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1/13

PERFIL H SOLDADO
rea
A=2bf tf + htw
Momento de inercia
Ix= [bf d3 (bf tw) h3]/12
Iy= (2tf bf 3 + htw3)/12
Mdulo plstico
Zx= bf tf (h+ tf) + tw h2/4
Zy= tf bf2 /2 + h tw2 /4
Propiedades flexo-torsionales
J= [2bf tf 3 + (h+ tf) tw3]/3
Cw= tf bf 3 (h+ tf)2 /24
Ia = [(dly) / (2Sx)]
It = bf tf /d
X1 = (/Sx) (EGJA/2)
X2 = (4Cw /Iy) (Sx /GJ)2
E= mdulo de elasticidad del acero (200000 MPa)
G= mdulo de corte del acero (77200MPa)

3/13
PERFIL H LAMINADO
rea
A= 2bf tf + tw (d 2tf) + (2r)2 r2
Momento de inercia
Ix = [bf d3 (bf - tw) (d 2tf)3]/12 + 0.8584r2 (d/2 tf 0.2234r)2 + 0.0302r4
Iy = tf bf3/6 + (d 2tf)tw3 + 0.8584r2 (tw/2 + 0.2234r)2 + 0.0302r4
Mdulo plstico
Zx= bf tf (d tf) + tw (d/2 tf)2 + 0.8584r2 (d/2 tf 0.2234r)
Zy = tf bf2 /2 + (d 2tf)tw2/4 + 0.8584r2 (tw/2 + 0.2234r)
Propiedades flexo-torsionales
D= [tf2 + tw2/4 +0.2929r (tw 2tf) + 0.1716r2] / [tf + 0.2929r]
= [(0.15 + 0.10r/tf) tw]/tf
J= 2bf tf3 {1/3 0.21tf [(1- tf4) / (12bf4)]/bf} + (d 2tf) tw3/3 + 2D4
Cw = Iy (d tf)2 /4
Ia = (dly / 2Sx)
It = bf tf /d
X1 = (/Sx) (EGJA/2)
X2 = (4Cw /Iy) (Sx /GJ)2
E= mdulo de elasticidad del acero (200000 MPa)
G= mdulo de corte del acero (77200 MPa)

4/13
PERFIL L LAMINADO
Parmetros auxiliares
a= a t R1
b= t R1
rea
A= t (2a t) + 0.2146 (R2 2R12)
Centro de gravedad
x = y = {6t [a(a + t) t2] + R12 (1.1504R1 -2.5752 (a + t) + R2 (2.5752t + 0.5752R)}/ (12A)
Centro plstico
Si R 2.1587 t , xp = yp t
La ecuacin trascendental que permite determinar x p (= yp) por algn mtodo iterativo, es la
siguiente:
(xp b) [R12 (xp b)2] + 2xp (t + a) R12 ArcCos[(xp b)/ R1] t2 0.2146R4 2ta = 0
Momento de inercia
Ix = Iy = ( at3 + a3t + t4 + R1b3 +R13b)/12 + t(y t/2)2 (a + t) + 0.0075R4 + R1b[(y b/2)2 +
(a + t + R1/2 y )2] + 0.7854R12[(y b 0.4244R1)2 + (a + t + 0.4244R1 y)2] + 0.2146R2y t
0.2234R)2 + at(y t a/2)2
Ixy = t (t/2 x) (a2 2ax + tx t2/2) 0.1065 (R4/24 R14/12) + 0.2146R2 (x t 0.2234R)2
0.4292R12 (a x 0.2234R1) (t x 0.2234R1)
Ia = Ix Ixy
Iv = Ix + Ixy
Mdulo plstico
Zx = Zy = a(t xp)2 + t(a2 t2 + 2(xp at)/2 + R2[2.5752(t xp) + 0.5752R]/12 0.2146R12 (a t)
Propiedades flexo-torsionales
D = 0.8284t + 0.2426R
= 0.07 + 0.076R/t
J = at3[1/3 (0.21t/a) (1 t4/12a4)] + t3(a t) {1/3 [0.105t/(a-t)] [1- (t4/ 192(a t)4)]} + D4
Cw = t3 (a t/2)3/18
x0 = (x t/2) (2)

(distancia entre el centro de gravedad CG y el centro de corte CC)

j = [(2) t(a t/2)4 / (48Iv)] + x0


= (x02 + 2Ix /A)1/2
H = =1 (x02 / )2

5/13
r = R + t/2
u = r/2
a = D 2(t + R)
=Dt
b=BtR
= B t/2
rea
A = t [a + 2(b + u)]
Centro de gravedad
x = t [at/2 + b2 + (b + u) (2r + t) 2r2 t2/6] / A
Centro plstico
Se distinguen 3 casos:
Caso 1: si bt A/4 xp (R + t) (eje en el tramo recto de ala)
Xp = b/2 + 0.2146r + t/2 a/4