsyk reports. Many
lished commander and clever diplomat, Dnieper River was named Re­
the generations. died on the route eastward. Famine
began in the area and spread in the is credited with playing an important volution Street in 1919. In 1934 the
This review of the events of that
spring and summer of 1933. role in the liberation struggle of the upper portion of this road was re­
period was evidently prompted by the
Ukrainian people against Turkish en­ named Kirov Street. The lower portion
publication in the June 18,1988, edition There were said to be similar events in
slavement. of the street, which runs from the Post
of the same newspaper of the poem the neighboring villages of Zubani,
Demchenky, Ivano-Selyshche and Hetman Sahaydachny's name is often Square to the Red Square was renamed
"Holod" (Famine) by the Ukrainian
poet Oleksander Zaivyi, written in Kovnirivshchyna. connected with the new cultural revival for Zhdanov in 1955. That year the
1963, when the author was 27 (Mr. It is said that people were becoming of Kiev, the city to which he moved the street merged into one independent
Zaivyi is in fact one of those whose swollen from hunger, and resorted to hetman's seat in the early 1600s. It was thruway.
comments appear in the newspaper, eating foliage from the woods, young during this time upon the initiative and It is interesting to note that at the
responding to a critique of his poem). reeds and even bullrushes from the local under the protection of the Kozaks that intersection of Post Square and Alek-
Most significant in these accounts of river. Cases of cannibalism became the Orthodox hierarchy was renewed in sandrivsky Street, (Zhdanov Street)
the period of the famine is that of a manifest and became terrifying when Kiev with the consecration of a Me­ once stood the Church of the Nativity,
candidate of history, Yu. Mytsyk, who bands would form a hunt for potential tropolitan and five bishops in 1620. destroyed by the Soviets during World
describes the events with a frankness victims. On the steppes afterward, it is Kiev became the spiritual and eccle­ War II. It was at this church that the
unusual even in the current era of related, one would often come across siastical center of Ukraine and the coffin carrying Taras Shevchenko's
glasnost. people's skeletons because many would Zaporozhian Kozaks came into con­ body to Kaniv rested before the funeral
The publication of the poem "Holod" leave their native village to look else­ tact with Ukrainian intellectual circles, procession made its way to his final
has also been undertaken by the journal where for food and then "die along the as Hetman Sahaydachny defended resting place in May 1861.
Promin, and the Komsomol newspaper route."
saw fit to do the same in order that its At the time of the famine, Mr.
readers might discuss the poem in the Mytsyk recounts, his grandmother's
light of new writings about the 1933 parents perished, as did her brother and
famine. For 25 years, it pointed out, the two nephews. One of the latter, Danylo,
poem remained "in the desk drawer," evidently asked his mother if she could
i.e., it was suppressed. Mr. Mytsyk not bring him some "fish guts or even
makes reference to other creative works frogs' legs" to eat, and upon hearing
about the famine from the same period that she could find none of cither,
by M. Alekseyev, M. Stelmakh, I preferred to die rather than live.
Stadniuk and V. Sosiura. Another Mr. Mytsyk reports that in the
correspondent, V. Kyrsanov, begins villages of Lutsi and Domchenky, half
with a quotation about the famine from of the population died from hunger, and
a 1964 poem by Andriy Malyshko. Both that the village of Semymohyly (Hlo-
writers contrast the poetry on the byne Raion) "died completely." Here,
famine with the lack of historical he writes, "the church was overgrown
analyses and encyclopedia entries. with weeds." There is other evidence to
Mr. Mytsyk notes that the subject of suggest that the village, although even­
the 1933 famine has long been "taboo" tually repopulated, has remained very
for Soviet historians. If the famine was small in size. Mass graves were report­
mentioned in historical works, he states, edly dug for the population of all the
then it was all too briefly. More villages in the region.
recently,researchers have begun to write The author explains that his grand­
about the "disorganization of the mother survived, along with her four
economic life of the village" and later children, by gathering some coarse
about "sabotage." cloth materials and, along with some
In contrast, there has bqen little other women, taking a train to the
hesitancy, he points out, in writing village of Bakhmach in Chernihiv
about the famine of 1921, and particu­ Oblast, where they exchanged the cloth
larly about the role of Lenin and the for food. They were said to be astonish­ A map of the Podil section of Kiev, along the banks of the Dnieper River.
Bolshevik Party in trying to alleviate the ed at the plentiful supplies of food in
hardship experienced in the villages. this village as compared to their own,
Perhaps as a result of the scarcity of and brought supplies back to their
native village. FOUNDED 1933
authentic accounts, Mr. Mytsyk then
decides to inform the newspaper's The story is a harrowing one, but Ukrainian WeelclV
readers about the recollections of his both Mr. Mytsyk and Mr. Kyrsanov are
grandmother. Mariya Dzyuba, he surprisingly tentative and conservative An English-language Ukrainian newspaper published by the Ukrainian National
writes, was a simple peasant from a in their conclusions. Mr. Mytsyk com­ Association Inc., a non-profit association, at 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, N.J.
poor family who lived throughout her ments that the famine was partly a result 07302.
life (she was 33 at the time of the famine, of crop failure — which seems mistaken
and died in 1984) in her native village of unless he is referring to the harvest on Second-class postage paid at Jersey City, N.J. 07302.
Zubani (Poltava Oblast) and its neigh­ his local collective farm rather than in (ISSN — 0273-9348)
boring farmstead, Lutsi. Her story, as the republic generally — and to the
narrated by Mr. Mytsyk, runs as fol­ Stalinist methods of collectivization Yearly subscription rate: $20; for UNA members — $10.
lows. and Stalinist "lawlessness." He be­ Also published by the UNA: Svoboda, a Ukrainian-language daily newspaper.
In the winter of 1932-1933, a group of lieves that scientific research in the
"outsiders" acting on behalf of the future within the Soviet Union will The Weekly and Svoboda: UNA:
Soviet government arrived unexpect­ provide a more complete account of the (201) 434-0237, -0807, -3036 (201) 451-2200
edly in the village of Luka (Lokhvytsia history of the 1933 famine. Postmaster, send address
Raion, Poltava Oblast). They went to Similarly, Mr. Kyrsanov, whose changes to: Editor: Roma Hadzewycz
every house and requisitioned all the article is interspersed with poetic refer­ Associate Editors: Marta Kolomayets
The Ukrainian Weekly
grain, despite the fact that there were no ences, describes what he calls the
P.O. Box 346 Chrystyna Lapychak
rich peasants living in the village ("there "eternal uprightness" and steadfast Jersey City, NJ. 07303
was not a single kulak"). Evidently they morality of the village peasant in his
collected not pnly the grain, but even tattered home. . The problem, in his The Ukrainian Weekly, February 19, 1989, No. 8. Vol. LVII
vegetables that may have been grown on view, lies with the domination over that Copyright 1989 by The Ukrainian Weekly
private plots. Then they used sharp (Continued on page 15)
Sakharov urges legalization Rights activist Stepan Sapeliak
Of Ukrainian Catholic Church arrives in Canada for visit
SIENA, Italy — Speaking at a public The Reuters report also mentioned for a three-month visit that would take
meeting at Siena University, human that Pope John Paul I I has appealed him to the United States and England,
rights activist Andrei Sakharov called several times for the Ukrainian Catho­ in addition to Canada. He said his goal
for the legalization of the Ukrainian lic Church to be recognized in the Soviet was "to establish contacts with young
Catholic Church, Reuters reported. Union. He has pledged that he would people in the West, so that they will be
not visit the Soviet Union unless he aware of events in Ukraine."
"There is an absolutely anomalous He said he wanted to tell Ukrainian
situation in which an entire Church with could meet with practicing Catholics in
Ukraine and Lithuania. young people about the many unofficial
its great number of faithful finds itself in
groups that now exist in Ukraine, and
an illegal clandestine situation," Dr. Dr. Sakharov spoke about the nota­ especially about the " c u l t u r o l o g i c a l
Sakharov said on Thursday, February ble changes in conditions for the offici­ movement."
9. He asked that Italian Roman Catho­ ally recognized Russian O r t h o d o x Mr. Sapeliak said ecological trage­
lic to use all their influence to help Church, but added that the Church dies such as the Chornobyl nuclear
obtain the legalization of the Ukrainian needed more freedom to pursue spiri­ disaster and the mysterious ailment, due
Catholic Church, which is loyal to the tual and pastoral activities. to t h a l l i u m exposure, affecting the
During his visit to Italy, he received children of Chernivtsi are just part of
The outlawed Ukrainian Catholic
an honorary degree from Bologna the ecological disaster today affecting
Church in the Soviet U n i o n has 5
University. He was scheduled to visit Ukraine.
million believers, according to Church
Canada last week to receive honorary Mr. Sapeliak, who had been attempt­
sources. It was liquidated by the Soviet
degrees from the universities of Winni­ ing to visit Canada since February of
regime in 1946 and forced to unify with
peg and Ottawa. last year, when he first applied for a
the Russian Orthodox Church.
visa, said he found out on January 23 of
Dr. Sakharov, a 1975 Nobel Peace Dr. Sakharov, a dissident who spent this year that he would be able to travel
Prize winner and his wife, Yelena seven years in internal exile, is on his to that country. A week later he was in
Bonner were on a six-day visit to Italy, second trip to the West since October Toronto.
which also included an audience with 1988. Prior to this Dr. Sakharov was It took six to seven months of "quiet
Pope John Paul I I and Cardinal Myro- not permitted to travel abroad because diplomacy" by the Canadian Embassy
slav Ivan Lubachivsky, the prelate of he was said to know state secrets about to reverse Soviet authorities' earlier
all Ukrainian Catholics. the Soviet nuclear program. refusal to allow M r . Sapeliak to travel
abroad, he said.
Mr. Sapeliak is a member of the
editorial board of Kafedra, the journal
Ukrainian World War I detainees of the Ukrainian Association of Inde­
pendent Creative Intelligentsia (UANTI).
Stepan Sapeliak after his arrival in Ca­
seek Canadian compensation nada.
He is a former political prisoner who was
arrested in 1973 for replacing the Soviet
flag with the blue and yellow flag of free
by Chris Guly a Ukrainian arts conference last fall that by Roma Hadzewycz Ukraine in his hometown of Rosokhach,
calls for compensation are n o t h i n g Ternopil oblast. In addition, he was
O T T A W A — With a new federal more than a backward step on what he N O R T H YORK, Ontario — Stepan charged w i t h collecting nationalist
Cabinet appointed and ready for a considered inconclusive evidence. Sapeliak, 40, former Soviet political battle songs. As a result he was sentenc­
March recall to Parliament, several Unlike substantial records kept on prisoner and a leading member of the ed to five years' labor camp and three
Ukrainian Canadian groups will be Japanese internment during the World Ukrainian Association of Independent years' internal exile.
waiting for the Conservative govern­ War I I , most records of enemy alien Creative Intelligentsia, arrived i n In 1974, M r . Sapeliak was moved to
ment to decide on a controversial com­ activity during the first world war were Toronto on Monday night, January 30. the notorious Camp No. 36 in Perm.
pensation request for survivors of destroyed in the 1950s. The very next day the Kharkiv resident While imprisoned he resisted many
World War I detainment. appeared at a conference on "Glasnost attempts by the K G B to have h i m
However, Bill Werbeniuk, national
The Ukrainian Canadian Civil Liber­ in Soviet Ukraine" being held here at recant, and he was beaten and tortured
executive director of the Ukrainian
ties Commission met with Canadian York University just outside of Toron­ on several occasions. He completed his
Canadian Committee, said that Mr.
Secretary of State Gerry Weiner before to. (See story on page 4.) term in 1981 and took up residence in
Spolsky "is not a historian or research­
the election to seek redress for those er" and is unqualified to question the Mr. Sapeliak told The Ukrainian Kharkiv.
surviving of the 5,000 Ukrainian Cana­ validity of the two-year old claim, and Weekly that he had arrived in the West (Continued on page 11)
dians sent to 26 internment camps that missing i n f o r m a t i o n is in the
during the first world war. It is also process of being retrieved from British Obituary
estimated tha 88,000 were obligated to Archives.
register as enemy aliens.
Ukrainian Canadians are following
In 1915 the British Foreign Office had
advised the Canadian government that
the lead of the Japanese Canadian
community which received $300 million
Ivan Bazarko, former WCFU president,
most Ukrainian immigrants were from
the western provinces of Galicia and
Bukovina, then part of the Austro-
in restitution funds from the federal
government last October. UCCA activist, Ukrainian of the Year
Hungarian Empire, and were consider­ Unlike their Ukrainian counterparts,
NEW YORK — Ivan Bazarko,form­
ed "friendly." 14,000 of an original 22,000 Japanese-
er president of the World Congress of
Nonetheless, property and valuables Canadians interned from 1941 to 1949
Free Ukrainians, and former executive
were confiscated, and with the 1917 are still alive. Under Ottawa's compen­
director of the U k r a i n i a n Congress
Wartime Election A c t , people were sation plan, each Japanese survivor will Committee of America, died here on
disenfranchised and denied the right to receive $21,000 in addition to the $36 February 10. He was 78.
vote. By 1918, the Ukrainian Canadian million set aside for a general communi­
Mr. Bazarko was born October 6,
press and organizations were also either ty fund and $3 million to establish a
1910, i n D o v z h n i v , Sokal county,
suppressed or shut down. Canadian race relations foundation
Ukraine. He was a Ukrainian communi­
Although it is estimated that no more which will compile a list of survivors.
ty activist both in Ukraine and in
than 20 to 100 people have survived, The Chinese-Canadian N a t i o n a l diaspora.
several groups, including the commis­ Association also put a claim before In a d d i t i o n to his activity i n the
sion and the Ukrainian Canadian Com­ Secretary of State Weiner on behalf of UCCA and WCFU, for which he was
mittee want a formal acknowledgment 81,000 Chinese who were collectively perhaps best known, Mr. Bazarko was
from the federal government by 1990. charged $23 million worth in head taxes an honorary member of the Providence
Their demands also include individual from 1885 to 1921 They, too, are Association of Ukrainian Catholics.
compensation to survivors, a redress to claiming compensation for confiscated The United Ukrainian American Or­
the entire c o m m u n i t y t h r o u g h the land and tax payments. Under the ganizations of Metropolitan New York
establishment of a trust fund, and Chinese Immigration and Fxcise Act also named him an honorary member,
revisions to the new Emergency Meas­ and head tax, immigration to Canada and selected him to be Ukrainian of the
ures Act to prevent similar incidents in was prohibited from 1923 to 1947. Of Year for 1979.
the future. the 2,500 registered under the head tax, Mr. Bazarko was a member of nu­
Ivan Bazarko
There have also been calls for the the claimants discovered, one-third are merous Ukrainian organizations and a Surviving are M r . Bazarko's wife,
construction of historical markers at still alive. recipient of various awards for his Natalia; sons, Nestor and Volodymyr,
internment camps, including Fort But in all three cases, any financial or community work. with their wives and children; and other
Henrv near Kingston, Ontario, and formal apology will hardly dull the The funeral liturgy was held Tuesday, family members in the United States,
Brandon, Manitoba. memories of injustice. As the Kingston February 14, from St. George Ukrain­ Ukraine and Poland.
Yet, the community remains split on Daily British Whig wrote. "Thev fU- ian Catholic Church in New Y o r k . In lieu of flowers, the family has
the issue. Myron Spolsky, a member krainians) w i l l have shown in their Burial followed at St. Andrew s Ukrain­ requested memorial donations to St.
of the Ukrainian Canadian Commit­ hearts the seeds of bitterness that can ian Orthodox Cemetery in South George Church or the World Congress
tee's Manitoba Provincial Council, told never be extinguished." Bound Brook, N.J. of Free Ukrainians.
York University symposium on "Glasnost in Soviet Ukraine"
Speakers from Glasnost and perestroika: overview of unfolding processes
West and USSR by D r . Bohdan Krawchenko harvests in the USSR.
Given the size of the Soviet economy,
chev put it at the January 1987 Central
Committee Plenum.
PARTI OF TWO PARTS the scale of waste is mind-boggling. As
address sessions This conference is devoted to a
Mr. Gorbachev noted, "We have al­
ready arrived at a point where such
The role of democracy in the process
of economic reform was initially con­
ceived as a narrow one. Democracy
by Roma Hadzewycz
discussion of glasnost in Ukraine. Since waste is not only intolerable, but simply was reduced to greater criticism of
N O R T H YORK, Ontario — The first I noticed from the program that no one unsustainable." It was this "law of shortcomings and the chastisement of
scholarly conference held specifically to will be addressing the over-all Soviet increasing waste and inefficiency," or bureaucrats resisting change. But this
address the changes taking place in context, I thought that what I should do abysmal capital-output ratios, that cheerleader version of democracy was
Ukraine, in the context of the policies of in this address is give a brief overview of ultimately led to the crisis of the early soon recognized as a poor antidote to
glasnost and perestroika being promot­ glasnost and perestroika as a general 1980s that first brought Yuri Andropov the system's ills, for it failed to deal with
ed in the USSR as a whole under the process. and then Gorbachev to power. the essential point: namely, that there
leadership of General Secretary M i k ­ Glasnost has confronted us with
hail Gorbachev, took place at York information overload, a problem se­
University here, just outside of Toron­ cond only to that of perspective. As cannot have a stagnant, controlled society,
to, on Saturday, January 28, through Harley Balzer of Georgetown Universi­ a domineering political system — a n d , at the same
Tuesday, January 31. ty recently noted, "Things are moving
The conference brought together too fast, no one knows where they are time, expect economic dynamism. ...This is the poli­
scholars and specialists in the fields of going, and we are drowning in details/'
politics and the arts from Canada, the Clearly, there is a desperate need to tical imperative of glasnost, and the only guaran­
United States, England and Ukraine. understand, if possible, the "laws of tee of its continuation. To backtrack on glasnost
Among the speakers were the assis­ motion" of the large drama unfolding in
tant director of the Instituteof Literature the Soviet Union. would mean to plunge the economy deeper into
at the U k r a i n i a n SSR Academy of Only major crises give rise to major
Sciences, Dr. Mykola Zhulynsky, and reforms. The Gorbachev leadership
the mire of economic and social stagnation.
the first secretary of the Soviet Embassy took the reins of power in 1985 cog­
in Ottawa, Yuri Bogayevsky. Three nizant of the fact that they inherited a Gorbachev made it clear when he was are certain social and political pre­
former Soviet political prisoners, the country and a system in a state of elected to head the party on March 11, requisites for a flourishing economy,
Rev Vasyl Romaniuk, Danylo Shu- material and spiritual crisis. The symp­ 1985, that his most urgent task was the such as a flexible and innovative ad­
muk and Petro Ruban, who now reside toms of decay were everywhere: in economy. Andropovian methods were ministration, curtailment of police and
in North America, also served as pane­ foreign policy (the Afghan disaster), in to be used to achieve this end. A bureaucratic arbitrariness, a free move­
lists. culture (epitomized when Brezhnev was campaign was launched for tighter ment of ideas and information, free
A Ukrainian human rights activist awarded the Lenin prize for literature), discipline and order, and above all, the association, etc. As Abel Aganbegyan
who had just arrived in Toronto the in nationalities relations (a centrali­ power and authority of the party leader­ put i t , all previous attempts at re­
evening before, took the floor at the zation of power so mad that the firsi ship was to be restored. Structural forming the economy failed "because
conference's sometimes stormy conclud­ secretary of the Communist Party of reforms were .not proposed, and al­ the reforms were not synchronized with
ing panel on politics to pose a question Ukraine had to phone Moscow for though glasnost was affirmed by Gor­ a restructuring of other spheres of social
to Soviet representatives. permission to construct a pedestrian bachev at the 27th Communist Party life:" ' ' *'
Stepan Sapeliak, 40, a leading mem­ overpass in Kiev), and even in the health Congress in February 1986, it,remained Expressed differeritly, you cannot
ber of the Ukrainian Association of of the Soviet population (in contrast to an ineffectual slogan. But by the sum­ have a stagnant, controlled society, a
Independent Creative Intelligentsia and the trends in all Western countries, life mer of 1986 perestroika had entered a domineering political system — and, at
a member of the editorial board of its expectancy actually declined: from 71 to new phase, what Boris Kagarlitski calls the same time, expect economic dy­
journal, Kafedra, thus made his first 64 years of age since the 1960s in the its "golden age." The Chornobyl namism. If this were possible to achieve,
public appearance just hours after he case of men.) But the most pressing disaster and the political imperatives the dictators of this world would have
arrived in the West for a three-month crisis was economic. of economic reform changed the pic­ long ago produced their version of
visit. Everybody knew that official Soviet ture. Japan. But they have not and cannot.
statistics lied, but the size of the lie is The Chornobyl accident revealed the This is the political imperative of
E D I T O R ' S ' NOTE: With this only now becoming clear. General numerous weaknesses of the traditional glasnost, and the only guarantee of its
issue, The Ukrainian Weekly be­ Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev told his management system and its potentially continuation. To backtrack on glasnost
gins its extensive coverage of the top officials last year that once the cataclysmic consequences. The truth, would mean to plunge the economy
recent symposium held at York official figures are purged of the in­ more or less, about Chornobyl, opened deeper into the mire of economic and
University on the topic "Glasnost fluence of expanded vodka sales and the way to a more honest examina­ social stagnation.
in Soviet Ukraine." This week, higher prices for Soviet oil exports tion of a range of other contemporary As Seweryn Bialer has noted, Soviet
we offer a general news story during the Brezhnev years, it then turns problems, and in its wake soon followed society seems to be governed by a
about the conference and the first out that the USSR has been a no- a re-examination of the Stalinist past. peculiar social law which dictates that
part of Dr. Bohdan Krawchenko's growth economy for as long as 20 years.
opening address. In fact, things were even worse because
Still to come: reports on the of the operation of the "law of i n ­ If one were to look for guarantees of glasnost's per­
politics panels, arts panels^ open­ creasing inefficiency and waste." manence in the legal sphere..., then one would be
ing of an exhibit of works by artist In Ukraine, two years ago, every
Feodosiy Humeniuk, and Dr. fourth product of the machine-building disappointed. The reform of the criminal code is
George Grabowicz's concluding industry was obsolete (by Soviet stand­
address. ards) the moment it left the factory. In
slow in coming. Although there is much discussion
1983 the Soviet economy had to spend about zakonnost — legality — it is ironic that the
The Kharkiv writer asked Mr. Bo­ 3.7 times as much cast iron, 3 times as
gayevsky why the writers who are much steel and cement, and 2.3 times as initials KGB are never mentioned.
allowed to travel from Ukraine to the much oil as the American economy to
West are always the same group — Ivan produce a comparable unit of national Gorbachev's early economic policy, economic reform begins not with the
Drach, Dmytro Pavlychko, etc. — and income. The Soviet economy had that of increasing pressure on direct "economic base," but with the super­
why writers like the late Vasyl Stus, Ihor not yet entered the third technological producers, yielded some immediate structure. Gorbachev made this point
Kalynets and Yevhen Sverstiuk were results. A 4 percent growth rate was
r e v o l u t i o n —"plasties, electronics, succinctly at the 19th Party Conference
not and are not allowed to travel to, say, computers. Soviet labor productivity achieved in 1986 as enterprise directors last June when he said, "Today we are
Canada for roundtable discussions. He in agriculture is one-tenth that of the called into circulation hidden reserves facing many complicated problems.
also broached the idea of establishing a . U.S. (The USSR has more farmers than of raw materials. But almost all of this Which of these problems is they key
Ukrainian writers' club, akin to the PEN the industrialized West « „ u Japan growth, as Nikolai Shmelev has noted, one? The Central Committee of the
Club, that would unite all Ukrainian combined.) Up i6 one-third of a l l was attributed to the excess production party considers that it is the reform of
writers — those both in Ukraine and in vegetables harvested rot in the fields; of shoddy surplus goods. Success even our political system."
diaspora. * the equivalent of Canadian annual of this sort was shortlived: by 1987 But political reform is the thorniest of
Mr. Bogayevsky commented that industry grew by a mere 1.5 percent, and
p r o d u c t i o n of grain is lost d u r i n g issues since it concerns the essential
Soviet authorities would consider all the machine-building sector, considered feature of the Soviet U n i o n — the
possibilities in regard to permitting Bohdan Krawchenko is director of critical for perestroika, was stagnant. monopoly of political power enjoyed by
writers to travel abroad, while D r . the Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Reform through moral exhortation and the Communist Party and the panoply
Zhulynsky observed that U k r a i n i a n Studies at the University of Alberta and direct pressure was getting nowhere. of privileges that this entails. Reforms
literature outside of Ukraine should in associate profesmr of the Department It wa& in a speech in Krasnodar in adopted at the 19th Party Cor fere nee
fact be included within the framework of Slavic and East European Studies. September 1986 that Gorbachev first are aimed at invigorating the insti­
of the study of Ukrainian literature, The address above was delivered at spoke of the need to democratize Soviet tutions of the state beginning with the
"For years we did not study it, we the dinner that opened ike York Univer­society. Democratization was to be- Supreme Soviet, allowing for more tha§i
t&oft&% he - s a M ^ W e 'should send sity ryMpdsitfrti "Glasnost in Sovietco me a ft i nit tu me n t 6 f ref o r rri; the one candidate stand M r stat¥*knd
(Continued on pagf 13} Ukraine"on Saturday, January 28. "driving force ot perestroika"as Gorba- (Continued on page 13)
The Soyuz donates another $50,000
Fraternal to Harvard Project on Millennium
by A ndre J, Worobec
Fraternal Activities Coordinator

Mnohaya Lita Batko!

The Ukrainian National Association * * *
was founded on February 22, 1894, in This to let you know what is going on
the town of Shamokin, Pa. It then had a in the Fraternal Activities Depart­
membership of 439, assets of $220.35, ment.
and a lofty goal of being the first • To those UNA branch secretaries
guardian of Ukrainians in the U.S. (and, and district committees who have sent
since 1901, in Canada). in names, addresses and phone numbers
Today the UNA is over 75,000 strong of the fraternal activities coordinators in
with assets over $62 million. To our 95- their respective districts or branches, a
year-old organization which has ably big thank you. Many districts and
achieved the above-mentioned goal has branches have yet to respond in this
helped Ukrainians all over the world matter.
and has reached out to help people of If you haven't done so, please do it at
other nationalities whenever they were your earliest convenience, otherwise it
in need, we wish a resounding "Happy will be assumed that the district pre­
Birthday Batko Soyuz" and "Mnohaya sident or the branch secretary is carry­
Lita!" ing out the responsibilities of the district
or branch fraternal activities coordi­
• We are deeply grieved by the recent
The UNA has always supported the passing of Lev Blonarovych, secretary
family. Family memberships always of Branch 34 in Richmond, Va. Lev was Executive officers of the Ukrainian National Association present a check for
were the backbone of the UNA. Even last year's "UNA Fraternalist of the $50,000 to the Harvard Project. T h e check was the second $50,000
the basic idea of fraternal insurance is Year." It is a great loss, not only for his installment of the $150,000 pledged by the UNA for publication of works
to provide financial protection to the immediate family and friends, but for related to the Millennium of Christianity in Ukraine. Seen in the photo above
family when it loses its breadwinner. his branch, the Baltimore District, the (from left) are: Supreme Secretary Walter Sochan, Supreme Treasurer
Preserving the family is UNA's insur­ entire UNA and the Ukrainian com­ U l a n a D i a c h u k , Dr. S t e p a n W o r o c h , Dr. Omeljan Pritsak, S u p r e m e
ance for the future. munity. We surely will miss you, Lev. President John O. Flis and Bohdan Robak.
During its anniversary month, the
UNA would like to honor families
which are 100 percent UNA families. In
other words, if the entire family, a
UNA to sponsor folkloric ensemble from Lemkivshchyna
married couple, a parent and children
or father, mother and children, are
members of the UNA, with dues paid up
through January 1989, the UNA would
like to pay tribute to you by awarding
you a certificate.
The certificates of honor will be sent
to the respective district committees to
be distributed. This is our way of saying
to you, the UNA family, that you are
appreciated and that we are glad that
you have stayed with us through all this

New York's
Dumka Chorus
to honor UNA
J E R S E Y C I T Y , N.J. — In com­
memoration of two anniversaries — the
95th anniversry of the founding of the
Ukrainian National Association and its
own 4 )th jubilee — the Dumka Chorus
of Ne*v York will appear in a gala
conceit at Lincoln Center's Avery
Fisher Hall.
At a meeting between UNA executive
officers and representatives of the The Oslaviany Folkloric Ensemble of dancers, singers and musicians from Lemkivshchyna.
Dumka choir of New York, it was
decided that this concert will be held on J E R S E Y C I T Y , N.J. — The Oslavi­ The group has appeared throughout of Lemko dances and songs.
Sunday, September 17. any Folkloric Ensemble from Lemkiv­ Poland and in Czechoslovakia, and has
shchyna will tour North America this, The North American tour is being
Present at the meeting were: John O. some 140 performances to its credit. It
spring under the sponsorship of the arranged through the American Arts
Flis, UNA supreme president; Ulana works closely with the Ukrainian Social-
Ukrainian National Association in the agency headed by Henry Michalski,
Diachuk, supreme treasurer; and Svo­ Cultural Society (USKT) of Poland. Its
United States and the Ukrainian Cana­ which had handled similar tours by the
boda editor-in-chief Zenon Snylyk; director is Evhen Mohyla; Roman
dian Committee in Canada. Zhuravli Choir and the Lemkovyna
Simon Komirny, director of Dumka; Dlugosz is the musical-vocal assistant.
Folkloric Ensemble, also from Poland.
Ihor Rakowsky, president of the board; Oslaviany is a troupe of 35 singers, In preparation for its North Ameri­
and Olha Hayetsky and Olena Zamiata, dancers and musicians — young men can tour, the troupe has invited Lviv Oslaviany will perform first in the
members of the board. and women from the area around the choreographer Yaroslav Chuperchuk United States, beginning on March 30;
Dumka will invite singers and other village of Mokre, near Sianik, Poland. to teach its members folk dances from their tour will end in Canada on April
performers who have appeared with the The name of the ensemble is derived the Hutsul and Boyko regions of U- 24. The dates and locations of their
choir in the past to perform also at from the Oslava River that flows kraine. These will be added to the performances will be announced
Avery Fisher Hall. through the village. Oslaviany ensemble's usual repertoire shortly.

The Ukrainian National Association: 95 years of community service

Faces and Places
by Myron B. Kuropas

The UNA is 95
The Ukrainian National Association, the oldest, largest and strongest
Ukrainian fraternal benefit institution in the world, marks the 95th
anniversary of its founding on February 22, the birthday of the first
Celebrating the UNA
president of the United States, George Washington. It is fitting that the When we mark the 95th anniversary nik, the GCU organ, regarding quest­
of the Ukrainian National Association ions of ethno-national heritage. For
U N A was born on the birthday of "the father of our country," since in
on February 22, what is it that we will be Uhro-Rusyns the designation "Ukrai­
the years that followed, the Ukrainian National Association itself
celebrating? nian" was a radical — some called it
played the role of a father to U krainian immigrants to these shores and What is it that the U N A has ac­ "satanic" — departure from Rusyn
also became a founding father of Ukrainian American community life complished in the past 95 years that Catholic tradition. Hardly an issue of
in the United States. F o r that reason, the organization came to be deserves a celebration? Viestnik was published during this early
known as "Batko Soyuz." Isn't the U N A an insurance compa­ period without some condemnation of
From the beginning, Soyuz was poised to act in the interests of its ny? What's the big deal about cele­ the "Ukrainists" for their betrayal of the
members — providing for their material and spiritual well-being. At brating the anniversary of an insuracne Rusyn heritage.
first this meant seeing to it that members'families would have enough company? Another reef along the journey was
fdnds to bury the deceased and setting up reading rooms for the The Ukrainian National Association the Irish-dominated American Catholic
educational and spiritual enrichment of the community. The U N A is more than an insurance company. It is Church which was detemined to as­
no exaggeration to say that with the similate all immigrant Catholics into
also promoted its members' consciousness — both as Ukrainians and
exception of the Ukrainian Church, no one Church. Opposed to ethnic parishes
as Americans.
institution has done more to preserve of any kind, Irish bishops were especial­
As the U N A grew, and the needs and concerns of its members and protect the Ukrainian American ly eager to rid their dioceses of Ukrai­
became more diversified, the focus of U N A activity changed as well. In community than the U N A . nian Catholic priests who were married.
the second phase of its existence, the U N A encouraged Ukrainians When the U N A was founded as the In the forefront of the struggle for an
living in America to become U . S . citizens, while at the same time Ruskyi Narodnyi Soyuz in 1894, there autonomous Eastern-rite Church in the
reminding them not to forget their brothers and sisters in the were no "Ukrainians" in the United United States was the U N A . When
homeland. The U N A began to promote the building of churches and States. There were only immigrants Rusyn-Ukrainians met in Harrisburg,
national homes in the U . S . , as well as to support institutions in from Carpatho-Ukraine and Galicia Pa., in 1902 to demand a separate
Ukraine through financial contributions. who called themselves "Rusyns." Of all bishop and exarchy from Rome, it was
Next in U N A history came the development of its publishing the Rusyns who immigrated to America Svoboda editor Ivan Ardan who coined
prior to World War I , some 40 percent the slogan "Proch z Rymom" (Away
activity, its involvement in political actions in the United States, and
would remain Rusyns (Ruthenians); from Rome) as an answer to Rome's
its leading role in the formation of Ukrainiancentral o r g a n i z a t i o n s ^
some 20 percent would begin to call seeming indifference to Ukrainian Ame­
the same time, the Ukrainian National Association spoke out on themselves Russians, and 40 percent rican concerns. When Rome responded,
behalf of the Ukrainian nation in the native land. would begin to identify themselves as and Soter Ortynsky, America's first
Today, at the age of 95, with some 75,000 members in the United Ukrainians. I f it hadn't been for the Ukrainian Catholic bishop, arrived in
States and Canada, the Ukrainian National Association's activity U N A and the Ukrainian Catholic 1907, he was immediately made an
encompasses myriad fields: political activity for the benefit of Church, none of the Rusyns would have honorary member of the U N A .
Ukrainian Americans and Ukrainian Canadians, as well as Ukrai­ become Ukrainians. Although the U N A has always been
nians throughout the world, including Ukraine; patronage of the arts; The U N A was founded by three supportive of the Ukrainian Church, it
support of scholarly endeavors; charitable activity; publication of Rusyns who became disenchanted with hasn't always been supportive of the
periodicals, books and other informative materials; promotion of the Magyarophile posture of the Greek Church hierarchy. In 1926, for example,
Catholic Union (Sojedinenije), founded the U N A was openly critical of Ukrai­
in 1892. Led by Uhro-Rusyn priests nian Catholic Bishop Constantine
And there are numerous benefits for its members, ranging from
whose cultural sympathies were more Bohachevsky for what many U N A
discounts on U N A p u b l i c a t i o n s and a c c o m m o d a t i o n s at the Hungarian than Rusyn, the GCU soon members believed was his attempt to
Soyuzivka resort, to loans, mortgages and scholarships, and even became a virtulently anti-Ukrainian L a t i n i z e the C h u r c h . The wounds
housing for its senior members. There are also various special fraternal society committed to under­ inflicted by the contention took years to
programs and activities geared for the young, senior citizens and the mining all UNA efforts to Ukrainianize heal.
in-between — all of whom comprise the membership of today's Rusyns, especially those from Car­ Always willing to support contro­
Ukrainian National Association. In short, the concerns of its members patho-Ukraine where the Ukrainian versial causes if they believed they were
are the concerns of the U N A . national renaissance had barely begun. worthy, the U N A leadership has, ne­
As the times have changed, the U N A has always responded to the Under the leadership of such dynamic vertheless, attempted to steer a mo­
needs and desires of its members. That is the key to this fraternal priests as the Rev. Ivan Konstankevych derate course free of extremes. The
organization's success. Members of the Ukrainian community in of S h a m o k i n , one o f the founding UNA left the Federation of Ukrainians
members, and the Revs. Anthony Bon- in the United States in 1916, for exam­
North America, by supporting the U N A through their enrollment, are,
chevsky and Nicholas Stefanovych, ple, when it was perceived that the
in fact, also helping themselves and their entire community. For, as the each of whom served a term as supreme organization was dominated by the
U N A has proven countless times during its 95 years of service to president, the UNA was able to rid itself political far left. In 1980, the UNA
Ukrainians, an investment in the U N A is an investment in the of a Russophile element that was withdrew from the Ukrainian Congress
Ukrainian community. pushing Rusyns towards the Russian Committee when that organ nation
camp. came to be dominated by the n ilitant
By 1900, the U N A had safely sailed right.
out of Hungarian and Russian waters Over the past 95 years, th e has
and was heading full steam towards the hardly been a significant even' in our
Turning the pages back... Ukrainian shore. It was not an easy
community in which the U N A nas not
played a paramount role, from the
Generously subsidized by the Rus­ proclamation by President Woodrow
sian tsarist government, the Russian Wilson of "Ukrainian Day" in 1917 to
O r t h o d o x Church i n America was the creation of the Ukraine Famine
Ninety-five years ago, on February 22, 1894, the busily converting thousands of Rusyns Commission in 1984; from the con­
Ukrainian National Association (then called the Ruskyi to Russian Orthodoxy, arguing that struction of a Ukrainian pavilion at the
Narodnyi Soyuz) was founded in the town of Shamokin, they were "returning" to the "true faith" Chicago World's Fair in 1933 to the
Pa., a community that at the time was considered the most nationally conscious of their venerable forefathers. Even the erection of the Taras Shevchenko statue
Ukrainian settlement. " ' . "* u • Rev. Gregory Hrushka, Svoboda^s first in Washington in 1964; from the publi­
The founding meeting of what today is known as the U N A was the result of editor, fell prey to Russian blandish­ cation of a one-volume condensation of
planning by four Catholic priests — Hryhoriy Hrushka, Ivan Konstankevych, ments. The U N A battled this insidious M i c h a e l Hrushevsky's " H i s t o r y o f
Teofan Obushkevych and Amvrosiy Poliansky — Who decided that a separate threat with membership campaigns, the Ukraine" in 1941 to the creation of a
organization was needed to care for the needs of Ukrainian immigrants living in the creation of reading rooms, and with chair in Ukrainian history at Harvard
1 !
United States. editorials and articles in Svoboda aimed University in 1968.
Following is an excerpt (translated from Ukrainian) from an account of that at informing Rusyns about their Ukrai­ Today, there are those who argue that
founding meeting that was published in Svoboda on March 1, 1894. nian heritage. the U N A has seen its best days. I don't
Uhro-Rusyn priests were subsidized agree. I believe our best days are yet to
by Hungary and thev, too. were op­ come.
posed to Ukrainianization of Rusyns. In 1988, we celebrated the triumph of
On February 22, 1894, the same day that all of America celebrates the Svoboda iound itself in what appealed a religio-cultural vision. In 1989, we
zxLmvhH&fy~*6fHhe -bi"rt'hdd^' d#'the gtfeatWashirlgtdri, feartes&fighter for fte^aitr
r ?

"to >£"a "nAvef-encimg struggle with'thd * celebrate the tritirriph of an ^thnbfta*-'

: ;
edtiM 6iMrhy?yk^riskyi TRuskyi Viest- tional r a e a l : ^ iUv#
Ethnic s a g a in U k r a i n i a n prose and poetry: Samchuk and Slavutych
by Dr. Wolodymyr T. Zyla of the Canadian prairies who brought the wilderness And borne on golden wings the harvests come,
of the West in touch with civilization, who turned the Drawn to their destination as by thirst.
The term "saga" normally denotes legendary and forests into wide fields and laid the foundations for a To our Ukrainian ploughs, honor and fame:
historical material in which the author attempts an new life. They are hopeful and determined characters Canada's lands you opened from the first!
imaginative reconstruction of the past according to who work from sunup to sundown, and cut trails
certain aesthetic principles. It is usually a story of great through the wilderness. They are: Readers may see great psychological changes in
complexity and richness which clearly reflects human these sagas. The Ukrainian settlers become an integral
strengths and weaknesses. Not Corteses from some long-bygone day, part of the American and Canadian creative way of
A similar function is here assigned to the term Not empires' minions grabbing without leave, life. They begin sharing the phenomenon of building
"ethnic saga" which in its fictional manifestation is of the new world. Yet, at the same time, wherever they
historical origin and, as such, lends itself easily to but simple immigrants inspired by the hope that their settle, they maintain their ethno-national integrity
varying interpretations. In a broader sense, however, it "humble plough with home-made steel" will change and create a second homeland for themselves.
is a convergence of historical, moral and literary the wilderness and will In an essay titled "Ukrainian Chicago: The Making
concerns around the literary hero who is searching for of k Nationality Group in America," Myron B.
success. •* ...let the famed Podillian wheat lie there Kuropas writes: "It is here in America that Ukrainian
Such ethnic sagas are the stories of common men In the black lap of porous earth instead. institutions have flourished, and it is here that
who, in a strange, new land, try to cross the abyss Ukrainian traditions have survived for four genera­
separating their ambitions from their means to attain And it happened that way, their tions. If one were asked, therefore, to summarize the
them in order to reap the reward for their innate strong Ukrainian American experience in a brief statement,
qualities. ...arms drove roads through wooded land as they that statement would be 'the development and
Two writers who excel in the creation of ethnic sagas Worked tirelessly for Canada's renown. preservation of Ukrainianism.' " A similar process
in Ukrainian literature are Ulas Samchuk (1905-1987) takes place in Canada, where in Slavutych's saga the
and Yar Slavutych (b. 1918). In both cases one observes the hardships of conquerors retain tenaciously a profound conscious­
Ulas Samchuk was a prose writer who contributed pioneering life; neither author deals with empty ness of the identity and heritage within the Canadian
much to the development of the Ukrainian novel. His human beings, or with their caricatures. Their mosaic of peoples, but nevertheless contribute to the
trilogy "Volyn" (Volhynia, 1932-37) is probably his characters are real, rigorously governed by moral creation of a common Canadian culture:
most significant work from the literary view point; it exigencies, and are unchanging, no matter what their
social conditions are. The sagas' theme seems simple,
offers a realistic picture of the provincial life with its To west and east the ploughmen go to toil,
interests, passions, ambitions and tragic struggle. The but, since it is treated with originality, it becomes Their footprints redolent of good black soil —
author's dedication to his craft and the autobiographi­ interesting and convincing. Neither work is easy They brighten distance as with branch and bloom;
cal flavor make this epic tale a success. His subsequent reading. Both become more complex as they progress. In them fatigue's regrets can find no room.
works are less autobiographical and deal more nearly Although they lack the traditional epic sweep, they
with ideas. He also successfully writes about Canadian cover many years of the Ukrainian ethnic group's Their world becomes one in which work and rest are
and American themes. difficult and significant development. The authors are uniquely united, and it flashes inward and outward
Yar Slavutych is a poet and scholar of language and realistic in their critiques of life, but they simulta­ producing an inner depth, a state to which all life
literature. His nine collections of poetry reflect his neously underscore the virtuous and meritorious advances. Slavutych's plowmen are conspicuously
growth, and they have already secured for him a place successes of Ukrainian immigrants, and emphasize the men of the past and of the present, whose deeds are
in Ukrainian literature. His lyrics and epics show great lasting effects of the immigrants' experiences. influenced by both. Their impulses and psychological
originality. Though he is a traditionalist, he respects Samchuk's world emerges with the true characte­ outbursts reflect the impact of the past and the present
reality; his wish is very simple: he wants to leave ristics of a saga and continues that way throughout. upon them.
something more permanent, something that will reveal The writer sees beauty in the pioneers' experiences in What is striking, however, is that Samchuk and
his personality in a historical sense. And from this which the present is temporarily displaced by Slavutych use the same artistic landscapes which, if
desire comes the optimism that is so characteristic of portrayals of the past. The work flows along two not governed by exactly the same historico-critical
his creativity. / ?
: planes: on one Samchuk depicts America's • develop­ assumptions, are markedly alike in their content. Both
Both of these authors have created splendid ment; on the other, he portrays the Ukrainian settlers writers explore the borderline realm of the world of the
examples of ethnic sagas. Ulas Samchuk, in"Slidamy who found their places and became one with the immigrant, and for both of them immigrant life is a
Pioneriv"(In the Footsteps of the Pioneers), and Yar American people. psychological construct as well as a projected — or
Slavutych, in "The Conquerors of the Prairies," use The most interesting part of the work occurs where rather conjectured — external world. They both see
historical material and literary techniques that he describes the building of the new world in which a the immigrants as distinct historical people with a
ultimately contribute to the meaningfulness of the saga. person enjoys freedom to show his creative abilities in distinct assignment that they have to perform. The
The two presentations offer imaginative reconstruc­ the economic and political spheres yet preserves his possibility of these analogies supports the idea that
original national identity. Thus Samchuk's formula­
tions of the past and are essentially realistic but deeply Samchuk's and Slavutych's works are structurally the
permeated with aesthetic elements. tion of this problem reminds us that he believes in beginning of the great saga of immigration.
Samchuk's work is a profound and comprehensive America; by building a great canvas of events he This impression is borne out narratively in both
portrayal of the historical, psychological and moral creates an imaginative space and a fictional shield to works, but Samchuk's assignment is much harder than
problems faced by Ukrainian immigrants in their protect the integrity of the pioneers' deeds while Slavutych's. Thus, in Samchuk's "Slidamy Pioneriv,"
quest to achieve a good life in new surroundings. His creating out of them a saga for posterity. he uses such various artistic means as the essay,
work begins with the first Ukrainian immigrants. Samchuk loves America and his enthusiasm is both reporting, historical exploration, traditional stories,
These immigrants were in most cases illiterate; they fresh and sincere, dictated by his mind and supported memoirs and artistic prose. And he fuses these various
were not always even sure of their nationality. But, in by his deep feelings. He tries to depict everything genres with all the skills of an experienced writer, and,
love with their; customs, songs and language, they left which appeals to his soul. He looks at America from to a certain extent, he is successful. However, when his
their divided and subjugated country because of many possible angles; he depicts its history, philo­ work is compared with Slavutych's poetic elaboration,
economic difficulties and repression. sophy and economy; he looks at its social and political it inevitably suffers from too much complexity. It
"They were the unhappiest of all immigrants that life. And he quotes abundantly from American retains its historical and descriptive elements but is
came to America," wrote L u k a Myshuha. They authors to demonstrate his view. His work embodies seen not to be analytical. Though Samchuk shows
crossed the sea and came to a land they had hardly the result of careful studies of Ukrainian American life taste and an artistic approach as well as scholarship in
even heard of before. They left the places where they and of extensive traveling through the American East the selection of his material and in inviting his reader
had lived for centuries and went to "the end of the and West. In "Slidamy Pioneriv" he writes: to enjoy it aesthetically, he does not discuss its artistic
world" looking for a more favorable fate. No one "The main thing I want to know is what our qualities.
cared for them. Their coming to America was possibilities are as compared to what my eyes see and Slavutych, on the other hand, becomes visionary. In
accidental, uncoordinated and done without any what my mind perceives. We want to lift ourselves his work the poor settlers are elevated to the
previous planning. higher, perhaps reaching the summits, in order to conquerors of the great realm accessible only to
The immigrant poet Sava Charnetskyi, contemplat­ become impregnated with the spirit of the greatness of heroes. In keeping with this intention, his central focus
ing his own departure from his native country, wrote: the [American] way of life, in on the conquerors' relationship to Canada, and this
"And then to repeat this in words. We want to is where the ultimate value resides. However, the
Leaving my land in despair express our observations in a better way so that they thrust of the argument is of a saga-type with hidden
And sailing to unknown distant places, will be more meaningful and will move... [the identity, though with an obvious difference in
I felt pain in my heart and burning tears immigrants] to greater success." performance. The images are traditional and tend to
Watered my eyes and my face. This is a belief which Samchuk promotes assiduou­ change from local concerns to questions of far-reaching
Slavutych's saga, "The Conquerors of the Prairies," sly. He looks at America as an example of what a importance. Thus we ought to measure Slavutych's
on the other hand, deals with the modern conquerors human being can do when he is free. For that reason he artistic success by the questions he provokes:
portrays carefully the American spirit, beliefs and
Dr. Wolodymyr T. Zyla is professor emeritus of unlimited creative possibilities. He speaks with "For not in vain I left behind
Slavic languages and literatures at Texas Tech admiration about the American dream. He even views My native, distant Halych,
University. The article above was originally published American architecture as an example of what can be That I, in fields of fertile lands,
in Melus, a journal devoted to the study of multi­ achieved by human beings who are free to create. Discovered freedom's outreach..."
ethnic literature of the United States, and is an One must wonder how the Ukrainian immigrants "Goodbye!" "Adieu!" And John and Jean
expanded version of a scholarlypaper delivered by the felt about America when they first saw such great Had pierced the prairie fragrance,
author. achievements as they encountered in New York. Their footsteps — eastward! Stayed Ivan,
We publish the paper in this issue of The Ukrainian Surely they were surprised and faced them with (Continued on page 12)
Weekly in accordance with Dr. Zyla's wish that it astonishment.
be But as Slavutych writes in "Con­
dedicated to the Ukrainian National Association on querors," they were also determined to become a part * Sava Charnetskyi, "Suchasni Zhovniry," All translations
the occasion of its 95th anniversary, ; I : of so challenging a process:
are mine excerpt where otherwise indicated.
Interview A fraternal scrapbook: glimpses of f/#
Supreme President John 0. Flis
reflects upon the UNA at 95
members of the Supreme Assembly,
and especially my closest co-workers in
the Supreme Executive Committee. In
these last 10 years the U N A has grown
in wealth and prestige w i t h i n our
community. The Ukrainian community
has seen that the U N A is always ready
to defend its interests, as well the
welfare of the entire community, and
therefore now our critics must be "on
alert" as to what, when and how they

What was your most satisfying res­

ponsibility as supreme president?
It seems that the latest meeting of the
Supreme Executive Committee and the
Supreme Assembly, which for the last
six years have been held in full har­ Delegates to the 10th UNA convention in Philadelphia gather for a photo.
mony, friendship and have long re­
treated from those tumultuous misun­
derstandings which took place in earlier
years. Now it's a real pleasure to run

What do you think is the most

important to do in the next five years so
that the UNA can mark its centennial in
Supreme President John O. Flis at his a dignified manner?
desk at the UNA headquarters.
The following is a translation from The most important goal is not only
Ukrainian of a recent interview withto secure the good reputation of our
John O. Flis, supreme president of the institution within the Ukrainian com­
Ukrainian National Association, con-munity, but it is also imperative that we
ducted by Svoboda editor Olha Kuz- spread it among American and Cana­
mowycz. The interview appears in the dian citizens, because these countries
1989 UNA Almanac, The focus of the and their politics can help us, Ukrai­
interview involves the supreme presi­ nians, most o f a l l i n o u r national
dent's reflections upon the 95th anni­aspirations. Here in my opinion, an
versary of the UNA. In our next two unusually important role in the next few
issues: interviews with Supreme Secre­ years can be played by our Washing­
tary Walter Sochan and Supreme Trea­ ton office, and today we cannot even
surer Ulana Diachuk. begin to imagine the complete signi­
ficance of such an office and its work.
What do you consider to be the Besides this, the U N A should also A view of the Main House at the UNA's upstate New York resort, Soyuzivka.
UNA's greatest achievement in its 95- prepare itself in a dignified manner for
year history? such an anniversary, as its existence for
100 years. One of the most important
First, I think that our greatest achie­ parts of this preparation for our centen­
vement in the last 10 years, since I nial is the collection and preservation of
became supreme president, is winning all the kinds of U N A activity of the last
the complete faith of the U N A mem­ 100 years, its w o r k and that o f its
bership and the whole community in the membership both l i v i n g and dead,
Supreme Executive Committee and the which brought about the success of our
Supreme Assembly. organization, and, at the same time,
through us for the success of the Ukrai­
How long have you worked for the nian community and for the defense of
UNA and in what positions? the good Ukrainian name. This is our
holy responsibility!
First I served for 13 years as the head
of the New York District Committee, What do you think about the expan­
where I kept an office as an attorney. sion of the UNA in Canada? Do you
From that position in 19621 was elected believe it is necessary in the future?
chairman of the U N A convention in
New York. I was the chairman of all the It is not only needed, but it is im­
following conventions until 1974, when perative and possible, and the density of
I was elected vice-president to Joseph Ukrainians may very well aid in this.
Lesawyer. First of all, we would have to convince
During this convention great dis­ our Canadian brothers there, that the
parities in the vote count appeared, and U N A is foremost a Ukrainian institu­ Children at one of the many summer camps held at Soyuzivka.
therefore my first assignment as vice- tion, and not an American or Cana­
president was to prepare voting machi­ dian one. Once this is perfectly clear,
nes that were employed at the 29th then our co-workers on Canadian
convention in 1978, when I was first territory can seriously begin their work
elected supreme president. What that to establish the U N A in line with those
means is that I've been "suffering" in institutions, which serve Ukrainians,
this position for 10 years now. whereever they might live. Here, good
will is needed, and first of all i t is
Now please tell us what you believe is important to get rid of this disunity,
your greatest accomplishment in the which today exists among one group
last 10 years, and in general in the last 23 and another group.
years of working for the U N A and the
Ukrainian community? What branch of your work do you
think is most important in the future?
It is difficult to answer this question
— I alone -ifeould not have been able to i n the UNA there are no most im-
achieve a n y t h i n g w i t h o u t the other (Continued on page 11) UNA seniors at their annual conference held at the UNA estate.
i e UNA's myriad activities
Proclamation of UNA's
95th anniversary year
It is our privilege and pleasure to remind all members, branches and
districts of the UNA, that this year our association is celebrating its 95th
anniversary, a milestone in our fraternal existence.
Because the UNA has been responsible for multitudenal fraternal services
rendered for our members, for our countries of residence, and for our
Ukrainian cause, and
Because the UNA, through hard work and diligence, has firmly established
its reputation in diaspora and has proven its dependability, its reliability and
its integrity through the invaluable fraternal services it has rendered over
these 95 years,
Now, therefore, the Supreme Executive Committee of the UNA strongly
urges all members, branches and districts to suitably commemorate this 95th
anniversary of the founding of the UNA by sponsoring appropriate
concerts, banquets and other commemorative programs, with deserved
honors being earmarked for our UNA pioneers who had toiled in the UNA
fraternal ranks during these 95 years, for the good of our members, for the
good of our countries of residence, and for the good of our Ukrainian cause.
Supreme Executive Committee

Then Vice-President George Bush addresses UNA convention.



The Marunchak Ukrainian Dancers are among the many groups who graced stages
at UNA-sponsored events. Among the books made possible by grants from the UNA are the two above.

The old and the new: the UNA's headquarters buildings in Jersey City, N.J.
Washington Chicago
W A S H I N G T O N — A commemora­ He asserted that the W C F U supports
tive concert to celebrate the anniversary the position of the Ukrainian Helsinki
of Ukraine's independence was spon­ Union against the holding of an inter­
sored on January 28, by the Ukrainian national human rights conference in
Association of Washington (UAW). Moscow in 1991. Furthermore, he said
Yuri Shymko, recently elected head that he calls upon Moscow to correct all
of the World Congress of Free Ukrain­ Soviet non-compliance and lapses in the
ians (WCFU) and former member of sphere of human and religious rights by
the Canadian Parliament, was the the year 1990. Among these actions, he
keynote speaker. included Soviet recognition of the
The program, held at 4 p.m. in Olney, Ukrainian Catholic and Ukrainian
an outlying Maryland suburb, was Orthodox Churches.
attended by about 250 people. Wolo­ In closing, Mr. Shymko remarked
dymyr Demchuk, president of the that holding these independence com­
UAW, briefly introduced the concert memorative events is an affirmation by
with references to the significance of the today's Ukrainians of the unity that
anniversary of Ukraine's independence binds their ideals with those of Ukrain­
and a call to the Ukrainian community ians who foughtfor theseprinciplesover
to unify itself behind the ideals fought 70 years ago, and it is a reaffirmation
for 70 years ago in Ukraine. that Ukrainians today will use every
> Anya Dydyk-Petrenko, a broadcast­ means at their disposal to continue to
er for the Voice of America's Ukrainian fight for their lost rights and those of
Branch, was mistress of ceremonies for millions of victims who came before.
the remainder of the program. Mr. Shymko ended his speech by
Among the over 300 attendees were quoting Mykola Rudenko, a founder of
Ukrainian Catholic Bishop Michael the Ukrainian Helsinki Monitoring
Kuchmiak and an 87-year-old veteran Group, from his poem, "The Cross": "If
of Petliura's army, Andriy Nehrebetsky. your heart has not grown blind and if
In the opening statement of his there is still some room for hope in you,
bilingual presentation, Mr. Shymko keep tilling your poor fields. Life is not
Rep. William O. Lipinski (center) receives the Illinois UCCA's Man of the Year
noted the irony of today's world in some dream, but deed upon deed. And
it will come to pass that the sun shining
Award from Dr. Myroslav Charkewych (left) and Orest Baranyk (right).
which space travel is possible, the atom
has been split, and the heights of on that tilled field shall make grow free­
C H I C A G O — The Ukrainian com­ Dr. Charkewych greeted the gathered
technological research in many fields dom's seed at last."
munity of Metropolitan Chicago com­ and delivered the keynote address,
are within sight, yet one-fifth of the The musical part of the commemora­ which recalled the historical events of
memorated two events on January 22
world's population does not live in tion was performed by the Dumka this commemoration. He emphasized
— the 71 st anniversary of the formation
freedom and is not guaranteed basic mixed choir from New York, conducted of the Ukrainian National Republic and the need to be wary of Moscow's current
human and national rights. by Simon Komirny, and ably accom­ the 70th of the unification of Ukrainian actions. •
Mr. Shymko appealed to Ukrainians panied on the piano by Tetyana Pos- lands, -fv: ,M - ,y :|
Afterwards, the master of Ceremo­
everywhere for a mobilization of the tashko. Dumka's female ensemble Although the main observance took nies, Orest Baranyk, was introduced.
spirit before the test of history. Mr. directed by Mykhailo Lev also sang. place in the center of Chicago, all the He reminded the younger generation of
Shymko noted that the era of glasnost Soloists for the performance included Ukrainian churches in the area con­
and perestroika in the USSR has the dangers of nuclearization and
Sviatoslava Zhyla-Kacharay, Michael ducted services for the Ukrainian nation
brought many changes in the Soviet Russification, and called for a renewed
Nevmerzhytsky, Olena Novytska- and its aspirations for freedom.
Union but that there is still far to go. commitment to work toward obtaining
Zamiata, Borys Kekish and Mykola The proceedings held in Ss. Volo-
When it comes to seeing to it that independence. Bishop Innocent Lo-
Holodyk. The Ukrainian composers dymyr and Olha Church were fully
repression is lifted, he said, the world tocky offered the invocation, in which
featured included Hnatyshyn, Vedel,
dedicated to the January anniversaries. he thanked God for the freedom that we
should not be satisfied with half mea­ Bakhtynsky, Bortniansky, Kolessa,
During the divine liturgy in the morn­ have here, and beseeched God for
sures from totalitarian regimes, such as Liudkevych, Shamo, Kupchynsky,
ing, the Rev. Marian Butrynsky de­ freedom in Ukraine.
calling it progress when "a cannibal uses Kytasty, Lepky, Maiboroda, Dankevych
a knife and fork." livered an emotional sermon. He indi­ Traditionally at this banquet the
and Kostetsky.
cated that the independence procla­ Illinois Division of the U C C A presents
Citing YevhenSverstiuk's reference to Individual sponsors from the com­
mation was the logical culmination of the Man of the Year award. This year it
the "hard time of the trial" we must face, munity had an opportunity to meet with
Mr. Shymko said the repression in the Ukrainians' quest for freedom. While was presented to Rep. William O.
the choir after the concert at a buffet
U S S R and especially in Ukraine con­ asking the gathered to thank God for Lipinski, sponsor of the House re­
dinner held at St. Andrew's Ukrainian
tinues despite glasnost and perestroika. some bright moments in Ukraine's solution calling for Ukrainian Chur­
Orthodox Cathedral.
history, he exorted patient work as a ches' rights. Upon acceptance of the
means of helping achieve that long plaque, Rep. Lipinski (D-Ill.) delivered
sought freedom. a speech in which he vowed to always
At the completion of the liturgy, a fight for Ukrainian rights. The reaction
JOHN DEMJANJUK SPEAKS: moleben was said for the Ukrainian was a standing ovation,
nation. Exiting the church, the gathered
Dr. Charkewych then proceeded to
spilled out into the front court where
present two service awards. The first
they were met by Ukrainians from other
went to the Rev. Butrynsky, who was
OF ANYTHING, AN INNOCENT HUMAN BEING." honored for his outstanding work as a
At noon, Dr. Myroslav Charkewych,
dedicated patriot and priest; the second
president of the Illinois D i v i s i o n ,
"I AM NOT 'IVAN THE TERRIBLE' AND THE MOST JUST to Stepan Skrobach for dedicated work
Ukrainian Congress Committee of
at St. Nicholas Parish and the Pro­
WITNESS IS GOD HIMSELF WHO KNOWS THAT I AM America, addressed the gathered. The
vidence Association^
INNOCENT." official proclamations from Gov. James
Thompson and Mayor Eugene Sawyer An unexpected award, on behalf of
were read. The ceremony of the raising the presidium of the U C C A Illinois
" I DO NOT DE SERVE THIS. I AM INNOCENT, INNOCENT, Division, was presented by Lev Bodnar
of the colors was conducted by Stepan
INNOCENT. AND GOD IS MY WITNESS." Golash, during which the national to Dr. Charkewych for his untiring
anthems were sung. work on behalf of national rights.
PLEASE HELP SUPPORT THE APPEAL OF AN INNOCENT Among the 1,000 people present were This year, as in the past, the banquet
MAN. heads of numerous organizations, was attended by representatives of 14
school children, uniformed representa­ Captive Nations. Also seated on the
Prayers and financial support desparately needed. ^ tives of youth organizations and war dais was Rep. Henry Hyde (R-Ill.), who
Please send donations to: veterans. The gathering dispersed after thanked the Ukrainian community for
singing "Bozhe Velykyi." helping Americans realize how precious
The commemoration continued freedom really is, Alderman Roman
T H E JOHN DEMJANJUK further at the newly constructed Ukrai­ Pucinski, State Sen. Myron Kulas,
nian Cultural Center. At 2 p.m., the Julian Kulas, Roman Mycyk, Omelyan
D E F E N S E F U N D Pleshkewych, Anastasia Charych and
festive banquet, attended by 600 people,
P. O. BOX 92819 was commenced with the placing of the Dr. Achilles Chreptowsky.
CLEVELAND, OHIO 44192 colors. Halia Levun-Pawlyk sang the The afternoon's entertainment was
American anthem, which was followed provided by the Troyanda Trio from
by the Ukrainian anthem, sung by all Toronto. Pastor Olexa Harbuziuk
gathered. ' delivered the benediction.'
Bridgeport, Conn. Toronto
by Natalia Pawlenko Mississauga and Scarborough.
On Saturday, January 21, a banquet
TORONTO — The Toronto celebra­ was held at the Royal York Hotel. A t
tions commemorating the 71st anniver­ the banquet, T o r o n t o ' s U k r a i n i a n
sary of Ukraine's independence cul­ community presented its annual awards.
minated with a gala concert at Roy Supreme Court Justice John Sopinka
Thomson Hall on January 29. was selected as Man of the Year.
The concert featured solo perfor­ The media award went to Channel
mances by New York pianist Juliana 47-Cable T V , a privately owned tele­
Osinchuk on piano and Toronto vo­ vision station whose programming is
calist Oksana Rohatyn-Makohon. I n multicultural. The special "Millennium
addition, five choral groups performed: Award" was presented to Halya Kuch-
the Vesnivka, Dibrova, Prometheus mij of the Canadian Broadcasting
and Burlaka choirs and the Yasmyn Corporation for her production of the
Vocal Ensemble.
outstanding one-hour documentary
The featured address of the evening "Millennium." Long-time community
was by Oksana Bryzhun-Sokolyk, the activists, Dr. and Mrs. Peter Hlibo-
first vice-president of the World Fe­ wych were also h o n o r e d for t h e i r
deration of Ukrainian Women's Or­ c o n t r i b u t i o n s to the U k r a i n i a n Ca­
ganizations. nadian community.
Patrick Boyer, member of Parlia­
ment, read a greeting from Canada's The guest speaker at the banquet was
Prime Minister Brian Mulroney. M i c h a e l W i l s o n , Canada's minister
The celebrations in fact had begun a of finance.
On January 20, Mayor Thomas W. Bucci of Bridgeport, Conn., signed a
proclamation designating January 22 as Ukrainian Independence Day in week earlier, on Saturday, January 21, The celebrations commemorating the
when the Ukrainian flag was raised at 71st anniversary o f Ukraine's inde­
his city. T h e c e r e m o n y w a s held in the p r e s e n c e of a delegation
T o r o n t o ' s C i t y H a l l . Similar flag- pendence were organized by the To­
representing the local U k r a i n i a n c h u r c h e s , fraternal and youth or­
raising ceremonies were held in the ronto branch of the Ukrainian Cana­
ganizations led by Wasyl Peleschuk, president of the Bridgeport branch of
neighboring communities of Etobicoke, dian Committee.
the Ukrainian Congress Committee of America.

Lake Worth, Fla. Pennsylvania

H A R R I S B U R G , Pa. —Gov. Robert brate their historic struggle for i n ­
P. Casey proclaimed "Ukrainian Inde­ dependence by paying tribute to their
pendence Week" January 22-28, 1989, nationalist leaders and the exhilarating
on January 27 in the Governor's Recep­ spirit of 1918.
tion Room in the Capitol. The signing "The people o f Pennsylvania ap­
was witnessed by a representation of the preciate the liberating force of a dec­
Ukrainian- .community* r,;r . .u r Lhi*-; laration of independence, and annually
The proclamation stated in part: join with those of Ukrainian descent in
praying for people everywhere who are
"Each year, in the fourth week of denied basic human rights and free­
January, Ukrainian Americans cele- doms."

him to the prison hospital, the authori­

R i g h t s a c t i v i s t . . .
ties decided to release him. In Decem­
(Continued from page 3) ber, M r . Sapeliak, along with other
In 1984, it Was reported that Mr. rights activists, was arrested and sen­
Sapeliak was under investigation for tenced to 15 days of administrative
allegedly engaging in "anti-Soviet arrest in order to prevent him from
agitation and propaganda." participating in an International Hu­
Last year in July he was warned that man Rights Day manifestation on
Members of the Ukrainian American Club of the Palm Beaches and city he would be arrested for "parasitism" if December 10.
officials of Lake Worth, Fla., attended a flag-raising ceremony on January he did not find a job. He was summoned On January 14 and 15 of this year, at
20. Mayor Ralph Schenk and City Commissioner Ray Stronacker officiated by local authorities, who threatened to the first congress of the U k r a i n i a n
at the ceremony. President Amalia Storoznensky read a short story on the send him to Chornobyl to work on the Association of Independent Creative
history of Ukraine and the Great Famine. clean-up of the contaminated area. He Intelligentsia, Mr. Sapeliak delivered a
was then placed in prison where he report on the w o r k of the j o u r n a l
t i o n a l U n i o n of L i t h u a n i a n Y o u t h ; declared a hunger strike. Kafedra. He was designated'to serve as
N a t i o n a l . . . Lagle Parek and Ants Tsindis of the Consuming nothing, not even water, chief editor of the journal for an interim
(Continued from page 1) Estonian National Independence Party; by the fifth day of his hunger strjkeJMr. period and was voted a member of ihe
only within the confines of an empire Algimantas Baltrushis and Antanas Sapeliak was very ill. Instead of sending board of U A N T I .
but also within a federation or a con­ Terletskas of the Lithuanian Freedom
federation," states the charter. League; Messrs. Makar and Hrytsay of Ukraine. Although the press today Is
the U H U fraction; Ints Tsalitis of the S u p r e m e President.. very expensive, these expenses justify
Because this stetement was clearly
unaligned w i t h the Declaration of Unofficial Popular Front of Latvia; themselves hundreds of times over.
(Continued from page i ) I f you look at it as a whole, the same
Principles of the U H U , the only Ukrai­ Serzuk Mekhames of the Byelorussian
nian group participating, Messrs. Hor- Club Pogonia and the newspaper the portant or least important kinds of motives, which quided our predecessors
bal and Shevchenko, as members of the Byelorussian Tribune; Georgi Akhelia activity. A l l the work of the UNA is tied 95 years ago as well as their succes­
UHU's All-Ukrainian Coordinating of the Georgian National democratic with its membership and for the benefit sors during this whole period, then these
Committee, did not sign the document. Party; and Piatras T i d z i k i s of the of the Ukrainian community, which the motives continue to guide us today — to
Messrs. Makar and Hrytsay, howe­ Lithuanian Committee to Aid Political UNA serves. One of the most beneficial serve the Ukrainian nation. The Ukrai­
ver, signed the charter as representa­ Prisoners. branches of U N A work is its financing nian National Association was the first
tives of a "faction"of the U H U , which is A conference devoted^ to the national and support of our press, and this is to introduce into our lives the Ukrai­
comprised of members of diverse po­ democratic movements of the USSR is Svoboda and The Ukrainian Weekly, nian idea. These ideas were served by
litical persuasions. f
? reportedly being organized by Vladimir because through it the U N A maintains our predecessors, and. with God's help
The "Charter of Freedom of the Bukovsky and Paruir Airikian in Paris a close link with the community at large, they will be served by those ^yho came
Enslaved Peoples of the USSR" was in May, with the aim of establishing an and even with our brothers and sister in after us! ..'.<.. • \ . .,1 1 -
signed on January 29 by: M e k h a k external representation of this group.
Gabrielian of the National Union for Messrs. Bukovsky and Airikian have
the Self-Determination of Armenia; been asked to serve as representatives W a n t t o r e p r i n t a n a r t i c l e ?
Vaan Ishkhanian of the United Strug­ abroad of the national democratic
movements. If you would like to reprint an article from The-Weekly in another publi­
gle for the Survival of Armenia; Merab
Kostava of the Society of St. I Ilia the The next meeting of the Coordinating cation, you may obtain permission, in most cases, by contacting the editor.
Veritable (Georgia); Tariel Gviniash- Committee of the Non-Russian Pa­
vili of the (Society of Illia Chavche- t r i o t i c Movements of the USSR is
vadze. ^Georg^X Stasis; ^Bushkiavieius scheduled.- for, rApcJi *£Q ~ tOr, h -in <
and Paulius Y<$Hd&tfta& oJUht M a ^ i Tallinn, Estonia. - Hv<rnv
On the Am£ri£a%c(Mitinei(t y k r # i n i a n s toupd never lose their relevance. On the contrary, they will
Ethnic s a g a . . . enrich the socio-critical and literary understanding of
freedom of action and of religious worship, as well as
(Continued from page 7) freedom to maintain and develop their culture. the true ethnic saga.
His vision westward raising. America and Canada became anxious to provide them By offering us his views concerning ethnic deve­
Ivan had toiled, and tilled Ivan and their children with good education at all levels. lopment, Samchuk illustrates that he understands his
Dense virgin soils of prairies. Today, many of them occupy positions that require subject and therefore reveals a good comparative
Returned, thereafter, John and Jean advanced educational training. Socially, because of background of it by showing admiration for America
The empire's name to carry. the recognition of individual worth, members of the and by keeping the relevant ethnic material under
Ukrainian ethnic group enjoy good standing through careful scrutiny. By limiting himself mostly to the
The frankness of the author's view is revealed in the work, thrift or business ability. Politically they are necessity of objectivity, he re-examines the history and
irony of the figure based on Ivan. Above all, we admire positive elements in the government of both countries the spirit that have prevailed in the Ukrainian ethnic
his liveliness and intelligence and his provocative by contributing their loyalty and good citizenship. group, thereby making a welcome supplement to the
judgment. He attempts to subvert the myth of John It is true that, for almost a generation, as Samchuk American scene and a distinguishing mark for his own
and Jean by questioning its basis. For Ivan society stresses, U k r a i n i a n pioneers lived in segregated work.
appears to be a game, and he inquires into its ultimate communities with very little or no contact with the Echoing Samchuk's conclusions one may say that
seriousness by demonstrating a dramatic ending, dominant culture. They were promoting and pre­ "for many a Ukrainian emigre, the United States was
based on a central self which resists temptation and serving their rich cultural heritage 4- their songs, their not an ethnic melting pot but rather a school for his
rhetoric. rhythmic folk dances, their music, their majestic ethno-national development," because "the United
Samchuk's traveling in the American East and West church liturgy, their national costumes, their Easter States is the only country in the world where, when one
has certain similarities with John Steinbeck's journey­ eggs and their beautifully designed embroidery. They becomes a citizen, one does not betray his own
ing in search of America. For him as for Steinbeck in built beautiful Byzantine-style churches and halls, and nation."
"Travels with Charley," " A trip..., an exploration is an added to the American and Canadian environment. In contrast to Samchuk's great canvas of the events
entity, different from all other journeys. It has When the new generation grew up, conditions began that build his saga for posterity, Slavutych deals with
personality, temperament, individuality, uniqueness" to change. Families even came to clashes within the very texture of the Ukrainian peasant's soul and his
— qualities that a writer needs while writing about themselves over the sanctity of mores and customs. tale becomes internal and psychological, thereby
America because "The memory is at best a faulty, But the recent trend "back to roots" stabilized subject to many outside factors. Fortune in both
w^rpy reservoir." conditions. Young people began to respect the old works is capricious and haphazard. What is just is not
Samchuk while searching for America is also m patterns of Ukrainian culture, traditions and be­ necessarily rewarded, nor do simplicity and goodness
search of the footsteps of Ukrainian pioneers. To this havior, and to stop changing their names. They started find automatic recognition.
theme he dedicates three chapters ("The Valley of to speak Ukrainian and began to participate actively in Both authors add depth to the ethnic saga by
Anthracite," " A Journey Through the Country of the Ukrainian ethnic activities. Consciousness of the conveying their sense of harmony in a world where
Unknown" and "From Sea to Shining Sea"), where he diversity and richness of their ethnic and cultural many ethnic groups live together and build the beauty
offers a vivid picture of America as a whole and of heritage started entering into their way of thinking, and the strength of America while cultivating their
Ukrainian settlement in urban centers and on farms. and in Canada they began talking about the "Cana­ own ethnicity. Therefore the authors' artistic trans­
His style in these chapters is exceptionally engaging dian mosaic of peoples" where the best elements of formations reward the just cause and provide many
and the content furnishes the reader with valuable diverse cultures are molded into a superior civiliza­ basis assumptions which move the tales toward a more
information on every page. The author's selection of tion. America, too, became great because of the complex approach to the theme of success.
material is most judicious. Every description he offers contributions of many peoples of different views and In both works there is an optimistic social myth of a
is both representative and has merit in its own right. customs, not because they sought to set up nations world in which merit finally receives its just reward.
Most of his attention goes to the pioneers who did the within a nation, but because they became a part of the Samchuk and Slavutych are both capable of descri­
hardest work despite frustrations, uncertainties and system, good citizens, Americans. bing a world filled with marvelous changes in which
setbacks and who, after years, emerged with their Samchuk rightly calls America a "sanatorium" for hardships vanish and wishes for betterment dominate
roots deep in American life. an immigrant and writes: human life. They create oneirically a new way of
The author offers a fine cross-sectional view of the "The fire of American dynamism burnt all their surpassing human limitations, where the startling
Ukrainian community, a view which is nothing less illnesses and there was no time for moaning. The changes from poverty to wealth tell us much about real
than an image of an organized, nationally conscious people acted, hurried, rivaled without questioning social conditions. Spiritual virtues in both works are
Ukrainian America where everything depends on the whether it was easy or difficult, just or unjust. They always rewarded by material goods, and there is no rift
settlers' inner forces and their social and cultural lived, gained the necessary means, became more and between the moral and material .worlds.
environment. Every formative element in the group more independent, flexed their muscles and acquired There is no doubt that the authors offer the reader a
takes on its specific form by inner differentiation and more faith in themselves. There were crises, bank­ model of the conciliation and harmony of worldly
by incorporation of that from which it is different. ruptcies, new attempts, new successes. Altogether they success and personal morality — elements which are
And this is the way the Ukrainian ethnic group came proceeded with the speed of American life. America often held to be incompatible in the real world as well
into being, how it grew,, and how it now projects into was a school for those immigrants." as in fiction.
the future. Samchuk looks very carefully at every Ukrainian immigration to America, right from its In conclusion let me quote a far-reaching statement
element in that formation, which he fully describes and beginning, was seriously troubled with social and and a question posed by Ulas Samchuk:
sometimes partially analyzes. In view of this descrip­ identity problems. Dedicated work was needed to
t i o n we see a number of m u t u a l l y c o n t r i b u t i n g overcome the difficulties. A group of Catholic priests ...they came to New Y o r k , T o r o n t o , Sydney,
elements such as civic leaders, priests of the church, from Galicia, prior to ordination, had decided (in early Buenos Aires to wedge a part of their fate into a
h a r d w o r k i n g women, dedicated laborers, intel­ 1900) to dedicate their lives to ethno-national work in colorful mosaic of the stained glass of the all-human
lectuals, youth. America. Their devotion paid off; they succeeded in temple of existance. You may ask what is their future?
The author is clearly aware of the relevance of their work among immigrants. Their past inspires us to optimism. Their ideals as
certain places to his subject, and he exploits their In the center of this campaign stood the Ukrainian practiced in life and their deeds follow in the right
importance. He writes: "How and what to say about National Association's paper, Svoboda. Samchuk, direction; their will calls for affirmation of their
Shamokin [Pennsylvania]? The poets must compose a realizing the importance of the association, says: mission in order to meet the world and to gain its
song about i t . " This place "for us has the same support and understanding."
meaning that Philadelphia has for the whole of "It was built by feeling, by heart and only somewhat
America, because here began the history of Ukrainian by the intellect. Its spirit was the Rev. Hrushka, the This statement is a very fitting moral conclusion
settlement on this continent." He also portrays other Rev. Stefanovych... It seems more than obvious that which will rectify any immorality and will provide a
cities which form the heart of his enterprise, in terms without the Ukrainian National Association there prophetic vision for social and political transfor­
both of the space allotted and their importance to would not be a strong Ukrainian ethnic group in mation of an immigrant-settler in his search for
Ukrainian settlement. ^ •, America*" recognition and understanding.
* Not many authors would deliberately expose the
limitations of their own approach, but Samchuk, Again it is Samchuk's vision and his philosophical
being committed to describing the Ukrainian ex­ approach — at times subjective, emotional and p h Books available
perience, keeps very close to the object of his unsystematic — that provide fundamental concepts to
investigation. His intent is fruitful for the subject itself the formulation oi nis nolens aDout the ...Ukrainian•' ^Slldamy P i o n e r i v " (in U k r a i n i a n ) by Ulas<
because the world he constructs must be distinguish­ ethnic group. His complex perception of human Samchuk was published in 1980 by Svoboda Press,
able from fantasy or science fiction. The world he is existence is truly accurate. It justifies the instances Jersey City, N.J. "The Conquerors of the Prairies"
talking about is not a foreign world; it is an American where his genius or capability of recognizing the by^Yar Slavutych was released in 1984 by Slavuta,
world permeated with Ukrainian cultural and spiritual normal flux and expected progress of ethnic life is Edmonton, in a bilinugal (Ukrainian-English)
elements. And here he is to be applauded for his carefully set. His mediation, \vhich must be undersood edition. Both books are available from the Svoboda
determination to take the truth of saga seriously by in terms of a dynamic concept opposed to a static Bookstore, 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, N.J.
filling in its contents honestly with all assertions historical narrative imitation, is the sole guarantee of 07302. Prices are: $15 for "Slidamy Pioneriv"; $10
needed for an explicit and rigorous portrayal. * his objectivity. Samchuk's ideas for this reason will for "The Conquerors of the Prairies."


Please take notice that I am collecting dues every Friday evening between the hours of Records & tapes $10.00 U.S. to SAVINGS
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If you prefer to mail your dues, kindly use my home address:
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: u J n
" \: ^[f"'[ 1 s
^6iii 1*6pdWych, Branch Secretary « US-BONDS
the status of the Ukrainian Catholic panel. Thus M r . Humeniuk was able, kraine to study the processes under way
Speakers... Church, the Ukrainian Helsinki Union for the first time, to attend an exhibit of in Ukraine and the Soviet Union, and to
(Continued from page 4) and blank spots in the history of I Ikraine his works in Canada. His works, how­ address these problems rationally. He
specialists here to learn about this under Soviet domination. ever, had been shown in that country on also stressed that the Ukrainian dias­
literature." No less noteworthy at the conference four previous occasions. pora can affect the progress of giasnost
In regard to the late Mr. Stus, Dr. was the presence of artist Fedosiy in Ukraine.
Zhulynsky replied, "There is a possi­ Humeniuk who u n t i l recently was Ukrainian Institute represented
bility that Stus's works will be publish­ considered in the USSR to be a dissident Memorial lecture series
ed. I believe this will happen this year." artist and was the subject of vehement The stage was set for the conference
He added that he himself had written an attacks in the press. sessions at a $100-a-plate dinner held The York University symposium was
article about Stus that should soon be Mr. Humeniuk's paintings were on Saturday evening, January 28, during made possible by a bequest from the late
published. display during the conference and for which the keynote address was deliver­ Olga Proc, in accordance with which
In addition, he said, the cases of several days thereafter at the Samuel J. ed by Dr. Bohdan Krawchenko, direc­ the university has established the Wo-
persons who were unjustly punished are Zacks Gallery at Stong College of York tor of the Canadian Institute of Ukrain­ l o d y m y r and Olga Proc M e m o r i a l
now being reviewed, and he cited as an University. The artist also was a speaker ian Studies at the University Alberta. Lecture Series. "Giasnost in Soviet
example Heli Snehiriov, who was ac­ at a panel presentation on visual art in Ukraine" marked the inauguration of
Dr. Krawchenko (whose address that series. The chairman of the confer­
cepted into the Writers' Union post­ Ukraine. appears in two installments beginning
humously. He also expressed his Mr. Humeniuk's attendance at the ence committe was Prof. Jurij Dare­
with this issue of The Weekly), address­ wych.
opinion that Mr. Sverstiuk would soon conference had been in doubt up until ed the over-all context of giasnost and
be accepted into the union as well. several days before its start. His pre­ Within the framework of the confer­
perestroika in the USSR. He pointed
Other touchy issues covered during sence was made possible through the ence, two films by Soviet Ukrainian
out that giasnost must succeed i f the
the symposium's final panel presenta­ efforts of D a r i a Darewych, e x h i b i t filmmaker Yuriy Ilyenko were screened:
USSR is to emerge from economic and
tion that featured Mr. Bogayevsky were coordinator and a speaker on the arts "Wellspring for the Thirsty" and "St.
social stagnation, and that political
John's Eve" ("Kupalo"). A concert bv
reform in the USSR is essential for the
initials K G B are never mentioned violinist Oleh Krysa from Ukraine was
processes of giasnost and perestroika to
Giasnost... (except by unofficial groups who have become irreversible.
slated for February 10 at the Jane
(Continued from page 4) called for the KGBs' abolition). None­ Mallet Theater, St. Lawrence Centre
party elections, abolishing many de­ theless, it is undeniable that the In turn, Dr. George Grabowicz of for the Arts.
partments of the party which oversee mechanisms of social control have been Harvard University, who will soon take In addition, the conference program
and dictate to government institutions, greatly relaxed and that violations of over as director of the Harvard Ukrain­ featured " M i l l e n n i u m , " a one-hour
reducing the size of the party apparatus, human rights are less frequent. ian Research Institute, delivered the documentary on C h r i s t i a n i t y in U -
etc. The monopoly of power enjoyed by Neither has there been much progress concluding address. He called on the kraine by Halya Kuchmij of the Cana­
the party.was certainly not challenged. in reforming the a d m i n i s t r a t i o n : a Ukrainian community outside of U- dian Broadcasting Corporation.
Indeed, Gorbachev denounced the idea monster comprised of some 18 million
o f a multi-party system as an "abuse of people. True, some of the rules of petty
democratization." The fundamental bureaucratism have been abolished,
aim of the reforms was really to re-es­ there is less red tape, the size of the BUY U.S. SAVINGS BONDS
tablish party control over society. apparatus has been marginally reduced, For the current rate call... I - 8 0 0 - U S - B O N D S
The 20 million strong Communist travel is easier and there has been an
Party, it-should be noted, never existed expansion of local and republican
as a party in the usual sense of a political autonomy. But the behemoth remains
organization. A single-party system is intact.
after all a non-party system. Rather, the To appreciate what a formidable foe NOW IN STOCK
party leadership is the organizer of that apparatus reaMy is, i t has to be THE ENGLISH EDITION OF
society and within it are reproduced all ^ experienced. As the -Ukrainian writer
the possible factions and interests that
one expects to find in an elite.
Volodymyr Drozd wrote, "We have
proved beyond a shadow of doubt that
The existence t)f patronage networks everything can be bureaucratized. And Edited by Volodymyr Kubijovyc
and of factional and institutional in­ we continue to prove this over and over Managing editor Danylo Husar-Struk
terests is a natural tendency of Soviet again in the years of giasnost, when we First and second of a five-voiume work of Ukrainian scholarship in the diaspora
politics. Under Brezhnev, the party proclaim loudly a merciless struggle
(the last three volumes are scheduled to be released by 1992)
leadership was weak and accommo­ against bureaucratism. It may appear
dating — and for that reason Brezhnev
survived as long as he did. Powerful
paradoxical, but the bureaucratization
of the very process of the democratiza­
A-F - $119.50 - 968 pp.
interest groups and factions were al­ tion of our society is a very real danger.
lowed to pursue their own self-interest The power of inertia is terrible... The G-K — $125.00 - 737 pp.
unhindered, even when these conflicted bureaucrats live today as they lived includes shipping and handling
with the over-all good of society. The yesterday and will live tomorrow thus." Alphabetical/Encyclopedia of Ukraine, based on 25 years of work, completely revised and
bacchanalia of corruption and inef­ Tatiana Zaslavskaya has argued that supplemented edition of Encyclopedia Ukrajinoznavstva, richly illustrated with many color
ficiency that this produced was dysfunc­ nothing short of a "social revolution" plates, black-and-white photos and maps, first-class index of life and culture of Ukrainians in
tional, to say the least. will break the deadening hold of this Ukraine and diaspora.
Under the old arrangement, where administration on society.
Published by the University of Toronto Press for the Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies,
the party dominated and interfered in STOP TAXING YOURSELF. the Shevchenko Scientific Society and Canadian Foundation of Ukrainian Studies.
everything, it in effect controlled and HAVE A PROFESSIONAL PREPARE YOUR TAXES,
directed very little. The bureaucracy's STEFAN KACZARAJ, C P . A SVOBODA BOOK STORE
corporatist nature was leading to po­ 98 SECOND AVENUE, NEW YORK, N.Y. 10003
30 Montgomery Street, Jersey City, N.J. 07302
litical disintegration. Thus by with­ OTHER SERVICES: New Jersey residents please add 6% sales tax.
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tervention in society, Gorbachev hopes AND COMPUTERIZED WRITE-UPS.
that the party will be given the where­
withal to concentrate on the su­
We have in stock a new book
pervision and the solution of major
problems. Gorbachev was not engaging
in double-speak when he said that the
political reforms aimed at decentra­
lization would strengthen the party.
But th# success-of this p o l i t i c a l
David R. Marples
streamlining will depend on whether the
economy can be made to function more
autonomously, and whether the ap­
paratus can be made to unlearn its THE SOCIAL IMPACT OF THE
meddling habits. Political reform is a
decisive battle for perestroika; it is
necessary in order to make the process
of giasnost and perestroika irreversible,
argued Gorbachev, But past experience
with the apparatus would suggest that St. Martin Press, New York, 1988, printed andbourid in Great Britain, pages 313. Hard
the process is still very much reversible. cover, price $35.00, soft cover $15.00. , ?
If one were to look for guarantees of
The author presents a detailed examination of the aftermath of the world's worst nuclear
glasnost's permanence in the legal
accident, using information from a visit to the USSR in 1987.
sphere, such a decisive aspect of the
superstructure, then one would be
disappointed. The reform of the cri- Svoboda Book Store
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*ihere~is* imueh44s%msi-oa about-za*- The residents of New Jersey add 6% sales Tax. .<. .; ,
konnost -^.Jeigaiiiy ~*t itm uomc that the
for the good of American Ukraine, sang beautifully...
Turning the pages back... In a nicely decorated Ukrainian hall, after the singing by all present of "Tsariu
(Continued from page 6) Nebesnyi." the Rev. Poliansky of Pittsburgh spoke, and in his eloquent address
and the rights of mankind, at 9 a.m., Ukrainian priests, delegates of Ukrainian explained the goals of the Ukrainian National Association and the benefit that the
brotherhoods and patriotic Ukrainians from all regions, gathered at the Ukrainian nation in America would derive from it.
Ukrainian church in Shamokin, Pa., to ask the Lord God to help them successfully Next was the election of officers of the Ukrainian National Association which
begin their important deed — the founding of the Ukrainian (Ruskyi) National resulted as follows Teodosiy Talpash of Shamokin, Pa., president Mykhailo
Association. Yevchak of Wilkes-Barre, Pa., vice-president; the Rev. Ivan Konstankevych of
A divine liturgy, which called for the intercession of the Holy Spirit, was Shamokin, Pa., secretary; Ivan Glova of Excelsior, Pa., treasurer. ...
celebrated by the Rev. Teofan Obushkevych, a Ukrainian priest from Olyphant; When discussion turned to the reading rooms which each society that belongs to
during the liturgy the Shamokin choir directed by Dr. Simenovych, tireless worker the Ukrainian National Association is obligated to establish, the Rev. Toth, with
true Ukrainian generosity, pledged to donate, at his cost, 2,000 books for these
reading rooms, while the Rev. Hrushka promised to send free copies of Svoboda to
SELF RELIANCE (J.C.) FEDERAL CREDIT UNION every Ukrainian reading room in America...
Main Office: 558 Summit Avenue, Jersey City, N.J. 07306 The seal of the Ukrainian National Association will be an open book and three-
Branch Office: 981% South Broad Street, Trenton, N.J. 08604 barred cross over which are extended two fraternally clasped hands. Around this
will appear the name [of the organization] in Ukrainian and English...
ANNUAL MEMBERSHIP MEETING Now we inform all Ukrainians in America and all Ukrainian brotherhoods that
whoever wishes to belong to the association should immediately contact the
WILL BE HELD association's secretary, and send money, via a money order, to the treasurer.
on February 26, 1989 at 3:00 p.m. Whoever wants to be a member of the association should send money to the
at the treasurer — an initiation fee of 50 cents, and monthly dues of 50 cents. ...
Ukrainian National Home, 90-96 Fleet Street, Jersey City, N.J. And now, dear brethren, since there is a great number of us, and since the
association has already been founded, enroll in it, because this is only for your good
and your benefit. You, over whom our mother Ukraine cried as lost, should let the
BOARD OF DIRECTORS world know that you are alive and that here, in America, Ukrainian national life is
alive. An important step has already been taken. The Ukrainian National
Association has been established, the Ukrainian nation has arisen from the dead in
The Administration of Svoboda is pleased to announce that it is now accepting



What better way to reach your family and friends than by placing an EASTER GREETING in one
or both of our newspapers. Prices are as follows:
1 inch by 1 column $ 7.00
1 inch by 2 columns 10.00
^2 inches by 2 columns 20.00 According to the new, June 1988, eligibility requirements the scholarships will be awarded
3 inches by 2 columns 30.00 to FULL-TIME UNDERGRADUATE students attending accredited colleges or universities.
4 inches by 2 columns 40.00
5 inches by 2 columns 50.00 The candidate must be an ACTIVE DUES-PAYING UNA MEMBER for at least TWO YEARS.
Applicants will be judged on the basis of:
and so on
1. financial need
2. scholastic record
Greetings are being accepted through:
3. involvement in Ukrainian community and student life
MARCH 15, 1989 (for Easter issue according to the new calendar) Applications must be received by the UNA Main Office not later than APRIL 1, 1989.
APRIL 15, 1989 (for Easter issue according to the old calendar)
For application form write to:

To place your EASTER GREETING, simply send the text along with a check or money order
(US dollars) in the appropriate amount to: 30 Montgomery Street, Jersey City, N.J. 07302
30 Montgomery Street • Jersey City, N.J. 07302 WOONSOCKET, R.I. DISTRICT COMMITTEE
of the


will be held

Saturday, March 1 1 , 1 9 8 9 at 1:00 P.M.

at St. Michael Ukrainian Orthodox Church Hall
74 Harris Avenue, WOONSOCKET, R.I. 02895

ARE YOU PLANNING Obligated to attend the annual meeting as votig members are District Committee Officers,
Convention Delegates and two delegates from the following Branches:
73,93,122,177, 206, 241
All UNA members are welcome as guests at the meeting.
A MEETING? 1. Opening and acceptance of the Agenda
OR A CANDLELIGHT 2. Verification of quorum
3. Election of presidium
4. Minutes of preceding annual meeting
SOYUZIVKA SOYUZIVKA IS ACCEPTING 5. Reports of District Committee Officers
WILL BE OPEN NOW RESERVATIONS 6. Discussion on reports and their acceptance
IN MARCH FOR 1990 7. Election of District Committee Officers
8. Adress by UNA Supreme President DR. JOHN 0. FLIS
9. Adoption of District activities program for the current year
VARIED MENUS 10. Discussion and Resolutions
11. Adjournment
ARE AVAILABLE Meeting will be attended by:
Dr. John 0. FliS, UNA Supreme President
CO!03ieKA • SOYUZIVKA Alexander Chudolij, UNA Supreme Advisor
Leon Hardink, Chairman
HelenTrinkler, Secretary — Ukrainian • TheodorKlowan,Secretary — English
Janet Bardell, Treasurer
offered by the same), the statement of the famine of 1933, but also that in its much worse than has generally been
Eyewitness accounts...suggests that we are not only getting scope and in the suffering of its helpless recognized by the Western scholarly
(Continued from page 2) closer to a more detailed Soviet account victims, the famine may have been community.
home and native village of Stalin's
presence: Stalin's portrait on the wall,
his name adorning the collective farm,
the street, even alleyways. Even at that
time, however, declared Mr.Kyrsanov,
many peasants realized that Stalin 157 Second Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10003
could not be compared to Lenin, that is,
he had taken his own erroneous route. (212)254-8779
Nevertheless, despite the ritualistic Established 1920 Vera Kou>b*3niukShumeyko, President
denunciation of Stalin as the prime
culprit of the famine — while steering
clear of any suggestion that Ukrainians
as an ethnic group may have been
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PREVIEW OF EVENTS (Continued from page 1) it had been referred to in some Ukrain­
his rehabilitation and the publication of ian newspapers. Apart from adopting
his works. A worker from Poltava statutes, the meeting also issued an
February 23 February 26
named M y k o l a Kulchinsky stressed appeal to Ukrainians both at home and
CHICAGO: Loyola University will ABINGTON, Pa.: The Ukrainian that even at the most difficult times, the abroad. It also called on the Ukrainian
sponsor a public lecture as part of its Educational and Cultural Center, the voices of Ukrainian patriots were heard. authorities to designate one day in the
Millennium public lecture series by Prometheus Male Chorus, the Ukrai­ He named Stus, Valeriy Marchenko year as an official "Ukrainian Language
Dr. Yaroslav Isayevych of the Lviv nian Music Society, the Ukrainian and Mykola Rudenko. The delegates Day."
are reported to have responded with The poet D m y t r o Pavlychko, an
branch of the Academy of Sciences Music Institute of Philadelphia, the outspoken champion of the Ukrainian
of the Ukrainian SSR on "Publishing thunderous applause and shouts of
Ukrainian Professional Society, the language, was elected the head of the
and Cultural Currents in 15th-17th "Slava" (Glory to them ). A minute's
Ukrainian Selfreliance Federal Cre­ new society. In his speech to the confer­
Century Ukraine" at 6 p.m. in the silence was observed for U k r a i n i a n
dit Union, the Ukrainian Savings ence, as reported by Radio Kiev, M r .
Manquette Center, Room 30, 820 N . patriots like Stus and Marchenko who
and Loan Association and the Ukrai­ Pavlychko delivered another of his
Rush St. The public is invited. sacrificed their lives in defense of the
nian Senior Citizens Association characteristically forthright speeches.
Ukrainian language and culture.
present a concert featuring well-
February 24 known violinist Oleh Krysa from Similary, when the Ukrainian literary He stated that what those who had
Lviv, Ukraine, at 4 p.m. at the center, critic and former dissident and politi­ united in the new society were seeking is
"national justice." This cannot be the
CHICAGO: Dr. Yaroslav Isayevych 700 Cedar Road. For more informa­ cal prisoner, Ivan Dzyuba, stepped up
to the podium, he also received tumul­ preserve of "any one nation or lang­
will speak to the Ukrainian com­ tion call (215) 663-1166.
tuous applause from the delegates. uage," he stressed. Mr. Pavlychko went
munity on "Ukrainian Culture bet­
on to affirm that Ukrainian patriots
ween East and West" (in Ukrainian) March 5 The recently released former political were against a l l forms o f national
at 7 p.m. in the Cultural Center, 2247 prisoner and Ukrainian Helsinki Group exclusiveness and chauvinism.
W. Chicago A v e . The p u b l i c is JENKINTOWN, Pa.: Manor Junior leader Levko Lukianenko was among Significantly, Bohdan Horyn, a pro­
invited. For more information call College will hold a "Careers of the those whose names were put forward minent activist in the most important
> Vasyl Markus, (312) 489-1339. 90s" open house and financial aid for election to the society's executive Ukrainian "dissident" organization, the
seminar, 1-4 p.m., on the college council. Two other former political Ukrainian Helsinki Union, was elected
campus, Fox Chase Road and For­ prisoners are k n o w n to have been
PHILADELPHIA: The Philadelphia to the executive council. This organiza­
rest Avenue, Both the open house present at the conference: the literary
premiere of six new international tion, which is led by leading former
and seminar are designed to meet the critic Yevhen Sverstiuk and poet Ihor
films on tour as "The Cutting Edge Ukrainian political prisoners and has a
needs of high school juniors and Kalynets, who greeted the delegates on
II: A World on Film," including "The platform that is similar to those of the
seniors, their parents and friends, behalf of the unofficial U k r a i n i a n
Eve of Ivan Kupalo,"a film by Soviet Baltic popular fronts, is anathema to
and anyone who is interested in Association of Independent Creative the Ukrainian authorities and is fre­
Ukrainian filmmaker Yuri Ilyenko career changes. For more informa­ Intelligentsia (UANTI).
(in Ukrainian with English subtitles), quently attacked in the press.
tion or to register call the admissions
will be shown by the Neighborhood office, (215) 884-2216, or 884-2217, Mr. Kalynets was among the speak­ From the preliminary reports then, it
Film/Video Project at International or the continuing education office, ers who referred to the religious aspect can be seen that the inaugural confer­
House, 3701 Chestnut St., through 884-2218. of the national question and who ence of the Ukrainian Language Society
February 26. The 71-minute-long reminded the conference that on May was a signification event in Ukrainian
film by M r . Ilyenko will be screened 10 o f this year i t w i l l be the 70th cultural and public life. It could also
March 11
at 9 p.m. this evening. For more anniversary of the first divine liturgy in prove to be turning point. Not surpris­
information call (215) 895-6542. the U k r a i n i a n language, which was ingly, Ukrainian patriots in Moscow,
TORONTO: The Artistic Council of
conducted by the Ukrainian Autoce- according to one of their representa­
the Ukrainian Canadian Committee
phalous Orthodox Church in Kiev in tives, reacted with elation to the news of
WASHINGTON: Oleh Krysa, Ukrai­ announces the arrival of the theater
the Mykolayivskyi Sobor. what had transpired in Kiev and were
nian virtuoso v i o l i n i s t f r o m the group "New Generation Players" to
One of the sensations at the meeting confident that the conference marked
Soviet Union, will give a recital at Toronto for two performances of
was the impassioned patriotic speech the beginning of a new phase in the
D u m b a r t o n United Methodist Theophan Prokopovych's 18th-cen­
delivered by a Ukrainian Orthodox struggle for the recognition of Ukraine's
Church, 3133 Dumbarton Ave. N.W. tury five-act tragicomedy "Volody­
priest, the Rev. Bohdan Mykhailechko, national rights.
in Georgetown at 8 p.m. Tickets are myr," at 3 p.m. and at 8 p.m. at St.
who has a Russian Orthodox parish in What is important now is how M r .
$25 for patrons, $15 and $10 for Anne's Cultural Institute, 651 Duf-
Latvia. He strongly criticized the Shcherbytsky's apparatus reacts to this
students and senior citizens. The ferin St. The production is directed Russian Orthodox church for its atti­ direct challenge and what coverage will
concert is being sponsored by the by Ihor Ciszkewycz; set design and tude toward the Ukrainian language be provided in the Soviet Ukrainian
U k r a i n i a n Association of the costumes by Jurij Onukh. The Ukrai­ and its hostility towards the Ukrainian press. It is already known that the Rev.
Washington metropolitan area and nian Toronto Chamber Orchestra is Autocephalous Orthodox and Ukrain­ Mykhailechko has gotten into trouble
The Washington Group. For more conducted by Orest Kovaliv. Tickets ian Catholic Churches. He also com­ for his statements.
information call the T W G hotline, are $10 per person and are available pared the present U k r a i n i a n party
(202) 965-TWG1. at Arka and Arka West. Although the authorities in Kiev still
leadership to prodigal sons who had
are blocking the formation of a Ukrain­
PREVIEW OF EVENTS, a listing of Ukrainian community events open to forsaken their own nation.
ian popular front, the establishment of
the public, is a service provided free of charge by The Ukrainian Weekly to the The speakers included representa­ the Ukrainian Language Society pro­
Ukrainian community. To have an event listed in this column, please send tives from the national minorities living vides a new focus for Ukrainian forces
information (type of event, date, time, place, admission, sponsor, etc.), — in Ukraine, and Ukrainian communities for national renewal and genuine re­
typed and in the English language — along with the phone number of a person in Moscow, the Baltic republics, East­ structuring.
who may be reached during daytime hours for additional information, to: ern Europe and the West. A speech by After the unity and,determination
Preview of Events, The Ukrainian Weekly, 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, Chrystia Freeland, a Canadian Ukrain­ demonstrated last weekend by Ukrain­
N.J. 07302. ian,^ who is currently studying at Har­ ian patriots from all walks of life and
PLEASE NOTE: Preview items must be received one week before desired vard, was greeted with warm applause. from all parts of Ukraine, it is no longer
date of publication. No information will be taken over the phone. Preview In order to avoid any "ambiguity" in certain that the Shcherbytsky "team"
items will be published only once (please indicate desired date of publication). its title, the conference decided that the will be able to hold back the pressure for
All items are published at the discretion of the editorial staff and in society should be called the Taras change.
accordance with available space.

spread of the contamination in Byelo­ bodied were given w o r k . I n Gomel non-contaminated food, firewood, and
Chornobyl... russia. The roads have contaminated Oblast, outside the zone of radioactive other essentials, according to Pravda.
(Continued from page 1) dust, the population uses contaminated pollution, 170 new rural settlements In accordance with a decree by the
of radioactivity that floated north, and peat and firewood," he said. with good amenities have been created Soviet Communist Party Central Com­
on to Scandinavia. In an interview published in Izvestia for the evacuees.There are 9,770 apart­ mittee, 243 million rubles from state
Because of changes in wind direction with V. Yentukh, deputy chairman of ments in homestead-type houses with centralized capital investments have
and intermittent precipitation some of the Byelorussian SSR Council of Mini­ outhouses. We are not building multi­ been allocated for Chornobyl clean-up
the contamination was brought back to sters and chairman of the republic story buildings or wresting from the operations this year.
earth, as the main cloud drifted west, commission to eliminate the aftermath land people who have suffered a disas­
of the accident at Chornobyl stated: ter- T A S S has reported that 300,000
Soviet authorities reported. This creat­
"Let us be frank: the people who have According to Mr. Kovalev, the clean­ people in Byelorussia must undergo
ed certain radioactive "hot spots" in
left their homes and been resettled in up in Byelorussia has cost about 1.4 "permanent" health checks because of
Byelorussia on a patchwork basis. In
other places will long remember the billion rubles, and Moscow has estimat­ their exposure to radioactive contami­
some areas, one village's buildings and
aftermath of the accident. But there was ed that the total bill for Chornobyl has n a t i o n . A spokesperson for a loe^al
fields were contaminated while a neigh­
no other wayout.Approximately ZD,UUU run about 4.8 billion rubles. government commission said that des­
boring settlement remained clean.
people were evacuated from 107 popu­ pite living amid the contamination,
Granting an interview to Pravda, In 1988, Soviet authorities estimated
lation centers. I will point out that the village residents have shown no signs of
Mikhail Kovalev, the head of govern­ that losses caused by the accident were 8
evacuation was carried out in several illness.
ment o f the Byelorussian Republic billion rubles.
spoke about current conditions: "We stages, as the radiation situation chang­ People who were resettled immedi­ Cancer and other disease rates in the
harvest hundreds of thousands of tons ed," he said. ately after the accident, approximately contaminated area are rising, but are
of contaminated grain and do not know "The people who moved to a new 103.000, re;eivrr-i additional ,48 rubles below the national average, according
what to do with it. place were &t once provided with tem­ <y month and 25 percent salary increase to official reports from T A S S , the
"We d i d not manage to stop the porary accommodation, and the able- to cover the extra expense obtaining Soviet press agency.