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REPBLICA DE PANAM

UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLGICA DE PANAM


FACULTAD DE CIVIL
SEDE DE VERAGUAS

CALCULO II

MODULO N1
INTEGRACIN POR PARTES
FRACCIONES PARCIALES
SUSTITUCIONES TRIGONOMTRICAS
FUNCIONES RACIONALES DEL SENO Y DEL COSENO

PROFESORA
NGELA Y. FRANCO

2016

Teora y
Ejemplos

Integrales
Nuevas Formulas
dx

ax +b = a

1.

dx

du
u

1
ln |u|+ C
a

1
ln |ax+b|+C
a

u=ax+ b

du=adx

du
=dx
a

ax +b = a ln= a ln|ax +b|+ C

2.

dx
1
dx
=
2
2
a x a a 2 x 2
a 2 a2

1
a

dx

x
1
a

()

1
du
. a
a
1u 2

du=

( ax )

dx
a

du
1u 2
sec 1

sec 1 u+C

u=

dx
x
=sec 1
+C
2
2
a
a x

()

( ax )+C

du=

a
dx
2
a

adu=dx

dx

x2 +a2 =

dx
a2

x a
+
a2 a2

1
dx
2
a
x2
+1
a2

( )

1
du
. a 2
2
a
u +1

u=

1
du

a u 2+ 1

du=

x
a

du=
dx
a

a
dx
2
a

adu=dx

1 1 x
tan
+C
a
a

()

dx
1
1 x
= tan
+C
2
a
a
x +a

()

dx
x x a
2

dx
x

1
a

x2 a2
2
2
a a
dx

( )

x
1
a

1
du
. a
a
du u2 1

u=

x
a

adu=dx

x=au

1
du

a u u21

1
sec1 u+C
a
dx

1
1 x
= sec
+C
a
a
x x a
2

Ejemplos:

1.

dx
2
6

5x

1
dx

5 x2 6
5

1
5
tan 1
xc
5
6

()


2.

dx
7 5x2
1
dx

5
7 2
x
5

1
5
sen 1 x c
5
7

3.

4.

dx
7 8x2
1
dx

8
7
x2
8
1
8
senh 1 x c
7
8

senxdx
4 cos 2 x

du

a 2 u 2
u cos x
1
cos x
arcsen
c
du senxdx 2
2

ln x

5.

x 4 x ln

u ln x
du

dx
x

du
dx
x
z 1 4u 2
dz
udu
8

dx

ln x
dx
x(1 4ln 2 x)
u

du
1 4u 2
1 dz

8 z
1
ln 1 4u 2 c
8
1
ln 1 4ln 2 x c
8

Integracin por Partes


Sean u=u(x) y v=v(x) dos funciones de la variable x. por las propiedades de los
diferenciales se tiene que:

d uv udv vdu
luego

d uv udv vdu
de donde
uv

udv vdu

Por lo tanto:

udv uv vdu
Ejemplo N 1:

xe dx
x

Calcule

ux
du dx
dv e x dx
ve

xe x e x dx
xe x e x c

Ejemplo N2:

x e dx
2 x

Calcule

xe x e x dx
x 2e x 2 xe x dx
x 2e x 2 xe x e x dx

u x2
x 2e x 2 xe x e x
du 2 xdx
2 x
x
x
dv e x dx
ve

x e 2 xe 2e c
ex x2 2x 2 c

Ejemplo N3:

Calcule

ln xdx

u=lnx
dx
dx=
x
dv dx
vx

x ln x x

x ln x dx

x ln x x c Frmula

Ejemplo N 4:

Calcule

dx
x

ln xdx

u ln x
dx
x
dv x3 dx
1
v x4
4
du

1 4
1
dx
x ln x x 4
4
4
x
1
11 4
x 4 ln x
x c
4
44
1
1
x 4 ln x x 4 c
4
16

Ejemplo N 5:

xe 2 x

Calcule

2 x 1

dx

xe2 x
1 e 2 x 2 xe 2 x

dx
2 2 x 1 2 2 x 1 2

u xe

2x

du e2 x e 2 x dx
dv

dx

2 x 1

z 2x 1

dz
dx
2

1
v
2 2 x 1

2x
xe2 x
1 e 2 x 1

dx
2 2 x 1 2 2 x 1 2

xe2 x
1
e 2 x dx
2 2 x 1 2

xe2 x
1 1 2x

e c
2 2 x 1 2 2
xe2 x
1

e2 x c
2 2 x 1 4

Ejemplo N 6:

x e

3 2x

Calcule

dx
x 3e 2 x 3 2 2 x
x e dx
2
2
3 2x

xe
3 x 2e 2 x 2


xe 2 x dx
2
2 2
2

3 2x
2x

xe
3
3 xe
2

x 2e 2 x
e 2 x dx
2
4
2 2
2

x 3e 2 x 3 2 2 x 3 2 x 3 2 x
x e xe e c
u x3
u x2
ux
2
4
4
8
3
2
x
2
2
x
2
x
du 2 xdx du 2 xdx du dx
4 x e 6 x e 6 xe 3e 2 x

c
dv e 2 x dx dv e 2 x dx dv e 2 x dx
8
1
e2 x
e2 x
e2 x
e 2 x 4 x 3 6 x 2 6 3 c
v
v
v
8
2
2
2

Ejemplo N 7:

ln(1 x )dx
2

Calcule

u ln(1 x 2 )

x ln(1 x 2 ) 2

x2
dx
1 x2

1
dx
1
1 x2
x ln(1 x 2 ) 2 dx 2
dx
dv dx
1 x2
x ln(1 x 2 ) 2 x 2 tan 1 x c
vx
du

x2
x2 1
x2 1
1
1
Ejemplo N 8:

Calcule

x cos x
sen2 x dx

ux
du dx
cos x
dv
dx
sen 2 x
cos x
2
sen2 x z dz
1

c
senx
csc x c
v csc x

x csc x csc xdx


x csc x ln cot x csc x c

Ejemplo N 9:

Calcule

3
sec
xdx

sec x sec 2 xdx


sec x tan x sec x tan 2 xdx

sec x tan x sec x sec 2 x 1 dx


= sec x tan x sec3 xdx sec xdx
sec xdx sec xdx sec x tan x sec xdx

u sec x
du sec x tan x 2 sec xdx sec x tan x ln sec x tan x c
3

dv sec2 xdx

sec

v tan x
Ejemplo N10:

Calcule

sec

xdx

1
1
xdx sec x tan x ln sec x tan x c
2
2

u sec3 x
du 3sec 2 x sec x tan x
dv sec 2 xdx
v tan x

sec3 x sec 2 xdx


sec3 x tan x 3 sec3 x tan 2 xdx

sec3 x tan x 3 sec3 x sec 2 x 1 dx


= sec3 x tan x 3 sec5 xdx 3 sec3 xdx

sec

xdx 3 sec5 xdx sec3 x tan x 3 sec5 xdx

1
1

sec x tan x ln sec x tan x c


2
2

1
3
3
5
sec xdx 4 sec x tan x 8 sec x tan x 8 ln sec x tan x c

4 sec5 xdx sec3 x tan x 3

Fracciones Parciales
Supongamos que se quiere calcular las siguientes integrales
P( x)

g (x) dx
donde P(x) y q(x) son funciones polinomiales
1) Si el grado de P(x) es mayor o igual que el grado de q(x) entonces lo primero
que hay que hacer es dividir P(x) entre q(x).
2) Supongamos entonces que el grado de P(x) es estrictamente menor que el
grado de g(x) consideramos tres casos.
Caso N1 Las races de q(x) son todas reales y distintas.
Supongamos que (x) es un polinomio de grado n y que a1, a2, a3an son las n
races diferentes de q(x). En este caso la funcin racional
P( x )
q( x )

se puede escribir de la forma

P(x )
q (x )

A1
Xa 1

A2
Xa 2

++

An
Xan
donde A1, A2An son constantes por determinar.

2
5+ 25 x -20x+2

Ejemplo N1
2

5 x +2
dx
x3 5
x2 + 4 x

5 x3 +2

x 3 - 5 x2 +4x

|x 35 x 2+ 4

25 x 220 x +2

dx + x 35 x 2+ 4 x dx
3

- 5x

+ 25 x

25 x2 -20x+2

-20x

5+

25 x 20 x +2
dx
3
2
x 5 x +4 x

25 x2 -20x+2

25 x2 -20+2

x 3 - 5 x2 +4x x( x 2 -5x+4)

x=0

2
= 25 x -20x+2

x-4=0 x=4

x(x-4) (x-1)
2

25 x
3

x-1= x=1

-20x+2 = A + B + C
2

- 5x

+4x

x-1

25 x2 -20x+2 =
x(x-1)(x-4) x

25 x

=A x

25 x

- 5x

-20x+2=A( x

A(x-1)(x-4)+B(x)(x-4)+C(x)(x-1)

+4x

-5Ax+4A+B x

x-4

x(x-1) (x-4)

-5x+4)+B( x
2

-4Bx+C x

-20x+2=(A+B+C) x

-4x)+C( x

-x)

-Cx

+(-5A-4B-C)x+4A

Igualando miembro a miembro


A+B+C=25

1
2 +B+C=25

-5A-4B-C=-2

5
2 -4B-C=-20

4A=2

1
2

A= 2

- 3 + C=25

-2-3B=5

-3 B=5+2

B=

7
3

1
2

C= 25 -

7
3

C= 150-3+4
6
C=161
6
3

5 x +2
1 dx 7
dx 161
dx
dx=5 dx +
+

3
2
2
x
3
x1
6
x4
x 5 x +4

1
7
=5x+ 2 ln ( x ) 3 ln ( x1 ) +ln ( x4 ) +C

|( x ) |ln|( x1 ) |+ ln ( x4 )
1
2

=5x+ln

=5x+ln

7
3

161

( x ) 2 ( x4) 6
7
3

(x1)

161
6

+C

+c

Caso N 3: Races Repetidas


Si la raz real x=a de g(x) es de multiplicacin m, entonces al factor (x-a)m se le
asocia las fracciones parciales
A1
xa

A2
( xa)2

++

Am
( xa)m

si el factor ax + b se repite m veces en g(x) entonces al factor (ax+b)m se le asocia


la fraccin parcial
A 1 x+ B 1
ax+ b

A2x
2
(ax +b)

Ejemplo N 1 : Calcule
dx

x3 2 x 2 + x

++

x Ak X + Bk
k
(ax +b)

1
1
1
1
=
=
=
2
2
x 2 x + x x ( x 2 x +1 ) x ( x1 ) ( x1 ) x (x1)2
3

1
A
B
C
= +
+
2
2
x ( x1) x (x1) ( x1)

A (x1)2 + B ( x ) ( x1 ) +C (x)
1
=
x ( x1)2
x (x1)2
x
2
x
(
2x
)+ Cx
1=A(
-2x+1) +B

1=A x 2 Ax+ A +B x Bx+Cx


2
1=(A+B) x + ( 2 AB+C ) x+ A

A+B=0
2A-B+C=0

B=-1

-2(1)+1+C=0

A=1

C=1
dx

x3 2 x 2 + x =

dx
dx
dx

+
x
x1
( x1 )2

ln |x|ln |x1|+ u2 du
1
ln |x|ln |x1| +c
u
ln |x|ln |x1|

1
+c
x1

dx

x3 +1
1

x3 +1 = (x +1)( x2 x+1)
1

Bx+c

(x +1)( x2 x+1) = (x+ 1) + x 2x +1

A ( x 2x +1 ) + Bx+C (x +1)
2
(x +1)( x x+1)

A x2 Ax + A + B x 2 + Bx+Cx+ C
( A + B ) x 2 + (A +B+ C ) x+ A +C
A+B=0
B=1-2C

A=1-C

A+B=0

A=1-C

-A+B+C=0

-A+B+C=0

1-C+1-2C=0

2
A=1- 3

-(1-C)+B+C=0

2-3C=0

1
A= 3

-1+C+B+C=0

2=3C

B+2C=1

2
C= 3

2
B=1-2( 3
A+C=1
1
B=- 3

B+2C=1
B=1-2C

Ejemplo N 2
dx

x3 +1 = 3

du 1
xdx
2
dx

+
u 3 x 2x+ 1 3 x2 x+1

u=x +1

1
1
( 2 x1 )+ 1
1
3
2
dx
ln |u|
dx + 2

2
3
2
3 x x +1
x x+ 1
du=dx

1
1 2 x1 dx 1
dx
2
dx
ln |x +1| 2
+ 2
+ 2 x1
= 3
6 x x +1 6 x x+1 3 x
u=x
1
1 du 1
dx
= 3 ln |x +1| 6 u + 2 x 2x +1
du=dx

1
1
1
ln |x +1| ln |x 2x+1|+
3
6
2

z=

dx
1 3
x2 x+ +
4 4

2 x1
x
1
2
2
2( 3 ) + 1

dx

1
1
4
ln |x +1| ln |x 2x+1|+
3
6
6
x

dz=

1
1
2
3 dz
ln |x +1| ln |x x+1|+ 2
3
6
3
z +1

3 dz =dx
2

1
1
x
2 x1
ln |x +1| ln |x 2x+1|+ tan1
+c
3
6
3
x

2
dx
x

Sustituciones Trigonomtricas
Para integrales que tienen radicales de forma

a 2 x2 ,

a2 x2 ,

Para el radical

a2 x2

x2 a 2

se considera la siguiente sustitucin

x asen sen

x
a

dx a cos d
a 2 x 2 a 2 a 2 sen 2
a 2 1 sen 2
a cos 2
a cos

Ejemplo N 1:

5 x 2 dx

Calcule
x 5sen

dx 5 cos
x
sen
5

5 cos d

5 1 sen 2 5 cos d
5 cos 2 cos d
5 cos 2 d

sen 2 2sen cos


x

5sen

5 5sen 2 5 cos d

5 x2
cos
5
x
sen 1
5

=2

2
= x 5 x2
5

5 x 2

1 cos 2
d
2

5
5
d cos 2 d
2
2
5
5
sen2 c
2
2
5
x
1
sen 1 x 5 x 2 c
2
2
5
5

Para el radical

a2 x2

se considera la siguiente sustitucin

x a tan tan

x
a

dx a sec 2 d
a 2 x 2 a 2 a 2 sen 2
a 2 1 sen 2
a sec 2
a sec
Ejemplo N 2:

Calcule

xdx
x2 9
3tan

3tan

tan sec 2 d
9 tan 1
2

tan sec 2 d

x 3tan

dx 3sec 2 d

3 tan sec d

sec

x2 9
3

sec 2

3sec c

3sec 2 d

x 2 9
c
3

x2 9 c

Para el radical

x2 a2

x a sec sec

se considera la siguiente sustitucin

x
a

dx a sec tan d
x 2 a 2 a 2 sen 2 a 2
a 2 sec2 1
a tan 2
a tan
Ejemplo N 3:

Calcule

x2 3
dx
x

x 3 sec
dx 3 sec tan d
x2 3
tan
3
x
sec 1
3

3 sec

3 sec

3 sec tan d

3sec 2 3
tan sec d
sec

tan 2
tan sec d
sec

3 sec 2 1 d

3 sec 2 d 3 d
x 2 3 sec 1

x
c
3

Funciones Racionales de Seno y Coseno


Integral del Tipo

(senx , cosx)dx
Donde R(x) es una funcin racional. Para este tipo de integracin se considera el
siguiente cambio de variable.
u=tan

x
2

senx
1+ cosx

1+u 2
U

Luego
2

1u
cosx=
1+u2

Ejemplo 1.
dx

1+ senx + cosx
2 du
1+u2
2 u 1u2
1+
+
1+u2 1+u 2

du
1+u2
2u+2
1+u2

du
2 u+2

senx=

2u
1+u 2

dx=

2 du
1+u2

x
2

du

u+1
ln |u+1|+ c

x
ln tan +1 + c
2

Ejemplo 2.
dx

3+5 cosx
2du
2
1+u
1u2
3+5(
)
1+u2

du
1+u2
82 u2
1+u2

du
2
2( 4u )

du

4u2

du
u 4

du
(u+ 2)(u2)

1
A
B
=
+
(u+2)(u2) (u2) (u+2)

(u2)

1
B
=A +
(u+2)
(u+2)

Si U =2

B(0)
1
= A+
4
4

A=

1
4

1
A
B
=
+
(u+2)(u2) (u2) (u+2)
1
A
B
=
+
(u2) (u2)

(u=2)

Si U =2

B= 4

Laboratorios
1
du
1
du

4 u2 4 u+2
1
u2
ln
+ C
4
u+2
x
tan 2
1
2
ln
+ C
4
x
tan +2
2

Laboratorios N 1

Resuelta las siguientes integrales.

1.

dx
x3 x

u 5 du
6 3
u u2
u 5du
6 2
u (u 1)

u6 x
6

u6 6 x

u6 x

6u 5du dx
u3

u 1

u 3 u 2
u
3
u u

u2 u 1

u
u 1
1
z u 1
dz du

u 3du
u 1

6 u 2 u 1

1
du
u 1

6 u 2 du 6 udu 6 du 6

du
u 1

u3
u2
dz
6 6 6u 6
3
2
z
3
2
2u 3u 6u 6ln z c
2( 6 x )3 3( 6 x ) 2 6 6 x 6 ln
2 x 3 3 x 6 6 x 6ln

x 1 c

x 1 c


2.

3x 6
x2 4x 5

dx

3
3
3

3( x 2)
( x 2 4 x 5) 1
x2
( x 2) 2 1
u4
u2 1
u

dx

dx

du
du 12

du

u 1
u2 1
3 dz
1
u x 2 1/2 12 senh u
2 z
du dx
3 1/2
1
u 2 x 2 z dz 12senh ( x 2)
1/2
z u 2 1 3 z 12 senh 1 ( x 2) c
2 1/ 2
dz
udu
3 x 1 12senh 1 ( x 2) c
z

3.
4.

e x dx
1 e x e2 x

cos5 x.sen4 x.sen2 x dx


cos5 x.sen 4 x sen 2 xdx
1
( sen9 x senx ) sen 2 x.dx
2
1
1
sen9 x senxdx senx.sen 2 x.dx
2
2
1
1
cos 7 x cos11x.dx cos( 1) x cos3 x.dx
4
4
sen7 x sen11x 1

cos x cos3x.dx
28
44
4
sen7 x sen11x senx sen3x

c
28
44
4
12
sen11x sen7 x sen3x senx

c
44
28
12
4

5.

dx
e x

ex

1
ex

dx
e 1
ex
e x dx
2x
e 1
du
2
u 1
tan u c

u ex

dx

2x

du e x dx tan e x c

dx

sen x cos
5

6.

cos 2 x sen 2 x

dx
sen5 x cos3 x
cos 2 x
sen 2 x

dx

sen5 x cos3 x dx
sen5 x cos3 x
dx
dx

5
5
sen x cos x
sen x cos3 x
sen 2 x
cos 2 x
sen 2 x
cos 2 x

dx
dx
dx
dx
sen5 x cos x
sen5 x cos x
sen 3 x cos3 x
sen 3 x cos3 x
dx
cos x
dx
dx

dx

3
5
3
3
sen x cos x
sen x
senx cos x
sen x cos x
2
2
sen x
cos x
cos x
sen 2 xdx
cos 2 x
2
dx

2
dx

dx

sen3 x cos x sen5 x senx cos3 x senx cos3 x dx


sen3 x cos x
dx
cos x
cos x
senx
dx
2
2
dx
dx
dx
3
5
3
senx cos x
sen x
sen x
cos x
senx cos x
dx
cos x
cos x
senx
3
2
dx
dx
dx
senx cos x sen3 x
sen5 x
cos3 x
senx
cos x
cos x
cos x
senx
3
dx 3
dx 2
dx
dx
dx
3
3
5
cos x
senx
sen x
sen x
cos3 x
du
dz
dz
dz
du
3 3 2 3 5 3
u
z
z
z
u
1
1
1
3ln cos x 3ln senx

c
2
4
sen x 4sen x 4cos 2 x
1
1
3ln tan x sec 2 x csc 2 x csc 4 x c
2
4

u cos x
du senxdx
z senx
dz cos xdx

ln 2 x

7.

x ln 4 x dx
ln 2 x
dx
x ln 2(2 x)
ln 2 x

dx
x(ln 2 x ln 2)
u ln 2

du
u
ln 2du
du
u
du
u ln 2
u
u ln 2 x ln 2
u ln 2.ln u c
dx
du
ln 4 x ln 2.ln ln 4 x c
x

Laboratorio N 2
Resuelva las siguientes integrales

1.

dx
x (1 x )

u x
du

2.

du
u 1
2ln u 1 c
2

du
2ln
x

x 1 c

dx
senx cos3 x

dx
senx cos3 x

cos x
cos x

dx
senx
cos 4 x
cos x
dx

2
cos x tan x
sec 2 x

tan x
du
1/2
u

u 1/2 du
u tan x

2u1/2 c

du sec2 xdx 2 tan x c


senx cos x

3.

senx cos x dx
du
u
u senx cos x
du senx cos x ln senx cos x c


4.

1 x
dx
1 x

1 x 1 x
.
dx
1 x 1 x

1 x dx

1 x 1 x
2

1 x
1 x2
dx
1 x2

dx

xdx
1 x2

1 1/2
u du
2
1
sen 1 x 2u1/2 c
2
sen 1 x

u 1 x2

5.

du
xdx
sen 1 x 1 x 2 c
2
e x 1dx

u.u
du
u2 1
u2
2 2 du
u 1
1
2 1 2 du
u 1
1
2 du 2 2 du
u 1
1
2u 2
du
(1 u 2 )
1
2u 2
du
(1 u 2 )
2

u 2 ex 1
2udu e x dx
u 2 1 ex

2udu u 2 1 dx
2udu
dx
u 2 1

2 e x 1 2 tanh 1 | e x 1 | c

Laboratorio N 3

1.

dx
dx
dx
dx

4
2
2

x( x 1)
x( x 1)( x 1)
x( x 1)( x 1)( x 2 1)
x

1
A
B
C
Dx E

2
2
x( x 1)( x 1) x x 1 x 1 x 1
2

1
A( x 4 1) B ( x 4 x 3 x 2 x ) C ( x 4 x 3 x 2 x) D ( x 4 x 2 ) E ( x 3 x )

x( x 2 1)( x 2 1)
x( x 2 1)( x 2 1)
1 A B C D x 4 B E C x 3 B C D x 2 B C E x ( A)

2.

dx
1

dx
x 2x 2 x2 1
dx
4
2
x 2 x 1 2 x 2

x
x
x

dx

1 2 x 2
2

dx

1 2 x 2
2

dx

1 2x x2 1 2x

2x 1 x 2x 1
2

2 x 1 x2 2 x 1

2x 1 x 2x 1
2

Ax B
2

2x 1

Ax B x 2

Cx D
2

2x 1

2 x 1 Cx D x 2 2 x 1

2x 1 x 2x 1
2

Ax3 Ax 2 2 Ax Bx 2 Bx 2 B Cx3 Cx 2 2 Cx Dx 2 Dx 2 D

2x 1 x2 2x 1

1 A C x3 A 2 B C 2 D x 2 A B 2 C D 2 x B D

A B 2 C D 2 0
A 2 B C 2 D 0 B 2 D 2 0 0
A 2 C 2 1 0
2 B D 0
A 2 C 2 1
2 A C 1
A C

1
2

B D 0
B D
B

1
2

AC 0
1
B D 1
A C
2
B D 0
1
2D 1
2C
2
1
D
2
2
C
4

AC 0

2
A
0
4

2
0
4

2
4

Ax B

Cx D

x2 2 x 1
x2 2 x 1

2 x 1
2 x 1

4
2
2 dx
4 2 2
dx 2 4
x 2x 1
x 2x 1

1
4

2 x 2 2 dx

2x

2x 1

2x 2

4 2 x2 2x 1

dx

1
4

2 x 2 2 dx

2x

2x 1

2x 2
2
1
1
dx

dx

dx
4 2 x2 2x 1
4 2 x2 2x 1
4 2 x2 2x 1
1

du
1
2dx
1 dv
1
2 dx

2
2
u 4 2 x 2 x 1/ 2 1/ 2 4 2 v 4 2 x 2 x 1/ 2 1/ 2

du 1
dx
1 dv 1
dx

u 4 x 1/ 2 1/ 2 4 2 v 4 x 1/ 2 2 1/ 2

du 1

u 4

4
4
4

dx

1/ 2

x 1/ 2

1/ 2

1
4

dv 1

v 4

dx

1/ 2

x 1/ 2

1/ 2

du 1 1
dz
1 dv 1 1
dt

2
2

u 2 2 z 1 4 2 v 2 2 t 1
4
1
1
1
1

ln u
tan 1 z
ln v
tan 1 t c
4 2
2 2
4 2
2 2
1
1
1
1

ln x 2 2 x 1
tan 1 2 x 1
ln x 2 2 x 1
tan 1
4 2
2 2
4 2
2 2
x 2 2 x 1
1
1
1
1

ln 2

tan
2
x

tan 1 2 x 1 c

4 2 x 2 x 1
2 2
2 2

du 1
dx
1 dv 1
dx

2
u 4 1/ 2 2 x 1/ 2 1
4
4 2 v 4 1/ 2 2 x 1/ 2

1 du 1
dx
1 dv 1
dx


2
2

4 2 u 2
2x 1 1 4 2 v 2
2x 1 1

2x 1 c

du 2 x 2dx
v x2 2x 1
dv 2 x 2dx

3.

sen 1 x x
1 x2

z 2x 1
dz / 2 dx
t 2x 1
dt / 2 dx

dx

sen1 x
1 x

dx

u 1 x2
1 x

dx

x
1 x2

dx

sen
1 sen 2

sen

udu

cos d
cos 2
u2
sen cos

d
2
cos
sen 2 x

sen d
2
u sen1 x
du

dx

sen1 x

cos c
2

sen1 x
2

1 x c
2
2
dx 1 x du
1 x2

cos d

x sen
dx cos d
sen x
cos 1 x 2

4.

x 2 4dx

(2sec )3 (2sec ) 2 4.2sec tan d


8sec3 4sec2 4.2sec tan d

8sec3 4 sec2 1 .2sec tan d


32 sec3

tan .sec tan d


2

32 sec 4 tan 2 d
32 (1 tan 2 )sec 2 tan 2 d
32 (sec 2 tan 2 sec2 tan 4 ) d
32 z 2 dz 32 z 4 dz

32 3
32
tan tan 5 c
3
5

32

3

x 2 4
32
x 2 4

c

2
5
2

x 2sec
3
5
4
1

x2 4
x2 4 c

dx 2sec tan d
3
5


5.

x3
x2 9

dx

3sec3

3sec

3sec tan d

27 sec3

3sec tan d
9sec 2 9
sec4 tan
81
d
9 sec2 1
81

sec 4 tan

d
9 tan 2
sec 4 tan
81
d
3tan
27 sec 4 d
27 sec 2 sec2 d

27 tan 2 1 sec 2 d

27 sec 2 tan 2 sec 2 d

27 sec 2 tan 2 d 27 sec 2 d

x a sec
a3
x 3sec
dx 3sec tan d

27 u 2 du 27 tan
27 3
u 27 tan c
3
9 tan 3 27 tan c

x 2 9
x2 9
c
27
3
3

9 tan

u tan
du sec 2

tan

9 9 x2 9 c
3


6.

ln(ln x)
dx
x

u ln x
1
dx
du
x ln x ln(ln x)(ln x) ln x x ln

dx
x
ln x ln(ln x) ln x c
ln x ln(ln x)

dx
x
v ln x
dv

7.

tan

xdx

1 dx

1 x 2 x

x tan 1 x x

dv dx
vx

z x
2

2 zdz dx

x tan 1 x

x tan 1 x

1
x1/2
dx
2 1 x

x tan

x tan 1
x tan 1

dx

x 1 x
1/2

1
z2
x 2 2 dz
2 z 1
dz
x dz 2
z 1
x x tan 1 x c

cos x

8.

1 cos xdx
1 u2
2
2du
1 u 2
1 u 1 u 2

1
2
1 u
1 u2

1 u

2 2

u2
u2 1
u 2 1
1
1

du
1 u 21 u 2
1 u2
1 u2
2
2 1 u du
2
1 u2

du
1 u2
du
u2

du
1 u2 1 u2
du
du

du
2
1 u
1 u2
2 tan u u c
x
x

2 tan tan tan c


2
2

Laboratorio N 4

dx
4 4 x

1.

u2 x
u x
dx
du
2 x
2udu dx

2
4
8

z2 4 u

w2 4 z

u z2 4
2 zdz du

z w2 4
2 wdw dz

udu
4 4u

4 zdz
4 z

4 4 w2 4 wdw
3

8 w 12w 48w2 64 4 w2 16 dw
6

4
1 7 12 5 48 3

w w w 64 w w3 16w c
5
3
3
7

1 7 12 5 44 3

w w w 48w c
5
3
7

8

7

96

4 4 x
5

352

4 4 x

4 4
x

384 4 4 x c

dx

2.

5 4cos x3x
1
dz

3 5 4cos z
du
2
1 u2

3
1 u 2
5 4
2
1 u

du
2
1 u2

3 5 5u 2 4 4u 2

1 u2

2
2 du 1 u

.

3 1 u 2 u 2 9
2 du
3 u2 9
2
du

27 u 2 1
3
6
du

27 w2 1
2
tan 1 w c
9
2
u
tan 1 c
9
3
2 1 u
c
9 u 3

z 3x
dz
dx
3
u
w
3
3dw du

2 1
3
9 3
2

c
27

1
tan
1

u /1
1

tan 1

3.

e x dx
e3 x e2 x 5e x 3

du
u
u

3
2
du e x dx u u 5u 3
du
du
dx
u 1 u 2 5u 3
u

u ex

1 1 5 3
1 2 3
1 1 2 3 0

1
A
B
C

u 1 u 1 u 3 u 3 u 1 u 1 2

u 3 u 1

A u 1 B u 1 u 3 C u 3
2

u 3 u 1
1 A u 2 2u 1 B u 2 2u 3 C u 3
1 A B u 2 B 2 A 2 B C u A 3B 3C
2

A 3B 3C 1
B 3B 3C 1
1
4 B 3 1
4
A B 0 2 A 2 B C 0
3
A B
2 B 2 B C 0 4 B 1
4
4B C 0
1
1 1
A
B .
16
4 4
B

1
16

4A C 0
4 B 3C 1
4C 1
C

1
4

u ex

1 dz 1 dw 1 dy

16 z 16 w 4 y 2
1
1
1
ln z ln w y 2dy
16
16
4
1
1
1 1
ln z ln w c
16
16
4 y

du e x dx
z u3
dz du

w u 1
dw du
y u 1
dy du

4.

1 du
1 du 1
du

16 u 3 16 u 1 4 u 1 2

1
1
1 1
ln e x 3 ln e x 1 x c
16
16
4 e 1

x1/4 4
x 16 dx
dx

5.

cos x cos x
senx

6.

7.

1 senx dx
sen(ln x)dx

Integracin por
partes.

sen ( ln x ) dx= x sen ln x

u=sen ( ln x )

x cos ln x
dx
x

sen ( ln x ) dx= x sen ln x cos ln x dx

sen ( ln x ) dx= x sen ln x x cos ln x+

cos ln x
dx
x

du=

x sen ln x
dx
x

dv=dx
v =x

sen ( ln x ) dx= x sen ln xx cos ln x sin ( ln x ) dx

u=cos ( ln x )

2 sen ( ln x ) dx=x sen ln xx cos ln x

du=

sen ( ln x )
dx
x

sen ( ln x ) dx= 2 x sen ln x 2 x cos ln x +c

dv=dx
v =x

Prcticas

Prctica N 1
2

x +7
x +5
=
x+ 3

1.

x+2+

1
x +3
x2+ 5x +7
-x2-3x

1
= x dx + 2 dx + x +3

2x + 7

dx

x+2+1

-2x -6
=

1
2

1
x2 + 2x + x +3

x+3
x +2

x+3
1

dx
1

1
2

x2 + 2x +

dx
u

u=x+3
du = dx

3.

1
2

u3=x

x2 + 2x + ln x + 3 + c

x+lnx
x
lnx
dx= dx+
dx
x
x
x
1

x2
dx + u du
x

u=lnx

du=
1

x 2 dx +
1
2

2x +

u2
2

ln 2 x
+c
2

2 x+

ln 2 x
+c
2

1
dx
x

5.

1
=
7 xdx
2
8 7

dx
8
2
x
7

1 7
dx
7
= .
= tanh1
7 8 (87 x 2 ) 7 8

( 78 x)+c a = 87 a= 87
2

7.

dx
=
75 x 2

7
(
5 x )
5

dx

dx

dx

7
7 5 x2

5 7 7
5 5

x
7
5
1 5
.
5 7
1

1 7
du
1
1
= sin u+c

2
7
5
5
1u

5
u= x
7

7 du=dx
5

1
sin1
5

( 57 x)+c
3

x 8x+5 dx

9.

u=x

=
3

du=4 x dx

( x 4 ) +5
=

dx

1
du

4 u2 +5

5
du= dx
7

1
4

du

du
3
=x dx
4

u
z=
5

5
du

4
u 2
=
+1
5

dz=

u2
+1
5

( )

( )

du
5

5 dz=du

5 5 dz

4 z 2+1

5 5
dz

2
4
z +1

5 5 1
tan z +c
4
4

dx
=
x +1
11.

25
25
1 u
1 x
tan
+ c=
tan
+c
4 5
4 5
5
5

du 1u .
.
u u+1
Cambio de variable

u=e x

du
U 2 +U

du=e x dx
du

1 1
U +U +
4 4
2

1
1
u+ 2
2
4

du

du /e =dx
du
=dx
u


1
u+
2

21
2

du

4
4
dz

2 (1z 2)
4
dz

2
1z 2

( 12 )+ c

2 tan h1 2 u+

2 tan h1 2 x +

1
+c
2

2 tan h1 ( 2 x + 1 ) +c

1+ x

1+ x dx

13.

u=1+ x

[ 1+ ( u1 )2 ] 2 x dx

2
2

du=

[ 1+( u1 )2 ] ( u1 ) du

2 x du=dx

( 1+u22 u+1 ) ( u1 )
u
3

du

x=u1

u+u 2u +u1u +2 u1
du
u

4 u+u 3 u 2
du
u

u33 u 2+4 u2
du
u

u3
3 u2
4u
2
du2
du+2
du2 du
u
u
u
u

2 u 2 du6 udu+4 du4


3

dx
2x

du
u

2u 6u
= 3 2 + 8u4 ln|u|+ c
2 3
2
= 3 u 3 u +8 u4 ln |u|+c
2
3
2
( 1+ x ) 3 ( 1+ x ) +8 ( 1+ x ) 4 ln ( 1+ x ) +c
3


15.

=
=
=

cos xdx
1 sen x
2

u senx
du cos xdx

du
1 u2

senh 1u c

senh 1 senx c

17.

dx
x 1+ x 2 =
1

dx
1+ x 2

du
u 2
u

1
1+
u

()

du
u

1+

u=

1
x

x=

1
u

dx=

1
du
2
u

dx=
1
u2

du
u

Cambio de variable:

u +1
2
u

du
u
1 2
u +1
u

1
du
2
u

du
u2 +1

1
sinh1 u+ c=sinh1 +c
x

19.

sin x+ x
dx
1x 2

sin1 x
xdx
dx+

2
1x
1x 2

udu 12 z

1
2

dz

u=sin1 x
du=

1 2 2
u z + c
2

1
dx
1x 2

z=1x 2
dz=2 xdx

1
sin 1 x + 1x 2+ c

2
21.

dz
=xdx
2

xdx
x 7 x+ 13

xdx
49 3
x 27 x +
+
4 4

u=

2
7
(x )
2
3
x

7
2

xdx

3
4
xdx
du
2
2
3
7
=

(x ) +1
3
1

du= 3 dx

3
7
u+ =x
2
2

4 3 1 3u +7 du
= 3 . 2 . 2 u 2+ 1

3 u+7
2

=x
3
udu 3
du
. 3 2 +
.7 2
= 3
u +1 3
u +1

udu

u2 +1 +

73
du

3
u 2+1

dz=2udu

1 dz 7 3
1
= 2 z + 3 . tan u+ c

dz
=udu
2

1
7 3
2
7
1
= 2 ln|z|+ 3 tanh 3 x 2 + c

( )

1
73
7
2
1 2
= 2 ln|u +1|+ 3 tanh 3 (x 2 ) +c
1
2
7 2
+7 3
2
7
ln

(x

) +1
tanh1
(x ) + c
= 2
2
3
2
3
3
23.

3 x6
dx=
x2 4 x +5
x2

( x 24 x+ 4 ) + 1

x2
dx
2
(x2)
+1

u . du
u2 +1

3 dz
2 z

dx

2
z= u +1

U=x-2
du=dx

3 dz
2 z 12

Z=u2 + 1
dz=2udu

3
z1

2 dz
2

dz/2=udu

1
3 z2
+C
2 1
2

32
z +C
21

3 [ ( x2)2+1 ]+C
3 x 22 x+ 5+C

25.

x
dx
5 x 2 x+ 1

5
5

2x 1
5 x +
5 5
2

dx

2x 1
4
x +
+
5 25 25

4
1
+ x
25
5

dx

dx

( )

1
5
5
5
=
5
5

Racionalizacin:

dx
2

1
x )
(
5
1+
4
25

Cambio de variable:
z=1+u

dz=2 udu

dz
=udu
2

Cambio de variable:

( 15 )

5 x
u=

[
1+

5 2
2

1
5

( )

5 x
2

dx

du=

2 u+1
du
5

1+ u2

dz=2 udu
2 5 dz 5
1
z + 25 sinh u
25
dz
=udu
2
1

5 z 2 + 5 sinh1 5 x1 + c
25

5 z + 5 sinh1 5 x1 + c
25

25

5 1u2+ 5 sinh1 5 x 1 +c
25

25

5 1 25 x 210 x+ 1 + 5 sinh1 5 x1 + c
25

dx

27.

x 1

u=

1
x1

x2 2

5 dx
2

2 du
=d x
5

Cambio de variable:
2 5
udu
du
5
2
+ z=1+u

2
2
25
25
1+u
1+u

25

25

u=

5 x1
2

x=

2u+1
5

1
u

x1=

1
x= +1
u
x=

1+u
u

dx=

du
u2

du
2
u

1+u 2
) 2
u

du
u

u 2+2 u+1
2
2
u
du
u

u +2 u+12u
2
u

du
u
1 2
u +2u+ 12 u2
u
du
u + 2u+1
2

u
du
1( 22 u )

u
du
1( 22 u+1 )+1

z=

du

2( u1 )

du

( u1 )
2[1
]
2
du

u1
2 1
2

( )

u1
2

dz=

du
2

dz
1z 2
1

sin z +c
1

sin (

u1
)+c
2

1
1
x1
sin1 (
)+c
2
1x +1
x1
1
sin (
)+ c
2

29

e dx
1+ e x + e2 x
x
u= e

ex

dx
1+u1 +u2

x
du= e

dx

du

u2+ u1+

1 3
+
4 4

Z= 3
(u+ )
dZ=

du

u1+

1 2 3
+
2
4

2
3 du

du

3 2 1 1
(u +e + )
4
4
3
4

du

1
u +e +
2
4
+1
1
3
2

senh1 ( z ) +c=senh1

senh1

( (

))

dz
3 2
=senh1 ( z )+ c

2
2
3

z +1

( )( )

2
1
u+ +c
2
3

( ( ))

2 2 e +1
+c
3 2

5
2
sen xdx sen x senxdx
2

31.

1 cos 2 x senxdx
2

1 2 cos 2 x cos 4 x senxdx

senx 2 cos 2 xsenx cos 4 xsenx dx


senxdx 2 cos 2 xsenxdx cos 4 xsenxdx
cos x 2 u 2 du u 4 du

u cos x

2
1
cos x u 3 u 5 C
3
5

du senxdx

1
2
cos5 x cos3 x cos x C
5
3

sen4 xdx=

33.

( sen 2 x ) dx

1
(1cos 2 x) dx
2

1
2
= 4 (1cos 2 x ) dx

1
2
(12cos 2 x +cos 2 x )
4

1
1
1
4
dx cos 2 xdx+ cos 2 xdx

4
2
4

1
1 1
1
1
x sen 2 x + (1+cos 4 x ) dx
4
2 2
4
2

du senxdx

1
1
1
1
1
2
x sen 2 x+ dx+ cos 4 xdx+ cos 4 xdx
4
4
16
8
16

1
1
1
1
1
1
x sen 2 x+ x+ sen 4 x + xdx + cos 8 xdx
4
4
16
32
16
16

3
1
1
1
1 2 1
2
x sen 2 x cos 4 xdx + sen 4 x + x +
sen 8 x +c
8
4
16
32
8
128
3

35. cos x senx x dx

cosx ( cos2 x ) sen x xd


cosx ( 1sen2 x ) sen x dx
2

cosx sen x dx cosx sen x sen x dx


1

cosx senx 2 dx cosxsen 2 xdx


u=senx

du=cosx
1
2

5
2

u du u du
3
2

7
2

u
u
+c
3 7
2 2
2
2
sen3 x sen7 +c

3
7

X
1+

x
37. dx

du
= 2 ( 1+u )

du=

= 2 ln| x +1|+ c

2 du=

sin xcos x
dx=
sin x +cos x

du
=ln|u|+c
u

ln |sin x+ cos x|+c

u=sin x +cos x

du=sin xcos x dx
du=( sin xcos x ) dx
du=sin xcos x dx

1cos 2 x
dx
1+ sen 2 x

dx
2x

1
2.
= 1 ln|u+ 1|+c

39.

41.

u= x

dx
x

1cos 2 x 1cos 2 x

dx
1+ cos 2 x 1cos 2 x

1cos 2 x cos 2 x+cos 2 x


dx
1cos 2 x cos 2 x+cos 2 x

12cos 2 x +cos 2 x
dx
1cos 2 x

12cos 2 x +1se n 2 2 x
dx
sen 2 x

22cos 2 xsen 2 x
dx
sen 2 x

dx
cos 2 x
sen 2 x
2
dx
dx
2
sen
2
x
sen 2 x
se n 2 x

2 cs c 2 2 x dx

du
dx
u

u= sen2x

z= 2x
2

cs c 2 x ( z ) u dux
2

du= 2cos2x dx

dz= 2dx
cot ( 2 x ) +

dx

1
x +c
sen 2 x
dz
2 = dx

du
2 = cos2x

2) Divisin polinomio
4
2
x + x +1
[__x-1
x 4 + x 3
3

x +x

x 3 + x 2+ 2 x +2

x 3 + x 2
2 x2
2 x 2+ 2 x

Cambio de
variable

2 x +1
2 x +2

u=x 1

x 4 + x 2+1
3
dx
x 1 = x 3 + x 2 +2 x+2+ x1
x3 dx + x 2 dx +2 xdx+ 2 dx +3

x dx + x dx +2 xdx+ 2 dx +3
x 4 x3 x 2
+ +2 + 2 x +3 ln |x1|+ c
4 3
2

1 4 1 3 2
x + x + x +2 x +3 ln|x1|+ c
4
3

dx
x 1
du
+c
u

a2 =
4

dx
1
dx
=
2
3
5
3 x +5
x2 +
3

1 1

tan1
3 5
3

a=

5
3

5
3

x
+c
5
3

( )

( )

3 tan1 3 x +c
5
3 5

dx
1
dx
=
2
7 +8 x 8 7 + x 2
8

a2=

1 1

sin1
8 7
8

x
+c
7
8

( )

( 8 )

= 8 7 sin 7 x +c

1
sin1
7

( 87 x)+c

a=

7
8

7
8

x 5x 2 dx

8)

u=5x 2

1
5 u du
2

du=2 xdx

1
5

1
( u ) du
2

du
= xdx
2

6
5

()

( 12 ) u6

+C

1 5
u 5 +C
2 6

5 5 6
u +C
12

6
5 5
( 5x2 ) + c
12

e x dx=e x + c

10)

12)
1
2

53 x
dx
43 x 2

53 x

3
1( x )
2

5
2

dx

3
1( x)

3
2

xdx

3
1( x)
2

3
2
u= x x= u
2
3
3
2
2
5
2
2
2
du
3
udu

2
3 1u
3
1u2

5
du
udu
2

2
3 1u
1u 2

3
2
du= dx dx= du
2
3

z=1u

5
dz
sin1 u + c
3
z

dz=2 udu udu=

5
3x

sin1 + z 2 +C
2
3

5
3 x + 1 3 x2 +C
sin1
2
4
3

xdx

14) x +1 =

( u1 ) du
u

( u1 ) du
(u)

u-1=x

udu
(u)

1
2

u=
x+1

1
2

du
1

(u) 2

du=d
x

dz
2

u 2 du u 2 du
3

u 2 u2
+c
3 1
2 2

2 u2
2 u 2 + c
3

1
2( x+1) 2
2 ( x +1 ) 2 + c
3

16)

e2 x
x
e +1

2 (x +1)3
2 x+ 1+ c
3

cambio de

variable.
2

(u1)

du
u(u+ 1)

(u1)
du
u

du=e x dx

ududu
u

du
=dx
ex

u=e +1

e x =u1

u
du
du
u
u
1
2

u du u
3

1
2

u 2 u2

3 1
2 2
3

+c

2 u2

2 u 2 + c
3
3

e x +1 2

e x +1 2 + c

2
e x +1 3

du

sen 2

x 2
2

senxcosxdx

sin x cos xdx


=

2sen 4 x

18)

1
2

du

u2
2 1
2

u=sen x
du=2 senxcoxdx
du
=senxcosxdx
2

u
2

2
1

du

1

2

z=

1
2

dz=

1
2

2dz =du

2 dz

2 2 1z2

1
dz

2 1z 2

1 1
sin z +c
2
1
1u
sin1
+c
2
2

( )

1
1
sin1
( sen2 x ) +c
2
2

1 1 sen x
sin
+c
2
2

20.

dx
x2 2x

dx
x 2 2 x 1 1
dx

x 1

du
u 2 1

du

1 u2
u x 1
tanh 1 x 1 c
du dx

22)

dx

1
2

du=2 dx

du
=dx
2

dx

x2 x

dx

1
x
2

dx

[ ( )]

u= 2 x

x x2

dx

1
1 4 x
2

dx

1
1 2 x
2

du
2
1 u2
du

2
2

1
4

1
x
2

1
1

1
4

1
1

x
4
2

dx

1
1

4
4

2 1 u2
du

1 u2
sen 1u c
sen

1
2 x 2

2 x8

24. 1xx 2 dx=

2 x8

1( x + x )
2

dx=

2 x8

2 x 8

5
1
x+
4
2

( )

1 1
+
4 4

1 x 2 + x+

dx =

2
5

2 x8

z=1-

(2)

( 5u18 ) 5 du

2
5

1u 2

udu
1u2

- 5
5

du

-9 1u2

dz
- 2 z -9

sen

2
1
x+
5 5

4
1
2
1
1 x 2+ 9 sen1
x+
+c
5
5
5 5

6 4 2
2
1
x 9 sen1
x+
+c
5 5
5 5

[ ( )]

2
1
1
x+
4
5

u2 ,

dz=-2 udu,- dz/z=udu

dx

dx

=
26) x x 2+ x1 x x 2 + x1

u=

1
x

x=

1
u

1
dx= 2 du
u
z=

2
1
u
2
5

dz=

( )

2
du
5

5 dz =du
2

1
du
2
u

( )

1
1
+ 1
u
u

1
du
u

1+uu
2
u

1
du
u

u 1(u 2u)
u
du

1 1
1( 2u+ )+
4 4

du

5
1
u
4
2

( )

du

dz
1z 2

[ ( )]

2
1
1
u
2
5

sinh

2
1
+
+c
5 x 5

dx

28. ( x+1 ) x2 +2 x

= 1
u

du
2
u

(
u

12 u+u 2 22 u
+
u
u2
du

12 u+u 2+2 u2u2


u
2
u
du

) ( )
du

1u
1u
+2
u
u

1u 2
u2
du

u
2
1u

u
du
1u2

sen1 u+c

sen1

( x 1+1 )+c

u=

1
x +1

x+ 1=

1
u

1
x= 1
u
dx=

du
2
u

u=lnx
1
dx
du= dx du=
x
x

30
)

lnxdx
x 14 lnxlnx 2

udu
14 uu2

udu

w=1z

1( u +4 u )
2

udu

1( u +4 u+4 ) + 4
2

udu

5( u+2 )

udu

(u+ 2 )2
5 1
5

udu

( u+2 )
5

udu

u+ 2
5

( )

( 5 z2 ) ( 5 dz)
1

5
1 ( z )2
1 5 ( 5 z2 ) dz
.
5 1
1z 2

z=

u+2
5 z2=u
5

dz=

1
du 5 dz =du
5

-> dw=2 zdz ->

dw
=zdz
2

5 zdz2 2 dz 2
1z
1z
5

zdz
dz
2
2
1z
1z 2

5 dw
dz
2

2
w
1z 2
1

5
dz
( w ) 2 dz 2

2
1z 2
1
+1
2

5 w
2 sen1 z + c
2 1
+1
2
1

5 w 2
u+ 2
2 sen1
+c
2 1
5
2

( )

5 w2 sen1

+c
( lnx+2
5 )

5 1z 2 sen
2

u+2 2
lnx+2
2 sen1
+c
5
5

( )

5 1

( lnx5+2 )+ c

lnx+2 2
lnx+2
5 1
2 sen1
+c
5 3 dx
5
senx2 cosx

senx2 cosx (1senx 2) dx


senx
( 2 cosxcosxsenx4 )dx

u=senx

du=cosxdx

senx2 cosxdx cosxsenx 4 dx


u2 du u4 du
3

u u
+c
3 5
3

senx senx

+c
3
5

34)

cosx6
2

2 2

cosx ( cosx ) dx

2
1
1
(1+ cos 6 x)
(1+cos 6 x) dx
2
2

1
( 1+cos 6 x )( 1+cos 6 x )2 dx

)(

1
2
( 1+cos 6 x ) ( 1+2 cos 6 x +cos 6 x ) dx
8

u=sen 6 x

du=cos 6 x ( 6 ) dx
du
=cos 6 xdx
6

1
1+2 cos 6 x+ cos2 6 x+cos 6 x+2 cos 2 6 x +cos3 6 xdx
8

1
1
1
1
1 dx+ (3) cos 6 x dx + (3) cos 2 6 x dx+ cos3 6 xdx

8
8
8
8

1
3
3 1
1
dx + cos 6 x dx+ (1+cos 12 x)dx + c os 6 xc os2 6 xdx

8
8
8 2
8
1sen
dx +

3
3 1
1
cos 6 x dx+ (1+cos 12 x) dx + c os 6 x ( 2 6 x )dx

8
8 2
8
1

8

1
3
3
1
1
2
dx + cos 6 x dx+ (1+cos 12 x) dx + cos 6 xdx cos 6 x sen 6 xdx

8
8
16
8
8

dx +

3
3
3
1
1
2
cos 6 x dx+ dx+ cos 12 x dx + cos 6 xdx cos 6 x sen 6 xdx

8
16
16
8
8
1

8

dx +

dx +

dx +

3
3
3
1
1
cos 6 x dx+ dx+ cos 12 x dx + cos 6 xdx u 2 du

8
16
16
8
8
1

8
3
3
3
1
1
du
cos 6 x dx+ dx+ cos 12 x dx + cos 6 xdx u 2
8
16
16
8
8
6
1

8

3
3
3
cos 6 x dx+ 16
dx+ 16
cos 12 x dx + 18 cos 6 xdx 18 16
8
1

8

dx +

( ) u du
2

3
3
3
1
1
cos 6 x dx+ dx+ cos 12 x dx + cos 6 xdx u2 du

8
16
16
8
48
1

8

( )

x 3 1
3x 3 1
1 1
1 u
+
sen 6 x+ +
sen 12 x +
sen 6 x
+C
8 8 6
16 16 12
8 6
48 3

()

( )

()

x 3
3x 3
1
1
+ sen 6 x+ +
sen 12 x + sen 6 x
sen3 6 x+C
8 48
16 192
48
144

4
5x 3
1
sen 6 x+ +
sen 12 x
sen 3 6 x +C
48
16 192
144

36)

dx

sexx . co s

dx

senx . co s x .

=
u= tanx
du=
sec2xdx

=
=

cosx
cosx

dx

co s 4 x

senx
cosx

dx

co s x

senx
cosx

se c 2 x dx
tanx

du
1

(u) 2

u2
+c
1
2

=
=
=

1
2

2u + c
1
2

2(tanx) + c
2 tanx+c

1+ x
38) 1x dx

cambio de variable.

1+ x
1x

1+ x
1+ x

u=1x 2

(x +1)
1x 2

dx

du2 xdx

1+ x

1x 2

dx

du
=dx
2

dx
xdx
+
2
1x
1x 2

dx
1 du

2
1x 2 u

dx 2 12 u
1x

1
2

dx

40)

1 x 1x 2

sen

+C

1+3 cos 2 x sin 2 x dx=

5 3
u= + cos 2 x
2 2

3 3
1+ + cos 2 x sin 2 x dx
2 2

3
du= ( 2 )(sin 2 x ) dx
2
du=3 sin 2 x dx
du
=sin 2 x dx
3

3
1+ ( 1+cos 2 x ) sin 2 x dx
2

5 3
+ cos 2 x sin 2 x dx
2 2

1
u du
3
1

1
u 2 du
3

1 2 2
u +c
3 3

()

3
5 3
+ cos 2 x + c
2 2

42.

e x 1 dx

u2 ex 1
2udu e x dx
u2 1 ex
2udu (u 2 1)dx
2udu
dx
2
u 1
u2
u2 1
u 2 1
1
1
1
1 2
u 1

z u2 1
dz 2udu
dz
udu
2

u.u
du
u2 1
u2
2 2 du
u 1
1
2 1 2 du
u 1
du
2 du 2 2
u 1
du
2u 2
(1 u 2 )
du
2u 2
1 u2
2

2 e x 1 2 tanh 1 u c
2 e x 1 2 tanh 1 e x 1 c

Prctica N 2
2

x6
x 1

1.

( x ) 1
3 2

dx

u=x

du=3 x

1
du
2
3 u 1

du
=x 2
3

1
1
cosh u+ c
3
1
cosh1 x 3 +c
3

3.

(tan3 3x +tan 4 x4 ) dx

x
x
tan 3 + tan 4
3
4
2

3 tan u tan u du+ 4 tan z tan z dz


2

sec u1
1
sec 2 z

()tan u du+4
3
3 t 2

z=

1
du= dx
3

1
dz= dx
4

t=sec u

dt=secu tanu du
dt
=tan u du
t
w=tan z

dw=sec 2 z dz

dt
dt
3 +4 w2 dw4 sec 2 z dz+ 4 dz
t
t

3 t dt3

1
u= x
3

dt
2
+4 w dw4 dw +4 dz
t

3 2
4 3
t 3 ln |t|+ w 4 w+4 z + c
2
3

x
4

| ( )|

3
x
x
4
x
x
sec 2
3 ln sec
+ tan 3
4 tan
+ x +c
2
3
3
3
4
4

()

()

()

5.

dx
=
senxcos x
dx

senxco s 3 x

cosx
cosx

dx

senx
cos x
cosx u=tanx

1
dx
du=sec xdx
2
co s x tanx

sec x
tanx

du

du

2u 2+ c
2(tan) + c
2 tanx+ c

7. cosxcos x 3 x dx

1
cosx (1+ cos 6 x ) dx
2
1
cosx+cosxcos 6 x dx
2

cos 5 xcos 7 x
1
cosx+ ( )dx
2
1

2
1
1
1
cosxdx + cos 5 xdx cos 7 xdx

2
4
4
1
1
1
senx + sen 5 x sen 7 x +c
2
20
28

9. sin 3 x cos x dx =

3 x sin x
3
sin

u=sin3 x
du=3 cos 3 x

cos 3 x sin x

dv=cos xdx
= sin 3 x sin x3 [cos x cos 3 x 3 sin3 x cos x ]

sin 3 x cos xdx= sin 3 x sin x +3 cos x cos 3 x+ 9 sin 3 x cos x

sin 3 x cos xdx 9 sin 3 x cos x=sin 3 x sin x +3 cos x cos 3 x

=-8

sin 3 x cos xdx =sin 3 x sin x+ 3cos x cos 3 x

sin 3 x cos xdx=


=

u=cos 3 x

1
3
sin 3 x sin x cos x cos 3 x .
8
8

du=3 sin 3 x

dv=sin x

11.

x 3 e2 x dx= x2 e 2 x 12 .3 x2 e 2 x dx
3 2x

3 2x

x e
3 x e
2
2x

x e dx
2
2 2
2

u=x 3

x 3 e2 x 3 2 2 x 3
x e + x e 2 x dx
2
4
2

x 3 e2 x 3 2 2 x 3 x e2 x 1

x e +
e 2 x dx
2
4
2 2
2
x 3 e2 x 3 2 2 x 3 2 x 3 1 2 x

x e + x e . e +c
2
4
4
4 2

du=3 x 2 dx

u=x 2

dv=e2 x dx

du=2 xdx

1
v = e2 x
2

dv=e2 x dx
1
v = e2 x
2

u=x

du=dx

3 2x

x e
3
3
3
x 2 e2 x + x e2 x e 2 x +c
2
4
4
8

4 x 3 e2 x 6 x 2 e 2 x + 6 x e 2 x 3 e 2 x
+c
8

1 2x
3
2
e ( 4 x 6 x +6 x3 ) + c
8

13. ln x dx=

u=lnx

2
du= dx
x

x
2
= xln x2 x dx

dv=dx

xln2 2 dx
xln2 2 x +c

15

xCosx
dx
sen 2 x

u=x
du=dx

x (Cscx ) Cscx . dx

dv=
xCscx + Cscx .dx
xCscx ln |Cscx+ Cotx|+ C

Cosx
dx
2
Sen x

v =Cscx
Cosx

dz

Sen 2 x dx= z 2 = z2 dz
1
=Cscx
Senx
17.

ln ( x + 1+ x 2 ) dx

x
( ln ( x+ x + x ) ) ( x ) 2 dx
x +1
2

u=ln ( x + 1+ x 2)
1
dx
x 2+ 1

du=
xln ( x + 1+ x2 )
xln ( x + 1+ x2 )

x
dx
x 2 +1

1 du
2 u

dv=dx
v =x
2

xln ( x + 1+ x )
2

1
2

1
u du
2

u=x +1
du=2 xdx

xln ( x + 1+ x2 )

1 u2
21
2

xln ( x + 1+ x ) u
2

1
2

xln ( x + 1+ x2 ) x2 +1+c

19.

=
=

sin 1 x
dx
x2

u=sin x

uv vdu

du=

1
dx
1x 2

dv=

1
dx
x2

sin1 x
1
+
dx
x
x 1x 2
1
z

sin x
+
x

1
z2

dz

1
z

v=

1
x

z=

1
x

sin x
+
dz
2
x
z 1
2
z

sin1 x
dz
+ 2
=
x
z 1
=

21.

sin1 x
1
+cosh 1 + c
x
x

ln ( lnx)
x dx

u=lnx(lnx)
1 1

du= lnx x dx =
dx
xlnx
dx

= ln (lnx)(lnx) =lnx (ln (lnx) -

dx

lnx xlnx

dx
x

=lnx(ln(lnx) lnx + c

23.

+
+

25. x 3 x 24 dx
( 2 sec )

( 2 sec ) 42 sectand
2

a=2

32 sec 3 tan 2 ( sectand )

x=2 sec

32 sec ( tan ) ( sectand )


4

dx=2 sec tan d

32 sec tan d
32 ( sec 2 ) ( sec 2 ) tan 2 d

32 ( tan 2 +1 ) ( sec 2 ) tan 2 d


4

32 tan sec d+32 sec tan d

32 u 4 du+32 u 2 du

32 5 32 3
u + u +c
5
3
32
32
tan 5 + tan 3 +c
5
3

32

x 24
2

) (
32
+
3

x 24
2

5
3
1
( x2 4 ) + 4 ( x 24 ) + c
5
3

a2=4

+c

27.

x 25

dx

Cambio

5 sec 2 5

. 5 sec tan d

5 sec

x= 5 sec
sec =

5 5 sec 2 5


. sec tan d
sec
5

sec 2 1

5 sec

x25
5

tan 2
5
. sec tan d
sec
2

5 tan d

sec 2
(1) d
5
2

5 sec 5 d

x 25 5

sec1

x 25 5 sec 1

x
+c
5

x
5

) (

x
+c
5

e2 x
29. x dx
e +1

u= e x +1
2

u21 2 du

u =e +1
e x =u 21
2udu=e x dx
2

2 u 1
2

2 u 2 du
2 3
u 2 u
3
e x +1 3

2

3

31.

x3
dx
x 29
2

x . x dx
2
x 9

u ( u2 +9 ) du

u 2

u ( u2 +9 ) du
=
u

( u 2+ 9 ) du

u2=x 29

2u du=2 x dx

x 2=u2 +9

2udu
=dx
u 21

u2 du+9 du

u3
= 3 +9 u+ c

x29 3 +9 x 29+c
=

1x

5
2

33.

2
1x

dx

a2=1

sin

5
=

cos d

a=1

1sin

cos d

x=sin

cos

cos d

cos d
cos10

cos d
5
cos

dx=cos d

cos 4
2

sec

()sec 2 d
=
=
sec 4

4 tan
2
()sec
d
=

sec2 + tan2 sec2 d

2
= tan + u du

1 3
= tan + 3 u + c

u=tan
du=sec 2 d


tan

=
1
+
3
tan
1 3
= tan + 3 tan +c
3
x
1
x
+
(
)
= a 2x 2 3 a2 x2

sin 1 sin3
= 1x 2 + 3 (1x 2)3

sin 1
sin3
+
= 1x 2 3 x6 +3 x 4 3 x2 +1

1x =
x

u= 1x

35.

u2=1x

u2 du

2
1u2

-2du=dx
1 u= x

u2 du
1u2
2

sen cosd
2
1sen 2
2

sen 2 cosd
cos 2

sen 2 cosd
2
cos
2

2 sen

2.

1
( 1cos 2 ) d
2

d+ cos 2 d
1
+ sen
2
1
(u)+ u
2
1
sin

1
1x 2+ c
2
sin1

( 1x)+

u=sen

5x

37.

( x + 5)

3
2

dx

xdx

( x 2 +5 ) 2

u=x 2 +5

5 du
3
2
u2

du=2 xdx

du
=xdx
2

2
3

5
u du
2
1

()

5 u3

+c
2 1
3

15 3 2
x +5+ c
3

39

x
2 3 /2

( 1x )

dx

u=1x

du=2 x . dx
1

1u
( 1u ) ( u )

1 du
2 32
u

du

du
=dx
2 1u
x= 1u

1 2 2
. u +C
2
1

3
2

1
+C
1x 2

41.

xdx
4 x + 4 x +8 =
2

x
dx
2
(2
x+1)
+
7

u=(2 x+1)

x
du
2 u2+ 7

du=2 dx

1
( u1)
2

du
2 u 2+ 7
1
du
u2 +7
u2 du
u +7
1
2

2
1
2 dv
7 sec 2( v ) dv

2 v
7 tan2 (v)+7

1
dx= du
2

1
x= (u1)
2

v =u2+ 7

1
sec 2 (v)
2 dv
7
dv
2 v
7 tan2 (v)+7

dv=2 udu

1
sec 2 (v )
2 dv
7
dv
2 v
7 tan2 (v )+1

dv
=udu
2

1
2 dv
sec 2(v)

dv
2 v
sec2 ( v)

u= 7 tan ( v)

1
sec 2( v )
2 dv

dv
2 v
sec ( v)

du= 7 sec 2 ( v ) dv

1
1
2
u 2 dv sec ( v ) dv
2

1
vln ( tan ( v ) +sec ( v ) )
2
1
1
u)+ sec ( arctan
u)
7
7
1 2
u +7ln
2

tan ( arctan

u2
u
+1+
7
7

1
(2 x +1)2+7ln

(2 x +1)
2 x+ 1
+1+
7
7
1
2
(2 x +1) +7ln
2

2 x +1 1
+ (2 x +1)2+1+ c
7
7
( 2 x +1 )2 +7ln

( x1 )2
43. 2
dx
x +3 x4
( x1 )2

dx
( x+ 4 )( x1 ) dx= x1
x+ 4
u=x + 4

x=u4
du=dx

u41
du
u

u5
du
u
1

du5 u du
u5 lnu+c x +45 ln ( x +4 ) +c

45.

5 x 22 x +1

dx

x
5 x 22 x+1
dx

=
5 x 22 x+ 1 5 x 22 x+1

x +1
x 5 5x 2x22x +1
2

5 x1 2+

4
5

u+1 2
u + 4
= 52
du
u 5+ 4 5
(u+1) u2 +4
= 2 5
du
u 5+4 5

( u+1 ) u2 + 4
1
2
du
=
5
u 5+ 4 5

Completar el cuadrado

5 x1 2

5 x2 2 x +1
u=5 x1

du=dx

u2 5+ 4 5

2
u 5+ 4 5

( u+ 1 ) u2 +4
=

5
( u+ 1 ) u2 +4

1 u2 + 4 u+ u2 +4
1 u u2 +4 + u2 +4
du=
u 5 5+ 4 5 du
= 5 u 2 5+ 4 5
5

u2+4 2

2
= u + 4+
u2+ 4+ln
1

v 24 2

2
v
4
2

+4

2
2
= v 4 5+ 4 5

2
v 4

v 24 2 + 4

2
v
4
2

+4v

2
2
( v 4 5+ 4 5) v 24
=

2
v 4

( v 24 ) 5+4 5
=

( v2 4+ 4 + v 24 v 24+ 4) 2
v 4 dv

( v 2+ v 24 v 2)

( 5 v 2 5 4+ 4 5 ) v 24

v 4 v
|v|+

v 24 v
v +

5
= v 2 54 5+ 4

v 24

dv

v 4
v + v

v 4
v + v v

1

5
1
v 2+ v 2 v2 4
= 5 v 2 v 24 dv
1+ v 24

v 24

5
1
v 24
+ v 24
(
) dv
v 24
1

5

1
1
v 24 dv
dv
+

5 v 24
v 24
2

v 4
v +

= ln
1

5
V=

u24

dv=du

v + v2 4
v+ ln
1

5
2

v 4
v +
v

5 + ln

v 24
v +

=
v + ln

u2+ 4+ ln ( u 2+ 4+ u2 + 44)

u2 + 4+ ln( u2+ 4+ u 2+ 44 )
55

u 2+ 4

+ u2

=
2
u + 4+ ln

u2 +4 +u

2
u + 4+ ln

|u|+ u2 + 4

ln + u2 +4

|5 x1|+ ( 5 x ) + ( 2 ) (5 x) (1 )+ (1 ) +4 + 5 x 2 + ( 2 ) ( 5 )(1 ) +(1)2+ 4


2

ln

ln|5 x1|+ 25 x 2 (10 ) x+ 5+ 25 x 210 x +5


5 5

ln|5 x1|+ 25 x 2 (10 ) x+ 5+ 25 x 210 x +5 5


( )
5 5
5

ln|5 x1|+ 25 x 2 (10 ) x+ 5+ 25 x 210 x +5 5

25

5 ln |5 x1|+ 25 x 2 (10 ) x +5+ (5) 25 x 210 x+5


25

( 5 ) 252(5)(10 x ){25+ 5 ln|5 x1|+ 25 x 2 (10 ) x +5

Respuesta=

25

125 x 250 x+25+ 5 ln|5 x1|+ 25 x 210 x+ 5


25

5
5

4xx 1
3
x

49.

1
x 31
dx

4 x ( x2 1 )

u=x 1
du=2 xdx

1
x 21
dx

4 ( x 21 )
1 x 21

4 ( x1 )2
2

1 ( u+1 ) 1
u 2 du
4
1
2udu
4
1 2
u +c
4
2
1 2
( x 1 ) +c
4

x4
51. x 41 dx
Divisin de polinomios.

1+

1
dx
4
x 1

dx +
x+

1
dx
x 1
4

dx
( x 1 ) ( x 2+ 1 )
2

x 4 x 4 1
x 4 +1
1
1+ 4
+1
x 1

x+

dx
( x1 ) ( x+1 ) ( x 2+ 1 )

1
A
B
Cx+ D
=
+
+ 2
2
( x1 )( x +1 ) ( x +1 ) ( x1 ) ( x+ 1 ) ( x +1 )

( A x 2+ A ) ( x +1 ) +( B x2 + B ) ( x1 ) + ( C x 2 +Cx ) ( x1 ) +( DxD)(x+ 1)
1
=
( x1 )( x +1 ) ( x 2 +1 )
( x 1 )( x +1 ) ( x2 +1 )
1= Ax3 + A x 2+ Ax + A + B x3 B x 2+ BxB+C x 3C x 2 +C x 2Cx+ D x 2 + DxDxD
3

1= Ax + A x + Ax + A + B x B x + BxB+C x Cx+ D x D
3

1=( A+ B+C ) x + ( AB+ D ) x + ( A + BC ) x +( ABD)


A + B+C=0

A=BC

BC+ B=0

AB1=D

AB+ D=0

A=B

2 C=0

A + BC=0

1
A=
4

C=0

2 A2 B=1
1 1

1=D
4
4
2 (B )2 B=1
3
2 B2 B=1
D=
2
4 B=1

ABD=1

AB+ AB1=0

( )

B=
dx
3
dx
+ 2
x +1 2 ( x +1 )
1
dx
1


4 x2 4

1
1
3
ln |x2| ln |x+1|+ tan x+ c
4
4
2

dx
=
x4 + 1
53.

1
4

dx
x +2 x 22 x2 +1
4

dx
( x + 2 x +1 )2 x 2
4

x 2+1 22 x 2

dx


x 2+1 2

2 x 2

dx

dx
( x +1+ 2 x ) (x 2 +1 2 x)
2

1
Ax +B
Cx+ D
= 2
+ 2
( x + 2 x+ 1) (x + 2 x +1) ( x 2 x +1)
2

( x 2 2 x +1 ) +(Cx+ D)( x 2+ 2 x+1)

( Ax+ B)
1
=
2
( x + 2 x+ 1 ) (x 2 2 x +1)

1
A x3 A x 2 2+ Ax+ B x 2Bx 2+ B+C x3 +C x 2 2+Cx + D x 2 + Dx 2+ D
=
( x2 + 2 x +1 ) ( x 2 2 x+ 1)
( x 2 + 2 x +1 ) (x 2 2 x+ 1)
1=( A+C ) x 3 + ( AB 2+C+ D ) x 2 + ( AB 2 ) x +(B+ D)

A +C

A 2+ B+C 2+ D=0
AB 2+C+ D 2=0
B+ D=1

A 2+ B+C 2+ D=0 AB 2+C + D 2=0 B+ D=1 A+ C=0

( 42 )=0

A 2+C 2+1=0B 2+ D 2+0=0B+ D=0 A +

2
A 2+C 2=1 2 (B+ D )=0 2 D=1 A =0
4
1
2
2 (A +C )=1B+ D=0 D= A=
2

A+ C=

1
B=D A+ C=0
2
B=

1
1
A+C=
2
2

1
2
B= C=
2
4

dx

x 4 +1

( Ax +b)
(Cx+ D)dx
dx + 2
x + 2 x +1
x 2 x +1
2

2
1
x+ dx
4
2
4
2
4 2 2
+ 2
x + 2 x +1
x 2 x +1

42

2 x + 1 dx

( 2 x +2 2 ) dx
2

x + 2 x+ 1

( 2 x2 2 ) dx
x 2 2 x +1

( 2 x + 2 ) dx 1
( 2 ) dx
( 2 x 2 ) dx 1
( 2 ) dx
1
+

2
2
2
2
4 2 x + 2 x +1 4 2 x + 2 x+1 4 2 x 2 x +1 4 2 x 2 x +1
1

x
x
2dx
1
1
dv
1
( 2+ 2 x + )
+
2 4 2 v 4 2
du
1
+

u 4 2
1

4 2
1 2 1
+
2 2

1 2 1
x +
2 2

dx

dv 1
+

v 4

dx

du 1
+
u 4
1

4 2
x+

2 dx
1
( 2+ 2 x + )
2

1 1

1
x 1
2

+1

2
dx

dv 1
+
v 4
1
+1

4 2
1

2
dx

du 1
+
u 4
1

4 2
x+

1 2
x+ +1
2
2

1 2
x +1
2
2

2
dx

dv 1
+

v 2
1

2
dx

du 1
+
u 2
1

4 2

2 x +1 2

2 x1 2

dx

dv 1
+
v 2

dx

du 1
+
u 2
1

4 2

4 2
1
4 2

du 1 1
dz
1
dv 1 1
dt
+

+
u 2 2 z 2+1 4 2 v 2 2 t 2+1

ln |u|+

1
2 2

tan z

1
4 2

ln|v|+

1
2 2

tan t+c

z= 2+1
dz= 2 dx

1
42

ln |x + 2+ 1|+

1
2 2

tan ( 2 x+ 1)

1
42

ln |x 2+1|+

x2 + 2+1
1
1
+
tan1 ( 2 x +1 ) + tan1
( 2 x1)+c
2
2 2
x + 2+1 2 2
1

ln
4 2

1
2 2

tan

dz

2 x+1 +c =dx
2
t= 2 x1
dt= 2 dx

55.

14 +52
13+2
13+2

=1

dx

x3 4 x 2 +5 x2

(x-1) (

x 23 x+2

x1 ( x2 )

dx
=

(x-1) (x-2) (x-1)

A ( x 2 x +1 +B (
2

dx

dx

dx

( x2 ) ( x1 ) +5 (x1)2

du
dz
dz

+5 2
u z
z

= ln/x-2/ - ln /x-1/ +5 (x-1)2 +c

x 3 x+2 +C ( x2)
2

A x 2 Ax+ A +B x 3 Bx+2 B+ CX2C

( A + B ) x 2 + ( 2 A3 B+C ) x +( A+ 2 B2C)

57.

dx
x+ 3 x =

u6=x

=6

u3u+u2

6 u5 du=dx

z=u+1
5

=6

du
u2u(u+1)

dz=du
u6=x

u3
=6 u+1

6 u6=6 x

=6

1
(u2 +u+1 u+1
) du

=6

u2 du6 udu+6 du6 u+1

6 3 6 2
dz
= 3 u 2 u +6 u6 z
3
2
=2 u 3 u +6 u6 ln /z /+c

=2 x
6

=2 x
6

u3
3

u u

u+1

u2u+1

+u +u
u

u1
1

59. x

x1
=
x +1

x1 x1
.
x +1 x1

x 1 2

( x+1 ) ( x 1)

a=1

a2=1
x=sec

1
x( x1) 2
x x + x1
x2 x

1
dx
x 1

x2 dx x

1
dx
x 1
2

tan

x
a

1
1
x3 sec
sectan
2
3
se c 1
x21
1 3
tanse c 2
x
3
se c 2 1
1
tanse c 2
x3
3
tan2
1
tanse c 2
x3
3
tan
1
x3 se c 2
3
1
x3 tan+ c
3

u=tan
=tan 1 u

1
x3 tan 1 u+c
3
1
x3 tan 1 ( x 21)+ c
3

u2 3 3
u
u2 u
x3
1
2
61) 2
dx
du

du
2
2 u 2 3 2
x 2x 3
u 2 3
2

u
2
2

1
u2
1 4
u2
u2

du

2

u 2 3 2 du
2 u 2 3 2 2 1 u 2 3 2

u2=2 x+ 3
2udu=2 dx
uu=dx

u 23
=x
2

4
u2
2 2
u 6u 9
6u 9

2 1 2
du
u 6u 9

6u 9
6u 9
2 du 2 2
du 2 x 2 2
du
u 6u 9
u 6u 9
6u 9
2 x 2
2
u 2 3
2 x 2

u= 2 x+ 3
Divisin

u 26 u+9

1
u2

u2 +6 u9

6du
9du
du 2
2
u 3
u 3

2 x 12

du
du
18
2
u 3
u 3

6 u9

du
u 6u 9
du
2 x 12 ln 2 x 3 3 18 2
u 6u 9 9
2 x 12 ln 2 x 3 3 18

2 x 12 ln 2 x 3 3 18
2 x 12 ln 2 x 3 3 18

( u 3 )

A
B
+
u3 ( u3 )2

A ( u3 ) + B
2

( u 23 )

du

u 3

du
u 3 2
9
1
9

18
du

9 u 3 2

1
3
du
2 x 12ln 2 x 3 3 2
2
u 3

1
3
dz
2 x 12 ln 2 x 3 3 6 2 c
z 1
dz
2 x 12 ln 2 x 3 3 6
c
1 z2
2 x 12 ln 2 x 3 3

2 x 12 ln 2 x 3 3 6 tan 1 z c
2 x 12 ln 2 x 3 3 6 tan 1
2 x 12 ln 2 x 3 3 6 tan 1

u 3
c
3
2x 3
3 c
3

Au3 A+ B
2

( u23 )

A=6

3 A+ B=9

3 ( 6 )+ B=9
18+B=9

z=

u3
3

1
dz= du
3
3 dz=du

x
63.
dx
1x 2
Sen5 Cos
d

1Sen2

a2=1
a=1
x=aSen

x=Sen
5

d
Sen Cos
cos 2

dx=Cos

Sen5 Cos
Cos d
1
5

Sen d

u=Cos

( Sen2 ) ( Sen ) d

1x 2

( 1cos2 ) ( Sen ) d
Sen . d2 Sen ( cos2 ) . d+ Sen ( cos 4 ) d
Cos+ 2 u2 . du+ u4 . du
2
1
Cos+ cos3 + cos 5 +C
3
5
1x 2 +

65.

cosxdx

1+ cosx

3 1
5
2(
1x 2 ) + ( 1x2 ) +C

3
5

1u
2
1+u
2
du
1u2 1+u
2
1+
2
1+u

u=tan

x
2

2
1 du
2
u +1

2 du
1 du
u 2+1

cos=

1u
1+ u2

dx=

2 du
1+u2

du
u
u2 +1

1
2 tan (u )u+c

tan

( x2 )tan ( x2 )+ c
2 arctan

67.

dx
senx+ cosx

2du
2
1+u
2 u 1u2
+
1+u2 1+ u2

du
2
1+u
2
2u+1u
2
1+u
2

du
1+u

2
2
1+u
1+2 uu
2

du
du
du
=2
=2
2
2
2
1+2 uu
1( u 2 u )
1( u 2u+1 ) +1

u=tan

x
2

cosx=

1u 2
2
1+u

senx=

2u
2
1+u

u1
2

2
1
du

du
2
=
2(u1)2
z=

1
1
u1 du dz= du 2 dz=du
2
2

x
tan ( )
dz
1
2
=2 sin 1 z+ c= 2sin 1
u+c= 2 sin1
+c
2
2
1z
2
2

69.

1 2 x
dx u=2 x
2 x
du=2 dx

1 1u 1/ 3
u1 /2 du
2

dx=

du
2

1
1
u1 /2u 3 du
2
2

1
du u1 /6 ) du
2

1
1 /2
1 /6
= 2 [ u du u du ]

[ ]}

1
6 5/ 6
1 /2
= 2 [ 2 u ] 5 u

1
66 5
= 2 2 u 5 u

1
6
2 2 x 6 32 x
2
5

3
5

2 x 32 x5 + c

= (1/2)

sin=

1+ cot ( x )
75. 2
=
sen x

Lado Opuesto
Hipo

Pero al estar dividido se transforma a:

Hipotenusa
=csc
Lado Opuesto

cot x
1+

U=cot (x)
Du=

1
2

1+ u du=

csc 2 ( x ) dx

sen2cos2 ( x)
d
cot (x )=
dx
se n2 ( x )
Identidades Trigonomtricas

1=sen2 ( x ) +cos 2 ( x)

1
2

1 du+ u du

sen2 ( x)+ cos2 (x)

sen 2( x)

2
u+ u 2
3

2
cot ( x )+ cot ( x ) cot(x)
3

1
3

cot(x) [ 3+2 cot ( x ) ] + c

e2 x

77.

( e +1 )

e e

1
4

dx
u4 =e x +1

x
1

4 u 3 du=e x dx

dx

( e x +1 ) 4
4

( u 41 ) u3
u

e x =u 41
du

4 ( u4 1 ) u 2 du
6

4 u u du
7
4 4 x
4 4 x 3
( e +1) ( e +1 ) +c
7
3

x sin 2 x cos 3 xdx=

2.

1
1
1
1
x cos x cos 5 x cos x cos 5 x dx
2
5
2
5

u=x

du=dx

x cos x x cos 5 x sin x 1

+ sin 5 x+ c
2
10
2
50

1
dv= ( sin 5 xsin x )
2
v=

1 1
cos 5 x+cos x
2 5

)
2

1 - u 2 2 du

1 u 2 1 u 2
cos 2 x

4)
dx
4
sen 4 x
2u

2
1 u

cosx

1 - u 1 u du
2
1 u 2u
1 - u 1 u du

2 2

senx

2 3

1
8

2 2

8u
1 - 2u u 4 1 u 2
1 1 u 2 2u 2 - 2u 4 u 4 u 6
du

du
u4
8
u4

1 1 - u2 - u4 u6
du
8
u4
1 1 1

4 - 2 - 1 u 2 du
8 u u

1
u - 4 - u - 2 - 1 u 2 du
8
1 -1 1
1

- u u3 c
4
8 3u
u
3

1- u2
1 u2

-1
1

x
x
24 tan 8 tan
2
2

2 1 tan 3 x c

8
24
2

tan

2u
1 u2

2 du
1 u2
x
u tan
2
dx

6. senx.sen 2 x.sen3 xdx

u=sen 3 x

senx.sen 2 x sen3x dx
1
cos 1 2 cos 1 2 sen3 xdx
2
1
cos x cos 3x sen3 xdx
2
1
1
sen3 x cos xdx sen3x cos 3 xdx
2
2
1 1
1 1
sen 3 1 sen 3 1 dx
2 2
2 3

du=3 cos 3 xdx

du
=cos 3 xdx
3

udu

1
1
1 u 2
sen
4
xdx

sen
2
xdx

c
4
4
6 2
1 1
1
1 1
cos 4 x cos 2 x u 2 c
4 4
12
4 2
1
1
1
cos 4 x cos 2 x sen 2 2 x c
16
8
12

8.

10.

sin 3 cos

2x
dx=
3

( 12 sin x sin 3x ) dx

1
1
x
sin x dx sin dx

2
2
3

1
3
x
cos x cos + c
2
2
3

x1 dx
dx= x lnx
lnx
x
x
x lnx dx

u=ln
du=

dx
x

dv=

dx
x

v = x

dx

dx

x = x1 /2
x

1 /2

dx

x lnxx

u=tan 1 x

12.

du=

x tan1 xdx

tan

dv=xdx

v=

tan 1

14.

x 2 1 x 2 dx

2
2 1+ x 2

( )
x
1
1
dx
x ( ) dx+
2
2
2 1+ x
x
1
1
x ( ) x + tan x+ c
2
2
2

tan 1 x

xdx
2
sen

1
dx
1+ x 2

x2
2

1
2 xcotx +

x /1+ x

cotxdx

u=x
du=dx
=

dx

dv= sen2 x
v= -cotx

dx

sen 2 x

xcotx+ tanx+ secx/ +c

csc2 x

16. sen ( lnx ) dx=xsen ( lnx ) x

u=sen ( lnx )

du=

cos ( lnx )
dx
x

cos ( lnx ) dx
x

xsen ( lnx ) cos (lnx ) dx

dv=dx v=x=xsen ( lnx ) xcos ( lnx ) + x

u= cos ( lnx ) du=

sen ( lnx )
dx
x

cos ( lnx ) dx
=xsen ( lnx )xcos ( lnx ) sen ( lnx ) dx
x

dv=dx v=x= sen ( lnx ) dx+ sen ( lnx ) dx=xsen ( lnx ) xcos ( lnx )

2 sen ( lnx ) dx=xsen ( lnx ) xcos ( lnx )


1

sen ( lnx ) dx= 2 xsen ( lnx ) 2 xcos ( lnx )+

18.

ln 2 x
x 2 dx

u ln 2 x
1
du 2ln x dx
x
dx
dv
x
v ln x

1
x ln 2 x 2 ln x ln x dx
x
1
x ln 2 x 2 ln 2 x dx
x
x ln 2 x 2 z 2 dz
x ln 2 x 2
x ln 2 x

u3
c
3

2
3
ln x c
3

dx
x 2x
2

20.

u x 1

du dx

dx
x 2 x 1 1
2

dx

x 1

du
u 2 1

du
1 u2
tanh 1 x 1 c

22. (sen

u=

x) dx

(sen1 x )2
1

du= 2 1x 2 dx
dv= dx
v= x

(sen1 x)2 dx = x

(sen x )

2x

- 1x 2 dx

ds= -2xdx
2

( sen1 x ) dx=x ( sen1 x ) +2 s+ c


( sen1 x ) dx=x ( sen1 x ) +2 1+ x 2 +c

24.

dx
e x 1

u= e x 1
1 2u
2 du
u u +1
2

1
du
u +1
2

2 tan1 u+ c
2 tan1 ( e x 1 ) +c

du=

e x dx
2 e x 1

dx=

2u
du
u2 +1

s=1-

x2

26)

x3
x2 - 4

dx

2 sec 3 2 sec tan d


2 sec 2 - 4

16
a2=4

16

a=2

u=

tan

du =

sec 2 d

4 sec 2 - 4
sec 3 sec tan d

4 sec 2 - 1

16 sec 3 sec tan d


2
sec 2 - 1

8
C. V.

sec 3 sec tan d

sec 4 tan d

tan 2
sec 4 tan d
8
tan
8 sec 4 d
8 sec 2 sec 2 d

8 sec tan sec d

8 1 tan 2 sec 2 d

x24

8 sec 2 d 8 tan 2 sec 2 d


8 tan 8 u du
u2
c
2
8 tan 4 u 2 c

tan =

8 tan 8

8 tan 4 tan 2 c

x 2 - 4
4 tan

4 x 2 - 4 2 tan

x 2 - 4
2

x2 - 4 c

x 24
2

28.

dx
x 4x 2

a=4

2 cos d
4( 2 sen )

( 2 sen )2

cos d
4 se n 44 sen

2
cos d
4 se n 2 2 4(1sen 2 )

a=2

dx=2cos

1
cos d

2 sen2 2 cos2

x=2sen

1
cos d

4 sen2 cos

1
d
4 sen2

1
csc 2
4

1
cot
4
1 4x 2

4 2 sen
1 4x 2

8 sen

30.

dx
x 2 x +1

udu
2

( u 2+1 ) u

du

u 21
2
=

a2=9

1
du

2
2 u 1

1
du

2 (u2 +1 )

1 1
tan 2 x+1+ c
2

sec 2
3 sec

3 sectand

3 sec

29

9(1)

3
x 9
9 sec 29

32.
dx=
3 sectand=
x2
(3 sec)2

Cambios de

Variable
a=3

x=3 sec

33 sec1
sec2 sectand
9

tan 2
tan
sec

tan 2 d
sec

sec 2 1
sec
s ec 2
d

sec
sec
sec cos

ln |tan +sec|send
ln

x 29 + x x 29 +c
3

e 2 x 1+ e2 x

34.

u =1+e

u(udu)

2x

2x

2udu=2 e dx

u du

udu=e2 x dx

u
+c
3
3

( 1+ e2 x )
3

36.

+c

dx

4 x 4 + 4 x 2 +4

4x
4x
x ( 3+ 8 x )
=
x ( 4 +4 x 2 +4 )

5
3
4
2
= 4 x + 4 x + 4 x 4 x +8 x

x 8 x

= 4 x 5 + 4 x 3+ 4 x4

4 5 8
5
3
= 4 x + 4 x + 4 x 5 x 3 x
4

+c

U= 4 x +4 x +4
3

du= 4 x +8 x dx
dv=dx
v=x

38.

dx
1
dx
= 2
2
x 4 x +16 2 x + 4

a2=4 a=2=

12
sec d
2 2 tan ( 2tan )2 +4
2

dx=2 sec d=

x=2 tan

1
sec2 d

2 tan 4 tan 2 +4

1
sec d

4 tan tan2 + 1

1
sec 2 d

4 tan sec2
2

1 sec d

4 tansec

1
1 cos
d

4 cos sen

1 sec d
4 tan

1
1
d

4 sen

1
csc d
4
1
ln |csccot|+
4

| |

1
x 2
ln +
4
2 x

40.

1 x2
dx
x4

1 ( sen ) 2
cos d
( sen ) 4

1 sen 2
cos d
sen4

cos 2
cos d
sen4
cos 2

d
sen 4
d
sen 2

d
sen 4 sen 4
d
d

2
2
( sen )
sen 2

x sen
dx cos d
sen

x
1

sen 1x

(csc 2 ) 2 d csc d
(cot ) 2 cot c
cot 2 cot c

cot 2 sen 1 x cot sen 1 x c

42 .

x dx
2 xx 2
2

x dx
= (x2 2 x )

x 22 x +19+1

=
x 2 dx

x1 2+ 1

x2 dx

x1 2

x 2 dx

u+1 2

1+sen 2 d

U= x-1
x=u+1

1+sen d

2 du

1+u2 + 2 d + send
1

2u
1+u2
2 du

1+ u2
=

1+u
+2 d+ sen
2u

du
+2 d+ sen
u

1x 2

=ln (u)+2 cos+C


=ln

=ln

46.

|tan2 |+2 cos+C

tan

2 x3
2

( x 3 x+2 )

u=x 3 x +2
du=2x-3dx

x
1 x2 + 2cosx+C
2

dx=

du
3
u

u3 du=

2
1
1
+c
2 x 23 x+3

48.

x 5 x +9 dx
=
x 25 x +6

x2 5 x +9 dx
x25 x +6 = 1+ x2 53 x +6 dx

Divisin Polinomial

dx +3

x 25 x+ 9 x 25 x+6
=

x 2 +5 x6 1+

3
x 5 x +6
2

1
1
=
(
x3)(
x 2)
x 5 x +6
2

1
A
B
=
+
x 5 x +6 x2 x3
2

1=

A ( x3 )+ B( x 2)
(x2)( x3)

1= Ax - 3A + Bx 2B
1= (A +B)x + (- 3 A 2B)
A+B=0
A= -B
A= -1

-3 A 2 B = 1
- 3(-B)-2B=1
3B2B=1

dx
x 5 x+ 6
2

dx
dx
+ 3
x2
x3

B= 1

50.

x +12 x +6
dx
xx 36
6 x 2 +12 x8

x 46 x 3 +12 x 2+6
4
3
3
2
x +6 x 12 x+ 8 x x 6 x +12 x8
8 x +6
x
8 x +6

x + x 36 x 2 +12 x8

8 x +6
3
( x2) =

A
B
C
+
+
2
( x2) (x2) ( x2)3

3
. ( x2)

2
8x+6=A (x2) + B ( x2 ) +C

2
8x+6= A ( x 4 x + 4 ) + Bx2 B+C
2

8x+6=A x 4 Ax+4 A+ Bx2 B+C


2
8X+6= ( A )x + (4 A+ B ) x+(4 A2 B+C)

A=0

B=8

4 A+ B=8

C=22

4 A2 B+ C
8 dx

22 dx

xdx + ( x2)2 + (x2)3


1 2
du
du
x +8 2 +22 3
2
u
u
1 2
x +8 u2 du+22 u3 du
2

U=x2
du=dx

1 2 8u
22u
x+
+
+c
2
1
2
1 2 8 11
x 2 +c
2
u u
1 2
8
11
x

+c
2
x2 ( x2 )2
1 2
8
11
x

+c
2
x2 x 24 x+ 4

52.

dx
dx
=
3
x +1
( x +1 ) ( x 2x+ 1 )

1
A
Bx+C
=
+ 2
2
( x +1 ) ( x x+1 ) x +1 x x +1
1
A x 2 Ax+ A+ B x 2+ Bx+ Cx+C
=
( x +1 ) ( x 2x+1 )
( x+1 ) ( x 2x +1 )
2
1=( A+ B ) x + ( A+ B+C ) x + A+C

A+B=0
-A+B+C=0
A+C=1
A +C=1; A= 1-C

B= 1 - 2

A +B =0

-(1-C) +B+C = 0

( 23 )

1-C +1-2C= 0

2C +B =1
B= 1-2C

2-3C=0

B=- 3

2=3C

C= 3

dx

xdx

dx

dx

X 3 +1 = 3 x +1 3 x2 x+1 + 3 x 2x +1

Z=

dz=

[ ( )]
2
1
x
2
3

+1

2
3 dx

2 xdx 1 1 ( 2 x1 ) +1 dx 2
dx
.
+ 2

2
3 x +1 3 2
3 x x +1
x x+ 1
1 xdx 1 ( 2 x1 ) 1
dx
2
dx
2
2
+ 2

3 x +1 6 x x+1 6 x x +1 3 x x+ 1
1 du 1 du 1

+
3 u 6 u 2

dx
1 2 3
x +
2
4

( )

1 du 1 du 2
dx
+

3 u 6
u 3
2
1
x
2
3

[ ( )]

+1

| |

1
1
3
2 x1
ln |x +1| ln |x 2x+ 1|+ tan 1
+c
3
6
3
3

dx

tanx =

54.

du
1+u2

1u2
1+u2
2u
1+u2

dx

senx
cox

du
1+u 2

1u2
1+u2
2
1+u
2u

du
2
1+ u
2
1u2
2u
u du
( 1+u2 ) ( 1u 2)

Au+ B Cu+d
+
1+u2 1u2

Au+ B ( 1u2 ) +Cu+d (1+u2 )


2
2
(1+u )(1u )

Au+ B A u B u +Cu+ D+C u + D u


2
2
(1+u )(1u )

( A + B ) u+ (B+ D ) u2 + (A +C ) u3 + B+ D
A +C=0

B+ D=0

A + A=0

D=B

A=

0
2

D=

B=

1
2

A=0

1
2

A+ C=0
C=A
C=O

B+ D=1
2 B=1

u du
2
2
(1+u )(1u )

21 u du 21 u du
+
2 1u2 2 1u2

z=1u

dz=2 udu
u du
u du

+
2
1+u
1u2

dz
=u du
2

1 dz
dw
+

2
z
w

1
1
ln |1u2|+ ln|1u2|
2
2

w=1u

dw=2udu

1
ln |(1u2)(1+u 2)|
2

dw
=udu
w

dx

56.

x 8+ x 6 =

dx
x . x ( x 2 +1 )
4

1
A B C Dx+ E
= 6+ 4+ 2+ 2
2
x (x +1) x x x
x +1
6

1
A x 2+ A+ B x 4 + B x2 +C x 6 +C x 4 + D x 7 + E x 6
=
x 6 (x 2 +1)
x 6 ( x2 +1)

1= A x + A +B x + B x +C x +C x + D x + E x
1=( A+ B ) x 2+ ( B+C ) x 4 + (C + E ) x 6+ D x 7 + A
D=0 ; A=1
C+ E=0

B+ C=0

A + B=0

C=E

C=B

E=-1

B=-1

C=1

dx

dx

dx

dx

dx

x 8+ x 6 = x 6 x 4 + x2 x 2+ 1
x dx x dx + x dxtan x
6

1
1
1
1
+ 3 tan x+ c
5
5 x 3x x

u31
x 1
58. 3 x+1 dx = u2 +1
u6=x
=

du -

u du

du

u2 +1 u2 +1

u= 6 x
=

u 2 1 dz

2 2 z

du

u2 +1

u31/ u +1
6

x
=

( x) 1
ln/
2
2

u+

u 3u

2 x 1 ln / 3 x+ 1/tan1 ( 6 x )+ c

-u-1

Resultado:

u1
u2 +1

z=u +1
dz=2udu

dz
=udu
2

60.

x +1+2 dx=

( x +1 )2 x+1

1
2

( x+ 1 ) +2
2

( x +1 ) ( x +1 )

1
2

dx

( u )2 +2

u=x +1 du=dx=

( u ) ( u )

1
2

du

1
2

( u ) +2

( u ) 1u

1
4

du

1
4

u du+2

du
1
4

( 1u )
1

1
4

1
4

z=1u = u du2
4 dz
u

3
4

1
4

u4
dz
z

=du= u du2

u
dz
z

1
4

( 1z )
dz
z

dz
z
+ 2 dz
z
z

u du2

u 4 du2

3
4

1
u 5 ln|z|+2 z +
5

| |

1
u 5 ln 1( x+1 ) 4 +2 1( x +1 ) 4 +
5

2
1
x
2
3
2
du
dx
3

z2 u2 1
dz 2udu
dz
udu
2

62.

x 2 dx
x2 x 1

x 2 dx

1
3
2
x x
4
4

x 2 dx
2

1
3
2
x
2
4

x 2 dx

2
1
3
x

3
2
4

3
3
4

4
4

3
x 2dx
2 2
1
3 x 2

1
2

2
2
u du

2 3 3
3

2
3 2
u 1
4 4 u 2 du

3 9
u2 1
16 z 2 1
dz
9 z
16 z 2
16 dz
dz
9 z
9 z
16
16
zdz ln z c
9
9
2
16 z 16

ln u 2 1 c
9 2 9

8 2
1
16

( x ) 1 ln
9
9 3
2

2
1
( x )
3
2

8 2
1
16

x 1 ln
9 3
9
3

2
1
x
3
3

64.

dx

3+5 cosx

1 c

1 c

2 du
1+u2
1u2
3+5 (
)
1+ u2

2 du
1+u2
55u 2
3+
2
1+u

2du
2
1+ u
3+3 u2 +55 u 2
1+ u2

2 du
1+u2
82u 2
1+u2

1+u 2
. 2(u2 4)

2 du

1+u2

u24

(u+2)(u2)

du

du

A
u+ 2

B
u2

1
du 1
du
= - 4 u+2 + 4 u2
1
1
= - 4 ln ( u+2 ) + 4 ln ( u2 ) +C
1
tanx
1
tanx
=- 4 ln 2 +2 + 4 ln 2 2 +C

A= - 4

66.

senx dx

1sen x

2 u 2 du
2
2
1+u 21+u
u
1
1+u 2

x
u=tan 2

du=

2 du
1+u 2

sen=

2u
1+u 2

2
1+u

=2
2u

2u
du
2
1+u
=2
( 1+u2 )2 u

=2
2u+c

68.

du
=2 tan

u=tanx
x
2

+c

dx du sec 2 x dx
=
sec 2 x dx
sec 2 x

( )

du
=dx
sec 2 x

(1+tanx ) sec 2 x
1+ tanx
dx =
.
dx
1tanx
(1tanx ) sec 2 x

sec 2 x 1+ tan 2 x
(1+u)sec 2 x du

(1u) sec 2 x sec 2 x

1+u
du
2
(1u)(1+u )

1
u
+
du
1u 1+u2

A
Bu+C
+
1u 1+ u2
1+u=
A + A u + BuBu 2+CCu
2

B+C=1
B-C=-1
2B=0

A+C=1
B-C=-1
A-B=0
A=B
0-C=-1
C=1
2

ds 1 dk
+
s 2 k

1
ln |1u|+ ln|1+ u2|+c
2
1
ln |1tanx|+ ln|1+ tan2 x|+ c
2

Cambios de variables

xdx
xdx
70.
=
2
4
2
( 1+ x ) 1x
( 1+ x ) ( 1x 2 )( 1+ x 2 )

1
du

2 u u (1u+1)

N1
u= 1+ x2
du= 2xdx
du/2= xdx
x2=u-1

1
du
2 u u (2u)

N2
z= 1/u
du= -1/z2dz

1
du

2 u u22 u

N3

1
z 2 dz
z

( )

1 2

2
z z

w= 1-2z
w= -2dz
-dw/2= dz

1
dz
2
12 z
z2
1
dz
z

1
2 1
12 z
z
1
dz

2 12 z

1 dw
4 w
1

1
(w) 2 dw
4
1
2

1w
+c
4 1
2

1
w+c
2

1
12 z +c
2

1
1
12
+c
2
u

1
1
12
+c
2
1+ x 2

()

( )

72.

dx
x x 21
4

a=1

sec tan d
( sec )4 (sec )21

sec tan d
sec 4 sec 2 1

a=1
x=sec

sec tan d
sec 4 tan

dx=sec tan d

sec tan d
4
sec tan

d
sec 3
3

cos

cos2 cos d
( 1sen2 ) cos d

cosd cossen d
u=sen
du=cos d

du u du

1
u u 3
3
1
sen sen3
3
2
2
x 1 1 ( x 1)

sec

sec 3

x 21 1 x 63 x 4 +3 x 21

sec
3 sec 3
74.

dx

Cosx Sen 5 x

Csc5 xSecxdx ( Sen2 x+ cos2 x )

Sen 2 xdx
cos 2 xdx
+

5
5
Cosx Sen x
Cosx Sen x

dx
Cosxdx
+
3
Cosx Sen x
Sen 5 x

Sen 2 xdx
cos 2 xdx
Cosxdx
+
+

3
3
Cosx Sen x
CosxSen x
Sen5 x

dx
Cosdx
Cosxdx
+
+
CosxSenx Sen 3 x Sen5 x

Sen2 xdx
cos2 xdx
Cosxdx Cosxdx
+
+
+
CosxSenx
CosxSenx
Sen3 x
Sen5 x

Cosxdx
Cosxdx Cosxdx
+
Sen 5 x
3
Senx
Sen x
Senxd
+
Cosx

z=Senx

dz=Cosxdx
u=Cosx

du
dz
dz
dz
3 5
u
z
z
z

ln |Cosx|ln|Senx|ln |Sen 3 x|ln |Sen 5 x|+c

du=Senxdx

78.

dx

e 2 x2 e x
du

u2 ( u2 )

du
u ( u 2 u )
2

Au+ B
c
+
2
u2
u

3 udu 1
du
+

2
4
4 u1
u

3 du 1
du
+

4 u 4 u1

3
1
ln (u )+ ln (u1 ) +c
4
4
3
1
ln ( e x ) + ln ( e x 1 ) + c
4
4

u=e x
du=e x dx
du
=dx
u

1
Au+ B C
=
+
2
u2
u
u ( u 2u )
2

Au+ B (u2 ) +C (u2 )


1
=
u ( u 22u )
u ( u22 u )
1= A u22 Au+Bu2 B+C u 2
1=u2 ( A +C )+u (2 A +B )2 B

Parcial resuelto

Parcial N1 De Calculo II
1. e x +1 dx=2

u . u du
2
u 1

Cambios De

Variable.

u 2 du
1
u2=e x +1
2 2 =2 1+ 2
du
u 1
u 1
2udu=e x
du
2 du+2 2
u21=e x
u 1

2u+ 2

u2 u 21

du
2
( 1u )

u2|u21
2u2

du
1u 2
1

u2 +1
1
=1+ 2
+1
u 1

1
2u2 tanh ( u ) 2 + c

2 e x +12 tanh1 e x +1+c


2.

dx
x x 2+ x+1

u=

1
x

( 1u ) du

x=

1
u

( ) ( )

1
1
+
+1
u
u
1
u

1 1
+ +1
u2 u

z=

1+u+u 2
2
u

du

1
2
u

2
1
u+
2
3

dz=
1
u

du

dx=

( )

2
du
3

3 dz=du
2

1
u
1 2
u +u+1
u

du
u +u+1

du

du

( u +u+ 14 )+ 34
2

du

[( )(

4 2 1 2
u + +1
3
2

3
4

du

2 2 1 2
u + +1
2
3

( )

2 3
dz
2
2
3

z +1

sinh1 ( z ) +c
sinh

( 23 + 13 )+c

sinh1

( 23 x+ 13 )+c

3.

x 2 dx
x 26 x+ 10

x 2 dx
( x 26 x +9 ) +1

x2 dx
( x3 )2+1

u=x 3

( u+3 )
du
u 2+1

x=u+3
dx=du

u 2+6 u+ 9

du
u2 +1

z=u +1
dz=2 udu

u2
u du
du
du+6 2 +9 2
2
u +1
u +1
u +1

dz
=udu
2

1
dz
du
du+ 3 + 9 2
z
u +1
u +1

du

u2|u2 +1

u2 +1
1
=1 2
1
u +1

du
dz
du
+ 3 + 9 2
2
z
u +1
u +1

z=u +1
du+3

dz
du
+8 2
z
u +1

( x3 ) +1
x 26 x+ 9+1

u+3 ln |z|+8 tan1 ( u ) +c

x 6 x+10

( x3 ) +3 ln |u2 +1|+8 tan1 ( x3 )+ c

( x3 ) +3 ln |x 26 x +10|+8 tan1 ( x3 )+ c

u=e x +1
x

e =u1
du=( u1 ) dx

dx=

du
u1

e2 x

4.

( e + 1)

( u1 )2
u

u1
u

3
2

3
2

u du
u

3
2

3
2

dx=

( e +1 )

3
2

dx

du

du

du
u

3
2

1
2

u du u
1

( ex )

3
2

2u 2 +2 u 2 +c

2 e x +1+

2
+c
e x+ 1

5. sinh 3 x cosh 4 x dx=

e 3 x e3 x
2

)(

e 4 x + e4 x
dx
2

1
( e3 x e3 x ) ( e 4 x + e4 x ) dx

1
( e7 x + ex e x e7 x ) dx
4

1
1
1
1
7x
x
x
7 x
e dx + e dx e dx e dx

4
4
4
4

1 7 x 1 x 1 x 1 7 x
e e e + e +c
28
4
4
28

1 e +e
14
2

1
1
cosh 7 x cosh x +c
14
2

7x

7 x

) (

1 e +e
2
2

)+c
Identidad
trigonomtrica.

sin 2 x+cos 2 x =1
cos 2 x=

1sin x
sin 2 x

Cambios de variable.

u=sin2 x
du=2 cos 2 x dx

du
=cos 2 x dx
2
z=2 x
dz=2 dx

dz
=dx
2

6.

1cos 2 x
1cos 2 x 1cos 2 x
dx=
.
dx
1+cos 2 x
1+ cos 2 x 1cos 2 x

( 1cos 2 x )2

dx
1cos2 2 x

12cos 2 x +cos 2 2 x
dx
sin 2 2 x

1
cos 2 x
cos 2 x
dx2 2 dx+
dx
2
sin 2 x
sin 2 x
sin 2 2 x

csc 2 x dx2

cos 2 x
1
sin 2 2 x
dx+
dx
sin2 2 x sin 2 2 x dx
sin 2 2 x

csc 2 2 x dx2

cos 2 x
dx+ csc 2 2 x dx dx
2
sin 2 x

2 csc 2 2 x2
csc 2 z
2

cos 2 x
dx dx
2
sin 2 x

du
x+ c
2
u

cot z +u x +c
cot 2 2 x +

1
x+ c
sin 2 x
5

dx
u du
=6 6 3 6
3
x + x
u + u

u5
6 3 2 du
u +u

Cambio de variable.

x=u6 =u=6 x

u du
u ( u+1 )

u du
u+1

6 u5 du=dx

6 u 2u+1

Divisin de polinomios.

u3
1
du
u+1

[__u-1

u2u+1
3u
u

1
u+ 1

u 2
2

+u +u
Cambio de
variable

u
u1
-1

u=x 1

Identidades Trigonomtricas

Tabla de
Formulas

f x
f x

2 f x

senx.csc x 1
cos x.sec x 1
senx
tan x
cos x
cos x
cot x
senx
1
senx
csc x
1
cos x
sec x
1
tan x
cot x
2
cos x sen 2 1

9.

e e
2
x
e e x
cosh x
2
x
e e x
tanh x x x
e e
e x e x
coth x x x
e e
2
sech x x x
2
2
1 tan x sec x
e e
senhx

10.

Frmulas Fundamentales

d
d
du
senx cos x; senu cos u
dx
dx
dx

1.

d
d
du
cos x senx; cos u senu
dx
dx
dx

2.

d
d
du
tan x sec 2 x; tan u sec 2 u
dx
dx
dx

3.

d
d
du
cot x csc2 x; cot u csc2 u
dx
dx
dx

1.

d n
x nx n 1
dx
d
x 1
dx

4.

cf x cf x

6.

f x g x f x g x

7.

5.

2.

d
d
du
sec x sec x tan x; sec u sec u tan u
dx
dx
dx

d
d
du
csc x csc x cot x; csc u csc u cot u
dx
dx
dx

3.

4.

f x g x f x g x

d
d
du
senhx cosh x; senhu cosh u
dx
dx
dx
d
d
du
cos hx sen h x; cos hu sen h u
dx
dx
dx

8.

5.

f x .g x f x .g x f x g x

f g x ' f ' g x .g ' x

11.

DERIVADAS

d
c 0
dx

d
d
du
tan hx sech 2 x; tan hu sech 2 u
dx
dx
dx

9.

6.

7.

f x
f x .g x f x .g x


2
g x
g x

10.

11.

g x
1

2
g x
g x

8.

f x n n f x n 1 f x

12.

d
d
du
cot hx c sch 2 x; cot hu c sch 2 u
dx
dx
dx

d
d
du
sec hx sech x tanh x; sec hu sech u tanh u
dx
dx
dx
d
d
du
coc hx csch x coth x; cot hu csch u coth u
dx
dx
dx

13.

14.

15.

16.

d
sen1 x 1 2 ; dxd sen1u 1 2 du
dx
1 x
1 u dx

INTEGRALES

d
cos1 x 1 2 ; dxd cos1 u 1 2 du
dx
1 x
1 u dx

1.

2.

d
tan 1 x 1 1x2 ; dxd tan 1 u 1 1u 2 du
dx
dx

3.

f ' x dx f ( x) c
af ( x) bg ( x) dx a f ( x)dx b g ( x)dx
af ( x) bg ( x) dx a f ( x)dx b g ( x)dx

d
cot 1 x 1 1x2 ; dxd cot 1 u 1 1u 2 du
dx
dx

d
dx

17.

5.
d
csc1 x 12 ; dxd cs c1 u 12 du
dx
x x 1
u u 1 dx

18.

6.
d
senh1 x
dx

19.

22.

23.

24.

1
d
1
du
; senh 1u
x 2 1 dx
u 2 1 dx

7.
d
cos h1x
dx

21.

d
1 du
; cos h 1u
2
dx
x 1
u 2 1 dx

d
tan h1 x 1 1x2 ; dxd tan h1u 1 1u 2 du
dx
dx

d x
d
du
e e x ; eu eu

dx
dx
dx
d x
a ln a a x ; dxd au ln a au du
dx
dx

d
1 d
1 du
ln x ; ln u
dx
x dx
u dx

kf ( x)dx k f ( x)dx
cdx c
dx x
x n 1
x dx n 1 c
n

8.

dx ln x c
9.

10.

11.

12.

d
1
d
1 du
; log u
log a x
dx
ln a x dx a
ln a u dx
13.

25.

ln

f ( x)

4.
d
sec1 x 12 ; dxd sec1 u 12 du
dx
x x 1
u u 1 dx

20.

f ( x)dx

x
ln x ln y
y

ln xy ln x ln y

14.

15.

senxdx cos x c
cos xdx senx c
sec

xdx tan x c

csc

xdx cot x c

sec x tan xdx sec x c


c s cx cot xdx cs c x c

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

senhxdx cosh x c
cosh xdx senhx c
sec

csc

32.

hxdx coth x c

sech x tanh xdx sech x c


c s chx coth xdx csch x c
e dx e

a dx
x

23.

24.

25.

dx
1 x2

x x 1
2

1
x 1
2

27.

1
x 1
2

28.

29.

cot xdx ln senx c


sec xdx ln tan x sec x c

1 x
a c
ln a
sen 1 x c

34.

35.

tanh xdx ln cosh x c


cot xdx ln sen h x c
sech xdx 2 tanh e c

36.

37.

senh 1 x c

csch xdx 2 tanh e c

pares:

cos

sec 1 x c

33.

sec xdx ln csc x cot x c

dx
tan 1 x c
2
1 x

1
26.

31.

hxdx tanh x c

22.

30.

tan xdx ln senx c

myn

1
2
sen x 2 1 cos 2 x
x

1
1 cos 2 x
2
1

senaxdx a cos ax c
1

cos axdx a senax c


Frmulas Producto Suma:

senu.senv 2 cos u v cos u v


cos h 1 x c

1
tan h 1 x c
2
1 x

cos u.cos v 2 cos u v cos u v

sen u v sen u v

1 tan 2 x sec 2 x

cos u.senv 2 sen u v sen u v

1 cot 2 x csc 2 x

senu.cos v 2
1

sen x senx

cos x cos x
1
u
mx n

Integracin por Partes

udu uv vdu
ln xdx x ln x x c
eax
asenbx bsenbx c
a 2 b2
eax
ax
e cos bxdx a 2 b2 a cos bx bsenbx c
ax
e senbxdx

Funciones Racionales

x
senx

2 1 cos x
2du
dx
1 u2
1 u2
cos x
1 u2
2u
senx
1 u2

u tan

cos 2 x sen 2 x 1
cos a b cos a cos b msenasenb
sen a b sena cos b cos bsenb

sen 2a 2sena cos a


tan a tan b
tan a b
1 mtan a tan b
2
cos 2a cos a sen 2 a
cos 2a 1 2sen 2a
cos 2a 2cos 2 a 1
1 cos 2a
2
1 cos 2a
sen 2a
2
1 cos 2a
tan 2 a
1 cos 2a
2 tan a
tan 2a
1 tan 2 a

cos 2 a

dx

ax b a ln ax b c
x
sen1 c
a
a 2 x2
dx
1
1 x
x 2 a 2 a tan a c

dx

dx

x a
dx
2

sec 1
a

x
c
a

x
senh 1 c
a
x2 a2
dx
x
cos h 1 c
a
x2 a2
2

dx
1

tanh 1
2
x
a

x
c
a

Sustituciones Trigonomtricas

a2 x2
x asen

a2 x2
x a tan

dx a cos d dx a sec 2 d

x2 a2
x a sec
dx a sec tan d