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Course Manual

Mapping Global Order 1600-2000

Academic year 2016-2017
Term 1
History of Society – Global History and International Relations (GHIR)
History Department
Dr. F.M.M. de Goey

................................................ General introduction to the course ........................................................................................... 4 6................................................................... Recommended literature ................................................. Requirements and evaluation criteria for oral assignments......................... Concise overview of sessions and assessments ... 15 ............................................. 3 4...................................................................................... Learning goals ...................................................................................................................................................... 14 14......................................................... assessment and study load .............. Practical information........................................................... Rules related to attendance..................................................... 13 13.......................................... Specimen examinations ............................................................................................................ Organisation and approach: procedure..................... Mandatory literature ........... 5 7........................................................................................................... 7 8..................................... 14 15.. 3 2..... 11 10........................................................ 12 11.................. Week by week description of class content and assignments......2 Table of Contents 1....................... Rules related to written work ......................... 12 12........................................................................... 11 9..................................... Plagiarism .......................... 4 5............................ Assessment and examination ................ Instructions for footnotes and bibliography in written assignments ..................... 3 3..

regions and states. Some questions we will discuss during the course: what theory or model presents the book? What is precisely new and innovative about the book? What is the motor behind global historical processes? In what direction are we developing? Has the book stimulated related research by other scholars? How to relate these theories with research on Office hours: by appointment only. . These publications contain perspectives of the changing global order.M. and anthropologists. Learning goals Aims: . General introduction to the course This course combines Global History and International Relations Theory. in the second part we discuss the history and legacy of empires in global history. Besides these global perspectives.M. The focus in this course is thus on ‘Big questions. Van der Goot Building (M-Building) room 6-41. How can we use theories and select a research method? What research questions can we formulate? What are relevant units of analysis? How to make meaningful comparisons? While the first part focuses on the characteristics of empires and international relations.Students can list the main characteristics of empires and states . Charles Tilly). Position in curriculum: Term 1 ECTS: 10 ECTS Teaching methods used: seminar 2. de Goey (ESHCC). We will also discuss how these scholars conduct scientific research to prepare you for your MA thesis. rise and decline. and legacy of empires in global history and international relations. They discuss the characteristics. NGO’s or Multinational Corporations? The goal of this course is to deepen your understanding of global history and international relations. This is not to falsify the importance of a global perspective.eur. Practical information Course name: Mapping Global Order 1600-2000 (MGO) Course code: CH4010 Lecturer: Dr. Email: degoey@eshcc.Students can give a presentation and discuss the points of view of authors on the rise and decline of empires and states Skills: . large theories and huge comparisons’ (cf. sociologist. F. we occasionally emphasize local perspectives and variations according to time and space. geographers. History Department. We discuss publications of various scholars with different backgrounds. covering both western and non-western countries. All authors use theories and concepts to explain the history of empires. regions.Students are able to discern various positions in contemporary academic discourse on the rise and decline of empires and states . we use literature from political scientists. but to highlight the dynamics between the global (or macro level) and the local (or micro level).3 1. To combine these two perspectives we will adopt the highest possible level of international relations and global interactions: the development of empires in history. Besides historians. 3. Phone: + 31 10 408 8613.Students can compare the development of empires in world history . economists.Close reading and contextual analysis of texts and discourses.

sociologists. From the Ruins of Empire (London 2012) Student presentations Giovanni Arrighi & Beverly J.30 hrs.16:30 hrs. Organisation and approach: procedure. including the rise and fall of empires and states. Chaos and Governance in the Modern World System (Minneapolis 1999) Student presentations End-term Exam (Part 2 MGO). 4. The Dynamics Empires in World History of Global Dominance. Students will furthermore make six written assignments.and why They Fall (New York 2007). . Silver. Remaking the Study of International Relations (Oxford 2000) Introduction: Burbank and Cooper: David B. Concise overview of sessions and assessments Course week Subject 1 (6 September) Introduction: Mapping Global Order Student presentations 2 (13 September) 3 (20 September) 4 (27 September) 5 (4 October) 5 (5 October 2016) 6 (11 October) 7 (18 October) 8 (25 October) 9 (1 November 2016) Presentations by the lecturer on Paul Kennedy. The lecturer presents several (theoretical) perspectives on the global order. International Systems in World History. assessment and study load Each week two or three students will give a presentation. The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers (New York 1987) Student presentations Amy Chua. the process of change. Student presentations Pankaj Mishra. 09-30-12. political scientists and scholars of international relations. Abernethy. 13:30 . For each weekly class all students are required to study the mandatory literature (see below). How Hyperpowers Rise to Global Dominance. Student presentations Barry Buzan and Richard Little. the selection of the unit of analysis and the use of theory and methods in history. There are two written examinations: midterm and end term. 5. including periodization. The books will demonstrate how these authors solved typical problems related to research. European Overseas Empires 1415-1980 (Yale 2000) Mid-term Exam (Part 1 MGO). Day of Empire. These perspectives include books written by historians.4 - Academic presentation and debate.

12.Are the historical facts presented correctly? . Try not to make a summary of the literature. 12. via Turnitin only (Blackboard) Assignment D: 7 October 2016.Are the main arguments presented convincingly? Why yes or why not? . 12.One presentation (20 percent) .What does(do) this(these) chapter/article(s) add to previous articles and/or books? Marking the student presentations The presentations are marked on their quality: discussion of the main points. 12.00 hrs.5 Deadlines for assignments Assignment A: 9 September 2016. 12.Two written examinations (each exam is 25 percent) Presentation Each week we have 2 or 3 student presentations (depending on the number of participants). via Turnitin only (Blackboard) Assignment F: 21 October 2016. It is not based on the fluency of your English or your quality as a presenter. These presentations cover the mandatory literature.00 hrs.Do you have comments or critique on the method or theory used? . Requirements of student presentations Language: English language Duration: maximum 10-15 minutes. via Turnitin only (Blackboard) Assignment C: 23 September 2016. your contribution to the debate: relevant questions and remarks.Portfolio containing six written assignments (30 percent) . Present these on no more than three slides. via Turnitin only (Blackboard) Study load This course is 10 ECTS (= 280 hours study) Literature: 800 pages/5 pages per hour = 160 Seminar: 8 x 3 = 24 Assignments: 6 x 10 = 60 Presentation: 1 x 10 = 10 Prepare for exam: 2 x 10 = 20 Exam: 2 x 3 = 6 Total: 280 6.00 hrs. 12.00 hrs. Present what you believe is/are the main argument(s).00 hrs. Use the remaining slides to raise points for the class room discussion.00 hrs.00 hrs. via Turnitin only (Blackboard) Assignment E: 14 October 2016. via Turnitin only (Blackboard) Portfolio of all assignments: 26 October 2016. Assessment and examination The final mark for CH4010 Mapping Global Order consists of: . For example you could comment on the following: . via Turnitin only (Blackboard) Assignment B: 16 September 2016. . Use Power Point and/or provide hand-outs (hard copies). 12.

6 Written assignments (A. Dutch students may choose to write their papers in Dutch or English. Maximum length varies (plus or minus 10%) (for details see section 9) Dutch students may choose to write their papers in Dutch or English. Hand in your portfolio of all six assignments (hard copy only).000 words (text) (plus or minus 10%). Standard requirements: your name. student number. C. Try to make connections with previously discussed books and articles. Use MS Word or equivalent (Open Office).00 hrs. 12. These assignments advance from simple and short to longer and more complicated. revised and/or corrected (pigeon hole De Goey Van der Goot Building/M-7) Deadline: 28 October 2016. Non-Dutch students use English only. Requirements of assignments A. Upload your weekly assignment via Turnitin (Blackboard CH4010) before Friday 12. Requirements of assignments E and F (paper) Same as above (assignments A. D. C and D Put your name and student number on the first page. (see point 7: Week by week description of class content and assignments). B. For week 7 and 8 you will write a full paper that meets scientific requirements. but avoid making a summary.) covers all compulsory literature. additional literature and lectures. B. All assignments receive feedback from the lecturer before the next seminar. Your paper must have a clear argument (often already present in the title of the paper). Do not save and upload your assignments as PDF. The end-term exam (week 9) covers Part 2 of Mapping Global Order: Burbank and Cooper. References (use footnotes only). (Hint: put your surname and the number of the assignment in the file name. Written examinations There are two written examinations. Non-Dutch students use English only. B. 09.g. Discuss the compulsory literature.00 hrs. Portfolio of written assignments. E and F) and portfolio of assignments There are six written assignments. The mid-term exam (week 5) covers Part 1 of Mapping Global Order: Münkler. assignment number. * Please note: The grade of the portfolio with six assignments is downgraded by 1 point for each assignment not handed in before the deadline.30-12.: Mariani_assignment_01). core paragraphs (evidence. Your paper must have a clear structure: introduction of the main argument. e. and opinions of authors) and conclusion. additional literature and lectures. The resit exam (26 June 2017. .30 hrs. C and D) Additionally: Maximum length is 1. facts.

(1) Münkler: chapters 1 and 2.Münkler: Preface.30 hrs. nations-states and empires. “Nation-states as empires. development. nations. .30-12.” International Studies Review 15 (2013): 243–258. (4) Steven Kettell and Alex Sutton. one practice?. The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers (New York 1987). 109–132. (Maximum 500 words).Students can elaborate on different theories on the origins of the modern state.Students can list the main characteristics of (territorial) states. (3) Hendrik Spruyt. “New Imperialism: Toward a Holistic Approach. Assignment A: Make a summary of Kumar. .16:30 hrs. . Literature: .Students are able compare early modern and modern states with respect to authority and sovereignty Discussion (lecturer): Paul Kennedy. and possible decline of the Modern State. Geopolitics 15 (2010). ‘Empire as a Geopolitical Figure’.Noel Parker. . nations.” Annual Review of Political Science 5 (2002): 127–149. Resit Exam: 26 June 2017. but always use your own words as much as possible. . Week by week description of class content and assignments Week 1: 6 September Learning objectives: .Students can list the main characteristics of (territorial) states.30-12. . . End-term Exam: 1 November 2016. 09.Students can argue why the study of empires must be multi-disciplinary.Students can explain the differences between empire and hegemony . nations-states and empires. via Turnitin only (Blackboard) Week 2: 13 September Learning objectives: .30 hrs.7 Mid-term Exam: 5 October 20165.Students can discuss the geopolitics of empire. Written exams take place in Van der Goot/M Building (ground floor).” Theory and Society 39:2 (2010): 119-143. Deadline: 9 September 2016. 13:30 .(2) Krishan Kumar. Introduction Part 1: Mapping Global Order and Münkler Literature: .Students can discuss the differences between political and economic theories of imperialism . Focus on his main argument. 12. 09.00 hrs. 7. Always consult SIN-Online in advance for possible changes. empires as nation-states: two principles. “The Origins.

.(5) Münkler: chapters 3 and 4. Remaking the Study of International Relations (Oxford 2000). .Students can list the main differences between Europe and the United States . Deadline: 23 September 2016. Assignment C: Write an essay on the prospect or perhaps necessary rise of a new empire(s) using the literature of next week.Students can argue why the United States is or is not an empire Discussion (lecturer): Amy Chua.” Journal of the History of International Law 7 (2005): 1-23. Discussion (lecturer): Barry Buzan and Richard Little.(6) Brett Bowden.Students are able to elaborate on the idea of global governance.Students are able to compare steppe and sea empires .Students can explain how and why weak challengers can defeat strong empires .Students can define and apply the concepts ‘imperial overstretch’ and ‘global fields’ to historical and modern empires .” Review of International Studies 40 (2014): 125-152. . Deadline: 16 September 2016. 12.00 hrs.8 Assignment B: Use next week’s literature to discuss the following proposition: “The rivalry between western states was and is responsible for subjugating the non-western world and the dominance of western political ideas (norms.Students can compare and list the main differences between the British and the American empires .Students can name and explain the different legitimizations used by empire builders in the past . .Students can compare guerrilla warfare and terrorism and relate them to the development of empires . Onea. International Systems in World History. Day of Empire. values) in international relations. European Expansion and the Classical Standard of Civilization. structure.00 hrs. How Hyperpowers Rise to Global Dominance – and Why They Fall (New York 2007) Literature: . (Maximum 700 words).Students can define the concept Standard of Civilization and its role in Europe’s expansion from the 12th century . via Turnitin only (Blackboard) Week 4: 27 September Learning objectives: .Students can define the idea of Natural Law. “Between dominance and decline: status anxiety and great power rivalry.(7) Tudor A.” (Maximum 600 words). 12. laws.Students can discuss the role of status in great power politics . via Turnitin only (Blackboard) Week 3: 20 September Learning objectives: . “The Colonial Origins of International Law.Students can discuss the importance of the Augustan Threshold for the development of empires .

“European Foreign Policy and American Primacy.” Sociological Theory 26:3 (2008): 201-229. 13. . . European Overseas Empires 1415-1980 (Yale 2000) Assignment D: Apply the concept of Imperial Trajectories (see Burbank and Cooper.Students can explain the concept of Imperial Trajectories.Students can summarize the main developments of the European explorations after 1500. 7 and 8 of Burbank and Cooper. “The European Union in the Legacies of Imperial Rule? EU Accession Politics Viewed from a Historical Comparative Perspective. (Maximum 800 words) Deadline: 7 October 2016. 149-185) .Burbank and Cooper: Chapter 1: Imperial Trajectories (pp. 12. . “Global Fields and Imperial Forms: Field Theory and the British and American Empires.(12) Harold James.” International Affairs 84:3 (2008): 421-436.(13) Burbank and Cooper: chapter 6: Oceanic Economies and Colonial Societies: Europe.(10) Julian Go. via Turnitin only (Blackboard) Week 5: 5 October Mid-Term Exam (Part 1 MGO).(9) David Clark. From the Ruins of Empire. . .Students can debate the relationship between nationalism and empire-building in western states from the late eighteenth century Discussion (lecturer): Pankaj Mishra. “Globalization. . Week 6: 11 October Learning objectives: .9 Literature: . 1-23) Discussion (lecturer): David B. Literature: . (11) Hartmut Behr. Chapter 1) to the chapters 6. Abernethy. Week 5: 4 October Introduction Part 2 MGO Literature: .(8) Münkler chapters 5 and 6.Students can write down the main characteristics of steppe-empires and maritime-empires.(14) Burbank and Cooper: chapter 7: Beyond the Steppe: Empire-Building in Russia and China (pp. The Dynamics of Global Dominance.Students can compare the Russian and Chinese empires.” International Politics 45 (2008): 276-291.30 hrs. .00 hrs. The Revolt against the West and the Remaking of Asia (London 2012). Asia. empire and natural law.” European Journal of International Relations 13:2 (2007): 239–262.30-16. and the Americas (pp. 185-219) .

via Turnitin only (Blackboard) Week 8: 25 October Learning objectives: . States. . 12.Students can relate the history of European empires and imperialism. 369-413) .Students can debate the development of nation-states.Students can compare the main characteristics if empires and modern states.(16) Burbank and Cooper: chapter 9: Empires across Continents: The United States and Russia (pp. 12. 413-443) . Van der Goot Building/M 7). and Political Imagination (pp. via Turnitin only (Blackboard) Week 7: 18 October Learning objectives: . 219251) Assignment E: Write a paper suing the literature for week 7. . colonialism and empires from the nineteenth. 251-287) . Literature: .Students are able to evaluate the consequences of colonial rule. 17.(18) Burbank and Cooper: chapter 11: Sovereignty and Empire: Nineteenth-Century Europe and Its Near Abroad (pp. Africa and Asia. Discussion (lecturer): Giovanni Arrighi & Beverly J. . (Maximum 1000 words).(19) Burbank and Cooper: chapter 12: War and Revolution in a World of Empires: 1914 to 1945 (pp.(21) Burbank and Cooper: chapter 14: Empires.10 - (15) Burbank and Cooper: chapter 8: Nation.00 hrs.Students can define continental empires. Silver. Deadline: 14 October 2016. Chaos and Governance in the Modern World System (Minneapolis 1999). .(17) Burbank and Cooper: chapter 10: Imperial Repertoires and Myths of Modern Colonialism (pp. 331-369) Assignment F: Write a paper related to the literature for week 8 (maximum 1000 words) Deadline: 21 October 2016. Hard copy only! (pigeon hole De Goey.00 hrs. . 443-461) Deadline portfolio of all written assignments: 28 October 2016.Students are able to summarize the history of western colonialism in Latin America.(20) Burbank and Cooper: chapter 13: End of Empire? (pp. 287-331) .Students can discuss the future role of empires in global history and international relations. and Citizenship in a Revolutionary Age (pp. .00 hrs. . Literature: .Students can compare the development of the empires of the USA and Russia.

“The Colonial Origins of International Law. Onea. and British or more recently the United States. Power and the Politics of Difference (Princeton University Press: Princeton. Mandatory literature Books:   Herfried Münkler. Recommended literature There are many books on the history of empires. Sociological Theory 26:3 (2008): 201-229.” Theory and Society 39:2 (2010): 119-143.” European Journal of International Relations 13:2 (2007): 239–262. (Burbank and Cooper. Below are examples of some general books. “Global Fields and Imperial Forms: Field Theory and the British and American Empires”. 2010) ISBN 978-0-691-12708-8 (Hbk) ISBN 978-0691152363 (Pbk) (22 + 312: 334 pages) Articles           Hartmut Behr. “Empire as a Geopolitical Figure. Cambridge 2007). Egyptians. Harold James. empire and natural law.” Geopolitics 15 (2010): 109–132. “European Foreign Policy and American Primacy. Ottomans. Noel Parker. and possible Decline of the Modern State”.” Journal of the History of International Law 7 (2005): 1-23. Hendrik Spruyt. additional literature and lectures) 8. “Globalization. ISBN 978-07456-3872-0 (250 pages) Jane Burbank and Frederick Cooper. Consult the website of the university library for instructions on setting up a VPN connection at home: http://www.11 Week 9: 1 November End-term Exam (Part 2 MGO): 09-30-12. You need to set up a VPN connection to access these articles from your home.” Review of International Studies 40 (2014): 125-152. “Between dominance and decline: status anxiety and great power rivalry. The Logic of World Domination from Ancient Times to the United States (Polity Press. David Clark. Tudor A. Empires in World History. “New Imperialism: Toward a Holistic Approach. usually specific empires like the Persians. Krishan Kumar. “Nation-states as empires.eur.30 hrs.” International Studies Review 15 (2013): 243–258. Annual Review of Political Science 5 (2002): 127–149.” International Affairs 84:3 (2008): 421436. Empires. Mongols. The articles are available as PDF-files in e-journals through our university library. Steven Kettell and Alex Sutton. empires as nation-states: two principles. “The European Union in the Legacies of Imperial Rule? EU Accession Politics Viewed from a Historical Comparative Perspective. . but not when accessing these journals from the university library itself. See in addition the references in the compulsory 9. European Expansion and the Classical Standard of Civilization. Development. one practice?.” International Politics 45 (2008): 276-291. “The Origins. Brett Bowden. Julian Go. Romans.

The Routledge History of Western Empires (New York 2014). After Tamerlane. o Students who miss two sessions can still satisfy the attendance requirements for the course by completing an extra assignment on top of the course’s regular assignments. If you are unable to attend a session. George Raudzens. In concrete terms. during which you will be required to execute a wide range of different assignments. The Rule of Empires. o Students who are unable to attend a single tutorial session satisfy the minimum attendance requirements for the course without having to do an extra assignment – provided they attend each of the remaining sessions. Peter Turchin. However. The student is required to send the completed assignment to the lecturer via email within two weeks.12       Robert Aldrich and Kirsten McKenzie (eds. those who endured them. students who do not show up three times or more are barred from the course from then on. Before each tutorial session. War. Europe and Globalization 1492 . War and Peace and War: The Rise and Fall of Empires (New York 2007). Andrew Phillips. 11. stating the reason of his or her absence. you are required to notify your lecturer and/or your student advisor in a timely manner by email. This extra assignment is always an assignment that is given to the student by the lecturer on an individual basis. Rules related to attendance. Parsons. Each of the scheduled lectures will prepare you for the associated tutorial sessions. 10. o Students who fail to attend a tutorial session on more than two occasions are always required to arrange an appointment with the student advisor. you are required to submit the completed assignments associated with the missed session to your lecturer in writing as soon as possible. all students are required to: study the mandatory literature selected for that session. Timothy H. This assignment is subsequently given either a ‘pass’ or ‘no pass’ mark. complete the assignments for the upcoming tutorial. Those who built them. Empires. Religion and Empire: The Transformation of International Orders (Cambridge 2011). to satisfy this requirement students need to be physically present throughout the entire length of the meeting and to bring along the completed preparatory . These sessions adhere to the following protocol: o The lecturer keeps a record of which students are present or absent. In accordance with the rules set out in the Teaching and Examination Regulations. Absence from a tutorial session is only accepted under highly extenuating circumstances: illness or a calamity. and why they always fall (Oxford 2010). They will be required to resit the entire course the following year. tutorial sessions and research workshops).). o If a student is unable to attend one of the tutorial sessions. the student is required to notify the lecturer in advance.1788 (Sutton 1999). After this. students are required to actively participate in all mandatory course meetings (seminars. The Rise and Fall of Global Empires 1400-2000 (2007). In principle. John Darwin. the student is required to catch up on any regular assignments that had to be handed in during the missed session. Attendance of the tutorial sessions is mandatory. Specimen examinations See CH4010 Blackboard for examination questions.

date and the course title in the top right-hand corner of your work. Written papers with incorrect citation or that are written in substandard Dutch/English will not be reviewed and will be given a non-pass mark. layout.a. 3. 6. The lecturer will send an email to the student informing him or her of this subtracted score. 12. Be sure to give the correct source(s) in your references and Bibliography (or Sources) at the end of the document. viz.g. describe in your own words what an author writing in the secondary literature or a primary source is saying.10%. Never use abbreviations of any kind (for example.chicagomanualofstyle. Order your arguments into clear paragraphs. It’s often better to paraphrase rather than use a direct quotation: i. Carefully record your references to the mandatory literature and (where applicable) other sources by means of footnotes. In other words: be careful not to create the impression of plagiarism. you are expected to adhere to the Chicago Style citation guidelines: www.e. yet adequate title. indicate these different paragraphs with an indented line (use the ‘tab’ button). As a standard measure. grammar and stylistic elements  Correct citation  Correct references 2. the lecturer will record a 50% attendance score for him or her. 9. 8. Substantive criteria:  Adequate incorporation of all required elements set out in the assignment  Logical line of reasoning  Extent to which the mandatory literature and sources have been incorporated in the submitted work . In other words. 11.e. accompanied by a note. Be sure to always write out such terms. 1. 7. division into paragraphs  The quality of the Dutch/English used: spelling. Be sparing in your quotations. 4. Rules related to written work 1. Only use a section break (extra space between two paragraphs) if you believe the reader needs to be alerted to an entirely new element in your argumentation. Be sure to write out century names. student number. Basic conditions and technical aspects:  Handed in on time – i. Each paragraph should comprise a single step in your line of reasoning. and include this paraphrase at a logical point in your argumentation. before the set deadline(!)  Total word count falls within the established margins (maximum deviation of 10%)  The paper is structured correctly: title. be sure to clearly record your 5.13 assignments set out in the course manual.). Do not include any other information besides the above! 2. In this context. The word count for your written paper may vary by a maximum margin of + or . or i. Each time you submit a written paper. For instructions for footnotes see section 15.. e. but fifteenth century. Each argumentation should be preceded by a creative. in other words: do not write 15th century. Do not title individual paragraphs! 10. If a student fails to satisfy this requirement. do not include any single-sentence paragraphs. all submissions are checked for plagiarism via Turnitin.

thesis or other document written in the context of an academic evaluation without citing the appropriate source (e. Requirements and evaluation criteria for oral assignments The oral assignment (presentation) is evaluated on the basis of three criteria: 1.) The lecturer will orally share his or her reasons for awarding the student a specific grade. of text content written by another authors or authors in one’s own paper.14    Clear distinction between the positions of the cited authors and the student’s own perspective Creativity shown in the student’s argumentation Catchy title or opening paragraph is contending in a note. In a paper or final assignment. and assign this contention a logical place in your argument. 13. b. coherence. in part or in its entirety. book.) 3. After all. Advice: read this study guide with assignments carefully and work ahead! . Plagiarism Plagiarism is strictly prohibited. etc. Strive to interact with your audience during your presentation. • When working in pairs.) 2. Powerpoint etc. argument and conclusion. Structure (clear introduction. ensure a balanced division of presentation tasks between yourself and your fellow student. the student may only receive ECTS credits for a specific completed assignment once – otherwise. Any instances of plagiarism observed by the lecturer will be met with sanctions by the Examining Board! Plagiarism involves the inclusion. this would amount to fraud. report and website). • Ensure that the text is precise and to the point. d. 14. Try to wrap up your presentation in such a way that it can serve as a starting point for a serious group discussion. Present an overview of the text’s most important aspects and key concepts. the student is required to present his or her thoughts in his or her own words. Substantive aspects a. Ensure that your presentation relates to one of the specific assignments for the tutorial session in question. clarity and structure of the presentation. Practical checklist • Start with an introduction (including an outline of the presentation). This is understood to also include the quoting or paraphrasing of content without clearly indicating this is the case. present your argument and finish with a clear conclusion. etc. c. The student’s visual aids (gestures. written assignment. use of blackboard. coherence. Substance (correctness of the provided information. We refer to the Chicago Manual of Style for extensive information on academic writing and proper annotation. journal article. it is strictly prohibited to reuse portions of previously evaluated work of one’s own hand. In addition.g.

Edward Said’s book Orientalism. Note that it is not the title of the article. but the title of the journal which is written in italics.” The Journal of Modern History 54 (1982): 417-466. we use the Chicago Style (16th Edition). Format the title like this in the bibliography: Said. Instructions for footnotes and bibliography in written assignments Although various annotation styles are used in academia. . which enables you to insert a reference to a source on the bottom of the page you are working on. “The Queen Caroline Affair: Politics as Art in the Reign of George IV. 1978). This annotation system uses footnotes.” 421-422. The second reference to the same book can be shortened to: Said. the city where the book was published.g. Also note that the page numbers which the article fully covers in the journal are only given in the bibliography:    First reference: Thomas W. the name of the publishing house. Orientalism. the year in which the title was published. 101. See for extensive information Chapter 14 of the Chicago Manual of Style Online (accessible on the EUR-network or at home via VPN). followed by the page(s) you refer to: Edward W. Bibliography (when using only secondary sources) or Sources (when using primary and secondary sources): Laqueur. You can compile a bibliography at the end of the manuscript which lists all references alphabetically by author.15 15. A journal article is formatted differently. Especially when writing larger papers. Using annotation software can save you lots of time. The Chicago Style defines how the references are formatted. which includes author. e. Please visit this page for a list of the proper ways to format the various kinds of sources available in academia. 98-100. Orientalism (New York: Pantheon Books. Laqueur. 1978. If you are referring to a book. “The Queen Caroline Affair. Said. New York: Pantheon Books. do it like this:    The first reference is always a full reference. “The Queen Caroline Affair: Politics as Art in the Reign of George IV. We use the system with notes and bibliography. Orientalism. Thomas W. Chicago-Style is available in two formats: the author-date system for the social sciences and the system with notes and bibliography for the humanities. Second reference: Laqueur. Edward W. Use “Ibid. Popular annotation software like Zotero (free) or Refworks (available on campus computers) can automatically format inserted references in Chicago Style. (book)title (in italics).” The Journal of Modern History 54 (1982): 420.” when consecutive footnotes refer to the same book. Always insert a reference when you are citing a source and when you discuss main ideas you derive from a specific source.