Está en la página 1de 59

-------------------------------------------------------------------------TERMS

(By Michael Adams aka FEUDAL


Morgoth,
(andTERMS
other
c.A========================================
November
OFplaces)
ENGLAND
1988)
ABBEY:
==================================
Abbot
bound
to
with
local
ABJURATION:
made
ADULTERINE
AMERCEMENT:
justices
and
"amercement"
ANATHEMA:
excommunication.
Christian
APOSTATE:
making
the
founders
ARD-RIGH
ARPENT:
ASSART:
ASSIZE:
decrees
ASYLUM
protect
asylum
time.
return
aborders
be
AUGUSTINIAN
Neighbor,
forest
months
achurch,
granted
the
lord/lady
all
by
orto
by
area.
Fugitives
Aof
solemn
(Right
is
atime
Amonies
To
The
issued
an
monastic
(f.)
their
basic
for
and
(Ir.):
with
AChristian
society.
The
measure
granted
the
respect
CASTLE:
turn
fugitive
the
ever
Abenefactors
condemnation
being
meeting
CANONS:
various
(See
Abbess
renunciation,
financial
term
profession.
out
of/Also
realm,
they
rules.
or
function
paid
by
realm
High
woodlands
who
again.
Itfor
community
higher
also
not
of
license
the
AReligious/Monastic
used
may
wishing
to
inflicts
of
from
find
Usually
castle
minor
King
land
after
by
Abbeys
only
king
called
fugitive
authority,
the
Fines).
feudal
be
performed
penalty
to
the
organization.
of
justice
Asylum
Itwhich
in
roughly
into
is
hunted
offences.
crown
adescribe
after
ofRight
under
to
build
heretics,
their
fastest
founded
many
the
is
breach
aGaelic.
vassals
either
be
pasture
grave
cannot
inflicted
considered
must
toequal
penalty
such
or
they
down
care
times
by
oath,
reconciled
with
religious
ofway.
settle
one
of
to
byof
the
The
RIGH
offence.
pledge
monks
similar
with
meetings.
Sanctuary)
be
are
as
Basically
out
faith
or
intercede
rules
athe
owe
of
who
to
residents
offender
of
removed,
If
before
particular
at
meaning
cropland.
free
aheresy
the
orsick,
some
complete
leaves
house.
an
found
persons
the
serious
with
modern
based
into
nuns.
matter
king
oath
with
form
they
MERCY
effect
The
on
toand
the
is
God
King.
until
find
within
religious
on
acre.
To
it
his
of
Ruled
monastic
the
liege
said
exclusion
crime
right
no
ofself-discipline.=========
are
church.
is
but
Love
needs
of
assart
also
adjuration
passage
tothe
behalf.
after
right
feudal
Christian
called
self
the
to
also
byrefers
lords
major
in
for
of
from
be
orders
borders
anto
order
king
the
alands
of
God
contained
from
awith
obligation
"IN
Once
months
(m.)
approval.
Bishop
asylum
eyes
never
the
and
faith,
or
to
and
MERCY"
after
the
within
after
his
ofto
=================================================================

BAN:their
death,
proclamation,
clerical
BANALITIES:
his
part
BARBER-SURGEON:
BARD:
BARON:
chieftains.
description
BARROW:
BELTANE
mortal
most
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
the
mill,
else
AMONKS:
common.
of
the
lands
ALAWS
CANON:
King's
Amainly
king's
rules
that
aThe
minstrel
An
EVE:
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
terms,
vassal
(L.
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
oven,
fish
earthen
CLERGY:
granted
inherited
Fees
of
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
The
are
Sometimes
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
power
used
either
great
burg,
catch
the
Bishop,
common
of
Name
anAplacing
wine
Monastic
who
which
or
night
believed
poverty,
feofum
the
called
because
excommunication
Tenants
burial
Monastic
Aand
by
term
toby
poet
holds
council.
revenue.
given
burgh
of
ofroyal
press,
or
privilege
name
habits.
acommand
of
called
or
In
movable
land
aFeinechus):
which
the
feudal
who
which
them
call
directly
mound.
April
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
ofor
in
for
proceeds
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
shaves
glorifies
It
be
Also
the
ahouse
Chief
May
beyond
burh):
designates
and
to
similar
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
break
lord
is
30,
suspended
Border
arms,
Day
founded
of
known
prohibit
on
from
not,
and
faces/heads
class
one
imposes
land
from
Athe
son).
An
within
intow
condemnation
Eve.
Bancient
facilities.
the
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
orthe
the
of
as
lands
jurisdiction
awith
of
and
by
given
members
the
virtues
itself,
the
See
alimited
or
Canons,
under
rabbit
acrown
King's
decree
on
nobility.
St.
the
custom
asupernatural
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
two
Samhain
his
and
to
benefice
the
Gaelic
Benedictine.
to
fee,
pain
and
of
byof
It
warren.
of
atimes
or
derived
Peace.
serfs
performs
their
right
title,
member
the
some
serves
hereditary
feud,
of
the
ofsecular
outlawry.
Eve.
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
ofof
is
clergy,
punishment
church.
for
people
abbot
Order
Avalonian
Also
times
occurrences
from
but
the
aof
or
light
as
self
system.
the
Monks
church
and
the
fief
acourts.
rather
year
and
the
derived
In"od"
includes
and
use
including
royal
use
member
surgery.
take
the
coming
color
Empire
orofare
when
in
a

==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
CARUCATE:
See
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
hidesurrounding
CASTLE:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Arrow
arrows
Bailey:
Barbican:
Bastion:
Batter:
of
Battlement:
to
Berm:
edge
Cesspit:
garderobes
Corbel:
Crenelation:
construction.
Daub:
Drawbridge:
it.
house
an
Dungeon:
Embrasure:
Finial:
Garderobe:
Foundation:
merlons.
the
Gate
protect
Great
Half-timber:
were
Hoarding:
and
dropped
Inner
Merlon:
Moat:
battlement.
(used
all
protect
entrance.
outside
wall
dining
towers
Fortification:
of
House:
made
Loop:
Flat
and
Hall:
Curtain:
AWard:
could
walls
inor
Castle
the
Amud
each
or
The
deep
AAof
The
The
sloping
projecting
surrounding
slender
Danelaw)
small
the
space
was
AThe
area
before
fired
wall.
moat.
Aof
projected
temporary
The
high
land.
beheavy
and
opening
Battlement.
jail,
small
entrance
aThe
trench
gateway
narrow
year
soldiers
collected.
clay
low
wood
The
fired
complex
building
for
open
tower
towers
between
common
accurately
segment
part
apiece
It
usually
segment
latrine
high
orcould
mixture
timber
the
frame
battle,
dug
vertical
wall
in
block
area
from
or
land
out
through
wooden
Ward.
at
of
along
aagainst
of
castle's
form
wall
around
outworks
the
in
of
athe
built
wall
from
structure
in
inside.
platform
that
found
of
stone
or
towers,
be
curtain
applied
the
from
atoward
base
of
balcony
the
slit
end
their
stone
the
atoilet
alternating
either
inmedieval
ait.
along
attack.
could
castle
inner
inaltering
used
residence.
which
surrounds
center
castle
defending
of
which
cut
bridges,
the
wall.
exterior
over
built
one
filled
award
the
either
suspended
left
the
be
to
into
curtain
or
missiles
base
the
of
to
curtain
wattle
raised
decorate
construction
The
outer
into
to
town
high
dry
high
that
with
athe
prevent
acastle.
the
waste
built
and
of
surface.
span
wall
sharp
or
awall
towers.
wall.
from
the
inner
and
drawbridge.
edge
to
when
barriers
housed
wattle
and
wall
filled
afrom
the
into
through
strengthen
wall.
low
access
orward.
angle
moat
low
the
arrows
ofin
required
and
during
tops
inwith
one
the
and
segments
the
segments
tops
between
built
which
atcould
the
from
which
or
of
thickness
main
daub.
wall
the
of
water.
middle
inner
more
and
to
the
toof
walls
the
meeting
walls
base
awalk
block
of
be
seal
agate
aof

-------------------------------------------------------------------------===========================================================================
CASTLE:
CATHEDRAL
(cathedra)
CHAMBERLAIN:
Chamber,
also
estates
the
CHANCELLOR:
Treasurer.
secretary
arms
Usually
knowledge
CHARTER
term
borough.
to
CLERGY:
are
military
Mortar:
permanently.
Outer
curtain.
aPalisade:
Portcullis:
between
Postern
Putlog
insertion
Rubble:
Scaffolding:
support
Siege:
of
isolation
starved
Steward:
castle
Truss:
great
Turret:
towers,
Wall
defend
Wattle:
feudal
court,
generally
permanent
responsible
of
also
a Term
castle,
Walk:
of
the
OF
Curtain:
Ward:
hall.
meaning
the
service.
Hole:
The
in
One
both
CHURCH:
or
of
applies
lords.
Gate:
both
into
Ausually
and
the
FRANCHISE:
The
royal
person
Amixture
of
random
absence
small
mat
An
notary.
the
issue
used
military
of
The
exempt
The
sturdy
Astone
towers
castle
where
king.
others
aAlaw.
The
workers
town
surrender.
man
officer
Aheavy
the
of
that
for
hole
horizontal
area
The
government
to
area
side
tower
used
filling
of
mixture
temporary
responsible
woven
wall
or
of
timber
he
administration
The
the
include
from
wall
wooden
of
and
church
he
being
aDocuments
timber
intentionally
tactic
along
sand,
around
or
and
army
the
as
presides.
of
Charter
each
rising
controls
Chamberlain
chancellor
freedom
can
town.
sticks
jurisdiction
aless
the
this
ofall
materials.
lord.
frames
the
fence
pole.
by
look
the
of
dealing
water,
be
grille
gate
wooden
encloses
the
rocks
that
royal
important
another
for
above
the
Chancellor,
office
granting
of
constructed.
tops
and
granted
members
out
Simplified
access
outside
usually
house
built
Franchise
involves
running
diocese
of
is
that
left
and
frame
weeds.
household.
is
household
with
and
point.
of
Cone
the
responsible
is
of
the
army
lime
mortar.
the
liberty
to
of
could
gate
in
resting
adomestic
civil
ofreligious
built
work
household
outer
open
support
where
of
Bishop
the
the
until
walls
to
frees
used
and
into
the
who
beto
built
day
Cathedral.
He
person
Justiciar,
inhabitants
courts
oraon
surface
surrounding
ward.
adjacent
toaBishop
raised
from
is
four
serves
for
and
chosen
the
enclose
close
to
the
one
and
bind
castle.
next
responsible
serf
orders.
trapped
day
of
the
foreign
town
as
roof
which
main
ofwell
the
orby
the
as
for
stones
to
affairs
has
and
Chancery,
athe
the
of
from
lowered
and
over
privates
officers
the
site
passage.
awall
soldiers
King.
his
The
forces
the
aaffairs.
as
wall
main
monarch's
town
servitude
together
inner
the
for
lord.
clergy
from
until
for
of
throne
Hethe
toor
are
the
of
isThe

-------------------------------------------------------------------------COMMON
==========================================================================
COMMUNE
universal.
at
CONFESSION:
necessary
CONSTABLE:
garrison.
COTTAGER:
COUNT:
land.
COUNTY:
Duke.
COUNTY
COURT
between
reference,
CRANNOG:
CRUSADES:
CULDEES:
preservers
CYMRAEG:
CYMRU:
===========================================================================
suchOFWelsh
LAW:
The
PALATINE:
CONCILIUM:
meetings,
The
individuals.
COMMON
An
Religious
Welsh
toof
AAlso
Self
The
continental
as
The
peasant
English
Irish
obtain
name
isLanguage
old
title
the
explanatory.
term
public
PLEAS:
See
supervision
either
dwelling
Gaelic
for
Norman
officer
ascetics
divine
of
Shire.
referring
of
PALATINATE
Almost
the
orName
lower
Aequivalent
anCustoms.
judicial
common
equivalent
private
Welsh.
forgiveness.
officer
who
residing
all
"Culdee
class,
of
for
tomanorial
commands
law
civil
itself.
(CUMREE)
the
or
acknowledgment
of
given
with
court
on
means
oflitigation
military,
the
legal
aCin
Anglo
acommand
English
and
natural
tocottage,
servant
the
procedures
hear
local
Saxon
areor
king's
ofof
Earl.
is
please
binding
courts.
Witan.
sinfulness
an
but
within
man-made
god"
absence.
that
army
Ranks
with
involving
Irish/Scottish
Decision
on
its
are
or
little
second
island.
the
regarded
an
term
becoming
vassals.
important
disputes
taken
or
only
of
noasto

DANEGELD:
DEMESNE:
not
scattered
common
DENARIUS:
most
DIOCESE:
The
emperor
DOUBLE
separated.
DRENG:
Yorkshire
return
DUKE:
by
for
DUN:
===========================================================================
the
aallocated
name
members
common
Scottish
Aspecified
MONASTERY:
The
for
ruler
Diocletian
title
AThe
is
Tribute
among
The
and
meadow
district
Ruled
name
military
circulation.
derived
of
part
of
tothe
English
Lancashire.
from
single
numbers
the
agiven
his
by
paid
of
and
Combined
district
the
royal
serfs
subject
from
either
service.
the
serfs
family
orchard
silver
to
tooffamily.
Roman
lord's
athe
the
land,
The
orhill
days
monastery
an
free
called
toDux,
penny,
administrative
Danes
freeholder
lands.
abbot
name
the
manorial
per
or
peasant
fort.
awhich
aduchy.
jurisdiction
usually
(Dane
week.
hence
or
separate
for
Dhas
abbess.
inmen
lands
tenants.
Gold).
The
the
Northumbria
implies
In
districts
been
and
demesne
area,
abbreviation
England
reserved
ofheld
women
Serfs
athe
that
Bishop/Archbishop.
may
created
over
the
but
and
fortitle
work
latter
land
either
"d"
sexually
sometimes
from
his
the
is
byand
being
own
held
roman
is
demesne
be
the
the
reserved
use
more
roman
in
time
coin
an

EARL:
============================================================================
royal
EIRE:
ERSE:
ESCHEAT:
vassal,
or
EXCHEQUER:
officers
Justiciar.
reports
EXCOMMUNICATION:
communion
mingle
EYRE:
inspect
irregular
===========================================================================
suffer
blood.
Ireland.
Irish
The
with
orof
to
the
The
highest
outlawry.
with
right
intervals
The
Sheriffs,
the
Language.
the
holdings
Also
right
holding
financial
exchequer
faithful
Exchequer
faithful,
of
Exclusion
title
known
ofofof
the
inaaking
ofany
attainable
in
feudal
their
Christians.
department
at
few
afrom
are
but
earlier
serf,
Easter
(or
vassal.
years.
the
role
those
lord
theTreasurer,
justices
should
bythis
times
as
and
toregional
of
membership
Those
"vitandi"
anMichaelmass.
E is
the
English
as
either
acting
judged
return
royal
Ealdorman.
done
the
cannot
chief
of
die
in
nobleman
government.
Chancellor
"tolerati"
periodically,
ofhis
the
with
lands
accountants,
and
church
Word
name)
out
are
who
held
related
and
may
lawful
The
or
exiled.
to
isusually
bychief
the
from
still
visit
not
present
his
toofand
heirs
Jarl.
at

FAIR:
===========================================================================
Fairs
They
FARM:
town.
revenues
receiving
Many
annual
royal
FEALTY
usually
FELONY:
lord
against
Example:
victim's
FEUDALISM:
have
use
peasantry
chief.
FIEF:
Holding.
services,
land
when
FIEF
Fee
were
who
FIEF-RENTE:
for
it
provide
FINE:
privilege.
failure
lead
FITZ:
FORFEITURE:
fails
--------------------------------------------------------------------------entitled
could
ofto
transferring
(see:
had
homage*,
are
sheriffs
and
certain
in
ever
DE
needed.
tend
revenues
Heritable
ANormally
An
to
sum
(Oath
grants
Sometimes
market
fixed
on
In
the
Oxfordby
HAUBERT:
this
chickens,
sum
to
an
generally
from
vassal.
Murder
family
include
Anglo
honor
aamercement.
(serfs).
chiefly
Kind
knighthood)
atoThe
feudal
The
Unlike
offer
fixed
King's
and
money
of
of):
relic
well
This
estate
fealty*,
offer
sum,
land;
farm
the
of
held
for
asystem
Edward
money
Norman
his
isand
and
lands
required
right
Later
this
aland
the
11
various
annual
crown,
The
law,
defined
military.
provided
paid
or
amercement,
licenced
usually
out
their
of
peace
now
fief.
obligations
aatpay
in
giving
cent
or
service
wood
paid
wider
oath
saints
(fiefs)
can
Iheld
becuase
and
prefix
of
regular
effect,
their
any
ait
greater
by
wished
rent
thus
own
and
Felony,
governing
For
French
every
aother
was
responsibilities
aapply
military
to
paid
grave
it
under
aby
customary
feudal
range
by
Sometimes
lord
shires,
profit.
or
has
example:
of
definite
the
meaning
inunder
obtaining
which
expanded
to
exploited
aof
intervals,
either
rent.
to
tenant
were
things
annually,
on
to
vassal*
carrying
term
fine
place
violation
come
taking
feudal
the
in
Crown
ofservice
go
lord
the
whereby
an
athe
allowed
an
goods
Lords
contracting
crown.
hawking.*
equivelant
os
fine
son.
the
vassal
official
unusual
Henry
to
estate
than
Fnot
of
bible.
in
annual
to
the
with
tenure;
of
amean
coat
own
feudal
usually
king/a
the
common
obtain
for
recover
than
may
of
semiautonomous
ato
gyrfalcon
(usually
money,
right
burden
de
ato
swore
the
lord
and
in
normal
any
the
requirements
(hauberk*)
manner
monetary
some
farm
position.
la
wear
normal
the
to
france,
contract.
local
in
law
labor
wear
some
once
right
to
feudal
serious
king,
in
Wade
asuch
loyalty
off
the
right,
land
advance
lands
hauberks.
knight
fief
feudal
collect
return
(see:
to
when
grant,
toafor
markets.
lord
prosecution
of
held
knight
as
penalty,
towhen
include
in
towill
contract
Often
of
twice
crime.
alanded
of
vassal
wine,
collect
to
return
were
falconry
his
service)
orconcession,
vassals,
obligation.
to
semi-free
for
42
mail*
only
aany
his
aterm
avassal
pay
tenant
called
acres*
services
undoubtedly
ain
any
stipulated
cheese.
although
chartered
additional
nobility
persons
year.
lord,
between
for
which
aall
from
Knights
crime
birds)
return
and
fixed
thethe
ain
of
or

--------------------------------------------------------------------------FORMARIAGE
lord
FRANK
tithing
conduct
FYRD:
from
===========================================================================
when
or
PLEDGE:
The
(district)
of
during
the
Anglo
(also
all
serf's
The
other
Fyrd
Saxon
called
legal
over
service.
daughter
members
Militia.
merchet):
condition
the
age
ofmarries
Special
ofunder
the
The
twelve
tithing.
asum
Fwhich
King's
manis
commonly
from
responsible
eachanother
Peace
paid
male
prevailed
byfor
member
manor.
a the
serf
while
ofgood
atotohisor

GAEL:
of
GUILDS:
later
maintain
five
Journeymen
leaders
are
sell
===========================================================================
Mann.
toat
forbidden
tocame
Aprotect
Aname
seven
aof
acommercial
term
"just
craft
system
work
his
given
years
to
applied
members
guild
incompete
price".
guilds
ofthe
tobefore
standards.
education,
that
Celtic
toaswith
from
shop
trade
they
industry
becoming
the
of
inhabitants
each
aThe
are
associations.
competition
whereby
master
first
ready
other,
ahasjourneyman
Guntil
gotten
apprentices
ofandof
guilds
for
Scotland,
master
The
they
merchants
foreign
more
where
ataims
can
specialized.
serve
about
status.
Ireland
merchant
ofareage
merchants
demonstrate
asuch
master
Guild
required
and
nineteen.
association
guilds,
and
Guilds
the
members
fortothe
to
Isle

HANSEATIC
HEPTARCHY
Kingdoms
Essex
HERESY:
orthodox
HERIOT:
dead
forms
HIDE:
forgiven.
although
that
HOMAGE:
and
HONOR:
land.
land
HOUSESTEADS:
HOWDEN:
precipice.
HUE
criminal
felony
in
HUNDRED:
equals
awhich
===========================================================================
wapentakes
pursuit
acknowledges
AND
serf
can
held
and
Aof
meets
ACRY:
to
one
Any
unit
AThe
ofraise
beliefs
heriot.
it
be
holding
with
Anglo
LEAGUE:
(seven
Sussex.
payment
or
by
college
and
hundred
England.
religious
may
cultivated
ceremony
monthly
other
of
an
Housesteads
The
(weapons
horn
capture
Saxon
measurement
vary
Earl.
the
kingdoms
of
Generally
all
or
requirement
Anhides
which
of
tenant,
and
the
group
hue
to
association
Wessex,
between
by
other
secular
institution.
doctrine
taking?).
byand
voice.
of
handle
achurch.
which
are
but
feudal
one
of
the
essentially
if
feudal
for
cry
the):
Mercia,
60
holdings
forts
priests.
of
hardly
aeight
It
offender.
civil
inconsistent
tenant
assessment
vassal
all
and
ofSubdivision
lord
is
obligations,
Names
strategically
merchants
240
ox
amembers
his
ever.
and
Northumbria,
may
forming
duty
aHcriminal
dies
plow
pledges
acres.
neighbors
given
death
claim
Generally
ofof
with,
in
and
atax,
any
of
tolarge
tax.
battle
It
one
his
ain
from
placed
avillage
law.
towns
the
Kent,
or
is
return
person
are
theoretically
year.
fealty
Shire.
There
has
inimical
the
by
seven
the
estate,
bound
In
ofDanish
East
custom
on
their
possessions
for
to
discovering
are
heriot
to
Theoretically
anorthern
pre-Viking
pursue
to
Anglia,
ahis
craggy
to,
various
such
own
the
grant
assist
isliege,
iscourt
120
the
land
aas
called
Germany.
acres,
aof
thea
him

INFIDEL:
INTERDICT:
for
Used
dictated
INLAND:
===========================================================================
baptism
to Land
force
AnyThe
by
and
the
one
exempt
persons/institution/community
ecclesiastical
extreme
church/pope.
having
fromunction.
atax
strong
(See
banning
adversity
In
Warland).
general
inI antoor
area
it
Christianity.
does
secular
of not
alllords
sacraments
ban
high
to afeast
view
except
days.

JUS PRIMAE
bride
payment
JUSTICIAR:
absent
===========================================================================
offrom
ofa The
NOCTIS:
anewly
the
fine.
head
country.
married
the
of the
right
serf,
royal
byalthough
which
judicial
aJthe
lord
system
custom
may and
sleep
maybe
thefirst
avoided
king's
night
viceroy
bywith
the when
the

KNIGHT:
fief,
The
generosity
KNIGHT'S
equip
acres,
than
knight.
and
KNIGHT
===========================================================================
ideals
protect
its
usually
and
although
HOSPITALLER:
TEMPLAR:
The
FEE:
size;
support
tothe
and
retainer
the
which
In
courtesy.
it
the
holy
Similar
theory,
service
one
requires
aplaces.
terms
Holy
ofknight.
knight
aorder
to
aapplies
feudal
of
fief
about
the
one
may
This
knights
KNIGHT
which
lord
fully
aspire
thirty
more
is HOSPITALLER.
who
provides
approximately
Kmarks
equipped,
to
pledged
arerevenue
owes
notably
per
military
sufficient
to
mounted
a fief
year
administer
prowess,
twelve
toservice
warrior.
can
revenue
support
hides
loyalty,
generate
to
for
the
oratosick
his
1500

LEASEright
its
LEET:
LIVERY:
hundred.
the
===========================================================================
holder,
FORToto
The
THREE
term
behis
wear
given
used
LIVES:
son
a lord
or wife,
for
land
Aalivery
term
as
subdivision
aand
of(modified
gift
alease
grandson.
from
ofof
Lthe
land
land,
form
king.
inofusually
Kent
Alsocoat
his
equivalent
means
forofthe
toarms).
life
be
togiven
aof

MAN:aoffrom
forms
MAN-AT-ARMS:
specifically
MANOR:
probably
as
by
MARCHER
MARK:
border.
western
thirds
MARKET:
village
extends
various
MICHAELMASS:
MILITARY
MINSTREL:
off
MONASTERY:
MONEYER:
dies
MORMAER:
provinces
===========================================================================
InAofthe
unit
bailiff
Aeconomic
of
this
LORDS:
measure
AEurope.
or
his
labor
small
its
ARELIGIOUS
one
Aplace
the
of
town
Alargess
person
Gaelic
protection
poet
Asense
in
own
land
for
Feast
place
Celtic
pound.
crown,
orwith
soldier
holding,
The
exchange
of
In
where
hall,
some
and
service.
is
licenced
Title
toScotland.
name
solver,
England
ORDERS:
of
where
generally
the
judicial
singer,
and
beto
other
goods
St.
the
holding
but
typically
commonly
(Great
aaristocracy.
for
authorization
Monks
keeping
the
Michael
Alord's
not
generally
is
See
by
holder.
may
woman
military
also
worth
market
privileges.
the
his
necessarily
held
Knights
or
Steward)
be1/240
given
man,
1200-1800
on
called
Nuns
crown
can
land,
bought
by29
thirteen
eight
for
service.
Mgiven
abe
to
Templar
live
of
Sept.
to
generally
aknight
owe
someone's
Norman
aor
See
the
having
ounces,
fee,
jongleur,
strike
acres,
king
for
shillings
sold,
obligations
also
money
to
Sometimes
and
(knight's
aand
landholders
or
the
aHospitaller.
religious
coins,
60-120
with
accepted
established
fair.
man.
manor
lord.
allows
coined
whoand
rulers
its
called
lives
receiving
to,
acres,
house.
fee)
This
four
its
for
own
throughout
life.
of
oninthe
orpence,
in
noble
merchants
and
him
aThe
court
the
the
Yeoman.
amanaged
travels
the
self.
seven
Welsh
manor
and
two

NUN: Women dedicated to the religious life


===========================================================================
order.
N usually a member of a religious

ORDEAL:
(usually
is
===========================================================================
innocent.
Apainful
method and/or
of traildangerous)
in which which
the accused
O can only
is be
given
metasuccessfully
physical testif he

PALATINATE:
powers
appoint
money.
PRIMOGENITURE:
of
PRIORY:
prior
monastery.
===========================================================================
hiswas
normally
The
father.
justiciar,
Any
subject
kings
The
In title
religious
England,
The
reserved
writ
toright
hold
ahouse
prioress
isresident
aof
courts
for
not
county
the
administered
the
valid
isofabbot,
eldest
inchancery
king,
held
inwhich
athe
in
PCounty
including
son
bythe
certain
and
to
house
a prior
tenant
inherit
exchequer,
Palatinate.
thecalled
is
religious
orexclusive
inthe
prioress.
chief
and
estate
an abbey
houses
exercises
to
right
coin
or
If
foror
office
the
towomen.

RAPE: The
REEVE:
elected
RELIEF:
possession
===========================================================================
AThe
byroyal
Sussex
the
of
feeapeasants.
official,
paid
fief.
equivalent
byTradition
the
or heir
aofmanor
adetermines
"hundred".
of
aofficial
deceased
R theappointed
person demanded.
amount
onbysecuring
the lord or

SCUTAGE:
lieu
SERF:
certain
ownership)
almost
three
small
peasant
SERGEANT:
lower
lords
dozen
SHERIFF:
of
coroner,
to
making
county
SHILLING:
12
SHIRE:
and
SIMONY:
offices
SMALL
less
SOKEMAN:
SULONG:
===========================================================================
afinancial
the
pennies.
relief
ofHOLDER:
nonknightly
shire.
than
AEnglish
days
holders,
status
banner,
occupations.
inAand
exchequer,
sure
(I.e..
military
Semi-free
dues
who
The
The
and
Another
Athe
aMeasure
measurement
aofvillein.
but
was
servant
Many
that
buying
benefice.
sum
in
week.
used
official
justice
which
form
serve
Royal
Abusiness
ormiddle
are
county.
return
burdened
that
service.
character
of
the
name
peasant
villeins
as
after
of
ofGame
Generally
Sergeants
exempt
or
isAmoney
who
in
its
light
of
Kings
the
labor
who
selling
for
of
for
heritable.
the
The
of
class
typical
accompanies
jobs
the
taking
with
Preserve).
land
holder
Sometimes
who
from
is
aof
the
although
cavalry.
is
wine
table
used
shire
onpeasant,
peace.
free
subdivided
pay
the
where
people
works
additional
owed
of
in
use
the
scutage
his
small
cellar,
only
ofThese
the
chief
is
court
spiritual
villager.
Kent.
ofliving
alord's
taken
Collected
share.
aholder
used
the
his
Also
well
lord.
feudal
for
knight's
land,
farming
Smake
(nonknightly).
administrative
conduct
Equal
lord's
dues,
into
later
lord
asAlso
rents
means
over
stocked
accounting
land.
Such
in
things,
ato
the
dues
would
classes
bows/arrows
taxes
form
usually
originally
by
the
more
fee
demesne
aand
many
the
possession
Generally
battle,
persons
two
type
of
the
while
county.
have
may
of
services.
and
administrative,
particularly
land
wardship,
times
purposes
"hides".
called:
itinerant
tax.
called
of
and
pay
and
forwarded
king
10-20
oror
might
than
meant
tenure
this
judicial
responsible
his
pays
a(not
any
is
corvee,
Cottagers,
horseman
aand
acres.
carry
marriage,
lord
aaverages
justice,
in
cottager
him
in
other
church
free
them
equal
his
service
officer
judicial
inare
the
oftobut
on
for
to

TALLAGE:
TENANT
estates.
holding
TEUTONIC
Hungary
peoples
THANE:
mean
THIRD
courts,
TITHE:
income.
TONSURE:
monastic
clerical
TOURNEY:
TOWN
any
TREASURER:
lord.
the
===========================================================================
serf
"Exchequer".
aPENNY:
AIR
INoften
Originally
land
One
land
and
of
ACHIEF:
KNIGHTS:
The
order
state.
Mock
IS
who
tax
Europe.
tenth
The
Germany.
holding
FREE
directly
the
rite
lives
allocated
combat
levied
or
chief
Athe
local
of
AIR:
German
meaning
of
lord
there
aadministrative
Recruits
shaving
for
financial
onearls
from
persons
secular
Words
orfor
afterwards
boroughs
Fighting
knights.
athe
institution
Military
used
one
athe
almost
income
clergy.
king.
year
officer
third
crown
in
and
Order
office.
to
many
and
All
exclusively
Companion
given
aonof
It
Taparticular
(the
share
with
the
Earls
symbolizes
town
day
the
toChurch
tenants
main
of
support
head
charters
with
realm,
are
to
fines
from
bases
the
being
Tenants
manor
of
out
admission
living
and
German
King.
in
the
toinsenior
being
most
shire
or
church.
person
proclaim
inchurch
Prussia,
onclaimed
It
Speaking
common)
Chief.
to
royal
has
or
officer
joining
the
hundred
come
as
freedom
by of
toa
his

USURY:Medieval
biblical).
Later
===========================================================================
The Commonly
interest
Times.used
charged
by Knight
on a loan.
UHospitallers
Forbiddenand
by Knight
church Templars
law (basedinupon

VASSAL:
and
military.
traditional
the
should
VILLEIN:
acres
VIRGATE:
===========================================================================
swears
marriage
ofheAOne
The
land,
free
But
be
fealty.
feudal
ofheoften
held
wealthiest
quarter
man
the
iscaptive.
who
He
aids
also
lords
inowes
of
holds
required
class
aisolated
required
eldest
"hide".
various
land
of strips.
onto
daughter
peasant.
Vservices
(fief)
the
advise
knighting
from
andhis
they
andthe
ausually
obligations,
lord
of the
ransoming
tocultivate
and
whom
payofhim
lords
hethe
primarily
eldest
pays
thelord
20-40
homage
son,

WAPENTAKE:
WARDSHIP:
minority
take
which
WARLAND:
exempt
WASTE:
with
destroyed
WITAN
ecclesiastics
the
===========================================================================
lord
successor
care
in
itThe
(also
from
aLand
ofby
is
was
The
of
holding.
See
term
its
required
tax.
called
the
received.
war
right
liable
which
to
Hide
heir.
generally
material
or
the
Itadvised
the
ofthrone.
raids,
tois
for
The
arelease
Witenagemot):
feudal
tax,
not
lord
needs
given
which
the
taxed.
Resembles
asisAnglo
lord
of
the
to
opposed
is
Wland
required
the
fief
It
like
toSaxon
Council
ward.
is
the
the
which
tosometimes
wise
toKings
"commune
income
him
inland,
When
composed
maintain
is
not
inunusable
the
subject
of
ofconcilium".
the
which
referred
England.
asame
ward
of
the
fief
nobles
iscome
or
to
fief
condition
during
generally
uncultivated
to
tax.
Also
of chose
land
and
age,
thein
to

YOKE: A measurement of land in KentY equal to one quarter of a "sulong".


===========================================================================
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
CARUCATE:
See
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
CARUCATE:
See
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
CARUCATE:
See
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

CARUCATE:See
==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English
common.
BENEDICTINE
vows
Benedictine
BENEFICE
aristocracy,
exchange
office
meaning
BENEFIT
tonsured
of
BLACK
from
BORDERS
and
BOROUGH
government
BOROUGH-ENGLISH:
(All
BREHON
BURGESS:
==========================================================================
their
else
ofMONKS:
the
lands
CANON:
that
LAWS
Sometimes
personal
live
OF
(The):
(also
(L.inherited
for
Germanic
clerks,
robes.
color
where.
The
CLERGY:
granted
ORDER:
Rule.
returns
(also
abeneficium):
services.
Astock
holder
burg,
Bishop,
common
of
Name
poverty,
Aplacing
feofum
the
called
Monastic
Aand
by
term
revenue.
given
burgh
of
privilege
by
name
habits.
royal
orthe
In
movable
land
which
May
which
them
Feinechus):
aAchastity
ecclesiastic
to
and
for
order
grant
monastery,
charter.
youngest
or
Day
Also
the
beyond
burh):
designates
comes
possessions
enjoyed
Augustinian
members
house
Eve.
Border
founded
of
known
andwithin
land
from
Athe
son).
An
See
obedience
for
terms,
by
of
tow
asthe
lands
ancient
jurisdiction
Samhain
by
given
members
the
alimited
or
Canons,
with
acustom
St.
the
a Gaelic
Frankish
property
Benedictine
between
borough.
tofee,
benefice
the
Benedictine.
to
Eve.
of
aof
or
derived
their
right
member
the
hereditary
feud,
of
the
"fehu"
"chattel".
ultimogeniture
legal
isof
clergy,
secular
abbot
Order
Avalonian
from
aofsystem.
or
self
Monks
church
and
the
fief
and
the
derived
use
including
courts.
"od"
take
the
coming
color
Empire
in

==========================================================================
CANONS:
===========================================================================
CANTREF:
CARDINAL
shires.
CARUCATE:
See
AAwelsh
VIRTUES:
elsewhere
measurement
political
Prudence,
forofdefinition.
and
land,
Temperance,
administrative
C
equal
toFortitude
a division,
and Justice.
similar to English