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PRODUCTION OF THE MANUFACTURING

PROCESS of VARIOUS PACKAGING


A. BOTTLE
1. Raw materials
2. Batching
3. Melting
4. Feeders
5. Forming
6. Hot end Coating (tin coating)
7. Annealing
8. Cold end Spray (duracoat)
9. Inspection
B. PLASTIC BAG
1. Material Blending
2. Extruding
3. Printing
4. Finishing (cutting, sealing, folding)
C. PAPER CARTON
1. Cutting of Trees
2. Cleaning the barks
3. Chipping
4. Pulping
5. Fluting
6. Cutting and Trimming
7. Folding

WHAT IS SUSTAINABILITY?
A dynamic equilibrium in the processes of interaction between a population and the carrying capacity
of an environment such, that the population develops to express its full potential without adversely and
irreversibly affecting the carrying capacity of the environment upon which it depends.

5 Fundamental Domains of Sustainability:


The Material Domain: Constitutes the basis for
regulating the flow of materials and energy that underlie
existence.
The Economic Domain: Provides a guiding framework for creating and managing wealth.
The Domain of Life: Provides the basis for appropriate behavior in the biosphere.
The Social Domain: Provides the basis for social interactions.
The Spiritual Domain: Identifies the necessary attitudinal orientation and provides the basis
for a universal code of ethics.
Why Is Sustainability Important?
The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 committed the United States to sustainability,
declaring it a national policy to create and maintain conditions under which humans and nature can
exist in productive harmony, that permit fulfilling the social, economic and other requirements of
present and future generations.

HOW TO ATTAIN SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING?


4 STEPS TO A HOLISTIC APPROACH OF SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING:
1. Consider Your Sources
Different kinds of packaging sources use different production techniques; the right sources are the ones
that use an acceptable amount of eco-friendly practices when they make their packaging and source the
raw materials used in the process.
2. Evaluate Your Packaging Applications
One of the main reasons that sustainable packaging is valuable is that it tends to use less packaging
material. However, you can make your use of it more sustainable by simply taking a look at the way
that you use packaging and ensuring that you only use what is necessary.

3. Create Policies to Give Back to the Environment


Whatever kind of packaging materials your company uses, it is important that you do your part to help
sustain the raw natural resources that are used to create these materials. In a similar way, your business
should be implementing policies that help you contribute to the natural environment
4. Improve Your Waste Management
The final part of the lifecycle of your sustainable packaging is how it is disposed of. If possible, you
should be using disposal methods that allow as much material to be conserved and reused as possible.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS:

1. Prevention Waste prevention is a primary goal. Packaging should be used only where needed.
2. Minimization (also "source reduction") The mass and volume of packaging (per unit of
contents) can be measured and used as criteria for minimizing the package in the design process.
3. Reuse Reusable packaging is encouraged. Returnable packaging has long been useful (and
economically viable) for closed loop logistics systems. Inspection, cleaning, repair and
recouperage are often needed.
4. Recycling Recycling is the reprocessing of materials (pre- and post-consumer) into new
products.
5. Energy recovery Waste-to-energy and Refuse-derived fuel in approved facilities make use of
the heat available from incinerating the packaging components.
6. Disposal Incineration, and placement in a sanitary landfill are undertaken for some materials.

Minimized Environmental Impact:


1. Lowest possible Carbon footprint
2. No toxic Chemicals
3. Reduced use of Non-Renewable Resources

References:
http://www.sustainability.com/sustainability
http://www.afflink.com/blog/4-ways-to-achieve-a-holistic-approach-to-sustainable-packaging
https://www.epa.gov/sustainability/learn-about-sustainability#wh
http://www.sustainabilitylabs.org/files/Sustainability%20-%20The%20Five%20Core
%20Principles_0.pdf