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5HY/DWLQRDP3VLTXLDWUtD  

Artculo original
Nios criados en cautiverio
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)HOLSH/HFDQQHOLHU0DUtD,QpV$UULHWD0DLWH3H\URX

RESUMEN
Antecedentes:8UXJXD\VXIULyXQDGLFWDGXUDPLOLWDUGHD'XUDQWHHVHODSVRGHWLHPSRDOJXQRVQLxRVQDFLHURQRIXHURQFULDGRV
HQFDXWLYHULRMXQWRDVXVPDGUHVSUHVDV
Objetivo:H[SORUDUORVHIHFWRVGHOFDXWLYHULRDWUDYpVGHODHYDOXDFLyQGHGLH]GHDTXHOORVQLxRVDFWXDOPHQWHHQODWHUFHUDGpFDGDGHODYLGD
Material y mtodo:VHPLGLyHODSHJR\ODVLQWRPDWRORJtDSVLFROyJLFDHQHVWHJUXSRGHGLH]QLxRV\HQRWURVLPLODUTXHVLUYLyFRPRFRQWURO
/RVLQVWUXPHQWRVXWLOL]DGRVFRQHVWHQIXHURQOD(QWUHYLVWDGH3URWRWLSRGH$SHJR$GXOWR (3$$ \HO/LVWDGR5HYLVDGRGH6tQWRPDV
6&/5 /DLQYHVWLJDFLyQHVXQWUDEDMRLQWHUQDFLRQDOSXHVLQYROXFUDSDUWLFLSDQWHVGHOD8QLYHUVLGDGGHOD5HS~EOLFDGHOD8QLYHUVLGDG
&DWyOLFDGHO8UXJXD\\GHOD8QLYHUVLGDGGHO'HVDUUROORGH6DQWLDJRGH&KLOH
Resultados:D DSHJRGHODPXHVWUDGHFDXWLYRVSUHVHQWyHOSURWRWLSRSUHGRPLQDQWHH[FHVLYDPHQWHVREUHSURWHFWRU 3 GHDSHJR
LQVHJXUR(QFDPELRGHORVVXMHWRVGHOJUXSRFRQWUROSUHVHQWyDSHJRVHJXUR\VyORDSHJRSUHRFXSDGRDPELYDOHQWH 33 (O
JUXSRFRQVWLWXLGRSRUVXMHWRVTXHVXIULHURQFDXWLYHULRWXYRSXQWXDFLRQHVVLJQLFDWLYDPHQWHPiVDOWDVTXHHOJUXSRFRQWUROHQORVSURWRWLSRV
\E VtQWRPDVSVLFROyJLFRVHVHJUXSRWDPELpQWXYRSXQWDMHVPiVDOWRVHQHO6&/5HQFRPSDUDFLyQFRQHOJUXSRFRQWURO
Conclusiones:VHREVHUYyXQDFRUUHODFLyQVLJQLFDWLYDHQWUHORVVtQWRPDVSVLFROyJLFRV\HODSHJRHVGHFLUORVSXQWDMHVDOWRVHQVtQWRPDV
SVLFROyJLFRVVHFRUUHODFLRQDURQFRQORVGHDSHJRLQVHJXUR\ORVEDMRVFRQHODSHJRVHJXUR
Palabras clave: DSHJRFDXWLYHULRFULDQ]D(33$6&/5

ABSTRACT
Background:8UXJXD\VXIIHUHGDPLOLWDU\GLFWDWRUVKLS  'XULQJWKLVSHULRGVRPHFKLOGUHQZHUHERUQRUUDLVHGLQMDLOWRJHWKHU
ZLWKWKHLUPRWKHUV
Objective:([SORUHWKHSRVVLEOHHIIHFWVRIFDSWLYLW\RQWKHHDUO\OLYHVRIWHQRIWKRVHFKLOGUHQQRZLQWKHLUWKLUWLHVZKRDJUHHGWRWDNHSDUW
LQWKLVVWXG\
Method and material::HPHDVXUHGWKHDWWDFKPHQWDQGSV\FKRORJLFDOV\PSWRPVLQWKLVJURXSRIIRUPHUFKLOGUHQUDLVHGLQFDSWLYLW\DQGLQ
DVDPSOHFRQWUROJURXSXVLQJWKH3URWRW\SH$GXOW$WWDFKPHQW,QWHUYLHZ (33$ DQGWKH6&/57KLVSDSHULVDQLQWHUQDWLRQDOHQWHUSULVH
LQYROYLQJUHVHDUFKHUVIURPWKH8QLYHUVLGDGGHOD5HSXEOLFDDQGWKH8QLYHUVLGDG&DWROLFDRI8UXJXD\DQGWKH8QLYHUVLGDGGHO'HVDUUROOR
RI6DQWLDJRGH&KLOH
Results:D DWWDFKPHQWRIWKHFDSWLYLW\VDPSOHVXEMHFWVREWDLQHGYDOXHVRISUHGRPLQDQWLQVHFXUHDWWDFKPHQWSURWRW\SH3 RYHU
SURWHFWLYH 7KHFRQWUROJURXSVKRZHGSUHGRPLQDQWVHFXUHDWWDFKPHQWLQRIWKHVXEMHFWVDQGFRQFHUQHGDPELYDOHQWDWWDFKPHQWLQ
 33 E SV\FKRORJLFDOV\PSWRPVWKHUHDUHVWDWLVWLFDOGLIIHUHQFHVLQSURWRW\SHDQGEHWZHHQWKHFDSWLYLW\VDPSOHDQGWKH
FRQWUROJURXSZLWKKLJKVFRUHVLQWKHFDSWLYLW\JURXS7KH6&/5VKRZVDKLJKOHYHORISV\FKRORJLFDOV\PSWRPVLQWKHFDSWLYLW\VDPSOH
Conclusion:7KHUHLVDFRUUHODWLRQEHWZHHQDWWDFKPHQWDQGSV\FKRORJLFDOV\PSWRPV+LJKHUSV\FKRORJLFDOV\PSWRPVFRUHVFRUUHODWHG
ZLWKLQVHFXUHDWWDFKPHQWZKHUHDVORZV\PSWRPVFRUHVFRUUHODWHGZLWKVHFXUHDWWDFKPHQW
Keywords: DWWDFKPHQW(33$6&/5FDSWLYLW\



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38



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GRVHQFDXWLYHULR5HY/DWLQRDPGH3VLTXLDWUtD  

Revista Latinoamericana de Psiquiatra Volumen 11, nm. 2, enero-marzo 2012

Nios criados en cautiverio

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\SDUHFHQELHQLQWHJUDGRVVRFLDOPHQWHSHURGXUDQWHDxRV
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5HFLpQ KDFH PiV R PHQRV GRV DxRV HVRV QLxRV GHcidieron constituirse como grupo y pudieron empezar a
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desafo de enfrentar el sufrimiento padecido por ellos con
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PLWLJDUSRUORPHQRVHQSDUWHHOLQWHQVRGRORUTXHKDEtDQ
VXIULGRGXUDQWHDxRV/XHJRGHKDEHUDFUHFHQWDGRQXHVWUD
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a continuacin.

Fundamentos de la investigacin

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demuestra la importancia del apego seguro en la estructuUDFLyQGHOKHPLVIHULRGHUHFKRGHOFHUHEUR\HQODFDSDFLGDG

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con respecto a los desrdenes externalizados.
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primeras relaciones los infantes forman representaciones
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el tipo de apego desarrollado por el infante con ciertos
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factor de riesgo de que aparezcan desrdenes externaliza-

Revista Latinoamericana de Psiquiatra Volumen 11, nm. 2, enero-marzo 2012

39

Cherro-Aguerre M y col.

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como consecuencia del trauma que experimentaron y si
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de apego seguro e inseguro. El prototipo 1 es seguramente
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mide el malestar psicolgico general; el ndice de sntomas
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40

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La muestra BHOJUXSRFRQWUROFRPSXHVWDSRUVHLV
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equipo tenan conocimiento de la identidad de los integrantes de la muestra.
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RESULTADOS
La EPPA en la muestra de cautivos y no cautivos

/DPLWDG  GHORVFDVRVREWXYLHURQXQDPD\RUSXQtuacin en el prototipo P1; lo que indicara que mantienen

Revista Latinoamericana de Psiquiatra Volumen 11, nm. 2, enero-marzo 2012

Nios criados en cautiverio

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inseguro por encima de la mediana.
Anlisis estadstico de la EPAA en la muestra de cautivos y no cautivos

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Anlisis de la SCL-90R: sntomas psicolgicos en la
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Revista Latinoamericana de Psiquiatra Volumen 11, nm. 2, enero-marzo 2012

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