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Redundancy means the ________

a. Transmission rate of the system
b. Symbols are to be repeated
c. Time between failures
d. Time between successes


The digital information is contained in both the amplitude and

phase of the modulated carrier.
a. PSK
b. FSK
c. QAM
d. ASK


The input signal is a binary digital signal and a limited number of

out put phases are possible.
a. PSK
b. FSK
c. QAM
d. ASK


A radio channel is composed of ___VB channels.

a. 1800
b. 900
c. 10800
d. 8064


What equation defines the composition of an ISDN basic access

a. 2B + D
b. B + D
c. B + 2D
d. 2B + 2D





Datacom & Digital Telephony


10 Mbps
20 Mbps
30 Mbps
40 Mbps

12. Use of coaxial cables in interconnecting networks is limited to an

overall length of __.
a. 1500 ft
b. 1500 m
c. 1500 km
d. 1500 kft
13. What identifies how the stations are interconnected in a
a. Topology
b. Architecture
c. Topology or architecture
d. Topology and architecture
14. _______is a data communications network designed to provide
two-way communications between a large varieties of data
communication terminal equipment within a relatively small
geographic area
a. Private Area network
b. Local Area Network
c. Wide area network
d. Ethernet
15. ______ is the mode of transmission in public data network in
which data are transferred from source to the network then to
the destination in an asynchronous data format
a. Synchronous mode
b. Start/stop mode
c. Packet mode
d. Circuit mode

A digital network where voice, video, text and data are multiplied
into a single network for processing and are transmitted prior to
a. Frame delay
b. Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM)
d. Synchronous digital hierarchy(SDH)

16. A seven digit character can represent one of______

a. 7
b. 14
c. 64
d. 128

Non-ISDN equivalent can be connected to ISDN line by the use

of ____.
a. Terminal equipment
b. Terminal adapter
c. Modem
d. Network adaptor

17. ______ is defined to be the maximum rate at which information

can be transmitted through a channel.
a. Bit rate
b. Baud rate
c. Coding
d. Channel capacity

A special voice encoder/decoder used in digitizing speech signal

only is
a. PCM
b. PWM
c. Vocoder
d. PFM

18. Who developed the fixed-length binary code for telegraphy?

a. Samuel Morse
b. Emile Baudot
c. Alexander Graham Bell
d. Guglielmo Marconi

Equation used to determine the number of Hamming bits in the

hamming code.
a. 2n = m+ n +1
b. 2n > m +n +1
c. 2n > m +n +1
d. 2n < m +n +1

19. Inventor of pulse-code modulation for the digital encoding of

speech signals.
a. R.V.L. Hartley
b. J.R. carson
c. H. Nyquist
d. Alex Reeves

10. What determine which network configuration is most

a. Application layer
b. Presentation layer
c. Network layer
d. Data link layer

20. Serial binary data interchange between DTE and DCE at rates
up to 20 kbps. RS 232 is its EIA equivalent.
a. V.26
b. V.24
c. V.42
d. V.32

11. Ethernet is a baseband system using CSMA/CD operating at



Datacom & Digital Telephony

21. RS 232 is normally an interface between DTE and DCE. What is

its signal rate?
a. 20 kbps
b. 30 kbps
c. 40 kbps
d. 50 kbps

32. PCM system require_________.

a. Analog signal
b. Large bandwidth
c. Digital signals
d. Fiber optics cable
33. Which theorem sets the limit on the maximum capacity of a
channel with a given noise level?
a. Nyquist theorem
b. Hartley theorem
c. Shannon-Hartley theorem
d. Shannon theorem

22. What is multiplexing?

a. The process of increasing bandwidth on a channel
b. A technique that enables more than one data source to
share the use of a common line
c. Mailing letter at the post office
d. The ability to share frequency by time

34. _______is the difference between the original and reconstructed

a. Quantizing noise
b. Fade margin
c. Noise margin
d. Noise figure

23. In ____ modulation the carrier is a periodic train pulses.

a. Amplitude
b. Analog
c. Digital
d. Pulse

35. What are the steps to follow to produce a PCM signal?

a. Sampling,coding and quantizing
b. Sampling,quantizing and coding
c. Quantizing,sampling and coding
d. Coding, quantizing and sampling

24. Which of the following pulse modulation techniques is a digital

transmission system?
a. Pulse duration modulation
b. Pulse position modulation
c. Pulse width modulation
d. Pulse code modulation

36. ________ identifies how the different stations in a multipoint

system are interconnected.
a. Network topology
b. Star network
c. Ring topology
d. Bus network

25. A process where the higher amplitude analog signals are

compressed prior to transmission then expanded at the receiver.
a. Compressing
b. Expanding
c. Encoding
d. Companding

37. A transmission where data are inputted directly on the cable.

a. Broadband
b. Base band
c. Digital
d. Analog

26. _______uses a single bit PCM code to achieve a digital

transmission of analog signal
a. Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
b. Frequency Shift Keying(FSK)
c. Delta Modulation(DM)
d. Phase Modulation(PM)

38. Synchronous modems cost more than asynchronous modems

a. They are larger
b. They must contain clock recovery circuits
c. The production volume is larger
d. They must operate on a larger bandwidth

27. The line speed of bell system T1 carrier system is

a. 64 kbps
b. 3.152 Mbps
c. 1.544 Mbps
d. 6.312 Mbps
28. How many channels does a super group have?
a. 60
b. 600
c. 1800
d. 10800

39. When one station is designated as master and the rest of the
stations are considered slaves, message handling is _______.
a. store and forward
b. polling
d. Token passing

29. The output frequency at the channel combiner of channel 7 is

a. 76 80 kHz
b. 80 84 kHz
c. 84 88 kHz
d. 88 92 kHz

40. A store and forward switching.

a. Circuit switching
b. Packet switching
c. Message switching

30. ________was the first fixed length 5-bit character code.

c. Morse code
d. Baudot code

41. A timing signal generated by an oscillating circuit that is used to

synchronize data transmission.
a. Clock
b. Start bit
c. Quantizing
d. BCC

31. Amplitude shift keying is also known as ______.

a. Up/down keying
b. On/off keying
c. Front/back keying
d. I/O keying

42. Which system allows different types of networks to be linked

a. OSI




Datacom & Digital Telephony

53. How many bits are there to present 8 combinations?
a. 3
b. 4
c. 2
d. 5

Bell System
AT & T

43. A _____ that interconnects LAN having identical protocols at the

physical and data link layers.
a. Bridge
b. Router
c. Gateway
d. Hub

54. How many number of equiprobable events are there for 8-bits of
a. 256
b. 132
c. 2400
d. 512

44. A _____ that interconnects LAN that has totally different

protocols and format
a. Bridge
b. Router
c. Gateway
d. Hub

55. Which character code is used without parity bit?

a. CCITT number 2
c. CCITT number 5

45. All bits in a character can be sent/received simultaneously.

a. Serial data
b. Parallel data
c. Full duplex
d. Half duplex

56. The percentage of bit errors relative to a specific number of bits

received; usually expressed as a number referenced to a power
of ten.
a. Bit error rate
b. Transmission rate
c. Distortion
d. Parity check

46. A system that perform parallel-to-series conversion of a data

a. DTE
b. DCE
c. Modem
d. FEP

57. The process of one type of device imitating another via a

hardware/software package.
a. Conversion
b. Emulation
c. Imitation
d. Simultation

47. Which mode of transmission achieves less than full-duplex but

more than half-duplex.
a. Full/full duplex
b. Echoplex
c. Isochronous
d. synchronous

58. A digital modulation technique that results in two different

frequencies representing binary 1 and 0.
a. FSK
c. ASK

48. Rules governing the transmission of digital information.

a. Data communications standard
b. Line protocol
c. Isochronous
d. Digital communications

59. One dit is equal to _____ bits.

a. 3
b. 3.5
c. 3.32
d. 4

49. Codes must be

a. Eight bits per character
b. Either seven or eight bits per character
c. Agreed upon in advance between sender and receiver
d. The same in all modem computers

60. A quadratic signaling has _____ possible states.

a. 16
b. 4
c. 8
d. 32

50. Clear to send is a signal passed from the local modem to the
local terminal when data port is ready to transmit data. It usually
occurs in response to
a. Data set ready
b. Request to send
c. Data terminal ready
d. Data carrier detect

61. What is the smallest unit of information in binary transmission

a. Byte
b. Digit
c. Bit
d. Nibble

51. Digital to analog converter in synchronous modems send

signals to the
a. Modulator
b. Transmission lines
c. Terminal
d. equalizer

62. The lowest layer in the ISO protocol hierarchy.

a. network layer
b. physical layer
c. transport laye
d. datalink layer

52. What is the data rate of the ISDN Basic access B channel?
a. 32 kbps
b. 64 kbps
c. 144 kbps
d. 192 kbps

63. Modem is referred to as

a. Universal asynchronous receiver transmitter
b. Universal synchronous receiver transmitter
c. Data terminal equipment
d. Data communication equipment


Datacom & Digital Telephony


64. A signaling method relating to a multiplicity of circuits is

conveyed over a single channel by labeled messages.
a. code signaling
b. syncronous
c. common channel signaling
d. asynchronous


75. Equipment that interfaces the data terminal equipment to the

analog transmission line.
a. Modem
b. Muldem
c. Multiplexer
d. Codec

65. ______ is a network operating system within several buildings in

a. Internet
b. Novell netware
c. 10BASE-t
d. intranet

76. A communication network design for transferring data from one

point to another
a. Public Telephone network
b. Public Data network
c. Value Added Network
d. Packet Switching network

66. What is the Nyquist sample rate for a voice input of 10 kHz?
a. 10 kHz
b. 20 kHz
c. 30 kHz
d. 40 kHz

77. A conceptual network in which all transmission lines handle

digital or digitalized data.
a. LAN
b. WAN

67. What is the minimum number of bits required in PCM code for a
range of 10,000?
a. 12
b. 9
c. 14
d. 8

78. A data communications component that provides control or

supporting services for other computers, terminals, or devices in
a network.
a. Host
b. Communication controller
c. Cluster controller
d. Interface equipment

68. How many levels can be represented in PCM transmission

system if the binary numbers 00000000 to11111111 are used to
represent signal levels?
a. 256
b. 64
c. 128
d. 512

79. Which data network configuration let computers share their

a. Peer to peer
b. Hierarchical
c. PVC
d. LAN

69. A symbol to represent a data communications facility within the

wide area network.
a. Hub
b. Cloud
c. Server
d. Gateway

80. A means of improving the quality of a private-line circuit by

adding amplifiers and equalizer to it.
a. Line equalizer
b. Line amplifying
c. Line conditioning
d. Line encoding

70. All bits in a character are sent and received _____ in serial port.
a. One at a time
b. Simultaneously
c. In group of 2 bits
d. In group of 3 bits

81. Direct distance dialing (DDD) network is commonly called

a. Private-line network
b. PT network
c. Dial-up network
d. Trunk network

71. Message switching is ____ network.

a. Hold and forward
b. Forward
c. Hold
d. Store and forward

82. A type of server that allows multiple users to take advantage of

a single printing device.
a. Print
b. Client
c. Network
d. File

72. Packet switching is _____ network

a. Hold and forward
b. Forward
c. Hold
d. Store and forward

83. _____ ensures that the transmitter and the receiver agree on a
prescribed time slot for the occurrence of a bit.
a. Bit or clock synchronization
b. Modem or carrier synchronization
c. Character synchronization
d. Message synchronization

73. Polling is an invitation by the primary to secondary equipment to

____ a message.
a. Store
b. Receive
c. Transmit
d. Read

84. Characters that must be transmitted other than data are called
a. Parity
b. Error

74. An 8-bit character code.





Datacom & Digital Telephony


Hamming bits


96. What is the most widely used data communications code?

a. Gray
c. Baudot

85. The generating power polynomial x7 + x5 + x4 + x2 + x1 + x is

a. 101101110
b. 101101111
c. 010010001
d. 10110111

97. Mark and space refer respectively to

a. 1 and 0
b. Dot and dash
c. Message and interval
d. On and off
98. What is the other name for parity?
a. BCC
b. LRC
c. VRC
d. CRC

86. A central device into which each node of a star network is

directly connected
a. Hub
b. Central pointer
c. Router
d. Repeater
87. To ____ is to send a file to a remote computer.
a. Upload
b. Download
c. Call
d. Transmit

99. A device that performs routing functions and protocol translation

from one network to another.
a. Gateway
b. Bridge
c. Router
d. Repeater

88. A microcomputer attached to a network requires a

a. NIC
b. RS 232
c. Software
d. Protocol

100. Not important characteristic of the physical layer

a. Electrical
b. Mechanical
c. Logical
d. All of them

89. Digital telephones and integrated voice-data workstations are

examples of what type of ISDN equipment?
a. TE
b. TA
c. NT2
d. TP

90. How many OSI layers are covered under the X.25 standard?
a. 3
b. 4
c. 7
d. 2
91. With _____, a station monitors the line to determine if the line is
c. Token Passing
92. CCITT standard concentrating on data communications over the
telephone network.
a. V series
b. X series
c. I series
d. T series
93. Broadband uses
a. TDM
b. Space multiplexing
c. FDM
d. Statistical multiplexing
94. _____ uses the connecting medium as a single-channel device.
a. Broadband transmission
b. Digital transmission
c. Base band transmission
d. Analog transmission
95. Which is considered as the fastest LAN topology?
a. Ring
b. Bus